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Result number (Contents) - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_002_Contents on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ N_J_305_002_Contents.html

CONTENTS

Trustees 1870-1962

Minutes - 1871-1957 1-3

Accounts - 1870-1940 4-6

Correspondence - 1927-1957 7-9

Trust Property - 1870-1962

Synagogue and Cemetery, Rochester - 1870-1939 8-18

Hartismere Road, Fulham S.W. - 1903-1962 19-21

Record of Foundation and Early History - 1870-1902 22

Management and Congregation 1834-1972

Accounts - 1934-1958 23-32

Ministry - 1871-1929

Office of Minister - 1919-1923 33-36

Functions of Minister

Correspondence - 1871-1872 37

Marriages - 1838-1946 38-40

Additional Marriage Records 1898-1946 (DE261)

Burials - 1886-1926 41-46

Community and Worship 1850-1972

Mid-Kent Youth and Community Centre/Centenary Hall 1964-1972 47-51

General - 1850-1972 52-56

Additional Deposits

(Please find listings at rear or carry out text-retrieval on "additional".)

Brief Guide to Genealogical Records in the Collection

Burial records 1886-1929 - N/J/305/41-45

Members' contributions 1834-1958 - N/J/305/23-32

Marriage Register 1838-1946 - N/J/305/38a


Result number (Bibliography) - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_003_Biblio on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ N_J_305_003_Biblio.html

FURTHER SOURCES

Official Chatham Memorial Synagogue web site

The Jewish Museum, London click here(a) Other archival sources at Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre which can be used in the research of Jewish history:

Records of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester 1627-1949 (Ch.2, MH/Me) [administrative,not medical records- these are subject to a closure period]

Rochester City Archives (RCA)

Chatham Borough Archives (CBA)

Commission as Second Lieutenant in 29th. Anti-Aircraft Battalion, Royal Engineers (Territorial Army) of Louis Woolf, 25 February 1939 DE569/8

(b) Printed Sources (various locations)

Jewish Life in the Medway Towns, an article by Irina Shub, Local Studies Librarian, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre, 2006

The Journal of Kent History September 2006 containing article entitled Jewish Life in the Medway Towns (pp.8-12) by Irina Shub, Local Studies Librarian, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre (see also above)

A Directory of British Jews Dr. M. JollesThe Chatham Hewbrew Society Synagogue Ledger 1836-1865 Dr. M. Jolles, 2000Samuel Isaac, Saul Isaac and Nathaniel Isaacs Dr. M. Jolles, 1998Jews and the Carlton Club, with notes on Benjamin Disraeli, Henri Louis Bischoffsheim and Saul Isaac, MP Dr. M. Jolles, 2002

Royal Navy and Anglo-Jewry 1740-1820 G.L. Green, 1989

Anglo-Jewish Trading Connections with Officers and Seamen of the Royal Navy 1740-1820 G.L. Green, 1984

Enyclopaedia Judaica 1972 vols. 5 and 14

Jewish Year Book 1991

Chatham Municipal Synagogue Centenary Booklet c.1971-c.1972

Dictionary of Genealogy T.V.H. Fitzhugh, 1988

Sources for Roman Catholic and Jewish Genealogy and Family History by D.J. Steel and Edgar R. Samuel, 1974, Vol. III*

My Ancestor was Jewish Ed. M. Gundy, 1982

Jewish ancestors? A beginner's guide to Jewish genealogy in Great Britain edited by Rosemary Wenzerul for the Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain, 2000.

Chatham 100 R. Foster, 1990

Reminiscences of 70 years life, travel and adventure volume 2 R.G. Hobbes, (Y920 HOB)

Recollections of Rochester No. 80 Edwin Harris

Various trade and street directories and Navy Lists.

The Pickwick Papers Charles Dickens, 1926-1837

Role of Provincial Jewry, Cecil Roth
This item gives a fuller general bibliography.

The Jews of Britain: A Thousand Years of Achievement P.M. Jones, 1990

The Jewish Victorian: genealogical information from the Jewish newspapers 1871-1880, by Doreen Berger, 1999.

File updated by Borough Archivist 27 January 2007.


Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A

Records in category / Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/

Number of records found: 61


Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_001 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 01_Minutes_1871_1957/ N_J_305_001.html

Chatham Memorial Synagogue

Trustees' Minute book [see (N/J/305/2, 6, 9, 15 & 17) for removed enclosures] 1956-1957

[It appears that the original leather binding of this volume has been covered with buckram]


Date: 1871-1940
Quantity: 1 volume/c.140pp.
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_002 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 01_Minutes_1871_1957/ N_J_305_002.html

Chatham Memorial Synagogue

Loose items removed from Trustees' Minute book 1871-1940 (N/J/305/1) comprising draft or rough minutes of Trustees' meetings, fair drafts or transcripts or minutes, notes and agenda.
Date: c1914 - c1950s
Quantity: 1 bundle/18pp.


Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_003 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 01_Minutes_1871_1957/ N_J_305_003.html

Chatham Memorial Synagogue

Rules for guidance of Committees, removed from Cash Book 1872-1938 (N/J/305/5)

Date: c.1920
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_004 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 02_Accounts_1870_1940/ N_J_305_004.html

Ledger comprising accounts of transactions with London and County Bank, Chatham and on behalf of Synagogue Trustees, recording payments for tradesman's work, salaries, expenses, dividends and insurance etc. Inc. record of investment made by John and Lewis Levy by Trust deed for maintenance of cemetery, March 1872.

[see (/7, 16, 19, 36, 45) for removed enclosures.]


Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_005 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 02_Accounts_1870_1940/ N_J_305_005.html

Cash Book

[See /3, /8, /12, /18, /18, /43, /53 for removed loose enclosures]


Date: 1872-1938
Quantity: 1 volume/24ff. used
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_006 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 02_Accounts_1870_1940/ N_J_305_006.html

Table of Members' contributions and congregation expenses

[Removed from (/1)]


Date: c1920s - c1940s
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_007 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 03_Correspondence_1927_1957/ N_J_305_007.html

Correspondence between J.F. Packer, Hon. Secretary, Chatham Memorial Synagogue, 287 High Street, Chatham and Lord Bearsted, The Moat, Maidstone/Gloucester House, Park Lane, London W., offering and accepting condolences on death of previous Lord and Lady Bearsted.

[Removed from (/4)]


Date: 23-25 January 1927
Quantity: 1 bundle/2pp.
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_008 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 03_Correspondence_1927_1957/ N_J_305_008.html

Letters from B.A. Fersht, Secretary, and Herbert M. Adler, Director of Jewish Education, Central Committee for Jewish Education, 20 Gt. St. Helens, London EC3 to I.L. Packer, 287 High Street, Chatham granting financial assistance for children's Biblical, Hebraic and Jewish cultural education at the Synagogue and covering Adler's first report on the classes, also giving some background historical and social information on the congregation and premises.

[Removed from(/5)]

Inc. list of books sent on loan

Inc. some Hebrew script


Date: 16 - 20 February 1931
Quantity: 1 bundle/7pp.
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_009 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 03_Correspondence_1927_1957/ N_J_305_009.html

Copy letters from L. Morris, Chairman, Chatham Memorial Synagogue, Town Hall, Chatham and Secretary, Chief Rabbi's Office, Creechurch Place, London E.1, concerning cost of chapel of rest or prayer house at Chatham Corporation Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Chatham, with draft letter to Town Clerk[?]

[Removed from (/1)]


Date: c9 - c10 March 1957
Quantity: 1 bundle/3pp.
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_010 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_010.html

Facsimile of extract from Simon Magnus' conveyance of title 2 August 1870

[Removed from (/22)]


Date: c1870
Quantity: 1 bundle/7pp.
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_011 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_011.html

Printed notice removed from (/23) comprising summary of Chatham Memorial Synagogue Trust Deed, deed dated 5 August 1870

N.B. another copy of this notice is to be found in the entrance hall of the Synagogue

[Another copy (/12)]


Date: c1870
Quantity: 1 item/ 22 1/2" x 17 1/4" (570mm x 444mm)
Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_012 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_012.html

As (11) [Removed from (/5)]

Has been used for notes

[Mutilated]


Date: c1870
Quantity: 1 bundle/2 items
Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_013 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_013.html

Cemetery maintenance account book, giving income from dividends on money invested (see below) and payments to bank, to S.T. Jolley and J. Thorne, gardeners and their successors, and to other tradesmen, for work performed in cemetery behind Synagogue

Includes copy of Declaration of Trust as to 215.12.8 3% Consolidated Bank Annuities for maintenance of cemetery, naming John Levy of Rochester, brewer, Manuel Castello, Grove House, Jews Walk, Sydenham, London, Gentleman, Rev. Philip magnus, Portsdown Road, Middlesex, BA, BSc, and Isaac George Marks, Chatham, outfitter, 11 March 1872


Date: 1873-1938
Quantity: 1 volume/41ff. used
Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_014 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_014.html

Docket bearing inscription "Messrs. F.n. Solomon & J. Wilson, Treasurer and Secretary, Chatham Memorial Synagogue, [signed] Robert [?] Chester

[Removed from/22]


Date: c1900
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_015 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_015.html

Invoice from J. Presnall, Phoenix Buildings, 323 High Street, Chatham, to F. Solomon, 212 High Street, Chatham of Chatham Memorial Synagogue, for interior decoration of Synagogue, giving detailed descriptions of work undertaken throughout

[Removed from (/1)]


Date: 4 July 1923
Quantity: 1 bundle/2pp.
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_016 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_016.html

Drawings of plan and elevation of boundary wall between St. Bartholomew's Hospital and Chatham Memorial Synagogue burial ground, Rochester, by Read and MacDowell, 2 Bloomsbury Place, London WC1, architects

Starched linen.

Scale 10' : 1"

With letter covering plan from C. Speyer, Secretary, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 12 June 1929 (16/2)

[Removed from (/4)]


Date: June 1929
Quantity: 18" x 13" (446mm x 333mm)
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_017 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_017.html

Chatham Memorial Synagogue

Loose items removed from trustees minute book 1871-1940 (N/J/305/1) comprising correspondence between L. Morris, Hon. Secretary, Chatham Memorial Synagogue, L.B. Castellow, 3 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London WC, S.M. Castello of David Castello and Sons, 1-4 Copthall Chambers, Copthall Court, London EC2, Read & McDermott, 8 High Street, Rochester, architects & Surveyors and others, discussing extensions to boundary wall between Synagogue cemetery and St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester 1936 and between Morris as above and Bull & Bull, 267-269 King Street, Hammersmith, London W6, solicitors and Read & McDermott as above, discussing same project and ground rents from Trust properties in London and other Trust matters, 1936-1939

[Sorted into chronological order]

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 23 February 2001.

Date: 1936-1939
Quantity: 1 bundle/31pp.
Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_018 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 01_Synagogue_and_Cemetery_1870_1939/ N_J_305_018.html

Receipt for policy premium payment from Liverpool and London & Globe Insurance Co. Ltd, 18 High Street, Maidstone, to Trustees of Synagogue for buildings and contents cover on Synagogue

[Removed from (/5)]


Date: 11 January 1937
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_019 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 02_Hartismere_Road_Fulham_London_SW1_1903_1962/ N_J_305_019.html

Loose accounts and correspondence between Hon. Secretary, subscribers and others relating to payment of subscriptions to Trust securities, and to estate at Hartismere Road, Fulham, London SW and to insurance matters, removed from (N/J/305/4)

Includes balance sheet mentioning collection for Russian Fund 1921-1922 (N/J/305/19/3)

Includes letter from A. Goldstein, Gertrude House, 104 Trinity Rise, Brockwell Park, London SW2, to I.L. Packer, 287 High Street, Chatham, Hon. Secretary, remembering his time in Gillingham and wishing the Synagogue well, 25 January 1928 (N/J/305/19/5)

Includes letter from L. Cohen, 3 Holborn Lane, Chatham, to A. Samet (minister), reducing his subscription due to giving up business in Chatham, 6 February 1928 ( N/J/305/19/7)

Includes complete list of contributions with names of contributors and some addresses 1928 (N/J/305/19/29-34)

[* cf. Russia]
Date: 1903-1931
Quantity: 1 bundle/34pp.


Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_020 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 02_Hartismere_Road_Fulham_London_SW1_1903_1962/ N_J_305_020.html

Schedules of dilapidations to 5-9 Hartismere Road, Fulham, London with covering letter from Bull and Bull, 11 Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, London Wc2, 4 April 1962

With envelope addressed to G. Lancaster, 176 Maidstone Road, Chatham

[Removed from(/22)


Date: March - April 1962
Quantity: 1 bundle/7 items
Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_021 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 04_Trust_Property_1870_1962/ 02_Hartismere_Road_Fulham_London_SW1_1903_1962/ N_J_305_021.html

Rental account for 5-9 Hartismere Road, Fulham, London for year 1961-1962, in favour of Trustees of Chatham Memorial Synagogue.

With envelope addressed to G. Lancaster, 176 Maidstone Road, Chatham

[Removed from (/22)


Date: 1962
Quantity: 1 bundle/2 items
Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_022 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 01_Trustees_1870_1962/ 05_Record_of_Foundation_and_early_History_of_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_c1870_c1902/ N_J_305_022.html

Record book, containing history of Chatham Memorial Synagogue, pp.2-13, copies of correspondence between Simon Magnus and Trustees of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester 1866 pp. 13-19, correspondence between Simon Magnus and Charity Commission, York Street, London SW, 1866-1867 pp. 19-22, copy of conveyance of fee for Synagogue, 27 May 1867, pp. 22-33, copy of Land Tax redemption certificate on Synagogue site, 7 August 1868 pp. 33-36, further record of Simon Magnus' actions as founder of Chatham Memorial Synagogue and its consecration, 1868-1870 pp. 37-44, copy of conveyance of Simon Magnus' title 2 August 1870 pp. 22-62, inventory of vestments, scrolls and fixtures belonging to Synagogue c. 1870 [?] pp. 62-63; declaration of trust for burial ground 11 March 1872 pp. 64-70; extract from Rochester and Chatham Times 18 July 1889, describing Synagogue. pp. 71-80; extract from Chatham and Rochester News 21 December 1889 describing special service in Synagogue on occasion of visit of High Sheriff of Kent (15 December 1889) pp. 81-96; memoranda and copies of correspondence between John L. Lyons, Hon. Secretary to Trustees of Synagogue and House Committee of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester and H.H. Collins of 61 Broad Street, London EC, architect, concerning repair of wall between hospital and burial ground, 1902 pp. 98-101

[See (N/J/305/10, 14, 20, 21, 54 & 55) for removed enclosures]


Date: c1870-c1902
Quantity: 1 volume/101pp.
Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_023 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_023.html

Ledger, labelled "Chatham Hebrew Society", comprising

: in front portion of volume and ff. 179-187 record of subscriptions received from members of congregation and outgoings, etc. 1835-1864

secondly, in middle-rear portion of volume, record of individual members' subscriptions to congregation per folio, giving members' name, detailed and summary totals and how paid, 1837-1865, ff. 1-176

N.B. Some Members' entries are continued forwards to another folio

N.B. Contains cursive Hebrew duplicate entries and headings

Inc. front index to members' names

[See (/11, 24 & 56) for removed enclosures]

[Dr. M. Jolles gives 1836 as the start date for this volume]

File updated by Borough Archivist 15 September 2006


Date: 1834-1865
Quantity: 1 volume /c.280pp.
Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_024 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_024.html

Loose items removed from (/23) comprising mainly loose accounts, arrears of subscriptions and several incoming letters

Inc. letter from Simeon Oppenheim, Secretary, Great Synagogue Chambers, London to the president of Chatham Synagogue, covering copy of resolution from Chief Rabbi's Committee, demanding payment of subscription arrears, 18 Jan. 5618 [1858?]


Date: 1858-c1958
Quantity: 1 bundle/10pp.
Result number 25 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_025 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_025.html

Ledger as (N/J/305/23)

Includes fees received for Hebrew school classes

Includes Cemetery expenses [i.e. Chatham Corporation Cemetery

Includes Minister, Rev. Wolfe's salary

Includes donations to Central Fund for German* Jewish Refugees p.106

Includes names and addresses of local and distant members of congregation per account, some businesses stated

Includes front index to names of members

[See (N/J/305/26) for removed enclosures]

[* cf. Germany]

Date: 1933-1934
Quantity: 1 volume /256pp.
Result number 26 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_026 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_026.html

Loose items removed from (N/J/305/25) comprising loose accounts recording offerings taken, with names and some addresses, object of offering and printed leaflet entitled Boycott Bulletin Vol. II. No. 7, issued by the Jewish Representative Council for the Boycott of German Goods and Services, 21 June 1935, containing articles on events in Nazi Germany and Nazi Germany in an international, moral and economic context (N/J/305/26/12)
Date: c1933-1935
Quantity: 1 bundle/18pp.
Result number 27 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_027 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_027.html

Cash Book

Contains record of synagogue receipts e.g. subscriptions, naming members of congregation or donors, collections, school fees and Imperial War Graves Commission, etc. and expenditure, e.g salaries, public utilities and expenses, etc., also mentioning members' names

[See (/28) for removed enclosures]


Date: 1921-1936
Quantity: 1 volume /75ff. used
Result number 28 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_028 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_028.html

/28 Loose items removed from (/27) comprising TS list of names and addresses of members from Rochester, Gillingham, Chatham, Strood, Maidstone and Gravesend, expenditure page torn out from (/27) and note of subscriptions received from S. Dancer and S. Gold
Date: c1921-c1936
Quantity: 1 bundle/3pp
Result number 29 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_029 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_029.html

Ledger as (/23 and /25) containing record of members contributions, pp. 2-155 [gap]

Inc. accounts for relief offerings inc. Children's Polis Relief, 1936 and other business accounts, at rear, 1936-1938, pp. 225-255

Inc. front index to members' names


Date: 1936-1947
Quantity: 1 volume/c200pp. used
Result number 30 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_030 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_030.html

Account book containing record of members' weekly contributions, giving members' names

Inc. record of school [i.e. Hebrew Class] fees Jan-March 1940, naming D. Gee and A. Halpern as contributing, at rear


Date: 1940-1951
Quantity: 1 volume/17pp. used
Result number 31 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_031 on request slip.

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Circular from C.H.L. Emanuel, Solicitor and Secretary, Board of Deputies of the British of the British Jews, 23 Finsbury Square, London, to secretary of Chatham Synagogue, assessing latter for 5/- for half-yearly contribution

[Removed from (/41)]


Date: 3 January 1919
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 32 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_032 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 01_Accounts_1834_1958/ N_J_305_032.html

Contributions account book, naming contributors and recording weekly payments
Date: c1933-1935
Quantity: 1 volume/4pp.used
Result number 33 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_033 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 01_Office_of_Minister_1919_1923/ N_J_305_033.html

Letters from A.H. Valentine, Asst. Secretary, Offices of the United Synagogue, St. James Place, Aldgate, London EC3 to John S. Lyons, President Chatham Memorial Synagogue, 346 High Street, Rochester, enquiring about appointment of minister to succeed Rev. M. Fenton, especially in connection with associated post of visiting Minister to Jewish boys at the Borstal Institution

[Removed from (/41)]


Date: February - April 1919
Quantity: 1 bundle /5pp.
Result number 34 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_034 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 01_Office_of_Minister_1919_1923/ N_J_305_034.html

Draft letter from John S. Lyons[?], to P. Ornstien, Secretary, Offices of the United Synagogue, [both as(/33)], concerning appointment of J. Erlich as minister. Partly superimposed on circular from Frank Windsor, 228-232 Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green, London E2, wholesale cabinet maker, addressed to J. Lyon, Rochester, 29 March 1919

[Removed from (/41)]


Date: cMarch 1919
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 35 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_035 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 01_Office_of_Minister_1919_1923/ N_J_305_035.html

Letter from J. Erlick, 114 White Horse Lane, Stepney, London E1, to J. Lyons, President, Chatham Memorial Synagogue, accepting the post of Minister

[Removed from (41)]


Date: 26 March 1919
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 36 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_036 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 01_Office_of_Minister_1919_1923/ N_J_305_036.html

Agreement

(i) Mark Samuel, 184 High Street, Chatham, clothier: President

Francis Napthali Solomon, 212 High Street, Chatham, house furnisher : Treasurer

John Wilson, 254 High Street, Chatham, draper : Secretary, Hon. Officers of Chatham Memorial Synagogue

(ii) Abraham Samet of Russell Street, Reading, Berkshire, The Minister

Appointment and duties of The Minister

Witnessed by Horace I. Smith, 80 Victoria Road, Chatham, clerk


Date: 10 January 1923
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 37 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_037 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 01_Correspondence_1871_1872/ N_J_305_037.html

Letter book containing copies of out-going letters from Lazarus Polack, Minister's House, Chatham Memorial Synagogue, to Trustees, arranging meetings, discussing finance and asking remedy to bad drainage problem, mentioning a Mr. Naylor as building of house and Synagogue


Date: 1871-1872
Quantity: 1 volume /7pp. used
Result number 38 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_057 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02a_Additional_Marriage_Records_1898_1946/ N_J_305_057.html

Marriage contract [facsimile]

eshulam Ha'Levi ben Meuachar [?] honoured Daniel Ha'Levi bridegroom

Leah daughter of Yehudah

[Aramaic]

With notes as to above supplied by Mr. G. Lancaster, Secretary of Chatham Memorial Synagogue, 1993

[DE261/1]

File updated by Borough Archivist and Local Studies Librarian

Date: 13 October 1822; 1993
Quantity: 1 bundle/2pp.
Result number 39 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_058 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02a_Additional_Marriage_Records_1898_1946/ N_J_305_058.html

Authorisation for solemnisation of marriage from Chief Rabbi to Itzhak Shander of "Holmhurst", Manor Road,Longton, Essex bridegroom and Lore Margot Scholss of David Eder Farm, Harrietsham

Inc. attached docket stating occupation of fathers of bridegroom and bride.

[See P.23 marriage register N/J/305/38a]

[DE261/2]


Date: 2 Aug. 1946
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 40 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_059 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02a_Additional_Marriage_Records_1898_1946/ N_J_305_059.html

Page of notes of biography of Daniel Barnard 1825-1879 derived from information originally supplied by his son Charles Barnard in 1912, apparently from an unspecified intervening source

[DE261/3]
Date: c1960
Quantity: 1p.


Result number 41 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_038 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02_Marriages_1838_1946/ N_J_305_038.html

Printed circulars from General Register Office concerning Naval Marriages Acts 1908 and 1915, to Authorised Persons

[Removed from (/41)]


Date: c1909-c1915
Quantity: 1 bundle / 3 items
Result number 42 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_038a on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02_Marriages_1838_1946/ N_J_305_038a.html

Marriage register
Date: 1838-1946
Quantity: 1 volume / 7pp. used
Result number 43 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_039 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02_Marriages_1838_1946/ N_J_305_039.html

Promissory note from S. Gergel to President of Chatham Memorial Synagogue, undertaking to pay minister's fee of three guineas and one guinea to Synagogue fund, in respect of marriage of his daughter Miss. B. Gergel to E. Gluck

[Removed from (/41)]


Date: 29 January 1919
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 44 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_040 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 02_Marriages_1838_1946/ N_J_305_040.html

Circular from C.H.L. Emanuel, solicitor and Secretary, Board of Deputies of the British Jews, 23 Frindsbury Square, London EC3, certifying officer of Synagogue as appointee for marriage registration purposes, with associated correspondence mentioning John Lyon in that capacity

[Removed from (/41)]


Date: January - April 1919
Quantity: 1 bundle / 6pp.
Result number 45 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_041 on request slip.

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Burial Register - Synagogue Cemetery

Giving deceased's name and address, date of burial, age and name of officiant

[N.B. after c.1921 burials were mainly discontinued at the Synagogue cemetery, although one further burial took place in 1982. One burial (a suicide) took place at the Corporation Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Chatham, c.1923, with Jewish burials mainly at this site from c.1965. See CBA/B]

[See ).31, 33-35, 38, 39, 40 & 42) for removed enclosures]


Date: 1886-c1921
Quantity: 1 volume / 9pp. used
Result number 46 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_042 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 03_Burial_Records_1886_1929/ N_J_305_042.html

Loose items removed from (/41) comprising certificates of registry of death, coroner's orders for burial,certificates of notification of death, one medical certificate of the cause of death, arranged in alphabetical order, each form usually stating name of deceased age at death and address. Families inc. Barnard, Barnett, Belisha, Cohen, Isaac, Jacobs,Lyon/Lyons, Marks and Woolf.

[These forms presumably relate to burials of members of the congregation (or outsiders) in the cemetery adjacent t the Synagogue in the period prior to burials being transferred to chatham Corporation Cemetery, Maidstone Road, Chatham]


Date: 1897-1921
Quantity: 1 bundle / 45 items
Result number 47 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_043 on request slip.

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Loose items removed from (/15) comprising certificate of registry of death of Catherine King, aged 16 days. West Maidstone Sub-District
Date: 23 August 1899
Quantity: 1 item


Result number 48 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_044 on request slip.

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Burial certificate counterfoil book, counterfoils giving folio and entry nos. in original burial register, date of burial, name and sometimes address of deceased interred and date of certificate
Date: [1886-] 1887-1902
Quantity: 1 volume / 15pp. used
Result number 49 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_045 on request slip.

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Coroner's orders for burial of Sarah Esther Heiser and Samuel Heiser, both of 9 Cricket Field, Clapton, [London]

[Removed from (/4)]


Date: May 1929
Quantity: 1 bundle / 2 items
Result number 50 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_046 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 02_Management_and_Congregation_1834_1972/ 02_Ministry_1871_1929/ 02_Functions_of_Minister_1838_1946/ 03_Burial_Records_1886_1929/ N_J_305_046.html

Printed booklet containing table of fees, payments and sums and rules and regulations of Chatham Borough burial ground

[removed from (/4)]


Date: c1906
Quantity: 1 booklet / 12pp.
Result number 51 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_047 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 03_Community_and_Worship_1850_1972/ 01_Mid_Kent_Youth_and_Community_Centre_or_Centenary_Hall_1964_1972/ N_J_305_047.html

Booklet of three grand draw raffle tickets in aid of Mid Kent Youth and Community Centre, to be held at Garden Party, "Fairlawn", Queens Road, Maidstone 21 June 1964. Inscribed with names of Mr. and Mrs. Warner, 19 Langdale Rise, Maidstone
Date: cMay 1964
Quantity: 1 Item/4pp.
Result number 52 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_048 on request slip.

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Printed, illustrated leaflet advertising British Anzani out-board motors

[See also/49].<.p>

Inscribed Mr. Kay

[The British Anzani Engineering Co. (Manufacturing) Ltd., of Dove Hill works, Boxley Road, Maidstone, was owned at the time by a member of the congregation, Gerald Faull]

With second colour leaflet advertising Avon Redcrest inflatable dinghies, possibly associated with the above item


Date: c1964 - c1972
Quantity: 1 bundle/2pp.
Result number 53 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_049 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 03_Community_and_Worship_1850_1972/ 01_Mid_Kent_Youth_and_Community_Centre_or_Centenary_Hall_1964_1972/ N_J_305_049.html

Artwork for design of posters or tickets for grand draw at Great Danes Hotel, Hollingbourne, in aid of Mid-Kent Youth and Community Centre, prizes comprising hamper of wines and spirits to value of at least 100, British Anzani outboard motor and weekend for two at Cumberland Hotel, Bournemouth, Hampshire.
Date: cMay 1972
Quantity: 1 booklet
Result number 54 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_050 on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ 03_Community_and_Worship_1850_1972/ 01_Mid_Kent_Youth_and_Community_Centre_or_Centenary_Hall_1964_1972/ N_J_305_050.html

Printed order of service at the laying of the foundation stone of the new Centenary Hall by Marcus Cohen, Illus. with street elevation.

With duplicate Hebrew text c.Nov 1971

Inc. list of officers of congregation at rear (p.8)


Date: 29 November 1971
Quantity: 1 bundle/9 copies/8pp. each
Result number 55 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_051 on request slip.

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Printed booklet published to celebrate Centenary Plus 1965/1972: Mid-Kent Youth and Community Centre on occasion of dinner and dance at Great Danes Hotel, Hollingbourne, 11 June 1972, with message from Dr. Immanuel Jackobovits, Chief Rabbi, in aid of above-mentioned centre, elevation of which is depicted on front cover.

Inc. many business advertisements and messages of goodwill


Date: 1972
Quantity: 1 volume/c.40pp.
Result number 56 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_052 on request slip.

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Printed pamphlet comprising constitution of The Board of Deputies of British Jews, adopted 18 Jan. 1931, with stamped envelope

[Removed from (/4)]


Date: January - February 1931
Quantity: 1 bundle/2 items
Result number 57 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_053 on request slip.

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Loose items removed from (/5) comprising order of service for Jewish Members of H.M. Forces, 28 Jan. 1946.

(Duplicates)


Date: January 1946
Quantity: 1 bundle/2 items
Result number 58 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_054 on request slip.

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Page from The Observer containing article entitled Christians and Jews : Like and Unlike by James Parkes

[Removed from /22)]


Date: 22 December 1963
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 59 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_055 on request slip.

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Newscutting containing obituary and photograph of Leopold Morris, successively Secretary and Chairman of Synagogue from Jewish Chronicle

[Removed from (/22)]


Date: 6 October 1972
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 60 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_056 on request slip.

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Fragment of quill feather removed from (/23)
Date: Mid 19 Century
Quantity: 1 item 1" x 1" (40mm x 25mm)
Result number 61 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_001_Intro on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ N_J_305_001_Intro.html

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

N/J/305

RECORDS OF CHATHAM MEMORIAL SYNAGOGUE AND THE CHATHAM HEBREW CONGREGATION 1834 - 1972

(Please click here to view a full list of the Chatham Memorial Synagogue (Rochester) records, or select the folder from the menu at the front end by following the instructions for obtaining a "collection report".)

DE202 Deposited on permanent loan by Chatham Memorial Synagogue 15 January 1993

Official Chatham Memorial Synagogue web site

N/J/305

INTRODUCTION

The material in this collection comprises chiefly the records of Chatham Memorial Synagogue, constituted as such in 1870 by Simon Magnus, in memory of his only son Lazarus Simon Magnus, and to certain extent also those of the Chatham Hebrew Congregation for the preceding period, 1834-1870.

Chatham Memorial Synagogue and Minister's House and their preceding buildings, which stood on almost the same site in Rochester High Street (in the parish of St. Margaret, Rochester) comprise a relatively old place of Jewish worship, considerably predating the many mid-nineteenth century synagogues which sprang up elsewhere in the country.

BACKGROUND TO MODERN JEWISH HISTORY IN BRITAIN

Ancient period down to AD411

An influx of Jews almost certainly took place during the Roman occupation. No records as such survive for this period.

Norman-French period 1066-1290

A group of Jews originating in Rouen, Normandy/Seine Maritime, France, arrived with Duke William of Normandy at the time of the Conquest. No synagogue records exist for this period but Jews are mentioned in the Public Records and in private archives held at numerous county record offices in England. The Encyclopaedia Judaica states that Jews were recorded in Rochester from 1187 and were mentioned as a group in 1231. In 1290 the Jews were expelled from England.

The Middle Period 1290-1656

Few Jews remained in England during this period between their expulsion by King Edward I and their re-admission by Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector. Those who had domicile tended to be professionals such as physicians and also to practise their religion secretly. Open avowal of Judaism might have been treated as criminal and could have resulted in the death sentence being imposed. Reasons for this treatment were theological and economic, the latter stemming from king and barons defaulting on loans made to them by the Jews.

The Sephardim Period 1656 - 18th Century

Sephardim Jews were one of the two European branches of the Jewish diaspora from the middle-east, comprising those who had settled in Spain in the middle-ages, the word Sephardim meaning Iberians in Medieval Hebrew. Sephardim had arrived in England as early as 1541 mostly via Portugal, caused by religious persecution in both countries. Sephardim or so-called Portuguese Jews were mainly middle-class, mercantile and educated.

The Ashkenazi Period 17th Century - 19th Century

Ashkenazim Jews originated in the Rhine Valley in Germany and subsequently moved into Poland and Russia. The name Ashkenazi is from a medieval Hebrew word meaning Germans.

The Ashkenazim contrasted to the Sephardim in being poorer, less well educated except in Jewish custom and religion and in being stricter in their religious observance. There was rivalry and resentment between both branches down to the 19th Century and intermarriage was not encouraged.

Ashkenazim Jews particularly distinguished themselves as pedlars of jewellery and haberdashery, seal-cutters and engravers, dealers in old clothes, shopkeepers, jewellers, opticians and naval tailors. These general trends are corroborated to a certain extent by the records in this collection and also the rentals and leases of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester (Ch2).

There is some evidence that both branches of European Judaism merged at Chatham, whose first recorded synagogue was almost certainly a newly built wooden structure reminiscent of Ashkenazim synagogues of Polish origin. The records also include cursive Hebrew script (an Ashkenazim custom) and many members' names indicate clear Sephardim as well as Ashkenazim origins, although mostly the latter.

It should be stressed that immigration by both Sephardim and Ashkenazim occurred side-by-side over several centuries but eventually the Ashkenazim culture became numerically the dominant. Ashkenazim immigration was boosted by the partition of Poland in 1736 and subsequent pogroms throughout Eastern Europe down to the twentieth century.

General

Although Jews in England in the modern period benefited from a measure of toleration from the civil and ecclesiastical authorities not consistently obtained in previous countries of abode, as nonconformists or Jews they were still subject to exclusion from certain offices and walks of life under various Acts of Parliament and corporate regulations.

Jews were excluded from the Freedom of the City of London (and the retail trade in the City of London therefore) until 1831, from practising at the Bar until 1833, from participating in local government until 1845, from commissioned rank in the forces until 1846, from membership of Parliament until 1858 and from Oxford and Cambridge Universities until 1871.

Jewish Dating

In this collection, both the Christian Gregorian calendar (New Style) and the Jewish calendar are employed, although chiefly the former and usually both together when the Jewish year is provided. A rough but not exact (up to about one year out) calculation of the Gregorian date can be obtained by subtracting the number 3760 from the Jewish year given. (The Jewish religious year beings in Autumn, the Jewish fiscal year in Spring).

The Jews in Chatham 1656-1823

According to the Encyclopaedia Judaica Chatham became home to a Jewish Community in the mid 18th Century, mainly hawkers trading with sailors or acting as licensed navy agents.

Chatham had particular attractions as a naval dockyard town (with victualing office in Chatham Intra) and also as a busy mercantile port in its own right and with strong Baltic trading connections.

It is known that Jewish immigrants from the 1650's generally were occupied as importers, exporters, wholesalers, ships' chandlers and ship owners, and the district of Chatham Intra (part of Rochester) continuing into Chatham High Street once heavily settled by the Jews, was still strongly associated with Jewish business as late as the mid-twentieth century. Several Jews became Freemen of the city of Rochester, whose registers record their trades (RCA).

The earliest records of the Chatham congregation date from 1834, although mention is made in them of earlier material which apparently has not survived. A report in the Rochester and Chatham Times of 1889 alludes to the books of the synagogue dating back to about 1790 (N/M/305/22). These books, no doubt registers, account books or even committee minutes have not survived in the collection.

The origin in Chatham of an organised Jewish congregation or even of a synagogue, the word meaning literally bringing together in Greek, is not recorded. It is probable the Jews worshipped in each other's house in Chatham until the mid-eighteenth century, with no single site formally recognised as a permanent synagogue and with no such site acknowledged by the non-Jewish community. For quorate worship, a minimum of ten male Jews was required.

The first locally recorded mention of a synagogue in Chatham is in 1770, when a rental of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, records one John Roberts, their tenant in respect of two tenements in St. Margaret's parish, Rochester as sub-letting one of these to Jews, specific reference to a synagogue being made. This record is significant not only in providing us with a date, but also as an independently created administrative record of the existence of a Jewish congregation and synagogue in Chatham. That is to say it constitutes archival evidence from a non-Jewish source. The precise wording is as follows:

[tenant's name] John Roberts
[estates and where living] two tenements in St. Margaret's [Rochester] one used for a Jewish Synagogue
[commencement] Lady Day 1766
[no. of years] 40
[reserved rent] 1/-
[when in course] Lady Day 1780 (Ch2/9 [part]).

Roberts, a house carpenter (Ch 2/4) seems therefore to have acquired the lease on this property in 1766, in addition to his two existing leases on premises probably in the same street, comprising four newly built (1770 = Ch 2/9) tenements used as an infirmary for the Royal Marines and two other tenements. (No reference to Jews is made in this other document).

A lease book among the St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester records tells us a little of the premises' history immediately prior to 1766, that they comprised two small messuages, tenements or dwelling houses and an alley way and that they were formerly occupied by William Scolcop and Widow Wilson and later by John Tylghman and William Harris (Ch2/13 p.446). Assuming that neither of these occupants was Jewish nor hosted synagogual gatherings, Jews may have acquired one of these tenements between 1766 and 1770 as sub-tenants of John Roberts, himself certainly of indigenous Christian Protestant background. If so, their names are unrecorded. In any case, it is impossible to say whether any of the named tenants or occupants were Jewish as the names Harris and Wilson can be either Jewish or Gentile. Therefore we are unable to precisely establish when Jews acquired these tenements.

A further document, an estate book covering the period 1627-1822, provides us with the earliest named mention of sub-tenants and more importantly for the first time specifically Jewish sub-tenants, stating as follows: August 14 1780 No. 7 a lease renewed to John Roberts of two tenements in St. Margaret's, Rochester. One used for a Jews Synagogue, let to Levi Israel and others, etc. (Ch2/18). Presumably Levi Israel and his associates had been in occupation of this tenement since 1770 at the latest*. (Israel Levi became a Freeman of the city of Rochester in 1788, RCA/02/8). We remain in the dark as to whether the main tenant, Roberts, was Jewish.

* In Sources for Roman Catholic and Jewish Genealogy and Family History vol. II, p.973, E. R. Samuel states 1760 as the date of the establishment of a synagogue in Chatham but does not cite any source, although the Encyclopaedia Judaica also suggests c.1760.

By 1780, ten years after the first mention, a further interesting development took place. In the lease book for the years 1767-1803, in which Roberts renews his lease on the premises, one of the two tenements is described as having been lately rebuilt, and is now used as a Jews Synagogue (Ch 2/14 p.168). It should be noted that a widow Hewes is here mentioned as a former sub-tenent of either tenement.

It is not clear precisely when this rebuilding work took place but it could have been between 1770 and 1780 or earlier when the congregation could have decided to adapt the existing tenement to serve as a synagogue with the architectural and social features required for their worship.

Later in the same document for 1787 (Ch 2/14 p.225) there is a copy of a licence from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester to Roberts to alienate both tenements (no doubt adjacent) described as two small messuages, tenements or dwelling houses (one of which was lately new built and was then used as a Jews' synagogue) and alleyway, etc., to Levi Israel of Chatham, silversmith and his associates, who are named as follows (excluding Israel):

Solomon Mordecai of Rochester, silversmith
Isreal Levi of Rochester, chapman
Humphrey Solomon of Rochester, salesman
Isaac Abraham of St. Margaret's, Rochester, tobacconist
Hart Cohan of Chatham, salesman
Michael Abraham of Chatham, salesman, and
Abraham Moses of Chatham, salesman

 

This document, dated 6 January 1787, may well contain the first explicit record of the leading members of the Jewish community in Chatham and Rochester acting together and is also a useful genealogical record in itself. Subsequently on 15 July 1794 (Ch 2/14 p360) the same parties obtained a forty-year lease on the premises in their own right for the first time. The next relevant document, a renewal of lease of 1 September 1808 (Ch 2/15 p80) indicates that both Levi Israel and Israel Levi are deceased (i.e. between 1794 and 1808) which is of genealogical value, and also provides, in addition to the remainder of the parties already mentioned, the names of the following members of the Jewish community:


Lazarus Magnus of Chatham, shopkeeper
Joshua Alexander of Chatham, shopkeeper
Samuel Simons of Frindsbury, shopkeeper
Lion Benjamin of Chatham, shopkeeper
Aaron Moss of Sheerness, shopkeeper

The Lazarus Magnus mentioned is almost certainly an ancestor of the Magnus family associated with the foundation of Chatham Memorial Synagogue in 1868 and the name Lion is also one that occurs in this collection. It should be noted that in this document the names of Abraham Moses (mentioned above) are expanded to: Abraham Moses Simon Davis.

The records of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester give us apparently one last glimpse of the Jewish community before their own records begin. In the renewal of their lease on 23 April 1823, a copy of which is contained in the same lease book (Ch 2/15 p343) the following groups of parties are mentioned:


Part 2 Isaac Abraham of Sheerness, tobacconist
Hart Cohan, late of Chatham, now of Liverpool
[Lancashire], salesman
Michael Abraham of Chatham, salesman
Joshua Alexander of Chatham, shopkeeper
Samuel Symons of Frindsbury, shopkeeper
Lion Benjamin of Chatham, gentleman
Aaron Moss of Sheerness, shopkeeper

Part 3 Joshua Alexander (as above]
Lion Benjamin [as above]
Moses Aaron of Chatham, shopkeeper
Samuel Symons [as above]
Marcus Hyman of Chatham, apothecary
Solomon Lucas of Chatham, slopseller
Samuel Simon Lazarus of Chatham, slopseller
Levy Simons of Chatham, slopseller
Lewis Cohan of Chatham, slopseller
Berman Isacher Barnard of Rochester, hardwareman
Abraham Moss of Rochester, slopseller
Lewis Alexander of Chatham, butcher
Johnathan Zacharia of Chatham, salesman

This document, besides again listing numerous members of the Jewish community in the locality for the 1820's, mentions that certain parties in the 1808 document (Ch 2/15 p80) namely Solomon Mordecai, Humphrey Solomon, Abraham MOses and Lazarus Magnus are deceased (i.e. died between 1808 and 1823). This information is useful in that the burial register only begins in 1886 and the majority of the memorials in the Jewish burial ground at the Synagogue for the period pre-1886, which might otherwise record families, are mostly eroded.

At the conclusion of the period 1656-1823, the Jews had emerged as an organised and acknowledged community with their own synagogue in Chatham. The Synagogue however was leased and although apparently purpose-built, was no doubt also either decayed or out of keeping with the growing status of the wealthiest members of the Jewish community. The final lease was due to expire in 1876 (N/J/305/22/p72).

The Jews in Chatham 1823-1868

The early part of this period is difficult to fill out due to the paucity of the synagogue's records prior to 1870.

However, the Synagogue was probably served by a minister and run by a committee of the congregation, some of whose bound financial accounts have survived from 1834 (N/J/305/23), a document useful for tracking the chronology of individuals' membership.

In view of this lack of information, it is necessary to turn to printed sources of details of Chatham's Jewry in this period. Charles Dickens noted in his novel The Pickwick Papers 1836-1837 the principal productions of these [Medway] towns are soldiers, sailors, Jews, chalk, shrimps, officers and dockyard men. He notes the principal commodities as marine stores, hardbake, apples, flat fish and oysters, in which Jewish tradesmen dealt, no doubt.

According to R. G. Hobbes in Reminiscences of 70 years Life, Travel & Adventure in 1848 about sixty families of Jews were residing in Chatham and its neighbourhood. (vol. II p94n) Hobbes states in more detail, and in respect of the Jews the humbler sort ... deal in civil habiliments shed by the recruits when they assume the military or naval uniform; and the richer ... purchase the furniture etc., of officers leaving the garrison, to sell to officers joining; as well as ... lend money to the impecunious, etc. some were outfitters, some jewellers.

Chatham Memorial Synagogue 1868 to date

The present Synagogue, known by the above title, was built as a gift to the community by Simon Magnus in commemoration of his son Lazarus Simon Magnus who tragically predeceased him on 7 January 1865 aged 39. Lazarus was Captain of the 4th Corps of the 1st Brigade of the Kent Artillery Volunteers, Mayor of Queenborough in Sheppey in 1858, 1859 and 1862 (as Mayor in 1858, the first Jewish Mayor of any municipality in the British Isles), a director of Chatham Railway and a member of the (original) Synagogue's Board of Management. He was a magistrate on the local bench.

Lazarus is also commemorated by a large monument in the cemetery to the rear of the Synagogue.

The foundation stone of the Synagogue was laid by Simon Magnus on 5 October 1868 and the Synagogue finished in May 1870, being consecrated on 17 June 1870. The architect was H. H. Collins of 5 Queen Street, London E.C., the builder A. Naylar of Rochester and the total cost £5,500(N/J/305/22/p37). Simon Magnus lived in a house opposite the Sun Hotel, Chatham (Harris). Facsimile plans of the synagogue reproduced from The Builder are held, reference M73.

Structurally and architecturally, the new synagogue was wholly different from its predecessor, although it stood on the original land leased from St. Bartholomew's. The earlier synagogue is briefly described as a small building of brick and wood by Samuel Bagshaw's Directory of 1847, a description corroborated by R. G. Hobbes in 1868 who described it as a wooden structure. Presumably this was still the same tenement described as lately rebuilt in 1780 (see above).

Descriptions of the new Synagogue can be found Edwin Harris' Recollections of Rochester No. 79, the Rochester and Chatham Times 18 July 1889 (N/J/305/22/pp71-80), R. G. Hobbes' Reminiscences (1875) and J. Presnall's invoice 1923 (N/J/305/15). The synagogue is in the Victorian Baroque style and is the only one of its kind in use (Halpern).

It should be noted that Simon Magnus bought the land for the project outright, thus ending about a century of leasehold use (N/J/305/22/pp22-33).

Organisationally, it is important to stress the continuity of the congregation from c.1766 to date. As mentioned above, some families in the congregation pre-date the refoundation of 1870, besides which the Board of Management of the Synagogue seems to have had a continuous history. Only the Trustees, to whom Simon Magnus gave his synagogue, represent a new organisational characteristic of the congregation, the management committee reporting to this higher authority. In any case, the secretary of the trustees was the chief executive officer of the management committee. This point is contradicted by E. R. Samuel in Sources for Roman Catholic and Jewish Genealogy and Family History 1974, vol II p973.

Regarding the ministry, it is probable that the second of the two tenements referred to in St. Bartholomew's Hospital's records was the minister's house. Both tenements were acquired by the Jews in 1787 (Ch 2/14 p225) and the use of the second house by the minister may date from that time.

Harris lists the ministers of the synagogue between 1782 and 1829 as L. Polock (also Polack, Pollack) Professor of Languages c.1872, Bernard J. Salomons c.1890, Moses Isaacs c.1898, M. Fenton c.1903, Joseph Babity c.1920, Abraham Samet c.1920's and Rev. Wolfe 1929-1942, the last minister. The Jewish House at Clifton College, Bristol, Gloucestershire, a private school, is named after Polock and Salomons was appointed to a post at Montefiore College, Lauderdale Road, Maida Vale, London.

The last major development in the history of the synagogue was the successful fund-raising campaign culminating in the extension of the premises to include a social and youth facility, the Mid-Kent Youth and Community Centre or Centenary Hall, 1964-1972 (N/J/305/47-51). The Hon. Architect and Co-chairman of the centre was H. Halpern of Rochester, whose grandfather had arrived in Gillingham in 1888.

The Records

The collection has been arranged according to whether records relate to trustees or congregation in the first instance, with further divisions under these headings, according to administrative function. By virtue of the secretary to the trustees being an officer of the congregation, there can be some overlap in function and records.

Certain of the records are of genealogical value, mainly burial records for the cemetery or municipal cemetery, 1886-1929 (N/J/305/41-45) and records of members' contributions 1834-1958 (N/J/305/23-32). There are no circumcision registers as these are usually private family records. For duplicate marriages post 1837 enquiries should be made anyway at St. Catherine's House, London or the Register Office, 114 Maidstone Road, Chatham. Other records are still held at the synagogue, including various scrolls including the Torah and Talmud.

Of special interest besides the synagogue's architecture and history is the boundary wall at the rear of the cemetery, separating the synagogue premises from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, which is mentioned in (N/J/305/16-17) 1929-1939.

Prominent Jews in Chatham and Rochester

Perhaps the best known Jewish son of Chatham was Daniel Barnard, proprietor of the Railway Saloon and music hall, Chatham (subsequently Barnard's Palace of Varieties), High Constable of Chatham, Chairman of Chatham Court Leet and founder and Captain of Chatham Fire Brigade. He died aged 54 in 1879. Daniel was buried in the synagogue cemetery where there is a monument to his memory.

Mayors of Chatham included G. H. Leavey 1895 and G. A. Rosenburg 1925 and 1926, while the Levy family, Jewish in origin, provided two Mayors of Rochester J. L. Levy in 1860 and 1865 and L. Levy in 1874, 1885 and 1886. Jewish businesses included Halpern's tobacconists, Gillingham, Gergel's outfitters, Wilson's dress shop, Isaacs, military outfitters and Greenberg's military tailors (originally Naval agents), each based in Chatham.

Of special interest not only in the local community but also internationally, was H. Wayne, a Palestinian Jew who settled here. Wayne was very much involved in the early affairs of the British Protectorate in Palestine (later Israel).

Most if not all of these individuals and their families are recorded in the collection.

NOTE ON THE NUMBERING OF THE COLLECTION:

In 1997 the original call no. assigned to this collection, DE202, was changed to N/M/305. The item nos. remain unchanged. References to a document reference prefixed DE202/ should, therefore, read as prefixed N/M/305.

Introduction by City Archivist March 1993.
Introduction amended by City Archivist July 1994.
Introduction file and bibliography files up-dated by Borough Archivist 26 February 2001. This file updated 29 July 2006.


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