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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1017 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1017.html

Personal and family cine films produced by Frank and Mark Waslin (father and son) of Chatham, members of the Medway Cine Club and Medway Movie Makers, comprising films of holidays in Kitzbuehel, Tirrol, Austria and Paris, France, scenes of the Medway Towns and surrounding area including Aylesford, Bearsted, Penshurst, Chiddingstone, Penshurst, Yalding and Teston in the Autumn and Spring, the Shuttleworth Collection and air show at Old Warden Park, Sandy, Bedfordshire, Pontin's Holiday Camp, Brixham, Devon and Cockington Forge, Torquay, Devon, seasonal films, garden birds and the Tall Ships Race, Chatham, 1985, Loose Valley, Maidstone and Syon Park, Essex.

[For CDRoms of these cine films see DE1065. See also Medway MovieBase for highlights click here.]

File updated by Borough Archivist 8 June 2006

Date: 1967-c.1980s
Quantity: 30 x 8mm cine film reels
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1176 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1176.html

Royal Navy or HM Dockyard, Chatham service and personal records of members of the related Phillips family of Gillingham and Strood and Baker family of Strood


Arthur George Phillips M37587 of Gillingham and 32 Cambridge Terrace, Strood, Supply Warrant Officer

certificate of service 1923-1943 (1 item)

RN Supply Branch history sheet for A.G. Phillips, 1923-1943 (1 item)

testimonials and service records pertaining to advancement and movements of A.G. Phillips, with some internal branch correspondence pertaining to branch activities at HMS St. Angelo, Malta (1945), 1923, 1943-1946

(1 bundle/56 items/pp.)

Civil Registration certificates for family members 1903-1968 (3 items)

notebook containing record of ports visited on cruises and shore based billets, HMS Ramillies, Sheerness 1923-1924, HMS Royal Oak 1924-1927, HMS Ceres 1927-1929, HMS Wessex 1930-1931 and 1931-1932, Wellesley Nautical School, Blyth, Northumberland 1932-1933, HMS Vindictive 1933, HMS Medway 1933-1935, SS Somersetshire 1935, HMS Marshal Soult 1935, HMS Garland 1936-1938, HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1938-1939, HMS Ganges, Shotley, Suffolk 1939, HMS Litania1939, HMS Elfin 1939-1942, HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1942, HMS Anson 1942-1943 (HMS Iron Duke 1942, HMS Forester[?] 1942-1943, HMS Iron Duke 1943), HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1943-1944, Force L 1944, SS Christian Huygens 1944, SS Ville d’Oran 1944, HMS St. Angelo, Malta 1944-1946 and SS Ascania 19461923-1946 (1 booklet)

photograph album containing views of former German giant floating dock at Malta, showing HMS Royal Oak docking with tugs, c.1926 x c.1927; fancy dress group; HMS Ceres dance and concert band The Cereans, Malta 1929; HMS Ceres concert party groups 1929; HMS Ceres at sea c.1929; HMS Ceres alongside, Malta 1928; damaged bows of HMS Caledon after collision with SS Anates, seen from HMS Calypso 1928; artist’s reconstructions of HMS Caledon/ SS Anates collision events; HMS Ceres entering Malta 1927; Forth Bridge, Lothian/Fife, Scotland and the Battle Squadron, Atlantic Fleet in line ahead 1925; montage of HMS Ramillies c.1923; battle squadron steaming line ahead c.1923; HMS Royal Oak, forward gun turrets and forecastle in heavy seas c.1926; HMS Royal oak leaving Portsmouth, Hampshire 1924; HMS Royal Oak at Malta c.1924; HMS Royal Oak [?] firing a broadside c.1924; forward gun turrets, forecastle and spotter plane, HMS Royal Oak, Gibraltar 1925; warships including HMS Royal Oak [?] and submarines alongside or at anchor, Trieste, Italy 1926; group of ratings on run ashore from HMS Royal Oak, Kavala, Greece 1926; destroyers of the former Imperial German Navy aground at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands c.1924 x c.1926; group of Supply Branch officers and senior ratings, HMS Ramillies, ship’s waist c.1924; informal group of ship’s company, ship’s waist, HMS Ramillies c.1924; junior ratings, ship’s waist, HMS Ramillies, Gibraltar 1924; group of officers and senior ratings with bread-baking trophy, ship’s waist, HMS Royal Oak 1925; ship’s waist, HMS Royal Oak, off Algiers, Algeria, Africa 1925; junior ratings and Royal Marines of HMS Royal Oak at Cartagena market, Murcia, Spain 1925; Phillips and PO on ship’s waist, HMS Royal Oak [?] c.1925; Phillips and colleagues ashore, Algeria or Greece [?] c.1925; Phillips, colleagues and local inhabitants ashore at Kavala, Greece 1926; informal aquatic sports and picnic group of HMS Royal Oak ship’s company and Royal Marines ashore at Budrum, Turkey 1926; group of HMS Ceres winners of All Comers’ Race 1928 includes Commander VAC Crutchley VC; HMS Medway c.1933 x c.1935; HMS Medway Supply Branch’s issue of Christmas cakes 1932; concert party groups HMS Ceres [?] off Malta [?], c.1928-c.1929; daymen’s whaler, HMS Medway 1933; HMS Garland at sea 1935; HMS Garland oiling at sea, viewed from HMS Queen Elizabeth1936; HMS Garland dressed overall c.1936; ship’s company, HMS Garland at Gibraltar 1936; funeral procession, victims of HMS Hunter mining, Gibraltar 1937; HMS HUnter arriving at Gibraltar1937; mass grave and coffins of German sailors from Deutschland [cf. Lutzow] at Gibraltar 1937; a Gunnery Branch PO [Cyril Phillips?] c.1937; wedding group c.1937; Phillips and junior rating Malta c.1937; Phillips and junior rating Malta 1928; Phillips and two Supply Branch colleagues c.1937;hoisting in Walrus, HMS Anson  1942; HMS Anson at sea, forward guns in action 1942; staff officers and civilians, Force L Headquarters, Southwold, Suffolk 1944; HMS Marshal Soult at anchor c.1935; submarine HMS L71 under steam c.1935; demonstration of rescue by Breeches Buoy from HMS Marshal Soult to harbour jetty c.1935; Phillips on leave with Mrs. Phillips and friend or relation, Ramsgate [?] c.1937; Phillips in tropical uniform, Hong Kong 1933; chart of HMS Bulldog’s second Summer cruise 1934

(1 volume/89 photographs)

naval stores book used as photograph album containing views of HMS Royal Oak’s Atlantic Fleet’s regatta crew receiving rum ration in camp at Lamlash, Isle of Arran, Scotland July 1925; trophies; news-cutting regarding same; steam launch alongside at Rosyth, Fife, Scotland 1925; HMS Ceres concert party and ratings, Ghein Tuffeia, Malta 1929; Cairo, Egypt 1926; Pyramids and Sphynx, Cairo, Egypt; local inhabitants, Egypt 1926; concert party and ratings in harbour, Malta 1929; church, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain 1924; HMS Ramillies and Revenge off Folkestone 1923; landing liberty men at Weymouth, Dorset 1923; HMS Resolution in Palma Bay, Majorca, Spain 1926; on board HMS Ramillies off Pontevedra and Gibraltar 1924; warships in Rosia Bay and Gibraltar Bay, Gibraltar 1924; HMS Royal Oak in rough seas in Gulf of Lyons, France/Mediterranean 1926; HMS Ramillies with HMS Warspite and Malaya ahead in the Bay of Biscay, Atlantic 1924; members of HMS Royal Oak ship’s company and lady friends at Bournemouth, Hampshire 1924, Argostoli, Kefalonia, Greece 1926 and Malta 1927; on board HMS Ceres at Malta 1928; senior ratings at Torquay, Devon 1931; on board HMS Wessex at Ilfracombe, Devon 1931; HMS Westcott at sea 1931; 6th. Flotilla leaving Rosyth 1931; Royal Fleet Auxiliary War Mehtar at Chatham Dockyard 1931; newscuttings on Atlantic Fleet’s Spring cruise 1932; Phillips at home with wife and parents or in-laws, 1931-1932; on vacation with family at Eastbourne, Sussex 1932; group of RN Supply Branch, HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1932; wife and parents or in-laws 1932; HMS Medway at Miyajima, Japan 1933; submarines alongside HMS Medway, Hong Kong 1933; submarines alongside HMS Medway at Wei Hai Wei, China 1933; HMS Phoenix coming alongside [1933 x 1934]; HMS Phoenix submerged, Wei Hai Wei 1934; torpedoes in the fore well deck, HMS Medway 1934; Chinese junks; SS Chusan wrecked on rocks at Wei Hai Wei 1932; Chinese funeral procession, Hong Kong 1934; English church, cemetery, signal tower, old fortress, and naval facilities, Wei Hai Wei; coastal scenes, Kowloon and Hong Kong; local inhabitants, Hong Kong; old German forts and sights, Tsing Tau [cf. Qingdau], China; Phillips and senior ratings  on board HMS Medway at Wei Hai Wei 1933; diver’s launch and recovery of old torpedo, Wei Hai Wei 1934; scenes in Cheefoo, China 1934; scenes in Peking 1934; Miyajima, Japan 1934; Manilla, Philippines 1934; Jesselton, British North Borneo [cf. Sarawak] 1934; Tokyo, Japan 1934; Nagasaki, Japan 1934; Kobe and native inhabitants, especially members of the fairer sex, Japan; more views of Miyajima, Japan; ship’s company picnic, Skiathos, Greece 1928; family at home 1935; PO Cyril Phillips 1937; wedding day 1935; at home 1935; with family at Sheerness 1937; HMS Garland seen from HMS Arethusa between Barcelona, Spain and Marseilles, France 1936; HMS Ardent and Worcester after collision, Malta 1937; PO Cyril Phillips and lady friend 1941; HMS Garland in rough seas 1937; senior ratings 1936; Phillips on board HMS Garland 1936; the manners of Japan; Palma, Majorca, Spain 1936; Malaga, Falangists and scenes from the Spanish Civil War 1937; Barcelona, Spain 1936; Miyajima, Japan 1935; HM King George VI arriving on board HMS Anson and inspecting divisions, with Admiral Tovey and Vice Admiral Frazer, Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland 1943; HM King George VI crossing over to HMS Hindustani with Admiral Tovey; accountant staff on board HMS Anson 1943 (x 2); HMS Anson weather deck and guns frozen over, Arctic convoy, Christmas Day 1942 (x 2); Lieutenant Commander Cochrane on the forecastle [?] Christmas Day 1942; Daymen’s Mess fancy dress party group, Christmas Day 1942; senior ratings stowing brushes on board at Scapa Flow 1942; stores staff including Sub Lieutenant McAvoy on board, Scapa Flow 1942; marching contingent of Women’s Royal Naval Service, Blyth 1941; WRNS divisions being inspected by HRH The Duchess of Kent; groups of WRNS, Blyth 1942; groups of senior ratings, HMS St. Angelo, Malta 1945; HMS Belfast in Bighi Bay, Malta 1946; Royal Naval Hospital Bighi, Malta 1945; Merchant Navy and Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve officers on board SS Ville d’Oran on passage from Naples, Italy to Malta 1944; officers, senior ratings and WRNS ratings ashore in Malta 1944; HMS St. Angelo, Malta 1938; HMS Anson and Vengeance illuminated off Malta on occasion of Victory in Europe Day 1945; groups of senior ratings, Malta 1945

(1 volume/441 photographs/cuttings)

naval stores book used as photograph album containing views of fireworks over Grand Harbour, Valetta, Malta showing Fort St. Elmo, HMS Armada, Fort Ricasoli, RNH Bighi, HMS Trafalgar, Marne, Meteor, Brecon, on occasion of Victory over Japan Day (15 August 1945); front page of Times of Malta reporting Japan’s acceptance of peace terms 15 August 1945; crowds in Palace Square, Valetta, Malta on VJ Day; Fort Ricasoli, Malta 15 August 1945; motor torpedo boats and HMS Gregale in Pieta Creek, Malta 15 August 1945; HMS St. Angelo, Malta 15 August 1945; Sliema Creek, Malta 15 August 1945; senior ratings relaxing in Malta 1944; Master at Arms Donaldson on his wedding day, Malta 1945; Phillips and family members at home 1942; HMS Speedwell 1946; family members in London c.1940; Phillips and his wife in Margate 1938; Phillips and a junior rating on board HMS Garland in dry dock, Malta 1938; group of junior rates and senior rate reading South China Morning Post [?] Sports Sepecial, on signal bridge, HMS Medway, Hong Kong 1935

1 volume (42 photographs)

loose photographs supplemental to above albums comprising studio and individual portraits of Phillips and group photographs of Phillips and naval colleagues, family members, warships, and employees and delivery vans of Dale and Son, 30-32 High Street, Rochester, grocers c.1915-c.1946 (1 bundle/41 items)

photograph of Homeward Bound public house, Gas House Lane, Rochester, surrounded by flood water c.1953 (1 item)

Phillips’ wedding photographs 1935 (3 items) studio photograph of Edwardian lady, possibly Harriet Maud Phillips c.1910 (1 item)

postcard photographs of St. Mary’s Church, Higham, Higham Canal and barge and Railway Tavern, Higham c.1910 (3 items) 

Cyril Henry Phillips C/J109785 of 11 Holmside Avenue, Gillingham, Petty Officer (died on active service 27 February 1942), comprising:


Admiralty death certificate 1942, certificate of the Inspector of Seamen’s Wills 1942, gunnery history sheet 1926-1937, certificate of educational test Part I 1926 and certificate of service 1924-1942 (5 items, paper)


Photograph album containing views of the destruction by fire of SS Ausonia with HMS Queen Elizabeth in attendance, Arab woman and child, HMS Hood and HMRY Victoria and Albert, HMS Bulldog, Alexandria and the Pyramids, Egypt, HMS Porpoise, 4th. Destroyer Flotilla, Cyprus, Haifa, Mount Carmel, and Jerusalem, Palestine, seaplanes, torpedo and depth charge exercises, gun crew closed up on board HMS Bulldog, Famagusta, Cyprus, HMS Blanche, ratings’ concert party groups 1935, engine spaces, HMS Queen Elizabeth, HMS Bulldog in dock, HMS Bulldog, dogs and members of the ship’s company alongside, recovering crashed seaplane, aircraft and naval ratings at Mersa Matruh, Egypt, hospital ship and torpedo carrying biplanesc.1933-c.1936

1 volume (127 photographs)


studio photograph of Leading Seaman Cyril Phillips in tropical square rig, Malta c.1935 (1 item)


HMS bulldog in Grand Harbour Valetta, Malta c.1935 (1 item)


George Albert Baker of Montfort Road (and later 32 and 56 Cambridge Road), Strood, comprising:


apprenticeship indenture of George Albert Baker of Montfort Road to James Little of Strood and Frindsbury as shipwright and bargebuilder, 1900 (1 membrane)


HM Dockyard, Chatham card indemnifying Baker as a member of a reserved occupation, c.1917 (1 item, card)


certificate of service under the Admiralty of G.A. Baker, shipwright, Constructive Department, HM Dockyard 1919 (1 item)


marriage certificate of G.A. Baker and Elizabeth Martha Gardiner, St. Nicholas, Strood 1910 (1 item)

Date: 1900-1946
Quantity: Pending
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0852 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0852.html

Records of Rogers, Stevens and Chance, (formerly C.E.T. Rogers, Son and Stevens), 10 New Road, Chatham, chartered surveyors, brewery agents and valuers of licensed property, comprising:correspondence with mortgage lenders and site plans pertaining to valuation of private houses in Medway Towns and surrounding area c.1965-c.1982 (2 boxes);statements of change of tenancy of public houses, off-licences and hotels mainly in the Medway Towns (Strood, Rochester, Chatham and Brompton/Gillingham) and Kent (including Maidstone, Canterbury, Tunbridge Wells, Tenterden, Folkestone, Dover, Isle of Thanet, Sheerness and and Queenborough), but with many also covering the out-county area chiefly Sussex (including Northiam, Robertsbridge, Hastings, St. Leonards-on-Sea and Brighton) and Essex (including Bishops Stortford, Burnham-on-Crouch, Southend and Clacton-on-Sea), with a small coverage of Bedfordshire, Oxfordshire (Dorchester-on-Thames), Wiltshire (Marten), Surrey (including Godalming), Berkshire (Reading), Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk, Devon (Bear Inn, Colyton), London, Middlesex, Cambridgeshire (Cambridge), Norfolk (Spread Eagle, Barton Bendish) and Switzerland (San Domenico, Castagnola), parties (a) Rogers, Stevens and Chance acting as agents of brewers and (b) tenants, many containing valuation inventories of stock in hand and fixtures and fittings room by room, war damage correspondence and papers, dilapidations surveys, property inspection reports, monopopy valuations (stating social class of clientele), photographs and biographies of tenants, facsimile architects' drawings and site plans and correspondence with brewers, insurers and tenants, c.1871 *-c.1970. Some files contain only the firm's management correspondence on matters including petrol rationing early 1950s and use of motor vehicles c.1940 (164 boxes);finding aids to statements of change as above and correspondence files (2 1/2 boxes);brewery rating files pertaining to breweries in Kent and Norfolk, breweries comprising:
Mackeson’s Brewery, High Street, Hythe 1933-1972 (1 file);
Courage (Eastern) Building Department garages, stores and premises at 1 Buckland Road, Maidstone 1964-1967;
Fremlins Pale Ale Brewery, Stores and Offices, Earl Street, Maidstone 1950-1972;
Truman Hanbury Buxton and Co. Ltd., Bottling Stores, Surrey Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1950-1968;
Phoenix Brewery, Bow Road, Wateringbury 1923-1974 (1 file);
Cooperage and Sawmills, garages and premises, Buckland Road, Maidstone (Courage Eastern Ltd.) 1949-1974 (1 file);
Whitbread Fremlins, 43-47 Earl Street, Maidstone 1980-1983 (1 file);
Truman Ltd. Bottling Stores, 139-141 King Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1974 (1 file);
Medway Brewery, St. Peter’s Street, Maidstone, Courage (Eastern) Ltd. 1923-1977 (1 file);
The Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Shepherd Neame Ltd. 1965-1978 (1 file);
Malt House, Nettlestead, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1928-1980 (1 file);
Smaller Malt House, Nettlestead, Frederick Leney and Sons Ltd. 1928-1957 (1 file);
Off Licence 31-33 Pudding Lane, Maidstone; offices, garage, stores, workshops and premises, Pudding Lane, Maidstone, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1931-1984 (1 file);
Wine and Spirit Stores, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1963-1984 (1 file);
Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1957-1983 (1 file);
(2 boxes);public house inventory books c.1915-c.1933, labelled George Taylor FAI, 13 and 19 Watts Place, Chatham, auctioneer and valuer, (7 1/2 boxes);letter books 1910-1932 (20 boxes);rating assessment books 1973-1974 (3 volumes);address book c.1970 (1 volume);valuation books 1967-1982 (4 binders);account books 1973-1980 (2 volumes) [* Most statements of change files post-date 1940. The only file prior to 1940 is an inventory for The Chequers public house, Higham, 1871. The surviving sequence begins at number 4591 before which the finding aid references are redundant. NB the statements of change have been weeded. 98% of files pertaining to the Medway Towns have been retained. About 40% of out area files have been destroyed as not containing inventories or other documents of social, architectural or economic value.]File updated by Borough Archivist 10 January 2004.

Not  accessible without minimum 10 working days notice: UNCATALOGUED

Date: c.1871-1984
Quantity: Pending
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0901 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0901.html

Additional records of Unitarian Church, Hamond Hill, New Road, Chatham, comprising King James Bible containing genealogical events of Bartlett family of Chatham 1790-1846, found in a Unitarian church in Devon and given to Chatham Unitarian Church c.1980. Front cover inscribed T. and A. Bartlett 1813. Published by Dawson, Bensley and Cooke, Oxford, Oxfordshire.

Call no.: N/U/85 additional.

Date: 1810
Quantity: 1 volume
Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0911 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0911.html

Additional records of HM Customs and Excise for the Port of Rochester, deposited by Knowledge Services Unit, Library Services, HM Customs and Excise, 4th. Floor West, Ralli Quays, 3 Stanley Street, Salford, Lancashire, via Senior Research Archivist, Centre for Kentish Studies, Sessions House, County Hall, County Road, Maidstone, comprising:

List of names of Royal Navy mates serving as chief officers of coastguard stations (in south of England and Ireland), giving names, stations and ports and remarks, 7 July 1842 (1p.);
Facsimile site plan, elevation and plan of proposed Waterguard Office, Customs and Excise, Port of Rochester, Canal Road, Strood, prepared by Ministry of Works, Forest Road, Tunbridge Wells, 20 June 1945 (1p.);
Facsimile plan, section and elevation of Customs and Excise Office, Port of Rochester, Canal Road, Strood, as revised 23 November 1946 (1p.);
Discharge certificate issued by Melville Hospital for Seamen and Marines [alias Chatham Hospital or Royal Hospital, Chatham], Chatham [cf. Brompton] in respect of Daniel Collins, commissioned boatman of HM Coastguard, Cliffe Creek, on completion of treatment for haemoptysis, 1850 (1p.);
Statement of particulars of trade and business at port of Rochester1877-1880 with letter from P. [?] Costello [?], collector at Rochester, asking for increase in salary, annotated with refusal 1881 (2pp.);
Correspondence pertaining to claim by Richard Coveney, examining officer, for removal expenses in removing from Lowestoft, Suffolk to Rochester 1868 (9 items);
Correspondence between Comptroller of Rochester Custom House, Long Room Branch, Assistant Secretaryís Branch and Captains of HMS Cambridge (1840), HMS Wanderer (1840), HMS Horatio (1852), Customs offices at Plymouth, Devon and Portsmouth, Hampshire and Edward Winch of Rochester (1852) pertaining to duty, Drawback and supply of wine and brandy to Royal Navy at Woolwich and Sheerness 1838-1852 (14 items)

[For previous deposit see DE829]

Date: 1838-1946
Quantity: 1 bundle
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0982 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0982.html

4 x digital video discs (DVDs) containing MPEG2 files of Newsreel film by British Paramount News reporting the sinking of the submarine HMS Truculent in the Thames Estuary, 1950, from the Chatham Borough Archives; Copyright ITN Display by Rainham Rangerettes at Torbay, Devon 1990, from the Gillingham Borough Archives Royal Visit to Gillingham 1968, from the Gillingham Borough Archives; Copyright Medway Council Royal Visit to Gillingham 1984, from the Gillingham Borough Archives; Copyright Medway Council Beautiful Ito, Japan, City of Hot Springs c.1979, presented to mayor of Gillingham 1980, from the Gillingham Borough Archives; Copyright City of Ito Yokosuka: metropolitan seaside community, Japan 1995, from the Gillingham Borough Archives; Copyright City of Yokosuka The Story of the Brook Low Level Pumping Station, Chatham narrated by Mike Peevers and made by Simon Davies on behalf of Medway Industrial Archaeology Group and Heritage Section, Rochester upon Medway City Council, 1996, from the Rochester upon Medway City Council Archives; Copyright MIAG and Medway Council Promotional films pertaining to Winget Ltd. of Strood, engineers and Cook Brothers and Challenge Manufactory Company, California, United States of America, 1930s-1967, Winget Ltd. collection; Copyright Mitsui Babcock Energy Ltd. The Theatre Royal, Chatham, by Lesley Stace of Gillingham, featuring Chatham Borough Council building plans CBA/BP/2015, CBA/BP/3321, 1995; Copyright Lesley Stace.

All constituting CityArk Moviebase pilot scheme

Date: Scanned to disc 2005
Quantity: 4 x DVDs
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: 07_M_SERIES/M130 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 07_M_SERIES/ M130.html

Service and civilian records of Jack Peter Youngs Denney successively of 30 Napier Road, Gillingham, The Cottage, Cooks Wharf, High Street, Rochester and 33 Hartington Street, Chatham, General Service Corps 14923642, metal fitter and aircraft fitter, attached to X Company, 2nd. Battalion, Kingís Shropshire Light Infantry, Halston Hall Camp, Oswestry, Shropshire, The Buffs (the East Kent Regiment), Maidstone and the Devonshire Regiment, Higher Barracks, Exeter, Devon and family members, comprising:

National Service grade card 1944 (1 item);
Ministry of Labour and National Service registration certificate 1945 (1 item);
soldierís service and pay book (army book 64) 1945-1947 (1 item);
Permanent pass, Halston Hall Camp, Oswestry, Shropshire 1947 (1 item);
soldierís release book Class A (army book X801) (1 item);
portion of army pay book (active service) c.1947 (1 item);
instruction to attend as an army reservist for medical inspection in Maidstone 1951 (1p.);
national registration identity card 1947-1948 (1 item);
national registration identity card for Betty A. Denney of The Cottage, Cooks Wharf, High Street, Rochester and 33 Hartington Street, Chatham 1945-1948 (1 item);
national registration identity card for Christine A Denney of 33 Hartington Street, Chatham 1949 (1 item);
Receipt from Tilling-Stevens Ltd., Victoria Works, St. Peter Street, Maidstone, mechanical engineers, for submission of suggestion pertaining to an oil engine liner extractor, with accompanying drawings, 1960 (3pp.)

Borough Archivist 1 August 2006

Date: 1944-1960
Quantity: 1 bundle/13 items
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/MTC_MR_029 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/ MTC_MR_029.html

VHS video tape cassette E180 containing recording of Rainham Rangerettes' display at Torbay, Devon
Date: 1990
Quantity: 1 cassette tape and case
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/01_1_Intro on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 01_1_Intro.html

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre 


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(To view a full list of the collection, please click here or use menu to select folder at query screen and follow instructions for obtaining a "collection report" supplied.)

DE18 Transferred from the Guildhall Museum, Rochester on permanent loan from Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital, 2 April 1990

DE322 Transferred from the Guildhall Museum, Rochester on permanent loan as above 21 December 1993 (originally deposited with Eastgate House Museum, Rochester, 1914 [now Guildhall Museum, Rochester])

DE461 Deposited on permanent loan to Rochester Upon Medway City Council at Rochester upon Medway Studies Centre by the Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital, 23 August 1995

NB: works cited in the introduction are listed in full in the bibliography enclosed.

NB1: the introduction to this list is not intended as an exhaustive or definitive monograph in any respect and serves only as an explanatory guide and background to the collection.


Hawkins was born in Plymouth, Devon in 1532, the younger son of William Hawkins, an experienced navigator and merchant known to Richard Hakluyt.

William Hawkins was also a prominent citizen of Plymouth where he served as Mayor 1532-1533 and 1538-1539 and which he represented in Parliament in 1539. John Hawkins' elder brother William was also Mayor of Plymouth, Devon 1578-1579 .

John Hawkins was therefore brought up in an established seafaring and mercantile family and may also have gained military skills with his father privateering in the English Channel. After his own voyages to the Canaries, Teneriffe, Guinea in West Africa and Portugal, Hawkins looked more ambitiously towards the West Indies. Thereafter, Hawkins alternately clashed or traded with the Spanish* Empire .

[* cf. Spain]

Hawkins' civil career took after his family's example. In 1556 Hawkins was admitted Freeman of Plymouth and served as Mayor in 1572.

The Hawkins family coat of arms, augmented by Sir John in 1564, is depicted on an estate plan in the collection (CH108/276A). Interpretation of the inspiration for the crest on the coat of arms varies, although it certainly stems from Hawkins' own voyages.

Arnold describes the crest as comprising a demi-moor proper, bound captive, with annulets on his arms and in his ears, attributing this to Hawkins commemorating a victory over the Moors achieved on one of his voyages (p.19). Arnold, a Solicitor and responsible figure in the Medway Towns, was clerk to numerous organisations and Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital.

Writing earlier than Arnold and for a more popular readership, Harris describes the crest as a demi-moor in his proper colour bound with cord and attributes this to Hawkins' infamous traffic in slaves, which at that period does not seem to have militated against the feelings of the most enlightened and humane of our countrymen (p.7).

It is conceivable that at this time physical conditions for enslaved negroes had not yet degenerated to those of the Eighteenth Century. On Hawkins' second slaving voyage, planned in 1564, 120 quarters of beans and peas with shirts and shoes were loaded for the anticipated 500 captives (Williamson 1927/p.95).

Through Hawkins' contact with Benjamin Gonson, Treasurer of the Navy (and a financial backer of his second slaving voyage), he was introduced to Gonson's daughter Katherine whom he married in about 1559. This relationship with Gonson also resulted in Hawkins inheriting on 1st January 1578 the office of Treasurer of the Navy, following this with the Comptrollership of the Navy in 1588, the Armada year. (A B. Gonson is mentioned in CH108/349).

It was during Hawkins' period in office as Treasurer that he established the link with Chatham which was to result in the foundation of the Chatham Chest and Hawkins' Hospital, both of which followed in the aftermath of the Spanish Armada.

In the period 1578-1588 Hawkins' time as Treasurer saw new influences in the design of warships and in the administration of the navy, with both of which Hawkins has been associated. As Rear Admiral serving in the English Channel against the Spanish Armada, Hawkins distinguished himself in an engagement off the Isle of Wight, Hampshire, following which Hawkins was knighted by Lord Howard of Effingham on board the Arc on 25 July 1588 and was promoted Vice Admiral the following day.

After a period ashore during which Hawkins was closely involved in the founding of the Chatham Chest (1588-1590) and his Hospital (1592-1594), he again took to sea, in an expedition to the West Indies led by Sir Francis Drake. Falling ill and dying off Porto Rico, West Indies, on 12 November 1595, his body was buried at sea. Originally, memorial tablets were erected to his memory at St Dunstan's in the East Church, London.

Hawkins' only lasting and permanent memorial has proved to be his Hospital in Chatham. The Chest, a joint foundation and semi-official, lapsed effectively in 1803. However, except for what can be inferred from the title deeds to his estates, there is little of biographical value in this collection, although item CH108/334 does contain some manuscript biographical information.


Little more than villages in the sixteenth century, Chatham and Gillingham benefited from a tidal range and wide expanses of mudflats on the River Medway but had indifferent winds.

The potential for ship repairing and provisioning and geographical closeness to London, one day's ride from Chatham, led to the Medway developing as an anchorage and victualling base for the navy in the period immediately prior to 1550.

Strategically, Chatham was close to the Thames Estuary and the dockyards at Deptford and Woolwich. Defensively, Chatham was progressively secured by a bulwark at Sheerness in Edward IV's reign, Upnor Castle at Frindsbury built on Elizabeth I's orders by Richard Watts 1560-1564 and the blocking up with piles of St Mary's Creek at Gillingham in 1574. In 1585 a giant chain mechanism was first extended across the Medway, designed to obstruct a Spanish naval incursion.

Little naval shipbuilding was undertaken at Chatham until the Seventeenth Century although the Sunne was launched there in 1586 (Cull).

By the time Hawkins had founded his Hospital in 1592, and partly through his own presence there as Treasurer of the Navy, Chatham had seen significant building projects ashore in connection with the Spanish Armada, further establishing its importance as an anchorage and victualling base.

Hawkins' biographer describes Gillingham or Chatham as the principal dockyard of the Navy (1949 p.263) and the principal centre for the laying-up and repair of ships (1927 p.323).

By Hawkins' time the Medway area had also acquired certain associations with important personalities in seafaring by birth or upbringing. Sir Francis Drake, Hawkins' commander on several occasions and also Devonian* by birth had spent his boyhood years at Upchurch where his father was minister. Drake's seamanship and navigational skills would have been gained on the Medway.

[*cf. Devon]

Also of local origin was William Adams, born in Gillingham (see the Gillingham parish registers held at this centre P153/1/1 and bibliography). Adams was engaged in far eastern ventures and gained lasting fame as the first Englishman to visit Japan but was also known in England as an experienced seaman and navigator before Hawkins' death. For an image of Adams' baptism record, please click here; for a transcription and explanation of this image, please click here.

The National Historical Context of Hawkins' Hospital

Now the oldest surviving Naval Charity, the circumstances of how Hawkins came to found a Charity and Almshouse for decayed Mariners and Shipwrights in Chatham are briefly as follows:-

In the centuries prior to Hawkins' Hospital, sick or wounded English Royal Mariners enjoyed some medical attention when disembarked, under Article 7 of the Laws of Oleron introduced in about 1200 and subsequently recorded in the Black Book of the Admiralty. The Laws of Oleron themselves had originated in the ancient Lex Rhodia of the Mediterranean world.

The acknowledged disadvantages of the Laws of Oleron were that while some financial support for those injured was available in the first instance, there was no guaranteed accommodation or long-term care on dry land. For centuries in the middle ages mariners therefore relied like landsmen on parochial or private charity.

The foundation of Hawkins' Hospital aimed to redress precisely that failing, but occurred at a watershed period in history, between what Keevil calls the end of pity and the rise of welfare .

Perhaps unkindly and misleadingly, Keevil describes Hawkins' action in founding his Hospital as the dying echo of the age of pity (volume 1 p.52).

In terms of civil legislation, Queen Elizabeth did enable the enacting of laws to relieve suffering among Mariners in the period from 1593 but apparently with little effect (Black pp. 264-265). Ultimately better universal poor relief was enabled by the great Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1598 and 1601 although even these worked imperfectly due to inequality in Parish finances from place to place.

The momentous national event which inspired Hawkins' Hospital was the Spanish Armada of 1588. For the first time in English history probably, large numbers of seamen were paid-off, many maimed, ill and destitute. When it became apparent that the Spanish Armada had sailed into the North Sea, the English Fleet had anchored off Margate. Here nearly all crews were disembarked, leaving only skeleton crews to sail the Fleet into Chatham.

The Kent seaside towns were affected by a sudden influx of these seamen. Lord Howard of Effingham, the Fleet's Commander, grieved to see them that have served so valiantly die so miserably . Holden asserts in fact that Effingham was the prime mover behind the Chatham Chest. If this was so, Hawkins may have wanted to make his own contribution to Naval charity.

The Local Historical Context

For several centuries Rochester and Chatham had benefited from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester/Chatham, founded as a Leper Hospital in the late eleventh century and reputedly the country's oldest Hospital (see collection CH2 at this Centre). The restored Norman chapel of St. Bartholomew's Hospital stands opposite Hawkins' Hospital.

Immediately prior to Hawkins' foundation of his Hospital, Richard Watts, the builder of Upnor Castle founded his Charity and Almshouse in Rochester, in 1579 (see collection CH46 also at this Centre). This being the case, the echo referred to by Keevil was certainly louder and more persistent in the Medway Towns.

Reinforcing these developments, William Brook, 10th Lord Cobham in 1598 adapted an existing chantry house at Cobham to serve as an Almshouse known as Cobham College. (The records of Cobham College are held by the Rochester Bridge Wardens at Bridge Chamber, Esplanade, Rochester. The Cobham Parish and Darnley of Cobham Hall family and estate records are held at this Centre, collections P96 and U565 respectively).

In fact, probably contrary to Keevil's argument, Hawkins' Hospital was very significant as a sixteenth century charity. In the long term, Hawkins had been encouraged by a period of growth in secular charitable foundations originally caused by the collapse of monastic almsgiving following the Protestant Reformation in religion in Henry VIII's reign.* The secular response to this in the second and third quarters of the sixteenth century coincided with a revival of religious and economic confidence, exemplified by Watts and Lord Cobham locally, besides Hawkins, himself a merchant. As an almshouse historian puts it, the reign of Elizabeth had run half its course before major private benefactions began to appear again as a result of more settled times and policies (Bailey p.90).

Finally, it may be significant that John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury was one of the first Governors of Hawkins' Hospital. Regarding Whitgift, Bailey states the first ecclesiastical foundation of real importance after the Reformation was John Whitgift's Hospital at Croydon [Surrey] in 1598 (p.95). Hawkins' Hospital therefore had as its most eminent early Governor, an ecclesiastical statesman who was at the forefront of charity in his age.

The Foundation of the Hospital

Given the national and local circumstances which enabled Hawkins to act as he did, it only remained to choose the present location of his Hospital in England's up and coming naval port.

When Hawkins took over as Treasurer of the Navy in 1578, nearly all the Navy was kept at Chatham (Williamson 1949/p.255). Hawkins found it necessary to be located at Chatham much of the time, assisted by two Master Shipwrights, Peter Pett and Matthew Baker (see CH108/291) , supervising a workforce of 200-300 men. Williamson states he probably had quarters at the Dockyard, but lived chiefly in the City (ibid).

Reputedly, Chatham Dockyard originated at a bend in the River Medway near the present Gun Wharf. This being the case, the quarters Williamson speculates on were probably located within view of the Dockyard and in all likelihood comprised the freehold and leasehold estates upon which the Hospital was to be built, acquired from William Barnes, a Master of the Navy, in 1582 ( CH108/291-293) and St. Bartholomew's Hospital,Rochester, if we are to believe Arnold (p.5), who as Deputy Governor had sight of a deed (now missing) also in about 1582, respectively.

Hawkins' Hospital is therefore a very good memorial to Hawkins' presence in Chatham Dockyard as it almost certainly stands on the site of his own home. Specifically, Hawkins' house was probably that which subsequently became the Deputy governor's mansion on the corner of Rochester High Street (No. 377) and Boundary Lane. This property was leasehold and the Hospital's tenancy lapsed in 1790, the premises latterly being used by Featherstone's as a Department Store. [The Guildhall Museum, Rochester holds a lantern slide of Featherstone’s building and Hawkins’ Hospital as they stood c1900-c1914.] Alongside the loss of these premises, whose earliest plan is contained in item CH108/276A, the Hospital suffered progressively worse problems with its estates in Essex and at East Wickham until these too were divested early in the twentieth century.

The present Hospital site therefore represents a much reduced portion of its original endowment, but has survived centuries of financial and legal difficulties still to serve the founder's original purpose.

The Chatham Chest

The foundation by Hawkins of his Hospital in 1592 was preceded immediately by the foundation of the Chatham Chest in the period 1588-1590. This was a completely separate fund, to which originally Royal sailors could make a voluntary contribution for the support of injured and disabled seamen. Later, contributions became mandatory.

In an inquiry into the Chatham Chest, whose foundation documents were lost early on, held at Rochester Castle in 1616, the Chest's beneficiaries were to be those who by reason of hurts and maims received in the service are driven into great poverty, extremity, and want to their great discouragement (the Commissioners quoted by Holden).

The joint founders of this benevolent fund are usually taken to have been Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins, who as senior commanders in the English fleet against the Spanish Armada were well acquainted with the fate of their sick and wounded seamen. However, Holden attributes the Chatham Chest mainly to Lord Howard of Effingham. Whichever is the case, Chatham ended up with two leading naval charities, both founded as a result of the Armada, both located in the main naval port and both involving Hawkins. Both also benefited equally from proximity to London and both had estates in the area (for the Chest's estates see MacDougall).

Both Chest and Hospital had similar constitutions although the precise administration and integrity of the Chest was very often in doubt, the Chest ultimately being transferred to Greenwich in 1803 when in theory it became the Chest at Greenwich but in reality ceased to exist as an independent fund altogether.

The similarities and differences between the Chest and Hospital are as follows. Hawkins' Hospital was entirely a private charity although mainly governed by leading naval and dockyard men who exercised discretion as to who was admitted as an almsman pre-1860 and in-pensioner or out-pensioner after 1860. The beneficiaries of the Chest ultimately had an automatic right to relief from that fund but both Chest and Hospital required personal visits to Chatham to make application. Until 1860 Hawkins' Hospital was residential only; the Chest was non-residential and always a branch of the navy.

The eligibility of candidates for relief by the Chest and Hospital varied from time to time but broadly speaking eligibility applied equally to both. Possibly some successful Hawkins candidates tended to be Chest rejects or more likely vice-versa.

Initially Hawkins' Hospital was open to seamen and shipwrights, the latter a higher level of dockyard worker. Perhaps the inclusion of shipwrights was partly due to Hawkins' close association with the Chatham yard, with Pett and Baker in particular and to Hawkins' memory of his own multiple injuries sustained at the launch of Swiftsure at Deptford in 1592, when we were forced to use great violence upon the tackles, whereof one gave way and brake, so as one end of a cable ran by my leg and hurt me in vi places (Williamson 1949/pp324-325).

Shipwrights also benefited from the Chatham Chest and in 1704 Marines became eligible. More recently, Hawkins' Hospital has also admitted other dockyard workers besides shipwrights. Most of Hawkins' Hospital's shipwrights had worked at the Chatham or Sheerness yards, as the application records show (CH108/72-109). Hawkins' Hospital admitted wives of candidates and maintained them as widows, but ejected them upon their remarrying. Under a Charity Commission Scheme sealed on 4 December 1996, provision was made for the admission of needy or disabled persons who had formerly served in the Army, Royal Air Force, Royal Fleet Auxiliary or British Merchant Navy, subject to priority being given to persons qualified for admission under previous Schemes. This to say that under the new Scheme, Hawkins' Hospital remains primarily a naval charity and accommodation may be made available to applicants from the other services or Merchant Navy only where it cannot be provided in favour of naval personnel, Royal Marines or Dockyard workers. (Accession DE565).

The administration of the Chest Fund was located at Chatham until 1803 when it was transferred to Greenwich Hospital, the actual chest, which had long been kept in the south porch of Chatham Church (St. Mary's) following it to Greenwich in 1893 where it remains to this day (National Maritime Museum). The demise of the Chest had been brought about by a surge in claims following the Peace of Amiens in 1802 during the French Revolutionary Wars.

There are few records or references to the Chest in this collection as the two organisations were separate, but there is a printed register of leases granted by the Chest c.1794-1803 (CH108/63) and an incomplete lease of Chest land of 1799 (CH108/64), the provenance of which is uncertain but is probably associated with the activities of leading naval officers involved with the Hospital. However the Dr. Plume legacy records in the collection impinge on the Chest 1707-1708 (CH108/190-195) and a separate collection held at this Centre comprises two so-called smart tickets or certificates for relief to the Chest for the relief of two seamen 1802-1806 (DE.192).

The records of the Chest are kept at the Public Record Office in London (see below).

A photograph of the Chatham Chest is illustrated in Defensive Moat: A History of the Waters of the Nore Command 55BC to 1961 by D.P. Capper 1963 opposite p.53 (ref. at this Centre: Naval Collection code "red disk").

The Hospital Buildings

The original and successive buildings, structures, other premises, gardens and many details of fabric and fixtures and fittings are recorded to varying degrees throughout the collection.

The main sources textually are the Governors' Minutes 1617 to date, loose accounts including annual balance sheets noting extraordinary expenditure on repairs, maintenance and building work 1594-1987 (CH108/113-189), the various series of title deeds and for visual material, the numerous plans and architectural drawings (CH108/268, 272, 298, 276A, 308, 329, 344-346, 348, 540, 544 and 545).

Besides the plans mentioned above, further architectural drawings are contained in the Rochester-upon-Medway City Council Archives as noted below in the Section "further archival sources at this Centre". The authors Arnold and Lear as noted in the bibliography also below, give some information on the development of the Hospital buildings.

The Hospital estates at East Wickham and Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, feature with similar textual and visual records of the buildings at those places, especially the Church and Smith's Forge at East Wickham and Old Garland's Farm, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, for which see their respective sections in the property and estate management section of the list below (and see Contents Section following).

Finally it is possible the Wills and Probate Inventories of successive Deputy Governors or testate almsmen will contain information descriptive of the Hospital buildings and contents and these should be examined at the Centre for Kentish Studies, County Hall, Maidstone or the Public Record Office, London, via the names given in the Minutes or admission records in this collection.

The Governors and Deputy Governors

The Governors and Deputy Governors of Hawkins' Hospital are mentioned frequently throughout the collection, principally in the Minutes and as witnesses to the annual balance sheets (see Contents Section below). These men were high ranking figures at Chatham Dockyard or in the Royal Navy mainly but also included ex-officio the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Dean of Rochester (who was also Patron of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester) besides local Kent aristocrats, whose signatures, movements and opinions are frequently given in the records. In particular, the Governors took an interest in their Essex estates which at least once occasioned a group visit (see Property and Estate Management Section).

In conclusion, Chatham was an obvious choice for a naval charity and almshouse as it was rivalling Deptford and Woolwich dockyards while Plymouth, Devon, was declining and Portsmouth, Hampshire by 1550 had begun what turned out to be a gradual loss of its comparative pre-eminence (Oppenheim p.102) with the removal of the fleet from there to Gillingham probably to be nearer the centre of government and London merchants.

Hawkins could only anticipate Chatham's continued development to which he had been directly committed as Treasurer of the Navy in residence.

The Chatham Chest confirmed Chatham as the port of importance and Hawkins could endow his Hospital with his own personal estate there, conveniently located adjacent to the yard. The East Wickham estate was less than a day's ride towards London and close to Deptford and Woolwich while the Essex estates, near Tilbury, besides having a certain symbolism were also reachable across or around the Hoo Peninsula and River Thames.

These geographical advantages seemed to assure direct political access and convenient management of tenants for future income. Finally Hawkins' Hospital would be guaranteed a supply of beneficiaries as clearly state charity was not adequate and the Biblical exhortation to care for the poor, recorded in tablets on the Hospital buildings over the centuries, was as valid as ever.

The Collection

The list and collection have been archivally arranged according to the original administrative purpose of the records, in practice influenced by generations of deputy governors whose records they really were. In particular the hand of A.A. Arnold is clearly discernible in the arrangement of the collection and in his annotations and labels, while in the course of time certain court cases, disputes or Charity Commission business have dictated the collating of documents from different series within the collection. Where either Arnold's bundles or litigation bundles have been restored to series, notes of items so treated are included in the list, usually with Arnold's labelled notes following at the end of the relevant series. Not all notes are by Arnold and some are inaccurate, e.g. CH108/474.

The main level headings are Constitution and Pensioners, Finance, and Property and Estate Management. The contents section following gives a more detailed breakdown of levels and sections to which reference should be made before consulting the descriptive list proper.

Minutes do not seem to have survived earlier than 1616 and it is known that the first governors had to put statutes or ordinances into effect after Hawkins died. Precise details of the government of the Hospital, which varied from time to time, can be found in the royal charter of foundation or copy (CH108/1-2), the minutes (CH108/21-25) and Charity Commission schemes (CH108/8-10, 13-15) and associated documents early in the list, besides printed works mentioned in the bibliography to this list.

Arnold considered it probable that the Hospital's statutes were drawn up by one of the first governors, William Lambarde, who also had a hand in drafting the statutes of Cobham College mentioned above and of which he was president. Twenty-six governors were allowed for originally with certain qualifications as to residence applying to enable a quorum to be achieved.

Originally twelve almsmen were catered for and although this figure did vary, twelve was the usual number over the centuries, but from 1860 twelve out-pensioners were added. In-pensioners received their pension weekly (two weekly from 1920) besides faggots for their fires, beds, bedding, furniture, medical expenses and funeral fees, all of which are recorded in the Hospital's accounts or pension books. Out-pensioners received a pension only. Compare the application lists to names contained in the minute book indexes.

The collection has much family history potential to be found in the various series of deeds to properties many of which descended through the same family, the application records which contain basic information such as age, and the accounts or minutes which indicate dates of admission, death or funeral. It is quite possible to ascertain the nature of pensioners' lives through the above records, while the petitions received explain just how independent minded several were (CH108/34-35). Pensioners were governed by strict rules concerning religion and behaviour. Included among the various injunctions was the requirement for the almsmen to appear at the Hospital gate in the event of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of Rochester, Lord Admiral or Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports passing by and to give them prayers. For copies of the rules, see CH108/4.

Naval history is also traceable through the collection, mainly through the application records which give service details including how injuries were sustained but also in the deeds to which many prominent naval men and officials were party over the years. Of particular importance is the correspondence relating to the sale of the so-called Chatham Portrait of Hawkins to the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich in 1944-1945 (CH108/62). One can also speculate that the earliest almsmen were some of England's earliest naval veterans and naval shipwrights, some of whom may have been Armada veterans, although service records survive only for later applicants.

The social and economic history of Chatham can be studied through the Hospital accounts (especially through accounts CH108/127-189) as these contain many mentions of local tradesmen, clergy who officiated at the Hospital, and the Manor and civil parish of Chatham. The surviving poor rate books for Chatham make particularly useful comparison with the hospital's records (see collections P85 and CBA).

The title deeds in the collection are worthy of note for various reasons. Firstly there are several which are medieval in formula and which pre-date the Statute of Uses of 1535 while other later items often have archaic initial phrases. The oldest item in the collection is actually a deed to the Chatham estate of 1500 and is therefore fifteenth century (CH108/280). Fuller details are contained in the description. Included among the deeds is a late deed of gift of 1577 (CH108/288), examples of multiple cognate chirographs rarely found in the same collection of 1529 (CH108/283-284) and also less usually for the landlord, a series of counterpart leases 1798-1935 (CH108/297-308 passim). The sub-letting of property is also exemplified by the series of assignments of leases 1608-1790 (CH108/524-543).

The collection contains detailed information pertaining to Stanford-le-Hope in Essex and East Wickham including East Wickham Church, now in Metropolitan Kent. This is a common characteristic of an estate-owning organisation and means that genealogical, social and architectural records are held for areas further afield.

Also further afield but nearer to the Medway area, Sheerness Dockyard's history is partly illuminated by records relating to out-pensioners living in Sheerness and by correspondence with naval and Dockyard officials at Sheerness in connection with proxy payments to almsmen.

Christian names are spelt in the list according to the Oxford Dictionary of Christian Names , 3rd edition, E.G. Withycombe, 1982 (Rochester upon Medway City Archives Library, ref. 929.4) but surnames are spelt in the list as they occur in the records which will account for any apparent inconsistency in their spelling throughout the list.

All dates occurring in the period 1st January-24th March inclusive prior to 1752 have been modernised to conform with the Gregorian Calendar or so-called New Style as described in Handbook of Dates for Students of English History ed. C.R. Cheney 1978, pp.9-10.

Certain item descriptions throughout the list are headed by an underlined sentence or two. Here the underlining is used to indicate a title supplied by the archivist. Elsewhere in this list underlining indicates use of foreign words, ship or public house names or level and section headings.

It should be noted that historical, archival or bibliographical information supplementary to this introduction, is also dispersed throughout the collection at appropriate points, at level or section headings or occasionally with item descriptions.

In conclusion the records of Hawkins' Hospital probably constitute one of the most important collections of its kind in the country and certainly in Kent. The collection should bear very careful study in comparison with other records of charity or Britain's naval history, is valuable for genealogical research and is equally useful for local history. In the last regard, as noted throughout this introduction and list following, the Hospital records can be used in conjunction with many other collections held at this Centre for many aspects of local historical research, including architectural, social, economic and political.

Similar Charitable Organisations

Hawkins' Hospital was by no means unique as a charity for seamen or shipwrights and beside the Chatham Chest there existed the undermentioned. The following list is not exhaustive:-

1. Royal Greenwich Hospital
This organisation was founded in 1694 as a home for infirm seamen and marines taking such as in-pensioners until 1869. The hospital also supported out-pensioners (Bevan/Duncan).

2. The Charity for the Relief of Officers' Widows
This organisation was active for at least the period 1734-1929 (Bevan/Duncan).

3. The Compassionate Fund
This was voted by Parliament from 1809 and was available to orphans and dependents of Officers killed in action and not otherwise eligible for assistance. The records date down to at least 1921 (Bevan/Duncan).

4. Admiralty: Official pensions to the widows and orphans of commissioned officers, masters and warrant officers, records of which commence in 1673 (Bevan/Duncan).

5. Royal Bounty
This fund made payments to the widows, dependent children or indigent mothers aged over 50, of officers and ratings killed in action, whose records run from 1672-1822.

6. The Trinity House of Deptford
Although navigational skills became the main concern of this foundation dating from 1514, its charter nevertheless mentions an almshouse. Trinity House Deptford, if taken in conjunction with Hawkins' Hospital and the Chatham Chest, completes a total of three charities founded along the same lines and all located in Kent (Black).

7. Lord Kitchener Memorial Homes, Chatham
Founded in 1917 by Chatham Borough Council, this home is open to ex-servicemen. It is still active and is now administered by Medway Council.

8. Royal Naval Benevolent Trust
This national charity administers Pembroke House, Oxford Road, Gillingham.

9. Ann Phillips' Charity, Chatham 1799-1992
This charity has been incorporated into Hawkins' Hospital by the Charity Commissioners. It relieved widows and orphan children of deceased shipwrights, divided two thirds to those of Shipwrights dying in Chatham and one third to those dying in Gillingham.

10. Royal Sailors' Rests, Plymouth Devonport, Devon and Portsmouth, Hampshire (Current); a Rest at Chatham has closed (See Navy News p.37, January 1997)

11. Trafalgar Institute, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Mid-late 19th Century

12. King George's Fund for Sailors, 8 Hatterley Street, London.

13. Nore Children's Trust, renamed RN and RM Children's Trust, located at Pembroke House, Gillingham 1912-1984 when it was transferred to Plymouth, Devon. (Deposit of records pending as at July 1995) [See also collection DE547 (part) at this Centre].

14. Medway Mission to Seamen, (Rochester Diocesan Naval Church Institute), Navy House, Clover Street, Chatham (run by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester), now closed.
The records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester, also held at this centre, including their minutes, DRC/AC may mention this facility (Kelly's Directory 1936).

15. Chatham Discharged and Demobilised Sailors and Soldiers' Club, 103 High Street, Chatham, (Kelly's Directory 1936).

16. The Soldiers' and Seamen's Home and Institute, Military Road, Chatham, founded 1878 (Kelly's Directory 1897-1898 p.78).

17. A report was produced by the Commissioners for the Sick and Hurt Board in 1653, recommending the building of a naval hospital (Clark p.73) see following.

18. Royal Alfred Seafarers' Society (mainly Merchant Navy, but RN now included), "Weston Acres", Woodmansterne Lane, Banstead, Surrey, also Eastbourne, Sussex (incorporated 1977) (see CE/AD/KH/13Ad.) .

For a list of naval charities promoted by the Royal Navy website, please click hereOther organisations or hospitals include:-

Royal Naval Hospitals at Haslar [Hasler], Gosport, Hampshire (re-named Royal Hospital, Haslar) **
Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon (closed 1995) and Chatham (closed 1961).

Almshouses possibly serving roughly similar purposes to Hawkins' Hospital include London Trinity Almshouses, Mile End Road, Tower Hamlets, London; Trinity Hospital, London administered by the Mercers' Company; and the Dreadnought Seamen's Hospital at the Old Infirmary, Greenwich.

Oppenheim (p.323) also makes mention of an Ely Place as caring for the sick and maimed at the time of the Commonwealth; the Savoy Hospital a short lived institution in the Strand, London served as the first English naval and military hospital 1517-1553 according to Keevil (pp.45-50).

City Archivist 1994-1995
Last edited for publication on CityArk Phase II by Borough Archivist January 1999


It is intended that most if not all of the following abbreviations as found in the main text should have been expanded for publication on the Internet.

a. Acre/s
Adm. admiral
Asst. assistant
Aug. August
Bt. Baronet
c/C Circa (about) or century
Capt. Captain
Co./cos County or company/companies
Col. colonel
consols. Consolidated Annuities
Ct. court
d denarius (penny/pence)
DD Doctor of Divinity
Dec December
dec'd deceased
Dep deputy
DNB Dictionary of National Biography
Dr. doctor
E east
EC East Central [London]
ed Edition
Eliz Elizabeth
er the elder (senior)
Esq. esquire
etc. etcetera (and the rest)
exix executrix
f. folio
Feb February
FSA Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries
Ft Fort
gent gentleman
Gt. great
HM His/Her Majesty's
HMS His/Her Majesty's Ship
Inc. includes
Jan January
jun junior (younger)
kt knight
Lt. lieutenant/little
Ltd. Limited
m/m membrane(s)
MA Master of Arts
MC Military Cross
MD Doctor of Medicine
Mess. Messuage
Messrs. Messieurs
Mr. master/mister
MS manuscript
NB Nota Bene (Notewell)
No/s Numero (number/s)
Nov November
OBE Order of the British Empire
p/pp page(s)
p.a per annum (annually)
P.R.O Public Record Office
P.S Post Scriptum (written ) post composition
R river
Rd road
Rev reverend
RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects
RM Royal Marines
RN Royal Navy
Rr rear
S. solidi (shillings)
Sep September
Surg surgeon
SW South West [London]
Sy Surrey
tent/s tenement/s
TS typescript
v versus (against)
Viz videlicet (which is to say)
w. with
wid widow
yeo yeoman

City Archivist 1994-1995

Amended by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 4 December 1998, introductory section only. Amended 2 August 1999 (CH108/281-284); amended 28 April 2000 (CH108/77); last amended 1 June 2000 (Introduction). File updated 1 August 2007 

Date: n/a
Quantity: n/a
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: Church_of_England_Historical_Information/List_of_Deans_of_Rochester_1533_Date on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ Church_of_England_Historical_Information/ List_of_Deans_of_Rochester_1533_Date.html

Records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester: historical information pertaining

List of the Deans of Rochester

1533 Walter Phillips [cf. Philippes, Philips, Phyllyppes, Phylyppes, Phylippes, Phillippes, Philyppes, Philypes], 18 June; last prior and first dean; died 1570
1570 Edmund Freake [cf. Freke], 10 April; bishop of Rochester 9 May 1571
1574 Thomas Willoughby [cf. Wollowbie, Willobie, Wilughby, Willowghby, Willowghbye, Willoughbie], 23 June; died 19 August 1585
1585 John Coldwell, 7 January; bishop of Salisbury [Wiltshire], 26 December 1591
1592 Thomas Blague 1 February; died October 1611
1611 Richard Milbourne 11 December; bishop of St. Davidís [Pembroke, Wales] 9 July 1615
1615 Robert Scott 13 July; died December 1620
1620 Godfrey Goodman 6 January; bishop of Gloucester [Gloucestershire] 6 March 1624
1624 Walter Bancanqual [cf. Balcanqual] 12 March; dean of Durham 1638
1638 Henry King 6 February; bishop of Chichester [Sussex] 16 February 1641
1641 Thomas Turner 26 February; dean of Canterbury 1643
1660 Benjamin Laney 24 July; bishop of Peterborough [Northamptonshire], same year
1660 Nathaniel Hardy 10 December; died 1 June 1670
1670 Peter Mew, bishop of Bath and Wells [Somerset] 1672
1673 Thomas Lamplugh 6 March; bishop of Exeter [Devon] 12 November 1676
1676 John Castillion 15 November; died 21 October 1688
1689 Henry Ullock; died 20 June 1706
1706 Samuel Pratt [cf. Prat]; died 14 November 1723
1724 Nicholas Clagett 4 January; bishop of St. Davidís, [Pembroke, Wales] January 1731
1731 Thomas Herring; bishop of Bangor [Carnarvon, Wales] 1737
1743 William Bernard; bishop of Raphoe [Donegal, Ireland] 1744
1744 John Newcombe; died 10 March 1765
1765 William Markham, dean of Christchurch [Oxford, Oxfordshire] 1767
1775 Thomas Thurlow 8 November; bishop of Lincoln [Lincolnshire] 1779
1782 Thomas Dampier; bishop of Rochester 1802
1802 Samuel Goodenough; bishop of Carlisle [Cumberland] 1808
1808 William Beaumont Busby 15 March
1820 Robert Stevens 17 October
1870 Thomas Dale 23 February; died 14 May 1870;
1870 Robert Scott 16 June
1887 Samuel Reynolds Hole 31 December; died 1904
1905 Ernald Lane
1913 John Storrs
1928 Reginald Thomas Talbot
1932 Francis Underhill
1937 Ernest Morell Blackie
1943 Thomas Crick
1959 Robert William Stannard
1966 Stanley Woodley Betts
1978 John Robert Arnold
1990 Edward Frank Shotter

Haydnís Book of Dignities 1894, reprinted 1969
Rochester Diocesan Directories
Kellyís Directories

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 31 July 2001.

Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_002_25 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester: estate leases, related documents and purchases of new estates 1576-1861

Aylesford Parsonage with St. Blaise Wood. (No 3)

A, B Lessee: Thomas, Lord le Despencer [cf. Despenser], Baron le Despencer.

Rent: £22 plus 2 good fat wethers at Christmas and £21 8s. Land Tax.

Term: 21 years

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2, 3, 6, 9, 19, 25. Aylesford parsonage and the property described as above (DRc/Ele 1-2) but with the exception of the Chapel Wood called St. Blaise Wood which was henceforth reserved to the Dean and Chapter.

DRc/Ele 2/25B sealed and delivered in the presence of William Sheldon, Grays Inn, and Courtenay Gidley, attorney at law, Honiton, Devon.

Signed: Le Despencer

File updated by Borough Archivist 14 January 2002.

Date: 28 November 1808
Quantity: 2 membranes
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester



The Black Boy

Messuage, formerly 2 tenements under one roof on the south side of the High Street lying west of St. William's Gate and north of St. Nicholas Churchyard. No. 145

The Black Boy, formerly the Two Brewers


Lessees: Rev. Alexander Browne [cf. Brown], late of Rochester but now of Ilfracombe, Devon, clerk; Robert Turbeville Bingham of Rochester, esq.; and Edward Wickham of Chatham, gentleman.

Term: 40 years

Rent: 10s. + £3 Land Tax

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2b, 9, 12, 20. 6 months; 25.

Date: 28 June 1819
Quantity: 1 item
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester



East Sutton Parsonage

East Sutton parsonage with the barns, houses, buildings, gardens, lands, tenants, tithes of corn and hay and all other tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments. Bundle No. 237

A, B

Lessees: Rev. Edward Honywood of Honiton, Devon, DD and Rev. James Charles Still of East Knoyle near Shaftesbury, Wiltshire, esq., executors of Elizabeth Honywood, late of Bath, widow, deceased, sole executrix of the will of the Rev. John Honywood, late of Berford, Wiltshire, clerk deceased, surviving trustee under the will of Sir Beversham Filmer, late of East Sutton, Place, Bart., deceased.

Term: 21 years

Rent: £10 and 2 good fat capons at Christmas or 4s at the Dean and Chapter's choice; plus £7 10s Land Tax

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2a, 2b, 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 19, 25

Date: 29 June 1812
Quantity: 2 documents
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

General and Miscellaneous Estate Papers


Draft letter, Dean and Chapter of Rochester to Thomas Lamplugh*, Archbishop of York: repairs to property in lease to him and which he has sublet.

* Thomas Lamplugh was Dean of Rochester 1672-1676 and retained his lease when he departed first to Exeter, Devon and then to York, Yorkshire, where he was Archbishop 1688-1691.

File updated by Borough Archivist 25 September 2001.

Date: c.1688-1691
Quantity: 1 item (paper)
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester


Finance records: treasurer  Treasurers' books (DRc/FTb )




*Treasurer's book - Edward Clerke


Includes payment of 2s 6d to 6 poor discharged soldiers by pass 17 March 1676/1677


Includes 2s given to Mr. Thomas Hellier a poor traveller of Bideford (Beddiford), Devon 23 April 1677


Includes payment of 1s to a poor travelling man and his son by order of the dean by pass from the Isle of Axholme (Axam) in Lincolnshire 25 April 1677


Includes 2s 6d given to Mr. Miles Neale who was a slave in Turkey and to his nephew Lieutenant Daniel Fulham by order of the dean, 25 April 1677


* In 2 parts, disbursements and salaries.

Date: 1676-1677
Quantity: 1 booklet
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester   Finance records: Treasurers' books (DRc/FTb )



Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.


Treasurer's book - Daniel Hill for John Wyvell [cf. Wivell].


Includes alms given to disbanded soldiers and seamen, passim


Includes 5s alms given to Thomas Gregory, chaplain to his Majesty's ship the Lynn, 8 February 1699


Includes 1s alms given to six poor French [cf. France] seamen shipwrecked on the coast of Holland [cf. Netherlands], 28 March 1699


Includes 10s alms given to Mr. Nash, the singing man, in his sickness, passim


Includes 2s 6d alms given to Blandina Cutts a poor vicar's widow of Lincoln [Lincolnshire], 8 May 1699


Includes 6d alms given to a poor Swede, 24 May 1699


Includes 2s 6d alms given to John Fielding a poor schoolmaster, forced to abscond for debt, 27 May 1699


Includes 1s alms given to a poor American [cf. America], cast away near Hastings [Sussex], 27 May 1699


Includes 1s alms given to Ann Pope widow cast away in coming from Ireland, 1 June 1699


Includes £10 allowed the Receiver for charity given the Vandois [cf. Vaudois], 8 July 1699


Includes 5s alms given to Mr. William Blisset [cf. Blissett], a distressed Hamburg (Hamborough) [cf. Schleswig Holstein, Germany] merchant, 10 July 1699


Includes 2s alms given to 5 passengers cast away on the coast of Devonshire [cf. Devon], 13 July 1699


Includes 1s alms given to a poor woman, having a sick husband and 4 children, 22 July 1699


Includes 6d alms given to two poor harvesters, 19 August 1699


Includes 6d alms given to a poor weaver, fallen to decay, 20 [?] October 1699


Includes £2 alms given to Sir James Hayes, Baronet (appearing from the several testimonials he produced, to be an object for a more than ordinary charity), 26 October 1699


Includes 1s 6d alms given to one Charles Boyle, an Algerine [cf. Algiers, Algeria, Barbary, Africa, Turkey] slave, 25 November 1699


Includes 2s 6d alms given to one Hugh Kelly, a poor Irish [cf. Ireland] scholar, 5 December 1699


Latin and English.

Date: 1698-1699
Quantity: 1 volume
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester   Finance records: Treasurers' books (DRc/FTb )



Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.


Treasurer's book - Thomas Sprat [cf. Spratt]


Includes expenses: for ringing on the days of rejoicing and thanksgiving for the taking of the city and fortress of Lille (Lisle) [Artois, Pas-de-Calais, France], the reduction of Ghent and Bruges [Flanders, Belgium], the capitulation of Tournai (Tournay) [Flanders, Belgium] and for the victory gained over the French at Blaregnies (Blareignies) [Belgium], passim


Includes 10s alms given to one John Constantine, a poor priest of the Church of Rome: a convert, and seemingly a great object of charity, 8 February 1709


Includes 1s given to a poor widow with 4 children returning home to the Island of St. Christopher's [West Indies, Caribbean], 23 February 1709


Includes 1s alms given to one James Reynolds, a poor seaman, belonging to a merchantman; taken by the French [cf. France] privateer and retaken by a Dutch [cf. Holland/Netherlands] man of war; and set on shore in Suffolk, 7 March 1709


Includes 5s alms given to Mr. Richard Williamson, a poor minister living in King's Street, Westminster, 14 March 1709


Includes 6d alms given to a poor maimed seaman, in the merchants service, 20 June 1709


Includes 1s alms given to one Henry Dove of St. Dunstan's Parish in the West, London, sent to me by Dr. Grant, 12 August 1709


Includes 1s alms given to a poor man that had been pressed on ship-board and set on shore again, 14 September 1709


Includes 1s alms given to a poor lame fellow, pressed for a soldier, and afterwards discharged, 14 October 1709


Includes 2s alms given to a poor woman and 2 children almost famished with hunger, 18 October 1709


Includes 6d alms given to a woman that came out of New England [cf. America], 27 October 1709


Includes 2s 6d alms given to a poor woman that had lain sick a long time at Rochester, towards paying for her passage to London, 29 October 1709


Includes 6d alms given to a poor seaman that had been taken prisoner into France and set on shore at Plymouth [Devon], 8 November 1709


Includes alms given to discharged, disbanded, lame, sick and poor seamen and soldiers, passim


Includes alms given to Irish [cf. Ireland] and Scottish [cf. Scotland] persons in distress, passim


Latin and English.

Date: 1708-1709
Quantity: 1 volume
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester   Finance records: Treasurers' books (DRc/FTb )



Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.


Treasurer's book - Edmund Barrell


Includes expenses: received of the treasurer twenty shillings for going to London to make an affidavit in order to procure an injunction against cutting down the church timber in Cobham Park, by me Henry Turner, 12 March 1711


Includes expenses: received for the ringers for 3 ringing days, viz. Her Majesty's coronation day, the 29th. of May and for the taking of Bouchain [cf. Artois, Flanders, Pas-de-Calais, France], twenty shillings, Stephen Huggins, 3 October 1711


Includes 2s 6d alms given to one John Constantine, a poor scholar, 26 February 1711


Includes 1s alms given to the box of the poor debtors in Southwark [London, Surrey], 15 April 1711


Includes 7s 6d alms given to Elizabeth Harman, daughter to a poor knight of Windsor [Berkshire], 28 May 1711


Includes 10s alms given to Mrs. Fletcher, wife of Dr. Fletcher, taken by the French, and carried prisoner into France, 8 July 1711


Includes 6d alms given to 2 poor women from Barbados [West Indies], 13 September 1711


Includes 6d alms given to 2 poor seamen that had been taken by a French [cf. France] privateer, and set on shore at Dartmouth [Devon], 28 October 1711


Includes 5s alms given to Mrs. Ogleby a Scotch [cf. Scotland] clergyman's widow in distress, 21 November 1711


Includes 5s alms given to Mr. Henry Waring (a gentleman in a very low condition) going over into Holland [cf. Netherlands] to seek for a subsistence for himself and his son, 26 November 1711


Includes alms given to disbanded, discharged, sick, lame and poor seamen and soldiers, passim


Latin and English.

Date: 1710-1711
Quantity: 1 volume/72pp. used
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester    Finance records: Treasurers' books (DRc/FTb )


  Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.


Treasurer's book - Edmund Barrell.


Includes expenses: paid Mr. Whitledge bookseller, by the hands of Robin Bayley [cf. Bailey], carrier, two pounds eighteen shillings and eight pence for Dr. Gibson's Codex Juris Eccles[iastici Anglicani] bound in 2 volumes and lettered at the back, 6 February 1714


Includes expenses: given to Mr. Hughes, (secretary to the Office of Ordnance] two guineas for his advice in the affair of the church's estate in Chatham within the lines of fortification, 19 July 1714


Includes 1s alms given to one redeemed from slavery, 28 December 1713


Includes 6d alms given to one John Steward [cf. Stewart, Stuart] shipwrecked on the Irish coast [cf. Ireland], 24 January 1714


Includes 1s alms given to 2 poor sailors that had been cast away upon the coast of Penzance in the county of Cornwall, 2 February 1714


Includes 6d alms given to a poor woman with a sore breast, 19 March 1714


Includes 6d alms given to a poor sailor cast away upon the Scilly (Silly) Isles [Cornwall], 30 March 1714


Includes 2s 6d alms given to John Sheaf [cf. Sheafe] and William Filles towards paying their fees and releasing them out of prison, after their being acquitted of the robbery they were tried for, 30 March 1714


Includes 6d alms given to a poor fellow disturbed in his mind, 31 March 1714


Includes 6d alms given to David Walter a poor blind soldier, 6 April 1714


Includes 6d alms paid to 2 disbanded soldiers with a pass from Gibraltar, 16 April 1714


Includes 5s alms given to Charles Arnott [cf. Arnot] son of Dr. Arnott, who lived in Canterbury, towards paying his prison fees, 26 April 1714


Includes 2s 6d alms given to one Thomas Howard, a poor maimed soldier of a broken regiment in Spain, 30 April 1714


Includes 2s 6d alms given to one John Wheatley of Cranbourne a poor sufferer by fire, 11 May 1714


Includes 1s alms given to one Don Francisco Cheras a Spaniard [cf. Spain], that had been cast away on the coast of England, 27 July 1714


Includes 6d alms given to Thomas Fowler and John Brown that had been taken by a Sally [cf. Algiers, Algeria, Africa, Barbary] man of war, and retaken by a Dutch man [of war], 23 August 1714


Includes 6d alms given to one Thomas Johnson with a pass for Denmark, his native country, 23 September 1714


Includes 5s alms given to one Mr. Freeman Williamson, bachelor of arts, a great object of charity, 8 October 1714


Includes 6d alms given to one Alexander Gordon, a North Briton [cf. Scotland] that had been cast away, 28 October 1714


Includes various sums given to George Roben, Henry Tudor, John Ashington, James Wakelin, Daniel Jackson and John Edwards and several others that were cast away homewards bound from the West Indies, 6 November 1714


Includes 6d alms given to one Anne Wood, going by the name of the Fairy Queen, 13 November 1714


Includes 5s alms given to Mr. Hugh Pugh (Pughe) a poor minister from Herefordshire, and a great object of charity, 18 November 1714


Includes 6d alms given to one John Boacham, Levite Thomas and others that had been cast away coming from the West Indies, 18 November 1714


Includes 6d alms given to one William Hamerstone and others with a pass from Dartmouth [Devon], 30 November 1714


Includes 1s alms given to William Froget [cf. Frogett, Frogatt] and James Smith 2 poor maimed soldiers from Port Mahon [Minorca, cf. Spain, Balearic Islands, Mediterranean], 11 December 1714


Includes alms given to numerous returning disbanded, discharged, maimed, sick and poor soldiers and seamen, many named and persons released from slavery in Turkey.


Latin and English.


File updated by borough archivist 13 August 2002.

Date: 1713-1714
Quantity: 1 booklet
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - Edmund Barrell.

Includes expenses for restoration of cathedral, p.43

Includes 8s alms given to Mary Nicholson, who with her husband and 5 children (homeward bound from Ireland) were cast away; she and her 5 children were preserved by a ship in company with them and set on shore at Whitehaven [Cumberland]; and to Edward Howard and his wife with a young child in her arms; eight shillings to them all, 3 December 1720

Includes 2s alms given to six poor French sailors, viz. Philip Freman, Nicholas Oraie, Laurence Adam, Giles Buy, John Lenoir and Tarquin Vincent, 3 December 1720

Includes 3s alms given to Rebecca Jones, and her sister Anne Bannister with four children, cast away in their passage to Boston in [Massachusetts] New England, and in a very distressed condition, with a pass from Topsham in the county of Cornwall (Cornwell) [sic, i.e. Devon], 9 December 1720

Includes 1s alms given to Francis Richard, a poor Switzer [i.e. Swiss; cf. Switzerland], with his wife Magdalene, 11 January 1721

Includes 1s alms given to one Peter Bruckner, a poor scholar, with a testimonium [cf. testimonial] from Basel (Basil) [cf. Basle] in Switzerland, 14 February 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to Frederick Burgeois with a testimonium from the pastors of Basel (Basil) [cf. Basle] in Switzerland, 23 February 1721

Includes 1s alms given to Peter Steward [cf. Stewart, Stuart] and John Steward that had been slaves 3 years in Barbary [cf. Africa, Algiers, Algeria, Sally], 12 May 1721

Includes 1s 6d alms given to 6 Frenchmen shipwrecked on the coast of Ireland with a pass signed Chammord, who took care of the affairs of France at the court of England, 13 June 1721

Includes 6d alms given to Richard Wilson, a poor sailor, that had been taken by a privateer and being turned adrift, was fortunately taken into a ship that came by, and set on shore, 20 May 1721

Includes 1s alms given to 2 Arabians [cf. Arabs, Arabia] that had been taken by the Algerines [cf. Algiers, Sally, Algeria, Barbary, Africa], 5 August 1721

Includes 6d alms given to one John Andrews with a pass from Brussels; signed William Leathes, His Majesty's Resident at Brussels [Belgium], 14 August 1721

Includes 6d alms given to William Redfern of Ashford in the parish of Bakewell in Derbyshire who coming into Kent for harvest-work, fell sick, and was disabled to work, 13 September 1721

Includes 6d alms given to Antonio Fristo with a pass from Hastings in Sussex, 20 September 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to John Richardson, a poor scholar, formerly of Harthall in Oxford [Oxfordshire], 5 October 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to one in the habit of a gentleman, who applied to me with a paper subscribed after this manner: ego Don Antonius Feducia, et agliati, nobilis eques miles ex insula Malte [cf. Malta, Melita] venio ad supplicandum vestram revertiam, etc., 5 October 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to 2 poor women and 2 small children from Frankfurt (Frankford) in Germany, in a very wretched, poor condition, 13 October 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to Josepho Segaldo, an Italian [cf. Italy] and a valet de chambre [archivist's italics] who was left sick here in England by his master, 2 November 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to John Turner, rector of Coverham [North Riding, Yorkshire], in a very poor condition, 18 November 1721

Latin and English.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 16 July 2001.

Date: 1720-1721
Quantity: 1 booklet/65pp. used
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - Edmund Barrell

Includes expenses incurred in repairing the cathedral 1742-1743 (pp.35-36)

Includes £5 5s alms given to a collection made by the mayor, recorder, etc. for the poor sufferers by fire at Crediton in Devonshire [cf. Devon], 31 January 1744

Wrapped in portion of lease to oyster beds and manorial land in Stoke between Dean and Chapter and Robert Willis senior, Ruben Alexander, Thomas Russell senior, James Humphrys [cf. Humphreys], Thomas Benfield (Benfeild) junior, John Alexander and Robert [Alexander] c.1740


Date: 1743-1744
Quantity: 1 booklet/61pp. used
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, beadsmen and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - J.H. Hamilton

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £15 11s paid Messrs. Hills for winding and repairing the cathedral clock, 26 November 1874;

Includes expenses incurred on account of Minor Canon Row, the organist, verger and schoolmaster's houses and the porter's lodge [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Rochester (pp.34-35);

Includes expenses incurred on account of repairs to the cathedral fabric (p.36);

Includes extraordinary payments under the heading repair of fabric, restoration of cathedral (p.37);

Includes under alms and donations, £2 subscription to Teynham Parochial Schools for 1873, paid Mr. I. Honeyball 27 November 1873;

Includes under alms and donations, paid W. Greenwood £12 12s, a bill for presentation watch for E.[?] C. Morgan late clerk of cathedral works, 26 February 1874;

Includes under alms and donations, 10s contribution to poor of Shorne from rectorial tithe due Michaelmas 1873, H. Solomon, 28 March 1874;

Includes under alms and donations, £1 1s 3d subscription to Tallis Memorial Fund and Post Office order, paid Rev. H.W. Miller, 26 June 1874;

Includes under alms and donations, £25 contributon to fund in support of appeal regarding Exeter [cathedral, Devon] reredos, paid W. Cotton, July 1874;

Includes under alms and donations, £8 subscription for 1874 to Ruckinge School, paid Rev. E.M. Mirnel [?], 3 July 1874;

Includes index to account headings and list of residences at front.


[See DRc/FTb 205/2 for removed loose enclosures.]

Date: 1873-1874
Quantity: 1 volume/51pp. used
Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTv_086 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB03_Financial_Records_1541_1919/ 02_DRc_FT_Treasurer_1548_to_1913/ 02_DRc_FTv_Bills_and_vouchers_1552_to_1867/ DRc_FTv_086.html

Treasurer's bills and vouchers 1552-1867 (DRc/FTv 1-231)

Treasurer's Vouchers, comprising beadsmen's receipts, receipts for payment of bishop's Xenium for visitation, bills for tradesmenís work, bills for liturgical and sacramental supplies, bills for candles and tapers, bills for communion wine, bills for stationery, bills for giving of sermons, lists of quitrents and tenants, receipts for litigation and legal opinions, accounts of alms distributed, receipts for payments of tax, receipts for water supplies, parish clergy pension receipts, receipts for alms disbursed, receipts for apprenticeship agreements for children apprenticed out by the Dean and Chapter, receipts for officers' salaries and maintenance of children (foundlings) in the care of the cathedral.

Includes bill from Charles Amyatt for law charges in connection with case versus the Earl of Aylesford, settled in favour of Elizabeth Amyatt his widow and administratrix, 3 June 1740 (DRc/FTv 86/3);

Includes bill from Charles Amyatt for law charges in connection with fee farm rent of Guy's Hospital, London, settled in favour of Elizabeth Amyatt his widow and administratrix, 3 June 1740 (DRc/FTv 86/4);

Includes bill from Anne Everest [cf. Everitt, Everet Everett, Everit] for keeping and schooling Elizabeth Beamont [cf. Collidge, Beament, Beaumont], settled 4 December 1739 (DRc/FTv 86/5) and passim;

Includes bill from Thomas Strover for tailoring supplies for Charles Birkbeck, settled by Joseph Neild of Dartford, sadler 21 January 1739/1740 (DRc/FTv 86/6);

Includes account of expenses incurred in the apprenticehsip of Charles Birkbeck to Joseph Neild of Dartford, sadler, items including a pair of leathern breeches, a pair of ready-made court shoes and a journey to Devon, 1737-1739 (DRc/FTv 86/8);

Includes bill from Richard Shaw, clock smith, for looking after the clock according to order (accarden to arder), settled 25 March 1740 (DRc/FTv 86/10);

Includes receipt from William Botham for payment for 12 stone and 7 pounds of pork for the use of Thomas Clark (endorsed half a hog), 27 December 1739 (DRc/FTv 86/11);

Includes bill from Joseph Neild of Dartford, sadler, for clothing and shoes for his apprentice Charles Birkbeck, settled 29 October 1740 (DRc/FTv 86/12) and passim;

Includes receipt from Duke Noble for payment for taking apprentice William Pennall, 24 June 1740 (DRc/FTv 86/19);

Includes bill from Joseph Chubb, carpenter, for taking the fifth bell off her frame and putting up a fence to keep the boys from climbing up the outside of the church, etc., settled 7 December 1739 (DRc/FTv 86/28);

Includes bill from John Bishop for set of bell ropes, settled 28 December 1739 (DRc/FTv 86/30);

Includes bill from John Parr, pavier, for paving at the gate and fetching the stone from under the chapter house, settled (DRc/FTv 86/33);

Includes bill from Anthony Scudamore, glazier, for repairing lamps and work done in the chapter house and treasurer's room, settled 7 December 1739 (DRc/FTv 86/35)

File updated by Borough Archivist 27 March 2006

Date: 1739-1740
Quantity: 1 bundle/35 items
Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: P085_CHATHAM_ST_MARY_1568_1974/P085_01_001 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Rochester_Archdeaconry_Area_Parishes/ P085_CHATHAM_ST_MARY_1568_1974/ 01_INCUMBENT_REGISTERS_1568_1974/ 01_registers/ P085_01_001.html

Chatham St. Mary Parish Records

Composite register of baptisms, marriages and burials

[paper register]

Includes the following entry: Stephen Boroughe [cf. Borough] Esquior was buryed the xiiiith daie of the same moneth [i.e. July 1584] (folio 61) *.

[* Stephen Borough, a Devon man, was a sea captain, navigator and explorer who between 1553 and 1556 pioneered the sea route to Russia and was instrumental in the setting up of the first big English overseas trading company, the Muscovy Company, in 1555. He also served as chief pilot of the Company, was a member and Master of the Trinity Brethren and was appointed one of four Pilots General (or Principal Masters in Ordinary) to the Queen's Navy, stationed on the River Medway. He is commemorated by a tablet in the church.]

Microfilm MF 482

[File updated by Borough Archivist 17 August 2004]

Date: 1568 - 1614
Quantity: [paper register]
Result number 25 - Please quote Reference: P306_ROCHESTER_ST_NICHOLAS_1624_1972/P306_25_01 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Rochester_Archdeaconry_Area_Parishes/ P306_ROCHESTER_ST_NICHOLAS_1624_1972/ 25_Charity_and_School_1692_1947/ P306_25_01.html


Parchment roll of wills founding the charities of Brooker, Gunnesley, Hayward, Head and Watts

[Arthur Brooker by his will dated 1678 bequested a yearly sum of £4 from his property at Hoo: £3 for bread for the poor, £1 for a funeral sermon

Rev. Robert Gunnesley by his will dated 1618 bequeathed the rent of property in Devon to be distributed as bread and clothing to the poor of the parishes of St. Nicholas and Maidstone

St. John Hayward by his will proved 1636 bequeathed his money to the poor of such parishes and in such manner as his trustees should think fit, provided that S. Nicholas was one of them

Sir Richard Head by his will dated 1689 bequeathed the rents and profits of his property at Higham to be distributed as bread to the poor of St. Nicholas

Richard Watts by his will proved 1579 bequeathed the proceeds of the sale of part of his property to maintaining the almshouse at St. Nicholas]

Date: 1692
Quantity: 1 document
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