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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/DE0547 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/ DE0547.html

Clients' papers of predecessor firms of Martin Tolhurst Partnership, The Precincts, Rochester, solicitors (namely Essell, Knight & Arnold; Arnold, Essell & Baker; Arnold, Day & Tuff; and Arnold, Tuff & Grimwade, solicitors, notaries public, clerks to trustees of various charities and other organisations or Chapter Clerks of Rochester Cathedral), records comprising:Dean & Chapter tithe apportionment and rent charge records for estates mainly in north west Kent arranged by parish 19th.-20th. Centuries; Lock & Luck estate papers 18th.-20th. Centuries; conveyances and other papers, Strood Rural District Council Cliffe Woods housing estate, 19th.-20th. Centuries. Century;Hawkins' Hospital, Chatham printed lists of admissions, 20th. Century;Baker estate and 18 Star Hill, Rochester estate papers 18th.-20th. Centuries;trustees' records of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines' Orphanage, Nore Oxford Road, Gillingham (some names mentioned, 1950s) (early-mid 20th. century) and of Canada House* Maternity Nursing Home, Barnsole Road, Gillingham, (no names mentioned) (early - mid 20th. Century) [for building plans see GBC/BP/2749]. With copy of the Times newspaper containing article on and photograph of Short Brothers' Sunderland Mayo composite aircraft 1938. Other clients' papers, unsorted 18th.-20th. Centuries; Land Tax Commissioners' records, mid-18th. Century;and printed poster by Edwin Harris [ See also DE517, DE548] enumerating Charles and Mary Ross' warships built at Acorn Wharf Ship Yard, Rochester 1791-1814. [See also DE200, DE286, DE548, DE558]

[* subsequently a retirement home run by the Royal Naval Benevolent Trust based in portsmouth, Hampshire]

[** under the management of the Ministry of Health from 1951]

This is a large uncatalogued collection. Minimum 5 working days notice required for access. Some records may be subject to embargo under Data Protection and Human Rights Acts.


File updated by Borough Archivist 16 December 2003

Date: 18th.-20th. Centuries
Quantity: 48 boxes and 1 roll
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/DE0598 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/ DE0598.html

Title deeds to 172-184 Eastgate, High Street, Rochester relating to site of showrooms and offices of Seeboard and adjacent premises as rented out by Seeboard (formerly Kent Electric Power Co.), successive earlier parties including Ralph James Fremlin, Richard Henry Fremlin and Walter Thomas Fremlin all of Maidstone, brewers (later Whitbread Fremlin Ltd.) (pale ale and stout stores) 1875; Edward Robert Coles of Rochester esq. 1875; Henry Shelley of Penge, wax chandler 1877; Henry Prentis formerly of Rochester, later of Bombay, India, now of 15 Southwick Street, Bayswater, Middlesex, Esq. and John Ross Foord of Rochester, builder 1885; Edward Richard Coles of Ventnor, Isle of Wight, Hampshire, gentleman and Miss Ellen Spong of Rochester 1879; Franklin George Homan of Rochester, auctioneer 1902; Abraham Field of Warwick Street, Middlesex, gentleman and John Lewis Levy of Rochester, merchant 1843; John Kidwell of Rochester, auctioneer 1899; Rochester Squash Club Ltd., 26 High Street, Chatham/The Terrace, Rochester 1938-1944 and the Target Detective Agency of 172 High Street, Rochester 1976; with several abstracts of title reciting from 1839, numerous site plans and declaration by Alfred William Ratcliffe Esq., manager of Rochester Branch of Fremlin Brothers, 172 High Street, Rochester for 26 years, 1929.
Date: [1839] 1840-1986
Quantity: 1 box/c.200 items
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/DE0652 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/ DE0652.html

Release [only] of lease and release (i) Joseph Collison of Hayling Southwood, Hampshire, yeoman, grandson of George Collison late of Portsmouth, Hampshire, shipwright, deceased John Collins of Hayling Southwood as above yeoman and Anne his wife (ii) William Baynard of Chatham, shipwright Two messuages or tenements, two orchards and two gardens in Chatham Consideration: £100
Date: 25 June 1693
Quantity: 1 membrane
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/DE0733 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/ DE0733.html

Records of Messrs. W.E.R. Randall (and City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd.), 23 Railway Street, Chatham, auctioneers, surveyors, valuers and estate agents, comprising mainly clients’ estates papers, viz:

deed bundle for Gainsborough Guest House, St. Margaret’s Banks, 254 High Street, Rochester 1899-1961 (with abstract of title reciting from 1886) parties Bowman, Brockwell, Boys, Cobb, Passby, Randall, Owens, Pearce, Crow & City of Rochester Land and General Investment Company Ltd., with site plan by George E. Bond of Rochester, architect and surveyor, showing abuttals and previous occupiers including Miss Topple and subsequently Miss H.A. Merry (principal), St. Margaret’s Bank School for Girls and Kindergarten, c.1900 (1 bundle);

printed particulars and conditions of sale for and correspondence about Blue Bell [Hill] Farm, Aylesford and neighbouring farms and estates e.g. Preston Hall Estate in Aylesford, Allington, Ditton, Boxley, Hale Farm, Aylesford, 30 acres of underwood at Burham and Aylesford and Cossington Fields Farm in Boxley and Aylesford, with hand-drawn plan of Blue Bell Hill Farm, Aylesford 1897 and tracing inclosure/enclosure plan of fields adjoining Seatons Road and Frith Wood Road, Aylesford, made 1868, and other plans, with family papers of James Peter Walter of Blue Bell [Hill] Farm, Aylesford/Burham Hill, W. Walter of Five Bells Lane, Rochester and Mr. P. Walter of 72 New Road, Chatham; 1868-1920; includes letter from H.A. Alexander, Commanding Engineer (Royal Engineers) of Central Hall, Maidstone, to J. Walter of Frith Farm, Burham, notifying him of impending construction of defence works on his land, 1915 (1 bundle);

testamentary and personal estate papers of Harry F. Tutt of 15 York Road, Rochester/Star Hill, Rochester/177-179 Eastgate, Rochester/54 & 56 High Street, Old Brompton; 1904-1942 (1 bundle);

leases and tenancy agreements pertaining to properties in Haig Avenue, Rochester, nos. 91, 105, 125 151, 1934-1963, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., Curtiss and Sons Ltd., Joseph Arthur Wesson, J.A. Steward, Smith & Brown (Brighton [Sussex]) Ltd. & Messrs. J. Durling & Son; 1934-1963 (1 bundle);

bundle of deeds to premises in Wilson Avenue (and Wallace Road), Rochester, nos. 56, 92, 253 & 255 and plot 663, and lock-up garages, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., T.C. Harwood Ltd., E.W. Stephens, P. Woolnough, City Way Service Station Ltd., Gerrard Land & Investment Company Ltd., Short Brothers & Harland Ltd., Lockwood, Beard and The Car and Electrical Services Ltd.; 1935-1963 (1 bundle);

bundle of papers pertaining to miscellaneous tenancies in Rochester, e.g. builder’s yard, no.2 estate, City Way 1942; shop in Beatty Road, parties The Gerrard Land and Investment Company Ltd./Parsons 1937; telephone kiosk Beatty Road/City Way 1938; 120 Maidstone Road, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., M.E. Lewis & P.A. Reed 1974-1976; nos. 46, 108, 110 Pattens Lane, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., Page, Edmonds, Shave, Gilbar Ladies Wear Ltd. 1943-1968; Mill Close 1953; 40 Blaker Avenue, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd. and George Mason (Chatham) Ltd. 1957; The Den, Nag’s Head Lane, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd. and Messrs. D.H.R. & N.J. Gray 1954; letter from No.12 Region, National Fire Service, Mount Ephraim, Tunbridge Wells, to Messrs. W.E.R. Randall concerning circular steel dam at Grafton Avenue/Gerrard Avenue, 1942 (1 bundle);

leases and Hastings and Thanet Building Society deposit book pertaining to 18 Ravenswood Avenue, Strood 1958-1962, parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd. and Weller (1 bundle);

deeds mainly leases for properties in Chatham High Street, no. 36 parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd. and London and Manchester [Lancashire] Assurance Company Ltd., Marshall, The Provident Clothing and Supply Company Ltd. 1937-1982; no. 67 parties Deeley, Mills, Deacon, People’s Entertainment Society Ltd., Mills, Bellis, City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., Richards 1947-1979; no. 131 parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., Brandon, Richards 1959-1973; nos. 167 & 169 parties Messrs. W.E.R. Randall, Messrs. Cavendish Furniture Company Ltd., E.S. Randall, Marks and [or &] Spencer Ltd., 1923-1952; no. 254 parties E.S. Randall & Rochester City Council 1938; no. 173a parties Randall & Kentons Furnishing Stores Ltd. 1966; no. 295 parties Randall, Boyes & Cooper 1972-1980 (1 bundle);

bundle of papers pertaining to miscellaneous tenancies in Chatham, i.e. 37 Railway Street parties Bampton, Lazarus, Crossley, Johnstone 1937, 1949, 1978; Elm Cottage, 7 Manor Road parties Randall, Noel, Parkson Positive (Textile Machinery) Ltd., Ablett, Borley, Speedalink Ltd., 1960-1972 (1 bundle);

bundle of papers pertaining to miscellaneous tenancies in Gillingham, i.e. 97 & 101 High Street, Gillingham parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd., Rose, Chappell, Mearing and Mutter 1936-1965; 16 Arden Street parties Draper & Blow 1923; 54 Layfield Road parties City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd. & Mann 1949 (1 bundle);

bundle of residual staff and estate management papers of Messrs. W.E.R. Randall and City of Rochester Land and (General) Investment Company Ltd. comprising lease of shop in Eythorne, parties Mrs. Catherine Vandersteen & Messrs. Vye & Son 1924; employees’ agreements of John Charles Fowler Knowlden of Cobtrees, Heath Road, Boughton Monchelsea 1961, John Shaul of 6 Albany Road, Rochester 1956 and Charles Edward Eglinton of 50 Bladindon Drive, Bexley 1957; with Westminster Bank cheque book stubs 1940; and Isle of Thanet Building Society paying-in book 1935-1936; various dissociated envelopes (1 bundle).

Re-edited by Borough Archivist 24 August 2000.

Accrual to first deposit, deposited 5 September 2000.

Business correspondence with other firms, contracts and extracts from board minutes, etc 1896-1979 (1 bundle);

Rochester area: Rochester

Conveyance, Gerrard Land and Investment Company Ltd. to Rochester and Chatham Stadium Ltd., land at City Way, Rochester 1933 [-1935] (1 item);

Conveyance and associated papers including site plans and abstract of title reciting from 1904 pertaining to land near north west side of Maidstone Road, Rochester, Watts’ Charity of Rochester to City of Rochester Land and General Investment Company Ltd. 1908-1926 (1 bundle);

Rochester area: Strood

Reconstituted bundle of title deeds, testamentary papers, certificates of redemption of rent charge, abstracts of title and site plans pertaining to various properties in Strood and Frindsbury comprising Cambridge Road, Strood (Shoobridge) 1939; Jersey Road, Strood, plan of plots only 1959; pieces of land at Brompton Lane Field, Strood, including Callicroft (parties Eve, Winch, Thomas Hellyar Foord, J.H. Foord, City of Rochester Land and General Investment Company Ltd., Rush, Stunt, Cobb, Arnold, Hester Prall) 1890-1924; Mill Road, Frindsbury (parties Baker City of Rochester Land and General Investment Company Ltd.) [1900] 1890-1959 (1 bundle);

Reconstituted bundle of title deeds, abstracts of title, correspondence, footpath diversion order (1902) and site plans pertaining to 4 acres near Delce Lane or Road and King Street in St. Margaret’s parish, Rochester, parties City of Rochester Land and General Investment Company Ltd. and J.H. Foord, [1870] 1901-1902 (1 bundle);

Chatham area

Leases to various properties in Chatham comprising 35 High Street Honey to Todd 1934; 171 High Street Randall to Randall 1924 (2 items); 173 High Street Randall to Skiller 1924; 254 High Street Randall to Di Marco 1934; 295 High Street Gamp to Randall 1947; 2 & 2A Railway Street, Chatham Randall to Kendall & Sons Ltd. 1946; Paddock Garages Randall to Watson and Scull Ltd. 1966;

Site plan of freehold building land, Magpie Hall Road, Chatham, by J.W. Nash & Son of Rochester, surveyors 1897 (1 item);

Conveyance to land at or near Pattens Lane, Maidstone Road, Chatham, Stigant and Whitfield to Randall 1925 with related abstract of title 1901 each with site plan (2 items plus envelope);

Strood Rural area

Sale particulars, site plans, correspondence and legal opinions pertaining to land at Peartree Lane, Shorne and Higham, parties Childs Trustees Company (trustees of will of 8th. Earl of Darnley) and Sparkes 1955-1958 (1 bundle);

Gillingham area

Land Charges papers pertaining to Woodlands Road (formerly Lane), Gillingham, with site plan, 1935 (1 bundle);


Leases to ground floor 113A High Street, Sittingbourne, Randall to Bray, Randall to Rapier Cleaners Ltd. 1929 & 1936 (2 items);

Lease to 40 Biggin Street, Dover, Rubie to Wood 1923 (1 item);

Plan of freehold building land at Queen’s Road and Waghorn Road, Snodland by James W. Nash of Rochester, surveyor c.1900 (1 item);

3 bundles of title deeds to messuage, tenement and grocer’s shop lying on the south side of the Coldred to Eythorne road, Eythorne, parties Sampford, Clay, Usborne, Barton, Makey, Pyner, Spurling, Elwin, West, Weston, Hampshire, Rt. Hon. Frederick George, Earl of Guildford, Tomlin, National Provincial Bank of England Ltd., including schedule of deeds and documents and abstracts of title reciting from 1777, with site plans, 1833-1970 (3 bundles).

Date: 1868-1980
Quantity: See above
Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1049 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1049.html

Records transferred by Community Librarian, Gillingham Library, High Street, Gillingham, Libraries, Information and Museum Service, Leisure Division, Education and Leisure Directorate, Medway Council of varying or unknown provenance, mainly collected by Norman Tomlinson, Gillingham Borough Librarian before c.1973, some possibly previously from Gillingham Borough Museum [cf. Woodlands Museum], Woodlands House, 48 Woodlands Road, Gillingham (closed in 1956), comprising:

Printed and MS material deposited by Mrs. Emily B. Robinson, widow of former councillor Engineer Lieutenant Commander Lumley Robinson, Royal Navy, inventor of the Jubilee Worm Drive Clip, of 21 Balmoral Road, Gillingham, comprising correspondence relative to the relief of the victims of the Firemen’s Wedding Tragedy in Gillingham Park [1929] 1930s-1940s, correspondence and newscuttings relative war years and Mrs. Robinson’s wartime activities including ration books and Spitfire Fund 1940s, Cllr. Robinson’s year book and leather cover 1931 and printed booklets and postcards commemorative of Gillingham municipal life c.1903-c.1953 (1 bundle);

records of Gillingham Arts Council comprising accounts, correspondence, minutes, news sheets, booklet entitled The Arts in the Medway Towns published by Gillingham Arts Council 1955 and correspondence pertaining, 1950-1965 (1 bundle) *;

records of Medway Arts Council (successor to Gillingham Arts Council) comprising newsletter Headway Special: The Arts in the Local Community, correspondence and minutes 1966-1969 (1 bundle) *;

[* see also Records of Rochester Arts Society (minutes) 1948-1958, Medway Theatre Guild c.1950s and Northgate Society, Rochester 1971 (DE53/2)]

printed orders of ceremony, orders of proceedings and souvenir brochures for admissions to freedom of the borough of Gillingham, recipients comprising Rev. Walter W. Blocksidge 1925, Franklin Coles Boucher 1932, HMS Pembroke 1955, Aldermen A.M. Davenport and A.W. Tapp 1936, George C. Swain 1939, Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Tovey 1945, Corps of Royal Engineers 1953 and Frederick F.A. Burden 1971, with photograph of testimonial to Tovey 1945, photographs of Burden’s freedom ceremony 1971; invitation cards 1953 and 1971 (1 bundle);

Miss Hilda Jacobs of 113 Richmond Road, Gillingham, confectioner’s bequest comprising records of career of her uncle Charles Edwin Jacobs (1858-1949) of Portsmouth, Hampshire, London, Liverpool, Lancashire, 4 Fairfield Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey and 20 Camden Road, Gillingham, as sea-going dockyard craftsman based at HM Dockyard, Portsmouth, Hampshire 1879-1884 and Assistant Warder, HM Convict Prisons Service, serving firstly at HM Convict Prison, Chatham from 1884 [-1893] and then at HM Prison, Borstal [1893-] until 1899 (1 bundle/15 items), with photographs of HM Convict Prison, Chatham c.1884 (2 items), photograph of subject as able seaman in sailor’s suit and sennet hat c.1884, two photographs believed of subject at tobacconist’s shop at 4 Fairfield Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey c.1920 (2 items), head and shoulders studio photograph of subject in prison warder’s uniform c.1884, group photograph of soldiers in 1907 pattern service dress, badged Royal Engineers, possibly Volunteer Training Corps (VTC) at a location possibly in east Kent, subject believed front row, far left c.1915 x c.1918 (1 item); bills from A. Jabez Whitehead, 197-199 High Street, Chatham, general furnishing warehouseman, to Jacobs 1889 (2pp.); St. Luke’s Parish Church, Gillingham, magazine reporting burial of Jacobs May 1949 (1 item); backing board from framed photograph addressed to a Mr. Jacobs, Richmond Road, Gillingham (1 item, wood);
1878-1949 (1 box)

[See M8 for photocopies];

[Believed bequeathed to Gillingham Borough Council 1973]

watercolours, pastels and lino and wood cuts of subjects comprising still lifes, landscapes, portraits and rabbits (for Japanese New Year and Year of the Rabbit 1963), by named pupils of varying ages of Yokosuka Otsu High School, Yokosuka, Japan, endorsed with messages and inscriptions in English and Japanese, for exhibition mounted at Gillingham Library, High Street, Gillingham, attended by Mr. Tanaka, Second Secretary of the General Affairs Section, Japanese Embassy, London, with accompanying correspondence between Norman Tomlinson, Borough Librarian and Alderman Freddie Cooper, Mayor, 1963 (1 box);

printed orders of proceedings for elections of mayors and annual council meetings, Gillingham Borough Council, 1952-1972 (4 packets);
declarations and oaths of mayors and deputy mayors on acceptance of office 1903-1962 (1 bundle);
commemorative brochures for banquet celebrating Golden Jubilee of incorporation of borough of Gillingham, Central Hotel, Gillingham, 1953 (1 bundle);
order of proceedings or itinerary for beating the bounds or perambulating the boundary of the borough of Gillingham 1953;
souvenir programme for opening of Municipal Buildings, Canterbury Street, Gillingham 1937 (1 booklet);
luncheon menu on occasion of opening of Municipal Buildings 1937 (1 item);
menu and programme for mayoral banquet 1924 (1 item);
programmes for mayoral reception and dance at Woodlands School Hall, Gillingham 1932-1933 (2 items);
menu and programme for civic dinner on occasion of disbandment of Gillingham Borough Council 1998 (1 item);
invitation cards for municipal occasions 1937-1971 (4 items);
Borough of Gillingham Corporation Act 1944 (1 item);
Christmas card from councillor George Smith, mayor and councillor Mrs. Diana Smith, mayoress 1997 (3 items, duplicates);
letter from G.W. Burrans of Fareham, Hampshire to Peter Emery, Gillingham Library about Rouse family of Gillingham and Edith K. Rouse fl. 1920, 1995 (3pp.);
character reference for Edith K. Rouse from Alderman G.C. Swain, mayor of Gillingham, c.1909-c.1910 (1p.);
programme for Gillingham Borough’s final year 1997-1998 entitled Gillingham Celebrates;
leaflet advertising borough warden service c.1990 (1 item);
enamelled lapel badge bearing coat of arms of Gillingham Borough Council c.1950 (1 item)

Photocopies (except for endorsements) of the records, mainly correspondence, of the Hamlet, Vill or Limb of Grange (or Grench) in Gillingham in the Cinque Port of Hastings, Sussex, kept at Hastings Museum and Art Gallery, as supplied by the Town Clerk of Hastings to Norman Tomlinson, Borough Librarian of Gillingham, originals dated 1733 (appointment of deputy mayor) and correspondence discussing Hastings Arms, formerly Duke’s Head, county rate and overseers of the poor 1826-1858 (2 bundles), facsimiled 1963, with correspondence between Town Clerk of Hastings and Borough Librarian of Gillingham pertaining 1962-1963 (1 sheaf)

[For the list of these records as compiled for the National Register of Archives by the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, see the non-deposited records finding aid in public searchroom];

[See also DE513 and the records of North Aylesford Petty Sessions (PS/NA)]

[For previous deposits of records from the Gillingham Library archives room see DE4 (P185/12/2), DE5, DE12, DE15 (N/M5 and 46S), DE16 (32E), DE510, DE511, DE512, DE513, DE514, DE515, DE640, DE828, DE1033 and DE1035]

File updated by Borough Archivist 26 January 2006

Date: [1733] 1878-1998
Quantity: As above
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1176 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1176.html

Royal Navy or HM Dockyard, Chatham service and personal records of members of the related Phillips family of Gillingham and Strood and Baker family of Strood


Arthur George Phillips M37587 of Gillingham and 32 Cambridge Terrace, Strood, Supply Warrant Officer

certificate of service 1923-1943 (1 item)

RN Supply Branch history sheet for A.G. Phillips, 1923-1943 (1 item)

testimonials and service records pertaining to advancement and movements of A.G. Phillips, with some internal branch correspondence pertaining to branch activities at HMS St. Angelo, Malta (1945), 1923, 1943-1946

(1 bundle/56 items/pp.)

Civil Registration certificates for family members 1903-1968 (3 items)

notebook containing record of ports visited on cruises and shore based billets, HMS Ramillies, Sheerness 1923-1924, HMS Royal Oak 1924-1927, HMS Ceres 1927-1929, HMS Wessex 1930-1931 and 1931-1932, Wellesley Nautical School, Blyth, Northumberland 1932-1933, HMS Vindictive 1933, HMS Medway 1933-1935, SS Somersetshire 1935, HMS Marshal Soult 1935, HMS Garland 1936-1938, HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1938-1939, HMS Ganges, Shotley, Suffolk 1939, HMS Litania1939, HMS Elfin 1939-1942, HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1942, HMS Anson 1942-1943 (HMS Iron Duke 1942, HMS Forester[?] 1942-1943, HMS Iron Duke 1943), HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1943-1944, Force L 1944, SS Christian Huygens 1944, SS Ville d’Oran 1944, HMS St. Angelo, Malta 1944-1946 and SS Ascania 19461923-1946 (1 booklet)

photograph album containing views of former German giant floating dock at Malta, showing HMS Royal Oak docking with tugs, c.1926 x c.1927; fancy dress group; HMS Ceres dance and concert band The Cereans, Malta 1929; HMS Ceres concert party groups 1929; HMS Ceres at sea c.1929; HMS Ceres alongside, Malta 1928; damaged bows of HMS Caledon after collision with SS Anates, seen from HMS Calypso 1928; artist’s reconstructions of HMS Caledon/ SS Anates collision events; HMS Ceres entering Malta 1927; Forth Bridge, Lothian/Fife, Scotland and the Battle Squadron, Atlantic Fleet in line ahead 1925; montage of HMS Ramillies c.1923; battle squadron steaming line ahead c.1923; HMS Royal Oak, forward gun turrets and forecastle in heavy seas c.1926; HMS Royal oak leaving Portsmouth, Hampshire 1924; HMS Royal Oak at Malta c.1924; HMS Royal Oak [?] firing a broadside c.1924; forward gun turrets, forecastle and spotter plane, HMS Royal Oak, Gibraltar 1925; warships including HMS Royal Oak [?] and submarines alongside or at anchor, Trieste, Italy 1926; group of ratings on run ashore from HMS Royal Oak, Kavala, Greece 1926; destroyers of the former Imperial German Navy aground at Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands c.1924 x c.1926; group of Supply Branch officers and senior ratings, HMS Ramillies, ship’s waist c.1924; informal group of ship’s company, ship’s waist, HMS Ramillies c.1924; junior ratings, ship’s waist, HMS Ramillies, Gibraltar 1924; group of officers and senior ratings with bread-baking trophy, ship’s waist, HMS Royal Oak 1925; ship’s waist, HMS Royal Oak, off Algiers, Algeria, Africa 1925; junior ratings and Royal Marines of HMS Royal Oak at Cartagena market, Murcia, Spain 1925; Phillips and PO on ship’s waist, HMS Royal Oak [?] c.1925; Phillips and colleagues ashore, Algeria or Greece [?] c.1925; Phillips, colleagues and local inhabitants ashore at Kavala, Greece 1926; informal aquatic sports and picnic group of HMS Royal Oak ship’s company and Royal Marines ashore at Budrum, Turkey 1926; group of HMS Ceres winners of All Comers’ Race 1928 includes Commander VAC Crutchley VC; HMS Medway c.1933 x c.1935; HMS Medway Supply Branch’s issue of Christmas cakes 1932; concert party groups HMS Ceres [?] off Malta [?], c.1928-c.1929; daymen’s whaler, HMS Medway 1933; HMS Garland at sea 1935; HMS Garland oiling at sea, viewed from HMS Queen Elizabeth1936; HMS Garland dressed overall c.1936; ship’s company, HMS Garland at Gibraltar 1936; funeral procession, victims of HMS Hunter mining, Gibraltar 1937; HMS HUnter arriving at Gibraltar1937; mass grave and coffins of German sailors from Deutschland [cf. Lutzow] at Gibraltar 1937; a Gunnery Branch PO [Cyril Phillips?] c.1937; wedding group c.1937; Phillips and junior rating Malta c.1937; Phillips and junior rating Malta 1928; Phillips and two Supply Branch colleagues c.1937;hoisting in Walrus, HMS Anson  1942; HMS Anson at sea, forward guns in action 1942; staff officers and civilians, Force L Headquarters, Southwold, Suffolk 1944; HMS Marshal Soult at anchor c.1935; submarine HMS L71 under steam c.1935; demonstration of rescue by Breeches Buoy from HMS Marshal Soult to harbour jetty c.1935; Phillips on leave with Mrs. Phillips and friend or relation, Ramsgate [?] c.1937; Phillips in tropical uniform, Hong Kong 1933; chart of HMS Bulldog’s second Summer cruise 1934

(1 volume/89 photographs)

naval stores book used as photograph album containing views of HMS Royal Oak’s Atlantic Fleet’s regatta crew receiving rum ration in camp at Lamlash, Isle of Arran, Scotland July 1925; trophies; news-cutting regarding same; steam launch alongside at Rosyth, Fife, Scotland 1925; HMS Ceres concert party and ratings, Ghein Tuffeia, Malta 1929; Cairo, Egypt 1926; Pyramids and Sphynx, Cairo, Egypt; local inhabitants, Egypt 1926; concert party and ratings in harbour, Malta 1929; church, Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain 1924; HMS Ramillies and Revenge off Folkestone 1923; landing liberty men at Weymouth, Dorset 1923; HMS Resolution in Palma Bay, Majorca, Spain 1926; on board HMS Ramillies off Pontevedra and Gibraltar 1924; warships in Rosia Bay and Gibraltar Bay, Gibraltar 1924; HMS Royal Oak in rough seas in Gulf of Lyons, France/Mediterranean 1926; HMS Ramillies with HMS Warspite and Malaya ahead in the Bay of Biscay, Atlantic 1924; members of HMS Royal Oak ship’s company and lady friends at Bournemouth, Hampshire 1924, Argostoli, Kefalonia, Greece 1926 and Malta 1927; on board HMS Ceres at Malta 1928; senior ratings at Torquay, Devon 1931; on board HMS Wessex at Ilfracombe, Devon 1931; HMS Westcott at sea 1931; 6th. Flotilla leaving Rosyth 1931; Royal Fleet Auxiliary War Mehtar at Chatham Dockyard 1931; newscuttings on Atlantic Fleet’s Spring cruise 1932; Phillips at home with wife and parents or in-laws, 1931-1932; on vacation with family at Eastbourne, Sussex 1932; group of RN Supply Branch, HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1932; wife and parents or in-laws 1932; HMS Medway at Miyajima, Japan 1933; submarines alongside HMS Medway, Hong Kong 1933; submarines alongside HMS Medway at Wei Hai Wei, China 1933; HMS Phoenix coming alongside [1933 x 1934]; HMS Phoenix submerged, Wei Hai Wei 1934; torpedoes in the fore well deck, HMS Medway 1934; Chinese junks; SS Chusan wrecked on rocks at Wei Hai Wei 1932; Chinese funeral procession, Hong Kong 1934; English church, cemetery, signal tower, old fortress, and naval facilities, Wei Hai Wei; coastal scenes, Kowloon and Hong Kong; local inhabitants, Hong Kong; old German forts and sights, Tsing Tau [cf. Qingdau], China; Phillips and senior ratings  on board HMS Medway at Wei Hai Wei 1933; diver’s launch and recovery of old torpedo, Wei Hai Wei 1934; scenes in Cheefoo, China 1934; scenes in Peking 1934; Miyajima, Japan 1934; Manilla, Philippines 1934; Jesselton, British North Borneo [cf. Sarawak] 1934; Tokyo, Japan 1934; Nagasaki, Japan 1934; Kobe and native inhabitants, especially members of the fairer sex, Japan; more views of Miyajima, Japan; ship’s company picnic, Skiathos, Greece 1928; family at home 1935; PO Cyril Phillips 1937; wedding day 1935; at home 1935; with family at Sheerness 1937; HMS Garland seen from HMS Arethusa between Barcelona, Spain and Marseilles, France 1936; HMS Ardent and Worcester after collision, Malta 1937; PO Cyril Phillips and lady friend 1941; HMS Garland in rough seas 1937; senior ratings 1936; Phillips on board HMS Garland 1936; the manners of Japan; Palma, Majorca, Spain 1936; Malaga, Falangists and scenes from the Spanish Civil War 1937; Barcelona, Spain 1936; Miyajima, Japan 1935; HM King George VI arriving on board HMS Anson and inspecting divisions, with Admiral Tovey and Vice Admiral Frazer, Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland 1943; HM King George VI crossing over to HMS Hindustani with Admiral Tovey; accountant staff on board HMS Anson 1943 (x 2); HMS Anson weather deck and guns frozen over, Arctic convoy, Christmas Day 1942 (x 2); Lieutenant Commander Cochrane on the forecastle [?] Christmas Day 1942; Daymen’s Mess fancy dress party group, Christmas Day 1942; senior ratings stowing brushes on board at Scapa Flow 1942; stores staff including Sub Lieutenant McAvoy on board, Scapa Flow 1942; marching contingent of Women’s Royal Naval Service, Blyth 1941; WRNS divisions being inspected by HRH The Duchess of Kent; groups of WRNS, Blyth 1942; groups of senior ratings, HMS St. Angelo, Malta 1945; HMS Belfast in Bighi Bay, Malta 1946; Royal Naval Hospital Bighi, Malta 1945; Merchant Navy and Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve officers on board SS Ville d’Oran on passage from Naples, Italy to Malta 1944; officers, senior ratings and WRNS ratings ashore in Malta 1944; HMS St. Angelo, Malta 1938; HMS Anson and Vengeance illuminated off Malta on occasion of Victory in Europe Day 1945; groups of senior ratings, Malta 1945

(1 volume/441 photographs/cuttings)

naval stores book used as photograph album containing views of fireworks over Grand Harbour, Valetta, Malta showing Fort St. Elmo, HMS Armada, Fort Ricasoli, RNH Bighi, HMS Trafalgar, Marne, Meteor, Brecon, on occasion of Victory over Japan Day (15 August 1945); front page of Times of Malta reporting Japan’s acceptance of peace terms 15 August 1945; crowds in Palace Square, Valetta, Malta on VJ Day; Fort Ricasoli, Malta 15 August 1945; motor torpedo boats and HMS Gregale in Pieta Creek, Malta 15 August 1945; HMS St. Angelo, Malta 15 August 1945; Sliema Creek, Malta 15 August 1945; senior ratings relaxing in Malta 1944; Master at Arms Donaldson on his wedding day, Malta 1945; Phillips and family members at home 1942; HMS Speedwell 1946; family members in London c.1940; Phillips and his wife in Margate 1938; Phillips and a junior rating on board HMS Garland in dry dock, Malta 1938; group of junior rates and senior rate reading South China Morning Post [?] Sports Sepecial, on signal bridge, HMS Medway, Hong Kong 1935

1 volume (42 photographs)

loose photographs supplemental to above albums comprising studio and individual portraits of Phillips and group photographs of Phillips and naval colleagues, family members, warships, and employees and delivery vans of Dale and Son, 30-32 High Street, Rochester, grocers c.1915-c.1946 (1 bundle/41 items)

photograph of Homeward Bound public house, Gas House Lane, Rochester, surrounded by flood water c.1953 (1 item)

Phillips’ wedding photographs 1935 (3 items) studio photograph of Edwardian lady, possibly Harriet Maud Phillips c.1910 (1 item)

postcard photographs of St. Mary’s Church, Higham, Higham Canal and barge and Railway Tavern, Higham c.1910 (3 items) 

Cyril Henry Phillips C/J109785 of 11 Holmside Avenue, Gillingham, Petty Officer (died on active service 27 February 1942), comprising:


Admiralty death certificate 1942, certificate of the Inspector of Seamen’s Wills 1942, gunnery history sheet 1926-1937, certificate of educational test Part I 1926 and certificate of service 1924-1942 (5 items, paper)


Photograph album containing views of the destruction by fire of SS Ausonia with HMS Queen Elizabeth in attendance, Arab woman and child, HMS Hood and HMRY Victoria and Albert, HMS Bulldog, Alexandria and the Pyramids, Egypt, HMS Porpoise, 4th. Destroyer Flotilla, Cyprus, Haifa, Mount Carmel, and Jerusalem, Palestine, seaplanes, torpedo and depth charge exercises, gun crew closed up on board HMS Bulldog, Famagusta, Cyprus, HMS Blanche, ratings’ concert party groups 1935, engine spaces, HMS Queen Elizabeth, HMS Bulldog in dock, HMS Bulldog, dogs and members of the ship’s company alongside, recovering crashed seaplane, aircraft and naval ratings at Mersa Matruh, Egypt, hospital ship and torpedo carrying biplanesc.1933-c.1936

1 volume (127 photographs)


studio photograph of Leading Seaman Cyril Phillips in tropical square rig, Malta c.1935 (1 item)


HMS bulldog in Grand Harbour Valetta, Malta c.1935 (1 item)


George Albert Baker of Montfort Road (and later 32 and 56 Cambridge Road), Strood, comprising:


apprenticeship indenture of George Albert Baker of Montfort Road to James Little of Strood and Frindsbury as shipwright and bargebuilder, 1900 (1 membrane)


HM Dockyard, Chatham card indemnifying Baker as a member of a reserved occupation, c.1917 (1 item, card)


certificate of service under the Admiralty of G.A. Baker, shipwright, Constructive Department, HM Dockyard 1919 (1 item)


marriage certificate of G.A. Baker and Elizabeth Martha Gardiner, St. Nicholas, Strood 1910 (1 item)

Date: 1900-1946
Quantity: Pending
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1184 on request slip.

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French hydrographic chart of the west coast of France and Bay of Biscay between La Pointe des Baleines and L’Etang d’Hourtin, showing the entrance to the River Gironde.


Marked and signed by William (Bill) Sparks DSM, formerly of the Royal Marines (RM), to show his point of unloading from the submarine HMS Tuna at the start of Operation Frankton, the RM Boom Patrol Detachment [cf. Cockleshell Heroes] raid on Axis shipping at Bordeaux,  on 30 November 1942, on the occasion of Cockleshell 85, a re-enactment of the raid by Gillingham Canoe Club, organised by Medway Rotary Club and hosted by the rotary clubs of Roubaix (Nord Departement), Blaye (Gironde Departement) and Bordeaux (Gironde Departement), summer 1985.


Signed and witnessed by accompanying members of Medway Rotary Club on the same occasion.


Service Hydrographique de la Marine, Paris, France, 1961

Corrected 1969


41 ½” x 29 ¼” (1055mm x 745mm)

1 sheet, paper


Scrapbook containing photographs of Cockleshell 85 participants, typescript introductory note, list of objectives, potted biographies of participants, timetable and table of logistics, cuttings from Rotary International District 112 Rotary News, local French and local British newspapers (including The News, Portsmouth, Hampshire), and British national newspapers, reporting the event with obituaries of Bill Sparks (2002)


1 volume


Date: 1969, 1985-2002
Quantity: 1 sheet, 1 volume
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1186 on request slip.

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Unfit For Production

Commonplace book or memorandum book of David Day of West Hill, [Frindsbury?], Rochester, esquire, landed proprietor and proprietor of Messrs. Day, Hulkes and Co., bankers, possibly with a few additions by others, containing instructions for his executors, statements of his personal finances, terriers of his estates in Kent and Hampshire, observations on estate management, religious homilies of Unitarian persuasion, transcript of a letter from Day to a Roman Catholic priest describing his religious persuasion (1807) (pp.37-45), instructions to his children, Biblical and literary quotations, transcript of article from the General Evening Post of 24 May 1808 reporting the prosecution of Rev. Francis Stone of Cold Norton, Essex, for preaching false doctrines and transcript of a sermon preached to Unitarian Christians by Rev. Joshua Toulmin DD (pp.61-144)


With partial index at front.




[Archivist’s note. Believed to have been contained among the records of Arnold, Tuff and Grimwade, later Martin Tolhurst Partnership, solicitors, of The Precincts, Rochester. For previous deposits see 11E/2, DE200, DE547, DE548, DE558 and DE1185]

Date: [1792] 1802-1809, 1834
Quantity: 1 volume
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1199 on request slip.

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Personal papers and photographs relating to Miss Joyce Smith, (born 21 January 1922) former resident of Medway, latterly of Bournemouth, Hampshire, comprising; School progress reports for Byron Road School, Gillingham, 1930 – 1933.  School reports for County School for Girls, Chatham 1935 – 1938.  Speech Day programmes for County School for Girls, Chatham, 1933, 1935, and 1936.  School photograph, County School for Girls, Chatham, showing whole school, July 1936. Newspaper cutting reporting names of girls awarded places at the County School for Girls (c1934). University of London School Certificate awarded to Joyce Violet Smith in December 1938. Monochrome photograph of Joyce Smith with her mother Violet Smith (nee Knight). Coloured postcard showing artistic impression of an Empire Flying Boat of Imperial Airways c1936. Supplemental notes to Joyce Smith’s family background compiled by donor.

1 bundle and 1 roll.

Date: 1930_ to_1938
Quantity: 1_bundle _and _1_roll
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0755 on request slip.

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Unfit For Production

Records of Robert Watts of 30 High Street, Rainham, dispensing and family chemist and Vernon Henry Watts MPS of 30 and later 120 High Street, Rainham, dispensing chemist and of an earlier mid-nineteenth century unidentified chemist possibly also of Rainham, comprising:

customers' repeat prescriptions (ingredients) dispensing record book with index 1900-1973 (1 volume);
notebook containing notes and drawings on botany, elements, chemical formulae, reactions and preparations, experiments, photographic developing and recipes, mentioning Jacques Moll, photographer [q.v.] (1 volume);
notebook containing cuttings from printed sources about, and notes on, ingredients and preparations mainly for human medical consumption, with engraving of seaside town pasted onto rear cover, c.1860s (1 volume);
notebook containing notes on ingredients and preparations, with index, including poem of three stanzas entitled Courtship the first line of which reads: Oh Lama! will nothing I bring thee, pencil drawing of rose initialled WLB and pencil drawing of Bar Gate, Southampton, Hampshire, 1842-c.1860 (1 volume plus loose enclosures);
notebook containing notes apparently for delivery of lectures (perhaps at Gillingham Technical Institute or in the shop), on botany, chemistry, physics, definitions, materia medica, preparations and ingredients c.1900 (1 volume);
memorandum or letter book containing copies of orders to suppliers 1914-1916 (1 volume).

Date: 1842-1973
Quantity: 6 volumes
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0801 on request slip.

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Additional records of St. Mary's parish church, Dock Road, Chatham, and of Mrs. K.F. Forster of Boxley, of the Friends of St. Mary’s, formerly in the custody of Medway Heritage Centre Trust, deposited by the Trust on behalf of the Rochester Diocesan Society and Board of Finance, Diocesan Office, St. Nicholas' Church, Boley Hill, Rochester, comprising:register of marriages, St. Mary's Church, in the parish of St. Mary and St. John, 1964-1969 (1 volume);
parochial church council (PCC) minute book 1920-1935 (1 volume);
parochial church council minute book 1935-1948 (1 volume and loose enclosures);
PCC minute book 1948-1952 (1 volume and loose enclosures);
PCC secretary's copies of PCC agenda papers and minutes 1959-1975 (1 folder);
PCC income and expenditure account book 1957-1973 (1 volume);
annual statements of accounts 1944-1975 [gaps] (1 bundle);
offertory record 1904-1915 (1 volume);
general correspondence pertaining to fabric repairs, insurance, sale of property and vicarage and printed matter comprising service sheets, parish magazines and church and other local pamphlets 1923-1976 (1 folder);
printed service sheets and commemorative leaflets 1898-1965 (1 packet);
correspondence, copy petition and associated papers relating to objections to first proposal to close the church 1954-1956 (1 folder);
correspondence and other papers relating to objections to second proposal to close the church, appeal and pastoral measure 1962-1977 (1 folder);
correspondence and papers relating to benefice matters, assets and closure of St. Mary's Church, 1886-1974 (1 folder);
antiquarian notes about St. Mary’s Church and correspondence with interested parties concerning closure and future use of the church and churchyard c.1959-c.1975 (1 folder);
grant and conveyance of land for school site, St. Mary's Schools, Chatham and associated papers 1881-1935 (1 bundle);
lease of lease and release, parties John Bulfinch of Wapping in the parish of Stepney alias Stebonheath, Middlesex, gentleman and John Hull of Chatham, shipwright, in respect of land in the Brook, Chatham 18 March 1690 / 1691 (1 membrane);
certificate of attendance at communion of Ebenezer Creswell carpenter of HMS Northumberland, 5 November 1721 (1 membrane);
marriage licence of Ernest Alexander McBean of St. Marylebone, Middlesex, bachelor and Lily Buck of Chatham, spinster 1894 (1 membrane);
title deeds, citations, grants Tithe papers and other legal papers 1861-1903 (1 bundle);
Church of England Men's Society (CEMS) minute book, membership record and account book 1904-1924 (1 volume);
memorandum book compiled by the K.F. Forster [?], secretary [?] of the Friends of St. Mary's 1958-1965 (1 volume and loose enclosures);
photograph album illustrating the interior and exterior of the church and surrounding area c.1972 (1 volume);
black and white and colour photographs of exterior of St. Mary’s Church and belfry and bells, St. John’s Church, Railway Street, Chatham, civic ceremonies and visiting dignitaries, some relating to opening of Medway Heritage Centre, c.1972 – c.1979 (1 bundle) (Friends of St. Mary’s);
bound parish magazines and The Banner of Faith 1887 (1 volume);
visitors' book 1903-1974 (1 volume and loose enclosures);
leases of land, faculties, litigation papers, parsonage house papers, Charity Commission scheme for Payne’s Charity (1878), stock receipts (1925) and declaration of trusts regarding St. Mary’s school (1859), 1859-1925 (1 bundle/10 items/packets);
deed of exchange pursuant to the Enclosure Act of lands off New Road and Railway Street, Chatham, parties Rev. Henry B. Stevens and Major Mawdistley Gaussen Best of Boxley, with site plan, 1877 (2 membranes);
correspondence between successive incumbents of St. Mary's and War Department Lands Branch, Whitehall, London SW1 and Chatham Borough Council Education Committee about St. Mary's Church of England (Girls') School, Whiffen's Avenue, Chatham including site plan 1929-1940 (1 folder);
report and schedule relating to St. Mary’s School 1902-1903 (2 items, paper);
Act of Parliament for enlarging the present or providing an additional workhouse for the parish of Chatham 1802, printed 1881 (1 booklet);
Act of Parliament for enlarging the present or providing an additional workhouse for the parish of Chatham 1802, printed 1910 (1 booklet);
photocopy of typescript monumental inscriptions in the interior of St. Mary’s Church, compiled c.1980 (1 sheaf);
location chart for wall-mounted monumental inscriptions inside St. Mary’s Church compiled c.1850 (1 sheaf);
antiquarian notes on St. Mary’s Church, transcripts from the parish records, service sheets and inventories of assets, compiled or collated by Ron Foster of 52 Ingle Road, Chatham c.1965-c.1993 (1 folder);
papers pertaining to Deaconess Grace Partridge 1923-1925 (1 bundle);
commemorative scrapbook compiled by Rev. J. Tetley Rowe, incumbent of Chatham and his wife relative to the period, containing news cuttings, in-letters and photographs 1895-1907 (1 volume and loose enclosures);
printed pamphlet by Rev. J. Tetley Rowe, rector and Rev. G.M. Livett supporting appeal for funds to preserve two Norman arches in Chatham Church, 1901; printed pamphlet on history of Chatham Church c.1900; and typescript notes on history of the Dockyard Church c.1950 (1 packet/3 items);
printed booklet entitled A Medway Millennium: 947-1947 (1 booklet/40pp.);
scrapbook containing newscuttings relating the deployments of contemporary warships Royal Navy based c.1939-c.1945 (1 volume);
printed book entitled plans of harbours, bars, bays and roads in St. George's Channel by Lewis Morris of the Isle of Man, 1748 (1 volume) [mutilated];
HM Dockyard, Chatham, Constructive Department, painters and decorators' shop register of dockyard buildings redecorated, equipment loaned and equipment in stock, also containing memoranda as to named naval, police and civilian personnel relinquishing incumbency of accommodation areas, retirement or transfer and notes of occurrence of accidents and other events 1903-1948 (1 volume) [mutilated];
Black and white and colour photographs of the Royal Marines Band and individual musicians on board HMS Albion 1972 and HMS Fearless at Lisbon, Portugal 1972 and ashore at HMS Pembroke, Chatham 1983, in South America with HMS Hampshire 1968-1969, Royal British Legion Festival of Remembrance, Royal Albert Hall, London 1981 and elsewhere (1 bundle);
postcard photographs of three and four-masted sailing ships c.1920 (1 bundle);
printed booklet entitled Sailing and fighting instructions for His Majesty’s Fleet mainly comprising signals (1 booklet) [UFP] c.1750;
photocopy of text entitled St. Mary’s Church, Chatham, and its association with the Royal Navy, based on talks given by J.D. Crawshaw to Chatham Historical Society, c.1975 (1 sheaf);
printed pamphlet entitled The Royal Dockyard Church Chatham c.1969 (1 pamphlet);
printed souvenir programme for the launching of HMS Onslaught HM Dockyard, Chatham 24 September 1960 (1 pamphlet);
printed programme for launching ceremony for HMS Oberon 18 July 1959 (1 item, paper);
facscimile of MS reminiscences of Thomas I. Hill of Strood, fisherman and dredgerman, born 1807 at Strood, married Esther Back at Chatham Church 1830, recorded 1830 (1 bundle).[NB this deposit was made, as noted above, by Medway Heritage Centre Trust, on behalf of the Rochester Diocesan Society and Board of Finance, Diocesan Office, St. Nicholas' Church, Boley Hill, Rochester, legal successors to the St. Mary's Chatham parochial church council. At the same time the Trust deposited its own records, see deposit DE802. The arrangements for the joint deposit of collections DE801 and DE802, their common place of storage or origin prior to deposit and a similarity between the activities of the Friends of St. Mary's (and a continuation of their activities beyond the closure of the church) and those of Mr. R. Foster, a local historian and member of the Trust, make it impossible to establish with certainty the provenance of all the items in this collection. Some items in this deposit may therefore belong to the Medway Heritage Centre records and vice versa.]Call number P85 additional.File updated by Borough Archivist 5 July 2005

Date: 1748-1979
Quantity: 4 boxes and 1 large volume
Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0852 on request slip.

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Records of Rogers, Stevens and Chance, (formerly C.E.T. Rogers, Son and Stevens), 10 New Road, Chatham, chartered surveyors, brewery agents and valuers of licensed property, comprising:correspondence with mortgage lenders and site plans pertaining to valuation of private houses in Medway Towns and surrounding area c.1965-c.1982 (2 boxes);statements of change of tenancy of public houses, off-licences and hotels mainly in the Medway Towns (Strood, Rochester, Chatham and Brompton/Gillingham) and Kent (including Maidstone, Canterbury, Tunbridge Wells, Tenterden, Folkestone, Dover, Isle of Thanet, Sheerness and and Queenborough), but with many also covering the out-county area chiefly Sussex (including Northiam, Robertsbridge, Hastings, St. Leonards-on-Sea and Brighton) and Essex (including Bishops Stortford, Burnham-on-Crouch, Southend and Clacton-on-Sea), with a small coverage of Bedfordshire, Oxfordshire (Dorchester-on-Thames), Wiltshire (Marten), Surrey (including Godalming), Berkshire (Reading), Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk, Devon (Bear Inn, Colyton), London, Middlesex, Cambridgeshire (Cambridge), Norfolk (Spread Eagle, Barton Bendish) and Switzerland (San Domenico, Castagnola), parties (a) Rogers, Stevens and Chance acting as agents of brewers and (b) tenants, many containing valuation inventories of stock in hand and fixtures and fittings room by room, war damage correspondence and papers, dilapidations surveys, property inspection reports, monopopy valuations (stating social class of clientele), photographs and biographies of tenants, facsimile architects' drawings and site plans and correspondence with brewers, insurers and tenants, c.1871 *-c.1970. Some files contain only the firm's management correspondence on matters including petrol rationing early 1950s and use of motor vehicles c.1940 (164 boxes);finding aids to statements of change as above and correspondence files (2 1/2 boxes);brewery rating files pertaining to breweries in Kent and Norfolk, breweries comprising:
Mackeson’s Brewery, High Street, Hythe 1933-1972 (1 file);
Courage (Eastern) Building Department garages, stores and premises at 1 Buckland Road, Maidstone 1964-1967;
Fremlins Pale Ale Brewery, Stores and Offices, Earl Street, Maidstone 1950-1972;
Truman Hanbury Buxton and Co. Ltd., Bottling Stores, Surrey Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1950-1968;
Phoenix Brewery, Bow Road, Wateringbury 1923-1974 (1 file);
Cooperage and Sawmills, garages and premises, Buckland Road, Maidstone (Courage Eastern Ltd.) 1949-1974 (1 file);
Whitbread Fremlins, 43-47 Earl Street, Maidstone 1980-1983 (1 file);
Truman Ltd. Bottling Stores, 139-141 King Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1974 (1 file);
Medway Brewery, St. Peter’s Street, Maidstone, Courage (Eastern) Ltd. 1923-1977 (1 file);
The Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Shepherd Neame Ltd. 1965-1978 (1 file);
Malt House, Nettlestead, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1928-1980 (1 file);
Smaller Malt House, Nettlestead, Frederick Leney and Sons Ltd. 1928-1957 (1 file);
Off Licence 31-33 Pudding Lane, Maidstone; offices, garage, stores, workshops and premises, Pudding Lane, Maidstone, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1931-1984 (1 file);
Wine and Spirit Stores, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1963-1984 (1 file);
Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1957-1983 (1 file);
(2 boxes);public house inventory books c.1915-c.1933, labelled George Taylor FAI, 13 and 19 Watts Place, Chatham, auctioneer and valuer, (7 1/2 boxes);letter books 1910-1932 (20 boxes);rating assessment books 1973-1974 (3 volumes);address book c.1970 (1 volume);valuation books 1967-1982 (4 binders);account books 1973-1980 (2 volumes) [* Most statements of change files post-date 1940. The only file prior to 1940 is an inventory for The Chequers public house, Higham, 1871. The surviving sequence begins at number 4591 before which the finding aid references are redundant. NB the statements of change have been weeded. 98% of files pertaining to the Medway Towns have been retained. About 40% of out area files have been destroyed as not containing inventories or other documents of social, architectural or economic value.]File updated by Borough Archivist 10 January 2004.

Not  accessible without minimum 10 working days notice: UNCATALOGUED

Date: c.1871-1984
Quantity: Pending
Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0870 on request slip.

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Additional records of the Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Kt. in Chatham, comprising:

Records of deputy governor of Hawkins’ Hospital

Register of payments to pensioners 1954-1981 (1 volume) [Mutilated and incomplete];
Minutes and correspondence 1981-1982, 1983 and 1984 (3 binders);
Agenda and minutes 1989 (1 packet);
Appeal committee correspondence 1983 (1 binder);
Report to governors by Mitchell and Partners, 1A The Embankment, Putney, London, chartered architects 1980 with facsimile drawings, bills of quantities and correspondence 1982-1983 (1 packet);
Bills of quantities for proposed alterations and refurbishment prepared by Mitchell and Partners, 1A The Embankment, Putney, London, chartered architects 1982 (1 volume);
Correspondence about repairs, minutes and accounts 1984-1988 (1 folder);
Report to governors on laundry room by Mitchell and Partners, 1A The Embankment, Putney, London, chartered architects 1983 (1 booklet);
Minutes, correspondence and accounts 1969-1977 (1 folder);
Minutes, correspondence and accounts 1978-1985 (1 folder);
Financial statements and audited accounts 1983-1997 (1 bundle);
Signed copies of audited accounts 1987-1992 (1 packet);
Minutes, correspondence, accounts and press cuttings 1958-1980 (1 folder);
Correspondence pertaining to roof repairs and minutes 1974-1977 (2 folders);
Correspondence with Charity Commission 1978-1983 (1 folder);
Civic Trust award 1986 (1 sheet);
Housing Design Award 1985 (1 sheet);
Correspondence pertaining to organisation of visit of HM Elizabeth, The Queen Mother 1984 (1 folder);
Visitors’ book used on occasions of visits by HM The Queen Mother or HM Queen Elizabeth II and signed by them, governors and deputy governor 1984 and 1985 (1 volume);
Photograph of presentation of cheque in courtyard of hospital, subjects comprising Royal Navy captain, clergyman [possibly dean of Rochester], deputy governor [?] and residents c.1980 (1 item);
Photographic reproduction of artist’s impression of aerial view of Naval review at Spithead, The Solent, Hampshire 1937, as published in The Daily Mail 20 May 1937 (1 item)

and Ann Phillips’ Charity (incorporated into Hawkins’ Hospital in 1992)

Applications for cheques and notifications of changes of trustees 1922-1984 (1 folder);
receipts for disbursements made to beneficiaries and notifications of changes of trustees, as maintained by Personnel Manager, HM Dockyard, Chatham 1963-1976 (14 folders);
receipts and disbursements book 1901-1957 (1 volume);
register of recipients arranged by parish 1945-1979 (1 volume)

CH108 additional

Date: 1922-1997
Quantity: 4 boxes
Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0911 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0911.html

Additional records of HM Customs and Excise for the Port of Rochester, deposited by Knowledge Services Unit, Library Services, HM Customs and Excise, 4th. Floor West, Ralli Quays, 3 Stanley Street, Salford, Lancashire, via Senior Research Archivist, Centre for Kentish Studies, Sessions House, County Hall, County Road, Maidstone, comprising:

List of names of Royal Navy mates serving as chief officers of coastguard stations (in south of England and Ireland), giving names, stations and ports and remarks, 7 July 1842 (1p.);
Facsimile site plan, elevation and plan of proposed Waterguard Office, Customs and Excise, Port of Rochester, Canal Road, Strood, prepared by Ministry of Works, Forest Road, Tunbridge Wells, 20 June 1945 (1p.);
Facsimile plan, section and elevation of Customs and Excise Office, Port of Rochester, Canal Road, Strood, as revised 23 November 1946 (1p.);
Discharge certificate issued by Melville Hospital for Seamen and Marines [alias Chatham Hospital or Royal Hospital, Chatham], Chatham [cf. Brompton] in respect of Daniel Collins, commissioned boatman of HM Coastguard, Cliffe Creek, on completion of treatment for haemoptysis, 1850 (1p.);
Statement of particulars of trade and business at port of Rochester1877-1880 with letter from P. [?] Costello [?], collector at Rochester, asking for increase in salary, annotated with refusal 1881 (2pp.);
Correspondence pertaining to claim by Richard Coveney, examining officer, for removal expenses in removing from Lowestoft, Suffolk to Rochester 1868 (9 items);
Correspondence between Comptroller of Rochester Custom House, Long Room Branch, Assistant Secretary’s Branch and Captains of HMS Cambridge (1840), HMS Wanderer (1840), HMS Horatio (1852), Customs offices at Plymouth, Devon and Portsmouth, Hampshire and Edward Winch of Rochester (1852) pertaining to duty, Drawback and supply of wine and brandy to Royal Navy at Woolwich and Sheerness 1838-1852 (14 items)

[For previous deposit see DE829]

Date: 1838-1946
Quantity: 1 bundle
Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0921 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0921.html

Records de-accessioned and transferred by Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, comprising documents of varying provenance presumed collected by George Payne FLS FSA and successor curators of Eastgate House Museum, Eastgate, High Street, Rochester.

Copy of petition by shipwrights of HM Dockyards Deptford, Portsmouth, Chatham, Plymouth, Woolwich and Sheerness to HM The King [Charles II?] asking for relief c.1665 x c.1680, copy made c.1770 x c.1780[former museum reference BM521]1p.;

letter from Josiah Burchett, secretary to the Admiralty, London, to [James?] Littleton, Commissioner of HM Dockyard, Chatham, acknowledging his report on sailing from dock of HMS Revenge and HMS Buckingham and sailing of HMS Monmouth and HMS Nottingham to Blackstakes, 17 February 1719/1720 [former reference dep. no. 1374]1p.;

letter from Dame Sybil Thorndike, Royal Turks Head Hotel, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, actress to Mrs. Blanche Philbrick, College Green, The Precincts, Rochester, reminiscing about her childhood in Rochester, 29 November 1958 (3 items);

letters received by Rev. A.J. Pearman MA, The Precincts, Rochester, about heraldry and history of Appledore, Leeds Castle and Bethersden (1 bundle/6 items);

correspondence between A.A. Arnold of Cobhambury, Cobham (1910), E.H. Elliott of Acorn Wharf, Rochester (1903) and Quarter Master Sergeant C.B. Burnett, Royal Engineers (RE), instructor to South Africa Scottish Regiment, Martinique Barracks, Bordon Camp, Hampshire (1916), discussing ordnance datum stone in Grain churchyard, 1903-1916 (4 items);

letters received from ecclesiastical dignitaries and statesmen including Randall Davidson, William Ewart Gladstone and Lord Salisbury by Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne 1839-1890 (1 booklet);

letter from James [?] A. Hamilton, secretary to the Treasury, 20 Chester Square, London [to Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne?] c.1852 (1p.);

copy of letter from M.M[-] to a Mrs. Rigden of Brinley House, Faversham, covering a gift to Miss S. Fagge, before 1867 (1p.)

letter from Lord Throwley, Lees Court, Faversham to Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne, declining dinner invitation 1889 (1 p.);

stamped envelope addressed to Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne posted from Bryanston, Blandford, Dorset 1869 (1 item, paper);

letter from Dr. W. Munk, physician to Cardinal Nicholas Wiseman of Finsbury Place, London to unnamed addressee [probably Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne] c.1865 (1 p.);

letters from George R. Cobham to G.M. Arnold [of Cobhambury, Cobham?] about Sir Thomas Courteny (“Mad Tom”) 1894 and from J. Levett, cathedral verger, Chertsey’s Gate, The Precinct/High Street, Rochester to A.A. Arnold [of Cobhambury, Cobham?] about architectural [?] drawings, 1911 (2 items, paper)

circular appeal letter with list of existing subscribers for Kent Martyrs’ Memorial from T. Lambert, W.H. Horsley and F.W. Furley as received by A.A. Arnold of Cobhambury, Cobham c.1885 (2 items, paper);

letters from Thomas Jenner [?] [see also EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_17] of 39 Star Hill, Rochester and Lieutenant Colonel William C. Eldon Serjeant of 1 Plowden Buildings, Temple, London EC, former concerning * Chinese radicals or characters [see also EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_99], Lebanon, Syria, oriental languages and customs and the British Museum, London 1915 (2 items, paper) latter about book of Kentish views 1900 (2 items, paper);

copies of letters from Richard Stedman, Esq., JP of Great Delce, Rochester and Reginald John Mascall Stedman of Rochester to their cousin Alfred Field, Esq. of Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, discussing Stedman family history and heraldry, 1907-1908 (3 sheafs);

notes by Canon Sydney Williams Wheatley, rector of St. Margaret’s Church, St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester, on history of Crispin and Crispianus public house, London Road (Watling Street), Strood and copy of letter from E. Guy Dawber ARA of 18 Maddox Street, Hanover Square, London W1 to Wheatley, complaining about the city council’s treatment of Eastgate House garden, 1928 [former museum reference dep. 382] [see also DE53/1] (3 items, paper);

letter from Henry Haunton of The Hall, West Farleigh to a Mr. Day [of Arnold, Baker and Day, The Precincts, Rochester, solicitors?] discussing William Lambarde’s A Perambulation of Kent of 1576 and publication of an article in Archaeologia Cantiana, 1917 (1 item, paper);

notice from T.[?] J.[?] Platt of Rolls Garden, London to plaintiffs in case of Webster versus Fox to attend him, 1847 (1 item, paper);

sketch of architectural feature forming part of Rochester Castle curtain wall [?] adjacent to Castle Gardens c.1900 (1 item, paper);

transcription of statutes of Robert de Bredgar’s college church at Bredgar, 1398, copied by J. Brigstocke Sheppard and addressed to secretary of [Kent Archaeological Society?] c.1880 (1 sheaf);

two letters from Miss M. Greenwood of Somersby, Woburn Sands, Bletchley, Buckinghamshire to G.E. Dibley Esq. reminiscing about Rochester, re-naming of streets, site of St. Mary’s Meadow or Field off Rochester High Street, Charles Dickens, Anne Pratt, railway stations and journeys, cathedral crypt, Chatham and Strood, 1923 (1 sheaf);

letter from Mrs. Win Brown, Garrison School, Changi, Singapore [cf. Malaya, Malay States, Malaysia] to Miss Josephine (Jo) Fitzgerald, her mother and Pat, 80 Beacon Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire, discussing family news and explaining evacuation is unlikely as danger of attack is remote, letter constituting souvenir of first Pan American (Pan Am) Airways Clipper Service from Singapore to San Francisco, California, United States of America (USA), 6 May 1941 (4pp. plus stamped envelope);

note from H. Wickham of Strood to a Miss Foord thanking her for flowers, with embossed coat of arms, 1891 (1 p.);

letter from Lieutenant [?] H. Smith, Royal Navy (RN) on board Flower of Yarrow yacht, Naples, Campagna, Italy to his wife Elizabeth (Lizy) Smith, St. Paul’s Square, Southsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, discussing family matters, his voyage, sailors, acquaintances e.g. Leveson Gowers, Falkland Islands [cf. Atlantic] 21-22 March 1839 (1 item, paper);

[* cf. China]

Date: [c.1665] 1720-1958
Quantity: 1 bundle
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0924 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0924.html

Bound or loosely bound bibliographical notes, MS notes, correspondence, and printed monographs on aspects of the Textus Roffensis (DRc/R1), de-accessioned and transferred by Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, comprising:

Off-print from Archaeologia Cantiana entitled Notes on the Textus Roffensis by Professor F. Liebermann LLD (Berlin) [Brandenburg, Germany] with a preliminary account by A.A. Arnold FSA of Cobhambury, Cobham, former chapter clerk of Rochester Cathedral 1898;

MS transcription by A.A. Arnold of Liebermann’s monograph, 1898;

Notes by A.A. Arnold on Rev. Samuel Pegge’s An Historical Account of that Venerable Monument of Antiquity the Textus Roffensis 1770 and 1784, with references to Archaeologia volume I 1770 and Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica;

MS draft or transcription of article entitled The Textus Roffensis in Chancery AD 1633 by A.A. Arnold;

Letters received by A.A. Arnold on subject of the Textus Roffensis from E. Maunde Thompson, British Museum, Great Russell Street, London (1887), Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, The Rectory, Otterden (1894) and Old Vicarage, Dane John, Canterbury (1897), Rev. Canon G.M. Livett, The Precincts, Rochester (1894) and The Vicarage, Frindsbury, The Vicarage, Wateringbury (1898), Charles F. Routledge, St. Martin’s, Canterbury (1894-1898), George Payne of The Precincts, Rochester (1894), Professor F. Liebermann of 10 Benderstrasse, Berlin W., Brandenburg, Germany (1896-1899), W.H. St. John Hope, Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London W. (1898), W. de Gray Birch, British Museum, Great Russell Street, London (1898), Ven. Canon Samuel Cheetham, Archdeacon of Rochester, The Precincts, Rochester (1898), Charles J. Elton, 10 Cranley Place, Onslow Square, London SW (1899), Bernard Pitt, 48 London Road, Strood (1910), T.S. Frampton, St. Mary’s Platt (1890), Herbert P. Betts of The Vicarage, Steep, Petersfield, Hampshire (1913), Rev. A.J. Pearman MA, Minor Canon Row, Rochester (1898), correspondence with Rev. Canon Sydney W. Wheatley, St. Margaret’s Vicarage, St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester (1917-1920) and letters from The Autotype Company, 74 New Oxford Street, London WC to George Payne, The Precincts, Rochester and G. F. Harmer Esq., British Museum, Great Russell Street, London (1894);

Includes postcard sent by Liebermann bearing photograph of the Goethe-Schiller Monument, Weimar, Thuringia, Germany, 1896;

Various notes by Arnold and others on Textus Roffensis

Date: 1894-1920
Quantity: 1 volume plus enclosures
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0991 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0991.html

Records deposited on permanent loan by the Director General of the Ordnance Survey (OS), Romsey Road, Maybush, Southampton, Hampshire, via Essex Record Office, Chelmsford, Essex and Centre for Kentish Studies, County Hall, Maidstone, comprising:

OS form 94 minor control point album respecting map TQ7772, containing:

OS form 397 list of national grid co-ordinates of minor control points (revision points and permanent traverse stations) falling in KM square 7772, 1962;
OS form 480 queries and amendments to minor control data and bench marks 1982;

2 x OS form 428 photographs of revision points at north side of Broad Street opposite gatehouse, Hoo Lodge, Hoo St. Werburgh, at gatehouse, Hoo Lodge, Hoo St. Werburgh, at Crescent Stores, Town Road, Hoo St. Werburgh and 15 St. Werburgh Crescent, Hoo St. Werburgh, 1950 (4 photographs);

OS form 541 permanent traverse station description 1951 [Hoo St. Werburgh?]

Date: 1950-1982
Quantity: 1 booklet
Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: 07_M_SERIES/M008 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 07_M_SERIES/ M008.html

Photocopies of papers about Charles Edwin Jacobs, Assistant Warder, HM Prison, Borstal and formerly of HM Dockyard, Portsmouth, Hampshire sea-going craftsman, originals dated 1878-1924

Includesletter headed bills from A. Jabez Whitehead of 197-199 High Street, Chatham, general furnishing warehouseman 1889
Date: Originals 1878-1924; photocopies 1991
Quantity: 1 bundle/16pp.

Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/MTC_MR_010 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/ MTC_MR_010.html

Medway Council,  records transferred from departments of the newly created unitary authority chiefly comprising records of the former Gillingham Borough Council.

National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949: Part IV Survey of Public Rights of Way, 1 folder c.1949
National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949: Part IV Survey of Public Rights of Way, modifications of draft map, statement of objections and provisional statement 1952;
Maps referred to in the Kent Review Order 1934: Map No.5, supplied by W.L. Platts, Clerk of Kent County Council, 1934, 1 item, paper on cloth
provisional public footpaths maps for Gillingham, Rochester and Chatham 1952;
OS map of New Brompton and District of St. Mark, showing St. Mary’s Island, Dockyard extensions and Convict Prison 1856;
plan of Gillingham Park c.1902-c.1906 also showing site of infectious diseases hospital;
Town Planning Scheme OS map 1906 edition 6”: I mile annotated c.1950[?];
6”: 1 mile OS map 1899 edition showing streets affected by Gillingham Electric Light Order 1902;
OS maps showing sewer mains or connections and Wigmore estate; OS map denoting land exchanged between Gillingham BC and Hollingbourne Rural District Council after 1910;
OS maps showing Joint Sewerage Committee mains around Medway Towns;
roll of plans of Bourne and Hillier’s dairies 1940s-1950s; of Lidsing [cf. Lydsing];
sets of original 1:2500 OS maps Gillingham and contiguous areas and facsimile 25” : 1 mile OS maps of same, all 1908 or 1909 editions;
plans of Embassy Cinema, Gardiner Street, Gillingham, 1936 (10 items); plans of Gillingham County School for Boys (Robert Napier Secondary School), Third Avenue, Gillingham 1922-1932 (8 items);
plan of Hoath Estate, Gillingham 1938 (No. 6876);
plans of Courtfield Estate/Castlemaine Avenue/Vineries 1934-1935 (Nos. 5012, 5242, 5243, 5244, 5598, 5620, 6876) (11 items);
14 houses Third Avenue, Gillingham c1930s;
plans of Seaview Estate, Gillingham 1939 (Nos. 7095, 7096, 7097, 7099) (12 items);
plans of Cumberland Estate 1937 (2 items);
plans of Dock Road/Wood Street, Brompton Improvements A231 1955;
plans of 36 houses, off London Road, Rainham 1931;
plans of Gillingham Public Library, High Street, Gillingham 1936;
plans of Swimming Bath, Paddling Pool and Boating Pool, Strand, Gillingham 1934-1936;
plans of Fire Station, Convenience and Lock-up shop, Canterbury Street/Rock Avenue, Gillingham 1910;
plan of proposed access road, Gordon Barracks Industrial Site, Hoath Way, Gillingham c1980;
plans of Rainham Mark Building Estate and London Road estate, Rainham c.1910 (3 items);
6”: 1 mile OS map 1909/1932 revision showing Gillingham boundaries and altertions 1903-1934;
roll of Wigmore land use and occupiers plans 1963 (2 items);
roll of plans for Gillingham Sewerage schemes 1934 and 1965, former by W.H. Radford & Son of Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, civil engineers, latter by J.K. Urwin, Borough Engineer, (22 items);
roll of plans of Gillingham main drainage scheme 1965-1966 (10 items);
roll of accommodation plans of Municipal Buildings, Gillingham c.1960 (2 items);
roll of facsimile plans of Municipal Buildings, Gillingham as above (2 items);
25”: 1 mile OS map 1898 edition of drainage or water mains, Gillingham; 25”: 1 mile OS map 1898 edition showing boundaries, public houses and certain roads marked;
25”: 1 mile OS map 1898 edition showing storm water drainage scheme with legend including Redfern’s scheme 1906;
handdrawn, pen and ink wash military map of Chatham and environs surveyed between 1781 and 1783 by Colonel Hugh Debbieg [alias Diebig], stamped HQ Royal Engineers, Thames District, Chatham 1895 & 1896, showing woodland, hedgerows, trees, boundaries, buildings, defence works, barracks, coastline, marshes, watercourses and relief, high ground represented by radiating lines or strokes around isolated high features or parallel lines and strokes for continuous features (paper, repaired and backed onto linen);
plan of Gillingham High Street Improvements by John L. Redfern ARIBA 1925;
building plan registers [for plans relating, please see deposit MTC/MR/5], Kelly’s Directories;

exhibition photographs, Bloor’s Wharf, 1997 (32 items, mounted and captioned);

mounted photograph of councillors and officers of Gillingham Borough Council on occasion of presentation of freedom scroll to Alderman J.J. Knight, with captions, 1926 (1 item, mounted); aerial photograph of Royal Naval Hospital, Royal Navy Chatham Division and Great Lines, Gillingham c.1950 (1 item); photograph of HMS Shannon at sea c.1920 (1 item, mounted); photograph of HMS Oleaner at anchor, by Symonds and Co., Portsmouth, Hampshire c.1920 (1 item, mounted); group photograph of Cricket Club, Royal Naval Hospital, Royal Navy Chatham Division, Gillingham, with captions, by Morehen and Co., 6 High Street, Old Brompton 1910 (1 item, mounted)

Photograph of woman mayor of Gillingham 1994 (1 item);

Call no.: GBC (uncatalogued)  Prior notice required for access

File updated by Borough Archivist 9 November 2006

Date: 1895-c.1997
Quantity: Pending
Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/01_1_Intro on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 01_1_Intro.html

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre 


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(To view a full list of the collection, please click here or use menu to select folder at query screen and follow instructions for obtaining a "collection report" supplied.)

DE18 Transferred from the Guildhall Museum, Rochester on permanent loan from Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital, 2 April 1990

DE322 Transferred from the Guildhall Museum, Rochester on permanent loan as above 21 December 1993 (originally deposited with Eastgate House Museum, Rochester, 1914 [now Guildhall Museum, Rochester])

DE461 Deposited on permanent loan to Rochester Upon Medway City Council at Rochester upon Medway Studies Centre by the Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital, 23 August 1995

NB: works cited in the introduction are listed in full in the bibliography enclosed.

NB1: the introduction to this list is not intended as an exhaustive or definitive monograph in any respect and serves only as an explanatory guide and background to the collection.


Hawkins was born in Plymouth, Devon in 1532, the younger son of William Hawkins, an experienced navigator and merchant known to Richard Hakluyt.

William Hawkins was also a prominent citizen of Plymouth where he served as Mayor 1532-1533 and 1538-1539 and which he represented in Parliament in 1539. John Hawkins' elder brother William was also Mayor of Plymouth, Devon 1578-1579 .

John Hawkins was therefore brought up in an established seafaring and mercantile family and may also have gained military skills with his father privateering in the English Channel. After his own voyages to the Canaries, Teneriffe, Guinea in West Africa and Portugal, Hawkins looked more ambitiously towards the West Indies. Thereafter, Hawkins alternately clashed or traded with the Spanish* Empire .

[* cf. Spain]

Hawkins' civil career took after his family's example. In 1556 Hawkins was admitted Freeman of Plymouth and served as Mayor in 1572.

The Hawkins family coat of arms, augmented by Sir John in 1564, is depicted on an estate plan in the collection (CH108/276A). Interpretation of the inspiration for the crest on the coat of arms varies, although it certainly stems from Hawkins' own voyages.

Arnold describes the crest as comprising a demi-moor proper, bound captive, with annulets on his arms and in his ears, attributing this to Hawkins commemorating a victory over the Moors achieved on one of his voyages (p.19). Arnold, a Solicitor and responsible figure in the Medway Towns, was clerk to numerous organisations and Deputy Governor of Hawkins' Hospital.

Writing earlier than Arnold and for a more popular readership, Harris describes the crest as a demi-moor in his proper colour bound with cord and attributes this to Hawkins' infamous traffic in slaves, which at that period does not seem to have militated against the feelings of the most enlightened and humane of our countrymen (p.7).

It is conceivable that at this time physical conditions for enslaved negroes had not yet degenerated to those of the Eighteenth Century. On Hawkins' second slaving voyage, planned in 1564, 120 quarters of beans and peas with shirts and shoes were loaded for the anticipated 500 captives (Williamson 1927/p.95).

Through Hawkins' contact with Benjamin Gonson, Treasurer of the Navy (and a financial backer of his second slaving voyage), he was introduced to Gonson's daughter Katherine whom he married in about 1559. This relationship with Gonson also resulted in Hawkins inheriting on 1st January 1578 the office of Treasurer of the Navy, following this with the Comptrollership of the Navy in 1588, the Armada year. (A B. Gonson is mentioned in CH108/349).

It was during Hawkins' period in office as Treasurer that he established the link with Chatham which was to result in the foundation of the Chatham Chest and Hawkins' Hospital, both of which followed in the aftermath of the Spanish Armada.

In the period 1578-1588 Hawkins' time as Treasurer saw new influences in the design of warships and in the administration of the navy, with both of which Hawkins has been associated. As Rear Admiral serving in the English Channel against the Spanish Armada, Hawkins distinguished himself in an engagement off the Isle of Wight, Hampshire, following which Hawkins was knighted by Lord Howard of Effingham on board the Arc on 25 July 1588 and was promoted Vice Admiral the following day.

After a period ashore during which Hawkins was closely involved in the founding of the Chatham Chest (1588-1590) and his Hospital (1592-1594), he again took to sea, in an expedition to the West Indies led by Sir Francis Drake. Falling ill and dying off Porto Rico, West Indies, on 12 November 1595, his body was buried at sea. Originally, memorial tablets were erected to his memory at St Dunstan's in the East Church, London.

Hawkins' only lasting and permanent memorial has proved to be his Hospital in Chatham. The Chest, a joint foundation and semi-official, lapsed effectively in 1803. However, except for what can be inferred from the title deeds to his estates, there is little of biographical value in this collection, although item CH108/334 does contain some manuscript biographical information.


Little more than villages in the sixteenth century, Chatham and Gillingham benefited from a tidal range and wide expanses of mudflats on the River Medway but had indifferent winds.

The potential for ship repairing and provisioning and geographical closeness to London, one day's ride from Chatham, led to the Medway developing as an anchorage and victualling base for the navy in the period immediately prior to 1550.

Strategically, Chatham was close to the Thames Estuary and the dockyards at Deptford and Woolwich. Defensively, Chatham was progressively secured by a bulwark at Sheerness in Edward IV's reign, Upnor Castle at Frindsbury built on Elizabeth I's orders by Richard Watts 1560-1564 and the blocking up with piles of St Mary's Creek at Gillingham in 1574. In 1585 a giant chain mechanism was first extended across the Medway, designed to obstruct a Spanish naval incursion.

Little naval shipbuilding was undertaken at Chatham until the Seventeenth Century although the Sunne was launched there in 1586 (Cull).

By the time Hawkins had founded his Hospital in 1592, and partly through his own presence there as Treasurer of the Navy, Chatham had seen significant building projects ashore in connection with the Spanish Armada, further establishing its importance as an anchorage and victualling base.

Hawkins' biographer describes Gillingham or Chatham as the principal dockyard of the Navy (1949 p.263) and the principal centre for the laying-up and repair of ships (1927 p.323).

By Hawkins' time the Medway area had also acquired certain associations with important personalities in seafaring by birth or upbringing. Sir Francis Drake, Hawkins' commander on several occasions and also Devonian* by birth had spent his boyhood years at Upchurch where his father was minister. Drake's seamanship and navigational skills would have been gained on the Medway.

[*cf. Devon]

Also of local origin was William Adams, born in Gillingham (see the Gillingham parish registers held at this centre P153/1/1 and bibliography). Adams was engaged in far eastern ventures and gained lasting fame as the first Englishman to visit Japan but was also known in England as an experienced seaman and navigator before Hawkins' death. For an image of Adams' baptism record, please click here; for a transcription and explanation of this image, please click here.

The National Historical Context of Hawkins' Hospital

Now the oldest surviving Naval Charity, the circumstances of how Hawkins came to found a Charity and Almshouse for decayed Mariners and Shipwrights in Chatham are briefly as follows:-

In the centuries prior to Hawkins' Hospital, sick or wounded English Royal Mariners enjoyed some medical attention when disembarked, under Article 7 of the Laws of Oleron introduced in about 1200 and subsequently recorded in the Black Book of the Admiralty. The Laws of Oleron themselves had originated in the ancient Lex Rhodia of the Mediterranean world.

The acknowledged disadvantages of the Laws of Oleron were that while some financial support for those injured was available in the first instance, there was no guaranteed accommodation or long-term care on dry land. For centuries in the middle ages mariners therefore relied like landsmen on parochial or private charity.

The foundation of Hawkins' Hospital aimed to redress precisely that failing, but occurred at a watershed period in history, between what Keevil calls the end of pity and the rise of welfare .

Perhaps unkindly and misleadingly, Keevil describes Hawkins' action in founding his Hospital as the dying echo of the age of pity (volume 1 p.52).

In terms of civil legislation, Queen Elizabeth did enable the enacting of laws to relieve suffering among Mariners in the period from 1593 but apparently with little effect (Black pp. 264-265). Ultimately better universal poor relief was enabled by the great Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1598 and 1601 although even these worked imperfectly due to inequality in Parish finances from place to place.

The momentous national event which inspired Hawkins' Hospital was the Spanish Armada of 1588. For the first time in English history probably, large numbers of seamen were paid-off, many maimed, ill and destitute. When it became apparent that the Spanish Armada had sailed into the North Sea, the English Fleet had anchored off Margate. Here nearly all crews were disembarked, leaving only skeleton crews to sail the Fleet into Chatham.

The Kent seaside towns were affected by a sudden influx of these seamen. Lord Howard of Effingham, the Fleet's Commander, grieved to see them that have served so valiantly die so miserably . Holden asserts in fact that Effingham was the prime mover behind the Chatham Chest. If this was so, Hawkins may have wanted to make his own contribution to Naval charity.

The Local Historical Context

For several centuries Rochester and Chatham had benefited from St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester/Chatham, founded as a Leper Hospital in the late eleventh century and reputedly the country's oldest Hospital (see collection CH2 at this Centre). The restored Norman chapel of St. Bartholomew's Hospital stands opposite Hawkins' Hospital.

Immediately prior to Hawkins' foundation of his Hospital, Richard Watts, the builder of Upnor Castle founded his Charity and Almshouse in Rochester, in 1579 (see collection CH46 also at this Centre). This being the case, the echo referred to by Keevil was certainly louder and more persistent in the Medway Towns.

Reinforcing these developments, William Brook, 10th Lord Cobham in 1598 adapted an existing chantry house at Cobham to serve as an Almshouse known as Cobham College. (The records of Cobham College are held by the Rochester Bridge Wardens at Bridge Chamber, Esplanade, Rochester. The Cobham Parish and Darnley of Cobham Hall family and estate records are held at this Centre, collections P96 and U565 respectively).

In fact, probably contrary to Keevil's argument, Hawkins' Hospital was very significant as a sixteenth century charity. In the long term, Hawkins had been encouraged by a period of growth in secular charitable foundations originally caused by the collapse of monastic almsgiving following the Protestant Reformation in religion in Henry VIII's reign.* The secular response to this in the second and third quarters of the sixteenth century coincided with a revival of religious and economic confidence, exemplified by Watts and Lord Cobham locally, besides Hawkins, himself a merchant. As an almshouse historian puts it, the reign of Elizabeth had run half its course before major private benefactions began to appear again as a result of more settled times and policies (Bailey p.90).

Finally, it may be significant that John Whitgift, Archbishop of Canterbury was one of the first Governors of Hawkins' Hospital. Regarding Whitgift, Bailey states the first ecclesiastical foundation of real importance after the Reformation was John Whitgift's Hospital at Croydon [Surrey] in 1598 (p.95). Hawkins' Hospital therefore had as its most eminent early Governor, an ecclesiastical statesman who was at the forefront of charity in his age.

The Foundation of the Hospital

Given the national and local circumstances which enabled Hawkins to act as he did, it only remained to choose the present location of his Hospital in England's up and coming naval port.

When Hawkins took over as Treasurer of the Navy in 1578, nearly all the Navy was kept at Chatham (Williamson 1949/p.255). Hawkins found it necessary to be located at Chatham much of the time, assisted by two Master Shipwrights, Peter Pett and Matthew Baker (see CH108/291) , supervising a workforce of 200-300 men. Williamson states he probably had quarters at the Dockyard, but lived chiefly in the City (ibid).

Reputedly, Chatham Dockyard originated at a bend in the River Medway near the present Gun Wharf. This being the case, the quarters Williamson speculates on were probably located within view of the Dockyard and in all likelihood comprised the freehold and leasehold estates upon which the Hospital was to be built, acquired from William Barnes, a Master of the Navy, in 1582 ( CH108/291-293) and St. Bartholomew's Hospital,Rochester, if we are to believe Arnold (p.5), who as Deputy Governor had sight of a deed (now missing) also in about 1582, respectively.

Hawkins' Hospital is therefore a very good memorial to Hawkins' presence in Chatham Dockyard as it almost certainly stands on the site of his own home. Specifically, Hawkins' house was probably that which subsequently became the Deputy governor's mansion on the corner of Rochester High Street (No. 377) and Boundary Lane. This property was leasehold and the Hospital's tenancy lapsed in 1790, the premises latterly being used by Featherstone's as a Department Store. [The Guildhall Museum, Rochester holds a lantern slide of Featherstone’s building and Hawkins’ Hospital as they stood c1900-c1914.] Alongside the loss of these premises, whose earliest plan is contained in item CH108/276A, the Hospital suffered progressively worse problems with its estates in Essex and at East Wickham until these too were divested early in the twentieth century.

The present Hospital site therefore represents a much reduced portion of its original endowment, but has survived centuries of financial and legal difficulties still to serve the founder's original purpose.

The Chatham Chest

The foundation by Hawkins of his Hospital in 1592 was preceded immediately by the foundation of the Chatham Chest in the period 1588-1590. This was a completely separate fund, to which originally Royal sailors could make a voluntary contribution for the support of injured and disabled seamen. Later, contributions became mandatory.

In an inquiry into the Chatham Chest, whose foundation documents were lost early on, held at Rochester Castle in 1616, the Chest's beneficiaries were to be those who by reason of hurts and maims received in the service are driven into great poverty, extremity, and want to their great discouragement (the Commissioners quoted by Holden).

The joint founders of this benevolent fund are usually taken to have been Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Hawkins, who as senior commanders in the English fleet against the Spanish Armada were well acquainted with the fate of their sick and wounded seamen. However, Holden attributes the Chatham Chest mainly to Lord Howard of Effingham. Whichever is the case, Chatham ended up with two leading naval charities, both founded as a result of the Armada, both located in the main naval port and both involving Hawkins. Both also benefited equally from proximity to London and both had estates in the area (for the Chest's estates see MacDougall).

Both Chest and Hospital had similar constitutions although the precise administration and integrity of the Chest was very often in doubt, the Chest ultimately being transferred to Greenwich in 1803 when in theory it became the Chest at Greenwich but in reality ceased to exist as an independent fund altogether.

The similarities and differences between the Chest and Hospital are as follows. Hawkins' Hospital was entirely a private charity although mainly governed by leading naval and dockyard men who exercised discretion as to who was admitted as an almsman pre-1860 and in-pensioner or out-pensioner after 1860. The beneficiaries of the Chest ultimately had an automatic right to relief from that fund but both Chest and Hospital required personal visits to Chatham to make application. Until 1860 Hawkins' Hospital was residential only; the Chest was non-residential and always a branch of the navy.

The eligibility of candidates for relief by the Chest and Hospital varied from time to time but broadly speaking eligibility applied equally to both. Possibly some successful Hawkins candidates tended to be Chest rejects or more likely vice-versa.

Initially Hawkins' Hospital was open to seamen and shipwrights, the latter a higher level of dockyard worker. Perhaps the inclusion of shipwrights was partly due to Hawkins' close association with the Chatham yard, with Pett and Baker in particular and to Hawkins' memory of his own multiple injuries sustained at the launch of Swiftsure at Deptford in 1592, when we were forced to use great violence upon the tackles, whereof one gave way and brake, so as one end of a cable ran by my leg and hurt me in vi places (Williamson 1949/pp324-325).

Shipwrights also benefited from the Chatham Chest and in 1704 Marines became eligible. More recently, Hawkins' Hospital has also admitted other dockyard workers besides shipwrights. Most of Hawkins' Hospital's shipwrights had worked at the Chatham or Sheerness yards, as the application records show (CH108/72-109). Hawkins' Hospital admitted wives of candidates and maintained them as widows, but ejected them upon their remarrying. Under a Charity Commission Scheme sealed on 4 December 1996, provision was made for the admission of needy or disabled persons who had formerly served in the Army, Royal Air Force, Royal Fleet Auxiliary or British Merchant Navy, subject to priority being given to persons qualified for admission under previous Schemes. This to say that under the new Scheme, Hawkins' Hospital remains primarily a naval charity and accommodation may be made available to applicants from the other services or Merchant Navy only where it cannot be provided in favour of naval personnel, Royal Marines or Dockyard workers. (Accession DE565).

The administration of the Chest Fund was located at Chatham until 1803 when it was transferred to Greenwich Hospital, the actual chest, which had long been kept in the south porch of Chatham Church (St. Mary's) following it to Greenwich in 1893 where it remains to this day (National Maritime Museum). The demise of the Chest had been brought about by a surge in claims following the Peace of Amiens in 1802 during the French Revolutionary Wars.

There are few records or references to the Chest in this collection as the two organisations were separate, but there is a printed register of leases granted by the Chest c.1794-1803 (CH108/63) and an incomplete lease of Chest land of 1799 (CH108/64), the provenance of which is uncertain but is probably associated with the activities of leading naval officers involved with the Hospital. However the Dr. Plume legacy records in the collection impinge on the Chest 1707-1708 (CH108/190-195) and a separate collection held at this Centre comprises two so-called smart tickets or certificates for relief to the Chest for the relief of two seamen 1802-1806 (DE.192).

The records of the Chest are kept at the Public Record Office in London (see below).

A photograph of the Chatham Chest is illustrated in Defensive Moat: A History of the Waters of the Nore Command 55BC to 1961 by D.P. Capper 1963 opposite p.53 (ref. at this Centre: Naval Collection code "red disk").

The Hospital Buildings

The original and successive buildings, structures, other premises, gardens and many details of fabric and fixtures and fittings are recorded to varying degrees throughout the collection.

The main sources textually are the Governors' Minutes 1617 to date, loose accounts including annual balance sheets noting extraordinary expenditure on repairs, maintenance and building work 1594-1987 (CH108/113-189), the various series of title deeds and for visual material, the numerous plans and architectural drawings (CH108/268, 272, 298, 276A, 308, 329, 344-346, 348, 540, 544 and 545).

Besides the plans mentioned above, further architectural drawings are contained in the Rochester-upon-Medway City Council Archives as noted below in the Section "further archival sources at this Centre". The authors Arnold and Lear as noted in the bibliography also below, give some information on the development of the Hospital buildings.

The Hospital estates at East Wickham and Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, feature with similar textual and visual records of the buildings at those places, especially the Church and Smith's Forge at East Wickham and Old Garland's Farm, Stanford-le-Hope, Essex, for which see their respective sections in the property and estate management section of the list below (and see Contents Section following).

Finally it is possible the Wills and Probate Inventories of successive Deputy Governors or testate almsmen will contain information descriptive of the Hospital buildings and contents and these should be examined at the Centre for Kentish Studies, County Hall, Maidstone or the Public Record Office, London, via the names given in the Minutes or admission records in this collection.

The Governors and Deputy Governors

The Governors and Deputy Governors of Hawkins' Hospital are mentioned frequently throughout the collection, principally in the Minutes and as witnesses to the annual balance sheets (see Contents Section below). These men were high ranking figures at Chatham Dockyard or in the Royal Navy mainly but also included ex-officio the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Dean of Rochester (who was also Patron of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester) besides local Kent aristocrats, whose signatures, movements and opinions are frequently given in the records. In particular, the Governors took an interest in their Essex estates which at least once occasioned a group visit (see Property and Estate Management Section).

In conclusion, Chatham was an obvious choice for a naval charity and almshouse as it was rivalling Deptford and Woolwich dockyards while Plymouth, Devon, was declining and Portsmouth, Hampshire by 1550 had begun what turned out to be a gradual loss of its comparative pre-eminence (Oppenheim p.102) with the removal of the fleet from there to Gillingham probably to be nearer the centre of government and London merchants.

Hawkins could only anticipate Chatham's continued development to which he had been directly committed as Treasurer of the Navy in residence.

The Chatham Chest confirmed Chatham as the port of importance and Hawkins could endow his Hospital with his own personal estate there, conveniently located adjacent to the yard. The East Wickham estate was less than a day's ride towards London and close to Deptford and Woolwich while the Essex estates, near Tilbury, besides having a certain symbolism were also reachable across or around the Hoo Peninsula and River Thames.

These geographical advantages seemed to assure direct political access and convenient management of tenants for future income. Finally Hawkins' Hospital would be guaranteed a supply of beneficiaries as clearly state charity was not adequate and the Biblical exhortation to care for the poor, recorded in tablets on the Hospital buildings over the centuries, was as valid as ever.

The Collection

The list and collection have been archivally arranged according to the original administrative purpose of the records, in practice influenced by generations of deputy governors whose records they really were. In particular the hand of A.A. Arnold is clearly discernible in the arrangement of the collection and in his annotations and labels, while in the course of time certain court cases, disputes or Charity Commission business have dictated the collating of documents from different series within the collection. Where either Arnold's bundles or litigation bundles have been restored to series, notes of items so treated are included in the list, usually with Arnold's labelled notes following at the end of the relevant series. Not all notes are by Arnold and some are inaccurate, e.g. CH108/474.

The main level headings are Constitution and Pensioners, Finance, and Property and Estate Management. The contents section following gives a more detailed breakdown of levels and sections to which reference should be made before consulting the descriptive list proper.

Minutes do not seem to have survived earlier than 1616 and it is known that the first governors had to put statutes or ordinances into effect after Hawkins died. Precise details of the government of the Hospital, which varied from time to time, can be found in the royal charter of foundation or copy (CH108/1-2), the minutes (CH108/21-25) and Charity Commission schemes (CH108/8-10, 13-15) and associated documents early in the list, besides printed works mentioned in the bibliography to this list.

Arnold considered it probable that the Hospital's statutes were drawn up by one of the first governors, William Lambarde, who also had a hand in drafting the statutes of Cobham College mentioned above and of which he was president. Twenty-six governors were allowed for originally with certain qualifications as to residence applying to enable a quorum to be achieved.

Originally twelve almsmen were catered for and although this figure did vary, twelve was the usual number over the centuries, but from 1860 twelve out-pensioners were added. In-pensioners received their pension weekly (two weekly from 1920) besides faggots for their fires, beds, bedding, furniture, medical expenses and funeral fees, all of which are recorded in the Hospital's accounts or pension books. Out-pensioners received a pension only. Compare the application lists to names contained in the minute book indexes.

The collection has much family history potential to be found in the various series of deeds to properties many of which descended through the same family, the application records which contain basic information such as age, and the accounts or minutes which indicate dates of admission, death or funeral. It is quite possible to ascertain the nature of pensioners' lives through the above records, while the petitions received explain just how independent minded several were (CH108/34-35). Pensioners were governed by strict rules concerning religion and behaviour. Included among the various injunctions was the requirement for the almsmen to appear at the Hospital gate in the event of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Bishop of Rochester, Lord Admiral or Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports passing by and to give them prayers. For copies of the rules, see CH108/4.

Naval history is also traceable through the collection, mainly through the application records which give service details including how injuries were sustained but also in the deeds to which many prominent naval men and officials were party over the years. Of particular importance is the correspondence relating to the sale of the so-called Chatham Portrait of Hawkins to the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich in 1944-1945 (CH108/62). One can also speculate that the earliest almsmen were some of England's earliest naval veterans and naval shipwrights, some of whom may have been Armada veterans, although service records survive only for later applicants.

The social and economic history of Chatham can be studied through the Hospital accounts (especially through accounts CH108/127-189) as these contain many mentions of local tradesmen, clergy who officiated at the Hospital, and the Manor and civil parish of Chatham. The surviving poor rate books for Chatham make particularly useful comparison with the hospital's records (see collections P85 and CBA).

The title deeds in the collection are worthy of note for various reasons. Firstly there are several which are medieval in formula and which pre-date the Statute of Uses of 1535 while other later items often have archaic initial phrases. The oldest item in the collection is actually a deed to the Chatham estate of 1500 and is therefore fifteenth century (CH108/280). Fuller details are contained in the description. Included among the deeds is a late deed of gift of 1577 (CH108/288), examples of multiple cognate chirographs rarely found in the same collection of 1529 (CH108/283-284) and also less usually for the landlord, a series of counterpart leases 1798-1935 (CH108/297-308 passim). The sub-letting of property is also exemplified by the series of assignments of leases 1608-1790 (CH108/524-543).

The collection contains detailed information pertaining to Stanford-le-Hope in Essex and East Wickham including East Wickham Church, now in Metropolitan Kent. This is a common characteristic of an estate-owning organisation and means that genealogical, social and architectural records are held for areas further afield.

Also further afield but nearer to the Medway area, Sheerness Dockyard's history is partly illuminated by records relating to out-pensioners living in Sheerness and by correspondence with naval and Dockyard officials at Sheerness in connection with proxy payments to almsmen.

Christian names are spelt in the list according to the Oxford Dictionary of Christian Names , 3rd edition, E.G. Withycombe, 1982 (Rochester upon Medway City Archives Library, ref. 929.4) but surnames are spelt in the list as they occur in the records which will account for any apparent inconsistency in their spelling throughout the list.

All dates occurring in the period 1st January-24th March inclusive prior to 1752 have been modernised to conform with the Gregorian Calendar or so-called New Style as described in Handbook of Dates for Students of English History ed. C.R. Cheney 1978, pp.9-10.

Certain item descriptions throughout the list are headed by an underlined sentence or two. Here the underlining is used to indicate a title supplied by the archivist. Elsewhere in this list underlining indicates use of foreign words, ship or public house names or level and section headings.

It should be noted that historical, archival or bibliographical information supplementary to this introduction, is also dispersed throughout the collection at appropriate points, at level or section headings or occasionally with item descriptions.

In conclusion the records of Hawkins' Hospital probably constitute one of the most important collections of its kind in the country and certainly in Kent. The collection should bear very careful study in comparison with other records of charity or Britain's naval history, is valuable for genealogical research and is equally useful for local history. In the last regard, as noted throughout this introduction and list following, the Hospital records can be used in conjunction with many other collections held at this Centre for many aspects of local historical research, including architectural, social, economic and political.

Similar Charitable Organisations

Hawkins' Hospital was by no means unique as a charity for seamen or shipwrights and beside the Chatham Chest there existed the undermentioned. The following list is not exhaustive:-

1. Royal Greenwich Hospital
This organisation was founded in 1694 as a home for infirm seamen and marines taking such as in-pensioners until 1869. The hospital also supported out-pensioners (Bevan/Duncan).

2. The Charity for the Relief of Officers' Widows
This organisation was active for at least the period 1734-1929 (Bevan/Duncan).

3. The Compassionate Fund
This was voted by Parliament from 1809 and was available to orphans and dependents of Officers killed in action and not otherwise eligible for assistance. The records date down to at least 1921 (Bevan/Duncan).

4. Admiralty: Official pensions to the widows and orphans of commissioned officers, masters and warrant officers, records of which commence in 1673 (Bevan/Duncan).

5. Royal Bounty
This fund made payments to the widows, dependent children or indigent mothers aged over 50, of officers and ratings killed in action, whose records run from 1672-1822.

6. The Trinity House of Deptford
Although navigational skills became the main concern of this foundation dating from 1514, its charter nevertheless mentions an almshouse. Trinity House Deptford, if taken in conjunction with Hawkins' Hospital and the Chatham Chest, completes a total of three charities founded along the same lines and all located in Kent (Black).

7. Lord Kitchener Memorial Homes, Chatham
Founded in 1917 by Chatham Borough Council, this home is open to ex-servicemen. It is still active and is now administered by Medway Council.

8. Royal Naval Benevolent Trust
This national charity administers Pembroke House, Oxford Road, Gillingham.

9. Ann Phillips' Charity, Chatham 1799-1992
This charity has been incorporated into Hawkins' Hospital by the Charity Commissioners. It relieved widows and orphan children of deceased shipwrights, divided two thirds to those of Shipwrights dying in Chatham and one third to those dying in Gillingham.

10. Royal Sailors' Rests, Plymouth Devonport, Devon and Portsmouth, Hampshire (Current); a Rest at Chatham has closed (See Navy News p.37, January 1997)

11. Trafalgar Institute, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Mid-late 19th Century

12. King George's Fund for Sailors, 8 Hatterley Street, London.

13. Nore Children's Trust, renamed RN and RM Children's Trust, located at Pembroke House, Gillingham 1912-1984 when it was transferred to Plymouth, Devon. (Deposit of records pending as at July 1995) [See also collection DE547 (part) at this Centre].

14. Medway Mission to Seamen, (Rochester Diocesan Naval Church Institute), Navy House, Clover Street, Chatham (run by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester), now closed.
The records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester, also held at this centre, including their minutes, DRC/AC may mention this facility (Kelly's Directory 1936).

15. Chatham Discharged and Demobilised Sailors and Soldiers' Club, 103 High Street, Chatham, (Kelly's Directory 1936).

16. The Soldiers' and Seamen's Home and Institute, Military Road, Chatham, founded 1878 (Kelly's Directory 1897-1898 p.78).

17. A report was produced by the Commissioners for the Sick and Hurt Board in 1653, recommending the building of a naval hospital (Clark p.73) see following.

18. Royal Alfred Seafarers' Society (mainly Merchant Navy, but RN now included), "Weston Acres", Woodmansterne Lane, Banstead, Surrey, also Eastbourne, Sussex (incorporated 1977) (see CE/AD/KH/13Ad.) .

For a list of naval charities promoted by the Royal Navy website, please click hereOther organisations or hospitals include:-

Royal Naval Hospitals at Haslar [Hasler], Gosport, Hampshire (re-named Royal Hospital, Haslar) **
Stonehouse, Plymouth, Devon (closed 1995) and Chatham (closed 1961).

Almshouses possibly serving roughly similar purposes to Hawkins' Hospital include London Trinity Almshouses, Mile End Road, Tower Hamlets, London; Trinity Hospital, London administered by the Mercers' Company; and the Dreadnought Seamen's Hospital at the Old Infirmary, Greenwich.

Oppenheim (p.323) also makes mention of an Ely Place as caring for the sick and maimed at the time of the Commonwealth; the Savoy Hospital a short lived institution in the Strand, London served as the first English naval and military hospital 1517-1553 according to Keevil (pp.45-50).

City Archivist 1994-1995
Last edited for publication on CityArk Phase II by Borough Archivist January 1999


It is intended that most if not all of the following abbreviations as found in the main text should have been expanded for publication on the Internet.

a. Acre/s
Adm. admiral
Asst. assistant
Aug. August
Bt. Baronet
c/C Circa (about) or century
Capt. Captain
Co./cos County or company/companies
Col. colonel
consols. Consolidated Annuities
Ct. court
d denarius (penny/pence)
DD Doctor of Divinity
Dec December
dec'd deceased
Dep deputy
DNB Dictionary of National Biography
Dr. doctor
E east
EC East Central [London]
ed Edition
Eliz Elizabeth
er the elder (senior)
Esq. esquire
etc. etcetera (and the rest)
exix executrix
f. folio
Feb February
FSA Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries
Ft Fort
gent gentleman
Gt. great
HM His/Her Majesty's
HMS His/Her Majesty's Ship
Inc. includes
Jan January
jun junior (younger)
kt knight
Lt. lieutenant/little
Ltd. Limited
m/m membrane(s)
MA Master of Arts
MC Military Cross
MD Doctor of Medicine
Mess. Messuage
Messrs. Messieurs
Mr. master/mister
MS manuscript
NB Nota Bene (Notewell)
No/s Numero (number/s)
Nov November
OBE Order of the British Empire
p/pp page(s)
p.a per annum (annually)
P.R.O Public Record Office
P.S Post Scriptum (written ) post composition
R river
Rd road
Rev reverend
RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects
RM Royal Marines
RN Royal Navy
Rr rear
S. solidi (shillings)
Sep September
Surg surgeon
SW South West [London]
Sy Surrey
tent/s tenement/s
TS typescript
v versus (against)
Viz videlicet (which is to say)
w. with
wid widow
yeo yeoman

City Archivist 1994-1995

Amended by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 4 December 1998, introductory section only. Amended 2 August 1999 (CH108/281-284); amended 28 April 2000 (CH108/77); last amended 1 June 2000 (Introduction). File updated 1 August 2007 

Date: n/a
Quantity: n/a
Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/CH108_064A on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ CH108_Hospital_of_Sir_John_Hawkins_Kt_in_Chatham_1500_1984/ 01_Constitution_and_Pensioners_1594_1982/ 04_Deputy_Governors_Business_and_Appointments_1609_1982/ Hospital_Records_and_Artefacts_c1794_1945/ CH108_064A.html

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham

Print entitled: "The British Fleet Leaving Spithead [Hampshire, The Solent] for the Baltic, March 1854" with captions naming warships and the number of their guns.

Engraved by E. Landells.

Printed by G. Lawrence, 29 Farringdon Street, London

Paper backed in paper.
Date: c1854
Quantity: 1 item; 25½" x 17" (650 mm x 430 mm)

Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_056_2 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester, estate records: leases


Smithfield alias Brookfield [cf. The Brook], Chatham

Messuage recently built in Smithfield on the east side of the road from Chatham High Street to Chatham Church containing 2 low rooms, 2 chambers, one garret and a washhouse*

Lessees: Margaret Peard, wife of Robert Peard now in New England [Colony, North America, cf. Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont and New York, United States of America], mariner and Ann Heath, daughter of Benjamin Heath, ship carpenter, deceased.

Term: 21 years

Rent: 6s

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2b, 9. 12, 20.6 months, 25
Date: 24 June 1671
Quantity: 2 documents/membranes, B with 2 seal tapes

Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_135_22 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester



The Red Cow

This property was made up of three tenements: from 1661-1750 one tenement was leased separately from the others, but thereafter all three were leased together. For this reason the bundle of leases has been divided into three groups: leases of the two tenements under one roof known as the Red Cow; leases of the single tenement which was also under the same roof; and leases of the three tenements together.

3 messuages under one roof on the south side of the High Street, lying west of the Black Boy and north of St. Nicholas churchyard in St. Nicholas, Rochester.

A, B

Lessee: James Brock of Titchfield, Southampton, Hampshire, victualler

Term: 40 years

Rent: 12s. + 4s. and £3,12s + £1.16s. Land Tax.

Date: 30 November 1820
Quantity: 2 items
Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Egz_074_6 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

General and miscellaneous estate Papers

Rochester, St. Margaret's Parsonage; Lamplugh Estate; Hartlip Parsonage

Letter. Thomas Lamplugh to Dr. Sprat [cf. Spratt], Archdeacon of Rochester: Complaint about the increased fine for his brother's lease in view of the repairs needed. Both he and his brother, who is on the foundation at Winchester School, Winchester, Hampshire, have had smallpox but they are now better.

Applied armorial seal.

Date: 10 December 1717
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 25 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Egz_130_53 on request slip.

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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

General and miscellaneous estate Papers

Leatherhead Parsonage, Surrey

Correspondence and papers relating to the lease of Leatherhead parsonage, and the tithes 1708-1833 (DRc/Egz 130/1-94)

Letter. Thomas Dampier, Dean to William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny]: Has no more information than is contained in DRc/Egz 130/49. Thinks he should apply to the register office at Winchester, Hampshire, for the vicarage endowment. The augmentation is not mentioned in the lease according to Mr. Harvey. Request copy of demise and full terms. (See DRc/Egz 130/48) We did well in having this second survey, otherwise both Chapter and Vicar might have been fairly cozened. 8 March 1800. Draft reply from William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] on same. Cover to copy demise.

Date: 11 March 1800
Quantity: 1 item (paper)
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