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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

DE402

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Cocuhman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Bequeathed by E. Harold Couchman of Strood to Rochester upon Medway City Council and donated by his widow and executrix Mrs. W.J. Couchman on 8 December 1994.NB Copyright does not necessarily rest with the Couchman family

 

Introduction

About the compiler.

Ernest Harold Couchman was born in Strood in 1911, the son of Ernest Couchman *, a picture framer, and his wife Isabella and baptised at St. Nicholas' Church, High Street, Strood on 11 February 1912 **, at which time his parents' address was 7 Stanhope Road, Strood. He was educated at St. Cretienne’s Roman Catholic School in Frindsbury and Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester.

Couchman served his apprenticeship with Aveling and Porter, engineers, at their Invicta Works, High Street, Strood, and moved with them when they relocated and reformed as Aveling and Barford at Grantham, Lincolnshire. By the early 1930s Couchman was employed by Short Brothers, aeronautical engineers at their Seaplane Works on Rochester Esplanade during the later phase of their production of buses and passenger bodies.

He married Winifred Joyce Rayner at St. Nicholas' Church, High Street, Strood on 7 June 1941 *** by which time he was working at Short Brothers' offices at Court Lodge Farm, Bush Road, Cuxton and worked there on the designs for the Stirling bomber whose first airframe was assembled on that site. He was evacuated to emergency Short Brothers' facilities at the Victoria Carpet Factory in Kidderminster, Worcestershire for a time but returned to Rochester, again to improvised Short Brothers' offices in the Queen's Hall of the Corn Exchange in Northgate, Rochester.

Faced with the prospect of again relocating with Short Brothers at the end of the Second World War, this time to Belfast, County Antrim/County Down, Northern Ireland, Couchman decided to leave their employ. He joined E.B. Badger and Sons Ltd., agents for the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. Ltd., Kent Refinery, Isle of Grain where he worked on the design of that refinery. His involvement with Kent Oil refinery explains his detailed treatment of the refinery in volume 22 of the collection ( click here )

Couchman left Badger's to work for Matthew Hall (now Amex) in London, from which company he retired in 1972.

Couchman’s earlier recreational pursuits were philately, a subject on which he clearly enjoyed local prominence, and swimming, both of which are recorded in the collection.

The compilation of the collection as it stands was almost certainly a development of his philatelic interests in that collecting postcards bearing local postmarks seems to have led to a gathering interest in the subjects depicted on their picture sides. The notes accompanying the items suggest good knowledge of the local topography and a love of the Medway Towns, though apparently without the critical or subjective analysis of the conservationist. Instead, Couchman portrays the changing townscape of the Medway Towns dispassionately, perhaps with the eye of a draughtsman, keenly and objectively noting change.

Until the 1970s change often occurred to the detriment of the built heritage of the Medway Towns and it was unsympathetic town planning and development that led to the formation and activities of the City of Rochester Society, Chatham Historical Society and Dickens’ Country Protection Society, whose collections are also held at this office. These collections offer a more subjective approach to the architectural conservation of the Medway Towns and surrounding area.

At the time of his death in 1994 Couchman lived at Elaine Avenue, Strood. His will states I give my collection of local history as set out [not quoted here but see contents file] in this clause to the City of Rochester [sic] at the Civic Centre, Strood, Rochester aforesaid absolutely free of all Inheritance Tax for them to place in their Archives Department to be held by them in perpetuity for the benefit of the local community.

There are numerous photographs of Couchman throughout the collection, the best of which is a portrait of him in later years, to see which, please click here  Many are still in copyright and Couchman did not necessarily own the copyright

[* for a photograph of Ernest Couchman, the compiler's father, of 53 High Street, Strood, dressed as Mellitus, bishop of London and third archbishop of Canterbury, which part he played in the Rochester Historical Pageant of 1931, please click here;

** Strood St. Nicholas' baptism register 1905-1913 (P150B/1/52, entry 1339). By 1930, Ernest Couchman's business was at 53 High Street, Strood (see DE402/12/p.17 (U));

*** Strood St. Nicholas' marriage register 1935-1943 (P150B/1/62, entry 354). Couchman's occupation is given as draughtsman, his address as 152 Watling Street, Strood, his bride's address as 117 Elaine Avenue, Strood, his father's occupation is given as stationer and his father in law, Henry Frank Rayner's occupation as paper-mill foreman.]

About the compilation of the collection.

This collection comprises a sequence of 25 binders or volumes containing postcards, original and copied photographs (all prints), ephemera and manuscripts relating to a geographical area or part of a geographical area per volume, many constituent items accompanied by neat and mainly accurate pencilled historical notes serving as captions and bibliographical notes, supplied by the compiler. Inaccurate captions have been noted by the archivist as such in the list. Where items, mainly postcard views and photographs, are not captioned or are incorrectly identified by the compiler or publisher, identification in the list has proved possible by other means, e.g. by reference to Ordnance Survey maps and street directories.

The geographical scope of the collection is almost entirely the Medway Towns, Hoo Peninsula and Isle of Grain. These areas came under the local government of Rochester City Council, Chatham Borough Council, Strood Rural District Council and the short-lived Hoo Rural District Council (1897-1934) before 1974 and Medway Borough Council (re-named Rochester upon Medway Borough Council and Rochester upon Medway City Council) after 1974 giving the compiler a straightforward area of coverage. However, less explicably, the compiler ventures as far as Gravesend, Aylesford, West Malling and Eynsford.

Each page is headed by a pencilled title comprising the name of the town or village treated.

The compiler thus organised the collection strictly according to geographical area or subject matter rather than by the provenance of the constituent items.

Repetition of streets or villages occurs throughout the collection and may result from the compiler exercising his discretion as to an item's appropriate place in the collection, an unavoidable consequence of compiling a collection from varied sources. However, there is some evidence the repetition arises from the use of postcard and print titles or captions as the basis of compilation, thus allowing the inconsistency of numerous publishers in identifying views to partly influence the sequence of items. Another factor to be reckoned with is the compiler’s need to insert later acquisitions into sequence. This last factor is especially apparent in the Strood volumes DE402/11-12.

In the town volumes the sequences are usually alphabetical by street name but in several instances the sequence is inaccurate, e.g. Strood volume DE402/12. The explanation in such cases may be that the sheets were inadvertently shuffled by the compiler. In any event, the order has be retained and paginated as found.

Couchman’s accompanying notes were frequently derived from newspaper articles and other printed sources, often cited by him. Such bibliographical references have not always been noted in the list. However, consultation of the original document will enable this information to be ascertained.

The compiler formed the collection from postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts from numerous and diverse sources although it is apparent in many cases the constituent items, though inserted in different parts of a volume or in different binders altogether, have a common origin.

Couchman seems to have been primarily concerned to collect all postcard variants of a view irrespective of whether later or other views contained a change in architectural or other detail. However, where differences exist, they are noted by Couchman and in the list.

Constituent items are described in the list in strictly page order and therefore in the compiler’s own original order as described above. The order in which the items in the albums have been inserted is firstly geographical with some evidence of chronological sorting under geographical headings. These geographical headings are typically, firstly, town names followed by street names and secondly, parish or village names in rural areas. The item headings supplied by the archivist in the list are intended to conform to and clarify the geographical sequence intended by the compiler.

The manuscript items in some cases belong to archival collections held at this office, chiefly the archives of Rochester City Council, having strayed long prior to the establishment of the archives service of Rochester upon Medway City Council in 1990. These items have been preserved in this collection.

Photographs in the collection are a mixture of originals (i.e. prints taken from negatives), copies of originals (i.e. taken from prints) or copies of copies (again taken from prints). Couchman ordered many copies from Strood and Rochester Libraries and Eastgate House Museum (now the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester) whose photograph collections are now held in the Local Studies collections at Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre. Confusingly, many of the library photographs had been obtained from the museum. Some photographs obtained from these sources were originally commissioned by Rochester City Council. It has not always been possible to ascertain whether photographs, especially the more recent ones, are originals or copies. Where there is any doubt, such photographs are described as photographs rather than copy photographs. Photographic paper has been one means of establishing if a photograph is original although this is not a perfect test.

The binders used are spring-back, loose-leaf stamp albums, acquired no doubt during the compiler’s lifelong hobby of philately. The constituent loose-leaf pages have been paginated by the archivist to enable accurate reference to items in the list and for security. Descriptions in the list include references to the pages as numbered. Constituent items are mostly secured onto the pages of the albums by means of traditional adhesive philatelic mounts, as found. This form of mounting has been retained for the time being subject to future conservation considerations. Some items have been left glued, as found.

The work of compiling the collection, and the entering up of the captions, was undertaken mainly in the compiler’s retirement in the period 1972-1994. However it is apparent many of the items in the collection were acquired by the compiler in a purely collecting capacity from an earlier date, the binders and compilation representing a later development of organising the fruits of his labours.

Occasionally there are empty spaces on the binder sheets annotated by Couchman to the effect an item has been removed. In fact, while some items may have been removed by the compiler from the collection altogether, such items are likely on the whole to have been inserted elsewhere in the same binder or a different binder, Couchman having considered an item as more relevant under a different heading. Intelligent use of text retrieval should enable linkage to be made.

It is clear from the contents of the collection and the compiler’s notes that he made good use of libraries and museums such as Rochester and Strood Libraries, the Guildhall Museum, Rochester (all in person) and the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich (by post) as well as local photographers.

Provenance of the items in the collection.

Couchman’s single biggest source of photographs and postcards was probably the estate of a local antiquarian, W. Glanvill Mason of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship, part of whose collection Couchman bought at auction locally in November 1975. On the same occasion Eastgate House Museum, on behalf of Medway Borough Council, also bought 200 glass plate negatives. Couchman and Mason may have been acquainted.

Mason’s school days at the Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire are well recorded in the collection as apparently is his courtship of his future wife.

It may never be possible to establish with any degree of certainty which items beyond signed postcards and annotated photographs are of Mason provenance as the compiler’s ordering of the contents was done without regard to provenance and not all items of Mason provenance are necessarily marked as such. This means that photographs in the collection other than those known to be of Mason provenance but possibly of Mason provenance, cannot and have not been formally identified as such in the list as they lack annotations or other confirmatory or contextual evidence. However, a search for the word Mason throughout the collection will probably reveal most of the items of Mason provenance thus enabling the Mason collection to be reconstituted at least in part (click here).

In effect therefore the Couchman collection incorporates part of the Mason collection, gaining authentication and importance by virtue of Mason’s own indirect antiquarian contribution. It should be noted the Mason material, fully identified or not, constitutes only a small percentage of the total Couchman collection.

Numerous photographs of Mason occur throughout the collection, the best being of him and Richard Dimbleby of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), correspondent click here

A second source, again chiefly of postcards and of some photographs, is the Moss family of Strood, into which the Couchman family married, hence the compiler’s means of acquisition or inheritance. Moss was the surname of Couchman's mother in law.

Other families whose domestic and social lives are recorded to a significant extent in postcards and manuscript items, also suggesting bulk acquisition, some purchased from dealers, include the Rayner [cf. Raynor], Hopkins, Davison, Gowar [cf. Gower] and Trelfer families. Rayner was the maiden name of Couchman's wife, Winifred, and her family was also related to the Moss family (see above), again explaining the source of many items in the collection. The Hopkins family is of especial interest as it included John Hopkins, the well known organist of Rochester Cathedral.

It must be assumed most other items in the collection were obtained at collectors’ fairs, antique shops and from philatalic suppliers, some of whose names and addresses are recorded on the items. In this regard, the numbers written, mainly in pencil, on the message sides of many of the postcards are the prices charged by dealers. It may be surmised that postcards that do not bear prices were acquired from family members or acquaintances.

Many postcards contained in the collection were not published for general sale as postcards. Instead they were exposed by private individuals like Couchman himself and then developed and printed locally by chemists using one-sided printed postcards i.e. with message sides printed on the rear (traditionally the front), presumably for customers to use as postcards if desired.

Notes on the listing of the collection.

Document descriptions are primarily or solely the work of the archivist but where Couchman has supplied historical or architectural notes to accompany items, these are summarised in the descriptions to help preserve the character of the compilation.

Item dimensions are not given except for photographs but it should be noted, except where items are folded, no item overlaps the total page area which is 11” x 9 ½” (280mm x 235mm). Postcards are standard postcard size i.e. 5 ½” x 3 ½” (140mm x 90mm). Where two or more items are fixed to a page, they are differentiated in the list as upper (U), middle (M) and lower (L) or (left) and (right).

Postcards in the collection were mounted picture side outwards i.e. towards the reader. Traditionally, the front of a postcard is deemed to be the message side, and the rear the picture side. This collection, as regards postcards, was compiled mainly according the subject matter depicted on the picture side, so the picture side has been described as the front of the postcard and the message side as the rear or verso (v), for avoidance of confusion. Postcards should be deemed to be blank on the message side except for print unless otherwise stated.

The dates given in the descriptions are the dates of the constituent items. In some cases an estimate of the date has had to be given. Where estimates are supplied, mainly in connection with un-postmarked postcards, this is on the basis of comparing similar postcards from the same publisher, examination and comparison of subject matter or reference to street directories and Ordnance Survey maps.

Even where postmarks are present the date of postmark should not necessarily be taken to be the date of exposure of the photograph on the front of the card. Very often postcards were kept in stock for several years or new editions made from old negatives. It is anticipated some postcards in the collection may be postmarked as many as 12-15 years after the negative was exposed.

Postcards, photographs and prints are black and white unless otherwise stated. All photographs are original or copy prints except for photographs reproduced in newspaper cuttings. Inaccurate grammar in postcard captions or titles has been corrected.

Abbreviations in postcard and engraving titles have been expanded.

Usefulness of the collection to researchers.

It is known that many postcards and photographs in the collection are unique. Thus the Couchman collection offers a unique opportunity to augment our existing knowledge of local topography, architecture and townscape.

The collection, as a topographical and illustrative collection, offers superb potential for comparison of views and buildings and townscapes at different dates, mainly during the period c.1850-c.1984 during which period the Medway Towns were mainly laid out and underwent the expansion of the royal naval dockyard at Chatham [cf. Gillingham], residential development, town planning, industrial expansion and decline and finally the closure of the dockyard. In particular the collection is useful for its views of pre and post-industrial development along the River Medway between Halling and Chatham Ness and on the Isle of Grain.

The significance of the Medway area and the compiler’s treatment of it in his collection lies partly in the fact the Medway Towns comprise the biggest urban area in the south-east of England outside London. Indeed one author, Tony Denholm, has described the Medway Towns as Britain’s first conurbation (see bibliography).

The historical, topographical and architectural value of the collection is the greater because of Couchman's inclusion of industrial as well as picturesque scenes. This especially applies to the third Strood volume (DE402/13) click here and the Isle of Grain volume (DE402/22) click here

The identity of the authors of many of the messages on the postcards, and of tradesmen’s invoices and receipts, enables a picture of domestic, family and social life in the Medway Towns to be painted for the period roughly 1850-1950. Even where postcards represent the only survival of an author’s likely prolific production of postcard messages, it is still possible to glimpse the social life of the Medway Towns at important times in history as for example with postcards sent by or to recruits, conscripts and their sweethearts during the First and Second World Wars. Some of these make poignant reading. Postcards enabled a relatively quick and cheap means of communication when use of the telephone was still not widespread.

The collection was clearly intended to be a methodical and up-to-date survey of the topography of the Medway Towns as Couchman has in numerous instances supplied his own photographs of buildings not recorded in postcard views or photographs, as deemed necessary.

The collection generally is relevant to the study of the Medway Towns prior to the closure of the Royal Naval Dockyard, Chatham in 1984. Subsequent developments such as Chatham Maritime in Gillingham, on the site of the former dockyard, and the road, bridge and tunnel building projects of the 1990s are not recorded in the collection. In any case, it should be remembered, the compiler died in 1994. There is a hint of bias in coverage towards Strood and Rochester, stemming either from the compiler’s Strood origins or the sheer preponderance of engravings and postcard views of Rochester as a subject.

Charles Dickens enthusiasts will find much of interest in the collection as many buildings and areas lived in or frequented by the author or featured under their real or fictitious names in his novels and short stories are also illustrated in the collection.

The Dickens Family first resided at 2 Ordnance Terrace, Chatham 1817-c.1821 and then at 18 St. Mary's Place, The Brook, Chatham c.1821-c.1822. Dickens returned to the area to live at Gad’s Hill Place, Gravesend Road, Higham in 1856 and died there in 1870. He willed that he should be buried in the graveyard of Rochester Cathedral but on Queen Victoria’s command was buried instead at Westminster Abbey, though not before his grave had been prepared in the cathedral grounds.

Examples of buildings and places associated with Dickens included in the collection are the Bull Hotel, High Street, Rochester; Restoration House, Crow Lane, Rochester; Fort Pitt, Chatham/Rochester; The Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester; Minor Canon Row, The Precincts, Rochester; 150 High Street (Eastgate), Rochester (variously Mr. Pumblechook’s house in Great Expectations and Mr. Sapsea’s house in The Mystery of Edwin Drood); Chertsey’s Gate, The Precincts, Rochester (Jasper’s Gatehouse in The Mystery of Edwin Drood); the Crispin and Crispianus public house, London Road, Strood; the Swiss Chalet successively situated at The Shrubbery, Gad’s Hill Place, Gravesend Road, Higham, the northern end of the Terraced Garden at Cobham Hall, Cobham, the southern slope of Cobham Park Oppidum or quarry also at Cobham Park, Cobham and Eastgate House, Eastgate, Rochester; Cooling churchyard; and Gad’s Hill Place itself.

References to Charles Dickens occur throughout the collection.

The Imagebase version of the Couchman collection

All constituent items have been scanned and published with the exception of those images whose Copyright owners have refused permission to be included in the imagebase. The percentage coverage of the collection in the imagebase is in excess of 99%. The imagebase of the Couchman collection is therefore a viable working alternative to the original documents.

In conformity with other collections available in proxy form, the Couchman collection is not produced in its original form except where a researcher can make a case in writing that access to the original is necessary. In such instances, a photocopy of the original document will be made available.

A few variations between the original documents and images should be noted.

Many photographs and postcards were cut unevenly by their manufacturers, photographers or chemists. This has resulted in the need to crop images in certain instances. Considerably fewer than 1% of images have been enhanced and where this has been done has only been in respect of lightening images which have reproduced darker in scanning. Any published images considered too dark for effective use can be lightened using scanning software.

The rear (message side) of postcards has not been scanned unless a message has been written there. Publishers' and other relevant printed details given on the rear of postcards have instead been referred to in the description. Likewise, compiler or previous owner's notes written on the rear of photographs have not been scanned and have been referred to in the description.

As noted above, Couchman’s captions and bibliographical notes have not usually been scanned. Such information is referred to or summarised in the descriptions. If desired, however, a photocopy of the original page can be made available.

A resolution of 300 dpi has been used for good quality originals, e.g. photographic quality postcards and 266 dpi for poorer quality originals. 96-266 dpi has been used for printed matter, manuscript material and invoices and 350-400 dpi for small photographs and other originals.

In conformity with archival online standards, captions comprising office name and document reference number have been embedded in the images. The collection name has also been given.

Listing of collection completed 19 December 2003 and introductory file updated by Borough Archivist 16 October 2006.


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Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_00_02_Contents_ on request slip.

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Couchman collection

CONTENTS AND IMAGES REFERRAL PAGE

Introduction to Couchman collection click here

Rochester

DE402/1 Rochester volume 1: Guildhall, High Street, Rochester; Rochester City Council; Rochester personalities; Rochester souvenir postcards and postmarks click here

DE402/2 Rochester volume 2: Rochester Bridge click here

DE402/3 Rochester volume 3: Rochester Esplanade click here

DE402/4 Rochester volume 4: Rochester High Street from the Bridge to the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, no. 97 click here

DE402/5 Rochester volume 5: High Street between the Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, no. 97 and entrance to St. Bartholomew's Terrace, near St. Margaret's Banks click here

DE402/6 Rochester volume 6: Rochester Cathedral and Precincts click here

DE402/7 Rochester volume 7: Rochester Castle Part I (topographical and architectural) click here

DE402/8 Rochester volume 8: Rochester Castle Part II (chiefly Rochester Civic Week and Historical Pageant 22-27 June 1931) click here

DE402/9 Rochester volume 9: Rochester streets A-L click here

DE402/10 Rochester volume 10: Rochester streets M-W click here

Strood

DE402/11 Strood volume 1: the Couchman family; general; Watling Street (comprising Cobham Road, London Road, High Street and A2 Trunk Road), section Cobham Road to Angel Corner click here

DE402/12 Strood volume 2: Strood High Street (Watling Street): section Angel Corner to Rochester Bridge and Strood streets A-Z click here

DE402/13 Strood volume 3: Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra and the River Medway at Strood and Frindsbury click here

Chatham

DE402/14 Chatham volume 1: River Medway, HM Dockyard, Town Hall and The Paddock, personalities, The Great Lines of Defence (Chatham and Brompton) and Chatham postmarks click here

DE402/15 Chatham volume 2: Chatham High Street from Boundary Lane to Railway Street click here

DE402/16 Chatham volume 3: High Street, Railway Street to Luton Arches and streets B-D click here

DE402/17 Chatham volume 4: Chatham streets E-R click here

DE402/18 Chatham volume 5: HM Dockyard, Chatham and Chatham built warships click here

DE402/19 Chatham volume 6: Royal Naval Barracks or HMS Pembroke, Chatham, [cf. Brompton, Gillingham], Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham [cf. Gillingham] and Royal Naval Memorial, Great Lines, Chatham [cf. Gillingham] click here

DE402/20 Chatham volume 7 and Old Brompton: Army Chatham District and Garrison of the Inner Lines of Defence and Royal Marines Chatham Division click here

Gillingham and Old Brompton (but see also volumes DE402/18-20 above)

DE402/21 Gillingham and Old Brompton click here

Isle of Grain

DE402/22 Isle of Grain: topography, Kent Oil Refinery and Oil Distribution click here

Cobham

DE402/23 Cobham: Cobham Hall, Cobham Park, Cobham Village and Cobham Environs click here

The Hoo Peninsula, Lower Medway Valley and Dickens’ Country

DE402/24 Hoo Allhallows, Aylesford (Tottington), Burham, Chalk, Cooling, Cuxton, Eynsford, Lower Halstow, Gravesend, Milton next Gravesend, Higham (Lower, Upper and Mid), Luddesdown, River Medway and Meopham. click here

DE402/25 Rainham, Snodland, Swanscombe, River Thames, Upnor (Upper and Lower) (Frindsbury Extra), Hoo St. Werburgh, West Malling, Wigmore and Wouldham click here

File updated by Borough Archivist 22 September 2006.


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Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_00_03_Biblio on request slip.

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

DE402

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula.

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here]

Other bibliographical or archival sources.

Searle collection of Kent windmill photographs, Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, available by appointment, 01634 848717

Fry collection of Kent churches photographs, Local Studies collections, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Denholm, Tony: The Medway Towns 1790-1850, the emergence of Britain's first conurbation, City of Rochester Society, 2001, copy in Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Rees, H: The Medway Towns, PhD thesis, 1954, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Sanders, Frederick W.T.: A brief history of Chatham High Street mainly from the year 1838 to the year 1961 (with recordings and notes prior to 1838 and to the year 1750) 3 volumes, c.1961, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre local studies collections CHA381

Preston, J.M.: Industrial Medway: an historical survey 1977, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre local studies collections

Ordnance Survey maps, various scales and editions, c.1860-c.1960, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Kelly’s Directories pre-1974, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Local Studies placename and picture files, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

City of Rochester registers of Street numbering 1881 (3 volumes), 1894 (1 volume), 1895 (1 volume) & c.1953 (1 volume) and Borough of Chatham registers of Street numbering 1901 (1 volume), c.1904 (1 volume), c.1905 (1 volume) and 1927 (1 volume) (CT/ENG/46), Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

File added by Borough Archivist 30 December 2003

Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A

Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_01 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ de0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ de0402_01.html

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Important note to imagebase users

Caveat and disclaimer

Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994]

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 1: Guildhall, High Street, Rochester; Rochester City Council; Rochester personalities; Rochester souvenir postcards and postmarks

The contents of this volume relate firstly to the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, the headquarters of Rochester City Council and municipal focus of Rochester until the city council's disbandment in 1974, and thereafter of various departments of the newly formed Rochester upon Medway City Council and currently of the Guildhall Museum, part of Medway Council;


secondly, to miscellaneous Rochester City Council business, each item description prefixed "Rochester City Council", comprising records which had clearly strayed from the Rochester City Archives and may possibly be associated, like other stray Rochester City Council archives since returned to local authority ownership, with other material alienated by the former city coroner, Mackey; and finally, items of general Rochester interest.

Colour picture postcard partitioned between painting of Rochester Castle keep and castle gardens, showing Crimean * War canon, trees, shrubs and people sitting on benches (upper half) and coat of arms of Rochester City Council (lower half). Message on rear from A. Barnard to Miss M. Price, The Cottage, Narborough, Swaffham, Norfolk, discussing travel arrangements and health. Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Redhill, Surrey, 30 September 1914. p.1 (U)

[*cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia]

Facsimile typescript letter from J.D. Heaton-Armstrong, Chester Herald and Registrar, College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street, London EC to unnamed addressee, discussing origin of Rochester City Council's coat of arms and mural crown. 22 February 1951 p.2

Colour picture postcard depicting coat of arms of Rochester City Council with mural crown. Message on rear to Mrs. S.W. Hodges, Homeside, 71 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, discussing family visits. Heraldic Series. Postmarked Rochester 18 February 1908. p.3 (U)

Colour picture postcard depicting a spurious coat of arms of Rochester City Council with mural crown, helm and mantle. Message on rear from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, Penhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing health and weather. Heraldic Series. Postmarked Chatham 20 November 1908. p.3 (L)

Engraving from printed book or map depicting aerial view of Rochester, Strood, Frindsbury Peninsula and the River Medway, surveyed with artistic licence, showing the area contained with the Rochester city wall, Boley Hill, The Common, Rochester Bridge and sailing vessels on the River Medway. City coat of arms depicted in top right corner. Source not attributed. c.1700 p.4

Printed map of Rochester and Rochester Bridge showing area bounded by Boley Hill (Bully Hill), The Common, Strood bank of the River Medway and city pump in Rochester High Street, with legend pertaining to estates owned by Rochester Bridge Trust and tenements leased out, naming tenants and buildings of note, as originally surveyed by George Russell of Rochester in 1717. Reproduced c.1900, source unattributed. p.5

Photocopy of map entitled a plan of the city of Rochester from the bridge to the victualling office depicting the area between The Vines (west), Frindsbury Peninsula (east), Strood Intra (north)and Chatham Intra (south) with key to prominent buildings, city coat of arms and indication of land use. Original map 1772, copied c.1980. p.6

Photocopy of map entitled a plan of the city of Rochester in the county of Kent depicting the area between St. Margaret's Street (south), Frindsbury Peninsula (east), Strood Intra (north) and Chatham Intra (south) with key to prominent buildings and city coat of arms. Surveyed by R. Sale of Rochester, 1816, copied c.1980. p.7

Photocopy of map showing boundaries of the city of Rochester and the parish of Strood (latter as far west as Ranscombe Farm), showing boundaries between St. Margaret and St. Nicholas' parishes, Rochester and St. Nicholas' parish Strood, built-up areas of Rochester and Strood shown in block plan, wooded areas and roads. Taken from a map based on the Ordnance Survey. p.8

Engraving of Rochester seen from Strood Intra, looking across Breach Reach and the River Medway towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right, Rochester Bridge, steps to river, buildings at end of Rochester High Street, Crown Inn on corner of High Street and Esplanade (formerly West Gate), Wright’s Hotel (later Castle Club), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Castle Hill, tower of St. Nicholas’ Church, entrance to castle gardens through castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, Rochester Castle keep, Medway Bathing Establishment and Whitefriars, with a few small boats moored in the River Medway in the middle distance. c.1879 x c.1880 p.9

Printed map of Roman Rochester c. 400 (Durobrivis) from drawing by G.M. Livett, showing area between River Medway and Bridge Gate, marshes (later The Common), East Gate and South Gate, area beyond South Gate as far as site of later Boley Hill and positions of later medieval cathedral and castle. C.F. Kell, photo-lithographer, 8 Furnival Street, Holborn, London EC 1895 p.10

Postcard photograph of map entitled a plan of the city of Rochester from the bridge to the victualling office depicting the area between The Vines (west), Frindsbury Peninsula (east), Strood Intra (north)and Chatham Intra (south) with key to prominent buildings, city coat of arms and indication of land use. This map is a clipped version of the map at p.6 above. Original map 1772. c.1930. p.11 (U)

Colour picture postcard comprising map of Rochester, showing area between Station Road, Strood in the west and Jackson’s Fields to the east, Gas House Point in the north and Cricket Ground in the south, with city coat of arms superimposed. Message on rear from Guildhall, High Street, Rochester to Mr. E.B. Couchman, 53 High Street, Strood, acknowledging a letter. Postmarked 17 November 1932. p.11 (L)

Photocopy of printed map entitled outline map of Chatham and Rochester showing the area between Cuxton Road (A228), Strood in the west, Canterbury Street, Gillingham in the east, Bingham Road, Frindsbury in the north and Wyles Road, Rochester in the south, with key to prominent buildings. Crown Copyright. J. Burrow and Co. Ltd. c.1930 x c.1931 p.12

Reproduction of engraving entitled the court hall as published in Survey of Kent by J. Harris, 1719, showing High Street elevation of Guildhall, Rochester. c.1960 p.13 (U)

Receipt from Rochester Bridge Wardens to city of Rochester for tenement and court hall [cf. Guildhall] being lands contributory to Rochester Bridge, signed by Roger Pilcher, 3 April 1734. p.13 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Guildhall, Rochester: here Pip was bound apprentice to Joe Gargery, Great Expectations looking towards the street frontage of the Guildhall from second storey of building diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, showing pavement, railings, colonnade, roofline and Court Hall Lane at right. Message on front and rear from C.R. to William G. Mason, Francomb’s House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire. Postmarked Chatham 14 April 1902 [Couchman erroneously states 1905] p.14

Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Guildhall, Rochester: here Pip was bound apprentice to Joe Gargery, Great Expectations looking towards the street frontage of the Guildhall from second storey of building diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, showing pavement, railings, colonnade, roofline and Court Hall Lane at right. Probably same exposure as p.14 above. Published by J.H. Goldwin, The Library [sic], Rochester. Printed in Germany. c.1902 p.15 (U)

Photograph of engraving entitled Guild Hall [cf. Guildhall], Rochester in the Mason Collection WGM [sic], showing from left to right range of buildings between Three Post Boys Tavern, Duke’s Head Inn and Guildhall and other intervening buildings inclusive of roofline. Street scene shows handcart, pedestrians and railings in front of Guildhall. c.1880, copy c.1960 p.15 (L)

Photograph of street frontage of the Guildhall looking from second storey of building diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, showing pavement, railings, colonnade, ship weathervane, noticeboards on columns, roofline, Court Hall Lane at right and adjacent buildings. 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) c.1890 p.16 (U)

Photograph of watercolour or pen and ink drawing of the street frontage of the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, at right angles, showing from left to right Duke’s Head Inn, Guildhall and railings, noticeboards on columns, roofline, weathervane, Court Hall Lane and adjacent building on right. Street scene shows gentleman and woman, latter in crinoline dress. Couchman’s caption is erroneous. c.1880, copy c.1960 p.16 (L)

Reproduction of pen and ink drawing entitled [William] Hogarth embarking at the Isle of Grain in 1732, comprising artist’s impression of event, showing Hogarth scrambling aboard a small sailing vessel from rocky outcrop, waves in foreground and sailing vessels and Garrison Point, Sheerness in distance, with bystanders on outcrop and boatmen in vessel in attendance. Initialled S.W. Cutting from Kent Life, September 1974. p.17 (U)

Photocopy of engraving entitled [William] Hogarth playing hopscotch comprising artist’s impression of event, showing Hogarth, companions and onlookers inside colonnade under Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, High Street. Bull Hotel, High Street and Duke’s Head Inn visible in background. Possibly reproduced from Kent Life c.1974 p.17 (L)

Poor photocopy of photograph of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, dressed in bunting for jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887, looking at Guildhall diagonally from a point slightly to the west, showing from left to right, Duke’s Head Inn, Guildhall, columns and noticeboards, iron railings, boys on pavement looking at camera, horse and cart, roofline and range of buildings further along north side of street. Original 1887, copy c.1980 p.18

Tinted postcard photograph of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, looking at Guildhall diagonally from first storey of Bull Hotel slightly to the west, showing from left to right, city surveyor’s office, Guildhall, columns, noticeboard inside colonnade, pavement, lamp standard, ship weathervane and roofline. Message on rear from Jack [Wood] to his mother Mrs. Wood, 87 King Street, Gillingham. Published by The British Mirror Series. Postmarked Tunbridge Wells 10 July 1907. p.19 (U)

Postcard photograph of front of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, looking at Guildhall diagonally from first storey of Bull Hotel slightly to the west, showing from left to right, new municipal offices, Guildhall, columns, noticeboard inside colonnade, pavement, lamp standard, ship weathervane and roofline. A man is sitting on the base of the central columns. Wrench Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. After 1907. p.19 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Guildhall, Rochester looking towards front of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, diagonally from ground level at a point in the High Street slightly to the west, showing columns in first storey, noticeboard inside colonnade, first storey and pediment. c.1920 p.20 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Guildhall looking towards front of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, diagonally from ground level at a point in the High Street slightly to the west, showing columns in first storey, colonnade, bystanders on pavement, lamp standard, first storey and pediment. Rochester City Council coat of arms superimposed top right. Addressed on rear to Miss B. Morphett, 13 Hurst Road, Walthamstow, London NE. Printed in Germany. c.1910 p.20 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Guildhall looking towards front of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, diagonally from ground level at a point in the High Street slightly to the west, showing columns in first storey, noticeboards inside colonnade, first storey, pediment and adjacent municipal offices. Photocrom Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.21 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Guildhall looking towards front of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, diagonally from ground level at a point in the High Street slightly to the west, showing columns in first storey, noticeboards inside colonnade, first storey, pediment and adjacent municipal offices. Photocrom Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. Same exposure as p.21 (U) above. c.1920 p.21 (L)

Postcard photograph of sculpted Rochester City Council coat of arms displayed on pediment of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester. Published by G.A. Morris, 24 High Street, Rochester. c.1920 p.22 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled weathervane, Rochester Guildhall i.e. weathervane on cupola of Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, representing Royal Navy sloop of c.1750, reputedly HMS Rodney, viewed on port side. Published by Arts and Crafts, Rochester. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1920 p.22 (L)

Copy of group photograph of members of various French fire brigades, Alderman Charles Willis JP, mayor of Rochester and Mrs. Willis, a local police officer and possibly members or representatives of Chatham and Gillingham fire brigades, on occasion of visit to Medway Towns of the French firemen as guests of Gillingham Fire Brigade, taken on the pavement in front of the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester. Several of the visiting firemen are bedecked with medals and most are in dress uniform and all are looking at camera. Exposed 14 October 1908, copy c.1980 p.23

Postcard photograph of ceremony of proclamation of accession to throne of King George V by the mayor of Rochester, A.J. Knight, JP, in front of the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester. Taken from first storey of Bull Hotel or adjacent building. The mayor stands on a podium on the pavement in the company of dignitaries including the recorder Morton W. Smith, Rear Admiral R.N. Ommeney, Royal Navy and the macebearer (in middleground), in the presence of members and officers of the corporation, policemen, firemen of the city fire brigade in full dress and wearing Merryweather helmets, Territorial Army (Rochester Rifle Volunteers, West Kent Regiment) (possibly bandsmen) in scarlet tunics, several women attired in academic garb and trenchers (in background and left and right middleground) and general public and police, some of latter bearing ceremonial truncheons (in foreground). The colonnade of the Guildhall is visible to the rear of the assembly. Photograph captioned proclamation of King George V, Rochester May 10 [19]10. 10 May 1910 p.24(U)

Postcard photograph of ceremony of proclamation of accession to throne of King George V by the mayor of Rochester, A.J. Knight, JP, in front of the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester. View similar to p.24 (U) above, taken from first storey of Bull Hotel or adjacent building but at different time and with participants in different places and positions. The mayor stands on a podium on the pavement in the company of the deputy mayor E.W. Willis JP, the recorder Morton W. Smith, the town clerk Apsley Kennette, Rear Admiral R.N. Ommeney, Royal Navy and macebearer (in middleground), in the presence of members and officers of the corporation, policemen, firemen of the city fire brigade in full dress and wearing Merryweather helmets, Territorial Army (Rochester Rifle Volunteers, West Kent Regiment) (possibly bandsmen) in scarlet tunics, several women attired in academic garb and trenchers (in background and left and right middleground) and general public and police, some of latter bearing ceremonial truncheons (in foreground). The colonnade of the Guildhall is visible to the rear of the assembly. Photograph captioned proclamation of King George V, Rochester May 10 [19]10. 10 May 1910 p.24(L)

Rochester City Council. Fragment of document from Rochester Oyster and Floating Fishery and Admiralty Court containing list of signatories of fishermen and dredgermen comprising John Pullen, John Bennett, John Ducke, Hugh Roe, [-] Butler, Robert Pallen, John Rilowgh, Thomas Drew, James Knott and Henry Toby [meeting at the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester], c.1617. Item wrapped in wrapper stamped Terry King, 4 Green Dell, Canterbury, possibly indicating provenance. p.25

Rochester City Council. Bill (from the chamberlain’s accounts of Rochester City Council) from Edward Huxley * for expenses at Gravesend in connection with visit to Rochester of King Charles II, horse hire to Maidstone, horse hire to Sevenoaks for Assizes and half a year’s keeping of clock, signed by P. Stowell, mayor, Richard Head, William Paske [cf. Pask], Christopher Wade, Anthony Brooker, Gilbert Young and Richard Matthews. April 1667 p.26

[* NB Couchman has misspelt this name in the caption]

Rochester City Council. Order from James Almond, mayor of Rochester to [J.] Cobham, member of the corporation, for the payment of 6d. each to two soldiers, 16 April 1680. p.27 (U)

Rochester City Council. Bill from Stephen Ward, paviour, for pebbles, gravel and labour, signed by [J.] Burgis [cf. Burgess] of Rochester City Council, 9 January 1700/1701 p.27 (L)

Rochester City Council. Order from Christopher Wade, mayor of Rochester, at the Guildhall, to the chamberlains for the payment of Nicholas Hastings, beadle, for clearing gutters, counter-signed by John Hogg and John Cobham, members of the corporation, 26 July 1684. p.28

Rochester City Council. Order from William Head, mayor of Rochester, to chamberlains, for payment of bill submitted by Alderman Christopher [?] Crosse [cf. Cross] in respect of entertainments for the mayor, aldermen and common council at the Crown Inn, Rochester, on occasion of return home of King William III, counter-signed by John Buncker and William Lavender, 17 October 1696. p.29

Rochester City Council. Order from William Davison [cf. Davidson], mayor of Rochester, to the chamberlains, for the payment of Robert Axabee [cf. Exaby, Exabee] for mending the city pump in Eastgate, Rochester, counter-signed by Robert Curtiss [cf. Curtis], John Olive and William Head, members of the corporation 8 May 1714. Endorsed with receipt from Exaby 6 September 1714. p.30

Rochester City Council. Order from William Davison [cf. Davidson], mayor of Rochester, to the chamberlains, for the payment of John Burgis [cf. Burgess] and Richard Clarke for year’s salary for playing the fire engines, counter-signed by John Burgis, Thomas Huggins and John Olive, members of the corporation, 25 September 1714. p.31

Rochester City Council. Order from Robert Weller, mayor of Rochester, to the chamberlains, for payment of Abel Bourne for 13 bushels and a peck of oysters for mayor and aldermen etc., counter-signed by William Head, Thomas Huggins and William Davison, members of the corporation, 5 October 1719. p.32

Rochester City Council. Receipted bill from John Chiles [cf. Childs] to Roger Pilcher of Rochester City Council in respect of flint glasses broken on board the Chatham yacht on occasions of holding Admiralty Court at Sheerness in August 1729 and July 1730; August 1730. p.33

Rochester City Council. Order from John Mongomery [cf. Montgomery], mayor of Rochester, to a Mr. Bunker [cf. Buncker] of the corporation to pay a Mr. Bullard for music on board the hoy on the occasion of holding the Admiralty Court at Sheerness, 19 August 1735. p.34

Rochester City Council. Order by G. Gordon, mayor of Rochester, to the chamberlains of the city of Rochester, to pay the players of two French horns and other musicians for their services on the occasion of the holding of the Admiralty Court at Hawkwood, Burham. 23 August 1739 p.35

Rochester City Council. Receipted bill from John Valence for carving the ornaments of the dial and post of the town clock, 22 days’ work at 6s/day, bearing order from G. Gordon, mayor of Rochester to the chamberlains of the city of Rochester, to make payment. Counter-signed by Robert Weller, J. Hawes and Simon Holmden of the corporation, 9 July 1741, settled 8 September 1741. p.36

Rochester City Council. Bill from Thomas Ayres for food and drink supplied to the corporation at the Crown Inn, Rochester, on the occasion of the birthday of HRH the Prince of Wales, with order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, counter-signed by Joseph Buncker [cf. Bunker], Simon Holmden and Henry Joyce, 20 January 1742/1743, settled 1 May 1745. p.37

Rochester City Council. Receipt from John Baxter to Andrew Long, chamberlain of the city of Rochester, for £9 15s 6d to make up a deficiency in a sess [i.e. cess] made for a robbery committed in the hundred of Rochester, 28 July 1750. p.38

Rochester City Council. Receipt from Henry Heath for bread, beer, wine, punch, fowls, bacon, greens, beef, butter, cheese, puddings, fruit and tobacco provided at the White Hart Inn, Rochester, on occasion of examining accounts of the city of Rochester, 22 November 1757, settled by provider, chamberlains and a Mr. Woodmeston on 29 May 1762. p.39

Rochester City Council. Order from John Clark, mayor of Rochester to a Mr. Wright of the corporation, to pay widow Grafes [cf. Graves?] 2s to keep her in her sickness, counter-signed by Thomas Helby, 24 April 1701. p40 (U)

Rochester City Council. Bill from Owen Meredith to Rochester City Council for work done at the Bridewell (Bridwell), bearing order from Henry Skinner, Thomas Strover, John Sparks, John Robbins, B. Elliott, John Taylor and John Hickmott of the corporation, submitted 15 February 1759, ordered 24 October 1759. p.40 (L)

Rochester City Council. Receipt from John Sparks, mayor of Rochester, to Mr. Alderman Hulks [cf. Hulkes], chamberlain of the city of Rochester, for 30 Guineas for the relief of sufferers by the late fire in Rochester. 28 December 1768 p.41

Rochester City Council. Bill from Christopher Pask [cf. Paske] to the corporation for teaching 20 boys on Sir John Hayward’s Foundation for the period Michaelmas to Christmas 1780, with order from James Hulkes, mayor of Rochester to the Provider for payment. c.1780 p.42

Rochester City Council. Permit by special sessions held in the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, subject to court order at General Quarter Sessions, authorising William Dowton of Canterbury, comedian, to open a theatre to perform tragedies, etc., for a period of 60 days October 1827-January 1829. Signed by Samuel Sidden, mayor of Rochester and T. Saunders, late mayor. 28 September 1827. p.43

Rochester City Council. Receipt from T. Saunders to the provider of Rochester City Council for expenses incurred in attending Bank of England, London on 13 August 1824, by order of Court of Chancery on account of Watts’ Charity. Bearing coats of arms of Rochester, 15 August 1824 p.44

Rochester City Council. Five fragments of documents bearing signatures of mayors and other members of Rochester Corporation comprising top to bottom and clockwise, John Buncker [cf. Bunker], mayor, Christopher Wade, John Hogg junior c.1691, John Webb, mayor, William Head, John Burgis [cf. Burgess], Thomas Huggins 1724, Nathaniel Hawes, mayor, D. Wharam, R. Curtis, Joseph Buncker [cf. Bunker] 1740, J. Waite, mayor, R. Curtis, G. Davison [cf. Davidson], G. Gordon c.1749 or c.1751, J. Waite, mayor, N. Hawes and R. Curtis c.1749 or c.1751 p.45.

Rochester City Council. Five fragments of documents bearing signatures of mayors and other members of Rochester Corporation comprising top to bottom and clockwise, Robert Bayley [cf. Baily, Bailey], mayor, R. Curtis 1750, D. Woodmeston [cf. Woodneston], Roger Pilcher, G. Davison [cf. Davidson] 1760, R. Pordage, mayor, John Parsons, D. Woodmeston, James Hulkes c.1762, 1765 or 1768, Francis Patten, mayor, c.1812-c.1821 and Charles Thompson, mayor 1817 or 1828. p.46

Rochester City Council. Photocopy of full-length studio photograph Alderman Charles Willis JP, from Chatham Observer 13 November 1909 p.10. p.47 (U)

Rochester City Council. Photocopy of half-length studio photograph of Mrs. Charles Willis [?], source not stated, entitled fourth time mayoress, p.47 (L)

Rochester City Council. Compliments note from Councillor C.S. Knight, alderman and mayor of the city of Rochester, 9 July 1938. Headed with seal of city of Rochester. p.48

Rochester City Council. Oath of Henry Huggins, miller as a freeman of the city of Rochester, 5 June 1826, in the mayoralty of Samuel Sidden. p.49

Rochester City Council. Letter from Hon. Henry Dundas, member of Parliament for Rochester, Admiralty, London to James Boys Esq. of Rochester Corporation, thanking the corporation for conferring upon him the freedom of the city, 3 August 1826. p. 50

Rochester City Council. Letter from Hon. Henry Dundas, MP for Rochester, to the corporation, appointing the mayor his proxy at election of under master or usher of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, 22 May 1829. With applied seal. p.51

Rochester City Council. Photocopy of entry for Robert Dundas, 4th. viscount Dundas, referring also to Henry Dundas, 3rd. viscount, as contained in Debrett's Illustrated Peerage 1878 p.433, with coat of arms. p.52

Rochester City Council. Letter from Robert Saunders Dundas, 2nd Viscount Melville and First Lord of the Admiralty, Admiralty, London, to James Boys of Rochester Corporation, expressing his gratitude for being elected a Freeman of the city of Rochester. This letter must have been signed in error on the part of Lord Dundas as there is a letter of the same date from his son Hon. Henry Dundas, the actual recipient of the Freedom (see above, p.50). 3 August 1826 p.53

Rochester City Council. Letter from Ralph Bernal, MP for Rochester, to Rochester Corporation, appointing the mayor as his proxy, to vote on behalf of Mr. S. Venning at election of undermaster or usher of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, 15 June 1829. p.54

Rochester City Council. Letter from Sir John Lubbock, Bt., MP for Maidstone, to town clerk, Rochester, covering donation of £1 1s to memorial fund for Philip Wykeham-Martin, deceased, former MP for Rochester, 21 September 1878. p.55

Rochester City Council. Letter from Henry A. Brassey, Preston Hall, Aylesford, MP for Sandwich, to Rochester Corporation, covering a donation of £5 5s to memorial fund for Philip Wykeham-Martin, deceased, former MP for Rochester, 21 September 1878. p56

Rochester City Council. Printed pro-forma from Rochester City Council returned by Henry Campbell-Bannerman MP, Berne, Switzerland, as of Gennings, Hunton, covering donation of £5 5s to memorial fund for Philip Wykeham-Martin, deceased, former MP for Rochester, 26 September [1878], p.57

Rochester City Council. Letter from Apsley Kennette, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, town clerk, to Herbert Macklin esq., town clerk of Maidstone, discussing a visit to the latter's offices to discuss boundary alterations, 16 March 1900. p.58 (U)

Photocopy of typescript notes from Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, relating to Apsley Kennette's homes and retirement date 1879-1926. c.1980 p.58 (L)

Rochester City Council. Typescript letter from Apsley Kennette, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, town clerk, to A. Booth Hearn esq., Chatham, explaining the arrangements for charging for making up the roadway and paving in Cromer Road, Strood, 4 September 1907. p.59

Photograph of municipal ceremony welcoming Prince and Princess Arthur of Connaught on the pavement outside the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, on occasion of their visit to open Foord Almshouses, Priestfields, Rochester and Castle Fair, latter in aid of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester/Chatham, looking from third floor window or parapet of building opposite, showing Prince and Princess Arthur with civic dignitaries on a carpet-covered dais, with assembled members and officers of the corporation and policemen and other uniformed personnel looking on, macebearer in foreground and Guildhall frontage and colonnade in background. Visible inside the council chamber window are possibly banquet tables laid out for dinner. Tram power cables are visible in the intervening space. 4 1/4" x 3 1/4" (105mm x 80mm) 28 June 1927 p.60 (U)

Photograph of municipal ceremony welcoming Prince and Princess Arthur of Connaught on the pavement outside the Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, on occasion of their visit to open Foord Almshouses, Priestfields, Rochester and Castle Fair, latter in aid of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester/Chatham, looking from third floor window or parapet of building opposite, showing Prince and Princess Arthur with civic dignitaries on a carpet-covered dais, with assembled members and officers of the corporation and policemen and other uniformed personnel looking on, macebearer in foreground and Guildhall frontage and colonnade in background. Visible inside the council chamber window are possibly banquet tables laid out for dinner. Tram power cables are visible in the intervening space. Couchman's caption indicates this exposure shows J.L. Percival, town clerk, reading address and councillor R.W. Dale, JP, looking on at left. 4 1/4" x 3 1/4" (105mm x 80mm) 28 June 1927 p.60 (L)

Cuttings from Chatham News reporting retirement of alderman Frederick Francis Smith, Freeman and former mayor of Rochester, with head and shoulders photograph, 8 November 1940. p.61

Cuttings from Chatham News reporting death of alderman Frederick Francis Smith of The Riding, Woking, Surrey, Freeman and former mayor of Rochester, with head and shoulders photograph. 20 June 1941 p. 62 (U)

Cutting fromChatham News reporting gift to Rochester Cathedral of cross and pair of candlesticks in memory of Frederick Francis Smith, Freeman of the city of Rochester, his wife Maud and daughter, Margaret Maud Smith, 11 February 1944. p.62 (L)

Cutting probably from Chatham News comprising letter from Henry Smetham, following-up article on death of Frederick Francis Smith, describing Smith's first case in the Police Court and mentioning his own arrival in Strood, c.1941 p.63

Rochester City Council. Typescript letter from Philip W.B. Timms, city treasurer, city treasurer's department, 221 Maidstone Road, Rochester to E.H. Couchman, 10 River Drive, Strood concerning rate account for 35 Cromer Road, Strood, 26 January 1962. p.64

Rochester City Council. Typescript, headed letter from Philip H. Bartlett, town clerk, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester to unnamed recipient advising of appointment of Mr. H. Rayner as co-opted member of Museum Committee for the period 1965-1966. 28 May 1965. p.65

Rochester City Council. Typescript, headed letter from G.E. Cracklen, town clerk, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester to Mr. E.H. Couchman, 119 Elaine Avenue, Strood, advising on procedures under Byelaws for taking action against noisy animals, specifically a dog, 7 August 1967. p.66

Cutting from Chatham News comprising article headed served under thirteen mayors reporting death of William Johnson of Daffodil Road, Strood, sergeant-at-mace of Rochester City Council, with photograph of Johnson attending HM Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother on the occasion of her visit to Rochester in 1954, 8 August 1958. p.67

Cutting from Chatham News entitled he was a city Freeman reporting circumstances of conferral of Freedom of the city of Rochester on Sir Winston Churchill and quoting Alderman C.H.R. Skipper and councillor A.A.J. Anderson, 29 January 1965. p.68

Cutting from Chatham News comprising captioned photograph of Sir Winston Churchill, in bow tie and holding cigar (left) and Alderman C.H.R. Skipper (right), in mayoral regalia of the city of Rochester, at former's home at Hyde Park Gate, London, on occasion of conferral of Freedom of the city of Rochester on former in May 1955. 29 January 1965 p.69 (U)

Cutting from Chatham News comprising captioned photograph entitled a proud day to remember, showing civic dignitaries of Rochester standing alongside Sir Winston Churchill at his home at Hyde Park Gate, London on occasion of conferral of Freedom of the city of Rochester on former in May 1955. 29 January 1965 p.69 (L)

Cutting from Chatham News comprising half-length photograph of Sir Winston Churchill sitting at desk in bow tie, waistcoat, dark jacket and pinstripe trousers with handkerchief in breast pocket and watch chain, looking to right of camera, c.1955. 29 January 1965. p.70

Cutting from Chatham News entitled the end of an era, reporting merging of Rochester City Council, Chatham Borough Council and Strood Rural District Council to form Medway Borough Council (subsequently Rochester upon Medway City Council) in 1974, with photographs of Royal Marines band beating retreat in Chatham and in grounds of Rochester Castle, referring to so-called deed of transfer drawn up by Philip Timms. 5 April 1974. p.71

Cutting from Chatham News with caption recording inspection of Royal Marines by councillor Daphne MacDonald, mayor of Medway Borough Council, in full mayoral regalia and costume, in grounds of Rochester Castle with castle keep in background, on occasion of conferral of Freedom of the Borough on the Royal Marines on 1 May 1979. 4 May 1979. p.72

Cutting from Chatham News comprising two photographs with captions recording exchange of casket containing scroll conferring Freedom of Medway Borough Council on the Royal Marines and statuette of a Royal Marines drum major, between councillor Daphne MacDonald, mayor of Medway Borough Council and Lieutenant General John Richards, Commandant General of the Royal Marines, in the grounds of Rochester Castle on 1 May 1979. 4 May 1979. p.73

Cutting from Chatham News entitled mayor accepts cannon to mark historic Navy link with subtitle prayers for task force said at civic hand-over ceremony with captioned photograph, reporting presentation by Rear Admiral George Brewer, Flag Officer Medway, on behalf of the Royal Navy of a cannon and carriage to Rochester upon Medway City Council, situated at the bridge end of Rochester High Street, subjects in photograph comprising councillor Barry Flack, mayor of Rochester upon Medway, Admiral Brewer, councillor Richard Andrews and Royal Marines cadets. The photograph appears to have been transposed with another. 28 May 1982. p.74

Typescript letter from Joseph C. Taylor, curator, Eastgate House Museum, Rochester City Council, Eastgate, High Street, Rochester to E.H. Couchman esq., 10 River Drive, Watling Street, Strood, thanking him for his collaborative mounting of philatelic exhibitions since 1938 and explaining the council would seek to continue the arrangement through the agency of J. Leonard, secretary of Medway Towns Philatelic Society. 22 June 1949 p.75

Cutting from Good Morning Sunday Medway edition, comprising captioned photographs of Michael Moad, in striped shirt, tie and waistcoat, curator of the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester and Miss Marion Webster, in patterned dress, senior museum assistant examining cup won by Jubilee in Medway bawley boat race, 1872, frontage of Guildhall and interior of council chamber. 3 November 1985 p.76

Cutting from Chatham News entitled top honour for distinguished and devoted service reporting award of Freedom of city of Rochester upon Medway on 69 Independent Field Squadron, Royal Engineers (Gurkhas), of Kitchener Barracks, Brompton on 24 September 1986. 26 September 1986. p.77 (L)

Cutting from Adscene comprising captioned photograph entitled Honour for the Gurkhas showing councillor Richard Andrews, mayor of Rochester upon Medway, in full mayoral costume and regalia, inspecting the Gurkha engineers in Rochester Castle Gardens with the castle keep in the background, on occasion of award of Freedom of city of Rochester upon Medway on 69 Independent Field Squadron, Royal Engineers (Gurkhas) 24 September 1986. 3 October 1986. p.77 (R)

Cutting from Chatham News comprising captioned photograph entitled loyal Gurkhas granted the freedom of our city, showing councillor Richard Andrews, in full mayoral costume and regalia (left), presenting casket containing Freedom scroll to General Sir George Cooper, Colonel of the Queen's Gurkha Engineers, on occasion of award of Freedom of city of Rochester upon Medway on 69 Independent Field Squadron, Royal Engineers 24 September 1986 in Rochester Castle Gardens with Gurkhas, civilians, curtain wall and Rochester Cathedral in background. 26 September 1986. p.78

Order of ceremony for occasion of award of Freedom of city of Rochester upon Medway on 69 Independent Field Squadron, Royal Engineers 24 September 1986. p.79

Postcard photograph of Ehrich Weiss [cf. Weisz] alias Harry Houdini, escapologist and magician (left) and Alfred S. Arnold, chief constable of Rochester, both sitting on bench in Rochester Castle gardens with Castle Hill, Moat House and shrubs in background, former wearing greatcoat with cloth cap in lap and looking to right of camera, latter wearing lounge suit and bowler hat, holding walking stick in right hand and looking at camera. c.February 1911 p.80 (U)

Photocopy of advertisement in Chatham Observer for entertainments at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham , acts comprising Harry Houdini, Mary Mayfield, George Prince, Leonard Mortimer and Company, Charles Rose, Three Sisters Lee, Lacey’s Erascope, Valeros Naval Bombardment and George Helton, 30 January 1905. Published 28 January 1905. Photocopied c.1980 p.80 (L)

Postcard photograph of Ehrich Weiss [cf. Weisz] alias Harry Houdini, escapologist and magician, standing in Rochester Castle gardens in front of bench, dressed in cloth cap, bow tie, leather gloves and overcoat and holding walking stick in right hand, facing to right of camera, with shrubs, Castle Hill and Moat House in background. The stick appears to be the same one held by Arnold in p.80 (U) above. c.February 1911 p.81

Receipted bill from George Fleming of 69 Wrotham Road, Gravesend, registered plumber to Messrs. the Trustees of E.W. Jeffreys, for plumbing work at 61-63 Hawley Road and 43 and 57 Hawley Road [Wilmington, Dartford?], December 1913, settled March 1914. Annotated by William Coles Finch. p.82 (U)

Typescript biographical notes on William Coles Finch by Couchman c.1980 p.82 (L)

Postcard photograph of Nurse Finnis [cf. Alloway] of 31 Langdon Road, Rochester, comprising full-length portrait of middle-aged woman, standing in arch of pergola at entrance to garden, looking at camera and smiling, wearing knee-length nurse’s apron and stockings. c.1920 p.83

Cutting from Chatham News entitled mace-bearer who became the mayors’ right-hand man: city mourns death of popular council servant reporting death of Ron Pegg, with full-length photograph of subject in full ceremonial costume, published 14 September 1990. p.84

Photocopy of leaflet dropped by aeroplane (seaplane) or airship on Rochester on 20 [?] April 1918, advertising Medway Tank Week 15-20 April 1918 on occasion of visit to Rochester Guildhall of tank [Nelson, formerly situated at Trafalgar Square, London] to sell War Bonds. p.85Photocopy of postcard photograph of group of four Rochester City policemen, wearing uniforms and looking at camera, left to right A.J. Blakely [?], E.W. Gilbert, A.B. Gibling and unknown subject. Original inscribed best wishes from your old chums. Before 1910. p.86 (U)

Typescript notes by Couchman on events in history of Rochester City Police Force 1904-1937. p.86 (L)

Photocopy of group photograph of officers and men of Rochester Division, Kent County Constabulary, photographed in six tiered rows facing camera in an outdoors location, on occasion of their being inspected by Capt. Terry in the Corn Exchange, Northgate, Rochester on 12 July 1908. p.87

Photocopy of cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled bobbies on trail of police memorabilia (memories column) comprising group photograph of officers and men of Rochester City Police Force, photographed in five tiered rows facing camera in outdoors location in front of stone wall, subjects including mayor and mace-bearer, with associated article. Original photograph exposed 24 September 1937. As published 21 September 1990. p.88

Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled looking back on 50 years of city airport's rich history with photograph of Miss Gladys Batchelor and a male companion standing in front of a Monospar monoplane in 1936. As published 24 December 1982. p.89

Adhesive label advertising Rochester Week, 7-12 August 1933, comprising national motor boat rally, trades exhibition, county flower show and dog and poultry shows, featuring illustration Rochester Castle keep. 2 1/2" x 1 3/4" (65mm x 47mm) p.90 (L)

Cardboard disc comprising official pass for Rochester Week, 7-12 August 1933. Diameter 2 1/4" (56mm) p.90m (R) Composite colour postcard captioned souvenir of 1907 from Rochester comprising six miniature tinted photographic views of Rochester and area arranged around figures 1 9 0 7 each figure containing groups of portraits mainly of young girls and women with one kissing couple, the surrounding miniatures comprising, left to right and clockwise, Rochester Castle gardens and keep, Kit's Coty House, Aylesford [cf. Medway Megaliths], Rochester Cathedral, Rochester viewed across the River Medway from Strood Intra, the west door of Rochester Cathedral and Rochester Bridge, the River Medway, Castle Hill and the castle gardens viewed from Rochester Castle keep. Message on rear from "auntie C." to William G. Mason, Penhorn's House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, referring to theatre, shooting and seeing blossom at Sittingbourne. Published by J. Welch and Sons, photographic publishers, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Printed in Belgium. Postmarked 30 April 1907. p.91

Composite postcard entitled Rochester, comprising photograph views of Rochester Cathedral seen from Rochester Castle keep (top left), Rochester Esplanade, Bridge Chamber, Castle Hill and Rochester Castle keep looking across Bridge Reach from Rochester Bridge (top right), New Road, Rochester, looking east, showing tram (New Brompton service), St. Bartholomew's Hospital and tramlines, (bottom right), Restoration House, Crow Lane (formerly Maidstone Road), Rochester (bottom left) and Rochester Castle keep and castle gardens (centre). On rear, message from E[?] to Miss Dorothy Moss, 27 St. Patricks Road, Hereson (Steveson [sic]), Ramsgate, discussing holidays. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 24 August 1911. p.92 (U)

Composite postcard entitled good luck from Rochester, comprising photograph views of Rochester Bridge, Castle Hill and castle gardens from castle keep (top left), Rochester Castle keep, castle gardens, shrubs and Queen Victoria's jubilee memorial (top right), Rochester Cathedral from the north-west (bottom right), Rochester Pier and the River Medway (bottom left) and dark coated kitten in oval in centre. Published by Valentine's. After 1931. p.92 (L)

Composite postcard entitled City of Rochester, comprising left to right and clockwise, photographs of Rochester Castle keep and gardens (left), city coat of arms (top), Rochester Bridge, Castle Hill, River Medway and castle gardens (right) and Rochester High Street to slightly to east of junction with Boley Hill and Eastgate, looking west (bottom), superimposed on holly leaves graphics. Published by M. Kenney and Co., Rochester, sold by Laslett, High Street, Chatham. c.1912 p.93 (U)

Composite postcard entitled Rochester and Chatham, comprising left to right and clockwise, photographs of Rochester Bridge, River Medway, Castle Hill and castle gardens (top left), Rochester Pier and River Medway (top right), Rochester Castle keep and castle gardens (middle right), Victoria Gardens and bandstand, New Road Avenue, Chatham (bottom right), Railway Street, Chatham looking towards the town hall and Fort Amherst with St. John's Church at left, taken from road viaduct, New Road Avenue (bottom left), Rochester Cathedral viewed from Rochester Castle keep (left centre) and Rats Bay, Limehouse Reach, River Medway, ship and Rochester (in distance) viewed from near Sun Pier, Chatham at sunset (centre). Published by Valentine's. c.1932 p.93 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, from the castle, looking from Rochester Castle keep across Castle Hill, Bridge Reach (below bridge) towards Frindsbury Hill, Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Peninsula, showing moored sailing vessels and sailing barges on the River Medway, factories and warehouses on the Frindsbury Peninsula, Rochester, Guildhall, London and Provincial Bank, 39 High Street and Style and Winch brewers's stores, Parks and Company and other warehouses on Acorn Wharf, Rochester. On rear, message from A.B. to a Miss Ablett, 140 Derridge Road, Sheerness on Sea, discussing weather and receiving a bicycle. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons, Chatham and Rochester. Exposed c.1902. Postmarked 1 January [?] 1905. p.94

Postcard photograph entitled general air view of Rochester and Chatham comprising aerial view of Chatham looking east along axis of Chatham High Street, showing area between HM Gun Wharf and Rats Bay (north), Dock Road and The Brook (east), Fort Pitt Hill and Victoria Gardens (south) and New Road, Rochester (west), also showing St. Bartholomew's Hospital (pre-canopy), New Road, Rochester, vessels moored in the River Medway, St. John's Church, Railway Street, Chatham, St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church of England, Victoria Gardens, New Road Avenue, Chatham, Chatham Town Hall, Dock Road, Chatham, Ship Pier and Sun Pier. Before 1912. p.95 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled air view of Rochester Bridge and Medway comprising aerial view of Rochester looking east along axis of Rochester Bridge and High Street, showing area between Cory's Wharf (north), Blue Boar Lane (east), Rochester Pier (south) and Strood Intra (west), also showing Acorn Wharf, The Common, Corporation Street, Rochester Castle, Rochester Cathedral and Esplanade (Rochester) and Aveling and Porter Ltd., Strood Intra. On rear, message from Hilda [-] to Mrs. F. Godden, 94 Maison Dieu Road, Dover, arranging meeting on beach. Exposed c.1908. Postmarked 3 September 1909 [?] p.95 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled cathedral and castle, Rochester, from the air comprising aerial photograph looking north east from point above River Medway, showing area between Castle Hill (west), The Common (north), The Precinct (east) and west curtain wall of Rochester Castle (south), features visible including left to right and clockwise, castle curtain wall, First World War tank, castle gardens, High Street, Corn Exchange, Chertsey’s Gate, St. Nicholas’ Church, Rochester Cathedral, Minor Canon Row, St. Margaret’s Street (lower end), Baker’s Walk, Boley Hill House, Boley Hill, Quaker Cottages, The Old Hall, vicarage and Satis House. Photographer: Surrey Flying Services, Air Port of London, Croydon, Surrey. No.1998 in series. Pre-1931 p.96 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester, from the air looking north west from a point above Troy Town, showing area between Maidstone Road (now Crow Lane) and the cathedral (south), railway viaduct (west), River Medway (north) and Victoria Street (east), features visible including left to right and clockwise, Rochester Cathedral, High Street (section between bridge and Chatham Intra), Corn Exchange, The Common, Cory’s Wharf, railway goods yards, Chatham Intra, Star Hill, tram on Star Hill and motor vehicles in High Street, Crow Lane and Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School. Photographer: Surrey Flying Services, Croydon, Surrey. No. 2366 in series. Pre-1931 p.96 (L)

Photograph of industrial riverside areas of the River Medway in the Medway Towns, looking east north east from the central tower of Rochester Cathedral across Limehouse Reach, Frindsbury Peninsula and Chatham Reach towards Chatham Dockyard (left distance), Old Brompton and Chatham (right distance), showing left to right: in foreground, between High Street and Corporation Street, houses and commercial premises; in near distance between Corporation Street and River Medway industrial premises including Cattle Market, Cory’s Wharf, St. Nicholas’ Church of England School and Corporation Flats; in middle distance between Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach (i.e. Frindsbury Peninsula) Crown and Quarry Cement Works (Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers) (APCM); and in far distance covered slipways of HM Dockyard, Chatham, spire of Holy Trinity Church, Old Brompton, Royal Marines Barracks, HM Gun Wharf and St. Mary’s Church, Chatham. Also showing river traffic. 5 ¼” x 3 ¾” c.1931 x c.1939 p.97

Cutting from Flight comprising advertisement for the Cierva autogiro, Cierva, Bush House, Aldwych, London WC, entitled forced landing made easy with explanatory text and aerial photograph of Rochester and Strood looking north from a point above St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester, showing area between railway line in Strood (west), northern shore of Bridge Reach (lower) (north), Rochester Cathedral (east) and recreation ground (south), features including clockwise recreation ground, Rochester Bridge, Frindsbury Intra, barges on the River Medway, Acorn Wharf, Rochester Cathedral, Boley Hill, Quaker Cottages and Rochester Castle curtain wall, keep and gardens. Superimposed on the photograph are two graphics, one representing a biplane, the other an autogiro, the former with a predicted descent path into The Common, the latter with a predicted descent path into Rochester Castle gardens, illustrating comparative ease of forced landing. 17 July 1931. p.98

Photograph of Rochester and Strood taken from central tower of Rochester Cathedral, looking north west towards Broom Hill, Strood (left distance) and Frindsbury Hill (right distance), showing clockwise Winget Ltd, factory, Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge Railway Station, Strood, Rochester road bridge and railway bridge, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill, Bridge Reach (lower), Guildhall, High Street roofs, Boley Hill, Liberal Club, castle curtain wall, cathedral west front pinnacles, castle gardens and Queen Victoria’s memorial. c.1931 x c.1939 p.99

Printed booklet of souvenir photographs of Rochester, Strood and Chatham, comprising:Castle gardens, bandstand, Rochester Bridge, River Medway, Castle Hill and Strood from Rochester Castle keep p.100 (U)/1;
Strood High Street looking west from the junction with Station Road p.100 (U)/2;
Rochester viewed from Strood Intra p.100 (U)/3;
Rochester Castle keep and castle gardens p.100 (U)/4;
Rochester Castle keep, gardens and Queen Victoria’s Jubilee monument p.100 (U)/5;
Rochester Cathedral viewed from Rochester Castle keep p.100 (U)/6;
Rochester Cathedral from north west p.100 (U)/7;
Chertsey’s Gate, St. Nicholas’ Church and Boley Hill from the south p.100 (U)/8;
interior view of Rochester Cathedral nave, looking east p.100 (U)/9;
exterior view of Rochester Cathedral west door from Boley Hill p.100 (U)/10;
St. Nicholas’ Church, High Street, Strood, viewed from High Street p.100 (U)/11;
HM Dockyard, Chatham, Royal Marines Barracks, HM Gun Wharf and St. Mary’s Church, Chatham and river traffic in Chatham Reach p.100 (U)/12.With envelope p.100 (L). c.1910 p.100

Envelope addressed to Miss Jessy Hopkins, 27 Oakley Crescent, Chelsea, Middlesex, bearing Penny Red stamp, postmarked Rochester 20 August 1873. p.101 (U)

Postcard addressed to Misses Emma and Ada Hopkins, Minor Canon Row, Rochester, bearing on rear pen and ink drawing of semi-recumbent devil, holding trident in right hand and leaning against tree trunk, captioned oh, breathe not his name. Bearing printed halfpenny stamp and postmarked Rochester 16 January 1874. p.101 (L)

Postcard addressed to Miss A. Hopkins, c/o Mrs. F. Smith, Boughton Monchelsea, message on rear discussing travel by train. Bearing printed halfpenny stamp and postmarked Rochester 31 August 1877 p.102 (U)

Postcard addressed to a Miss Hopkins, co/ Mrs. Harrison, Pembroke House, Walmer, message on rear discussing different editions of Handel’s Messiah. Bearing printed halfpenny stamp and postmarked Rochester 13 November 1879. p.102 (L)

Envelope addressed to Charles Roach Smith, Temple Place, Strood, bearing post scriptum reffering to a Lieutenant Colonel Sweny of the Royal Marines Light Infantry, stamped and postmarked Rochester 22 June, 1886. p.103 (U)

Envelope addressed to Henry Smetham [11 Alexandra Terrace], Strood, franked Rochester 2 January 1892. p.103 (L)

Postcard photograph of Leeds Castle, Leeds, Maidstone, addressed to William G. Mason, Francombs House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire with message from Auntie C. [-] Postmarked Rochester 11 March 1902 p.104 (U)

Picture postcard entitled with best wishes for Christmas and the New Year bearing gold bordered reproduction of domestic scene of three children and kitten waiting outside door of sitting room, from Auntie S.S[-] to Stanley H. Mason, 8 Ruskin Road, Byron Road, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 22 December 1903. p.104 (L)

Postcard bearing embossed colour design and pasted-on oval silk print of basket of flowers captioned a happy birthday from E.N.S. to a Mrs. Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons. Postmarked Rochester 30 May 1905. p.105 (U)

Colour postcard photograph entitled Holton Road, Halesworth, [Suffolk], showing residential area of terraced houses, gardens, trees and railings with cattle and pedestrians in street. Message on rear from Aunt Emma [-] to Master Glanvill Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire. Postmarked Rochester 18 June 1906. p.105 (L)

Colour postcard photograph entitled High Street, Southend on Sea [Essex], looking along street and showing shop frontages and rooflines, shop awnings, pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles. Message on rear from William (Will) [-] to Master W.G. Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing various matters including trams. Postmarked Rochester 30 March 1908. p.106 (U)

Colour picture postcard bearing coat of arms of Durham, with gold border. Message on rear from Auntie c. [-] to William G. Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing holiday and weather. Ja-Ja heraldic series. Postmarked Rochester 25 March 1906. p.106 (L)

Colour postcard photograph of sweet peas entitled loving birthday wishes with accompanying verse, with message on rear from C. Ruck to Mrs. G.W. Mason, 7 Railway Street, Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 1 January 1921. p.107

Stamped envelope from W. Wicker, 29 Cliffe Road, Strood, estate agent to E. Couchman Esq., 152 Watling Street, Strood. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham, with Second World War Victory sign and bells, 17 August 1945. p.108 (U)

Stamped envelope addressed to E.H. Couchman Esq., 10 River Drive, Watling Street, Strood. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham, with royal wedding bells to commemorate marriage of HRH Princess Elizabeth and HRH Prince Philip of Greece (20 November 1947) 28 November 1947. p.108 (L)

File updated by borough archivist 10 January 2008


Date: c.1700-1986 [1990]
Quantity: 1 binder/108pp.

Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_02 on request slip.

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centcre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 2: Rochester Bridge

Printed potted history of the Rochester bridges, unattributed. c.1985 p.1

Postcard size print of artist’s impression of the second (i.e. English) Rochester Bridge c.960, after a print at the British Museum [cf. British Library] with notes on chronology, construction and printed sources. c.1950 p.2

Facsimile of elevations and plan of the third Rochester Bridge as built by Sir Robert Knolles and Sir John de Cobham in 1388, as altered and widened 1818 and removed 1856, from a drawing by John L. Robson, MICE with notes on chronology, construction and printed sources, c.1960 p.3.

Photograph of print of view from Frindsbury Intra showing Rochester Bridge and drawbridge, River Medway and river traffic, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester and windmills near St. Margaret’s church and fishermen in foreground. [c.1780] c.1980 p.4 (upper).

Printed notice from Wardens of Rochester Bridge advertising closure of Rochester Bridge for purpose of laying new drawbridge effective 8 June 1734 for 6 days, 16 May 1734. 1 item (paper) p.4 (lower)

Colour postcard entitled the north-west view of Rochester Castle AD 1735 comprising view from Strood Intra, showing the southern foot of Rochester Bridge, Rochester Cathedral and river traffic. Reproduced and published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1920 p.5 (upper)

Colour postcard entitled an exact prospect of the city of Rochester taken from Finsbery [i.e. Frindsbury] Windmill by Ja[mes] Collins AD 1690 showing the River Medway, masted naval vessels and hulks, Rochester and Chatham Intra. Reproduced and published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1920 p.5 (lower)

Print of view from Frindsbury Intra looking across the River Medway towards Rochester, showing the bridge, castle and cathedral, with three single-masted vessels in foreground. [Print indicates that] it was engraved by 'Walker and Storer' from an original drawing by JMW Turner. Published 1 May 1794 by Harrison and Co., 18 Paternoster Row, London. 1794    p.6.

Print entitled view of the castle and bridge of Rochester in Kent, looking from Frindsbury Intra, unattributed, showing the River Medway, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester, windmills near St. Margaret’s church, river traffic and moored vessels in foreground. c.1790 p.7

Print entitled Rochester Castle and Bridge, county of Kent, showing the Strood approach, engraved by J. Basire from a drawing by W. Hamper, from the Gentleman’s Magazine, p.601, July 1809. p.8

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, Kent showing Ladbury’s Cottage and quay in foreground, looking across the River Medway to Strood, showing river traffic, Strood Hill and windmills. Engraved by J. Greig from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent, published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London, 1 February 1820. p.9

Two prints each entitled Rochester Kent engraved by W. Tombleson from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London, 1 February 1820 each however manifesting differences from the other. The scene is one looking from Frindsbury Hill across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, showing river traffic, Strood and Rochester. 1820. p.10

Prints comprising two similar views of Rochester Bridge looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards the bridge, showing the new central arch, Rochester Castle and river traffic. The lower view also shows bridge traffic. Unattributed. c.1820

Coloured print entitled Rochester Bridge, looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, also showing river traffic, horse-washing, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester and a windmill near St. Margaret’s church, the tower of Rochester Cathedral and Wright’s Hotel (later the Castle Club), engraved by H. Adlard from a drawing by George Shepherd, published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London July 1828. p.12

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, also showing river traffic, horse-washing, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester and a windmill near St. Margaret’s church, the tower of Rochester Cathedral and Wright’s Hotel (later the Castle Club), engraved by H. Adlard from a drawing by George Shepherd, published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London July 1828. Identical to the print on p.12 but uncoloured. p.13

Print entitled Rochester Castle from the bridge also showing the River Medway and river traffic, drawn by W. Westall ARA, engraved by James Fife and published [?] by J. and F. Harwood, London. Endorsed to effect published by Charles Tilt, 86 Fleet Street, London, 1829. p.13 (U).

Print entitled Rochester looking from Temple Marsh, Strood across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge and Castle, also showing river traffic and grazing cattle. Drawn by W. Westall ARA and engraved by E. Finden, Couchman’s caption states published in 1829. p.14 (L)

Print entitled Rochester from Frindsbury Hill looking towards Rochester Bridge and along the Medway valley, showing Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, Fort Clarence, river traffic on the River Medway and barges, hulks and masted vessels in Bridge Reach. Not attributed. c.1840. p.15

Print entitled Rochester Bridge and castle looking from Frindsbury Intra across Bridge Reach towards Strood, Rochester Bridge and Rochester Castle, showing river traffic on the River Medway. Not attributed. c.1800 p.16 (upper)

Print entitled View of Rochester looking from Frindsbury Hill across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, showing horse-drawn vehicles on the bridge, river traffic and masted vessels, Fort Clarence and the Medway valley. Captioned about 1837. p.16 (L)

Print entitled Rochester and Strood from Frindsbury looking across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge and Rochester, showing railway lines in middle distance, road, grazing cattle, Fort Clarence, river traffic and Strood. Published by Kershaw and Son, London. Captioned after 1830, before 1857 p.17 (U)

Print entitled Rochester from Frindsbury looking along Bridge Reach and beyond Rochester Bridge up the Medway valley, showing a paddle steamer at Strood Pier, river traffic and possibly a steam engine and train on the railway bridge. Published by Rock and Company, London 10 February 1859. p.17 (M)

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, Kent looking from Strood Esplanade across Bridge Reach (U) towards Rochester Bridge and Wright’s Hotel, also showing steam engine and train on railway bridge and horse-drawn vehicle on road bridge, river traffic including barge in process of lowering mast and man and woman, latter in crinoline, standing on quayside. Published by Rock and Company, London 10 February 1859. p.17 (L)

Print entitled Rochester old bridge as published in Illustrated London News, also showing Rochester Castle, Rochester Cathedral, Wright’s Hotel, Bridge Chamber, horse-drawn vehicles, Ladbury’s Cottage, windmill and barge lowering its mast. 16 August 1856 p.18

Photograph of Rochester Bridgetaken prior to the construction of the railway bridge in 1853 and demolition of Queen’s Arms public house in 1877 and also showing Rochester Castle , Rochester Cathedral and Bridge Chamber. c.1850 p.19

Two photographs (upper a postcard) of the old and new bridges between Rochester and Strood , looking from curtain wall of Rochester Castle towards Strood Esplanade and the Ship Inn. Unattributed. c.1855 p.20 (upper and lower)

Print entitled the explosion of old Rochester Bridge: filling up the shaft previous to firing the battery, looking at right angles across the river from Strood Esplanade towards Wright’s Hotel at Bridge Reach, showing Royal Engineers officers and sappers at work on the remains of the bridge pier platforms, dressed in working dress and pillbox or forage caps, also showing Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, river traffic and Rochester Bathing Establishment (afloat). Cut from the Illustrated London News c.1857 p.21

Print entitled view of the east end of the old bridge at Rochester, after the demolitions in 1857, from a photograph by Sergeant Dukes, Royal Engineers, looking from the railway bridge along Bridge Reach up the Medway valley and showing sappers standing on piles of masonry rubble, silhouetted against the River Medway, J. Moody of London, lithographer 1859. p.22

Print entitled the new East Kent Railway bridge at Rochester as built in 1853, looking from Frindsbury Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle and Cathedral, showing industrial activity in Frindsbury Intra, river traffic and a hulk, with floating timber on the River Medway in the foreground marked C F Sargent. The Medway or Rochester Bathing Establishment in Rochester is visible through one of the bridge arches. From The London Journal 5 July 1856. p.23

Cutting from unstated periodical containing article entitled antiquarian discovery at Rochester, illustrated with engraving of medieval (Early English) arch forming part of the former St. Clement's Church, Rochester (drawn by E. Gilks, engraved by T. Gilks), exposed during building works associated with the construction of the approach to the railway bridge c.September 1851. [It is inferred the area concerned is on the Rochester side of the bridge and the site of the find is in the vicinity of Horsewash Lane. Significantly, the 50": 1 mile Ordnance Survey map of Rochester shows a St. Clement's Lane in the position of the modern Horsewash Lane.] p.24

Photograph of Rochester Bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach from Rochester Esplanade towards Rochester Bridge Railway Station in Strood, showing barge with lowered mast, windmills on Broom Hill, Strood and cast iron Rochester road bridge opened in 1856. Unattributed. c.1900 p.25

Photograph of Rochester Bridge taken from Rochester Pier, showing Rochester Esplanade and Castle curtain wall to right, Broom Hill, Strood, industrial areas in Frindsbury Intra and Frindsbury Church in the left and mid distance and a barge with lowered mast on the River Medway. 1906 x 1911 p.26

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Frindsbury Hill, showing Rochester road and railway bridges, Rochester Castle bailey used as allotments, Castle Hill, Gundulph Square, windmills on Broom Hill, river traffic and the Thames and Medway Canal basin at Frindsbury Intra, c.1856 x c.1869, facsimile by Fine Art Studio Photographers,11 Frindsbury Road, Strood, p.27

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, The Little Mill and The Great Mill on Broom Hill, Strood, House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury, mills and warehouses inn Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood and river traffic including a paddle steamer, facsimile by c.1879 x c.1890 p.28

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, The Little Mill and The Great Mill on Broom Hill, Strood, House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury, mills and warehouses inn Frindsbury Intra and river traffic including barges. c.1879 x c.1890 p.29 (U)

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood, Frindsbury Church and river traffic including barges, also showing Castle Moat House on Castle Hill c.1884 x c.1890 p.29 (L)

As above p.29 (L) (photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood, Frindsbury Church and river traffic including barges) but cropped and not showing Castle Moat House or Castle Hill c.1884 x c.1890 p.30 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle grounds looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge and Castle Hill, showing bandstand in castle grounds and Frindsbury Church in the distance, c.1897 p.30 (L)

Postcard photograph addressed to Mr. P. Hill, 4 Haymarket, London SW, postmarked Herne Bay 1904, photograph looking from Rochester Pier across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge and the Ship Inn and Rochester Bridge Railway Station, Strood, showing moored vessels, c.1891 x c.1904 p.31 (U)

Postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, postcard addressed to a Mrs. Musto [cf. Mustoe], 28 Ratcliffe Road, Forest Gate, Essex, postmarked Chatham 23 August 1913; photograph c.1891 x .c1904 p.31 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood and Frindsbury Church, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, c.1891 x c.1904 p.32 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Strood Intra, Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, addressed to a Mrs. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, postmarked 28 July 1908, [note Frindsbury Church is not depicted] c.1891 x c.1904 p.32 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards the Ship Inn (Strood Intra), Broom Hill, Strood and Frindsbury Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand and windmills on Broom Hill, printed in Belgium by F. Welch and Sons of Portsmouth, Hampshire, c.March 1904 p.33 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph depicting moonlit night-time scene of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Strood Intra, Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill; identical to p.33 (U) except for tinting, c.1904 p.33 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing windmills (touched-up at the studio), Ship Inn Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Printed by Allday Ltd., Birmingham, Warwickshire for Shurey’s Publications. c.1902 p.34 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled [River] Medway from Rochester Castle looking from Rochester Castle diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing windmills, Ship Inn Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, river traffic on the River Medway, bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Also showing the triumphal arch built for the coronation of King Edward VII. No. 5707 in the Wyndham Series. 1902 p.34 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Castle Gardens looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing the Aveling and Porter factory in Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand and Crimean War canon * in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill including the Rochester and County Club, pertaining to the building and opening of which compiler has given references to articles in the Chatham News and Chatham Observer. [For the surviving records of the Rochester and County Club, please see collection DE85 (part.)] On rear, message from George Alnett to his mother Mrs. J. Alnett of 13B Chandos Street, Charing Cross, London WC describing Chatham [sic] as a lonely place. Postmarked 2 September 1907. p.35 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge from the Castle looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing the Aveling and Porter factory in Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand and Crimean War canon * in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Front bearing the coat of arms of Rochester City Council and the Milton trade mark portrait of John Milton, poet, front and rear. Sold by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. c.1929 p.35 (L)

[* cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia. For further information on the canon please see Brain scrapbook AA p.36, local studies collection.]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking diagonally from Rochester Castle keep across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra and the Aveling and Porter factory and Frindsbury Intra and showing barges below Rochester Bridge, Castle Hill and the bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens, undergoing repairs. c.1906 x c.1914 p.36

Copy of photograph of triumphal arch on the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge, built to mark the coronation of King Edward VII, looking from the end of Rochester High Street through the arch along the bridge. Showing adult and juvenile foot passengers. Original exposed 1902. p.37

Copy of photograph of rebuilding of iron road bridge looking from the Rochester end towards Strood, showing foot passengers, gantries, horse drawn vehicles and the Aveling and Porter factory offices in Strood. c.1911 x c.1913. p.38

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester new bridge opened by Lady Darnley May 14 [19]14 looking from Rochester Castle curtain wall across Rochester Esplanade and Bridge Reach diagonally towards Rochester Bridge, showing motor vehicle, cyclists and foot passengers. Sold by W. and E. Town, Strood. 1914 p.39 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled view from Rochester Castle [keep] looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, also showing Castle Hill, Rochester, barges below Rochester Bridge, Aveling and Porter factory and offices in Strood, Rochester Esplanade and bandstand and Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial in castle gardens. Message on reverse from Will [-] to Miss Ruth Read, 24 Station Road, Petersfield, Hampshire, saying he has moved from Grove Park, Lewisham to Chatham but probably not for long. Author possibly a soldier in the Army Service Corps. Postmarked Chatham 15 April 1915. p.39 (L)

Newcutting comprising copy of photograph of Countess of Darnley re-opening Rochester Bridge on 14 May 1914, taken from Medway Extra 1983, showing Lady Darnley preparing to separate ceremonial tasselled ropes in the presence of civic dignitaries. p.40

Postcard photograph entitled the new bridge Rochester looking from the castle curtain wall diagonally across Rochester Esplanade and Bridge Reach towards the bridge, showing section of Esplanade fenced off and containing huts and timber equipment. With message on rear from Arthur Orriss to his sister Miss Dora Orriss, North Street, Hundon, Clare, Suffolk, discussing family and weather. Postcard supplied by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1911 x c.1913 p.41 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled new Rochester bridge looking from the end of Rochester High Street along the bridge, showing foot passengers, cyclists, horse-drawn conveynces, tram lines and overhead power lines, showing Bridge House in the right foreground, a Union flag flying from its third storey. Sold by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1914 p.41 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled new bridge and pier Rochester, taken from the mudflats below Rochester Esplanade at low tide, looking north along Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, showing rowing boats and other vessels and slipway in foreground, Rochester Pier and Medway Swimming Club’s raft and diving apparatus in middle distance and Frindsbury Church in far distance, with an Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers (APCM) barge at left in middle distance. A man wearing cloth cap is standing among the boats looking towards camera. Message on rear from Sidney and Rose Clark to their mother Mrs. Clark at Ancelcole House, 72 Carlyle Road, Eastville, Bristol, Gloucestershire, describing their visit to Rochester. Supplied by W.Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 22 August 1914. p.42

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade approach to Rochester Bridge, opened by Lady Darnley 14.5.14, taken from the first floor of 3 Esplanade (the Castle Club) looking across Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate) diagonally towards Rochester Bridge, showing railed enclosure on north side of Esplanade and foot passengers and cyclists in foregound and middle distance and advertising placards for Dewar’s whisky and Nestle’s Milk mounted on side of Rochester railway bridge in background. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series no.887, Rochester. c.1914 p.43 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge, opened by Lady Darnley 14.5.14 comprising same exposure as DE402/2/p.41 (L) but cropped, looking from the end of Rochester High Street along the bridge, showing foot passengers, cyclists, horse-drawn conveynces, tram lines and overhead tram power lines, showing Bridge House in the right foreground, a Union flag flying from its third storey. Sold by W. Naylar, no. 886 in Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Message on rear from A. Mason to Miss Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford congratulating her on her birthday, postmarked Rochester 1 July 1914. p.43 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Esplanade, looking from Rochester Castle curtain wall along the Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge in the middle distance and Frindsbury Hill in the far distance, showing Bridge House in the right distance, foot passengers and cyclist alongside Esplanade balustrade in middle distance and possibly an unattended camera on tripod in middle right distance. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. From the position of the shadows, the photograph appears to have been exposed in the early morning. c.1914 p.44 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, the bridge taken from Rochester Castle keep and looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Frindsbury Intra and Frindsbury, showing St. Mary’s Church Strood, barges below the bridge, chalk pit under Frindsbury Hill, Rochester castle gardens, base of Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and buildings at lower end of Castle Hill, Rochester. Published by F. Frith and Co., Reigate, Surrey. c.1947 x c.1950 p.44 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled bridge from High Street, Rochester looking diagonally from the eastern side of the junction of High Street and Corporation Street across High Street towards the junction of Rochester Bridge foot, Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and High Street, showing the Crown Hotel in shadow in the left foreground, tramlines and overhead power lines, a tram in progress on the bridge, foot passengers, cyclist, horse-drawn conveyance and a noticeboard left of the bridge. [A transcription of the noticeboard, regarding the carriage of excessive weights across the bridge, is available in the form of a Memorandum by the Bridge Clerk, dated 22 April 1918.](Record amended by Archives and Local Studies Officer, January 2006) c.1918 p. 45 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled river [Medway] and new bridge, Rochester looking from Rochester Castle keep across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Strood Intra, the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works, Strood, Frindsbury Intra, showing barges, one with lowered mast, above Rochester Bridge and portion of Rochester Castle gardens including Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial. c.1914 x c.1919 p.45 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Castle Gardens looking from a middle storey of Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground from left to right the bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial and in the distance from left to right Aveling and Porter's Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), industrial areas in Frindsbury Intra including the warehouses of Horsnaill and Reynolds, seedsmen and the quarry beneath Frindsbury Hill. c.1914 x c.1919 p.46 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground from left to right the castle curtain wall, bandstand in the castle gardens, Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial, Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right Aveling and Porter's Invicta Works in Strood Intra, a sailing barge above and approaching Rochester Bridge, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra and masted vessels below Rochester Bridge. c.1914 x c.1919 p.46 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled bridge and castle grounds, Rochester looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right castle curtain wall, bandstand in the castle gardens, Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial, Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory and offices, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), St. Mary's Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Canal Basin and Frindsbury Hill. Some barges are visible below Rochester Bridge. Published by Valentine’s. After 1931 p.47 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Crown Hotel, Esplanade (formerly West Gate), Rochester looking diagonally across the Esplanade towards Rochester Bridge showing in the right foreground motor vehicular traffic on Rochester Bridge foot and in the distance left to right, Broom Hill Strood, the Winget Ltd. offices in Strood High Street, St. Mary’s Church Strood and warehouses in Frindsbury Intra. On rear, message from Frank [-] to his uncle Mr. Glanville Mason and Aunt Dorothy, Fernvale [?] [27] Maidstone Road, Chatham, discussing vacation and visiting arrangements. Postmarked 29 July 1935. p.47 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and River Medway looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory in Strood, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill and Frindsbury Church, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Mrs. A.J. Wood, Walthamstow, London, describing a visit to Southend, Essex, the weather and family arrangements. Message dated 2 August 1934. p.48 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and River Medway looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory in Strood, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill and Frindsbury Church, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd. Exposure identical to p.48 (U) but cropped at the right edge. c.1931 p.48 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge viewed from Strood Esplanade, Strood Intra, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing a tram or double-decker omnibus in transit on the bridge and group of buildings at end of Rochester High Street. Published by C. Richter Ltd., London NW6. c.1935 p.49

Photograph or Rochester Bridge, Rochester Castle gardens, the River Medway, Strood and Frindsbury, taken from Rochester Castle keep, showing in foreground and middle distance left to right part of the castle curtain wall, Rochester Esplanade, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crown Hotel and Castle Hill, Rochester and in the distance from left to right the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Hill, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Before 1931. 4” x 2 ¾” (100mm x 72mm) p.50 (U)

Postcard photograph or Rochester Bridge, Rochester Castle gardens, the River Medway, Strood and Frindsbury, taken from Rochester Castle keep, showing in foreground and middle distance left to right part of the castle curtain wall, Rochester Esplanade, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crown Hotel and Castle Hill, Rochester and in the distance from left to right the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Hill, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by TIC. Before 1931. p.50 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Bridge and castle grounds, Rochester looking from a lower storey of Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crimean War canon *, pedestrians, park benches and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right Rochester Bridge railway station, Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill, quarry beneath Frindsbury Hill, Frindsbury Church and possibly the SS Peking moored at Acorn Wharf, Rochester. Published by Valentine’s. On rear, message from M.A. Streeter to Miss Elsie Cobb, Grove Villas, Brabourne Lees, Ashford correcting the date given in some agenda cards. Postmarked 3 August 1934. c.1932. p.51

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Loose items removed from DE402/2/28 above comprising notes on Chatham Central Bridge and Crown Inn, Rochester c.1980 (2 items, paper.) DE402/2/52-53

[* cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia. For further information on the canon please see Brain scrapbook AA p.36, local studies collection.]

File updated by Borough Archivist 24 November 2006.


Date: 1734 - c.1985
Quantity: 1 volume/51pp.

Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_03 on request slip.

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 3: Rochester Esplanade

Photograph of print entitled Bridge House at Rochester looking south along Rochester Bridge approach (formerly West Gate, subsequently Esplanade), showing group of buildings on left side, Medway Valley in the distance, riverbank in right foreground and bridge foot in right middle distance. Engraved and published by Richard Godfrey, 120 Long Acre, London 1 October 1770. For original see below. 6" x 4 1/2" (150mm x 115mm) p.1

Print entitled Bridge House at Rochester looking south along Rochester Bridge approach (formerly West Gate, subsequently Esplanade), showing group of buildings on left side, Medway Valley in the distance, riverbank in right foreground and bridge foot in right middle distance. Engraved and published by Richard Godfrey, 120 Long Acre, London 1 October 1770. 10" x 8" (250mm x 200mm) p.2

Printed text entitled The Bridge Chapel. Unattributed. c.1985 p.3

Newscuttting containing article from Chatham News, entitled Little-known trust spans the centuries: Dick Whittington was a contributor to group which still keeps bridges open with photograph of Glyn Jones, clerk, former town clerk and chief executive of Gillingham Borough Council, taken in front of the Bridge Chapel on Rochester Esplanade. 4 September 1987 p.4

Cutting from Old Rochester no. 16 by Edwin Harris entitled Rochester Esplanade comprising reproduction of drawing of elevation of frontage of Bridge Chapel, old Bridge Chamber and the Queen's Arms public house on Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate), depicting a Mieux and Company of London porter placard above the public house also showing shop front sign stating J. Terry. On reverse, drawing of elevation of group of two buildings in Rochester High Street including S. Caddell's shop and the Golden Cross. 1902 p.5 (U)

Copy of photograph of front of ruin of Rochester Bridge Chapel looking across Esplanade and pavement to main entrance, also showing part of Castle Club, 3 Esplanade, in left middle distance. 3" x 2 3/4" 1928 p.5 (L, left)

Copy of photograph of interior of ruin of Bridge Chapel, Esplanade, Rochester looking towards main entrance. 3" x 2 3/4" 1928 p.5 (L, right)

Page of text entitled Rochester Bridge Trust. Unattributed. c.1985 p.61

Photograph of Bridge Chamber on the corner of Esplanade and Castle Hill, Rochester, looking north-east from a point diagonally opposite, also showing the front of the Bridge Chapel, garden of Castle Club, Crown Inn and in the distance Bridge House at the foot of Rochester Bridge. 6" x 4" (150mm x 100mm) After 1878 p.7

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge House, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on Rochester Esplanade, looking south-east, showing a pedestrian in front of the chamber and part of the Castle Club, 3 Esplanade, at left and part of the castle curtain wall and corner of Castle Hill in right distance. Published by C. Richter Ltd., London NW6. c.1938 p.8 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep and curtain wall, Esplanade, Bridge Chamber and foot of Castle Hill, looking from Rochester road bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing pedestrians at junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade, banner flying on the castle keep and Watts’ Charity Baths in the right distance. The compiler notes the change in position of a wall plaque in comparing DE402/3/p.8 (U) above with this item. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 80mm) c.1931 p.8 (L)

Postcard reproduction of drawing by Edwin Harris (drawn 1902) as DE402/3/5 (U) above comprising elevation of frontage of Bridge Chapel, old Bridge Chamber and the Queen's Arms public house on Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate), depicting a Mieux and Company of London porter placard above the public house also showing shop front sign stating J. Terry. c.1930 p.9 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle western curtain wall viewed from Rochester Esplanade, looking from a point diagonally opposite, showing trees and benches lining castle side of the Esplanade, occupants on benches, the curtain wall overgrown and overhung with bushes and trees, gazebos at a higher level, gas lamp and the upper corner towers of the castle keep. 5 ¾” x 5” c.1859 x c.1870 p.9 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right, Bridge Chamber, Queen’s Arms, Rochester Castle curtain wall, gazebos on top of the curtain wall, castle keep and Watts’ Charity Baths. 3 ½ “ x 2 ¼” (95mm x 57mm) c.1859 x c.1871 p.10 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right, Queen’s Arms, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance way and steps to castle gardens with castle keep in the background. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 5” x 4 ½” (125mm x 115mm) c.1872 x c.1977 p.10 (L)

Copy of photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right part of the Castle Club, cathedral, Bridge Chamber, Queen’s Arms (formerly Waterman’s Arms), the entrance to Castle Hill, castle curtain wall, gazebos on the curtain wall and castle keep. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers and the northern pinnacle on the cathedral west front is in disrepair. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) c.1859 x c.1871 p.11

Photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right the ruinous Bridge Chapel, Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance steps, river wall balustrade, underpinned castle wall to right, benches, ramp leading to Bakers Walk and castle keep in background. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (165mm x 120mm) c.1879 x c.1883 p.12

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and castle wall, Rochester looking diagonally across the Esplanade from a point opposite the entrance to Castle Hill, showing pavement beneath curtain wall, curtain wall overhung with trees and bushes, gazebos above the wall, foot passengers on the pavement including women and child with perambulator standing alongside street furniture and top of castle keep in the background. c.1900 p.13 (U)

Copy of photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance steps, castle keep, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Esplanade balustrade, pavement and benches at side of Esplanade, foot passengers and Watts’ Charity baths. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 6” x 4 ¼” (150mm x 117mm) c.1879 x c.1883 p.13 (L)

Cutting from Scribner’s Monthly comprising reproduction of engraving entitled Rochester Castle, viewed from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Esplanade, showing from left to right part of the Queen’s Arms, castle curtain wall and entrance steps, castle keep, Watts’ Charity baths and the Medway valley. A windmill is visible in the distance and river traffic comprises two barges with lowered masts and a steam vessel. September 1880. p.14 (U)

Photograph of Rochester taken from Strood Intra alongside the foot of Rochester Bridge, showing from left to right, part of Rochester Bridge, Crown Hotel, Castle Club, Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Castle Hill, cathedral, castle curtain wall and steps and castle gardens entrance steps, castle keep, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, Boley Hill. River traffic comprises a barge with lowered mast and several small rowing boats alongside the bath house. 6” x 3 ¾” (152mm x 95mm) c.1883 x c.1884 p.14 (L)

Photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester, from the Medway taken from Strood Intra looking across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths with a barge under sail in the foreground pointing in the direction of Rochester Bridge. Small boats are moored near the pier and the aftermost sail on the barge bears a star emblem. c.1886 x c.1904 8” x 6” (203mm x 252mm) p.15

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Cathedral and Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in catstle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with a sailing barge in the foreground. c.1903 [?] p.16 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right the Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with sailing barge in middle ground. Valentine’s series. With message front and rear from Stanley and Mrs. Mason to their son Master G. Mason, Pinkhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, postmarked Gillingham 1 February 1903. p.16 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester from Strood looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right part of Moat House at the foot of Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with sailing barge in foreground. Peacock Brand, Pictorial Stationery Co. Ltd., London, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 p.17 (U)

Picture postcard reproducing painting of view entitled Rochester Castle from Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, the foot of Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Produced by J. Soley, New Brompton. Message on rear from Andrew [-] to his mother and father discussing health. Postmarked Rochester. Before 1906. p.17 (L)

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle from river [Medway] looking from Rochester Bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep and bandstand in castle gardens and small boat on mudflats in right foreground. Message on front and rear from WBMcC to a Mrs. Taylor, 13 Chamberlain Road, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, mentioning pleasant hours spent in Rochester and a grand military review. Wyndham series. 26 June 1903. Postmarked Chatham. p.18 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Cathedral and Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Message on rear [from a Mr. Cummins] to Miss Ruby Cummins, c/o Miss A.S. Cummins, 2 Albert Villas, Bounds Green Road, New Southgate, London N. Postmarked Rochester. c.1904 x c.1906 p.18 (L)

Photograph of Rochester looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watt’s Charity swimming baths. A barge with lowered mast is in the foreground and in the background is visible a pontoon, raft and men. After 1906. 4 ½” x 3” (117mm x 77mm) p.19 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and [River] Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths, with sailing barge in foreground. Printed by Delittle, Fenwick and Co., York, Yorkshire, for Shurey’s Publications. c.1904 x c.1906 p.19 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester from the Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Royal Crown Hotel on the corner of Rochester High Street and Esplanade, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep and sailing barges on the River Medway, one with mast lowered. In the foreground is a long rowing boat with ten man crew aboard, coxswain at stern with tiller. Message on rear from John [-] to Miss Annie Elliott, 5 Cambridge Street, Rugby, Warwickshire. Postmarked Gillingham 14 July 1907. p.20

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and Cathedral from the river [Medway] looking from Rochester Bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens and castle keep. Sailing barge in middle ground and rowing boat with three man crew in right foreground. J. Welch and Sons, photographic publishers, Portsmouth, Hampshire. c.1906 x c.1913 p.21 (U)

Photograph of Rochester taken from Strood Intra, looking at right angles across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Rochester road bridge, Bridge House, buildings in Rochester High Street, Crown Hotel, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral and Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps. Two sailing barges, one with mast lowered, in middle ground. c.1906 x c.1913 6” x 4 1/8” (152mm x 107mm) p.21 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway, looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Sailing barge in foreground. Published by Valentine’s. Message on rear from Liz, Dick and Doris, 39 Dickens Terrace, Wainscott, Frindsbury to Miss D. Rose, 2 Holmesdale Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. Postmarked 12 June 1917. p.22 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway, looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Sailing barge in foreground. Published by Valentine’s. Message on rear from Liz, Dick and Doris, 39 Dickens Terrace, Wainscott, Frindsbury to Miss D. Rose, 2 Holmesdale Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. Duplicate of DE402/3/22 (U) above but untinted. c.1917 p.22 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photograph of Rochester viewed from Strood Intra, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach from near Strood foot of Rochester Bridge towards Rochester Castle, showing Esplanade and from left to right Bridge Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (U)

Photograph of Rochester viewed from Temple Marsh, Strood, looking diagonally across Tower Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths, boat yards, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep and Whitefriars. Various small vessels are moored in the River Medway on and off the mudflats and river bank. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (M)

Photograph of Rochester viewed from a vantage point possibly a vessel moored on the mudflats on the Rochester side of Tower Reach, looking towards Watts’ Charity swimming baths, showing from left to right Rochester Pier, Watts’ baths, boat yards, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep and Medway Yacht Club. A large barge is moored off the yacht club on the mudflats. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester, showing from left to right part of Bridge Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Comprising a cropped version of DE402/3/19 (U) above. A barge with lowered mast is in the foreground and in the background is visible a pontoon, raft and men. Published by Valentine’s. After 1906. p.24 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Cathedral looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester, showing from left to right part of the Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars. A sailing barge and rowing boat are in the middle ground. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. c.1930 p.24 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and arbours under new terrace, castle gardens, Rochester, looking along Esplanade from a point opposite the entrance to Castle Hill, showing on the south side of the Esplanade the castle keep, banner flying from corner tower, and curtain wall with alcoves and seats and the ramp leading to Bakers Walk and on north side balustrade, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths, with men and dog in foreground. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester no. 141. After 1906 p.25 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled The Pier, Rochester, looking from the castle gardens terrace above Rochester Esplanade diagonally across the Esplanade towards Rochester Pier and Tower Reach, showing in the foreground a parked motor car and balustrade, in the middle ground moored boats around the pier, Medway Swimming Club raft and larger vessels off boat yards and in the distance from left to right Cuxton and Temple Marsh, Strood. A moored lighter is in mid river with smaller vessels in line on the Strood side of the river. Published by Valentine’s. c. 1930 p.25 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled entrance to castle gardens, Rochester taken from a point in Rochester Esplanade diagonally opposite entrance and staircase leading from Rochester Esplanade to castle gardens and terrace, positioned in Rochester Castle curtain wall at the junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade and looking up Castle Hill to the left and along the Esplanade to the right, showing a woman crossing the foot of Castle Hill. The top of the Castle keep is visible above the curtain wall. Message on rear from Violet [-] to Mrs. Florence Loweth, 51 Bedford Road, Clapham Road, Clapham, London. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 13 September 1918. p.26 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Esplanade (steps and shelters) Rochester taken from a point in Rochester Esplanade diagonally opposite entrance and steps leading from Rochester Esplanade to castle gardens and terrace, positioned in Rochester Castle curtain wall at the junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade and looking along the Esplanade to the right as far as the ramp leading to Bakers Walk, showing railings and alcoves in curtain wall along inside of Esplanade. Published by Valentine's, colourtype series. c.1918 p.26 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, part of Moat House, Castle Hill, entrance and steps to the castle gardens, trees, castle curtain wall and keep and Rochester Esplanade. Published by Judges Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. Stamped on rear by Postcards and Postmarks Library, Hogsthorpe, Skegness, Lincolnshire 1973. c.1912 x c.1931 p.27 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep, bandstand and castle gardens and alcoves in curtain wall along Esplanade. Message on rear, from Bert [-] to Mr. Edward Crain, Ashley, Market Harborough, Leicestershire. Published by M and L, national series. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 29 July 1948. p.27 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Castle and Esplanade from the River] Medway, Rochster taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber (with tablet on left side of frontage and ornamental lamp-post on corner of wall), bottom of Castle Hill, castle keep, entrance to castle gardens and curtain wall, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Rochester Pier, with boat yard sheds in distance. Motor cars are parked along the Esplanade. Before 1931. p.28 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and Castle, Rochester taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Club (3 Esplanade), tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral, Bridge Chapel and Chamber (showing tablet on right of frontage and ornamental lamp-post on corner of wall), Moat House, bottom of Castle Hill with motor car cornering the junction between Esplanade and Castle Hill, entrance to castle gardens, castle curtain wall and keep and alcoves in curtain wall alongside Esplanade. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons Ltd. c.1938 p.28 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Gateway, Rochester Castle taken from corner of Rochester Esplanade and Castle Hill looking through entrance to Rochester Castle gardens and steps, showing iron gates, hand-railing, inscription tablet on right inside wall [cf. Chatham News 16 July 1887 p.6], Norman revival archway and supporting columns and in distance top of castle keep. c.1930 p.29 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Entrance to Castle Gardens, Rochester taken from a point diagonally opposite in the middle of Rochester Esplanade looking towards neo-Norman archway and corner of Rochester Castle curtain wall at junction of Rochester Esplanade and Castle Hill, showing bottom of Castle Hill on left and Watts’ Charity swimming baths in distance on right. c.1930 p.29 (L)

Photocopies of articles in Chatham News and notes pertaining to a drinking fountain on Rochester Esplanade erected in memory of Mrs. Foord, 1864. Compiled c.1980. p.30

Postcard photograph of iron tablet erected on Rochester Esplanade by public subscription in commemoration of the death and heroism of Percy Henry Gordon of Bermondsey, London who while visiting this city on Good Friday April 5th. 1912 lost his life in bravely rescuing a little girl from drowning in the River Medway near Rochester Pier, tablet inscription surmounted by coat of arms of Rochester City Council. c.1930 p.31

Photograph of foreshore of River Medway between cricket (later recreation) ground and Rochester Pier taken from a vessel in the River Medway or the cricket ground and looking diagonally across a section of Tower Reach north-north-east towards Rochester, showing from left to right Bridge House, buildings on Rochester Esplanade (in the extreme distance), Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Pier, Watts' Charity swimming baths, D. Mackay's launch works, Medway Yacht Club, G. Spinks and Sons, launch builders' yard, castle keep and Whitefriars, various vessels moored alongside the jetties in front of the boat yards. 1934. 5" x 3 1/2" (130mm x 90mm) p.32 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Watts' Baths, Esplanade, Rochester looking north-east towards Rochester from a point in the River Medway diagonally opposite Watts' Charity swimming baths, along the frontage of the river between the foot of Rochester Bridge and Watts' Baths, showing left to right Bridge House, buildings on Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Pier, Medway Swimming Club raft, Watts' Baths and various small vessels moored between the pier and camera. Message on rear from [?] Harrill [?] to Miss L. Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, mentioning that a Harry has not yet been called-up as a Sea Cadet. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 7 November 1914. p.32 (L)

Typescript notes entitled a brief history of what eventually became Watts' Public Baths by E.H. Couchman, September 1992. p.33

Reproduction of pen and ink drawing of view of Bridge Reach on the River Medway looking diagonally from shore above Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester towards Strood Intra and Rochester Bridge, showing from left to right, Medway Bathing Establishment's floating baths, buildings in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), Broom Hill, new Rochester road bridge and Ladbury's Cottage. After 1853. p.34

Photocopy of proof copy of leaflet advertising opening times and prices of Watts' Public Baths 1931. Copied from CH46/E277. Copied c.1990 p.35

Photocopy of proof copy of leaflet advertising opening times and prices of Watts' Public Baths 1931. Copied from CH46/E277. Copied c.1990 p.36

Four Watts' Charity Swimming Baths tickets, c.1930 Each 3 1/2" x 1 3/8" (85mm x 45mm) p.37

Four Watts' Charity Swimming Baths tickets, c.1930 Each 3 1/2" x 1 3/8" (85mm x 45mm) p.38

Copy of photograph of Rochester shore of River Medway between Rochester Bridge and Shorts' Seaplane Works, looking diagonally from Rochester Bridge across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep, bandstand in castle gardens, Whitefriars, Rochester Pier, Watt's Charity swimming baths, St. Margaret's Church, D. Kelly's Esplanade Garage, Medway Swimming Club raft, Borstal and the Short R6/28 flying boat in barge yard, various small vessels moored in the river. 1932 5 3/3" x 4" (145mm x 95mm) p.39 (U)

Photograph of Rochester shore of river Medway looking at right angles across Bridge Reach from Strood Intra, showing from left to right Rochester Castle curtain wall, Watts' Charity swimming baths, boat yards and Whitefriars. The River Medway is in a choppy state. c.1930 p.39 (L)

Colour photograph of Rochester and the River Medway taken from Temple Marsh, Strood, looking diagonally across the river from the premises of Morgan and Co. (Strood) Ltd., Knight Road, Strood, timber merchants and fencing contractors, towards Rochester, showing from left to right Rochester road bridge, Gas House Point, Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall, castle keep, Whitefriars, Rochester Cathedral tower and spire and numerous vessels moored in the River Medway and on the mudflats. Mudflats of Temple Marsh, Strood in foreground. 17 October 1983. p. 40.

Copy of photograph of boat yards on the Rochester shore of the River Medway, showing ice floes, moored vessels and wooded river bank during the Great Frost of 1894-1895. Copy by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. c.December 1894 x c.February 1895. Copied 1976. 5 1/2" x 5 1/2" (140mm x 140mm) p.41

Photograph of Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester, taken from behind fence on Willis' Avenue, looking diagonally from road towards Ladbury's Cottage and Rochester Bridge. c.1856 x c.1907 p.42 (U)

Colour postcard entitled Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester 1812 comprising reproduction of print showing Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester, with group of timber buildings in foreground, trees in middle ground and Rochester Castle keep in background. Original print published by G. Virtue, 25 Ivy Lane, London 1828, drawn by H. Gastineau and engraved by H. Adlard. Postcard published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton c.1905. p.42 (L)

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004

Date: 1770-1992
Quantity: 1 volume/42pp.

Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_04 on request slip.

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 4: Rochester High Street from the Bridge to the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, 97 High Street

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

Photograph of watercolour painting of elevations of south and north street frontages in Rochester High Street, looking diagonally across the High Street from near the end of Parr’s Head Lane towards Wheeler the haircutter’s shop at left and Crown Inn on right (on the south side of the High Street); also showing the building of the new iron bridge in progress in the distance and Three Post Boys public house at right (on the north side of the High Street), with numerous workmen, foot passengers and goods on cobbled carriageway and pavements and horse and cart in background. The original watercolour is stated as being in Bridge Chamber, Esplanade, Rochester. 1855 5 1/4” x 4” (135mm x 100mm) p.1

Copy of photograph of City Arms public house on the corner of West Gate and High Street (later Esplanade), Rochester looking from the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge towards the side wall of the City Arms, showing Crown Inn to the left, the side wall of the City Arms bearing slogan advertising Jude’s celebrated Wateringbury and other ales and London porter. c.1862 x c.1863 6” x 3 ¾” (150mm x 100mm) p.2

Copy of photograph of north and south street frontages at bridge end of Rochester High Street, looking from the corner of Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and High Street eastwards along High Street, showing left to right part of the Gundulph [cf. Gundulf] public house, J. White, grocer’s, Three Post Boys public house, Ferriroli ad Planzi, confectioners’, M. Lynch and Sons, clothiers’, entrance to Parr’s Head Lane, People’s Café Ltd. (no.11), H. Wilson, greengrocer’s (no.13), White Hart public house, W.J. Parks and Co., decorators’ and the Guildhall with weather vane (north side) and A. Francis, stationer’s (no.10), H. Wall, draper’s (no.8), S.J. Brice and Sons, lightermen’s (no.6), E.J. and W. Goldsmith, sailing barge owners’ (no.4), entrance to Gundulph [cf. Gundulf] Square (formerly Crown Yard) and Crown Inn (south side). c.1907 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) p.3

Copy of photograph of north and south street frontages of Rochester High Street between numbers 1 and 15 (north side), looking across High Street from point eastwards from and diagonally opposite White Hart public house, buildings including Gundulph public house (no.1), Three Post Boys public house (no.5) and White Hart public house (no.15). 1903 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” (210mm x 160mm) p.4

Copy of photograph of frontage of Old Parr’s Head public house in Parr’s Head Lane, Rochester, viewed at first storey level possibly from atop a horse-drawn conveyance, showing buildings on both sides of Parr’s Head Lane at the point where the lane bends, group of people standing around the public house doorway, effigy mounted on wall above same doorway and conveyance driver sitting near-side of conveyance. Mr. Couchman has noted the effigy is in the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester (formerly Eastgate House Museum). Pre-1894 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) p.5

Receipted bill from J.H. Gilbert and Son of 199 High Street, Rochester, boot and shoe makers, to a Mr. Mantell, for boots and shoes. 7/24 August 1891 p.6

Copy of photograph of street frontages of bridge end of Rochester High Street looking diagonally across foot of Rochester Bridge eastwards towards north side of Rochester High Street, buildings on north side including Gundulph public house, Three Post Boys public house (no.10), White Hart Inn (no.15) and Duke’s Head Inn (no.18). c.1900 5 ¼” x 3 ¼” (135mm x 85mm) p.7 (U)

Copy of photograph of Rochester High Street between no. 18 and Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge (south side) looking westwards, showing from left to right, Silver Oar public house (no.18) and Bull Hotel (south side), in the distance Rochester Bridge, Bridge House, Gundulph public house and entrance to Corporation Street (north side). Also showing tramlines in High Street. c.1908 x c.1911 3 ¾” x 3 ¼” (100mm x 85mm) p.7 (L)

Copy of photograph of section of Rochester High Street frontage, south side, looking diagonally across High Street from junction of Corporation Street and High Street, showing from left to right, Bull Hotel, Scott’s tobaconnists, J.H. Springett, upholsterer’s and Miss Ketteringham, confectioner’s. Showing tramlines in High Street. 4” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 82mm) p.8 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester High Street entitled High Street, Rochester looking east from the bridge end of the High Street, showing north and south street frontages, buildings from left to right including White Hart public house and Medway Conservancy Board offices of the (north side) and Bull Hotel, J.H. Springett antique dealer’s and Miss Ketteringham’s confectionery shop (south side). Motor cars and vans are parked along the south side, all facing camera, and foot passengers comprising groups of children and adults are visible on both sides. Published by Shoesmith and Etheridge Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. [A loose note by Couchman stated that on 3 January 1906 the Rochester City Council Works Committee approved the rebuilding of the White Hart (plan ref. RCA/BP/1872) for Messrs. Meux, brewers.] c.1931 p.8 (L)

Copy of photograph of street frontage of nos. 10-14 High Street, Rochester, showing from left to right, F.J. England, tobacconist’s (no.14), C. Woollett and Sons, antique dealers’ (formerly J.H. Springett’s) (no.12) and William George Wilson, confectioner’s (no.10). England’s shop has a weather-boarded wall above the ground storey, bearing slogan ye olde citie segar shoppe established 1837 [sic] with other placards advertising Ogden’s St. Julien tobacco and Abdulla and Player’s cigarettes while Woollett’s shop still bears the sign of his predecessor, J.H. Springett. c.1936 c c.1939 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) p.9

Postcard photograph of preparations for foundation stone of Medway Conservancy Board offices, High Street, Rochester, by S. Lee Smith Esq., JP, CC, chairman of the Conservancy Board, in presence of C. Willis, mayor of Rochester, other civic dignitaries and workmen, most looking at camera, the stone in the process of being hoisted into place. Published by G.A. Morris, 24 High Street, Rochester. 30 March 1909 p.10 (U)

Postcard photograph of laying of foundation stone of Medway Conservancy Board offices, High Street, Rochester, by S. Lee Smith Esq., JP, CC, chairman of the Conservancy Board, in presence of C. Willis, mayor of Rochester, other civic dignitaries and workmen, most looking at camera. Published by G.A. Morris, 24 High Street, Rochester. 30 March 1909 p.10 (L)

Printed circular advertising the availability of the extended facilities and cuisine of the Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, as a white bait or fish house, for persons visiting the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations at Hyde Park, London, heading illustrated with engravings of street frontage of Bull Hotel showing horse-drawn conveyance, horse and rider and foot passengers and clockwise from top left, elevation of Rochester Cathedral from Boley Hill, interior of Rochester Castle keep, HM Dockyard, Chatham viewed across the River Medway from the Frindsbury peninsula and Rochester and Rochester Bridge viewed from Frindsbury Intra. Translations in French [cf. France] and German [cf. Germany] given on rear. The author emphasises the richness of the River Medway as a source of white bait, silver eels, smelts, soles and native oysters. 1851 p.11

Postcard photograph entitled Bull Hotel, Rochester showing street frontage of Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on the north side of High Street, eastwards from the hotel, also showing carriageway, at left part of Silver Oar public house and on right approach to Rochester Bridge. Before 1908 p.12

Copy of photograph of street frontage of Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on the north side of High Street, and eastwards of the entrance, showing sculpted royal achievement of arms above entrance, various placards, two boy attendants in middle ground and a male foot passenger in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to royal visits and associations with Charles Dickens. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 116mm) Before 1908 p.13

Colour tinted postcard photograph entitled The Bull Hotel, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite on the north side of High Street, and eastwards of the entrance, showing sculpted royal achievement of arms above entrance, various placards, window labelled coffee room at left in ground storey, horse-drawn conveyance in right middleground and at right hairdresser’s shop (no.14) and J.H. Springett, antique dealer’s (no.12). On rear, message from Jessie [-] to J.W. Hodges Esq., 2 Hatherley Road, Sidcup. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Postmarked 7 February 1904 and on face by Sidcup Post Office. p.14 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Bull Hotel, Rochester, the Blue Boar of Great Expectations, showing main entrance from High Street and part of ground storey and part of first storey, sculpted royal achievement of arms above entrance, cobbled footpath, advertising placards and colonnaded passage to yard at rear. c.1910 p.14 (L)

Colour picture postcard entitled In Dickens’ land: courtyard, Bull Inn, Rochester comprising reproduction of moonlit scene of ostler, horse and carriage in rear yard of Bull Hotel, looking along yard through colonnade towards opening onto Rochester High Street. Message on front and rear from Kipper [?][?] to Bunny Lidgade [?], 322 Goldbank Road, London. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons. Postmarked 2 July 1904 p.15 (U)

Print entitled the courtyard of the Bull and Victoria, Rochester comprising view of rear of Bull Hotel looking towards colonnaded entrance from Rochester High Street, showing two horses, two ostlers, maid servant, pigeons and stable doors. c.1880 x c.1900 p.15 (L)

Copy of photograph of street frontage, Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, looking across High Street from the site of the demolished White Hart Inn (15 High Street), showing masonry rubble in foregound, High Street running left to right in middleground and people standing in High Street and on opposite pavement looking at camera in left middle distance. Also showing colonnaded entrance to hotel with sculpted royal achievement of arms above and window boxes on the window ledges of the first and second storeys. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 117mm) p.16 (U)

Postcard photograph of interior of room no. 17 in Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, reputedly slept in by Charles Dickens, looking from corner of room opposite street windows, showing from left to right clockwise, swivel dressing mirror, chair, dressing table and swivel mirror, side table with wash bowls and jugs, wooden arm chair and bed. The walls are hung with pictures, half panelled and covered in patterned wallpaper and the floor is laid with carpet. Message on rear from H [-] of 25 The Drive, Beckenham to Miss C.A. Renshaw, 57 Bingham Park Road, Sheffield, West Riding, Yorkshire. Postmarked 2 August 1929. p.16 (L)

Postcard photograph of coffee room, Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, reputedly the inspiration for the scene of the challenge to the duel between Dr. Slammer and Mr. Winkle in chapter ii of Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens, looking diagonally across room towards fireplace, showing left to right clockwise, dining tables and chairs, flower arrangements, fireplace, chimney piece and wall mirror, fireguards, side tables and chairs. The walls are covered in patterned wallpaper and hung with pictures and the floor is carpeted. The tables are set with cutlery and condiments. Published by Morris Photos. c.1930 p.17 (U)

Postcard photograph of Pickwick Room and Ball Room, Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, looking from end of room towards musicians’ gallery and showing left to right, clockwise, side doors, wall mirrors, fireplace and fireguard, tables and chairs. The walls are covered in patterned wallpaper and hung with pictures and wall mirrors and gaseliers are suspended from the ceiling. On rear, message from C.G.A. of 30 Acacia Road, Bourneville, Birmingham, Staffordshire to Mrs. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Strood. Published by Morris Photos. Postmarked August 1931 [?] p.17 (L)

Copy of photograph of ground floor street frontage of Rochester and District Co-operative Society’s central grocery stores, 27 High Street, Rochester, showing shopkeeper standing in doorway looking at camera, various advertising placards and window displays. H.W. Hinds of Frindsbury, photographer. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 118mm) c.1905 p.18 (U)

Photocopy of article in Chatham Observer 12 September 1896, entitled Rochester Co-operative Society, reporting annual general meeting. Photocopied c. 1985. p.18 (L)

Certificate of award of second prize for best bouquet of home-grown flowers to a Mrs. Pierson made by Rochester and District Co-operative Cottage Gardeners’ and Ornithological Society at a poultry, rabbit and flower show at Old Corn Exchange, High Street, Rochester on 31 August 1889. Illustrated with drawings of flowers, hen and cockerel. Signed by Charles A. Stenner, honorary secretary. p.19

Printed leaflet and programme advertising Rochester and District Co-operative Society Ltd. educational department annual tea and concert, New Corn Exchange, Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), Rochester 25 January 1905. p.20

Receipted bill from Rochester and District Co-operative and Industrial Society Ltd., 21-27 and 33 High Street, Rochester to a Mr. Rayner of 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, for a suit at £5.10 23 September 1926 p.21

Postcard photograph comprising group photograph of members of Rochester and District Co-operative and Industrial Society Ltd. assembled in Rochester Castle gardens, first row kneeling, second row sitting and third and fourth rows standing, all looking at camera. Mr. Bridge, secretary, sitting in middle of second row. Curtain wall and trees in background. T.E. Howe of Chatham, photographer. c.1921 p.22 (U)

Postcard photograph of members of Rochester and District Co-operative and Industrial Society Ltd. on board a motor charabanc parked on Rochester Esplanade in front of Bridge Chamber, on occasion of annual outing to Hastings, Sussex. The passengers include Mr. Baxter sitting in middle of front seat, Mr. Noble, manager, in nearside front seat wearing spectacles and resting left arm on seat back, Miss V. Barden sitting behind fourth door from left second from nearside, Mr. P. May (in straw boater hat) resting arm on fourth door from left, Mr. King resting arm on fifth door from left and at nearside rear Miss Nellie Groombridge, all looking at camera. A young girl is standing by the nearside front door. The charabanc is operated by A. Gilbert, 305 High Street, Rochester. 22 June 1921 p.22 (L)

Newscutting comprising copy of group photograph of Rochester and Strood Co-operative Society Girls’ Choir, winners of the shield at Crystal Palace, London c.1921, with caption. Location not stated. Medway Extra 7 October 1983 p.8 p.23

Receipted bill from Joseph Collis Ltd., 37 High Street, Rochester, ironmongers (formerly W.S. Bemrose and Sons), to a Mr. Rayner, 33 Langdon Road, Strood, for domestic kitchen and boiler works, 19 November 1928. p.24

Photograph of engraving of street elevation of Old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince’s Hall], High Street, Rochester, as published in Dr. J. Harris’ Survey of Kent 1719. Photograph c.1985 p.25

Photograph of section of buildings on north side of Rochester High Street centred on Old Corn Exchange [cf. Princes’ Hall], looking from a point in the High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, also showing five shops or house to left and Matthew Robson, plumber’s shop (no.37) to right. 4” x 2 ½” (103mm x 64mm). Photographer Edward Banes, 3 High Street, Brompton. c.1870 p.26 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of street elevation of section of north side of Rochester High Street between and including Old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince’s Hall] (inclusive of weather vane, cupola, chimney stack, pediment and clock) and corner of High Street and Northgate [formerly Pump Lane], showing in centre Matthew Robson, plumber’s shop (no.37) and pedestrians in carriageway and on pavements. Photocrom Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. After 1931 p.26 (L)

Newscutting comprising photograph of the Old Corn Exchange Picture Palace [cf. Prince's Hall], High Street, Rochester, looking eastwards from a first or second floor window diagonally across High Street, showing posters and placards around the main entrance to the Old Corn Exchange also showing the Crown and Thistle public house on the left, Robson and Son, plumbers' shop on the right, tramlines in the carriageway and roofline. Chatham News 3 October 1980 p.29 from an original hanging in the Ship Inn, Rochester. 1913 p.27

Postcard photograph of Rochester High Street, looking eastwards from point west of Old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince's Hall], showing street frontages and rooflines and from left to right, clockwise, Corn Exchange, City Restaurant public house with Dickens Festival banner flying from second floor window (or window of intervening building), junction with Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), and buildings beyond (all north side) and buildings in distance on south side, King's Head Hotel, The Progressive Stamp Co. and Toc H Rochester Branch (south side). Motor and horse drawn vehicles are present on the carriageway and pedestrians on the pavements. Published by Shoesmith and Etheridge Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. 1951. p.28

Colour picture postcard entitled Rochester: the old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince’s Hall] looking diagonally across High Street from a point to the west, showing section of frontages of buildings on north side of Rochester High Street centring on the Corn Exchange, with Martins Bank Ltd. on left and two other buildings on right. The skyline and cupola are included. Judges Postcards, Hastings, Sussex. c.1959 x c.1961 p.29

Copy of photograph of frontages and roofline of buildings on north side of Rochester High Street between junction with Northgate and bridge end, looking diagonally across High Street westwards from a point near the junction of High Street and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) and Boley Hill and showing old Corn Exchange and George Kent, grocer’s shop (no. 196), two women looking into latter’s shop window, pedestrians approaching camera in middle distance and several shop awnings visible in left distance. Before 1901. p.31 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester showing frontages and roofline of buildings in Rochester High Street, north side, looking diagonally across High Street westwards from junction with King’s Head Lane, showing left to right and clockwise, King’s Head hotel in foreground (south side), Crown and Thistle public house (formerly Dolphin Inn), Frith, chemist’s shop, Old Corn Exchange Picture Palace [cf. Prince's Hall], M. Robson and son plumbers’ shop, Frith, chemist and druggist’s pharmacy shop and City Restaurant (proprietors, Budden and Biggs’ Brewery Ltd.) (north side). The street scene contains numerous pedestrians and bystanders, a cyclist and horse-drawn conveyance. Tramlines are present in the carriageway. After 1908. p.31 (L)

Copy of photograph from postcard entitled High Street, Rochester looking along High Street westwards from centre of carriageway opposite junction with King’s Head Lane, showing frontages and rooflines, from left to right and clockwise, King’s Head Hotel, (south side), Bridge House at far end, a library sign, old Corn Exchange, Hewitt chemist and druggist’s shop and G. Kent and Son’s grocers’ shop (north side). Street scene contains numerous pedestrians and bystanders, dog and several horse-drawn conveyances. Published by A. Lacey, 36 High Street, Chatham. c.1900 p.32

Receipted bill from Trice and Trumper of King’s Head Hotel, High Street, Rochester, fly proprietors, to a Mr. Mantell, for hire of horse carriage April-July 1891, 24 August 1891. p.33

Receipted bill from J.B. Frith of the Pharmacy, 53 High Street, Rochester, family and dispensing chemist, to a Mrs. Gower, for cotton, elastic and post supplied on 10 September 1909. 18 October 1909 p.34 (left)

Newscutting comprising obituary notice for John Benjamin Frith as above who died on 6 January 1949, noting the associations of Frith’s shop with Charles Dickens, from Chatham News 7 January 1949 p.9. p.34 (right)

Reprint from British and Colonial Druggist of 30 August 1907 with photograph of shop frontage (p.35 left) and cuttings from Chatham News of 10 November 1950 and 12 January 1951, latter comprising letter from W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship (see also p.37 below) (p.35 right U and L) pertaining to J.B. Frith, chemist and druggist’s shop at 53 High Street, Rochester and describing associations with Charles Dickens. p.35

Stencil or damp-press typescript notes by W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship, on associations of J.B. Frith, chemist and druggist’s shop at 53 High Street, Rochester, with Charles Dickens, December 1946. p.36 (L)

Newscutting containing article reporting purchase of the former J.B. Frith, chemist and druggist’s shop at 53 High Street, Rochester by Rochester Co-operative Society, Chatham News 6 December 1946. p.36 (U)

Stencil or damp-press typescript letter from W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship to the editor, Chatham News correcting an article in that paper of 10 November 1950, and for published version of which see p.35 (right) (L) above. 7 January 1951 p.37

Copy of photograph of frontage and side of W. Packham, grocer’s shop at no. 59 (formerly no. 41) High Street, Rochester on corner of High Street and Pump Lane (later Northgate), looking from across the High Street from the corner of High Street and Boley Hill near the King’s Head Hotel, showing Pump Lane in the left foreground and left distance and H. Jackson. grocer’s shop (no.61, formerly no.42) at right adjacent to Packham’s shop. Present in the view are seven women and men including shopkeepers or assistants on the north side of the High Street all looking at camera. The first storey of the shop features a Jacobean window frame incorporating two carved wooden caryatids. Couchman’s caption notes these were deposited at Eastgate House Museum. It should be noted these are now in the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. c.1896 p.38

Copy of photograph of frontage of J. H. Jackson, grocer’s shop at 42 (later 59-61) High Street, Rochester, later International Stores Ltd., showing six shop assistants standing in front of windows and doorway and looking at camera, with displays of groceries visible in interior. c.1900 p.39 (U)

Copy of photograph of frontage of J. H. Jackson, grocer’s shop at 59-61 (formerly 42) High Street, Rochester, later International Stores Ltd., showing five shop assistants standing in doorway or in front of window and looking at camera, with displays of groceries visible in interior and various advertising placards. The shop front is draped with the Union flag and bunting, the occasion possibly being Queen Victoria's jubilee of 1897, the end of the Boer War 1902 or King Edward VII's coronation 1902. c.1900 p.39 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester High Street looking eastwards from point outside Guildhall along carriageway, showing street frontages and rooflines of buildings on north and south sides. The street scene includes horse-drawn conveyances, tradesmen and men and women, the men walking in the carriageway or on the outside of the pavements. Initialled EML and addressed to Miss D. Davison, Edward Street, Strood. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked 3 October 1904. p.40 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street and Corn Exchange, Rochester looking along High Street westwards from centre of carriageway from site of market cross, showing frontages and rooflines, from left to right and clockwise, junction of High Street and Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel, (south side), Corn Exchange, junction of High Street and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) and grocer’s shop and Filmer Brothers, butchers’ shop (north side). The street scene includes horse-drawn conveyances and numerous pedestrians. Message on rear from Jim [-] to W. Bryant and Co., 4 Hardy Street, Maidstone concerning travel arrangements. Postmarked 3 October 1905. p.40 (L)

Receipted bill from R. Lloyd of 55 (later 89) High Street, Rochester, job, fly and post master to Mr. E.J. Mantell, for hire of carriage to Luton Lane, Upnor, about town, Gordon Hotel, Rochester and Borstal Road, June-July 1891. Signed E. Russell. 24 August 1891. p.41

Receipted bill from R. Lloyd of 55 (later 89) High Street, Rochester, job, fly and post master to Mr. E.J. Mantell, for hire of carriage to Borstal Road, July 1891. Signed E. Russell. 24 August 1891. p.42

Copy of photograph of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point on the north side of High Street east of the crossroads formed by High Street, Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) and Boley Hill, showing buildings dressed in Union flags, naval flags and bunting, from left to right and clockwise, George G. James tobacconist's shop (no. 63), John Jennings, greengrocer's shop (no.66) and King's Head Hotel (south side) and Corn Exchange and other buildings (north side). The traffic in the street comprises mainly pedestrians and a bicycle. August 1902 p.43

Receipted bill from W. Constable of 183 (later 64) High Street, Rochester, fishmonger and poulterer to Mr. J. Mantell for plaice, filleted lemon sole, codfish and mackerel at cost of 5s 10d in June 1891. Heading illustrated with engravings of brace of pheasants, three ducks and a rabbit. 24 August 1891. p.44

Tinted, bordered postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester looking westwards from a point in the carriageway east of the crossroads formed by High Street, Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), showing street frontages and rooflines of buildings including from left to right and clockwise, G.I. Jenkins, fishmonger’s shop (no.64), Royal Life Boat public house (Meux and Company) (no.62), junction with Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side) and Corn Exchange, junction with Northgate and James Allen, confectioner’s shop (no.65) (north side). Several shops in the right foreground are covered by awnings and a workman is scrubbing and cleaning his shop front or pavement also right foreground. The street scene includes several horse-drawn conveyances, pedestrians and dog. Valentine’s series. c.1905 x c.1906 p.45

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photocopy of advertisement for the North-Kent and South-Eastern Railway booking office care of Walter Cotton at King’s Head Hotel, High Street, Rochester, wine and spirit merchant, taken from J. and J.F. Phippen’s Rochester, Chatham and Strood Directory, 1858. p.46 (U)

Copy of photograph of Rochester High Street at the crossroads formed by Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), looking westwards from a point east of the crossroads on the north side, and showing frontages and rooflines of buildings including King’s Head Hotel in left middleground, Corn Exchange clock in right middleground and in the street horse-drawn conveyances, tram and numerous pedestrians. From an unstated local periodical. 1911 p.46 (L)

Copy of photograph of 46 High Street, Rochester either at time of occupation of L. Cowper Terry, antique dealer or Woollett, art dealer, showing two-storeyed, single bay building with lower storey comprising shop front, second storey with apex gable, plastered wall and bay window and to rear taller weather-boarded structure of greater height with chimney stack. Also showing portions of nos. 44 (right) and 48 (left) High Street. The foreground is in heavy shadow. c.1927 p.47 (U)

Copy of photograph of crossroads at junction of Rochester High Street with Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) looking westwards from east of the junction and showing buildings and rooflines, including left to right and clockwise, King’s Head Hotel, (south side), Corn Exchange and City Restaurant (subsequently Northgate Inn and later Dodger’s) (north side). Street scene comprising several pedestrians and horse-drawn conveyances. The entrance to Northgate appears to be barricaded off. Before 1908 p.47 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester: Jasper’s Gatehouse [in The Mystery of] Edwin Drood, showing street frontage and roofline of Chertsey’s Gate alias College Gate as viewed from the High Street, with adjacent Hodges’ antique shop (left) and Chalmers’ oil shop (right), and Boley Hill partly visible through the archway of Chertsey’s Gate. c.1888 Postcard c.1900 p.48

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester College Gate showing Chertsey’s Gate from the High Street viewed at a three quarters angle, with group of five in foreground looking at camera, adjacent building at left with woman leaning through first storey window and tower of St. Nicholas’ Church visible in background and tramlines visible in wooden or stone cobbled carriageway in foreground. Message on rear from Sergeant H.J. to Mrs. Couchman, High Street, Strood [his billet] discussing his work at Gillingham Railway Station. Kingsway Real Photo Series. Postmarked Gillingham 8 July 1916. p.49 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester College Gate showing Chertsey’s Gate viewed from Rochester High Street, building adjacent at left and cathedral transept, tower and part of west front. Photocrom Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. Before 1908. p.49 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester, Jasper’s Gatehouse, Edwin Drood looking at Chertsey’s Gate diagonally from a point in the carriageway in Rochester High Street just west of the crossroads with Boley Hill and Northgate, showing range of buildings to left of Chertsey’s Gate and milkman bearing milk buckets on a yoke standing at side of archway, possibly associated with L.C. Tennant, dairyman’s shop at 60 High Street directly adjacent to Chertsey’s Gate. W. Neal, 312 High Street, Rochester, Eastgate Series. c.1908 x c.1912. p.50

Postcard photograph entitled Gateway, High Street, Rochester looking at Chertsey’s Gate and along Boley Hill from Northgate at the junction with Rochester High Street, showing tramline in High Street in middleground, side of King’s Head Hotel, houses in the castle ditch, castle keep in the right distance and part of the tower of St. Nicholas’ Church in left distance. Groups of people are present at the bottom of Boley Hill and in College Yard. Message on rear from C. [-] to Mrs. C.G. Appleton, 7 Orion Road, Weymouth, Dorset. Dated and postmarked Rochester and Chatham 9 September 1922. p.51 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester looking a Chertsey’s Gate from the south and showing building adjacent in College Yard. The British Mirror Series. c.1910 p.51 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled North Gate [cf. Northgate (sic)], Rochester showing Chertsey’s Gate viewed at right angles from the top of Northgate, looking across Rochester High Street through the archway towards College Yard, houses in castle ditch and on Boley Hill beyond, also showing tower of St. Nicholas’ Church in left middle distance and building adjacent to Chertsey’s Gate in left foreground. After 1930. p.52 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled North Gate [cf. Northgate (sic)] and parish church, Rochester viewing north elevation of Chertsey’s Gate from a three-quarters angle from the middle of Rochester High Street slightly to the west, showing part of St. Nicholas’ Church in right distance, street furniture including pillar postbox in right middle ground, group of bystanders in front of Chertsey’s Gate and tramlines in High Street. After 1908 p.52 (L)

Photograph of engraving entitled Gatehouse of Cathedral Close, Rochester showing south elevation of Chertsey’s Gate from College Yard, looking through archway across Rochester High Street and along Pump Lane (later Northgate), buildings on each side of College Yard in foreground, bystanders in High Street and cobbled roads. Drawn by W. Hull, engraved by [R.] Langton. It should be noted that Couchman’s caption gives the year erroneously as 1870. 5” x 3” (130mm x 80mm) 1879 p.53 (U)

Photograph of engraving entitled Jasper’s Gatehouse looking from inside the archway of Chertsey’s Gate across College Yard, towards Castle Ditch, Boley Hill and Rochester Castle keep, showing a workman with wheel barrow and stockpile of gravestones and cobbled road. Drawn by W. Hull, engraved by R. Langton. It should be noted that Couchman’s caption gives the year erroneously as 1870. 5” x 3” (130mm x 80mm) 1879 p.53 (L)

Copy of photograph of Chertsey’s Gate from the south side, showing ranges of buildings in foreground on either side of College Yard and looking through archway across Rochester High Street and down Pump Lane towards a derelict building on the Common. Some bystanders are visible in Pump Lane. 5” x 3” (130mm x 80mm) Before 1896 p.54 (U)

Copy of photograph of Chertsey’s Gate from the south side, showing ranges of buildings in foreground on either side of College Yard and looking through archway across Rochester High Street and down Pump Lane towards a derelict building on the Common. Some bystanders are visible at the junction of High Street and Pump Lane and inside Chertsey’s Gate. 5 1/4” x 3 1/4” (135mm x 85mm) Before 1896 p.54 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester showing the south and west sides of Chertsey’s Gate viewed from the bottom of Boley Hill, also showing adjacent building in College Yard, tree in foreground and roadside bollards. c.1930 p.55 (L)

Postcard photograph of College Yard taken from a point in College Yard between the corner of the Cathedral burial ground adjacent to the cathedral and the cathedral burial ground separating College Yard from Boley Hill, looking northwards along College Yard towards Chertsey’s Gate, showing from left to right and clockwise, railings and trees in burial ground between College Yard and Boley Hill, street furniture, Chertsey’s Gate, High Street and Northgate with parked motor vehicles (seen through archway of Chertsey’s Gate), range of buildings adjacent to Chertsey’s Gate, lower portion of west front of St. Nicholas’ Church (guarded with spiked railings) and wooden bollards. c.1930 p.55 (L)

Copy of photograph entitled Rochester, High Street comprising view of High Street and frontages and rooflines if buildings either side of High Street looking west along High Street from a point east of the junction between High Street, Boley Hill and Northgate, showing left to right and clockwise, The Royal Life Boat public house (formerly Fortune of War), end of Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side), Corn Exchange clock, City Restaurant or Northgate Inn and end of Northgate (north side). Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyances, shop fronts with awnings, pedestrians and tradesmen or delivery men. 6” x 4” (150mm x 105mm) c.1902 x c.1908 p.56 (U)

Copy of photograph of length of Rochester High Street between site of Market Cross and junction with Corporation Street, looking west from a point on the north side of the High Street and showing from left to right and clockwise George Neech, tobacconist’s shop (no.68), Bourne and Hillier’s creamery (no. 66), G.I. Jenkins and Sons, fishmongers’ shop (no. 64), no.62, gable of Chertsey’s Gate, end of Boley Hill (College Yard), King’s Head Hotel (south side), Bridge House (in distance) and Corn Exchange clock (north side). The street scene shows tramlines, overhead electricity power lines, tarmacadam road surface and in distance motor vehicles, tram and pedestrians with a woman shopper in the left foreground. 4” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 80mm) c.1927 p.56 (L)

Printed advertisement or flyer for Jones’s city drapery warehouse, 46 (later 69-71) High Street, Rochester, offering general drapery, waterproof cloaks and jackets, woollen goods, hosiery, gloves, skirts, crinolines, stays, corsets, handkerchiefs, boots, shoes and goloshes [cf. galoshes], etc. c.1849 p.57

Letter heading for The Art Depot, proprietor R.T. Danes, 73 High Street, Rochester. 2” 1 ¼” (51mmx 34mm) c.1959 x c.1974 p.58

Photograph of drawing reproduced in Edwin Harris’ Old Rochester series of pamphlets, entitled High Street, now the site of the Rochester Post Office, showing range of buildings comprising S. Caddell, printer’s shop and stamp office (left) and The Golden Cross (formerly Tom Cat alias Scratched Cat, previously Black Boy) (no.179) (right). Postcard size. Before 1894 p.59 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester looking west towards the crossroads formed by High Street, Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) from a point near the site of the Market Cross, showing left to right and clockwise bottom of Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side), Corn Exchange and clock, City Restaurant, end of Northgate, Johnson, dyer’s shop (no.65) and Capital and Counties Bank Ltd. (later Lloyds Bank Ltd.). Street scene shows pedestrians, parked cart, tramlines and shop awnings. W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1908 x c.1919 p.59 (L)

Postcard photograph (later reproduction) entitled High Street, Rochester looking east from a point near the site of the Market Cross, showing mainly range of buildings on north side from left to right, entrance to Lloyd’s Yard, William Palmer, gun maker, cutler, athletic outfitter, optician and truss manufacturer (no.85), Thomas Ash and Sons, bookmakers shop (no.87), Gordon Hotel (no.91) and Joseph Stanley, hosier and outfitter’s shop (no.93). Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyance, bystanders, pedestrians, barrowman, shop awnings and tram no. 43, Gillingham to Frindsbury service, heading towards camera. Reproduction by Pamlin Prints, Croydon, Surrey. After 1908. p.60 (U)

Postcard photograph (later reproduction) entitled trams in Rochester c.1904 looking west along Rochester High Street from a point near the site of the Market Cross on the north side, showing from left to right and clockwise The Royal Life Boat public house, Chertsey’s Gate, end of Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side), Corn Exchange and clock and City Restaurant and end of Northgate (north side). Street scene shows pedestrians including woman shop assistant or waitress in pinafore, children, horse-drawn conveyance, tramlines, tram on Gillingham to Frindsbury service heading away from camera and tram on Strood to Gillingham service heading towards camera. Reproduction by Pamlin Prints, Croydon, Surrey. c.1908 x c.1910 p.60 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester war memorial showing stone cross and base festooned with wreaths in centre of war memorial garden with railings, north side and north transept of Rochester Cathedral in background. c.1922 p.61

Postcard photograph entitled Tea Table gardens, Rochester showing ladies, three with parasols, sitting at tables and one man standing in garden at rear of The Tea Table café (subsequently Carlton Oriental Café, later Patricia’s Pantry), 79 High Street, Rochester (proprietor Arthur H. Passsmore), looking from The Common or Corporation Street end of the garden southwards, showing rear of range of buildings on north side of High Street and tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral in distance. William Naylar, Rochester Series no.404. c.1912 p.62

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester looking westwards from High Street side of war memorial garden near site of Market Cross, showing mainly range of buildings on north side of High Street between junction of High Street with Northgate (in distance) and entrance to Lloyd’s Yard (right foreground). Street scene shows parked motor cars including cabriolet and pedestrians. Couchman’s notes and captions relate to no.81 High Street, successively Croneen’s antique shop, B. Copping, silversmith’s shop and Alan G. Smith’s tool shop. Raphael Tuck and Sons Ltd. c.1952 p.63

Receipted bill from John Bertram of Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gaslight Company, 58 (later 95) High Street, Rochester, to a Mr. Mantell of 16 Eastgate Paddock, Rochester, for supply of gas and meter hire June – July 1891, settled 24 August 1891. p.64

Invoice from Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company, 95 High Street, Rochester to E.G. Raynor Esq.,, 33 Langdon Road, Rochester for supplying and fixing gas pendant and accessories. November 1923. p.65

Invoice from Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company, 95 High Street, Rochester to E.G. Raynor Esq., 33 Langdon Road, Rochester for supplying gas to a cooker on hire, November 1923. p.66

Receipted bill from E.B. Wise of W. Burnley of 68 High Street, Rochester, tobacconist and newsagent, to a Mr. Rayner [cf. Raynor] of 20 Horsley Road, Rochester for binding Great War, April 1920. p.67

Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street comprising nos. 76-86 inclusive, looking westwards and diagonally from point on pavement outside Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company showrooms, 95 High Street, Rochester, also showing war memorial garden in right distance, Street scene shows pedestrians, barrowman and tramlines. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1913 x c.1938 p. 68 (U)

Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street comprising nos. 94-106 inclusive, looking eastwards and diagonally from point on pavement outside Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company showrooms, 95 High Street, Rochester, showing from right to left, Harry Lowe, fruiterer and greengrocer's shop (no.94), William Longley, butcher's shop (no.96), Alfred E. Broadbridge, watchmaker's shop (no. 96) and W.H. Smith and Son, bookseller's shop (no. 98). Street scene shows tramlines, parked bicycle and parked motor van. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1928 p.68 (L) (left)

Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street comprising nos. 76-86 inclusive, looking westwards and diagonally from point on pavement outside Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company showrooms, 95 High Street, Rochester, showing from right to left Arthur V. Brand, tobacconist's shop (no.78), Parrett and Neves Ltd., printers' shop (no. 80) [?], Albert E. Ash, bookseller's shop (nos. 82-84), Charles H. Burtenshaw [?], chartered accountant's office (no.86) and part of James Cheek [?], confectioner's shop (no.88), last premises displaying notice advertising Dove's mineral water. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1928 p.68 (L) (right)

Postcard photograph entitled The Jacobean staircase, Gordon Hotel, Rochester comprising interior view of hall and first storey staircase, showing spiral turned balusters, carpet, wall panelling and flower pots containing small palms. c.1927 p.69 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Gordon Hotel, High Street, Rochester looking from diagonally opposite and slightly to the east showing exterior and roofline of Dickens Restaurant and Tea Rooms (left) and Gordon Hotel (right), 91 High Street, Rochester with wooden or stone cobbled carriageway and tramlines in foreground. The second storey bears the plaque of the Automobile Association (AA). c.1927 p.69 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Dog gate, Gordon Hotel, Rochester comprising interior view of building showing carved door panelling and surrounds with electric light bulb in foreground. c.1927 p.70 (U)

Picture postcard entitled the Jacobean dog gate and staircase, Gordon Hotel, Rochester comprising reproduction of painting of interior of building on ground floor showing doorway leading to staircase, staircase, case clock and window. c.1927 p.70 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the Seven Poor Travellers [sic], High Street, Rochester comprising view of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point diagonally opposite and east from Watts' Almshouse or Six Poor Travellers' House, showing range of buildings between Almshouse (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance) and roofline. Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyances including beer and butcher's carts and pedestrians. Message on rear from W. [-] to Miss M. Nonsan, 9 Stockwell Park Crescent, London SW. The message states: an agglomeration of incontrovertible facts affords, in my judgment, irrefragable proof that the dorsal appendage of the common feline pet is more prolonged than that of its canine colleague. Some obfuscated persons consider the Manx species an exception to this rule, oblivious to the fact that the abbreviation has been wrought by artificial means. I should like to have your views on this point. This is a beautiful city. Postmarked Rochester 22 September 1903 p.71 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the Seven Poor Travellers' Rest [sic], Rochester comprising view of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point diagonally opposite and east from Watts' Almshouse or Six Poor Travellers' House, showing range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street between Almshouse (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance). Street scene shows pedestrians and horse-drawn conveyance in middle distance and distance, shop awnings and tarmacadam road surface. Message on rear from F. Roberts to a Mr. Wingham, Bramble Cottage, Green Lane, Chichester, Sussex. Postmarked Rochester 28 May 1906. p.71 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street and Watts' Charity House, Rochester showing range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street between Six Poor Traveller's House (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance). Street scene shows one building under scaffolding in middle distance, pedestrians and horse-drawn conveyance or motor vehicle carrying placard naming J. Shepherd. c.1910 p.72 (U)

Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of ground storey of Six Poor Traveller's House, High Street, Rochester, viewed at right angles from a point in the carriageway, showing four candidates awaiting admission, reproduced in Chatham Observer 16 September 1921 Photocopied c.1985 p.10. p.72 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Watt's Charity [sic] showing street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, viewed at angle of 45 degrees from a point in the carriageway slightly to the east of the building. Street scene shows mother and two children on pavement in front of building. c.1910 p.73 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the Seven Poor Travellers' Rest [sic], Rochester comprising view of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point on south side of High Street diagonally opposite and east from Watts' Almshouse or Six Poor Travellers' House, showing range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street between Almshouse (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance). Street scene shows pedestrians, tramlines and tram. Published by Valentine's. c.1914 p.73 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Watt's Charity House [sic] showing street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, viewed at angle of 45 degrees from a point in the carriageway slightly to the west of the building. Photocrom Co. Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. c.1910 p.74 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester, showing Watts' Charity House comprising view of Rochester High Street, looking westwards from a point in the carriageway east of Six Poor Travellers' House, showing street frontages and rooflines of both sides of High Street between Six Poor Travellers' House (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (centre distance). In the range of buildings on the north side can be seen Rochester, Chatham and Gillingham Gas. Co.'s offices (to immediate left of Six Poor Travellers' House) and Lloyd's Garage. Street scene shows motor buses, motor car, pedestrians, woman with perambulator, shop awnings and street lights. After 1930. p.74 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Watts’ Charity, Rochester comprising view of High Street frontage and most of roofline of Six Poor Travellers’ House looking from a point in the carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, showing street lighting pole on pavement in right foreground. c.1920 p.75 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Watts’ Charity House comprising view of High Street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers’ House and parts of adjoining buildings, looking from a point in the carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to the west, showing street lighting pole on pavement in right distance. Surface textured. Photocrom Co. Ltd., Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.75 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled dormitory gallery, Watts’ Charity, Rochester viewed from garden at rear, showing first, second and third storeys of rear of the Six Poor Travellers’ House in distance, gallery at right angles to camera in right foreground, shrubs and patio. Photocrom Co. Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.76 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled dormitory gallery, Watts’ Charity, Rochester showing interior and corner area of bedroom in Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, with bed, wooden headboard and bed clothes, chair and framed homily in all thy ways acknowledge Him on wall behind bed. Photocrom Co. Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.76 (L)

Photograph entitled Rochester, Watts’ Charity House comprising view of High Street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers’ House and parts of adjoining buildings, looking from a point in the carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to the west, showing street lighting pole on pavement in right distance. This is a duplicate of p.75 (L) 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.77 (U)

Photograph of successful applicant for a night’s board and lodging at the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, signing the register in a ground floor room, showing ink stand and table covered with cloth in foreground, wooden panelled wall at rear, wall-mounted framed pictures and notice stating no matches allowed bedrooms. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.77 (L) (left)

Photograph of two successful applicants for a night’s board and lodging at the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, preparing for their ablutions in the bathroom changing area, one figure seated at right and second figure standing at left, glazed partition in right foreground. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.77 (L) (right)

Photograph of corner area of bedroom in Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, with bed, wooden headboard and bed clothes, chair and framed homily in all thy ways acknowledge Him on wall behind bed. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) Duplicate of p.76 (L) above. c.1920 p.78 (U)

Photograph of interior of reading room at Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, showing wooden-panelled walls and ceiling, table laid out with periodicals, shelf, door, wall-mounted framed pictures and chair. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.76 (L) (left)

Photograph of exterior of dormitory gallery, Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, Rochester, viewed from garden at rear, showing first, second and third storeys of rear building in distance, gallery at right angles to camera in right foreground, shrubs and patio. This is a clipped copy of item p.76 (U) above. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.78 (L) (right)

Photograph of master of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, weighing the travellers' supper of 1/2 pound of meat and 1 pound of bread each in the kitchen, scullery or pantry, tray of six enamelled metal cups and pile of seven plates on shelf in background, master wearing suit, tie and pinafore. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.79 (U)

Photograph of master of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester in corner of kitchen, pouring boiling water from kettle into coffee pot, stove, water boiler and worktop in left foreground and rear, master wearing suit, tie and pinafore. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.79 (M).

Photograph of six poor travellers around supper table in dining room of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, eating fare of meat and bread with enamelled metal cups, wearing suits and ties, jackets and ties or presentable working clothes, bookcase in background. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.79 (L).

Photograph of master of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, presenting a poor traveller with a parting gift of 4d., the former wearing suit and tie, latter jacket, waistcoat and neck scarfe, wooden panelled wall and sash window in background. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.80 (U).

Photograph of a poor traveller retiring to bed and removing his shoes, sitting on chair at side of bed in bedroom in dormitory gallery of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, his jacket hanging on back of chair. The floor is plain floorboards and a Bible is supported in a rack on wall behind the headboard. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.80 (L) (left).

Photograph of stone tablet commemorating Richard Watts Esq., founder of Watts' Charity, Rochester, erected on the street frontage of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.80 (L) (right).

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Christopher Wade of Rochester City Council to J. Cobham, mayor for giving 4d. and lodging to an unnamed poor traveller, 9 June 1680 p.81 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from William Reeve, mayor of Rochester to the city provider to pay 6d. to an unnamed poor traveller, counter-signed by Alderman C. Huggins. 24 March 1719/1720 p.81 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, to city provider for relief of seven poor Frenchmen, 28 May 1723. p.82 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Letter from John Henry Rickon of Rome Lane Foundry, Chatham, to G. Cotton, receiver of Watt's Charity, recommending a certain Boyce and son as suitable subjects for a night's lodging in the Six Poor Travellers's House, High Street, Rochester 14 August 1857. On rear, request for admission of unnamed bearers from Walter [?] to a Mr. Cackett, c.1857. p.82 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, to the city provider, for relief of two unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 6 July 1723 p.83 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, to the city provider, for relief of two unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 11 July 1723 p.83 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from G. Davison, member of Rochester Corporation [?] to the city provider for the relief of one poor traveller with 4d., 2 October 1771 p.84 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed docket or order from James Hulkes, mayor of Rochester to the city provider for the relief of two unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 22 April 1772 p.84 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Two printed dockets or orders from John Taylor, mayor of Rochester to the city provider for the relief of two separate unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 1 September 1773 and 16 September 1773 p.84 (U and L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from Edward Cotton, city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 2 August 1838. p.86 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from Edward Cotton, city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 25 August 1838. p.86 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 17 June 1849. p.87 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 1 November 1853. p.87 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 14 November 1853. p.88 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 27 November 1849. p.88 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Francis Wilson, member of Rochester Corporation [?] for payment of Mary Adkins, pauper 2s 2d for spinning wool. [Couchman's note states the recipient was a traveller, erroneously] 28 November 1715 p.89 (U)

Newscutting containing report entitled Richard's fourpenny note may now be worth £100 by Alan Bennett, concerning discovery by Brian Kemp, approvals manager at Stanley Gibbons Ltd., London of warrants for admission to Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester in shops in Charing Cross Road, London, and his meeting with Sidney Wharton, clerk of Watts' Charity, with photograph of subjects against background of street frontage of Six Poor Travellers' House, from Chatham News 9 April 1976. p.89 (M)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Francis Wilson, member of Rochester Corporation [?] for payment of Ann Day, pauper 2s 4d for spinning wool, 26 June 1718 [Couchman's note states 1710 erroneously] p.89 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Bill from Andrew Ousnam for delivery to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester of 12 gallon loaves and one peck and quarter flour for baking, 27 April 1723. p.90 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from Edward Cotton, city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 8 August 1838. p.90 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. BIll from Nathaniel Attewell for delivery to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester of 7 gallon loaves and a pottle loaf and one peck and a quarter of flour for baking, 10 October 1724. p.91 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Bill from Nathaniel Attewell for delivery to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester of 12 gallon loaves and a pottle loaf and one peck and quarter flour for baking on two dates in 1723. p.91 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Letter from D.R. Fearon, secretary, Charity Commission, Whitehall, London SW to Frederick F. Smith Esq., Rochester, acknowledging receipt of petition pertaining to Watts’ Charity, 7 March 1894. p.92

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Typescript letter from secretary, Charity Commission, Ryder Street, St. James’s, London SW1, to W. Glanville Mason Esq., Bernvale, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, discussing terms applying to closure of Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester. 18 May 1948 p.93(U)

Newscutting from Chatham News containing published letter from H.S. Wharton, clerk and receiver of Watts’ Charity, Rochester, clarifying the charity’s position as regards continuation of a Watts’ Charity nursing service in view of National Health Service Act coming into effect, provision of subsidiary nursing service, accommodation of nurses at Almshouses in Maidstone Road, Rochester and accommodation for two old couples at Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester. 26 January 1951 p.9. p.93 (L)

Stencil typescript letter from W. Glanville Mason to the editor of the Chaham News responding to a report that a Mr. J. Yeomans had found a Watts’ Charity admission warrant, explaining history of Six Poor Travellers’ House and method of operation and giving details of James Hulkes’ brewery premises in Chatham Intra. See also p94 (L) below. 12 March 1961 p.94 (U)

Newscutting from Chatham Observer containing report of finding by John Yeomans, fruiterer and greengrocer, of admission warrant for a poor traveller to Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester in 1772, signed by James Hulkes, mayor of Rochester. 10 March 1961. See also p.94 (U) above. p.94 (L)

File updated by borough archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: 1680-1961
Quantity: 1 volume/94pp.

Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_05 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ de0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ de0402_05.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWNImportant note to imagebase users.Caveat and disclaimer.Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]Rochester volume 5: High Street between Watts' Charity almshouses (Six Poor Travellers' House, no. 97 ) and entrance to St. Bartholomew's Terrace, near St. Margaret's Banks.[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]Receipted bill from Austen and Son, 107 High Street, Rochester, builders, plumbers, decorators, to a Mrs. Raynor of 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, for whitening ceiling and papering walls of staircase. Settled 11 April 1930. p.1

Receipted bill from Charles Leonard, London House, 165 High Street, Rochester, fancy and general draper to a Mrs. Mantell of Victoria Street, Rochester, for goods unspecified. Settled April 1892. p.2

Copy of photograph of shop frontages of Charles Leonard and Sons, 108-120 High Street, Rochester, drapers and H. Jasper and Sons Ltd., 106 High Street, confectioners, looking diagonally across the High Street from a point slightly to the west, showing window displays, roofline and tramlines. c.1923-c.1924 p.3

Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for Leonards (Rochester) Ltd., 108-120 High Street, Rochester, illustrating hat and coat, new Autumn fashions. Headed with the mural crown associated with coat of arms of Rochester City Council. 7 August 1925 p.4

Postcard size photograph of print captioned the Mathematick Free School, build and endowed by the late Sir Joseph Williamson, Baronet showing frontage of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester. Original c.1750; exposed c.1980 p.5

Report by B. Hawkins, headmaster of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, pertaining to absences of named pupils during April 1829, giving reasons for absence, 1 May 1829; appended with copy of letter from Thomas Prall to the governors, tendering his resignation and petitioning for a pension, original 30 April 1829. Possibly prepared as printer's copy. 1 item, paper. p.6

Cutting from an unattributed local publication comprising reproduction of engraving of street frontage of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, captioned Rochester Mathematical School, looking diagonally across High Street towards corner of High Street and Free School Lane from a point slightly to the east, showing full elevation and roofline and pedestrians in High Street and Free School Lane. Attributed to an original drawing by Messrs. Nash and Bond, architects. c.1900 p.7 (U)

Postcard photograph of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester entitled Rochester, Mathematical School looking along High Street from a point slightly to the west, showing High Street elevation and roofline, street scene showing pedestrians, horse-drawn conveyance and range of buildings in High Street in background to the east. On rear, message from Dolly [-] to Mrs. J. Webb, 218 Upland Road, East Dulwich, London EC, referring to pupil by name of Wallace at the Maths School, just qualified as a pupil teacher. Wrench series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Chatham 8 June 1907. p.7 (L)

Photograph of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, viewed from diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, showing corner of school at junction of High Street and Free School Lane, showing front and side elevations, roofline of school and range of buildings to west of school, tramlines and juvenile bystanders, one of whom is of West Indian/Afro-Caribbean * origin. Mutilated and re-touched. Instructions possibly for printer on rear. Couchman's caption mentions erection of a bronze tablet pertaining to David Garrick. 7 3/4" x 5 3/4" Photographer not stated. c.1908 x c.1912 p.8[* cf. West Indies, Caribbean, Africa]

Postcard photograph entitled Mathematical School, Rochester showing High Street elevation Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, looking from first storey of building diagonally opposite and slightly to the west, showing most of roofline and corner with Free School Lane. Couchman's caption states the building was demolished in 1970. c.1920 p.9 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled The Mathematical School, Rochester, workshop comprising interior view of workshop of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, looking towards outside wall showing equipment including vices, lathes, wooden benches and display cases. Photographed and published by Marshall Keene and Co., Hove, Sussex. c.1925 p.9 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Mathematical School, Rochester, art room comprising interior view art room of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, showing desks, chairs, posters, plaster busts and geometrical artists' models, frame cupboards, longitudinal rooflights, overhead electric lights and radiators. Photographed and published by Marshall Keene and Co., Hove, Sussex. c.1925 p.10

Printed admission ticket to reserved seat for performance of The Pickwickians at Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, for 16 December 1909. Inscribed on rear [i.e. W. Glanvill Mason, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham]. 3 3/4" x 2 1/2" p.11

Printed programme for The Pickwickians performed at Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester 15-16 December 1909, giving names of characters and caste members. 1909. p.12Postcard photograph of two actors in production of The Mikado performed at Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester 17-21 February 1925, showing full-length view of actor in attire of female (left) and male (right) characters, both in Japanese * costume and holding fans, latter identified by Couchman as L.G. Brooker, against background of stage flats representing interior of Japanese house interior walls and window. Further details of cast given in Couchman's accompanying notes. 1925 p.13[* cf. Japan]

Postcard group photograph of members of caste of HMS Pinafore performed at Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester 15-19 February 1927, looking from auditorium towards stage, showing chairs in foreground, musical director P. Fearnley [?] in middle ground and caste in costume on stage to rear, stage properties and flats depicting scene of ship deck and harbour. 1927. Medway Studios, 35 High Street, Chatham. Details of cast given in Couchman's accompanying notes. p.14

Autographs of the teaching staff of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester comprising A.W. Lucy, H.H. Hillman, W.W. Key (geography) and W.A. Treganza. c.1923 x c.1927 p.15 (U)Autographs of the teaching staff of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester comprising R. Fraser-Henderson (manual work), H.L. Evans, J.C.H. Bailey (gymnastics), E.F. Pattenden, William Stone (Latin), W.E. Lund, W.H. Harland and J.P. Williams. c.1923 x c.1927 p.15 (L)

Autographs of the teaching staff of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester comprising Percy Fearnley (music), A.C. Cheeseman, D.J. Davies, E.W. Taylor, J.W. Talbot, Miss E.F. Thornhill (form 2 [?]), W.L. Lawrence (religion) and C. Meade (mathematics) (front) and C. MacDonald, James K. Bentley, J.N. Judd (chemistry and scout master), J.E. Mallin, Miss C.E. Lee (form 1 [?] and cub mistress), R.L. Poirier (French *), R.E. Rigg (English) and R.S. Morriss (rear). c.1923 x c.1927 p.16 (U)[* A note made by Couchman stated Taylor died 28 August 1954, with a reference to Chatham News 3 September 1954 p.2][** cf. France]Photocopy of rear of p.16 (U)

as above. Not scanned. p.16 (M)Cutting from Chatham News comprising obituary notice for Christine Emily Ratcliffe, died at Canterbury 14 September 1977, mother of Robert Ratcliffe. Published 23 September 1977. p.16 (L)

Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester. Mementoes of E.H. Couchman’s membership of the Rochester Mathematical School Scout Troop, county of Kent, comprising two crimson cotton shoulder or arm patches bearing white horse heraldic motif of county of Kent with motto invicta and title Kent and white silk strip bearing title The Rochester Mathematical School Troop. Pasted on postcard. Postcard. Inscribed on rear to effect Couchman attended Maths School September 1923-Christmas 1927. p.17 (U)

Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester. Mementoes of E.H. Couchman’s membership of the 2nd. Medway (Rochester Mathematical School) scout troop, county of Kent, comprising two blue cotton shoulder or arm patches bearing white horse heraldic motif of county of Kent with title county of kent and motto invicta and white silk strip bearing title 2nd. Medway (Rochester Mathematical School), latter made by Cash’s. Couchman attended Maths School September 1923-Christmas 1927. p.17 (L)

Photograph of elevation of main gate, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire. Exposed on occasion of E.H. Couchman’s attendance at summer camp at Green Lane Meadows, Old Windsor with Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, scout troop, c.July x c.September 1926. p.18 (U)

Photograph of campsite scene at Green Lane Meadows, Old Windsor, Berkshire on occasion of E.H. Couchman’s attendance at summer camp with Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, scout troop, comprising group of scouts standing or crouching around cooking pots facing camera with tented encampment, trees and bushes in background. Couchman identifies the right-hand figure as himself, the second from the right as possibly D.C. Hibbit and the centre figure (standing) as N. Cherrill, c.July x c.August 1926 p.18 (M) (left)

Photograph of campsite scene at Green Lane Meadows, Old Windsor, Berkshire on occasion of E.H. Couchman’s attendance at summer camp with Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, scout troop, showing line of tents with group of scouts standing, kneeling or sitting in foreground with bedding laid out in foreground and treeline in background. c.July x c.August 1926 p.18 (M) (right)

Photograph of Windsor and Windsor Castle, Berkshire looking across River Thames from opposite bank, showing two women walking left to right in foreground, taken on occasion of E.H. Couchman’s attendance at summer camp with Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School, Rochester, scout troop. c.July x c.August 1926 p.18 (L)

Two bills from Arts and Crafts shop, 144 High Street, Rochester to a Mrs. Gowar [?] [cf. Gower], Darnley Arms, Cobham for printing jobs, May 1910. p.19

Receipted bill from H. Butler, 127 (later 192) Eastgate (High Street), Rochester, tobacconist, newsagent, stationer and fancy dealer to a Mr. Mantell for newspapers and tobacco for seven weeks. Settled 24 August 1891 p.20Two bills from Higham and Hundred of Hoo Water Works to Mr. R.G. Gower [cf. Gowar] [of Darnley Arms, Cobham] for rates and water supplied, collected by Duncan L. Mackie, 35 Eastgate (High Street), Rochester. 1910 p.21

Print of pen and ink drawing by Edwin G. Hardy of High Street elevation, Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester, showing roofline and tree to right. c.1900 p.22

Photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester and range of buildings on north side of High Street between Eastgate House (right) and junction of High Street and Blue Boar Lane (left distance) looking west along High Street, showing east elevation of Eastgate House, horse-drawn conveyance in left middle ground and group of male bystanders in gateway to grounds of Eastgate House, possibly during period of use as Rochester Workmen’s Club. c.1870 x c.1890 p.23 (U)

Print of pen and ink drawing of High Street and east elevations of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite to the east with street scene comprising range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street to west of Eastgate House, horse-drawn conveyance and pedestrians, trees in grounds of Eastgate House to right. c.1860 p.23 (L)

Photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, boundary wall against High Street, wooden gates with brass nameplates and trees behind. 4" x 3" (100mm x 75mm) c.1900 p.24 (U);

Postcard Photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, boundary wall against High Street, wooden gates with brass nameplates and trees behind. Street scene comprises range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street to west of Eastgate House and horse-drawn conveyance. Message on front and rear from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, Francomb's House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire. Postmarked 5 May 1903. p.24 (L)

Print of charcoal or pen and ink drawing of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, boundary wall against High Street, wooden gates with brass nameplates and trees behind. Street scene comprises pedestrians, dog and pony and rider. Initialled WD. Plate 17 from an unattributed source. c.1840 p.25

Photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, boundary wall against High Street, wooden gates with brass nameplates and trees behind. Couchman's caption notes the adjacent building to the left bears differences to previous photographs. 4" x 2 1/2" (100mm x 65mm) c.1920 p.26 (U);

Photograph of painting or print ascribed to the Mason Collection [sic] * comprising view of eastern elevation of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester showing in the foreground the grounds and gardens of the house, trees, shrubs and ladies wearing bonnets, hats and long dresses with dog and in the background a view of the River Medway and masted or partially masted ships or hulks. 6" x 4 1/4" (150mm x 105mm). Print c.1800 p.26 (L)[* W. Glanvill Mason of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham]

Reproduction of photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from third or fourth storey from a point diagonally opposite to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, grounds or garden, trees and shrubs in foreground and range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street to west of Eastgate House in distance. Above the entrance gate is a lamp bearing a sign stating Rochester Workmen's Club, supported by wrought ironwork. Published by A. Lacey, 36 High Street, Chatham and photographed and printed by G.W. Wilson, Aberdeen, Scotland. 8" x 5 3/4" (200mm x 145mm) Exposed c.1882 x c.1887. p.27

Tinted postcard photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester entitled Eastgate House, Rochester showing east and High Street elevations, warehouse to rear, fence alongside High Street and sort section of range of buildings to west of Eastgate House, street scene showing lamp post and pillar post box. Printed in Saxony. Published by JHG. c.1910 p.28 (U)

Heavily tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street showing Eastgate House Museum, Rochester looking from point in High Street slightly west of Eastgate House east towards junction with Star Hill, street scene showing museum noticeboard on pavement outside main entrance, motor vehicle, tradesmen, bystanders pedestrians and dog. On rear, message to Miss Maud Gurney, 3 Stuart Road, Gillingham, discussing visiting arrangements and weather. The Star Series, GD and D, London. Couchman’s caption states this item was printed in Bavaria, Germany but this is not stated on the card (unless beneath the stamp) as in previous instances. Postmarked Gillingham 19 May 1912. p.28 (L)

Reproduction of photograph from unascribed publication, entitled Eastgate House, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite in the High Street and to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, boundary wall against High Street, wooden gates with brass nameplates and trees behind. Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyance in distance. Photographer: A.F. Eastmead. c.1890 x c.1900 p.29 (U)

Photograph of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite to the east, showing east and High Street elevations, boundary wall against High Street, wooden gates with brass nameplates and trees behind and range of buildings on north side of High Street to west of Eastgate House and shorter section of range of buildings on south side also west of Eastgate House. Street scene comprises horse-drawn conveyances, partly blurred through time exposure. c.1880 x c.1900 6” x 4 ¼” (150mm x 105mm) p.29

Photocopy of newspaper article comprising captioned full-length photograph of George Payne FSA, director of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, showing subject in outdoors wear, looking to left of camera and standing outside entrance porch of Eastgate House Museum. Accompanying biographical notes supplied by Couchman. Reproduced from Chatham Observer 9 October 1920 p.10 Pre-1920 p.30

Heavily tinted postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House, Rochester showing a three-quarters view of the east elevation and grounds of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester looking across High Street from a point on opposite pavement at right angles to the entrance gate, street scene showing two male youths facing camera in left foreground and woman pushing child in push-chair in right foreground, lamp standard and boundary railings. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1900 p.31

Postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House, Rochester comprising view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester and foreshortened High Street elevation, viewed from a point in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, street scene showing lamp post, pillar post box, boundary railings and trees. Message on rear from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, Francomb’s House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire. Postmarked Rochester 23 March 1903. p.32 (U)

Photograph of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, viewed from second storey of building in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, showing east and High Street elevations and adjacent buildings, grounds, boundary fence, trees and noticeboard, street scene showing male cyclist, children and pedestrians. 6” x 4 ¼” (150mm x 105mm) After 1899. p.32 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Eastgate House, comprising view of east elevation and foreshortened High Street elevation Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, largely obscured by trees in leaf, looking from point in High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, street scene showing pedestrians, lamp post, pillar post box and boundary railings. Raphael Tuck and Sons, Town and City series. Phototyped in Holland/Netherlands. c.1899 x c.1903 p.33 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House, Rochester comprising view of east elevation and foreshortened of High Street elevation Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, partly obscured by trees in leaf, and grounds with noticeboard and boundary railings, looking from point in High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, street scene showing trees and pillar post box. Range of buildings adjacent to west obscured by developing technique. c.1901 p.33 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House, Rochester comprising three quarters view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, looking from point inside grounds opposite boundary railings, showing shrubs and flower beds. Message on rear from George [-] to Miss A. Thomas, 34 West Street, Faversham. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Postmarked 7 November 1912. p.34

Postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House, Rochester comprising view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, foreshortened High Street elevation and iron gateway and railings, viewed from a point in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, street scene showing range of buildings in High Street to west extending as far as and including Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School and short section of range of buildings on south side, pillar post box, barrow-man, pedestrians, tramlines, cyclists and horse-drawn vehicles. Message on rear from L and R [-] to Miss Moss, c/o Mrs. Hood, 8 Crittens Road, Cobholm, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. Postmarked R[ocheste]r 1913. p.35 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House, Rochester comprising view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, foreshortened High Street elevation and iron gateway and railings, viewed from a point in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, street scene showing range of buildings in High Street to west extending as far as and including Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School and short section of range of buildings on south side and pillar post box. Identical exposure as p.35 above but re-touched and omitting some bystanders and tramlines. Published by Valentine. c.1913 p.35 (L)[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Eastgate House, comprising view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, foreshortened High Street elevation and iron gateway and railings, viewed from a point in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, street scene showing range of buildings in High Street to west, pillar post box and pedestrians. Message on rear from Gortie [-] to Mrs. Nell Yaxley, Laburnum Villa, Dersingham, Norfolk. Postmarked 6 December 1911. p.36 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled the medieval room (2), Eastgate House, Rochester showing room interior with fireplace, wooden furnishings and picture frames. c.1910 p.36 (L)Postcard photograph entitled Eastgate House Museum, built 1591: the nun's house of Edwin Drood (Charles Dickens) comprising view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, foreshortened High Street elevation and iron gateway, lamp and railings, viewed from a point in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, showing brass plaque on building and street scene comprising pillar post box and tramlines. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, 212 High Street, Rochester. c.1912 p.37Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Museum (Eastgate House) comprising view of east elevation of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, foreshortened High Street elevation and iron gateway, lamp, railings and museum noticeboard, viewed from a point in High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, showing brass plaque on building and street scene comprising pillar post box, tramlines and Kent Education Committee noticeboards for adjacent Rochester, Chatham and Gillingham Technical Institute and School of Art and Crafts. Couchman’s caption relates to the felling of the lime tree at south west corner in 1981. September 1920 p.38 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Eastgate Gardens comprising three quarters view of rear of Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester taken from north west, looking across garden, showing pond, trees, shrubs and railings and showing also rear of range of buildings to east of Eastgate House on north side of High Street. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.38(L)Postcard photograph used as Christmas greetings card sent by Mr. and Mrs. G.E. Dibley of Lambourn, Cobham Road, Strood, in former’s capacity as director of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester and illustrating the Bexleyheath (Bexley Heath) bronze founder’s hoard, comprising spear heads, sword and axe heads, found by Dibley and in the custody of the British Museum. Christmas 1934 p.39 (U)

Postcard photograph used as Christmas greetings card sent by Mr. and Mrs. G.E. Dibley of Lambourn, Cobham Road, Strood, in former’s capacity as director of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester and illustrating an item of Roman glass and an Anglo-Saxon funeral bucket side by side. December 1925. p.39 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled north view of model of Rochester Cathedral and St. Andrew’s Priory, in the 15th. century: built by Edwin Harris, on view in Eastgate House Museum, Rochester showing model as viewed from north, other features including market hall, market cross, High Street, St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill and enclosing precincts wall. Message on rear from W. Taylor, curator, Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester to H. Rayner Esq., 117 Elaine Avenue, Strood, discussing slide collection. Postmarked 14 October 1960. p.40

Copy of photograph of prehistoric boat at excavation site at Milton Creek, Murston, showing portion of cut-out tree trunk lying at right angles to side of pit used for clay digging, spade marks visible in wall of pit and spade propped against parapet. A railway is partly visible behind the boat. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to the storage and accidental destruction of the boat c.1970. Original exposure c.1924. p.41

Four newscuttings from Chatham News reporting philately exhibitions lent and arranged by E.H. Couchman at Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, with an emphasis on stamps and covers associated with first airmail services, flying boats and zeppelins 1925-1937. 1938-1939 p.42Four newscuttings from Chatham News reporting building of the empire flying boat and other flying boats by Short Brothers at Rochester, the airmail scheme and reporting philately exhibitions lent and arranged by E.H. Couchman at Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, with emphasis on airmail 1941-1943. p.43

Five newscuttings from Chatham News reporting philately exhibitions lent and arranged by E.H. Couchman at Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, with emphasis on airmail by balloon and aircraft 1870-1939, 1943-1944 (p.44)

Six cuttings from Chatham News and Stamp Collecting reporting philately and other exhibitions lent and arranged by E.H. Couchman, Renown Stamp Company, Chatham and F. Kearns of Chatham at Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester on topics of airmail, stamps of Russia and China and German * propaganda leaflets 1858-1944, 1944-1946 p.45[* cf. Germany]

Three cuttings from Chatham News reporting philately and other exhibitions lent and arranged by E.H. Couchman and G.H. Bigsby of Medway Towns Philatelic Society at Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, with an emphasis on airship and zeppelin airmail and Ascension Island (South Atlantic Ocean), 1946-1948 p.46Cuttings from Gravesend Reporter, Stamp Collecting and Chatham News reporting activities of Medway Towns Philatelic Society and Kent Federation of Philatelic Societies mentioning especially displays mounted by E.H. Couchman and G. Bigsby with an emphasis on airmail, 1947-1950 p.47

Newscuttings from Kidderminster Shuttle and Stourport Courier reporting philatelic displays mounted at Kidderminster Museum, Kidderminster, Worcestershire, mounted by E.H. Couchman, with an emphasis on airmail stamps and covers from 1870, 1941 p.48Colour postcard photograph entitled The Dickens’ Chalet gardens of Eastgate House Museum, Rochester comprising front elevation of Charles Dickens’ Swiss chalet and adjacent portion of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester, looking across garden and flower beds from north-north-west. Published by Judges Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. c.1962 p.49

Newscuttings from Chatham News reporting donation by Rochester Branch, Dickens’ Fellowship to Medway Borough Council of two mirrors for Dickens’ Chalet, Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester with group photograph in front of chalet (21 July 1978) and death of Amy Butler, member of the Rochester Branch, Dickens’ Fellowship, with group photograph of John Oliver, secretary of Dickens’ Fellowship, Amy Butler and Captain Peter Dickens, great-grandson of the author, 14 December 1979. p.50

Newscuttings from Chatham News reporting closure of Eastgate House Museum, High Street, Rochester and impending move of museum to the Guildhall, 1978. p.51

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Technical Institute comprising view of front or west elevation, looking across rough ground at rear of Eastgate House Museum. Message on rear from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, D House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire mentioning an organ and violin recital at cathedral. Published by Arts and Crafts, Rochester. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Rochester 1 December 1908. p.52 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Technical Institute, High Street, Rochester, showing front or west elevation, looking across rough ground at rear of Eastgate House Museum. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 106mm) c.1920 p.52 (L)

Copy of photograph of Rochester Technical Institute, High Street, Rochester, comprising three-quarters view of building viewed from High Street end of Eastgate House garden, showing west or front elevation and south or side elevation, with trees and shrubs in middle ground and boundary wall in foreground. Original c.1920 p.53

Newscutting from Chatham Observer comprising group photograph of art students at Medway School of Art and Crafts, High Street, Rochester, on occasion of end of term fancy dress carnival dance, 7 November 1931, with original printed caption and accompanying key identifying students and notes by Couchman, students including Couchman first on left, second row from back. Published 13 November 1931 p.54

Copy of photograph of rear elevation of 150 High Street, Rochester, looking from point in Eastgate Terrace distant from entrance from High Street, showing man in cloth cap walking towards camera, pedestrians in Rochester High Street and in distance gates to Eastgate House gardens. Couchman’s notes record this house and attic as having inspired Mr. Pumblechook’s house where Pip stayed in Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. 4” x 3 ¼” (110mm x 83mm) c.1930 p.55

Reproduction of photograph cut from unstated periodical or pamphlet showing range of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street, looking eastwards from point diagonally opposite in High Street and slightly to the west, showing pawn shop at right, entrance to Eastgate Terrace, 150 High Street and buildings beyond to left with part of High Street elevation of Eastgate House visible in left foreground. Street scene comprises pedestrians, motor vehicle and pawn shop balls sign. c.1920 p.55

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, old houses comprising view of High Street looking west from point on pavement on north side of High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to east of 150 High Street and Seeley, drapers’ shop, street scene showing cyclist, horse-drawn conveyances and pedestrians. The shadows appear false. Before 1909. p.56

Postcard photograph entitled Uncle Pumble Chook’s House (Great Expectations) and Mr. Sapsea’s House (Edwin Drood) showing range of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street opposite Eastgate House Museum, showing from left to right Ye Olde Tea Shoppe at left, grocery store, Prall and Prall, auctioneers’, entrance to Eastgate Terrace and pawn shop, street scene comprising tramlines and power cables and pedestrian. Message on rear from Lizzie [-] to Mr. T. Masters, 98 High Street, Gillingham, informing him of Jim [-]’s passing for Christ Church [Oxford?]. Postmarked 4 August 1916. Exposure c.1911 p.57 (U)

Postcard photograph showing range of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street opposite Eastgate House Museum, looking west and viewed diagonally from a point on north side of High Street outside Eastgate House, showing from left to right Ye Olde Tea Shoppe (no.154) at left, Edwin Smith and Co.'s grocery store (no.152), Prall and Prall, auctioneers’ (no.150), entrance to Eastgate Terrace, Ernest William Fox, boot maker's (no.148) and Frederick Willows and Co.'s pawn shop (no.146) with other buildings beyond, street scene comprising tramlines, tram power cables, pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles, several blurred by time exposure. Message on rear from Lewis [-] to a Miss Masters, 52 Royal Road, Ramsgate. Postmarked 16 November 1911. p.57 (L)

Postcard photograph captioned Mr. Sapsea's House, Edwin Drood; Uncle Pumblechook's premises, Great Expectations; High Street, Rochester showing range of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street opposite Eastgate House Museum, looking west and viewed diagonally from a point on north side of High Street outside Eastgate House, showing from left to right Ye Olde Tea Shoppe (no.154) at left, Edwin Smith and Co.'s grocery store (no.152), Prall and Prall, auctioneers’ (no.150), entrance to Eastgate Terrace, The Service Supply Rubber Co. (no.148) and Frederick Willows and Co.'s pawn shop (no.146). Street scene comprises tramlines, tram power cables, awning and pawnbroker's balls sign over no. 146 and bicycle propped against west wall of entrance to Eastgate Terrace. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester, Eastgate Series. Annotated on rear by original purchaser High Street, Rochester; motored from Wrotham to Sevenoaks, Sept. 4th. 1915 1915 p.58

Photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street opposite Eastgate House, looking east and viewed diagonally from a point in High Street slightly to west of entrance to Eastgate Terrace, showing from right to left, Tom Dunning's house (no.148), entrance to Eastgate Terrace, Fairbairns seedman's shop (no.150) and range of buildings to east, street scene comprising children, pedestrians and tricycle [?] with advertising placard parked in entrance to Eastgate Terrace. A portion of the lime tree on the south west corner of Eastgate House overhangs the street at left. Before 1897. 4" x 3 1/4" (100mm x 82mm) p.59 (U)

Postcard-size copy of photograph of ground storey and portion of first storey of Thomas Dunning pawnbroker's shop, 146 High Street, Rochester, viewed at right angles from a point in High Street, showing proprietor [?] standing in doorway and looking to right of camera, shop window containing display of stock and first storey windows containing bedding and rugs, apparently caught in a breeze. A roll of material is visible in entrance to passage at right. Copied from original in collection of W. Glanvill Mason [of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham]. c.1880 p.59 (L)Bill from city treasurer's department, Rochester City Council, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester to Mrs. G.A.L. Masters, 154 High Street, Rochester, for erecting bronze tablet. Couchman's notes explain this was for a bronze tablet commemorating Charles Dickens and that the location was altered to no.150 c.1955. 1 April 1912 p.60

Postcard-size copy of photograph of range of buildings in Eastgate, High Street, Rochester, looking west and viewed diagonally from a point in High Street slightly to east of Eastgate House, showing on left R. and J. [?] Harris, bookseller's shop (no.137), through to no. 146 and beyond. Original c.1865 p.61 (U)Steel pen nib engraved J.J. HARRIS S [sic]CITY OF ROCHESTER PEN 1 5/8" (40mm) long c.1865 p.61 (L)Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Eastgate, High Street, Rochester, looking west and viewed diagonally from a point in High Street slightly to east of Eastgate House, showing on left R. and J. [?] Harris, bookseller's shop (no.137), through to no. 146 and beyond. From the same exposure as p.61 (U) above. Original exposed c.1865 p.62 (U)

Notes by W. Glanvill Mason of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham on R.J. Harris of 137 High Street, Rochester, bookseller, pertaining to Harris' birth in Brompton Barracks, education at East India Company School, Brompton [in 1828 according to Couchman's own notes accompanying], apprenticeship to Homan family, connection with Charles Dickens, time as landlord of several named local public houses and move to London. c.September 1945 p.62 (L)

Postcard photograph comprising full-length portrait of Edwin Harris of 89 (later 151) High Street, Rochester, antiquarian and honorary guide of the Dickens’ Fellowship, showing subject standing in studio setting, looking at camera, resting left hand on table, holding walking stick in right hand and wearing trilby hat and spectacles. Photograph signed by Harris. On rear, compliments note from Harris to W.G. Mason [of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham.] Studio: Jerome, 6 February 1936. p.63 (U)

Notes by Couchman pertaining to newspaper sources on Edwin Harris’ life and death, latter occurring in 1938. c.1980 2pp. p.63 (M)Postcard photograph of interior of Ye Olde Curiositie Shoppe, [sic] 151 High Street, Rochester, showing moustached, middle-aged man sitting in fireside inglenook and looking at camera, wooden panelling, portion of staircase and ornaments on shelves. Published by Edwin Harris and Sons of Ye Olde Curiositie Shoppe, [sic] 151 High Street, Rochester, steam printers and antique dealers, with trade and historical particulars pertaining to premises printed alongside photograph. The subject is identified as Edwin Harris in pencil notes on the rear. c.1920 p.63 (L)

Photograph of front elevation of Ye Olde Curiositie Shoppe, [sic] (Harris and Sons, printers) 151 (formerly 89) High Street, Rochester and parts of adjacent buildings, showing window display of artefacts with spinning wheel in doorway, a wooden carving or casting on the second storey representing a bunch of grapes (which formerly adorned The Old Vineyard public house, demolished), dormer windows and part of roofline. 7 ¾” x 5 ¾” (195mm x 143mm) c.1900 p.64

Copy of photograph of Lord Nelson public house, 83 (formerly 84) High Street, Rochester, showing three storeys of front elevation, weather boarding on second storey, dormer windows in third story and advertising placards and signs for Biggs Brothers’ ales and London porter and double brown stout and Barclay Perkins’ London porter, street scene showing bystanders looking at camera. Original exposed c.1877 x c.1890 p.65

Receipted bill from Austen and Son, 107 High Street, Rochester, builders, plumbers and decorators to a Mrs. Raynor, 33 Langdon Road, Rochester for fixing a picture rail, wallpapering, whitening ceiling and renewing blue sashline, settled 15 July 1930. p.66

Bill from John Randall and Sons, 84-86 Eastgate (High Street), Rochester, ironmongers, hardwaremen, glass and china merchants, to a Mr. Mantell of 16 The Terrace, Victoria Street, Rochester for articles including cups, jugs, plates, bowl, dishes, vases, basins, tumblers, moustache cup, chamber set and pan. Settled 24 August 1891. p.67

Letter from W.J. Mayhew, 170 High Street, Rochester, fishmonger and poulterer, licensed dealer in game, to unnamed agents of a Mr. S. Ridge, repudiating any liability for debt to the latter. 4 July 1893 p.68

Photograph of junction of Rochester High Street and Almon Place, looking along Almon Place from a point on the south side of High Street slightly to the east, showing corner of Queen Charlotte public house on right and range of buildings on opposite (west) side of Almon Place, street scene showing street furniture and pedestrian. After 1930. p.69 (U) 

Photograph of front elevation of Dunstable House, 186 High Street, Rochester and part of Rockcliffe, draper’s shop at no. 188 to left, viewed diagonally from point on north side of High Street slightly to west, street scene showing passing child, bicylcle (latter blurred by time of exposure) and tramlines. A Bryant and May advertising hoarding is visible on the side wall of no. 190. p.69 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of street elevation of range of buildings in Rochester High Street entitled part of Eastgate, Rochester, demolished 1902; town pump erected 1763, taken down and re-erected 1822, showing from left to right J.H. Thomas’ City Auction Rooms (no.186), Franklin Homan, auctioneer and estate agent’s shop (no.184), private dwelling (no.182), G.E. Giles, confectioner’s shop (no.180), W. Wood’s premises (no.178) and J.T. Ogden, tailor and outfitter’s shop (no.176). Street scene showing horse trough and stone obelisk surmounted by lantern comprising city pump, shop assistants and items on display in and outside Ogden’s shop. Eastgate Series, published by W. Naylar, Rochester. Printed in Prussia *. Rear signed by W. Glanvill Mason [of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham] c.1901 p.70 (U)[* cf. Germany and Poland]

Photograph of street elevation of range of buildings in Rochester High Street entitled part of Eastgate, Rochester, demolished 1902; town pump erected 1763, taken down and re-erected 1822, showing from left to right J.H. Thomas’ City Auction Rooms (no.186), Franklin Homan, auctioneer and estate agent’s shop (no.184), private dwelling (no.182), G.E. Giles, confectioner’s shop (no.180), W. Wood’s premises (no.178) and J.T. Ogden, tailor and outfitter’s shop (no.176). Street scene showing horse trough and stone obelisk surmounted by lantern comprising city pump, shop assistants and items on display in and outside Ogden’s shop. Master for p.70 (U)

 As above. From touched-up negative. With accompanying notes by Couchman concerning location of city pump and development work in Eastgate. c.1899 x c.1902 p.70 (L)

Two receipted bills from Franklin Homan Ltd., 173 Eastgate (High Street), Rochester, house furnishers, to a Mrs. Rayner of 22 Horsley Road, Rochester in respect of satin walnut bedroom suite, wicker chair and stair carpet, settled 1918 and 1921. p.71

Two receipted bills from J.H. Thomas, The City Auction Rooms, 186 (formerly 130) High Street, Rochester, auctioneer and valuer to a Mr. and Mrs. Rayner [of 22 Horsley Road, Rochester] in respect of overmantel, fender and firebrasses, 1919 and 1921. p.72

Copy of photograph of junction of Ironmonger Lane and High Street, Rochester, looking north north east along Ironmonger Lane from point in High Street at right angles to entrance to Ironmonger Lane, showing in middle ground and distance ranges of buildings on both sides of Ironmonger Lane with Willis Brothers, pawnbrokers' shop (no.177-179 High Street) at corner in left foreground and Red Lion public house (no.181 High Street) at corner in right foreground, street scene showing bystanders, brewer's delivery cart, beer barrels and pawnbrokers' stock inside and outside window, stock including medals and rugs. The original print bears a town clerk's label indicating proposed demolition under a 1903 Act of Parliament. 6 1/42 x 4 1/4" (160mm x 111mm) c.1903 x c.1906 p.73

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester comprising view of High Street looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly east of Post Office (right foreground), showing ranges of buildings and rooflines on north and south sides of High Street as far as junction with Crow Lane (Maidstone Road) and Blue Boar Lane, individual buildings including clockwise Austin and Son, painters (no.170) (south side), junction with Almon Place, Queen Charlotte public house (no.159), H. Smith, florist's shop (no.163) and Post Office (no.165). Street scene shows cyclists, pedestrians, horse-drawn conveyances, town pump, tramlines and tram power cables. Message on rear from Min [-] to Miss Win Mountstephen, 7 Alma Road, Pennycomequick, Plymouth, Devon, discussing weather and rowing on the River Medway. Published by Ive and Lowe, Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 26 June 1917. p.74

Bill from Clift and Co., 179 High Street, Rochester, pawnbrokers, jewellers, clothiers general salesmen and agents for Liverpool, London and Globe Insurance Co. for a pocket watch, 21 December 1939. p.75Bill headed with illustrations of bull and sheep from W. Boucher of Star Hill, 126 (later 194) Eastgate, High Street, Rochester, butcher to a Mr. Mantell [of Rochester] for steak and chops, etc., July 1891. pp.76-77

Bills from W. Boucher of Star Hill, 126 (later 194) Eastgate, High Street, Rochester, butcher to a Mr. Mantell [of Rochester], July and August 1891 p.78 (U and L)

Receipted bill from J.W. Reed of 126 (later 200) High Street, Rochester, watch and clock maker, jeweller, silversmith and optician to Mr. E. Mantell [of Rochester] for a French timepiece in marble and case and bronze etc., settled 24 August 1891. p.79

Copy of photograph of junction of Star Hill and High Street, Rochester, looking eastwards towards The Star Hotel from a point in the middle of the carriageway of High Street, showing range of buildings at left on north side of High Street, identified in Couchman's notes as (left to right) H.F. Tutt and Sons, pawnbrokers (no.177-179), Home and Colonial Stores Ltd. (no.175), Owen J. Carter and Co., wine merchants (no. 173) and Maypole Dairy Co. Ltd. (no.171), street scene showing tramlines, tram power cables and poles and bystander facing camera. The continuation of High Street on left of Hotel is partly visible. 6 1/2" x 4 1/2" (160mm x 115mm). Couchman's notes indicate original was exposed 1927. p.80

Copy of photograph of The Star Hotel, 198 High Street, Rochester at the junction of High Street and Star Hill, viewed from carriageway of High Street from a point to the north west, looking south-east towards High Street and Star Hill elevations of hotel, showing roofline and ranges of buildings to left on south side of High Street (comprising E.W. Willis, watch-maker no.200; C. Macey, fruiterer no.202 and S.R. Tonkin, furniture dealer no.206) and to right on east side of Star Hill (showing new Star Hotel under construction behind scaffolding), street scene showing traffic policeman, pedestrians, woman with perambulator, tramlines, tram power poles and rear of horse-drawn conveyance in High Street heading towards Chatham. 6 1/2" x 4 1/2" (160mm x 115mm). Couchman's notes indicate original was exposed August 1927. p.81

Copy of photograph of high street elevation of The Star Hotel, 198 High Street, Rochester at the junction of High Street and Star Hill, viewed at right angles from pavement on north side of High Street at start of Chatham Intra, also showing building adjacent to left (E.W. Willis, watch-maker, no.200) and range of buildings on west side of Star Hill, street scene showing window display in watchmaker's shop, posters advertising programme for The Picture House, Chatham and The Empire, Chatham, Gillingham to Frindsbury tram, tramlines, tram power cables and poles and pedestrians. 6 1/2" x 4 1/2" (160mm x 115mm). Couchman's notes indicate original was exposed August 1927. p.81

Typescript notes by Couchman pertaining to Majestic Cinema (later Gaumont Cinema, finally Odeon Cinema) between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester 1933-1987. Compiled c.1990. p.83

Photocopy of photograph of High Street elevation of Odeon Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester, viewed diagonally from point on south side of High Street (Chatham Intra) and slightly to the east. Photographer: Kevin Wheelan. c.1930 x c.1987 p.84

Cuttings from Medway Extra comprising articles entitled helping to renew old friendships relating to reminiscences of Mrs. Gladys Rowse (formerly Farley) of Eastcourt Lane, Gillingham, former usherette at Majestic Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester in the 1930s, published 28 April 1989 and recalling the heyday of cinema, concerning wartime history of Majestic Cinema, with photograph of Doris Wilkins (later Mrs. Lambkin), usherette, erecting poster advertising re-opening of cinema after temporary two week closure (3-24 September) 1939, published 2 June 1989 p.85

Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles pertaining to history and sale of Majestic, later Odeon Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester entitled hey-dey of a picture palace with group photograph of staff c.1941 (published 8 July 1981) and Rank puts Odeon up for sale (published 9 March 1984). p.86

Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles pertaining to history and sale of Majestic, later Odeon Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester entitled Odeon could be demolished for prestige flats: homes for elderly replaces uneconomic plan for shops with photograph of main entrance published 22 August 1986 andplan for Odeon site still a secret: demolition seems likely also with photograph of main entrance, published 27 June 1986. p.87

Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled last days of the Odeon as demolition men move in: unmajestic end for the city's cinema history pertaining to Majestic, later Odeon Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester, with photographs of auditorium under demolition, High Street elevation behind scaffolding, group photograph of the Rolling Stones rock group March 1965 and poster advertising showing of Our Little Girl starring Shirley Temple, 1936, published 31 July 1987. p.88

Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled heartbreak at end of a love affair: Odeon family watches in sadness as cinema is reduced to rubble pertaining to connection of Ottaway family of Association Walk, Rochester over three generations, with photograph of Ray and Iris Ottaway seen against background Odeon Cinema of between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester, under demolition, published 14 August 1987. p.89

Three cuttings from Chatham News comprising article entitled those Majestic dancing days with photographs of Odeon Cinema between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester, under demolition and Ray Wade, bandleader with his band c.1950 x c.1955 (published 18 September 1987) and letters entitled awful end for cinema from John Larcombe, King Street, Yeovil, Somerset (published 21 August 1987) and cinema's first great night from Greg Thompson, Edgeworth Drive, Carterton, Oxfordshire (published 28 August 1987). p.90

Cutting from Medway Extra comprising group photograph of employees of Odeon Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester, at staff party in 1955 or 1956, subjects including George Tim Frewin, manager, Jimmy McClure, assistant manager, Kath Hall, Dolly and Cecil Pawson, Edna Burt, Doreen and David Smith, Sheila Thompson, Mavis Featherstone and Wally Clarke, with short accompanying article. Published 16 October 1987 p.91

Cutting from Medway Extra comprising group photograph of employees of Majestic Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester, assembled in restaurant and dance floor area on first floor, subjects including George Blackmore, fifth from left, second row, 1937. Published 7 April 1989. p.92

Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled organist recalls days at cinema (Majestic Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester) based on interview with George Blackmore, former organist at cinema, with photograph of subject in Royal Air Force (RAF) service dress uniform sitting at organ console in 1942. Published 2 June 1989. p.93

Newscuttings from Medway Extra and Chatham News comprising articles, letters and photographs pertaining to Majestic, later Odeon, Cinema, between 212 and 228 High Street, Rochester. 1984, 1987 p.94/1-2Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising photograph of High Street elevations of Red Lion public house (no.189) (left) and W. Naylar and Son, undertakers and funeral directors' shop (no.191) (right), High Street, Rochester (Chatham Intra), viewed diagonally from point in carriageway slightly to east, showing junction with Corporation Street, street scene showing funeral procession facing camera, 1910. Published 18 August 1978. p.95

Receipted bill from F.M. Ward of Rochester Paper Hangings Warehouse, 173 High Street, Rochester, plumber, painter, glazier, paper hanger and house decorator, to a Mr. Mantell of 9 Clarendon Terrace [Rochester?], for supply and installation of glass, settled 24 August 1891. p.96

Copy of photograph of mounted lancers of the 1st. (King's) Dragoons Guards heavy cavalry in campaign dress of serge coats, spiked helmets minus plumes or pillbox forage caps, valise equipment and gauntlets, en route from Colchester, Essex to Canterbury to participate in the Eastern Manouevres, heading east along Rochester High Street, looking west against direction of march, viewed from point slightly east and against background of half-timbered building at no.191, also showing range of buildings on north side of High Street to west. Accompanying notes on events and extract from letter from National Army Museum, Royal Hospital Road, Chelsea. Copy by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. 5 1/4" x 5 1/4" (135mm x 135mm) Original exposed 9 September 1896. p.97

Photocopy or microfilm printout of newspaper article entitled south eastern manouevres: troops passing through Chatham from Chatham Observer 12 September 1896, reporting troop movements in connection with army manouevres near Canterbury and Walmer, mentioning 1st. Dragoon Guards. p.98 (U)

Copy of photograph of mounted lancers of the 1st. (King's) Dragoons Guards heavy cavalry in campaign dress of serge coats, spiked helmets minus plumes or pillbox forage caps, valise equipment and gauntlets, en route from Colchester, Essex to Canterbury to participate in the Eastern Manouevres, heading east along Rochester High Street, looking east in direction of march, viewed from point slightly to west and against background of County Court Office, also showing building to left, street scene showing pedestrian, advertising placards and rain-soaked tarmacadam carriageway. 6" x 5" (150mm x 125mm). Original exposed 9 September 1896. p.98 (L)

Photograph of range of buildings in High Street, Rochester, comprising entrance to Whites Passage, Joseph Martin, second-hand clothes dealer's (no.191), Robert Smith, leather seller's (no.193), shop or private dwelling (no.195) (these three premises weatherboarded) and Hillier's Creamery (no.197), looking from a point diagonally opposite and slightly to the west, exposed in the aftermath of an all-destructive fire affecting nos.191-193, showing exposed shell of buildings, collapsed wooden timbers and damaged windows, street scene showing fire brigade hose tender and elevating ladder and debris in carriageway with civilian bystanders and fire brigade officers and crew looking at camera from pavement on north side of High Street. A dog stands in the midst of the firemen. 6" x 4 1/4" (150mm x 106mm). 9 March 1907. p.99/1

Letter from W. Glanvill Mason, Bernvale, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham to editor, Chatham News, High Street, Chatham, offering loan of photograph at p.99/1 as follow-up to an article and photograph published previously about fire at same spot. 25 September 1956 p.99/2

Letter from W. Hawkins, photograph department, Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News, 30 High Street, Chatham to W. Glanvill Mason [Bernvale, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham] thanking him for the photograph in p.99/1 above but declining to use it. [1958] p.99/3

Receipted bill from A.F. Smith, 215 High Street, Rochester, builders' merchants and electrical goods factors, to a Mr. Rayner, 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, for blue hearth tiles, cement and labour. Settled 21 December 1926 p.100Receipt from Clarke and Simmons, 212 High Street, Rochester, wireless and cycle [cf. bicycle] agents, to a Mr. Raynor [of 33 Langdon Road, Rochester] for a deposit on a Kobra [bicycle?], 21 August 1931. p.101

Receipted bill from J.H. Durrant and Son, 282 High Street, Rochester, builders, shopfitters and sanitary engineers to a Mr. Raynor, 16 Temple Gardens, Strood for supply and installation of chimney pot, settled 16 March 1926. p.102

Receipted bill from J.H. Durrant and Son, 282 High Street, Rochester, builders, shopfitters and sanitary engineer [sic] to a Mr. Raynor, 16 Temple Gardens, Strood, for clearing and repairing gutters, settled 19 June 1922 p.103

Receipted bill from E. Wetherill, 308 High Street (St. Margaret's Banks), Rochester, dentist, to a Mr. Raynor, settled 30 October 1920 p.104 (U)

Receipted bill from E. Wetherill, 308 High Street (St. Margaret's Banks), Rochester, dentist, to a Mr. Rayner [sic], settled 8 March 1919 p.104 (L)

Copy of photograph of range of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street between eastern foot of St. Margaret's Banks (right foreground) and entrance to St. Bartholomew's Terrace, with in between from left, E.M. Dowler, blind maker's premises and entrance to J. Terry's marine stores, street scene showing advertising hoardings, gas street lamp and railings alongside St. Margaret's Banks and carriageway (with scattering of horse droppings). From an original at the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, exposed in 1894. p.105.

File updated by borough archivist 10 December 2004.


Date: [c.1750] c.1840-c.1990
Quantity: 1 binder/105pp.

Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_06 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 6: Rochester Cathedral and Precincts.

[NB a collection of 35mm colour slides or transparencies of Rochester Cathedral exposed by the Harwood family of Rochester was loaned to Medway Council for scanning and publication elsewhere in this imagebase (pending). Reference to this near contemporary collection should be made for comparison.]

Cutting from unstated periodical comprising floor plan of Rochester Cathedral, naming principal spaces and identifying location of apsidal end of King Ethelbert’s church of 604. On rear, advertisement for Franklin Homan Ltd., 178 High Street (Eastgate), Rochester, auctioneer, valuer and estate agent. c.1900 p.1 (U)

Print of engraving entitled the cathedral close, Rochester looking west along close towards Deanery or Sextry Gate (middle distance) and old house of third prebend (right distance), showing north side of cathedral and Gundulf’s Tower on left and trees and wooden fence on right, street scene showing pedestrians, horse and dogs, with buttress of St. Nicholas’ Church visible through archway of Deanery Gate. c.1800 p.1 (L)

Photograph of Deanery or Sextry Gate, Cathedral Precincts, Rochester looking west along cathedral close, showing buttress of Gundulf’s Tower on left and wall at rear of old house of third prebend on right, house itself partly obscured by tree, with buttress of St. Nicholas’ Church and pedestrian visible through archway. 4 ½” x 2 ½” (110mm x 67mm) Before 1939 p.2 (U)

Photograph of arch and lower storey of Deanery or Sextry Gate, Cathedral Precincts, Rochester, viewed from position west of gate at head of Black Boy Alley, showing electric lamp mounted above arch and in distance through arch, trees in garden of old house of third prebend on left and part of Gundulf’s Tower on right. 4 ½” x 2 ½” (110mm x 67mm). Before 1939 p.2 (L) (left)

Photograph of front elevation of Deanery or Sextry Gate, Cathedral Precincts, Rochester, viewed from position west of gate at head of Black Boy Alley, showing part of old third prebend’s house at left and in distance through arch, wall at rear of house. In foreground, tarmacadam and paved surface. 4 ½” x 2 ½” (110mm x 67mm). Before 1939 p.2 (L) (right)

Print of engraving entitled Gundulph’s Tower comprising elevation of north side of Rochester Cathedral viewed diagonally from a point slightly to the east in St. Mary's Meadow at rear of old prebendal houses in High Street, showing left to right eastern transept, spire and weather vane of central tower and Gundulf’s Tower, with old third prebend’s house and upper storey of Deanery or Sextry Gate in right distance. Published by S. Hooper 1 May 1783. p.3

Print of engraving entitled Rochester Cathedral, Kent showing cathedral in distance from north-west, viewed from a point near the foot of Castle Hill, showing in foreground rough ground, ruins of castle curtain wall, fence, weather-boarded house and two bystanders. Engraved by W. Deeble from drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London 1 December 1820. p.4

Reproduction of print of engraving entitled Rochester Cathedral, north-west showing cathedral from north-west, viewed from Boley Hill, showing burial ground between north aisle wall and St. Nicholas’ Church at left, Deanery or Sextry Gate in left distance and trees in right distance. Drawn and etched by J.C. Buckler of Bermondsey, Surrey and published by him in October 1818. Modern reproduction c.1970 p.5

Postcard photograph of print reproduced in T. Fisher’s History of Rochester, 1817, comprising view of west front of Rochester Cathedral seen from Boley Hill to south-west, showing two uniformed Army officers at gateway in foreground and two pedestrians passing cathedral in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to the demolition of parts of the west front and his sources. Original print 1817, photographed c.1960 p.6

Cutting from periodical or other printed source comprising drawing entitled west front of Rochester Cathedral viewed from Boley Hill to south west. c.1860 p.7 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from north-west, looking across Boley Hill showing burial ground and fence in left middle-ground and pedestrians and cart alongside west front and fence. Drawn by Schnebbelie and engraved by A. Warren for Dr. Waghorn's Description of London. c.1800 p.7 (L)

Colour picture postcard entitled Rochester Cathedral AD 1705 > comprising view from north-west at ground level, showing line of trees and adjacent building possibly remains of bishop's palace in right distance. On rear, message from unstated author to J.H. Karn, junior, 1 Salisbury Road, Chatham, discussing walk home and addressee's giving talk on subject of keeping time. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 16 August 1906. p.8

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from north-west at ground level, showing tree and bushes in left foreground and bystander in front of west front. Engraved by [-] Lee. Couchman suggests 1833 as year of publication. p.9

Photograph of Rochester Cathedral viewed from upper floor of building at junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill to the north-west, showing in left middle-ground and distance part of St. Nicholas' Church, Deanery or Sextry Gate, Lay Folk's burial ground with vertical headstones and tiled roof and St. Nicholas' burial ground in foreground. Part of the roofline of buildings at rear of south side of Rochester High Street is visible. 10 3/4" x 8" (270mm x 205mm) Pre-1904 p.10

Reproduction of photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral and Chatham showing St. Nicholas' Church, Quaker Houses in Boley Hill, Rochester Cathedral and chapter clerk's office viewed from top of Rochester Castle keep to south-east, also showing in right middle distance east wall of priory cloister and buildings in precinct opposite Minor Canon Row and in far distance Limehouse Reach and the River Medway with faint views of the Frindsbury Peninsula, Brompton and Chatham beyond. 7 1/2" x 4 1/2" (190mm x 116mm) Couchman's notes state the photograph was exposed on 5 January 1884. p.11

Christmas card from Miss Emma Hopkins [of Rochester] to unstated recipient, bearing on front pasted-on photograph of west front of Rochester Cathedral viewed through ruined arch of window or doorway in Rochester Castle curtain wall to north-west, showing adolescent girl sitting on camera's side of arch, looking to left of camera, subject presumed sender. On rear, reproductions of two pen and ink drawings of harbour, sea, sailing vessels, rocky coast and sea gulls. Pre-1873 p.12(U)

Copy of photograph of central tower of Rochester Cathedral viewed at 45 degrees at ground level to north-west, showing part of roofs of west nave and north transept. Couchman's accompanying notes relate to alterations by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. 4" x 3" (100mm x 78mm) Original exposed after c.1876 p.12(L)

Photograph of west front of Rochester Cathedral viewed from directly opposite and across St. Nicholas' Church burial ground, showing vertical headstones and bushes in foreground. 3 1/2" x 2 1/4" (90mm x 58mm) Before 1887. p.13(U)

Reproduction of photograph of area of Rochester Cathedral precincts, viewed from Rochester Castle keep to south west, showing area extending from Chertsey's Gate at the extreme left to chapter clerk's office in right foreground, with St. Nicholas' Church and burial ground with boundary wall, cathedral, Quaker houses and Boley Hill in middle and foregrounds and roofline of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street, railway line and freight train, River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), moored sailing vessels, Frindsbury Peninsula, Chatham and Brompton in middle and far distance. c.1873 x c.1887 p.13

Photograph of part of Rochester Cathedral precincts, viewed from top of Rochester Castle keep, showing from left to right in middle and foregrounds, St. Nicholas' Church, cathedral lay folk's burial ground, St. Niucholas' burial ground with boundary wall, cathedral, Quaker houses and chapter office on Boley Hill, in right middle distance eastern range of priory cloister ruins and in left middle distance roofline of buildings on south side of Rochester High Street and in far distance The Common, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored in the river and Frindsbury Peninsula. Edward Banes, 95 Eastgate (High Street), Rochester, photographer. 7 3/4" x 6 1/8" (198mm x 115mm) c.1886 x c.1888 p.14

Reproduction of photograph of area of Rochester Cathedral precincts, viewed from top of Rochester Castle keep, comprising from left to right Chertsey's Gate, St. Nicholas' Church and burial ground with flat gravestones, cathedral, Quaker houses, chapter clerk's office and in distance from left to right, cement factories on Frindsbury Peninsula, River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), vessels moored on river, railway viaduct, The Common, Brompton, Chatham and Gillingham. Jezreel's Tower is visible on skyline. c.1900 p.15

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of north elevation of cathedral seen from Rochester High Street and looking across St. Mary's Meadow, with trees in left and right foreground. Before 1904. p.16

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from north-west at ground level, from north transept at left to west front at right, trees in foreground. On rear, message from Margaret (Mag) [-] to Miss L. Bull, Comberton, Mount Ephraim Road, Tunbridge Wells, mentioning a Mrs. Levy. Postmarked Wadhurst [Railway] Station, Sussex 6 February 1906. p.17

Reproduction of photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral from north-west viewed from ground level, showing part of St. Nicholas' Church at left, Lay Folk's burial ground and vertical gravestones and trees, lamp standards and flattened gravestones in St. Nicholas' burial ground in middle ground, with tarmacadam carriageway in foreground. c.1900 p.18

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from top of Rochester Castle keep to south west, showing in precincts from left to right Chertsey's Gate, St. Nicholas' Church, cathedral, trees in castle moat, Quaker houses in Boley Hill and in middle distance left to right, railway viaduct, The Common, cement factories on Frindsbury Peninsula, River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), moored vessels on the river and in far distance Brompton and Chatham. On rear addressed to a Miss Dexter, Kingscliffe, Lewis Avenue, Cliftonville, Margate with message on front stating nearing Sittingbourne 2.30 PM, travelling slowly onward. Dated 26 July 1902. Postmarked Canterbury 26 July 1902. p.19 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from north-west looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground and showing part of St. Nicholas' Church at left, boundary wall and railing around St. Nicholas' burial ground and part of horse-drawn vehicle at right. Message on front and rear from John C. Kell, 149 Maidstone Road, Rochester, an employee of the Naval Store Office, HM Dockyard, Chatham to a Mrs. Mason, 8 Ruskin Terrace, Byron Road, New Brompton, discussing visiting arrangements. Published by JW and S. Dated 28 November 1903. Postmarked Rochester 29 November 1903. p.19 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from north-west near foot of Castle Hill, looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground and showing bystander in front of burial ground railing, trees inside burial ground, part of St. Nicholas' Church at left and part of horse-drawn vehicle at right. c.1900 p.20 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph from same exposure as p.19 (L) above, entitled Rochester Cathedral, comprising view from north-west looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground and showing part of St. Nicholas' Church at left, boundary wall and railing around St. Nicholas' burial ground and part of horse-drawn vehicle at right. Published by JW and S. c.1902 p.20 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, north-west comprising view from north-west looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground and showing part of St. Nicholas' Church at left and boundary wall and railing around St. Nicholas' burial ground. Addressed on rear to Master Glan [i.e. Glanvill] Mason, Francombs House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, with message on front from his mother discussing postcard collecting and mentioning Dorothy (Dot) Crosby. Postmarked New Brompton 13 May 1903. p.21 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral from same exposure as p.21 (U) comprising view from north-west looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground and showing part of St. Nicholas' Church at left and boundary wall and railing around St. Nicholas' burial ground. On rear, message from Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, 2 Alma Villas, Hatherley Road, Sidcup. Published by Valentine's. Postmarked Rochester 5 May 1904. p.21 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Print from engraving entitled west doorway of Rochester Cathedral, Kent comprising view of west door from outside, also showing adjacent archways and blind arcading. Engraved by R. Roffe from a drawing by F. Mackenzie and published by Vernor, Hood and Sharpe, Poultry, London 1 February 1808. p.22

Print from engraving cut from Old England entitled principal entrance and interior of Rochester Cathedral, showing west door from exterior, architectural features comprising jamb-shafts (two containing column-figures, King Solomon (or King Henry I) on left, Queen of Sheba (or Queen Maud) on right), tympanum (depicting Christ, angels and symbols of the evangelists), five orders of radiating voussoirs, lintel (containing carvings of the twelve apostles) and blind arcading. Nave, northern arcade, triforium and clerestory and two figures visible through archway. c.1880 p.23

Reproduction of photograph of west door of Rochester Cathedral viewed from outside, showing surrounding architectural features as above, also showing iron gates. Before 1894 p.24

Reproduction of photograph of west door of Rochester Cathedral viewed from outside, showing surrounding architectural features as above, also showing closed doors, pavement and iron railings and gates. Captioned west doorway, Rochester Cathedral. c.1900 p.25

Postcard photograph entitled west door, Rochester Cathedral showing west door of Rochester Cathedral viewed from outside, viewed diagonally from a point slightly to the south, showing surrounding architectural features as above, also showing lower part of west window, closed doors, pavement and iron railings and gates. Visible to left is notice advertising Rochester Missionary Festival. Couchman's accompanying noted relate to the statues of bishops Gundulf and John, presented by the Freemasons of Kent in 1894 at time of restoration of west front. Published by Watson, The Library, Rochester. p.26 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, entrance showing west door of Rochester Cathedral viewed from outside, viewed at right angles, showing surrounding architectural features as above, also showing lower part of west window, closed doors, pavement and iron railings and gates. Message on rear from Lillian [-] to her mother Mrs. Hodges, Clanmore, Upton Road, Bexleyheath (Bexley Heath) discussing health. Published by Carl Norman and Company, London. Postmarked New Cross, London 18 October 1903. p.26 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, west front, showing elevation diagonally from point in Boley Hill slightly to south, also showing iron railings in front of west door, male figure standing in gateway, part of south wall of nave to right and trees in St. Nicholas' burial ground (left) and in right foreground. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1900 p.27 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, west front, showing elevation viewed from middle storey of building diagonally opposite and to the south, also showing iron railings at front of building, part of central tower and parts of trees in St. Nicholas' burial ground (left) and in right foreground. Published by Pictorial Stationery Ltd., London and printed in Saxony, Germany. Before 1904. p.27 (L)

Photograph of interior of nave of Rochester Cathedral looking west from choir steps, showing pews in foreground ends on to camera, chairs in distance facing camera, pulpit in right middle ground, lectern in centre middle ground, west window and wooden roof. c.1900 p.28

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Cathedral: view of the nave comprising view of nave looking west from choir steps, showing arcades, triforia and clerestory windows, wooden roof, west window and clerical figures in foreground. Engraved by J. Woods from drawing by R. Garland for Winkles’ English Cathedrals. 1838 p.29

Reproduction of photograph entitled nave, Rochester Cathedral comprising view of nave looking west from choir steps, showing arcades, triforia and clerestory windows, wooden roof, in distance west window, in middle ground chairs facing camera, lectern and pulpit and in foreground pews and chairs end on to camera. Photographer and or publisher GWW. 8” x 6” (204mm x 153mm) c.1900 p.30

Reproduction of photograph entitled choir, Rochester Cathedral, looking east viewed from east side of choir screen looking towards presbytery, showing vaulting and in foreground choir stalls, bishop’s throne (right) and north and south choir walls, in middle ground openings into east transepts, in middle distance pulpit and lectern and in distance high altar. Photographer and or publisher GWW. 8” x 6” (204mm x 153mm) c.1900 p.31

Reproduction of photograph of choir and presbytery of Rochester Cathedral viewed from east side of choir screen looking towards presbytery, showing vaulting and in foreground choir stalls, bishop’s throne (right) and north and south choir walls at left and right, in middle ground openings into east transepts, in middle distance pulpit and lectern and in distance high altar. c.1900 p.32 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled the altar, Rochester Cathedral, showing high altar with floral decorations, reredos and lower storey of presbytery wall to rear and prayer desks and mats in foreground viewed from east end of choir. Published by Valentines. c.1910 p.32 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled the choir, Rochester Cathedral showing choir and presbytery looking east from point below choir screen at west end of stalls on north side of choir (i.e. diagonally), also showing bishop’s throne (right), vaulting, in middle ground openings into east transepts, in middle distance pulpit and in distance high altar and reredos. c.1910 p.33 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled the reredos, Rochester Cathedral comprising view of sculpted scene of The Last Supper. Before 1914. p.33 (L)

Postcard photograph comprising view of presbytery, high altar and reredos of Rochester Cathedral, looking east from point several yards to west, showing floral decorations on altar, frame-mounted foliage decorations on altar steps, first storey of wall and in foreground prayer desks on mats. On rear, part of message from man to his sweetheart, dated 22 May 1913. (Message continued at p.45 below) p.34

Postcard photograph entitled bishop’s throne, Rochester Cathedral showing Gothic revival style oak throne, coats of arms inside canopy, part of choir stalls and part of south wall of choir to rear, viewed from a point diagonally to the east from steps leading to presbytery. c.1910 p.35 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral Choir showing choir and presbytery looking east from point below choir screen at west end of stalls on north side of choir (i.e. diagonally), also showing bishop’s throne (right), vaulting, in middle ground opening into south east transept, in middle distance pulpit (left) and in distance high altar and reredos. On rear, message from unnamed sender to Master G. Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing visit to theatre, proposed visit to Hippodrome and printing of programmes for a tableaux. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 13 January 1906. p.35 (L)

Reproduction of photograph of nave, choir steps, organ screen and organ pipes looking east from centre of nave, also showing wooden roof, arcades, triforia and clerestory windows, chairs in foreground and achievement of arms positioned on choir screen beneath organ. Couchman’s accompanying notes state that the arms were sold at auction for £46 by Walter and Randall, auctioneers on 19 November 1975, having in the interim been owned by Hopkins family and W. Glanvill Mason. Original exposed before 1878. p.36

Cuttings from The Daily Telegraph comprising obituary notice for John Hopkins, organist of Rochester Cathedral and master of choristers 1856-1900, died 27 August 1900. 29 August 1900. p.37

Cutting from Rochester and Chatham Journal [?] comprising report on unveiling of tablet commemorating John Hopkins, organist of Rochester Cathedral and master of choristers 1856-1900. 1 November 1901. p.38 (left)

Copy of photograph of John Hopkins Mus. Bac. (Cantab), organist of Rochester Cathedral and master of choristers 1856-1900, showing three-quarter length view of subject sitting and facing camera with book in hand. Original exposed c.1885. p.38 (right)

Cutting from Chatham News comprising report on unveiling of tablet commemorating John Hopkins, organist of Rochester Cathedral and master of choristers 1856-1900. 2 November 1901. p.39

Postcard photograph of choir (foreground) and choir screen, organ loft and organ pipes (middle ground) looking west from point slightly to south of centre of steps leading to presbytery, also showing vaulting, wooden roof of nave, part of nave glimpsed through choir screen and in foreground lectern. c.1905 p.40

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, choir, west 1894 comprising view of choir (foreground) and choir screen, organ loft and organ pipes (middle ground) looking west from point slightly to north of centre of steps leading to presbytery, also showing bishop’s throne (left), vaulting, wooden roof of nave and in foreground dais and eagle lectern. On rear, message from Charles (Charlie) H[-] to L. Golds Esq., Amberley, The Bridle Road, Purley, Surrey. Postmarked Rochester 20 September 1913 *. p.41

[* NB Couchman’s accompanying caption erroneously states 1920]

Print of engraving entitled interior of Rochester Cathedral (looking down the north aisle of the nave, from the steps leading to St. William[of Perth]’s Chapel), Kent comprising view as described, looking west and showing in left foreground three-quarters view of tomb of Hamo of Hythe. Engraved by J. Roffe from a drawing by T. Fisher for The Beauties of England and Wales published by Vernor, Hood and Sharpe, Poultry, London 1 July 1806. p.42

Reproduction of photograph of stone choir screen of niches and statues and organ loft looking east from centre of nave, also showing Lent altar in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to erection and unveiling of choir screen in commemoration of Very Rev. Robert Scott DD, Dean of Rochester 1888-1890. 6” x 4 ½” (150mm x 112mm) Original exposed after 1890. p.43

Postcard photograph entitled choir screen, Rochester Cathedral comprising view looking east from nave, also showing organ loft. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the statues in the niches, left to right, St. Andrew after whom pre-Reformation cathedral was dedicated, King Ethelbert of Kent, Bishop Justus of Rochester, St. Paulinus, Bishop Gundulf of Rochester, William de Hoo [St. Werburgh], Prior of Rochester, Bishop William de Merton of Rochester and Bishop Thomas Fisher of Rochester. Published by Valentine's. c.1910 x c.1920 p.44 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Reproduction of photograph of stone choir screen of niches and statues and organ loft looking east from centre of nave and from point slightly to south of centre, also showing choir stalls in foreground and steps to choir in middle ground. Original exposed c.1920 p.44 (L)

Postcard photograph comprising view of choir steps looking east from nave, choir screen, organ loft, vaulting over choir and organ pipes, with choir stalls in nave in foreground. On rear message forming continuation of message in p.34 above, mentioning a funeral and our adventures at Cobham, message dated 22 May 1913. p.45

Postcard photograph comprising view of nave, looking east towards choir steps, choir screen and organ loft, also showing arcades, triforia and clerestory windows, wooden roof over nave, font in right foreground and chairs (arranged transversely) and choir stalls in nave and north nave aisle. On rear, message from MMG to a Mrs. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup concerning visiting arrangements. Postmarked Sidcup 30 August 1901. p.46 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, choir west looking west from presbytery towards choir screen and organ loft, showing openings of east transepts in middle ground, bishop’s throne in left middle ground, pulpit in right middle ground, tomb in right foreground and lectern in centre aisle. On rear, message from Lillian [-] to her mother, a Mrs. Hodges, Clanmore, Upton Road, Bexleyheath (Bexley Heath) discussing visiting arrangements. Published by Arts and Crafts, Rochester. Postmarked New Cross, London, 16 July 1909. p.46 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, arches in nave comprising view of north arcade, triforium and clerestory looking diagonally from south west corner of nave, showing chairs arranged transversely in nave, mural tablets on north aisle wall and pulpit in right distance. c.1910 p.47

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, the choir comprising view of choir looking west from presbytery towards choir screen and organ loft (in middle distance), showing choir stalls in fore and middle grounds, lectern in centre aisle, bishop’s throne in left middle distance, pulpit in right middle ground and vaulting. Message on rear from Charlotte [?] (Lotts) [-] to Miss Millicent (Milly) Hopkins, 145 Livingstone Road, Gillingham, offering the season’ greetings. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Composed 31 December 1907 and postmarked Rochester 1 January 1908. p.48 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral choir west comprising longitudinal view of presbytery (foreground), choir and choir vaulting (middle ground), choir screen and organ loft (middle distance) and wooden nave roof (distance) looking west from presbytery, also showing seating in presbytery, choir stalls, bishop's throne (left), pulpit (right), openings of eastern transepts and eagle lectern and podium. Published by Carl Norman and Co., London. c.1910 p.48 (L)

Reproduction of photograph of figurative medieval (13th. century) wall painting or fresco representing the Wheel of Fortune, depicting figure of Fortune rotating wheel from outside, two other male figures ascending inside wheel clockwise and figure of king at top of wheel, as preserved on north-east pier of choir or Rochester Cathedral. Exposed c.1962 p.49

Reproduction of photograph entitled nave, Rochester Cathedral, looking east comprising view of nave, looking east towards choir steps, choir screen and organ loft, also showing arcades, triforia and clerestory windows, wooden roof over nave, font in right foreground and chairs (arranged transversely), choir stalls in nave and north nave aisle and wall memorial in right nave aisle. Published or photographed by GWW. c.1901 p.50

Printed reproduction of end elevation, section and front elevation drawings of nave stalls, Rochester Cathedral, by J.P. Seddon, architect, Westminster, Middlesex. Originals c.1850 x c.1890. Published source not attributed but c.1900 p.51

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising exterior view from north-west, seen from point near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill, showing in middle and foregrounds from left to right, part of St. Nicholas' Church, St. Nicholas' burial ground, catalpa tree, lamp standard and fence, cathedral lay folk's burial ground and partly weatherboarded building at corner of Castle Hill and Boley Hill, with two youths and bicycle in front of St. Nicholas' burial ground facing camera. c.1910 p.52 (U)

Colour picture postcard entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising exterior view from north-west, seen from point near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill, showing in middle and foregrounds from left to right, part of St. Nicholas' Church, St. Nicholas' burial ground, catalpa tree, lamp standard and fence and cathedral lay folk's burial ground. Message from AES to F. Shrubsole, [-] Sherard Street, Leicester. Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester and postmarked Rochester 23 December 1904. p.52 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising exterior view from north west seen from point near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill, looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground, showing from left to right part of St. Nicholas' Church, cathedral, lay folk's burial ground and St. Nicholas' burial ground, lamp standard, catalpa tree and fence. Message on rear from Alice [-] to Mrs. Gunderson, 3 Priory Road, Heyworth Street, Everton, Liverpool, Lancashire, concerning visit by addressee's mother, composed and postmarked Southport, Lancashire 6 October 1909. Published by Frith, Christian Novels series. p.53 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of cathedral from top of Rochester Castle keep looking east towards River Medway in distance, showing in foreground left to right Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), Chertsey's Gate, St. Nicholas' Church, St. Nicholas' burial ground, Quaker houses in Boley Hill, cathedral in middle ground, and in distance, left to right, railway viaduct, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored in river, Frindsbury Peninsula, factories on peninsula and beyond peninsula Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham. Message on rear from Emma [?] (Em) [-] of 5 King Edward Road [Rochester?] to Mrs. F.W. Hodges, Clanmoor [sic,] Upton Road, Bexleyheath (Bexley Heath), mentioning a visit to a Mrs. Pym. Postmarked Rochester 7 September 1909. p.53 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cathedral and St. Nicholas' Church, Rochester comprising view of cathedral from top of Rochester Castle keep looking east towards River Medway in distance, showing in foreground left to right Chertsey's Gate, St. Nicholas' Church, St. Nicholas' burial ground, Quaker houses in Boley Hill, cathedral, deanery and third (formerly fourth) prebend's house in middle ground, and in distance, left to right, railway viaduct, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored in river, Frindsbury Peninsula, factories on peninsula and beyond peninsula Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham. Published by Valentine. Couchman's accompanying notes pertain to Thomas Hellyar Foord funding of new cathedral spire. After 1904 p.54 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cathedral and St. Nicholas' Church, Rochester comprising view of cathedral from top of Rochester Castle keep looking east towards River Medway in distance, showing in foreground left to right Chertsey's Gate, St. Nicholas' Church, St. Nicholas' burial ground, Quaker houses in Boley Hill, cathedral, deanery and third (formerly fourth) prebend's house in middle ground, and in distance, left to right, railway viaduct, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored in river, Frindsbury Peninsula, factories on peninsula and beyond peninsula Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham. Published by Harmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. p.54 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of cathedral from top of Rochester Castle keep looking east towards River Medway in distance, showing in foreground left to right St. Nicholas' Church, cathedral and deanery middle ground, and in distance, left to right, railway viaduct, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored in river, Frindsbury Peninsula, factories on peninsula and beyond peninsula Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham. Message on rear from M. H[opkins] [i.e. Hopkins], 14 Star Hill, Rochester to a Mr. and Mrs. Mason wishing happy Christmas and new year. 24 December [-]. Published by Albert E. Ash, Cathedral Bookstore, Rochester. c.1915 p.55 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled exterior, Rochester Cathedral comprising view of cathedral from middle-upper levels of Rochester Castle keep looking east towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground, left to right, part of St. Nicholas' Church, in middle ground cathedral and deanery and in distance, left to right, railway viaduct, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored in river, Frindsbury Peninsula, factories on peninsula and beyond peninsula Brompton and Chatham. After 1904. p.55 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising exterior view from north-west, seen from point near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill, showing in middle and foregrounds from left to right, part of St. Nicholas' Church, St. Nicholas' burial ground, catalpa tree, lamp standard and fence and cathedral lay folk's burial ground (middle distance). On rear, message from Maud, James (Jimmy) and Kitty [?] [-] to Miss N. Wilding, 18 Bramcote Road, Putney, London SW15 mentioning visit to Strood. Published by W.B. Hill, 7 Brompton Lane, Strood. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 2 June 1921. p.56 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral from the castle comprising view of cathedral precincts looking east from castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground left to right, St. Nicholas’ Church, St. Nicholas’ burial ground, cathedral, Quaker houses on Boley Hill, in middle distance at right deanery and third (formerly fourth) prebend’s house and in distance left to right railway line, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), factories on Frindsbury Peninsula, Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham. On rear, message to Mrs. W.G. Mason, 7 Railway Street, Chatham concerning travel arrangements. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 20 September 1922. p.56 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, north-west comprising exterior view from north west seen from point near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill, looking across St. Nicholas' burial ground, showing from left to right part of St. Nicholas' Church, cathedral, lay folk's burial ground and St. Nicholas' burial ground, lamp standard, dead tree, catalpa tree and fence. Published by Valentine. c.1920 p.57 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill looking north-west across Boley Hill (formerly King’s Head Lane) and St. Nicholas' burial ground towards cathedral, showing left to right part of St. Nicholas' Church at left, boundary wall and railing around St. Nicholas' burial ground, lamp standard and catalpa tree and part of horse-drawn vehicle at right. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate photo series, Rochester. c.1914 x c.1920 p.57 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of cathedral looking east from castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground Quaker houses and chapter clerk’s office on Boley Hill, in middle ground cathedral, in middle distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), railway line, wharves, tops of buildings on both sides of Rochester High Street and in distance left to right Royal Marines Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, HM Gun Wharf, and Town Hall (all Chatham) and Royal Navy Chatham Division memorial on Great Lines, Gillingham. Published by Valentine. c.1930 p.58 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of cathedral precincts looking east from castle keep, showing in foreground left to right, St. Nicholas’ Church, St. Nicholas’ burial ground, cathedral, Quaker houses and chapter clerk’s office on Boley Hill, in middle distance right deanery and third (formerly fourth) prebend’s house and in distance left to right railway line, wharves, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), factories on Frindsbury Peninsula, Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham, much of view partly obscured by smoke and low cloud. Message on rear to a Mr and Mrs. Vaughan, 60 Haberdasher Street, Hoxton, London N., discussing visiting arrangements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 10 May 1915. p.58 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view from near junction of Castle Hill and Boley Hill looking north-west across Boley Hill (formerly King’s Head Lane) and St. Nicholas' burial ground towards cathedral, showing in foreground left to right St. Nicholas' burial ground, lamp standard and trees including catalpa tree and part of horse-drawn vehicle at right, left to right lay folk’s burial ground in middle ground and cathedral and chapter clerk’s office in background. Published by C. Richter (Publishers) Ltd., London NW6. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to the felling of the trees apart from the catalpa tree on Monday 27 July 1987. c.1950 p.59 (U/M)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of cathedral precincts looking east from Rochester Castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground part of parapet of keep, in middle ground Quaker houses and chapter clerk’s office on Boley Hill, in middle distance Corn Exchange, buildings in Rochester High Street, St. Nicholas’ Church, St. Nicholas’ burial ground, cathedral, deanery and cloisters and in distance, left to right, railway line, wharves, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), vessels moored on river, factories on Frindsbury Peninsula, Chatham Reach, Brompton and Chatham. Published by Shoesmith and Etheridge Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. c.1960 p.59 (L)

Photograph comprising view of Rochester Cathedral looking east from top of Rochester Castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground Quaker houses and chapter clerk’s office on Boley Hill, in middle distance cathedral and in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), Frindsbury Peninsula, vessels moored on river, St. Mary's Church, Chatham and Rats Bay, Chatham. 5 1/2" x 3 1/4" (135mm x 85mm) c.1920 p.60 (U)

Photograph comprising view of Rochester Cathedral looking east through loophole in Rochester Castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), Frindsbury Peninsula, lighters moored on river with Chatham hidden by haze. 3 1/4" x 2 1/4" (82mm x 57mm) c.1920 x c.1939 p.60 (L) (left)

Photograph comprising view of Rochester Cathedral looking east from top of Rochester Castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground Quaker houses and chapter clerk’s office on Boley Hill, in middle distance cathedral and in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), Frindsbury Peninsula, lighters moored on river, St. Mary's Church, Chatham and Rats Bay, Chatham. 3 1/4" x 2 1/4" (82mm x 57mm) c.1920 x c.1939 p.60 (L) (right)

Photograph of west front of Rochester Cathedral looking north-east from point near chapter clerk's office at corner of Boley Hill and The Precinct, showing railings along west front and boundary wall and railing of part of St. Nicholas' burial ground in left foreground. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1925 p.61 (U) (left)

Photograph comprising view of Rochester Cathedral looking east from middle level of Rochester Castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in foreground roofs of Quaker houses and chapter clerk’s office on Boley Hill, in middle distance cathedral and in distance stretch of North Downs between Brompton and Chatham. 2 3/4" x 1 3/4" (70mm x 44mm) Before 1939 p.61 (U) (right)

Photograph of south side of Rochester Cathedral looking north east from point near junction of Minor Canon Row and The Precinct towards main south transept, showing parts of nave either side and central tower, with pedestrian walking towards camera. 3 1/4" x 2 1/4" (85mm x 60mm) c.1925 p.61 (L) (left)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral (west door) looking north-east from point near chapter clerk's office at corner of Boley Hill and The Precinct, showing railings in front of west door and tree and boundary wall of part of St. Nicholas' burial ground. A bicycle is shown parked in between the burial ground and west door. Published by C. Richter (Publishers) Ltd., London NW6. After 1945 p.61 (L) (right)

Colour postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising view of Rochester Cathedral looking east from top of Rochester Castle keep towards North Downs in distance, showing in right foreground chapter clerk’s office at junction of The Precinct and Boley Hill, in middle distance left to right roofs of buildings in Rochester High Street, St. Nicholas’ Church and cathedral and in distance railway line, wharves, River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Frindsbury Peninsula, Brompton, St. Mary's Church, Chatham and Rats Bay, Chatham. Published by J. Salmon Ltd., Sevenoaks. c.1964 p.62
[Published on CityArk by kind permission of Mr. Charles Salmon of J. Salmon Ltd.]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral comprising aerial view of Rochester Cathedral and environs looking north-west from point above The Vines, showing in foreground left to right King’s School, Minor Canon Row, third (formerly fourth) prebend’s house, cloisters, cathedral office, deanery, in middle ground Quaker houses on Boley Hill and cathedral and in distance Castle Theatre, Bridge House (City Café), Guildhall, Northgate, Corn Exchange, railway viaduct, Corporation Street, Sir John Hayward’s Almshouses and Rochester Market. A good view of High Street upper storey shop frontages is afforded. Published by Valentine and Sons Ltd., Dundee, Angus, Scotland and London. Before 1932 p.63

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled cathedral from High Street, Rochester comprising view looking south-west from site of Market Cross across boundary wall, entrance steps and railing of war memorial garden (formerly St. Mary’s Meadow) in foreground towards war memorial in middle ground and cathedral in distance. Published by Pelham. c.1937 p.64 (U)

Postcard reproduction of painting entitled Rochester Cathedral from the north comprising view looking south-west from site of Market Cross across St. Mary’s Meadow in foreground towards cathedral in background, showing gardener in left middle ground. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons, oilette series. Before 1922. p.64 (L)

Notepaper bearing printed letter heading comprising reproduction of engraving entitled Rochester Cathedral showing west front of cathedral viewed from west across Boley Hill, showing men and women, latter in crinolines, alongside fence running left to right in foreground and west front of cathedral, showing railings at end of St. Nicholas’ burial ground and to south of west front. Published by Kershaw and Son, London. c.1850 p.65

Notepaper bearing printed letter heading comprising reproduction of engraving entitled interior of Rochester Cathedral showing nave looking east towards choir screen and organ loft, showing vaulting in choir, arcades, triforia and clerestory windows in nave and lay persons in middle ground. Published by JS and Co. c.1850 p.66

Photograph of door of chapter room or house, viewed from south-eastern transept, showing Decorated sculptural surround comprising figures under tabernacle work, leaf crockets and diapered background. 3 ½” x 2” (85mm x 53mm) c.1900 p.67 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled memorial to Dean Hole in Rochester Cathedral comprising side view of effigy and base of monument to Samuel Reynolds Hole DD, Dean of Rochester, looking from nave towards south west corner of south nave aisle, showing inscription tablet on side of base, floral tribute on base steps and in background mural tablets erected to memory of Charles Dickens and Richard Watts. On rear, message from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, Penhorns [sic] House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, mentioning recent unveiling of Hole’s memorial. Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 19 October 1906 *. p.67 (L)

[NB Couchman’s accompanying notes erroneously state 12 October 1906]

Photograph of top of chapter house or room door, Rochester Cathedral, viewed from south-eastern transept, showing Decorated sculptural surround comprising figures under tabernacle work and door carving. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 63mm) c.1900 p.68 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled the chapter door, Rochester Cathedral comprising view of door of chapter room or house looking from south-eastern transept, showing Decorated sculptural surround comprising figures under tabernacle work, leaf crockets and diapered background. c.1912 p.68 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral: chapter house door comprising view of door of chapter room or house looking from south-eastern transept, showing Decorated sculptural surround comprising figures under tabernacle work, leaf crockets and diapered background. Bordered with representation of picture frame. On rear, message from George [-] to Miss Annie Thomas, 34 West Street, Faversham, discussing travelling arrangements. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire, photographic publishers. Postmarked Rochester 8 November 1912 p.69

[See also DE402/5 p.34]

Photograph of memorial to Dean Hole in Rochester Cathedral comprising side view of effigy and base of monument to Samuel Reynolds Hole DD, Dean of Rochester, looking from nave away from south west corner of south nave aisle, showing inscription tablet on side of base, floral tribute on base steps and in background mural tablets erected to memory of Charles Dickens and Richard Watts. 6 1/2" x 4 1/2" (160mm x 115mm) Original exposed after 1906 p.70

Testimonial from Samuel Reynolds Hole DD, Dean of Rochester, in favour of William Prall towards latter's application for the post of Official Receiver in Bankruptcy, 1 November 1895. p.71

Postcard photograph entitled the late Mr. Miles, Old Tope in Edwin Drood comprising full-length portrait of William Miles, sub-sacrist and verger of Rochester Cathedral, viewed at iron gates at west door, shown looking to left of camera and dressed in gown and holding wand of office. Published by Arts and Crafts, Rochester and printed in Saxony, Germany. Couchman's accompanying notes relate to Miles' career and inspiration of character of Tope in Charles Dickens' novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood before 1900 p.72

Postcard photograph of group of ecclesiastical dignitaries, representatives of Watts' Charity and several poor travellers, assembled in south transept of Rochester Cathedral on occasion of laying of wreath commemorating 350th. anniversary of founding of Richard Watts' Charity (1579). The group stands behind Watts' grave and in front of eastern-most pier of south aisle, facing camera. South aisle of nave visible in left distance and nave and north arcade visible diagonally in right distance. The group includes G.L. King, bishop of Rochester, D. Tait, archdeacon of Rochester, Reginald Thomas Talbot, dean of Rochester, J. Levett, dean's verger, Alderman E.W. Willis, mayor of Rochester and nurses from Watts' Charity. One poor traveller is kneeling to lay wreath. 24 December 1929. p.73 (U)

Postcard photograph of group of ecclesiastical dignitaries, representatives of Watts' Charity and Watts' Charity nursing service, assembled in south transept of Rochester Cathedral on occasion of laying of wreath commemorating 350th. anniversary of founding of Richard Watts' Charity (1579). The group stands behind Watts' grave and in front of eastern-most pier of south aisle, facing camera. South aisle of nave visible in left distance and nave and north arcade visible diagonally in right distance. The group comprises the same subjects as p.73 (U) above except for several clerics and the poor travellers. A woman, possibly a nurse, is kneeling to lay wreath. 24 December 1929. p.73 (L)

Postcard photograph of procession on occasion of Foreign Mission Festival meeting at Rochester Cathedral on 3 July 1908, looking towards Chertsey's Gate from point midway along passage between St. Nicholas' burial ground (left) and cathedral west front (right), showing in foreground two lay officers bearing wands of office tipped with pennants labelled Rochester 604 at head of procession, clergy in following in column in background, railings of burial ground at left and west front of cathedral on right. On rear, message from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, Penhorns [sic] House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire. Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester. Postmarked Chatham 21 July 1908. p.74

Postcard photograph entitled Royal Engineers’ parade, Rochester, April 1911 comprising view of street scene in Rochester High Street, looking from first floor window of building opposite St. Mary’s Meadow westwards or diagonally across High Street towards Phoenix beer retailer’s shop (no.76) and range of buildings westwards, showing procession mainly of civilians with some uniformed soldiers interspersed among them walking towards camera, with crowds of onlookers either side of road. Also showing tramlines, shop signs, tram power poles, lamp standards and iron railings alongside St. Mary’s Meadow. 23 April 1911 p.75 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Royal Engineers’ parade, Rochester Cathedral, April 1911 comprising view of street scene in Rochester High Street, looking from first floor window of building opposite St. Mary’s Meadow westwards or diagonally across High Street towards Phoenix beer retailer’s shop (no.76) and range of buildings westwards, showing procession mainly of civilians with some uniformed soldiers interspersed among them walking towards camera, with crowds of onlookers either side of road. Also showing tramlines, shop signs, tram power poles, lamp standards and iron railings alongside St. Mary’s Meadow. This exposure was taken seconds before p.75 (U) above, shows some individuals present in the other scene in different positions and places and is taken from a slightly different angle looking more southwards, showing a little more of St. Mary’s Meadow. 23 April 1911 p.75 (L)

Reproduction of photograph of east wall of cloisters of former St. Andrew’s Priory, Rochester, looking southwards from apex of south side of chapter house roof down onto ruined arcading of wall at right angles, at a declination of about 45 degrees, showing remains of old chapter house in left middle ground, building at rear of deanery in middle distance with tiled footpath and rose bushes running parallel at right. Original exposed c.1930 p.76 (U)

Reproduction of photograph of cloisters of former St. Andrew’s Priory, Rochester, looking southwards from junction of roofs of nave and main south transept down onto gardens at a declination of about 45 degrees, showing, left to right, rood of south east or minor transept in foreground, east wall of cloisters in middle distance, in background rear of buildings on north side of Minor Canon Row, in middle ground third (formerly fourth) prebend’s house and in foreground pinnacle of gable of main south transept. Trees and bushes are visible in cloister court area. Original exposed c.1930 p.76 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, ruins of chapter house and cloister, built 1080[sic] comprising view of east wall or arcading of former St. Andrew’s Priory, Rochester, looking north-east across cloister garden, showing end of cathedral presbytery in left background and rear of deanery in middle and right background. On rear, message from John Trimblett [?] to his mother Mrs. Trimblett [?], 1 Gordon Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex, thanking her for brawn and describing weather and stating there are a lot of troops going from here to the front each day this week. There will be 90,000 in all. Composed 9 February 1915 and postmarked London WC 10 February 1915. Published by H. Brothers. p.77

Reproduction of photograph of cathedral lay folk’s burial ground, Boley Hill, Rochester, looking north-west from cathedral central tower at a declination of about 45 degrees, showing parts of nave and main north transept roofs in foreground, gravestones, gate and railings of lay folk’s burial ground in middle ground and exterior of south nave aisle of St. Nicholas’ Church, part of St. Nicholas’ burial ground with railing and section of Boley Hill in background. 5 3/4" x 3 3/4 (148mm x 96mm) Original exposed c.1930 p.78

Reproduction of photograph of Rochester Castle, the River Medway and Strood looking west-north-west from central tower of Rochester Cathedral, showing in foreground pinnacles of west front, roof of nave and pinnacle of south-west angle turret, in middle ground Quaker and other houses in Boley Hill and castle moat, in middle distance castle keep, curtain wall, bandstand and castle gardens and in distance River Medway, pleasure vessels and sailing barge, Temple Marsh, Janes' Creek and Winget Factory in Strood Intra. 5 3/4" x 3 3/4 (148mm x 96mm) Original exposed after 1931. p.78 (L)

Reproduction of photograph of Old Bishop's Palace looking north-east from episcopal precinct across garden towards south side of building, showing brick and weatherboarded lean-tos at right angles to building and spire of cathedral central tower in distance behind roof. 6 1/4" x 4 1/4" (153mm x 110mm) Original exposed c.1931 p.79

Print of engraving entitled the Prior's Gate, Rochester, Kent comprising view looking south-west through archway of Priory Gate, showing cobbled carriageway, vaulting and bottom of St. Margaret's Street in distance, with two men and dog in middle ground. Engraved by J. Greig from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published 1 December 1820 by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London. p.80 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Priory Gate looking north-east along Precinct road leading to and through Priory Gate, Precinct, Rochester, showing ivy growing above entrance arch, trees and bushes overhanging walls at right angles to camera and in right background rear of Minor Canon Row, with three young men in suits walking through archway in middle ground, backs to camera and child walking out of view in right foreground. On rear, message from Louie [-] to Miss Elsie Walton, Vaughanlea, Wellesley Road, Gunnersbury, London SW, asking for list of domestic economy lessons. Postmarked Rochester 14 January 1906. Probably exposed pre-1904. p.80 (L)

Photograph of Prior's Gate, Precinct, Rochester under snow, looking north-east along Precinct road leading to and through gateway, showing walls at right angles to camera in middle ground, rear of Minor Canon Row in right middle distance and top of cathedral central tower above gateway in distance. 4" x 2 3/4" (100mm x 70mm) Before 1904. p.81 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Priory Gate looking north-east along Precinct road leading to and through Priory Gate, Precinct, Rochester, showing ivy growing above entrance arch, trees and bushes overhanging walls at right angles to camera, in right background rear of Minor Canon Row and in distance top of cathedral central tower. On rear, message from Jess [-] to Miss Katie Hopkins, 14 Star Hill, Rochester, discussing visiting arrangements. Exposed before 1904. Postmarked Gravesend 14 November 1920. p.81 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Prior's Gate, Rochester comprising view of gateway looking north-east along Precinct road leading to and through Priory Gate, Precinct, Rochester, showing ivy growing above entrance arch, trees and bushes overhanging wall at right angles to camera at left, corner pinnacle of cathedral central tower in distance behind gateway and part of end of Minor Canon Row in right middle ground. Exposed before 1904. p.82 (U)

Photograph of Prior's Gate and rear of Minor Canon Row, looking north from position slightly to east of junction of St. Margaret's Street and Precinct road, showing trees overhanging wall in episcopal precinct in left middle ground, ivy growing above archway, trees in Minor Canon Row gardens and in distance cathedral central tower. Three people are walking from archway towards camera. 6 1/4" x 4 1/2" (158mm x 114mm) c.1920 p.82 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Priory Gate, Rochester comprising view of gateway looking north from Precinct road, showing buildings and tree in episcopal precinct behind wall in left background, garden wall of Minor Canon Row in right foreground, women with perambulators and children in middle ground walking towards camera, rear of Minor Canon Row in right background and cathedral central tower in distance behind gateway. On rear, message from Auntie Jessy [-] to Dorothy (Dot) and Glanvill (Glan) [W. Mason] [Rochester?], thanking them for their birthday wishes. c.1904 p.83(U)

Postcard photograph entitled Prior's Gate, Rochester comprising view of range of buildings at southern end of episcopal precinct (left foreground), gateway and walls at junction of St. Margaret's Street and Precinct road, viewed from bottom of St. Margaret's Street, showing trees in episcopal precinct, rear of Minor Canon Row in right distance and central tower, choir and presbytery roofs and upper portions of main and east transept of cathedral in far distance. A bus stop and lamp standard are present in right foreground and a motor car beyond the gateway in the Precinct road. Published by Shoesmith and Etheridge Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. c.1930 p.83 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Priory Gate, Rochester comprising view of buildings at southern end of episcopal precinct (left foreground), Precinct road leading to gateway at right angles to camera in middle ground and rear of Minor Canon Row and garden wall of Minor Canon Row (right middle ground and foreground), showing ivy on gateway and spire of cathedral central tower in distance behind gateway. Superimposed in bottom left corner is coat of arms of Rochester City Council. Published by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester, Milton series and printed in Germany. c.1904 p.84 (U)

Heavily touched-up tinted postcard photograph entitled Priory Gate, Rochester comprising view of buildings at southern end of episcopal precinct (left foreground), Precinct road leading to gateway at right angles to camera in middle ground and rear of Minor Canon Row and garden wall of Minor Canon Row (right middle ground and foreground), showing ivy on gateway and spire of cathedral central tower in distance behind gateway. On rear, message from Katie [-] to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, offering Christmas wishes. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 21 December 1905. p.84 (L)

Photograph of Prior's Gate and rear of Minor Canon Row, Precincts, Rochester, looking north-east, showing trees overhanging wall in episcopal precinct in left middle ground, bushes and small trees in Minor Canon Row gardens and in distance behind gateway cathedral central tower. 2 1/2" x 2 1/2" (60mm x 60mm) Before 1939 p.85 (U)

Photograph of Prior's Gate and end of rear of Minor Canon Row, Precincts, Rochester, looking north-east, showing trees overhanging wall in episcopal precinct in left middle ground and in distance behind gateway cathedral central tower. 3 1/4" x 2 1/4" (80mm x 55mm) Before 1939 p.85 (L) (left)

Photograph of part of south (main) transept of Rochester Cathedral and part of third (formerly fourth) prebend's house viewed through Prior's Gate during heavy rain, looking along Precinct road, showing wooden post, darkened interior of gateway and large rain puddle in foreground and parked motor car and two male pedestrians with umbrellas in middle ground, backs to camera. Pre-1938 p.85 (L) (right)

Postcard photograph entitled South Gate, Rochester [sic] comprising view of Prior's Gate, Precinct, Rochester, looking south-west from Precinct road through archway towards bottom of St. Margaret's Street, showing in foreground woman pushing perambulator with back to camera, wooden lean-to and trees overhanging episcopal precinct wall and in distance Stephen Downs, confectioner and tobacconist's shop, 4 St. Margaret's Street. c.1920 p.86

Photograph of central tower of Rochester Cathedral and eastern end of rear of Minor Canon Row, viewed from east side of Precinct road at a point between second and fifth prebends' houses, showing trees, woman walking dog and turning into road at rear of Minor Canon Row at left, building and ground in right foreground in heavy shadow. 2 1/2" x 1 5/8" (63mm x 41mm) Before 1939. p.87(U) (left)

Photograph of central tower of Rochester Cathedral and eastern end of rear of Minor Canon Row, viewed from west side of Precinct road at a point between second and fifth prebends' houses, showing trees. 3 1/4" x 2 1/4" (82mm x 57mm) Before 1939. p.87(U) (right)

Reproduction of photograph entitled The Precincts, Rochester comprising view of central tower of Rochester Cathedral and eastern end of rear of Minor Canon Row, viewed from west side of Precinct road at a point between second and fifth prebends' houses, showing trees and lamp standard, whole scene under snow. 4 1/2" x 4" (100mm x 116mm) Couchman's notes state the photograph was exposed at Christmas 1909. p.87 (L)

Photograph of Minor Canon Row from rear and main south transept and central tower of Rochester Cathedral, viewed from south from east side of Precinct road at a point between second and fifth prebends' houses, showing trees, boundary wall of episcopal precinct and man with bicycle in middle ground and castle keep in left distance. 5 3/8" x 3 3/8" (136mm x 86mm) c.January x c.March 1947 p.88 (U)

Photograph of Minor Canon Corner, Precincts, Rochester, looking north from middle of Precinct road from point between second and fifth prebend's houses towards rear of east end of Minor Canon Row, showing shrubbery and trees in left foreground and middle ground central tower and spire and presbytery of cathedral in distance. Typed notes on rear pertaining to Charles Dickens' novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood and attribution to Mason Collection. 6 1/2" x 4 3/4" (167mm x 120mm) c.1905 p.88 (L)

Photograph of the Deanery, Precincts, Rochester, looking across garden lawn from south-east, showing shrubberies and trees in fore- and middle grounds and central tower of cathedral in distance. 3 1/4" x 2 1/4" (84mm x 57mm) c.1900 p.89 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Deanery, Rochester looking across garden lawn from south-east, showing shrubberies, trees and benches in fore- and middle grounds and cathedral in background, with man standing in clerical garb and woman companion sitting in garden chair in left foreground. Message on rear from Katie [-] to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, 2 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, hoping the fogs haven't given you the cold. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 18 November 1904. p.89 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Deanery, Rochester looking across garden lawn from south-east, showing shrubberies and trees in fore- and middle grounds and cathedral in background. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester. c.1910 x c.1920 p.90 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled The Deanery, Rochester looking across garden lawn from south-east, showing shrubberies, half-barrel planters and trees in fore- and middle grounds, latticing against Deanery and cathedral in background. c.1920 p.90 (L)

Certificate of admission of Henry Frank Rayner to membership of Church of England Men's Society, Rochester Cathedral Branch, signed by Thomas Crick, dean of Rochester, illustrated with representation of St. Oswald, king of Northumbria. 4 February 1945 p.91

Photocopy of section of publication by Friends of Rochester Cathedral bearing their badge, a shell. Couchman's accompanying notes pertain to the badge's origin in pilgrimage. c.1980 p.92 (U)

Newscutting from Chatham News comprising captioned group photograph of members of Rochester Cathedral Ladies' Guild with nave altar carpet knitted by them. 4 April 1952 p.92 (L)

Three-quarters length photograph of HRH Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, wearing twin-set of light dress and matching short-sleeved, cardigan type top, standing in open at side of brick building and staircase, resting her right forearm on iron balustrade and looking to left of camera. Photographer: Cecil Beaton. Published by Friends of Rochester Cathedral, of whom subject was patron. c.1960 p.93
[Permission to reproduce this has been withheld by the opyright owners, Camera Press Ltd., 21 Queen Elizabeth Street, London SE1 2PD]

File updated by borough archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: 1783-c.1980 [1987]
Quantity: 1 volume/93pp.

Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_07 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 7: Rochester Castle Part I (topographical and architectural).

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle keep in right middle ground and Rochester Cathedral in left distance, looking from north-west, showing two onlookers with backs to artist in foreground, rough ground between artist and keep and wooden fence leading from keep towards castle curtain wall in middle distance. Publication from which removed not stated. Engraved by Metcalf. c.1760 p.1 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep viewed from Strood Intra, looking across River Medway, showing rowing boat on river in foreground and Rochester Cathedral in distance. From Gentleman’s Magazine December 1772. p.1 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle in Kent Plate II; published according to Act of Parliament by Alexander Hogg, no.16 Paternoster Row[London], comprising view of castle bailey or grounds looking south from Castle Hill, showing keep in left middle ground, curtain wall in left and right middle distance, roof of Satis House in distance and group of agricultural labourers, child, dog and cattle in foreground. Engraved by M. Coote. Possibly removed from New British Traveller; or, a Complete Modern Universal Display of Great-Britain and Ireland (London 1784) or Antiquities of England and Wales c.1786 [?] p.2

Printed plan of Rochester Castle showing Boley Hill, keep, curtain wall and towers and putative site of barbican. c.1900 Source not stated. p.3 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent Plate 2 comprising view of castle bailey or grounds looking south from Castle Hill, showing keep in left middle ground, curtain wall in left and right middle distance, roof of Satis House in distance two onlookers, backs to artist, in foreground. Drawn by Godfrey and published by S. Hooper 25 August 1784. p.3 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent Plate 1 comprising view of Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep viewed from Strood Intra, looking across River Medway, showing buildings at junction of West Gate and High Street, Rochester in left distance, Rochester Bridge in left middle ground, Rochester Cathedral in distance, Satis House and Ladbury’s Cottage in right distance and rowing boats, one laden with cargo, on river in foreground. Published by S. Hooper 25 August 1784. p.4

Print from engraving entitled Rochester: Henry IV Part I Act II Scene I comprising view of Rochester Castle looking north-east from the cricket ground, showing buildings at junction of West Gate and High Street, Rochester in left distance, curtain wall in middle ground and castle keep, exaggerated representation of Quaker houses in Boley Hill and spire of Rochester Cathedral in distance and Ladbury’s Quay and Cottage, grounded boats and foreshore of River Medway in foreground. Drawn by F. Grosse esq., engraved by Birrell and published by E. Harding, 132 Fleet Street, London, 1 June 1790. p.5

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view looking south-west from Castle Ditch, showing yard, wagons and outbuildings in foreground, castle curtain wall and mural towers in middle ground and castle keep in distance. Drawn by S. Prout, engraved by S. Greig and published by W. Clarke, New Bond Street and J. Carpenter, Old Bond Street, for Antiquarian and Topographical Cabinet 1 January 1811. p.6 (U)

Print from engraving entitled sally-port in the north-west angle of Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view looking south-east from point near junction of Castle Hill and West Gate, showing north-west bastion of castle curtain wall in middle ground, remains of water tower in foreground and steps to castle bailey or grounds in left middle ground, with two miniaturised onlookers in right foreground. Drawn by T. Fisher, engraved by S. Rawle and published by I. Asperne, 32 Cornhill, London 1 April 1811. p.6 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view looking from Strood Intra across River Medway towards Rochester Castle, showing left to right, Rochester Cathedral central tower, castle grounds and curtain wall and castle keep, group of three people on opposite foreshore of River Medway in middle distance, river in middle ground and quay, barge and barge handlers in foreground. Drawn by J. Loch, engraved by Hay and published by John Harris, St. Paul’s Church Yard, London, for The Beauties of England and Wales 1 March 1819. p.7

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view of Rochester Castle looking south-east from Rochester Bridge, showing left to right, north-west bastion, castle curtain wall, castle keep, gazebos, in middle ground river foreshore and Ladbury’s Quay and Cottage, Medway valley in right distance and in foreground sailing boat in River Medway. Drawn by H. Gastineau, engraved by J. Greig and published Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London for Excursions through Kent 1 July 1820. p.8 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle from the bridge comprising view of Rochester Castle keep and north-west bastion, curtain wall, promontory and River Medway foreshore, showing gazebo on promontory, three sailing boats and attendants on shoreline and Ladbury’s Cottage in right distance. Drawn by W. Westall ARA, engraved by James Fife and published by Charles Tilt, 86 Fleet Street, London 1829. p.8 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising semi-rural scene above River Medway and south of Rochester Castle, showing in distance, left to right, windmills on Frindsbury Hill, houses and warehouses in Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge, river and castle keep, trees in middle ground and women agricultural workers milking cows, wooden fence and style in foreground. Drawn and engraved by C. Marshall and W. Henshall. c.1800 p.9

Tinted print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising semi-rural scene above River Medway and south of Rochester Castle, showing in distance, left to right, windmills on Frindsbury Hill, houses and warehouses in Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge, river and castle keep, trees in middle ground and women agricultural workers milking cows, wooden fence and style in foreground. Drawn and engraved by C. Marshall and W. Henshall. From same engraving as p.10 above. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest 1829 as date of publication. p.10

Print from engraving entitled west view of the City of Rochester and to Ralph Bernal esq., MP for Rochester, an admirer and patron of embellished literature and the fine arts, this plate is inscribed by the editor comprising view of Rochester looking from Strood Intra, showing in middle distance and distance from left to right Rochester Bridge, buildings at junction of West Gate and High Street, Rochester, castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep and Satis House, and in middle ground and foreground on River Medway and on Strood foreshore, flat-fishermen and oyster dredgermen and sailing boats of the Rochester Oyster and Floating Fishery. Fires are burning on the opposite bank of the river. Drawn by G.F. Robson, engraved by W. Smith and published by J. Britton, Burton Street, London 1 November 1826. p.11

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester looking from Strood Intra, showing in middle distance and distance from left to right Rochester Cathedral, castle curtain wall, castle keep and part of Satis House, in middle distance Rochester foreshore of River Medway, Rochester Bathing Establishment and boat builder’s yard, rowing boats on the river and in left foreground Dredging Boat Inn, Strood Intra. Drawn by G.F. Sargent and engraved by H. Adlard. Plate 28, unstated publication. c.1836 p.12

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle from the river comprising view of Rochester looking from Strood Intra or point aboard vessel in River Medway, showing in distance Rochester Cathedral, castle curtain wall and castle keep and in middle distance Rochester Bathing Establishment. c.1840 p.13 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle: the keep with its entrance tower comprising view of keep looking from north-west, showing sight-seers entering keep, fore-building and trees and bushes in foreground. c.1850 p.13 (L)

Copy of photograph of Rochester looking from Strood Intra, showing from left to right castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, gazebos above castle curtain wall, castle keep, Rochester Bathing Establishment and Satis House. From an original at the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. c.1850 x c.1856 p.14

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle and the new public gardens comprising view looking south across castle gardens towards keep, showing crowds gathering around bandstand in right middle ground and banner flying from north-west corner tower of keep, on occasion of opening of castle gardens to public on 3 July 1872. From Supplement to Illustrated London News 13 July 1872 p.41. p.15

Photocopy of printed drawing or engraving from unstated publication depicting scene on occasion of ceremony and announcement by alderman J.G. Naylor, mayor of Rochester, of Rochester City Council’s purchase of Rochester Castle, 24 October 1883, comprising scene of members and officers of the corporation standing in bandstand in castle gardens in middle ground with crowd of onlookers and police constables in foreground, middle ground and distance, umbrellas in use. Original 1883. p.16 (U)

Photocopy of printed drawing or engraving from unstated publication depicting scene on occasion of municipal procession through Rochester High Street following dedication ceremony for the purchase of Rochester Castle by Rochester City Council [24 October 1883?], showing column of mace bearers, members and of officers of the corporation headed by police constables bearing tipstaves, heading towards artist, with Guildhall and range of buildings on north side of High Street between Guildhall and Bridge House in background and crowds of onlookers on both sides of High Street. Entitled the procession passing the Guildhall after the dedication cermony. Original 27 October 1883 [?]. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to reproduction of same or similar illustrations in newspapers in 1883 and 1920. p.16 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle gardens and keep looking along south along the long walk towards the keep in right distance and showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance, bushes and trees lining walk and gardener’s wheelbarrow in left foreground. 3 ½” x 2” (87mm x 42mm) Before November 1897. p.17 (U)

Photograph of Quaker houses, castle ditch, rear of King’s Head public hotel and St. Nicholas’ burial ground, viewed from tower of St. Nicholas’ Church, also showing Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep in background. 2 ½” x 2 ¼” (73mm x 56mm) c.1861 p.17 (M)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing shrubs and trees either side of walk. 3 ¼” x 2” (85mm x 55mm) (Before November 1897 p.17 (L)

Print from engraving or pen and ink drawing entitled Rochester Castle and grounds as a public park probably cut from Illustrated London News, comprising view of castle grounds and keep looking south-east at angle across long walk, showing bandstand in right middle ground, strollers, children playing football, benches and trees. Drawn by F. Watkins. [1897] p.18

Cutting from a London periodical comprising reproduction of photograph captioned the keep, Rochester Castle comprising view of keep looking south along long walk, showing benches, bushes and trees alongside walk and part of bandstand in right foreground. Photographer: Meisenbach. Before 1897. p.19

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and long walk comprising view of castle keep looking south along long walk (lined with benches), showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance and benches, trees, bushes and seated visitors to castle grounds, one possibly a nanny with twin babies in her lap. On rear, message from Auntie to Master Cyril Martin, 15 Crab Tree Lane, Fulham, London SW. Postmarked Lincolnshire 8 April 1905. Published by Frith. Exposed before November 1897. p.20 (U)

Reproduction of photograph of Rochester Castle keep and castle gardens looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. Exposed before November 1897. p.20 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. Exposed before November 1897. p.21 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. Pictorial Stationery Co. Ltd. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Exposed before November 1897. p.21 (L)

Christmas greetings card bearing photograph of Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. With message from Glanville W. Mason (Glan) to Dorothy (Dot). 25 December 1910. Print measures 2 5/8” x 1 5/8” (65mm x 41mm) p.22 (

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising three-quarters view Crimean War * cannon and iron carriage mounted on plinth at end of long walk in castle gardens, seen from front and to the right, showing trees, bushes and benches in background. Couchman's notes relate to the origin, movements and custody of the cannon. The text on the plaque mounted on the front of the carriage is clearly visible. After 1897. p23

[* cf. Russia, Ukraine]

Reproduction of photograph entitled Rochester Castle showing Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy and the Rochester City Council banner is flying from the north-west corner tower. The Crimean War cannon and plinth are visible in the long walk in the middle distance. After 1897. p.24

Reproduction of photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Jubilee Memorial comprising view Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches alongside walk, bandstand in right middle ground, jubilee memorial in left middle ground and steps leading from Esplanade into castle gardens in foreground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy and the Rochester City Council banner is flying from the north-west corner tower. After 1897. p.25

Photograph of Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial at head of long walk in Rochester Castle gardens, looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk, castle keep in right distance partly covered in ivy, Crimean War cannon in middle distance, memorial in left foreground surrounded by iron railing and three youths or boys also in left foreground, one dressed in military style uniform of bandsman, looking at memorial or camera. Notes on rear by W. Glanville Mason about Wat Tyler’s Rebellion of 1331 and Rochester Castle. After 1897. 3 1/8” x 2 6/8” (80mm x 71mm) p.26

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Gardens looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are shown partly covered in ivy and numerous strollers and visitors are present in the long walk and sitting on benches. A perambulator is visible in right foreground. Message on rear from W. Glanvill Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire to Stanley (Stan) H. Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham. Valentine’s Series. Postmarked Hertford [?] 6 April 1904. p.27 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Gardens looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are seen partly covered in ivy, the Queen Victoria 1887 Jubilee memorial and surrounding railing are in left foreground and numerous visitors are strolling along long walk or sitting on benches. The cathedral central tower is visible in left distance. Valentine’s series. Message on front from Stanley (Stan) Mason and mother to Master Glanvill (Glan) Mason, Francombs House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing family matters. Postmarked New Brompton 2 April 190[-] c.1905 p.27 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and jubilee memorial looking south towards castle keep along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches on either side of walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are seen partly covered in ivy, the Queen Victoria 1887 Jubilee memorial and surrounding railing are in left foreground and numerous visitors are strolling along long walk or sitting on benches. The Crimean War cannon is visible in middle distance. Message on rear from W. Glanvill (Glan) Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, mentioning a local railway journey in which he had as a travelling companion a soldier wounded at the Battle of Mons, Belgium (August 1914). Published by Chester Vaughan. Postmarked Rochester 5 October 1914. Exposed c.1910 p.28 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and grounds looking south from north-west corner of castle curtain wall towards castle keep along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches on either side of walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. Also showing left to right Rochester Cathedral, eastern castle curtain wall, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial, long walk, Crimean War cannon, castle keep and bandstand. Numerous strollers and visitors are present in the scene, many sitting on benches. Message on rear from Michael Rothney to his father G.A.J. Rothney esq., Pembury, 1 Tudor Road, Upper Norwood, London SE, discussing night drapery, visit to Strood (Stroud) and Rochester and relations. Valentine’s series. Postmarked Gillingham 14 May 1917. p.28 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled castle and gardens, Rochester comprising view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in distance, also showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance, benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, bandstand in middle ground at right, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk and Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings in left foreground, with visitors sitting on benches and two girls minding perambulator in foreground. Exposed c.1911 Message on rear from G[-] and W[-] to Mr. and Mrs. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Strood describing a railway journey. Postmarked Birmingham, Warwickshire 14 April 1925. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester. p.29 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled jubilee memorial, cathedral, castle and gardens, Rochester comprising cropped copy of p.29 (U) above i.e. view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in distance with banner flying from north-west angle tower, also showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance, benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, bandstand in middle ground at right, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk and Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings in left foreground, with visitors sitting on benches and two girls minding perambulator in foreground. Keep appears re-touched. Exposed c.1911. On rear, message from unstated author to Miss E.M. Cole, 133 St. Julian’s Farm Road, West Norwood, London SE. Postmarked Rochester 20 June 1912. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester. p.29 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and gardens comprising view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in right distance, showing benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, visitors sitting on benches and strollers in long walk, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk and in left foreground Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings. On rear, message from J. and S. [Mason?] of 49 Byron Road, Gillingham to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, inviting her to stay. Postmarked Gillingham 21 October 1906. p.30 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle, jubilee and [sic] memorial comprising view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in right distance, showing in left distance central tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral, benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, visitors sitting on benches and strollers in long walk, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk, bandstand in middle ground at right and in left Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings. c.1911 p.30 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and grounds comprising view of castle grounds looking from position to right of north-east staircase, looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing in distance from left to right, Liberal Club, Rochester Cathedral and castle curtain wall, in middle ground from left to right trees, shrubs, bushes, long walk lined with benches and visitors, Crimean War cannon and roof of bandstand and in foreground left to right group of three attendants or groundsmen in coats and badged caps looking at camera, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial (minus finial) and iron railings, waste basket, child on scooter and German* First World War light field gun mounted on round concrete or stone plinth. c.1919 x c.1931 p.31 (U)

[* cf. Germany]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, Castle and gardens comprising view of castle grounds looking south east from point opposite junction of long walk and path leading to north-east corner of curtain wall, showing in distance from left to right Rochester Cathedral, castle curtain wall and keep, trees, bushes and shrubs, long walk, benches and Crimean War canon, in middle ground and in foreground left to right, benches, group of three children looking at camera, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial (minus finial and upper stage), iron railings and waste basket. Published by Kingsway. c.1919 x c.1931 p.31 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Castle, Rochester comprising view of castle grounds looking south east along long walk towards castle keep, showing trees, bushes, shrubs and benches alongside long walk, Crimean War cannon and feral pigeons at far end of long walk and Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings in left foreground, with strollers in long walk and visitors sitting on benches. Before 1931. p.32 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Castle grounds comprising view of castle grounds looking south east along long walk towards castle keep, showing in distance castle keep with Union Flag or Jack flying from north-west angle tower, in middle ground from left to right tree, long walk lined with benches and chairs, several strollers and visitors present, some standing or crouching among feral pigeons, and bandstand and in foreground remnant of Queen Victoria's 1887 jubilee memorial (minus railings), waste basket and base of First World War German light field gun (missing). Photocrom Ltd., Graphic Studios, Tunbridge Wells. c.1950 p.32 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk in distance, male visitor in cloth cap feeding peacock and feral pigeons and bandstand in right middle ground. The City of Rochester banner is flying from north-west angle tower of keep and city coat f arms is depicted in bottom right corner. Milton Series, published by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. c.1912 p.33

Photograph looking north-west across Rochester Castle grounds under snow, showing from left to right, long walk running from left middle ground to centre distance lined with chairs and benches, bandstand, trees, remnant of Queen Victoria's 1887 jubilee memorial, boundary fence alongside Castle Hill and buildings on Castle Hill. Also visible in distance, Rochester Bridge and Strood. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (145mm x 95mm) c.1931 x c.1939 p.34 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Bandstand, Castle gardens comprising view of Rochester castle grounds under snow looking from point adjacent to west side of long walk north-west towards bandstand, showing benches, shrubs, bushes and trees. c.1909 p.34(L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle gardens under snow, looking south along long walk, showing castle keep in distance, Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk, two visitors or groundsmen walking along long walk towards camera, long walk lined with benches, bandstand and trees on right side of long walk and part of iron railing of Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial in left foreground. 5 3/8” x 3 3/8” (136mm x 87mm) Before 1939. p.35 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle gardens under snow, looking south across lawn area towards north face of castle keep, showing trees in middle ground and left and right distance. 5 3/8” x 3 3/8” (136mm x 87mm) Before 1939. p.35 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk in distance, visitors sitting on benches, several women with perambulators, feral pigeons in long walk, part of iron railings of Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial in left foreground and bandstand in right middle ground. Message on rear from Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] to Mrs. [J.W.] Hodges, 2 Alma Villas, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, reporting death of dean of Rochester [Samuel Reynolds Hole] and the weather. Postmarked Rochester 1 September 1904. p.36 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing in left foreground and middle ground long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches and visitors sitting on benches, Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk, bandstand in right middle ground and in right foreground male spectators standing at or gathered near terrace wall overlooking Rochester Esplanade. On rear, message from unnamed author to Miss G. Cooper, 64 London Road, West Croydon, Surrey, wishing her many happy returns. J. Hook series. Postmarked Croydon, Surrey 9 June 1911. p.36(L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, viewed from half way along long walk, showing in left foreground and middle ground long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, strollers in long walk and visitors sitting on benches and Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk. Published by JW and S. c.1904 p.37 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, viewed from half way along long walk, showing in left foreground and middle ground long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, strollers in long walk and visitors sitting on benches, several with perambulators, and Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk with part of bandstand visible in right middle ground. Message on rear, from Edith [-] to Mr. W. J. Read, 1 Mousehold Street, Norwich, Norfolk. Published by Arts and Crafts, Rochester, V and S Ltd. Postmarked 5 October 1912. p.37 (L)

Copy of photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle grounds under snow, looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing trees, bushes and shrubs in middle ground, long walk lined with benches, Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. The long walk has been cleared of snow down the middle. Original exposed 1909. p.38 (left)

Copy of photograph entitled Castle Gardens and Cathedral comprising view of Rochester Castle grounds under snow, looking south-east and diagonally across long walk towards Rochester Cathedral in distance, showing trees, shrubs and bushes in middle ground and section of long walk in foreground. Original exposed 1909 [?] p.38 (right)

Photocopy of newscutting from Chatham Observer of 13 November 1913 comprising group photograph entitled the mayor’s mulberry tree, planted in honour of Alderman Charles Willis showing men, women and children standing around newly planted sapling at south-west end of Rochester Castle grounds, mostly facing camera, individuals including alderman Charles Willis, mayor of Rochester in mayoral regalia, Francis Oman, mace bearer, Mrs. Charles Willis and Apsley Kennette, town clerk in gown and wig. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to position of tree (near Baker’s Walk gateway) Willis’ involvement in education and destruction of tree by the Great Hurricane on 16 October 1987. p.39

Photocopy of newscutting from Chatham Observer of 13 November 1913 comprising group photograph entitled watching the tree planting: a crowd of juvenile spectators showing crowd of onlookers facing camera in Rochester Castle grounds against background of inside of castle western curtain wall, on occasion of planting of tree by Charles Willis as p.39 above. p.40

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Gardens comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south along long walk, showing strollers and feral pigeons in long walk, lines of benches, trees, shrubs and bushes and in right foreground waste basket and please keep of the grass sign. On rear, message from Elizabeth (Lizzie) [-] of 12 Cranbrook Park, Ilford, Essex to a Miss May [?] Kempster, 23 Mansfield Road, Ilford, Essex, discussing health and visiting arrangements. Published by Hartmann. Postmarked Ilford, Essex 23 January 1910. p.41 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester comprising view of Rochester Cathedral and Castle and adjoining areas looking at right angles across River Medway at Bridge reach from Strood Intra, showing from left to right, Moat House, Castle Hill, entrance and staircase to castle gardens from Esplanade, castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, top of bandstand in castle grounds, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths and Satis House or Whitefriars. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Before 1904. p.41

[For similar views, please see Couchman collection volume 3]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south along long walk, showing Crimean War cannon at far end of walk, strollers, children and feral pigeons in walk and benches, trees, shrubs and bushes alongside walk and several women visitors minding perambulators. A please keep of the grass sign is visible in right foreground. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Before 1914. p.42 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west across castle grounds towards castle keep, showing inside of eastern curtain wall in left distance and trees, bushes and shrubs in intervening spaces. On rear, message from Kathleen and Robin [-] to Miss L. Wright, 7a Yerbury Road, Tufnell park, London N., describing holiday in Rochester and asking if the war is affecting business. Postmarked Rochester 19 August 1914. Published by Charles Leonard and Sons, Rochester. p.42 (L)

Tinted and bordered postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south towards castle keep along long walk, ivy on keep walls, trees, shrubs, bushes and benches alongside walk, strollers and feral pigeons in walk and visitors sitting on benches, some minding perambulators, and Crimean War cannon near far end of walk. On rear, message from E. and Rene Burnell to a Mrs. Cox, 54 William Street, Rainham, discussing travelling arrangements. Published by Valentine. Postmarked Chatham. After 1910. p.43(U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west across castle grounds towards castle keep, showing inside of eastern curtain wall in left distance and trees, bushes, shrubs and flower beds in intervening spaces. On rear, message from Lily [-] to Miss Mary or Minnie (Min) Bright, 2 Morley Road, Plaistow Road, West Ham, London E., discussing difficult geography examination. Published by Kingsway. Postmarked Rochester 2 December 1913. p.43 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and gardens comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south towards castle keep along long walk, showing trees, bushes, shrubs and benches alongside walk, Crimean War cannon at far end of walk and visitors sitting on becnhes, several minding perambulators. In right foreground, First World War German * light field gun mounted on concrete plinth. On rear, message from Albert (Bert) Appleton to his father C.G. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood, discussing recreational activities and sport. Postmarked Selly Oak, Birmingham, Warwickshire 12 August 1931. p.44 (U)

[* cf. Germany]

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-east from inside western section of curtain wall showing in left distance Rochester Cathedral, eastern section of curtain wall and trees and ushes, in middle ground long walk lined with benches with one stroller present and in right foreground flower bed and tree. Published by Valentine. After 1931. p.44 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west towards castle keep and bandstand, showing from left to right long walk lined with benches, strollers and visitors, Crimean War cannon at far end, trees, bushes, shrubs and bandstand in right middle ground, walkway between bandstand and at far right western curtain wall with visitors sitting on benches in walkway and spectators looking out over wall of terrace gardens. On rear, message from or concerning H.P. Hussey Esq., secretary RUKB Association, Aldine House, 13 Bedford Street, Strand, London WC2. Exposed before 1919. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 23 August 1926. p.45 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west towards castle keep and bandstand, showing from left to right long walk lined with benches, strollers visitors and feral pigeons, Crimean War cannon at far end and at camera end First World War German light field gun mounted on concrete plinth, trees, bushes, shrubs and bandstand, walkway between bandstand and western curtain wall with benches and sitting visitor and terrace gardens. On rear, message from Winifred (Winnie) [-] about learning French [cf. France] and German [cf. Germany]. Published by Valentine. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the German gun, stated to have been captured in Goulet Wood, Vimy Ridge, Artois/Pas-de-Calais, France on 9 April 1917, given a naval deck mounting and used by the Merchant Navy against submarines c.1917-c.1918 before being erected in Rochester Castle Gardens in 1919. c.1931 x c.1939. p.45 (L)

Reproduction of pen and ink drawing of Rochester Castle gardens viewed from castle keep, looking north-west towards bandstand in middle ground, entrance staircase leading up from Esplanade and Rochester Bridge in middle distance, showing in far distance commercial buildings in Strood Intra and windmills on Frindsbury Hill, namely The Great Mill and The Little Mill. Also visible in castle gardens are sections of northern and western castle curtain walls and shrubberies, trees, long walk, strollers and benches. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to demolition of bandstand in 1961. p.46 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Castle gardens, Rochester: feeding the pigeons comprising view of bandstand looking north-west across long walk, showing visitors sitting on benches alongside walkway at right angles to camera in middle ground and in bandstand, several minding perambulators of feeding feral pigeons. On rear, message from C.H. to Miss A. Jenner, near police station, Mount Road, Clive Dale [cf. Clivedale], Hastings, Sussex. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the building, opening and purchase of the bandstand 1871-1883. Postmarked Chatham 29 April 1907. p.46 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Terraces, Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south along terraced gardens and walkways between western section of castle curtain wall and castle gardens, showing in distance, castle keep, section of curtain wall and Watts’ Charitt Swimming Baths and the River Medway. On rear, message from Kate [-] to a Miss Hodges, 71 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, discussing visits to Upnor and Southend, Essex. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Couchman’s notes pertain to building and opening of terraces 1905-1906. Postmarked Chatham 20 June 1907. p.47 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, the terrace, castle gardens comprising view of area between western castle curtain wall and outer bailey looking south-south-west with photographer’s back to nort-west bastion, showing in distance left to right, keep, roof of bandstand and western curtain wall and in middle and foregrounds trees, bushes and visitors sitting on benches or looking over lower wall. Published by Photocrom Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. c.1930 p.47 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south from north-west bastion across outer bailey towards castle keep, showing in distance left to right, Rochester Cathedral, keep and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial, trees and shrubs, long walk lined with benches, bandstand, junction with outer walkway and visitors and in right foreground terraces, benches, visitors and spectators. On rear, message from unnamed author to Miss Mabel Stalkartt, 75 Victoria Road South, Southsea, Hampshire thanking her for a pretty card sent to her baby. Published by Valentine. Postmarked Gillingham 16 July 1909. p.48 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south from north-west bastion across outer bailey towards castle keep, showing in distance left to right, keep and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right, trees and shrubs, long walk lined with benches, junction with outer walkway and visitors, in right middle distance Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths and in right foreground terraces, benches, visitors and spectators. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1911 p.48 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Terraces, Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south from north-west bastion towards castle keep, showing in distance left to right, keep and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right, trees and shrubs, part of long walk lined with benches, junction with outer walkway, latter also lined with benches and visitors, bandstand and in right foreground terraces, shrubberies, benches, visitors and spectators. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. c.1919 p.49

Reproduction [?] of photograph of Rochester Castle viewed from the west front of Rochester Cathedral, looking west across Castle Ditch towards castle keep, showing in foreground buildings in Castle Ditch, in middle ground eastern curtain wall and square mural tower, in middle distance left to right southern section of curtain wall, keep, outer bailey or castle gardens and section of long walk lined with benches and western curtain wall and in far distance River Medway, Temple Marsh (Strood) and Strood Hill. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (148mm x 96mm). Original exposed c.1920 p.50

Print from engraving entitled part of the interior of the keep, Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view of interior of keep at second i.e. principal floor level, looking west at 45 degree angle across northern portion of keep towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall, showing Norman arcading in cross-wall. Engraved by W. Deeble from drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London 1 February 1820. p.51 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled interior, Rochester Castle comprising comprising view of interior of keep at second i.e. principal floor level, looking west (i.e. at 45 degree angle) across northern portion of keep towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep, showing Norman arcading in cross-wall. On rear, message from Louise and Annie [-] [?] to Miss L. Miller, Law Cottage, Upper Largo, Fife, Scotland (North Britain) mentioning outing to Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 17 July 1905. p.51 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, entrance to the keep comprising interior view of first floor of keep looking south-west though arched entrance towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep beyond, showing floorboarded area and part of arcaded second level. From Illustrated London News published 6 August 1853. p.52

Print from engraving entitled interior of the remains of the upper story of Rochester Castle comprising view looking west towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep beyond. c.1860 p.53

Print from engraving entitled window discovered in Rochester Castle 1899 comprising detail of embrasure containing two lights. Drawn by F. Stone, printed by C.F. Kell and Son. c.1899 p.54

Print from engraving entitled entrance of Rochester Castle comprising view of exterior of forebuilding looking north-east up staircase towards Norman arch, showing gardener with spade resting against wall in left foreground. c.1800 p.55 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle: the keep with its entrance tower comprising view of keep looking south, showing visitors climbing ramp to entrance and trees and bushes in middle ground. c.1850 p.55 (L)

Colour print entitled The Castle Gardens, Rochester comprising view of castle gardens looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing in background keep with City of Rochester banner flying from north-west angle tower, in middle ground strollers in walkway, walkway lined with benches and trees and in foreground governess and children with feral pigeons. Signed Myrbach. c.1890 p.56

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle, the keep comprising view of keep and castle gardens looking south from position to east of long walk, showing in middle-ground trees, bushes and shrubs and in foreground tree and flower beds. On rear, message from M.A.M. [?] to a Mrs. Southgate, 8 Felbrigge Road, Three Kings, Essex, discussing travel arrangements and health. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 17 January 1920. Exposed before 1914 [?] p.57 (U)

[Mutilated]

Postcard photograph entitled The Castle, Rochester comprising view of keep and curtain wall looking west across Boley Hill, St. Nicholas’ burial ground and Castle Ditch from roof of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill, showing square mural tower in right middle distance. On rear, message from C.R. to Mr. and Mrs. W.G. Mason, Pension Cosmopolite *, 14 Rue des Tonnelliers [?] **, Bruges, Belgium, discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Rochester/Chatham 31 August 1923. p.57 (L)

[* The borough archivist is advised by the City of Bruges Tourist Office the hotel is now named hotel Memling;

** Tonnelliers is the former name of the street, now named Kuipersstraat, as advised by the City of Bruges Tourist Office. The spelling given by the author of the postcard does not appear to conform to this exactly but is presumed corrupt. See image.]

Postcard photograph entitled interior, Rochester Castle comprising view of interior of keep at second i.e. principal floor level looking west across northern portion of keep at 45 degree angle towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep, showing Norman arcading in cross-wall. On rear, message from Glanvill W. Mason to Miss Dot (L.) Moss, c/o Mrs. Connor, 15 Bath Road, Dartford, concerning travel arrangements. Published by Baldwin and Son, 6a. High Street, Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 30 April 1915. p.58 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep and gardens looking south-east from point near terrace wall, showing bushes, shrubs and trees in fore and middle grounds and keep partly covered in ivy, walkway and two please keep of the grass signs. Mason Collection. 6 1/2" x 4 3/4" (163mm x 120mm) p.58 (L)

Photograph of north-east angle turret and eastern battlement parapet of Rochester Castle keep, looking east from point on western wall-walk near south-west angle tower, showing interior of third stage of keep, two youths in formal dress on wall-walk and in distance tower of Rochester Cathedral. Note on rear to effect cathedral tower as appears was re-modelled by the architect Cottingham. 3 7/8" x 2 3/4" (100mm x 72mm) Before 1904. p.59 (U)

Photograph of interior of Rochester Castle keep, looking west across northern portion of keep at second or principal floor level at 45 degree angle towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep, showing three bays of Norman arcading in cross-wall and part of interior of eastern wall. 6" x 4 1/4" (150mm x 115mm) c.1900 p.59 (L)

Photograph of interior of Rochester Castle keep at second or principal floor level, looking west across northern portion of keep at 45 degree angle towards cross-wall, showing two bays of Norman arcading in cross-wall and three feral pigeons or doves perched at different points. Mason Collection. 6 3/8" 4 3/4" (160mm x 120mm) c.1930 p.60

Postcard photograph entitled Norman keep, Rochester Castle comprising view of interior of Rochester Castle keep at second or principal floor level, looking west across northern portion of keep at 45 degree angle, showing four bays of Norman arcading in cross-wall in middle-ground, northern portion of west wall directly ahead, part of south wall in left background and iron railing on parapet of west wall. Published by Valentine. c.1930 p.61 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photograph of northern portion of interior of Rochester Castle keep at third level looking north-west, showing part of cross-wall at left, north wall at right and west wall directly ahead. Photographer W. Glanvill Mason. Mason Collection. 6 3/8" x 4 5/8" (160mm x 117mm) c.1930 p.61 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge with Rochester Cathedral in background, looking south-east across outer bailey or castle gardens from point near centre of outer bailey, showing trees, bushes and shrubs in middle-ground. 3 3/4" x 2 1/4" (97mm x 58mm) Before 1904. p.62 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the keeper's lodge, Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, covered with ivy, looking south-east across outer bailey or castle gardens from point between centre of outer bailey and curtain wall, showing trees, bushes and shrubs in middle-ground, summer house in left middle-ground, porch to lodge and Rochester Cathedral in distance. On rear, message from Margaret (Maggie) [-] to Mrs. W.J. Hodges, 2 Hatherly Villas, Hatherly Road, Sidcup, offering many happy returns of the day. Couchman's accompanying notes pertain to city council providing summer house in 1897. Postmarked Rochester 27 September 1904. p.62 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking south-east from point between centre of outer bailey or castle gardens and curtain wall, showing lodge covered in ivy, trees, bushes and shrubs in middle ground, bench and walkway in foreground and please keep off the grass in right middle ground. Embossed Frith Series. 8 1/8" x 6 3/8" (205mm x 160mm) c.1890 p.63

Photograph of Rochester Castle and gardens looking south-south-west from Moat House on Castle Hill across Castle Hill, showing in distance left to right, Rochester Cathedral, eastern curtain wall and northern and southern mural towers, keep and Satis House, in middle ground trees, bushes and shrubberies and pathways and in foreground bench, iron railing and wall at boundary with Castle Hill. 6" x 4 1/8" (150mmx 105mm) c.1912 p.64

Photograph of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking south-east from point between centre of outer bailey or castle gardens and curtain wall, showing Rochester Cathedral in distance, lodge covered in ivy in left middle-ground, southern mural tower in right middle-ground, trees, bushes and shrubbery in middle ground and strollers, seagulls, feral pigeons and sapling in foreground. 6" x 4" (152mm x 102mm) c.1911 p.65 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled caretaker's lodge, Castle Gardens and Cathedral, Rochester comprising view of eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking south-east from point between centre of outer bailey or castle gardens and curtain wall, showing Rochester Cathedral in distance, trees, bushes and shrubbery in middle ground and visitors or members of caretaker's family on pathway near entrance to lodge. On rear, message from Florence [?] (Flo [?]) to Dorothy (Dollie) [-]. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester and printed abroad. After 1904 p.65 (L)

Part-tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, castle lodge comprising view of Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge covered in ivy, looking north-east past the tower towards site of former main gate, showing in distance left to right, buildings in Castle Hill and Liberal Club in Castle Ditch, in middle-ground trees, shrubberies and strollers and in foreground two bystanders in conversation comprising civilian and soldier in full dress. On rear, message from Aunt Emma (Emy [?]) to Master W. Glanvill (Glan) Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing meeting. Postmarked Rochester 25 April 1907. Dainty Series. p.66 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle, grounds comprising view of section of eastern curtain wall and lower and middle storeys of northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking north-east past tower towards site of former main gate, showing in distance left to right, buildings in Castle Hill and Liberal Club in Castle Ditch, in middle-ground trees, shrubberies and strollers and in foreground woman feeding feral pigeons. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Tunbridge Wells. c.1930 p.66 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Castle Gardens, Rochester comprising view of northern part of outer bailey or castle gardens, looking north across gardens from point outside northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, showing in distance range of buildings on Castle Hill, in middle-ground trees and shrubs and in foreground garden ornaments, feral pigeons and pathway. City of Rochester coat of arms superimposed in lower right. Message on rear from Christopher [?] (Chris) [-] to Miss M. Moss, 27 St. Patrick's Road, Ramsgate, asking her to keep well. Published by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Postmarked R[ochester] 21 August 1911. p.67 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Castle Gardens, Rochester comprising view of northern part of outer bailey or castle gardens, looking north across gardens from point outside northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, showing in distance Moat House on Castle Hill, in middle-ground trees and shrubs and in foreground garden ornaments, feral pigeons and pathway. On rear, message from M. Deane to a Mrs. Shepherd, 30 Hastings Road, Maidstone, thanking her for a gift of roses. Published by W.H. Smith and Son, 100 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Postmarked Maidstone 3 July 1906 and dated 4 July by author presumably in error. p.67 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled bridge and castle grounds, Rochester comprising view of northern part of castle gardens looking north-north-west from upper level of keep towards north-west bastion, showing in distance left to right, Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra and warehouses, Rochester Bridge Railway Station (High Street, Strood), Frindsbury Hill and Church and large four-masted sailing vessel alongside Anchor Wharf in Bridge Reach, in middle distance Rochester road bridge, range of buildings on Castle Hill comprising Moat House, Saye House, Sele House, Castleleigh House, Rochester and County Club * and Castle Moat House, boundary wall and railing alongside Castle Hill and First World War Mk IV Female Tank on plinth and in foreground bandstand, trees, lawns, First World War German War light field gun mounted on round concrete or stone plinth, steps at north-west bastion, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial, long walk and other pathways, strollers and visitors, benches and Crimean War cannon. Published by Valentine. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to gift of tank to Rochester by Major General Sir Herbert Mullaly on behalf of National War Savings Committee in 1919. c.1931 x c.1939 p.68 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

[NB for records of Rochester and County Club please see deposits DE85 (part) and DE485/2]

Postcard photograph entitled one of our tanks comprising view of First World War Mk IV Female Tank passing Bank of England, Threadneedle Street, London, heading towards camera in procession followed by motor car bearing coat of arms of the City of London on its radiator, watched by civilian spectators marshalled by policeman in cap and overcoat. Photograph passed by censor. Couchman’s notes indicate this tank is of the same type at that mounted in Rochester Castle Gardens. c.1918 p.68 (L)

[NB for a close-up photograph of the tank that stood in Rochester Castle Gardens, please see deposit M2]

Postcard photograph comprising view looking north-east from embrasure or window in eastern wall of Rochester Castle keep, showing in distance Brompton, Frindsbury Peninsula and cement works, River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), in middle distance steam cargo vessel moored alongside Bath Hard Wharf, Chatham Goods Yard and railway goods wagon marshalling yards on Rochester Common and in middle ground buildings in Rochester High Street, St. Nicholas’ Church, cathedral lay folk’s burial ground and northern outer turret of cathedral west front. On rear, part 1 of a ribald two part message from W[-] [-] to Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] discussing his cold, cramp and a recent game of cricket. From the vernacular expressions used the author seems to be Scottish *. Date-stamped 28 June 1913. p.69 (U)

[cf. Scotland]

Postcard photograph comprising view looking north-north-east from embrasure or window in northern wall of Rochester Castle keep, showing in distance Frindsbury Peninsula, vessels on River Medway (Limehouse Reach) and group of buildings in Rochester High Street including Medway Conservancy Board office and Guildhall and in foreground interior details of embrasure and wooden bench, latter engraved with graffiti. On rear, continuation or part 2 of message from from W[-] [-] to Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] discussing church attendance and asking for a nice cuddle. *. [Date-stamped 28 June 1913.] p.69 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle from Boley Hill comprising view of castle keep in background and southern section of curtain wall and drum tower, trees and external staircase in foreground, looking north, showing entrance from southern section of Castle Ditch into eastern section of inner bailey through curtain wall to right of drum tower, also showing cylindrical south-east angle tower of keep, both curtain wall and keep partly covered in ivy. On rear, message from John (Jack) Foxall to his mother Mrs. Foxall, 86 Bow Road, London E., describing travelling arrangements, weather and possibly military training (Small Arms School (S.A.S)). Published by Ive and Lowe Ltd., Chatham. Dated 14 February 1916 and postmarked Chatham 15 February 1916. p.70 (U)

Postcard colour photograph entitled Rochester Castle, Kent, Keep, from south-east, comprising view of castle keep, curtain wall and drum tower from point in St. Margaret’s Street about 20 yards (about 20 metres) from junction with Boley Hill and Bakers Walk, showing in foreground walls in St. Margaret’s Street overhung with trees and ivy and in left middle distance trees in Castle Ditch. A banner is flying from the keep at half-mast. Published and printed by Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO) 1983. p.70 (U)

Postcard colour photograph entitled Rochester Castle, Kent, aerial view from the south, comprising view of area contained within castle outer bailey and curtain wall and surrounding area, viz. Rochester Esplanade and road and railway bridges to west, Castle Hill, Rochester High Street, Bridge House, Conservancy Board offices, Guildhall, Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel and Acorn Wharf to north, Castle Ditch and Boley Hill to east and Castle Ditch, Boley Hill, Satis House, Vicarage and Old Hall to south. Features visible inside outer bailey include plinth of bandstand, plinth of First World War tank, staircase at north-east bastion, walkways, trees and benches. Published by the Department of the Environment 1975 and subject to Crown Copyright and printed for Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO) by The Campfield Press, St. Albans, Hertfordshire. Exposed before 1969. p.71

File updated by Borough Archivist 13 October 2006.


Date: c.1760-1983
Quantity: 1 binder/71pp.

Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_08 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 8: Rochester Castle Part II (chiefly Rochester Civic Week and Historical Pageant 22-27 June 1931).

[NB further records of Rochester Civic Week and Historical Pageant can be found at:

DE124
OA/LIB/146
RCA temporary box 36
DE53/1/129, 131
U2555/Z02
and in the Rochester City Council minutes.]

Rochester Historic Pageant and Civic Week

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of Rochester Castle keep, gardens and curtain walls looking south-west across gardens or outer bailey from path alongside Castle Hill, showing in background left to right, eastern curtain wall and southern mural tower, parked bicycle, keep with City of Rochester banner from north-east angle tower and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right walkways, benches and visitors, last comprising three Royal Navy ratings (two junior ratings in square rig and one senior rating in fore-and-aft rig), children and adult sitting or standing in western walkway and in foreground feral pigeons, please keep of the grass sign and scaffolding bars. Believed exposed prior to erection of Rochester Historical Pageant grand-stands. 8” x 6” (205mm x 155mm) 1931 p.1

Rochester Historical Pageant. Promotional envelope advertising Rochester Historical Pageant and Civic Week as supplied to Short Brothers (Rochester and Bedford) Ltd., Seaplane Works, Rochester, aeronautical engineers, front design comprising classical Roman soldier on which superimposed monochrome view of Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral Castle, River Medway (Bridge Reach) and moored seaplane (registration G-EBVG), as seen from Strood Esplanade, and City of Rochester coat of arms. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to activity of Publicity Committee as reported in local press. 5 ¾” x 4 ¾” (147mm x 120mm) 1931 p.2

Rochester Historical Pageant. Promotional label for trades exhibition, Rochester Historical Pageant, design comprising City of Rochester coat of arms superimposed on red rays radiating from silhouette of Rochester Cathedral and Castle. 1931 p.3 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of HRH Prince George inspecting guard of honour of ratings and senior rating of the Royal Navy, former in square rig, 1907 pattern waist belts and knee-length gaiters and latter in fore-and-aft rig, 1907 pattern waist belt and knee-length gaiters, all equipped with Lee-Enfield rifles, taking place in north-west portion of Rochester Castle gardens or outer bailey on occasion of Rochester Historical Pageant, showing Rochester Cathedral, northern mural tower or keeper’s lodge and eastern castle curtain wall in background. Royal Day, Monday 22 June 1931. 4 ½” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) p.3 (L) left

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of HRH Prince George being welcomed to opening ceremony of Rochester Historical Pageant in grounds of Rochester Castle, accompanied by councillor Mr. George Jenner JP, mayor of Rochester, wearing chain of office and J.L. Percival, town clerk (at rear), woman in early nineteenth century dress and bonnet in right foreground and spectators and grand-stand at rear. Royal Day, Monday 22 June 1931. 4 ½” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) p.3 (L) right

Rochester Historical Pageant. News articles cut from Daily Mail entitled Rochester through the ages: next week’s great pageant 19 June 1931 and 5000 citizens in pageant; from Roman times to Dickens; Prince George a spectator 23 June 1931. p.4

Rochester Historical Pageant. Cuttings from Daily Mail comprising article entitled 40 mayors at Rochester; Mr. Frank Lascelles’ triumph; pageant success (24 June 1931) and photograph of fireworks display over Rochester Castle, exposed by M.T. Harrison of 13 Malvern Road, Gillingham (4 July 1931). p.5

Rochester Historical Pageant. Three-quarter length photograph of Frank Lascelles, lord of the manor of Sibson Gower, Oxfordshire and Master of the Rochester Historical Pageant in 1931. wearing embroidered smock, looking to left of camera and holding pointed instrument or other object in left hand, manor house courtyard in background. Inscribed and signed by Lascelles on rear. 1932. p.6 (U) left.

Rochester Historical Pageant. Cutting from local newspaper reporting death of Frank Lascelles, lord of the manor of Sibson Gower, Oxfordshire and Master of the Rochester Historical Pageant in 1931. p.6 (U) right

Rochester Historical Pageant. Letter from R.E. Rigg B.A., 27 City Way, Rochester, English master at Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School, High Street, Rochester, to W. Glanvill Mason, Rochester City Guide, explaining referral of enquiry. Couchman’s accompanying notes explain Rigg was author of the episodes in the Rochester Historical Pageant, 1931. 20 October 1949 p.6 (L)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Printed leaflet issued by Edward Baring, organising director, pageant offices, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, comprising seating plan, ticket booking form and programme. Printed by Mackays Ltd., Rochester. 1931 p.7

Rochester Historical Pageant. Printed flyer advertising extra performance of pageant on Monday evening 29 June 1931, anticipating contribution by Dame Sybil Thorndike. Printed by Mackays Ltd., Rochester. 1931 p.8

Rochester Historical Pageant. Printed circular letter from George Jenner, mayor of Rochester, asking performers to rally round to stage a final extra performance of the pageant on Monday evening 29 June 1931. 26 June 1931 p.9

Rochester Historical Pageant. Printed address by the Esme Ivo Bligh, 9th. Earl of Darnley in part of Robert Devereux, Lord Leicester to Frank Lascelles, master of the pageant, expressing thanks on behalf of the citizens of Rochester. 27 June 1931 p.10

Rochester Historical Pageant. Printed instructions to performers in relation to orchestration of movements on occasion of Esme Ivo Bligh, 9th. Earl of Darnley (in character of Robert Devereux, Lord Leicester)’s address to Frank Lascelles on 27 June 1931. 1931 p.11

Rochester Historical Pageant. Stencil circular letter from W. Law, master of grand-stand and city surveyor, urgently requesting volunteers for duty as grand-stand and grounds stewards, with printed marginalia comprising names of pageant office holders. 1931 p.12

Rochester Historical Pageant. Printed instructions to stewards of Rochester Historical Pageant issued by Edward Baring, organising director. 1931 p.13

Rochester Historical Pageant. Stencil circular letter from G.L. Carpenter, hon. secretary, grand-stand and grounds committee, Rochester Historical Pageant, to E.H. Couchman, 53 High Street, Strood, thanking him for his services as honorary steward. 3 July 1931 p.14

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of Dame Sybil Thorndike in costume and role as the spirit of Rochester with two page boys in train, for the prologue, Rochester Historical Pageant, viewed in northern part of Rochester Castle gardens or outer bailey, against background of western curtain wall, northern mural tower or keeper’s lodge, southern mural tower, trees and in distance Rochester Cathedral. Other minor performers and northern walkway in middle and foregrounds. Detail indistinct. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) 22 June 1931 p.15 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of scene in episode 6, depicting visit of Queen Elizabeth I and her retinue to Richard Watts of Satis House, Boley Hill, Rochester in 1573, set in southern part of Rochester Castle gardens or inner bailey, showing performers and cast in period costume against background of eastern curtain wall, southern mural tower, Rochester Cathedral and forebuilding of keep, with makebelieve rowing boat and section of long walk in foreground. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) 22 June 1931 p.15 (M)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Group photograph of performers, cast and extras from episode 7, the departure from Rochester of King Charles II, lately restored to the throne in 1660, pictured in The Vines, Rochester, showing women, girls and boy in two rows wearing period costume and looking at camera. 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (85mm x 60mm) June 1931 p.15 (L)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of Esme Ivo Bligh, 9th. Earl of Darnley in part of Robert Devereux, Lord Leicester and his wife Lady Nancy Darnley in part of Queen Elizabeth I, both in period costume and looking to right of camera, character of Neptune to rear, set in Rochester Castle gardens or inner bailey, showing in background cast of extras and southern mural tower and eastern curtain wall of Rochester Castle. From scene in episode 6, the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Richard Watts of Satis House, Boley Hill, Rochester in 1573. June 1931 p.16 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of in-situ reconstruction of Earl Simon de Montfort’s last unsuccessful attack on Rochester Castle and keep of 19-26 April 1264, comprising scene in episode 4 of Rochester Historical Pageant, looking south-south-west across southern part Rochester Castle gardens or inner bailey showing melee of men-at-arms in surcoats and chapeaux-de-fer with keep and curtain wall in background. Several defenders are visible on the parapet of the northern wall of the keep and external stone staircase. June 1931 p.16 (L)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of Captain C.W.R. Knight in part of medieval nobleman in episode 4 of Rochester Historical Pageant, dressed in mail, undercoat and jerkin with American bald eagle (probably Miss America) perched on left arm, wings outstretched, viewed in The Vines, Rochester, against background of trees, resting spectators and minor members of cast. 4 1/4" x 2" (107mm x 64mm) June 1931 p.17 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of two female members of the cast of the Rochester Historical Pageant from episode 6, the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Richard Watts of Satis House, Boley Hill, Rochester, in the parts of ladies-in-waiting, in period costume. 2 3/8" x 1 1/2" (60mm x 38mm) JUne 1931 p.17 (L) (left)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of of Esme Ivo Bligh, 9th. Earl of Darnley in part of Robert Devereux, Lord Leicester and his wife Lady Nancy Darnley in part of Queen Elizabeth I, both in period costume and looking at camera. Associated with episode 6 of Rochester Historical Pageant from episode 6, the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Richard Watts of Satis House, Boley Hill, Rochester. The couple are standing on steps and between iron railings. June 1931 2 1/2" x 1 3/4" (65mm x 45mm) p.17 (L) Middle

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of two members of the cast of Rochester Historical Pageant from episode 6, the visit of Queen Elizabeth I to Richard Watts of Satis House, Boley Hill, Rochester, in the parts of two ladies-in-waiting, in period dress and facing camera, shown in The Vines, Rochester. 2 1/2" x 1 5/8" (64mm x 42mm) June 1931 p.17 (L) right

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of scene from epilogue of Rochester Historical Pageant taken on day part of the spirit of Rochester was played by Dame Sybil Thorndike, set in Rochester Castle gardens or inner bailey on or adjacent to long walk, showing from left to right in foreground, the figure of Fame played by A.T. Goodborn dressed in classical Roman attire, page boy, the spirit of Rochester played by Dame Sybil Thorndike, Clio the Muse of History played by Miss Gladys Hepworth also in classical attire and Charles Dickens played by J.T. Hawes, who together with other members of cast in background are saluting Fame. In distance are part of eastern curtain wall, southern mural tower and forebuilding of keep. Behind figure of Dickens stands W.J. Joshua dressed as an aviator in flying suit, leather helmet and goggles. 22 June 1931 p.18 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of scene from epilogue of Rochester Historical Pageant taken on day part of the spirit of Rochester was played by Dame Sybil Thorndike, set in Rochester Castle gardens or inner bailey on or adjacent to long walk, showing from left to right in foreground, the figure of Fame played by A.T. Goodborn dressed in classical Roman attire, page boy, the spirit of Rochester played by Dame Sybil Thorndike, second page boy, Charles Dickens played by J.T. Hawes and Clio the Muse of History played by Miss Gladys Hepworth also in classical attire, all facing camera. In distance are part of eastern curtain wall, southern mural tower and forebuilding of keep. 22 June 1931 p.18 (L)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of scene from episode 4 or Earl Simon de Montfort's third and last unsuccessful attack on Rochester Castle and keep, 19-26 April 1264, comprising view of Rochester Castle gardens and keep looking south along long walk towards south-eastern angle tower and staircase of keep, showing at foot of staircase group of knights or men-at-arms and in foreground group of seated spectators with backs to camera. Several banners are flying from keep. 4 3/8" x 2 1/2" (110mm x 65mm) 22 June 1931. p.19 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of cast and extras from scene epilogue of Rochester Historical Pageant assembled in Rochester Castle gardens or inner bailey, looking south-east across long walk, showing in foreground aircraft components, W.J. Joshua dressed as an aviator in flying suit, leather helmet and goggles, workmen possibly from Short Brothers' seaplane factory, in middle ground members of cast in period costume and in distance left to right, Rochester Cathedral, southern mural tower, curtain wall and keep, participants dressed as medieval knights and men-at-arms positioned on staircase. 4 1/2" x 2 1/2" (113mm x 65mm) 22 June 1931 p.19 (L)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Newscutting from Daily Herald comprising photograph of members of caste from episode 1 of Rochester Historical Pageant, the foundation of the Roman military town of Durobrivis [cf. Durobrivae],showing group of eight men dressed in theatrical Roman or British military costume including left to right, the Emperor Claudius played by Major I. Granville Winch (first on left), Penwallon, a British chieftain, played by W.J. Joshua (second from left) and a Roman officer played by W.T. Patterson, manager of Strood Waterworks (eighth from left). Scene photographed during rehearsals possibly in The Vines, Rochester and in humorous vein as Winch is anachronistically holding a telephone receiver to his right ear and smiling. 18 June 1931; published 19 June 1931. p.20

Rochester Historical Pageant. Tinted photograph of E. Couchman * of 53 High Street, Strood dressed as Mellitus, bishop of London and third archbishop of Canterbury, which part he played in Rochester Historical Pageant, episode 2: the arrival of the first bishop of Rochester with King Ethelbert of Kent and Saint Augustine. Subject is wearing mitre cap, surplice over a cassock or frock and holding a bishop's staff. Location is garden at 53 High Street, Strood, showing range of wooden outhouses, plants and tree. 6 1/4" x 4" (160mm x 100mm) June 1931 p.21

[* E. Couchman was the father of E.H. Couchman, compiler of this collection]

Rochester Historical Pageant. Photograph of schoolchildren undergoing physical training in Rochester Castle gardens during an evening display as part of Rochester Historical Pageant, viewed from grand-stand in northern part of gardens or bailey, also showing in distance left to right, northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, eastern curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, southern mural tower and forebuilding of keep and in foreground long walk. Male subjects dressed in short trousers and tee-shirts, female subjects dressed in gymslips, blouses and stockings. Couchman's notes state that the training was directed by A.J. Simmons, headmaster of Troy Town School, Rochester. 4 1/4" x 2 1/2" (107mm x 65mm) June 1931 p.22

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle illuminated by flood lights at night-time, looking across River Medway (Bridge Reach) from Strood Esplanade, showing in foreground river semi-illuminated, in middle-ground Rochester Esplanade, Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, entrance staircase in north-west bastion, eastern curtain wall, bandstand (silhouetted), trees and keep. Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham and Gillingham. Time exposure. June 1931 p.23 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle keep illuminated by flood lights at night-time, looking across northern part of castle gardens or outer bailey from north-west bastion, showing trees silhouetted in middle ground. [Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham and Gillingham.] June 1931 p.23 (L)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle by floodlight comprising view of Rochester Castle illuminated by flood lights at night-time, looking across River Medway (Bridge Reach) from Strood Esplanade, showing in foreground river semi-illuminated, in middle-ground Rochester Esplanade, entrance to Castle Hill, castle gardens entrance staircase in north-west bastion, eastern curtain wall, bandstand (silhouetted), trees and keep. Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham and Gillingham. Time exposure. June 1931 p.24 (U)

Rochester Historical Pageant. Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle illuminated by flood lights at night-time, looking across River Medway (Bridge Reach) from Strood Esplanade, showing in foreground river semi-illuminated, in middle-ground Rochester Esplanade, Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, entrance staircase in north-west bastion, eastern curtain wall, bandstand (silhouetted), trees and keep. Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham and Gillingham. Time exposure. View similar to p.23 (U) or possibly from same negative and subject to lengthier developing. June 1931 p.24 (L)

General

Printed programme for Rochester Week 7-12 August 1933, advertising National Motor Boat Rally, country flower show, trades and historical exhibitions, fireworks, poultry show, dog show, floral pageant and battle of the flowers. 1933 p.25 (U)

Photocopy of reverse of p.25 (U) above. c.1985 Not scanned. p.25 (L)

Cutting from Chatham News comprising two photographs of Medway Local Defence Volunteers (LDV) and Home Guard, former drilling in plain clothes with rifles on railway station platform, latter parading in uniform in Rochester Castle gardens on occasion of stand-down of 13th. Battalion, Kent Home Guard on 3 December 1944. Published 12 January 1979. p.26

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and gardens comprising view of keep and gardens viewed from northern part of gardens or outer bailey, showing keep in distance, visitors resting on grass in left middle and foregrounds, long walk and Crimean War cannon in middle ground and bandstand in right middle ground. Published by C. Richter (Publishers) Ltd., London NW6. Before 1939. p.27 (U)

Colour postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of keep and castle gardens from north-west, showing in distance left to right, northern mural tower, section of eastern curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, southern mural tower and keep and in middle and foregrounds lawns, walkways, trees and resting visitors and strollers. Published by J. Salmon Ltd., Sevenoaks. c.1964 p.27 (L)

File updated by Borough Archivist 15 April 2008.


Date: 1931-c.1964
Quantity: 1 binder/27pp.

Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_09 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ de0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ de0402_09.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWNImportant note to imagebase users.Caveat and disclaimer.Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]Rochester volume 9: Rochester streets A-L.[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]Acorn Wharf, Rochester.
Copy of photograph of canine cemetery for yard dogs of Acorn Wharf ship yard, formerly Haven Quay, Rochester, showing horizontal memorial stones in left foreground, wall of adjacent building in right foreground and pathway and trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the history of the canine cemetery and ship yard and include a list of names of dogs buried and dates of death. Sources stated are The Riverside by E. Harris, 1930 and Kent Messenger article by W. Coles Finch 14 January 1933. Mason Collection. 5 ½” x 3 ¼” (137mm x 82mm) c.1920 p.1 Baker’s Walk, Rochester.
Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle looking north down Baker’s Walk from junction with Boley Hill, showing western curtain wall and drum tower in middle ground and keep in background, with trees in middle ground and lamp post in right foreground. Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Samuel Baker, mayor of Rochester in 1797 and 1802. c.1904 x c.1920 p.2 Baker’s Walk, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Bakers Walk, Rochester [ sic ] comprising view of Baker’s Walk looking from junction with Boley Hill, showing carriageway bending to left and footpath to right, part of western curtain wall and drum tower in right middle ground and part of keep in right background, with trees and iron railings in fore and middle grounds. On rear, message from A. Mason of 23 New Road [Rochester] to a Miss Moss, c/o Mrs. Connor, 15 Bath Road, Dartford thanking her for birthday wishes. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 8 June 1915. p.2 (L)Bath Hard, Rochester.
Postcard photograph of group of employees of J. and M. Patrick of Bath Hard and Star Hill, Rochester, government contractors, on occasion of annual outing at Harrietsham, showing three rows of men and youths standing in field with backs to hedge and facing camera. Message on rear from A.A. Arnold (A.A.A.) to Miss E. M. Marshall, 40 Grange Road, 2 Katherine Villas, Strood, identifying subject. Postmarked Rochester 22 October 1903. p.3 (U)Bath Hard, Rochester.
Postcard photograph of group of employees and employees’ wives of J. and M. Patrick of Bath Hard and Star Hill, Rochester, government contractors, on occasion of annual outing at Harrietsham, showing five rows of men and women standing in field with backs to hedge and facing camera. On rear, message from R. Hider of 63 Weston Road, Strood, photgrapher, to Mr. [A.] Arnold, 10 Darnley Road, Gravesend, quoting for postcard photographs. Postmarked Rochester 4 July c.1904 x c.1910 p.3 (L)Bath Hard [?], Rochester
Photograph of Quaker houses at junction of Boley Hill and Baker’s Walk, Rochester, comprising range of buildings in initial stages of demolition, King’s Head Hotel visible in distance. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (110mm x 85mm) c.1930 p.4 (U) Boley Hill, Rochester
Photograph of Boley Hill looking south-east from Rochester Castle keep, showing group of buildings between St. Margaret’s Street and Baker’s Walk, Rochester comprising left to right, in middle ground and right foreground, range of buildings in St. Margaret’s Street, Boley Hill House, Trevine, Milton Cottage and The Old Vicarage and in left foreground roofs of houses at junction of Boley Hill and Baker’s Walk. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 108mm) c.1900 p.4 (L)Boley Hill, Rochester
Copy typescript letter from W. Glanvill Mason FRMS of Rochester, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship, to the editor of Chatham News discussing preservation of old Quaker houses on Boley Hill and decrying losses to build heritage, viz. closure to wayfarers of Six Poor Travellers’ House in Rochester High Street, closure of The Old Dickens Pharmacy also in Rochester High Street, loss of notice from Bull Hotel (also Rochester High Street) displaying Mr. Jingle’s encomium good house, nice beds and loss of Wright’s Hotel notice from third storey of Castle Club. Mason’s annotation states the letter followed that of R.E.H. Gunyon of The Old Vicarage, Boley Hill, Rochester. 1 March 1949. p.5Boley Hill, Rochester
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising published letter as p.5 above (11 March 1949) together with initial letter from Gunyon also as p.5 above (published 25 February 1949). Couchman’s notes pertain to theft of door knocker from Dickens family’s house in The Brook, Chatham, owned by W. Glanvill Mason of Rochester, in 1975. p.6 Boley Hill, Rochester
Photograph of pen and ink drawing of view of Rochester Castle keep, Quaker houses in Boley Hill and west front of Rochester Cathedral, showing trees and horse and cart and bystanders in fore and middle grounds. Artist, Thomas Rowlandson. Photograph from Mason Collection. Notes on rear and accompanying notes by Couchman pertain to the manorial court of Pie Powder and the demolition of the Justice Tree, an elm, in 1831. 5 ¼” x 3 ¼” (134mm x 83mm) Original work c.1800. p.7 (U)Boley Hill, Rochester
Postcard reproduction of pen and ink drawing entitled The Justice Tree, Boley Hill from Bygone Rochester by Harris and Sons, depicting view of elm tree, looking south west from southern corner of castle ditch across junction of Boley Hill with Baker’s Walk, Rochester, showing tree in foreground and The Old Vicarage in background. On rear, message from A.M. Harris to Mr. [E.] Couchman, 53 High Street, Strood, acknowledging delivery of mops and pail. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the tree was the last remaining justice tree in Kent. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 13 January 1920. p.7 (L)Boley Hill, Rochester
Copy of photograph of The Old Hall, Boley Hill, Rochester looking west-north-west showing rear elevation of half-timbered building with trees, shrubs, lawn roller and watering can in middle and foregrounds. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to reputed meeting of King Henry VIII and Ann of Cleves in house, occupancy of house by a Miss Shinkwin 1931-1969 and damage by enemy action during Second World War. Original exposed c.1930 p.8 (U)Boley Hill, Rochester
Newscuttings containing articles with photographs from Daily Mail 13 August 1993, Chatham News 11 June 1993 and The Mail on Sunday 15 August 1993 pertaining to sale of The Old Hall, Boley Hill, Rochester. 3 items. p.8 (L) a-cBoley Hill, Rochester
Photocopies of printed matter pertaining to The Old Hall, Boley Hill, Rochester, comprising flysheet advertising opening of house to public view by Miss Shinkwin on 9 May 1962 in aid of The Association of Friends, Rochester Branch and advertisment for sale of house by Porter and Cobb, Cathedral Chambers, Rochester from Country Life 28 August 1969. p.9Boley Hill, Rochester
Print from engraving entitled Satis House showing front [?] elevation of stone building with two labourers sitting or kneeling in foreground. c.1850 p.10 (U) leftBoley Hill, Rochester
Photograph of group of buildings on Boley Hill, Rochester, looking south-west from Rochester Castle keep, showing Satis House in left middle ground and Whitefriars in right middle ground, trees in castle ditch or inner bailey in foreground and sailing barges on Tower Reach and Wickham Reach on River Medway and Temple Marsh, Strood in distance. 3 3/8” x 2 ¼” (86mm x 60mm) c.1930 p.10 (U) rightBoley Hill, Rochester
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Satis House, Rochester looking south across forecourt towards building and porch, showing entrance pillars, iron railing, trees and bystander. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1910 p.10 (L)Boley Hill, Rochester
Photograph of rear elevation of Satis House, Boley Hill, Rochester, showing garden, trees and shrubs in foreground. 6” x 4 ¼” (152mm x 108mm) c.1920 p.11Borstal Road, Rochester.
Photograph of Fort Clarence tower (right middle ground) and Fort Clarence (or Borstal) Arch over Borstal Road, Borstal, Rochester, looking north-east, showing metalled carriageway leading from camera to arch, pavement in left fore and middle grounds and iron railings in foreground. Mason Collection [?] 6” x 4 ½” (154mm x 114mm) Before 1924. p.12 (U)Borstal Road, Rochester.
Photograph of Fort Clarence (or Borstal) Arch over Borstal Road, Borstal, Rochester, looking north-east, showing metalled carriageway leading from camera to arch, buildings beyond arch, pavement and cannon bollards in left fore and middle grounds and iron railings in foreground. Mason Collection. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building of Fort Clarence in 1812 and demolition of arch in 1924. 6” x 4 ½” (154mm x 114mm) Before 1924. p.12 (L)Borstal Road, Rochester.
Photograph of Fort Clarence (or Borstal) Arch over Borstal Road, Borstal, Rochester, looking south-west, showing metalled carriageway leading from camera to arch, ramp and wooden fence beyond arch, pavement and cannon bollards in left fore and middle grounds, iron railings in foreground and entrance to Fort Clarence in left foreground. Mason Collection [?]. 6” x 4 ½” (154mm x 114mm) Before 1924. p.13 (U)Borstal Road, Rochester.
Photograph of Fort Clarence (or Borstal) Arch over Borstal Road, Borstal, Rochester, looking south, showing metalled carriageway leading from camera to arch, ramp and wooden fence beyond arch, pavement and cannon bollards in left fore and middle grounds, Fort Clarence tower in left middle distance, iron railings in foreground and entrance to Fort Clarence in left foreground. Mason Collection [?]. 6” x 4 ½” (154mm x 114mm) Before 1924. p.13 (L)Borstal Marsh, Rochester
Cutting from Chatham News of 14 September 1990 comprising article entitled call to re-name [Borstal] marsh in tribute to its saviour: Peggy [Saxby]’s plea for a fitting epitaph for Baty on Robert Armorer Baty GM, naturalist and photograph of Baty, with accompanying biographical notes by Couchman. p.14 Borstal Marsh, Rochester
Cuttings from (a) Chatham News of 1 November 1991 comprising article entitled marsh gets new name in celebration of battling Robert comprising article about unveiling of noticeboard at Baty’s (formerly Borstal Marsh) by councillor Mrs. Joyce Esterson, mayor of Rochester upon Medway and cleaning of marsh by Scouts and youth club members with group photograph of volunteers and photographs of Robert Baty and unveiling ceremony; and (b) Chatham News 7 September 1990 comprising obituary notice for Baty. p.15Borstal Marsh, Rochester
Cuttings from (a) Rochester Extra 8 November 1991 comprising article entitled now it’s official: it’s Baty’s marshland describing naming ceremony by Rev. John King, vicar of Borstal with photograph of him and councillor Mrs. Peggy Saxby of Rochester upon Medway City Council and (b) Chatham News 25 October 1991 comprising article entitled marshes take late campaigner’s name. p.16College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Precincts, Rochester
Colour postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester comprising view of College Gate and College Yard looking north-east, showing range of shops in right foreground, parked motor cars and tree in left foreground and Northgate through archway in distance. Published by J. Salmon Ltd., Sevenoaks. c.1964 p.17 (U)College Gate, [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Precincts, Rochester
Colour postcard photograph entitled Rochester, College Gate comprising view of College Gate and College Yard looking north-east, showing range of shops in right foreground, parked motor cars in left foreground, pedestrians and bystanders in fore and middle grounds and Northgate through archway in distance. Published by Judges, Hastings, Sussex. c.1964 p.17 (L)College Gate, [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Precincts, Rochester
Postcard photograph entitled Jaspers Gate, Rochester comprising view of College Gate and College Yard looking north-east, showing range of shops in right foreground, tree in left foreground, pedestrian and pillar post box in High Street in middle ground and Northgate through archway in distance. Published by C. Richter (Publishers) Ltd., London NW6. c.1940 p.18 (U)College Gate, [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Precincts, Rochester
Colour postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester comprising view of College Gate and College Yard looking north-east, showing range of shops in right foreground, tree, parked motorcycle and pillar postbox in left foreground, women pedestrians in middle ground facing camera, red sports car passing along Rochester High Street and Northgate through archway in distance. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason of Chatham to unstated addressee with notes on Dickensian associations of buildings in view. Message dated 1975. Couchman’s caption suggests photograph exposed 1974. p.18 (L)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of print or pen and ink drawing entitled a street in Rochester comprising view of College Gate and ranges of buildings alongside College Yard, looking north-east along College Yard. 3 3/8” x 2 3/8” (86mm x 61mm) Original c.1880 p.19 (U)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of print or pen and ink drawing comprising view of Two Post Alley, Rochester, showing ranges of buildings alongside alley, looking north-east from Castle Hill towards Rochester High Street. Original 3 3/8” x 2 3/8” (86mm x 61mm) c.1880 p.19 (L) (left)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of print or pen and ink drawing entitled The Precinct Gate, Rochester comprising view of Pump Lane (now Northgate), Rochester, looking south-west towards College Gate, showing ranges of buildings alongside Pump Lane and on skyline tower of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill. Original drawn by Herbert Railton. 3 3/8” x 2 3/8” (86mm x 61mm) c.1890 p.19 (L) (right) College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, St. Nicholas’ Church comprising view of east elevation looking across St. Nicholas’ burial ground and Boley Hill (formerly King’s Head Lane) in foreground, showing railing around burial ground, trees in right middle ground and upper parts of north side of Rochester Cathedral in right distance. Published by Wrench and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1912 p.20 (U)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill, Rochester, viewed from a point diagonally opposite and to the west, looking from first floor of building on west side of Boley Hill (formerly King’s Head Lane) across Boley Hill and St. Nicholas’ burial ground towards church, showing from left to right in middle distance Chertsey’s Gate (or College Gate), range of shops, church, corner of cathedral lay folk’s burial ground and in foreground horse-drawn covered wagon and driver, wagon top labelled Burham. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of church and burial ground. 6” x 4 1/8” (152mm x 107mm) c.1909 p.20 (L)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of interior of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill, Rochester, comprising view of nave, choir and chancel, looking towards altar and west window from gallery at east end of church, showing pulpit in left middle-ground, piers and barrel vault. Couchman’s notes pertain to wainscot altar piece donated by Edward Bartholomew in 1706. 6” x 4 ½” (150mm x 114mm) c.1900 p.21 (U)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of interior of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill, Rochester, comprising view of nave, choir and chancel, looking towards altar and west window from gallery at east end of church, showing pulpit in left middle-ground, organ pipes in north aisle, piers and barrel vault. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 114mm) c.1900 p.21 (L)College Gate [cf. Chertsey's Gate], and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester
Photograph of interior of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill, Rochester, comprising view of nave, choir and chancel, looking towards altar and west window from gallery at east end of church, showing pulpit in left middleground, organ pipes in north aisle and piers. 8” x 6” (203mm x 156mm) c.1900 p.22[Maidstone Road, Rochester]
Photograph of entrance to St. Nicholas’ Municipal Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Rochester looking east across Maidstone Road from opposite side of road, showing headstones, monuments and trees in left distance, Anglican and Nonconformist chapels and road in middle distance, superintendent’s lodge in right middle-ground and iron railings, footpath, gas lamp, cobbled carriageway and tramlines in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to early history of St. Nicholas’ burial ground 1854-1856. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (146mm x 98mm) Before 1930. p.23 College Gate [cf. Chertsey’s Gate] and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester.
Photograph of College Yard, looking north east towards Chertsey’s Gate, showing iron railings and trees of St. Nicholas’ burial ground at left, range of shops, west front of St. Nicholas’ Church and corner of cathedral lay folk’s burial ground at right, also showing parked lorry in Northgate visible through arch of Chertsey’s Gate, protective railings against west front of church, wooden bollards and surface water drainage grid in foreground. 4 3/8” x 3 ¼” (110mm x 82mm) c.1930 p.24 (U)College Gate [cf. Chertsey’s Gate] and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester.
Photograph of College Yard, looking south-west towards Boley Hill, showing left to right clockwise, buttress of St. Nicholas’ Church, cathedral west front, chapter clerk’s office, Quaker houses in Castle Ditch, castle eastern curtain wall, castle keep, southern mural tower or castle keeper’s lodge and Castle Garage, showing trees in right foreground and pedestrians in College Yard. 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (83mm x 56mm) Before 1939 p.24 (M)College Yard and Precinct Road, Precincts, Rochester.
Photograph of portion of Precincts between junction of College Yard and Precinct Road (in foreground) and third (formerly fourth) prebend's house (in background), showing clockwise part of west front of cathedral, western end of Lady Chapel and south transept, iron railings and trees. 3 3/8” x 2 ¼” (85mm x 60mm) Before 1939 p.24 (L) LeftCollege Gate [cf. Chertsey’s Gate] and College Yard, Precincts, Rochester.
Photograph of College Yard, looking north east towards Chertsey’s Gate, showing iron railings and trees of St. Nicholas’ burial ground at left, range of shops, west front of St. Nicholas’ Church and corner of cathedral lay folk’s burial ground at right, also showing spectators and wooden bollards in middle-ground. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 63mm) Before 1939 p.24 (L) RightCorporation Street (formerly The Common), Rochester.
Photograph of group of buildings at back of Ironmonger Lane off Corporation Street, looking north-west across White’s Alley, showing in background tops of houses and chimney stacks of buildings along Ironmonger Lane and in foreground yard of White’s Alley, alley scene comprising youths and laundry women or housewives, carts, laundry on washing lines, barrels and tubs. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (145mm x 95mm) c.1903 p.25 Corporation Street (formerly The Common), Rochester.
Cutting from Evening Post of 14 September 1982 comprising photographs of interior and exterior of Rochester Casino on the corner of Corporation Street and Blue Boar Lane, with accompanying typescript notes by Couchman pertaining to history and chronology of casino building. p.26 Corporation Street (formerly The Common), Rochester.
Photocopy of photograph of exterior of Rochester Casino, viewed from point in Corporation Street diagonally opposite main entrance and to the west, showing part of Rochester Technical Institute in left distance, Corporation Street running left to right in foreground and Blue Boar Lane in right middle-ground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the dating of the photograph and location of original print, at the Guildhall Museum at time of compilation, High Street, Rochester, now in the local studies collections at Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre, Strood. Original 1948. p.27 Corporation Street (formerly The Common), Rochester.
Cuttings from Chatham News chiefly comprising letters from readers containing reminiscences about Rochester Casino, 1979 and 1983. 4 items. p.28Corporation Street (formerly The Common), Rochester.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising letters from C. Gregory of  Port Noarlunga, South Australia 5167 reminiscing about Rochester Casino with photograph of casino exterior (5 October 1979) and E. Newport of Chalky Bank Road, Rainham about the Norman Williams Orchestra with photograph of orchestra and leader (9 October 1987). 2 items. p.29 Corporation Street (formerly The Common and Free School Lane), Rochester.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings on south side of Corporation Street at junction of south side of Corporation Street and Free School Lane, Rochester, viewed diagonally from point in Corporation Street to west of junction, showing from left to right, commercial premises on east side of Free School Lane, entrance to Free School Lane, street frontage of range of brick houses, weather-boarded outbuilding, wooden fence and yard (at rear of Theobald Square), with pavement, metalled carriageway, group of three boys and horse manure in foreground. Couchman’s notes indicate this area became Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School lower playground. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (150mm x 115mm) Before 1916 p.30 (U)Corporation Street (formerly The Common and Free School Lane), Rochester.
Copy of photograph of courtyard on south side of Corporation Street, Rochester, showing at rear range of buildings (rear of Theobald Square) faced in mathematical tiles, weather-boarded outbuilding (as seen in photograph DE402/9/30 (U) above) and wooden fence in left middle-ground and part of brick-faced, weather-boarded building in right middle-ground, showing cart, buckets, part-cobbled surface and gas lamp standard in yard in middle-ground and two boys, pavement, metalled carriageway and horse manure in foreground. Visible in right distance is a telegraph pole. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (150mm x 115mm) Before 1916 p.30 (L)The Common or Farthing Plaistow (subsequently Corporation Street), Rochester
Photograph of range of buildings on south side of The Common, comprising Salutation Inn (no. 65) and nos. 67 and 69, viewed from point in The Common, showing from left to right, large poster advertising Charles Leonard and Sons’ shop, Rochester, Salutation Inn, bearing posters supporting E.H. Lamb, Liberal Parliamentary candidate, standing on platform of friendship to workmen, and nos. 67 and 69 whose ground storey windows are equipped with shutters. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history and occupation of Inn, mentioning Leach’s pipe factory, and printed and MS sources. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (157mm x 115mm) c.1907 p.31 Corporation Street or A2 Trunk Road (formerly The Common), Rochester
Colour photograph of street frontage of Sir John Hayward’s Almshouses or House of Industry, Corporation Street, Rochester, comprising brick clad building, viewed diagonally from south side of Corporation Street and slightly to the west, showing metalled (Dover-bound) carriageway and brick wall in middle ground and central reservation of Corporation Street and brick planters in foreground. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) 7 December 1983 p.32 Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Copy of photograph entitled The Moat House comprising view of ivy-covered three storey brick building standing at right angles to road, looking from point in Crow Lane diagonally opposite and to north, showing brick wall, noticeboard, gate, lamp, hydrant and metalled carriageway in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to use of premises by Rochester Baptist Church and construction of Baptist Church. 4 ¾” 3 1/4” (125mm x 85mm) c.1907 p.33 Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Colour photograph of Baptist Church, Crow Lane, Rochester, looking from point in Crow Lane diagonally opposite and to north, showing street frontage of building, parked motor saloon car and yellow line. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Rev. G. Anderson Miller, tablet commemorating four Protestant martyrs of Kent 1926, previous places of worship and building of new church 1906-1907. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm). 25 September 1987. p.34Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Communicant’s card, Rochester Baptist Church, naming Rev. G. Anderson Miller as pastor and issued to Mr. F. Hills. 1892 p.35Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Restoration House, Rochester comprising view of range of buildings in Cow Lane, from left to right Vines Congregational Church, Restoration House and part of weather-boarded house, looking east from point inside The Vines, showing two groups of children in foreground, one group sitting and one group standing, iron railing, bushes and lawns. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Couchman's accompanying notes pertain to history of Vines Congregational Church. c.1910 p.36Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Admission ticket for Vines Congregational Church Young Persons' Society for Christian Endeavour annual social at the Vines Institute, Crow Lane, Rochester, featuring vocal and instrumental music, recitations, millinery competition for gentlemen, impromptu speaking competition for ladies and tit-bits of American * Christian Endeavour, 24 January 1900. p.37
[* cf. United States of America]Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Copy of photograph entitled Restoration House, Rochester looking east across Crow Lane from The Vines, showing iron railings, lamp post, bushes, entrance way and bollards, lawns and pathway in middle and foregrounds. 8” x 5 7/8” (203mm x 148mm) c.1890 p.38Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Postcard photograph entitled Restoration House, Rochester looking east across Crow Lane from The Vines, showing iron railings, bystander, bushes, entrance way and bollards, lawns and pathway in middle and foregrounds. On rear, message from Florence (Florrie) [-] to Miss W. Tredinnick, Helston House, 67 Solent Road, West Hampstead, London, discussing Restoration House. Published by Chester Vaughan. Postmarked Plaistow [? (London)] 19 January 1904 p.39 (U)Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Restoration House, Rochester looking east across Crow Lane from The Vines, showing iron railings, bystander, bushes, entrance way and bollards, lawns and pathway in middle and foregrounds. On rear, message from A.D[-]. to a Miss Stannard, 24 Coburg Road, Teddington, Middlesex, discussing visit. Dated and postmarked Tooting, Surrey 26 August 1907. p.39 (L)Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Postcard photograph entitled Restoration House, Rochester looking north-east along Crow Lane from point in Crow Lane slightly to south of Restoration House, showing Restoration House in right fore and middle grounds, range of buildings along Crow Lane in left distance and pedestrian and part of Vines Congregational Church in middle distance. On rear, message from Auntie C[-] to William G. Mason, Penhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing Boundary Road, railway station and Victoria Gardens, Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 26 November 1906. p.40 (U)Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Photograph of Restoration House, Rochester, looking east across The Vines, showing range of buildings adjacent to south of Restoration House, tree, iron railing, bushes, entrance to The Vines, bollards and pathway in middle ground and group of youths playing leap-frog on lawn in foreground. 6” x 4” (155mm x 100mm) c.1910 p.40 (L)Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Photograph of Restoration House, Rochester, looking east across The Vines, showing part of Vines Congregational Church at left, range of buildings to south of Restoration House and tree, iron railing, bushes, entrance to The Vines, bollards and pathway in middle ground. On rear, message from unnamed author to Mr. F.W. and Mrs. E. Gowar, 2 Chase Road Villas, Southgate, London N., discussing Canon Robins and family health. Postmarked Gillingham 15 October 1915. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. p.41Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Photograph of centre of Restoration House looking east along pathway leading from The Vines to Crow Lane, showing trees, iron railing and bollards in middle ground. 4 1/8” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 82mm) Before 1939. p.42 (U)Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Photograph of Restoration House looking east from The Vines, showing Vines Congregational Church adjacent to Restoration House to north, weather-boarded house adjacent to south and trees, bushes, iron railing, pathway, bollards and entrance to The Vines in middle ground. 4” x 3” (100mm x 77mm) Before 1939 p.42 (L)Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Postcard photograph entitled [King] Charles II bedroom, Rochester showing interior of room at back of Restoration House on second floor in which according to Couchman’s accompanying notes King Charles II reputedly stayed 28-29 May 1660, looking across room diagonally, showing clockwise, paintings, patterned wallpaper, bed with brass bedsteads, chaise longue, card table, carpet, chairs, fireplace, hearth-guard, mantlepiece and ornaments, fireguard, cabinet, swivel-mirror and window. Couchman’s accompanying notes also refer to Edwin Harris and F.F. Smith as sources, specified. Published by Valentine. c.1920 p.43 Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Typescript copy of statement by Thomas Stephen Aveling of Restoration House, Crow Lane, Rochester, describing his solving of the mystery of the ghost of Restoration House in 1876, recorded sometime later, with comment by W. Glanvill Mason on history of house, recorded after 1893. Compiled during the early twentieth century and typed by Couchman c.1980. pp.44-45Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Typescript copy of statement by Edwin Harris of 89 (later 151) High Street (Eastgate), Rochester, printer and antique dealer, about the so-called haunted chamber, Eastgate House, Crow Lane, Rochester and the meeting of a Colonel Gibbons at Francis Clarke's house (Restoration House) with bishop Warner during the mid-17th. century, with commentary on secret underground passage ways by W. Glanvill Mason. Recorded and compiled c.1900 and typed by Couchman c.1980. pp.46-49Crow Lane (Maidstone Road), Rochester
Photograph of Restoration House looking east from The Vines, showing part of Vines Congregational Church adjacent to Restoration House to north, weather-boarded house adjacent to south and trees, bushes, iron railing, pathway, bollards and entrance to The Vines in middle ground. The scene is under snow and after storm damage. February 1938. 2 3/4" x 1 3/4" (69mm x 45mm) p.49 (L)Delce Road, Rochester.
Cutting comprising photograph of St. William's Hospital, Delce Road, Rochester, looking north-east from opposite side of Delce Road towards hospital entrance, showing in distance two hospital blocks, driveway in middle-ground and bus stop and bystander in left foreground. Couchman's accompanying notes pertain to building and opening of hospital, 29 November 1883. c.1980 p.50 Gas House Road, Rochester.
Cutting from unattributed source entitled The Floods: the entrance to Rochester Gas Works showing flooded road, weather-boarded buildings and two youths in rowing boat, facing camera. 1897 p.51 (U)Gas House Road and Gas House Point, Rochester.
Photograph of weather-boarded building comprising Homeward Bound Inn, Gas House Road, Rochester, showing forecourt and surrounding area under flood water, also showing part of gasometer and industrial premises in distance, horse and cart partly submerged, with two passengers, and boat with one passenger in left foreground (all passengers looking at camera) and fences and floating log in right foreground. Sign board on front of inn advertises Biggs Brothers' fine ales and London porter. 6 1/4" x 4 3/4" (158mm x 120mm) p.51 (L)Gas House Road and Gas House Point, Rochester.
Photograph of weather-boarded building comprising Homeward Bound Inn, Gas House Road, Rochester, showing road, forecourt, outbuildings and surrounding area under flood water, also showing gasometers and industrial premises in distance, gas lamp and bank in left foreground and fences and floating timber in right foreground. 7 3/4" x 5 1/2" (197mm x 142mm) 29 November 1897. p.52 Free School Lane, Rochester.
Photograph of Free School Lane looking north from point on south side of High Street opposite entrance to Free School Lane, showing Free School Lane frontage of Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School and parked motor van at left, range of buildings on east side of Free School Lane with J. Hubbard, confectioner's (tuck) shop on corner (no.117 High Street) on right and tramlines in High Street in foreground. Couchman's accompanying notes state area was redeveloped in 1976. 4" x 3 1/4" (100mm x 82mm) Before 1927. p.53 (U)Blue Boar Lane, Rochester.
Photograph of entrance to Blue Boar Lane at junction with High Street, looking north-east from point diagonally opposite in High Street and slightly to west, showing part of Blue Boar public house on left, cobbled carriageway in middle, range of buildings on east side of Blue Boar Lane, Henry Hopper, antique dealer's shop (no. 121 High Street) on right with palais de danse above and tramlines in High Street in foreground. 4" x 3" (100mm x 77mm) Before 1927 p.53 (L) LeftBlue Boar Lane, Rochester.
Photograph of range of weather-boarded buildings on east side of Blue Boar Lane, looking north from point in High Street opposite junction with High Street, showing Henry Hopper, antique dealer's shop (no. 121 High Street) with palais de danse above, on right at corner of junction. 4" x 3" (100mm x 77mm) Before 1927 p.53 (L) RightFree School Lane, Rochester.
Photograph of St. Nicholas' National School looking west from point in Corporation Street diagonally opposite and to the east, showing junction of Corporation Street and Free School Lane, tree overhanging left corner, iron railing on right corner and women teachers and children standing in groups behind railing. 5 5/8" x 3 1/4" (143mm x 83mm) Before 1950 p.54 (U)Free School Lane, Rochester.
Photograph of St. Nicholas' National School looking west from point in Corporation Street diagonally opposite and to the east, showing junction of Corporation Street and Free School Lane, trees in left corner and in right foreground, iron railing on right corner, section of medieval city wall and north-east bastion or drum tower (in right middle distance), Sir Joseph Williamson's Mathematical School lower playground (right distance) and central tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral (distance). 4 3/4" x 3 1/4" (120mm x 83mm) Before 1970 p.54 (L)Free School Lane, Rochester.
Photograph of range of buildings inside western corner of junction of Corporation Street and Free School Lane, showing left to right, St. Nicholas' National School, north-east bastion or drum tower of city wall and eastern end of range of buildings as in p.30 above and The Common, rough ground and iron railing in foreground. Couchman's notes pertain to removal of stone from medieval Rochester Bridge to build St. Nicholas' National School in 1857, and closure, subsequent use and demolition of same school 1950-1970. 6 1/4" x 4 7/8" (158mm x 117mm) c.1913 x c.1916 p.55Gundulph Square (formerly Crown Yard), Rochester.
Colour photograph of Gundulph Masonic Hall viewed from inside entrance to square from High Street, showing tops of parked cars and rear of buildings in Castle Hill in background. 6” x 4” (147mm x 102mm) Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 8 September 1987. p.56 File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004

Date: [c.1800] 1892-1993
Quantity: 1 volume/56pp.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

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Rochester volume 10: Rochester streets M-W.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

Maidstone Road, Rochester.
Copy of lantern slide photograph comprising view of The Vineyard public house, 35 Maidstone Road, Rochester, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to north, showing part weather-boarded building of three storeys, stone built at ground level and weather-boarded at first and second storeys, with sash windows and inn sign of bunch of grapes at first floor level and dormer window at third storey level, signboards stating name of public house and landlord (J. Jolley, wine and spirit merchant) and advertising Barclay and Co.’s double stout and porter and E. Winch and Sons’ celebrated ales and the Opera House, Chatham’s production of Hands across the sea by late Henry Pettitt (commencing 18 October 1897). 5 ½” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed c.October 1897; copied from lantern slide 1976. p1.

Maidstone Road, Rochester.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Maidstone Road, Rochester, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to south, showing The Vineyard public house at right and brick house at left, entrance to East Row (far left), pavement, cobbled kerb, beer cellar flap and metalled carriageway in foreground. First storey window contains poster advertising The lights of London (commencing 23 March 1903), a drama presented by George R. Sims. Original exposed c.March 1903. Copied c.1976 p.2

Maidstone Road, Rochester.
Photograph of main entrance to Watts’ Charity almshouses, Maidstone Road, Rochester, looking from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to north, showing almshouses in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to design of wall and layout of pavement. 3 ½” x 2 1/8” (87mm x 55mm) c.1870 p.3 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Watts’ almshouses, Rochester, north end (i.e. north end of almshouses) showing in foreground main gateway and in background almshouses, looking from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to north. On rear, message from S.M. Pym to J. William Hodges, 2 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, offering many happy returns of the day. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building of new almshouses 1855-1860. Postmarked Rochester 27 March 1905. p.3 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Watts’ almshouses, Rochester, south end (i.e. north end of almshouses), looking from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to south, showing in foreground main gateway, carriageway, pavements, draft horse eating from bucket, bystanders and horse-drawn tanker with almshouses in background. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 p.4 (U)

Photograph of main entrance to Watts’ Charity Almshouses, Maidstone Road, Rochester, looking from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to south, showing in foreground main gateway, carriageway and pavement and in background main buildings. 6” x 4 ¼” (154mm x 110mm) Before 1908. p.4 (L)

Maidstone Road, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Watts’ almshouses, Rochester comprising view of range of buildings in distance, boundary wall, entrance gateway, pavement and bollard in middle-ground and metalled carriageway, horse-drawn vehicle, pedestrian and lamp standard in foreground, seen from point on opposite side of road and diagonally opposite and slightly to south of main entrance. On rear, message from S. Cropper of Swift’s Green, Smarden to a Mrs. Batt, Rosalands, Ulcombe (Ulcomb), wishing her a happy Christmas. Postmarked 24 December 19[-] [c. 1910] p.5

Maidstone Road, Rochester.
Photograph of Rochester Grammar School for Girls and kindergarten, nos. 201-203 Maidstone Road, Rochester, looking from point in Maidstone Road diagonally opposite school buildings and to the north, showing in left foreground junction with Longley Avenue, in right foreground tramlines in Maidstone Road and flagpole, lamp standard and tram power pole in middle ground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of foundation stone and opening ceremony 1888-1889. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 106mm) After 1908 p.6

Minor Canon Row, Rochester.
Photograph of Minor Canon Row looking along street from corner of western-most house of southern range of buildings, showing range of buildings and stable door on north side of street, carriageway in middle-ground and wooden fences and steps leading to houses of south side in right foreground. 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) Before 1885 p.7

Minor Canon Row, Rochester.
Two letters from W. Glanvill Mason printed in Kent Life discussing the Dickensian associations, especially of The Mystery of Edwin Drood, of Minor Canon Row, June 1970 and October 1970. p.8

Minor Canon Row, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Minor Canon Row, Rochester: see Edwin Drood showing range of houses on southern side of road, looking diagonally across road from eastern end, showing trees in left foreground and lamp standard in middle ground. On rear, message from Kate (K.) H[-] to a Mrs. Hodges, 2 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, wishing her many happy returns of the day. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the dates of building of the seven minor canons’ houses 1723-1735. Postmarked 28 September 1903. p.10 (U)

Minor Canon Row, Rochester.
Cutting from Rochester Visitors’ Guide comprising photograph of Minor Canon Row looking from point at western end of carriageway and diagonally opposite minor canons’ houses, showing carriageway in left fore and middle grounds and minor canons’ houses in right fore and middle grounds. 1988 p.10 (L)

Minor Canon Row, Rochester.
Photograph of print entitled Minor Canon Row, Rochester comprising view of road looking from eastern end towards junction with Precinct road and showing minor canons’ houses on south side and range of buildings on opposite side, with trees in left foreground, Rochester Castle keep in distance and bystanders on pavement. The keep’s presence may be the subject of artistic licence. Print ascribed to 1870 p.11

Minor Canon Row, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Minor Canon Row, Rochester looking from eastern end towards junction with Precinct road and showing minor canons’ houses on south side and part-weatherboarded range of buildings on opposite side, with trees and iron railing in left foreground. Photographer or publisher: A.A. Ash, Rochester. c.1960 p.11

King’s School, Rochester (formerly Cathedral Grammar School), Rochester.
Copy of photographic portrait of Rev. Robert Whiston, headmaster of King’s School, Rochester 1842-1877, subject looking at camera and wearing bow tie, waistcoat and watch chain. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Whiston’s litigation with the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. Original exposed c.1878. p.12 (U)

King’s School, Rochester (formerly Cathedral Grammar School), Rochester.
Postcard photograph of Main School, King’s School, Precincts, Rochester, looking across courtyard towards two storey building, showing three youths in middle ground looking towards camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes include a transcription of a tablet erected in the school chapel in memory of Whiston. c.1910 p.12 (L)

King’s School, Rochester (formerly Cathedral Grammar School), Rochester.
Cutting from Friends of Rochester Cathedral Annual Report comprising photographs of Main School and junior school, each showing school boys. May 1972 p.13

King’s School, Rochester (Cathedral Grammar School), Rochester.
Composite postcard photographs entitled King’s School, Rochester showing clockwise from top left, School House, The Vines; swimming pool, Precincts; Choir School, Precincts; and senior prep room, School House, The Vines. c.1930 p.14

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Fort Pitt Gardens, Rochester comprising view of Jackson Recreation Ground or Jackson’s Field, formerly Fort Pitt Gardens, looking through main entrance at junction of Pattens Lane (later City Way) and New Road towards Fort Pitt Hill, showing in foreground left to right iron railings, sapling, brick gate pillars, motorcycle and iron gates, in middle ground shrubs, walkway and visitors sitting on benches, in middle distance tennis courts and groundsman’s hut and in distance Territorial Army Drill Hall and Fort Pitt Hill. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to corporation acquisition and usage of site. c.1920 p.15 (U)

New Road, Rochester.
Notes made by Couchman on to sources pertaining to New Road recreation ground, taken from Kent Messenger 14 March 1914 and Rochester City Council Estates and General Purposes Committee 1923-1924. Compiled c.1980 p.15 (Ma-c)

New Road, Rochester.
Photograph of civic dignitaries and officers dressed in ceremonial attire and regalia, gathered on platform under awning and facing camera in presence of crowd of onlookers, on occasion of acceptance of Fort Pitt Gardens as recreation ground on behalf of Rochester Corporation, dignitaries including Apsley Kennette, town clerk, F.C. Boucher, city treasurer, J.H. Jackson, mayor, aldermen Edward Willis, J. Elvy, F.F. Smith, A.E.J. Price, A.C. Lyle and C. Willis and Francis Oman, principal sergeant-at-mace. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 113mm) 14 May 1914. p.15 (L)

New Road/Star Hill, Rochester.
Copy of photograph of Boys’ Mill (later Belsey’s Mill), Star Hill, Rochester, looking from Fort Pitt Gardens across New Road, showing seated visitors in foreground, range of buildings at western end of New Road in middle ground and chimney and smock windmill with four sails in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to mention in W. Coles Finch’s book Watermills and Windmills (see Local Studies collections). 5 7/8” x 3 ¾” (150mm x 95mm) Original exposed c.1880 p.16

New Road, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester New Road comprising view looking diagonally across New Road and eastwards along New Road from point near junction of New Road and Pattens Lane (later City Way), showing range of buildings on north side in left foreground and middle distance including New Road House (no.3) (later Good Companions Club Ltd.) and Rodney House (no.4), tram heading towards camera in right middle ground, metalled carriageway, trees, saplings and tramline power line columns along pavements and bystanders in right foreground. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 x c.1920 p.17 (U)

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled New Road, Rochester comprising view of New Road looking west from a point diagonally opposite and slightly to east of junction with Gundulph Road, showing clockwise left to right, carriageway and tramlines, rear of tram heading away from camera, pavements lined with trees and tram power line columns, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital (obscured by trees), entrance to Gundulph Road and woman pushing small perambulator and wall letter box. On rear, message from Aunt Nellie [-] to Mr. And Mrs. H.E. Couchman, Abingdon, Elaine Avenue, Strood, wishing them a happy Christmas and New Year. Postmarked 21 December [c.1948] p.17 (L)

New Road, Rochester.
Photograph of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, New Road, Rochester, looking diagonally across New Road from north-eastern corner of Fort Pitt Gardens and slightly to east, showing boundary fence at foot of Fort Pitt Gardens, saplings in pavement on both sides of carriageway, dwarf wall in front of hospital and wooden fence to east. Couchman’s accompanying notes chiefly pertain to building and opening of hospital 1861-1863. 5 7/8” x 4” (142mm x 101mm) Before 1882 p.18

New Road, Rochester.
Item removed by compiler. No data. P.19 (U)

New Road, Rochester.
Photograph of New Road, Rochester, looking west along New Road from entrance of Fort Pitt Hill (adopted or unadopted road with metalled surface of chalk), Rochester, showing left to right and clockwise, War Department boundary stone demarcating boundary between Rochester and Chatham, wooden palings marking northern edge of Fort Pitt Gardens or Fields, trees on each side of carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles in tarmacadamised carriageway, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, entrance to Gundulph Road, Gundulph Villa and range of buildings and trees to east of Gundulph Road on north side of New Road. Mason Collection. Before 1906 p.19 (L)

New Road, Rochester.
Photograph of entrance to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, New Road, Rochester, showing tympanum containing carvings depicting Christ healing the sick, carved heads representing William the Conqueror and Bishop Gundulf on the imposts or springing line, carved seal of hospital and inscribed foundation stone on opposite sides of doorway, opened doors, dwarf wall, iron railings, door step and door mat. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to carving work by a Mr. Seale of London. c.1940 p.20 (U and L)

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital looking north-west or diagonally across north-east corner of Fort Pitt Gardens or Fields and New Road towards St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, showing iron railings in foreground, trees alongside carriageway in middle ground and range of hospital buildings in background. On rear, message from Harry [-] to a Mrs. Hodges, Hartherley Road, Sidcup, wishing her a happy Christmas and New Year. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Gillingham 24 December 1908. p.21 (U)

New Road, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph as p.21 (U) entitled Rochester, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital looking north-west or diagonally across north-east corner of Fort Pitt Gardens or Fields and New Road towards St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, showing iron railings in foreground, trees alongside carriageway in middle ground and range of hospital buildings in background. On rear, message from P.W.R[-] to G.F. Mansell esq., 19 Uplands Road, Stroud Green, London N., discussing travel and visiting arrangements. Postmarked Chatham 26 August 1906. p.21 (L)

New Road, Rochester.
Tinted photograph entitled Hospital and Medway, Chatham comprising panoramic view of Rochester, Frindsbury and River Medway from Fort Pitt Gardens or Field, looking north from Fort Pitt Hill along Chatham Reach, showing clockwise left to right, road leading up Fort Pitt Hill, sheep grazing on lower part of Fort Pitt Hill, iron railings and trees alongside New Road, range of buildings along north side of New Road including St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester Castle and Cathedral, Frindsbury Hill, Frindsbury Peninsula, lighters and barges in Chatham Reach and covered slipways in HM Dockyard, Chatham. On rear, message from Florence (Florrie) [-] to a Mrs. Emberson, 64 Sparsholt Road, Crouch Hill, London N., discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Chatham 28 August 1910 [?] p.22 (U)

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester comprising view of hospital looking north-west from Fort Pitt Gardens or Field across New Road, showing iron railing on south side of New Road, trees alongside New Road and dwarf wall and pedestrians on north side of New Road. On rear, message from Rose [-] to Miss Jennie Warren, 142 Rosebery Avenue, Manor Park, Essex E12, describing minding her sick uncle and a bus journey to Maidstone. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate, Rochester. Postmarked Maidstone 11 September 1918. p.22 (L)

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled New Road Avenue, Chatham [sic] comprising view of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital looking east along New Road from point diagonally opposite and to west of hospital, showing left to right, hospital building covered in ivy, tram power column, youthful bystanders, trees alongside New Road and tram approaching camera in right distance. J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. c.1904 x c.1919 p.23 (U)

New Road, Rochester.
Photograph of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Nurses’ Home, New Road, Rochester, looking north across New Road from Fort Pitt Hill or Field, showing iron railing in foreground, trees and tram power columns alongside New Road, Nurses’ Home, entrance to Gundulph Road, River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), Frindsbury Peninsula and sailing vessels moored alongside wharves either side of Ship Pier. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to benefaction by T.H. Foord. 6” x 4 1/8” (151mm 104mm) After 1902 p.23 (L)

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester comprising view of hospital main building looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west on Fort Pitt Hill or Field, showing pavement, trees and tram power columns on north side of road, entrance canopy extending from building to pavement and carriageway in foreground. Publisher: Valentine. c.1920 p.24

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled The children’s ward, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester showing the Catherine Spong Ward, looking along middle aisle and showing left to right, clockwise, wicker baby’s cot, hospital beds, nurse and patient, doctor and sitting patients, patient on rocking horse, nurses, table, beds, flower arrangements and wooden cabinet and framed pictures on walls. On rear, message from unnamed author to Miss Nellie [cf. Eleanor, Helen or Ellen] Hewitt, Bunwell Hill, Norfolk, discussing hospitalisation of an Eva. Published by Lofthouse, Crosbie and Co., Tower House, Trinity Square, London EC. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest this ward had become Out-patients B Ward by 1988. Postmarked Gillingham 15 June 1915. p.25

New Road, Rochester.
Cutting comprising photographic portrait of Rev. John Bailey MA, chaplain of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester/Chatham 1878-1933, comprising half-length view of bearded subject wearing spectacles, resting right elbow on book and looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to subject’s obituary notice in Chatham News 8 November 1935. p.26

New Road, Rochester.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising photograph of road works associated with road widening scheme and building of bus lay-by opposite St. Bartholomew’s Hospital. 24 November 1961. p.27

New Road, Rochester.
Postcard bearing map entitled Bath and West of England Show 1910 depicting area extending from Station Road, Strood in west to Chatham Railway Station in east, and Frindsbury Peninsula in north to Pattens Lane, Rochester in south, showing show ground at Fort Pitt Fields, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle and Gardens, River Medway, Bull Hotel, High Street, Rochester, The Vines, Rochester, Restoration House, Crow Lane/Maidstone Road, Rochester, Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester, Post Office, High Street, Rochester, Rochester Railway Station, Rochester Bridge Railway Station (Strood), Strood Railway Station and Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham. Mason Collection. 1910 p.29

Old Foundry Wharf, off 327-329 High Street, Rochester.
Two receipted bills from Meux’s Brewery Co. Ltd., Old Foundry Wharf, Rochester, 1909. p.30

Priestfields, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Foord’s Almshouses, Rochester comprising view of main courtyard looking north from Priestfields, showing in foreground brick outer wall headed with stone, in middle ground stone balustrade and part of entrance gateway, domed stone pavilion or bandstand surmounted by statue of Charity, lawns and pathways and in background, left to right, two storeyed range, one storeyed range and Great Hall and clocktower. Photographer: E. Kelly, 8 Langdon Road, Rochester. c.1930 p.31 (U)

Priestfields, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled The Great Hall, Foord Almshouses, Rochester 1937 showing floodlit Great Hall at night-time, looking north across main courtyard. 1937 p.31 (L)

St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester.
Postcard-size reproduction of engraving of view of Rochester Castle keep and city South Gate looking north from junction of St. Margaret’s Street and Boley Hill, showing in foreground left to right, gateway, trees, bushes, group of rustics and carriageway, in middle ground Boley Hill House and South Gate and in distance keep and southern turret of west front of Rochester Cathedral. Mason Collection. Original executed pre-1770. p.32

St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester.
Photograph of Elm Lodge (no.31), St. Margaret’s Street, looking north along St. Margaret’s Street from point in carriageway slightly to south of and diagonally opposite junction with King Edward Road, showing left to right, range of buildings on west side of St. Margaret’s Street, pedestrian, short section of range of buildings on east side of St. Margaret’s Street north of Elm Lodge, entrance to King Edward Road and front and awning of W.T. Palmer, greengrocer’s shop, no.33 St. Margaret’s Street. Mason Collection. 4 7/8” x 3 ¼” (124mm x 84mm) c.1938 p.33 (U)

St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester.
Photograph of Elm Lodge (no.31), St. Margaret’s Street, looking north along St. Margaret’s Street from point in carriageway slightly to south of and diagonally opposite junction with King Edward Road, showing left to right, range of buildings, lamp standard and parked motor car on west side of St. Margaret’s Street, short section of range of buildings on east side of St. Margaret’s Street north of Elm Lodge and entrance to King Edward Road. On rear, notes by W. Glanvill Mason, with supplemental notes by Couchman, to effect that Elm Lodge was A.J. Denning’s School c.1871 x c.1873. 5 5/8” x 3 3/8” (152mm x 85mm) c.1938 p.33 (L)

St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester.
Two receipted bills from Fremlins Ltd., 48 St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester, off licence and grocery stores to a Mrs. Wharton, letter headings comprising depiction of bottle label for Fremlin’s elephant brand ale, guaranteed brewed entirely with hops. 1951 p.34

St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester.
Print from engraving entitled St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester, Kent comprising view of church from south, showing left to right in foreground thatched hut, field of wheat, wooden gate, brick wall, scythier, team of horses and cart with driver on foot, in middle ground tree, churchyard, church and lean-to against tower and in distance, windmill on Frindsbury Hill, Rochester Bridge and Rochester Castle keep. Engraved by J.A. Rolph from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published 1 February 1820 by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London. Couchman’s accompanying notes compare this print with that on p.36 (U) (see below) p.35 (U)

St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester.
Print from engraving entitled St. Margaret’s Rochester comprising view of St. Margaret’s Church, St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester, looking south-east from point in River Medway, showing in foreground edge of River Medway, rocky shore line, tree and high river bank overhung with bushes, in middle distance on cliff left to right, trees, wooden fence, house (possibly The Gleanings), bushes, St. Margaret’s Church tower and St. Margaret’s Post Mill (windmill). Drawn and etched by F.W.L. Stockdale and published 30 December 1810 by Messrs. Arch of Cornhill, London, booksellers. p.35 (L)

St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester.
Print from engraving entitled St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester, Kent comprising view of church from south, showing left to right in foreground thatched hut, field of wheat, wooden gate, brick wall, scythier, team of horses and cart with driver on foot, in middle ground tree, churchyard, church and lean-to against tower and in distance, windmill on Frindsbury Hill, Rochester Bridge and Rochester Castle keep. Engraved by J.A. Rolph from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published 1 February 1820 by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London. [cf. p.35 (U)] Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the rebuilding of the nave and chancel in 1824. p.36 (U)

St. Margaret’s Street and Church, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester comprising view of St. Margaret’s Church looking north-west from point in St. Margaret’s Street diagonally opposite and to the south, showing in foreground carriageway, pavement and brick wall, in middle ground churchyard and church tower (covered in ivy), nave and chancel and range of buildings on east side of St. Margaret’s Street to north and in distance River Medway (Town Reach) and remains of Killick and Field’s windmills, Broom Hill, Strood. On rear, message from Edith [-] to a Mrs. Hodges, 2 Alma Villa, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, offering Christmas wishes. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 22 December 1905. p.36 (L)

St. Margaret’s Street Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester comprising view of St. Margaret’s Church looking north-west from point in St. Margaret’s Street diagonally opposite and to the south, showing in right foreground band of Royal West Kent Regiment marching towards camera, in left foreground bystanders on pavement, in middle ground brick wall, churchyard, church tower (covered in ivy), nave and chancel and in distance range of buildings on east side of St. Margaret’s Street to north. On rear, message from A.W. to Mr. W. Hancock, 33 Bolingbroke Road, West Kensington, London, wishing him a nice weekend. Published by Valentine. Postmarked 13 January 1913. p.37

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester.
Certificate of regular attendance and good conduct at St. Margaret’s Bible Class issued to Harry Raynar, Christmas 1908. p.38

St. Margaret’s Street Rochester.
Colour photograph of former St. Margaret’s parish workhouse, St. Margaret’s Street Rochester, looking south-west from point in St. Margaret’s Street diagonally opposite and slightly to north, showing most of elevation and roofline, lower storey partly obscured by brick wall in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes comprise a transcription of the tablet over the main entrance and a description of the building’s use after 1835 by St. Margaret’s National School, St. Margaret’s Voluntary Primary Controlled School and King’s School, Rochester. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 6/8” x 4” (146mm x 100mm) 23 October 1987. p.39

St. Margaret’s Street Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, The Old Palace [sic] comprising view of front of Bishopscourt, looking north diagonally across courtyard separating building from St. Margaret’s Street and boundary wall, showing decorative raised banding, first storey covered in climbing plants and ivy and dormer windows in roof. On rear, message from Amy [-] to a Mrs. Leighton, 120 Lake Road, Landport, Portsmouth, Hampshire, thanking her for appreciation of cake. Wrench Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Rochester 9 December 1904. p.40

Star Hill, Rochester.
Copy of photograph of first storey of front of Barnaby, druggist and dispensing chemist’s shop, no.2. Star Hill, Rochester, showing window displays and counter through opened doors. Mason Collection. 5 ¼” x 3 ¼” (132mm x 82mm) Original exposed c.1900 p.41

Star Hill, Rochester.
Receipted bill from R. Lane and Son, 4-8 Star Hill, Rochester, [oilmen], in respect of stone and brown paint, bearing illustrated bill heading advertising Berry’s diamond improved waterproof boot polishes, settled 8 March 1909. On rear, printed cartoon captioned An everybody wonders how it is done by Phil L. depicting dog of mongrel appearance balancing penny piece and tin of Berry’s diamond box-calf glace kid waterproof polish on its nose, watched by four motley male onlookers from behind brick wall. p.42

Star Hill, Rochester.
Receipted bill from R. Lane and Son, 4-8 Star Hill, Rochester, [oilmen], in respect of wall papers, bearing illustrated bill heading advertising Watson’s matchless cleanser soap, Sparkla polishing soap and Nubolic soap, settled 22 September 1910. p.43

Star Hill, Rochester.
Copy of photograph of Theatre Royal, Star Hill, Rochester, comprising view of front of building looking south and diagonally across Star Hill from point slightly to north, showing left to right, carriageway, cobbled slope to pavement, pavement, part of building to left, entrance porch, placard advertising performances of William Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Othello by Thomas Edward Evans, 10-11 March [1884], lamp standard and bystander. Also showing dog on pavement and seated onlooker beneath porch. Accompanying notes by Couchman pertain to erection, origin of regal title, usage and changes in theatre’s name. Original exposed March 1884. 4 ¾” x 3 ¼” (122mm x 80mm) p.44 (U) (left)

Star Hill, Rochester.
Photograph of pen and ink drawing by Thomas Caddel entitled the interior, The Old Theatre Royal, Rochester comprising view from rear of auditorium looking towards stage and proscenium arch, showing orchestra pit, house curtains, ceiling and stalls. The house curtains are adorned with a large pendant medallion bearing the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 3” x 2 ¼” (76mm x 58mm) Drawing before 1884. p.44 (U) Right.

Star Hill, Rochester.
Photograph of pen and ink drawing by Thomas Caddel entitled The old pay box comprising view of hallway, cubicle and hatch and staircase inside Theatre Royal, Star Hill, Rochester. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (83mm x 62mm) Drawing before 1884. p.44 (M).

Star Hill, Rochester.
Photograph of range of buildings on west side comprising 4-14 Star Hill, Rochester, shop of R. Lane and Son, 4-8 Star Hill, Rochester, [oilmen], two brick houses (nos. 10-12), Theatre Royal (no. 14) and two other brick houses (nos. 16-18), looking diagonally across Star Hill from point slightly to south, showing advertising placards outside Lane’s shop, junction with Victoria Street, lamp standards, porch of Theatre Royal and bystander, placards advertising performance of My Awful Dad starring Charles Matthews, comedian, supported by Miss Sarah Thorne and her dramatic company, 31 July-1 August [1877], iron railings outside no.16 and stone steps, foot scrapers and chain fence outside no.18. Carriageway, cobbled slope to pavement and horse manure in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to riot in a Rochester theatre 1783 and demolition of porch in 1972. 8” x 6” (205mm x 155mm) 1877p.45

Star Hill, Rochester.
Photograph of area around junction of Star Hill, High Street and Ironmonger Lane, Rochester, looking north-north-west down Star Hill, showing left to right and clockwise, entrance porch to Theatre Royal (no. 14 Star Hill) with placard advertising performance of Little Em’ly starring Victor Stevens 29-30 September and 1 October [1881], lamp standard, entrance to Victoria Street, shop of R. Lane and Son, 4-8 Star Hill, Rochester, [oilmen], bystanders, pillar post box, range of buildings on north side of High Street to west of Ironmonger Lane including Willis and Son (no.98) and a pawnbroker and ironmonger’s shop (no.99 [?]), entrance to Ironmonger Lane, corner of Red Lion public house and Star Hotel, Star Hill, bearing placards advertising London Journal, Lloyd’s News, Weekly Times, Daily Telegraph and Daily Chronicle. Street scene shows pedestrians blurred by time exposure, cobbled surface water drainage gulleys and horse manure in carriageway. 8” x 6” (210mm x 160mm) September 1881. p.46

Star Hill, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Star Hill comprising view of Star Hill looking north-north-west down hill from junction with New Road and Pattens Lane, showing terraced houses on east side of road, trams heading towards and away from camera, tram power line columns and bystanders. On rear, message from M.E[-] to Miss E. Campbell, Fielding, 19 Ross Road, South Norwood Hill, London SE, discussing health matters. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 10 June 1905. p.47

Star Hill, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled general view of town, Rochester comprising view of Rochester looking north-west towards Rochester Castle and Cathedral from position on roof of building at or near junction of Star Hill and New Road, showing anti-clockwise, Star Hill, junction of Star Hill and Victoria Street, shop of R. Lane and Son, 4-8 Star Hill, Rochester, [oilmen], junction of Star Hill and High Street, William Oldroyd’s piano and music warehouse, 141 High Street, Franklin Homan Ltd., house furnishers, cabinet makers, upholsterers and furniture removers’ factory and stores, 178-184 High Street, St. Peter’s Church, King Street, general townscape, cathedral and castle and in far distance Strood Hill, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill. On rear, message from N.M[-] to Miss J.C. Hopkins, 14 Star Hill, Rochester, thanking her for birthday wishes and discussing passing of years, health and onset of winter. Postmarked Finsbury Park, London N4 25 September 1923. p.48 (U)

Star Hill, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph otherwise identical to p.48 (U) entitled general view of town, Rochester comprising view of Rochester looking north-west towards Rochester Castle and Cathedral from position on roof of building at or near junction of Star Hill and New Road, showing anti-clockwise, Star Hill, junction of Star Hill and Victoria Street, shop of R. Lane and Son, 4-8 Star Hill, Rochester, [oilmen], junction of Star Hill and High Street, William Oldroyd’s piano and music warehouse, 141 High Street, Franklin Homan Ltd., house furnishers, cabinet makers, upholsterers and furniture removers’ factory and stores, 178-184 High Street, St. Peter’s Church, King Street, general townscape, cathedral and castle and in far distance Strood Hill, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill. c.1923. p.48 (L)

Star Hill, Rochester.

Printed book of words (pamphlet) for Rochester Glee and Madrigal Society’s fourth concert in the New Club House *, Star Hill, Rochester on 10 June 1885. Incomplete. Printed by W.T. Wildash, St. Margaret’s Banks, Rochester, hydraulic printer. 1885 p.49

[* Presumed to be the Conservative Club, formerly Theatre Royal]

Star Hill, Rochester.

Colour photograph of St. Catherine’s Hospital, Star Hill, Rochester, comprising view of middle section of Star Hill frontage, looking west from position opposite and slightly to south, showing three chimney stacks, inscription tablet (inscription not legible), iron railings and pavement. Over-exposed. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of foundation and include a transcription of the inscription. 5 7/8” x 4” (150mm x 100) 14 April 1983. p.50

Troy Town, Rochester.
Bill from F. Letchford and Son, East Row, Troy Town, Rochester, coal and coke merchants, British and foreign fruiterers and greengrocers to Mr. E.J. Mantell [of Rochester] for greens, potatoes, milk and loaf of bread, 5 August 1891. p.51

The Vines (The Monks’ Vineyard), Rochester.
Photograph of passageway in north-west corner of The Vines leading to Precincts road, looking north from inside The Vines towards cathedral, showing left to right, the Archdeaconry, brick wall overhung with ivy, passageway, lamp standard, brick wall and Oriel House and in distance roofline of cathedral extending from pinnacles of west front angle towers to central tower. 3 3/8” x 2 3/8” (86mm x 60mm) c.1930 p.52 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of northern area of The Vines looking north across lawns and pathway towards portions of southern section of city wall and cathedral, showing left to right, trees, bushes, shrubs, Oriel House beyond wall, cathedral, partly obscured by Oriel House and trees, and Deanery. Mason Collection. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (165mm x 120mm) Before 1904. p.52

The Vines, Rochester.
Copy of photograph of eastern area of The Vines looking east towards Restoration House, viewed from point inside The Vines, showing lawns and path in foreground, left to right in middle-ground rough wooden fence and style and in distance brick wall on east side of Crow Lane (Maidstone Road) and front elevation of Restoration House and part of building adjacent to south. Original exposed before 1880. p.53 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of eastern area of The Vines looking east towards School House (King’s School, Rochester) in left middle distance and Restoration House in right distance, viewed from point inside The Vines, showing lawns and path in fore and middle grounds, and left to right, bushes, School House, Restoration House and part of building to south of Restoration House. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (163mm x 122mm) c.1904 x c.1907 p.53 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, The Vines comprising view looking south-east along main on north-west/south-east path, showing left to right, lawns and School House (largely obscured) (King’s School, Rochester) and buildings in Crow Lane/Maidstone Road, man putting with golf club [?], avenue and canopy of trees, woman sitting on bench minding perambulator, strollers (one woman with parasol) and lamp standard. On rear, message from unnamed author to Mrs. G. Hudson, Newton Lodge, 19 Grenville Road, Brighton, Sussex, describing journey via London. Published by Photocrom Ltd., London. Mutilated. c.1905 p.54 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph otherwise identical to p.54 (U) above, entitled Rochester, The Vines comprising view looking south-east along main on north-west/south-east path, showing left to right, lawns and School House (largely obscured) (King’s School, Rochester), man putting with golf club [?], avenue and canopy of trees, woman sitting on bench minding perambulator, strollers (one woman with parasol), intersection with second path and lamp standard. Published by Photocrom Ltd., London [?]. c.1905 p.54 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled The Vines, Rochester comprising view looking along north-west along main on north-west/south-east path, showing avenue and canopy of trees, lamp standards, benches, intersection with second path, strollers in distance and group of children and perambulator in foreground. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester and sold by Lloyd-Langton of Chatham, stationer. c.1910 p.55 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled The Vines and Cathedral, Rochester comprising view looking north and diagonally across main north-west/south-east path, showing in fore and middle-grounds avenue and canopy of trees, bicycle propped against lamp standard, second lamp standard, benches, seated visitors, intersection with second path, strollers and in distance cathedral central tower and roofline. Published by H. Brothers. c.1920 p.55 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Vines Recreation Ground, Rochester: a merry Christmas and a happy New Year comprising view of Rochester Cathedral, Oriel House and northern area of The Vines, showing lawns in fore and middle-grounds, two bystanders near wooden paling and bushes, shrubs and trees in middle ground. On rear, message from Edward (Ted) [-] to Miss D. Lee, 22 Chryssel Road, Vauxhall Road, London, sending his love. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to proposed improvements in The Vines, 1871. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 23 December 1905. p.56 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Vines, Rochester comprising winter-time view looking north and diagonally across main north-west/south-east path, showing in fore and middle-grounds avenue of trees bare of leaves, lamp standards, benches, standing and seated visitors, dog, intersection with second path, strollers in distance cathedral central tower and roofline and Oriel House. City of Rochester coat of arms superimposed in bottom right corner. Published by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester, Milton Series and printed in Germany. c.1910 p.56 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Vines, Rochester comprising view of The Vines looking north and diagonally across main north-west/south-east path, showing in fore and middle-grounds avenue and canopy of trees, lamp standards, benches, seated visitors, intersection with second path, strollers in middle distance and cathedral central tower and roofline and Oriel House in distance. On rear, message from H. Marshall to Miss Caroline (Carrie) Wood, Ivy Villa, Bredgar, Sittingbourne, asking forgiveness for transgressing against Auntie. Published by W.H. Smith and Son, 100 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Postmarked Rochester 6 October 1906. p.57 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled The Vines, Rochester comprising view of The Vines looking north from point inside The Vines alongside fence against Crow Lane/Maidstone Road, showing in foreground lawns and pathway; in middle ground iron fence, trees and bushes; and in right distance School House (King’s School, Rochester). On rear, message from Dad to Miss Mollie Gowar, St. Oswald’s, South Mymms, Barnet, Hertfordshire, describing visit to Stelling Minnis. Published by Thornton Brothers, Balmoral Series, Gillingham. Postmarked 1928. p.57 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Seven Elms, Vines, Rochester comprising view of group of trees in southern corner of The Vines, looking from point inside The Vines to north, showing lawn in foreground, trees, pathway and iron railings in middle-ground and houses in Crow Lane/Maidstone Road in background. Published by Thornton Brothers, Gillingham. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern the demolition of the trees in 1963 and refer to Charles Dickens’ mention of them as the Seven Sisters. c.1930 p.58 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Vines, Rochester comprising autumnal scene looking north-west along main north-west/south-east path, showing left to right, iron railings, lawns and shrubs, avenue and canopy of trees, visitors sitting on benches, woman pushing perambulator towards camera and children. Published by Photocrom Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying out of seats and gardens by Rochester City Council in 1882. c.1920 p.58

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of The Vines during heavy rain, looking east and diagonally across main north-west/south-east path, showing in fore and middle-grounds avenue of trees bare of leaves, intersecting second path, benches and strollers with umbrella and push chair and in distance part of Restoration House, Crow Lane/Maidstone Road. 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (81mm x 57mm) Before 1938. p.59 (U) *

[* See also photograph DE402/6/p.89 (L) (Right) from same film.]

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of the eastern corner of The Vines under snow, looking east from point inside The Vines across main north-west/south-east path towards School House (King’s School, Rochester), showing bench and avenue of bare trees in middle ground and rear of Baptist Church, Crow Lane/Maidstone Road in left distance and part of front of Restoration House, also Crow Lane/Maidstone Road in right distance. 5 3/8” x 3 3/8” (136mm x 85mm) A note on rear suggests before 1939; Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest 1947 or 1958. p.59 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of storm damage in eastern corner of The Vines subsequent to storm damage of 12 February 1938, looking south-east from point inside The Vines towards houses in Crow Lane/Maidstone Road, showing William Coles Finch of 55 Queens Road, Luton, engineer and author in right foreground standing in front of clump of seven elm trees or Seven Sisters, demolished tree trunk lying in left middle-ground and houses on east side of Crow Lane/Maidstone Road in background. Coles Finch is wearing an overcoat, brimmed hat and looking at camera and ground and roofs are under snow. Processed by Gerald Morris (Morrisprint), 24-26 High Street, Rochester, chemist. Mason Collection. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾” (69mm x 44mm) February 1938 p.60 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of storm damage in eastern corner of The Vines subsequent to storm damage of 12 February 1938, looking south-east from point inside The Vines towards houses in Crow Lane/Maidstone Road, showing William Coles Finch of 55 Queens Road, Luton, engineer and author standing in front of demolished elm tree forming part of Seven Sisters. Coles Finch is wearing an overcoat, brimmed hat and looking at camera and ground and roofs are under snow. Processed by Gerald Morris (Morrisprint), 24-26 High Street, Rochester, chemist. Mason Collection. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾” (68mm x 45mm) February 1938 p.60 (M) (left)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of storm damage in eastern corner of The Vines subsequent to storm damage of 12 February 1938, looking south-south-east from point inside The Vines towards junction of Crow Lane/Maidstone Road and Vines Lane, showing William Coles Finch of 55 Queens Road, Luton, engineer and author standing in front of clump of seven elm trees or Seven Sisters. Coles Finch is wearing an overcoat, brimmed hat and looking at camera and ground is under snow. Processed by Gerald Morris (Morrisprint), 24-26 High Street, Rochester, chemist. Mason Collection. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾” (68mm x 45mm) February 1938 p.60 (M) (right)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of clump of seven elm trees or Seven Sisters in eastern corner of The Vines, presumed subsequent to storm damage of 12 February 1938, looking south-south-east from point inside The Vines towards junction of Crow Lane/Maidstone Road and Vines Lane, showing wheel barrow in right middle ground. Processed by Gerald Morris (Morrisprint), 24-26 High Street, Rochester, chemist. Mason Collection. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾” (67mm x 45mm) c. February 1938 p.60 (L) (left)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of clump of seven elm trees or Seven Sisters in eastern corner of The Vines, presumed subsequent to storm damage of 12 February 1938, looking south-east from point inside The Vines towards The Vines (house, later Pepys’ Pleasure, on east side of Crow Lane/Maidstone Road) and junction of Crow Lane/Maidstone Road and Vines Lane, showing left to right, The Vines, clump of trees, south-east end of main north-west/south-east path through The Vines and avenue of trees. Processed by Gerald Morris (Morrisprint), 24-26 High Street, Rochester, chemist. Mason Collection. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾” (67mm x 45mm) c. February 1938 p.60 (L) (Middle)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of William Coles Finch of 55 Queens Road, Luton, engineer and author standing beside tree stump of a clump of seven elm trees or Seven Sisters, subject wearing an overcoat, brimmed hat and looking at camera, a second tree from the clump in background, also showing wooden fence alongside Vines Lane in distance. Processed by Gerald Morris (Morrisprint), 24-26 High Street, Rochester, chemist. Mason Collection. 2 ¾” x 1 ¾” (67mm x 44mm) c. February 1938 p.60 (L) (right)

The Vines, Rochester.
Couchman’s notes accompanying the photographs on p.60 pertain to Coles Finch’s article in Chatham News 17 June 1938 in which some of these photographs were reproduced.

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of The Vines looking south-east along main north-west/south-east path through avenue and canopy of trees towards junction with Crow Lane/Maidstone Road and Vines Lane, showing lawns in fore and middle-grounds, bushes and intersecting path in middle ground and strollers and The Vines (house) in Crow Lane/Maidstone Road in distance. 4 3/8” x 4 ¼” (110mm x 108mm) October 1940 p.61 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Photograph of The Vines looking north-west along main north-west/south-east path through avenue and canopy of trees towards The Precincts, showing lawns in fore and middle-grounds, intersecting path in middle-ground and lamp standards and strollers in middle ground and distance. Of matching pair with p.61 (U) above. October 1940 p.61 (L)

The Vines, Rochester.
Colour photograph of The Vines in aftermath of the Great Storm of 16 October 1987, looking north-west along main north-west/south-east path through avenue of trees towards The Precincts, showing lamp standards and demolished and damaged trees with two spectators and spire of central tower of Rochester Cathedral in distance. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 ¾” x 4” (146mm x 101mm) 19 October 1987 p.62 (U)

The Vines, Rochester.
Two cuttings, first from Daily Mail reporting BBC’s inaccurate weather forecasting and quoting meteorologist Michael Fish as saying A woman rang to say she’d heard there was a hurricane on the way. Well, don’t worry there isn’t and second from Medway Extra (undated) reporting replanting of trees in The Vines (9 December 1988). P.62 (L) (left and right)

The Vines, Rochester.
Colour photograph of The Vines in aftermath of the Great Storm of 16 October 1987, looking from point inside The Vines towards northern corner and Precincts Wall, showing crane and bystanders in fore and middle-grounds, demolished and damaged trees in middle ground and Oriel House in background. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 ¾” x 4” (146mm x 101mm) 19 October 1987 p.63

Watts’ Avenue, Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Watts’ Avenue, Rochester comprising view of tree-lined avenue looking west from point in carriageway towards junction with St. Margaret’s Street, showing pavements, brick gate pillars and private residences set back from southern side of road, houses on northern side obscured by trees. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 p.64 (U)

Watts’ Avenue, Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Watts’ Avenue, Rochester comprising winter-time view of tree-lined avenue under snow, looking west from point in carriageway towards junction with St. Margaret’s Street, showing pavements, brick gate pillars and private residences set back from each side of road. On rear, message from N. P[otter?] to [Mr. And] Mrs. Potter, parents (M & F), 2 Northampton Street, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, asking for a letter in return and stating he or she lives in Watts’ Avenue. Published by G. [?] A. Morris, 24 High Street, Rochester. Postmarked 2 July 1906 [?] p.64 (L)

# File updated by borough archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: c.1810-c.1987
Quantity: 1 volume/64pp.

Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_11 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Strood volume 1:
the Couchman family;
general;
Watling Street (comprising Cobham Road, London Road, High Street and A2 Trunk Road), section Cobham Road to Angel Corner.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

(Ernest) Harold Couchman, compiler.
Three-quarters head and shoulders photograph of compiler, subject looking to right of camera and wearing gaberdine coat over jacket, shirt and tartan-patterned tie. 10” x 8” (253mm x 203mm) c.1975 p.1

(Ernest) Harold Couchman, compiler.
Biographical notes on compiler made by member of family posthumously. p.2

[p.3 no content]

General.
Colour picture postcard depicting romantic and humorous scene of two wayfarers comprising young man dressed in striped jacket, striped waistcoat, bow tie and flannels and young woman dressed in blouse with cravatte, ankle-length skirt and broad-brimmed straw hat, both sitting at side of road, presumed Watling Street, man holding woman in affectionate and tight embrace, woman holding posey of flowers and affecting slight air of demureness and detachment. To left of couple is milestone inscribed one mile to Strood and at top right of card caption ascribed to courting man I could go on like this at Strood for MILES, winding path and rural scenery in background. London Series, printed in Germany. c.1905 p.4 (U)

General.
Colour picture postcard depicting romantic and humorous scene of two wayfarers comprising young man in striped suit and bow tie, his straw boater hat lying at rear on bank and young woman in long dress with deeply frilled hem, light, loose lined coat and bonnet, both sitting at side of road, presumed Watling Street, man holding woman in over-ardent and affectionate embrace, woman affecting rejection of his advances. To left of couple is milestone inscribed one mile to Strood and at foot of card is caption It’s not the miles you travel but the PACE that kills at Strood. Rural scenery in background. London Series, printed in Germany. c.1905 p.4 (L)

General.
Tinted silver print picture postcard entitled Greetings from Strood set in floral design with scroll. On rear, message from Lillie [-] to a Mrs. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, discussing family arrangements. Published by A. and G. Taylor, Reality Series, 10 Queen Victoria Street, London EC. Postmarked Rochester 28 March 1908. p.5

General.
Printed pamphlet entitled Anne Pratt 1806-1893: distinguished botanist and gifted artist by Barbara Marchant, inscribed by author with accompanying notes by compiler. July 1993. Reproduced by kind permission of the author. p.6

General.
Printed panoramic view of the River Medway and the Medway Towns entitled New panorama, picturesque plan of Stroud [cf. Strood], Rochester, Chatham, etc. sub-titled published as the Act directs, October1 1808 for subscribers to the Imperial Maritime Guide and Caddel’s description of these Towns, showing clockwise from bottom (h) Royal Artillery Barracks, Brompton, Chatham reach, HM Dockyard, Chatham, Hill House, Chatham, (i) Fort Amherst, Chatham (g) Fort Pitt, Rochester, St. Mary’s Church, Chatham, Limehouse Reach, two windmills at top of Star Hill, Rochester, two windmills off St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester, (f) St. Margaret’s Church, St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester, Rochester Cathedral, (e) Rochester Castle, Guildhall, High Street, Rochester, Bridge Reach, (d) windmill on Broom Hill, Strood, ( c ) windmills on Prospect Hill, Frindsbury, Frindsbury Hill, (b) Frindsbury Church, (a) entrance to Medway-Thames Canal [?] and Quarry House, Frindsbury, with sailing vessels moored in the river. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to origin of place-name Strood [cf. Kentish place-names by J.K. Wallenberg, 1931 (see local studies collections)]; c.1808. p.7

General.
Receipt from Grace Baker to John Sparks, provider of the City of Rochester, for £2 10s due to her as for a quarter’s salary as mistress of Sir John Hayward’s Charity School in Strood, witnessed by William Spice, mayor. 9 October 1776. p.8

General.
Receipt from Sarah Hogsflesh to provider of the City of Rochester, for £2 10s due to her as for a quarter’s salary as mistress of Sir John Hayward’s Charity School in Strood, witnessed by Thomas Manclark, mayor. Midsummer 1776. p.9

General.
Print from engraving comprising view of Strood and Frindsbury looking north across River Medway (Town Reach and Bridge Reach) from Rochester Castle keep, showing left to right and clockwise, Strood Intra, Aveling and Porter’s factory, Ship Inn, railway line, St. Mary’s Church, Great Mill and Little Mill (windmills) on Broom Hill (all Strood), House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury Church, warehouses and factories in Frindsbury Intra, Strood Pier, Rochester, Rochester Castle Gardens and Rochester Bridge. From an album of views of Chatham and Rochester published by Charles Reynolds and Co., 26-27 Milk Street, London EC, printed in Germany. c.1879 x c.1886. p.10

General.
Draft circular letter from James Lewis, town clerk of Rochester, to Rev. Francis Barrow of Cranbrook, William Brock of Canterbury, trustees of Colonel Best, devisees of John Frederick Freeland, devisees of William Payne, J.S. Cobb of Strood, Charles Cobb of Strood and Mrs. Ann Usborne of Dover, interested parties, proposing filling in of Fairfield Ditch, Strood, to obviate sewage nuisance arising there from, 6 January 1855. p.11

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of Kent or Medway scouts trekking along Cobham Road towards Cobham near junction with Rede Court Road, showing column of scouts facing camera, banners flying and trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the destination was the Medway Scouts’ Campagala [sic] at Cobham Park. 4 3/8” x 2 5/8” (110mm x 86mm) 18 May 1929 p.12

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of section of Watling Street, Strood, looking west-north-west and diagonally from point on south side of Watling Street just below (i.e. east of) junction with Elaine Avenue, showing heavy weekend motor vehicular traffic, presumed stationary, comprising saloon cars, buses and lorry heading east or coast bound (i.e. facing camera), cyclist heading west, range of detached private dwellings on north side of road in middle-distance (including no.118 Cobham Road/Watling Street at nearer end of range) and footpath in foreground. 5” x 3 ½” (126mm x 89mm) Summer 1935 p.13 (U)

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of section of Watling Street, Strood, looking west-south-west and diagonally from point on north side of Cobham Road/Watling Street outside no.152, showing heavy weekend motor vehicular traffic, presumed stationary, comprising saloon cars and buses heading east or coast bound (i.e. facing camera), footpath in foreground and embankment of cutting below Rede Common in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to official opening of reconstructed road 1924 and re-naming of Cobham Road to Watling Street in 1951. 4 ¼” x 2 5/8” 110mm x 66mm) Sunday 21 June 1936 p.13 (L)

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from unnamed newspaper comprising photograph of section of Watling Street, Strood, entitled slow motoring motion to the coast, looking north-east and diagonally from point on cutting embankment on south side of road, showing stationary motor vehicles heading east or coast-bound i.e. away from camera, cyclists on footpath on north side of road and range of detached houses including no.152 also on north side of road. c.1936 x c.1938 p.14 (U)

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from unnamed publication comprising aerial photograph of section of Watling Street, Strood at junction with Chapter Road, looking diagonally across Watling Street and north-west from above Woodstock Road, showing column of slow-moving or stationary motor vehicles heading east or coast-bound i.e. facing camera, range of detached houses on north side of road, private housing estate in distance and allotments in left fore and middle-grounds. 1938 p.14 (L)

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from Picture Post comprising aerial photograph of section of Watling Street between junctions with Gravesend Road (A226) and Rede Court Road, looking east, showing column of slow-moving or stationary motor vehicles heading east i.e. coast-bound, lighter traffic heading towards camera, pedestrians on footpaths alongside road, private houses set back from road, junctions with Chapter Road, Elaine Avenue and Lancelot Avenue, footpath FP7 and cutting embankment. Published 3 January 1942, exposed c.1938 p.15

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from Daily Sketch comprising photograph of section of Watling Street between junctions with Gravesend Road (A226) and Rede Court Road, looking north-east i.e. diagonally across road from top of cutting embankment, showing clockwise, column of slow-moving or stationary motor vehicles heading east i.e. coast-bound, footpaths alongside road, onlookers, private houses, Frindsbury Church and River Medway in distance, chimney of Strood Waterworks and junctions with Lancelot Avenue and Elaine Avenue. Published 7 June 1938, exposed 6 June 1938. p.16

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from unstated publication comprising aerial photograph of section of Watling Street between Three Crutches and Rede Court Road, looking east and showing column of slow-moving or stationary motor vehicles heading east i.e. coast-bound, light traffic and cyclists heading towards camera, footpath on northern side of road, pedestrians on footpath, private houses in distance and Lord Darnley’s nurseries, hayfield and hay stooks on southern side of road. 1949 p.17

Cobham Road aliasWatling Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cuttings from Daily Mail comprising aerial photograph (divided in two) of section of Watling Street at top of Strood Hill, looking west and showing column of slow-moving or stationary motor vehicles heading east i.e. coast-bound and facing camera, trees and footpaths alongside road and telephone box adjacent to city council allotments on south side of road. Exposed and published summer 1954.p.18

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Print from engraving entitled Rochester comprising view of Strood and Rochester looking east along London Road from top of Strood Hill towards the North Downs, showing clockwise, junction with Gravesend Road, Coach and Horses Inn and bystanders, coach and horses with passengers heading towards Strood, Strood Hill, Rochester, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle keep, field and flock of sheep on highway verge. c.1840 p.19

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of print depicting view of Strood and Rochester looking east along London Road from top of Strood Hill towards the North Downs, showing clockwise, range of buildings on north side of London Road, windmill on Broom Hill, Frindsbury Church, windmill on Quarry Hill, Frindsbury, Strood Church, River Medway and steam vessel, Rochester, Rochester Castle keep and Rochester Cathedral, fields, road, soldier and coach and horses approaching up London Road. Before 1812 6” x 5” (150mm x 127mm) p.20 (U)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Print from engraving entitled Rochester comprising view of Strood and Rochester looking east along London Road from top of Strood Hill towards the North Downs, showing clockwise outbuildings of Coach and Horses Inn, bystanders, coach and horses with passengers heading towards Strood, Strood Hill, Rochester, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle keep, field and felled tree trunk on highway verge. [cf. p.19] c.1840 p.20 (L)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, London Road comprising view of section of London Road looking east from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west of junction with Gravesend Road, showing clockwise The Coach and Horses public house, Style and Winch horse and cart delivering beer barrels, bystanders, Castle View Road, chimney stacks on Frindsbury Peninsula, trees, sign post indicating Gravesend and London and horse and cart heading towards camera. On rear, message from Ruth [-] to her friend Miss Dora A. Davison, 3 Edward Street, Strood, thanking her for a photograph and arranging to visit her. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Rochester 12 May 1904. p.21

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Nicholas’ Vicarage, Strood comprising view of southern elevation of vicarage in Spring-time, showing lawn, wall, steps and bushes in foreground, trees in middle ground and rear of houses on east side of Weston Road in left distance. On rear, message from occupant to Miss [?] V. [?] W. [?] Budds [?] *, 59 High Street, Milton next Sittingbourne, anticipating busy time with large garden fete. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to sources in Kent (later Medway) Archives Office. Progressive Series, published by S.C.P. & Co., Strood. Postmarked Rochester 25 June 1906. p.22

[* Fist two lines of name and address obliterated by ink]

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Colour photograph of front elevation of St. Nicholas’ Church of England Controlled Infant School, London Road, Strood, showing Kent County Council education department noticeboard in left foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes include a transcription of the inscription on the stone tablet above the main entrance (removed in 1981). Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 December 1983. p.23

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of range of buildings comprising 5-9 London Road, Strood, looking south-west from point diagonally opposite and to east, showing entrance to Northcote Road in left foreground, lamp standard on pavement at corner of London Road and Northcote Road and tree in right distance. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 116mm) c.1890 p.24

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of section of London Road looking west from centre of crossroads formed by London Road at bottom of Strood Hill, Northcote Road and Barton Road, showing ranges of buildings on each side of London Road in fore and middle-grounds, tree in centre and continuation of Watling Street in distance. Original exposed c.1890, copied by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood c.1980. p.25

Watling Street, Strood Hill or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Receipted bill from Messrs. W.H. Dakers and Sons, 16 London Road, Strood, auctioneers, valuers and estate agents to a Mrs. Rayner of 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, in respect of valuing 33 Langdon Road, Rochester for probate of Edward George Rayner, deceased, settled 17 April 1953. p.26

Watling Street, Strood Hill or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Typescript stencil circular letter from Messrs. W.H. Dakers and Sons, 16 London Road, Strood, auctioneers, valuers, estate agents and fire and insurance agents to clients (tenants) explaining implications of Rent Act 1957 and Housing and Public Health Acts. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of business and premises. 26 June 1957 p.27

Watling Street, Strood Hill or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Printed or stencil typescript items pertaining to Messrs. W.H. Dakers and Sons, 16 London Road, Strood, auctioneers, valuers, estate agents and fire and insurance agents, comprising cutting from Chatham News advertising freehold properties 7 August 1925 and dockets pertaining to rent account of E. Couchman [of Strood], one item over-stamped by J.D. Walter and Sons Ltd. as incorporating W.H. Dakers and Sons, 122C High Street, Strood, both 1958. p.28

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of room in Crispin Crispianus public house, 8 London Road, Strood, showing plain wooden interior, high backed bench seat, tables, tankard, passage way, framed advertisements for Old Tom gin and window. Notes on rear and Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the seat as the corner seat occupied by Charles Dickens on the occasions he patronised the inn and include a hagiography of the eponymous saints. 3 ½” x 2 ½” (88mm x 64mm) c.1908 p.29 (U)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of London Road elevation and roof-line of Crispin Crispianus public house, 8 London Road, Strood, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing part brick, part weatherboarded building of two storeys with dormer window, signboard hanging from right-hand gable, signage to frontage stating E. Winch and Sons’ celebrated ales, Barclay and Co.’s London porter and stout, gateways or yards on either side of public house, part of building adjacent to west and carriageway in foreground. 6 ¼” x 4 ¼” (158mm x 117mm) Before 1908. p.29 (L)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of London Road elevation and roof-line of Crispin Crispianus public house, 8 London Road, Strood, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing part brick, part weatherboarded building of two storeys with dormer window, signboard hanging from right-hand gable, second signboard affixed to weatherboarding of second storey, placards to right of premises advertising film entitled Murder on a honeymoon starring Edna May Oliver and James Gleason and second film entitled The world accuses starring Vivian Tobin and Dickie Moore, summer closure of Castle Theatre, Rochester, Rochester Casino and carnival and fair, gateways and part of range of buildings adjacent to west and carriageway in foreground. 4 3/8” x 3 1/8” (112mm x 79mm) August 1935. p.30 (U)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of London Road elevation and roof-line of range of buildings comprising nos.2-8 London Road, Strood, including Crispin Crispianus public house, (no. 8), looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing part brick, part weatherboarded building of two storeys with dormer window, signboard missing from wooden arm on right-hand gable, second signboard affixed to weatherboarding of second storey, gateway at left of premises, bill hoarding bearing poster stating Stop the Transport Bill: you’ve just had one crisis – do you want another?,C. Humphrey, boot dealer’s shop (no. 6), The Bull’s Head public house (no. 2), entrance to Gun Lane, pedestrians and bystanders to left, with carriageway in foreground. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (161mm x 118mm) 1947. p.30 (U)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising letter from W. Glanvill Mason of Bernvale, Maidstone Road, Chatham, honorary official guide, Dickens’ Fellowship, explaining the hagiography of saints Crispin and Crispianus in connection with the sign of the Crispin Crispianus public house and mentioning Dickensian associations, 8 London Road, Strood. Published 20 July 1945 p.31

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photocopy of photograph of The Old Gun Inn, no. 1 London Road, Strood, looking south-east from point in London Road diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing London Road and western elevations and gables, fence in right foreground and carriageway in left foreground. Original print in William Coles Finch Collection, Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. Photocopy of poor quality. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to possible sources in the Rochester City Archives. Original c.1855 x c.1899, photocopied October 1986. p.32

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of The Old Gun Inn, no. 1 London Road, Strood, looking diagonally and south-west from centre of cross-roads formed by London Road, High Street, Cuxton Road and Gun Lane and slightly to east, showing London Road and Cuxton Road elevations and gables of building, woman standing in Cuxton Road doorway observing photographer, tree in entrance to Cuxton Road, damage to lower wall in London Road elevation, fence alongside London Road to west of building and second woman bystander in London Road in right foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to former 18th. Century name of sign, Prince of Wales. Original exposed c.1860 p.33

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of group of working men, half standing, half on board horse-drawn charabanc and all facing camera, and most wearing cloth caps and carnations, one man wearing top hat sitting on beer barrel, others wearing bowler and other hats, some smoking cigarettes, three playing mandolins, one playing a flute and wearing ankle length smock and large floral hat, posing in front of London Road elevation of The Old Gun Inn, no. 1 London Road, Strood. Also showing in left distance range of buildings on east side of Cuxton Road and in left middle-ground two women standing in porch of public house, one wearing blouse and neck tie, and on elevation of building sign boards advertising Messrs. Budden and Biggs’ noted ales, stout and porter. Possibly a May Day outing or outing for patrons of the public house, a local friendly society, trades union branch, co-operative society or working men’s club. c.1910 p.34 (U)

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting impending demolition of The Old Gun Inn, no. 1 London Road, Strood. 4 November 1983. p.34 (L) [not scanned]

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, High Street comprising view of mainly of range of buildings on north side of London Road and High Street to east of junction with Gun Lane, looking east-north-east and diagonally from second storey of The Old Gun public house on the corner of Cuxton Road and London Road (no. 1 London Road), showing in foreground cross-roads formed by Gun Lane, High Street, Cuxton Road and London Road, and clockwise, Mid Kent Hotel (later Bull’s Head public house) (no. 2 London Road), entrance to Gun Lane, The Gables * (no. 128 High Street) (a cantilevered, part brick, part weatherboarded building), East Gables (no. 126), The Anchorage (no. 124), St. Nicholas’ Church and tree, with further range of buildings visible on north side in distance and range of buildings on south side of High Street including [H.J. Arthrell?] fruiterer’s shop, with sign over shop front stating New Covent Garden (no. 175 High Street). Street scene shows several horse-drawn vehicles, hand carts, bystanders, pedestrians and lamp standard. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. Before 1906. p.35 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Christmas greetings: High Street, Strood, comprising view of mainly of range of buildings on north side of London Road and High Street to east of junction with Gun Lane, looking east-north-east and diagonally from corner of Cuxton Road and High Street, showing in foreground cross-roads formed by Gun Lane, High Street, Cuxton Road and London Road, and clockwise, Mid Kent Hotel (later Bull’s Head public house) (no. 2 London Road), entrance to Gun Lane, The Gables * (no. 128 High Street) (a cantilevered, part brick, part weatherboarded building), East Gables (no. 126), pillar post box, The Anchorage (no. 124), saplings in iron guards, St. Nicholas’ Church and tree, with further range of buildings visible on north side in distance and range of buildings on south side of High Street including H.J. Arthrell, fruiterer’s shop, (no. 175 High Street). Street scene shows man pushing bicycle, bystanders and pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles and boy sitting on cattle or horse trough. On rear, message from E.S[-] to Mrs. Dora Davison, 3 Edward Street, Strood, offering his love and best wishes. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to erection of trough in 1897. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 22 December 1906. p.35 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of range of buildings on north side of London Road and High Street to east of junction with Gun Lane, looking east-north-east and diagonally from corner of Cuxton Road and High Street, showing in foreground junction with Gun Lane and High Street and left to right, The Gables (no. 128 High Street) (a cantilevered, part brick, part weatherboarded building), East Gables * (no. 126), The Anchorage (no. 124), saplings in iron guards, St. Nicholas’ Church and tree and on south side of High Street shop sign of H.J. Arthrell, fruiterer’s shop, (no. 175 High Street). Street scene shows man riding bicycle, bystanders and pedestrians and horse-drawn omnibus. 6 3/10” x 4 ½” (160mm x 113mm) c.1905 p.36

Watling Street, Strood Hill or London Road (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of The Bull Head Inn, no.2 London Road, Strood, looking north-west and diagonally from corner of High Street and Cuxton Road, showing Gun Lane and London Road elevations of part-weatherboarded building, bystanders and range of buildings to west on north side of London Road. Sign boards advertise Meux and Co.’s London porter and double brown stout. Couchman’s notes pertain to erection of building in 1844 and demolition in 1873. 6 3/10” x 4 ½” (160mm x 113mm) Before 1878. p.37

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of pen and ink drawing by R.J. Beale entitled The Gables, Strood comprising view of High Street elevation of part-weatherboarded building at (no. 128 High Street), looking diagonally and north-east from corner of Cuxton Road and London Road, showing entrance to Gun Lane at left, woman bystander in cross-roads in foreground and range of buildings on north side of High Street to east of The Gables including East Gables (no. 126) and St. Nicholas’ Church. Notes on rear and Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to reproduction of drawing in Henry Smetham’s History of Strood, 1899, publication in other printed sources, biography of artist, Morland family and demolition 1927-1928. 3 ½” x 2 ½” (90mm x 62mm) Drawn 1896 p.38 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of The Gables *, 128 High Street, Strood comprising view of High Street elevation and roof-line of part-weatherboarded building at looking diagonally and north-west from point in High Street slightly to east, also showing left to right, Mid Kent Hotel (formerly 1844-1873 and again from 1946, The Bull’s Head Hotel) no. 2 London Road (Couchman’s notes pertain), entrance to Gun Lane, tradesman in cloth cap, bicycle propped against wall, woman with hand cart, tram power column and rear of motor omnibus. Mason Collection. 6” x 4 ½” (154mm x 113mm) c.1930 p.38 (L)

[* Part of the fireplace from The Gables is preserved at the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester.]

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of range of buildings on south side of High Street, Strood, between junction with Commercial Road and Cuxton Road, looking south-west and diagonally across High Street from point on north side of High Street and slightly to east, showing left to right, St. Nicholas’ National School, premises of Wiles and Robinson, carriage builders, farriers and general smiths with horse sign, L.S. Grewcock boot and shoe repairer’s shop, a tyre and motor smith’s and other shops. Street scene shows iron railings outside school, [disused?] tram power column, pedestrians and carriageway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of school in 1871 and sources in Medway Archives. 6 3/10” x 4 ½” (160mm x 113mm) c.July 1933 p.39

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Group photograph of boys in Group 3, St. Nicholas’ National School, High Street, Strood, showing boys arranged in four rows in front of brick wall, accompanied by master and assistant, all facing camera. 3 7/8” x 2 ½” (100mm x 63mm) c.1899 x c.1903 p.40

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of range of buildings on south side of High Street to west of St. Nicholas’ National School, viewed from opposite side of road from point slightly to west, showing premises of Wiles and Robinson, carriage builders, farriers and general smiths with horse sign, L.S. Grewcock boot and shoe repairer’s shop, a tyre and motor smith’s shop, tram power column, posters advertising auctions of houses by C. Lewis Levy at Strood Hall, Chatham Market, final Medway Dancing Championship at Rochester Casino and events at Theatre Royal, Rochester. 6 1/5” x 4 ½” (148mm x 114mm) c. July 1933 p.41

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from St. Nicholas’ Church Guide comprising monochrome reproduction of watercolour sketch of St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, by H. Petrie FSA, viewed from north, showing tower at right, nave and transept at left and graveyard and headstones in foreground. Photographed by Kent County Photographic Record and Survey, parish guide published 1977. Original work c.1807 x .c1809. p.42 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Leaflet entitled The parish church of Saint Nicholas: a brief history and guide by Maurice J. Burren, pertaining to the chronology, architecture and restorations of the church, mentioning a memorial to a member of the Pocock family who died on Henry Morton Stanley’s expedition in search of David Livingstone in Africa 1870-1871. c.1983 p.42 (M)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Stencil typescript flyer entitled Saint Nicholas Church, Strood: a brief history and guide. Foolscap. c.1980 p.42 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Strood Church comprising view of High Street elevation looking from High Street and slightly to west, showing tower, nave, entrance, churchyard, headstones and trees. On rear, message from E.C. G[-] to Mr. F.W. Gowar, 3 Chase Road Villas, Southgate, London N., discussing family matters and weather. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the rebuilding of the church 1812-1814, damage to tower by fire in 1898, consecration of municipal cemetery in Cuxton Road 1857, use of harmonium 1855, restoration of organ 1920 and discovery of human skeletons in High Street 1851 and 1887. Mutilated. c.1915 p.43

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of tower and western portion of nave of St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, looking from High Street and showing shell of turret of tower after fire of 17 December 1899, ladder propped against wall of nave and two men looking over parapet of churchyard wall towards camera, both wearing hats and one with beard. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to occurrence of fire, restoration and dedication of new tower 1898-1899. Original exposed 1899, copied c.1950 [?] p.44

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, comprising view of tower and nave from point in High Street slightly to west, showing ivy on church, trees and headstones in graveyard and boundary wall. Wrench series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 x c.1910 p.45 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Part-tinted postcard photograph entitled Strood, old church, looking at St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood from point in High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing ivy on nave wall, tower, trees and gravestones in churchyard and street scene comprising horse-drawn omnibus, carts and pedestrian. On rear, addressed to a Mrs. Couchman, 27 Temple Street, Strood. Dainty series c.1907 p.45 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, looking from building on south side of High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing ivy on nave wall, tower, trees, gravestones in churchyard and boundary wall. Thornton Brothers, Brompton, Balmoral series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the architect of the restored church, Sir Robert Smirke. c.1920 p.46 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, looking from building on south side of High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing ivy on nave wall, tower, trees, gravestones in churchyard, boundary wall and pavement. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1906 p.46 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood Parish Church, showing St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood from point in High Street diagonally opposite and slightly to east, ivy on nave wall, tower, trees and gravestones in churchyard and boundary wall pavement and part of metalled surface of carriageway in foreground. Message on rear from [?] to Master Harold Batt, Little Tilden, Headcorn, explaining Stanley [-] will want to play football when he visits. Wyndham series Postmarked Rochester 20 April 1905. p.47 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from St. Nicholas’ Strood parish magazine containing article on memorial plaque to Edward Pocock who died on Henry Morton Stanley’s expedition to Africa to discover the source of the River Nile in 1875. Volume IV no.8 August 1984. p.47 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of congregation of St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, sitting in pews in nave and facing camera, mostly wearing impassive or stern expressions, looking from choir towards rear wall of nave and showing centre aisle and aisle carpet. Photographer: Rev. W. Llewelyn George of Ashburnham, Old London Road, Brighton, Sussex. Couchman’s accompanying notes explain that Mr. George took the photograph on the occasion of his visiting to preach and suggest his father, E. Couchman, is among the congregation, but without identifying him in the pew seating arrangement. However, it is likely Couchman senior is the man at the aisle end of the third pew from the front. 5 ½” x 3 ½” (140mm x 87mm) c.1953 x c.1958 p.48

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of choir boys and men in eastern choir stalls, St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, showing verger and processional cross in left background, all subjects facing camera. Photographer: Rev. W. Llewelyn George of Ashburnham, Old London Road, Brighton, Sussex. 5 ½” x 3 ½” (140mm x 87mm) c.1953 x c.1958 p.49 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of choir boys and men in western choir stalls, St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, all facing camera. Photographer: Rev. W. Llewelyn George of Ashburnham, Old London Road, Brighton, Sussex. 5 ½” x 3 ½” (140mm x 87mm) c.1953 x c.1958 p.49 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News reporting diamond wedding anniversary of Walter and Winifred Loft of Weston Road, Strood, with photographs (a) of subjects and Bob Bean MP and (b) of mural in St. Nicholas’ Church, Strood, depicting angel for which Winifred modelled aged 13. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Bean, MP for Rochester 1974-1979 and his death on 7 December 1987. 28 January 1977 p.50

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article entitled £150,000 project gives church space for new caring role: three into one does go, reporting on internal alterations, with photograph of Canon Geoffrey Gray standing in nave and looking at camera. Photographer: Tony Butler. 14 October 1983 p.51

St. Nicholas’ Municipal Cemetery, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, cemetery lodge comprising view of cemetery grounds looking north-west towards keeper’s lodge, showing in fore and middle-grounds cemetery road, verges and bushes and in left distance keeper’s lodge and in right distance monument to Sarah Ann Fry (died 1894) and Rei Fry (died 1897). On rear, message from Mabel [?] (Mabs) [-] to Mr. E. Tolland, 22 Maryland Park, Stratford, London, discussing correspondence and family matters. Wrench series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe establishment of cemetery 1881-1883 and extension 1924-1925. Postmarked Bath, Somerset 10 May 1908. p.52

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings on north side of High Street, Strood, between North Street and St. Nicholas’ Church, looking east from point diagonally opposite, showing in middle ground Strood Steam Brewery (Biggs Brewery), adjacent buildings and in distance east end of nave and upper portion of tower of St. Nicholas’ Church, street scene comprising column of parked horse-drawn covered wagons, brewery employees and drivers wearing aprons looking at camera, child walking towards camera and beer barrels on pavement, with metalled carriageway and pavement in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of proprietorship of brewery. 6 4/10” x 4 ¾” (164mm x 120mm) c.1859 x c.1898 p.53

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Receipted bill from R. Chard, Budden and Biggs’ Brewery Ltd., Strood Brewery, High Street, Strood, brewers and wholesale wine and spirit merchants to R. Gowar, Darnley Arms, Cobham for spirits. 31 August 1909. p.54

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Receipted bill from R. Chard, Budden and Biggs’ Brewery Ltd., Strood Brewery, High Street, Strood, brewers and wholesale wine and spirit merchants to R. Gowar, Darnley Arms, Cobham for 2 dozen red seal, 9 July 1911. p.55

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Bill from Budden and Biggs’ Brewery Ltd., Strood Brewery, High Street, Strood, brewers and wholesale wine and spirit merchants to Medway Conservancy Board, High Street, Rochester for wines and spirits delivered to paddle steamer Essex Queen, noting packages not returned, 24 June 1927. p.56

Couchman family
Photocopy of news article entitled obituary: Mr. Edwin Couchman, a contemporary of [Charles] Dickens pertaining to Edwin Couchman of Bryant Road, Strood, builder, aged 84, buried in St. Nicholas’ Municipal Cemetery, Cuxton Road, Strood, mentioning work at Gad’s Hill, Higham, his involvement in twice moving Dickens’ Swiss chalet (from Gad's Higham to Crystal Palace, London and from Crystal Palace to Cobham Hall, 1870-1871), co-founding of Strood Workmen’s Institute, membership of Strood Elocution Class and the family’s origin in Greenstreet, Teynham. Chatham Observer 14 June 1919. p.57 (left)

Couchman family
Photocopy of flyer advertising services of John Couchman of High Street, Strood, builder and undertaker c.1871 x c.1873 p.57 (right)

Couchman family
Two photographs of specification of works to be done at Gad’s Hill House, Higham for Charles Dickens esq., by John Couchman of 168 High Street, Strood, [master] builder and undertaker, dated 20 September 1861. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to original document, in possession of his nephew Owen Couchman, copying by W. Glanvill Mason and deposit of resulting glass plate negative in Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. p.58

Couchman family
Receipted bill from Albert Charles Couchman, formerly John Couchman, 108 (formerly 168) High Street, Chatham, monumental mason and undertaker to executors of Charles Couchman, for coffin and funeral of latter, who died 7 October 1904 aged 77. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to mentions of business in street directories. p.59

Couchman family
Receipted bill from Albert Charles Couchman, funeral furnishing establishment, 108 High Street, Strood to executors of Mrs. Harriett Couchman for coffin and funeral of latter who died 28 April 1911 aged 78. p.60

Couchman family
Receipted bill from Bassett and Boucher, 125 High Street, Strood, solicitors to E. Couchman, for services respecting tenancies of 22 and 24 Cromer Road, Strood, 13 April 1938. p.61

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Receipted bill from W. Sams, 137 and 139 High Street, Strood, house furnisher to a Mrs. Rayner, for a chair, 4 July 1930. p.62

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Receipted bill from W. Sams, 137 and 139 High Street, Strood, house furnisher to a Mrs. Rayner, for a bamboo table, 4 July 1930 p.63

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of motor van, driver and driver’s mate of George D. Dow, 105 High Street, Strood, baker and pastry cook, van parked in carriageway and viewed at right angles from opposite side of road with baker’s premises to rear of camera, showing driver and mate standing behind bonnet on pavement and looking at camera and in background posters advertising 36th. Medway Barge Sailing Match 21 June 1930, St. Nicholas’ Strood annual garden fete 17-18 June 1930, Style and Winch Ltd., Maidstone beers and sale of Court Lodge Farms. June 1930. 6 2/5” x 4 3/8” (162mm x 110mm) p.64

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of range of buildings on north side of High Street, Strood, showing left to right St. Christopher Cars Ltd. forecourt (nos. 112-116), Commonweal Traders Ltd. (108-110), rear of advertising hoarding, junction with North Street, Angel Inn (no.98) and Angel Corner. Street scene shows parked goods lorry and pedestrian in middle distance, parked motor cars, motor scooter and pavement in foreground. 5” x 3 ½” 127mm x 90mm) c. August 1965 p.65

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photocopy of photograph of ground and first floor storeys of W.J. Wenborn corn merchant’s shop, 103 (formerly 15) High Street, Strood, showing window displays of produce and advertisements for Spratt’s patent dog cakes, Spratt’s patent chicken meal and Thorley’s food. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of business. Original exposed c.1904, photocopied c.1980. p.66

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of Angel Corner, Strood, looking east along section of High Street on occasion of demolition of Turnpike Toll Gate, showing left to right, junction with North Street, bystanders, Angel Inn, wooden bollards on pavement on north side of High Street, main gate posts on opposite sides of High Street, toll gate swung open and wooden bollards and further bystanders in right middle ground, all bystanders looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of turnpike gate, turnpike route through Medway Towns 1769-1876 and Angel Inn 1882-1899. Couchman’s caption appears not to relate directly to the photograph. Original exposed 10 June 1899. 6 1/10” x 4 3/8” (155mm x 110mm) p.67

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph of pen and ink drawing entitled The old toll gate at Strood by F.A. Stewart, apparently retrospectively, comprising view looking westwards along High Street from position just east of Turnpike Gate, showing in foreground pedestrians, closed turnpike gate and adjacent bollards, in right foreground turnpike house with lamp and statutory notice above, in right middle ground entrance to North Street and in background group of tradesmen’s shops bearing slogan Sladden. Scene depicted pre-1876 but executed 1897. Couchman’s notes pertain to demolition of turnpike gate in 1876. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (165mm x 120mm) p.68

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of ground and first floor storeys of Strood Workmen’s Club and Institute, 17 (later 99) High Street, Strood, looking from point in High Street diagonally opposite, showing bystanders in doorway in left foreground, weather-boarded frontage to first floor level and part of tiled roof. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of club 1871-1920 and occupancy of above address 1871-1920, Claremont House, Frindsbury Road from 1920 and use of latter premises by Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) 1914-1918. 6 1/5” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) Original exposed c.1900 p.69

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of military contingent marching eastwards along Strood High Street, looking south-east along High Street from first floor level on south side of road, showing ranges of buildings between junction with North Street (not in view) and railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line), civilian pedestrians and bystanders, soldiers on foot and wearing mainly spiked helmets, red or blue uniforms, white valise equipment and marching at slope arms, followed by soldiers in forage caps and lighter coloured uniforms, former possibly line infantry and latter possibly Royal Engineers. Range of buildings on right includes J. Elvy and Son bootmakers’ shop (no. 73, formerly 29) and Sweet and Son’s post office and stationers’ shop (no.75, formerly 28). Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest contingent is 1st king’s Dragoons Guards but this seems unlikely, although the troops may have been marching to the same objective, the South eastern Manoeuvres. Couchman associates the photograph with those at DE402/5/pp.97-98. 7” x 5” (177mm x 127mm) c.1896 [?] p.70

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph or range of buildings between Station Road and North Street on north side of Strood High Street viewed from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to west, comprising right to left, The Louvre Fancy Warehouse (no.70), W.T. Bourne’s Dining Rooms (no.72), J.T. Smith, dairyman’s shop (no.74) and J.E. Heath, butcher’s shop (nos.76-78), street scene showing bystanders and horse and cart. 6 1/5” x 4 ½” (157mm x 116mm) c.1897 x c.1901 p.71

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Semi-transparent paper chemist’s prescription bag from The Strood Pharmacy, 78 High Street, Strood, bearing advertisements for services including photograph developing and printing and supplying Kodak film. 4 ½” x 2 7/8” (107mm x 74mm) p.72

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Photograph taken from postcard entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between Angel Corner (junction with North Street) and Station Road looking south-east, showing on north side left to right Angel Inn (no.98), F.W. Palmer, cabinet maker’s shop (no.96), H. Palmer, saddler’s shop (nos.92-94), T. Collings, ironmonger’s shop (no.90) and W. and R. Fletcher, butchers’ shop (no.88), London and Provincial Bank (no.86), The Fountain public house (no.84), P. Jordan, grocer’s shop (no.82) and International Stores (no.80) and on south side, left to right, range of buildings between Commercial Road and no.95, Ostler and Green, chemists’ shop (no.95) and Smetham * and Tutt, pawnbrokers’ shop (nos.97-99), street scene showing bystanders, horse and cart, pavements and carriageway. Original printed in Saxony, Germany [?] 8 2/5” x 4 1/8” (164mm x 104mm) Before 1908. p.73

[* Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate that the co-proprietor of the pawnbrokers’ shop was Henry Smetham, author of The History of Strood 1899 (see local studies collections).]

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between Angel Corner (junction with North Street) and Station Road looking south-east, showing on north side left to right Angel Inn (no.98), F.W. Palmer, cabinet maker’s shop (no.96), H. Palmer, saddler’s shop (nos.92-94), T. Collings, ironmonger’s shop (no.90) and W. and R. Fletcher, butchers’ shop (no.88), London and Provincial Bank (no.86), The Fountain public house (no.84), P. Jordan, grocer’s shop (no.82) and International Stores (no.80) and on south side, left to right, range of buildings between Commercial Road and no.95, Ostler and Green, chemists’ shop (no.95) and Smetham and Tutt, pawnbrokers’ shop (nos.97-99), street scene showing bystanders, horse and cart, pavements and carriageway. Original printed in Saxony, Germany. Exposed before 1908 and contemporaneously inscribed 10 August 1910. p.74

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of section of High Street, Strood between junction with North Street and Station Road, looking south-east from point in carriageway near Angel Corner, showing on north side left to right H. Palmer, saddler’s shop (nos.92-94), T. Collings, ironmonger’s shop (no.90), W. and R. Fletcher, butchers’ shop (no.88), entrance to Newark Yard, London and Provincial Bank (no.86) and The Fountain public house (no.84) and on south side, left to right, G.E. Onslow and Son, butcher’s shop (no.87), E. Bennett, tailor’s shop (no.89), H.C. Hill and Son, fishmonger’s shop (no.91), S.C. Pierson, newsagent’s shop (no.93) and Ostler and Green, chemist’s shop (no.95), street scene showing tram heading towards camera, women pedestrians, woman with perambulator [?], horse and cart, carriageway and tramlines. Source believed Chatham News 1910. p.75

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Reproduction postcard with retrospective title Old Strood, Angel Corner c.1925 comprising view of section of High Street, Strood between Station Road and North Street, looking north-west from point slightly to east of Angel Corner, showing on south side, left to right, H.C. Hill and Son fishmonger’s shop (formerly F. Maunder, fishmonger’s shop) (no.91) and S.C. Pierson, newsagent’s shop (no.93) and on north side, left to right, Westminster Bank Ltd. (formerly London County West and Parr’s Bank Ltd.) (no.100), entrance to North Street, Angel Corner and The Angel public house (no.98), street scene showing traffic policeman, pedestrians, tram power line columns and power lines and tramlines in carriageway. Reproduced by Collectorcard, Croydon, Surrey from an original in possession of F.J. Ballard of Gillingham and possibly distributed through Kent County Council’s Library Service, c.1980. Original exposed c.1925 p.76 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph of ground storey and front of H.C. Hill and Son, fishmongers and poulterers’ shop, 91 High Street, Strood, looking from point in carriageway opposite, showing trays of fish inside windows, co-proprietor of shop or shop assistant standing in doorway wearing cloth cap and apron, delivery man and bicycle with wicker basket to side of doorway, both men looking at camera, and pavement. Couchman’s accompanying notes putatively identify cyclist as a Mr. Miller. 5 7/8” x 3 ¾” (150mm x 85mm) c.1920 p.76 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph captioned Strood High Street (east side) 1906 comprising view of range of buildings on north side of High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking east from point in carriageway slightly to west and diagonally opposite International Stores, showing from left to right, International Stores (later Strood Post Office) (no.80), Cobb and Son’s shop (no.78 [?]) and further shops several with awnings and railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line) in distance. Believed taken from an original among the Rochester City Council town clerk’s records. 1906 p.77 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph captioned Strood High Street (east side), from Station Road, 1906 comprising view of section of High Street, Strood looking south-east from point near Medway Cottages and Pelican Wharf, showing ranges of shops on each side and railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line) in distance, street scene showing pedestrians, youths and horse-drawn vehicle. 1906 p.77 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood between Commercial Road and railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line), looking south-east from point near junction with Commercial Road and Pelican Wharf, showing High Street under flood water from the River Medway (Pelican Creek), tram heading south-east, motor car and lorries, passengers on tram, bystanders, tram power lines and power columns, range of buildings on north side of High Street between railway viaduct and Canal Road and advertising slogans on viaduct for Mackeson’s milk stout, Mex motor spirit and Robins and Day Ltd., The Motor House, High Street, Rochester. Published or printed by K Ltd. 1 November 1921. p.78 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood between Commercial Road and railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line), looking south-east from point near junction with Commercial Road and Pelican Wharf, showing High Street under flood water from the River Medway (Pelican Creek), tram heading south-east, motor car and lorries (same vehicles as in item DE402/11/78 (U) above but motor car mostly obscured), freight lorry, passengers on tram, bystanders, shopkeeper or assistant in doorway of International Stores, tram power lines and power columns and ranges of buildings on north side of High Street either side of Station Road. Published or printed by K Ltd. 1 November 1921. p.78 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood between Station Road and North Street, looking north-west from point on pavement on south side of High Street towards Angel Corner, showing High Street under flood water and ranges of buildings on south side of High Street including J.J. Eckert leather merchant’s shop (no.57) and Clarke and Simmons’ motor garage and on north side Shepherds Dairies Ltd., buttermen’s shop (no.50), Universal Clothing and Boot Co. Ltd.’s shop (no.52) and Invicta Picture Palace. Street scene shows large crowds of onlookers, tram, tram power lines and columns, dismounted cyclists, steam wagon and various other motor vehicles. Published or printed by K Ltd. 1 November 1921. p.79 (U)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph or postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood at junction with Station Road, looking south-east and diagonally across High Street from window in first storey of Paine and Co. outfitters’ shop (no.40), showing entrance to Station Road, railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line), six male onlookers in cloth caps on parapet of viaduct, High Street under flood water discharged from Pelican Creek, motor vehicles and range of buildings on south side of High Street including Old George public house (no.39), Clarke and Simmons motor engineers’ garage, motorcycle works and Hawk Cycle Works (no.41). 5 ½” x 3 ½” (138mm x 88mm) Original exposed 1 November 1921. p.79 (L)

Watling Street or High Street (A2 Trunk Road), Strood.
Copy of photograph or postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood between railway viaduct (Medway Valley Line) and Rochester Bridge, looking from parapet of viaduct towards Rochester Bridge, showing ranges of buildings on both sides of High Street, north side left to right, W. Lordon’s dining rooms (no.30), Chapman and Sons, jewellers’ shop (no.28), C. Edwards, hairdresser’s shop (no.26), Maypole Dairy Co.’s shop (no.24) and W. Turner, photographer’s shop (no.22) and on south side, left to right, A. Middleton and Son, builders’ shop (no.21), Victory public house (no.23), J. Collis, ironmonger’s shop (no.25), position of J. Collis, agricultural supplier’s shop (set back) (no.27), S.R. Christopher and Son, boot-makers’ shop (no.29), C.E. Gambier, confectioner’s shop (no.31), position of Zoar Indpendent Chapel (set back) (no.33) and E. Palmer, gunmaker and cutler’s shop (no.35). Street scene shows motor vehicular congestion at foot of Rochester Bridge, motor vehicles on Rochester Bridge, tram power lines and power columns, shop awnings, slogan on side wall of Gambier’s shop advertising Dove, Phillips and Pett mineral water and onlookers at window of first storey of Palmer’s shop. Original exposed 1 November 1921. p.80

File updated by Borough Archivist 6 April 2005.


Date: 1776-c.1993
Quantity: 1 binder/80pp.

Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_12 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Strood volume 2
Strood High Street (Watling Street): section Angel Corner to Rochester Bridge and Strood streets A-Z.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News reporting closure of retail operation of Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-27 High Street, Strood, with photograph of street frontage, published 26 January 1990 and postmark from envelope from Collis’s (16 September 1983). Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of company and site 1777-1992. p.1

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News comprising notice of closure of Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-7 High Street, Strood. 2 March 1990 p.2

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News reporting closure of retail operation of Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-27 High Street, Strood, with photograph of staff and sales director Thomas Johnson on pavement outside shop. 23 March 1990 p.3

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscuttings from Chatham News comprising obituary notices of Miss Helen Mary Collis who died on 9 November 1993, with photograph of subject. 12 November 1993 p.4

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscuttings from Chatham News comprising articles reporting development of site on south side of High Street, Strood, to east of no. 39, with photograph of Beachcombers’ Night Club and Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-17 High Street, Strood, ironmongers, pedestrian and motor vehicles in west-bound side of dual carriageway. 24 May 1991 and 21 June 1991. p.5

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Receipted bill from Joseph Collis Ltd., 25 High Street, Strood, furnishing ironmongers, agricultural engineers and builders’ merchants, for 1 gross of studs, 29 January 1910. p.6

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Extra comprising photograph of High Street, Strood, between Canal Road and Station Road, looking north west, showing ranges of buildings on each side of road east of railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), Maypole Dairy Co.’s shop (no.24) on right, advertising slogan for Kent Messenger newspapers on side of viaduct and street scene showing cyclists, Pickfords van, motor car, motor van, pedestrians, motor omnibuses and street lighting. February 1936. Published 4 March 1983. p.7 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Extra comprising photograph of High Street, Strood, looking north-west, showing ranges of buildings on each side of road east of railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line) and left to right clockwise, W. Dunbar and Son house furnishers, cycles and radio shop (no.19), The Victory public house (no.23), advertising slogan for Kent Messenger newspapers on side of viaduct, Maypole Dairy Co.’s shop (no.24) and street scene showing cyclists, motor omnibus, lorry and motor car cabriolet. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe the photograph is incorrectly captioned. c.1948 x c.1950 p.7

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of range of buildings on north side of High Street, Strood, between Canal Road and Station Road, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing left to right, private residences (nos. 38 and 36), J. Forshew, wine and spirit merchant’s shop (no. 34), The World Tea Company (no. 32), Paine and Co., pawnbrokers’ shop (no.30), J.H. Ruh, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), J. Onslow, hairdresser’s shop (no.26), W. Wisdom, hairdresser’s shop (no.22), Mrs. A. Martin, confectioner’s shop (no.20), E. Epps, butcher’s shop (no.18) and The Golden Ball Tavern (proprietor W. Waters) (nos.14-16). Street scene comprises pedestrians, bystanders, hand cart, horse-drawn vehicle, awnings over shop fronts and pawnbrokers’ balls sign. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (156mm x 116mm) c.1905 p.8

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Fragment of envelope addressed to Miss Pirkis, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Charles Pirkis of 42 or 43 High Street, Strood, watch and clock maker. Postmarked London SW, 23 [?] August 1860. p.9

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopies of front and back of small envelope addressed to Madame E. Raingo, chez N. Picnot of 24 High Street, Strood, chemist. Postmarked Rue de Clery, Paris, France 7 November 1870, inscribed par ballon monte and backstamped Rochester 10 November 1870. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to circumstances surrounding posting of letter i.e. Siege of Paris by the Prussians during the Franco-Prussian or Franco-German War 1870-1871, explaining balloon in question was La Gironde, which ascended from Gare d’Orleans, Paris at 08.30 on 8 November and descended at 15.40, same date, at Gaudreville la Riviere, Conches, Normandy, France. Photocopied c.1980 p.10

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph of street frontage of The Golden Ball Tavern and Restaurant, 14-16 High Street, Strood (proprietor W. Waters), looking from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing Mrs. P. [?] Waters and her daughter Alice Waters in doorway looking at camera, third woman looking through window on first floor, Venetian blinds and net curtains in windows of first storey, inn sign hanging from second storey, shop front sign and placard on right side of building advertising Budden and Biggs Ltd. ales and porter and theatre bills in ground floor window advertising Gaiety Week commencing 22 March 1909, starring Tom Leamore, comedian and eccentric dancer. Street scene shows onlookers in doorway of E. Epps, butcher’s shop (no.18) (weather-boarded building at left), tram power line column in right foreground, pavement, carriageway and tram lines. March 1909. p.11

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of street frontage of Baden Simmonds draper and outfitters’ shop, 117 (later 6) High Street, Strood, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing youth (named Aubry according to Couchman’s accompanying notes) standing in doorway, display of clothes including jackets, coats, caps and trousers hanging from upper shop front and displayed on knee-level tables on pavement, price labels and shop signs attached to second storey. 6 ¼” x 4 ¾” (160mm x 120mm) c.1892 p.12

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Chatham News reporting centenary of Bayden Simmonds and Sons, gentleman’s outfitters and boot and shoe dealers, 6 High Street, Strood with photographs of shop front and Bayden Simmonds and his son Edward Simmonds senior (c.1914) and rebuilt shop front and Edward Simmonds junior and his staff Gerald White and Godfrey Washington (August 1982), published 20 August 1982 and cutting from Chatham News comprising obituary notice for Edward Simmons senior, who died on 2 April 1990, published 6 April 1990. p.13

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood between Angel Corner (i.e. junction with North Street) and Station Road, showing left to right and clockwise, Cobb and Son, drapers, outfitters, house furnishers and china and earthenware dealers’ shop (nos. 77-81), junction with Station Road, Angel Inn (no.98), range of shops including W. and R. Fletcher, butchers’ shop (no.88), entrance to Newark Yard, range of shops, J.T. Smith, dairyman’s shop (no.74), J.C. Bourne’s dining rooms (no.72) and The Louvre Fancy Warehouse (later J. Smart, draper’s shop) (no.70). Nos. 72-74 are part weather-boarded with gables and garments and price labels are displayed outside no.70. Street scene shows pedestrians, cyclists, hand cart, pavements, carriageway and very tall police constable in conversation with bystanders. c.1900 x c.1901 p.14

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking north-west towards Angel Corner, showing left to right and clockwise, Cobb and Son, drapers, outfitters, house furnishers and china and earthenware dealers’ shop (nos. 77-81), range of shops, J.T. Smith, dairyman’s shop (no.74), J.C. Bourne’s dining rooms (no.72) and The Louvre Fancy Warehouse (later J. Smart, draper’s shop) (no.70). Nos. 72-74 are part weather-boarded with gables and garments and price labels are displayed outside no.70. Street scene shows pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles. On rear, message from James (Jim) Moss to his mother Mrs. F. Moss, 21 Jersey Road, Strood, discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Lincoln, Lincolnshire [?] c.1914. Published by S.C. Pierson and Co., 93 High Street, Strood, news agent. Photograph exposed c.1900 x c.1901 p.15 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph of section of Strood High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking north-west towards Angel Corner, showing left to right and clockwise, Cobb and Son, drapers, outfitters, house furnishers and china and earthenware dealers’ shop (nos. 77-81), junction with North Street, Mrs. E.H. Smith, greengrocer’s shop (no.74), J.C. Bourne’s dining rooms (no.72) and J. Smart, draper’s shop (no.70). Street scene shows proprietors and assistants standing in shop doorways, pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles. c.1902 x c.1905 p.15 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of advertisement printed in Percy and Co.’s Directory for W.H. Clifford of 37 (later 53) High Street, Strood, general stationer, news agent and tobacconist, published 1871-1873 and photocopy of news article in Chatham Observer reporting collision between military wagon and a horse belonging to a Mr. Kent, grocer, published 30 August 1890. p.16

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Printed picture frame label of E. Couchman, 53 High Street, Strood, picture framer and stationer. c.1930 p.17 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of shop front (ground storey) of A. Tucker, draper and hosier’s shop, 55 High Street, Strood, showing mainly ladies’ undergarments comprising socks, stays, petticoats, bodices and crocheted shawls, etc. Original exposed before 1919. 3 3/8” x 3 ½” (86mm x 87mm) p.17 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of shop front (ground storey) of Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, 32 (later 65) High Street, Strood, showing jewellery displayed behind window and proprietor, co-proprietor or assistant in shop doorway, looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to lighting of Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] clock be lit. Original exposed c.1890. 6 2/10” x 4 5/8” (158mm x 118mm) p.18

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between Station Road and North Street looking north-west, showing on south side Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 32) (later 65), Frank East, draper and outfitter’s shop (nos.61-71) and J. Elvy and Son, boot-makers’ shop (no.73), further range of shops on south side and range of shops on north side. Street scene shows horse-drawn vehicles parked on carriageway, one labelled Fehrenbach and parked outside shop of same name and bystander and clock overhanging same shop. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1907 .19 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of postcard entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between Station Road and North Street looking north-west from point on north side of High Street at junction with Station Road, showing ranges of shops on south side (including Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65)) and range of shops on north side (including W. Paine and Co., outfitters’ shop (no.40) and Shepherds buttermen’s shop (no.50)), street scene showing parked horse-drawn vehicles, bystanders, tradesmen, dog, tramlines, tram power line columns and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to arrival of Woolworth’s department store 1926-1928. Original exposed c.1909 p.19 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Receipted bill from Cobb and Son, 77-81 and 190 High Street, Strood, drapers, outfitters and house furnishers. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to numbering of premises. c.1910 p.20

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph published in Chatham Observer comprising street frontages of Cobb and Son drapers, outfitters and house furnishers’ shops, 75-81 High Street, Strood on occasion of summer sale, street scene showing crowds of window shoppers, pedestrians, parked motorcycle and side car, tramlines and carriageway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Harwood’s department store 1933-1961. Published 14 August 1915 p.21

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Our wonderful days at Woolies: 1930s manager hears from his golden girls again giving reminiscences of staff of F. W. Woolworth and Co. Ltd.’s stores, 69-71 High Street, Strood with group photograph of staff exposed 1937 and individual portraits of Leslie Russell, manager and Iris Davies, employee, exposed c.1989. Published 7 April 1989. p.22

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Reproduction postcard photograph of section of Strood High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking south-east towards railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing ranges of shops on north and south sides, including, left to right and clockwise, Invicta Picture Palace (i.e. cinema), Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd. (no.54), railway viaduct with advertising slogan Advertise in the Kent Messenger and Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65) with Rolex sign and clock above shop front. Street scene shows motor cars, motor coach, pedestrians, overhead street lighting and decorated front of Invicta Picture Palace. Re-touched. Original exposed c.1930; reproduced by Kent County Council library service c.1980. p.23

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Envelope addressed to Frederick James Brown Esq., MD, Strood, postmarked Port Royal, Jamaica, West Indies December 1849 and backstamped Rochester 11 January 1850. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to references to Brown in directories 1849-1877 giving addresses variously at nos. 56, 130 and 2 High Street, Strood. p.24 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Envelope addressed to Dr. Frederick James Brown, Strood, postmarked Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 28 October 1850 and backstamped Rochester 11 November 1850. p.24 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood showing section of High Street between Station Road and North Street, looking north-west from top of railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line) towards junction with North Street and Broom Hill, showing ranges of shops on both sides of road including entrance to Pelican Wharf, Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65) with clock above shop front (south side), junction with North Street, demolition site (formerly nos. 52-78) and International Tea Co. Stores Ltd. (no. 40). Street scene shows horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, tramlines, carriageway, awning over International Stores’ shop front, pavements and tram power line columns. On rear, message from mother to Dora [Davison ?] c/o [?] Mrs. H.C. Kemp, 40 Penfold Road, Folkestone, discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Rochester 3 October 1911. p.25 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood showing section of High Street between Station Road and North Street, looking south-east from point in carriageway at junction of High Street and North Street towards railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing ranges of shops on both sides, left to right and clockwise, junction with North Street, Angel Inn (no.98), railway viaduct and range of shops ending in hoarding advertising Leonard’s of Rochester, department stores. Street scene shows bystanders, carriageway, tramlines and tram power line columns. After 1908. p.25 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of section of Strood High Street between Station Road and North Street, looking north-west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and to east of junction with Station Road, range of shops on south side including Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65) with clock above shop front, range of shops on north side including G.E. Onslow, butcher’s shop (no.42) and G. Sammon, greengrocer’s shop (no.40) and ending in advertising hoarding bearing posters advertising British Oak brand full flavour shag tobacco, Harry Champion performing at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, other performances at the Theatre Royal, High Street, Chatham, and services of Cooper and Son, High Street, Chatham, house furnishers. Street scene shows pedestrians, step ladders, shop awnings, horse-drawn vehicles and pavements. September 1904. p.26

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of range of shops in Strood High Street comprising, left to right, Zoar Independent Chapel (part only) and iron railings (no.33), E. Palmer, gun maker and cutler’s shop (no. 35), G.E. Evenden’s basket and toy shop (no.37) and The Old George public house (landlord T. Rogers) (no.39), showing shop signs and boy standing in front of Evenden’s shop. Public house bears signage of Style and Winch Ltd. Advertising their ales. c.1904 p.27

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of W. Paine, tailor and outfitter’s shop, 27 High Street, Strood, looking from point in carriageway diagonally and slightly to east, showing proprietor and assistants standing in doorway looking at camera, shop signage above door, window displays and pavement. c.1904 p.28 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of Horsnail and Reynolds, corn and seed merchants and grist millers, 13-15 High Street, Strood showing ground and first storeys and window displays and signage. c.1910 p.28 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of section of Strood High Street between Canal Road and railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing on south side Railway Restaurant (no. 9), entrance to Taylor’s Lane, Henry Smith and Son, draper’s shop (no.11), Horsnail and Reynolds, corn and seed merchants and grist millers’ shop (nos. 13-15), J.J. Eckert, boot dealer’s shop [?] (no.17), Charles D. Levy, auctioneer, valuer, house and estate agent’s shop (no.19) and railway viaduct and on north side, The Golden Ball public house (nos.14-16) and Bayden Simmonds and Sons, gentleman’s outfitters and boot and shoe dealers (no. 6). Street scene shows trench excavated for laying of telegraph, telephone and electric cables, with spoil, spectator in cloth cap, pedestrians, shop awnings, upturned wheel barrow, pile of sections cable ducts and posters advertising Medway Swimming Club 9th. Annual aquatic sports and Strood Chartered Fair. 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” (210mm x 160mm) Late 1905. p.29

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photograph of postcard entitled Strood, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between foot of Rochester Bridge and railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing left to right on south side, The Old Bridge Tavern (no.3), Cobham Inn (proprietor F.J. Regan) (no.5), F.C. Wright and Son, tobacconist’s shop (no.7), A. Wisdom’s dining rooms (no. 9), entrance to Taylor’s Lane, H. Smith and Sons, drapers’ shop (no.11) and Horsnaill and Reynolds, corn merchants’ shop (nos.13-15), further range of shops, viaduct and on north side, end wall of range of shops. Street scene shows hand cart labelled ices, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and cabmen’s shelter. Cobham Inn bears sign for Style and Winch Ltd. ales. The Wrench Series. 6 3/10” x 4 ¼” (161mm x 109mm) Original exposed c.1908 p.30 [see below]

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between foot of Rochester Bridge and railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing left to right on south side, The Old Bridge Tavern (no.3), Cobham Inn (proprietor F.J. Regan) (no.5), F.C. Wright and Son, tobacconist’s shop (no.7), A. Wisdom’s dining rooms (no. 9), entrance to Taylor’s Lane, H. Smith and Sons, drapers’ shop (no.11) and Horsnaill and Reynolds, corn merchants’ shop (nos.13-15), further range of shops, viaduct and on north side, end wall of range of shops. Street scene shows hand cart labelled ices, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and cabmen’s shelter. Cobham Inn bears sign for Style and Winch Ltd. ales. The Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Inscribed with love from Ella. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to council approval of cabmen’s shelter adjacent to Rochester Bridge Railway Station, 1891. c.1908 p.31

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of Zoar Independent Chapel, 33 High Street, Strood, viewed from point in east bound carriageway directly opposite, showing derelict and boarded-up front elevation of chapel and parts of adjoining buildings, advertising hoardings for Player’s No.6 cigarettes, passing Mini car, pedestrian, gas cylinder, roadworks lamps and central reservation. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of chapel and congregation 1785-1970. c.1970 p.32

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of High Street elevation of Rochester Bridge Railway Station, South East and Chatham Railway (SE&CR), High Street, Strood, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing staircase from street and iron balustrade. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of building 1902-1968, mentioning Strood Parish Trustees, Winget Ltd. and demolition in 1968 and salvaging of inscription of above main entrance by Rochester City Museum, Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester (now Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester). 5 7/8” x 3 ¾” (150mm x 97mm) before 1968 p.33

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of range of buildings on south side of Strood High Street at junction of High Street and Esplanade showing from left to right Aveling and Porter offices, one storeyed building and Old Bridge Tavern (formerly Dolphin) (proprietor Henry Kettle), in middle-ground lamp standard, wall and pavement at foot of Rochester Bridge and in foreground horse and carriage and at least two faint figures of pedestrians discernible under time exposure. Signage on front of tavern comprises advertisement for Arkcoll and Co. sparkling and stock ales and porter and stout. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of tavern and forming of Rochester Co-operative Society 1884 in one-storeyed building. Original photograph in possession of E.R. Simmonds. c.1887 p.34

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of group of women and children standing in front of Prince of Wales public house, 9 High Street, Strood, proprietor J.W. Watt, published 20 May 1983, with cuttings of two articles pertaining, 1983 and 1984. Original exposed c.1926 x c.1933 pp.34v-35

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of section of Strood High Street between Canal Road and Station Road, looking north-west from point in carriageway near junction with Taylor’s Lane, range of buildings on north side including, left to right, B. Simmonds, outfitter’s shop (no.6), W. Intross, baker’s shop (no.4), R.P. Smyth, solicitor’s office (also no.4) and W. Excell’s premises (no.2). Street scene showing shop awnings, pedestrians, horse-drawn carriage and hoardings advertising entertainments at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties [?], Chatham. September 1904. p.36

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of High Street and west elevations of Railway Hotel and Rochester Bridge Tavern, High Street, Strood, looking south-east from point in High Street slightly to west of tavern, showing bystanders and Watney and Co. advertising slogan on west elevation. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of tavern in 1863 and rebuilding in 1920. 6” x 4 ½” (155m x 115mm) c.1863 x c.1890 p.37

Strood Extra and Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of Strood Extra (north-west) and Frindsbury Intra looking north-west from Rochester Castle keep, showing clockwise from top left, Yoke Farm (Yoke House from c.1900), Frindsbury Road, Stonehorse Lane, Broom Hill, The Great Mill and The Little Mill, St. Mary’s Church and Vicarage, Station Road Board School, Canal Road, Horsnaill’s Medway Coal Wharf, Rochester railway and road bridges, Strood Esplanade, restaurant and hairdresser’s shop, High Street and Railway Hotel and Rochester Bridge Tavern adjoining and Strood Esplanade. 7” x 5” (178mm x 126mm) Original exposed c.1879 x c.1890 p.38

Station Road, Strood (Frindsbury Intra).
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of Class II, Station Road School, Strood, pupils including William Brown, Reginald Mills, Cissie Wenham, Brenda Ling and William Syer. Published 16 March 1984. Original exposed early 1930s. p.39

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of Ship Inn, High Street, Strood, proprietor W.P. Wilson, looking south-west from Strood foot of Rochester Bridge, showing High Street and Esplanade elevations and roofline of inn, signage advertising Barclay Perkins and Co.’s London porter, bystanders and part of adjoining premises of W.C. Horsnaill, corn dealer and seedman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to licencees 1849-1859. 6 4/10” x 4 ½” (162mm x 114mm) Original exposed c.1856 x c.1859 p.40

Esplanade, Strood
Copy of photograph of Ship Inn, High Street, Strood, proprietor W.T. Rose looking south-west from junction of Esplanade with Strood foot of Rochester Bridge, showing High Street and Esplanade elevations and roofline of inn, signage advertising Barclay Perkins and Co.’s London porter and E. Winch and Sons’ fine ales and woman in apron standing in Esplanade doorway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to transfer of landlord and licence to Bingham Arms, Frindsbury, re-named Ship Inn c.1903 and acquisition of site by Aveling and Porter Ltd. 1904. 6 3/10” x 4 ½” (160mm x 115mm) p.41

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Photocopy of p.371 in Henry Smetham’s History of Strood * comprising reproduction of engraved portrait of Charles Roach Smith FSA (1807-1890) and biographical and genealogical notes on Smith and his forebears, describing his birth and family origins on the Isle of Wight, Hampshire and his moving to Strood in 1856. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Roach Smith’s antiquarian productions and naming of streets off Cuxton Road in commemoration of Roach Smith. * Published 1899. p.42

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Letter from Charles Roche [sic] Smith of Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood, antiquary, to Henry Smetham of Strood, commenting on a review copy of a report. 9 January 1888 1p. p43/1

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Letter from C. Roach Smith [relation of the antiquary], Languard, Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, Paymaster Captain Royal Marines (retired), to unnamed addressee, describing his relation’s personality and mentioning his library and friend Thomas Rivers, an expert on fruit trees. Incomplete. 1p. [27 July 1927] p.43/2

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Printed tribute in verse of 14 stanzas composed by Henry Smetham in memory of Charles Roach Smith FSA (1807-1890) of Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood, quoting encomium on Roach Smith by John G. Waller FSA. 18 November 1891. p.44

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled River Medway, Rochester Bridge, castle and cathedral, from Strood, comprising view of part of Strood and Rochester, looking east, showing in foreground left to right, embankment carrying South East and Chatham Railway, Temple Brick Works, embankment of South East and Chatham Railway (North Kent Line), Temple Farm and oast houses and Temple Manor House, in middle-ground Rochester Bridge, River Medway (Town Reach), sailing barges, yachts and other vessels and in distance, also left to right, factories and chimneys on Frindsbury Peninsula, gas tanks at Gas House Road, Rochester, Bridge House, Rochester Esplanade (Crown Inn, Castle Club and Bridge Chamber), Rochester Castle (north-west bastion, western curtain wall and castle keep), Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths, Holy Trinity Church, Brompton, Rochester Cathedral and Satis House, Boley Hill. On rear, message from W. [-] to a Mrs. [M.?] Scarborough, Soar Mill Lane, Broughton Astley, Leicestershire, discussing mail contact. Published by W. Naylar, Northgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Temple Brick Works supplying bricks for building of British Museum, Great Russell Street, London WC1, and source for this as being Henry Smetham in a talk given to Rochester and District Natural History Society in 1926 *. Postmarked 25 August 1911. p.45

[* The records of Rochester and District Natural History Society are held at this office.]

Newark Yard, Strood.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting archaeological excavation on site of the Hospital or Priory of the New Work (or Newark) of St. Mary, Newark Yard, Strood, directed by Arthur Harrison, senior classics master at Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School, Rochester, assisted by members of Lower Medway Archaeological Research Group, at request of Ministry of Works. 9 September 1966 and 7 October 1966. p.46

Newark Yard, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising photograph of eleven members of Lower Medway Archaeological Research Group (LMARG) and pupils of Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School, Rochester, standing in trench around excavated foundations of the Hospital or Priory of the New Work (or Newark) of St. Mary, Newark Yard, Strood *, all looking up at camera, subjects comprising, clockwise from left, Arthur Harrison, classics master at the Maths School, an unidentified boy from the Maths School, two unidentified girls, possibly sisters of Maths School pupils present, Peter J. Tester, teacher, Alec P. Detsicas of Tonbridge, teacher, two Maths School pupils, Miss Marion Beryl Webster, secretary of LMARG (later museum assistant, Eastgate House Museum and Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester), David Bartram [?] of LMARG and Ron G. Foord, photographer and naturalist. 9 September 1966 p.47

[* The excavation report for this dig was published in Archaeologia Cantiana lxxxiv 1969 pp.139-160; the finds excavated were deposited at the Guildhall Museum as above.]

Broom Hill, Strood Extra.
Copy of Photograph of Killick’s windmill, Broom Hill, Strood, looking north [?] and showing smock mill, sails, grass area, road and two women, one wearing broad-brimmed hat. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to W. Coles Finch’s book Watermills and windmills. 5 ½” x 3 ½” (140mm x 88mm) c.1900 p.48

Bryant Road, Strood.
Commemorative pamphlet pertaining to opening of Rochester City Council’s Strood District Library, 32 Bryant Road, Strood on 14 March 1974, describing the stock, buildings and facilities and naming personnel. 1974 p.49

Elaine Avenue, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising photographs taken on occasion of dedication of St. Francis’ Church, Elaine Avenue, Strood 16 October 1948, showing (upper) clergy leaving church and walking down steps towards camera, Dr. C.M. Chavasse, bishop of Rochester standing in doorway, watched by laity and (lower) procession of clergy along Elaine Avenue towards right of camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to dismantling and relocation of St. Margaret’s Church, Rusthall, Speldhurst, to site in Elaine Avenue, Strood where rebuilt and re-used as St. Francis’ Church and donation of bell by Winget Ltd., High Street, Strood, engineers. Published 22 October 1948. p.50

Gordon Road, Strood.
Colour photograph of street elevation of Gordon Road Infants School, Strood, showing iron railings and parked car in foreground. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 ¾” x 4” (147mm x 100mm) 25 September 1987. p.51

Gordon Road, Strood.
Colour photograph of street elevation of Gordon Road Senior (County Primary Junior Mixed) School, Strood, showing steel pedestrian barrier, brick boundary wall and iron railings and bushes. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of school in 1899. 5 ¾” x 4” (147mm x 100mm) 11 August 1987. p.52

Glanville Road, Strood.
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of T. Crouch’s general grocery stores, 1 Glanville Road, Strood, showing proprietor, family and assistants standing on pavement and carriageway in front of shop, window displays, horse-drawn vehicle and surface water drainage grid. Original exposed before 1890. Published 6 December 1985. p.53

Gun Lane, Strood.
Colour photograph of Strood (or North Aylesford) Poor Law Union (i.e. Board of Guardians) committee room, Gun Lane, Strood, looking north-west from inside St. Nicholas’ churchyard and showing steps and remains of gateway. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to St. Nicholas’ parish vestry minutes 1857-1950 and Rochester City Council Estates Committee 1960 * 5 7/8” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) 15 April 1984 p.54

[* This building was used by Strood Parish Trustees, St. Nicholas’ Parish Church (Vestry), Strood Poor Law Union (Board of Guardians), Strood Rural District Council and St. Nicholas’ Burial Board, all of whose records are held at this office.]

Northcote Road, Strood.
Typescript notes by Couchman pertaining to history of recreation ground and bandstand, Northcote Road, Strood 1884-1925 with photocopies of photographs of horse, pony and donkey parade, Whit Monday (18 May) 1902. pp.55-58

Northcote Road, Strood.
Copy of photograph of ornamental, cast iron drinking fountain in Recreation Ground, Northcote Road, Strood, showing iron railing, brick and flint wall and trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to original erection of fountain in Rochester Esplanade 1864, removal to Rochester Castle terrace gardens 1906 and final re-erection in Recreation Ground, Northcote Road, Strood in 1912. From an original in Apsley Kennette, town clerk’s photograph album at the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester (formerly Eastgate House Museum). 6 4/10” x 4 ½” (161mm x 115mm) after 1912 p.59

Northcote Road, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Inspection of Kent Volunteers * by General Sir Francis Lloyd, Strood Recreation Ground, October 1st 1916 showing group of mainly civilian men, women and children facing camera, one individual in service dress uniform and cap. Published by W. Naylor, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate General Lloyd was General Officer Commanding London Defences and that 1500 volunteer fencibles attended from Rochester, Chatham, Maidstone and Bexleyheath and identify two subjects as H.F. Rayner (top left, with neck tie and cleft hat) and his future wife, Miss M. Moss (upper left centre in light broad-brimmed hat). 1916 p.60

[* Volunteer Training Corps?]

Northcote Road, Strood.
Postcard photograph of group of men, women and children in Strood Recreation Ground, Northcote Road, Strood, subjects facing camera, men and boys wearing cloth caps and straw boaters (except for one in a bowler hat), women wearing broad-brimmed hats with floral decorations. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest the group is an outing of a local Co-operative society. c.1910 p.61 (U)

Northcote Road, Strood [?].
Postcard photograph of group of men, women and children, men and boys wearing cloth caps and straw boaters, women wearing broad-brimmed hats with floral decorations. Two men are holding a mandolin and banjo and numerous subjects are wearing floral decorations on their breasts. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest the group is an outing of a local Co-operative society. c.1910 p.61 (L)

North Street, Strood.
Copy of photograph of street frontage of F.W. Collard, grocer’s shop, 25 North Street, Strood, showing proprietor, family and assistants, one holding a black cat and a youth standing with bicycle in shop doorway and on pavement, all looking at camera, also showing window displays and advertising slogans for Oxo, Bovril, Robertson’s mince meat and Rowtree’s cocoa. 1915. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the shop was demolished in 1975. 6” x 4 5/8” (155mm x 117mm) p.62

North Street, Strood.
Copy of photograph of North Street looking north towards railway viaduct from junction with High Street, showing ranges of shops on each side of road including J. Sharp, fishmonger’s shop (no.21) (west side) and Plough Inn (no.10) (east side), road works being undertaken by The Improved Wood Pavement Co. Ltd., contractors’ sign board, horse and cart, bystander, pedestrians and tram power line columns. Original exposed early 1932. 7” x 5” (177mm x 126mm) p.63

Mill Road, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News reporting on Roman Catholic Corpus Christi procession at the Church of the English Martyr, Mill Road, Strood, 17 June 1928. Published 22 June 1928. p.64 (left)

Mill Road, Strood.
Photograph * of Roman Catholic Corpus Christi procession at the Church of the English Martyr, Mill Road, Strood 17 June 1928, showing Father Nugent carrying the Sacred Host under canopy supported by Messrs. Levy, Kelly, White and Hammond, preceded by adult and youth members of the laity and watched by spectators, trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to planning permission for church, 1921 (see RCA/BP/2395). 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 64mm) 17 June 1928 p.64 (right)

[* For original negative see collection DE327]

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of industrial areas alongside River Medway at Strood and Rochester, looking south from Frindsbury Church tower along the Medway Valley, showing in foreground, left to right, quarry, wharves, barges, group buildings (belonging to Hobson and Son, builders 1920-1924, to a concrete manufacturer from 1925 and to The Atlas Stone Co. from 1929) and entrance to locks to former Thams-Medway Canal entrance; in middle-ground left to right, River Medway (Bridge Reach) and Strood Pier; and in middle distance left to right, Gas House Point shrouded in smoke, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, Rochester Bridge and warehouses around Strood foot of Rochester Bridge. 6" x 4 1/2" (155mm x 115mm) c.1920 x c.1924 p.65

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Print from engraving entitled Preceptory near Stroud, [sic] Kent comprising view of Temple Manor Farm looking south-west, showing group of buildings centred on medieval stone hall of first floor hall type, extensions, thatched outbuildings, fences, trees and farmer with dog. Published by S. Hooper 26 December 1783. p.66

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, Temple Manor Farm House comprising view of farm buildings looking east across duck pond, showing group of farm buildings including hall, extensions and outbuildings in distance, trees, bushes and fence in middle-ground and duck pond, path, mud ramp and chickens in foreground. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 x c.1912 p.67 (U)

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, Temple Manor comprising view of farm buildings looking east across duck pond, showing group of farm buildings including hall, extensions and outbuildings in distance, trees, bushes and fence in middle-ground and duck pond, ducks, jetty, path, labourers, one shouldering a spade, mud ramp and wooden bin in foreground. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. [1907] p.67 (L)

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Temple Manor: deputation to Rochester City Council to urge preservation reporting on efforts of deputation comprising Henry Smetham and W. Cobbett Barker JP, with photograph of Temple Manor looking south-east, exposed c.1899. Published 10 February 1939. p.68

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Colour photograph of Temple Manor looking north, showing eastern extension, main building, western extension, external wooden staircase, trees, bench, lawn and in distance industrial premises. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 6" x 4" (150mm x 100mm) 17 October 1983 p.69

Stanhope Road, Strood.
Two receipted bills from F. Rose and Sons, 60-62 Stanhope Road, Strood, coal merchants to a E.H. Couchman of 119 Elaine Avenue, Strood for Rexaco nuts and anthracite nuts, 1971-1972. p.70

File updated by Borough Archivist 6 April 2005.

Date: 1783-1993
Quantity: 1 volume/70pp.

Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_13 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Strood volume 3:
Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra and the River Medway at Strood and Frindsbury.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

Frindsbury Intra.
Receipted bill from George H. Boucher *, Supply Stores, 1 Medway Terrace, Bill Street Road (later 125 Bill Street Road), Frindsbury, grocer and provision merchant to a Mr. Gower, for salt, coffee and starch, with heading comprising advertisement for Lightning Soap 16 September 1909. p.1

[* For a collection of business and domestic records of this shop c.1897 x c.1900 see collection DE434]

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of engraving entitled Higham Tunnel: as it existed before the construction of the North Kent Railway comprising view of Canal Basin looking north-west from eastern side of entrance to basin, showing sailing barge and rowing boats in basin, wooden barrels and cart on bank and bargees and other attendants. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of canal in 1824, its length and financial failure. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” p.2

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of engraving entitled The Strood Terminus of the Gravesend and Rochester Railway in 1844 comprising view of area of former canal basin, looking north, showing railway line running from left of scene towards mouth of tunnel in middle-ground, cement factory in left middle-distance, bystanders and spectators in fore and middle-grounds, chalk cliff face under Frindsbury Hill and houses and windmills on Frindsbury Hill. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the use of The Thames and Medway Canal after its use as a canal, by Gravesend and Rochester Railway and South-Eastern Railway and operation of first train on Christmas Day 1844 [?].6 ½” x 4 ¾” p.3

Frindsbury Intra.
Two receipts from Stewart Brothers and Spencer, Oil-seed Mills, Strood at their Paddock Wood store, to Henry Reader esq., Pike Fish, Yalding, for returned empty bags, 1888. p.4

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of Strood Basin locks looking north from point near junction of Canal Basin and River Medway, showing in foreground dredger vessel alongside spritsail barge Medina, in middle-ground wharf, crane, cement factory and Haymen railway rolling stock and in distance entrance to tunnel, chalk cliff underneath Frindsbury Hill and two windmills and other buildings on Frindsbury Hill. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the original print was held at Rochester Library, Northgate, Rochester, whose local studies collections were passed to this office in 1993. 6” x 4 ¼” (155mm x 115mm) 1905. p.5

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of entrance to Strood Dock looking north-west from point south-east of lock gates, showing at left mooring post, railway rolling stock and goods shed on Victoria Wharf, and in distance several sailing and steam vessels moored in Strood Dock. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the goods shed was used as a corn store, whose proprietors were Messrs. A.E. Chambers and that the shed burnt down in 1916. 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) Before 1916 p.6

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of Strood Dock looking north-west from lock gates, showing in left foreground travelling crane and two steam tugs, in right middle-ground the steam vessel Condor of Anvers [cf. Antwerp], Belgium and in distance entrance to railway tunnel, chalk cliff under Frindsbury Hill and houses in Banks Road, Frindsbury. 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” (210mm x 160mm) Original exposed before 1922 p.7

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article by Dennis Pearce entitled Impressive engineering feat to vanish under pile of rubble, with photograph of Strood Dock and locks looking south-east across the River Medway (Bridge Reach) from Frindsbury Hill towards Gas House Point, Rochester, showing London to Strood railway line in right of view, railway goods sidings in middle-ground, Railway Tavern (later Riverside Tavern) (No.8 Canal Road, Strood) and group of industrial buildings in middle distance and Acorn Wharf, Rochester and gas tanks in distance. Published 18 January 1985. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the dock was filled in in 1986. p.8

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled By the pier at Strood comprising view looking south west from Strood Pier pontoon along frontage of wharves on the River Medway, showing right to left Mill Wharf (British Oil and Cake Mills), Barnett’s Wharf (Cranfields Flour Depot), North Kent Wharf and Medway Wharf (Horsnaill and Reynolds, corn and seed merchants) (all Frindsbury Intra) and Watermill Wharf (Strood Intra). In foreground on pontoon are two girls minding push-chair, rowing boat moored to pontoon, in middle-ground spritsail sailing barge and bargee and in middle distance beached barges and sailing vessels. c.1920 x c.1929 p.9 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood Pier comprising view of River Medway looking south from point near junction of River Medway and canal basin locks towards Rochester, showing in foreground moored rowing boats or dobles and fishing boat or bawley boat, several with smelt nets hanging to dry, in middle-ground River Medway (Bridge Reach), Strood Pier and Rochester Railway Bridge and in distance, left to right, Acorn Wharf, lighters, spritsail barges, Rochester Cathedral and Rochester Castle keep. On rear, message from Francis (Frank) [-] to Mr. Victor (Vic) Flanders, 12 Woodland Road, Upper Norwood, London SE, discussing travelling arrangements and mentioning a Beatrice (Beat). Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 3 December 1908. p.9 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Strood, the pier comprising view of River Medway (Bridge Reach) looking north-east from wharves at Frindsbury Intra towards Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra), showing in foreground rowing boats or dobles, two with occupants, in middle-ground hut and Strood Pier with paddle steamer Princess of Wales moored alongside, in near distance three-masted sailing ship and four-masted sailing ship, latter probably Bannockburn of Greenock, Ayrshire, Scotland and in far distance cement factories and chimney stacks on Frindsbury Peninsula. On rear, message from S. G[-] to Miss L. Humphrey, 47 Harbour Road, Whitstable, discussing health and travel. Postmarked Rochester 4 July 1905. p.10

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, in deep water berth off Strood Pier in River Medway (Bridge Reach), looking aft and showing dredging buckets and operator. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (U) (left)

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, in deep water berth off Strood Pier in River Medway (Bridge Reach), looking at starboard side from south bank of river [?], wharves visible in distance. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (U) (right)

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of bucket conveyor on mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, in deep water berth off Strood Pier in River Medway (Bridge Reach), looking athwartships from starboard side. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (L) (left)

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of aft superstructure of mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, moored alongside in Bridge Reach, River Medway, looking from port quarter and showing dockside. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (L) (right)

[* Couchman’s accompanying notes state the original negatives were donated to Rochester upon Medway City Archives in 1994. See collection DE327]

Strood Extra.
Photograph of the River Medway between Rochester Bridge and Cuxton, looking south-west from the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge towards Temple Marsh, Strood, showing the river frozen and in distance from left to right, Wickham Cement Works (Strood Extra), Temple Marsh, Tower Reach foreshore at Strood, entrance to Janes’ Creek, Strood and river wall in Strood Intra. Mason Collection. 21 January 1940. 4 ½” x 3 ½” (110mm x 87mm) p.12 (U)

Rochester.
Photograph of Rochester Esplanade and environs looking south from Rochester Bridge, showing in foreground part of wall of bridge and River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen-over and in distance, left to right, Castle Club (no.3 Esplanade), spire of Rochester Cathedral, Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Castle Hill, north-west bastion of Rochester Castle, castle grounds and bandstand, castle keep and western curtain wall, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths. Mason Collection. 21 January 1940. 4 ½” x 3 ½” (110mm x 87mm) p.12 (L) (left)

Rochester.
Photograph of Rochester Pier and Esplanade looking west from The Terrace, Rochester Castle Gardens, towards Temple Marsh, Strood, showing in foreground Esplanade carriageway, pavement on north side of carriageway and balustrade, woman onlooker (possibly Mrs. Glanvill Mason), in left middle ground Rochester Pier with pedestrians on pier and pontoons, in middle-ground River Medway (Tower Reach) frozen-over and in distance Strood Extra and Temple Marsh with hills and fields beyond. Mason Collection. 21 January 1940. 4 ½” x 3 ½” (110mm x 87mm) p.12 (L) (right)

Rochester.
Photograph of mudflats on south bank of River Medway (Tower Reach) at Rochester, looking from Rochester foreshore, showing in foreground mudflats covered in sheets of ice, in middle-ground Rochester Cruising Club jetty and pleasure craft and in distance River Medway (Tower Reach) frozen-over, Temple Marsh, Strood, chimneys of Wickham Cement Works and other factories. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.13 (U)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of River Medway at Bridge Reach looking north-east from Frindsbury Intra towards Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra), showing in fore and middle-grounds ice-bound rowing boats and lighters and in distance industrial premises on Frindsbury Peninsula. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.13 (L) (left)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of River Medway at Bridge Reach looking south-west from Frindsbury Intra towards Rochester Bridge, showing lighter and other vessels ice-bound, crane at Watermill Wharf and Rochester Railway Bridge in distance. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.13 (L) (right)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of Strood Pier looking north-west from pontoon or vessel moored alongside, showing footbridge leading from concrete and steel structure on foreshore, wharves, rowing boats moored to pier supports and River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen-over. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.14 (U)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of wharves at Frindsbury Intra looking south-west from point near Strood Pier, showing in foreground beached and moored fishing and pleasure vessels, in middle ground cargo ship registered at Naestved or Haestved, Denmark, moored alongside, cranes, scrap iron and River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen over and in distance Rochester Railway Bridge. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.14 (L) (left)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen over at Frindsbury Intra, looking north-east from Frindsbury Intra towards Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra), showing moored rowing boats, herd or bevy of swans and wharf or pier in foreground, river covered in ice in fore and middle grounds and distance and Frindsbury Peninsula in distance. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.14 (L) (right)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Wesleyan Church, Strood comprising view of Strood Methodist Church looking north towards church from point diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Stonehorse Lane (later Cliffe Road), showing left to right, part of Red Lion Inn (no. 1 Frindsbury Road), entrance to Stonehorse Lane, church, bystanders and motor car. On rear, message from Frederick [-] to Miss N. Day, 9 Mayfieldgrove Meadows, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, discussing visit to Grays, Essex, weather and purchase of implements. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to planning and opening of church 1887 and re-naming of Stonehorse Lane. c.1892 x c.1894. Postmarked London NW 4 September 1905. p.15

Frindsbury Intra.
Colour photograph of street frontage of Methodist Church Sunday School, Cliffe Road, Strood, looking north from point diagonally opposite and to south, showing street frontage of building, stone and brass inscriptions and pavement and carriageway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of foundation stone in 1898 and also comprise transcriptions of the stone and brass tablets. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 11 August 1987. p.16

Frindsbury Intra.
Photocopy of photograph entitled Strood and Frindsbury Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) Hospital, Darnley Ward, Wesley Hall comprising interior view of Strood Methodist Church Sunday School looking diagonally across hall towards windows, showing nurses, patients, tables and beds. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to design, execution and presentation by Strood VAD Hospital Committee to the church of a brass tablet commemorating their use of hall as an auxiliary hospital by St. John’s VAD during Great War 1914-1918, transcription given. Original exposed c.1916 x c.1918 p.17

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood and Frindsbury Voluntary Aid Detachment Hospital, arrival of a convoy comprising view of parked motor ambulance and group of St. John’s Ambulance Brigade orderlies, nurses, walking wounded, stretcher casualties, Boy Scout, army officer and soldier, last in service dress presumed members of Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC), all looking at camera and standing in front of Claremont House, 2 Frindsbury Road, Strood, in use as an auxiliary hospital by Strood VAD Hospital Committee. Gable and roof of 42 North Street visible in distance and tram lines and carriageway in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to ownership of premises by Strood Workmen’s Club and presentation of brass tablet commemorating use of hall as an auxiliary hospital by St. John’s VAD during Great War 1914-1918, transcription given. Photographer: Thomas E. Howe, Chatham. Original exposed 2 July 1916

[cf. collection DE393 for photograph from same negative. The depositor of collection DE393 identifies the figure second from right as Hartnell Webb, landlord of the Eagle Tavern, High Street, Rochester]

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings comprising 91-103 Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking west from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing street frontage of weather-boarded houses, tram lines, carriageway, tram power line columns and women and children bystanders, all looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to closing and demolition of houses 1920-1922. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 117mm) Original exposed c.1920 p.19

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings comprising range of houses in Frindsbury Hill, Strood, up to and including Marlborough Head public house (no.90), looking uphill east i.e. from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing weather-boarded houses, woman standing in doorway looking at camera, carriageway and tram lines. Couchman’s accompanying notes advise the numbers inked onto the original print do not correspond to the house numbering and pertain to history of public house 1787-1899. 6” x 4 3/8” (155mm x 110mm) Original exposed before 1907. p.20

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of The Bell public house, Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking south from point diagonally opposite and slightly to north of junction with Church Green, showing Church Green and Frindsbury Road frontages, three bystanders and dog, inn sign, signage advertising Meux and Co.’s brilliant ales and double stout and advertising placards outside adjoining shop in Frindsbury Road. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of public house 1841-1907. 6” x 4 /12” (155mm x 115mm) p.21

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of The Bell public house, Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking north-west from Church Green and showing rear of premises, outbuilding and in foreground iron railing and gates leading from Church Green to Frindsbury Road. 7” x 5” (178mm x 127mm) Original exposed before 1907 p.22

Frindsbury Intra.
Print from engraving, entitled Frindsbury Church, Kent comprising view of church and churchyard looking from south, showing trees, onlookers and gravestones. Published by Rook and Co., London 15 December 1858. p.23 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Print from engraving, entitled Frindsbury, Kent, South East comprising view of church and churchyard looking from east, showing weather vane, trees, gravestones and path. Drawn by Fisher and engraved by F. Cary [?]. Cut from Gentleman’s Magazine October 1803. p.23 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of Frindsbury Church and churchyard looking from south, also showing trees, path and gravestones. Photographer: C. Biskeborn. 5 ½” x 3 ¾” (140mm x 95mm) c.1880 p.24 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of Frindsbury Church and churchyard looking from south, also showing trees, path and gravestones. 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (80mm x 58mm) c.1880 p.24 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church comprising view looking from south, also showing churchyard, trees, path and gravestones. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to church’s early existence and maintenance 1107-1127. c.1905 p.25 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church comprising view looking from south, also showing churchyard, trees, path and gravestones. On rear, message from E. F[-] to a Miss Toates, 8 Grove Road, Strood, offering her the card for her collection. Postmarked Rochester 17 September 1904 p.25 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Head and shoulders photograph of Rev. James Formby, vicar of Frindsbury, showing subject looking to left of camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Formby’s support for Rev. Robert Whiston, headmaster of the Rochester Cathedral Grammar School (King’s School, Rochester), laying out of avenue of trees in Church Green and involvement in cement manufacture at Whitewall (Frindsbury Intra), Upnor (Frindsbury Extra) and Halling. 3 1/8” x 2 5/8” (80mm x 68mm) c.1880 p.26 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church and avenue comprising view church looking from north-west, showing in foreground road and avenue of trees running through Church Green towards west end of church, bystander, gateway through wall surrounding churchyard and west end of church and church tower and spire. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 x c.1910 p.26 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tyepscript transcription of part of Trees and Shrubs by F.A. Bush, 1964 pertaining to Maclura Pomifera (Osage Orange) tree, example of which grows in avenue on Church Green with accompanying notes by Couchman also pertaining to tree and Rochester and District Natural History Society and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey’s research into same, noting tree suffered storm damage in 1981. p.27

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled River tragedy that shook the towns from the Memories column by Ted Connolly, reporting on the Rochester Bridge Disaster of Friday 13 September 1816 when 14 persons died on return leg of boat trip from Chatham to Halling, particularly mentioning boatman Thomas Lear, Thomas Gilbert, the organiser and the female boarders of latter’s boarding school in Clover Street, Chatham, with photograph of county councillor Ron Foster, local historian and founder of Medway Heritage Centre (formerly St. Mary’s Church), Dock Road, Chatham kneeling at gravestone of Lear in Frindsbury churchyard. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to a printed source, A narrative of the distressing accident which occurred at Rochester Bridge on the 13 September 1816 by William Stern Palmer, 1817. 13 September 1991. p.28

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church comprising view looking from north, showing churchyard, gravestones, bushes and visitors. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Before 1918. p.29

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of ruined smock mill off Powlett Road on Frindsbury Hill, variously named Frindsbury Mill, Kimmins’ Mill or House Mill, looking south-east, showing roads in foreground, pile of rubble, mill and outbuildings in middle-ground and terraced houses in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to operation, dereliction and demolition of mill 1819-1931. 4 ¾” x 3 ½” (120mm x 90mm) Before 1931. p.30 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of ruined smock mill off Powlett Road on Frindsbury Hill, variously named Frindsbury Mill, Kimmins’ Mill or House Mill, looking south-east, showing roads in foreground, pile of rubble, mill, group of children and adult and outbuildings and in middle-ground and terraced houses in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to operation, dereliction and demolition of mill 1819-1931. 5” x 3 7/8” (128mm x 98mm) Before 1931. p.30 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Receipted bill from Thomas Ring and Son, 46 later 2 Grove Road, Strood, contractors for removals, to a Mr. Rayner of 16 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood for removal from 22 Horsley Road, Rochester to 16 Temple Gardens as above. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Ring’s premises 1891-1921. 21 November 1922. p.31

Strood.
Copy of photograph of junction of High Street and Station Road, Strood, looking north from point in High Street slightly to east of junction, showing left to right, advertising hoardings, bystanders, Newark Cottage (no.1 Station Road) and The Amalgamation public house (no.2), bill posters advertising The earl and the girl, Theatre Royal, High Street, Chatham, Camp Coffee, Colman’s Starch, Cakeoma cake, Wills’ Westward Ho! Smoking mixtures and Kate Lawrence, The Darlyles and Emlyn Jones at the Gaiety Theatre [?] or during Gaiety Week [?]. 6 3/10” x 4 3/8” (160mm x 110mm) April 1906 p.32

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of two smock windmills on Prospect Hill, Frindsbury, possibly looking south-east, showing on left The Little Mill or Manwaring’s Mill with outbuildings and on right The Great Mill or Rose’s Mill, latter surrounded by onlookers, children and horse and cart, one onlooker standing on circumferential platform, with fields and wooden fence in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history and proprietorship of both mills citing Ordnance Survey maps 1769-1843 and W. Coles Finch’s book Watermills and Windmills as sources. 6 3/10” x 4 1/8” (160mm x 116mm). Original exposed before c.1886 p.33

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of derelict base of Great Mill or Rose’s Mill on Prospect Hill, Frindsbury, subsequent to demolition of tower and conversion into two cottages, 65-67 Windmill Street. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of premises and proprietorship 1890-c.1945. Reproduced by Fine Art Studio, 11 Frindsbury Road, Strood. 7” x 5” (178mm x 127mm). Original exposed before c.1939. p.34

Frindsbury Extra.
Copy of photograph of front elevation of Quarry House, Windmill Hill, Frindsbury, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to south, showing weather-boarded extension on left. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of site and ownership and citing secondary sources Archaeologia Cantiana volume xvii pp.169-180 (1887) and Henry Smetham’s History of Strood 1899. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (158mm x 116mm) Original exposed before 1897. p.35

Frindsbury Extra.
Copy of photograph believed of rear elevation of Quarry House, Windmill Hill, Frindsbury, possibly looking from south-west, showing dilapidated brick building with gables, weather-boarded outbuilding and two onlookers. Reproduced by Fine Art Studio, 11 Frindsbury Road, Strood. 7” x 5” (178mm x 127mm). Original exposed before 1897. p.36

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of industrial sites in Frindsbury Intra alongside River Medway, looking south from Windmill Hill towards Rochester, showing in foreground Kent Electric Power Co. power station, quarry and chalk cliff, in middle-ground wharves, and crane, middle-distance River Medway (Bridge Reach), lighters, other vessels and industrial buildings in Strood and in distance left to right, Gas House Point, Acorn Wharf, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle keep, Rochester Bridge and Temple Marsh. 8 1/5” x 5 3/10” (210mm x 160mm) Original exposed c.1925 p.37

Frindsbury Extra.
Copy of photograph of Frindsbury Peninsula looking south from Windmill Hill, Frindsbury towards Chatham Ness, showing in foreground discharge pit of Kent Electric Power Co. power station, disused chalk pit, in middle-ground cement factories (running from north to south, Phoenix Cement Works, Globe Cement Works, Bridge Cement Works, Crown Cement Works, Quarry Portland Cement Works and Beehive Cement Works) and River Medway (Limehouse Reach) and in distance, left to right, North Downs, HM Dockyard, Chatham, St. Mary’s Church, Chatham, Chatham Extra, Chatham Intra and industrial facilities on The Common, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to establishment of Kent Electric Power Co. 1906-1907. 5 ½” x 3 3/8” (138mm x 87mm) Original exposed c.1925 p.38

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of discharge area of Kent Electric Power Co. power station in disused chalk pit on Frindsbury Peninsula, looking north, showing in left middle-ground discharge outlets and in right middle-ground crystalloid stalactite formations and in background chalk cliff comprising southern edge of Frindsbury Hill. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 117mm) c.1925 p.39 (U)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of discharge area of Kent Electric Power Co. power station in disused chalk pit on Frindsbury Peninsula, looking east, showing in foreground crystalloid stalagmite formations, in middle-ground crystalloid stalactite formations and in background chalk cliff comprising western edge of Windmill Hill. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 117mm) c.1925 p.39 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Photograph of St. Mary’s Church, Vicarage Road, Strood, looking from the south, showing spire, entrance porch and transept, churchyard and boundary wall and rear of terraced houses in Grove Road in distance. 3 3/8” x 2 ¼” (87mm x 58mm) c.1890 p.40 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Photograph of St. Mary’s Church, Vicarage Road, Strood, looking from the south-west, showing west end, spire, nave and top of south transept with trees, wooden fence and walkways surrounding and two bystanders in right foreground. 5 ½” x 4 ¼” (140mm 110mm) c.1890 p.40 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, St. Mary’s Church comprising view of church looking the south-west, showing west end, spire, porch, nave and top of south transept with trees, iron gates, boundary wall, lamp post and pedestrians in foreground. On rear, message from G. S [?][-] to a Miss Acres of 4 Guildford Lawn, Dover, discussing weather and cycling. Published by Wrench and printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Maidstone 2 May 1905. p.41/1

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Cuttings from St. Nicholas with St. Mary parish magazine (p.41/2-3) and Chatham News and Medway Extra reporting closure of St. Mary’s Church in 1993, two with photographs (p.41/4-6)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Photograph of interior of St. Mary’s Church, Vicarage Road, Strood, looking east along nave and showing east window (stained glass), chancel, altar, communion rail, lectern, pulpit, pews, aisle and font. 3 5/8” x 2 ¼” (93mm x 57mm) c.1890 p. 42 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church, Strood, interior comprising view of nave and chancel looking east and showing east window (stained glass), chancel, altar, communion rail, lectern, choir stalls, pews, aisle and churchwardens’ wands of office. Published by W. and H. Town, Strood. c.1926 p.42 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Printed programme for recitations at St. Mary’s schoolroom, Vicarage Road, Strood by Colonel Francis Charles Hughes-Hallett MP on 27 April 1886. Printed by Sweet and Sons, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to H. Smetham’s Sketches Prose and Rhymes, 1889. p.43

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Postcard group photograph of Rev. Hubert Harold Treacher, curate (left) and Rev. Lempriere Durell Hammond, vicar (right), latter sitting and both wearing cassocks, holding trenchers and looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe each clergyman’s career and biographical sources, mentioning Treacher was an apprentice at Chatham Dockyard Technical College prior to 1914, was curate of St. Mary’s 1920-1925, vicar 1925-1929 and ultimately general secretary and head of the Church Army 1942-1949; and mentioning Hammond was vicar of St. Mary’s 1918-1928 ultimately becoming a canon of Lichfield Cathedral, Lichfield, Staffordshire in 1934. Photographer: Karise West, Rochester. c.1920 x c.1925 p.44

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting appointment of Rev. Hubert Harold Treacher, curate of St. Mary’s as vicar in succession to Rev. Lempriere Durell Hammond and mentioning his service with the East Kent Regiment (The Buffs) in France, Singapore and Mesopotamia [cf. Iraq, Irak] during First World War. 7 August 1925 p.45 (left)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Docket bearing manuscript quotation comprising John Oxenham’s verse:

To every man there openeth,
A High way and a Low,
And every man decideth the
Way his soul shall go.

Signed by Lempriere D. Hammond, vicar 29 September 1925. p.45 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Docket bearing manuscript quotation comprising William Shakespeare’s verse:

There is a tide in the affairs of man, if
taken at the flood, leads to
fortune

Signed by Hubert H. Treacher, curate, 18 January 1925 p.45 (M)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Docket bearing manuscript quotation comprising verse, author not ascribed:

If that which shines afar so grand,
Turns but to shadow in the hand,
On again! The glory lies
In the struggle; not the prize.
Signed by Hubert H. Treacher, vicar 19 November 1929 p.45 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising article by Bill Snook [alias H. Townsend?] reminiscing about his boyhood playing billiards in St. Mary’s Hall, with group photograph of Rev. H.H. Treacher, curate [Rev. Charles Edmond Preston?] and members of boys’ club [?] posing in front of church or hall. [Couchman’s dating of 1921 is almost certainly mistaken unless Treacher was curate at the time but even so in the group Treacher is sitting centrally. The article describes Treacher as rector in 1921 but he became rector in 1925.] c.1925 x c.1929 p.46

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Photograph of boys from St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood, washing dirty plates during summer camp at former Royal Naval Air Station, Isle of Grain, under supervision of Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s, subjects standing around bucket with accommodation blocks in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the boys were transported by a Mr. Lyle by lorry. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) August 1927. p.47

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of members of St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood, bathing in the sea at the Isle of Grain, on occasion of summer camp, camera looking out to sea, subjects looking at camera with spritsail barge and cargo ships in distance. Subjects include Ted Small, third from right, Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s, fifth from right and supporting boy on his right shoulder and E.J. Barnes (of 25 Bowes Road, Frindsbury), camp cook, eighth from right and supporting boy on his left shoulder. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.48 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of members of St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood, bathing in the sea at the Isle of Grain, on occasion of summer camp, camera looking out to sea, subjects looking at camera with spritsail barge and cargo ships in distance. Subjects include Ted Small first on right (at rear), Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s, third from right, Percy Small, standing to Treacher’s right, at rear and E.H. Couchman, tall youth to Small’s right, at rear. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.48 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of members of St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood and visiting parents, on occasion of summer camp at former Royal Naval Air Station, Isle of Grain, subjects facing camera and showing corrugated iron accommodation block in background. Subjects include Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s at far left and E.J. Barnes (of 25 Bowes Road, Frindsbury), camp cook, standing at far right of main group and wearing chef’s hat. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.49 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of parents of boys attending St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club summer camp at former Royal Naval Air Station, Isle of Grain, subjects facing camera and showing corrugated iron accommodation block in background. Subjects include Mr. E. Couchman, second from left and Mrs. E. Couchman, fourth from left. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the parents visited by coach. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.49 (L)

[* pp. 47-49: Couchman’s accompanying notes state the negatives of the these prints were deposited with Rochester upon Medway City Archives, see deposit DE327]

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Stencil programme for tea and entertainment at St. Mary’s school rooms, Vicarage Road, Strood 5 February 1879, stencil made with Thomas Edison’s [?] Electric Pen duplicating machine. Copy inscribed by Maud Sharp Stephenson 5 February 1879. p.50

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Printed programme for grand vocal and instrumental concert at St. Mary’s School rooms, Vicarage Road, Strood on 8 May 1879, instrumentalists provided by string band of Royal Marines. Printed by James Taylor, Rainham and Strood. Inscribed on rear Maud [Sharp Stephenson?] p.51

Strood Intra.
Colour photograph of former Rochester City Council volunteer fire brigade station, Station Road, Strood, looking north from point on west side of Station Road and slightly to south, showing in left foreground entrance to Friary Place, in middle-ground building with signboard of G. Ripley, second-hand wood dealer, stacks of planks leaning against building and trees, bushes and in background embankment of London Victoria main railway line and waiting or passing British Rail passenger train. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of use of premises 1899-1990. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 ¾” x 4” (147mm x 100mm) 24 October 1988 p.52

Frindsbury Intra.
Cuttings from Chatham Rochester and Gillingham News comprising headline Startling evidence as pit fears are soothed p.53

Frindsbury Intra.
Re-print of article from Chatham Rochester and Gillingham News of 28 November 1930 as reproduced in Chatham News of 1 December 1967 reporting landslide at home of Mr. and Mrs. A. Walter of 1 Bingham Road, Frindsbury. 1 December 1967. p.54

Frindsbury Intra.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles entitled Probe proves area is riddled with tunnels reporting on subsidence in Strood, mentioning Watermill Street, West Street, Windmill Street and Prospect Avenue and That pit – and new light on what’s underground reporting on research papers compiled by W. Coles Finch, engineer to Strood and Chatham Water Companies, in 1909, in possession of L.H.C. Searle of Prospect Avenue, Strood, retired teacher *, and experiences of local people. With photographs of Mrs. Emily Edwards of Windmill Street, Mr. William and Mrs. Nancy Landers (formerly Miss Nancy Walters of Bingham Road) and Mr. and Mrs. George Butcher of Windmill Street 1 December 1967 pp.55-57

[* These papers would appear to be those deposited with Rochester upon Medway City Archives by Mr. Searle’s estate in 1994, see deposit DE351]

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising statement made by Rochester City Council concerning its response to subsidence that caused loss of life in Strood on 21 November 1967 [victim Mrs. Jean Thompson]. 1 December 1967 p.58

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Call for urgent action over dangerous holes reporting Rochester upon Medway Borough Council’s response to subsidence in Frindsbury. 9 January 1981. p.59

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News entitled New fear as 11-year old death hole re-appears: council seals off village alleyway to prevent repeat of 1968 [sic] tragedy with photograph of subsidence in vicinity of West Street, Frindsbury. 9 March 1979. p.60

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News entitled Shock for couple as a 30ft. chasm threatens house: back garden hole filled up with 125 tons of concrete reporting subsidence at home of Mr. Alan d’Alvarez and Susan Johncock, Bingham Road, Frindsbury, with photograph of couple in back garden. 22 March 1985 p.61

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News entitled Anne recalls frightening saga of Frindsbury’s gaping chasms by Dennis Pearce with photograph of Mrs. Anne Landers of Laburnum Road, Strood, formerly of Bingham Road, Frindsbury, relating to subsidence. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the Christian name should be Nancy not Anne. 29 March 1985 p.62

Frindsbury Intra.
Cuttings from Chatham News entitled Survey will be commissioned over huge hole in back garden (26 April 1985) and Help is needed to fill big holes in mystery (24 January 1985). p.63

Frindsbury Intra.
Colour photograph of Methodist Chapel, Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking east across Frindsbury Road from point diagonally opposite and to west, showing street frontage and western elevation, traffic lights, hatchback car waiting at lights, street furniture, hydrant sign, yellow lines, pedestrian barriers and adjoining buildings. Typewritten accompanying notes comprise extract from Henry Smetham’s History of Strood (1899) pertaining to history of Methodism in Strood 1800-1899. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 11 August 1987 p.64

Frindsbury Intra.
Photocopies of notices placed in Chatham News by Rochester City Council pertaining to removal of gravestones and human remains at Methodist Chapel, Frindsbury Road, Strood in connection with Rochester Corporation Tramways and Improvements Act (1903), 1905 and 1907. p.65

File updated by Borough Archivist 9 June 2005

Date: [1824] 1803-1988 [1994]
Quantity: 1 volume/65pp.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 1:
River Medway, HM Dockyard, Town Hall and The Paddock, personalities, The Great Lines of Defence (Chatham and Brompton) and Chatham postmarks.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

General.
Typescript contents page for Chatham volumes. c.1986 x c.1994 p.1

General.
Page not used. p.2

Municipal.
Picture postcard bearing coat of arms of Chatham Borough Council, with decorative border. Heraldic Series. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to grant of arms, blazoning and significance of motifs. He attributes the sword, trident and laurel wreath to the Royal Marines Chatham Division and the ships to the Royal Naval dockyard and barracks. c.1906 x c.1908 p.3

General.
Bill from L.[?] W. Wrake for carriage of two chests between Crown and Thistle public house, Chatham and The King’s Head Inn, Borough, London on 10 August 1838. p.4

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted engraving from Gentleman’s Magazine entitled The prospect of Chatham comprising view of Chatham Extra, Brompton and Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra) looking south-east from Frindsbury Church tower, showing in far distance Minster, Queenborough (1) and windmill in the Isle of Sheppey, in distance left to right, River Medway (Gillingham Reach), northern wall of dockyard, tower of Gillingham Church (2), the buildings of the dockyard (store house and mould loft (3), officers’ dwelling houses (4), Brompton village (5), Commissioner’s House (not numbered), store house and sail loft (7), store house and rigging house (8), Dock Gate (9), rope house (10), store houses for cables (11), Anchor Wharf (12), New Stairs (13), store houses at Gun Wharf (14) and Hill House or Pay Office (16)), Chatham Windmill (15), St. Mary’s Church (17), Chatham Quay or Key (18) and River Medway (Chatham Reach) with moored hulks and sailing vessels (19), in middle distance Frindsbury Peninsula, Chatham Ness and Quarry House (20) and in foreground spectators and huntsmen on Windmill Hill. Apparently based on Samuel and Nathaniel Buck’s engraving of 1738. After 1738. p.5

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Print from engraving entitled Chatham comprising view of HM Dockyard, Chatham and the River Medway (Chatham Reach), looking south from point on shore of Frindsbury Peninsula near Whitewall Creek towards Chatham Ness and Chatham, showing in foreground left to right cutter manned by Royal Marines, rowing boat crewed by sailors and shore, in middle ground and middle distance, left to right, sheer hulk and lifting tackle, accommodation ship, covered building slips and docks and shipping in ordinary and in distance, left to right, Fort Amherst and the North Downs, rigging and store house of HM Dockyard, Anchor Wharf, riverside buildings of Chatham and Fort Pitt, Rochester. Drawn by Warren, engraved by E. Finden and published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London. c.1830 x c.1840 p.6

The Great Lines of Defence, Brompton.
Print from engraving entitled Soldiers’ reading room, St. Mary’s Barracks, Chatham comprising interior view of casemate equipped with tables, benches, bookshelves, candles, pens, inkpots, stove and bellows and showing bearded soldiers, several with wooden legs, wearing pillbox forage caps and engaged in conversation or reading books and magazines. Mutilated. Source not ascribed. c.1856 p.7

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Print from engraving entitled Chatham comprising view of River Medway (Chatham Reach) and HM Dockyard, Chatham, looking north from Rats’ Bay, Chatham towards Upnor, showing in foreground fishing smacks and fishermen, in right middle ground and right distance, right to left, Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Royal Marines Barracks, long store, rigging store, Anchor Wharf, and covered building slip or dock and in left middle distance and left distance ships in ordinary, Frindsbury Peninsula and Hoo Peninsula. Drawn by W. Westall ARA and engraved by Edward Finden. c.1829 p.8

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Reproduction of pen and ink drawing comprising view of HM Dockyard, Chatham, looking east across River Medway (Upnor Reach) towards St. Mary’s Island, Brompton, showing in foreground river, anchored rowing boats and bawley boats and in distance, left to right, northern extension of dockyard, masted vessels in basins and docks, dockyard power station and boiler house. c.1880 p.9 (U)

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Reproduction of pen and ink drawing comprising view of HM Dockyard, Chatham, looking north from Sun Pier, Chatham towards Upnor, showing in foreground anchored rowing boats, spritsail sailing barge and merchant steam vessel, in right middle-ground, right to left, HM Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Royal Marines barracks, Anchor Wharf, long store and rigging store and in distance Hoo Peninsula. c.1880 p.9 (L) Chatham Reach and Sun Pier, Chatham.
Reproduction of photograph of drawing entitled The scene of the disaster – drawn (from a photograph by Mr. A. Honey) by our own artist, July 1885 comprising view of Sun Pier, Chatham, looking north along River Medway (Chatham Reach) from Sun Wharf towards Upnor, showing in foreground mud flats, pontoon and damaged pier with spectators, in middle distance HM Gun Wharf and barge and in distance Hoo Peninsula. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to circumstances of collapse of pier whilst under construction. p.10

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Marine Barracks, Chatham comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground bawley boats, in middle-ground Medway Rowing Club raft (left), HM Customs raft (right) and bawley boats, in middle distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Royal Marines Barracks, Anchor Wharf, long store, rigging and store house and steam tugs. Chester Vaughan Series. c.1898 p.11 (U)

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Royal Marine Barracks, Chatham comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground bawley boats, in middle-ground Medway Rowing Club raft (left), HM Customs raft (right) and bawley boats, in middle distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Royal Marines Barracks, Anchor Wharf, long store, rigging and store house and steam tugs. Printed in Germany. Produced from same negative as p.11 (U) above. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to phases of construction of the church. c.1898 p.11 (L)

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, Gun Wharf and Dockyard comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground rowing boats, in middle-ground left to right, Medway Rowing Club raft (left), HM Customs raft (right), bawley boats and mud flats, in middle distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Royal Marines Barracks, Anchor Wharf, long store and rigging and store house and in distance covered building slips and steam tugs. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons, Chatham, Silverette Series. c.1900 p.12 (U)

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church and River Medway, Chatham comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground bawley boat and sailing barge, in middle-ground left to right, Medway Rowing Club raft (left), HM Customs raft (right), bawley boat, rowing boats and steam tug moored alongside Gun Wharf, in middle-distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf, Chatham Infantry (later Kitchener Royal Engineers’) Barracks and St. Mary’s Church and in distance and Royal Marines Barracks, long store and rigging house and store house. On rear, message from unstated author to Miss Nora Lane, Aghamarta (Aghannarta), County Cork, Ireland, asking her to contact him next at 26th. (Field) Company, Royal Engineers, Bordon Camp, Aldershot, Hampshire. The Wrench Series. Postmarked Chatham 10 July 1906. p.12 (L)

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Medway and Chatham comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground rowing boats, smelt baskets and spritsail sailing barge, in middle-ground Medway Rowing Club raft (left), HM Customs raft (right) and spritsail sailing barge, in middle distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf, Chatham Infantry (later Kitchener Royal Engineers’) Barracks and St. Mary’s Church and in distance and Royal Marines Barracks, long store and rigging house and store house. On rear, message from Taisie [Jenkins?] of 177 Nelson Road, Gillingham to Private Sydney S. Harrison No. 32243, 2nd. Battalion Devonshire Regiment, Maryland Hospital, Sproughton, Ipswich, Suffolk, discussing family visit. Postmarked Gillingham 17 February 1919 p.13 (U)

[cf. Devon]

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Medway, Chatham comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground rowing boats, smelt baskets and spritsail sailing barge, in middle-ground Medway Rowing Club raft (left), HM Customs raft (right) and spritsail sailing barge, in middle distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf, Chatham Infantry (later Kitchener Royal Engineers’) Barracks and St. Mary’s Church and in distance and Royal Marines Barracks, long store and rigging house and store house. Produced from same negative as p.13 (U) above. p.13 (L)

Chatham Reach, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham from the Medway comprising view of commercial wharves between Sun Pier and HM Gun Wharf, looking east from Sun Pier towards Chatham Town Hall, showing in right foreground spritsail sailing barge, steam tug and crewman and rowing boat, in middle-ground left to right Gun Wharf, Holborn Wharf, travelling cranes, Bessent’s Wharf and Scott’s Wharf and in distance left to right, Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Town Hall and North Downs. On rear, message from C.T[-] to Miss R. Thurly [?], c/o Mrs. Cartwright, Rising Sun Coffee House, Factory Lane, Fulham, London discussing travel arrangements and wishing her a happy Christmas. Valentine’s Series. Postmarked Chatham 23 December 1907 p.14 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Chatham Reach and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, The Medway comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf looking north-east from Sun Pier, Chatham, showing in foreground bystanders, rowing boats, fishing smacks and bawley boats, in middle-ground Medway Rowing Club raft and spritsail sailing barges, in middle distance right to left, HM Gun Wharf and St. Mary’s Church and in distance Royal Marines Barracks, long store and rigging house and store house. On front, message from Mrs. Mason of 8 Ruskin Terrace, Byron Road, New Brompton [cf. Gillingham] to her son W. Glanvill Mason, Francomb’s House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing new house and visiting arrangements. Postmarked New Brompton 24 March 1903 p.14 (L)

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Photograph of postcard entitled View from Sun Pier, Chatham comprising view of sailing vessels anchored in the River Medway (Limehouse Reach), looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham towards Rochester, showing in fore ground Borough of Chatham public swimming raft, in middle-ground lighters and sailing vessels, possibly brigantines, in middle-distance Ship Pier, Chatham and in distance Chatham Intra and Rochester Castle keep. H. Brothers [1900] p.15 (U)

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham from River Medway comprising view of Chatham, Chatham Intra and Rochester looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham towards Rochester, showing in right foreground rowing boats, lighter and sailing vessels including brigantine, in right middle-ground group of lighters, in middle-distance Ship Pier, Chatham, spritsail sailing barges and other vessels and in distance Fort Pitt Gardens, Rochester and Rochester Castle keep. On rear, message from V. T[-] to a Mrs. Noyes, Clydesdale, Kennington, Ashford, concerning fund-raising for London Hospital, Whitechapel, London. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons. Postmarked Earls Court, London SW 11 June 1906. p.15 (L)

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Medway, Chatham comprising view of group of sailing vessels in the River Medway, looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham towards Rochester, showing in foreground manned rowing boat, in middle-ground group of sailing vessels consisting of brigantines, barks and spritsail sailing barges, in middle distance Ship Pier, Chatham, spritsail sailing barges and cranes at Chatham Ness on the Frindsbury Peninsula. Published by Valentine. Before 1904. p.16 (U)

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham from River Medway comprising view of Chatham, Chatham Intra and Rochester looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham towards Rochester, showing in right foreground rowing boats, lighter and sailing vessels including brigantine, in right middle-ground group of lighters, in middle-distance Ship Pier, Chatham, spritsail sailing barges and other vessels and in distance Fort Pitt Gardens, Rochester and Rochester Castle keep. On rear, message from Daisy [Thompson?] of 37 Dawes Street, Gillingham to Miss Nellie Hills, 1 Amwell Terrace, London Road, Ware, Hetfordshire, describing progress in acquiring a sun tan and good weather. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons. This item is identical to item p.15 (L) above. Postmarked Gillingham 1 September 1914. p.16 (L)

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Medway from Chatham Pier comprising view of steam vessels anchored in River Medway, looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham towards Chatham Intra and Rochester, showing in foreground two steam merchant vessels, possibly paddle steamers the right-hand one possibly the Medway Queen, in middle distance masts of spritsail sailing barges, wharves in Chatham Intra, Rochester Technical Institute and steam tug and steam cargo ships and in distance Rochester Castle keep and Rochester Cathedral. Published by Valentine. c.1925 p.17 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled View from Sun Pier, Chatham comprising scene looking west from Sun Pier towards Chatham Intra and Rochester showing in foreground Borough of Chatham public swimming raft, attendant and rowing boats, in middle-ground group of lighters, brigantines, steam cargo ship and of spritsail sailing barge, in middle distance group of spritsail sailing barges and in distance left to right, Ship Pier, wharves, Chatham Goods Depot and steam cargo ship and in distance Rochester, Rochester Castle keep and Rochester Cathedral. On rear, message from Janet [-] to Master James (Jim) Liddell, Hall Farm, Nedderton, Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, mentioning German air raid on Royal Naval Barracks [cf. HMS Pembroke], Chatham [cf. Gillingham] on night of ¾ September 1917. Published by H. Brothers. Postmarked Snodland 13 September 1917. p.17 (L)

Limehouse Reach, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Sunset from the pier, Chatham comprising view of the River Medway and Chatham Intra looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham at twilight, showing in right foreground silhouetted head and lantern of pier and spectator, in middle-ground two steam cargo ships, in middle distance steam cargo ships, lighters and spritsail sailing barges and in distance, left to right, Ship Pier, wharves in Chatham Intra, Rochester Technical Institute, Rochester Castle keep and Rochester Cathedral (in line). Published by Valentine. c.1930 p.18

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of arrival of mayor of Chatham, G.H. De La Cour and town clerk at ceremonial dais, looking north-east from corner of The Brook and Military Road, showing in foreground guard of honour of Royal Marines standing at present arms with backs to camera, in middle-ground horse-drawn carriage, guard of honour of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade, equipped with Merryweather helmets and axes, facing camera and dais and in distance crowd of onlookers and Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall, on occasion of laying of foundation stone of Chatham Town Hall. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. 5 1/2” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed 2 February 1898. p.19

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of arrival of Helena, HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig – Holstein – Sonderburg - Augustenburg [cf. Denmark] at Military Road, Chatham on occasion of laying of foundation stone of Chatham Town Hall, looking north-east from corner of The Brook and Military Road and showing in foreground spectators and guard of honour of Royal Marines standing at shoulder arms with backs to camera, in middle-ground horse-drawn carriage, guard of honour of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade, equipped with Merryweather helmets and axes, mounted police constable of the Kent County Constabulary, decorated flag poles, procession of dignitaries and dais and in distance crowd of onlookers and Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. 5 1/2” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed 2 February 1898. p.20

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of arrival of Helena, HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig – Holstein – Sonderburg - Augustenburg at Military Road, Chatham on occasion of laying of foundation stone of Chatham Town Hall, looking north-east and showing in foreground guard of honour of Royal Marines standing at shoulder arms with backs to camera, in middle-ground guard of honour of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade, equipped with Merryweather helmets and axes, mounted police constable of the Kent County Constabulary, decorated flag poles, procession of dignitaries and in background dais and foundation stone bearing carved coat or arms of Chatham Borough Council. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. This photograph is an enlargement of the centre of p.20 above. 5 1/2” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed 2 February 1898. p.21

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of procession of senior army and Royal Marines officers up steps to dais. at Military Road, Chatham on occasion of laying of foundation stone of Chatham Town Hall, looking north-east and showing in foreground guard of honour of Royal Marines standing at shoulder arms with backs to camera, in middle-ground rear of horse-drawn carriage and guard of honour of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade, equipped with Merryweather helmets and axes, and in background decorated flag poles, dais, dignitaries, one wearing mayoral chain of office, and Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. 5 1/2” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed 2 February 1898. p.22

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of recession of Helena, HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig – Holstein – Sonderburg - Augustenburg [cf. Denmark] and dignitaries at Military Road, Chatham on occasion of laying of foundation stone of Chatham Town Hall, looking north-east and showing in foreground guard of honour of Royal Marines standing at present arms with backs to camera, in middle-ground guard of honour of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade, equipped with Merryweather helmets and axes, decorated flag poles, royal personage, dignitaries, one wearing mayoral chain of office, and in background dais and Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. 5 1/2” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed 2 February 1898. p.23

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of scene at cross-roads of Military Road, Church Hill (later Dock Road and The Brook on departure of Helena, HRH Princess Christian of Schleswig – Holstein – Sonderburg - Augustenburg [cf. Denmark] after laying of foundation stone of town hall, looking north-east along Military Road from corner of The Brook and Military Road, showing in foreground spectators, guard of honour of Royal Marines standing at present arms and horse-drawn carriage, in middle-ground mounted detachment of 3rd. (King’s Own) Hussars, in left middle distance crowds of spectators and St. Mary’s Church of England School, in right middle distance crowds of spectators and corner. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. 5 1/2” x 5 ½” (140mm x 140mm) Original exposed 2 February 1898. p.24

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Reproduction of photograph of west elevation of Chatham Town Hall entitled Town Hall, Chatham looking north-east from west side of Military Road and south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, in right foreground old municipal offices and in distance telegraph pole and The Great Lines of Defence. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of town hall by Earl of Rosebery on 23 January 1900 and laying of foundation stone of Royal Sailors’ Home on 25 April 1901. Before April 1901. p.25

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking north-east from west side of Military Road and south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, tram, tramlines, tram power line columns and lamp standard. On rear, message from E.M. [L-] to Miss Dora Davison, 3 Edward Street, Strood mentioning errand and latter’s holiday. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to turning of first sod on site by Mayoress, Mrs. H.J.T. Browne, 22 June 1897. Postmarked Rochester 2 June 1904. p.26 (U)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking north-east from west side of Military Road and south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicle, tram, tramlines, tram power line columns, lamp standard and in left distance Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochetser. p.26 (L)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham comprising view of north elevation of town hall looking east from bottom of Church Hill (Dock Road), showing in right foreground part of The Shrubbery (The Paddock) and in middle-ground cross-roads formed by Military Road, The Brook and Church Hill and pedestrians and bystanders. Published by Pictorial Stationery Co. Ltd., London and printed in Saxony, Germany. On rear, addressed to Miss A.. Hill, 63 Bulwark Street, Dover. Postmarked Rochester 9 August 1904. p.27 (U)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of west and north elevations of town hall looking from point in Military Road south of cross-roads formed by The Brook, Military Road and Church Hill (Dock Road), also showing in right middle-ground part of Army and Navy public house (no.7 The Brook). Message on front and rear from Matthew (Mat) [-] to Master [W.] Glanvill Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, wishing him a happy birthday. Published by Valentine. Postmarked New Brompton 5 September 1904. Exposed before 1902. p.27 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking north-east from west side of Military Road and south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, pedestrians, hand barrow, tram heading towards camera, tramlines, tram power line columns, lamp standard, in right foreground part of Eagle Inn (no.10 Military Road) and in left distance Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road. On rear, message from Emmie Gilbert to a Miss Buckingham, 26 Guildford Road, Greenwich, London SE, wishing her a happy birthday. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 15 July 1905. p.28 (left)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking from point in Military Road south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, pedestrians, pillar post box in The Brook, tram and advertisement on tram for Mackeson’s milk stout. On rear, message from R. Millington to Miss E. Stockwell, The Bungalow, Patrixbourne Road, Bridge, Canterbury, discussing weather and leisure. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to erection of pillar post box in 1912. Postmark includes advertisement for The telephone, a sound investment. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 14 June 1932. p.28 (left)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Photograph of west elevation of Chatham Town Hall looking north-west from position above street level on west side of Military Road south of cross-roads formed by Military Road, Church Hill (Dock Road) and The Brook, showing in foreground carriageway, tramlines, pedestrians, brazier and corner of The Shrubbery (The Paddock), in middle ground St. Mary’s Church of England School, cross-roads, tram no. 41 on route Gillingham Green to Delce (Rochester) via Grange, heading towards camera and Royal Marine in walking out dress and in distance Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence and Royal Sailors’ Home. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of foundation stone of Sailors’ Home by Vice Admiral Sir W.R. Kennedy KCB, Commander in Chief Nore on 25 April 1901 and opening by Lord Selborne, First Lord of the Admiralty on 15 February 1902 and tram no. 41. 6 2/10” x 4 3/8” (158mm x 110mm) 1907 x 1908 p.29

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Town Hall comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking from point in Military Road south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall, cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, pedestrians, hand cart, tram lines, tram power line columns, tram power lines, lamp standard, in left foreground Royal Marine in walking out dress, in right foreground part of part of Eagle Inn (no.10 Military Road) and in left distance part of Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road. The Wellington Series. c.1910 p.30 (U)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Town Hall and Seamen’s Home, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking from point in Military Road south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicle, tram lines, tram power line columns, tram power lines, lamp standard, in right foreground part of part of Eagle Inn (no.10 Military Road), in left middle-ground iron gates signing Town Hall and Wesleyan Methodist Central Hall [?] and in left distance part of Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road. On rear, message from Aunty Alice and U.S[-] of 51 Cecil Avenue, Enfield, Middlesex to Miss Lilly Southgate, 8 Felbrigge Road, Seven Kings, London E., discussing health and travelling arrangements. Published by B. and D., Kromo Series. Postmarked Enfield, Middlesex 20 December 1913. p.30 (L)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall and Paddock, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking north-east from southern part of The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery), showing in foreground The Paddock, pedestrian, bench and iron railing, in middle ground cross-roads formed by Military Road, The Brook and Church Hill (Dock Road), Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall, tram, part of Eagle Inn (no.10 Military Road), tram power lines, tram power line columns and pedestrians and in distance Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road and Fort Amherst (Belvedere Battery and Prince William’s Bastion) and Great Lines of Defence. On rear, message from Harold [-] to Miss L. Watts, 22 Stephenson Street, Canning Town, London E, discussing health, travel and weather. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Chatham 16 July 1913. p.31 (U)

Chatham Town Hall, Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of west elevation of town hall looking north-east from point in Military Road south of junction of The Brook, Church Hill (Dock Road) and Military Road, showing in foreground cross-roads, carriageway, bystanders, pedestrians, tram lines, tram power line columns, tram power lines and group of Royal Navy sailors dressed in square rig, in middle ground left to right, motor lorry, town hall, Whiffens Avenue and Army and Navy Hotel (no.7 The Brook) and in distance Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road and Great Lines of Defence and North Downs. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to brick wall in right foreground. c.1902 p.31 (L)

Town Hall, Military Road, and The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery), Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Town Hall and Paddock, Chatham comprising view of north and west elevations of town hall looking east from northern end of The Paddock, showing in foreground sheep grazing, trees and wooden fence, in middle ground left to right Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall, two trams, entrance to Whiffens Avenue and part of Army and Navy Hotel (no.7 The Brook) (later Churchill’s public house) and in distance North Downs. Printed in Prussia [cf. Germany and Poland] After 1902 p.32

Town Hall, Military Road, and The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall and Gardens, Chatham comprising view of town hall and surrounding area looking north-east from east side of The Paddock, showing in left fore and middle-grounds The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery), park bench, woman visitor, children walking towards camera, iron railing, shrubs and trees, in middle-ground Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall, cross-roads formed by Church Hill (Dock Road), Military Road and The Brook, Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road, town hall, tram, Eagle Inn (no.10 Military Road), proprietor J. Ryan, signage advertising Style and Winch of Maidstone’s beers, carriageway, tramlines and tram power line columns in Military Road and in distance Fort Amherst (Cornwallis Battery and Belvedere Battery) [cf. Great Lines of Defence and North Downs]. On rear, message from E. Leader to a Mr. Wells, Heckfield, Winchfield, Hampshire, thanking him for holly and wishing him a happy new year. Postmarked Chatham 22 December 1916. Exposed c.1905 x c.1912 p.33 (U)

Town Hall, Military Road, and The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall and Paddock, Chatham comprising view of town hall and surrounding area looking north-east from east side of The Paddock, showing in left fore and middle-grounds The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery), pedestrians, recumbent visitors, girl with perambulator, iron railing, trees, shrubs and border, in right fore and middle-grounds town hall, motor saloon omnibus in The Brook, Military Road and Eagle Inn (no.10 Military Road), in middle-distance, left to right, Royal Marines’ Schools or Drill Hall, Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road, town hall and Whiffens Avenue and in distance Fort Amherst (Cornwallis Battery and Belvedere Battery) [cf. Great Lines of Defence and North Downs]. On rear, message from Herbert (Herbo) [-] [soldier?] to Miss N. Wildash, Greenstreet, Sittingbourne, stating he will be coming home for good on Wednesday. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 14 January 1919. p.33 (L)

Town Hall and Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall Gardens, Chatham comprising view of town hall and north-west part of Town Hall Gardens, looking west from northern end of Town Hall Gardens, showing in foreground flower beds and lawns, in middle ground pathway, pedestrian, benches and seated visitor, in middle distance flower beds, lawns, corporation greenhouses and trees and in distance, left to right, rear of Army and Navy Hotel (no.7 The Brook) (later Churchill’s public house), south elevation of town hall and St. Mary’s Church of England School. Published by Valentine. c.1925 p.34 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Town Hall and Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall Gardens, Chatham comprising view of town hall and western length of Town Hall Gardens, looking north-west from point at intersection of paths running along western side of gardens and diagonally from north end of middle path, showing in fore and middle-grounds seated man smoking pipe, lawns, flower beds, shrubs and trees and in left distance houses and buildings between The Brook and Rope Walk and town hall. Published by Valentine. c.1925 p.34 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Town Hall and Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Town Hall Gardens, Chatham comprising longitudinal view of Town Hall Gardens looking north-west along path at eastern edge of gardens, showing in fore and middle-grounds brick boundary wall and iron railing, trees, headstones from former Old Burial Ground of St. Mary’s Church, paths and shrubs, in distance paths, trees, lawns and shrubs and in left distance south elevation of town hall. c.1931 p.35

Chatham personalities.
Photocopy of article in Chatham Observer of 29 May 1897 reporting Sir John Gorst’s addressing the 50th. annual meeting of the British Empire Mutual Life Assurance on effect of the Temperance Movement on death rate (p.36 (U)) and fragment of letter bearing signature of Gorst, MP for Chatham 1875-1892, with accompanying biographical notes by Couchman, before 1916 (p.36 (L).

Chatham personalities.
Fragment of letter bearing signature of Rear Admiral Walter Talbot Kerr. p.37

Chatham personalities.
Reproduction of full length studio photograph of Walter Henry Sargent de Brisac (1824-1893) of County Cork, Ireland and Chatham, gentleman, in attire of and carrying impedimenta of a pedlar, looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to biography of subject, who was buried in Chatham Municipal Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Chatham, referring to his service in China and India in 28th. Regiment of Foot and citing Life in Rural England by W. Coles Finch, 1928. p.38 (U)

Chatham personalities.
Photograph of headstone of Walter Henry Sargent de Brisac (1824-1893) of County Cork, Ireland and Chatham, gentleman, showing headstone, inscription, flowers and flower holder, long grass and in background hedge or trees. 4” x 3” (103mm x 78mm) After 1893. p.38 (L)

Chatham personalities.
Cutting from unstated local newspaper comprising article entitled Medway Towns Talk: the tragedy of Walter Brisac giving biographical information about subject and reproducing photograph as p.38 (L) above. p.39

Chatham personalities.
Photograph of W. Glanvill Mason of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship being interviewed by Richard Dimbleby of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), correspondent, for Sunday morning radio programme Down Your Way, showing Mason on left, wearing light jacket, watch chain, spectacles and pointing at object behind camera with left hand in hip pocket and Dimbleby on right, holding microphone in left hand, wearing double-breasted blazer and also looking to rear of camera, with doorway and brick building in background. Photographer: Kent Messenger. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) 16 July 1947. p.40 (U)

Chatham personalities.
Photograph of semi-detached houses in Maidstone Road, Chatham, including no.27, (right hand side), home of W. Glanvill Mason of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship, viewed from west and looking across Chatham Railway Station, showing railway rolling stock including goods wagons in foreground and road viaduct carrying Maidstone Road in middle-ground. 1954. Photographer: W.G. Mason [?] 2 ¼” x 2 ¼” (58mm x 58mm) p.40 (L)

Chatham personalities.
Photocopy of article from Chatham Observer entitled BBC records “Down Chatham Way” reporting visit of Richard Dimbleby, BBC commentator and correspondent’s visit to Chatham on 16 July 1947 to record a programme for the BBC Radio series Down Your Way, describing interviews with W. Glanvill Mason of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship, Captain Leonard G. Horsham of the paddle steamer Medway Queen and others, quoting Mason in regard to Charles Dickens’ home in Ordnance Place, Chatham and the closure by Richard Watts’ Charity of the Six Poor Travellers’ House, 97 High Street, Rochester. Published 18 July 1947, photocopied c.1985. p.41

Chatham personalities.
Photocopies from from Chatham Observer article as p.41 above comprising photographs of Richard Dimbleby BBC commentator and correspondent interviewing George Smith and Edward Murdoch, road repairers in Military Road, Chatham, Harry and Frederick Pocock, free fishermen of the River Medway and Captain Leonard G. Horsham on board the paddle steamer Medway Queen. for BBC Radio series Down Your Way on 16 July 1947. Published 18 July 1947, photocopied c.1985. p.42

Chatham personalities.
Cutting from Medway Extra entitled Grandma’s all-girl band reporting on all-women group called Madam Tranah’s Violas, with group photograph, showing band members left to right, Ivy Stoneham (cellist), a Mrs. White (saxophonist), Evelyn Tranah (pianist), a Mrs. Benbow (fiddler), Beryl Mason (ukelele banjoist), Eileen Jewel (saxophonist), a Miss Reynolds (banjoist) and Violet Edwards (percussionist). Exposed c.1950, published 22 August 1986. p.43

Souvenir postcards.
Colour picture postcard entitled A saucy puss from Chatham bearing head and shoulders representation of white cat blinking with right eye and wearing blue ribbon tied with bow around neck, against red background. On rear, message from Jessie [-] to Miss Ena Frost, High Street, Trottiscliffe, West Malling, discussing cat in picture, ribbon, health and weather. Published by Wildt and Kray, London NW. Postmarked Rochester 30 May 1912. p.44 (left)

Souvenir postcards.
Colour picture postcard entitled Hope you will turn-up at Chatham bearing full-length representation of woman in form of turnip semi-attired in striped red skirt and red sleeves and carrying handbag, limbs protruding from beneath green leaves and her head in the form of the root. On rear, message from unstated author to a Miss [Mary?] King, c/o a Mrs. [Daisy?] Brooker, 3 Tyler’s Avenue, Southend on Sea, Essex, discussing visiting arrangements and social matters. Published by Wildt and Kray, London NW. Postmarked Chatham 3 September 1913. p.44 (right)

General.
Cutting from unstated printed publication comprising reproduction of pen and ink drawing entitled A bye-path, Chatham depicting street scene and townscape, showing in background group of buildings, in middle-ground wooden fences and in foreground group of strollers walking towards artist, left to right, woman in dress, bustle and fancy bonnet carrying swagger stick, soldier in walking out dress, pill-box forage cap and boots and second woman in dress, bustle, chip bonnet with ribbon carrying parasol or umbrella. Artist: Myrbach, Chatham. c.1890 p.45

General views.
Composite postcard entitled Greetings from Chatham comprising miniature photographs of River Medway looking from Sun Pier, Chatham towards St. Mary’s Church and HM Gun Wharf (top left), The Paddock (formerly The Shrubbery) looking north-east along The paddock towards Chatham Town Hall (top right), Victoria Gardens, New Road (bottom right), section of High Street between Fair Row and Catts Alley (north side) and Fullager’s Yard and Meeting House Lane (south side), showing on north side A.J. Whitehead’s furniture store (nos.197-199) and on south side John Benzie Abery, grocer’s shop (no.194) (bottom left) and west elevation of town hall (centre). On rear, message from Glanvill W. Mason to Miss Dot (L.) Moss, c/o Mrs. Connor, 15 Bath Road, Dartford, discussing travelling arrangements and a projected trip to Selfridge’s in London. Postmarked Chatham 6 July 1915. p.46 (U)

General views.
Composite postcard entitled Good luck from Chatham comprising miniature photographs of River Medway looking west from Sun Pier, Chatham (top left), main entrance to HM Dockyard, Dock Road, Chatham (top right), Military Road, Chatham looking from south end across cross-roads formed by Military Road and High Street, showing town hall in distance (bottom right), Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground) showing town hall in distance (bottom left) and black kitten (centre). Published by Valentine. c.1931 p.46 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

General views.
Postcard photograph comprising aerial view of Gillingham (New Brompton) looking north from above Luton, showing area bounded by Great Lines of Defence in west, Brompton Road in north, Gillingham Road in east and Thorold Road in south, buildings and roads including Longhill Avenue, Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham Hill, York Avenue, Canterbury Street, College Avenue, Marlborough Road, Whitehorse Hill, Luton and Grange Hill, Luton. Couchman’s accompanying notes incorrectly suggest Holy Trinity Church, Brompton is visible. c.1934 p.47

Chatham from the Great Lines of Defence.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham from the Lines comprising view of Chatham and Rochester looking west-north-west from the chalk hill above Chatham from a point between Slicketts Hill and Fort Amherst, showing in foreground slope of chalk hill, path running alongside Town Hall Gardens, boundary wall and gateway of Town Hall Gardens, strollers, iron railing around War Department land, in middle-ground Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground), trees and Chatham Town Hall, in middle distance wharves, mills and Sun Pier and in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Chatham Intra, spritsail sailing barges, lighters, Chatham Ness (Frindsbury Peninsula, Frindsbury Extra) and Rochester Cathedral and Castle keep (in line). Published by W. c.1915 p.48 (U)

Chatham from the Great Lines of Defence.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham from the Lines comprising view of Chatham and Rochester looking west-north-west from the chalk hill above Chatham from a point between Slicketts Hill and Fort Amherst, showing in foreground slope of chalk hill, path running alongside Town Hall Gardens, boundary wall and gateway of Town Hall Gardens, strollers, iron railing around War Department land, in middle-ground Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground), trees and Chatham Town Hall, in middle distance wharves, mills and Sun Pier and in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Chatham Intra, spritsail sailing barges, lighters, Chatham Ness (Frindsbury Peninsula, Frindsbury Extra) and Rochester Cathedral and Castle keep (in line). On rear, message from George [-] to Miss M. Booth, Friendly House, High Street, East Dereham, Norfolk, thanking her for a scarf. Published by Valentine. From same negative as p.48 (U) above. Postmarked Gillingham 21 October 1915 p.48 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Chatham from the Great Lines of Defence.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham from the Great Lines comprising view of Chatham and Rochester looking west from chalk hill above Chatham from a point between Slicketts Hill and Fort Amherst, showing in foreground slope of chalk hill, path running alongside Town Hall Gardens, boundary wall and gateway of Town Hall Gardens, strollers and iron railing around War Department land, in middle-ground Town Hall Gardens (formerly Old Burial Ground), trees in Town Hall Gardens, trees in The Paddock and Chatham Town Hall, in middle distance line of Military Road, line of The Brook, junction of Military Road with Medway Street, Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, wharves, mills and Sun Pier and in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Chatham Intra, spritsail sailing barges, lighters, Chatham Ness (Frindsbury Peninsula, Frindsbury Extra), factory smoke and Rochester Cathedral and Castle keep (in line). On rear, message from Henry (Harry) [-] to Mr. and Mrs. Hodges, 125 Milton Road, Gravesend, supplying his address (Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA), Chattenden). Dated 27 September 1916. Published by Ive and Lowe Ltd., Chatham. Postmarked Chattenden 28 September 1916 p.49

Chatham from the Great Lines of Defence.
Cutting from Chatham Borough Council’s official guide to Chatham, reproducing photograph entitled Chatham from the Lines comprising view of Chatham and Rochester looking west from chalk hill above Chatham from a point between Slicketts Hill and Fort Amherst, showing in foreground trees on slope of chalk hill, Town Hall Gardens, (formerly Old Burial Ground), trees in Town Hall Gardens and The Paddock and Chatham Town Hall and banner flying from town hall, in middle distance in middle distance line of Military Road, line of The Brook, junction of Military Road with Medway Street, Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, wharves, mills and Sun Pier and in distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Chatham Intra, spritsail sailing barges, lighters and Rochester Cathedral and Castle keep (in line). Photographer: Burrow. 1931 p.50 (U)

Chatham from the Great Lines of Defence.
Colour postcard photograph entitled Rochester and Chatham comprising view of Chatham and Rochester looking west from chalk hill above Chatham from a point between Slicketts Hill and Fort Amherst, showing in foreground trees on slope of chalk hill, Town Hall Gardens, (formerly Old Burial Ground), trees in Town Hall Gardens and The Paddock and Chatham Town Hall, in middle distance lines of Military Road and Medway Street and Chatham Ness (Frindsbury Peninsula, Frindsbury Extra) and in distance left to right, tower blocks at Queen Court and Morden Court, John Street, Troy Town, Rochester, Chatham Intra, steam cargo ships in River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Rochester Cathedral and Castle keep (in line) and tower blocks at Rosemary and Laurel Courts, Witham Way, Strood. Before 1972. p.50 (L)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Typescript letter from Major General L.V. Bond, Commandant, School of Military Engineering and Commanding Officer, Chatham Area and Depot, Royal Engineers, Area Headquarters, Kitchener Barracks, Dock Road, Chatham to Lieutenant Colonel W. Lawrence Gadd, Rosherville Court, Gravesend, approving request to photograph glacis and moat of Spur Battery, Fort Amherst, Chatham. 19 February 1938 p.51 (annexe)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Photograph of exterior of casemates, revetment, glacis and moat of Spur Battery, Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham, looking south [?], also showing bushes and recently cut trees. Photographer: Lieutenant Colonel W. Lawrence Gadd, Rosherville Court, Gravesend. c.February 1938 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (113mm x 70mm)p.51 (U)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Photograph of revetment, glacis and moat of Spur Battery, Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham, looking south [?] and continuing from p.51 (U) above, also showing bushes and recently cut trees. Photographer: Lieutenant Colonel W. Lawrence Gadd, Rosherville Court, Gravesend. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to planned extent of Great Lines of Defence. c.February 1938 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (113mm x 70mm)p.51 (L)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Photograph of Spur Battery, Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham, looking north-north-east [?] and upwards from moat, showing grass bank and undergrowth. c.February 1938 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (113mm x 70mm) p.52 (U)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Photograph of Spur Battery, Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham, looking north-north-east [?] and upwards from moat, showing revetment and grass banks. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to firing of noon-day gun from Spur Battery 1880-1914. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (110mm x 80mm) p.52 (L)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Photograph of exterior of casemates, revetment, glacis and moat of Spur Battery, Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham, looking south [?], also showing bushes and recently cut trees. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (110mm x 80mm) c.1942 p.51 (U)

Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham.
Photograph of revetments and moat at Fort Amherst, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham. Also showing bushes and recently cut trees. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (110mm x 80mm) c.1942 p.51 (L)

Chatham postmarks.
Fragment of envelope bearing one penny stamp postmarked Chatham 6 September 1899. p.54 (U)

Chatham postmarks.
Envelope addressed to Mr. W. Mason, Accountant’s Department, HM Dockyard, Chatham posted from Monte Carlo, Monaco [cf. France] 14 April 1886, received on 17 April 1886 and backstamped Chatham 16 April 1886. p.54 (L)

Chatham postmarks.
Envelope addressed to Mrs. De Salis, HM Gun Wharf, Chatham posted from Hosakote, Mysore, India 15 June 1903 and backstamped Chatham 6 July 1903. p.55 (U)

Chatham postmarks.
Postcard photograph entitled Shere, Surrey comprising view of church at Shere, Surrey, showing pedestrians on church path, trees and churchyard and gravestones. Published by Lloyd, Albury, Surrey and printed in Germany. On rear, message from S [?] Mason to Master W. Glanvill Mason, Pinhorn’s House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing travelling arrangements. Postmarked Chatham 24 April 1907. With Post Office checking mark. p.55 (L)

Chatham postmarks.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Pier, Southen on Sea comprising view of Southen Pier, Southend, Essex, and pier entrance looking south-south-east, showing in foreground crowded concourse, men wearing straw boaters, in middle-ground pier and in distance River Thames and Thames estuary. On rear, message from Charles (Charlie) [-] to a Mrs. Mason, New Road, Rochester. Published by Jimmy Bigwood, Southend Series. Postmarked Chatham 24 December 1907. p.56 (U)

Chatham postmarks.
Tinted postcard photograph of road approaching estate lodge at unstated location, showing trees in Autumn. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dorothy or Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Connor, 15 Bath Road, Dartford, discussing travelling arrangements and house interior. Published by J. Salmon, Sevenoaks. Postmarked Chatham 21 October 1915. p.56 (L)

Updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004

Date: c.1738-c.1972
Quantity: 1 volume/56pp.

Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_15 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 2:
Chatham High Street from Boundary Lane to Railway Street.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.

For further detailed information on all premises in Chatham High Street, please see A business history of Chatham High Street mainly from the year 1839 to the year 1961 by Frederick W.T. Sanders, c.1961, Local Studies Collection ref.CHA381]

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Photograph of half-length portrait of Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595), Comptroller and Treasurer of the Royal Navy and founder of the Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham (1592) and co-founder of the Chatham Chest (1588-1580). Artist unknown. Reproduced from the original which was transferred from Hawkins’ Hospital in 1946, now hanging at the National Maritime Museum, Park Row, Greenwich, London (ref. 46-121, negative no. 3197). [A copy of the original painting, by Miss Marion Webster, formerly of the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester hangs in the Hospital Governors’ Room in place of the original.] Couchman’s accompanying notes are biographical. Original painted 1581/1582. 7” x 5” (175mm x 125mm) Exposed or reproduced June 1984. Permission for inclusion in imagebase withheld by National Maritime Museum. DE402/15/p.1

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Colour photograph of courtyard, south elevation of Governors’ Room and west elevation of eastern range of Hawkins’ Hospital, looking north from point in High Street immediately opposite, showing iron railing, water pump and lamp. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to founding of hospital. Exposed 14 April 1984. DE402/15/p.2

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting completion of repairs to Hospital (20 January 1984) (upper left) and visit of HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother on occasion of official re-opening of Hospital on 16 April 1984, with photographs of the Queen Mother and woman police constable (WPC) Lesley Woodbridge (upper right) and group of dignitaries and visitors including Dr. David Say, bishop of Rochester, Very Reverend John Arnold, dean of Rochester and Robin Leigh-Pemberton, lord lieutenant of Kent (lower). 19 April 1984. DE402/15/p.3

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting visit of HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother to Chatham and Upnor on 16 April 1984 (upper) with colour photograph of Queen Mother and Robin Leigh-Pemberton, lord lieutenant of Kent meeting crowd of onlookers in Chatham or Upnor (lower). 19 April 1984. DE402/15/p.4

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Photograph of apse looking from south, showing parts of gables of east end of nave. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to architectural and historical details of apse. 3” x 2 1/8” (75mmx 55mm) c.1940 DE402/15/p.5 (U)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Bartholomew’s Church and High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Gundulph Road, showing in foreground bystanders, carriageway, policeman and cyclist, in middle-ground pedestrians, small conveyance and lamp standard and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). On rear, message from Walter [Saunders?] of 61 High Street, Chatham to unstated addressee, wishing him or her a happy birthday. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to completion building of chapel between 1115 and 1124 and restoration by Sir Gilbert Scott and successors in late 19th. Century. Dated 28 March 1911. DE402/15/p.5 (L)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Half-length photograph of Rev. John Bailey, chaplain of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester/Chatham 1878-1933, subject looking at camera, resting left elbow on book and resting head on hand. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to memorial window commemorating Bailey, 1937. 2 7/8” x 2” (73mm x 53mm) DE402/15/p.6 (U)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10, including reproduction of same portrait at DE402/10/p.26 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Chapel of St. Bartholomew, Rochester and High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Gundulph Road, showing in foreground bystanders, carriageway, policeman and cyclist, in middle-ground pedestrians, small conveyance and lamp standard and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to road works extending Gundulph Road in High Street, Rochester 1880. From same negative as DE402/15/p.5 (L) above. c.1911 DE402/15/p.6 (L)

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite, showing in foreground cobbled entrance to Boundary Wharf, bystanders, lamp standard, hand cart and carriageway, in fore and middle-grounds chapel and bushes and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). On rear, message from Alice [-] to Miss Nellie Dapson, 54 High (Hight) Street, Margate, discussing travelling arrangements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Ramsgate 8 April 1905. DE402/15/p.7

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from Parrett and Neves Ltd., 30 High Street, Chatham, proprietors of Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News to Mr. T. Clibbon in respect of obituary for a Mr. Gower [?] 21 May 1910. DE402/15/p.8 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Stamped envelope addressed to Mr.T. Clibbon, 26 Weston Road, Strood, associated with item DE402/15/p.8 (U) above. Postmarked Chatham 23 August 1910 and backstamped Rochester, same date. DE402/15/p.8 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street at junction with Hammond Hill, looking west from point slightly east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, Owen J. Carter and Co.’s wine, spirit and cigar stores (no.39-41), Jude, Hanbury and Co., brewers’ office and stores (no.43) and H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and on south side, right to left, A. Lacy, bookseller’s shop (no.36) and Cooper and Son house furnisher’s store (no.38). Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, pedestrians, lamp standards and horse-drawn delivery vehicles. c.1903 DE402/15/p.9 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street at junction with Hammond Hill, looking west from point slightly east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, Owen J. Carter and Co.’s wine, spirit and cigar stores (no.39-41), Jude, Hanbury and Co., brewers’ office and stores (no.43) and H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and on south side, right to left, A. Lacy, bookseller’s shop (no.36) and Cooper and Son house furnisher’s store (no.38). Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, pedestrians, lamp standards and horse-drawn delivery vehicles. Published by B. and D., London EC, Kromo Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Taken from same negative as DE402/15/p.9 (U) above. c.1903 DE402/15/p.9 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bills from Coopers Successors (proprietors The London and Provincial Furnishing Co. Ltd., directors J. Freedman, J. Cahn and S. Beirnstein), 38 High Street, Chatham, house furnishers, to a Mr. Rayner, for set of chairs and other furnishings, 17 January 1920 and 8 November 1920. DE402/15/p.10

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Coopers Successors (proprietors The London and Provincial Furnishing Co. Ltd., directors J. Freedman, J. Cahn and S. Beirnstein), 38 High Street, Chatham, house furnishers, to a Mr. Rayner, for mahogany board 17 January 1920. DE402/15/p.11

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co., 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine, spirit, ale and stout merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gower of Darnley Arms, Cobham, for 12 gallons of cider, 17 August 1909. DE402/15/p.12

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co., 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine, spirit, ale and stout merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gowar [sic] of Darnley Arms, Cobham, for 4 ¾ gallons of cider, 22 October 1909. DE402/15/p.13

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co. (H.J. Browne), 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine and spirit merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gowar for cider and returns, settled 26 November 1909. DE402/15/p.14

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and Gaiety Theatre of Varieties (no.45) and on south side ranges of buildings either side of entrance to Hammond Hill. Street scene shows pedestrians, tradesman with hand cart, horse-drawn conveyances, carriageway and lamp standard. On rear, message from unstated sender to a Mrs. Peters, 109 Trafalgar Road, Portslade, Brighton, Sussex, asking her to add the postcard to the collection. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 18 October 1905. DE402/15/p.15 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled West End, Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Chatham/Rochester and Gundulph Road, looking east from point on north side of road, showing mainly range of buildings on south side, right to left, Robert Nelson and Co.’s domestic machinery depot with shop signs advertising Singer sewing machines (no.16), Henry West, milliner and draper’s shop (no.18), Richard F. Pettman, outfitter’s shop (no.20), Norman and Stigant, solicitors’ office (no.22), Thomas E. Howe, photographer’s studio (no.24), Jasper and Sons, bakers and confectioners’ shop (no.26), John Highley, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News offices (Parrett and Neves, proprietors) (no.30), entrance to Gundulph Road and Godfrey and Co. Ltd.’s pianoforte and music warehouse (no.32). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, horse-drawn conveyance, lamp standard and banner advertising sale at West’s shop. Published by G. and P. Ltd., Wellington Series. c.February 1906. DE402/15/p.15 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Horace H. Joyce, 46 High Street, Chatham, picture frame maker and stockist of artists’ materials, to a Mr. Rayner, for framing a large print 6 December 1918. DE402/15/p.16

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Horace H. Joyce, 46 High Street, Chatham, picture frame maker and stockist of artists’ materials, to a Mr. Rayner, for framing a print 11 January 1919. DE402/15/p.17

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of street elevation of the Gaiety Theatre of Varieties, 49 High Street, Chatham, looking from point diagonally and slightly to west, showing placards advertising performances by Florrie Forde, burlesque actress and George Hackenschmidt, world champion wrestler and others and above entablature theatre name sign and remnant of name sign of former use as Imperial Hotel, previously Old Chest Arms public house. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to conversion of premises from hotel to theatre in 1889, subsequent history, appearance of Charles [cf. Charlie] Chaplin in 1897 and demolition in 1911. Original exposed June 1906. DE402/15/p.18

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Entertaining wounded sailors and soldiers, Chatham Empire, 6.7.16 comprising view of section of High Street looking east from first floor window in building diagonally opposite and slightly to west of Chatham Empire of Varieties on occasion of visit to theatre of sailors and soldiers wounded in the First World War, showing on south side of street crowd of onlookers, in carriageway horse-drawn ambulances, dismounted military and civilian cyclists, horse-drawn and motor vehicles and on north side of street range of buildings extending east from Chatham Empire towards junction with Medway Street. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the performance was the musical Blue room girl starring Jamieson Dodds and Nancy Benyon. 8 July 1916. DE402/15/p.19

High Street, Chatham.
Photographic copy of postcard entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street looking west from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east of Empire, showing ranges of buildings on both sides of street including on north side, Picture House or Empire Cinema and Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (formerly Gaiety Theatre of Varieties). Street scene shows pedestrians, overhead street lighting and parked commercial motor vehicles. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history and use of cinema 1917-1961 and theatre 1911-1960, mentioning showing of first talkie film, Al Jolson in the Singing Fool15 July 1929. 8 ¼” x 5 ½” (210mm x 140mm) Original exposed c.1925 DE402/15/p.20

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham, showing the Empire comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east of no.68 High Street, showing on north side range of buildings including, left to right, Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49), Royal Exchange public house (no.47) and Ernest W. Nunn, hosier’s shop (no.61) and on south side, left to right, H. Cook and Co., chemist’s shop (no.68) and range of shops and offices. Street scene shows pedestrians, lamp standard, carriageway, hand cart and horse drawn vehicles. Published by Lloyd-Langston, Chatham. c.1900 DE402/15/p.21 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham, showing the Empire comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east of no.68 High Street, showing on north side range of buildings including, left to right, Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49), Royal Exchange public house (no.47) and Ernest W. Nunn, hosier’s shop (no.61) and on south side, left to right, H. Cook and Co., chemist’s shop (no.68) and range of shops and offices. Street scene shows pedestrians, lamp standard, carriageway, hand cart and horse drawn vehicles. On rear message from Archibald [?] (Archy) [-] at Chatham to Mr. B.H. Trelfer, 9 East Street, Horsham, Sussex, mentioning business at Uckfield, Sussex. Published by H. Brothers. From same negative as DE402/15/p.21 above. Postmarked 21 August 1917. DE402/15/p.21 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of Are You a Mason? starring Bromley Challoner and Enid Cooper at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of So This is Marriage, The Western Wallop, Walking up the Town and The House of Youth at The Picture House adjacent (31 July 1925) and article reporting on Bromley Challoner’s speech at end of performance of above stage performance (7 August 1925). DE402/15/p.22

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of Melody Mummers starring Aimee Bebb, Jerry Verno and Joan Morgan at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of The Navigator starring Buster Keaton and The Presumption of Stanley Hay, MP at The Picture House adjacent 7 August 1925. DE402/15/p.23

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of New Moon starring Adolphe Menjou and Ruth Roland at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of To Oblige a Lady starring Maisie Gay and The Phantom of the Desert starring Jack Perrin and Sir Harry Lauder at The Picture House adjacent. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to closure of theatre in 1929 and re-opening also that year as cinema, operating as such until 1939. 21 August 1931 DE402/15/p.24

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for cinematographic exhibitions of To-morrow and to-morrow starring Ruth Chatterton and Paul Lukas and Wayward starring Nancy Carroll, Pauline Frederick and Richard Arlen at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street) and The Crooked Lady starring George Graves and Isobel Elsom and Are You Listening? starring William Haines and Madge Evans at The Picture House, adjacent. 26 August 1932 DE402/15/p.25

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for cinematographic exhibitions of Bataan* starring Robert Taylor, The Lavender Hill Mob starring Alec Guinness and Stanley Holloway and live performances by Max Miller and others at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street), 7 November 1958. DE402/15/p.26

[* cf. Philippines]

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles reporting capture and retirement of Beaver, resident cat at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street) in 1960, with photographs of cat and performers Freddie Wingent and Ken Stirling. 17 January 1986 and 7 February 1986. DE402/15/p.27

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at northern end of Hills Terrace, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing six bearers supporting placard reading Who are the secret 6? The answer is at the Picture House now, bearers wearing cloth caps and broad-brimmed hats alternately and face masks and looking at camera, also showing south elevation of Chatham Railway Station building, telegraph pole and iron railings in background and bystanders and barrow. Barrow signage pertains to P. Blanchett and Son [of 41 Dale Street and 321 High Street, Chatham], baker and pastry cook. February 1932 DE402/15/p.28 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at northern end of Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing two bearers carrying placard advertising cinema film Common Law starring Constance Bennett and one bearer carrying and standing inside three sided placard in form of book advertising same, former supporting placard by horizontal pole on left shoulders, latter supporting placard by shoulder straps, bearers wearing cloth or broad-brimmed hats and all looking at camera. Also showing western elevation of St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Church, Hills Terrace, iron railing and tree in background. February 1932. DE402/15/p.28 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing four bearers carrying placards advertising cinema film Politics starring Marie Dressler and Polly Moran, two bearers carrying upright film title placard and wearing cloth caps and two bearers wearing women’s clothes and carrying star name placards, all looking at camera. Also showing street frontage of terraced houses in background. February 1932 DE402/15/p.29 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two men dressed in Chinese costume, one pulling hand cart, other sitting in hand cart, hand cart bearing placards advertising cinema film Chin Chin Chinaman * [cf. Boat From Shanghai], both me looking at camera and surrounded by young children in cloth caps and berets and showing in right middle-ground part of private house, in middle distance Chatham Railway Station and in distance Maidstone Road railway viaduct and houses at lower end of Maidstone Road including nos. 25-27, latter the home of W. Glanvill Mason. February 1932 DE402/15/p.29 (L)

[* cf. China]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of bearer carrying placard in form of roulette table advertising cinema film The Big Gamble starring Warner Oland and Bill Boyd, bearer’s knees visible beneath placard. March 1932 DE402/15/p.30 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of horse and rider, latter carrying placard advertising cinema film Son of India starring Ramon Novarro and dressed in imitation of the star, facing camera, camera looking from vicinity of Ordnance Terrace or Albany Terrace, Ordnance Place [?] towards chalk hill (North Downs) and The Great Lines of Defence, showing in middle-ground iron railing and Chatham Railway Station and steam rising from steam locomotive (out of sight), in right middle distance Gibraltar Hotel and Gibraltar Place and in right distance Royal Navy Chatham Division First World War memorial. March 1932 DE402/15/p.30 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Fort Pitt Hill, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of six boys mainly wearing cloth caps, one blacked-up, carrying placards advertising cinema film Penrod and Sam starring Leon Janney and Junior Coghlan, accompanied by man dressed in female attire holding books, all looking at camera. Also showing in middle-ground children spectators and iron railing, in middle distance Lord Kitchener Memorial Homes and in distance Territorial Army Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road. April 1932 DE402/15/p.31 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Railway Street and Hills Terrace, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of four bearers carrying litter on which is sitting a man dressed as a boxer and a kneeling boy and from which are hung at the side placards advertising cinema film The Champ starring Wallace Beery and Jackie Cooper, watched by children and delivery man with bicycle and sidecar. Also showing in middle ground iron railing, telegraph pole and southern elevation of Chatham Railway Station and in left middle-distance Military Road railway viaduct and station building. April 1932 DE402/15/p.31 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene outside entrance to St. Michael’s Presbytery at north end of Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two bearers carrying placard suspended from horizontal pole advertising cinema film Local Boy Makes Good starring Joe E. Brown, each bearer facing to right of camera and wearing cloth caps. Also showing in right distance nos.25-27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, latter the home of W. Glanvill Mason. Photographer or developer: Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham. May 1932 DE402/15/p.32 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two bearers carrying placard suspended from horizontal pole advertising cinema film The Night Angel starring Nancy Carroll and Fredric March, each bearer facing to right of camera and wearing cloth cap and broad-brimmed hat respectively. Also showing iron railing and trees in background. May 1932 DE402/15/p.32 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of five bearers lifting and standing inside four sided box formed by placards advertising cinema film The New Adventures of Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford starring William Haines, each bearing doffing a broad-brimmed hat and looking at camera. Also showing wall and iron railing in background. May 1932 DE402/15/p.33 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, one carrying sandwich boards and wearing cloth cap and second carrying a placard on his back, wearing top hat and tails and standing with bicycle with placard attached to steering column, and up-side-down dummy with placard attached to front, advertising cinema film Sidewalks of New York* starring Buster Keaton. Also showing Railway Street railway viaduct, station buildings, horse-drawn vehicle, motor car, bystanders and street vendor’s hand cart. June 1932 DE402/15/p.33 (L)

[* cf. New York State, United States of America]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of three male bearers, one carrying blowtorch and length of copper pipe and another dressed as serving maid, supporting a placard in form of top hat advertising cinema film The Passionate Plumber starring Buster Keaton, Schnozzle Durante and Polly Moran. Also showing in background part of southern (Ordnance Terrace) elevation of Chatham Railway Station and canopies of platforms below. June 1932 DE402/15/p.34 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers wearing North Africa Campaign Dress uniforms of French Foreign Legion *, supporting placard in form of tombola drum advertising cinema film Beau Chumps starring Stanley Laurel and Oliver Hardy. Terraced houses in background. June 1932 DE402/15/p.34 (L)

[* cf. France]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, facing camera, wearing two-piece, three-legged over-suit and broad-brimmed hats and sandwich board advertising cinema film Arsene Lupin starring John and Lionel Barrymore. Showing iron railing in background and overlooking Chatham Railway Station, looking north-west. June 1932 DE402/15/p.35 (left)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, backs to camera, wearing two-piece, three-legged over-suit and broad-brimmed hats and sandwich board advertising cinema film Arsene Lupin starring John and Lionel Barrymore together for the first time! Showing iron railing in background and overlooking Chatham Railway Station, looking north-west. See DE402/15/p.35 (left) above for front view. June 1932 DE402/15/p.35 (right)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of placard in form of model house, carried by at least two bearers, out of sight, advertising cinema film Rookery Nook starring Tom Walls and Ralph Lynn. Also showing boy bystanders, iron railing and part of southern elevation of Chatham Railway Station in background. July 1932. DE402/15/p.36 (left)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of three bearers carrying placards in form of bottles advertising cinema films, right to left, Helpmates starring Stanley Laurel and Oliver Hardy, Happy Landing starring Charlotte Greenwood and Professional Guest starring Gordon Harker, each punning on association with brand of drink. Background blanked out. July 1932. DE402/15/p.36 (right)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of placard in form wireless radio, carried by at least two bearers, out of sight, advertising cinema film Are You Listening starring William Haines and Madge Evans, showing iron railing, Chatham Railway Station and houses at bottom of Maidstone Road, Chatham in background. August 1932 DE402/15/p.37 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of piebald horse and rider dressed in imitation of Mexican * cowboy, carrying saddle cloth advertising cinema film Cisco Kid ** starring Warner Baxter and Edmund Lowe, rider looking at camera and showing in background bystanders and hoardings advertising same film and productions at Chatham Empire Theatre. August 1932 DE402/15/p.37 (L)

[* cf. Mexico; ** cf. San Francisco, California, United States of America (USA)]

Empire Theatre, High Street, Chatham.
Printed programme for musical Piccadilly Hayride. December 1951 DE402/15/p.38

High Street, Chatham.
Photocopy of article in Chatham Observer reporting collision between traps belonging to a Mr. Batchelor and a Mr. Jasper. Published 29 May 1897 DE402/15/p.39 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Boundary Lane and Medway Street, looking west and from point on south side of street, showing ranges of buildings on north and south sides, former including, left to right, The Gaiety Theatre of Varieties (later Empire Theatre of Varieties and Chatham Picture House) (no.49), White Auction Rooms (no.51), Budden and Biggs, brewers ’offices (no.53), Royal Exchange public house (no.55), Frederick Leney and Sons, brewers and wine merchants’ branch office and stores (no.57), house of a Mrs. Rookley, Chatham Furnishing Co. (no.61), Alton [cf. Von Alten] ale house (no.63), Miss M. Brimsted, florist’s shop (no.65), J.N. Willis, photographer’s studio (no.67) and Premium Trading Stamp Co. (no.69) and latter including Pocock Brothers, bootmakers’ shop (no.48). Street scene shows pedestrians, bystanders, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standards and carriageway. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Miss F. Thompson, co. Mr. Burchett, County Cycle Depot, Narborough, Leicestershire. Published by Empire Series, London. Postmarked Rugby, Warwickshire 27 September1905. Exposed c.1904. DE402/15/p.39 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Letter heading of E. Moffat FRMS of 75 High Street, Chatham, bacteriologist. c.1940 DE402/15/p.40

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49) and junction with Medway Street, looking west from point on north side of road, showing ranges of buildings on north and opposite sides of road, including (north side) Chatham Empire (no.49) and Sun Hotel (no.85) and (south side), right to left, Jays Furnishing Stores (no.78-80), David Greig, provision merchant’s shop (no.82), Carlton Café (Southern) Ltd. (no.84), Macdonald’s Dental Co. (London) Ltd., dentist’s surgery (no.86), Chatham Conservatoire of Music (also no.86) and Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (also no.86). Street scene shows carriageway, traffic policeman, motor cars, horse-drawn vehicle, hand cart, pedestrians, shop assistant outside Greig’s and Automobile Association (AA) sign hanging from Sun Hotel. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe that a flagpole visible in DE402/15/p.41 (U) below is partly omitted in this edition. Valentine’s Colurtype series. c.1926 DE402/15/p.41 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49) and junction with Medway Street, looking west from point on north side of road, showing ranges of buildings on north and opposite sides of road, including (north side) Chatham Empire (no.49) and Sun Hotel (no.85) and (south side), right to left, Jays Furnishing Stores (no.78-80), David Greig, provision merchant’s shop (no.82), Carlton Café (Southern) Ltd. (no.84), Macdonald’s Dental Co. (London) Ltd., dentist’s surgery (no.86), Chatham Conservatoire of Music (also no.86) and Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (also no.86). Street scene shows carriageway, traffic policeman, motor cars, horse-drawn vehicle, hand cart, pedestrians, shop assistant outside Greig’s and Automobile Association (AA) sign hanging from Sun Hotel. Flagpole partly omitted in DE402/15/p.41 (U) above fully visible in this edition. Valentine’s Colourtype series. c.1926 DE402/15/p.41 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Two cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements placed by David Greig Ltd., 82 High Street, Chatham, provision merchant and tea specialist, for tea, Danish * butter, New Zealand butter, meats, poultry and rabbits. 26 August 1932 DE402/15/p.42

[* cf. Denmark]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled West End, Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Chatham/Rochester and Gundulph Road, looking east from point on north side of road, showing mainly range of buildings on south side, right to left, Robert Nelson and Co.’s domestic machinery depot with shop signs advertising Singer sewing machines (no.16), Henry West, milliner and draper’s shop (no.18), Richard F. Pettman, outfitter’s shop (no.20), Norman and Stigant, solicitors’ office (no.22), Thomas E. Howe, photographer’s studio (no.24), Jasper and Sons, bakers and confectioners’ shop (no.26), John Highley, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News offices (Parrett and Neves, proprietors) (no.30), entrance to Gundulph Road and Godfrey and Co. Ltd.’s pianoforte and music warehouse (no.32). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, horse-drawn conveyance, lamp standard and banner advertising sale at West’s shop. On rear, message from Emm [-] to Mrs. Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham, discussing visiting arrangements. Published by G. and P. Ltd., Wellington Series. See also DE402/15/p.15 (L) for postcard taken from same exposure. Postmarked Rochester 2 February 1906. DE402/15/p.43 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between junction with Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point on north side of road slightly to west of junction with Medway Street, showing on north side of road, left to right, canopy of Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street, Midland bank (no.87), Old King’s Head Hotel (no.93), W.H. Smith and Son, booksellers’ shop (nos.95-97), Halford Cycle Co. Ltd. (no.101), Rego Clothiers Ltd., tailors’ shop (no.105), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (nos.86-88), Home Supply Footwear Co., bootmakers’ shop (no.90), Domestic Bazaar Co. Ltd. (no.92) and Edward Bates Ltd., draper’s shop (nos.94-96). Street scene shows carriageway, hand cart, motor car, lorry, cyclist, pedestrians, overhead street light, tradesman on step ladders and placards outside New Palace of Varieties. c.1925 x c.1929 DE402/15/p.43 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement placed by Edward Bates Ltd., 94-96 High Street, Chatham, draper, for holiday costume clearance, illustrated with drawing of woman wearing bonnet and two-piece suit of double-breasted jacket and skirt. 7 August 1925 DE402/15/p.44

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of street frontage of Edward Bates Ltd., draper’s shop nos.94-96 High Street, Chatham, looking from point in street directly opposite, showing window displays comprising painted flats depicting Queen Elizabeth I and yeoman warder against background of Chatham Dockyard man gate, Dock Road, Chatham, representing Chatham (centre), William [cf. Will] Adams at Lapshan in Japan, representing Gillingham (left) and Richard Watts and the Six Poor Travellers’ House, representing Rochester (right), on occasion of The Medway Towns All-British Shopping Week organised by Medway Chamber of Trade in which Bates won first prize in category “things we wear”. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to identity of photographer and description of window displays in Chatham Observer. Photographer: H. Boughton, Broad View, Frindsbury. Original exposed June 1926. DE402/15/45

High Street, Chatham.
Photograph of street frontage Barnard’s Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, looking from point above ground level, diagonally opposite and slightly to west, from building at corner of Manor Road and High Street, showing frontage decorated on occasion of coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. 9 August 1902 DE402/15/p.46 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between junctions with Manor Road and Holborn Lane, showing on north side, left to right, G.W. Rosenberg, tailor’s shop (no.105), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), R.C. Martin, tobacconist’s shop (no.111), G. Scriven and Son’s dining rooms (no.113), Bull Inn (no.155) and range of buildings to east including Rochester and Chatham People’s Café (no.121) and on south side, right to left, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows pedestrians, motor car and placard outside New Palace of Varieties advertising Harry Champion. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to destruction by fire of New Palace of Varieties on 18-19 May 1934. On rearm message from Lance Corporal A.H. Dale 7374, C Company, 3rd. Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment to Mr. B.H. Trelfer, 9 East Street, Horsham, Sussex, asking for his watch and saying he is soon to depart for France. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 26 October 1916. DE402/15/p.46 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for productions at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, comprising What Ho and Winners of 1925 July and August 1925 respectively. DE402/15/p.47

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for productions at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, comprising Council Houses a burlesque comedy revue and Ten Baby Syncopators, a musical and dancing presentation starring Stan Costello. August 1925. DE402/15/p.48

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Higgins Lane, looking west from point on north side of street, to east of and diagonally opposite entrance to Manor Road, showing on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102) and on north side, left to right, Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street and range of buildings to east including Old King’s Head public house (no.93) and R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97). Street scene shows pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles and lamp posts. Theatre Royal pediment is shown surmounted by gilded figure of Victory. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest near lamp standard came from Whitehall, Westminster, Middlesex and pertain to opening in 1899 and destruction by fire and re-opening of Theatre Royal in 1900. Couchman suggests the negative was exposed c.1902 x c.1905 but the angel or figure of victory on the Theatre Royal was lost in the fire. On rear, message from unstated author staying at Mitre Hotel, 198 High Street, Chatham to Miss A.G. Beeden [?], 2 Gloucester Road, Regent’s Park, London, stating his address (i.e. hotel). Postmarked Chatham 13 May 1906 Exposed c.1900 DE402/15/p.49

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Bull Inn and on south side entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102), latter bearing placards advertising productions of East Lynne and Man and Wife. Street scene shows pedestrians, horse and rider and shop awnings. On rear, message from David [-] to Miss B. Fitzwalters, 71 Albert Road, Stoke, Devonport, Devon, asking her to get a cap for him. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 10 April 1906. Exposed c.June 1905. DE402/15/p.50

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows pedestrians, dismounted cyclist and horse-drawn vehicles. Theatre Royal pediment is shown surmounted by gilded figure of Victory and side wall bears placard advertising a production. On rear, message from Bert [Hancock?] of 277 Torridon Road, Catford, London to Quarter Master Sergeant R. Hancock, 31st. Company, Royal Engineers (RE), Fort Colombo, Ceylon [cf. Sri Lanka], India, offering congratulations. Published by RTT Chatham. Postmarked Catford, London 18 September 1911 and Colombo, Ceylon 8 October 1911. DE402/15/51 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, overhead light and placard on side of Theatre Royal advertising The Old Home. On rear, message from Joseph (Joe) [-] to Miss E. Gothwaite, King Street, Mirfield, West Riding, Yorkshire, discussing arrival at destination and stating he does not know his [service?] number. Postmarked Chatham 15 December 1914. Negative exposed c.1900 DE402/15/p.51 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of section of High Street between Medway Street and Globe Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in road west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, left to right, R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97), Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) (partly obscured), Bull Inn (no.115) and Globe Hotel (no.131) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn omnibus (Strood to Chatham service), other horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, pedestrians and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern putative dating of the photograph based on placard on side wall of Theatre Royal possibly advertising The Executioner’s daughter July 1904 otherwise possibly exposed as early as 1900. DE402/15/p.52

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News advertising The Crooked Friday and The Right Age to Marry at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, July and August 1925 respectively. DE402/15/p.53

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News advertising talkies screened at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, Once a Sinner starring Dorothy Mackail, Girls Demand Excitement starring Virginia Cherrill and John Wayne, both utilising Western Electric Sound System, Beaut’es de Paris starring Jack Gallagher, in 18 saucy scenes and The Gas Inspector starring Ernie Lotinga. Published August 1931. DE402/15/p.54

High Street, Chatham.
Ink blotter advertising production of Juno and the Paycock a play by Sean O’Casey, at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, starring Arthur Sinclair and Maire O’Neill (photographs included.) July 1929 DE402/15/p.55

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Higgins Lane and Globe Lane, looking west from outside Globe public house, showing on north side, left to right, Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103) Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), Bull Inn (no.115), entrance to Holborn Lane, Rochester and Chatham People’s Café (no.121), Peter’s Restaurant (no.125), Sticky Backs photographer’s studio (no.129) and The Globe public house (no.131) and on south side, right to left, Richardson and Sons, butchers’ shop (no.126), City Tailoring Co. (no.130) and C.W. Barron and Co. Ltd., bootmakers’ shop (no.132). Street scene shows carriageway, hand carts, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and awning brackets. c.1916 x c.1921 DE402/15/p.56 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, looking west from point on north side of street and to east of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, from left to right, Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street and range of buildings to east including Old King’s Head public house (no.93) and R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102), Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104) and Lloyds Bank Ltd. (no.106). Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standards, Union flag flying from turret of Leavey’s shop and figure of victory or angel atop pediment of Theatre Royal. Wrench Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1906 DE402/15/p.56 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Photograph of ink drawing of G.H. Windeyer’s booking office for South Eastern Railway trains, 134 (formerly 300) High Street, Chatham, comprising front elevation. Couchman’s accompanying notes state site is now occupied by Barclay’s Bank. Original work c.1877 4” x 2 ¾” (102mm x 70mm) DE402/15/p.57 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting comprising reproduction of photograph of section of High Street between Medway Street and Globe Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in road west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, left to right, R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97), Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) (partly obscured), Bull Inn (no.115) and Globe Hotel (no.131) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn omnibus (Strood to Chatham service), other horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, pedestrians and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern putative dating of the photograph based on placard on side wall of Theatre Royal possibly advertising The Executioner’s daughter Original exposed July 1904 otherwise possibly exposed as early as 1900. From same negative as DE402/15/p.52 above. DE402/15/p.57 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from W. and S. Scott, Steam Saw Mills, 132 High Street, Chatham, timber merchants to H. Stedman, Delce Farm, Rochester for timber for kitchen and cellar of 21 Cazeneuve Street [?], Troy Town, Rochester, settled 17 February 1911. DE402/15/p.58

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Railway Street and Military Road Corners, Chatham comprising view of junction of High Street, Military Road and Railway Street, Chatham, looking south-south-west up Military Road across cross-roads into Railway Street from pavement outside Royal Sailors’ Home in Military Road, showing on east side of carriageway, left to right, Red Lion public house (no.145 High Street), entrance to eastern section of High Street, London and County Bank (no.148 High Street), Prince of Wales Hotel (nos.1-3 Railway Street) and range of buildings beyond, and on west side of carriageway, right to left, Royal Sailors’ Home (Military Road), Horse Shoe public house (no.143 High Street), entrance to western section of High Street and Capital and Counties Bank (no.146 High Street). Street scene shows bystanders, tram power line columns and lamp standard. Published by Ive and Lowe. c.1902 x c.1908 DE402/15/p.59

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: [1877] c.1900-1986
Quantity: 1 volume/59pp.

Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_16 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 3:
Chatham High Street, section between Railway Street and Luton Arches; other roads B-D.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.

For further detailed information on all premises in Chatham High Street, please see A business history of Chatham High Street mainly from the year 1839 to the year 1961 by Frederick W.T. Sanders, c.1961, Local Studies Collection ref.CHA381]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester [sic] comprising view of section of High Street between Higgins Lane and Holborn Lane, looking west from point in street outside no.158, showing on north side, left to right, roof of Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), Horse Shoe public house (no.143), Red Lion public house (no.145), W. Whitehead Ltd., outfitter’s shop (no.147), Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd. (nos.149-151), Richardson and Sons, pork butchers’ shop (no.153), The Little George public house (W. Jacobs, landlord) (no.155) and Banks and Bryan Ltd., mantle warehouse (nos.157-159) and on south side George Church Ltd., draper’s shop (nos.154-158). Street scene shows dismounted women cyclists, carriageway, pedestrians, bystanders, hand cart, over-street lights. On rear, message from Elizabeth (Lizzie) [-] of 235 Odessa Road, Forest Gate, London E to Mrs. D. Frost, 249 Canterbury Street, Gillingham, discussing visiting arrangements. Postmarked Forest Gate, London E 14 April 1922. DE402/16/p.1

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from George Church, Royal Emporium, 154-156 High Street, draper and silk mercer to Mrs. Stedman, Delce Farm, Delce Lane, Rochester for coat, skirts, gloves, hose, nets, bonnet and French net. April 1908 DE402/16/p.2

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from George Church, Royal Emporium, 154-156 High Street, draper and silk mercer to Mrs. Stedman, Delce Farm, Delce Lane, Rochester for dresses, square and blouse. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of shop 1890-1934 and acquisition of premises by Marks and Spencer Ltd. in 1935. Settled 12 October 1909. DE402/16/p.3

High Street, Chatham.
Two bills from George Church, Royal Emporium, 154-156 High Street, draper and silk mercer to a Mrs. Mantle for costume and cloak [?], 6 June 1891. DE402/16/p.4

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from H.A. Couchman and Co., The Kent Brush Co., 167 High Street, Chatham, [cutlers] to Messrs. Oxley Brothers, Hollingbourne [cf. Hollingbourn]. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of shop 1830-1923 and acquisition of premises by Marks and Spencer Ltd. in 1924. 17 November 1887 DE402/16/p.5

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from H.A. Couchman and Co., The Kent Brush Co., 167 High Street, Chatham, wholesale factors to Messrs. Oxley Brothers [Hollingbourne (cf. Hollingbourn)], 12 March 1888. DE402/16/p.6

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from H.A. Couchman and Co., The Kent Brush Co., 167 High Street, Chatham, wholesale factors to Messrs. Oxley Brothers [Hollingbourne (cf. Hollingbourn)], 30 May 1888. DE402/16/p.7

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising captioned photograph of street frontage of Marks and Spencer Ltd. Stores, 167-169 High Street, Chatham, reporting history of company in Chatham. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to signage on second storey advertising London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) office and signage on first storey advertising Chatham Temperance Billiard Hall. First storey also has signage Auctioneers, Architects (Captain William E.R. Randall and Sons, no.171) Exposed 1928, published 22 June 1984. DE402/16/p.8

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Wesleyan Central Hall, Chatham comprising view of interior of Wesleyan Methodist Chatham Garrison Circuit Central Hall, 170 High Street, Chatham, showing basilica style hall with skylights, balconies and lower seating area, looking from rear of hall towards proscenium arch and stage. On rear, message from Samuel [-] to Miss Gladys Stedman, Francesca, East End, Hook Norton, Banbury, Oxfordshire, offering card as indication to her friends of where she worships. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building and opening of Central Hall 1907-1908. Postmarked Gillingham 26 May 1915 DE402/16/p.9

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between Military Road and Catts Alley (north side) and Railway Street and Fullager’s Yard (south side), looking east from middle of carriageway, showing on north side, range of shops including left to right, Banks and Bryan, mantle warehouse (no.157) and C.W. Barron and Co. Ltd., bootmakers’ shop (no.177) and on south side, range of shops including, right to left, George Church, draper’s shop (nos.154-158) and signage of W. and J. Mackay Ltd., proprietors of Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham Observer (no.176). Street scene shows bystanders, pedestrians, hand cart, shop awnings and Cobb and Son delivery vehicle. c.1912 DE402/16/p.10 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between Military Road and Catts Alley (north side) and Railway Street and Fullager’s Yard (south side), looking east from middle of carriageway, showing on north side, range of shops including left to right, Chatham Billiard Hall (no.167) and Dolcis shoe shop (no.175) and on south side, range of shops including, right to left, range of shops nos.154-168, entrance to Methodist Church Chatham Garrison Circuit Central Hall (no.170) (set back), Pettman and Son, ironmongers and builders merchants’ shop (no.172) and Clift and Co., pawnbrokers’ shop (no.178). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, motor cars and vans and dismounted cyclist. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Tunbridge Wells. c.1929 x c.1934 DE402/16/p.10 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of section of High Street between Meeting House Lane and High Street, Chatham, looking west from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east of Mitre Hotel, showing on south side of street, left to right, Mitre Hotel and Clarence Hotel, public bar window and entrance, sculpted coat of arms of Duke of Clarence, Lord High Admiral (subsequently King George IV) on first floor storey (no. 198), R. F. Brain, leather merchant’s shop (nos.194-196), George Carter and Sons, hosiers’ shop (no.192) and Crown and Thistle (later United Services) public house alias The Long Bar (no.188) and on north side, range of shops including, left to right, Paine and Co., outfitters’ shop (no.175) and John W. Taylor, The City Tailor’s shop (no.193). Street scene shows two bystanders and German shepherd dog [cf. Alsatian] outside Mitre Hotel, carriageway, shop awning brackets and lamp standard. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to visits of Duke of Clarence and Horatio Nelson to Mitre Hotel, demolition of site in 1935 and establishment of F.W. Woolworth and Co Ltd. 6 ¼” x 4 ¾” (160mm x 112mm) Before 1908 DE402/16/p.11

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of section of High Street between Mitre Hotel and Luton Arches, looking east from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west of Mitre Hotel, showing on south side, right to left, R. F. Brain, leather merchant’s shop (nos.194-196), Mitre Family and Commercial Hotel (no.198), George Carter, hatter’s shop (no.200), entrance to Meeting House Lane and range of shops to east and on north side, left to right, range of shops. Street scene shows pedestrians, shoppers, Royal Navy sailors in square rig and shop awnings. 1927. DE402/16/p.12 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Reproduction postcard photograph entitled Old Chatham, High Street, looking east and entry to Full of Love Alley comprising view of section of High Street between Fullalove Alley and The Brook, showing range of buildings on north side of street including entrance to Fullalove Alley, disused poulterer’s shop and weatherboarded buildings. Street scene shows bystanders and carriageway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to redevelopment of area and laying out of Batchelor Street 1900-1902. Published for Kent County Council, Chatham Library by Collectorcard, Croydon, Surrey. Original exposed before 1902. DE402/16/p.12

High Street, Chatham.
Letter heading of Richard F. Brain * of 194-196 High Street, Chatham, leather merchant, bearing pencil notes on history of Medway Towns, mentioning Lieutenant Thomas Fletcher Waghorn (Royal Navy), Lidsing [cf. Lydsing] Church, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel Apse, Chatham, Elm House, Rev. Robert Whiston, headmaster of Rochester Cathedral Grammar School (King’s School, Rochester), Rome House, Chatham, and Sun Pier, Chatham. Letter heading comprises ground storey shop front elevation. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of premises 1877-1928 c.1920 DE402/16/p.13

[* For further antiquarian notes of R.F. Brain, please see DE224, DE228, DE291, DE346, DE479 and DE674]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Long Bar, High Street, Chatham comprising longitudinal view of main bar area of United Services (formerly Crown and Thistle) public house, 188 High Street, Chatham, showing Royal Navy sailors in square rig, soldier in walking out dress with swagger stick, civilians and bar staff, all looking at camera, and bar stock, bar furniture, fixtures and fittings. On rear, message from George [-] to Mr. Thomas (Tom) Callaway, 1 York Villas, St. Leonards Road, Hythe, referring to the Long Bar as a house of paradise and arrival of Richard (Dick) [-] at Suez, Egypt. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of premises 1838-1937. Postmarked Chatham 3 March 1909. DE402/16/p.14 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Interior, The Long Bar, High Street, Chatham comprising longitudinal view of main bar area of United Services (formerly Crown and Thistle) public house, 188 High Street, Chatham, showing bar, woman (possibly Mrs. Laura Ansell, landlady) and man behind bar, benches, tables, lights, skylights, furniture, fixtures and fittings. On rear, message from William (Billy) [-] to a Mrs. Smith, 85 Shrewsbury Road, Stonebridge Park, Harlesden, London NW, discussing his army training and lack of pay. Postmarked Chatham 25 September 1914. DE402/16/p.14 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Fair Row and Military Road, looking west from point near entrance to Fair Row, showing on north side, left to right, premises including Edward Michael and Co., butchers’ shop (no.175), Upson and Co., boot makers’ shop (no.177) and A.J. Whitehead, furniture dealer’s shop (nos.197-199) and on south side, right to left, John W. Taylor and Co., tailors’ shop (no.182), Samuel Mark, clothier’s shop (no.184), J.W. Haylock Ltd., boot maker’s shop (no.186), United Services (alias The Long Bar) (formerly Crown and Thistle) public house (no.188), William Long, grocer’s shop (no.190), George Carter and Sons, hosiers’ shop (no.192) and J.B. Abery, grocer’s shop (no.194). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, tradesmen, man in wheelchair, shop awnings and man on step ladders. Published by H. Brothers. c.1917 DE402/16/p.15 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Fair Row and Military Road, looking west from point near entrance to Fair Row, showing on north side, left to right, premises including Edward Michael and Co., butchers’ shop (no.175), Upson and Co., boot makers’ shop (no.177) and A.J. Whitehead, furniture dealer’s shop (nos.197-199) and on south side, right to left, John W. Taylor and Co., tailors’ shop (no.182), Samuel Mark, clothier’s shop (no.184), J.W. Haylock Ltd., boot maker’s shop (no.186), United Services (alias The Long Bar) (formerly Crown and Thistle) public house (no.188), William Long, grocer’s shop (no.190), George Carter and Sons, hosiers’ shop (no.192) and J.B. Abery, grocer’s shop (no.194). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, tradesmen, man in wheelchair, shop awnings and man on step ladders. Published by Lloyd-Langston, Chatham. Couchman’s accompanying notes inaccurately state this view is looking towards Luton. From same negative as DE402/16/p.15 (U) above. c.1917 DE402/16/p.15 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Railway Street and Clover Street, looking west from point diagonally opposite and to east of F.W. Woolworth and Co. Ltd. department store (nos.186-190), showing on north side, left to right, premises including Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd. (nos.149-151), Dolcis Shoe Co., boot makers’ shop (nos.175-177), Chatham and District Co-Operative Society Ltd. (nos.181-187), J. and F. Stone Lighting and Radio Ltd., wireless dealers’ shop (no.193) and A.J. Whitehead and Sons Ltd., house furnishers’ store (nos.195-203) and on south side, right to left, premises including gun shop (no. indeterminate), W. Hinds Ltd., watch makers, jewellers and silversmiths’shop (no.180), Fifty Shilling Tailors, (proprietors Price’s Tailors Ltd.) (no.182), entrance to Fullager’s Yard, F.W. Woolworth and Co. Ltd. department store (nos.186-190) and George Carter and Sons, hosiers’ shop (nos.192-200). Street scene shows parked bicycles, pedestrians, motor cars, shop awnings and street lamps. Published by Valentine. c.1948 DE402/16/p.16

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Whitehead and Son, 205-207 High Street, mourning drapers to a Mrs. Mantell, for 1 costume, settled 24 August 1891. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of premises 1890-1912. DE402/16/p.17

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bills from A.J. Whitehead, 197-199 High Street, Chatham, cabinet, carpet and upholstery warehouses, for bedstead, feather bed set, spring and overlay, 17-19 July 1918. DE402/16/p.18

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bills from A.J. Whitehead, 197-199 High Street, Chatham, cabinet maker, upholsterer and house furnisher (directors E.S. Whitehead, F.A. Speyer formerly Whitehead, Albert J. Whitehead and W. John Whitehead), to a Mr. Rayner of 16 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood, for 19 yards of linoleum laid in bedroom and 18 yards of inlaid linoleum laid in dining room, settled 29 July 1921. DE402/16/p.19

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising advertisement for cretonne for furnishing, placed by A.J. Whitehead and Sons Ltd., 195-197 High Street, Chatham, complete house furnishers. 7 August 1925 DE402/16/p.20

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from A.J. Whitehead and Sons Ltd., 195-197 High Street, Chatham, complete house furnishers to a Mrs. Raynor [sic] of 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, for 16 yards of floor cloth, settled 2 June 1927. DE402/16/p.21

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Thomas Fowle and Sons, 250 High Street, Chatham, monumental masons and sculptors, to a Mrs. Mason, for Burial Board fees, inscription, marble cross, bases and curbs placed in Chatham Municipal Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Chatham in memory of William Mason, settled 5 March 1903. DE402/16/p.22

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for cinematographic exhibitions entitled Merton of the Movies starring Glen Hunter and Viola Dana, Without Warning starring Agnes Ayres and Antonio Moreno, Sinners in Heaven starring Bebe Daniels and Richard Dix and The Man Maker starring George Arliss at National Electric Theatre, 205 High Street, Chatham, July-August 1925. DE402/16/p.23

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between The Brook (east end) and Military Road, looking west from point diagonally opposite and to east of H. Hockley, wine, spirit and beer merchant’s shop (no.282), showing on north side, range of buildings including H.W. Harrison, undertaker’s parlour (no.293) and on south side, range of buildings including, right to left, S.E. Brumhill, draper’s shop (no.280) and H. Hockley, wine, spirit and beer merchant’s shop (no.282). Street scene shows horse-drawn vehicles, dog, pedestrians, bystanders and street lamp. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertaining to location of J.H.J. Johnson, saddler’s shop and entrance to Cornall’s Alley seem to be in error. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1905 x c.1910 DE402/16/p.24 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between The Brook (east end) and Military Road, looking west from point diagonally opposite and to east of H.W. Harrison, undertaker’s parlour (no.293), showing on north side, range of buildings including H.W. Harrison, undertaker’s parlour (no.293) and on south side, range of buildings including W. and R. Fletcher Ltd., butcher’s shop (no.254). Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, cyclist, barrow boy and barrow, street lamp, shop awnings horse-drawn vehicles and advertisement for A.J. Whitehead, furniture dealer’s shop (nos.197-199). c.1905 DE402/16/p.24 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from R. Springate, 351 High Street, Chatham, shoeing and general smith, stove and range manufacturer and general ironmonger, to a Mr. Stedman [of The Delce, Rochester] for hob register, stove and fixing in Best Town, Chatham [?], settled 27 March 1909. Heading contains illustration of horse being shoed. DE402/16/p.25

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from R. Springate, 351 High Street, Chatham, shoeing and general smith, stove and range manufacturer and general ironmonger, to a Mr. Stedman [of The Delce, Rochester] for repairs to stoves and ranges in Best Town, Chatham [?], settled 15 February 1910. Heading contains illustration of horse being shoed. DE402/16/p.26

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Technical Institute, Chatham comprising view of High Street elevation of Borough of Chatham Technical Institute and School of Science and Art, 370 High Street, Chatham, looking south from Institute Road, showing children and adult bystanders and corner of building at corner of Institute Road (east side) and High Street. On rear, message from F.M.A. to a Mr. M. [?] Aires, Inglewood, St. Andrews Road, Deal, concerning travel arrangements. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to unveiling of tablet and opening of institute 1894-1895. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 29 September 1905. DE402/16/p.27

Chatham Hill, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Luton Arches from Chatham Hill comprising view of iron and brick-clad Chatham and South Eastern railway viaduct, looking west from point to east of junction of New Road and High Street, showing left to right, New Road (through left hand arch), buildings on east side of viaduct inside angle formed by bifurcation of bottom of Chatham Hill and range of buildings on north side of High Street (through right hand arch). Street scene shows pedestrians, motor car, telegraph poles and tram on route service TH-G (Chatham Town Hall to Shalders Arms). On rear, message from Mrs. Mason to her son Master W. Glanvill Mason, Penhorn’s House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing travel arrangements and family matters. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Gillingham 11 September 1906. DE402/16/p.28 (U)

Chatham Hill, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Luton Arch, Chatham comprising view of iron and brick-clad Chatham and South Eastern railway viaduct, looking east from point to west of junction of New Road and High Street, showing in foreground junction of New Road, Chatham Hill (descending from left distance) and Luton Road (visible in right distance), showing left to right, range of buildings on north side of Chatham Hill and Chatham Hill (through left hand arch), Luton Arches, memorial fountain erected to commemorate councillor W.D. Driver (who died 1898) and range of buildings on north side of Luton Road (through right hand arch). Street scene shows tram lines, tram power line columns, horse-drawn vehicle, dismounted woman cyclist, council labourer with lawn mower, placards advertising BVD brand cigarettes or tobacco, Dewar’s whisky and Dove, Phillips and Pett’s mineral water and iron railings at base of viaduct. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to unveiling of Driver memorial fountain 1899. c.1905 DE402/16/p.28 (L)

High Street, Luton Village.
Postcard photograph entitled Hen and Chickens, Luton, Chatham comprising view of street frontage of Hen and Chickens public house, 21 High Street, Luton and William G. Stubberfield, fish dealer’s shop, 23-25 [?] High Street, Luton. Street scene showing carriageway, bystanders, tram lines, tram power line columns and signage on public house advertising Truman, Hanbury Buxton and Co. Ltd.’s London porter and stout and Burton ales. Published by G and P Ltd., Wellington Series and printed by R. Baldwin, 332 High Street, Chatham, stationer. c.1904 x c.1905 DE402/16/p.29

Chatham Hill, Chatham.
Cutting from The Table Book volume I/20 by William Hone [?] containing reproduction of engraving of scene on Chatham Hill with accompanying article entitled On Chatham Hill recounting author’s experience of a walk up Chatham Hill in October 1797 on occasion of attempted visit of King George III to review of fleet at The Nore, sailors drinking at The Star public house and stormy weather. Recto and verso. April 1827 DE402/16/p.30

The Brook, St. Mary’s Place, Chatham.
Photograph of range of buildings comprising St. Mary’s Place on west side of The Brook, between Nelson Road and Fair Row, looking north-west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to south and near junction with Fair Row, showing in foreground carriageway and tram lines, in middle-ground group of two semi-detached houses, right-hand one being no.18, the home of John Dickens, clerk at HM Dockyard, Chatham and his family including the young Charles Dickens, 1821-1822, nonconformist Providence Chapel and in distance further buildings, one under scaffolding. Street scene shows bystanders and tradesman carrying wicker basket. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Dickens family and no.18 (demolished in 1941), Providence Chapel and Salvation Army. 6 ½” x 4 ½”(165mm x 115mm) After 1902. DE402/16/p.31

Clover Street, Chatham.
Photograph of range of buildings on eastern side of Clover Street (formerly Clover Lane), Chatham, looking east and showing, right to left, Zion Baptist Church (between nos. 11 and 13), brick and tiled house * with dormer window and Dutch ** gable (no.11) and part of houses to north (nos.7-9), showing in foreground iron railings and noticeboard in front of chapel, pavement and carriageway. * Couchman’s accompanying notes state on W. Glanvill Mason’s authority that this house was demolished in 1957. 3 3/8” x 3 3/8” (88mm x 88mm) Before 1957 DE402/16/p.32 (U)

[** cf. Holland, Netherlands]

Clover Street, Chatham.
Photograph of range of buildings on eastern side of Clover Street (formerly Clover Lane), Chatham, looking east and showing, right to left, street frontage and rear curtilages of Georgian house at no.15 (formerly Clover Lane School), entrance to Best Street, in distance, set back, Zion Baptist Church (between nos. 11 and 13), in right middle-ground, rear of range of houses on north side of Best Street and in far distance chalk hill of the North Downs, Great Lines of Defence and Chatham Division Royal Naval memorial (Gillingham). 3 3/8” x 3 3/8” (88mm x 88mm) Before 1957 DE402/16/p.32 (L)

Clover Street, Chatham.
Photograph of range of buildings on eastern side of Clover Street (formerly Clover Lane) between Best Street and Clover Alley, Chatham, looking south and showing entrance to Best Street, Georgian house at corner of Best Street and Clover Street (formerly Clover Lane School or Mr. W. Giles’ Academy) (no.15 Clover Street) and rear side wall and cartilages of no.15, showing carriageway and pavement in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes state on W. Glanvill Mason’s authority that this house was demolished in 1958 and also pertain to its proprietorship and education there of Charles Dickens as a day scholar. 3 3/8” x 3 3/8” (88mm x 88mm) Before 1958 DE402/16/p.33 (U)

Clover Street, Chatham.
Photograph of range of buildings on eastern side of Clover Street (formerly Clover Lane) between Clover Alley and New Road, Chatham, looking east and showing in middle-ground range of weather-boarded houses comprising nos.19-23, one with lop-sided chimney, in left distance rear cartilages of no.15 undergoing demolition, in right middle-distance washing hanging from line and in far distance chalk hill of the North Downs, Great Lines of Defence and Hards Town, Chatham. Couchman’s accompanying notes state on W. Glanvill Mason’s authority that this house was demolished in 1958. 3 3/8” x 3 3/8” (88mm x 88mm) Before 1958 DE402/16/p.33 (L)

Darland Banks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Darland Banks, Chatham comprising view of Beacon Hill, Chatham, looking north-north-west from point on footpath running south-east from Beacon Hill and south of Star Mill, showing in distance left to right, rear of range of houses on Chatham Hill (Watling Street), earthworks of Brompton, Chatham, Gillingham and Rochester Water Works’ reservoirs and top portion of Jezreel’s Tower, in left middle distance and left middle- and foregrounds footpath running along Darland Banks and in right middle distance Star Mill (a smock wind mill, also called Upper Chatham Hill Mill, formerly Austin’s Mill) and group of associated buildings. Scene also shows strollers, chalk paths, hedges, fences and telegraph poles. Published by Lloyd-Langston of Chatham, stationer. Couchman’s accompanying notes state Star Mill was demolished in 1925. DE402/16/p.34 (U)

Darland Banks, Chatham.
News cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of Star Mill (a smock wind mill, also called Upper Chatham Hill Mill, formerly Austin’s Mill) on Darland Banks, Chatham, looking north across field towards hedge and mill and showing group of four boys, one with cricket bat and two or three girls, all looking at camera. Published 27 April 1984. Original exposed c.1925 DE402/16/p.34 (M)

Darland Banks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Darland Banks, Kent comprising view of Beacon Hill, Chatham, looking north-north-west from point on footpath running south-east from Beacon Hill and south of Star Mill, showing in distance left to right, rear of range of houses on Chatham Hill (Watling Street), tower of Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham Division, (Gillingham) and top portion of Jezreel’s Tower, in left middle distance and left middle- and foregrounds footpath running along Darland Banks and in right middle distance Star Mill (a smock wind mill, also called Upper Chatham Hill Mill, formerly Austin’s Mill) and group of associated buildings. Scene also shows strollers, chalk paths, hedges, fences and telegraph poles. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Mason Collection. Annotated by Mason to effect subjects are Archibald Cooper and family of Chatham. Before 1925. DE402/16/p.34 (L)

Darland Banks, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Darland Banks, Chatham comprising view of landscape at Beacon Hill, Chatham, showing grassy field, hedge and wooden fence in foreground, grassy field, hedge and house in middle ground and in distance trees on skyline. On rear, message from Mrs. Mason to her son Master [W.] G. Mason, Penhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, explaining she is having the sitting room papered. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 30 June 1905. Couchman’s accompanying notes state 1906 in error. DE402/16/p.35

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Photograph of eastern and southern frontages of St. Mary’s Church, Church Hill (later Dock Road), Chatham, looking west across Church Hill, showing in foreground carriageway and in middle ground brick churchyard wall, gateposts, churchyard, gravestones, entrance porch, nave and tower and southern wing of Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to phased rebuilding of church 1884-c.1900, dedication of tower by HRH Princess Christian and Lord Mayor of London Sir Horatio Davis MP and stating this is the church as Charles Dickens knew it and as described in David Copperfield. c.1884. 3 ½” x 2 ¼ (88mm x 56mm) DE402/16/p.36 (U)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Reproduction of photograph of HM Gun Wharf, Chatham, looking east across Limehouse Reach from Sun Pier, showing in middle-distance, left to right, Anchor Wharf, HM Dockyard, Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, Kitchener (Royal Engineers) Barracks and Gun Wharf and in fore and middle-grounds, lighter, Medway Rowing Club raft, rowing boats, bawley boats and brigantine. Couchman’s accompanying notes appear to attribute this photograph to either Edwin Harris’ Eastgate Series of pamphlets (no.18) or a church pamphlet held at Rochester Library (now local studies collections, vertical files, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre). Original exposed before 1887. DE402/16/p.36 (L)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Reproduction of photograph of HM Gun Wharf, Chatham, looking east across Limehouse Reach from Sun Pier, showing in middle-distance, left to right, Anchor Wharf, HM Dockyard, Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, Kitchener (Royal Engineers) Barracks and Gun Wharf and in fore and middle-grounds, lighter, Medway Rowing Club rafts, rowing boats and spritsail sailing barges. Large carts or light railway rolling stock are visible on Gun Wharf. Original exposed c.1898. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to the new chancel and tower with the Georgian nave still extant. DE402/16/p.37

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, St. Mary’s Church comprising view of interior of nave looking east along central aisle towards chancel, altar and stained glass windows, showing in fore and middle-grounds wooden pews, floor heating grills, lectern, stone pulpit, wooden choir stalls, piers, triforium and clerestory. On rear, message from unstated author to Miss Lizzie Wood, 87 King Street, Gillingham discussing arrangements for meeting her but declining tea. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to various phases of rebuilding the church 1884-1903 Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 23 September 1905. DE402/16/p.38

Dock Road (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Photograph of pen and ink drawing of Greek stone set in porch of St. Mary’s Church, bearing inscription to and relief carving of seated figure of ancient Greek mythological goddess Euphrosyne, drawn by H. Tingley of Chatham. 3 ¾” x 2 ¼” (93mm x 60mm) Original drawn c.1952, exposed c.1980 DE402/16/p.39 (U)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s, Marine Barracks and Dockyard, Chatham comprising view of Anchor Wharf and HM Gun Wharf, Chatham, looking east from Sun Pier across Limehouse Reach, showing in distance, left to right, HM Dockyard (long store), Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church and Gun Wharf and in fore and middle-grounds manned rowing boat, Medway Rowing Club raft, spritsail sailing barge and HM Customs raft. Bears embossed text Best Wishes. On rear, message from Uncle Harry [-] to Master [W.] Glanvill (Glan) Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham, offering good wishes. Published by Hartmann. Postmarked Rochester 23 December 1904. DE402/16/p.39 (L)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church, Anchor Wharf and Marine Barracks, Chatham comprising view looking east from Sun Pier, Chatham across Limehouse Reach, showing in distance, left to right, HM Dockyard (long store), Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, Gun Wharf and Kitchener (Royal Engineers) Barracks and in fore and middle-grounds bawley boats and large pleasure craft. On rear, message from Lon[-] to Miss May Kellensworth [?], Leith Park, Leith Park Road, Gravesend stating there are some funny people here dressed for the carnival. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Chatham 6 October 1909. DE402/16/p.40 (U)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Medway and St. Mary’s Church, Chatham comprising view looking east from Sun Pier, Chatham across Limehouse Reach, showing Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, HM Gun Wharf and St. Mary’s Church and in foreground Medway Rowing Club rafts. MS date on rear. December 1927 DE402/16/p.40 (L)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, St. Mary’s Church comprising view of St. Mary’s Church looking north up Church Hill, showing church in background, trees in churchyard and brick wall surmounted by iron railing in middle ground. Street scene shows street lamp, brick and stuccoed gateposts, carriageway, tramlines, tram power columns and overhead power lines, cannons used as bollards, cyclist, bystanders and poster advertising Delhi * Durbar Grand Bazaar at Chatham Town Hall. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons, Sylverette Series. Stamped on rear by Postcard Postmark Library, Hogsthorpe, Skegness, Lincolnshire, 1972. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of bazaar by Lady Lyttelton in aid of St. Mary’s Church Restoration Fund. May 1904 DE402/16/p.41 (U)

[* cf. India]

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church, Chatham comprising view of St. Mary’s Church looking west across Church Hill, showing showing church in background, trees in churchyard and brick wall surmounted by iron railing in middle ground and carriageway in foreground. Published by J. Hook and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/16/p.41 (L)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, St. Mary’s Church comprising view of St. Mary’s Church looking west from Fort Amherst across Church Hill, showing in far distance part of Hoo Peninsula, in middle ground church, trees in churchyard and brick wall surmounted by iron railing, carriageway, trees, tram power line columns and passing Luton-bound tram and in foreground earthworks and brick inner facing of gun emplacement of Fort Amherst. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1918 DE402/16/p.42

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church, Chatham comprising view of St. Mary’s Church looking west from junction of Dock Road and Khartoum Road, showing church, boundary wall, gate, trees and part of churchyard in middle distance, carriageway and junction, pavement and tram power line columns in middle-ground and lamp post, corner wall and iron railing in foreground. Published by B and D, London EC, Kromo Series and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 DE402/16/p.43

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church from the Medway, Chatham looking east from Sun Pier, Chatham, across Limehouse Reach towards church, showing in distance, left to right HM Dockyard and Long Store, Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, church, HM Gun Wharf and in right distance Royal Engineers’ (Kitchener) Barracks, middle ground River Medway, pleasure vessels and spritsail sailing barges and in foreground rowing boat and bawley boat. c.1930 DE402/16/p.44 (U)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Photograph of the eight bells of St. Mary’s Church shown on or suspended above ground outside ground storey of new tower, preparatory to being re-hung to mark occasion of second jubilee of Queen Victoria, each bell bearing cast letters stating it was cast by John Warner and Sons Ltd., London, 1897, together with nick-name and commemorative inscription, comprising, top row, left to right, Jane, no nick-name and Charles Bessent and bottom row, left to right, Harold, Nellie, Victoria, Charles and Mary. Also showing in background entrance to tower, wooden scaffolding, ropes and stonework. 6” x 4 3/8” (154mm x 110mm) c.1897 x c.1898 DE402/16/p.44 (L)

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles and photographs pertaining to Chatham parish church Beggars’ Brigade medallion inherited by Mrs. Stella Shaw of Cleave Road, Gillingham, former mayoress of Gillingham. March 1985. DE402/16/p.45

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Photograph of temporary trophy arch erected by Royal Marines outside Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, in Dock Road, on occasion of visit of King Edward VII to Royal Engineers’ (Brompton) Barracks to unveil memorial to Royal Engineers killed and companies that served in South African * or Second Boer War 1899-1902, looking north from point between junctions with Khartoum Road and Brompton Hill towards main gate of HM Dockyard in far distance, showing on west side of Dock Road civilian in bowler hat, frontage of RM barracks and parade of Royal Marines Light Infantry standing at ease with Enfield rifles and wearing Home Service spiked helmets and Slade Wallis waist belts, on east side, civilian spectators on footpath above carriageway and in middle ground trophy arch decorated with banner stating welcome from the Royal Marines, flags, royal coats of arms, Prince of Wales’ plumed feathers and roundels made up of Enfield bayonets, civilian pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, tram lines and overhead tram power lines. Inscribed on rear, J. Graham, Chatham. 8” x 6 4/10” (203mm x 163mm) 26 July 1905. DE402/16/p.46

[* cf. Africa]

Dock Road, (formerly Church Hill), Chatham.
Photograph of temporary trophy arch erected by Royal Engineers in Dock Road, Chatham, adjacent to HM Gun Wharf and spanning road, looking north-north-west, on occasion of visit of King Edward VII to Royal Engineers’ (Brompton) Barracks to unveil memorial to Royal Engineers killed and companies that served in South African * or Second Boer War 1899-1902, looking north-north-west from point near junction with Globe Lane towards St. Mary’s Church in distance, showing on west side of Dock Road boundary wall of HM Gun Wharf, crowd of spectators, Royal Navy junior rating in square rig with back to camera, on east side spectators and in middle ground, horse-drawn vehicles, cyclist, mounted Royal Engineers [?] and trophy arch comprising span bearing blockhouse, fascines, pontoon boat, roundels comprising sappers’ tools, Union flags, banner stating welcome and sand bags and on which stand sappers in Home Service or Foreign Service khaki service dress uniforms. Street scene shows tram lines, tram power line columns, overhead tram power lines and trees. 8 ½” x 6 ½” (215mm x 164mm) 26 July 1905 DE402/16/p.47

[* cf. Africa]

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004

Date: 1827-1984
Quantity: 1 volume/47pp.

Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_17 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ de0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ de0402_17.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWNImportant note to imagebase users.Caveat and disclaimer.Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]Chatham volume 4:
Chatham roads E-R.
[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.] Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of Field Marshal Rt. Hon. Earl Roberts laying foundation stone of Rifle Volunteers’ Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road, looking south-east towards Boundary Road, showing in foreground Lord Roberts in plumed bicorn hat, with back to camera tapping stone into place assisted by architects and builders and hoist, in middle ground senior army officers wearing plumed bicorn hats, medals and carrying dress swords and builder, in middle distance soldiers of 4th. Volunteer Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) formed up on parade, wearing home service spiked helmets and standing at slope arms and in far distance roof tops of houses in area of Boundary Road and Maidstone Road, Chatham. Couchman’s accompanying pertain to ceremony and council’s approval. Photographer: J. Graham of Chatham via Illustrated Press Bureau. 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” 210mm x 157mm) 27 July 1903 DE402/17/p.1Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of Field Marshal Rt. Hon. Earl Roberts laying foundation stone of Rifle Volunteers’ Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road, looking south-east towards Boundary Road, showing in foreground Lord Roberts in plumed bicorn hat, with back to camera observing lowering into place of foundation stone by hoist, operation under supervision of builders and architects, in middle ground senior army officers wearing plumed bicorn hats, medals and carrying dress swords and builder, in middle distance soldiers of 4th. Volunteer Battalion, Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regiment) formed up on parade, wearing home service spiked helmets and standing at slope arms and in far distance roof tops of houses in area of Boundary Road and Maidstone Road, Chatham. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Lord Roberts’ visit. Photographer: J. Graham of Chatham via Illustrated Press Bureau. 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” 210mm x 157mm) 27 July 1903 DE402/17/p.2Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of north and east frontages of Rifle Volunteers’ Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road, looking south-west across part of Victoria Gardens, showing in foreground lawn and shrubbery, in middle ground iron raining, path and bench alongside Fort Pitt Hill, in distance drill hall and in right far distance earthworks of Fort Pitt. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to formal opening of drill hall by Lieutenant General Lord Methuen, GCB, KCVO, CMG, General Officer Commanding Army Eastern Command. Photographer: J. Graham of Chatham. 8” x 5 7/8” (203 x 150mm) c.1905 DE402/17/p.3Fort Pitt Hill.
Copy of photograph of arrival of HRH Princess Henry of Battenberg (Princess Beatrice of Great Britain and Ireland) and Princess Victoria Eugenie or Ena (later Queen of Spain) in horse-drawn vehicle or landau outside main entrance to Rifle Volunteers’ Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road, looking from point in drive diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing their royal highnesses facing camera, driver with whip, frock coat, pantaloons and boots, officer emerging from entrance, policeman behind horses and several volunteers in home service spiked helmets in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to background to visit, opening of Grand Bazaar to reduce debt on hall. 6 ½” x 4” (165mm x 115mm) 8 May 1906. DE402/17/p.4Fort Pitt Hill.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham Volunteer Drill Hall comprising view of north and eastern elevations of Rifle Volunteers’ Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing in foreground part of Victoria Gardens, path, bench, shrubs and iron railing and in middle ground carriageway and shrubs. On rear, message from George Alnett to his mother Mrs. J. Alnett of 13B Chandos Street, Charing Cross, London WC, mentioning the cricket test match and discussing visiting arrangements. Postmarked Chatham 19 August 1907. DE402/17/p.5Fort Pitt Hill.
Photocopy of photograph entitled Their Majesties’ visit to the sick and wounded [soldiers] comprising view of Queen Mary receiving bouquet of flowers from girls in presence of King George VI and senior army officers at Fort Pitt Military Hospital, Rochester/Chatham, possibly reproduced from Comforts for the wounded in our Hospitals 1915. Reproduced c.1980. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building and history of Fort Pitt and Fort Pitt Military Hospital 1805-1922. DE402/17/p.6Fort Pitt Hill.
Photocopy of photograph entitled The orchestra of the Royal Engineers comprising group photograph of Royal Engineers’ bandsmen in grounds of Fort Pitt Military Hospital, Rochester/Chatham on occasion of entertaining sick and wounded soldiers, latter also present. 1916, photocopied c.1980. DE402/17/p.7Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of exposed roofs of casemates, ditch and opposite glacis possibly in south-west corner of Fort Pitt, Rochester, in course of demolition, looking west and showing in foreground earthen rampart, in middle ground exposed casemates, workers, trees, hut and onlookers, in distance roofline of Maidstone Road, Rochester and in far distance cement factory chimney on Temple Marsh, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to use of fort 1805-1824. 6 3/10” x 4 ½” (162mm x 114mm) c.1937 DE402/17/p.8Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of western defences of Fort Pitt, Rochester, looking south-east along western rampart towards south-western bastion, showing in right fore and middle-grounds rampart or field, wooden fence and spectator in cloth cap, in left and middle-grounds western moat, revetment of the scarp overgrown with trees and in distance south-west bastion. Couchman’s accompanying notes advise this is the site of the fictitious proposed duel between Mr. Winkle and Dr. Slammer, characters in Charles Dickens’ serialised story Pickwick Papers, March 1836 - October 1837, chapter 2. 4” x 3” (100mm x 75mm) c.1930 DE402/17/p.9 (U)Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of western defences of Fort Pitt, Rochester, looking north-west along counterscarp of western ditch, showing in left fore and middle grounds collapsed hurdles, outer revetment on which stand or sit Edwin Harris of Rochester, steam printer, antique dealer and honorary guide of the Dickens Fellowship and two onlookers and in-filled moat, in right middle ground curtain wall or scarp of fort, in middle-distance re-entrant of moat and southern flank and face of north-west bastion, in left distance The Delce, in right distance trees in north-west bastion and in far distance, faintly visible, angle turrets of Rochester Castle keep and spire of Rochester Cathedral. Harris points with his walking stick to site of fictitious proposed duel between Mr. Winkle and Dr. Slammer, characters in Charles Dickens’ serialised story The Pickwick Papers, Mar 1836 - Oct 1837, chapter 2. 6 ¼” x 4 ¾” (160mm x 121mm) c.1937 DE402/ 17/p.8 (L)Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph possibly of western casemate of Fort Pitt, Rochester, during demolition, looking across main courtyard from east or south-east, showing casemate and ramparts in distance and two labourers and piles of masonry rubble in middle and foregrounds. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (108mm x 85mm) 1937 DE402/17/p.10 (U)Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of lower levels of northern blockhouse at Fort Pitt, Rochester, during demolition, possibly looking north through iron entrance gates in courtyard, showing in distance three labourers standing on or in front of casemates, in middle ground piles of masonry rubble and in foreground iron gates. 4 1/8” x 3 1/8” (105mm x 80mm) 1937 DE402/17/p.10 (M)Fort Pitt Hill.
Photograph of lower levels of northern blockhouse at Fort Pitt, Rochester, during later stages of demolition, probably looking north or north-north-west, showing in distance remnants of casemates, trees, telegraph pole, house and chimney and in middle and foregrounds courtyard and small piles of masonry rubble. 4 1/8” x 3 1/8” (105mm x 80mm) 1937 DE402/17/p.10 (L)Fort Pitt Hill.
Group photograph of members of Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS) and possibly members of Voluntary Aid Detachments (VADs) and St. John Ambulance Brigade, comprising day staff, Chatham Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Rochester, subjects sitting and standing in three rows and looking at camera and wearing ward uniforms and medals, also showing hospital buildings and tree in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to chronology of hospitals on site and management at time of First World War. Couchman states the photograph was reproduced in The Wounded in our Hospitals published by Central Military Hospital, Chatham, December 1915. Mason Collection. 8 ½” x 6 ½” (215mm x 160mm) DE402/17/p.11Fort Pitt Hill.
Head and shoulders photograph of 7709 Lance Corporal William Angus, Victoria Cross (VC), 8th. (Lanark) Battalion, Highland Light Infantry, Highland Light Infantry Territorial Force, Royal Scots Brigade, 7th. Division, of Moore Lodge, Carluke, Lanark, Scotland, subject shown against background of a building at Chatham Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Rochester, wearing Glengarry with dicing and regimental badge, eye patch, convalescent tunic, cravatte and Victoria Cross. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Angus’ act of gallantry at Givenchy, France on 12 June 1915, for which he won the VC. 1915 or 1916. 8 ½” x 6 ½” (215mm x 160mm) DE402/17/p.12Fort Pitt Hill. Still in COPYRIGHT
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Tended VC hero describing unsuccessful attempt by J.E. Baker of 84 Delce Road, Rochester, formerly of the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) based at Chatham Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Rochester, to find William Angus, (VC). 29 June 1956. DE402/17/p.13 (U)Fort Pitt Hill.
Copy typescript letter from W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, Bernvale, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician and honorary guide, Dickens’ Society, to editor, Chatham News, Chatham, offering a photograph of 7709 Lance Corporal William Angus, Victoria Cross (VC) for publication. [See DE402/17/p.12 above.] Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the contents of the letter were reported in Chatham News of 6 July 1956. 1 July 1956. DE402/17/p.13Fort Pitt Hill.
Copy of photograph of orthopaedic ward at Chatham Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Rochester, looking along central aisle, showing lines of beds and occupants either side of aisle, members of Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS) and medical officers and orderlies of Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) in attendance and traction equipment, coal scuttles, wooden furniture, electric lamps and flowers. As reproduced in Comforts for the Wounded in our Hospitals, Central Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Chatham, December 1915. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 115mm) DE402/17/p.14Military Road.
Copy of photograph of Military Road and junction of Military Road, The Brook and Church Hill (later Dock Road), looking north-east, showing in distance continuation of Military Road (Barrier Road) towards Fort Amherst and Chatham Barracks and Royal Sailors’ Home, in middle-distance junction, tram car and Town Hall, in right middle ground range of buildings comprising, left to right, Constitutional Club, Queens’ Hall, Ive and Lowe, wholesale and retail stationers (no.15), Mrs. E. Brister, tobacconist’s shop (no.16), R. Martin, naval outfitter’s shop (no.17) and R. Wade, tailor’s shop (no.19). Street scene shows pedestrians, cyclist, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, tram stop signs, carriageway, tram lines and tram power line columns. c.1908 7” x 5” (177mm x 127mm) DE402/17/p.15Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Military Road, Chatham comprising view of Military Road, Chatham, looking north-east from point on south side of junction with High Street, showing on west side, on corner of Military Road and High Street The Horse Shoe public house (no.143 High Street), Soldiers and Seamen’s Home and Institute (nos. 5-6) and The Shrubbery (later The Paddock), on east side on corner of Military Road and High Street, Red Lion public house (no.145) and range of buildings to north and in distance Town Hall and Fort Amherst. Street scene shows pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, one carrying cut bushes or branches, two police constables, tram car approaching camera, carriageway, tram lines, tram power line columns and street lamps. On rear, message from G. Ostler to a Mrs. Nicholson, Walden House, Herne Bay, describing journey through Sturry. Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 18 October 1905. DE402/17/p.16 (U)Item removed by compiler prior to bequest. DE402/17/p.16 (L)Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Military Road, Chatham and sub-titled Hearty Greetings for a Happy Christmas comprising view of Military Road, Chatham, looking north-east, showing on west side range of shops including Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home and The Imperial Forces public house and on right side range of builings including, right to left, The Two Brothers public house (no.7), entrance to George Street, junction with The Brook, Town Hall and Royal Sailors’ Home, in left distance trees in The Shrubbery (later The Paddock) and in far distance Chalk Hill of the North Downs and Great Lines of Defence. Street scene shows pedestrians, Royal Marine in walking-out dress approaching camera, horse-drawn vehicles, pillar post box outside Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home, advertising hoarding on side wall of shop on north corner of George Street and Military Road placed by George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd. of Chatham, clothiers, carriageway, tram lines, tram power line columns, shop awnings and street lamps. On rear, message from unnamed author to Stanley Littler wishing him a Merry Christmas. Published by Empire Series, London and printed in Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to The Two Brothers, post box and Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home. c.1905 DE402/17/p.17Military Road, Chatham.
Reproduction of pen and ink drawing of west side of Military Road, Chatham, showing range of buildings including, right to left, Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home and Institute (nos.5-6), The Horse Shoe public house (no. 143 High Street) and junction with High Street and in distance range of buildings on west side of Railway Street including St. John’s Church and New Road viaduct. Street scene shows pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicle and street lamps. c.1898 DE402/17/p.18 (U)Military Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Military Road, Chatham comprising view of Military Road, Chatham looking north, showing buildings on west side, left to right, Mrs. E.W. Taverner, tobacconist’s shop (no.4), Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home (nos.5-6), junction with Medway Street, The Imperial Forces public house (no.8) and The Shrubbery (later The Paddock) and in distance Rifle Volunteers’ Drill Hall, Chalk Hill of North Downs, Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence. Tobacconist’s shop bears advertising slogans for Capstan Navy Cut tobacco, Mitchell’s Glasgow * cigarettes, making telephone calls and W.D. and H.O. Wills’ cigarettes. Street scene shows bysranders, pedestrians, workman on step ladders, Royal Marine walking towards camera, carriageway, tram lines, tram power line columns, pillar post box, flag pole and Queen Victoria Jubilee Memorial Fountain (right distance in carriageway). Notes on rear pertain to fountain, presented by E. Winch and Sons, brewers. c.1911 DE402/17/18 (L)[* cf. Scotland]Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of section of Military Road between George Street and The Brook, Chatham, looking north-east, showing range of shops on east side, Queen Victoria Jubilee Memorial Fountain in foreground, town hall and The Shrubbery (later The Paddock) in distance and Fort Amherst in far distance. Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, group of boys around fountain, shop awnings, carriageway, tram lines, tram power line columns and street lamps. Original exposed after 1887. 3 ¼” x 3” (83mm x 77mm). DE402/17/p.19 (U)Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Military Road and Town Hall, Chatham comprising view of Military Road looking north-east from point on west side of carriageway between junctions with High Street and Medway Street, showing range of buildings on east side including, right to left, Alfred Smith’s eating house (no.36), Mrs. Rose Chenery, hair dresser’s shop (no.35), Ernest Charles Vincent, confectioner’s shop (no.34), Ind Coope and Co., brewers’ premises (no.33), Harry Flood, clothier’s shop (no.29), Town Hall and Royal Sailors’ Home, on west side, left to right, Royal Navy recruiting office, Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home (nos.5-6), The Imperial Forces public house (no.8) and The Shrubbery (later The Paddock) and in distance Fort Amherst (Cornwallis Battery and Belvedere Battery) and Great Lines of Defence. Street scene shows tradesmen, cyclists, Royal Navy junior ratings in square rig and senior ratings or artificers in fore and aft rig, horse-drawn vehicle, carriageway, tram lines, tram power lines and columns, barber’s pole and in middle distance in carriageway Queen Victoria Jubilee Memorial Fountain. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Charles [-], 27 Dalby Street, Longsight, Manchester, Lancashire, discussing travel arrangements and describing Chatham as possessing only sailors and dockyards. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to origins and history of Military Road. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 12 January 1922. DE402/17/p.19 (L)Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of stereoscopic card photograph comprising view of Military Road looking north-east, showing on west side, left to right, Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home (nos.5-6) and The Shrubbery (later The Paddock), on east side, right to left, beer retailer’s bearing Budden and Biggs’ signboard and range of buildings first of which bears advertising hoarding from Gaiety Theatre, Chatham and including Town Hall and Royal Sailors’ Home and in distance Fort Amherst and Great Lines of Defence. Street scene shows bystanders, horse-drawn vehicles, Royal Navy White Ensign flying outside Soldiers and Seamen’s Home, tram cars passing in opposite directions, one on Chatham to New Brompton service and other on Delce, Grange and Gillingham Green service (no.46), carriageway, tram lines, tram power lines and tram power line columns. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (165mm x 120mm) 1906 x 1908 DE402/17/p.20Military Road, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of temporary triumphal arch erected at northern end of Military Road (later Barrier Road) at approaches to Chatham Barracks (Kitchener Barracks), Chatham, by local subscription, in celebration of return of armed forces from 1st. Expedition, Ashanti or Gold Coast * War (1873-1874), 27 March 1874, looking north and showing in foreground arch decorated with garlands of flowers, flags, starbursts of imitation swords, scrolls bearing names of battles of Coomassie and Amoaful, left to right three roundels containing badges or symbols of Royal Marines, Royal Engineers and Royal Navy and slogan Honor to the Brave, bystanders including Royal Engineers corporal, in fore and middle-grounds bollards comprising upturned cannons, trees and walls and fences and in distance chalk hill. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to mention in Chatham Observer and other secondary and primary sources, individuals involved in construction viz. Messrs. R.C. Burfield, Bines and Wilkins and symbolism of arch. On rear, mention of a M.L. Ayres [?]. 7 4/10” x 5 4/10” (190mm x 135mm) Original exposed c. March 1874 DE402/17/p.21[* cf. Africa]Military Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of section of Military Road between upper end and George Street, on occasion of departure of Chatham Division Royal Marines Light Infantry (Reserve) from Melville (Royal Marines) Barracks for entraining at Chatham Railway Station, looking north-east and diagonally from vantage point at first or second storey level on west side of Military Road, possibly Welcome Soldiers and Seamen’s Home (nos.5-6), showing on east side of street range of buildings comprising, left to right, Royal Sailors’ Home, Town Hall, junction with The Brook, Eagle Inn (no.10), Charles and Arthur Brigden, tobacconists’ shop (no.11), Chatham Constitutional Club and Queen’s Hall (nos.12-13), Ive and Lowe, wholesale and retail stationers and paper bag merchants’ shop (no.15), Benjamin Page Cossey’s dining rooms (no.16), Robert Martin, naval outfitter’s shop (no.17), Charles Carvell, bird dealer’s shop (no.18), Richard Wade and Son, tailors and naval outfitters’ shop (no.19), Henry James Sharp, hairdresser and tobacconist’s shop (no.20), V.A. Nye and Co., Day and Electric [Photographers’] Studios (no.21), Henry Marshall’s eating house The Handyman (no.22) and part of Stanley Gifkin’s eating house (no.23). Street scene shows in fore and middle-grounds bystanders including Royal Navy sailors in square rig, Royal Marines Band and Royal Marines marching contingent in service dress and at slope arms marching towards camera, carriageway, tram lines, tram power line columns, shop awnings, cyclists and tram cars inside junction with The Brook. In distance, Fort Amherst (Cornwallis Battery, Amherst Redoubt and Spur Battery). On rear, message from Daisy [-] to her aunt Mrs. A. Pierson, 9 Waterloo Road, Gillingham, discussing visiting arrangements. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to events and newspaper sources. Postmarked Gillingham 18 July 1919. Exposed 6 August 1914. DE402/17/p.22Military Road, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements placed by Ive and Lowe Ltd., 48 Military Road, stationers, printers, paper and paper bag merchants for Christmas goods and E.J. Whitaker and Sons Ltd., 28 Military Road, ladies and gentlemen’s tailors for ladies’ tailoring, illustrated with picture of slim woman wearing two-piece, double-breasted suit of jacket and skirt. 7 November 1958. DE402/17/p.23 (left and right)Military Road, Chatham.
Cutting from Extra comprising photograph of eastern side of Military Road looking north-east from point diagonally opposite and at roof level, showing range of buildings in upper part of Military Road (Barrier Road), left to right, Royal Sailors’ Home, Town Hall and junction with The Brook, range of buildings between junction with The Brook and George Street including Walton and Co., surgical appliance makers (no.34) and range of buildings between George Street and vantage point including Williamson’s Ltd. restaurant (no.14). Exposed 1950, published 18 March 1983. DE402/17/24New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham from Victoria Gardens [sic] comprising view of Chatham looking north-east from Fort Pitt Hill towards Brompton, showing in fore and right middle-grounds sheep grazing at foot of Fort Pitt Hill alongside New Road and corner of and entrance to Victoria Gardens, in left middle ground and middle distance range of buildings on north side of New Road, carriageway and tram car, in distance, left to right, HM Dockyard, Chatham (Anchor Wharf and Long Store), Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, HM Gun Wharf, Kitchener (Chatham) barracks, factories, wharves, Royal Sailors’ Home and Town Hall and in far distance, left to right, factory chimneys in HM Dockyard, Chatham (Gillingham) (St. Mary’s Island), Wesleyan Methodist Garrison Circuit Church, Prospect Row, Old Brompton [?], spire of Holy Trinity Church, Old Brompton, Fort Amherst, Amherst Redoubt and Great Lines of Defence. Valentine’s Carbontone Series. Before 1915 [?] DE402/17/p.25 (U)[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham from Fort Pitt [sic] comprising view of Chatham looking north-east from Fort Pitt Hill towards Brompton, showing in fore and right middle-grounds foot of Fort Pitt Hill alongside New Road and corner of Victoria Gardens, in left middle ground and near distance range of buildings on north side of New Road, carriageway, tram car, River Medway and mast of spritsail sailing barge, in distance, left to right, HM Dockyard, Chatham (Anchor Wharf and Long Store), Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, HM Gun Wharf, Kitchener (Chatham) barracks, factories, wharves, Royal Sailors’ Home and Town Hall and in far distance, left to right, factory chimneys in HM Dockyard, Chatham (Gillingham) (St. Mary’s Island), Wesleyan Methodist Garrison Circuit Church, Prospect Row, Old Brompton [?], spire of Holy Trinity Church, Old Brompton, Fort Amherst, Amherst Redoubt and Great Lines of Defence. On rear, message from William [-] to Miss M. Mackay, Royal Naval Rest, High Street, Invergordon, Ross and Cromarty, Scotland (North Britain), explaining he has arrived in Chatham (Chatty Chats). Published by Ive and Lowe Ltd., Chatham. Written 9 August 1915 and postmarked Chatham 10 August 1915. DE402/17/p.25 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham from Victoria Gardens [sic] comprising view of Chatham looking north-east from Fort Pitt Hill towards Brompton, showing in fore and right middle-grounds sheep grazing at foot of Fort Pitt Hill alongside New Road and corner of Victoria Gardens, in left middle ground and middle distance range of buildings on north side of New Road, carriageway and tram car, in distance, left to right, HM Dockyard, Chatham (Anchor Wharf and Long Store), Royal Marines (Melville) Barracks, St. Mary’s Church, HM Gun Wharf, Kitchener (Chatham) barracks, factories, wharves, Royal Sailors’ Home and Town Hall and in far distance, left to right, factory chimneys in HM Dockyard, Chatham (Gillingham) (St. Mary’s Island), Wesleyan Methodist Garrison Circuit Church, Prospect Row, Old Brompton [?], spire of Holy Trinity Church, Old Brompton, Fort Amherst, Amherst Redoubt and Great Lines of Defence. Valentine’s Carbontone Series. c.1908 DE402/17/p.26 (U)[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled New Road Avenue and Entrance to Victoria Gardens, Chatham comprising view of Chatham looking north-east from Fort Pitt Hill towards Brompton, showing in fore and right middle-grounds New Road and corner of Victoria Gardens, in left middle ground and middle distance range of large private dwellings on north side of New Road, carriageway, horse-drawn vehicle, trees, tram power line columns and tram car, in distance, chalk hill, Fort Amherst and tower of Town Hall. W. Naylar, Real Photographic Eastgate Series. c.1908 DE402/17/p.26 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Victoria Gardens, Chatham comprising view of Victoria Gardens and bandstand looking west towards Fort Pitt Hill, Chatham/Rochester, showing in fore and middle-grounds path, visitors sitting on benches, pedestrians, lawns and shrubs, in middle-ground bandstand and in distance Fort Pitt Hill and upper levels of buildings at Central Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Chatham/Rochester including northern blockhouse. On rear, message from Kitty [-] to her mother Mrs. Taylor, Cedars Cottages, Harrow Weald, Middlesex, discussing silk clothes, health, her baby and recipient’s visit to Watford, Hertfordshire. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to purchase and opening of Victoria Jubilee Gardens. Postmarked Chatham July 1912. DE402/17/p.27 (U)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Victoria Gardens, Chatham comprising view of Victoria Gardens and bandstand looking north-east from Victoria Gardens towards the chalk hill, showing in foreground strollers, path, lawn and bushes, in middle-ground bandstand, temporary palings and flagpole, in middle distance St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, in distance, left to right, range of buildings on west side of Military Road, tower of Town Hall and St. John’s Church, Railway Street and in far distance Fort Amherst, chalk hill and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham/Gillingham. On rear, message from W. and D. [-] to Mr. A. Roe, West Street, Midhurst, Sussex, complaining of stormy weather and shortage of stock. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire, photographic publishers. Postmarked Rochester 6 August 1915. DE402/17/p.27 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, Victoria Gardens comprising view of Victoria Gardens and bandstand looking east-north-east from Victoria Gardens towards Fort Amherst, showing in foreground bushes, in middle-ground bandstand, flagpole, lawns, benches and bystander, in middle distance St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church (behind bandstand), in distance left to right, Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road [cf. Barrier Road], tower of Town Hall, range of buildings on west side of Military Road and St. John’s Church, Railway Street and in far distance Fort Amherst, chalk hill and Great Lines of Defence, Chatham / Gillingham. On rear, message from George [-] to Miss G. Abnett, 13B Chandos Street, Charing Cross, London WC sending his love. The Wrench Series. Postmarked Chatham 5 October 1904. DE402/17/p.28 (U)New Road, Chatham.
Heavily tinted postcard photograph entitled Victoria Gardens, Chatham comprising view of Victoria Gardens and bandstand looking east-north-east from Victoria Gardens towards Fort Amherst, showing in foreground paths and lawns, in middle-ground telegraph pole, pedestrian and bushes, in middle-distance left to right, bandstand, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, New Road and St. John’s Church, Railway Street, in distance Royal Sailors’ Home, Military Road [cf. Barrier Road] and tower of Town Hall and in distance, left to right, Wesleyan Methodist Garrison Circuit Church (Prospect Row, Old Brompton) [?], spire of Holy Trinity Church, Old Brompton, Chatham (Kitchener) (Royal Engineers’) Barracks, Fort Amherst, chalk hill, Great Lines of Defence, Chatham / Gillingham and Chatham Division Royal Naval Hospital, Gillingham. On rear, message from Elizabeth (Bet) to Mrs. Mary Hawkins, c/o Mrs. Burt, 22 Franchise Street, Chapelhay, Weymouth, Dorset, discussing weather and travel arrangements. Postmarked Chelmsford, Essex 24 July 1923. DE402/17/p.28 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Victoria Gardens, Chatham comprising view of Victoria Gardens and bandstand looking east from Victoria Gardens towards chalk hill of North Downs, showing in foreground lawn, path, bushes, horse-drawn mower with driver and driver’s mate, in middle-ground flagpole, bandstand and telegraph pole, in middle-distance St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, New Road, in distance tower of St. John’s Church, Railway Street and buildings in area between Railway Street and Clover Street and in far distance Chatham Division Royal Naval Hospital, Gillingham and chalk hill. Face bears embossed message With all good wishes. On rear, message from Auntie C. [-] to William G. Mason, Penhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, wishing him a happy birthday. Published by W. Naylar, High Street, Rochester. Postmarked 4 September 1905. De402/17/p.29 (U)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Victoria Gardens, Chatham comprising view of Victoria Gardens and bandstand looking west from Victoria Gardens towards Fort Pitt Hill, Chatham/Rochester, showing in fore and middle-grounds path, visitors sitting on benches, woman with perambulator, lawns and shrubs, in middle-ground bandstand and in distance Fort Pitt Hill and upper levels of buildings at Central Military Hospital, Fort Pitt, Chatham/Rochester. Published by H. Brothers c.1915 x c.1920. DE402/17/p.29 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham War Memorial comprising view of stone cross of Ionian stone in Victoria Gardens, Chatham, showing lawn and wreaths surrounding. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to unveiling by Admiral Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas KCB KCMG, Commander-in-Chief The Nore and dedication by bishop of Rochester on 11 November 1921. November 1921. DE402/17/30New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled New Road Avenue, Chatham comprising view of New Road Avenue looking west along carriageway from point near junction with Manor Road, showing tram lines, tram car heading away from camera, tram power lines, cyclist and woman pedestrian heading towards camera, trees on both sides of road, range of buildings on north side and steps leading to Victoria Gardens in middle ground. On rear, message from C. K [-]? To Mrs. W.G. Mason, c/o Miss Chase, 61 North Quay Street, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk wishing her a good vacation and complaining of continuous rain in London. Postmarked London SW1, 4 September 1922. DE402/17/31 (U)New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled New Road Avenue, Chatham comprising view of New Road Avenue looking west along carriageway from point near junction with Manor Road, showing tram lines, tram car heading away from camera, tram power lines, cyclist and woman pedestrian heading towards camera, trees on both sides of road, range of buildings on north side and steps leading to Victoria Gardens in middle ground. Reproduced from same negative as DE402/17/31 (U) above. c.1922 DE402/17/p.31 (L)New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled New Road, Chatham comprising view of New Road Avenue looking west-north-west along carriageway from point on pavement on north side of road between Manor Road and New Road Viaduct, showing on north side range of buildings, trees, pedestrians and woman with perambulator, on south side balustrade of western foot of viaduct, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church and grassy slope and youth in carriageway walking towards camera. On rear, brief note from Mabel [-] to Miss E. Coombes, 201 Luton Road, Chatham. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to origins and opening of St. Andrew’s 1903-1904 and its putting up for sale by Walter and Randall of Chatham, auctioneers and surveyors, October 1984. Postmarked Chatham 21 July 1908 but exposed pre- August 1904. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. DE402/17/p.32 (U)New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, The New Road, comprising view of New Road Avenue looking west along carriageway from point near on north side of road between junctions with Hammond Hill and Manor Road, showing horse-drawn vehicle heading away from camera, pedestrians, trees on both sides of road, range of buildings on north side and steps leading to Victoria Gardens in middle ground. On front and rear, message from L. B[-] to Miss E. Coombes, 28 Melbourne Road, Chatham, discussing recreational walk and sending love. The Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Chatham 16 November 1903 [?] DE402/17/p.32 (L)New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News reporting purchase by Rochester Christian Fellowship of former St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, New Road from Ministry of Defence, with photograph of church looking from north-west. 28 June 1985 DE402/17/p.33New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Photograph of junction of New Cut and Railway Street, Chatham, looking north-west from Gibraltar Hill towards junction of New Cut and New Road Avenue and St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, showing in foreground statue and memorial to Lieutenant Thomas Fletcher Waghorn, Royal Navy, railings and rose beds, in middle ground, left to right, forecourt, petrol pumps and offices of Chatham Motor Company, parked motor saloon car, entrance to New Cut, Belisha beacons, bystanders and pedestrians, New Road Viaduct and Chatham Fire Station and in distance, left to right, Fort Pitt Hill, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, junction of New Cut and New Road Avenue and range of buildings on north side of New Road Avenue between Hammond Hill and Railway Street. Photographer: W. Glanvill Mason. 1939. 4 3/8” x 3 3/8” (110mm x 85mm) DE402/17/p.34 (U)New Road Avenue, Chatham.
Photograph of junction of Maidstone Road, Railway Street and New Cut, Chatham, looking north-west from point on east side of Maidstone Road towards New Road Viaduct, showing in fore and middle grounds carriageway, pedestrians, cyclists, Belisha beacon and lamp post, in middle distance, left to right, public cab shelter, Chatham Motor Company premises, junction of Railway Street and New Cut and New Road Viaduct and Chatham Fire Station and in distance range of buildings on north side of New Road Avenue between Manor Road and Railway Street. Photographer: W. Glanvill Mason. 1939. 4 3/8” x 3 3/8” (110mm x 85mm) DE402/17/p.34 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled New Road, Chatham comprising view of New Road looking south-east from point on west side of junction of Maidstone Road and New Road at Gibraltar Hill, showing in foreground dismounted woman cyclist in conversation with woman holding parasol, pedestrians and girl with perambulator and in middle ground and distance carriageway, trees and horse-drawn vehicle. On rear, message from Charlotte [-] to a Miss [Elizabeth] (Bess) Dight, 129 Sturla Road, Chatham, discussing family health. Published by J. Welch and Son, Portsmouth, Hampshire, photographic publishers. Postmarked Plaistow, London E., 19 August 1914. DE402/17/p.35New Road, Chatham.
Photograph of section of New Road, Chatham between Clover Street and Church Street, looking east and diagonally from point on south side of road, showing in left middle ground and distance, left to right, junction with Clover Street, advertising hoardings for films at Ritz Cinema (324 High Street, Chatham) including The Prisoner starring Alec Guiness and Jack Hawkins, E.M. Wheatons, grocer’s shop (no.86), trees, range of buildings on north side of road and parked motor saloon car and in right foreground parked motor van and tree. June 1955. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 88mm) DE402/17/p.36 (U)New Road, Chatham.
Photograph of section of New Road, Chatham between Clover Street and Church Street, looking east and diagonally from point on south side of road, showing in left middle ground and distance, left to right, range of private dwellings, junction with James Street and Lord Duncan public house (no.59) and in right foreground parked British Small Arms (BSA) motorcycle with learner (L) plate. June 1955. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (88mm x 88mm) DE402/17/p.36 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Photograph of section of New Road, Chatham between James Street and Duncan Alley, looking east and diagonally from point on south side of road, showing range of buildings on north side of road including New Road Primary School (set back) (no.69) and in foreground carriageway and manhole cover. June 1955. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (88mm x 88mm) DE402/17/p.37 (U)New Road, Chatham.
Photograph of section of New Road, Chatham between Duncan Alley and Whittaker Street, looking east and diagonally from point on south side of road, showing in left fore and middle-grounds range of buildings on north side of road, in right middle-ground and distance advertising hoardings including advertisement for Castrol, range of buildings on south side and in far distance Chatham Hill. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate that Cherry Tree Hall is sited out of view on south side. June 1955. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (88mm x 88mm) DE402/17/p.37 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Photograph of section of New Road, Chatham between Whittaker Street and Luton Arches, looking east from point on south side of carriageway and slightly to west of and diagonally opposite to entrance of Whittaker Street, showing on north side, left to right, entrance to Whittaker Street, range of brick and weather-boarded houses, top of tower of St. Paul’s Church and trees and on south side part of range of buildings and in far distance, Chatham and South Eastern Railway viaduct (Luton Arches), Chatham Hill and Longhill Avenue, Gillingham.. Street scene shows carriageway, lamp standards and in distance motor vans and lorries. June 1955. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (88mm x 88mm) DE402/17/p.38 (U)New Road, Chatham.
Photograph of range of buildings on north side of New Road, Chatham between Whittaker Street and Church Street, looking east-north-east from point on south side of carriageway and diagonally opposite, showing range of weather-boarded and stucco-fronted private dwellings lamp standard, top of tower of St. Paul’s Church, front of parish room and trees. Street scene shows carriageway and lamp standard. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to rebuilding of church and demolition of church and neighbouring buildings 1957-1958. June 1955. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (88mm x 88mm) DE402/17/p.38 (L)New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Paul’s Chatham comprising view of New Road frontage of St. Paul’s Church, Chatham, looking north west from position in carriageway, showing children in left foreground and railings and tree in left middle ground. On rear. Message from W.G. Cook to his sister wishing her many happy returns. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to design, opening, renovation and demolition of church 1855-1978. Published by John Walker and Co. Ltd., London, Bells’ Series. DE402/17/p.39New Road, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Public Library, Chatham comprising view of street frontage of red brick building comprising Chatham Public Library, 221 New Road, Chatham, looking east from point in carriageway diagonally opposite, street scene showing trees, bystanders and pedestrians. On rear, message from Stanley (Stan) [-] to Master W.G. Mason, Royal Masonic School, Pinhorns House, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing printing of an alphabet and buying of ½ lb of air gun shot. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of foundation stone and opening of Chatham Public Library 1902-1903 and opening of museum on same site 1908. Postmarked Gillingham 27 March 1905. DE402/17/p.40New Road, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Free Library comprising view of street elevation of Chatham Public Library, looking north from opposite side of road, showing bystanders in left foreground and trees in right foreground. Published by G. and P. Ltd., The Wellington Series. c.1904 x c.1910 DE402/17/p.41New Road, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting discovery of glass bottle containing coins and newspapers under foundation stone of Chatham Public Library, 221 New Road, Chatham, contemporaneous with laying of foundation stone in 1902 on occasion of demolition of building and their subsequent deposit in Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. Published 22 June 1984. DE402/17/p.42Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Post Office comprising view of range of buildings on west side of street, looking from point in carriageway to south and diagonally opposite, showing left to right, part of William and Samuel Scott’s timber and slate contractors’ premises (no.16), Post Office, showing telegraph or telephone mast on tower (no.14) and range of buildings (nos.2-12) extending to junction with High Street, street scene showing bystanders, pedestrians, carriageway, tram power line column and tram lines. The Wrench Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to closure of old post office at 77 High Street and opening of new one, 1899-1902. c.1904 x c.1908 DE402/17/p.43 (left)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, Post Office comprising view of range of buildings on west side of street, looking from point in carriageway to south and diagonally opposite, showing left to right, part of William and Samuel Scott’s timber and slate contractors’ premises (no.16), Post Office, showing telegraph or telephone mast on tower (no.14) and range of buildings (nos.2-12) extending to junction with High Street, street scene showing bystanders, pedestrians, carriageway, tram car, horse-drawn vehicle, man with barrow, street awnings, tram power line column and tram lines. c.1911 DE402/17/p.43 (right)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Three halfpence or 1 ½ d postage stamp bearing image of HM King George V, mint. c.1926 DE402/17/p.44 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of scene outside Chatham Post Office, 14 Railway Street, Chatham, on occasion of visit by HM King George V to School of Military Engineering, Brompton Barracks, Gillingham, showing chauffer-driven motor car heading north outside main entrance to Post Office, Chatham Borough Council coat of arms and flags attached to tram power line column and crowds of spectators on both sides of road, several occupants, one wearing service dress uniform, visible in rear of passenger cabin. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to deposit of negatives with Chatham Library [cf. Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre] 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (140mm x 95mm) 11 March 1926 DE402/17/p.44 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled Railway Street, Chatham comprising view of Railway Street and Military Road looking north-north-east from top of New Road Viaduct towards Town Hall and Fort Amherst, showing on west side of Railway Street, left to right, tobacconist’s shop (no.20 or 22), St. John’s Church and range of buildings leading towards junction with High Street including Post Office with telegraph or telephone mast, on east side range of private dwellings and shops also leading towards junction with High Street and also showing Military Road beyond junction with High Street. Street scene shows carriageway, tram lines, tram car heading towards camera, shop awnings, pedestrians, tram power line columns and other vehicles in distance. Published by Valentine. c.1926 DE402/17/p.45 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Railway Street, Chatham comprising view of Railway Street and Military Road looking north-north-east from point in carriageway slightly to south of and diagonally opposite St. John’s Church, showing on west side, left to right, nave of St. John’s Church, iron railings and trees and range of buildings leading towards junction with High Street including Post Office with telegraph or telephone mast, on east side range of private dwellings and shops also leading towards junction with High Street and also showing Military Road beyond junction with High Street. Street scene shows carriageway, tram lines, tram car heading towards camera, pedestrians and bystanders, tram power line columns and barrow. On rear, message from F. E[-]to Mr. H. Hunt, The Rectory, Caversham, Oxfordshire, saying he has had enough and is coming home. Postmarked Faversham January 1906. DE402/17/p.45 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Copy of photograph of shop window of C.E. Beveridge and Co., no.7 Railway Street, chemists, showing displays mainly of Palmolive goods and advertisement for Selo British made fast photographic film, depicting warship and sailor in tropical uniform with slogan The fleet is in, snap it with Selo. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern misidentification of shop as Station Pharmacy in Ordnance Place, Chatham, in Philip MacDougall’s book Old Chatham (volume 2 p.20, 1984) giving his evidence and also pertaining to W. Glanvill Mason’s management and occupancy of shop c.1920-c.1928. 5 7/8” x 3 7/8” (149mm x 98mm) Original exposed c.1920 x c.1928 DE402/17/p.46Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Printed demand note from S. Nicholson, collector, Brompton, Chatham, Gillingham and Rochester Waterworks Company, 23 Railway Street, Chatham, to a Mr. Mantell for June quarter 1891 water rate of 7s 9d. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to location of company premises 1877-1882. DE402/17/p.47Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled Parish Church, Chatham comprising view of Railway Street and Military Road looking north from point in carriageway slightly to south of and diagonally opposite St. John’s Church, showing on west side, left to right, nave of St. John’s Church, iron railings and trees and range of buildings leading towards junction with High Street including Post Office with telegraph or telephone mast, on east side range of private dwellings, junction with The Paddock and range of shops including Chatham Investment Building Society (no.19) also leading towards junction with High Street and also showing in distance Military Road beyond junction with High Street. Street scene shows carriageway, tram lines, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and bystanders and, tram power line column. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to planting of trees outside church in 1881. A. and G. Taylor’s Reality Series, 70 Queen Victoria Street, London EC. c.1912 DE402/17/p.48 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled St. John’s Church, Chatham comprising view of tower and nave of St. John’s Church and neighbouring building looking north from New Road Viaduct, showing range of buildings on west side of street, left to right, Invicta Mineral Water Works, shops, church and range of buildings to north of church including Post Office with telegraph or telephone mast and in distance chalk hill of North Downs. Street scene shows tram power line column and top of passing tram car. On rear, message from Wallis W. Webb [?], 145 Livingstone Road, Gillingham to J. William Hodges esq., 2 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, sending best wishes. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to architecture of church. Dated 27 March 1907 and postmarked Gillingham 28 March 1907. DE402/17/p.48Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of southern section of Railway Street between New Road Viaduct and Railway Station, looking north-north-east along street towards New Road Viaduct from point in middle of carriageway between Alexandra Hotel and Railway Station, on occasion of visit to Brompton Barracks of HM King George V, showing on west side, left to right, advertising hoardings and iron railings alongside Station Yard, Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade Station, New Road Viaduct and County Justices Clerk’s Office and County Police Station (above viaduct), on east side, right to left, Mrs. Jane Rowlands, tobacconist’s shop (no.45) and Alexandra Hotel (no.43) and in distance tower of Town Hall and Fort Amherst. Street scene shows Union flags, bunting, pedestrians walking towards camera, carriageway, tram lines, horse manure, trees, tram power line columns and power lines. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (145mm x 95mm) 11 March 1926 DE402/17/p.49 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of northern section of Railway Street between New Road Viaduct and Town Hall, looking north-north-east along street towards Town Hall and Fort Amherst from New Road Viaduct, on occasion of visit to Brompton Barracks of HM King George V, showing on west side, left to right, range of buildings including Invicta Mineral Water Works, St. John’s Church, trees and range of buildings including Chatham Post Office (no.14), showing telegraph or telephone mast on tower, on east side, right to left, range of private dwellings, junction with The Paddock and range of shops beyond and in distance Town Hall and Fort Amherst. Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, tram lines, three tram cars heading away from camera, tram power line columns and power lines, union flags and bunting. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (145mm x 95mm) 11 March 1926 DE402/17/p.49 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of Railway Street looking north-north-east towards Railway Street Viaduct [cf. New Road Viaduct] from point south of viaduct at junction with Old Road, showing in foreground cross roads formed by Railway Street, New Cut and Old Road, carriageway and man with hand cart, in middle ground street vendor with covered barrow, pedestrians and viaduct embankment and arch, in middle distance tower of St. John’s Church and buildings on east side of Railway Street and in far distance visible through arch northern section of Railway Street, Town Hall and Royal Sailors’ Home [cf. Barrier Road]. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the viaduct as the original one built 1779-1780 and demolished in 1901. 7 7/8” x 5 7/8” (199mm x 148mm) [Mutilated] c.1901 DE402/17/p.50Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of ceremony of laying foundation stone of new viaduct over Railway Street comprising view of site of new viaduct, looking north-west, showing in foreground crowd of onlookers, police constables and members of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade with backs to camera, in middle ground members of Chatham Borough Council and council officers assembled on dais guarded by line of police constables and members of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade facing camera, dais decorated with bunting, banners and municipal achievement of arms and in background further onlookers, remnant of earlier viaduct and St. John’s Rectory in New Road. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to burial of time capsule under foundation stone. 29 October 1901. 8” x 6” (203mm x 150mm) DE402/17/51Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Copy of photograph of scene at junction of Railway Street, Maidstone Road and New Cut, presumed on occasion of day of opening of New Road Viaduct, Chatham, looking north, showing in foreground carriageway, tram lines, hand cart, street vendors, pedestrians, tram power line column and power lines, in middle–ground, left to right, horse-drawn tenders of Chatham Volunteer Fire Brigade, crowds of bystanders and onlookers and railings at foot of Waghorn memorial, in middle distance viaduct, Fire Station, horse-drawn vehicles, onlookers behind balustrade and rood of St. John’s Rectory and in distance above viaduct and visible through arch, tower and nave of St. John’s Church and range of buildings on west side of street. 8 ¼” x 6 1/8” (208mm x 157mm) Original exposed 28 October 1902 [?] DE402/17/p.52Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Railway Street, Chatham comprising view of junction of Railway Street, Maidstone Road and New Cut looking north towards New Road Viaduct, showing in foreground carriageway and tram lines, in middle-ground, left to right, children, Chatham Fire Station, Waghorn memorial statue and surrounding garden and tram power columns and lines, in middle ground viaduct and balustrade and in distance, above and through arch, top of tower of St. John’s Church, end of range of buildings on west side of viaduct, Chatham Police Station and Police Court and range of buildings on west side of Railway Street. c.1902 DE402/17/p.53 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled View from the New Road Bridge, Chatham comprising view of junction of Railway Street, Old Road and Maidstone Road looking south towards Alexandra Hotel from parapet of New Road Viaduct, showing in foreground Waghorn Memorial statue, plinth and surrounding garden, in middle-ground, left to right, south wing of Gibraltar Hotel, Gibraltar Hill, Springfield Terrace and Alexandra Hotel and in left distance continuation of Maidstone Road and in right distance continuation of Railway Street. Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, tram lines and tram power columns and power lines. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the southern continuation of Railway Street (passing over the South Eastern and Chatham Railway main line) was previously called Rome Place Bridge. On rear, message from H. [-] HMS Tenedos II, Royal Navy Boy Artificers’ Training Establishment, Chatham to Miss Florence (Flo) E. Page, High Street, Kintbury, Berkshire, discussing communication and start of school. Inscribed on front Milly lives up here. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Dated and postmarked Chatham 18 August 1908. DE402/17/p.53 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Copy of photographic reproduction of half-length oil portrait of Lieutenant Thomas Fletcher Waghorn, Royal Navy (RN), subject facing artist. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the portrait is by Sir George Hayter, Royal Academy (RA), 1844, that Waghorn’s life dates were 1800-1850, that he was buried at Snodland and that a sister, Miss M.A. Waghorn died at Strood (North Aylesford) Union Workhouse, Strood, in 1883. Painted 1844, reproduced c.1980 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (82mm x 57mm) DE402/17/p.54 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Heavily tinted postcard photograph entitled The Viaduct, Chatham comprising view of junction of Railway Street, New Cut, Maidstone Road and Old Road looking north from point in carriageway at lower end of Maidstone Road, showing in foreground carriageway, junction of Maidstone Road and Old Road and Waghorn memorial statue, plinth and surrounding garden, in middle-ground viaduct and Fire Station and in distance tower of St. John’s Church and roof of Chatham Police Station and Police Court. Street scene shows carriageway, tram lines, tram cars, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, tram power line columns and power lines. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to death in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 30 April 1889 of Mrs. Munday, sole surviving sister of Lt. Waghorn, and annuities granted to her and her then deceased sister by the government in recognition of their brother’s services in establishing the overland route Suez, Egypt to India. c.1902 DE402/17/p.54 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled Waghorn Memorial, Chatham comprising view of statue and plinth commemorating Lt. Thomas Fletcher Waghorn, (RN), looking north-east from foot of steps leading from Railway Street, showing in foreground steps, iron railings and iron gates, in middle ground plinth and statue and in distance trees, onlookers, lamp standard and north wing of Gibraltar Hotel, Gibraltar Hill, New Road. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe Waghorn’s achievement and refer to unveiling of memorial by Thomas George Baring, 1st. Earl of Northbrook, former Governor General of India on 10 August 1888 and sequence of events leading to erection of memorial 1883-1888. c.1920 DE402/17/p.55 Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled Waghorn Monument, Chatham comprising view of statue, plinth, semi-circular wall and bench and surrounding garden commemorating Lt. Thomas Fletcher Waghorn, (RN), looking north-east, showing in foreground grassy bank, steps and iron railings, monument and bushes in middle ground, in middle distance New Road Viaduct, trees and HMS Barfleur Memorial and in distance behind viaduct roof of Chatham Police Station and Police Court. On rear, message from Cass [sic] to Miss B. Higgs, 62 Malden Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex, discussing shop work and weather. Postmarked Greenhithe. After 1902. DE402/17/p.56 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Waghern [sic] Memorial, Chatham comprising view of statue and plinth commemorating Lt. Thomas Fletcher Waghorn, (RN), looking north, showing in foreground garden retaining wall and iron railing, in middle ground memorial, in extreme right middle ground part of HMS Barfleur memorial [?] and in distance left to right, range of buildings in Railway Street (visible under bridge), tower of St. John’s Church and Chatham Police Station and Police Court. On rear, inscribed to Lily [-]. Empire Series, London, printed in Germany. c.1902 DE402/17/p.56 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph entitled Waghorn Memorial, Chatham comprising view of statue, plinth, semi-circular wall and bench commemorating Lt. Thomas Fletcher Waghorn, (RN), looking north-east, showing in foreground steps, iron railings, lamp post, in middle ground surrounding garden and lawns, in middle distance bushes, eastern end of New Road viaduct, onlooker and HMS Barfleur memorial and in distance Chatham Police Station and Police Court, St. John’s Rectory, trees and northern wing of Gibraltar Hotel, New Road. On rear, message from unsigned author to Mrs. Peggy Thompson, 21 Mill Road, New Brompton, discussing Christmas plans. Published by Thornton Brothers, Gillingham. Dated and postmarked Rochester and Chatham 4 December 1927. DE402/17/p.57 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Cutting from Chatham News comprising letter from Frederick W.T. Sanders of Chatham, explaining that the statue of Waghorn point north as the result of the corporation originally deciding to position it in Victoria Gardens, New Road, Chatham and altering the location to Railway Street instead. Published 24 February 1950. DE402/17/p.57 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph comprising view of open-air service in Railway Street on occasion of Remembrance Sunday 14 November 1920, looking north-east from Railway Street towards Waghorn memorial, showing in fore and middle-grounds and in middle-distance crowds of onlookers, in middle-ground temporary Cenotaph, civic and ecclesiastical dignitaries and senior military officers, Waghorn memorial and military band, in middle-distance HMS Barfleur memorial and in distance part of Chatham Police Station and Police Court and St. John’s Rectory. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the address was given by Canon Hickin and the Cenotaph was erected by Messrs. C.E. Skinner and Son of Railway Street, Chatham, builders and contractors. 14 November 1920 DE402/17/p.58 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph comprising view of open-air service in Railway Street on occasion of Remembrance Sunday 14 November 1920, looking north-east from Railway Street towards Waghorn memorial, showing in fore and middle-grounds and in middle-distance crowds of onlookers, in middle-ground temporary Cenotaph, civic and ecclesiastical dignitaries and senior military officers, Waghorn memorial and military band, in middle-distance HMS Barfleur memorial (to which are clinging two onlookers) and in distance part of Chatham Police Station and Police Court and St. John’s Rectory. Seen from same vantage point as DE402/17/p.58 (U) above but with camera rotated 90° and showing more of Chatham Police Station and Police Court and part of north wing of Gibraltar Hotel. 14 November 1920 DE402/17/p.58 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of steps of Waghorn memorial looking east from point in carriageway towards Gibraltar Hotel, on occasion of Remembrance Sunday 14 November 1920, showing in foreground, carriageway, tram lines, stone sets or wooden blocks, pavement, brick wall and iron railing surrounding memorial garden, steps leading to memorial, floral wreaths and tributes, in middle ground temporary Cenotaph, Waghorn memorial statue and plinth and in distance western elevation of Gibraltar Hotel. 6” x 4 ¼” (152mm x 109mm) 14 November 1920 DE402/17/p.59 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Postcard photograph comprising view of open-air service in Railway Street on occasion of Remembrance Sunday 14 November 1920, looking north-east from Railway Street towards Waghorn memorial from same vantage point as DE402/17/p.58 (L) above, showing in fore and middle-grounds and in middle-distance crowds of onlookers, in middle-ground temporary Cenotaph, civic and ecclesiastical dignitaries and senior military officers, Waghorn memorial and military band, in middle-distance HMS Barfleur memorial (to which is clinging one onlooker) and in distance, left to right, Chatham Police Station and Police Court and St. John’s Rectory. Seen from same vantage point as DE402/17/p.58 (U) above but with camera rotated 90° and showing more of Chatham Police Station and Police Court and western elevation of Gibraltar Hotel. 14 November 1920 DE402/17/p.59 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Photograph of Waghorn memorial garden looking north-east from point in carriageway towards HMS Barfleur memorial, showing in foreground, carriageway, wall and railing and Belisha beacon, in middle ground steps and railings leading to memorial, Waghorn statue and plinth, lawns and bushes, in middle-distance, left to right, HMS Barfleur memorial and northern wing of Gibraltar Hotel and in distance, left to right, Chatham Police Station, two onlookers or bystanders (possibly Mr. and Mrs. W. Glanvill Mason), trees and Police Court and St. John’s Rectory. Mason Collection. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to despatch of HMS Barfleur to China Station in 1898 and participation in Boxer Rebellion or China Outbreak, China, 1901-1902 and measures to erect a memorial to fallen members of the ship’s company in 1902. 1939. 4” x 3” (110mm x 78mm) DE402/17/p.60Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Cutting from Daily Mail comprising photograph of model of HMS Barfleur of c.1924 with article reporting sale of model by Christie’s in South Kensington, London. 28 January 1987 DE402/17/p.61Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Copy of photograph area around junction of Railway Street and New Road, Chatham, looking north from first or second storey level at eastern end of Ordnance Terrace, Ordnance Place, showing in foreground, left to right, canopies of platforms on Chatham Railway Station, southern end of Railway Street (formerly Rome Place Bridge), railway station forecourt and iron railings, parked horse-drawn vehicles (cabs), in middle ground, left to right, trees, postal telegraph office and confectioner’s shop, in near distance, left to right, houses in New Road Avenue, St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church, viaduct embankment and part of New Road viaduct, in middle-distance St. John’s Church, Railway Street and in far distance, left to right, St. Mary’s Church, Church Hill, Kitchener (Royal Engineers’) Barracks and Fort Amherst. Street scene shows women with parasols, street lamps and carriageway. 8” x 6” (225mm x 150mm) Original exposed c.1870 x c.1880 DE402/17/p.62Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Printed item comprising punched tram car ticket for journey between Watts Avenue, Rochester and Chatham Railway Station. Before 1928. DE402/17/p.63 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR) Station comprising view looking from junction of Railway Street and Ordnance Terrace north-east along street towards New Road viaduct, showing in foreground junction and carriageway, in middle ground, southern end of Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), iron railings, station forecourt and station building, in near distance, left to right, postal telegraph office (west side) and Alexandra Hotel and tobacconist’s shop (east side), in middle distance New Road viaduct and in far distance chalk hill of North Downs. Street scene shows children, boy with barrow, pedestrians and lamp posts. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester and printed in Saxony, Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to lap posts. After 1902 DE402/17/p.63 (L)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Headed invoice of W. Glanvill Mason of Bernvale, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting ophthalmic and scientific optician. c.1930 DE402/17/p.64 (U)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Business card of W. Glanvill Mason of 7 Railway Street, Chatham, optician c.1930 DE402/17/p.64 (L) (left)Railway Street (formerly Rome Lane), Chatham
Business card of W. Glanvill Mason of 7A Railway Street, Chatham, opthalmic and scientific optician c.1930 DE402/17/p.64 (L) (right)Maidstone Road, Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, Cemetery comprising view of drive, chapel and burial section of Municipal Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Chatham, showing in fore and middle grounds lawns, flower beds, gravestones and monuments, in middle ground and distance bench, chapel, trees and shrubs. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening or consecration of Anglican and Nonconformist chapels and burial sections 1869 and erection of memorial to Flight Sergeant William Thomas James McCudden, Royal Flying Corps (RFC) (brother of Major J.T.B. McCudden, Victoria Cross (VC)) who died on an instructional flight at Gosport, Hampshire in May 1915, in 1920. c.1910 DE402/17/p.65Maidstone Road, Chatham
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Maidstone Road, Chatham comprising view of road looking north towards North Downs and Fort Amherst from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and to south of entrance of Elmsleigh (no.48), showing on west side to north of Elmsleigh private residence and trees and on east side wall and trees. Street scene shows carriageway, trees, pavements, foot passengers, tram lines, tram power lines and horse-drawn vehicle in distance. On rear, message from Mollie [-] to Miss Lily (Lil) Bull [?], Dagmar House, Canterbury, thanking her for a parcel and postcard and offering good wishes. Published by W. Naylar, eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Chatham 30 September 1909. DE402/17/p.66Maidstone Road, Chatham
Item removed by compiler, apparently now at DE402/17/p.65Maidstone Road, Chatham
Off-print containing extract from Chatham Borough Council publication, explaining significance of inscription erected at Chatham Football Ground recording discovery in 1878 of Roman lead coffin found on site. On rear, report on public health of borough. c.1947 DE402/17/p.67. Rhode Street, Chatham
Photograph of brick building at Prospect Place on corner of Rhode Street and Best Street, Chatham, looking south-west towards building from point in carriageway and to north-east, showing in foreground carriageway and pavement, in middle ground brick building and in left distance part of house on south side of Best Street. northen wall of house bears poster advertising sale of premises by W.E.R. Randall of 23 Railway Street and 173a High Street, Chatham, auctioneers, surveyors, valuers and estate agents and street wall is painted with lot number. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the building was formerly Rhode Street School, governed by a Mr. W. Giles, who had moved from Clover Lane Corner, also attended by Charles Dickens. c.1958 5 ½” x 4” (137mm x 100mm) DE402/17/p.68File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: [c.1874] c.1901-1985
Quantity: 1 binder/68pp.

Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_18 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 5:

Chatham Dockyard

Engraving cut from unascribed publication entitled Chatham Dockyard, comprising view of Chatham Reach looking north-north-east from Fort Pitt Hill towards HM Dockyard, showing, clockwise, masts of merchant ships in Chatham Bight, Chatham Ness and the Frindsbury Peninsula, Brompton, storehouses, covered slips, ships in ordinary, store houses and Fort Amherst. Drawn by J. Jackson c.1840 DE402/18/p.1

HM Dockyard, Chatham and Chatham built warships

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Photographic reproduction of engraving entitled Chatham: The Lines; The Dockyard; The Medway comprising view, enclosed in circle, of HM Gun Wharf, Anchor Wharf and the River Medway looking north-north-east from Fort Pitt Hill towards St. Mary’s Island, showing in foreground trees and group of buildings between New Road and High Street, in middle-ground elbow of river and steam tugs, in middle distance Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Anchor Wharf and western ramparts of Fort Amherst and in distance River Medway (Chatham Reach), warships and covered slips and in far distance Hoo Peninsula and spire of Holy Trinity Church, Brompton. Notes on the rear suggest the view was depicted from Elm House, New Road. Reproduced from Chatham 100 Years Ago [?] Photographed c.1980. DE402/18/p.2 (U)

[Caption partly missing, i.e. either photograph cropped or original from which exposed mutilated]

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Photograph of part of engraving entitled Chatham Dockyard from Fort Pitt, Kent comprising view of River Medway (Chatham Reach) and HM Dockyard, looking north-north-east from Fort Pitt Hill, showing in foreground lower slopes of Fort Pitt Hill, road crossing from left to right of scene carrying horse-drawn vehicles, horse riders and marching soldiers or marines, in middle ground group of buildings between New Road and High Street including Feather Mill (windmill) and Gibraltar Tower, in middle distance River Medway (Limehouse Reach), Chatham Ness and Hoo Peninsula, HM Gun Wharf, St. Mary’s Church, Church Hill, Barrier Ditch and Fort Amherst (Cornwallis Battery), in distance Hoo Peninsula, River Medway (Upnor Reach), warships at anchor, Anchor Wharf and covered slips, dockyard buildings including steam powered sawmill and chimney, Chatham Barracks and Fort Amherst (Amherst Redoubt, Belvedere Battery and Prince William’s Bastion) and in distance Hoo Peninsula, River Medway (Short Reach) and St. Mary’s Island. Engraved by R. Roffe from a drawing by G. Shepherd and published by G. Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London 1 November 1828. Couchman’s accompanying notes state Gibraltar Tower was one of two flanking towers of Fort Pitt, stood on site of St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church of England Church and was demolished 1881. DE402/18/p.2 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Photograph of two paddle steamers moored alongside dock, showing railway rolling stock and mobile crane in middle ground and group of buildings and clock tower in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the subject as being Chatham Dockyard and the building as the clock tower store of 1722 but in fact the scene is Gambetta Quay, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Artois, Pas de Calais, France. An opposite river bank is visible in left distance. 4 3/8” x 2 5/8” (110mm x 66mm) c.1925 DE402/18/p.3 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Photograph of two paddle steamers moored alongside dock, showing railway rolling stock and mobile crane in middle ground and group of buildings and clock tower in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the subject as being Chatham Dockyard and the building as the clock tower store of 1722 but in fact the scene is Gambetta Quay, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Artois, Pas de Calais, France. An opposite river bank is visible in left distance. 4 3/8” x 2 5/8” (110mm x 66mm) c.1925 DE402/18/p.3 (M)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Photograph of dockside area showing in foreground river and steam tug, in middle ground quayside, railway lines, carts, workers and bystanders, in left middle-ground public building or barracks, in middle distance range of hotels and shops and in distance castle. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the subject as being HM Gun Wharf or Anchor Wharf at Chatham Dockyard but in fact is the Terminus Hotel, Gare Maritime, Calais, Artois, Pas de Calais, France. 4 3/8” x 2 5/8” (110mm x 66mm) c.1925 DE402/18/p.3 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Gun Wharf Gardens, Chatham comprising view of HM Gun Wharf looking north towards St. Mary’s Church, showing in fore- and middle-grounds grassy area, fences, visitors, perambulator, dog and benches, in right middle ground and middle-distance group of ordnance stores and in distance, left to right, Hoo Peninsula, River Medway (Chatham Reach) and St. Mary’s Church. Published by F. Frith and Co. Ltd., Reigate, Surrey. c.1952 DE402/18/p.4

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Dockyard Gates, Chatham comprising view of main dockyard entrance, looking north from point in middle of Dock Road, showing in foreground carriageway, in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain walls and in distance trees and chimney stack. Street scene shows two dockyard policemen, wrought iron lamp canopy, cannon bollards, bystanders, advertising placards and wall post box. On rear, message from unsigned author to a Mrs. Toates, [8] Grove Road, Strood, inviting her to an Old Ladies’ Tea party. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to policing of dockyard 1860-1949 and building and embellishment of gateway 1720-1812. c.1905 DE402/18/p.5 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Main Gates, Chatham Dockyard comprising view of main dockyard entrance, looking north from point in middle of Dock Road, showing in foreground carriageway and in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall. Street scene shows tram lines, bystanders, tree, flagpole, cannon bollards and wrought iron lamp canopy. On rear, message from unsigned author to Miss L. Wood, 87 King Street, Gillingham, possibly in connection with her birthday. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to erection of royal achievement of arms in 1812. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 1 January 1905. DE402/18/5 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph set in oval, entitled Dockyard Gate, Chatham comprising view of main dockyard entrance possibly on occasion of out-muster, looking north from point on east side of Dock Road and to south, showing in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall and in right distance chimney and group of buildings. Street scene shows pedestrians, cyclists, tradesmen with handcarts, flagpole, placard, pavement, tree, tram lines, iron railings, cannon bollards and wrought iron lamp canopy. On rear, message from Hilda [-] of 55 Imperial Road, Gillingham to Miss M. Claire Gee, 3 Wallis Street, Old Basford, Nottinghamshire, discussing leisure activities. Published by Valentine. Postmarked Gillingham 15 July 1915. DE402/18/p.6 (U)[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dockyard Gate, Chatham comprising view of main dockyard entrance possibly on occasion of out-muster, looking north from point on east side of Dock Road and to south, showing in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall and in right distance chimney and group of buildings. Street scene shows pedestrians, cyclists, tradesmen with handcarts, flagpole, placard, pavement, tree, tram lines, iron railings, cannon bollards and wrought iron lamp canopy. Produced from same negative as DE402/18/p.6 (U) above. Published by Valentine. c.1915 DE402/18/p.6 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard, Main Gate comprising view of main dockyard entrance possibly on occasion of in-muster, looking north from point on east side of Dock Road and to south, showing in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall and in right distance chimney and group of buildings. Street scene shows pedestrians, flagpole, pavement, trees, tram lines, iron railings, cannon bollards and wrought iron lamp canopy. On rear, message from Nanna to Miss Maud Hillier, 25 Peacock Street, Gravesend, discussing making a cushion, weather and visit to Walmer. Published by Rapid Photo-Printing Co. Ltd., London EC. Postmarked Deal 6 July 1910. DE402/18/p.7 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard, Main Gate comprising view of main dockyard entrance possibly on occasion of in-muster, looking north from point on east side of Dock Road and to south, showing in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall and in right distance chimney and group of buildings. Street scene shows pedestrians, flagpole, pavement, trees, tram lines, iron railings, cannon bollards and wrought iron lamp canopy. Produced from same negative as DE402/18/p.7 (U) above. Published by G.E. Saywell, Gillingham. c.1910 DE402/18/p.7 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham. Dockyard Gates comprising view of main dockyard entrance looking north from point in Dock Road slightly to south, showing in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall and in left and right distance chimneys. Street scene shows carriageway, tram lines, pedestrians, horses and carts, hand carts, placard, cannon bollard, wrought iron lamp canopy, flagpole, pedestrians and wall letter box. c.1910 DE402/18/p.8 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Entrance to Dockyard, Chatham comprising view of main dockyard entrance looking north from point in Dock Road slightly to south, showing in middle ground gateway, side towers and dockyard curtain wall and in left and right distance chimneys. Street scene shows, left to right, carriageway, pavement, tree, parked motor car, wrought iron lamp canopy, cannon bollards, wet paint notice and wall letter box. Published by Valentine. c.1930 DE402/18/p.8 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chapel, Chatham Dockyard comprising view of south elevation of Chatham Dockyard Church, showing in foreground road junction, mounted cannon pointing towards camera and cannon bollards, in middle ground, left to right, cyclist, church forecourt, trees and shrubs, bystander and colonnade and in left distance covered slipway. Published in The Wellington Series. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to origin and history of church. c.1920 DE402/18/p.9 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Golden Hind, HM Dockyard Chapel, Chatham comprising close-up view of model ship, looking at port side. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to making and presentation of model 1927. Photographer: George Burningham-Cate, 59 Luton Road, Chatham. c.1935 DE402/18/p.9 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles reporting closure of Dockyard Church in 1981 and future of model of Golden Hind, kept in church, 1983, former illustrated with photograph of church. 23 October 1981 and 22 January 1982. DE402/18/p10

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Adscene comprising article reporting conversion of St. George’s Church, former naval garrison church of HMS Pembroke, Brompton into an exhibition and information centre and controversy over future of memorial chapel there. The author of the article and the compiler both seem to have confused St. George’s Church with the Royal Dockyard Church (or HM Dockyard Chapel) a photograph of which is reproduced. 15 August 1986 DE402/18/p.11

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled HMS Victory, Portsmouth, [Hampshire] (reconstructed July 1928) comprising view of warship dressed overall and in dry dock at HM Dockyard, Portsmouth, looking from stern starboard quarter, showing dry dock in fore and middle-grounds and naval dockyard buildings in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building of ship at HM Dockyard, Chatham 1759-1765, sea trials in 1769, use as Admiral Keppel’s Flagship and service 1778-1797, use as a prison ship 1798-1800, re-building 1800, service until 1812 and use as Admiral Nelson’s Flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 *, being laid up in Portsmouth Harbour 1812-1922 and berthing in dry dock in 1922. c.1931 DE402/18/p.12

[* cf. Atlantic Ocean; Spain]

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Colour photographic postcard reproduction of oil portrait of Admiral Nelson comprising full-length view of subject wearing full dress uniform of an admiral, looking at artist viewed against background of rocky coastline, sea and fleet. Artist John Hoppner. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to HMS Victory, the River Medway and the Battle of Trafalgar. 1806 [?] DE402/18/p.13 **

[** Not reproduced in imagebase. Please contact Picture Library, Photographic Services Department, Royal Collection Enterprises Ltd., Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire SL4 1NJ]

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled On the Medway, Chatham comprising view of section of River Medway at Upnor Reach, looking from Lower Upnor and Frindsbury Peninsula towards St. Mary’s Island and HM Dockyard, Chatham (Brompton and Gillingham), showing in foreground spritsail sailing barge towing dinghy and in distance dockyard power station, chimneys and masts of warships berthed in basins and chimney of steam saw mill. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1904 x c.1914 DE402/18/p.14

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard comprising view of section of dockyard between rigging and store house and covered building slip no.2, looking east from Frindsbury Peninsula, showing in foreground River Medway (Chatham Reach), in middle ground, left to right, covered building slip no.2, Queen’s Stairs, harbourmaster’s office, flagpole and slip no.1 and in distance Captain Superintendent’s Office and Sail Loft. On rear, message from unsigned author to a Mrs. Cockerell, 6 West Street, Bridgwater, Somerset, discussing train journey. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 19 October 1908. DE402/18/15

Chatham built ships.
Photograph of second rate battleship possibly HMS Mars, moored at unknown location, looking from the starboard bow quarter, showing in foreground two liberty boats. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building at Chatham, launching in 1848 and sale in 1929. c.1880 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 60mm) With accompanying letter * from John Falconer, Historic Photographs Section, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, to Couchman, identifying several ship photographs, including HMS Mars 18 September 1986. DE402/18/16-16a.

[* Copyright The National Maritime Museum. Reproduced by kind permission of the The National Maritime Museum. The National Maritime Museum is unable to engage in any additional correspondence relating to the matter.]Chatham built ships.
Photograph of HMS Achilles, iron screw ship, at unknown location, looking towards port side. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of keel 1861, launching 1863, completion and commissioning 1864 and subsequent history 1864-1923. 3 ½” x 2 1/8” (89mm x 54mm) DE402/18/17 (U)

Chatham built ships.
Photocopy of photograph of HMS Achilles, iron screw ship, looking from the starboard bow quarter, sailing with Channel Fleet accompanied by HMS Neptune, visible over forecastle. Original exposed 1884. DE402/18/17 (L)

Chatham built ships.
Photographic reproduction of drawing of longitudinal starboard elevation of HMS Monarch, armour plated turret ship. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building of ship 1866-1868 and launching 1868. Original c.1870 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (81mm x 58mm) DE402/18/p.18 (U)

Chatham built ships.
Photographic reproduction of drawing of longitudinal starboard elevation of HMS Sultan, armour clad frigate. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of first plate in no.2 dock 1868, launching 1870 and Turkish * connection. 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (81mm x 58mm) Original c.1870 DE402/18/p.18 (L)

[* cf. Turkey]

Chatham built ships.
Photographic reproduction of photograph of HMS Alexandra, central battery ship, in harbour at Malta * and dressed overall, looking from port bow quarter. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of keel 1873, launching 1875 and completion and commissioning 1877. DE402/18/19 (U)

[cf. Mediterranean]

Chatham built ships.
Photographic reproduction of print from engraving comprising view of HRH Princess Alexandra, Princess of Wales, operating launching mechanism for HMS Alexandra in presence of dignitaries and crowd, 7 April 1875. Source not stated, possibly Illustrated London News c.1875. DE402/18/19 (L)

Chatham built ships.
Postcard photograph inscribed HMS Shannon, launched September 20 1906 comprising view of cruiser looking from starboard bow quarter, showing in fore and middle grounds rowing boats, sculling boat, steam launch and twin funnelled paddle steamer and in right middle distance motor launch and spritsail sailing barge, on occasion of launching at HM Dockyard, Chatham. On rear, message from Auntie C[-] to William Glanvill Mason, Penhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, mentioning launch of Shannon, visit by Stanley [-] and weather. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, 212 High Street, Rochester. Postmarked Chatham 5 November 1906. DE402/18/20 (U)

Chatham built ships.
Postcard photograph of submarine L23 looking from port bow quarter, showing gun, men and signal flags on conning tower. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to completion 1924 and foundering off Nova Scotia, Canada * 1946. DE402/18/20 (L)

[cf. Atlantic Ocean]

Chatham built ships.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard, HMS Albemarle comprising view of Duncan class battleship looking from bow starboard quarter, showing in foreground cable carriages parked on quay, in middle ground ship moored alongside in basin and in distance part of steam vessel. On rear, message from Arthur Camp to Miss F. Camp, 12 Colliseum Terrace, Regent’s Park, London NW concerning travel arrangements. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of keel 1900 and completion 1900, displacement, overall length and beam. The Wellington Series, G&P Ltd. Photographer: Gale and Polden Ltd. Postmarked Chatham 14 September 1906. DE402/18/p.21 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard, The Museum comprising view of interior of gallery, showing ships’ figureheads and mounted longitudinal sections of warships under sloping corrugated roof. On rear, in later hand, message to a Mr. Pickelem, 17 Bockenet Avenue, Maidstone. The Wellington Series, G&P Ltd. Photographer: Gale and Polden Ltd. Published c.1906; message c.1960. DE402/18/p.21 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The wreaths at the funeral of the late Rear Admiral A.C. Corry, buried at Chatham January 29 1907 comprising view of rear section of naval funeral procession rounding corner of Church Hill and Military Road, Chatham, looking north from balcony of Chatham Constitutional Club, showing along line of route onlookers and Royal Marines Light Infantry sentries in home service uniforms and helmets standing at present arms, in left middle ground and middle distance column of naval senior and junior ratings and artificers in square rig and sennet hats, fore-and-aft rig and bicorns headed by horse-drawn carriage marching towards camera and bearing wreaths and in distance drill hall and continuation of Military Road [cf. Boundary Road]. Also showing tram lines, lamp standards, iron railings on corner of The Paddock, naval officers acting as street marshals and cabman’s shelter. Photographer: Abrahams and Sons. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Corry, superintendent of the dockyard. 29 January 1907. DE402/18/p.22 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Funeral of Rear Admiral Corry comprising view of front and middle sections of naval funeral procession marching along Military Road, Chatham towards camera, looking north-east from second storey of Welcome Sailors and Soldiers’ Home [?] on west side of Military Road, showing in foreground gun carriage party formed of junior ratings in square rig and sennet hats, in middle ground horse-drawn vehicles negotiating Queen Victoria Jubilee Memorial Fountain and in distance column of ratings bearing wreaths and showing range of buildings on east side of Military Road, left to right, Town Hall, entrance to The Brook, Eagle Inn (no.10), Charles and Arthur Brigen, tobacconists’ shop (no.11), Chatham Constitutional Club (no.13), Ive and Lowe, wholesale and retail stationers and paper bag merchants’ shop (no.15), Benjamin Cossey’s dining rooms (no.16), Robert Martin, naval outfitter’s shop (no.17), Charles Carvell, bird dealer’s shop (no.18), Richard Wade and Sons, naval outfitters’ shop (no.19), Henry Sharp, hairdresser’s shop (no.20), Abraham G. Marks, outfitter’s shop (no.21), R.E. Malpas, coliseum (no.22), restaurant (no.23) and H. King’s fried fish supper rooms (no.24). Street scene shows carriageway, tram lines, tram power line columns, lamp standards, fountain, crowds of onlookers and Royal Marines Light Infantry in home service dress and helmets standing at present arms lining route and trees in The Paddock. Published by T. Bell and Co., Chatham. 29 January 1907. DE402/18/p.22 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Floating Dock on the Medway comprising bow view of floating dock supporting HMS St. Vincent, showing in foreground rowing boat, in middle ground steam tug, floating dock, dock superstructure, cranes, funnels and naval and dockyard personnel and warship, showing mast and guns. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building of dock by Swan, Hunter and Wigham Richardson at Wallsend, Northumberland and mooring site at Salt Pan Reach, Port Victoria, Isle of Grain. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. September 1912. DE402/18/p.23

Chatham built ships.
Stencilled order of ceremony for launching of submarine HMS Odin at HM Dockyard, Chatham 5 May 1928. DE402/18/p.24

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Heavily tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard comprising view of dockyard looking south-south-east from Beacon Hill, Frindsbury Extra towards St. Mary’s Island and North Downs, showing in left foreground group of buildings in Lower Upnor and in right foreground buildings at north end of Royal Naval Armaments Depot, Upnor, in middle ground River Medway (Upnor Reach) and spritsail sailing barges and bawley boats, in middle distance St. Mary’s Island, basins and warships, in distance Brompton Barracks, Royal Naval Barracks (HMS Pembroke) and Great Lines of Defence. Message front and rear from Stanley (Stan) [Mason?] and mother to William Glanvill Mason, Francomb’s House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing health and house move. Postmarked Chatham 17 March 1903. DE402/18/p.25 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard from Upnor comprising view of dockyard looking south-south-east from Beacon Hill, Frindsbury Extra towards St. Mary’s Island and North Downs, showing in foreground seated spectators, trees and bushes on lower slopes of Beacon Hill, in left middle ground pier, moored steam vessel, Pier Hotel and group of buildings in Lower Upnor and in right middle ground group of buildings at north end of Royal Naval Armaments Depot, Upnor, in near distance River Medway (Upnor Reach) and spritsail sailing barges, in distance St. Mary’s Island, basins and warships and in far distance Brompton Barracks, Royal Naval Barracks (HMS Pembroke) and Great Lines of Defence. Published by Valentine. c.1905 DE402/18/p.25 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Chatham, Leaving the Dockyard comprising view of workers’ out-muster, looking east along Pembroke Road from point slightly to west of Main Gate of HMS Pembroke, showing in foreground, left middle-ground, left middle-distance and left distance column of workers comprising pedestrians and cyclists heading towards camera, in right middle-ground Main Gate and Guard House of HMS Pembroke and entrance to Central Avenue and in left middle-ground and distance dockyard buildings. Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicle, tram lines, tram power line columns and power lines. c.1905 DE402/18/p.26

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from periodical comprising reproduction of photograph of workers’ out-muster, looking east along Pembroke Road from point slightly to west of Main Gate of HMS Pembroke, showing in left fore and middle-grounds partially loaded tram cars of Chatham and District Light Railway Co. facing camera and awaiting workers on route to Chatham, in right middle-ground column of workers heading towards camera and middle-distance Guard House and Main Gate of HMS Pembroke and entrance to Central Avenue. Street scene shows carriageway, telegraph or telephone posts and tram power lines. 1926 DE402/18/p.27

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Photograph of floating dock in River Medway at confluence with River Thames, looking north from superstructure of vessel, showing in foreground superstructure and wake of photographer’s vessel, in middle-distance floating dock and in distance Admiralty fuel tanks at Port Victoria, Isle of Grain. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to surrender and partial dismantlement by Germany of world’s largest floating dock, building of replacement section by Chatham Dockyard and joining of two parts at Malta 1920-1925. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 80mm) 29 June 1921 DE402/18/p.28

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article reporting outward journey of floating dock built at Chatham, from Chatham via Sheerness, Gibraltar and Plymouth to Malta. 7 August 1925 DE402/18/p.29

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Christmas card from Royal Naval Armaments Depot, Chatham District, Upnor, bearing photograph of river frontage of Upnor Castle looking from south. Printed by Gale and Polden Ltd., Aldershot, Hampshire. 1931. DE402/18/p.30

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Hurt note form D189 Sta2/14 in respect of injury sustained on 12 May 1949 by E.G. Rayner, 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, engine fitter at dockyard. 12 May 1949, stamped by Manager, Engineering Department, 13 May 1949. DE402/18/p.31

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article reporting refit of last submarine, HMS Churchill, with photographs of inspection of junior ratings of ship’s company by Winston Churchill MP, the submarine in a dock alongside nuclear complex and presentation by Alan Kettle, dockyard general manager, of casket to Vice Admiral Sir Peter Herbert. 13 May 1983 DE402/18/p.32

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article reporting departure of submarine HMS Churchill from dockyard after refit, with photograph of submarine in dock, ship’s company on deck and workers on dockside. 27 May 1983. DE402/18/p.33

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article reporting options for disposal of giant dockyard crane at no.2 basin, with photograph. 23 August 1985. DE402/18/p.34

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article reporting dismantling of giant crane at no.2 basin with photograph. 1 August 1986 DE402/18/p.35

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News comprising article reporting final stages of dismantlement of giant crane at no.2 basin. 8 August 1986 DE402/18/p.36

File updated by Borough Archivist 24 April 2008


Date: [c.1806] 1828-1986
Quantity: 1 volume/36pp.

Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_19 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 6:
Royal Naval Barracks or HMS Pembroke, Chatham, [cf. Brompton, Gillingham], Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham [cf. Gillingham] and Royal Naval Memorial, Great Lines, Chatham [cf. Gillingham]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Gillingham, Main Entrance, Royal Naval Barracks (Showing Section) comprising view of main gate looking east through entrance from point in carriageway outside entrance at junction of Dock Road, Pembroke Road [subsequently Maritime Way] and Central Avenue, showing in foreground junction, in middle-ground gateway and iron railings and in distance, left to right, continuation of Central Avenue, horse-drawn vehicle, accommodation blocks and Wardroom. Street scene shows cannon and woman with perambulator. On rear, message from Elizabeth (Bess) [-] to Miss May Davey, 45 Richmond Buildings, Brighton, Sussex, describing visit to Medway Towns, soldiers and sailors marching from church, award of medals to two soldiers or sailors and walk to castle and cathedral. Postmarked Chatham 27 September 1907. DE402/19/p.1 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Main Entrance, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of main gate looking east through entrance from point in carriageway outside entrance at junction of Dock Road, Pembroke Road [subsequently Maritime Way] and Central Avenue, showing in foreground junction, in middle-ground gateway, wrought iron canopies, lamps and iron railings and in distance, left to right, Commodore’s House, continuation of Central Avenue and accommodation blocks. Street scene shows in foreground, junior ratings in square rig and attendant and cannons and in middle-distance naval gun, cannon and ships’ figureheads, that on the left being from HMS Royal Adelaide. c.1905 DE402/19/p.1 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham, the Main Entrance comprising view of main gate looking north-east through entrance from point in carriageway outside and slightly to south at junction of Dock Road, Pembroke Road [subsequently Maritime Way] and Central Avenue, showing in foreground junction, in middle-ground gateway and iron railings and in left middle-distance, left to right, Guard House and Commodore’s House. Street scene shows in foreground junior ratings in square rig and cannons, in middle-distance squad of sailors also in square rig and figurehead of HMS Royal Adelaide and in distance through right-hand arch horse-drawn vehicle. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1910 DE402/19/p.2 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of Central Avenue looking east from point inside main entrance, showing in foreground junction of Central Avenue and North Road [subsequently Pembroke Road] and figurehead of HMS Royal Adelaide flanked by two junior ratings in square rig both looking at camera, in middle ground and distance Central Avenue lined with trees, in left middle-distance Commodore’s House, in right middle distance Wardroom and in right distance accommodation blocks. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1910 DE402/19/p.2 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of main gate looking north-east through entrance from point in carriageway outside and slightly to south at junction of Dock Road, Pembroke Road [subsequently Maritime Way] and Central Avenue, showing in foreground junction, in middle-ground gateway and iron railings and in middle-distance, left to right, Guard House, Commodore’s House and continuation of Central Avenue. Street scene shows in foreground cannons, cannon balls, horse manure and two junior ratings in square rig and in middle-distance figurehead of HMS Royal Adelaide. On rear, message from J.H[-] of Hawley House Hotel, Hawley Square, Margate to Miss V. Horne, c/o Mrs. Croft, Mill Cottage, Lynsted, Sittingbourne, discussing his work and circumstances. Postmarked Margate 5 August 1915. DE402/19/p.3

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard, HMS Pembroke comprising view of hulk of HMS Pembroke, formerly HMS Duncan, moored in no.2 basin, looking north-east towards starboard stern quarter, showing in foreground grass verge, fence and vessel, possibly third class cruiser, and in middle ground hulk and junior rating in white warm weather rig looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to renaming of HMS Duncan as Pembroke in 1890 and its use as a depot ship. The Wellington Series, published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. Before 1903. DE402/19/p.4

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Indent issued by Naval Storekeeper at HM Dockyard, Chatham for articles received for use on board gunboat HMS Thrush by HRH Lieutenant Commander Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert of Wales KG, Royal Navy (RN) [subsequently King George V], commanding officer, and signed by him, 17 May 1890. Couchman’s accompanying notes explain these articles were issued at Chatham in respect of voyage to North America and West Indies. DE402/19/p.5

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham, the Barrack Church comprising view of northern side of St. George’s Church, HMS Pembroke looking south-west across adjacent gardens, showing in left middle ground memorial to French * prisoners of war from the Napoleonic Wars who died and were buried on St. Mary’s Island. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1910 DE402/19/p.6 (U)

[* cf. France]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from leaflet entitled This Week in Rochester Cathedral 29 November – 5 December 1981 comprising advertisement for gala concert in St. George’s Church by orchestra of Royal Marines on 14 December. DE402/19/p.6

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News, Evening Post and Strood St. Nicholas with St. Mary parish magazine comprising articles reporting removal of memorial plaques from St. George’s Church (Evening Post 12 May 1983), notice of closure of St. George’s Church (Evening Post 11 May 1983), use of font in St. George’s Church for laundry business and rat-catching in HMS Pembroke (Chatham News 12 August 1983) and notice of last service to be held at St. George’s Church on 7 August 1983 (parish magazine as above, volume 3, number 8, August 1983). DE402/19/p.7

Royal Naval Barracks and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising notice of closure of Royal Dockyard Church, Dock Road and reports on arrangements for subsequent use of St. Georges’ Church, HMS Pembroke August 1983 and February and November 1985. DE402/19/p.8

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising report on last service at St. Georges’ Church, HMS Pembroke 7 August 1983 (published 12 August 1983) and Medway Extra comprising report on last service at St. Georges’ Church, HMS Pembroke 7 August 1983 (published 5 August 1983) and This Week in Rochester Cathedral reporting speech on closure of dockyard and resulting unemployment, delivered to Diocesan Residential Synod by bishop of Rochester, 23 October 1983. DE402/19/p.9

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising reports on proposed new use of former St. Georges’ Church, HMS Pembroke, as a civic amenity, with photograph of east end, 17 January 1986 and 6 June 1986. DE402/19/p.10

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval barracks, Chatham, front view of the officers’ block comprising view of western elevations of Wardroom and flanking officer’s accommodation blocks, HMS Pembroke, looking east, showing in foreground monument to dead French * prisoners of war of the Napoleonic Wars and surrounding garden, in middle ground ramp leading to tennis courts, flag staff, in middle-distance croquet lawn and Officers’ Road and in distance wardroom and blocks as above. On rear, message from Caroline (Carrie) [-] to a Mrs. Senney, 48 Bassingham Road, Swaffield Road, Earlsfield, Wandsworth, London, discussing health and visiting arrangements. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to exhumation of remains of French PoWs and their removal along with memorial to present site in 1904. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. Postmarked Battersea, London SW 11 July 1912. DE402/19/p.11 (U)

[* cf. France]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval barracks, Chatham, front view of the officers’ block comprising view of western elevations of Wardroom and flanking officer’s accommodation blocks, HMS Pembroke, looking east, showing in foreground monument to dead French * prisoners of war of the Napoleonic Wars and surrounding garden, in middle ground ramp leading to tennis courts, flag staff, in middle-distance croquet lawn and Officers’ Road and in distance wardroom and blocks as above. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1910 DE402/19/p.11 (L)

[* cf. France]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham Dockyard, French Prisoners’ Cemetery comprising view of memorial to dead French * prisoners of war of the Napoleonic Wars and surrounding garden, looking south, showing in foreground superimposed copy of inscription on tablet, in middle ground memorial, in distance pine tree, fence, bench and see-saw or carpenter’s equipment and in far distance building in Brompton Barracks. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to original erection of memorial on St.Mary’s Island, Brompton, in 1875 and inclusion among those commemorated on memorial of Russian * sailors who died from disease at Chatham. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1905 x c.1910 DE402/19/12

[* cf. Russia]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Photocopy of article from Chatham Observer reporting opening of Royal Naval Barracks, 2 May 1903. Photocopied c.1980. DE402/19/p.13 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of western end of naval barracks, looking north-east from terrace overlooking western end of Cumberland Road, Brompton, showing in right foreground allotments in south-west corner of Brompton Barracks, in middle ground Cumberland Road and iron railings, in left middle-distance flag staff and Officers’ Road and in distance Wardroom and flanking officers’ accommodation blocks. Street scene shows three junior ratings in square rig. On rear, message from Richard (Dick) [-] to Miss Winifred Read, 47 Park Street, Southend on Sea, Essex, discussing visit to Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham [cf. Gillingham] and Hospital Church for Harvest Festival, mentioning presence of wounded sailors. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Postmarked Gillingham 18 September 1917. DE402/19/p.13 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Naval Barracks, New Brompton comprising view of western end of naval barracks, looking north-east from Cumberland Road, Brompton, showing in right foreground bank or slope on northern side of Cumberland Road, in middle-ground tree, flag staff and Officers’ Road and in distance Wardroom and flanking officers’ accommodation blocks. On rear, message from B. L[-] to Miss H. Couchman, 66 Weston Road, Strood, offering it to her for her collection. Postmarked Chatham 2 October 1903. DE402/19/p.14 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of western end of naval barracks, looking north-east from terrace overlooking western end of Cumberland Road, Brompton, showing in right foreground allotments in south-west corner of Brompton Barracks, in middle ground Cumberland Road and iron railings, in left middle-distance flag staff and Officers’ Road and in distance Wardroom and flanking officers’ accommodation blocks. Street scene shows one pedestrian walking towards camera. On rear, message from Florence (Florrie) [-] to Miss Lily Emberson, 64 Sparsholt Road, Crouch Hill, London N., discussing travel arrangements. Published by Valentine. Postmarked Chatham 22 April 1916. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the exposure may date from 1907. DE402/19/p.14 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of western end of naval barracks, looking north-east from terrace overlooking western end of Cumberland Road, Brompton, showing in right foreground allotments in south-west corner of Brompton Barracks, in middle ground Cumberland Road, sentry box, brick pillars and iron railings, in left middle-distance gardens, flag staff and Officers’ Road and in distance Wardroom and flanking officers’ accommodation blocks. Published by G.E. Saywell, Gillingham. c.1917 DE402/19/p.15 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of western end of naval barracks, looking north-east from gardens adjoining Officers’ Road, showing in foreground lawn, in middle ground Officers’ Road and in distance Wardroom and flanking northern officers’ accommodation block. Scene in Officers’ Road shows naval rating in square rig and parked motor cars. Published by Valentine. c.1930 DE402/19/p.15 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting proposed sale of Wardroom and officers’ accommodation blocks, HMS Pembroke, with photograph of same looking north-east from point at southern end of Officers’ Road. 19 August 1983 DE402/19/p.16

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Terrace, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of ratings’ accommodation blocks looking south-west from roof of drill shed, showing in right foreground roof and gable of drill shed, in left middle ground part of parade ground, in right middle ground canteen and cinema block, in middle distance terrace wall, staircase and Central Avenue and in distance, left to right, Nelson Block (western, middle and eastern ranges), rear of Wardroom and flanking northern officers’ accommodation block and in far distance east end of St. George’s Church. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to design and construction of HMS Pembroke 1897-1902. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., London, Aldershot (Hampshire) and Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1915 DE402/19/17 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled General View, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of ratings’ accommodation blocks looking north-east from upper storey of building standing above Cumberland Road, possible artificers’ training college (subsequently Collingwood Block), showing in right foreground bank and perimeter fence of Brompton Barracks and Cumberland Road, in middle ground iron railings and brick pillars separating Cumberland Road from HMS Pembroke and in distance South Road and left to right, Nelson, Anson and Duncan Blocks. Street scene shows pedestrians in Cumberland Road. On rear, message from Albert Morris to his mother Mrs. Morris, 17 Studds Lane, Mile End, Colchester, Essex, discussing travelling arrangement and train journey. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd. [Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers.] Postmarked [Chatha]m 6 December 1915. DE402/19/p.17 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Terrace, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of ratings’ accommodation blocks looking south-east from roof of drill sheds, showing in foreground central gable of drill sheds, in middle ground parade ground, staircase leading from parade ground to terrace and Central Avenue, in near distance Central Avenue and in distance, right to left, Anson Block (middle range and eastern range) and Duncan Block (western, middle and eastern ranges). On rear, message from John or James (Jack) Foxall of Block 3, Mess L, HMS Pembroke to his mother Mrs. Foxall, 86 Bow Road, London, discussing taking of test and visiting arrangements. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd. [Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers.] Postmarked Chatham 3 December 1915. [Mutilated] DE402/19/p.18 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham, The Terrace. Front View of Men’s Blocks comprising view of ratings’ accommodation blocks looking east-south-east, showing in foreground Central Avenue and trees and in middle ground, middle distance and distance, right to left, Nelson, Anson and Duncan Blocks. Street scene shows sailor in square rig and possibly petty officer in fore-and-aft rig. On rear, message from unsigned author to Ethel [-] describing accommodation blocks and explaining he has marked the picture to indicate where he is billeted i.e. western range, Anson Block. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., 2 Amen Corner, London c.1915 DE402/19/p.18 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: One of the Barrack Bells, comprising view of brass bell, dolphin supporters, naval crown, bell rope and mounting, looking north from point between Anson Block and balustrade of Central Avenue towards section of balustrade above central staircase leading from Central Avenue and terrace to parade ground, showing in foreground bell and top stones of balustrade and in distance upper levels and clock tower of central block of drill sheds and offices. On rear, message from Edward (Ted) Peacock to his mother Mrs. M.A. Peacock, The Laurels, Junction Road, Warley, Essex, offering his apologies for not being able to visit her at Whitsun, as in duty party. Anson Block. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to erection of bell 1903, transfer to HMS Ganges, Shotley, Suffolk 1961 and its loss in 1976. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd. [Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers], Wellington Series. Postmarked Chatham 17 May 1904. DE4023/19/p.19 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of barrack block, possibly western range of Duncan Block, looking north-east from terrace above Cumberland Road, showing in foreground Cumberland Road, iron railings and brick pillars, in middle ground lawn and shed and in distance accommodation block. Street scene shows woman walking passed and looking at camera. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1914 DE402/19/p.19 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Reception Room comprising interior view of senior and junior ratings’ guest room, looking across room diagonally, showing clockwise from left, leather sofa, wooden table and chairs, tiled fireplace and mantelpiece, doors, second leather sofa and round leather seat with parlour palm mounted in pot on top, electric lights and shade and walls hung with mirror and pictures. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1915 DE402/19/20 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Mess Room, Officers’ Quarters comprising interior view of Wardroom dining room, looking across room lengthways and diagonally, showing two long tables set for lunch or dinner and decorated with silver and stargazer lilies (species lillium orientalis), three civilian waiters looking at camera, carpets and wainscoting. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1915 DE402/19/20 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising view of parade ground looking east-north-east from western end of terrace alongside Central Avenue, showing in foreground left to right, part of cinema and canteen and staircase leading from terrace to parade ground, in middle ground and right distance parade ground and in distance drill sheds and clock tower. Scene in parade ground shows throng of junior ratings in square rig and stokers’ working rig. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1915 DE402/19/21 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Guard House, Going on Leave comprising view of Guard House looking west-north-west from point in Central Avenue slightly east of junction with North Road [subsequently Pembroke Road], towards Main Gate and exit to Dock Road and Pembroke Road, showing line of junior ratings in square rig entering building from right. Scene shows petty officers in attendance, gate cannons, cart, telegraph pole and in distance chimney. On rear, message from Sidney [-] of 79 Mess, Block II, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham to Mr. James (Jim) and Mrs. Daisy (Dais) Mills, 17 Walton Road, Folkestone, complaining he hasn’t received a letter, describing his training, a bread test and discussing his travel movements. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. Postmarked Chatham 15 July 1915. DE402/19/21 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Dockyard Entrance to Barracks comprising view of Dockyard Barrack Gate looking north-west across North Road towards Basin No. 3, showing in foreground metalled road and piles of rubble, in middle ground column of sailors in warm weather square rig marching through gate towards camera, in distance dockyard gate and wall and in far distance masts of warships in Basin No. 3. Wellington Series, Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1915 DE402/19/22 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Parade Ground, Mustering at Divisions comprising view parade ground looking east-north-east from staircase at western end of terrace alongside Central Avenue, showing in fore and middle grounds, left to right, junior ratings in warm weather square rig formed up in divisions facing camera, drill sheds, terrace wall and central staircase and in distance Sick Quarters. Couchman’s accompanying notes erroneously state the item is postmarked. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson Works, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1915 DE402/19/22 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Interior View of Canteen comprising longitudinal view of canteen showing petty officers, artificers and civilian workers sitting at tables, most looking at camera, smoking pipes and drinking beer. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson Works, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1903 DE402/19/23 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Petty Officers’ Canteen comprising interior view of canteen, looking from corner to corner, showing petty officers, artificers and stokers sitting at round tables, most looking at camera, smoking pipes and drinking beer. On rear, message from J. C[ulham?] to a Mr. [J.S.] Culham, Gayton, King’s Lynn, Norfolk, giving his ship’s deployment from Chatham via Sheerness to south of Ireland, Portland, Dorset to Norway and Sweden. Wellington Series, published by Gale and Polden Ltd. [Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers.] Dated and postmarked Chatham 15 March 1905. DE402/19/23 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled The Gymnasium, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising interior longitudinal view looking south from upper level, showing climbing frames on walls, end and side windows and mats, vaulting horses, ropes and other physical training equipment. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd. [Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers.] c.1909 DE402/19/24 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled A Barrack Room, Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising interior longitudinal view of a junior ratings’ mess in Nelson, Anson or Duncan Block, showing, clockwise, floorboards, benches and tables with cooking equipment and slops buckets, window ledges and open wall cupboards, iron girders, kit stowage and slung hammock containing rating steadied and accompanied by group of ratings in stokers’ rig, all looking at camera. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1905 DE402/19/p.24 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham comprising interior longitudinal view of swimming bath, showing five ratings in pool, six ratings on diving platform at rear, two ratings in stokers’ rig standing at sides holding rope across pool and ratings looking on from side stalls, all facing camera. On rear, message from unsigned author [J. Culham?] to Mr. J.S. Culham, Gayton, King’s Lynn, Norfolk explaining has joined HMS Swiftsure after a journey including a bus ride from Liverpool Street Railway Station, London to London Bridge Railway Station, London, mentioning he saw the queen at King’s Lynn and stating he completed his swimming test in the pool. Wellington Series, published by Gale and Polden Ltd. [Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers.] Dated and postmarked Chatham 13 March 1905. DE402/19/p.25 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Recreation Room comprising interior longitudinal view of recreation room in either Nelson, Anson or Duncan Block, showing junior ratings in square rig or stokers’ rig sitting or standing by tables engaged in reading, some looking at camera, chess set on nearest table and pictures hanging on walls. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson Works, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1905 DE402/19/p.25 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham: Field Gun Drill comprising view of team of ratings in stokers’ rig, leggings and bandoliers under gaze of petty officers or artificers, manhandling gun barrel, breech block, carriage and wheels up wooded slope towards camera, looking downhill towards large building and wall, possibly on eastern perimeter of Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham, in south-west corner of Brompton Barracks or in vicinity of Royal Naval Armaments Depot, Upnor at Ordnance Plantation, Beacon Hill or Cockham Wood, all in Frindsbury Extra. Published by Gale and Polden Ltd., Nelson House, Portsmouth, Hampshire, printers. c.1905 DE402/19/p.26

Channel Squadron.
Reproduction of composite photograph of survivors of sinking of HMS Captain, iron screw turret ship, at Cape Finisterre, Galicia, Spain * on 7 September 1870, whilst on voyage [from Chatham?] with Channel Squadron to join Mediterranean battleships, also giving names of survivors (May, Ellis, Walker, Werry, Bride, Harvey, Tregenna, Herd, Heard, Lawrence, Freeman, Dryburgh, Tomlinson, Merryman, Kernan, Grange, Gribble and Saunders). Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building (at Birkenhead, Cheshire), design and service of ship 1867-1870. Originals exposed c.1870 2 ¼” x 1 ¾” (60mm x 45mm) DE402/19/p.27 (U)

Channel Squadron.
Reproduction of photograph presumed of HMS Captain, iron screw turret ship, at sea, looking towards starboard side. Original exposed c.1870 3 ½” x 2 ¼” (90mm x 57mm) [Mutilated] DE402/19/27 (L)

Merchant Fleet.
One photograph and two reproductions of engravings of unidentified steam barques, one at anchor and two at sea, possibly vessels operated by the Pacific Steam Navigation Company. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to letter from National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London, pertaining [cf. DE402/18/16a.] NB Couchman’s caption repeats a spelling error from the Museum letter, giving Navigation as Naving. Each 3 ½” x 2 ¼” (90mm x 53mm) c.1838 x c.1860 DE402/19/p.28

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Invitation card from captain, officers and boy apprentices of HMS Tenedos II, Royal Navy Boy Artificers’ Training Establishment, Chatham, to Miss Gladys D.F. Hudson, for farewell ball held at Castle Hall, Rochester 22 April 1910. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of HMS Tenedos II, originally sixth HMS Duncan 1859-1889, re-named HMS Pembroke 1889-1905 and re-named again HMS Tenedos II 1905-1910 when decommissioned. DE402/19/p.29 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Invitation card from captain, officers and boy apprentices of HMS Tenedos II, Royal Navy Boy Artificers’ Training Establishment, Chatham, to Miss Gladys D.F. Hudson, to a concert on board HMS Tenedos on 24 June 1910. DE402/19/p.29 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled HMS Medway comprising view of port side of above vessel, submarine depot and repair ship, moored in the River Medway or a dockyard basin, showing quay and trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes explain the occasion as being Chatham Navy Week and describe her building and service 1927-1942 when sunk by U372 off Alexandria, Egypt [cf. Mediterranean]. Published by TIC/Medway Studios Ltd., 43 High Street, Chatham. 12-17 August 1929 DE402/19/30

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cutting from letter heading or envelope comprising advertisement for Chatham Navy Week 1-8 August 1931, design comprising starboard view of 16th. or 17th. Century warship in full sail. DE402/19/p.31 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Picture postcard advertising Chatham Navy Week 12-17 August 1929, comprising reproduction of pen and ink composition of royal achievement of arms, Chatham Borough Council coat of arms, views of HMS Victory and HMS Kent, Dockyard Main Gate, Dock Road, Chatham and Upnor Castle with scrolls naming ships built 1670-1923, bordered with rope. DE402/19/p.31 (L)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph comprising view of starboard side of HMS Canterbury, light cruiser, moored in the River Medway or a dockyard basin, showing quay and low hill in background, on occasion of Chatham Navy Week 1-8 August 1931. On rear, message to Ordinary Seaman (OD) N. Kindred, No. 5 Mess, HMS Canterbury, c/o General Post Office (GPO), London. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to building and service 1916-1934. Published by Medway Studios Ltd., 43 High Street, Chatham. DE402/19/p.32 (U)

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled HMS Pegasus comprising starboard stern quarter view of catapult ship moored in River Medway on occasion of Chatham Navy Week 3-10 August 1935. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to service of ship from taking up from trade in 1914 to breaking up in 1950, renaming of vessel as Ark Royal 1914 and Pegasus in 1934 and service as seaplane carrier 1914-1923, depot ship 1923-1941, catapult ship 1941-1944 and accommodation ship 1944-1946 when renamed Anita I. DE402/19/p.32 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting last Trafalgar Day Parade through Gillingham and Chatham prior to closure of HM Naval Base and Dockyard, by sailors from HMS Pembroke and HMS Endurance and Royal Marines, with two photographs, one of armed guard, other of Women’s Royal Naval Service (WRNS) contingent, both giving eyes left to civic dignitaries in Gillingham and Chatham. 22 October 1982 DE402/19/33

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Medway Times comprising article also reporting last Trafalgar Day Parade through Gillingham and Chatham prior to closure of HM Naval Base and Dockyard, by sailors from HMS Pembroke and HMS Endurance and Royal Marines, with two photographs, one of procession turning from Dock Road into The Brook passing Chatham Old Town Hall, comprising Royal Marines Band, colour party, armed guard, officers and Royal Marines marching contingent and second of Rear Admiral Bill Higgins and Councillor Barry Flack, mayor of Rochester upon Medway taking the salute. 22 October 1982 DE402/19/p.34

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising article by Jimmy Hodge reporting parading for Port Divisions of sailors of HMS Pembroke to mark closure of dockyard and naval base, also remembering the loss of 135 ratings in drill sheds in German bombing raid of 3 September 1917, with photographs of ship’s company of HMS Pembroke and stern port quarter of their ship in 1900 (DE402/19/p.35), inspection of ship’s company by HM King George VI c.1940 and wedding cake for wedding of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer, 1981 (DE402/19/p.36) 3 June 1983 DE402/19/pp.35-36

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Evening Post reporting divisions at HMS Pembroke marking closure of catering and supply schools and of naval base, taking of salute by Admiral Sir Desmond Cassidi, Commander in Chief Naval Home Command, and award of British Empire Medal (BEM) to Chief Petty Officer Thomas Scott (DE402/19/p.37), with photograph of divisions on parade ground looking from eastern end of terrace (DE402/19/p.38). 3 June 1983 DE402/19/pp.37-38

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article also reporting divisions at HMS Pembroke marking closure of catering and supply schools and of naval base, taking of salute by Admiral Sir Desmond Cassidi, Commander in Chief Naval Home Command and award of British Empire Medal (BEM) to Chief Petty Officer (CPO) Thomas Scott with photographs of march past of Royal Marine Band of Commander in Chief Fleet and divisions on parade ground looking from eastern end of terrace, Admiral Cassidi and CPO Scott and march past of platoon of ratings in square rig. 10 June 1983 DE402/19/p39

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Evening Post comprising article by Chris Laming entitled Pembroke’s Last Parade reporting last Ceremonial Port Divisions, summarising history of establishment and mentioning St. Mary’s Barracks. 3 June 1983 DE402/19/p.40 (U)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising letter from E. May Long of Leonard Road, Chatham, bemoaning insufficient provision for public attendance at last Ceremonial Port Divisions and expressing concern at lack of naval presence in future. 10 June 1983 DE402/19/p.40 (L)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising two articles and one letter reporting and commenting on departure of frigate HMS Hermione from dockyard after refit. 17 June, 24 June and 1 July 1983 DE402/19/p.41

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising article by Jimmy Hodge entitled Dying Days of a Dockyard reporting completion of refit on frigate HMS Hermione and redundancy of dockyard workers, with photographs of HMS Hermione in dock and dockyard workers watching her departure. 24 June 1983 DE402/19/p.42

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting handing over of £1,500 sponsorship money to King George’s Fund for Sailors by participants in HMS Pembroke’s last sponsored event, a 300 mile marathon to Pembroke, Pembrokeshire Wales, including Leading Wren Lorna Morgan with photograph of runners, Lieutenant Commander Maurice Board, secretary of King George’s Fund for Sailors and Captain Paddy Sheehan, commanding officer of HMS Pembroke. 8 July 1983 DE402/19/p.43

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Petitioners ask the Navy to Say Farewell in a Big way reporting efforts by New Britain Party to persuade the Royal Navy to hold a grand march-out by sailors to mark closure of dockyard and naval base and concern by editor of Jane’s Fighting Ships about operational effectiveness of navy, with photograph of Dennis Delderfield, national chairman of New Britain Party. 26 August 1983 DE402/19/p.44

Royal Naval Barracks and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising article and letters about lowering of admiral’s flag for last time at Chatham Dockyard on 30 September 1983. September – October 1983 DE402/19/p.45

Royal Naval Barracks and HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles and letter about final ceremonies marking closure of dockyard and naval base and local controversies in relation to former. August and October 1983 DE402/19/46

HM Dockyard, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising article reporting ceremony of lowering of admiral’s flag at sunset on occasion of closure of HM Dockyard, with photographs of Royal Marines Band entertaining crowds on helicopter landing pad at HM Dockyard, Chatham (DE402/19/p.47), sunset ceremony party of three ratings in square rig and senior rating in fore-and-aft rig, presentation of freedom casket to Councillor Adrian Crowther, mayor of Rochester upon Medway by Rear Admiral Bill Higgins and Vice Admiral Sir James Kennon inspecting Royal Marines Band (DE402/19/p.48), 30 September 1983. Published 7 October 1983 DE402/19.pp.47-48)

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting final arrangements for closure of HMS Pembroke and departure of last commanding officer, Captain Paddy Sheehan, with photograph of Captain Sheehan being hauled away from Pembroke Gate (formerly Main Gate) by junior and senior ratings and officers, watched by senior ratings, 29 October 1983. Published 4 November 1983 DE402/19/p.49

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising article reporting on ceremony of lowering White Ensign for last time at HMS Pembroke, departure of last detachment of sailors and ceremonial locking of Alexandra Gate on 18 February 1984, with photographs of Commander R. Wilson reading a farewell speech at Alexandra Gate in presence of junior and senior ratings and residents of Pembroke House, Gillingham (DE402/19/p.50), hauling down of White Ensign, Commander Wilson locking Alexandra Gate, march past by detachment and brewery dray bearing naval and civic participants in ceremony (DE402/19/p.51). Published 24 February 1984. DE402/19/p.50-51

Royal Naval Barracks, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising article reporting on history and closure of Nore Command operations rooms and tunnels at Medway Road, Gillingham, mentioning HMS Wildfire Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) training centre and its transfer to Collingwood Block, Khyber Road, with photographs of Cleaner Mrs. Joan Howard in a communications room equipped with teleprinters, naval charts (DE402/19/p.52) and Lieutenant Harry Barnes Royal Navy (Retired) of HMS Wildfire (DE402/19/p.53) Published 16 September 1986. DE402/19/pp.52-53

Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham (Gillingham) (later Medway Hospital and Medway Maritime Hospital)
Cutting from Head-way: The Journal for Medway Health Authority edition no.1, comprising article entitled The History of Medway Hospital with photograph of surgical ward showing patients, nurses and orderlies. Spring 1988 DE402/19/p.54 [See also DE402/19/p.61]

Royal Naval Hospital, Chatham (Gillingham) (later Medway Hospital and Medway Maritime H