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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 04_DE_SERIES_0251_0500/DE0251 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 04_DE_SERIES_0251_0500/ DE0251.html

Title deeds probably of varied provenance relating to:

properties in Chatham including Smithfield Bank (parties Hull, Gates, Duncan, Dean and Chapter of Rochester, Trott, Brewer, Boosey, Roaf [or Roafe], Tester, Stephens, Pack, Grover, Tyer, Pearne, James, Jenney, Clifton, Benster, Dadd, French, Smith and Hunt) 1706-1881 with Land Tax redemption certificate;

Cliffe (parties Oakes, Bradley, Emmery, Day, Tilden, Mitchell, Chapman and Pratt) [1735] 1800-1809;

Stoke and Lower Stoke (parties Buckhurst, Stephens, Boghurst, Steel, Boorman, Henty, Gore, Buxton and Barnaby) 1820-1868;

Brompton, Chatham and Gillingham (parties British Land Company Ltd., Harden, Miller, Trueman, Stephens, Croly, Hore, Sugden, Jefferys, Craig, Muddle, Strover, Green and Payne) 1779-1915;

Shoeburyness, Essex (parties Ogden and French) 1869, St. Margaret's Parish, Rochester (parties Brain, Selby and Norton) 1819, 1843, estate of Thomas Goble of Strood, house carpenter (parties Elgar, Rooke and Marsh) 1790, Kings Field, St. Margaret's Parish, Rochester (parties Compton Dyke, Chaytors and Burney (reciting Troy) 1820, Rainham and Upchurch (parties Pyke and Watkins) 1856;

with personal estate papers probably relating to parties to above deeds, families Sheafe, Watkins, Pyke, Anderson, French, Darch, English, Stephens, Wolrige, Hogg, Toomer, Richards (bankrupt), Tippin, Burton, Woods, Walker, Witheridge, Mears, Buckhurst, Summerfield, Bradley, Andrews, Mason, Frith, Stunt, Strover, Muddle, Cromp, Chamberlain, Batchelor and Craig 1728-1905 and apprenticeship indentures of James Henry Scott of Barham to David French of Chatham, cooper 1870 (duplicates).

Possibly from the firm of Stephens, solicitors in Chatham

Re-edited by Borough Archivist 24 July 2000.

Date: 18th. - 19th. Centuries
Quantity: 82 items
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 04_DE_SERIES_0251_0500/DE0467 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 04_DE_SERIES_0251_0500/ DE0467.html

Former Strood Rural District Council and Rochester City Council water and sewerage site plans as inherited by Medway Water Board, 1915-1958, including Broom Hill, Strood 1946, with copied photographs of Strood RDC outing to Clacton, Essex 1950
Date: 1915-1950
Quantity: 1 roll pluc 1 packet
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/DE0707 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/ DE0707.html

Additional records of the parish church of Swanscombe Sts. Peter and Paul, comprising:

Register of baptisms 1944-1966 ( 1 volume);
Registers of marriages 1966-1974, 1974-1987 (2 volumes);
Marriage licences of M.J. Jellett of Chichester, West Sussex and Margaret R. Martin of Swanscombe, 1970; A.E.J. Lines of Swanscombe and Rose E. Stoneham of same, 1972; and K.T.W. Harrell of Harold Hill, Essex and K.R. Bains of Swanscombe, 1973;
Registers of banns 1978-1984, 1984-1990 (2 volumes);
Registers of services 1984-1990, 1990-1995 (2 volumes).

Call no.: P362
Date: 1944-1995
Quantity: 7 volumes, 3pp.

Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1017 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1017.html

Personal and family cine films produced by Frank and Mark Waslin (father and son) of Chatham, members of the Medway Cine Club and Medway Movie Makers, comprising films of holidays in Kitzbuehel, Tirrol, Austria and Paris, France, scenes of the Medway Towns and surrounding area including Aylesford, Bearsted, Penshurst, Chiddingstone, Penshurst, Yalding and Teston in the Autumn and Spring, the Shuttleworth Collection and air show at Old Warden Park, Sandy, Bedfordshire, Pontin's Holiday Camp, Brixham, Devon and Cockington Forge, Torquay, Devon, seasonal films, garden birds and the Tall Ships Race, Chatham, 1985, Loose Valley, Maidstone and Syon Park, Essex.

[For CDRoms of these cine films see DE1065. See also Medway MovieBase for highlights click here.]

File updated by Borough Archivist 8 June 2006

Date: 1967-c.1980s
Quantity: 30 x 8mm cine film reels
Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1033 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1033.html

Records transferred by the Community Librarian, Gillingham Library,  Education and Leisure Directorate, Medway Council of varying or unknown provenance, some possibly previously from Gillingham Borough Museum [cf. Woodlands Museum], Woodlands House, 48 Woodlands Road, Gillingham, comprising:Bond for due performance, penalty 200 marks, parties John Honywood [cf. Honiwood] of Elmstead, gentleman and William Painter, gentleman, in respect of deed of previous day to property in Gillingham comprising messuage called Friday’s House in Church Street occupied by John Pollin with 1 ½ acres called Stanghurst or Friday’s Close, 1 ½ acres called Culver Croft at Yorkham, 2 ½ acres at Shreves Oak, ½ acre called Thorpes and 17 acres called Digges Croft, 24 November 1568 (1 membrane with seal on tape with typescript description and transcription, 5pp. and envelope) [see also collection U398];Probate copy of will of James Sladden of St. Margaret’s, Rochester, maltster, proved 21 February 1653 (1 membrane with broken pendant seal);bond for quiet enjoyment between Robert Gardner of Chatham, glazier and Elizabeth Combes of Rochester, widow, in respect of conveyance of four messuages and gardens, tenants’ names given, witnessed by John Rosewell and James Bucknall, 22 September 1676 (1 item, paper) [Gillingham Library accession 120945];letters of administration granted to Edward Nordash husband of Sarah Nordash late of Chatham, intestate, 25 June 1679 (1 membrane, with pendant wafer seal);lease of lease and release [release not present] to Park Farm, Boxley of 83 acres, parties Sarah Saint John of Yelden, Bedfordshire, widow, Paulett Saint John of Yelden, Bedfordshire, clerk, son and heir of Sarah and John Clarke of Lincoln’s Inn, London, gentleman, 30 June 1712 (1 membrane) with accompanying typescript notes;plan of freehold estate adjoining Twydall Lane in Gillingham and Rainham, for sale by Messrs. Cobb, also showing York Farm and Twydall Farm, Rainham, Sharp and Green’s cement works,Horrid Hill and London to Canterbury railway line, 1913 (1 sheet);printed sale particulars for land called Two Acres adjoining Woodlands Lane, Gillingham, to be sold by Messrs. Cobb at the Bull Hotel, High Street, Rochester, 1898 (1 item);printed sale particulars for land called Simmon’s Field of 13 acres adjoining Beggar’s Lane, East Rainham, with site plan, to be sold by Messrs. Cobb at the Bull Hotel, High Street, Rochester, 1898 (1 item);printed sale particulars for land called Crown Farm in Gillingham and Rainham of 252 acres, adjoining Watling Street south of Rainham Mark, to be sold by Messrs. Cobb at the Bull Hotel, High Street, Rochester, 1890, with site plan (1 item);printed sale particulars for freehold estate called Wigmore with site plan, including Lambs Frith Wood, Levan Strice Wood, Ling’s Frith Wood, Wigmore Wood and Platters Wood in Gillingham and Rainham, to be sold by Messrs. Cobb at The Mart, Tokenhouse Yard, London 1902, with site plan (1 item);printed booklet entitled Speculative Ideas upon the Probable Consequences of an Invasion, on our Late Encampments, and on the State of some of the Sea-Ports in England in the form of an open letter to Henry Herbert, 10th. Earl of Pembroke, by an officer in the Army, with plan of area between Strood, Meopham and Dartford (Kent) and Mucking in Essex, showing Shorne Wood, Gravesend, Tilbury and the River Thames, printed for T. Egerton, Charing Cross, London, 1782 (1 volume);facsimile of the Report of the Committee Appointed to Enquire into the Construction, Condition and Cost of the Fortifications Erected or in Course of Erection under 30th. and 31st. Victoria and Previous Statutes together with the Minutes of Evidence and Appendix 1869, with facsimile map of the Chatham defences 1860, facsimilies supplied by Royal Engineers Library, Chatham c.1950 x c.1960 (1 bundle);printed booklet comprising An Essay on Ways and Means to Maintain the Honour and Safety of England, to encrease Trade, Merchandize, Navigation, Shipping, Mariners and Sea-men, in War or Peace by Sir Walter Raleigh or Sir Dudley Digges with a post script by Sir Henry Sheers pertaining to the ports of Kent, especially Dover, 1701 (1 booklet);printed booklet entitled Animadversions upon a Scurrilous Pamphlet entituled The History of the Kentish Petition with postscript entitled Advice to the Kentish Long-tails by the Wise Men of Gotham in Answer to their late Sawcy Petition to the Parliament 1701, (1 booklet);printed order of service on occasion of unveiling Old Brompton [cf. Gillingham] War Memorial, 20 March 1921, with roll of honour at rear (1 booklet);printed circular letter from Rev. Daniel Cooke, incumbent of Holy Trinity, Brompton, asking for parish support in establishing a district visiting society and National School, 1847 (1 item);abstract of title of Mrs. Ethel May Winch to Platters Wood Estate, Wigmore, reciting from 1885, 1912 (1 sheaf);)[See also DE1035 and MTC/EL/LEI/LIMS/LIB/3]
Date: 1568-c.1960
Quantity: 1 box
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1068 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1068.html

Title deeds, probate records and personal estate papers of Peat family of Kensington, London and Tovil, Maidstone and Forrester family of Malmesbury, Wiltshire, deeds pertaining to properties under jurisdiction of manors of Barking, Essex and Kennington, Surrey; also deeds pertaining to advowson of Thorley, Hertfordshire, Isle of Wight, Slicketts Hill and Chalk Pit Lane, Chatham and Gillingham, parties and subjects Hooper, Earle, Dewe, Bryant, Budgen, Mannerings, Charlton, Rainger, Ward, Pillfold, Robinson, John Russell, Duke of Bedford, Townson and Storey.

Date: 1739-1913
Quantity: 1 bundle/41 items inc. wrappers
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1126 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1126.html

Facsimile drawings of installations at Kent Oil Refinery (BP Oil Refinery), Isle of Grain, client the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company Ltd. (later British Petroleum (BP)), many prepared for the main Kent Refinery Project in the 1950s, installations comprising:

Main laboratory, maintenance organisation offices, general office, engine test house, central restaurant, amenities block, medical centre, TEL bulk blending plant, TEL pump house, motor spirit blending pump house, site plans, floor plans, services, elevations, sections, diagrams (including potable water system and drinking water reticulation and cooling water mains, cooling water pump house, sea water pump house, list of hydrants (1972) and site electrical distribution), installations and lubricating oil process office and lubricating oil blending, packaging and despatch operational building, information centre, training centre, loading rack shelter, white olis loading shed, white oils loading area, chlorine injection plant, barrel storage building, central or main stores area, propane deasphalting unit, MEK solvent dewaxing plant, pile reference plan for coastal tanker and barge jetty (1956), sections and details of jetties and piles, jetty pipelines trhoughout site, details of dredging, pile driving records, waste water oil separator area, Admiralty Depot fire water reticulation, effluent separator tank and foundation, PS tanks, flare gas recovery system compressor house, acid storage area, crude distillation unit, redistillation area, amine regeneration unit, sulphur production and despatching units, LPG loading area, sludge and recovery plant, crude oil de-salting scheme diagram, solutizer plant, copper sweetening plant, tannin solutizer treating plant, kersoine washery, isopentane washery, isopentane unit, acid washeries, offsite acid vessels, sub stations, sulphur dioxide extraction plant, BPSD stabiliser, PFD stabiliser, vacuum unit plot plan, vacuum distillation unit, heater and fuel systems, gas oil hydrofiners, oleum recovery plant, platforming unit, power station area, turbine deaerator and water treatment house.

Contractors named are Wilson, Mason and Partners, Chandos Street, London, chartered architects, E.B. Badger and Sons (GB) Ltd., London, BP Trading Ltd., S.W. Farmer and Son Ltd., Lewisham, London SE13, Rendel, Palmer and Tritton, consulting engineers, Ewbank and Partners Ltd., engineering consultants, The MW Kellogg Co. (Kellogg International Corporation), Lummus Co., New York City, New York State, United States of America, Whessoe Ltd., Darlington, County Durham, Braithwaite and Co. Structural Ltd., Newport, Monmouthshire, John Brown Ltd., London, Simon-Carves Ltd., Stockport, Cheshire, Worley Engineering Ltd., London, Head Wrightson Processes Ltd. London, W.J. Frazer and Co. Ltd., Romford Essex, Foster Wheeler Ltd., London, Costain-John Brown Ltd. London, Power-Gas Corporation Ltd., Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham, Procon, London, Matthew Hall and Co. Ltd., London, Stone and Webster Engineering Ltd., London and Parolle Electrical Plant Co. Ltd., Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland.

[For photographs of Kent Oil Refinery for the same period, see the Couchman Collection, binder DE402/22 click here]

Archivist's note. Possibly of Inland Revenue or insurer's provenance. Wrappers variously inscribed for attention of G.L. Eve and Mr. A. Bowden, Inland Revenue.

Date: 1951-1979
Quantity: 155 sheets
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1182 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1182.html

Items of varying provenance transferred from the Local Studies Unit, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre, comprising:


Printed book entitled Random Recollections of Woodland, Fen and Hill by J.W. Tutt c.1895, inscribed A.C. Holliday, 1 Mitre Road, Rochester and Duffryn House, New Road, Nantyglo (Rantyglo), Monmouthshire, containing newscuttings about hopfields 1941, studio photograph of Tutt, letter from J. Herbert Tutt, Coopers Hill, Englefield Green, Egham, Surrey, author’s son 1944, returned letter from Holliday to Tutt junior 1951 and letters news articles by Holliday pertaining to Tutt senior including Rambles in Welsh Valleys 1941-1942

Formerly at Gillingham Public Library

1 volume with loose enclosures

c.1895; c.1941-c.1951


Letter from Lewis Levy, 16 Kingswood Villas, Gillingham, to [A.A.?] Arnold [Cobhambury, Cobham], thanking him for assistance and describing bad weather, 1 March 1925

1 p.


Printed flyer advertising Edwin Harris’ Olde Curiostie Shoppe, 89 (later 151) High Street, Rochester, in style parodying the Court of Pie Powder, Rochester


1 p.


Printed article or off-print entitled Surveys of the English Coast 1779-1793: from records of reports made by the Inspector of Royal Artillery on the Coast Defences of England, by Major A.E. Macrae, bound with newcuttings and typescript and MS notes by Thomas [?] Blomfield or P.F. Hogg on early guns and the Medway forts, together with forts at Tilbury, Essex and Brighthelmstone, Sussex (including newscutting entitled Old cannons in Rochester, Chatham and Brompton, Chatham Observer, by Edwin Harris, 1929)

Hogg Collection [see also DE263, DE292, DE303, DE346 and DE913]

Formerly at Chatham Library


1 booklet


File on Gillingham Town Centre Plan: objections and amendments, 1981

1 folder

Formerly at Gillingham Library


Printed pamphlet entitled Report on the Borough of Chatham with a description of the proposed boundary, Session 1831-1832, with map

1 folder

2 copies

Formerly at Rochester Library ref. VF CHA352.0072


Kent River Authority Fishery Byelaws 1970

1 folder

Formerly at Gillingham Library ref. K445KEM


MS monograph entitled A tale or legend of Rochester Castle in the olden time by an inhabitant of modern Rochester


Author Miss Anne Stone, daughter of Mr. H. Stone of Hall Place, Bexley, banker

Presented to Eastgate House Museum, Rochester by Miss Elizabeth Newnham, 4 Wayville Road, Dartford 1949

1 booklet


Stencil typescript transcript of: architectural survey by Robert Smirke of Stratford Place, London of Rochester Cathedral (1825); the opinion of James Savage of 34 Walbrook, London on the tower (1826); and personal journal of Robert Stevens DD, Dean of Rochester on the repair of Rochester Cathedral by Lewis Nockalls Cottingham (1825-1826)

1 booklet

Compiled 1972


Printed book entitled Fawkham: The Story of a Kentish Village by W. Frank Proudfoot 1951

Presented to Kent Archives Office by the author 1951

De-accessioned from the parish records by Kent County Council and transferred to Medway Archives.

Former reference P157/28/14 [part]

Previously in the Medway Archives office library, ref. OA/LIB/88

1 volume


Apprenticeship indenture of James Moore, son of John Moore of Strood, mariner, bound to Thomas Boucher of Rochester, fisherman and dredgerman and hoyman

Witnessed by Thomas Patten, attorney and notary, Rochester

Donated by Mr. A. Torry of Dartford to Dartford Library 1960

Transferred from Dartford Library 2008


1 membrane


Assignment of James Moore as apprentice from George Telfer of Strood Intra, fisherman and dredgerman (being about to leave the City) to Richard Wildish of Strood Intra, fisherman and dredgerman (reciting previous assignment of James Moore from Thomas Boucher of Rochester, fisherman and dredgerman and hoyman to Telfer in 1827)

Witnessed by Richard Prall and Richard Harper, clerks to Mr. Boys of Rochester, solicitor

Donated by Mr. A. Torry of Dartford to Dartford Library 1960

Transferred from Dartford Library 2008


1 item, paper


Oath of James Moore, fisherman and dredgerman on admission to the Freedom of the City of Rochester

Donated by Mr. A. Torry of Dartford to Dartford Library 1960

Transferred from Dartford Library 2008

1 membrane


Date: 1825-1972
Quantity: 5 volumes/booklets, 5 items/packets, 3 folders
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1186 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1186.html

Unfit For Production

Commonplace book or memorandum book of David Day of West Hill, [Frindsbury?], Rochester, esquire, landed proprietor and proprietor of Messrs. Day, Hulkes and Co., bankers, possibly with a few additions by others, containing instructions for his executors, statements of his personal finances, terriers of his estates in Kent and Hampshire, observations on estate management, religious homilies of Unitarian persuasion, transcript of a letter from Day to a Roman Catholic priest describing his religious persuasion (1807) (pp.37-45), instructions to his children, Biblical and literary quotations, transcript of article from the General Evening Post of 24 May 1808 reporting the prosecution of Rev. Francis Stone of Cold Norton, Essex, for preaching false doctrines and transcript of a sermon preached to Unitarian Christians by Rev. Joshua Toulmin DD (pp.61-144)


With partial index at front.




[Archivist’s note. Believed to have been contained among the records of Arnold, Tuff and Grimwade, later Martin Tolhurst Partnership, solicitors, of The Precincts, Rochester. For previous deposits see 11E/2, DE200, DE547, DE548, DE558 and DE1185]

Date: [1792] 1802-1809, 1834
Quantity: 1 volume
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0784 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0784.html

Records of Elliott Brothers (London) Ltd. (subsequently Marconi-Elliott Avionic Systems Ltd., later Marconi Avionics, now BAE Systems), Airport Works, Rochester, aircraft components manufacturers and suppliers, donated by Rochester Airport PLC, Rochester Airport, Maidstone Road, Chatham, comprising electronic and computer circuitry diagrams (transparencies) for aircraft avionics:

diagrams of central air data computer, unknown aircraft, possibly English Electric / British Aircraft Corporation Lightning fighter/interceptor 1966-1968 (1 box);

avionics diagrams of the Panavia Tornado multi-role combat aircraft and possibly also of the General Dynamics F16 Fighting Falcon multi-role fighter aircraft:

detection instruments, resolver, gear, tail, head and bushing, etc. 1978-1982 (1 box);
inverter unit board 1 c.1978;
inverter unit board 2 c.1978 (1 roll);
inverter unit board 3 c.1978;
inverter unit board 4 c.1978;
inverter unit boards 5-8, c.1978 (1 roll);
SMS WPU Phase II control 1977 (1 roll);
main motherboard WPU Phase II 1977;
front WPU flexi-panel, motherboard c.1977;
WCP power supply control and filter board, semiconductor and top mounting printed circuit (PC) board 1977;
SMS Phase 2 TDU card 1977;
lamp drive 1977;
control encoder 1977;
alphanumeric display card 1977;
plate, modification plate, washer, identification plate, pad etc., originals drawn by Selenia SPA, Italy/Marconi, 1977-1979;
wiring harness, chassis and other assemblies, drawn by Selenia SPA, Italy 1978-1979 (Tornado).

All above diagrams of period 1977-1982 subject to 30 year closure by arrangement with BAe Systems.

[Further records of Elliott Brothers may be found at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich (in respect of maritime instruments) and BAe Systems, Great Baddow, Chelmsford, Essex (in respect of aeronautical instruments)].

File updated by Borough Archivist 8 January 2002.

Date: 1966-1968, 1977-1979
Quantity: 5 boxes
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0852 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0852.html

Records of Rogers, Stevens and Chance, (formerly C.E.T. Rogers, Son and Stevens), 10 New Road, Chatham, chartered surveyors, brewery agents and valuers of licensed property, comprising:correspondence with mortgage lenders and site plans pertaining to valuation of private houses in Medway Towns and surrounding area c.1965-c.1982 (2 boxes);statements of change of tenancy of public houses, off-licences and hotels mainly in the Medway Towns (Strood, Rochester, Chatham and Brompton/Gillingham) and Kent (including Maidstone, Canterbury, Tunbridge Wells, Tenterden, Folkestone, Dover, Isle of Thanet, Sheerness and and Queenborough), but with many also covering the out-county area chiefly Sussex (including Northiam, Robertsbridge, Hastings, St. Leonards-on-Sea and Brighton) and Essex (including Bishops Stortford, Burnham-on-Crouch, Southend and Clacton-on-Sea), with a small coverage of Bedfordshire, Oxfordshire (Dorchester-on-Thames), Wiltshire (Marten), Surrey (including Godalming), Berkshire (Reading), Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk, Devon (Bear Inn, Colyton), London, Middlesex, Cambridgeshire (Cambridge), Norfolk (Spread Eagle, Barton Bendish) and Switzerland (San Domenico, Castagnola), parties (a) Rogers, Stevens and Chance acting as agents of brewers and (b) tenants, many containing valuation inventories of stock in hand and fixtures and fittings room by room, war damage correspondence and papers, dilapidations surveys, property inspection reports, monopopy valuations (stating social class of clientele), photographs and biographies of tenants, facsimile architects' drawings and site plans and correspondence with brewers, insurers and tenants, c.1871 *-c.1970. Some files contain only the firm's management correspondence on matters including petrol rationing early 1950s and use of motor vehicles c.1940 (164 boxes);finding aids to statements of change as above and correspondence files (2 1/2 boxes);brewery rating files pertaining to breweries in Kent and Norfolk, breweries comprising:
Mackeson’s Brewery, High Street, Hythe 1933-1972 (1 file);
Courage (Eastern) Building Department garages, stores and premises at 1 Buckland Road, Maidstone 1964-1967;
Fremlins Pale Ale Brewery, Stores and Offices, Earl Street, Maidstone 1950-1972;
Truman Hanbury Buxton and Co. Ltd., Bottling Stores, Surrey Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1950-1968;
Phoenix Brewery, Bow Road, Wateringbury 1923-1974 (1 file);
Cooperage and Sawmills, garages and premises, Buckland Road, Maidstone (Courage Eastern Ltd.) 1949-1974 (1 file);
Whitbread Fremlins, 43-47 Earl Street, Maidstone 1980-1983 (1 file);
Truman Ltd. Bottling Stores, 139-141 King Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1974 (1 file);
Medway Brewery, St. Peter’s Street, Maidstone, Courage (Eastern) Ltd. 1923-1977 (1 file);
The Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Shepherd Neame Ltd. 1965-1978 (1 file);
Malt House, Nettlestead, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1928-1980 (1 file);
Smaller Malt House, Nettlestead, Frederick Leney and Sons Ltd. 1928-1957 (1 file);
Off Licence 31-33 Pudding Lane, Maidstone; offices, garage, stores, workshops and premises, Pudding Lane, Maidstone, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1931-1984 (1 file);
Wine and Spirit Stores, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1963-1984 (1 file);
Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1957-1983 (1 file);
(2 boxes);public house inventory books c.1915-c.1933, labelled George Taylor FAI, 13 and 19 Watts Place, Chatham, auctioneer and valuer, (7 1/2 boxes);letter books 1910-1932 (20 boxes);rating assessment books 1973-1974 (3 volumes);address book c.1970 (1 volume);valuation books 1967-1982 (4 binders);account books 1973-1980 (2 volumes) [* Most statements of change files post-date 1940. The only file prior to 1940 is an inventory for The Chequers public house, Higham, 1871. The surviving sequence begins at number 4591 before which the finding aid references are redundant. NB the statements of change have been weeded. 98% of files pertaining to the Medway Towns have been retained. About 40% of out area files have been destroyed as not containing inventories or other documents of social, architectural or economic value.]File updated by Borough Archivist 10 January 2004.

Not  accessible without minimum 10 working days notice: UNCATALOGUED

Date: c.1871-1984
Quantity: Pending
Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0897 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0897.html

Title deeds to lands in Chatham, Gillingham and Bredhurst comprising:

Abstract of title of Mrs. Emma Harvey, wife of Percy Portway Harvey of Bright Holme, Ronald Park Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, gentleman, to Wigmore Estate of 267 acres in Gillingham and Bredhurst, reciting 1884-1909, with plan, 1909;

Conveyance of land with frontage of 163’ on Wigmore Road, Gillingham, parties Mrs. Emma Harvey, wife of Percy Portway Harvey of Bright Holme, Ronald Park Avenue, Westcliff-on-Sea, Essex, gentleman and Edmund Nobbs of 67 Ordnance Street, Chatham, with plan, 1909;

Conveyance of 19 acres at Darland Hill in Chatham and Gillingham, parties Secretary of State at the War Department, Cyril Edgar Andrews of Rainham, estate agent and Alfred Edmund Clifford of 45 Park Avenue, Gillingham, auctioneer and estate agent, with plan, 1929;

Conveyance of 55 acres land at Darland Hill including Fort Darland, in Chatham and Gillingham, parties Secretary of State at the War Department and Alfred Edmund Clifford of 45 Park Avenue, Gillingham, auctioneer and estate agent, with plan, 1929;

[Accompanying Ordnance Survey 25”: 1 mile maps, 1932 edition, nos. XIX.3 and XIX.7 have been passed to local studies.]

Date: 1909-1929
Quantity: 4 items (3 paper, 1 parchment)
Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0939 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0939.html

Additional records of United Benefice and Parish of High Halstow with Allhallows and Hoo St. Mary and constituent or former parishes and churches, comprising:

Unknown provenance (P167)

Baptism certificate booklet 1933-1945 (1 booklet);
Printed work entitled An Historical, Critical, Geographical, Chronological and Etymological Dictionary of the Holy Bible by Rev. Father Dom Augustin Calmet, Abbot of Senones, Vosges, France and translated by Samuel D’Oyly MA, vicar of St. Nicholas, Rochester and John Colson MA FRS, vicar of Chalk, 1732 (3 volumes, folio) (volume iii inscribed by George Owen, Cambridge);

United Benefice and Parish of High Halstow with Allhallows and Hoo St. Mary (P167)

Loose Parochial Church Council (PCC) minutes 1996-1999, 1998-2001 (1 bundle, 1 folder);
Word processed booklet entitled The Strood Deanery: Social and Spiritual Changes 1950-2001 by Gillian Ellen, Reader, illustrated with colour photographs, January 2002 (1 booklet);
Electoral roll c.1985 (1 folder);
Correspondence with funeral directors or undertakers with funeral arrangements confirmation forms 1985-1987 (1 packet);
Correspondence with Bank of England, New Change, London and others about Witherston Charity, with loose accounts, 1878-1988 (1 packet);
Correspondence, schedules and loose accounts pertaining to Labat Legacy, Hoo St. Mary 1990-1991 (1 folder);
Pastoral Scheme, Judgment and associated papers concerning amalgamation of parishes 1976-1986 (1 bundle);
Millennium Agape Meal commemorative booklet and Christmas cards with photographs, 2000 (1 bundle);
Photograph albums illustrating parish social life, annual events at Allhallows Holiday Camp, Sunday School, bell-ringing, prayer meetings and events around the parish c.1980 x c.1994 (2 volumes and 1 packet)

High Halstow (and High Halstow with Hoo St. Mary) (P167)

Income and expenditure book including offering for victims of Aberfan disaster, Glamorgan, Wales (1966), 1966-1979 (1 volume);
Account book 1937-1957 (1 volume);
Electoral roll 1933-1953 (1 volume);
Correspondence, schedules, trustees’ minutes, lists of recipients and loose accounts pertaining to John Cromp’s Charity, Red Dog Inn and Dog Field, High Halstow 1877-1988 (1 folder);
Correspondence with Robert Slater and Son of 59 Epping New Road, Buckhurst Hill, Essex, organ builders, H.H. Browne and Sons Ltd., Church Lane, St. Mildred’s, Canterbury, organ builders and others about organ repairs 1970-1975 (1 bundle);
Strood Deanery Synod report on youth activity March 1974 (1 sheaf);
Third quinquennial inspection report by Pamela M. Cunnington ARIBA, 59 Great Ormond Street London WC1, chartered architect, 1969 (1 item);
Minutes, reports and accounts of High Halstow Relief in Need Charity 1990-2001 (1 sheaf);
Electoral rolls, lists of senior citizens and associated papers 1970-1975 (1 bundle);
Photograph (reproduction of print) of portrait in oils of John Reginald harmer, bishop of Rochester c.1925 (1 item, mounted on card);
Correspondence and circulars pertaining to faculties, parish share and movable assets, with some PCC loose accounts, 1964-1975 (1 bundle);
Notice of intention to institute Rev. Stanley Guest Davison to benefice of High Halstow with Hoo St. Mary, 1962 (1p.);
Church of England, diocesan and local parish printed guidance literature on mission, marriage, outreach, worship and doctrine 1974-1983 (1 bundle);
Correspondence about chalice (1883), stipends and quinquennial inspection with PCC loose accounts (1977-1980), 1883-1980 (1 bundle);
General correspondence and correspondence about bell restoration fund, Walk of 1000 Men and lay ministry, etc., 1977-1999 (1 bundle);

Hoo St. Mary (P189)

Printed book entitled Hymns Ancient and Modern c.1940 (1 volume);
Account book, Blanket Charity 1962-1984 (1 volume);
Account book, Burt and White’s Charities 1949-1979 (1 volume);

Allhallows’ (All Saints’) (P188)

Service register 1972-1999 (1 volume);
Visitors’ book 1966-1989 (1 volume);
Monumental inscriptions in church and churchyard, compiled 1946 (8pp.);
Christmas card from members of Allhallows Pathfinders to the PCC c.1985 (2 items);
Citations from Diocesan Registry to PCC in respect of installation of sanctuary lamp 1979 (4pp.);

Date: 1732-2001
Quantity: 4 1/2 boxes
Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0978 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0978.html

Additional records of St. Mary Magdalene’s Parish Church, Main Road, Longfield, comprising:

Portfolio of church notices c.1893 (1 portfolio);
Damp-press out-letter book 1904-1906 (1 volume);
Parochial Church Council (PCC) minutes, accounts and electoral roll 1960-1962 (1 folder);
PCC minutes and agenda papers 1989-1993 (1 roll/bundle);
MS and typescript transcriptions of W.H. Ireland’s description of Longfield, from his County of Kent 1830 (1 sheaf);
Printed order of service for Coronation Day 1902 (1 small booklet);
Faculty for installation of electric heaters 1964 (1 packet);
Insurance policies, mortgage deeds, legal opinion, balance sheets and MS notes pertaining to Parish Hall and Institute 1910-1960 (1 packet);
Correspondence and bills pertaining to sale of old rectory, land, and cottage 1953-1955 and building of new rectory 1956-1960 (1 folder);
Correspondence pertaining to organ repairs and maintenance 1957-1964, building of new vestry 1958-1959 and gambling 1961 (1 bundle);
General PCC correspondence 1965-1970 (1 folder);
Facsimile and original pencil drawings of vestry extension and parish room, architects Farrington Dennys Fisher, London and Rainham Timber Engineering Co. Ltd., Rainham, Essex, with some correspondence, 1974-1978 (1 folder/bundle);
Photographs of church interior and exterior, jubilee hall and beating the bounds, with two printed fund raising leaflets for church enlargement and repair (c.1888), c.1888-1962 and 1982 (1 folder/bundle);
Correspondence about repairs to church roof 1950-1952 (1 bundle);
Fire, burglary, employer’s liability and public liability insurance policies 1911-1944 (1 packet);
Correspondence about Tithe redemption 1887-1924 (1 bundle);
Board of Education draft final order, agreement and correspondence about Longfield Church of England School 1903, 1943 (1 bundle);
Balance sheets 1952-1953 and annual returns 1955-1965 (1 folder);
General PCC correspondence including balance sheet 1953, agreement with Dartford Rural District Council regarding tenancy of land (1959), specification for repairs (1958) and redundant army cadet hut, 1953-1965 (1 folder);
Ven. W.M. Browne, Archdeacon of Rochester’s report on visitation of church 1935 (3pp. and envelope);
Schedule of deeds to land for school forming part of Pescot Farm, reciting 1880-1938 (2pp.);
Pen and ink and pencil drawings of church by Charles C. Winmill, 1 Minor Canon Row, Rochester, FRIBA and W.F. Boucher of Hartley, architect, late of Drake and Boucher, High Street, Rochester, with correspondence about screen, 1934-1935 (1 roll);
Facsimile drawings of rectory 1954, fencing at rectory1959 and proposed vestry 1957, by George E. Clay and Partners ARIBA, Gravesend and Rochester (6 sheets and envelope);
Schedule of decorations for rectory 1955 and correspondence about fencing 1959 (1 bundle);
Faculties (3 items) and petition for faculty (1 item) 1958-1976, with envelope;
Bastardy bond between James Rumbly alias Rommaney of Meopham, woodcutter and overseers of Longfield in respect of bastard child of Ann Weller of Longfield, singlewoman 1786 with covering letter from F. Sedley Andrus of Longfield, 1988 (2 items, paper)

ISAD (G) reference and call no.: P231 additional.

Date: 1785-1993
Quantity: 2 1/2 boxes
Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0991 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0991.html

Records deposited on permanent loan by the Director General of the Ordnance Survey (OS), Romsey Road, Maybush, Southampton, Hampshire, via Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex and Centre for Kentish Studies, County Hall, Maidstone, comprising:

OS form 94 minor control point album respecting map TQ7772, containing:

OS form 397 list of national grid co-ordinates of minor control points (revision points and permanent traverse stations) falling in KM square 7772, 1962;
OS form 480 queries and amendments to minor control data and bench marks 1982;

2 x OS form 428 photographs of revision points at north side of Broad Street opposite gatehouse, Hoo Lodge, Hoo St. Werburgh, at gatehouse, Hoo Lodge, Hoo St. Werburgh, at Crescent Stores, Town Road, Hoo St. Werburgh and 15 St. Werburgh Crescent, Hoo St. Werburgh, 1950 (4 photographs);

OS form 541 permanent traverse station description 1951 [Hoo St. Werburgh?]

Date: 1950-1982
Quantity: 1 booklet
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/MTC_MR_035 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/ MTC_MR_035.html

Printed items from various sources: accumulated by Gillingham BC

Pembroke Road Improvement, Chatham Dockyard: Arboricultural Report, N. Fay, N. de Berker, March 1985;
Chatham Town Centre, Development Brief, Rochester upon Medway City Council 1982;
Gillingham High Street Study, July 1989;
Information Bulletin, Gillingham Borough Council Nos. 1-8, 1995;
Gillingham High Street Study, Review of Buildings, Colin Buchanan and Partners, London, 1989;
Chatham Naval Base, Unemployment Survey, Kent County Council 1983;
Chatham Maritime, Ringing out the changes & Custom built offices, 2 items, c.1987;
Gillingham Borough Council,- Marinas and Yacht Harbours: A Report, 1982;
Gillingham Borough Council: Chatham Royal Naval Base Studies 4-Development Potential, 1982;
Cleanaway Ltd., Brentwood, Essex: Environmental Statement and Supporting Statement for landfilling at Canterbury Lane, Rainham, 2 items, 1991;
Riverside Country Park, Annual Report 1992-1993, Leisure Services Department and Countryside Section, Gillingham Borough Council ;
Countryside Management Annual Report 1992-1993, Leisure Services Department and Countryside Section, Gillingham Borough Council;
Gillingham- An Archaeological and Historical Review, D. Barnes 1990;
North West Kent Enterprise Zones designated on 10 October 1986- Planning Scheme, Rochester upon Medway City Council/ Gillingham Borough Council;
A Celebration of Kent’s Architectural Heritage, Kent County Council, 1989;
Unemployment in the Medway Towns: How Serious Is It?, Medway Towns Christian Council, 1986;
SERPLAN- Increasing Activity in the Eastern Thames Corridor, 1988;
SERPLAN- Action in the East Thames Corridor, 1990;
Gillingham Town Centre Plan, Gillingham Borough Council, 1980;
Gillingham Town Centre: Into the Eighties- Topics for Public Discussion, Gillingham Borough Council, 1979;
English Estates/ Gillingham Borough Council: Chatham Ship Repair and Ship-building Study, Final Report, 1985;
Gillingham Business Park, North West Kent Enterprise Zone, No.5, Planning Scheme, Gillingham Borough Council, 1983;
13 booklets on the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, produced by Kent County Council, SERPLAN, Environmental Resources Ltd., Transmark (Talis), Pieda PLC of Reading, Berkshire and Coopers Lybrand Deloitte/British Railways Board, 1991;
Register of Unused and Underused Land in the Borough of Gillingham, Gillingham Borough Council, 1992;
Kent Development Plan, Medway Towns, 1967 Revision (1 large rolled map); Medway Towns Town Map (1970 Revision), Report on the Survey and Analysis, Kent County Council, 1970;
Medway Towns Local Plan, draft community services and utilities topic report, 1987;Call number: GBCFile updated by Borough Archivist 17 November 2005.

Date: 1967-1995
Quantity: 26 items
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/01_1_Intro on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 01_1_Intro.html

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre 


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(To view a full list of the collection, please click here or use menu to select folder at query screen and follow instructions for obtaining a "collection report" supplied.)

DE18 Transferred from the Guildhall Museum, Rochester on permanent loan from Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital, 2 April 1990

DE322 Transferred from the Guildhall Museum, Rochester on permanent loan as above 21 December 1993 (originally deposited with Eastgate House Museum, Rochester, 1914 [now Guildhall Museum, Rochester])

DE461 Deposited on permanent loan to Rochester Upon Medway City Council at Rochester upon Medway Studies Centre by the Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital, 23 August 1995

NB: works cited in the introduction are listed in full in the bibliography enclosed.

NB1: the introduction to this list is not intended as an exhaustive or definitive monograph in any respect and serves only as an explanatory guide and background to the collection.


Hawkins was born in Plymouth, Devon in 1532, the younger son of William Hawkins, an experienced navigator and merchant known to Richard Hakluyt.

William Hawkins was also a prominent citizen of Plymouth where he served as Mayor 1532-1533 and 1538-1539 and which he represented in Parliament in 1539. John Hawkins' elder brother William was also Mayor of Plymouth, Devon 1578-1579 .

John Hawkins was therefore brought up in an established seafaring and mercantile family and may also have gained military skills with his father privateering in the English Channel. After his own voyages to the Canaries, Teneriffe, Guinea in West Africa and Portugal, Hawkins looked more ambitiously towards the West Indies. Thereafter, Hawkins alternately clashed or traded with the Spanish* Empire .

[* cf. Spain]

Hawkins' civil career took after his family's example. In 1556 Hawkins was admitted Freeman of Plymouth and served as Mayor in 1572.

The Hawkins family coat of arms, augmented by Sir John in 1564, is depicted on an estate plan in the collection (CH108/276A). Interpretation of the inspiration for the crest on the coat of arms varies, although it certainly stems from Hawkins' own voyages.

Arnold describes the crest as comprising a demi-moor proper, bound captive, with annulets on his arms and in his ears, attributing this to Hawkins commemorating a victory over the Moors achieved on one of his voyages (p.19). Arnold, a Solicitor and responsible figure in the Medway Towns, was clerk to numerous organisations and Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital.

Writing earlier than Arnold and for a more popular readership, Harris describes the crest as a demi-moor in his proper colour bound with cord and attributes this to Hawkins' infamous traffic in slaves, which at that period does not seem to have militated against the feelings of the most enlightened and humane of our countrymen (p.7).

It is conceivable that at this time physical conditions for enslaved negroes had not yet degenerated to those of the Eighteenth Century. On Hawkins' second slaving voyage, planned in 1564, 120 quarters of beans and peas with shirts and shoes were loaded for the anticipated 500 captives (Williamson 1927/p.95).

Through Hawkins' contact with Benjamin Gonson, Treasurer of the Navy (and a financial backer of his second slaving voyage), he was introduced to Gonson's daughter Katherine whom he married in about 1559. This relationship with Gonson also resulted in Hawkins inheriting on 1st January 1578 the office of Treasurer of the Navy, following this with the Comptrollership of the Navy in 1588, the Armada year. (A B. Gonson is mentioned in CH108/349).

It was during Hawkins' period in office as Treasurer that he established the link with Chatham which was to result in the foundation of the Chatham Chest and Hawkins' Hospital, both of which followed in the aftermath of the Spanish Armada.

In the period 1578-1588 Hawkins' time as Treasurer saw new influences in the design of warships and in the administration of the navy, with both of which Hawkins has been associated. As Rear Admiral serving in the English Channel against the Spanish Armada, Hawkins distinguished himself in an engagement off the Isle of Wight, Hampshire, following which Hawkins was knighted by Lord Howard of Effingham on board the Arc on 25 July 1588 and was promoted Vice Admiral the following day.

After a period ashore during which Hawkins was closely involved in the founding of the Chatham Chest (1588-1590) and his Hospital (1592-1594), he again took to sea, in an expedition to the West Indies led by Sir Francis Drake. Falling ill and dying off Porto Rico, West Indies, on 12 November 1595, his body was buried at sea. Originally, memorial tablets were erected to his memory at St Dunstan's in the East Church, London.

Hawkins' only lasting and permanent memorial has proved to be his Hospital in Chatham. The Chest, a joint foundation and semi-official, lapsed effectively in 1803. However, except for what can be inferred from the title deeds to his estates, there is little of biographical value in this collection, although item CH108/334 does contain some manuscript biographical information.


Little more than villages in the sixteenth century, Chatham and Gillingham benefited from a tidal range and wide expanses of mudflats on the River Medway but had indifferent winds.

The potential for ship repairing and provisioning and geographical closeness to London, one day's ride from Chatham, led to the Medway developing as an anchorage and victualling base for the navy in the period immediately prior to 1550.

Strategically, Chatham was close to the Thames Estuary and the dockyards at Deptford and Woolwich. Defensively, Chatham was progressively secured by a bulwark at Sheerness in Edward IV's reign, Upnor Castle at Frindsbury built on Elizabeth I's orders by Richard Watts 1560-1564 and the blocking up with piles of St Mary's Creek at Gillingham in 1574. In 1585 a giant chain mechanism was first extended across the Medway, designed to obstruct a Spanish naval incursion.

Little naval shipbuilding was undertaken at Chatham until the Seventeenth Century although the Sunne was launched there in 1586 (Cull).

By the time Hawkins had founded his Hospital in 1592, and partly through his own presence there as Treasurer of the Navy, Chatham had seen significant building projects ashore in connection with the Spanish Armada, further establishing its importance as an anchorage and victualling base.

Hawkins' biographer describes Gillingham or Chatham as the principal dockyard of the Navy (1949 p.263) and the principal centre for the laying-up and repair of ships (1927 p.323).

By Hawkins' time the Medway area had also acquired certain associations with important personalities in seafaring by birth or upbringing. Sir Francis Drake, Hawkins' commander on several occasions and also Devonian* by birth had spent his boyhood years at Upchurch where his father was minister. Drake's seamanship and navigational skills would have been gained on the Medway.

[*cf. Devon]

Also of local origin was William Adams, born in Gillingham (see the Gillingham parish registers held at this centre P153/1/1 and bibliography). Adams was engaged in far eastern ventures and gained lasting fame as the first Englishman to visit Japan but was also known in England as an experienced seaman and navigator before Hawkins' death. For an image of Adams' baptism record, please click here; for a transcription and explanation of this image, please click here.

The National Historical Context of Hawkins' Hospital

Now the oldest surviving Naval Charity, the circumstances of how Hawkins came to found a Charity and Almshouse for decayed Mariners and Shipwrights in Chatham are briefly as follows:-

In the centuries prior to Hawkins' Hospital, sick or wounded English Royal Mariners enjoyed some medical attention when disembarked, under Article 7 of the Laws of Oleron introduced in about 1200 and subsequently recorded in the Black Book of the Admiralty. The Laws of Oleron themselves had originated in the ancient Lex Rhodia of the Mediterranean world.

The acknowledged disadvantages of the Laws of Oleron were that while some financial support for those injured was available in the first instance, there was no guaranteed accommodation or long-term care on dry land. For centuries in the middle ages mariners therefore relied like landsmen on parochial or private charity.

The foundation of Hawkins' Hospital aimed to redress precisely that failing, but occurred at a watershed period in history, between what Keevil calls the end of pity and the rise of welfare .

Perhaps unkindly and misleadingly, Keevil describes Hawkins' action in founding his Hospital as the dying echo of the age of pity (volume 1 p.52).

In terms of civil legislation, Queen Elizabeth did enable the enacting of laws to relieve suffering among Mariners in the period from 1593 but apparently with little effect (Black pp. 264-265). Ultimately better universal poor relief was enabled by the great Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1598 and 1601 although even these worked imperfectly due to inequality in Parish finances from place to place.

The momentous national event which inspired Hawkins' Hospital was the Spanish Armada of 1588. For the first time in English history probably, large numbers of seamen were paid-off, many maimed, ill and destitute. When it became apparent that the Spanish Armada had sailed into the North Sea, the English Fleet had anchored off Margate. Here nearly all crews were disembarked, leaving only skeleton crews to sail the Fleet into Chatham.

The Kent seaside towns were affected by a sudden influx of these seamen. Lord Howard of Effingham, the Fleet's Commander, grieved to see them that have served so valiantly die so miserably . Holden asserts in fact that Effingham was the prime mover behind the Chatham Chest. If this was so, Hawkins may have wanted to make his own contribution to Naval charity.

The Local Historical Context

For several centuries Rochester and Chatham had benefited from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester/Chatham, founded as a Leper Hospital in the late eleventh century and reputedly the country's oldest Hospital (see collection CH2 at this Centre). The restored Norman chapel of St. Bartholomew's Hospital stands opposite Hawkins' Hospital.

Immediately prior to Hawkins' foundation of his Hospital, Richard Watts, the builder of Upnor Castle founded his Charity and Almshouse in Rochester, in 1579 (see collection CH46 also at this Centre). This being the case, the echo referred to by Keevil was certainly louder and more persistent in the Medway Towns.

Reinforcing these developments, William Brook, 10th Lord Cobham in 1598 adapted an existing chantry house at Cobham to serve as an Almshouse known as Cobham College. (The records of Cobham College are held by the Rochester Bridge Wardens at Bridge Chamber, Esplanade, Rochester. The Cobham Parish and Darnley of Cobham Hall family and estate records are held at this Centre, collections P96 and U565 respectively).

In fact, probably contrary to Keevil's argument, Hawkins' Hospital was very significant as a sixteenth century charity. In the long term, Hawkins had been encouraged by a period of growth in secular charitable foundations originally caused by the collapse of monastic almsgiving following the Protestant Reformation in religion in Henry VIII's reign.* The secular response to this in the second and third quarters of the sixteenth century coincided with a revival of religious and economic confidence, exemplified by Watts and Lord Cobham locally, besides Hawkins, himself a merchant. As an almshouse historian puts it, the reign of Elizabeth had run half its course before major private benefactions began to appear again as a result of more settled times and policies (Bailey p.90).

Finally, it may be significant that John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury was one of the first Governors of Hawkins' Hospital. Regarding Whitgift, Bailey states the first ecclesiastical foundation of real importance after the Reformation was John Whitgift's Hospital at Croydon [Surrey] in 1598 (p.95). Hawkins' Hospital therefore had as its most eminent early Governor, an ecclesiastical statesman who was at the forefront of charity in his age.

The Foundation of the Hospital

Given the national and local circumstances which enabled Hawkins to act as he did, it only remained to choose the present location of his Hospital in England's up and coming naval port.

When Hawkins took over as Treasurer of the Navy in 1578, nearly all the Navy was kept at Chatham (Williamson 1949/p.255). Hawkins found it necessary to be located at Chatham much of the time, assisted by two Master Shipwrights, Peter Pett and Matthew Baker (see CH108/291) , supervising a workforce of 200-300 men. Williamson states he probably had quarters at the Dockyard, but lived chiefly in the City (ibid).

Reputedly, Chatham Dockyard originated at a bend in the River Medway near the present Gun Wharf. This being the case, the quarters Williamson speculates on were probably located within view of the Dockyard and in all likelihood comprised the freehold and leasehold estates upon which the Hospital was to be built, acquired from William Barnes, a Master of the Navy, in 1582 ( CH108/291-293) and St. Bartholomew's Hospital,Rochester, if we are to believe Arnold (p.5), who as Deputy Governor had sight of a deed (now missing) also in about 1582, respectively.

Hawkins' Hospital is therefore a very good memorial to Hawkins' presence in Chatham Dockyard as it almost certainly stands on the site of his own home. Specifically, Hawkins' house was probably that which subsequently became the Deputy governor's mansion on the corner of Rochester High Street (No. 377) and Boundary Lane. This property was leasehold and the Hospital's tenancy lapsed in 1790, the premises latterly being used by Featherstone's as a Department Store. [The Guildhall Museum, Rochester holds a lantern slide of Featherstone’s building and Hawkins’ Hospital as they stood c1900-c1914.] Alongside the loss of these premises, whose earliest plan is contained in item CH108/276A, the Hospital suffered progressively worse problems with its estates in Essex and at East Wickham until these too were divested early in the twentieth century.

The present Hospital site therefore represents a much reduced portion of its original endowment, but has survived centuries of financial and legal difficulties still to serve the founder's original purpose.

The Chatham Chest

The foundation by Hawkins of his Hospital in 1592 was preceded immediately by the foundation of the Chatham Chest in the period 1588-1590. This was a completely separate fund, to which originally Royal sailors could make a voluntary contribution for the support of injured and disabled seamen. Later, contributions became mandatory.

In an inquiry into the Chatham Chest, whose foundation documents were lost early on, held at Rochester Castle in 1616, the Chest's beneficiaries were to be those who by reason of hurts and maims received in the service are driven into great poverty, extremity, and want to their great discouragement (the Commissioners quoted by Holden).

The joint founders of this benevolent fund are usually taken to have been Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins, who as senior commanders in the English fleet against the Spanish Armada were well acquainted with the fate of their sick and wounded seamen. However, Holden attributes the Chatham Chest mainly to Lord Howard of Effingham. Whichever is the case, Chatham ended up with two leading naval charities, both founded as a result of the Armada, both located in the main naval port and both involving Hawkins. Both also benefited equally from proximity to London and both had estates in the area (for the Chest's estates see MacDougall).

Both Chest and Hospital had similar constitutions although the precise administration and integrity of the Chest was very often in doubt, the Chest ultimately being transferred to Greenwich in 1803 when in theory it became the Chest at Greenwich but in reality ceased to exist as an independent fund altogether.

The similarities and differences between the Chest and Hospital are as follows. Hawkins' Hospital was entirely a private charity although mainly governed by leading naval and dockyard men who exercised discretion as to who was admitted as an almsman pre-1860 and in-pensioner or out-pensioner after 1860. The beneficiaries of the Chest ultimately had an automatic right to relief from that fund but both Chest and Hospital required personal visits to Chatham to make application. Until 1860 Hawkins' Hospital was residential only; the Chest was non-residential and always a branch of the navy.

The eligibility of candidates for relief by the Chest and Hospital varied from time to time but broadly speaking eligibility applied equally to both. Possibly some successful Hawkins candidates tended to be Chest rejects or more likely vice-versa.

Initially Hawkins' Hospital was open to seamen and shipwrights, the latter a higher level of dockyard worker. Perhaps the inclusion of shipwrights was partly due to Hawkins' close association with the Chatham yard, with Pett and Baker in particular and to Hawkins' memory of his own multiple injuries sustained at the launch of Swiftsure at Deptford in 1592, when we were forced to use great violence upon the tackles, whereof one gave way and brake, so as one end of a cable ran by my leg and hurt me in vi places (Williamson 1949/pp324-325).

Shipwrights also benefited from the Chatham Chest and in 1704 Marines became eligible. More recently, Hawkins' Hospital has also admitted other dockyard workers besides shipwrights. Most of Hawkins' Hospital's shipwrights had worked at the Chatham or Sheerness yards, as the application records show (CH108/72-109). Hawkins' Hospital admitted wives of candidates and maintained them as widows, but ejected them upon their remarrying. Under a Charity Commission Scheme sealed on 4 December 1996, provision was made for the admission of needy or disabled persons who had formerly served in the Army, Royal Air Force, Royal Fleet Auxiliary or British Merchant Navy, subject to priority being given to persons qualified for admission under previous Schemes. This to say that under the new Scheme, Hawkins' Hospital remains primarily a naval charity and accommodation may be made available to applicants from the other services or Merchant Navy only where it cannot be provided in favour of naval personnel, Royal Marines or Dockyard workers. (Accession DE565).

The administration of the Chest Fund was located at Chatham until 1803 when it was transferred to Greenwich Hospital, the actual chest, which had long been kept in the south porch of Chatham Church (St. Mary's) following it to Greenwich in 1893 where it remains to this day (National Maritime Museum). The demise of the Chest had been brought about by a surge in claims following the Peace of Amiens in 1802 during the French Revolutionary Wars.

There are few records or references to the Chest in this collection as the two organisations were separate, but there is a printed register of leases granted by the Chest c.1794-1803 (CH108/63) and an incomplete lease of Chest land of 1799 (CH108/64), the provenance of which is uncertain but is probably associated with the activities of leading naval officers involved with the Hospital. However the Dr. Plume legacy records in the collection impinge on the Chest 1707-1708 (CH108/190-195) and a separate collection held at this Centre comprises two so-called smart tickets or certificates for relief to the Chest for the relief of two seamen 1802-1806 (DE.192).

The records of the Chest are kept at the Public Record Office in London (see below).

A photograph of the Chatham Chest is illustrated in Defensive Moat: A History of the Waters of the Nore Command 55BC to 1961 by D.P. Capper 1963 opposite p.53 (ref. at this Centre: Naval Collection code "red disk").

The Hospital Buildings

The original and successive buildings, structures, other premises, gardens and many details of fabric and fixtures and fittings are recorded to varying degrees throughout the collection.

The main sources textually are the Governors' Minutes 1617 to date, loose accounts including annual balance sheets noting extraordinary expenditure on repairs, maintenance and building work 1594-1987 (CH108/113-189), the various series of title deeds and for visual material, the numerous plans and architectural drawings (CH108/268, 272, 298, 276A, 308, 329, 344-346, 348, 540, 544 and 545).

Besides the plans mentioned above, further architectural drawings are contained in the Rochester-upon-Medway City Council Archives as noted below in the Section "further archival sources at this Centre". The authors Arnold and Lear as noted in the bibliography also below, give some information on the development of the Hospital buildings.

The Hospital estates at East Wickham and Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, feature with similar textual and visual records of the buildings at those places, especially the Church and Smith's Forge at East Wickham and Old Garland's Farm, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, for which see their respective sections in the property and estate management section of the list below (and see Contents Section following).

Finally it is possible the Wills and Probate Inventories of successive Deputy Governors or testate almsmen will contain information descriptive of the Hospital buildings and contents and these should be examined at the Centre for Kentish Studies, County Hall, Maidstone or the Public Record Office, London, via the names given in the Minutes or admission records in this collection.

The Governors and Deputy Governors

The Governors and Deputy Governors of Hawkins' Hospital are mentioned frequently throughout the collection, principally in the Minutes and as witnesses to the annual balance sheets (see Contents Section below). These men were high ranking figures at Chatham Dockyard or in the Royal Navy mainly but also included ex-officio the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Dean of Rochester (who was also Patron of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester) besides local Kent aristocrats, whose signatures, movements and opinions are frequently given in the records. In particular, the Governors took an interest in their Essex estates which at least once occasioned a group visit (see Property and Estate Management Section).

In conclusion, Chatham was an obvious choice for a naval charity and almshouse as it was rivalling Deptford and Woolwich dockyards while Plymouth, Devon, was declining and Portsmouth, Hampshire by 1550 had begun what turned out to be a gradual loss of its comparative pre-eminence (Oppenheim p.102) with the removal of the fleet from there to Gillingham probably to be nearer the centre of government and London merchants.

Hawkins could only anticipate Chatham's continued development to which he had been directly committed as Treasurer of the Navy in residence.

The Chatham Chest confirmed Chatham as the port of importance and Hawkins could endow his Hospital with his own personal estate there, conveniently located adjacent to the yard. The East Wickham estate was less than a day's ride towards London and close to Deptford and Woolwich while the Essex estates, near Tilbury, besides having a certain symbolism were also reachable across or around the Hoo Peninsula and River Thames.

These geographical advantages seemed to assure direct political access and convenient management of tenants for future income. Finally Hawkins' Hospital would be guaranteed a supply of beneficiaries as clearly state charity was not adequate and the Biblical exhortation to care for the poor, recorded in tablets on the Hospital buildings over the centuries, was as valid as ever.

The Collection

The list and collection have been archivally arranged according to the original administrative purpose of the records, in practice influenced by generations of deputy governors whose records they really were. In particular the hand of A.A. Arnold is clearly discernible in the arrangement of the collection and in his annotations and labels, while in the course of time certain court cases, disputes or Charity Commission business have dictated the collating of documents from different series within the collection. Where either Arnold's bundles or litigation bundles have been restored to series, notes of items so treated are included in the list, usually with Arnold's labelled notes following at the end of the relevant series. Not all notes are by Arnold and some are inaccurate, e.g. CH108/474.

The main level headings are Constitution and Pensioners, Finance, and Property and Estate Management. The contents section following gives a more detailed breakdown of levels and sections to which reference should be made before consulting the descriptive list proper.

Minutes do not seem to have survived earlier than 1616 and it is known that the first governors had to put statutes or ordinances into effect after Hawkins died. Precise details of the government of the Hospital, which varied from time to time, can be found in the royal charter of foundation or copy (CH108/1-2), the minutes (CH108/21-25) and Charity Commission schemes (CH108/8-10, 13-15) and associated documents early in the list, besides printed works mentioned in the bibliography to this list.

Arnold considered it probable that the Hospital's statutes were drawn up by one of the first governors, William Lambarde, who also had a hand in drafting the statutes of Cobham College mentioned above and of which he was president. Twenty-six governors were allowed for originally with certain qualifications as to residence applying to enable a quorum to be achieved.

Originally twelve almsmen were catered for and although this figure did vary, twelve was the usual number over the centuries, but from 1860 twelve out-pensioners were added. In-pensioners received their pension weekly (two weekly from 1920) besides faggots for their fires, beds, bedding, furniture, medical expenses and funeral fees, all of which are recorded in the Hospital's accounts or pension books. Out-pensioners received a pension only. Compare the application lists to names contained in the minute book indexes.

The collection has much family history potential to be found in the various series of deeds to properties many of which descended through the same family, the application records which contain basic information such as age, and the accounts or minutes which indicate dates of admission, death or funeral. It is quite possible to ascertain the nature of pensioners' lives through the above records, while the petitions received explain just how independent minded several were (CH108/34-35). Pensioners were governed by strict rules concerning religion and behaviour. Included among the various injunctions was the requirement for the almsmen to appear at the Hospital gate in the event of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of Rochester, Lord Admiral or Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports passing by and to give them prayers. For copies of the rules, see CH108/4.

Naval history is also traceable through the collection, mainly through the application records which give service details including how injuries were sustained but also in the deeds to which many prominent naval men and officials were party over the years. Of particular importance is the correspondence relating to the sale of the so-called Chatham Portrait of Hawkins to the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich in 1944-1945 (CH108/62). One can also speculate that the earliest almsmen were some of England's earliest naval veterans and naval shipwrights, some of whom may have been Armada veterans, although service records survive only for later applicants.

The social and economic history of Chatham can be studied through the Hospital accounts (especially through accounts CH108/127-189) as these contain many mentions of local tradesmen, clergy who officiated at the Hospital, and the Manor and civil parish of Chatham. The surviving poor rate books for Chatham make particularly useful comparison with the hospital's records (see collections P85 and CBA).

The title deeds in the collection are worthy of note for various reasons. Firstly there are several which are medieval in formula and which pre-date the Statute of Uses of 1535 while other later items often have archaic initial phrases. The oldest item in the collection is actually a deed to the Chatham estate of 1500 and is therefore fifteenth century (CH108/280). Fuller details are contained in the description. Included among the deeds is a late deed of gift of 1577 (CH108/288), examples of multiple cognate chirographs rarely found in the same collection of 1529 (CH108/283-284) and also less usually for the landlord, a series of counterpart leases 1798-1935 (CH108/297-308 passim). The sub-letting of property is also exemplified by the series of assignments of leases 1608-1790 (CH108/524-543).

The collection contains detailed information pertaining to Stanford-le-Hope in Essex and East Wickham including East Wickham Church, now in Metropolitan Kent. This is a common characteristic of an estate-owning organisation and means that genealogical, social and architectural records are held for areas further afield.

Also further afield but nearer to the Medway area, Sheerness Dockyard's history is partly illuminated by records relating to out-pensioners living in Sheerness and by correspondence with naval and Dockyard officials at Sheerness in connection with proxy payments to almsmen.

Christian names are spelt in the list according to the Oxford Dictionary of Christian Names , 3rd edition, E.G. Withycombe, 1982 (Rochester upon Medway City Archives Library, ref. 929.4) but surnames are spelt in the list as they occur in the records which will account for any apparent inconsistency in their spelling throughout the list.

All dates occurring in the period 1st January-24th March inclusive prior to 1752 have been modernised to conform with the Gregorian Calendar or so-called New Style as described in Handbook of Dates for Students of English History ed. C.R. Cheney 1978, pp.9-10.

Certain item descriptions throughout the list are headed by an underlined sentence or two. Here the underlining is used to indicate a title supplied by the archivist. Elsewhere in this list underlining indicates use of foreign words, ship or public house names or level and section headings.

It should be noted that historical, archival or bibliographical information supplementary to this introduction, is also dispersed throughout the collection at appropriate points, at level or section headings or occasionally with item descriptions.

In conclusion the records of Hawkins' Hospital probably constitute one of the most important collections of its kind in the country and certainly in Kent. The collection should bear very careful study in comparison with other records of charity or Britain's naval history, is valuable for genealogical research and is equally useful for local history. In the last regard, as noted throughout this introduction and list following, the Hospital records can be used in conjunction with many other collections held at this Centre for many aspects of local historical research, including architectural, social, economic and political.

Similar Charitable Organisations

Hawkins' Hospital was by no means unique as a charity for seamen or shipwrights and beside the Chatham Chest there existed the undermentioned. The following list is not exhaustive:-

1. Royal Greenwich Hospital
This organisation was founded in 1694 as a home for infirm seamen and marines taking such as in-pensioners until 1869. The hospital also supported out-pensioners (Bevan/Duncan).

2. The Charity for the Relief of Officers' Widows
This organisation was active for at least the period 1734-1929 (Bevan/Duncan).

3. The Compassionate Fund
This was voted by Parliament from 1809 and was available to orphans and dependents of Officers killed in action and not otherwise eligible for assistance. The records date down to at least 1921 (Bevan/Duncan).

4. Admiralty: Official pensions to the widows and orphans of commissioned officers, masters and warrant officers, records of which commence in 1673 (Bevan/Duncan).

5. Royal Bounty
This fund made payments to the widows, dependent children or indigent mothers aged over 50, of officers and ratings killed in action, whose records run from 1672-1822.

6. The Trinity House of Deptford
Although navigational skills became the main concern of this foundation dating from 1514, its charter nevertheless mentions an almshouse. Trinity House Deptford, if taken in conjunction with Hawkins' Hospital and the Chatham Chest, completes a total of three charities founded along the same lines and all located in Kent (Black).

7. Lord Kitchener Memorial Homes, Chatham
Founded in 1917 by Chatham Borough Council, this home is open to ex-servicemen. It is still active and is now administered by Medway Council.

8. Royal Naval Benevolent Trust
This national charity administers Pembroke House, Oxford Road, Gillingham.

9. Ann Phillips' Charity, Chatham 1799-1992
This charity has been incorporated into Hawkins' Hospital by the Charity Commissioners. It relieved widows and orphan children of deceased shipwrights, divided two thirds to those of Shipwrights dying in Chatham and one third to those dying in Gillingham.

10. Royal Sailors' Rests, Plymouth Devonport, Devon and Portsmouth, Hampshire (Current); a Rest at Chatham has closed (See Navy News p.37, January 1997)

11. Trafalgar Institute, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Mid-late 19th Century

12. King George's Fund for Sailors, 8 Hatterley Street, London.

13. Nore Children's Trust, renamed RN and RM Children's Trust, located at Pembroke House, Gillingham 1912-1984 when it was transferred to Plymouth, Devon. (Deposit of records pending as at July 1995) [See also collection DE547 (part) at this Centre].

14. Medway Mission to Seamen, (Rochester Diocesan Naval Church Institute), Navy House, Clover Street, Chatham (run by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester), now closed.
The records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester, also held at this centre, including their minutes, DRC/AC may mention this facility (Kelly's Directory 1936).

15. Chatham Discharged and Demobilised Sailors and Soldiers' Club, 103 High Street, Chatham, (Kelly's Directory 1936).

16. The Soldiers' and Seamen's Home and Institute, Military Road, Chatham, founded 1878 (Kelly's Directory 1897-1898 p.78).

17. A report was produced by the Commissioners for the Sick and Hurt Board in 1653, recommending the building of a naval hospital (Clark p.73) see following.

18. Royal Alfred Seafarers' Society (mainly Merchant Navy, but RN now included), "Weston Acres", Woodmansterne Lane, Banstead, Surrey, also Eastbourne, Sussex (incorporated 1977) (see CE/AD/KH/13Ad.) .

For a list of naval charities promoted by the Royal Navy website, please click hereOther organisations or hospitals include:-

Royal Naval Hospitals at Haslar [Hasler], Gosport, Hampshire (re-named Royal Hospital, Haslar) **
Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon (closed 1995) and Chatham (closed 1961).

Almshouses possibly serving roughly similar purposes to Hawkins' Hospital include London Trinity Almshouses, Mile End Road, Tower Hamlets, London; Trinity Hospital, London administered by the Mercers' Company; and the Dreadnought Seamen's Hospital at the Old Infirmary, Greenwich.

Oppenheim (p.323) also makes mention of an Ely Place as caring for the sick and maimed at the time of the Commonwealth; the Savoy Hospital a short lived institution in the Strand, London served as the first English naval and military hospital 1517-1553 according to Keevil (pp.45-50).

City Archivist 1994-1995
Last edited for publication on CityArk Phase II by Borough Archivist January 1999


It is intended that most if not all of the following abbreviations as found in the main text should have been expanded for publication on the Internet.

a. Acre/s
Adm. admiral
Asst. assistant
Aug. August
Bt. Baronet
c/C Circa (about) or century
Capt. Captain
Co./cos County or company/companies
Col. colonel
consols. Consolidated Annuities
Ct. court
d denarius (penny/pence)
DD Doctor of Divinity
Dec December
dec'd deceased
Dep deputy
DNB Dictionary of National Biography
Dr. doctor
E east
EC East Central [London]
ed Edition
Eliz Elizabeth
er the elder (senior)
Esq. esquire
etc. etcetera (and the rest)
exix executrix
f. folio
Feb February
FSA Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries
Ft Fort
gent gentleman
Gt. great
HM His/Her Majesty's
HMS His/Her Majesty's Ship
Inc. includes
Jan January
jun junior (younger)
kt knight
Lt. lieutenant/little
Ltd. Limited
m/m membrane(s)
MA Master of Arts
MC Military Cross
MD Doctor of Medicine
Mess. Messuage
Messrs. Messieurs
Mr. master/mister
MS manuscript
NB Nota Bene (Notewell)
No/s Numero (number/s)
Nov November
OBE Order of the British Empire
p/pp page(s)
p.a per annum (annually)
P.R.O Public Record Office
P.S Post Scriptum (written ) post composition
R river
Rd road
Rev reverend
RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects
RM Royal Marines
RN Royal Navy
Rr rear
S. solidi (shillings)
Sep September
Surg surgeon
SW South West [London]
Sy Surrey
tent/s tenement/s
TS typescript
v versus (against)
Viz videlicet (which is to say)
w. with
wid widow
yeo yeoman

City Archivist 1994-1995

Amended by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 4 December 1998, introductory section only. Amended 2 August 1999 (CH108/281-284); amended 28 April 2000 (CH108/77); last amended 1 June 2000 (Introduction). File updated 1 August 2007 

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Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/01_2_Biblio on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 01_2_Biblio.html



(All Available at this Centre)


The following secondary sources are part of the Local Studies collections held in the public searchroom at the Centre.

History of Sir John Hawkins' Hospital at Chatham, A.A. Arnold, 1916 CHA 362.6

The Hospital of Sir John Hawkins, Knight at Chatham 1592-1790 (thesis) Jean Lear ALA 1983 CHA 362.6

History of the Chatham Chest and Sir John Hawkins' Hospital with Biographies of their Founders, Edwin Harris, Eastgate Series No. 23, 1915. Y942 HAR

The Hospital of Sir John Hawkins, Knight in Chatham appeal brochure H K Speed c1982 (Depositor File Accessions/DE/H)

Hawkins of Plymouth : a new History of Sir John Hawkins and of the other members of his family prominent in Tudor England, J. A. Williamson 1949 Y920 HAW.

Sir John Hawkins : the time and the man J A Williamson 1927 Y920 HAW

Chatham , Rochester and Gillingham News (Hawkins' Hospital article) p 37 20 September 1985 (Newspaper Microfilms)

Adscene [Free local newspaper] (article on Hawkins' Hospital) 12 December 1986 (Local Studies: press cuttings)

The Trinity House of Deptford 1514 - 1660 G. G. Harris 1969 R.614.824

The Chest at Chatham 1590 - 1603, Archaeologia Cantiana) CX1 S. B. Black 1993 (Periodials)

An Act for improving the funds of the Chest at Chatham 29 July 1803 43 King George III, Chap 119 (Local Studies: Vertical File)

Chatham Dockyard: Early Leases and Conveyances for its Building during the 16th and 17th Centuries. F. Cull, Archaeologia Cantiana LXXIII 1959 (Local Studies: Periodicals)

Royal Naval Benevolent Trust: By the Navy - For the Navy: Pembroke House, Home for Aged Ex-Naval Men, Gillingham, after 1953: (Local Studies: Naval Collection Vertical File)

The Chatham Chest - Bygone Kent Vol.3 No.9 September 1982 pp 538 - 540 P. MacDougall (Local Studies: Periodials)

Chatham News (Chatham Chest) 21st May 1982 J. Williams (Local Studies: Newspaper Microfilms)

Evening Post (Chatham Chest) 15th July 1983 (Local Studies: Newspaper Microfilms)

Mariners Mirror (Chatham Chest) February 1984 pp 73 - 74 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Periscope (Chatham Chest) K. Gulvin April 1981 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Featherstone's: the House that Value Built Part 1, article in Bygone Kent Vol. 18 No.2 February 1997 by Ronald Davies.

The Administration of the Royal Navy 1509 - 1660 M. Oppenheim 1896 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

The Naval History of England T. Lediard 1735 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

The Navy in the War of William III 1689 - 1697 J. Ehrman 1953 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Sailors' Rebellion - a Century of Naval Mutinies J. G. Bullocke 1938 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Queen Anne's Navy R. D. Merriman 1961 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

The Diary of Samuel Pepys I Index 1983 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

The Portrait of Peter Pett and the Sovereign of the Seas G. Callender 1930 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Tracing your ancestors in the Public Record Office, A. Bevan and A. Duncan 1990 (Archives Library)

Public Record Office - Naval Records for Genealogists NAM Rodger 1988 (Archives Library)

Doc = 100 year history of the Sick Berth Branch, G. Clark 1984 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Medicine and the Navy J. J. Keevil 4 volumes 1957 (Local Studies: Naval Collection).

Almshouses B. Bailey 1988 (Archives Library)

History of Kent Vol II p 77 E. Hasted 1782 (Local Studies: Topographical)

List and Indexes No XVIII Vol. I Public Record Office, London 1963 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

A history of the Richard Watts Charity E. J. F. Hinkley 1979 ROC 361 WAT

Dictionary of National Biography (DNB) Sir L. Stephen 1885 BC DIC

Records of the Worshipful Company of Shipwrights 2 vols. 1428 - 1858 C. H. Ridge 1939, 1946 (Naval Collection)

The Shipwright's Trade, Sir W. Abell 1962 (Local Studies: Naval Collection)

Servant of the Shogun [William Adams] Richard Tames, 1983 Y920ADA

With Will Adams through Japan Ethel Mann, 1962 Y920ADA

Will Adams Richard Tames, 1973 Y920ADA

William Adams: the Pilot-Major of Gillingham who discovered Japan: his great sea adventure and life in Japan 1934 Y920ADA

Please ask staff for further sources via the Local Studies Indexes at this Centre.

Archival (i.e. original documentary sources) on Naval History at this Centre

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester 1627-1948 (CH2 & MH/Me) Especially rentals CH2/1-9, lease books CH2/10-16 and counterpart leases CH2/17.

Dean & Chapter of Rochester: St. Bartholomew's Hospital 1418-1427 (DRc/F45-47).

Richard Watts' Charity, Rochester 1579-1979 (CH46)

Richard Brain of Chatham: MS notes. (DE224, DE228, DE291).

P.F. Hogg MSS (DE263, DE292)

Knight & Eades MSS (DE217, DE293)

Pinn Scrapbook/commonplace book early 19th Century, containing printed minutes of Chatham Friendly Bank Society, meeting at Committee Room, Hawkins' Hospital 1816 (DE284/p.215,218).

Chatham Memorial Synagogue (N/J/305). Tenants of St. Bartholomew's Hospital with members neighbouring Hawkins Hospital. See also itemCH108/339 in this collection.

Papers about Thames Haven Branch Line of London, Tilbury and Southend Railway affecting Hawkins' Hospital's estate in Essex 1851-1852 (DE149)

St. Mary's Parish, Chatham (P85)

Chatham Borough Archives (CBA)

Chatham Local Board of Guardians 1802-1955 (LBG)

Kitchener Memorial Homes, Chatham 1917-date (CE/AD/KH & CBA)

 Please also consult the archives index at this Centre, under place-names, personal names and subject headings.

Archival Naval Sources Elsewhere

 the National Archives:

(a) State Papers Domestic ccxlix docquet 4 July 1594 (granting of licence to Hawkins).
(b) Records of The Chatham Chest. See Admiralty Class Lists: Chatham Chest,


Greenwich Hospital & Miscellanea - Various. (pp.238-241 in Lists & Indexes referred to in bibliography).

The below are all Chatham Chest:-

ADM 22/52-55 1831-1837; ADM 82/1-2 1653-1657; ADM 82/12-119 1675-1799; ADM 82/122-123 1759-1794; see also Rodger pp. 37-39, 61, 63, 64, 86, 89, 98-99, 150, 159, 163-164 for various other Admiralty relief and pensions records.

General Naval Sources Elsewhere

World Naval Base (Chatham Historic Dockyard) Dock Road, Chatham 01634 823800


Chatham Dockyard Historical Society, World Naval Base, Dock Road, Chatham 01634 844897


Guildhall Museum, Medway Council, High Street, Rochester. By appointment 01634 848717.


National Maritime Museum (NMM), Greenwich (for the actual Chatham Chest and "Chatham Portrait" of Sir John Hawkins). For the NMM website, please click here

Updated Sep 2015.

Date: n/a
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Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/01_3_Contents on request slip.

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The final figures quoted in each line below are the covering document reference numbers for the respective category or section. These categories and sections (folders, sub-folders and files) and document references can be traced producing a collection report results screen from the query screen following the instructions given there or in the page "About CityArk".

Some CityArk users may prefer to navigate the list by using the pull-down menu on the query screen instead


[To view the constitution and pensioners section of the list, please click here]


MINUTES 1617-1949 21-25


Appointments of Governors 1750-1947 26-33

Governors' Business c1619-c1806 34-38


Appointments of Deputy Governors 1609-1762 39-48

Correspondence 1830-1982 49-58

Hospital Records & Artefacts c1794-1945 59-64D


Correspondence concerning pensions 1866-1914 65-71

Applications for Admission as Pensioners (i.e. in-Pensioners) and as out-Pensioners. 1684-1977 72-109

FINANCE 1598-1987

[To view the finance section of the list, please click here]


Central Accounts 1598-1987

Bound Accounts 1789-1796, 1926-1980 110-112

Loose Accounts 1614-1987 113-126

Deputy Governors' Balance Sheets 1594-1974 [Gaps] 127-189

INCOME 1707-1869

Benefactions 1709-1869

Archdeacon Dr. Thomas Plume's Benefaction 1707-1708 190-195

William Walter's Benefaction 1753-1758 196-199

Ann Phillips' Charity c1822-1869 200-204


In-Pensions 1719-1943

In-Pensioners Payment Books 1831-1943 205-240

Loose Accounts and related papers 1719-1900 241-246

Out-Pensions 1861-1962

Out Pensioners Payment Books 1861-1962 247-261

Out-Pensioners' Receipts 1879-1884 262-264


[To view the property and estate management section of the list, please click here]


CHATHAM: FREEHOLD 1500-1967 (c.1970s)

Deeds to Chatham Freehold Estate 1500-c1730s (c1970s) 280-296

Deeds to Boundary Wharf 1798-1935 297-308

Correspondence: dispute Hospital v. Miss Mary Turner 1824-1827 309-316

Correspondence: Boundary Wharf 1847-1967 317-330

Fabric & Architecture 1607-1956 331-348


Deeds & Title 1591-1920 349-360

Loose Accounts 1644-1920 361-366

Correspondence concerning leases, disputes & conveyancing 1707-1920 367-403

Correspondence concerning litigation over right of way over Curry (Corry) Marsh, Bowridge v. Edwards 1707-1709 404-441


Deeds [1575] 1621-1830 (c.1900) 442-472

Correspondence & memoranda concerning rents and disputes with tenants 1638-c1835 (1990) 473-491

The Glebe of Plumstead and East Wickham Church 1672-1898 492-505A

The Tithes of East Wickham c1709-1935 506-519

East Wickham Land Tax 1798 520-523

CHATHAM: LEASEHOLD 1608-1790 (c1900)

Assignments of Leases 1608-1790 (c.1900) 524-543

Rent Accounts and site plans c1730-1753 544-549

Contents file updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 19 October 2000.

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Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_114 on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 02_Finance_1598_1987/ 01_General_Income_and_Expenditure_1598_1987/ 03_01_01_Central_Accounts_1598_1987/ CH108_03_01_01B_Loose_Accounts_1614_1987/ CH108_114.html

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Loose accounts chiefly comprising receipted bills issued by tax collectors and tradesmen mainly to the Phipp family, tenants of Old Garlands Farm (or Den) at Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, on account of the Governors of Hawkins' Hospital, the landlord, in respect of manorial quit-rents (Manor of Fobbing), militia tax, disbanding the Army and repairs to tenants' houses and farm buildings; tenants: Bruty family c.1643 - c.1653, Neale family c.1653 - c1664, Phipp family c.1674 - c.1685.

Includes account for taxes levied in 1943, mentioning payment of £1,17s. towards County of Essex's contribution to providing dragoons (CH108/114/1,5)

Includes receipt for £2.6.6 for two months assessment for Sir Thomas Fairfax 3 April 1645 (CH108/114/3)

Includes receipt to Henry Bruty for 15s.6d for Ireland 3 April 1645 (CH108/114/4)

Includes receipts for taxes for the Militia, Army and disbanding the Army, 1653-1685 passim

Includes bill for glazing with additional accounts and notes implying over-charging by Muster Master, 20 April 1675 (CH108/114/19)

Includes receipt for quit-rent for Fobbing Manor naming William Whitemor Esq. as Lord of the Manor, 1 September 1675 (CH108/114/20)

Includes account of Thomas Phipp's expenditure for militia rates, uniform and pitchfork, mentioning a red coat, 9 December 1676 (CH108/114/23)

Includes receipt for land tax, 14 March 1678, (CH108/114/27) Includes receipt for 2x2s.5d for drums and collars (for the militia), June-July 1685 (CH108/114/48-49)

Includes receipt for £2.17s for a soldier in June and July and for powder, 23 December 1685 (CH108/114/50)

Includes accounts for a soldier for one month £2.16s and 400 [sic] years arrears for the Muster Master (CH108/114/58)
Date: 1643-1688
Quantity: 1 bundle/59 items

Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_116 on request slip.

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Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Memoranda apparently by A.A. Arnold, Deputy Governor, concerning bundles/114-115 and referring to Cromwell, the Eastern Association and the County of Essex's contribution.
Date: c. January 1914
Quantity: 1 bundle/2 items

Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_150 on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 02_Finance_1598_1987/ 01_General_Income_and_Expenditure_1598_1987/ 03_01_01_Central_Accounts_1598_1987/ CH108_03_01_01C_Deputy_Governors_Balance_Sheets_1594_1974_Gaps/ CH108_150.html

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Balance sheet

Deputy Governor: Nathanial Terne

Includes £1.11.7 paid in legal expenses relating to a suit brought by Robert Cheslin for a driveway through Old Garlands Farm, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, to a marsh of Cheslin's and also in respect of Lt. Garlands Farm, whereby 1/3 of the cost is to be borne by the owner of the latter and 2/3 by Hawkins' Hospital as owners of the former.

Endorsed by Terne to effect that documents withdrawn for use by Counsel in respect of above case should be returned to the chest.

Signed by Governors P.Palmer, Dr. Walter Balcanquall, Henry Clarke, Richard Lee, Thomas Austen and Edward Boate.
Date: [1636-] 1637
Quantity: 1 item

Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_159 on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 02_Finance_1598_1987/ 01_General_Income_and_Expenditure_1598_1987/ 03_01_01_Central_Accounts_1598_1987/ CH108_03_01_01C_Deputy_Governors_Balance_Sheets_1594_1974_Gaps/ CH108_159.html

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Balance sheet

Deputy Governor: Katherine Stonehouse

Includes accounts of taxes and assessments paid to Parliament in respect of Old Garlands Farm, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex and Hawkins' Hospital.

Signed by Governors Phineas Pett, William Cooke, Harry Goddard, Henry Clarke and Richard Lee.
Date: [1645-] 1646
Quantity: 1 item

Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_265 on request slip.

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Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Schedule of title deeds to Hospital property in East Wickham, Old Garlands Farm, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex and Chatham, as received by Edward Combes.

Includes "seal of Syllver [i.e. silver] for the howse [i.e. house]"

Includes "the mowld [i.e. mould] for the skuchyne [i.e. scutcheon] and the skuchine in tine [i.e. tin]".
Date: 18 February 1599 and 18 April 1599
Quantity: 1 Item

Result number 25 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_267 on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 03_Property_and_Estate_Management_1500_1972/ 01_General_Freehold_and_Leasehold_Inclusive_1599_1972/ CH108_267.html

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Report on Henry Sheafe [of Clifford's Inn, London ?] to Governors concerning Hospital estates at Welling, Essex and Chatham, referring to land on which Victualling Office in Chatham is now located.
Date: 9 January 1728
Quantity: 1 Item

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