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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1181 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1181.html

Additional records of Blaw Knox Ltd., Construction Equipment Division (Road Paver Manufacturers), Shorts Way, Rochester (collection U2824 additional) and Winget Ltd., Esplanade, Strood (collection 3B additional)

Blaw Knox Ltd. (U2824)

marketing correspondence with and about international clients

France, Distributor January-May 1978 (1 folder)

Saudi Arabia, Distributor 1977 (1 folder)

Saudi Arabia, Distributor January-September 1977 (1 folder)

Senegal and Gambia, General 1977 (1 folder)

Senegal and Gambia, Distributor 1977 (1 folder)

Seychelles, General  Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE) [cf. Trucial States or Trucial Oman] 1977 (1 folder)

Sierra Leone, General 1977 (1 folder)

Sierra Leone, Distributor 1977 (1 folder)

Singapore, General 1977-1978 (1 folder)

Singapore, Distributor 1977 (1 folder)

Somalia, General 1977 (1 folder)

Somalia, Distributor 1977 (1 folder)

South Africa, General 1976-1977 (1 folder)

South Africa Distributor 1977-1978 (1 folder) 

Spain, General 1977 (1 folder)

 

Sri Lanka [cf. Ceylon; India], Distributor 1977

 

Sudan, General 1977 (1 file)

 

Sudan, Distributor 1977 (1 file)

 

Surinam, (Suriname) [cf. Dutch Guyana, Guiana], General 1977 (1 file)

 

Surinam (Suriname), Distributor 1977 (1 file)

 

Lloyd’s Bank economic reports on Saudi Arabia and Sierra Leone (1977) and Spain and Overseas Territories (1976) (3 booklets)

 

Ahlan Wasahlan, Saudi Arabian Airlines Corporation, issue 1 volume 1 1977, with introductory brochure and covering letter from Barry Hallsworth, Purnell and Sons Ltd., London EC1N 1977 (English and Arabic) (1 bundle/3 items)

 

Winget Ltd. and Muir Hill (subsidiary) (3B)

 

Microfilm aperture cards, construction drawings, Muir Hill (Division of Winget Ltd.), Gloucester, Gloucestershire c.1968-c.1969 (1 bundle)

Photographic negatives of construction drawings, Winget Ltd., Rochester c.1946-c.1948 (2 bundles)


Date: c.1946-1978
Quantity: 21 files; 5 bundles
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 07_M_SERIES/M177 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 07_M_SERIES/ M177.html

 

Studio photograph of Canon Charles James Digues La Touche, hon. Canon of Rochester 1916-1934, Vicar of St. John the Divine, Chatham 1899-1914 and Christ Church, Luton 1916-1922, Warden of St. Mary’s Home, Stone 1923-1926, Rector of North Cray 1922-1932 and hon. chaplain to the bishop of Rochester 1938-1939; canon emeritus 1934

Latterly of Lyndale, Ryeworth Road, Charlton Kings, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire

c.1920

 

Photographer: Lafayette Ltd., 162 [?] New Bond Street, London W1

 

With photocopy of relevant page from Crockford’s Clerical Directory 1949-1950 and covering letter from donor, 2008

Date: c.1920; 2008
Quantity: 3 items
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: Church_of_England_Historical_Information/List_of_Deans_of_Rochester_1533_Date on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ Church_of_England_Historical_Information/ List_of_Deans_of_Rochester_1533_Date.html

Records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester: historical information pertaining

List of the Deans of Rochester

1533 Walter Phillips [cf. Philippes, Philips, Phyllyppes, Phylyppes, Phylippes, Phillippes, Philyppes, Philypes], 18 June; last prior and first dean; died 1570
1570 Edmund Freake [cf. Freke], 10 April; bishop of Rochester 9 May 1571
1574 Thomas Willoughby [cf. Wollowbie, Willobie, Wilughby, Willowghby, Willowghbye, Willoughbie], 23 June; died 19 August 1585
1585 John Coldwell, 7 January; bishop of Salisbury [Wiltshire], 26 December 1591
1592 Thomas Blague 1 February; died October 1611
1611 Richard Milbourne 11 December; bishop of St. David’s [Pembroke, Wales] 9 July 1615
1615 Robert Scott 13 July; died December 1620
1620 Godfrey Goodman 6 January; bishop of Gloucester [Gloucestershire] 6 March 1624
1624 Walter Bancanqual [cf. Balcanqual] 12 March; dean of Durham 1638
1638 Henry King 6 February; bishop of Chichester [Sussex] 16 February 1641
1641 Thomas Turner 26 February; dean of Canterbury 1643
1660 Benjamin Laney 24 July; bishop of Peterborough [Northamptonshire], same year
1660 Nathaniel Hardy 10 December; died 1 June 1670
1670 Peter Mew, bishop of Bath and Wells [Somerset] 1672
1673 Thomas Lamplugh 6 March; bishop of Exeter [Devon] 12 November 1676
1676 John Castillion 15 November; died 21 October 1688
1689 Henry Ullock; died 20 June 1706
1706 Samuel Pratt [cf. Prat]; died 14 November 1723
1724 Nicholas Clagett 4 January; bishop of St. David’s, [Pembroke, Wales] January 1731
1731 Thomas Herring; bishop of Bangor [Carnarvon, Wales] 1737
1743 William Bernard; bishop of Raphoe [Donegal, Ireland] 1744
1744 John Newcombe; died 10 March 1765
1765 William Markham, dean of Christchurch [Oxford, Oxfordshire] 1767
1775 Thomas Thurlow 8 November; bishop of Lincoln [Lincolnshire] 1779
1782 Thomas Dampier; bishop of Rochester 1802
1802 Samuel Goodenough; bishop of Carlisle [Cumberland] 1808
1808 William Beaumont Busby 15 March
1820 Robert Stevens 17 October
1870 Thomas Dale 23 February; died 14 May 1870;
1870 Robert Scott 16 June
1887 Samuel Reynolds Hole 31 December; died 1904
1905 Ernald Lane
1913 John Storrs
1928 Reginald Thomas Talbot
1932 Francis Underhill
1937 Ernest Morell Blackie
1943 Thomas Crick
1959 Robert William Stannard
1966 Stanley Woodley Betts
1978 John Robert Arnold
1990 Edward Frank Shotter

Sources:
Haydn’s Book of Dignities 1894, reprinted 1969
Rochester Diocesan Directories
Kelly’s Directories

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 31 July 2001.

Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ac_09 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB01_Administrative_Records_1541_1968/ 04_DRc_Ac_Chapter_Minute_Books_1575_to_1968_NB_gaps/ DRc_Ac_09.html

Chapter Book VIII Nos. 29-35

One volume made up of seven small books each of which has been paginated for convenience and indexed separately.

29. 25 November 1788 - 1 December 1791 Pp.1-86
30. 23 June 1792 - 1 December 1794 Pp.1-80
31. 23 June 1795 - 29 June 1798 Pp.1-83
32. 25 November 1798 - 28 June 1800 Pp.1-58
33. 25 November 1800 - 27 September 1802 Pp.1-65
34. 25 November 1802 - 29 June 1805 Pp.1-62
35. 25 November 1805 - 29 June 1808 Pp.1-70

DRc/Ac 9/29

Arrears of rent: Frindsbury, Little Hermitage, 33; Shoreham, 44.

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, Knights charity: widows nominated, 33, 48, 72; resolutions relating to a widow nominated to a non-vacant place, 9.

Boxley: renewal of parsonage lease referred to Dean and prebendaries in residence, 26.

Burials: no-one except the bricklayer to make graves in the church, 38.

Chapter Clerk: resignation of William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny], senior and William Twopenny, junior and appointment of William Twopenny, junior and Edward Soan Twopenny 1790, 56-57.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to business dealt with in his absence, 1, 3, 17, 18; renewal of leases, 7.

Choir: master, Ralph Banks 1790, 34; choristers: John Kennard, 2; John Dawson, James Titmis, Thomas Down, James Wilkie and William Turner, 11; William Wilkie and Richard Burnett, 37; Thomas Dawson, William Robinson and John Robinson, 53.

Church land: application for identification of, intermixed with Brompton Farm, 30.

Elections of Officers: 8, 25, 52, 79, 85.

Game: order to advertise in the Kentish Gazette in August forbidding unqualified persons from hunting and shooting game on Chapter manors, 71.

Gamekeepers: Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] and Lidsing [cf. Lydsing]: William Booth of Chatham, gunsmith 1788, 4; dismissed; John Petman of Rochester, ironmonger 1791, 71; Dean empowered to appoint, to Chapter manors, 47-48.

Lay Clerks: Ralph Banks 1790, 34; resignation of 1791, 86; Matthew Grain 1790, 34; William Robbins 1790, 37; Charles Stanley 1790, 37; Richard Howe 1791, 86; resignation of Thomas Charles Wood 1788, 9; John Baker and William Robbins fined, 9; resignation of John Baker 1790, 32-33.

Organ: donations toward new organ, 31, 38, 39-40, 48, 60, 77; sale of plate towards cost, 48; proposals for new organ, 31-32.

Organist: salary reduced on account of neglect of duty and misbehaviour; choir teacher appointed, 34; appointment of Ralph Banks 1791, 86.

Overseers of the poor: Sacrist and verger appointed for the Precinct area 1790, 55.

Pensions: resolutions regarding payments. 19.

Poor relief: consideration of allowance for Mrs. Saxby, 26.

Plate: sale of for new organ fund, 48, 79.

Presentations:

Halling: William Dyer 1791, 78:
Hoo, All Hallows: Richard Bathurst 1790, 55;
Strood: John Ward Allen 1791, 84.

Procurators in Convocation: Charles Coldcall and John Eveleigh 1790, 49-50. Renewal of leases: Boxley parsonage, 26; tenements in Eastgate, Rochester, 33; those unapplied for referred to Dean and resident prebendaries, 47, 72, 86.

Repairs: order to respective lessees to repair Stockbury parsonage, 12; St. Margaret's parsonage, Rochester, 73, 84; proposals about a barn in Frindsbury, 23.

Residence: 8, 19, 53, 79.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 10-11, 17-18, 36-38, 51-52, 62-63, 76-77.

School: admissions: 2, 11, 19, 37, 61, 73, 78; exhibitions: Charles Walker to St. John's College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 12; John Griffiths and John Stephens to Oxford, Oxfordshire, 39; held over, 53-54; staff: usher, James Jones (post confirmed) 1790, 44.

Surveys: order to survey Goudhurst parsonage, 33; St. Margaret's parsonage, Rochester, 73.

Timber: order to survey, for repairs at: Bearsted, 21; Boxley parsonage, 86; Chatham, 79; Denton, 22, 59; Frindsbury: Reed Court, 2-3; mill on Frindsbury manor, 67; pump on Frindsbury manor, 86; Strood: Hawkins manor, 60; Wouldham, 59; regulation concerning replanting, 4; sale of underwood from Frindsbury manor, 20; and proposals about a barn there, 23.

Waterworks: lease of new land granted Samuel Nicholson as the other proved unsatisfactory, 26-29.

DRc/Ac 9/30

Arrears of rent: Frindsbury manor, 25.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to business dealt with in his absence, 37, 43; renewal of leases after the separation of Chapter, 51, 59, 80.

Choristers: Joseph Pearce, 55; Charles Carter and Joshua Carter, 65.

[Manorial] Courts: 7.

Election of Officers: 17, 47, 65.

Episcopal election: 41-42.

Game: to be sent in future to the Chapter Clerk's office for the use of the Dean and prebendary in residence, 37.

Gamekeepers: Frindsbury, Wouldham, Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] and Lidsing [cf. Lydsing]: John Petman dismissed 1793, 36-37; Wouldham: Benjamin Hubble of St. Margaret's, Rochester, yeoman 1793, 39; Shawstead and Lidsing: William Sibun of Chatham, junior, 1793, 39.

Goudhurst: Thomas Colvill, superintendant of woodlands 1794, 72.

Hardy's charity, Nathaniel; 77-79.

Lay clerks: Charles Carter 1792, 9-10; William Turner 1792, 10; salaries, 77-78.

Presentations

Aylesford: William Eveleigh 1792, 23;
West Farleigh: Thomas Weekes Dalby 1794, 69;
Hartlip: James Jones 1793, 7, 52*

*Apparently presented twice.

Kingsdown with Maplescombe: Thomas Willis 1793, 49;

resolution concerning presentations to vacant livings with particular reference to Stockbury and Bearsted 1794, 73.

Residence: 18, 47, 65.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 14-15, 30-31, 43-44, 53-54, 63-64.

School: admissions: 10, 15, 31, 44, 54, 65; exhibitions: [........] Spry to Christ's College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 55.

Survey: order to survey and map Denton manor, 72.

Timber: replanting, in Frindsbury, 8-9; order to survey for repairs at: Ospringe, 16; High Halstow, 38; Moathall, Bearsted, 55; Reed [cf. Rede]Court, Frindsbury, and a wharf and mill there, 70; Chatham, 74.

Waterworks: sale of old waterworks on the Hogshaugh, 39-40.

Woodlands at Goudhurst: Superintendent of, 72; order to survey, 72-73.

DRc/Ac 9/31

Ashford: application for an exchange of land to extend burial ground, 73-74.

Barber, porter and subsacrist: John Summerfield 1797, 57.

St. Bartholowmew's Hospital, Rochester, Knight's charity: widows nominated, 56-57, 81.

Burials: fewer in Cathedral; payment to verger in lieu, 11.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to business dealt with in his absence, 18-19; renewals of leases after the separation of Chapter, 15, 26, 67, 82-83.

Choristers: Henry Smith, 3; William Hodge and Hohn Turner, 19; John Down and Thomas down, 43; Edward Coney and Thomas Smith, 47; Richard Dickenson, Edward Blackfield and Joseph Pearce, 72.

Election of Officers: 19, 39; treasurer elected for remainder of year 1797, 55; Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] and Lidsing [cf. Lydsing]: William Sibun dismissed; William Lester of Chatham, yeoman 1797, 55.

Lay clerks: William Downs 1795, 2; William Robinson, Saffary Middleton and Thomas Whiffin 1797, 68.

Militia: subscription towards raising a troop of Gentlemen and Yeoman [cf. Yeomanry] Cavalry, 55.

Poor relief: allowance to Elizabeth Rolt, 31; allowance to William Turner, a lay clerk who broke his leg, 55.

Precinct: Messrs. Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] to deal with the removal of Edward Bathurst, a minor canon and his family from St. Nicholas into the Precinct, 12.

Presentations

Hartlip: Thomas Gregory Warrent Walker allowed to exchange 1797, 67;
Hoo, All Hallows: Richard Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] 1795 (conditional), 20;
Leatherhead, Surrey: Richard Harvey 1797, 47;
West Peckham: Richard Bathurst 1795, 20;
Rochester, St. Margaret: Arnold Carter 1795, 13.

Procurators in Convocation: 27, 29-30.

Receiver's accounts: error in, resulting in an accumulated balance, credited to church (1775-1795), 3.

Residence: 198, 39, 62.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 17-18, 28-29, 37-38, 45-46, 59-60, 71-72.

School: admissions: 3, 19, 30, 38, 46, 60, 72.

Survey: order to survey lands from which the Malmains [cf. Malmaines] and Tudors portions of tithe issue, 22.

Timber: order to survey, for repairs at: Bearsted, Moathall, 42; Frindsbury: manor farm, 39-65; a cottage at Reed [cf. Rede] Court; refusal to allot timber to build a range of lodges for fatting beasts, 81-82; trees to be felled at: Frindsbury, 66; The Vines, Rochester, 21.

DRc/Ac 9/32

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, Knight's charity: widows nominated, 57.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to business dealt with in his absence, 1, 44, 45; renewal of leases after the separation of Chapter, 12, 28, 43, 57.

Choristers: Charles Hedgecock, 3.

Courts: order to discover why the lessees of sutton Valence rectory provided no dinner when the court was held there, 11.

Election of Officers: 3, 31.

Episcopal patent: Diocesan Registrar: Thomas Moore and Heneage Horsley 1798, 6.

Fee Farm rents: William Barrett's request that his son in law be appointed joint receiver granted 1798, 6.

Fines: threat to refuse fine fixed if lessee fails to pay by 1 August 1799, 25; fines to be charged after the separation of the Audit, 50.

Land Tax: redemption of, 16, 25.

Minor Canons: admonished to attend more constantly on week days, 22-23; James Jones 1798, 11; Henry Thomas Jones 1799, 33.

Precinct: proposal to demolish the Provost of Oriel [College, Oxford, Oxfordshire]'s prebendal house and the Bishop's approval of the scheme, 26-28, 34-36.

Presentations

Darenth: Henry Thomas Jones 1799, 33;
Shorne: Robert Foote 1799, 32;
Wateringbury: Thomas Willis 1800 (conditional), 55;
Wilmington: Hon. Jacob Marsham [cf. Mersham] 1799, 32.

Residence: 31.

Roll of Chapter members: 2-3, 14-15, 29-30, 48-49.

School: admissions: 3, 51, 30, 49; exhibitions: Richard Jones to Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 52; Ambrose Rhodes to Worcester College, Oxford, 25; [........] Hawtrey to Oriel College, Oxford, Oxfordshire 25.

Thames and Medway Canal Co.: resolution to remain neutral, 42.

Thanksgiving: order for success of HM arms, 8*.

[*Battle of the Nile, Egypt, Mediterranean 1 August 1798.]

Timber: order to survey for repairs at: Rochester, St. Margaret's parsonage, 39-40; Stockbury parsonage, 41; order to report on fitness of timber at Frindsbury, 8.

Waterworks: order to repair old, buildings, 25-26.

DRc/Ac 9/33

Archdeacon's patent: Archdeacon's registrar: William and Edward Twopenny 1800, 5.

St. Bartholowmew's Hospital, Rochester, Knight's charity: widows nominated, 58.

Chapter procedure: renewal of leases after the separation of Chapter, 11, 25-26, 39.

Chapter Sutton: parsonage alterations improved, 9.

Choristers: John Broad, George Peal and William Blackwell, 2; Thomas Winterton, 16; James Winterton, 30.

Election of Officers: 3, 29.

Episcopal Election: Thomas Dampier, Dean of Rochester elected as Bishop 1802, 61-62; his thanks to the Chapter and Cathedral members and servants on his promotion to the bishopric, for their unfailing support and friendship during his deanship and their reply, 54-58.

Freedom of Rochester: protest against the inadvertent purchase of, by John Summerfield, on the grounds that the Precinct was not within the liberty of the city, 38.

Gamekeeper: Darenth: Rev. Robert Fountaine [cf. Fountain] 1800, 5.

Goal: resolution to oppose the building of a new gaol in the city, 42.

Land Tax: redemption of: Ospringe, 24-25; Sutton Valence glebeland, 30-31.

Minor Canons: William Bagshaw Harrison 1801, 12; resignation of 1801, 19; Richard Jordan 1801, 20, 23; William Staines 1801, 42.

Presentations

Bearsted: Charles Cage allowed to hold it with Leybourne and Bredgar 1801, 33-34;
Darenth: William Bagshaw Harrison 1801, 13; John Willis 1801, 20; allowed to exchange with John Wall for Sutton under Brayled, Gloucester, Gloucestershire 1802, 58;
Goudhurst: William Bagshaw Harrison 1801, 19; presentation not to be used as a precedent but allowed only because the Chapter consider it absolutely necessary that Goudhurst should have a resident minister as it is both populous and extensive , 19-20;
Hoo, St. Werburgh: Richard Jordan 1801, 42;
Kingsdown: James Jones 1800, 5;
West Peckham: Thomas Henry Jones 1801, 13;
Rochester, St. Margaret: Richard Bathurst 1801, 12;
Stockbury: Roger Hayne 1800, 5;
Strood: John Griffiths 1801, 41;
Sutton at Hone: Robert Fountaine [cf. Fountain] allowed to hold it with Horton should he be presented 1801, 42.

Procurators in Convocation: John Eveleigh and Thomas Hey 1802, 63-65.

Repairs: order to survey and repair Boxley parsonage, 32-33; sale of stock to pay for extensive repairs to Bishop's Court, Rochester, 39.

Residence: 3, 29.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 15-16, 28-29, 45-46.

School: admissions: 2, 16, 30, 46; staff: master, John Griffiths 1801, 41.

Survey: order to survey pales and fences on Smithfield Bank, Chatham, 4; gates and timber fences on stonehill manor, Wilmington, 4.

Thames and Medway Canal Co.: sale of land in Denton and Frindsbury to, 25.

Timber: order to mark, for repairs at: Bearstead, Moathall, 19; Cliffe, Cardens manor, 37; Frindsbury, Reed [cf. Rede] Court, 37-38; lessee ordered to return an oak tree removed from thence which was assigned to him to make a role for use there, 38; High Halstow; remainder felled to be sold, 12; Port Barn land, 7.

DRc/Ac 9/34

Alienation: licence rescinded, 35, 44.

Arrears of rent: Cow Marsh, Rochester, 60.

Barber, porter and subsacrist: William Turner 1802, 12.

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, Knight's charity: widows nominates, 19-20, 40.

Burials: increased cost of, in the Cathedral, 19.

Chapter procedure: renewal of leases after the separation of Chapter, 28-29, 61; 45.

Choristers: John Miles, 2; Edward Godden, William Winterton and Thomas Fletcher, 61; double stipend paid to 2 senior choristers, 61.

Courts: 35.

Election of Officers: 3, 12, 23, 43.

Fines: calculation of, 35-36; fines for leases renewed after the separation of Chapter fixed, 45.

Gamekeepers: Frindsbury: Thomas Smith of Shorne 1803, 18; ..... French of Shorne, 1803, 20; Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] and Lidsing [cf. Lydsing]: Francis Howe 1803, 27; William Lester dismissed, 27.

Land Tax: redemption of: Sutton at Hone, and Dartford glebe, 17.

Lay clerks: Henry Smith and William Allen 1805, 54.

Leatherhead, Surrey tithes: dispute to be put before Church Counsel, 59-60.

Minor Canons: James Lynn 1803, 12; Michael Smith 1803, 26, 27; resolution on the presentation of minor canons to benefices and their duties as minor canons, 49.

Ordnance, HM: sale of part of Frindsbury manor to, 35.

Precinct: request for compensation on account of the Chapter's refusal to renew a lease there, 17.

Presentations

Boxley: Samuel Goodenough 1084, 48.
Leatherhead, Surrey: James Dallaway on exchange with Richard Harvey who took his place at Llanmase rectory, Glamorganshire, Wales 1804, 44;
Rochester, St. Margaret: John Griffiths 1803, 11;
Shorn: William Tolbutt Staines 1804, 49;
Strood: William Staines 1803, 12; James Lynn 1804, 50;
Sutton Valence: William Philip Menzies 1803, 11;
Wilmington: Hon. Jacob Marsham [cf. Mersham] in plurality with Kirkby Overblow, Yorkshire 1804, 48.

Repairs: Goudhurst: vicar to borrow money on mortgage to rebuild vicarage, 6; Rochester: order to place iron railing at west end of cathedral, 18; allowance for repair of outhouses of organist's house, 18.

Residence: 3, 23, 43; Mr. Foote's [cf. Foot] forfeiture for non-residence rescinded on account of his death, 44-45.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 13-14, 21-22, 30-31, 42-43, 53-54.

School: admissions: 2, 22, 32, 47, 55, 62; exhibition: Laurence Baker to St. Johns College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 23.

Timber: order to survey for repairs at: Hartlip parsonage, 38-39; Icknor, Stockbury, 48; Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes], Strood, 39; oak for cathedral roof, 19.

DRc/Ac 9/35

Audit: renewal of leases and review of accounts, dates for, 61.

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Knight's charity: widows nominated, 25.

Chapter procedure: renewal of leases after the separation of Chapter, 13, 24, 51-52, 61, 69-70.

Choristers: Abraham Rilf and Henry How, 17; William Broad, 43; [.....] Broad, 50; William Broad, George Noakes, James Miles and George Cronk, 60.

Election of Officers: 3, 27, 54.

Episcopal lease: confirmed, 35.

Fees: payable to Chapter Clerk, 18-20; for monuments erected in the cathedral, 51.

Land Tax: redemption of: order to request the Exchequer to appropriate purchase money paid by HM Ordnance, for, 32.

Lay clerks: William Aspland and Thomas Smith, probationers 1807, 50; appointed full lay clerks 1808. 70; James Darchy, probationer 1808, 70.

Monuments: fees for; regulations governing rails round, and projection of, 51.

Ordnance, HM: memorial requesting adequate compensation for land in Frindsbury acquired by them, 10-11.

Procurators in Convocation: John Eveleigh and Thomas Hey 1806, 36-38; John Eveleigh and Thomas Hey 1807, 39-40.

Property: proposal to rebuild the Plume of Feathers public house further back in a line with adjoining premises, 69.

Repairs: loans to repair fund, 12-13, 29; order to compel lessee of Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] Farm to repair same, 34.

Residence: 3, 28, 55; dispensation on account of age and infirmity, 8.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 15-16, 26-27, 41-42, 53-54, 63-64.

School: admissions: 3, 16, 27, 42, 54, 64; exhibitions: Arthur Wortham to Christ's College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 66; Benjamin Hennicott to Oriel College, Oxford, Oxfordshire 25. Surveys: order to survey: Cliffe, Priors Hall estate, 61; Rochester, Sellars Marsh, 70.

Thames and Medway Canal Co.: investment of funds derived from compensation money, 61.

Timber: order to survey, for repairs at: Bearsted, Moathall, 70; Cliffe, Cardens manor, 57; Grain, Cane Marsh, 8-9; Hoo [St. Werburgh] parsonage, 58; Marden, premises, 25; Stockbury, Icknor Farm, 34; Southfleet, post and rails on a farm, 8-9; Strood, timber fencing on leasehold land, 8-9; Mr. Hogben ordered to investigate an application to grub a hedge at Cardens manor, Cliffe, 57.

Verger: offered a pension in lieu of a lease of property in the Precinct, 68-69.
Date: 1788-1808
Quantity: 1 volume


Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_128_10 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 04_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_128_10.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

Rochester, St. Margaret and St. Nicholas.

Empty piece of land enclosed with stone walls; and a little vault, part of the King's palace there now defaced in the Precinct. No. 141

Messuage and land extending to Bewers well yard on the east; the walls which enclose the premises; a stone staircase in the east corner of the ground where the messuage is; and a little vault in the south wall within the Precinct, lying north of Brewers Lane, south of the fourth prebendal house and west of the well yard with free access to and from the well.

Lessees: Catherine Anne Parsons of Cirencester, Gloucestershire, spinster, and James Parsons of Wadham College, Oxford, Oxfordshire, gentleman, children of Jane, wife of James Parsons of Cirencester, clerk, daughter and devisee under the will of James Hayes, late of Queenborough, deceased, her father.

Term: 40 years

Rent: 6s. 8d.

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2b, 9, 12, 19.

Date: 30 June 1784
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Egz_095 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 18_DRc_Egz_General_and_miscellaneous_estate_papers_1541_to_1919/ DRc_Egz_095.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

General and miscellaneous estate Papers

Surrender of Mislaid Lease

Bond in £100

James Parsons of Cirencester, Gloucestershire, Clerk bound to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester to identify them for granting a new lease of property in Brewers Lane in the Precinct, Rochester near Mr. Upton's prebendal house without the surrender of the old lease which is lost or mislaid. Details of the property and the descent of the old lease.

Date: 13 November 1770
Quantity: 1 item (paper)
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTb_049 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester   Finance records: Treasurers' books (DRc/FTb )

 

  Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

 

Treasurer's book - Edmund Barrell

 

Includes 6d alms given to a poor outlandish man, 4 January 1715

 

Includes 6d alms given to Thomas Brown and William Cannon with a pass from Kings Weston (Kings Wesen) in Gloucestershire, 13 January 1715

 

Includes 5s alms given to Monsieur le Marquis de Vignacourt Franconville and to Robert de Valois de Rouen in Normandy (Normandie) [France], 28 January 1715

 

Includes 5s alms given to James Baker vicar of Kilsby in Northamptonshire, 31 January 1715

 

Includes 6d alms given to John Old, that had been a schoolmaster at sea, 31 January 1715

 

Includes 6d alms given to Milicent Lucy, daughter of Sir Richard Lucy, Bt., 4 February 1715

 

Includes 2s alms given to one David Blank a poor Hamburger (Hamburgher) [cf. Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany] cast away on the back of the Isle of Wight [Hampshire], 8 February 1715

 

Includes 6d alms giben to one Isabella Gibson with a pass from Stockton on Tees (Stocton upon Tees) [County Durham], 16 February 1715

 

Includes 1s 6d alms given to Edward Crooms and Robert MacDonnel [cf. MacDonnell, McDonnel, McDonnell], and Richard Pembrook [cf. Pembroke] with passes from Dublin [Ireland], 19 February 1715

 

Includes alms given to James Smith and James Collins, soldiers from Port Mahon [Minorca, cf. Spain, Mediterranean], February - March 1715

 

Includes 2s alms given to Robert Evans, Samuel Dixson [cf. Dixon] and 6 other poor seamen that had been taken by pirates, and were in a very poor condition, with a pass from Wells [next the Sea] in Norfolk, 1 March 1715

 

Includes 6d alms given to John Stone with a pass from Norfolk; wherein several others are named, viz. Richard Gray [cf. Grey], Sarah Long, etc., 25 March 1715

 

Includes 5s alms given to the prisoners in Mr. Rook [cf. Rooke]'s prison, 16 April 1715

 

Includes 1s alms gven to one John Fiske [cf. Fisk] in the parish of Cratfield (Cratsfield) in the county of Suffolk, a poor tradesman, 18 April 1715

 

Includes 3s alms given to Richard Daws [cf. Dawes] of the parish of Brading (Braden) in the Isle of Wight [Hampshire] forced to abscond for debt, 30 April 1715

 

Includes 1s alms given to a poor woman that broke her arm with a fall from a cherry tree, 21 June 1715

 

Includes £1 alms given (by order of the chapter) to James Wybarn [cf. Wilbor, Wilbore, Wylbore, Wybore, Wylbor, Wybarnes, Wyrbarne, Wyborn, Wyborne, Wybor, Wybon, Wiborne, Wibarn, Wildbore], a bricklayer, who had been a long time disabled from working by a fall from a house, 20 July 1715

 

Includes 6d alms given to a poor Flandrican [cf. Fleming; Flanders, Belgium, France], 21 July 1715

 

Includes 1s alms given to Thomas and Nicholas Heathcock, cast away in their passage from New England [cf. America] and set on shore here, 13 August 1715

 

Includes 2s 6d alms given to Mary Smith and Ann Atkins of East Claydon (East Clayton) in the county of Buckinghamshire, great sufferers by fire, 16 August 1715

 

Includes 6d alms given to Simon Fisher etc. with a pass from Leghorn [cf. Livorno, Tuscany, Italy], 16 August 1715

 

Includes 2s 6d alms given to one Maurice Jones a soldier, bachelor of arts, formerly of Jesus College in Oxford [Oxfordshire], 27 August 1715

 

Includes 1s alms given to Hermannus Wisher Osnabruga-Westphalus [sic] [cf. Osnabruck, Westphalia, Germany], 18 October 1715

 

Includes 2s alms given to one John Pratt a poor broken tradesman of the parish of Boston in the county of Lincoln [cf. Lincolnshire], 10 December 1715

 

Includes 5s alms given to one Jonathan Oakhill, who had his house burnt at Preston [Lancashire] by the rebels [cf. Jacobites], 10 December 1715

 

Includes alms given to discharged, disbanded, blind, maimed, poor and sick soldiers and seamen, passim

 

Latin and English.

 

File updated by Borough Archivist 15 November 2001.

Date: 1714-1715
Quantity: 1 booklet
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTb_062 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - Edmund Barrell

Includes under expenses necessary and uncertain: 7s 6d paid to William Holmes, smith, for making a new eye to the clapper of the fourth bell, 17 June 1728

Includes expenses incurred in restoring the cathedral (pp.39-40 and passim)

Includes 1s alms given to William Groves and William Lankstone from the Clink (Chink) prison in Southwark [Surrey], 18 January 1728

Includes 1s 6d alms given to a poor Turk [cf. Turkey] turned Christian, 24 January 1728

Includes 1s 6 alms given to George Tomlin, a poor decayed tanner of Town Malling [cf. West Malling], 7 February 1728

Includes 6d alms given to Stephen Petitoe another discharged soldier, 13 February 1728

Includes 1s 6d alms given to Robert Stout with his wife, child and servant, taken by the Turks [cf. Turkey], 23 February 1728

Includes 1s alms given to William Benstead a poor soldier from Gibraltar, 7 March 1728

Includes 6d alms given to George Thomas of Bristol [cf. Somerset, Gloucestershire] with a pass, 25 March 1728

Includes 3 guineas alms given to the Rev. Mr. Painter, a necessitous clergyman, in order to make his creditors easy with him, 26 June 1728

Includes 6d alms given to Hugh Montgommery [cf. Montgomery] and Richard Stackburn, poor seamen, 13 August 1728

Includes 1s alms given to John Augustin, a Neapolitan [cf. Naples, Campania, Italy] shipwrecked on the coast of France, 26 August 1728

Includes 6d alms given to Thomas Day of Bristol [cf. Somerset, Gloucestershire] with a pass from New Romney, 2 September 1728

Includes 6d alms given to William Newton, a prisoner in Reading [Berkshire] Jail, 18 September 1728

Includes £1 1s alms given to Mr. Charles Harris, son of Dr. Harris, late prebendary of this church, 21 September 1728

Includes alms given to numerous discharged soldiers and shipwrecked French * sailors, passim

Latin and English.

[* cf. France.]

File updated by Borough Archivist 13 November 2001.

Date: 1727-1728
Quantity: 1 volume/71pp. used
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTb_213 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, beadsmen and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - George Jelf

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 7s paid H.C. Lawrence, a bill for cutting ivy at Priory Gate, 9 January 1882;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £20 paid Rev. W.H. Nutter for Messrs. Metzler and Co. on account of piano, 30 January 1882;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 2s paid for telegram to Archdeacon Grant and Canon Jelf regarding sealing address to Queen [Victoria], 9 March 1882;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £1 11s 6d paid A. Peppercorne for surveying hop land at East Sutton, 24 June 1882;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £62 10s paid H. Stokes for rehanging cathedral bells, 29 June 1882;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £1 1s 3d paid Rev. H.T. Ellacombe for copy of Bells of Gloucestershire and post office order, 4 November 1882;

Includes expenses incurred on account of Minor Canon Row, the organist, verger and schoolmaster's houses and the porter's lodge [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Rochester (p.24);

Includes expenses incurred on account of repairs to the cathedral fabric, ordinary payments (p.26);

Includes under alms and donations, £470 17s paid R. Prall Esq., town clerk, 4/7ths. of total expense of improvements in Vines, 3 December 1881;

Includes under alms and donations, £5 paid Rev. J. Langhorne, subscription to Cathedral School cricket fund for 1881, 2 February 1882;

English.


Date: 1881-1882
Quantity: 1 volume/47pp. used
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T048 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA01_Foundation_Charters_Title_Deeds_and_Leases_c1090_1539/ 01_St_Andrews_Priory_Rochester_c1100_1526/ DRc_T048.html

Priory of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester

Charter of Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury

Confirmation to St. Andrew's church, Rochester and to Bishop Gundulf of lands, churches, liberties, customs, rights and all manors which Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury recovered by order of King William I* before Godefrid and Egelric, bishops of Chichester and ? Countances [Normandy/Manche, France], and Hamo, Sheriff of Kent, the King's justices appointed for that purpose, and which he gave back to Rochester church and Bishop Gundulf, comprising:-

Stoke manor and church, Frindsbury manor and church, Islingham, Bromheye and Wickham, Borstal manor and church, Cuxton manor and church, Wouldham manor and church, Halling manor and church, Snodland manor and church, Malling manor and church, Trottiscliffe manor and church, Longfield manor and church, Fawkham manor and church, Bromley manor and church, Stone [? by Dartford] manor and church, Littlebrook and Hilton, Southfleet manor and church, and Denton manor and church in Kent;

* From Odo, Bishops of Bayeux, [Normandy, France] William I's half brother, on Penenden Heath, Boxley, in 1076.

Lambeth manor and church in Surrey which the Countess Goda** gave to Rochester church and which King William II restored to it;
Freckenham and Isleham manors and churches in Suffolk which William I gave to Archbishop Lanfranc and which he surrendered to Rochester church and Bishop Gundulf;
Haddenham manor in Buckinghamshire which William II gave for the sustenance of the monks serving God at Rochester at Archbishop Lanfranc's request;
Aston in Gloucestershire which William II gave to Rochester church and Bishop Gundulf.
Rotherfield church in Sussex which Gilbert de Tonebregge [Tonbridge] gave to Rochester church.
The churches of Boxley, Dartford, Woolwich and Chislehurst in Kent which Henry I gave to Rochester church in free alms shall be held as freely as in the time of former kings and archbishops of Canterbury and better and more fully than ever the church of Christ, Canterbury held her manors with Soka and Saka, toln and theam, Grithbreche, Hamsokne, forstall, infangenethef, and flemenesferme; the fourth penny from the toll of land and water in the city of Rochester, from the ferry when the bridge is broken, and from the Hundred; and one fourth part of all the issues pertaining to the Constable of the city of Rochester saving the king's tax.

** Sister of Edward the Confessor All bishops and their tenants wherever they might be in the realm of England shall be as free from loaning money of tolls as the men and tenants of Christ church, Canterbury and were to have these same liberties and customs in all things.

This confirmation was made in witness of the truth that the churches of Canterbury and Rochester were founded by one and the same most Christian King Ethelbert and were endowed with the gifts and possessions of former kings of the realm of England.

Witnesses:

Girard, Archbishop of York
Maurice, Bishop of London
Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury
Walkelin, Bishop of Winchester
Stigand, Bishop of Chichester
Herebert, Bishop of Thetford
Baldwin, Abbot of St. Edmunds
Ralph, Abbot of Seez
Ernulf, Prior of Canterbury
Count Alan
Count Hugh
Hugh de Montfort

London 1101

Endorsements:

1. N.12
2. f.
3. Notandum Anno 1101 [Martin Cotes 16th century.]
4. 1101 Archbishop Anselm his Confirmation [17th century.]
5. Confirmacio Anselmi Archiepiscopi

Document water stained in parts.

Latin.

Neither the handwriting nor a number of the witnesses to this document are contemporary with its content. In the first place the handwriting is very similar to that of the 1265 confirmation of Henry III (DRc/T60) and may have been written by the same scribe; and in the second place some of the persons supposed to have witnessed this charter were already dead in 1101. There are, for instance, five bishops listed among the twelve witnesses: Maurice, bishop of London, Osmund, bishop of Salisbury, Walkelin bishop of Winchester, Stigand, bishop of Chichester and Herbert, bishop of Thetford. Of these five, only Maurice bishop,of London was alive in 1101. Osmund died 1099, Walkelin in 1098, and Stigand and Herbert in 1087 and 1085 respectively, several years before Anselm became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1093.

A very great deal of the property mentioned in this charter pertained to the bishopric of Rochester and only a small part of it to the priory. It is possible that this document was "forged" in 1265 after the siege of Rochester to replace a document which had been lost or destroyed on its way to and from Winchester when many other early charters and documents also met the same fate (DRc/T53). It is also possible that it was drawn up to prove ownership of lands in dispute between the priory and the bishop. The rather strange muddle over the witnesses could have been caused by a scribe conflating two documents, perhaps a charter of Archbishop Lanfranc and another of Archbishop Anselm.

Forgery was not regarded so much as a crime, as a necessity to a religious house. If a particular deed was known or thought to exist but could not be produced and no adequate title could be proved without it, deeds were forged to supply the deficiency. Once the forged deeds had been used to prove title they had the force of the genuine article. It seems unnecessary to remark also that documents were conveniently "lost" or suppressed if their contents proved a nuisance.
Date: 1101
Quantity: 1 item


Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T659 on request slip.

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Feoffment c.1150

John de Hoccle to Walter de Hoxhale [i.e. Oxenhall, Gloucestershire]:

Land and a messuage in the vicinity of St. Mary before the great gate of Gloucester abbey measuring in front 10 ¼ virgates plus 1" behind 9 ¾ virgates 3" plus 1"; and in depth 9 ½ virgates plus 1" minus 2". (5s. silver 10d. Fine 1 mark silver)

Witnesses:

Roger, Chaplain of Hoxenhale [i.e. Oxenhall], Nicholas de la Halle, William Feragu, Robert Osmund, William Baldi, William, the scribe.

Endorsements:

1. Carta Johannis de Hokle de Redditu ante portam abbatie [13th century]
2. Registratur [15th century]

Seal depicting a bird in side view with spread wings one behind the other, its head looking back over its shoulder.

Latin.
Date: c.1150
Quantity: 1 membrane


Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T660 on request slip.

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Gift in free alms c.1160-1170+

William de Mara to St. Peter's abbey, Gloucester:

12 acres land and 2 acres meadow in Morcota [Gloucestershire] worth 7s. a year and which Aewlf and Evrard hold free of all service and exaction.

Condition.
If he or his heirs are not able to guarantee the land to the abbey they will make an exchange in lands or rents to its full value.

Witnesses:

Master Peter de Lech, John, deacon, Godfrey, son of Gerald, priests, Richard Murdax, Helias Kokerel, Baderun de Blechesduna, Alexander Pincerna, Henry, the abbot's brother, kts., Robert de Bulesduna, Robert de Slohtres, Walker Thoki, Robert, the porter, John de Mareis, Robert Teste, Nicholas de Rudes, Richard de Custance.

+ Master Peter de Lech, archdeacon of Worcester. See Cartulary of Worcester ed R.R. Darlington, Pipe Roll Society, 1968 (Introduction).

Endorsements:

1. N.25
2. 2. f
3. Willelmi de la Mara De terra de Morcota [13th c.)
4. Caps.' .2da de Laicis tenuris. [13th century]
5. Repeated in another place [14th century]
6. Registratur [15th century]

Large middle fragment of equestrian seal.

Latin.
Date: c.1120
Quantity: 1 membrane


Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T661 on request slip.

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Quitclaim c.1300

David Goch ap averam to St. Peter's abbey, Gloucester:

All his right and title in Worgaveston' [Gloucestershire] from lands, tenements, rents, heriditaments, reliefs, wards, merchets, and appurtenances.

Witnesses:

William ap Owen, Yoritt Marmyon [** cf. Marmyun, Marmiun, Marmium, Marmion, Marmioun], John ap Hugh, William Maniaunt, John ap Moriz, Wronoc Melwen, Robert, clerk.

Document faint and stained.

Latin.
Date: c.1300
Quantity: 1 membrane


Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: P305C_ROCHESTER_ST_JUSTUS_1948_1989/P305C_06B_06 on request slip.

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Property

Insurance policies and correspondence with Ecclesiasticlal Insurancem Office PLC, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, mainly relating to buildings


Date: 1976 - 1985
Quantity: 1 packet/c.70 pages
Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: Chatham_Borough_Council_1890_1974/CBA_Mn_Z_01 on request slip.

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Photograph album: studio portraits (mostly) of High Constables of Manor of Chatham. The history of the album is not known but its custodial history is assumed to have been with Chatham Borough Council. Many of the identifications are putative. The inclusion of Ferdinand de Lessups (no 21) is unusual as he was not a High Constable, rather he was a Frenchman who developed the Suez Canal. The last High Constable was Henry Brown (elected 1889).

List of photos with names of subjects and photographers

  1. William Willis by J Moll of Chatham c1864
  2. Robert Collins Burfield by A Honey of Chatham c 1865
  3. Walter Smith by E Banes of Rochester c 1866
  4. Humphrey Joseph Hare by G Glen of Torquay, Devon. c 1867
  5. John Dunford by J Moll c 1860s
  6. George Winch by A Honey c 1869
  7. Charles Lott by J Moll c 1860s
  8. George Isaacs by A Honey c 1860s
  9. William Brown Spencelayh (wearing Freemasons badge) by J Moll c 1871
  10. Humphrey Wood wearing chain of office. By Cuckney & Co or Rochester c 1874
  11. Alfred Thomas Randall wearing chain of office and holding tipstave, by A Honey c1875
  12. Thomas Simmons wearing chain of office of by J Moll c 1876
  13. Adam Stignant [?] wearing chain of office. By J Moll c 1877
  14. George H Delacour [?] wearing chain of office by J Moll c 1878
  15. Adolphus F W Stephens [?] by J Moll c 1879
  16. Anthony J Knowlden wearing chain of office by A Honey c 1882
  17. William Phillps [?] wearing chain of office by A Honey c 1883
  18. Henry G Gifkins [?] wearing chain of office, by A Honey c 1886   2 photos
  19. George Church wearng chain of office, by A Honey c 1887
  20. Francis E Guise, former Stipendary Magistrate for Chatham and Sheerness [and after 1877, Clerk of the Peace for Gloucestershire] by Wm Gillard of Gloucester nd c1890
  21. Ferdinand de Lesseps [developer of the Suez canal] by Elliot & Fry, Baker St, London c 1890

 


Date: c1860-1890
Quantity: 1 vol (22 photos)
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: Medway_Council_1997_Date/EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_01 on request slip.

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Records transferred by the  Curator, Guildhall Museum, comprising in general manuscripts/printed items, originally mainly either donated to the museum or stemming from the former occupancy by the Rochester Town Clerk of the Guildhall pre-1974.

The following items were apparently mainly acquired by G Payne , curator of the Rochester City Museum, Eastgate, Rochester (predecessor of the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester) but items 1/1/2-5 below seem to have been passed to Rochester Public Library, Northgate, Rochester (by whom labelled) and then returned to the museum at a later date, although all items may have the same provenance.family, domestic and estate accounts, possibly of Moses Hasted, pertaining to shares in cargo ships (named) and cargoes, estate at Mevagissey in Cornwall, law suits and business with named merchants in Plymouth, Devon, Newfoundland, Canada, Genoa, Italy, London and Amsterdam, Holland/Netherlands, etc. 1654-1659 (1 volume, folio) (museum/Rochester Library deposit G206) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/1);printed, annotated particulars of sale of estate of 178 acres in Cliffe leased to Richard Edmonds, and freehold and leasehold estate comprising manor and farm of Horsham with 1000 acres in Upchurch, Newington next Sittingbourne, Lower Halstow, Bobbing, Hartlip and Detling, auctioned by Mr. Dawson at the Crown Inn, High Street, Rochester 1812 (1 volume, quarto)(MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/2);[In the summary accessions descriptions of the following three guarded volumes, members of the Hasted family with same name as the famous Kent historian are differentiated as follows in order to avoid confusion:Edward Hasted Esq. who died in 1740 is referred to as of Lincoln's Inn and barrister at law;
Edward Hasted Esq. the historian who died in 1812 is described as senior;
and Rev. Edward Hasted who died after 1854 as junior.Care should be taken in consulting the contents pages in these guarded volumes, as they contain some inaccuracies. They were probably compiled by Edward Hasted junior.]guarded volume of Hasted family documents viz bond for due performance between Thomas Barling of Doddington, gentleman and Joseph Hasted of Chatham, gentleman, 1716;
statement or certificate by the ancient inhabitants of Newington next Sittingbourne attesting to existence of carriageway between land belonging to Joseph Hasted and the highway to Sittingbourne, 1730;
terrier and inventory of the parsonage and vicarage of Newington next Sittingbourne, 1615;
terrier of glebe lands belonging to parsonage of Upchurch, 1630;
feoffment, parties (i) Justinian Pagitt [cf. Paget] of Gray's Inn, Middlesex, Esq. and Thomas Bedford of Doctors Commons, London, gentleman (ii) Roger Jackson (Jacson) of St. Martin's in the Fields, Middlesex, gentleman, pertaining to the manor of Newington next Sittingbourne and constituent lands in Lower Halstow, Bicknor (Bucknor), Upchurch, Stockbury, Broadgate [?] (Brodgate), Borden, Rainham, Hartlip, Tong and Murston (Muston), consideration £490 5s, witnesses R. Johnson (Jonson), Robert Robinson, John Dyke and Aaron Kinton, 5 June 1680 (copy);
release of lease and release (lease missing) between Mary Browne of Stroud, Gloucestershire, spinster, trustee in will of Edmund Browne of Lincolns Inn, Middlesex, gentleman, deceased and Edward Hasted of Sutton at Hone, Esq. [senior], pertaining to messuage, tenement, gardens, orchards and lands at or near Newington next Sittingbourne, 7 June 1759 (copy);
view of frankpledge and presentments of the manor of West Cliffe, Henry Sheafe, steward, 17 October 1727;
printed item entitled a collection of statutes concerning Rochester Bridge printed by John Baskett of London, 1733 including lists of lands contributory to Rochester Bridge and parishes within 7 miles of same; inscribed Josiah [?] Oliver, Hollingbourne;
inventory of prints at Oriel College, Oxford, Oxfordshire, 1778;
letter from Smart and Buller [?], 56 Lincolns Inn Fields, London to Rev. E. Hasted of Hollingbourne [junior], concerning payment to estate of William Jeffreys, 5 January 1841 (with Penny Red stamp);
letter from unstated author to Edward Hasted of Corsham, Wiltshire, Esq. [senior], concerning estate matters, c.1812;
letter from Dr. Fairfax of Leeds Castle to Mr. Hasted concerning the former's indisposition, c.1800, pasted inside rear cover;
annual totals of Edward Hasted junior's expenses whilst an undergraduate at Oriel College, Oxford 1778-1783, pasted inside rear cover;
list of clothes, utensils, tableware and other domestic paraphernalia taken by Edward Hasted junior to oriel College, Oxford in 1778; (1 volume, folio)(MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/3);guarded volume of Hasted family documents viz deed of trust between (i) Edward Hasted of Precincts of Christ Church Canterbury, Esq. [senior], (ii) James Simmons and John Kirby of the City of Canterbury Printers and Co-partners and (iii) John Hinde of Milton next Sittingbourne, gentleman, pertaining to arrangements for printing and publishing The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent in Folio, 15 April 1780 (copy);
memorandum of agreement between Edward Hasted [of Eastling and barrister at law of Lincoln's Inn, London] and Robert Tyler, vicar, Richard Chrisfield [cf. Crisfield], Richard Sisell (churchwardens), John Keble, George Chrisfield (overseers), William Barrow and Henry Mercer [of the parish of Newington next Sittingbourne], concerning burial of remains of Joseph Hasted [formerly chief painter to the Royal Navy at HM Dockyard Chatham] in the [south] chancel of [Newington next Sittingbourne church], 10 June 1732 (copy);
letter from A. [?] Scobell of Farrington Gurney, Somerset to Joseph Oliver Esq., advising him of the death of John Septimius Hasted, 14 December 1853;
notes by Robert Cobb on the Hasted family burials in the chancel of Newington next Sittingbourne church, c.1820
notes on the death of Edward Hasted of Corsham, Wiltshire, Esq. [senior] 1812 and the disposal of his estates, c.1830;
account for funeral of George Hasted [of Lincoln's Inn, London], from Finch Hollingworth of Maidstone to Edward Hasted [senior] of Canterbury, Esq., 17 July 1787;
agreement between the parish of Newington next Sittingbourne and Edward Hasted [senior] of Sutton at Hone, Esq., granting latter right to build and use a family vault, witnessed by John Saunders, vicar, John Austen, Thomas Ady, John Fowle, Richard Murton, Richard Sears, William Tress, Henry Mercer and Henry Soan [cf. Soane], 23 May 1762;
bill from Thomas Gibbons, carpenter, to Edward Hasted [senior], Esq., for building a vault in Newington next Sittingbourne chancel, 1 January 1763;
receipt from Richard Chrisfield [cf. Crisfield], churchwarden of Newington next Sittingbourne, to Edward Hasted [of Eastling and barrister at law of Lincoln's Inn, London], for payment of burial fees for remains of Joseph Hasted, 9 September 1733;
account for expenses of Ann Archer's funeral, 1 April 1762;
bill for burial of a Mr. [George?] Hasted in a church, 9 April 1771;
transcription of monumental inscription pertaining to Katherine Hasted who died 10 March 1734/1735 aged 65;
accounts for work to the family vault including bills from John Boyse, Philip Fruchard and Thomas Ayling, 1762 (4 items); (1 volume, folio;) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/4)guarded volume of Hasted family documents viz armorial bookplates of John Septimius Hasted, Edward Hasted of Hollingbourne Court and Edward Hasted of Chatham c.1800 x c.1850;
probate copy of will of Katherine Hasted of Chatham, widow, proved 20 March 1734/1735, Prerogative Court of Canterbury (2 membranes with pendant wafer seal);
apprenticeship indenture of John Hasted son of Edward Hasted [senior] of Canterbury, Esq., to Thomas Fitzgerald of Deal, surgeon, 3 July 1783;
letter from Edward Hasted [senior] to William Child at Mr. Hasted's, Sutton at Hone, instructing him in making funeral arrangements for his sister, Ann Archer, and naming tenants to be involved, 26 March 1762;
letter from Ann Hasted of Canterbury to her brother Edward Hasted [junior] at [Oriel College,] Oxford, Oxfordshire, describing the events and aftermath of a recent hurricane including their father Edward Hasted [senior]'s losses in his estates and passing on family and local news, 5 January 1779;
draft codicil will of Edward Hasted [senior] formerly of St. George's Fields, Southwark, Surrey, now of Corsham, Wiltshire, Esq., 15 November 1810;
draft obituary notice for Edward Hasted [senior], Master of Lady Hungerford's Hospital, Corsham, Wiltshire, FRS and FSA, the Kentish historian, written by his son Rev. Edward Hasted [junior], vicar of Hollingbourne, 1812;
copy of instructions for his burial left by Edward Hasted [senior] with John Barlow Esq., 2 St. George's Place, Blackfriars Road, Southwark, Surrey, 1810;
draft or copy of will and codicils of John Septimius Hasted of Farrington Gurney, Somerset, gentleman, 1834, 1843, 1848;
draft will of Catharine Hasted of Hollingbourne, spinster, 1842;
copy of will of Rev. Edward Hasted, vicar of Hollingbourne with Hucking, 1854;
letter from Charles James of Farrington Gurney, Somerset to Josiah Oliver [of Hollingbourne], informing the latter of the precarious state of health of John Septimius Hasted, suffering from the dropsy, 18 November 1853;
[two letters from J.C. Burgoyne as noted in the contents page, not found]
cures and recipes for pleurisy, ague, fractures, equine diseases, to make old writings more legible, wasp stings, to give an edge to a razor, mange in dogs, to kill rats and to procure a miscarriage, etc., c.1800, attributed to Edward Hasted [senior]; (1 volume, folio) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/5).spectacles case formerly containing the spectacles worn by Edward Hasted senior (glasses not present), inscribed by John Septimius Hasted; c.1800 (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/6);notebook compiled by Edward Hasted junior as vicar of Hollingbourne and Hucking, recording details of collation and Tithe moneys received from parishioners and for Tithe Feasts, 1789-1791 (1 booklet) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/7);pencil oval portrait of Edward Hasted senior aged 69, 1801, possibly copied from another source, and inscribed, by John Septimius Hasted c.1850 [see Guildhall Museum negative KS4110] (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/8);key to Hasted family vault in Newington next Sittingbourne church c.1763 (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/9);copy of probate copy of will of Robert Halsted [cf. Hasted] of Rochester, haberdasher, proved at London 23 April 1649 [UFP] (1 item, paper) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/10);letters to Edward Hasted junior of Hollingbourne from John C. Burgoyne of 60 Wimpole Street, London concerning estate of John Septimius Hasted 1853-1854 (2 items, paper), Harry Grove of Staplehurst on social matters 1807 (1 item, paper), Daniel Stanton concerning Mrs. Long's charity 1858 (1 item, paper) and William Bedell of Dartford also on social matters 1793 (1 item paper), with various accounts c.1800 x c.1828 (4 items, paper); (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/11)expenses incurred by Edward Hasted junior as a student at Oxford and legal papers and accounts pertaining to estates c.1778-c.1811 (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/12);solicitors' bills pertaining to conveyancing 1792, 1825, bond between Edward Hasted junior and William Budgen, William Jefferys and John Gurr of Chatham, bankers 1822 [mutilated] and letter from Anne Foote of Malling Abbey to Edward Hasted junior c.1800; (1 bundle/4 items, paper) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/13);Edward Hasted junior's Kentish Companion and Almanack or diary, 1851 (1 booklet) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/14);Edward Hasted junior's Latin grammar notebook c.1778 (1 volume) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/15);letters received by Edward Hasted junior partly pertaining to litigation; also from his brother Francis Hasted and nephew Francis Hasted in Bengal, India and from East India House, London concerning the whereabouts of the same (Benares), and from others about other matters, c.1794-c.1832 (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/16);estate records of Edward Hasted senior mainly comprising rent rolls or annual tenants' accounts 1748-1784 with some papers pertaining to proceedings in the magistrates' court against Thomas Thornhill of Whitstable, baker 1787, Edward Hasted [senior] JP (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/17);copy of bond between Thomas Williams of Horton Kirby, gentleman and Edward Hasted [senior] formerly of Sutton at Hone, now of precincts of Canterbury, esq., 1790 and in-letters and accounts pertaining to rents and estates, c.1784-c.1803 (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/18).assignment of legacy for securing £537 19s 6d and interest, between Rev. Edward Hasted [junior] of Hollingbourne, clerk and William Budgen, William Jefferys and John Gurr of Chatham, bankers and co-partners, witnessed by Charles Hasted, William Nokes and William Parkin, 8 September 1815 (3 membranes) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/19);[For a further item of possible Hasted provenance, see MTC_EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_105]Accession no.: MTC/MR/89 [part]File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 20 August 2001.


Date: 1654-1854
Quantity: 5 volumes
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: Medway_Council_1997_Date/EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_42 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Medway_Council_1997_Date/ Education_and_Leisure/ Leisure_Division/ Libraries_Information_and_Museums_Service/ Guildhall_Museum_01/ EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_42.html

Records transferred by the Museum Curator, Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester,  comprising in general manuscripts, or manuscript portions of combined printed matter, artefacts and MSS deposits, originally mainly either donated to the museum or stemming from the former occupancy by the Town Clerk of Rochester of the Guildhall prior to 1974, unless otherwise stated.Commission to apprehend the pirates John Bishop (Bushoppe, Bishopp) and [-] Jennings (Jeninges) and their accomplices, from Sir Charles Howard, Lord Howard of Effingham and Earl of Nottingham, Lord High Admiral, to Matthew Havelande [cf. Haviland], John Fownds and Thomas Davys [cf. Davis, Davies], merchants of the city of Bristol [cf. Somerset and Gloucestershire], and John Madockes [cf. Madocks, Madox, Maddox] of Plymouth, Devon, gentleman and William Depden, merchant, on complaint from William Bloys, Robert Benham and Edward Huntinge [cf. Hunting] of the town of Bristol, merchants, before Sir Thomas Crompton, kt., concerning the taking of oils and other goods viz. 6 butts of oils, 1 case and 1 small bag of indigo containing about 320 lb, 1 bale of raw silk containing about 124 lb, a sea chest with divers commodities in it, a sea bed and a case of bottles (as per schedule attached) bought in the Marcilien Islands, transported in the ship called The Almanacke of Dieppe (Deipe) in France, Peter Steven, master, seized by the above named pirates and taken to Ireland and from there, all or part, being sold in Bristol through the agency of James Salmon.Latin. Schedule in English.[Accession MTC/MR/89 (part)]File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 2 August 2001.
Date: 26 January 1608/1609
Quantity: 2 membranes
Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/CE_CS_3 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/ Chief_Executive_Department/ City_Secretarys_Section/ CE_CS_3.html

Printed books, booklets and circulars etc. acquired by Rochester Upon Medway City Council Review Officer during lead up to Local Government Reorganisation, with reference to proposals elsewhere in the country and also specifically to proposals for a Unitary Medway Authority, originators including CSL Group Ltd., Association of District Councils (ADC), KMPG Management Consulting, Local Government Commission for England, Gloucester City Council, Gloucestershire, Amber Valley Borough Council, Derbyshire and MORI, other areas covered including Cleveland and Co. Durham, Isle of Wight, Avon, Gloucestershire and Somerset, Derbyshire, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire.
Date: 1990s.
Quantity: As above
Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: Strood_Rural_District_Council_1897_1974/SRDC_926 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Strood_Rural_District_Council_1897_1974/ 01_Clerks_Department_1897_1974/ 15_Air_Raid_Precautions_and_Civil_Defence_Additional_1939_1945/ 03_Personnel/ SRDC_926.html

Strood Rural District Council

Clerk's Department: Air Raid Precautions and Civil Defence

Prosecution - Miss J.E. Munn (1A/44)

Correspondence with above of 5 Armytage Villas, Hoo St. Werburgh and 8 Windsor Street, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire and others and internal officers' memoranda, investigating Miss Munn's absence from paid First Aid Post service at Hoo St. Werburgh, her intended marriage and removal Suffolk and ill health and eventual prosecution.

Includes correspondence with Dr. Kathleen Costello of Gloucester Lodge, 131 Promenade, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire in which Clerk asks for clarification of Miss Munn's illness, with reply in which Dr. Costello objects to his tone, advising him she is passing his letter to the British Medical Associaton for consideration.
Date: 1942
Quantity: 1 folder/21 pp./items


Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/N_J_305_001_Intro on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_J_305_Chatham_Memorial_Synagogue_1834_1972/ N_J_305_001_Intro.html

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

N/J/305

RECORDS OF CHATHAM MEMORIAL SYNAGOGUE AND THE CHATHAM HEBREW CONGREGATION 1834 - 1972

(Please click here to view a full list of the Chatham Memorial Synagogue (Rochester) records, or select the folder from the menu at the front end by following the instructions for obtaining a "collection report".)

DE202 Deposited on permanent loan by Chatham Memorial Synagogue 15 January 1993

Official Chatham Memorial Synagogue web site

N/J/305

INTRODUCTION

The material in this collection comprises chiefly the records of Chatham Memorial Synagogue, constituted as such in 1870 by Simon Magnus, in memory of his only son Lazarus Simon Magnus, and to certain extent also those of the Chatham Hebrew Congregation for the preceding period, 1834-1870.

Chatham Memorial Synagogue and Minister's House and their preceding buildings, which stood on almost the same site in Rochester High Street (in the parish of St. Margaret, Rochester) comprise a relatively old place of Jewish worship, considerably predating the many mid-nineteenth century synagogues which sprang up elsewhere in the country.

BACKGROUND TO MODERN JEWISH HISTORY IN BRITAIN

Ancient period down to AD411

An influx of Jews almost certainly took place during the Roman occupation. No records as such survive for this period.

Norman-French period 1066-1290

A group of Jews originating in Rouen, Normandy/Seine Maritime, France, arrived with Duke William of Normandy at the time of the Conquest. No synagogue records exist for this period but Jews are mentioned in the Public Records and in private archives held at numerous county record offices in England. The Encyclopaedia Judaica states that Jews were recorded in Rochester from 1187 and were mentioned as a group in 1231. In 1290 the Jews were expelled from England.

The Middle Period 1290-1656

Few Jews remained in England during this period between their expulsion by King Edward I and their re-admission by Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector. Those who had domicile tended to be professionals such as physicians and also to practise their religion secretly. Open avowal of Judaism might have been treated as criminal and could have resulted in the death sentence being imposed. Reasons for this treatment were theological and economic, the latter stemming from king and barons defaulting on loans made to them by the Jews.

The Sephardim Period 1656 - 18th Century

Sephardim Jews were one of the two European branches of the Jewish diaspora from the middle-east, comprising those who had settled in Spain in the middle-ages, the word Sephardim meaning Iberians in Medieval Hebrew. Sephardim had arrived in England as early as 1541 mostly via Portugal, caused by religious persecution in both countries. Sephardim or so-called Portuguese Jews were mainly middle-class, mercantile and educated.

The Ashkenazi Period 17th Century - 19th Century

Ashkenazim Jews originated in the Rhine Valley in Germany and subsequently moved into Poland and Russia. The name Ashkenazi is from a medieval Hebrew word meaning Germans.

The Ashkenazim contrasted to the Sephardim in being poorer, less well educated except in Jewish custom and religion and in being stricter in their religious observance. There was rivalry and resentment between both branches down to the 19th Century and intermarriage was not encouraged.

Ashkenazim Jews particularly distinguished themselves as pedlars of jewellery and haberdashery, seal-cutters and engravers, dealers in old clothes, shopkeepers, jewellers, opticians and naval tailors. These general trends are corroborated to a certain extent by the records in this collection and also the rentals and leases of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester (Ch2).

There is some evidence that both branches of European Judaism merged at Chatham, whose first recorded synagogue was almost certainly a newly built wooden structure reminiscent of Ashkenazim synagogues of Polish origin. The records also include cursive Hebrew script (an Ashkenazim custom) and many members' names indicate clear Sephardim as well as Ashkenazim origins, although mostly the latter.

It should be stressed that immigration by both Sephardim and Ashkenazim occurred side-by-side over several centuries but eventually the Ashkenazim culture became numerically the dominant. Ashkenazim immigration was boosted by the partition of Poland in 1736 and subsequent pogroms throughout Eastern Europe down to the twentieth century.

General

Although Jews in England in the modern period benefited from a measure of toleration from the civil and ecclesiastical authorities not consistently obtained in previous countries of abode, as nonconformists or Jews they were still subject to exclusion from certain offices and walks of life under various Acts of Parliament and corporate regulations.

Jews were excluded from the Freedom of the City of London (and the retail trade in the City of London therefore) until 1831, from practising at the Bar until 1833, from participating in local government until 1845, from commissioned rank in the forces until 1846, from membership of Parliament until 1858 and from Oxford and Cambridge Universities until 1871.

Jewish Dating

In this collection, both the Christian Gregorian calendar (New Style) and the Jewish calendar are employed, although chiefly the former and usually both together when the Jewish year is provided. A rough but not exact (up to about one year out) calculation of the Gregorian date can be obtained by subtracting the number 3760 from the Jewish year given. (The Jewish religious year beings in Autumn, the Jewish fiscal year in Spring).

The Jews in Chatham 1656-1823

According to the Encyclopaedia Judaica Chatham became home to a Jewish Community in the mid 18th Century, mainly hawkers trading with sailors or acting as licensed navy agents.

Chatham had particular attractions as a naval dockyard town (with victualing office in Chatham Intra) and also as a busy mercantile port in its own right and with strong Baltic trading connections.

It is known that Jewish immigrants from the 1650's generally were occupied as importers, exporters, wholesalers, ships' chandlers and ship owners, and the district of Chatham Intra (part of Rochester) continuing into Chatham High Street once heavily settled by the Jews, was still strongly associated with Jewish business as late as the mid-twentieth century. Several Jews became Freemen of the city of Rochester, whose registers record their trades (RCA).

The earliest records of the Chatham congregation date from 1834, although mention is made in them of earlier material which apparently has not survived. A report in the Rochester and Chatham Times of 1889 alludes to the books of the synagogue dating back to about 1790 (N/M/305/22). These books, no doubt registers, account books or even committee minutes have not survived in the collection.

The origin in Chatham of an organised Jewish congregation or even of a synagogue, the word meaning literally bringing together in Greek, is not recorded. It is probable the Jews worshipped in each other's house in Chatham until the mid-eighteenth century, with no single site formally recognised as a permanent synagogue and with no such site acknowledged by the non-Jewish community. For quorate worship, a minimum of ten male Jews was required.

The first locally recorded mention of a synagogue in Chatham is in 1770, when a rental of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, records one John Roberts, their tenant in respect of two tenements in St. Margaret's parish, Rochester as sub-letting one of these to Jews, specific reference to a synagogue being made. This record is significant not only in providing us with a date, but also as an independently created administrative record of the existence of a Jewish congregation and synagogue in Chatham. That is to say it constitutes archival evidence from a non-Jewish source. The precise wording is as follows:

[tenant's name] John Roberts
[estates and where living] two tenements in St. Margaret's [Rochester] one used for a Jewish Synagogue
[commencement] Lady Day 1766
[no. of years] 40
[reserved rent] 1/-
[when in course] Lady Day 1780 (Ch2/9 [part]).

Roberts, a house carpenter (Ch 2/4) seems therefore to have acquired the lease on this property in 1766, in addition to his two existing leases on premises probably in the same street, comprising four newly built (1770 = Ch 2/9) tenements used as an infirmary for the Royal Marines and two other tenements. (No reference to Jews is made in this other document).

A lease book among the St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester records tells us a little of the premises' history immediately prior to 1766, that they comprised two small messuages, tenements or dwelling houses and an alley way and that they were formerly occupied by William Scolcop and Widow Wilson and later by John Tylghman and William Harris (Ch2/13 p.446). Assuming that neither of these occupants was Jewish nor hosted synagogual gatherings, Jews may have acquired one of these tenements between 1766 and 1770 as sub-tenants of John Roberts, himself certainly of indigenous Christian Protestant background. If so, their names are unrecorded. In any case, it is impossible to say whether any of the named tenants or occupants were Jewish as the names Harris and Wilson can be either Jewish or Gentile. Therefore we are unable to precisely establish when Jews acquired these tenements.

A further document, an estate book covering the period 1627-1822, provides us with the earliest named mention of sub-tenants and more importantly for the first time specifically Jewish sub-tenants, stating as follows: August 14 1780 No. 7 a lease renewed to John Roberts of two tenements in St. Margaret's, Rochester. One used for a Jews Synagogue, let to Levi Israel and others, etc. (Ch2/18). Presumably Levi Israel and his associates had been in occupation of this tenement since 1770 at the latest*. (Israel Levi became a Freeman of the city of Rochester in 1788, RCA/02/8). We remain in the dark as to whether the main tenant, Roberts, was Jewish.

* In Sources for Roman Catholic and Jewish Genealogy and Family History vol. II, p.973, E. R. Samuel states 1760 as the date of the establishment of a synagogue in Chatham but does not cite any source, although the Encyclopaedia Judaica also suggests c.1760.

By 1780, ten years after the first mention, a further interesting development took place. In the lease book for the years 1767-1803, in which Roberts renews his lease on the premises, one of the two tenements is described as having been lately rebuilt, and is now used as a Jews Synagogue (Ch 2/14 p.168). It should be noted that a widow Hewes is here mentioned as a former sub-tenent of either tenement.

It is not clear precisely when this rebuilding work took place but it could have been between 1770 and 1780 or earlier when the congregation could have decided to adapt the existing tenement to serve as a synagogue with the architectural and social features required for their worship.

Later in the same document for 1787 (Ch 2/14 p.225) there is a copy of a licence from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester to Roberts to alienate both tenements (no doubt adjacent) described as two small messuages, tenements or dwelling houses (one of which was lately new built and was then used as a Jews' synagogue) and alleyway, etc., to Levi Israel of Chatham, silversmith and his associates, who are named as follows (excluding Israel):

Solomon Mordecai of Rochester, silversmith
Isreal Levi of Rochester, chapman
Humphrey Solomon of Rochester, salesman
Isaac Abraham of St. Margaret's, Rochester, tobacconist
Hart Cohan of Chatham, salesman
Michael Abraham of Chatham, salesman, and
Abraham Moses of Chatham, salesman

 

This document, dated 6 January 1787, may well contain the first explicit record of the leading members of the Jewish community in Chatham and Rochester acting together and is also a useful genealogical record in itself. Subsequently on 15 July 1794 (Ch 2/14 p360) the same parties obtained a forty-year lease on the premises in their own right for the first time. The next relevant document, a renewal of lease of 1 September 1808 (Ch 2/15 p80) indicates that both Levi Israel and Israel Levi are deceased (i.e. between 1794 and 1808) which is of genealogical value, and also provides, in addition to the remainder of the parties already mentioned, the names of the following members of the Jewish community:


Lazarus Magnus of Chatham, shopkeeper
Joshua Alexander of Chatham, shopkeeper
Samuel Simons of Frindsbury, shopkeeper
Lion Benjamin of Chatham, shopkeeper
Aaron Moss of Sheerness, shopkeeper

The Lazarus Magnus mentioned is almost certainly an ancestor of the Magnus family associated with the foundation of Chatham Memorial Synagogue in 1868 and the name Lion is also one that occurs in this collection. It should be noted that in this document the names of Abraham Moses (mentioned above) are expanded to: Abraham Moses Simon Davis.

The records of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester give us apparently one last glimpse of the Jewish community before their own records begin. In the renewal of their lease on 23 April 1823, a copy of which is contained in the same lease book (Ch 2/15 p343) the following groups of parties are mentioned:


Part 2 Isaac Abraham of Sheerness, tobacconist
Hart Cohan, late of Chatham, now of Liverpool
[Lancashire], salesman
Michael Abraham of Chatham, salesman
Joshua Alexander of Chatham, shopkeeper
Samuel Symons of Frindsbury, shopkeeper
Lion Benjamin of Chatham, gentleman
Aaron Moss of Sheerness, shopkeeper

Part 3 Joshua Alexander (as above]
Lion Benjamin [as above]
Moses Aaron of Chatham, shopkeeper
Samuel Symons [as above]
Marcus Hyman of Chatham, apothecary
Solomon Lucas of Chatham, slopseller
Samuel Simon Lazarus of Chatham, slopseller
Levy Simons of Chatham, slopseller
Lewis Cohan of Chatham, slopseller
Berman Isacher Barnard of Rochester, hardwareman
Abraham Moss of Rochester, slopseller
Lewis Alexander of Chatham, butcher
Johnathan Zacharia of Chatham, salesman

This document, besides again listing numerous members of the Jewish community in the locality for the 1820's, mentions that certain parties in the 1808 document (Ch 2/15 p80) namely Solomon Mordecai, Humphrey Solomon, Abraham MOses and Lazarus Magnus are deceased (i.e. died between 1808 and 1823). This information is useful in that the burial register only begins in 1886 and the majority of the memorials in the Jewish burial ground at the Synagogue for the period pre-1886, which might otherwise record families, are mostly eroded.

At the conclusion of the period 1656-1823, the Jews had emerged as an organised and acknowledged community with their own synagogue in Chatham. The Synagogue however was leased and although apparently purpose-built, was no doubt also either decayed or out of keeping with the growing status of the wealthiest members of the Jewish community. The final lease was due to expire in 1876 (N/J/305/22/p72).

The Jews in Chatham 1823-1868

The early part of this period is difficult to fill out due to the paucity of the synagogue's records prior to 1870.

However, the Synagogue was probably served by a minister and run by a committee of the congregation, some of whose bound financial accounts have survived from 1834 (N/J/305/23), a document useful for tracking the chronology of individuals' membership.

In view of this lack of information, it is necessary to turn to printed sources of details of Chatham's Jewry in this period. Charles Dickens noted in his novel The Pickwick Papers 1836-1837 the principal productions of these [Medway] towns are soldiers, sailors, Jews, chalk, shrimps, officers and dockyard men. He notes the principal commodities as marine stores, hardbake, apples, flat fish and oysters, in which Jewish tradesmen dealt, no doubt.

According to R. G. Hobbes in Reminiscences of 70 years Life, Travel & Adventure in 1848 about sixty families of Jews were residing in Chatham and its neighbourhood. (vol. II p94n) Hobbes states in more detail, and in respect of the Jews the humbler sort ... deal in civil habiliments shed by the recruits when they assume the military or naval uniform; and the richer ... purchase the furniture etc., of officers leaving the garrison, to sell to officers joining; as well as ... lend money to the impecunious, etc. some were outfitters, some jewellers.

Chatham Memorial Synagogue 1868 to date

The present Synagogue, known by the above title, was built as a gift to the community by Simon Magnus in commemoration of his son Lazarus Simon Magnus who tragically predeceased him on 7 January 1865 aged 39. Lazarus was Captain of the 4th Corps of the 1st Brigade of the Kent Artillery Volunteers, Mayor of Queenborough in Sheppey in 1858, 1859 and 1862 (as Mayor in 1858, the first Jewish Mayor of any municipality in the British Isles), a director of Chatham Railway and a member of the (original) Synagogue's Board of Management. He was a magistrate on the local bench.

Lazarus is also commemorated by a large monument in the cemetery to the rear of the Synagogue.

The foundation stone of the Synagogue was laid by Simon Magnus on 5 October 1868 and the Synagogue finished in May 1870, being consecrated on 17 June 1870. The architect was H. H. Collins of 5 Queen Street, London E.C., the builder A. Naylar of Rochester and the total cost £5,500(N/J/305/22/p37). Simon Magnus lived in a house opposite the Sun Hotel, Chatham (Harris). Facsimile plans of the synagogue reproduced from The Builder are held, reference M73.

Structurally and architecturally, the new synagogue was wholly different from its predecessor, although it stood on the original land leased from St. Bartholomew's. The earlier synagogue is briefly described as a small building of brick and wood by Samuel Bagshaw's Directory of 1847, a description corroborated by R. G. Hobbes in 1868 who described it as a wooden structure. Presumably this was still the same tenement described as lately rebuilt in 1780 (see above).

Descriptions of the new Synagogue can be found Edwin Harris' Recollections of Rochester No. 79, the Rochester and Chatham Times 18 July 1889 (N/J/305/22/pp71-80), R. G. Hobbes' Reminiscences (1875) and J. Presnall's invoice 1923 (N/J/305/15). The synagogue is in the Victorian Baroque style and is the only one of its kind in use (Halpern).

It should be noted that Simon Magnus bought the land for the project outright, thus ending about a century of leasehold use (N/J/305/22/pp22-33).

Organisationally, it is important to stress the continuity of the congregation from c.1766 to date. As mentioned above, some families in the congregation pre-date the refoundation of 1870, besides which the Board of Management of the Synagogue seems to have had a continuous history. Only the Trustees, to whom Simon Magnus gave his synagogue, represent a new organisational characteristic of the congregation, the management committee reporting to this higher authority. In any case, the secretary of the trustees was the chief executive officer of the management committee. This point is contradicted by E. R. Samuel in Sources for Roman Catholic and Jewish Genealogy and Family History 1974, vol II p973.

Regarding the ministry, it is probable that the second of the two tenements referred to in St. Bartholomew's Hospital's records was the minister's house. Both tenements were acquired by the Jews in 1787 (Ch 2/14 p225) and the use of the second house by the minister may date from that time.

Harris lists the ministers of the synagogue between 1782 and 1829 as L. Polock (also Polack, Pollack) Professor of Languages c.1872, Bernard J. Salomons c.1890, Moses Isaacs c.1898, M. Fenton c.1903, Joseph Babity c.1920, Abraham Samet c.1920's and Rev. Wolfe 1929-1942, the last minister. The Jewish House at Clifton College, Bristol, Gloucestershire, a private school, is named after Polock and Salomons was appointed to a post at Montefiore College, Lauderdale Road, Maida Vale, London.

The last major development in the history of the synagogue was the successful fund-raising campaign culminating in the extension of the premises to include a social and youth facility, the Mid-Kent Youth and Community Centre or Centenary Hall, 1964-1972 (N/J/305/47-51). The Hon. Architect and Co-chairman of the centre was H. Halpern of Rochester, whose grandfather had arrived in Gillingham in 1888.

The Records

The collection has been arranged according to whether records relate to trustees or congregation in the first instance, with further divisions under these headings, according to administrative function. By virtue of the secretary to the trustees being an officer of the congregation, there can be some overlap in function and records.

Certain of the records are of genealogical value, mainly burial records for the cemetery or municipal cemetery, 1886-1929 (N/J/305/41-45) and records of members' contributions 1834-1958 (N/J/305/23-32). There are no circumcision registers as these are usually private family records. For duplicate marriages post 1837 enquiries should be made anyway at St. Catherine's House, London or the Register Office, 114 Maidstone Road, Chatham. Other records are still held at the synagogue, including various scrolls including the Torah and Talmud.

Of special interest besides the synagogue's architecture and history is the boundary wall at the rear of the cemetery, separating the synagogue premises from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, which is mentioned in (N/J/305/16-17) 1929-1939.

Prominent Jews in Chatham and Rochester

Perhaps the best known Jewish son of Chatham was Daniel Barnard, proprietor of the Railway Saloon and music hall, Chatham (subsequently Barnard's Palace of Varieties), High Constable of Chatham, Chairman of Chatham Court Leet and founder and Captain of Chatham Fire Brigade. He died aged 54 in 1879. Daniel was buried in the synagogue cemetery where there is a monument to his memory.

Mayors of Chatham included G. H. Leavey 1895 and G. A. Rosenburg 1925 and 1926, while the Levy family, Jewish in origin, provided two Mayors of Rochester J. L. Levy in 1860 and 1865 and L. Levy in 1874, 1885 and 1886. Jewish businesses included Halpern's tobacconists, Gillingham, Gergel's outfitters, Wilson's dress shop, Isaacs, military outfitters and Greenberg's military tailors (originally Naval agents), each based in Chatham.

Of special interest not only in the local community but also internationally, was H. Wayne, a Palestinian Jew who settled here. Wayne was very much involved in the early affairs of the British Protectorate in Palestine (later Israel).

Most if not all of these individuals and their families are recorded in the collection.

NOTE ON THE NUMBERING OF THE COLLECTION:

In 1997 the original call no. assigned to this collection, DE202, was changed to N/M/305. The item nos. remain unchanged. References to a document reference prefixed DE202/ should, therefore, read as prefixed N/M/305.

Introduction by City Archivist March 1993.
Introduction amended by City Archivist July 1994.
Introduction file and bibliography files up-dated by Borough Archivist 26 February 2001. This file updated 29 July 2006.


Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: DE0087_Barrows_Family_of_Canterbury_Great_War_1917_1918/DE0087_00_02_Intro on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0087_Barrows_Family_of_Canterbury_Great_War_1917_1918/ DE0087_00_02_Intro.html

These loose items were found among an accumulation of Rochester Town Clerk's records and relate to the death on active service of Private Frank Barrows of the Gloucestershire Regiment, presumed in France/Flanders. Their purpose among the local authority records is uncertain.
Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: DE0087_Barrows_Family_of_Canterbury_Great_War_1917_1918/DE0087_02 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0087_Barrows_Family_of_Canterbury_Great_War_1917_1918/ DE0087_02.html

Memoranda from the regimental paymaster, Gloucestershire Regiment, Warwick, Warwickshire to Mrs. M.A. Barrows of 7 East Street, Sturry Road, Canterbury concerning late no. 33181 Private F. Barrows 1/4 Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment and covering a statement of account [not present].
Date: 4 February 1918
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_02 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_02.html

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centcre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 2: Rochester Bridge

Printed potted history of the Rochester bridges, unattributed. c.1985 p.1

Postcard size print of artist’s impression of the second (i.e. English) Rochester Bridge c.960, after a print at the British Museum [cf. British Library] with notes on chronology, construction and printed sources. c.1950 p.2

Facsimile of elevations and plan of the third Rochester Bridge as built by Sir Robert Knolles and Sir John de Cobham in 1388, as altered and widened 1818 and removed 1856, from a drawing by John L. Robson, MICE with notes on chronology, construction and printed sources, c.1960 p.3.

Photograph of print of view from Frindsbury Intra showing Rochester Bridge and drawbridge, River Medway and river traffic, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester and windmills near St. Margaret’s church and fishermen in foreground. [c.1780] c.1980 p.4 (upper).

Printed notice from Wardens of Rochester Bridge advertising closure of Rochester Bridge for purpose of laying new drawbridge effective 8 June 1734 for 6 days, 16 May 1734. 1 item (paper) p.4 (lower)

Colour postcard entitled the north-west view of Rochester Castle AD 1735 comprising view from Strood Intra, showing the southern foot of Rochester Bridge, Rochester Cathedral and river traffic. Reproduced and published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1920 p.5 (upper)

Colour postcard entitled an exact prospect of the city of Rochester taken from Finsbery [i.e. Frindsbury] Windmill by Ja[mes] Collins AD 1690 showing the River Medway, masted naval vessels and hulks, Rochester and Chatham Intra. Reproduced and published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1920 p.5 (lower)

Print of view from Frindsbury Intra looking across the River Medway towards Rochester, showing the bridge, castle and cathedral, with three single-masted vessels in foreground. [Print indicates that] it was engraved by 'Walker and Storer' from an original drawing by JMW Turner. Published 1 May 1794 by Harrison and Co., 18 Paternoster Row, London. 1794    p.6.

Print entitled view of the castle and bridge of Rochester in Kent, looking from Frindsbury Intra, unattributed, showing the River Medway, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester, windmills near St. Margaret’s church, river traffic and moored vessels in foreground. c.1790 p.7

Print entitled Rochester Castle and Bridge, county of Kent, showing the Strood approach, engraved by J. Basire from a drawing by W. Hamper, from the Gentleman’s Magazine, p.601, July 1809. p.8

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, Kent showing Ladbury’s Cottage and quay in foreground, looking across the River Medway to Strood, showing river traffic, Strood Hill and windmills. Engraved by J. Greig from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent, published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London, 1 February 1820. p.9

Two prints each entitled Rochester Kent engraved by W. Tombleson from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London, 1 February 1820 each however manifesting differences from the other. The scene is one looking from Frindsbury Hill across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, showing river traffic, Strood and Rochester. 1820. p.10

Prints comprising two similar views of Rochester Bridge looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards the bridge, showing the new central arch, Rochester Castle and river traffic. The lower view also shows bridge traffic. Unattributed. c.1820

Coloured print entitled Rochester Bridge, looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, also showing river traffic, horse-washing, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester and a windmill near St. Margaret’s church, the tower of Rochester Cathedral and Wright’s Hotel (later the Castle Club), engraved by H. Adlard from a drawing by George Shepherd, published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London July 1828. p.12

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, also showing river traffic, horse-washing, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester and a windmill near St. Margaret’s church, the tower of Rochester Cathedral and Wright’s Hotel (later the Castle Club), engraved by H. Adlard from a drawing by George Shepherd, published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London July 1828. Identical to the print on p.12 but uncoloured. p.13

Print entitled Rochester Castle from the bridge also showing the River Medway and river traffic, drawn by W. Westall ARA, engraved by James Fife and published [?] by J. and F. Harwood, London. Endorsed to effect published by Charles Tilt, 86 Fleet Street, London, 1829. p.13 (U).

Print entitled Rochester looking from Temple Marsh, Strood across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge and Castle, also showing river traffic and grazing cattle. Drawn by W. Westall ARA and engraved by E. Finden, Couchman’s caption states published in 1829. p.14 (L)

Print entitled Rochester from Frindsbury Hill looking towards Rochester Bridge and along the Medway valley, showing Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, Fort Clarence, river traffic on the River Medway and barges, hulks and masted vessels in Bridge Reach. Not attributed. c.1840. p.15

Print entitled Rochester Bridge and castle looking from Frindsbury Intra across Bridge Reach towards Strood, Rochester Bridge and Rochester Castle, showing river traffic on the River Medway. Not attributed. c.1800 p.16 (upper)

Print entitled View of Rochester looking from Frindsbury Hill across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, showing horse-drawn vehicles on the bridge, river traffic and masted vessels, Fort Clarence and the Medway valley. Captioned about 1837. p.16 (L)

Print entitled Rochester and Strood from Frindsbury looking across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge and Rochester, showing railway lines in middle distance, road, grazing cattle, Fort Clarence, river traffic and Strood. Published by Kershaw and Son, London. Captioned after 1830, before 1857 p.17 (U)

Print entitled Rochester from Frindsbury looking along Bridge Reach and beyond Rochester Bridge up the Medway valley, showing a paddle steamer at Strood Pier, river traffic and possibly a steam engine and train on the railway bridge. Published by Rock and Company, London 10 February 1859. p.17 (M)

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, Kent looking from Strood Esplanade across Bridge Reach (U) towards Rochester Bridge and Wright’s Hotel, also showing steam engine and train on railway bridge and horse-drawn vehicle on road bridge, river traffic including barge in process of lowering mast and man and woman, latter in crinoline, standing on quayside. Published by Rock and Company, London 10 February 1859. p.17 (L)

Print entitled Rochester old bridge as published in Illustrated London News, also showing Rochester Castle, Rochester Cathedral, Wright’s Hotel, Bridge Chamber, horse-drawn vehicles, Ladbury’s Cottage, windmill and barge lowering its mast. 16 August 1856 p.18

Photograph of Rochester Bridgetaken prior to the construction of the railway bridge in 1853 and demolition of Queen’s Arms public house in 1877 and also showing Rochester Castle , Rochester Cathedral and Bridge Chamber. c.1850 p.19

Two photographs (upper a postcard) of the old and new bridges between Rochester and Strood , looking from curtain wall of Rochester Castle towards Strood Esplanade and the Ship Inn. Unattributed. c.1855 p.20 (upper and lower)

Print entitled the explosion of old Rochester Bridge: filling up the shaft previous to firing the battery, looking at right angles across the river from Strood Esplanade towards Wright’s Hotel at Bridge Reach, showing Royal Engineers officers and sappers at work on the remains of the bridge pier platforms, dressed in working dress and pillbox or forage caps, also showing Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, river traffic and Rochester Bathing Establishment (afloat). Cut from the Illustrated London News c.1857 p.21

Print entitled view of the east end of the old bridge at Rochester, after the demolitions in 1857, from a photograph by Sergeant Dukes, Royal Engineers, looking from the railway bridge along Bridge Reach up the Medway valley and showing sappers standing on piles of masonry rubble, silhouetted against the River Medway, J. Moody of London, lithographer 1859. p.22

Print entitled the new East Kent Railway bridge at Rochester as built in 1853, looking from Frindsbury Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle and Cathedral, showing industrial activity in Frindsbury Intra, river traffic and a hulk, with floating timber on the River Medway in the foreground marked C F Sargent. The Medway or Rochester Bathing Establishment in Rochester is visible through one of the bridge arches. From The London Journal 5 July 1856. p.23

Cutting from unstated periodical containing article entitled antiquarian discovery at Rochester, illustrated with engraving of medieval (Early English) arch forming part of the former St. Clement's Church, Rochester (drawn by E. Gilks, engraved by T. Gilks), exposed during building works associated with the construction of the approach to the railway bridge c.September 1851. [It is inferred the area concerned is on the Rochester side of the bridge and the site of the find is in the vicinity of Horsewash Lane. Significantly, the 50": 1 mile Ordnance Survey map of Rochester shows a St. Clement's Lane in the position of the modern Horsewash Lane.] p.24

Photograph of Rochester Bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach from Rochester Esplanade towards Rochester Bridge Railway Station in Strood, showing barge with lowered mast, windmills on Broom Hill, Strood and cast iron Rochester road bridge opened in 1856. Unattributed. c.1900 p.25

Photograph of Rochester Bridge taken from Rochester Pier, showing Rochester Esplanade and Castle curtain wall to right, Broom Hill, Strood, industrial areas in Frindsbury Intra and Frindsbury Church in the left and mid distance and a barge with lowered mast on the River Medway. 1906 x 1911 p.26

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Frindsbury Hill, showing Rochester road and railway bridges, Rochester Castle bailey used as allotments, Castle Hill, Gundulph Square, windmills on Broom Hill, river traffic and the Thames and Medway Canal basin at Frindsbury Intra, c.1856 x c.1869, facsimile by Fine Art Studio Photographers,11 Frindsbury Road, Strood, p.27

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, The Little Mill and The Great Mill on Broom Hill, Strood, House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury, mills and warehouses inn Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood and river traffic including a paddle steamer, facsimile by c.1879 x c.1890 p.28

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, The Little Mill and The Great Mill on Broom Hill, Strood, House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury, mills and warehouses inn Frindsbury Intra and river traffic including barges. c.1879 x c.1890 p.29 (U)

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood, Frindsbury Church and river traffic including barges, also showing Castle Moat House on Castle Hill c.1884 x c.1890 p.29 (L)

As above p.29 (L) (photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood, Frindsbury Church and river traffic including barges) but cropped and not showing Castle Moat House or Castle Hill c.1884 x c.1890 p.30 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle grounds looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge and Castle Hill, showing bandstand in castle grounds and Frindsbury Church in the distance, c.1897 p.30 (L)

Postcard photograph addressed to Mr. P. Hill, 4 Haymarket, London SW, postmarked Herne Bay 1904, photograph looking from Rochester Pier across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge and the Ship Inn and Rochester Bridge Railway Station, Strood, showing moored vessels, c.1891 x c.1904 p.31 (U)

Postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, postcard addressed to a Mrs. Musto [cf. Mustoe], 28 Ratcliffe Road, Forest Gate, Essex, postmarked Chatham 23 August 1913; photograph c.1891 x .c1904 p.31 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood and Frindsbury Church, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, c.1891 x c.1904 p.32 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Strood Intra, Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, addressed to a Mrs. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, postmarked 28 July 1908, [note Frindsbury Church is not depicted] c.1891 x c.1904 p.32 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards the Ship Inn (Strood Intra), Broom Hill, Strood and Frindsbury Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand and windmills on Broom Hill, printed in Belgium by F. Welch and Sons of Portsmouth, Hampshire, c.March 1904 p.33 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph depicting moonlit night-time scene of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Strood Intra, Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill; identical to p.33 (U) except for tinting, c.1904 p.33 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing windmills (touched-up at the studio), Ship Inn Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Printed by Allday Ltd., Birmingham, Warwickshire for Shurey’s Publications. c.1902 p.34 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled [River] Medway from Rochester Castle looking from Rochester Castle diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing windmills, Ship Inn Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, river traffic on the River Medway, bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Also showing the triumphal arch built for the coronation of King Edward VII. No. 5707 in the Wyndham Series. 1902 p.34 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Castle Gardens looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing the Aveling and Porter factory in Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand and Crimean War canon * in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill including the Rochester and County Club, pertaining to the building and opening of which compiler has given references to articles in the Chatham News and Chatham Observer. [For the surviving records of the Rochester and County Club, please see collection DE85 (part.)] On rear, message from George Alnett to his mother Mrs. J. Alnett of 13B Chandos Street, Charing Cross, London WC describing Chatham [sic] as a lonely place. Postmarked 2 September 1907. p.35 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge from the Castle looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing the Aveling and Porter factory in Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand and Crimean War canon * in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Front bearing the coat of arms of Rochester City Council and the Milton trade mark portrait of John Milton, poet, front and rear. Sold by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. c.1929 p.35 (L)

[* cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia. For further information on the canon please see Brain scrapbook AA p.36, local studies collection.]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking diagonally from Rochester Castle keep across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra and the Aveling and Porter factory and Frindsbury Intra and showing barges below Rochester Bridge, Castle Hill and the bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens, undergoing repairs. c.1906 x c.1914 p.36

Copy of photograph of triumphal arch on the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge, built to mark the coronation of King Edward VII, looking from the end of Rochester High Street through the arch along the bridge. Showing adult and juvenile foot passengers. Original exposed 1902. p.37

Copy of photograph of rebuilding of iron road bridge looking from the Rochester end towards Strood, showing foot passengers, gantries, horse drawn vehicles and the Aveling and Porter factory offices in Strood. c.1911 x c.1913. p.38

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester new bridge opened by Lady Darnley May 14 [19]14 looking from Rochester Castle curtain wall across Rochester Esplanade and Bridge Reach diagonally towards Rochester Bridge, showing motor vehicle, cyclists and foot passengers. Sold by W. and E. Town, Strood. 1914 p.39 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled view from Rochester Castle [keep] looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, also showing Castle Hill, Rochester, barges below Rochester Bridge, Aveling and Porter factory and offices in Strood, Rochester Esplanade and bandstand and Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial in castle gardens. Message on reverse from Will [-] to Miss Ruth Read, 24 Station Road, Petersfield, Hampshire, saying he has moved from Grove Park, Lewisham to Chatham but probably not for long. Author possibly a soldier in the Army Service Corps. Postmarked Chatham 15 April 1915. p.39 (L)

Newcutting comprising copy of photograph of Countess of Darnley re-opening Rochester Bridge on 14 May 1914, taken from Medway Extra 1983, showing Lady Darnley preparing to separate ceremonial tasselled ropes in the presence of civic dignitaries. p.40

Postcard photograph entitled the new bridge Rochester looking from the castle curtain wall diagonally across Rochester Esplanade and Bridge Reach towards the bridge, showing section of Esplanade fenced off and containing huts and timber equipment. With message on rear from Arthur Orriss to his sister Miss Dora Orriss, North Street, Hundon, Clare, Suffolk, discussing family and weather. Postcard supplied by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1911 x c.1913 p.41 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled new Rochester bridge looking from the end of Rochester High Street along the bridge, showing foot passengers, cyclists, horse-drawn conveynces, tram lines and overhead power lines, showing Bridge House in the right foreground, a Union flag flying from its third storey. Sold by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1914 p.41 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled new bridge and pier Rochester, taken from the mudflats below Rochester Esplanade at low tide, looking north along Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, showing rowing boats and other vessels and slipway in foreground, Rochester Pier and Medway Swimming Club’s raft and diving apparatus in middle distance and Frindsbury Church in far distance, with an Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers (APCM) barge at left in middle distance. A man wearing cloth cap is standing among the boats looking towards camera. Message on rear from Sidney and Rose Clark to their mother Mrs. Clark at Ancelcole House, 72 Carlyle Road, Eastville, Bristol, Gloucestershire, describing their visit to Rochester. Supplied by W.Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 22 August 1914. p.42

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade approach to Rochester Bridge, opened by Lady Darnley 14.5.14, taken from the first floor of 3 Esplanade (the Castle Club) looking across Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate) diagonally towards Rochester Bridge, showing railed enclosure on north side of Esplanade and foot passengers and cyclists in foregound and middle distance and advertising placards for Dewar’s whisky and Nestle’s Milk mounted on side of Rochester railway bridge in background. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series no.887, Rochester. c.1914 p.43 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge, opened by Lady Darnley 14.5.14 comprising same exposure as DE402/2/p.41 (L) but cropped, looking from the end of Rochester High Street along the bridge, showing foot passengers, cyclists, horse-drawn conveynces, tram lines and overhead tram power lines, showing Bridge House in the right foreground, a Union flag flying from its third storey. Sold by W. Naylar, no. 886 in Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Message on rear from A. Mason to Miss Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford congratulating her on her birthday, postmarked Rochester 1 July 1914. p.43 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Esplanade, looking from Rochester Castle curtain wall along the Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge in the middle distance and Frindsbury Hill in the far distance, showing Bridge House in the right distance, foot passengers and cyclist alongside Esplanade balustrade in middle distance and possibly an unattended camera on tripod in middle right distance. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. From the position of the shadows, the photograph appears to have been exposed in the early morning. c.1914 p.44 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, the bridge taken from Rochester Castle keep and looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Frindsbury Intra and Frindsbury, showing St. Mary’s Church Strood, barges below the bridge, chalk pit under Frindsbury Hill, Rochester castle gardens, base of Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and buildings at lower end of Castle Hill, Rochester. Published by F. Frith and Co., Reigate, Surrey. c.1947 x c.1950 p.44 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled bridge from High Street, Rochester looking diagonally from the eastern side of the junction of High Street and Corporation Street across High Street towards the junction of Rochester Bridge foot, Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and High Street, showing the Crown Hotel in shadow in the left foreground, tramlines and overhead power lines, a tram in progress on the bridge, foot passengers, cyclist, horse-drawn conveyance and a noticeboard left of the bridge. [A transcription of the noticeboard, regarding the carriage of excessive weights across the bridge, is available in the form of a Memorandum by the Bridge Clerk, dated 22 April 1918.](Record amended by Archives and Local Studies Officer, January 2006) c.1918 p. 45 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled river [Medway] and new bridge, Rochester looking from Rochester Castle keep across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Strood Intra, the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works, Strood, Frindsbury Intra, showing barges, one with lowered mast, above Rochester Bridge and portion of Rochester Castle gardens including Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial. c.1914 x c.1919 p.45 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Castle Gardens looking from a middle storey of Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground from left to right the bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial and in the distance from left to right Aveling and Porter's Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), industrial areas in Frindsbury Intra including the warehouses of Horsnaill and Reynolds, seedsmen and the quarry beneath Frindsbury Hill. c.1914 x c.1919 p.46 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground from left to right the castle curtain wall, bandstand in the castle gardens, Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial, Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right Aveling and Porter's Invicta Works in Strood Intra, a sailing barge above and approaching Rochester Bridge, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra and masted vessels below Rochester Bridge. c.1914 x c.1919 p.46 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled bridge and castle grounds, Rochester looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right castle curtain wall, bandstand in the castle gardens, Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial, Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory and offices, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), St. Mary's Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Canal Basin and Frindsbury Hill. Some barges are visible below Rochester Bridge. Published by Valentine’s. After 1931 p.47 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Crown Hotel, Esplanade (formerly West Gate), Rochester looking diagonally across the Esplanade towards Rochester Bridge showing in the right foreground motor vehicular traffic on Rochester Bridge foot and in the distance left to right, Broom Hill Strood, the Winget Ltd. offices in Strood High Street, St. Mary’s Church Strood and warehouses in Frindsbury Intra. On rear, message from Frank [-] to his uncle Mr. Glanville Mason and Aunt Dorothy, Fernvale [?] [27] Maidstone Road, Chatham, discussing vacation and visiting arrangements. Postmarked 29 July 1935. p.47 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and River Medway looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory in Strood, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill and Frindsbury Church, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Mrs. A.J. Wood, Walthamstow, London, describing a visit to Southend, Essex, the weather and family arrangements. Message dated 2 August 1934. p.48 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and River Medway looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory in Strood, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill and Frindsbury Church, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd. Exposure identical to p.48 (U) but cropped at the right edge. c.1931 p.48 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge viewed from Strood Esplanade, Strood Intra, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing a tram or double-decker omnibus in transit on the bridge and group of buildings at end of Rochester High Street. Published by C. Richter Ltd., London NW6. c.1935 p.49

Photograph or Rochester Bridge, Rochester Castle gardens, the River Medway, Strood and Frindsbury, taken from Rochester Castle keep, showing in foreground and middle distance left to right part of the castle curtain wall, Rochester Esplanade, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crown Hotel and Castle Hill, Rochester and in the distance from left to right the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Hill, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Before 1931. 4” x 2 ¾” (100mm x 72mm) p.50 (U)

Postcard photograph or Rochester Bridge, Rochester Castle gardens, the River Medway, Strood and Frindsbury, taken from Rochester Castle keep, showing in foreground and middle distance left to right part of the castle curtain wall, Rochester Esplanade, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crown Hotel and Castle Hill, Rochester and in the distance from left to right the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Hill, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by TIC. Before 1931. p.50 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Bridge and castle grounds, Rochester looking from a lower storey of Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crimean War canon *, pedestrians, park benches and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right Rochester Bridge railway station, Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill, quarry beneath Frindsbury Hill, Frindsbury Church and possibly the SS Peking moored at Acorn Wharf, Rochester. Published by Valentine’s. On rear, message from M.A. Streeter to Miss Elsie Cobb, Grove Villas, Brabourne Lees, Ashford correcting the date given in some agenda cards. Postmarked 3 August 1934. c.1932. p.51

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Loose items removed from DE402/2/28 above comprising notes on Chatham Central Bridge and Crown Inn, Rochester c.1980 (2 items, paper.) DE402/2/52-53

[* cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia. For further information on the canon please see Brain scrapbook AA p.36, local studies collection.]

File updated by Borough Archivist 24 November 2006.


Date: 1734 - c.1985
Quantity: 1 volume/51pp.
Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_23 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

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Cobham: Cobham Hall and Park, Cobham Village, Cobham Church, Cobham College and Cobham Environs

Cobham Hall and Park
Print from engraving entitled Cobham Hall, Kent, the seat of Earl of Darnley comprising view of west elevation of Cobham Hall looking north-east from West Park, showing in foreground part of Cobham Park, group of recumbent deer and bushes, in middle ground hall and in distance trees. A sub-title states tickets to the state rooms are obtainable from Mr. Caddel’s Library, Gravesend. c.1800 DE402/23/p.1

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, Kent comprising view of west front looking east from West Park, showing in foreground field at edge of Cobham Park, in middle ground lawn or tennis court, in middle distance garden court, trees and hall showing left to right, north wing, central block and south wing. On rear, message from Benjamin [?] (Benny [?]) to Mr. W. Misson (Mishy), c/o Rev. Dr. Flecker, Dean Close School, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, describing weather and sending love. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the hall was owned successively by Lords Cobham 1208-1603, Dukes of Lennox and Richmond 1613-1672, Barons and Baronesses Clifton of Leighton Bromswold 1672-1728 and the Blighs, Earls of Darnley [1728-1955.] Postmarked Harrow, Middlesex 5 September 1908. DE402/23/p.2 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, Kent comprising view of south elevation of south wing looking north-west from South Pleasure Grounds, showing in foreground South Lawn and shrubbery, in middle ground trees, shrubs and tent and in middle distance Hall. On rear, message from Thomas (Tom) [-] to Miss F. Hicks, 2 Barton Buildings, Queens Square, Bath, Somerset, wishing her a good cycle ride. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Dulwich, London 20 July 1908. DE402/23/p.2 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph comprising view of south elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north from South Pleasure Grounds, showing in foreground garden, lawns and shrubberies, in middle ground pathways, fountain and cedar of Lebanon and in distance Hall. Mason Collection. c.1910 DE402/23/p.3 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall comprising view of south elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north-east from western end of South Lawn, showing in foreground lawn at edge of Cobham Park, in middle ground trees and shrubs and in distance, left to right, southern elevation of north wing (partly obscured), garden court and south wing. On rear, message from Laura [-] to Miss L. (Dorothy or Dot) Moss, 27 St. Patricks Road, Hereson, Ramsgate, wishing her a jolly time. Postmarked Rochester 23 August 1911. DE402/23/3 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of southern elevation of Cobham Hall looking north across South Pleasure Grounds in Cobham Park from point between Old Dairy and Hall, showing in fore and middle grounds fence, shrubs and trees, in middle distance cedar of Lebanon and other trees and in distance Hall with trees beyond. 3 ½” x 2 1/8” (89mm x 54mm) c.1880 DE402/23/p.4 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled A Peep at Cobham Hall comprising view of south elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north across South Pleasure Grounds in Cobham Park from point between Old Dairy and Hall, showing in fore and middle grounds trees, shrubs and lawns, in middle distance cedar of Lebanon and in distance Hall and trees beyond. c.1910 DE402/23/p.4 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, West Front showing in foreground lawn at edge of West Park in Cobham Park, in middle ground trees and in middle distance, left to right, north wing, garden court and central block and south wing. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed architectural description of Hall and viewing arrangements. c.1910 DE402/23/p.5 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, South Front comprising view of Cobham Hall and surrounding gardens looking north from South Pleasure Grounds, showing in fore and middle ground shrubs, South Lawn and trees, in middle distance cedar of Lebanon and in distance Hall with trees beyond. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed description of topography and Park and quoting from The Pickwick Papers Chapter xi pertaining to the Pickwickians’ route from Rochester to Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.5 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Picture Gallery, Cobham Hall comprising interior longitudinal view of corridor in west range of service court looking south, showing floor covering, chairs on each side of corridor and on left side windows and on right side cornice, picture rail and hanging framed pictures. c.1910 DE402/23/p.6

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Charles Dickens’ Chalet, Cobham Park, near Rochester comprising view of former Dickens’ Swiss * chalet on southern slope of Cobham Park Oppidum, looking north-east, showing in foreground grass area and bushes, in middle ground chalet and bushes and in background trees. On rear, message from D. O[-] to a Mrs. French, 26 Northcote Road, Strood, asking for the return of a box to a florist. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the chalet was presented to Dickens by Charles Fechter, actor, and stood in the shrubbery at Gad’s Hill, Higham until 1870. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Postmarked Kidderminster, Worcestershire 28 March 1923. DE402/23/p.7 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Dickens’ Chalet, Cobham comprising view of former Dickens’ Swiss * chalet at northern end of Terraced Garden at Cobham Hall, looking north-west, showing in foreground lawn and shrubs, in middle ground pathway, daffodils and chalet and in distance terrace and trees. Photographer A.E. Ash. c.1910 x c.1920 DE402/23/p.7 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Swiss Chalet, Cobham Park comprising view of former Dickens’ Swiss * chalet at northern end of Terraced Garden at Cobham Hall, looking north, showing in foreground lawn and sapling, in middle ground shrubs and chalet and in distance trees. On rear, message from Millicent (Milly) [-] to Amy [-] wishing her many returns of the day. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham and printed by S.H. and Co. Ltd. in Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to difficulties in re-erecting chalet on arrival from Crystal Palace, London, 1871. c.1910 DE402/23/p.8

[* cf. Switzerland]

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Park comprising view of Friesian and Jersey cows and deer grazing in park, probably in vicinity of Peggy Taylor's Hill [site of later Rochester and Cobham Park Golf Course], showing in middle ground felled trees and middle distance and distance clumps of trees. On rear, message from unsigned author to a Mrs. Gooding, 22 Bathurst Mews, Sussex Square, Paddington, London, describing a run. Published by William Purfield, Cobham. Postmarked Wareham, Dorset 21 June 1912. DE402/23/p.9 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Park near Rochester comprising view of Friesian and Jersey cows and deer grazing in park, probably in vicinity of Peggy Taylor's Hill [area later Rochester and Cobham Park Golf Course], showing in distance clumps of trees. c.1912 DE402/23/p.9 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Lodge Gate and Park, Cobham comprising view of estate lodge and entrance to south-eastern corner of Cobham Park, looking east from end of Lodge Lane, Cobham towards Great Wood, showing in foreground carriageway and horse manure, in middle ground, left to right, gate posts and opened gate, wooden fence and two children looking at camera, thatched building and garden, in near distance trees, in middle distance open parkland and in distance Great Wood. c.1910 DE402/23/10 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Lodge Gate, Cobham Park, Cobham comprising view of estate lodge and entrance to south-eastern corner of Cobham Park, looking east-north-east, showing in foreground carriageway and horse manure, in middle ground, left to right, gate posts and opened gate, continuation of road, wooden fence, thatched building and garden, in near and middle distance trees and in distance open parkland and clumps of trees. [Mutilated or re-touched.] c.1910 DE402/23/10 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Cutting from Chatham Observer comprising reproduction of drawing of monument to Edward Bligh, 5th. Earl of Darnley with full quotation of inscription. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the accident in which on 4 Febuary 1835 Lord Darnley injured his foot whilst demonstrating to two companions how to cut a tree root in half, contracting tetanus as a result, consequential death on 11 February, erection of four yew trees and memorial and vandalism in period 1945-1949. 11 December 1936 DE402/23/p.11

Cobham Hall and Park
Colour photograph of fragments of monument to Edward Bligh, 5th. Earl of Darnley, Cobham Hall, showing in foreground stone bearing carved coat of arms, in middle ground plinth, collapsed stones, tree and undergrowth and in distance clump of trees. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 4 April 1984 DE402/23/p.12 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Colour photograph of fragments of monument to Edward Bligh, 5th. Earl of Darnley, Cobham Hall, looking from point to right of vantage point in above photograph, showing in foreground same stone bearing carved coat of arms, in middle ground plinth, collapsed stones, tree and undergrowth and in background bases of trees. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 4 April 1984 DE402/23/p.12 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of family mausoleum of Earls of Darnley on William’s Hill, Cobham Park, looking south-east from the Deer Park, showing in foreground summit of hill and trees, in middle ground mausoleum, flight of steps leading from basement vault to chapel and surrounding iron railing and in distance clump of trees. Couchman’s accompanying notes explain mausoleum was built by John Bligh, 4th. Earl of Darnley on instructions of his father, employment of James Wyatt as architect, give date of laying of foundation stone as 17 June 1783, describe architecture, cost, non-use and possibly spurious alternative historical details pertaining to mausoleum, attributed to W. Glanvill Mason. c.1930 DE402/23/p.13

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Mausoleum, Lord Darnley’s Park, Cobham, near Rochester comprising view of family mausoleum of Earls of Darnley on William’s Hill, Cobham Park, looking east from the Deer Park, showing in foreground summit of hill, in middle ground path and walker, in middle distance mausoleum, flight of steps leading from basement vault to chapel and surrounding iron railing and in left middle distance and distance trees at northern end of Norwood Grove. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.14 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Mausoleum in Cobham Park, Kent comprising view of family mausoleum of Earls of Darnley on William’s Hill, Cobham Park, looking south-east from the Deer Park, showing in foreground surrounding iron railing and bushes, in middle ground mausoleum and flight of steps leading from basement vault to chapel and in background trees and bushes. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1910 DE402/23/p.14 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Woods, Cobham, Kent comprising view of metalled road, probably Brewers Road, Shorne, running through woodland, probably looking north, showing on right hand side Brewers Wood and on left hand side Shorne Wood, also showing undergrowth and bushes alongside road. On rear, message from Ethel [?] (Eth) [-] to a Dr. Ptolemy, c/o Mr. H. Taylor, 15 Wrotham Road, Gravesend, hoping to see him and sending her love. Postmarked Dartford 13 May 1908 and Gravesend 14 May 1914. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. DE402/23/p.15 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods comprising view of metalled road probably Brewers Road, Shorne, running through woodland, probably looking north, showing on right hand side Brewers Wood and on left hand side Shorne Wood, showing pony and trap approaching camera, canopy of trees and undergrowth and bushes alongside road. On rear, message from Gladys [-], 25 Overcliffe, Gravesend to Miss Edith (Edie) Read, 47 Park Street, Southend-on-Sea, Essex, saying she is safe and discussing travel arrangements. Exposed c.1905. Postmarked Gravesend 26 September 1917. DE402/23/p.15 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods, Kent comprising view of path running through woodland, probably Cobham Woods (Cobham, Cuxton or Strood) or Shorne Wood (Shorne), showing strollers heading towards or facing camera and bare trees including chestnuts on both sides of path. On rear, message from Grandma to Master Charles (Charlie) K. Potter, 22 Normandy Road, Handsworth, Birmingham, Staffordshire, sending her love, saying she is glad he is doing well at school and hoping he can stroll one day in Cobham Woods. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 2 April 1910. DE402/23/p.16 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods, near Gravesend comprising view looking along metalled road, possibly Watling Street, running through woodland, probably Cobham Woods (Cobham, Cuxton or Strood) or Shorne Wood (Shorne), showing pony and trap approaching camera, canopy of trees and undergrowth and bushes alongside road. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. From same negative as DE402/23/p.15 (L) above. Exposed c.1905. DE402/23/p.16 (L) [Mutilated]

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Path through the Wood, Cobham comprising view looking along path through woodland, probably in vicinity of Puckle Hill or Brewers Wood, Shorne, showing undergrowth and ferns and tree canopy and in left foreground noticeboard on tree trunk stating Rhododendron season ended. On rear, message from A.B. Kelly, as of 75 Colomb Street, East Greenwich, London to a Miss White, 8 Etta Street, Deptford, London SE, mentioning visit to concerts at Hatcham Liberal Club, London and picnic whilst holiday-making in Cobham Woods. Dated and postmarked Gillingham 8 August 1912. DE402/23/p.17 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods comprising view looking along path through woodland, probably Cobham Woods (Cobham, Cuxton or Strood) and possibly in vicinity of Mausoleum, showing bare hornbeam trees and silver birches either side of path and in distance. c.1910 DE402/23/p.17 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Park, Kent, Brewers Gate comprising view of brick lodge and arched gateway looking south across Watling Street from south-east corner of Shorne Wood, showing in foreground carriageway at junction of Watling Street and Brewers Road, in middle ground lodge forecourt and, left to right, brick wall and mouldings, pedestrian arch, vehicular arch, iron gates, lodge, tree and iron railing and in distance trees inside northern boundary of Cobham Park. DB Ltd. Series. Couchman’s accompanying notes state Brewers Gate was principal entrance to Cobham Park built in 1800 and demolished 1979 x 1980. c.1906 DE402/23/p.18 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Brewers Gate, Cobham Park comprising view of junction of Brewers Road and Watling Street, showing in foreground, left to right, corner of highway verge at south-west corner of Brewers Wood, section of Brewers Road between Boghurst Cottages and junction with Watling Street, trees, hedge and ditch at south-east corner of Shorne Wood, in middle ground Watling Street, parked horse-drawn grocer’s van, in middle distance pedestrian arch, vehicular arch, iron gates, lodge, tree and iron railing and in distance trees inside northern boundary of Cobham Park. Street scene shows finger signpost pointing to Rochester and Gravesend, two parked bicycles and one dismounted cyclist looking at camera. On rear, message from A.E. B[-] of Fisherswood [Rochester?] to a Miss Edmonds, Red House, Frindsbury describing own touring holiday, giving itinerary of relations’ touring holiday in Devon and weather. Published by H. Brothers. Couchman’s accompanying notes state advertisement on side of delivery van gives price of sugar as 1d. per pound. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 26 July 1938. DE402/23/p.18 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Avenue, Cobham Park comprising view of lime avenue leading from Cobham through Cobham Park to Cobham Hall, probably looking north-east, showing inner path leading away from camera, grass verges and trees in leaf. Published by H. Brothers c.1915 x c.1920 DE402/23/p.19 (left)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of avenue of four rows of lime trees leading from Cobham Hall through Cobham Park to Cobham, looking south-west along path and between inner rows of trees towards Cobham and Cobhambury, showing inner path leading away from camera, outer paths, bench, bare trees, in left middle ground and distance wooden fence, in left distance roofline of Cobhambury and in right middle distance open field adjoining. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of avenue. c.1940 DE402/23/p.19 (right)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Entrance to Rhododendron Avenue, Cobham comprising view of road, probably Brewers Road, Shorne, leading away from camera, showing in right foreground finger signpost and receding into distance trees on both sides of road, probably situated in Shorne Wood. Street scene shows in left middle ground pedestrians walking towards camera and in right middle ground farmer accompanied by Jersey cow both also facing camera. On rear, message from Violet (Vi) [?] [-] at 12 Surrey Road, Cliftonville, Margate to Miss L. Phillips, 2 Scarborough Villas, Burham, describing her stay in Margate and looking forward to seeing fashions at a concert. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Margate 3 September 1910. DE402/23/p.20 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham, Kent. Entrance to Rhododendrons comprising view of road, probably Brewers Road, Shorne, leading away from camera, showing in right foreground finger signpost and receding into distance trees on both sides of road, location probably Shorne Wood. Street scene shows wooden swing barrier over road. On rear, message from a Mr. Jeans to his daughter Miss Jeans, 35 Lebanon (Lebonon) Park, Twickenham, Middlesex, discussing his movements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gravesend 25 May 1911. DE402/23/p.20 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph comprising view of male stroller in straw boater hat facing camera and standing on path between rhododendron bushes and trees, bushes and trees receding into distance, probably situated in vicinity of Puckle Hill, Brewers Wood, Shorne. On rear, addressed to Miss R. Banfield, The Turret, 74 Streatham High Road, Streatham, London SW by unstated sender. Postmarked Cobham 18 April 1908. DE402/23/p.21(U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph comprising view of woman stroller in calf-length white dress and broad-brimmed hat facing camera and standing on path rhododendron bushes and trees, probably situated in vicinity of Puckle Hill, Brewers Wood, Shorne. Couchman’s accompanying notes identify subject as Mrs. L. Mason, wife of W. Glanvill Mason, of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham (consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship.) c.1925 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (141mm x 94mm) DE402/23/p.21 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Rhododendrons, Lord Darnley’s Park, Cobham comprising view of path between rhododendron bushes and trees, bushes and trees receding into distance, probably situated in Shorne Wood or Brewers Wood, Shorne. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, discussing visiting arrangements. Balmoral Series, published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 18 April 1914. DE402/23/p.22 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Rhododendron Avenue, Lord Darnley’s Park, Cobham comprising view of fork in paths between rhododendron bushes and trees, bushes and trees receding into distance, probably situated in Shorne Wood or Brewers Wood, Shorne. Path scene shows denizen in peaked cap directing two dapperly dressed male visitors with his walking stick, accompanied by young girl. Noticeboard in bushes states Carriages will wait in the road. Re-touched. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, discussing her holiday, landing at Folkestone and stormy weather. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 22 August 1911. DE402/23/p.22 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham, Kent, the Lake and Rhododendrons comprising view of fish pond, and surrounding shrubs and trees, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne [site of later Inn on the Lake] showing in foreground fish pond and in middle ground and distance shrubs and trees. On rear, message from K. T[-] to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, 71 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, describing journey to Strood and Rochester. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 14 July 1907. DE402/23/p.23 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne [site of later Inn on the Lake], showing in right fore and middle-ground fish pond, in left foreground pond bank and tree, in middle distance collapsed wooden paling and in distance trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 x c.1940 6 3/8” x 4 ½” (162mm x 115mm) DE402/23/p.23 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne [site of later Inn on the Lake], showing in fore and middle-grounds fish pond and in middle distance and distance rhododendrons and trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (141mm x 94mm) DE402/23/p.24 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of W. Glanvill Mason, of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship, standing on grassy path among rhododendrons and other shrubs probably in Shorne Wood, Shorne, looking to left of camera and holding straw hat in right hand. Photographer possibly Mrs. L. Mason and location as in DE402/23/p.21 (L) above. c.1925 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (141mm x 94mm) DE402/23/p.24 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne, showing in fore and middle-grounds fish pond and in middle distance and distance rhododendrons and trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 x c.1940 6 3/8” x 4 ½” (162mm x 115mm) DE402/23/p.25 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of corner of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne, showing in fore and middle-grounds rushes, overhanging birch trees and fish pond and in middle distance and distance rhododendrons and trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 x c.1940 6 3/8” x 4 ½” (162mm x 115mm) DE402/23/p.25 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted oval print from engraving entitled Park Keeper’s Lodge, Cobham comprising view of west elevation of Thong Lodge, Shorne, looking east, showing in foreground, left to right, lawn and shrubs, driveway leading away from viewer, wooden rail, shrubs and fish pond, in middle ground trees, brick wall and gateway, continuation of wall, clump of trees and pond bank, in middle distance trees in Randall Heath, continuation of driveway, lodge and clump of trees at northern edge of The Burnett. Couchman’s accompanying notes state lodge was designed by the younger Repton. c.1840 DE402/23/p.26

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Thong Lodge comprising view of west elevation of Thong Lodge, Shorne, looking east, showing in foreground, left to right, lawn driveway, verge, iron railing and corner of field, in middle ground trees, brick wall and gateway, continuation of wall and lodge and in middle distance and distance, trees forming part of Randall Heath. On rear, message from F. J[-] to Mr. E. Gooding, 107 Alderney Road, Pimlico, London, arranging to meet him. Published by G. Axton, Post Office, Cobham. Postmarked Cobham 4 September 1909. DE402/23/p.27

Cobham Hall and Park
Cutting from Chatham News comprising avertisement place by Cluttons, 3 Beer Cart Lane, Canterbury, estate agents, in respect of Thong Lodge, Shorne, for £70,000 freehold. 5 October 1984. DE402/23/p.27A

Cobham High Street
Reproduction of photograph of postcard entitled Leather Bottle Inn, Rochester comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left fore and middle grounds Leather Bottle public house, and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows beer cart delivering to The Darnley Arms public house several doors up, carriageway and public house signs advertising Meux and Co.’s double stout and porter from G. Smith, Gravesend. Photographer or publisher G.W.W. c.1900 DE402/23/p.28

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west and from opposite side of road, showing in right foreground dwarf wall and hedge, in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, onlookers and advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons. Before 1923 DE402/23/p.29 (U)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern and western elevations of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west and from opposite side of road, showing in middle distance and distance ranges of houses on each side of road including The Darnley Arms public house on left hand side. Street scene shows carriageway, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons and stone corner guard. On rear, printed extracts from The Pickwick Papers chapter xi pertaining to Pickwickians’ visit to Cobham. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.29 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern and western elevations of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in middle distance and distance ranges of houses on each side of road including The Darnley Arms public house on left hand side. Street scene shows carriageway, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons and plant tub and buckets. On front and rear, message from C. R[-] to William Glanvill Mason, 8 Ruskin Terrace, Byron Road, New Brompton, sending best wishes. Published by Valentine and published by kind permission of Hallmark International. Postmarked Rochester 12 August 1903. DE402/23/p.30 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, onlookers, horse-drawn vehicles and advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room. On rear, message from J.S. and A. [Hopkins?] of 49 Byron Road, Gillingham to J.W. Hodges Esq., 2 Alma Villas, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, sending best wishes. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe there is no inn sign. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 27 March 1906. DE402/23/p.30 (L)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Ye Olde Pickwick Leather Bottle, Cobham [sic] comprising view of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, entrance to Leather Bottle yard, Leather Bottle public house and adjacent shop and on southern side of road churchyard wall, flight of steps and trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, wheel marks, pedestrian and inn signs. On rear, message from Robert (Bob) [-] to E. (Joe) A. Ellis, 6 Burlington Road, Bayswater, London, arranging to meet him at Victoria Railway Station following day and saying he is playing cricket for Meopham day of writing. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Gravesend 4 August 1906. DE402/23/p.31

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, entrance to Leather Bottle yard and Leather Bottle public house and on southern side of road trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, parked horse-drawn vehicle, beer barrel, bystanders and inn signs. Before 1923 DE402/23/p.32 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles and passengers, beer barrels, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. Published by Shurey’s Publications and printed by Delittle, Fenwick and Co., York, East Riding, Yorkshire. Before 1923 DE402/23/p.32 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Old Pickwick comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, Cobham, looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, ladder on its side, beer barrels, pale, wooden posts at entrance to Leather Bottle yard, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. On rear, message from Katie [-] to a Mrs. Hodges, 125 Milton Road, Gravesend, thanking her for hospitality. Postmarked Rochester 30 August 1916 DE402/23/p.33 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dickens’ Old Leather Bottle Inn, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, children and women bystanders, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. On rear, message from Edith (Edie) [-] to her brother Percival (Percy) [-] describing family visits, holiday arrangements and mentioning sending of Graham [-] to Clifton College, Bristol. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Dated 28 September [1907?] Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest the year is either 1907 or 1912 but he gives no supporting evidence. Couchman’s notes also draw attention to presence of billiards notice. DE402/23/p.33 (L)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dickens’ Old Pickwick Leather Bottle Inn, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond and on right hand side of road range of houses. Street scene shows carriageway, girl with perambulator, two dismounted cyclists with bicycles, parked motor car and two occupants and group of men onlookers, all looking at camera, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the Leather Bottle was built c.1692 [sic] and is mentioned in Charles Dickens’ works Pickwick Papers and The Uncommercial Traveller Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.34

Cobham High Street
Copy of photograph of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, entrance to Leather Bottle yard, Leather Bottle public house and adjacent house and on southern side of road trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, women pedestrians, motor vehicle heading away from camera, steps leading from road, clump of trees and inn signs. Fire insurance plaques are visible on first storey of house to right of public house. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (158mm x 115mm) c.1923 x c.1924 DE402/23/p.35

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, open-sided lean-to, entrance to Leather Bottle yard and Leather Bottle public house and on southern side of road trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, parked motor van, inn signs, Automobile Association (AA) sign and public house beer cellar cover. Couchman’s accompanying notes date the public house to late 14th. Century and describe restoration work undertaken by John Russell of Russell’s Brewery, Gravesend, 1923-1925. Exposure dated 24 April 1937. DE402/23/p.36

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing half timbered building with gables and tiled, pitched roofs, motorcycle and side car parked in yard and signs advertising Shrimp brand beers. On rear, message from D. [-] to her husband or sweetheart Aircraftman C. Watters 1499417, Royal Air Force (RAF) Station Neatishead, Norwich, Norfolk, looking forward to meeting and sending love and kisses. Postmarked 4 May [?] 1942. DE402/23/p.37

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Ye Old Pickwick Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern and western elevations of public house, looking from point on opposite side of High Street and slightly to west, showing left to right on north side of road, corner of brick cottage, entrance to yard, public house and two houses to east. Street scene shows carriageway, piles of tiles and planks in yard, beer cellar trapdoor raised and man entering house two doors up. Photographer: A.E. Ash After 1923 DE402/23/p.38

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Dickens Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, comprising diagonal view of room containing leafed table, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, long case clock, fireplace with ceramic tiles, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling of plaster and wooden beams. On rear, descriptive text with quotation from Pickwick Papers chapter xi by Charles Dickens, referring to meeting of Pickwick, Snodgrass and Winkle with Tupman. Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.39 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Dickens Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising diagonal view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing room containing leafed table, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, long case clock, fireplace with ceramic tiles, mantelpiece, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling of plaster and wooden beams. On rear, message from Ja[-?] F[-] to H.G. Harper Esq., The Grand Hotel, Cromer, Norfolk, apologising for not visiting and complaining about effect of squally weather on flowers and fruit. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham. Postmarked London EC 2 September 1908. DE402/23/p.39 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Pickwick Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising longitudinal view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing room containing leafed table, card table, oval tables, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, long case clock, fireplace with ceramic tiles, window, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling of plaster and wooden beams. Published by W.T. Munns of Gravesend, Kent, photographer. c.1910 DE402/23/p.40 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dickens Pickwick Room, Cobham comprising diagonal view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing room containing leafed table, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, opened book, long case clock, brick fireplace, mantelpiece, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. c.1907 DE402/23/p.40 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Tea Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising diagonal view of room in Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing leaf table and chairs, small dining table, coat and hat stand, brick and timber lintel fireplace, logs, opposite wall hung in Dickensiana, plaster and wooden beam ceiling and electrolier. Published by W.T. Munns of Gravesend, Kent, photographer. c.1910 DE402/23/p.41 (U)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Lounge, Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising diagonal view of room in Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing floor rug, floorboards, tables, chairs, small fireplace, windows, opposite wall hung in Dickensiana, plaster and wooden beam ceiling, long case clock and side room. Published by W.T. Munns of Gravesend, Kent, photographer. c.1910 DE402/23/p.41 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Rose Cottage, Cobham, Kent comprising view of two storey house at junction of High Street and Halfpence Lane, Cobham, looking north from point opposite inside corner of bend, showing in foreground carriageway and water hydrant and stop valve signs, in middle ground wooden boundary fence, garden, two women occupiers looking at camera, shrubs, tree and house and in distance second cottage in Halfpence Lane and trees. Published by J. Frith and Co. Ltd., Reigate, Surrey and printed in Saxony, Germany. Pre-1914 DE402/23/p.42

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from point in High Street slightly to east, showing in foreground part of carriageway, churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials and church path, in middle distance church and trees and in right distance clump of trees. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. c.1905 DE402/23/p.43 (U)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church, near Gravesend comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from point in High Street slightly to east, showing in foreground part of carriageway, churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials and church path, in middle distance church and trees and in right distance clump of trees. From same negative as DE402/23/p.43 (U) above. Couchman draws the reader’s attention to the fact Cobham is associated with Gravesend in the caption. On rear, dated 25 July 1905 in MS, presumed date of visit and purchase by original purchaser. DE402/23/p.43 (L)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church, Kent comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground top of churchyard wall and part of wooden gate, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, tree and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance tree. On rear, message from Alice Wood to her mother Mrs. Wood, 87 King Street, Gillingham, concerning work vacation arrangements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Herne [?] Bay 25 August 1907 DE402/23/p.44 (U)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, clump of trees and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance second clump of trees. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1905 DE402/23/p.44 (L)

Cobham Church
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, tree and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance clump of trees. On rear, message from Violet [-] to Mrs. Florence (Florrie) Loweth, 51 Bedford Road, Clapham Road, Clapham, London, discussing visiting arrangements and mentioning a week spent in Strood. Published by H. Brothers. Postmarked Leyton, London 7 October 1914. DE402/23/45 (U)

Cobham Church
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, tree and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance clump of trees. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed descriptions of architecture, churchyard and quotations from The Pickwick Papers chapter xi pertaining to visit to churchyard by Pickwick and Tupman. DE402/23/p.45 (L)

Cobham Church
Postcard photograph entitled The Chancel, Cobham Church comprising interior view of chancel looking south-east, showing in foreground parts of memorial brasses, in middle ground step to chancel, alabaster and black marble monument to and recumbent effigies of Sir George Brooke, Lord Cobham and his wife Anne and their 14 children, surrounded by iron railing and altar rail, to rear east wall and in south wall piscina and sedilia. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed descriptions of architecture and notes on Lord Cobham’s funerary armour. c.1912 DE402/23/p.46 (U)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Chancel, Cobham Church comprising interior view of chancel looking south-east, showing in right foreground parts of memorial brasses, in middle ground step to chancel, alabaster and black marble monument to and recumbent effigies of Sir George Brooke, Lord Cobham and his wife Anne and their 14 children, surrounded by iron railing, and altar rail, to rear east wall and in south wall piscina and sedilia. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed description of Lord Cobham’s monument. Published by S.H. and Co. Ltd. and printed in Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.46 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Part of the Ancient Priory, Cobham College [sic] comprising view of round-headed doorway in south wall of south court looking from point outside and to south of south wall and looking through arch along path towards opposite courtyard wall, showing in foreground grassy area, in middle ground wall, arch and inscription tablet, in middle distance grassy courtyard and woman walking away from camera and in distance opposite wall of courtyard. On front and rear, printed descriptions of Sir John de Cobham and Sir William Brooke, Lord Cobham’s architectural work in c.1370 and 1598 respectively giving transcription of inscription over doorway pertaining to latter. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.47 (U)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Quadrangle, College Almshouses, Cobham comprising view of northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking north-west from south south-eastern corner of quadrangle, showing in foreground path and lawn, in middle ground north range of almshouses and in distance tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church and tree tops. On rear, printed references to or quotations from The Pickwick Papers and The Uncommercial Traveller by Charles Dickens. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.47 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Corner of Cobham College comprising reproduction of pencil or charcoal drawing of north-west corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, looking north-west from point on lawn to south-east, showing in foreground lawn and path, in middle ground junction of northern and western ranges and in distance tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church and tree tops. On rear, message from Thomas (Tom) [Fletcher] of 189 The Tideway, Rochester to Mr. C.G. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood, offering his apologies for not being able to attend a club following day. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of college 1362-1598. Published by West Kent Federation of Women’s Institutes. c.1950 Reproduced by kind permission of West Kent Federation of Women’s Institutes, 64 College Road, Maidstone. DE402/23/p.48

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Quaint Timber Porch, College Almshouses, Cobham comprising view of entrance porch and steps on south side of north quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, showing grass area in foreground grassy area and woman with two pales climbing staircase and in middle ground tiled porch, creepers on wall and perpendicular style window. On rear, printed notes about refectory or dining hall. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.49 (U)

Cobham College
Reproduction of photograph entitled Porch at the South-Eastern Entrance to the New College comprising view of entrance porch and steps on south side of north quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, showing in foreground grassy area and in middle ground tiled porch, cat lying on steps, creepers on wall and perpendicular style window. Photographer: E.C. Youens. c.1920 DE402/23/p.49 (L)

Cobham College
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Old Gateway, Cobham College comprising view of south elevation of southern range of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, looking north-west from position to east of old southern quadrangle, showing in foreground hedge, wooden gate and path, in middle ground grassy area and bushes and in middle distance, left to right, southern range or refectory block with brick and wooden entrance porches and eastern range of northern quadrangle. Published by Hartmann c.1905 and printed in Saxony, Germany. DE402/23/p.50 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of south elevation of southern range of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, looking north-west from position to east of old southern quadrangle, showing in foreground grassy area and path and in background refectory block with brick and wooden entrance porches and linen drying on washing line. Mason Collection. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 116mm) c.1940 DE402/23/p.50 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Rear Entrance to Refectory, Cobham comprising view of labourer standing against wooden pillar of dilapidated entrance porch at south-eastern corner of southern range of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, subject wearing peaked cloth cap and looking at camera, his carrying bag and walking stick propped against same pillar and woman companion sitting on steps inside porch, also looking at camera. Also showing path, dislodged masonry and tiled roof of porch. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 or 1871 * [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.51

[* The date 1871 printed on the rear of the card may be a mis-print.]

Cobham College
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham College Alms Houses comprising view of north-western corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, showing in foreground path, sundial and lawns, in middle ground junction of southern and western ranges and doorway into northern range and in distance tree top. Quadrangle scene shows three residents looking at camera. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 DE402/23/p.52 (U)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Quadrangle, College Almshouses, Cobham comprising view of north-west corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking north-west, showing in foreground path and lawns, in middle ground junction of northern and western ranges of almshouses, chimney stacks and doorway into northern range and in distance tree tops and tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s church. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. On rear, accompanying printed references to or quotations from The Pickwick Papers and The Uncommercial Traveller by Charles Dickens. c.1910 DE402/23/p.52 (L)

Cobham College
Photograph of doorway in northern range of almshouses, Cobham College, looking north from point at western edge of quadrangle lawn towards doorway, showing in foreground lawn, path and plant stands, in middle ground arched doorway at western end of southern elevation of northern range of almshouses and in distance through doorway steps leading to processional path and southern wall of church. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.53 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of north-west corner of northern quadrangle Cobham College of Cobham College looking north-west, showing in foreground path and lawns, in middle ground junction of northern and western ranges of almshouses, flower beds, chimney stacks and doorway into northern range and in distance tree tops and tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s church. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.53 (L)

Cobham College
Photograph of western elevation of western range of almshouses at Cobham College, looking north-east from adjacent field, showing in foreground allotments, in right middle ground almshouses and in left distance tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s church. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.54 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of processional path between St. Mary Magdalene’s church and Cobham College, looking east along path from position near entrance to northern quadrangle, showing in fore and middle grounds, left to right, part of southern elevation of church, long grass, path, weeds and north elevation of northern range of almshouses, in middle distance archway and in left distance tree. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.54 (L)

Cobham College
Photograph of south-western corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking south-west from north-eastern corner of quadrangle, showing in foreground lawns, path, sundial and in middle ground junction of southern and western ranges of almshouses. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.55 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of south-western entrance to northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking north from eastern side of former southern quadrangle, showing in foreground grassy area, overhanging tree, path and bushes and in middle ground southern elevation and south-western entrance porch of refectory block. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.55 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: The College, Cobham comprising full-length study of young girl wearing bonnet and coarse calf-length dress, holding wicker basket in left hand, leaning against side of arched doorway and looking at ground to left of camera. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.56

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Conversation Piece, The College, Cobham comprising study of group of four male residents of almshouses in north-west corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, looking north-west from corner of quadrangle, showing in foreground corner of lawn, path, plant stands and resident sitting on bench against wall, holding broom in left hand with wicker basket containing garden produce at his feet and in middle ground companions standing in doorway, centre figure holding hand basket and looking towards seated figure and others looking at camera, one smoking pipe. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.57

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Teatime, Cobham College comprising study of woman resident sitting reading in vaulted alcove at corner of almshouses and wearing bodice, one-piece dress with sleeves, bonnet and over-skirt pinned at front, showing in left foreground round table, tray, teapot, cup and saucer and on flagstones wicker linen basket and in background two arched doorways, mullioned window and broom resting against wall. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.58

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Girl at the Well, Cobham Farmyard comprising study of group of three farm workers sitting or kneeling in farm yard probably at Cobhambury or Lodge Farm, showing in foreground wagon wheel propped against low wall, paint pot, second low brick wall and garment, in middle ground disabled male youth sitting on ledge with two crutches under his right arm and platform shoe on left foot, old man sitting on chair and holding walking stick and wearing neckerchief, young woman in sleeved long dress and bonnet kneeling to their rear and in background well and two stone buildings with thatched or tiled roofs, one with open door and other with ladder hung from eves. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.59

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from W.W. Walker of Cobham, carpenter, wheelwright and undertaker to Mr. [R.G.] Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for house carpentry. 30 September 1909, settled 11 November 1909. DE402/23/p.60

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from William Purfield of Cobham, family grocer, provision merchant and general draper to R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for binding and matting, 20 October 1909. DE402/23/p.61

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from J. Wood of Cobham, shoeing and general smith to R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for shoeing and removes. Heading includes illustration of smith shoeing horse. 31 December 1909, settled 10 January 1910. DE02/23/p.62Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from J. Wood of Cobham, shoeing and general smith to the executors of late R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for shoes, removes and repairs to coal scuttle. Heading includes illustration of smith shoeing horse. 30 May 1910, settled 15 June 1910. DE402/23/63

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from Ashton and Roberts of 1-2 Gower’s Walk, London E., cigar merchants and importers, to R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for Red Seal cigars and carriage by South Eastern Railway to Sole Street Railway Station, Cobham. 18 October 1909. DE402/23/p.64

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled The Owletts, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of Owletts looking north-east from northern end of The Rookery, showing in foreground iron railing and High Street, in middle ground brick boundary wall of Owletts and trees and shrubs and in middle distance 5 bay, two storey house. On rear, message from [??] W[-?] to Mr. R. Wood, 4 Gabriel Terrace, Hextable, Swanley discussing travel arrangements. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate history of site, ownership from Bonham Hayes in 1684 to the National Trust in 1938 and origin of name, from an occupier named Howlett or Howet. Published by William Purfield, Cobham. Postmarked Gravesend 22 August 1911. DE402/23/p.65

Cobham Village and Environs
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Mount, Cobham comprising view of group of buildings looking west from clearing or field in Ashenbank Wood, showing in foreground lawn or field and pile of cut grass, in middle ground manor house, fence, small trees and three bystanders, in right middle distance brick cottage or outbuilding and in distance western side of Ashenbank Wood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to mention in Domesday Book 1087, surviving rentals of 1634 and 1649, acquisition by Earls of Darnley in late 18th. century and use by their head keepers from 1892. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1905 DE402/23/p.66 (U)

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham, Kent: Meadow House comprising view of group of buildings looking north-north-east from field, showing in foreground field and tree, in middle ground iron fence and shrubs, in middle distance western pavilion with pedimented gable and five bay house of two storeys and in distance and at flanks, Scots Pines. On rear, brief message from Ida [-] to Miss E. Haynes, 19 Ossington Street, Bayswater, London. Published by DB Ltd. Postmarked Gravesend 9 July 1906. DE402/23/p.66 (L)

Cobham Village and Environs
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Mount Woods, Cobham comprising view of silver birch trees in Ashenbank Wood, showing in foreground bluebells, in middle ground clump of birches and in middle distance and distance other mature trees coming into leaf. On rear, brief message from unstated sender to Miss H. Godden, Trosley, Pembroke Road, Erith. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. Dated 23 June 1906 in MS and postmarked Cobham and Gravesend 24 June 1906. Couchman’s accompanying notes erroneously state 1908. DE402/23/p.67 (left)

Cobham Village and Environs
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Fairy Dell, Cobham Woods, near Rochester comprising view of group of men, women and youths standing at side of fish pond in wooded surroundings, location possibly either New Fish Pond or Old Fish Pond at Brices Plantation, Shorne Wood, showing in foreground clearing and pond bank, in middle ground group of bystanders and trees and in distance far bank of pond and woods. On rear, message from Auntie [-] to Miss L. Atkins, 106 Ivydale Road, Nunhead, London SE, suggesting scene as suitable site for picnic. Couchman notes the postmark is a special one. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rainham 25 February 1907. DE402/23/p.67 (right)

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled Park Pale, Cobham [i.e. Shorne] comprising view of clearing in Cobham Park, probably in vicinity of Peggy Taylor's Hill [site of later Rochester and Cobham Park Golf Course], showing in foreground field, in middle ground grazing deer and clump of trees, in middle distance edge of field and footpath and in distance woodland and walkers. On rear, message from Vera [-] to a Mr. Owen, 54 Eva Road, Gillingham, thanking auntie for post card and sending love and kisses. Couchman’s accompanying notes tentatively identify footpath as FP161 and express caution with identification of view as Park Pale. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 18 August 1915. DE402/23/p.68

Cobham Village and Environs
Composite postcard photograph entitled Greetings from Cobham comprising clockwise eastern elevation of Rose Cottage, Halfpence Lane looking west from road leading to Lodge Farm and showing junction of High Street and Halfpence Lane, north elevation of Cobham Church from High Street, Pickwick Leather Bottle public house from High Street to west, southern elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north-east from edge of South Pleasure Grounds and in centre avenue of lime trees leading from Cobham Hall through Cobham Park to Cobham. Before 1923. DE402/23/p.69 (U)

Cobham Village and Environs
Composite postcard photograph entitled Christmas Greetings from Cobham comprising ten views, clockwise, High Street in front of churchyard looking west and showing Pickwick Leather Bottle public house on right, view of west elevation of Cobham hall looking east from West Park, Cobham Woods, The Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham looking east from High Street, Cobham Church and Cobham College from field to south-west, south elevation of Owletts, High Street, Cobham, south elevation of south wing, Cobham Hall, looking north across South Pleasure Grounds, The Old Ship Inn, High Street, Cobham, Cobhambury, Cobham and Cobham Park showing deer and cattle grazing. c.1912 DE402/23/p.69

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled St. Thomas’s Well, Cobham comprising view of two storeyed and partly timer framed building with gable, looking south-east from highway verge adjoining Horsepond Lane and slightly to west, showing in foreground highway verge and well, in middle ground tree, wooden palings and sign advertising teas, in right middle distance house and in left middle distance and distance trees in Ashenbank Wood. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, describing a train journey and hoping her cold is better. Couchman's accompanying notes state well was reputedly used by pilgrims travelling to Canterbury. Published by H. Brothers. Postmarked Rochester 11 January 1915. DE402/23/p.70 (U)

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled St. Thomas’ Well, Cobham comprising view of two storeyed and partly timer framed building with gable, looking south-east from highway verge adjoining Horsepond Lane (section of original Watling Street) and slightly to west, showing in foreground part of Horsepond Lane, highway verge and well, in middle ground tree and wooden palings, in right middle distance house and outbuilding and in left middle distance and distance trees in Ashenbank Wood. Balmoral Series, published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.70 (L)

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: c.1800-1986
Quantity: 1 volume/70pp.
Result number 25 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_F063 on request slip.

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Family of late John Blagden Hale, Solicitor of Alderley [?Cheshire or Gloucestershire], name of Hale assumed in compliment to his wife's family and property [Solicitors letter]




Date: 1817
Quantity: 1 document
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