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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 04_DE_SERIES_0251_0500/DE0407 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 04_DE_SERIES_0251_0500/ DE0407.html

Roll of facsimile or blue-print drawings of pumping stations in Chatham including Snodhurst Valley by Gimson of Leicester, Leicestershire Simpson of London, Taylor of Westminster, Middlesex and Marshall of Gainsborough, Lincolnshire

CBA Additional?
Date: c.1898-c.1922
Quantity: 11 sheets


Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0921 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0921.html

Records de-accessioned and transferred by Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, comprising documents of varying provenance presumed collected by George Payne FLS FSA and successor curators of Eastgate House Museum, Eastgate, High Street, Rochester.

Copy of petition by shipwrights of HM Dockyards Deptford, Portsmouth, Chatham, Plymouth, Woolwich and Sheerness to HM The King [Charles II?] asking for relief c.1665 x c.1680, copy made c.1770 x c.1780[former museum reference BM521]1p.;

letter from Josiah Burchett, secretary to the Admiralty, London, to [James?] Littleton, Commissioner of HM Dockyard, Chatham, acknowledging his report on sailing from dock of HMS Revenge and HMS Buckingham and sailing of HMS Monmouth and HMS Nottingham to Blackstakes, 17 February 1719/1720 [former reference dep. no. 1374]1p.;

letter from Dame Sybil Thorndike, Royal Turks Head Hotel, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, actress to Mrs. Blanche Philbrick, College Green, The Precincts, Rochester, reminiscing about her childhood in Rochester, 29 November 1958 (3 items);

letters received by Rev. A.J. Pearman MA, The Precincts, Rochester, about heraldry and history of Appledore, Leeds Castle and Bethersden (1 bundle/6 items);

correspondence between A.A. Arnold of Cobhambury, Cobham (1910), E.H. Elliott of Acorn Wharf, Rochester (1903) and Quarter Master Sergeant C.B. Burnett, Royal Engineers (RE), instructor to South Africa Scottish Regiment, Martinique Barracks, Bordon Camp, Hampshire (1916), discussing ordnance datum stone in Grain churchyard, 1903-1916 (4 items);

letters received from ecclesiastical dignitaries and statesmen including Randall Davidson, William Ewart Gladstone and Lord Salisbury by Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne 1839-1890 (1 booklet);

letter from James [?] A. Hamilton, secretary to the Treasury, 20 Chester Square, London [to Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne?] c.1852 (1p.);

copy of letter from M.M[-] to a Mrs. Rigden of Brinley House, Faversham, covering a gift to Miss S. Fagge, before 1867 (1p.)

letter from Lord Throwley, Lees Court, Faversham to Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne, declining dinner invitation 1889 (1 p.);

stamped envelope addressed to Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne posted from Bryanston, Blandford, Dorset 1869 (1 item, paper);

letter from Dr. W. Munk, physician to Cardinal Nicholas Wiseman of Finsbury Place, London to unnamed addressee [probably Rev. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson, Whitehall, Sittingbourne] c.1865 (1 p.);

letters from George R. Cobham to G.M. Arnold [of Cobhambury, Cobham?] about Sir Thomas Courteny (“Mad Tom”) 1894 and from J. Levett, cathedral verger, Chertsey’s Gate, The Precinct/High Street, Rochester to A.A. Arnold [of Cobhambury, Cobham?] about architectural [?] drawings, 1911 (2 items, paper)

circular appeal letter with list of existing subscribers for Kent Martyrs’ Memorial from T. Lambert, W.H. Horsley and F.W. Furley as received by A.A. Arnold of Cobhambury, Cobham c.1885 (2 items, paper);

letters from Thomas Jenner [?] [see also EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_17] of 39 Star Hill, Rochester and Lieutenant Colonel William C. Eldon Serjeant of 1 Plowden Buildings, Temple, London EC, former concerning * Chinese radicals or characters [see also EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_99], Lebanon, Syria, oriental languages and customs and the British Museum, London 1915 (2 items, paper) latter about book of Kentish views 1900 (2 items, paper);

copies of letters from Richard Stedman, Esq., JP of Great Delce, Rochester and Reginald John Mascall Stedman of Rochester to their cousin Alfred Field, Esq. of Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, discussing Stedman family history and heraldry, 1907-1908 (3 sheafs);

notes by Canon Sydney Williams Wheatley, rector of St. Margaret’s Church, St. Margaret’s Street, Rochester, on history of Crispin and Crispianus public house, London Road (Watling Street), Strood and copy of letter from E. Guy Dawber ARA of 18 Maddox Street, Hanover Square, London W1 to Wheatley, complaining about the city council’s treatment of Eastgate House garden, 1928 [former museum reference dep. 382] [see also DE53/1] (3 items, paper);

letter from Henry Haunton of The Hall, West Farleigh to a Mr. Day [of Arnold, Baker and Day, The Precincts, Rochester, solicitors?] discussing William Lambarde’s A Perambulation of Kent of 1576 and publication of an article in Archaeologia Cantiana, 1917 (1 item, paper);

notice from T.[?] J.[?] Platt of Rolls Garden, London to plaintiffs in case of Webster versus Fox to attend him, 1847 (1 item, paper);

sketch of architectural feature forming part of Rochester Castle curtain wall [?] adjacent to Castle Gardens c.1900 (1 item, paper);

transcription of statutes of Robert de Bredgar’s college church at Bredgar, 1398, copied by J. Brigstocke Sheppard and addressed to secretary of [Kent Archaeological Society?] c.1880 (1 sheaf);

two letters from Miss M. Greenwood of Somersby, Woburn Sands, Bletchley, Buckinghamshire to G.E. Dibley Esq. reminiscing about Rochester, re-naming of streets, site of St. Mary’s Meadow or Field off Rochester High Street, Charles Dickens, Anne Pratt, railway stations and journeys, cathedral crypt, Chatham and Strood, 1923 (1 sheaf);

letter from Mrs. Win Brown, Garrison School, Changi, Singapore [cf. Malaya, Malay States, Malaysia] to Miss Josephine (Jo) Fitzgerald, her mother and Pat, 80 Beacon Road, Loughborough, Leicestershire, discussing family news and explaining evacuation is unlikely as danger of attack is remote, letter constituting souvenir of first Pan American (Pan Am) Airways Clipper Service from Singapore to San Francisco, California, United States of America (USA), 6 May 1941 (4pp. plus stamped envelope);

note from H. Wickham of Strood to a Miss Foord thanking her for flowers, with embossed coat of arms, 1891 (1 p.);

letter from Lieutenant [?] H. Smith, Royal Navy (RN) on board Flower of Yarrow yacht, Naples, Campagna, Italy to his wife Elizabeth (Lizy) Smith, St. Paul’s Square, Southsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, discussing family matters, his voyage, sailors, acquaintances e.g. Leveson Gowers, Falkland Islands [cf. Atlantic] 21-22 March 1839 (1 item, paper);

[* cf. China]

Date: [c.1665] 1720-1958
Quantity: 1 bundle
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_174 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 04_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_174.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

Rochester

Miscellaneous Bonds

Bond

Dean and Chapter of Rochester bound to Vere Foster of Barrow [upon Soar], Leicestershire, clerk in £156 with 2 letters requesting interest due on the bond and for surveying the Cuddington, Buckinghamshire, estate.

Applied seal on tape, seal mutilated.

Date: 12 December 1732
Quantity: 3 items (1 membrane, 2 paper)
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_242_4_and_5 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 05_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_242_4_and_5.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

ESTATE

Out-County Estate Leases and Related Documents

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: CUDDINGTON

Vere - Trotman - Foster estates

In 1723 William Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] mortgaged all his estates in trust for Edward Trotman of Shelswell, Oxfordshire, gentleman. The estates, covered in this list as DRc/Ele 235-241, were heavily mortgaged and in 1732 were purchased by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. The following documents relate to the transfer of the estate as a whole.

Lease and release 21

Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] Foster of Barrow [upon Soar], Leicestershire, clerk, William Foster of Ham Preston, Dorset, clerk and May, his wife; Samuel Trotman of Bucknall, Oxfordshire, esq.; to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester.

Date: 22 December 1732
Quantity: 2 items
Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_242_6 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 05_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_242_6.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

ESTATE

Out-County Estate Leases and Related Documents

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: CUDDINGTON

Vere - Trotman - Foster estates

In 1723 William Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] mortgaged all his estates in trust for Edward Trotman of Shelswell, Oxfordshire, gentleman. The estates, covered in this list as DRc/Ele 235-241, were heavily mortgaged and in 1732 were purchased by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. The following documents relate to the transfer of the estate as a whole.

Covenant to levy a fine

Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] Foster of Barrow [upon Soar], Leicestershire, clerk and William Foster of Ham Preston, Dorset, clerk and Mary, his wife with the Dean and Chapter of Rochester.

Date: 22 December 1732
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_242_7 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 05_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_242_7.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

ESTATE

Out-County Estate Leases and Related Documents

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: CUDDINGTON

Vere - Trotman - Foster estates

In 1723 William Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] mortgaged all his estates in trust for Edward Trotman of Shelswell, Oxfordshire, gentleman. The estates, covered in this list as DRc/Ele 235-241, were heavily mortgaged and in 1732 were purchased by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. The following documents relate to the transfer of the estate as a whole.

Assignment of mortgage to attend inheritance

Martha King of Pannshill, Buckinghamshire, widow, acting executrix of Christopher King, late of Parnshill, yeoman, deceased; and Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] Foster of Barrow, Leicestershire, clerk to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester.

Date: 23 December 1732
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_242_8 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 05_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_242_8.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

ESTATE

Out-County Estate Leases and Related Documents

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE: CUDDINGTON

Vere - Trotman - Foster estates

In 1723 William Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] mortgaged all his estates in trust for Edward Trotman of Shelswell, Oxfordshire, gentleman. The estates, covered in this list as DRc/Ele 235-241, were heavily mortgaged and in 1732 were purchased by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester. The following documents relate to the transfer of the estate as a whole.

Assignment of mortgage

Edward Protman of Shelswell, Oxfordshire, gentleman; and Vere [cf. Very, Veere, Vearie, Veary, Vearys] Foster of Barrow [upon Soar], Leicestershire, clerk to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester by Henry Barrell of Rochester, gentleman.

Date: 23 December 1722
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_Elb1A on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA06_The_Priors_Book_1478_1527/ DRc_Elb1A.html

Unfit For Production

Records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Records of St. Andrew's Cathedral Priory, Rochester

The Prior's Book

This is apparently the sole register of St. Andrew's priory, Rochester to have survived. Certainly it is the only one now among the archives of that house. It covers the period 1475-1505 with one later addition of 1527 and in form resembles an episcopal register, though not in context. It is indeed a most curious jumble and is more of a precedent and memory book than a register.

The contents of the book are more or less chronological and include copies of confirmations [of charters], leases and bonds, citations, agreements, records of inquisitions affecting property, a public instrument relating to the transfer of a monk from Rochester to St. Giles Canwall, Leicestershire * which gives his oath of allegiance to the Prior of St. Giles in full, an indenture for the employment of a carpenter in the priory, a grant of wardship and marriage, the record and process of the case against Patrick Stanes, Vicar of the alter of St. Nicholas within the nave of Rochester priory church who unlawfully, as it was proved, witheld a pension of 40s. from the priory, lists of tithes for goods spiritual and temporal which the prior pays for property inside and outside the diocese of Rochester, appointments of a janitor and an auditor, and a composition relating to the repair of the chancel and side chapels of the church of All Saints, Hoo [i.e. Hoo Allhallows].

In addition to the above there are also copies of several fourteenth Century inquisitions ad quod damnum held before the King's Eschaetor of his deputy, and a copy of letters patent of King Edward III relating to an attempt to impede the prior's fishery on Haddenham manor in Buckinghamshire which was successfully overcome. There seems no evident reason why these particular inquisitions should have been included in this register. None is given. Nor does the will of Augustine Hankyns [cf. Hankin, Hankins] 1449 appear to have any connection with the priory. He may have been a supplier of goods to the house (since he was a member of the Grocers' Company) but there is no indication.

A fairly full summary has been made of the contents. The register is bound into the back of the first Dean and Chapter register, Registrum Primum which begins in 1538 [see also DRc/Elb1A as listed elsewhere]. It was so bound up probably in the early nineteenth century. The prior's register contains 20 folios and has been annotated throughout in a sixteenth century hand, and probably in 1576.

Registrum Willelmi Woode [cf. William Wood] Prioris ab Anno 1478 et Thome Bourne [cf. Thomas Bourne] Ad Annum 1504

Ff.l recto-verso
Reconfirmation of parish churches, pensions and tithes to Rochester priory by John [Russell], Bishop of Rochester after enquiry at his ordinary visitation 9 August 1478.

F.l verso
Confirmation 8 October 1475 John Bamme, esq. and William Gestewode to William, Prior of Rochester:

a tenement with buildings over and belonging to it lying between the cathedral burial ground on the east and south and Dodyngeshennlane on the west in Rochester which once belonged to William Rowe, clerk and which the donors and others had by gift of Edmund Chertesey, gentleman, deceased.

Ff.l verso-2 recto
Indenture for the employment of John Cokke [cf. Cock] as carpenter to Rochester priory 6 June 1479

No leave of absence from the priory except 14 days in harvest and to do repairs to his own house. No millwork below the watermark. Salary 26s.8d. a year payable quarterly, and a gown of yemen [cf. Yemen, Arabia] livery whenever the prior distributes livery. After he has been working 20 days in any quarter he shall be paid at the rate of 6d. a day for every complete day worked, over and above his salary of 26s.8d.

F.2 recto
Lease for 20 years 24 June 1479 Thomas Bourne, Prior of Rochester to Richard Neel of Leesston:

2 crofts called Court Crofts lying in Chatham parish on Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] manor.

Rent: 7s. Power of distraint for non-payment. See DRc/Elb1/f.5 recto

F.2 verso
Grant of Wardship and Marriage 13 November 1478. John [Russell], Bishop of Rochester, guardian of John Rykill, son and heir of Thomas Rykhill, late of Islingham [Frindsbury], Kent, gentlemen, deceased and the lands which belong to him to Thomas Seyntleger [cf. Saint Leger], kt., Henry Meerlande and Henry Santlowe, guardians of the said heir and lands:

Islingham manor and other lands, manors and advowsons in Kent and elsewhere in England which once belonged to Thomas Rykhill together with his wardship and marriage.

If John Rykill dies before he reaches the age of 21 leaving heirs who are minors, Thomas Seyntleger, Henry Merlande and Henry Santlowe shall have the wardship of their person and lands, and their marriage one after another until one of them reaches the age of 21.

Ff.2 verso-3 recto
Ratification of the above grant by Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester 15 November 1478

Ff.3 recto-verso
Lease for 99 years 24 June 1479

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to William Baker of Ipswich [Suffolk], notary public and Katherine, his wife:

16 x 10 feet of land between the burial ground of St. Lawrence church on the north and the Fishmarket on the south in Ipswich [Suffolk].

Rent: 6d. Power of distraint for non-payment. Expulsion for non-payment after one month. The lessees must leave 5 feet between their land and the burial ground for the bier for carrying bodies to and from the church.

F.3 verso
Letter Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to John Alcocke [cf. Alcock], Bishop of Worcester [formerly Bishop of Rochester]: Promise to remember him in all their masses, vigils, fasts and other spiritual works in return for all his kindness to Rochester Priory and the monks there 13 November 1479.

F.3v.
Letter Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to John Skowe, citizen and fishmonger of London and his wife: the same 13 November 1479.

Ff.3 verso-4 recto
Confirmation 3 December 1245 John Hardelle, senior of St. Margaret, Rochester to William Janys:

messuage and garden adjoining lying east of the main road in St. Margaret, Rochester.

F.4 recto
Confirmation 10 February 1465/1466 William Janys of St. Margaret, Rochester to John Cheryman of St. Margaret, Rochester and William Cotying of Rochester.

Same property.

Ff.4 recto-verso
Confirmation 8 May 1478 William Cotying, citizen of Rochester to Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester

Same property as John Ceryman [cf. Cherryman] and he lately held it and had by gift and feoffment of William Janys.

F.4 verso
Quitclaim 12 July 1479 Stephen Jacob, Stephen Cherles and Benedict Houchyn to Henry Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Stephen Salman [cf. Salmon] and William Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Thomas Salman:

4 crofts of land called Pikeleys near Longdene in Frindsbury and Hoo St. Werburgh (16 acres)

F.5 recto
Confirmation 14 July 1479 Henry Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Stephen Salman [cf. Salmon], late of Frindsbury and William Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Thomas Salman [cf. Salmon] other son and heir of Stephen Salman [cf. Salmon] to John Hadde, William Robsard, William Bryn, John Hille [cf. Hill], Thomas Hadde, John Brown', Thomas Wod, T. Aston', Thomas Bourn' [cf. Bourne], John Pratte [cf. Pratt], Stephen Cherles [cf. Charles], John Ludesdon [cf. Luddesdown], Adam Saunders, Simon Bett, Robert Sym and John Clarke:

Same property

F.5 recto
lease for 20 years 24 June 1479 Thomas Bourn' [cf. Bourne], Prior of Rochester to Richard Neel of Leston [cf. Leesston]:

2 crofts called Court croftes in Chatham on Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] manor.

Rent: 7s. Power of distraint for non-payment. See DRc/Elb1/f.2 recto

Ff.5 recto-verso
Record and Process 1468

On the third day in Michaelmas 1468 Patrick Stanes, Vicar of St. Nicholas with Rochester priory was summonsed to reply to William Wood, Prior of Rochester concerning a plea that 100s was owing to the prior from an annual rent of 40s. The prior claimed that he was lawfully seized of the rent and that he and his predecessors had received it from the vicar and his predecessors until two and a half years since. Patrick Stanes claimed otherwise. Judgement, costs and damages were given to the prior. See also DRc/Elb1/ff.17 verso-19 recto

f.6 recto
Confirmation 22 February 1479

Thomas [Bourne], prior of Rochester to Katherine, Abbess of West Malling.

Annual rent of 40s. to pay £13 . 15s. 8d from Wouldham manor.

Grace: 1 month with power of distraint for non-payment.

F.6 recto
Public Instrument 18 June 1480

On 18 June 1480 before Thomas Bourne, Prior of Rochester and Thomas Hadde, notary public, William Lecester [cf. Leicester], a monk of Rochester humbly asked to be absolved from his obedience to god, the prior and the church at Rochester. The prior absolved him on condition that he pledged obedience to to Hugh Lempster, Prior of the monastery of St. Giles, Canwall [Leicestershire] in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield and agreed to abide by the rules of that foundation for life. This he did next day taking Prior Hugh's two hands between his own and swearing on his knees to be obedient.

F.6 recto
Notarial Instrument by Thomas Hadde that he was present in person and interested the proceedings [19 June 1480]

F.6.verso Composition 2 November 1480

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester and the convent, appropriators of the parish church of All Saints, Hoo and William Jenkyn [cf. Jenkin, Jenkins], church warden and the parishioners:

The appropriators and the parishioners disagreed about the rebuilding and repair of the walls of the chapels of St. Mary Magdalene and St. Nicholas the confessor situated on the north and south sides respectively of the chancel of the parish church. To settle the matter, the priory agreed to maintain the walls of the chancel and the parishioners the walls and guttering on the north and south (outside) walls. The parishioners were to find all the timber for the walls and gutters, everything pertaining to the work, and were to renew the leading where necessary at their own costs.

F.7 recto
Confirmation 12 February 1480/1481

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester and John Crepehegge of Darenth:

John Crepehegge the lessee shall pay the prior £4.6s ¾d. with suit of court and relief for messuages and 344 acres 1 rood 0 perches land in Darenth, which he holds of the priory as part of their manor of Darenth, and about which there have been constant disputes because of the various payments per acre and the customer of the manor. Power of distraint for non-payment.

F.7 verso
Agreement by Thomas, Prior of Rochester to pay Thomas [Bouchier], Archbishop of Canterbury £22. 6s. 8d. annual rent for three years out of Haddenham manor [in Buckinghamshire] (in answer to a request for £67 for his own use and for the church). Power of distraint for non-payment 15 January 1480/1481.

F.7 verso Bond in £100 to keep the covenants of the above agreement 16 January 1480/1481

F.8 recto
Boxley Tithes. Names of the fields belonging to Weavering manor and who take the tithes from each one. Examination of Nicholas Frogg [cf. Frog] of Maidstone, aged 76 in this connection.

F.8 recto-verso
Citation to the Prior and Convent to appear at the Episcopal visitation 8 October next. 26 September 1481

F.8 verso
Will of Augustine Haukyns [cf. Hawkins, Hawkyn, Hauekyn, Hauekyns, Haukyn] citizen and grocer of London 15 March 1449

F.9 recto
Bond in £40 15 September 1482

Bond between Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester and Henry Wenworth, Kt. Henry Wenworth impounded two of the prior's horses and some of his goods in Chatham and extorted rent and services for lands and tenements which he claimed the prior held of him as of his lordship of Chatham. If they come to an agreement between themselves or by arbitration then the prior shall satisfy Henry Wenworth for the value of the park, his two horses, goods and chattles. If not the bond shall stand.

F.9 recto
Farms for Lands in Rochester and Strood: 4d. for land called Courthille leased to William Mongeham for 99 years; 20d for land in Rochester leased to William Gestwode for 30 years; and 12d for 2 pieces of land in Strood leased to Thomas Thowe, clerk for 99 years

F.9 recto
Confirmation c.1460 x c.1468

R. [cf. Richard] Prior of Rochester to Gilbert, kt, son of William de Helles, and Matilda, his wife:

2 weekly offices in Helles Chapel, [Darenth] for their souls and those of their ancestors and successors. See DRc/T102.

F.9 verso
Citation to elect proxies to attend Parliament at Westminster 15 November 1482.

F.9 verso-10 recto
Confirmation and Security 14 July 1344 Abbot of Lesnes to the Prior of Rochester:

Annual rent of £4.6s.8d. from the manors of Akholte [cf. Ackholt] and Lesnes for the support and maintenance of one secular priest to celebrate a daily mass in Rochester Cathedral for the soul of Hamo, Bishop of Rochester, his ancestors and successors, bishops of Rochester, for the souls of former Kings of England, archbishops of Canterbury and priors and brothers of Rochester priory for which concession they received 160 marks from Bishop Hamo for the use of their monastery. For the greater security of the annual rent all the fruits and issues of the church of Newington next Sittingbourne appropriated to lenses abbey were given as security

F.10 recto
Acknowledgement On 10 October 1482 Edward Wattone of Addington, gentleman, came before Thomas [Bourne], prior of Rochester and acknowledged that he owed the priory an annual rent of 5s. for lands called Monkedowne in Frindsbury (of which 4s. pertained to the sacrist's office and 12d to St. Mary's chapel) which he promised to pay in future.

F.10 verso
Letters patent relating to an Inquisition 20 July 1359

The Prior of Rochester complained that John de Molyns, the King's tenant of Cherdesse manor in Buckinghamshire which adjoined Haddenham manor, had erected weirs over the river as it ran through his manor to the annoyance and inconvenience of the prior. The sheriff was ordered to enquire into the complaint and to remove the nuisance if he found it to be true. John Hampeden [cf. Hampden] accordingly made return that John Molyns had erected five weirs across the river to the damage of the priory whole fishery was impeded and seriously inconvenienced and that he had ordered the weirs to be demolished.

F.10 verso-11 recto
Tithes for goods spiritual and temporal which the Prior of Rochester pass for property outside the diocese of Rochester (£30. os 8d_

F11.verso
Procuration 20 May 1484 Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to the Abbot of Lesness [cf. Lesnes]

Delegation to the abbot to collect the tenth in Dartford Deaney

F.12 recto Acknowledgement 1 April 1527

List of lands and tenements pertaining to the offices of cellarer, chancellor, sexton, almoner, farmerer, and the altars of St. Mary and St. Michael of which William Fresell, Prior of Rochester acknowledged William Warner, citizen of Rochester to be the lawful tenant.

F.112 verso-13 recto
Tithes of goods spiritual and temporal which the Prior of Rochester pays for property inside and outside the diocese of Rochester.

F.14 recto Collation 8 March 1484/1485

Richard Cooke [cf. Cook] collated to the office of Janitor

F.14 recto-verso Lease for 12 years 31 December 1480

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to Robert Coke of St. Nicholas, Rochester, husbandman:

Land called Newelonde in Frindsbury

Rent: 11s Powers of distraint and expulsion for non-payment.

F.14 verso
Inquisition Wednesday in Pentecost at Chatham before Thomas Dorewicke, esq deputy eschaetor:

Statement on oath that Robert Belkeneppe [cf. Beleknap, Belknap, Beleknappe, Belknappe, Belcknappe], kt. was lately seized of Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] manor and confirmed it in free alms by royal licence to Rochester priory.

F.14 verso-15 recto Final Concord 23 June 1338

Walter Jurdan [cf. Jordan] and Thomas Jurdan [cf. Jordan], sons and heirs of John Jurdan [cf. Jordan] of Brenchley:

Partition of lands and rents, including property in Wouldham and Newelonde in Frindsbury, of their deceased father.

F.15 recto-verso
Inquisition Friday 13 October 1441 at Rochester before Robert Froggenhall [cf. Frognal, Frognall], eschaetor:

Statement on oath that Rochester priory was founded by Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester and continued in existence under his successors, bishops of Rochester, that the King had no part in its foundation; that William Wodyer and others held divers tenements in Rochester of the Cellarer's Court; that the prior was seized in right of the church for the whole time; that King Edward III had granted Robert Belkenap [cf. Belkeneppe, Beleknap, Belknap, Beleknappe, Belknappe, Belcknappe] special licence to assign his manor of Shawstead [cf. Sharsted], and lands in Chatham and Wouldham with half Lidsing [cf. Lydsing] manor to Rochester priory; that William [Tonebreg, Tonbridge], now Prior of Rochester was seized of St. Bartholomew's Hospital in Chatham [or Rochester] for the reception of poor men and lepers; and that the crown had never had anything to do with the foundations; and that the Prior and his predecessors were seized in right of the church of lands and tenements within the city of Rochester.

F.15 verso
Enquiry into the appropriation by Rochester priory of the churches of Boxley and Hartlip. Both churches were adjudged to the priory. 2 June 1485

F.15 verso
Bond in £22 12 August 1485

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester bound to John Warner, senior of London with power of distraint on Sutton rectory for non-payment.

F.16 recto Letter 11 March 1485/1486

Thomas [Bouchier], Archbishop of Canterbury to Henry [VII], King of England reporting the excommunications of William Farham, William Magnesden and John Bukmere of Boxley.

F.16 recto Lease for 60 years 20 September 1492 Thomas Bourne, Prior of Rochester to Richard Novyn of Strood:

Land 7 x 2 x 1½ roods in Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes] Lane in Strood lying between the road from Hoo [St. Werburgh or Hundred] to [West] Malling on the east and Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes] Lane on the north.

Rent: 6d. Powers of distraint and expulsion for non-payment.

F.16 verso
Bond in £80 1 September 1495 Thomas [Bourne?], Prior of Rochester bound to John Scowe, citizen and stockfishmonger of London

F.16 verso
Receipt 15 November 1486 Receipt for 8 marks 6s.8d. received from the Abbot of St. Radegund's Dover by Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester for lands and tenements in Elham which the Abbot holds of the priory.

F.17 recto
Agreement and Security 1 September 1486

John Scowe, citizen and stockfishmonger of London supplied Rochester priory with salt fish and other merchandise to the value of £67. 3s 8d for which the priory had not paid. To secure payment of part of the sum Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester [agreed?] with John Scowe to offer as a pledge a gold and silver processional cross with three pictures on it representing the virgin, Christ and St. John the apostle and evangelist weighing 70 ounces Troy. He also agreed to pay the debt in instalments.

FL17 verso-19 recto
Further record of the case against Patrick Stanes, clerk, vicar of St. Nicholas, Rochester. Michaelmas 1488.

F.19 recto
Power of attorney from William, Abbot of the exempt benedictine house of St. Albans, in the diocese of Lincoln appointing Thomas , [Bourne] prior of Rochester to act as his proxy at the Provincial Chapter at Northampton [Northamptonshire] as he has been ordered by the King [Richard III] to attend the investiture of his son Edward [Earl of York] as Prince of Wales. [c.1483]

F.19 recto
Part of a will. [No name given]

F.19 recto
Appointment of John Sedley of the King's Treasury and John Holt, his clerk as auditors to the priory. 20 March 1503/1504.

Ff.19 verso-20 roods
Lease for 20 years. 21 March 1491/1492 William [Bishop?], Prior of Rochester to William Waltham, Rector of Southflete [cf. Southfleet].

Corn tithes from fields in Southfleet known as Pole, Bradefeld and Wynden, and another field opposite the entrance to Pole Manor, as well as the three cops or seams that already pertain to the rector of Southfleet.

Rent: 8s. 4d. Power of distraint for non-payment with bond in 40s. as security.

F.20 verso
Names of fields in Boxley for which the Abbot and Convent of Boxley pay no tithes.

F. 20 verso Receipt. 12 October 1504

Receipt for 66s. 8d. annual rent received by William [Bishop], Prior of Rochester from John Islip, Abbot of St. Peter, Westminster [Middlesex] and the prior and convent there.

F.20 verso
Receipt. 15 October 1505

Receipt for the same.

* Medieval Religious Houses: England and Wales second edition, pp. 53 and 61, Knowles and Hadcock, mentions a priory of St. Giles, Canwell, Staffordshire, in the medieval diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 2 March 2005.

Date: 1475-1527
Quantity: 1 volume [part], quarto: ff. 1 recto-20 verso
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_R1 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA07_Registers_of_the_Cathedral_Priory_C12_C14/ DRc_R1.html

WITHDRAWN

The Textus Roffensis

(Textus de Ecclesia Roffensi per Ernulphum episcopum) * (The Book of the Church of Rochester through Bishop Ernulf)

12th. - 14th. Centuries

For the newly launched digital images of the Textus Roffensis, please follow this link (to Rochester Cathedral website)

 http://www.rochestercathedral.org/news/categories/cathedral-news/288-textus-roffensis-online

 

Introduction

The Textus Roffensis is more properly two distinct books, though written at about the same time, and largely by the same scribe, which were only bound together some time after 1300. The first part contains one of the most important of all surviving collections of Anglo-Saxon laws, from the conversion of King Aethelberht of Kent to the coronation charter of King Henry I of 1100.

The second part is the oldest and most precious of the cathedral registers. It can best be described as a memorandum book, created for ease of reference and security. Both parts were compiled in part from individual or single sheet original documents or exemplars, many now lost, in part from the collective memory of the cathedral community.

Dr. Patrick Wormald of Oxford is more explicit and humorous in his explanation of the purpose of the book. He says of the Textus Roffensis: it would have made an impressive weapon for a churchman seeking to defend the position of his English foundation against prowling Norman predators, compiled as it was soon after the Norman Conquest.

The compilation represents the first documentary evidence of the compromises made between the new Norman rulers and their indigenous English subjects, hinting at a convergence rather than a collision between the English language and English laws on the one hand and Romance laws and language on the other.

The book contains two foundation charters of Rochester Cathedral and Diocese of 604 (DRc/R1 f.119 recto - f.119 verso and DRc/R1 f.177 recto), two pre-Conquest and pre-Domesday Book lists of Kent parishes and copies of the earliest English law codes to survive (contained in part i of the book, i.e. the first of the two separate books prior to their being bound together)

The book would have been placed on the high altar in the presbytery, or stored very near by, not in the nave as some scholars have supposed. The first suggestion that it was known as a Textus comes from the enigmatic mid-thirteenth-century (Brett) or fourteenth century (Flight) note as quoted above *, which is long after its compilation. The term Textus signifies a book with an ornamented or decorated cover of the kind kept in the church rather than the cloister thus differentiating the volume from a liber de claustro Roffensi or book from the cloister of Rochester. The title is sometimes erroneously taken to mean a text concerning the church of Rochester.

It was highly unusual for a non-sacred book to be accorded such status, evidence of the politico-religious importance attached to its mainly secular content.

Compilation

The compilation dates from the episcopate of Ernulf of Bec (1115-1124) and more specifically from the period 1122-1123 (Hough, 2001) or 1123-1124 (Wormald, 2001). At that time there was little distinction between the possessions of the priory and the bishopric, and the bishop lived in the priory buildings with the monks. Ernulf’s involvement is commemorated on the first folio.

Both parts were written by a single scribe. Flight surmises it was the prior of the day, Ordwine. Wormald suggests he was a trusted servant of Bishop Ernulf (talk transcript, 2004). Whoever he was, he was no ordinary scribe and possessed advanced scholarly and editorial powers and was responsible for seeking out and ordering as well as transcribing the book’s contents. Similarly, A. Campbell has stated the texts……when compared with the single sheets, inspire considerable confidence in the care, honesty, and accuracy of the scribe (1973).

Physical description.

The volume now contains 235 vellum leaves.

The main hand in both parts is an early twelfth century bookhand but a number of leaves, particularly in the second part, have been replaced, and there are also additions made down to the mid-fourteenth century in a variety of later hands, which mostly imitate the work of the first scribe with more or less success. Some of the dominant capitals are coloured but on the whole very little colour has been used. There is one fully illuminated capital letter, marking the beginning of the second part on f.119r. After the two parts were brought together they were foliated throughout except for ff. 234v-235v in arabic numerals and thus must have been foliated after c.1300, see below.

Nothing is known of the original bindings of the two parts while separated, but the new binding of c.1300 comprised wooden boards with a leather covering. This wooden binding almost certainly survived until the early eighteenth century as it was noted by Dr. John Harris, Prebendary of Rochester, who borrowed it (presumably just before it was rebound in 1718) for his History of Kent published in 1719.

On 21 December 1708 the Chapter meeting ordered the Dean to take the book to London for binding following a request for the loan of it to Dr. Edward Elstub [cf. Elstob] on security of £200 (DRc AC/5 p.55 recto). It is not certain the book was bound on that occasion but at some stage between 1708 and 1712 it was lent to Elstub as on 25 June 1712 the Chapter ordered him to return it (DRc AC/5 p.95 recto). The book was rebound in 1718 along with the Customale Roffense (DRc/R2) but as both were bound in Russia leather and only the latter retains its Russia leather cover, the present binding of the Textus Roffensis must be later. However, comparison with the Customale Roffense provides an indication of the appearance of the Textus Roffensis between 1718 and c.1750. That the present covering is not Mrs. Jane Steel's of 1718 (see below) is also confirmed by the absence of corners itemised in her bill. We may surmise that as the binding of the Customale Roffense is a conventional board and leather binding, Steel's rebinding of the Textus Roffensis was given the same treatment and was the occasion on which the medieval wooden boards were dispensed with. Harris' published reference to the wooden boards in 1719 therefore post-dates the rebinding by Steele and refers to the binding of the book whilst in his possession c.1716.

The cover was repaired by Charles Lamacraft in 1937.

Custodial history of the book

William Lambard had access to the Textus in 1573 and annotated several folios.

The first recorded removal of the book from the cathedral’s custody occurred in c.1631 when it appears to have been lent to Sir Henry Spelman (c.1564-1641) the antiquary, in London, for scholarly research. Spelman seems to have employed Thomas Somer, a clerk to Edward Robinson, Clerk of the Court of Chancery to privately transcribe the volume’s contents. At any rate, on completion of the task, the Dean and Chapter arranged for John Lorkin (alias Larkin), Prebendary, to collect the volume from Somer who delivered the book to Lorkin’s lodgings in London but finding the prebendary absent, left it in the hands of the landlord’s wife. Here began a sorry train of events.

Before Lorkin could lay his hands on the volume, a fellow lodger, Dr. Thomas Leonard, a physician of Canterbury, purchased the volume from the landlord’s wife or their servant, probably for the sum of 5 shillings. It took a legal action in the Court of Chancery for Dr. Leonard to surrender the book back into the Dean and Chapter’s custody in 1633.

During Dr. Leonard’s unauthorised custody of the book it was transcribed by Sir Edward Dering whose copy was the basis of Thomas Hearne’s published transcription of 1720. Dering like Lambard made numerous notes in the margins.

In the late 1650s or early 1660s the book was borrowed by Sir Roger Twisden who returned it safely in 1663. Hasted (History of Kent, 1782) believed the Chancery suit to have occurred after the Restoration but would appear to have confused Twisden’s borrowing of the book with its earlier unlawful alienation by Dr. Leonard.

It appears likely the book was loaned to Dr. Edward Elstub in 1708 for transcription by him and the infant prodigy James Smith. It was in the hands of Francis Atterbury, bishop of Rochester in 1717 (DRc AC5/5 pt.ii p.68) and loaned to Dr. John Harris in 1716 (whose History of Kent was published in 1719) (see DRc AC5 pt.ii pp.15-16). It seems the chapter supported Harris in a tussle with the Dean for its possession (DRc AC/5 part ii p.15)

Sometime between 1708 and 1718 the volume was accidentally immersed in either the River Thames or River Medway while being transported to or from London, to or from either Elstub or Harris (Harris, according to Hasted, in which case c.1716-c.1718). The immersion resulted in the margins of the vellum pages being slightly shrunk and stained by a white crystalline deposit. That the damage was limited may have been because of tight brass clasps connecting the wooden boards. The shrinkage and staining were successfully treated by Lamacraft in 1937.

Hasted describes the events thus: Since which they have been again in great danger of being deprived of it; for Dr. [John] Harris [DD FRS], having borrowed it for the use of his intended history of this county, sent it up to London by Water [cf. Rivers Thames and Medway], and the vessel being by the badness of the weather overset, this Mss. lay for some hours under water before it was discovered, which has somewhat damaged it. If accurate, this event can be dated to c.1716-c.1718.

The book is noted as having been returned and presented to the Chapter on 7 July 1719 after being new bound. It is also apparent from this entry (DRc AC/5 pt.iii p.34) that the proper or normal storage place of the book was the chapter room. The rebinding referred to is almost certainly that of Mrs. Jane Steel, whose bill was settled on 15 July 1718 (DRc FTv/54/10). It is thus obvious the book was absent between 1718 and 1719 perhaps being used by another borrower, most likely the bishop who seems to have prompted its repair, being named on Steel's bill, but the point to note is that the rebinding could have been the result of the water damage which can thus be dated to c.1716-1718 perhaps whilst being returned by Dr. Harris. The book was rebound by Steel along with the Customale Roffense (DRc/R2)

The book was borrowed for one year by Edmund Barrell (variously prebendary, vice-dean and treasurer of the cathedral and vicar of Boxley) by authorisation of the chapter on 25 November 1719 (DRc AC/5 pt.iii p.40), returned on 12 December 1719 (DRc AC/5 pt.iii p.47) and borrowed again by him on 27 January 1719/1720 (DRc AC/5 pt.iii p.47).

The Textus Roffensis was transcribed and published by Thomas Hearne in 1720 from a copy in the Surrenden library (cf. Sir Edward Dering), but as there are no papers extant relative to the recovery of the register in the seventeenth century, it cannot be determined whether the original was ever part of the Surrenden library. The register was also used extensively by John Thorpe in his compilation of the Registrum Roffense in 1769.

David Wilkins had access to the book for his Leges Anglo-Saxonicae published in 1721 and in the 19th. century further work was undertaken on the book by Richard Price, Benjamin Thorpe and Felix Liebermann.

The book was disbound for photography for Sawyer’s facsimiles published in 1957 and 1962.

Conservation work was undertaken by James Wayre at Canterbury Cathedral Archives in 1996.  The book was also photographed in its entirety in black and white, the prints being lodged with Rochester Cathedral Library and the negatives with Canterbury Cathedral Archives.

The book was fully digitally photographed in high resolution and colour for Medway Council in 2004 for publication in the CityArk Imagebase (click view images button above) and the binding and thirty pages (p.iii-4 recto, 31 verso - 32 recto, 49 verso - 50 recto, 53 verso - 56 recto, 95 verso - 97 recto, 110 verso - 111 recto, 118 verso - 119 recto, 166 verso -167 recto, 176 verso - 177 recto and 220 verso - 221 recto) were scanned at the British Library on 19 September 2007 following its winning of first place in the Turning the Pages 2 competition for local hidden treasures to be included in the British Library's Turning the Pages web site for three years, published on 23 January 2008.

No cover to cover translation of the Textus Roffensis is known to exist.

Bad staining occurs at ff.126v-127r. This appears to have been caused subsequent to the book's immersion in the River Thames and pre-Sawyer as it appears in his facsimile.

The book was deposited by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester at Kent Archives Office in Maidstone in 1969. Prompted by the creation of the more local Rochester upon Medway City Archives Office in 1990 the cathedral archives including the Textus Roffensis were transferred to Strood in 1992. This office was managed by employees of Kent County Council until 1998 when management and custody passed from Kent County Council to the new Unitary Authority (i.e. County Borough) and Archives Authority, Medway Council.

The English Language

The book contains the putative first record of the English language, in the form of the Laws of Ethelbert of c.604 but see also the foundation charters also of 604. The Laws of Ethelbert begin:

Godes feoh and ciricean xii gylde. Biscopes feoh xi gylde. Preostes feoh ix gylde. Diacones feoh vi gylde. Cleroces feoh iii gylde. Ciric frith ii gylde

(The property of God and of the church, twelvefold; a bishop's property, elevenfold; a priest's property, ninefold; a deacon's property, sixfold; a clerk's property, threefold; churchfrith, twofold) (translation Fordham University).

The English used in the constituent Old English books is the Jutish dialect of Old English. The Textus is important because it preserves this rarer dialect of English, West Saxon becoming the predominant literary dialect of Old English. The modern English language is derived successively from the Mercian and East Midland dialects.

The book is thus an important record of an emerging language and the earliest recorded Germanic language after Gothic, which became extinct, and the fourth oldest recorded European language, excluding Gothic, after Greek, Latin and Irish.

The Old English texts contained in the Textus Roffensis also represent the creation of a new alphabet, possibly the first vernacular alphabet after Greek and Latin, combining a Celtic variety of Latin characters, two Germanic runes named thorn and win and a third new letter comprising a modified d called eth.

English Law

The Laws of Ethelbert and the other Kentish laws of the seventh and eighth centuries are the earliest of their kind to survive and are the earliest law codes to be recorded in the vernacular, as against the Latin usage of the Roman Empire.

Dr. Patrick Wormald states: Aethelbert’s code is best seen as the law of the Cantwara; a signal that they had joined Franks and Romans in the ranks of civilized because law-abiding peoples. Aethelbert’s laws were largely accepted laws but the later law codes preserved in the book show how English law had developed into innovatory law. Wormald also states: more than any other legal manuscript, it was both memorial to the past and instrument of its adaptation in a new world.

Anglo-Saxon Historical Research

The Textus Roffensis is a crucial primary source for the history of the Anglo-Saxon period, the more so because the scribe was scholarly and accurate in selecting and copying from his originals.

Wormald states the book matters crucially for the study of Anglo-Saxon charters…because the second part of the MS is a cartulary containing three dozen pre-conquest documents.

A source for Ancient History

The law codes may provide an insight into the Barbarian peoples of northern Europe at the height of the Roman Empire as their customary origins may pre-date the Germanic settlement of Britain and therefore provide glimpses of customs and rituals referred to by Roman writers which are not otherwise contemporarily or disinterestedly recorded. This particularly applies to feud and blood money or compensation in money or in kind.

A Medieval Renaissance

The scribe of the Textus Roffensis is a striking exponent of a distinctive form of Caroline miniscule handwriting or bookhand that was developed at Canterbury and Rochester around 1100 and which became influential nationally.

The later foliation of the book is an early example of the use in English documents of Arabic numerals, which made a first tentative appearance on any scale in France in the thirteenth-century, but only became widespread in the fifteenth century. The Arabic foliation cannot be earlier than c.1300 and probably dates from c.1400 (Liebermann).

The Textus Roffensis defines a unique moment in English history, in which a mixed community of Anglo-Saxons and incoming Normans assembled the materials of the past of the ancient church in which they all served, associated them with the whole history of Christendom, and deployed them in defence of a profound reform of the life of the cathedral. (In 1077 the original secular foundation had been converted into a Benedictine regular foundation.)

The compilation of ancient English documents forming part of the Textus Roffensis itself represents a new self-conscious attempt at recording an English heritage, after the Norman Conquest. The incomers needed an effective guide to the law of King Edward (i.e. King Edward the Confessor) as the Conqueror and King Henry his son promised to observe it; incomer and native alike needed all the resources of the book to preserve their ancient rights and recent acquisitions.

The book, chiefly in the form of the law codes, also records an important stage in nation-building and one that influenced the constitutions of England, Great Britain, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and many Commonwealth countries.

Wormald explains this more eloquently: there is an at least indirect connection between the fact that England is today the world’s oldest continuously functioning state and that English is its most widely spoken language. Its language and law are the most enduring marks of Englishness, its main claims to anyone else’s attention. The history of both begins with Aethelbert.

The book may thus be considered as evidence of a 12th. Century and 13th. Century European renaissance that some historians consider to have anticipated the better known 15th. Century renaissance. Aside from its liturgical value and the cartulary in Part II, it also serves the dual purpose of preserving the main corpus of pre-Conquest English law codes that would not otherwise have survived intact and as self-conscious evidence of statehood.

Examples of documents included in the Textus Roffensis

The laws of King Ethelbert of Kent c.604
(DRc/R1 f.1 recto - f.3 verso)

Ethelbert was born c.560 and ruled c580 x c590-616.

The first two lines Dis syndon da domas de aethelbirht cyning asette on agustinus daege (these are the dooms [or laws] that King Ethelbert set in Augustine's days) were composed and added at the time of the compilation of the Textus Roffensis 1123 x 1124 and constitute the first example of the scribe’s many rubrications throughout the text. The rubrication acts as a useful heading and is evidence of the scribe’s editorial control over the whole compilation.

The mid-13th. Century footnote Text[us] de ecc[lesi]a Roff[en]si p[er] Ernulfu[m] ep[iscopu]m (The Book of the Church of Rochester through Ernulf, Bishop), attributes the compilation to the orders of Bishop Ernulf of Rochester. This note has lent itself to the document’s name (see above).

The words of the first 5 lines Godes feoh and ciricean xii gylde. Biscopes feoh xi gylde. Preostes feoh ix gylde. Diacones feoh vi gylde. Cleroces feoh iii gylde. Ciric frith ii gylde (The property of God and of the church, twelvefold; a bishop's property, elevenfold; a priest's property, ninefold; a deacon's property, sixfold; a clerk's property, threefold; churchfrith, twofold) are putatively the earliest surviving words of the English language.

The marginal notes were made by William Lambard in 1573 and Sir Edward Dering in 1632.

The Laws of Aethelbert of Kent of c 604 were entered up 1123 x 1124, They are immediately preceded by notes on Old English characters made by Elizabeth Elstob in 1712 and followed by the Laws of Hlothere and Eadric of Kent 673-c685, also entered up 1123 x 1124.

List of the Archbishops of Canterbury
(DRc/R1 f.110 verso)

This list is naturally the first of the lists of bishops of English dioceses contained in the Textus Roffensis, Canterbury having precedence as the primatial see.

The list begins with Augustine (Augustinus), appointed to Canterbury in 597 and extends to Walter (Walterus) in 1314. However, the main scribe’s hand is evident only down to Ralph (Rodulfus) (succeeded 1114) after whose name other hands have added to the list. This possibly helps date the principal compilation of the Textus Roffensis or at any rate Part 2 to 1123 or just before 1123 when William de Corbeil succeeded. This evidence is by no means determinate however as the list of bishops of Rochester in the main hand extends only to Godwin II who died c.950 with the inference that the main scribe used his discretion in including recent or current archbishops and bishops.

List of the Bishops of Rochester
(DRc/R1 f.111 recto)

This list has pride of place among the lists of bishops of the dioceses following the list of archbishops of Canterbury, beginning with Justus in 604 and ending with Hamo of Hythe in 1316. However as with the Canterbury list, the list was compiled by the main scribe only down to Godwin II who died c.1050 after whose name other hands have added to the list.

These two lists have proved crucial in dating the book. Note additional archbishops and bishops' names in later hands.

Grant of land to St. Andrew’s church at Rochester 28 April 604
(DRc/R1 f.119 recto - f.119 verso)

This page marks the beginning of Part II of the Textus Roffensis, the cartulary of Rochester Priory.

The illumination comprises the illuminated letter R of Regnante formed out of an angel and winged dragon coloured green, lake and vermilion and introduces the charter of King Aethelbert (or Ethelbert) of Kent granting land in Rochester to Bishop Justus and the church of St. Andrew. The charter seems to assume the church already exists. It should be noted the church did not become a priory until Archbishop Lanfranc instituted monks of the Benedictine order here in 1083, at which time Bishop Gundulf began his rebuilding and endowment programme. Down to that time, the church had been a college of lay clerks.

The document is dated 28 April by reference to the imperial Julian Calendar and to 604 by reference to the Indiction. Calculation by indiction was first used in imperial documents, though different forms of it were also used in ecclesiastical documents for centuries. The year of the Incarnation is not given in the document, but Bede places the consecration of Bishop Justus and the foundation of the diocese in 604.

The rubrication or heading was added by the main scribe in the 1120s and the marginalia by Sir Edward Dering in 1632.

The charter breaks into Old English to describe the boundaries of land in the south-western corner of the city granted by the king to the church, the area of the Roman fortress and the later medieval castle:

Fram suthgeate west and langes wealles oth north lanan to straete and sra east fram straete oth dodding hyrnan on gean brad geat

(From South Gate in the west and along the walls to North Lane, to the Street, and so east from Street to Doddinghern Lane and then to Broad Gate).

If the boundary clause is indeed very ancient, this document contains the first record of placenames or street names in the English language and the earliest firmly dated record of the English language. The Street is Watling Street i.e. Rochester High Street; Doddinghern [Lane] is now Boley Hill (formerly King’s Head Lane), in Rochester, see Gordon Ward MD FSA's map in Archaeologia Cantiana LXII 1949 p.38.

However, the document is in part at least a later forgery in common with many charters of the Anglo-Saxon period and was devised to give legal basis to rights not otherwise recorded.

The document is immediately preceded by a note of an inquisition made in 1199 concerning the debts of Rochester Priory.

Grant of land to St. Andrew’s church at Rochester 604
(DRc/R1 f.177 recto)

This document, recording the principal gifts to the church from its foundation to the grant made by King Henry I at the consecration of the new cathedral in 1130, is one of the early additions to the book. The date given, 600, is not accepted by historians. Justus was sent to England by Pope Gregory in 601 and ordained bishop of Rochester in 604.

The area of land conveyed by King Ethelbert is described thus: Omnem terram quae est a medu waie usque ad [?] orientalem portum civitatis in australi parte (All the land which is on the southern side from the Mead Way as far as the east gate of the City).

The land in question is thus the land upon which the church was built, see Gordon Ward MD FSA's map in Archaeologia Cantiana LXII 1949 p.38.

It should be noted that the street named as Mead Way on Ward's map is erroneous. The Latin medu waie in the original document is certainly the River Medway, not an earlier name for Northgate, formerly Pump Lane, as suggested by Ward. Thus an earlier translation by R.C. Fowler OBE BA FSA is correct (Victoria County History of Kent, volume ii p. 121 1926)

The entry represents at least the collective memory of the community at Rochester by the mid-twelfth century; if there had ever been a charter to record this early grant, it appears to have been long lost.

Coronation Charter or Institutiones of King Henry I, 1100
(DRc/R1 ff. 96 recto-97 verso)

This is the earliest document of its kind to survive, a promise made by a new king faced by dangerous enemies that he would govern according to good law. Its importance was underlined when Sir William Blackstone published his famed work Commentaries on the Laws of England between 1765 and 1769.

A version of King Henry’s charter was certainly known to the opponents of King John in 1215, and provided a very general precedent for the demands which were met (at least briefly) in Magna Carta of 1215, by which for the first time a king was constrained to acknowledge that he too was bound by the laws which he enforced on his subjects. In Statutes of the Realm published in 1810, Henry’s charter was deemed to outrank Magna Carta in importance.

The Rochester version of the charter, contained in the Textus Roffensis, is the earliest of the numerous surviving copies; the form is broadly that which seems to have been known to the barons in the months before the grant of Magna Carta. John’s opponents seem to have used a version not dissimilar to that in the Textus, but almost certainly one they found in an early-thirteenth-century copy of the Leges Londinienses.

In the charter Henry declared he had been made king by the common consent of the barons; forbade evil customs introduced by William the Conqueror, his father, or William Rufus, his brother; made the church free; abolished abuses of feudal relief, marriage and wardship; upheld allegiance to the king irrespective of traditional feudal lordships; instituted a reform of the coinage; agreed justice would be administered to those who had made or kept bad money; authorised the bequeathing of personal estates by will; agreed men who suffered forfeiture were no longer to be at the king’s mercy; agreed in return for supplying men and horses for the defence of the realm, knights were to be allowed their demesne lands free of tax; agreed peace was to be kept; reinstated the laws of Edward the Confessor as amended by William the Conqueror; and asserted the forests were to remain as they had been under William the Conqueror, with the agreement of the barons.

The document was witnessed by Bishop Gundulf. It is immediately preceded in the book by Bequeathing Form.

Service of Bridgework: list of personages, parishes and manors liable to repair Rochester Bridge, early 11th. century
(DRc/R1 f.166 verso)

This document probably constitutes a description of liabilities for the repair of Rochester Bridge. It is useful as a physical description of the partly English, partly Roman bridge of the period prior to the erection of the later medieval bridge completed in about 1398. However it could also be read as specifications for a proposed new bridge.

The Bridgework list was probably compiled in the first half of the 11th. century. The Textus Roffensis also contains a Latin copy of the original, written by the main scribe at the same time as this transcription in the 1120s (DRc/R1 f.164 verso).

The document was no doubt included in the Textus Roffensis because of the obligations for repair placed on the bishop and his parishes. In this latter regard, historians have used the list as a source for the origins and development of Kent parishes, in conjunction with the slightly later Domesday Book of 1087.

The document begins with the scribe’s rubrication: This is thaere bricce geweorc on hrovecaestre (This is the Bridgework at Rochester) and continues from the original source, the first clause of which states:

Her syndon genamad tha land the man hi of scale weorcan; Aerest thaere burge biscop fehth on thone earm to wercene tha land peran and threo gyrda to pilliane and iii sylla to lycanne, thaet is of Borcstealle and of Cucclestane and of Frinondesbyrig and of Stoce

(Here are named the lands from which the labour is due. First the bishop of the city undertakes to construct the land pier on the [eastern] arm and to plank three rods and to set in place 3 beams, that is from Borstal, Cuxton, Frindsbury and Stoke.)

The document is preceded by an unruled later 12th. Century addition.

List of churches receiving Holy Chrism from St. Andrew’s Church c.1080
(DRc/R1 ff.220 verso – 222 recto)

Holy Chrism was consecrated oil used in the rite of baptism. It was an old custom for the mother church to distribute chrism oil to the subordinate churches of the bishopric at Easter for which a fee of either sixpence or nine pence was charged, known as the Chrism Fee.

The list therefore served as an accounting record of the Chrism fees due from each church.

The list is important as it comprises a list of parishes and chapels nearly contemporary with the Domesday Book of 1087 and may even have been in use pre-Conquest (1066).

Additionally, the list supplies information on chapels and manors and the development of parish areas. For example, in addition to an entry for Frindsbury Church, Strood, Islingham and Thorndun are recorded as chapels of Frindsbury. This indicates that St. Nicholas’ Church Strood was a daughter church of Frindsbury and that the parish of Strood was carved out of Frindsbury.

The list begins with the scribe’s rubrication De numero ecclesiaru[m] Rofensis ep[iscop]at[us] et de redditib[us] q[u]os sing[u]l[a]e reddu[n]t quando accipiu[n]t s[an]ctu[m] crisma a mat[re] eccl[esi]a ep[iscop]at[us] (Concerning the number of churches of the bishopric of Rochester and the payments which they each make when they received the holy chrism from the Episcopal mother church)

The parishes mentioned on the first page include Tonbridge (Tonebrigga), Yalding (Ealdinga), Brenchley (Braencesle), Horsmonden (Horsbundenne), Pembury (Peppingeberia), Wateringbury (Wotringaberia), Cowden (Cudena), Aylesford (Aeilesford), East Malling (Meallingis), Ryarsh (Reiersce), Chatham (Caetham), Cuxton (Cuclestena), Penshurst (Pennes hurst), Ightam (Ehteham) and Lewisham (Leueseham).

Synopsis of contents

Part 1 is preceded by various miscellaneous notes added by much later hands.

p.i recto memoranda and notes in early modern hands

p.i verso list of Old English characters

p.ii recto Latin inscription pertaining to book's return to custody following a law suit 1633

p.ii verso palimpsest

p.iii recto transcription by Dr. John Harris of inscription found on the medieval wooden cover of book, as above 1633

p.iii verso a list of Old English characters by Elizabeth Elstob entered up in 1712

Part 1: Quedam instituta de legibus regum Anglorum (Some enactments from the laws of the kings of the English) (DRc/R1 f.58 recto) [translation Flight]

i.e. legal texts, law codes and regnal lists stemming from the kingdoms of the English Heptarchy, England

ff.1 recto- 3 verso: Ethelbert [cf. Aethelbert] king of Kent [commencing Dis syndon da domas de aethelbirht cyning asette on agustinus daege (transliteration Morris/Sawyer) ( these are the dooms [or laws] that King Ethelbert fixed in Augustine's days) (translation Fordham University.)] It should be noted modern scholars (Hough, Richards and Wormald) suggest this heading to be a later rubrication prefaced by the scribe to the text of the original document from which he copied. (For a 35mm colour slide/transparency see collection M51)
ff.3 verso-5 recto: Hlothere [cf. Lother/Lothair] and Eadric [cf. Edric], kings of Kent
ff.5 recto-6 verso: Wihtred [cf. Wightred], king of Kent
f.7 recto-verso: Hadbot [cf. Hadbote/had; compensation for affront or injury to a person in holy orders, see The Oxford English Dictionary edited by J.A.H. Murray [etc.] 1970, Archives library]
ff.7 verso-8 verso: West Saxon (Wessex) regnal table i.e. list of kings of Wessex
ff.9 recto-31 verso: Alfred [cf. Aelfred] (ff.11 recto- 24 verso) and Ine (ff.24 verso-31 verso), kings of Wessex;
ff.31 verso-32 recto: be blaserum (About Arsonists) and Forfang [rescue of stolen money or reward for rescuing stolen money]
f.32 recto-verso: Ordeal (cf. Ordal)
f.32 verso: Walreaf (despoiling the dead) [cf. Wealreaf, Weilreif, Walaraupa, A Treatise of Gavelkind [etc.], William Somner, 1660]
ff.32 verso-37 recto: II King Athelstan [cf. Aethelstan]
ff.37 recto-38 recto: V King Athelstan [cf. Athelstan]
f.38 recto: IV King Athelstan [cf. Aethelstan]
f.38 recto: Pax [i.e. the king’s peace]
ff.38 verso-39 verso: Swerian [i.e. oath forms]
f.38 verso: f.39 verso: Mirca Laga (Of Mercian Law)
ff.40-41: Laws of Edward [cf. Eadward] the Elder, king of England and Guthrum (or Aethelstan/Athelstan), king of the Dane-Law +; after c.901;
ff.41 verso-42 recto: Wergeld the price set upon a man according to his rank, paid by way of compensation or fine in cases of homicide and certain other crimes to free the offender from further obligation or punishment ( The Oxford English Dictionary, q.v. ); ff.42 recto-43 recto: I King Edward
ff.43 recto-44 recto: II King Edward
ff.44 recto-45 recto: I King Edmund
ff.45 recto-46 recto: II King Edmund
ff.46 recto-47 recto: I King Ethelred
f.47 recto-verso: King William I, On Exculpation
ff.48 recto-49 verso: III King Ethelred
ff.49 verso-57 recto: Iudicia Dei I_III i.e. the judgment of God, comprising Exorcismus-aquae (f.49 verso), Exorcismus-ferri (f.53 verso) and Exorcismus-panis (ff.55 verso -56 recto) i.e. the ceremonies of ordeal by red-hot iron, boiling water, immersion in water or by barley bread and cheese
f.57 verso: Canute, king of England, Charter for Christ Church, Canterbury
ff.58 recto-80 recto: Instituta Cnuti, I II III
ff.80 recto-81 verso: III King William I, Ten Articles
ff.81 verso-87 recto: Exceptiones, ex decretis pontificum, quales accusatores
ff.88 recto-93 recto: VI King Athelstan
f.93 verso- 94 recto Northleoda laga (Of the North people's law)
ff.93 verso-94 recto: Wergeld
ff.94 verso-95 recto: On betrothal/wedding
f.95 recto: charm against theft
f.95 recto-verso: Bequeathing form
ff. 96 recto-97 verso: King Henry I; Institutiones henrici regis
ff.98 recto - 100 recto: Excommunication
f.101 recto-verso: West Saxon [i.e. Wessex] genealogy
ff. 102 recto-104 recto: English royal genealogies, Adam to Edward Ironside (f.101 recto), Northumbria (f.102 recto), Mercia (f.102 recto), Kent (f.103 recto), Wessex (f.103 verso)
ff. 105 recto-116 recto: lists of popes, Roman++ emperors f.107 verso), oriental patriarchs [i.e. of Jerusalem [Palestine/Israel] (f.107 verso), Alexandria [Egypt] (f.109 recto) and Antiocha/Antioch [Syria] (f.109 verso)), and of English archbishops and bishops (ff.110 verso-116 recto) (Canterbury f.110v., Rochester f.111r.)
f.116 verso: a list of popes, seven archangels
f.117 recto: concerning pope Celestine
f.118 verso: note of an inquisition made in 1199 concerning debts of Rochester Priory.

Part 2: Incipiunt privilegia aecclesiae sancti andreae hrofensis concessa a tempore ethilberhti regis, qui fide christiana a beato augustino suscepta, eandem ecclesiam construi fecit (Privileges granted to the church of Saint Andrew of Rochester, from the time of king Aethelbert onwards, who, converted to the Christian faith by Saint Augustine, caused this church to be built) (DRc/R1 f.119 recto) [translation Flight]

i.e. cartulary of Rochester Cathedral Priory

Part 2 begins with an illuminated letter R formed out of an angel and winged dragon coloured green, lake and vermilion.

ff.119 recto-222 recto: cartulary, here partly summarised:

[604]
King Aethelberht [cf. Ethelbert] I of Kent to St. Andrew's Priory, Rochester of land in south-western part of the city, f.119. For an image of folio 119 recto, please click here

738
King Eadberht [cf. Edbert, Eadbert] of Kent to St. Andrew's Priory, Rochester ff119-120

762 Actually 747
King Eardwulf of Kent to St. Andrew's Priory, Rochester f123

762 King Sigered of Kent to Bishop Eardwulf of Rochester ff122-123;

764
King Offa of Mercia to Bishop Eardwulf of Rochester ff123-125;

765
King Ecgberht [cf. Egbert] of Kent to Bishop Eardwulf of Rochester confirmed by Heaberht of Kent and Offa of Mercia ff126-127;

761 x 764
Sigered, king of half Kent to Bishop Eardwulf of Rochester; confirmed by Eanmund of Kent ff125-126

778
King Ecgberht [cf. Egbert] of Kent to Bishop Deora of Rochester ff129-130;

779
King Ecgberht [cf. Egbert] II of Kent to bishop Deora f130

781 Actually 860-866
King Aethelberht [cf. Ethelbert] of Wessex to Bishop Deora of Rochester ff130-131

788
King Offa of Mercia to St. Andrew's Priory and Bishopric of Rochester ff131-132;

789
King Offa of Mercia to Bishop Waermund of Rochester ff133-134

789
King Offa of Mercia to Bishop Waermund and church at Rochester ff132-133;

801
King Coenwulf of Mercia and Cuthred of Kent to Swithlun ff135-136

811
King Coenwulf of Mercia to Bishop Beornmod of Rochester ff136-137

823
King Ecgberht [cf. Egbert] of Wessex to St. Andrew's Priory, Rochester ff137-138

838
King Ecgberht [cf. Egbert] of Wessex to Bishop Beornmod of Rochester ff138-139

841
King Aethelwulf [cf. Ethelwulf] of Wessex to Bishop Beornmod of Rochester f139

855
King Aethelwulf [cf. Ethelwulf] of Wessex to his minister Dunn; with Dunn's will ff139-140

860 & 790; actually c.975
King Aethelberht [cf. Ethelbert] of Wessex to Bishop Waermund of Rochester ff134-135
868

King Aethelred [cf. Ethelred] I of Wessex to Cuthwulf, Bishop of Rochester ff140-141

880
King Aethelwulf [cf. Ethelwulf] of Wessex to St. Andrew's Priory and Bishop Swithwulf ff141-142
942x946

King Eadmund [cf. Edmund] I (of Wessex) to Bishop Burhic of Rochester ff143-144

955
King Eadgar [cf. Edgar] of Wessex to St. Andrew's Priory ff150v-152

995 King Aethelred [cf. Ethelred] II to see of Rochester ff152-155

998 King Aethelred [cf. Ethelred] II to see of Rochester ff156-159

1012
King Aethelred [cf. Ethelred] II to Bishop Godwine (cf. Godwin) of Rochester ff159-162

[ff.163-221: here are charters and other documents mainly post-Conquest

including ff164v-167r list of persons and parishes liable for the repair of Rochester Bridge (Old English), an account of a trial on Penenden Heath, ff.168 recto-170 verso (Latin) and a list of churches and chapels in the diocese of Rochester liable to pay Rochester Cathedral a fee for receiving Holy Chrism or consecrated oil at Easter ff.220v-222r (written c.1115 but thought to have been composed c.1089 and possibly in use pre-Conquest); also including charter of King Ethelbert to St. Andrew's Church of land in south-eastern part of city 600 [actually 604] [forged] (f.177 recto)

ff.222 recto-223 verso: list of offices, masses etc. that ought to be said for members of religious houses in confraternity with Rochester

ff.224 recto-229 verso, 230 recto: lists/catalogue/inventory of books in Rochester Cathedral Priory Library [f.228 recto, line 1, mentions the first part (i.e. the laws) of the present Textus Roffensis as above

ff.232 verso-235: assize of ward of King Edward III

a version of the Domesday account of the Rochester fief, ff.209 recto-210 recto;

benefactions, mainly royal, 8th. Century - King William II, ff.215 recto-216 recto;

a list of knights, f.217 recto;

confirmations of privileges by archbishops of Canterbury William [Corbois/Corbyl] and Theobald, ff.203 recto, 204 verso-222 recto;

a judgment by Imar of Tusculum [cf. Frascati, near Rome, Italy] ff.203 verso-204 recto;

copy of a bull of Pope Eugenius III of 1146, ff.206 recto-208 recto.]

The above list has been compiled from Sawyer (Part 1) pp.15-18 and from Liebermann Archaeologia Cantiana volume xxiii (1898) p.112.

[+ cf. Denmark; Northumbria, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, Norfolk, Suffolk, Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Cambridgeshire, Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire and Essex]
[++ cf. Rome, Italy]

Notes, general.

The original document (DRc/R1) is not produced. Instead, facsimiles of various kinds are made available, from which any reprographic work is undertaken. The following is a list of facsimile sources or secondary sources relating to the Textus Roffensis. This list is not intended to be exhaustive.

Microfilm MF411 (searchroom duplicate).

Microfilm copy also held by University Microfilms, Annarbor, Michigan, United States of America

The book was digitally photographed in high resolution colour on 2 June 2004 by Ian Booth of Medway City Estate . These images (jpegs) are available here on Cityark- see Imagebase.

Notes, bibliographical

Fordham University website translations of Old English Laws or Dooms click here

Printed book Textus Roffensis facsimile, edited by P. Sawyer 1957, 1962 2 volumes, i.e. Parts I & II, Local Studies collection, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre ref. qROC283

Printed book Textus Roffensis edited by Thomas Hearne [q.v.], 1720, containing a transcription and translation of the original Anglo-Saxon text (DRc/R1 chapters 81-82) describing and concerning Rochester Bridge (at pp.379-383), Local Studies collection, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre ref. ROC283Y

Printed book entitled An Historical Account of that Venerable Monument of Antiquity the Textus Roffensis; including Memoirs of the Learned Saxonists Mr. William Elstub and his sister [Elizabeth] by Samuel Pegge MA 1784 ref. qROC091 Pegge

Printed booklet entitled Rochester Cathedral Library: its Fortunes and Adventures through Nine Centuries W.H. Mackean, canon and librarian, 1953

The Local Studies Unit, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre has a set of glass plate negatives (formerly held at the Guildhall Museum) comprising a partial copy of the Textus Roffensis, ref. Box 1B negatives 3097-3105 and Box 1D negatives 3110-3144

Printed book Textus Roffensis and Customale Roffensis by H. Pratt Boorman, Kent Life March 1974, Local Studies collection, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Printed booklet entitled The First Code of English Law (originally a lecture given at Canterbury Cathedral Archives under the title King Aethelberht of the Kent-people and the First English Code of Law) by Dr. Patrick Wormald, published by the Canterbury Commemoration Society, 2005, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Article entitled The Textus Roffensis in Chancery AD1633 contained in Archaeologia Cantiana XXX 1914 pp.225-232 by A.A. Arnold, 1913 Local Studies collection Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

Printed book The Laws of the Earliest English Kings F.L. Attenborough, 1922

Printed book The Making of English Law: King Alfred to the Twelfth Century - Volume I Legislation and its Limits Patrick Wormald 2001

Printed book The Beginnings of English Law L. Oliver, 2002

Printed article The List of Saxon Churches in the Textus Roffensis by G. Ward MD FSA Archaeologia Cantiana volume XLIV pp.39-59 1932

Printed book The History of Kent by J. Harris (q.v.) 1719: containing also a transcription and translation from the Anglo-Saxon text describing and concerning Rochester Bridge (at pp.260-261), Local Studies collection, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre, ref. Y942HAR

Printed book A perambulation of Kent [etc.] by William Lambarde, first published 1576; reprinted 1826. Also containing a transcription and translation of the Anglo-Saxon text describing and concerning Rochester Bridge, (at pp. 347-352). Local Studies collection, Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre, ref. Y942LAM;

Printed book Diocesan Histories: Rochester by Rev. A.I. Pearman MA 1897 (ROC283)

Printed book The Bishops and Monks of Rochester 1076-1214 by Colin Flight, no. vi in monograph series, Kent Archaeological Society, 1997, copy in local studies collections at this centre, ref. ROC283FLI. This book, chapter 2, pp.17 et seq. includes information on the title of the document and a description of the document's composition.

The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England click here

Off-print of article entitled Palaeographical evidence for the compilation of Textus Roffensis by Dr. Carole A. Hough of the Department of English Language, Glasgow University, published in Scriptorium: international revue of manuscript studies Tome LV 2001,1 Archives Library OA/LIB/358

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 28 January 2008. Updated Nov 2014 by Archivist, Medway Council.


Date: 12th.-14th. centuries
Quantity: 1 volume 9 1/2" x 7" x 2 1/4" (240mm x 175mm x 55mm)
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: P296_RAINHAM_1517_1987/P296_08C_10 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Rochester_Archdeaconry_Area_Parishes/ P296_RAINHAM_1517_1987/ 02_ADDITIONAL_DEPOSIT_1864_1987/ 08_PAROCHIAL_CHURCH_COUNCIL_1939_1982/ P296_08C_10.html

Rainham parish records

Parochial Church Council (PCC), secretaries' business and correspondence files.

General correspondence file of M. Meinertzhagen of 3 The Maltings, Rainham (later of "Grandlelesden", 20 Bredhurst Road, Wigmore), secretary of PCC and others, broadly arranged A-Z by initial letter only of surname of correspondent, top to bottom, chiefly relating to church fabric and community affairs.

Includes correspondence with F.A. Burden of House of Commons, Westminster, MP, Dr. R.D. Say, Bishop of Rochester and others, concerning PCC's objection to imprisonment of Mastapha Jabiri, a Christian in Morocco, Africa for breaking the Feast of Ramadan, 1975.

Includes letter from R. Eames, 88 Maidstone Road, Rainham, advising that following his attending a crowded Christmas Eve communion service, any recurrence would be dangerous from the point of view of fire safety, 5 January 1978.

Includes correspondence with Independent Broadcasting Authority concerning complaint by PCC that screening of Jesus of Nazareth [cf. Palestine; Israel] clashed with their Evensong service, 1977.

Includes report from John Taylor (Bellfounders) Limited, Loughborough, Leicestershire, to F. Cheal, 49 Ivy Street, Rainham detailing and recommending repairs to frictional points and frame, 1982.

File updated by Borough Archivist 2 October 2001.

Date: 1974-1982
Quantity: 2 bundles/c.100 items each
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: Strood_Rural_District_Council_1897_1974/SRDC_877 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Strood_Rural_District_Council_1897_1974/ 03_Engineer_and_Surveyors_Department_1897_to_1974/ 11_Leisure_1957_1974/ 02_Deangate_Ridge_Golf_Course_1967_1974/ SRDC_877.html

Deangate Recreation (Gen. 113)

Correspondence with Porter and Cobb, Cathedral Chambers, Rochester, Surveyors, Sports Turf Research Institute, Bingley, Yorkshire, En-tout-cas Limited, Syston, Leicestershire tennis court builders, and other local or national contractors, discussing development of recreational facilities at Deangate Ridge, Hoo St. Werburgh, comprising water recreation centre on River Medway, Yacht Basin at Hoo, Recreation Ground and running track.

Including confidential report by D. D. Wishart, Advisory Officer, Sports Turf Research Institute as above, to Strood RDC on technical aspects of proposed playing field, 23 February 1973.

Including two colour photographs from Norset Limited, Raisby Quarry, Coxhot, Durham, showing sports stadia covered by their product Nortex Gold Top, filed at 17 May 1973.

Inc. facsimile maps of Hoo area.

Including facsimile drawings at Amateur Athletic Association approved Sports Stadia designs, 1961-1972.


Date: [1961] 1972- 1974
Quantity: 1 file/c.150pp/items

Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: DE0053-DE0053_1_Canon_Wheatley_MSS_1684_1950/01_Intro on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0053-DE0053_1_Canon_Wheatley_MSS_1684_1950/ 01_Intro.html

 

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre
(formerly Rochester-upon-Medway Studies Centre, previously Rochester upon Medway City Archives/Medway Area Archives Office)
DE53/1
ANTIQUARIAN NOTES AND GLEANINGS OF REV. CANON
S.W. WHEATLEY, MA, FSA, VICAR OF ST.
MARGARET'S PARISH, ROCHESTER, c1927-1950

(Please click here to obtain a full list of the contents of this collection, or select the folder from the menu at the query screen at the front end, following the instructions for obtaining a "collection report".)Transferred from Rochester Library, Northgate, Rochester, Kent County Council,
Northgate, Rochester 30 July 1990
INTRODUCTION: BIOGRAPHICAL
Sydney Williams Wheatley was born in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland in 1869, the son of Leonard Abercromby Wheatley. He was educated at the Royal High School in that City and subsequently at King's College, London and Jesus College, Oxford, Oxfordshire, where he graduated MA in 1908.

Wheatley was Vicar of St. Margaret's Parish, Rochester 1915-1947 but besides his pastoral work in this period he was active as an archaeologist, historian and genealogist, publishing much material in parish, diocesan and archaeological periodicals, also generally supplying associates and enquirers with the results of his research informally.

Although parts of the collection comprise either parish records (DE53/1/24-45) or papers created in direct or indirect furtherance of his parish work (DE53/1/46/-87), the collection is chiefly antiquarian in character.

Wheatley was ordained as a Church of England priest in 1894, and held the curacy successively of St. Stephen's, Hampstead, London 1894-1896, Brightwell, Berkshire 1896-1899 and Brasted 1899-1905 before being appointed Vicar of St. Paul's Church, Four Elms, Edenbridge in 1905. He married Marion H.G. Cochrane, daughter of George Cochrane Kerr in 1909 and they had one son and two daughters.

Wheatley joined the Kent Archaeological Society in 1912 and served on its Council 1922-1948, contributing many articles to the Society's periodical Archaeologia Cantiana. For twenty years from 1926 he was editor of the Rochester Diocesan Chronicle, was a member of Rochester City Council's Museum Committee and in 1922 was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London for his keen interest in the preservation of local antiquities (Society of Antiquaries election certificate [copy held in City Archivist's accessions file ACC/KCC:ROCH.LIBY. available by request]).

Wheatley was also variously Chaplain to 1st. Battalion Royal West Kent Volunteers, 1903, Chaplain to the High Sheriff of Kent 1904, Head Special Constable, Hever Section 1915, President of the local district branch of the Historical Association c.1931 and Honorary Canon (from 1908) and Assistant Librarian of Rochester Cathedral (DE53/1/3).

He was made a fellow of King's College, London in 1936.
Wheatley lived at St. Margaret's Vicarage until his retirement, after which he lived at Denville, Frindsbury Hill, Strood, where he continued his local history interests.

Wheatley died on 11 March 1951.

INTRODUCTION: ARCHIVAL
The collection was originally found in a disorganised state as is so often the case with antiquarian notes and has therefore lent itself to arbitrary arrangement, although this has been done sympathetically in such a way as to best represent the likely purposes its component parts served during the period it was compiled (see contents page). This method of treatment means there is some overlap in subject matter covered by different section headings and that cross-reference should be made between these by the researcher.

The material associated with St. Margaret's Parish (DE53/1/24-87) is no doubt the result of Wheatley's being the parish priest there and the availability of leisure time enabled by his curates' pastoral work, allowing expression of his personal historical and antiquarian interests in addition to the theoretically minimal duties of a parish clergyman. However, other topographically or socially relevant St. Margaret's material including genealogical and antiquarian enquiries from the public and fellow antiquarians to Wheatley, as official custodian of the parish records, are listed separately to unite strictly non-parochial records (DE53/1/132-157).

The third section relates to Wheatley's more wide-ranging social, urban and historical interests in his adopted city, and in some cases show Wheatley to have been almost a one man pressure group and also a point of contact for other pressure groups (DE53/1/104,111).

The final section (DE53/1/158-173) includes private papers or notes on antiquarian interests further afield.
Unfortunately, the collection contains little about Wheatley personally, although many of his correspondents describe his character directly or indirectly. Interestingly, Wheatley was not a member of the Rochester Book Society (See collection 9S/39) but was associated with its activities (DE53/1/167) and fortunately this bundle contains photographs of him. For another photograph of him see (DE53/1/97) and the City of Rochester Society publication in the bibliography below.

The best potential of the collection lies in use by genealogists or local historians. They may find ready-made family pedigrees or notes on a particular building or controversy not to be found elsewhere, especially considering that Wheatley seems to have had privileged access to much source material and many original sources not easily located, including some St. Margaret's parish records which seem not to have survived.

However, the collection may be less suitable for educational purposes, except where the users are the more mature pupils or college students. Researchers are well advised to first consult current local historical and archaeological publications in our local studies collections for information on subjects considered by Wheatley and his contemporaries.

An interesting theme in Wheatley's work is the developing, organisation and articulation of resistance to unsympathetic town planning (DE53/1/104, 111) or private alterations (DE53/1/5) locally, where both impinged on historical character, architectural taste and tourist potential, showing firstly that he was alive to contemporary as well as historical issues, and secondly that he correctly anticipated many of the subsequently fulfilled threats to Rochester's heritage.

Intellectually, the collection relates to such subjects as archaeology including military archaeology (DE53/1/88-104, 164,167) ecclesiastical history (DE53/1/1-23, 71-87), topography (DE53/1/46-70, 89-131, 164) administrative history (DE53/1/46-70), genealogy, heraldry, ecclesiology and town planning, nearly all concerning Rochester. The collection also contains many interesting illustrations of the lives and activities of local people in the first half of the 20th. century, mostly found in the rambling letters from Wheatley's associates (e.g. DE53/1/58, 164).

The various branches of Wheatley's research stemmed directly or indirectly from the particular offices to which he was appointed or the services for which he volunteered, most of them in the latter capacity. The material centring on Rochester Cathedral and its associated institutions presumably stems from Wheatley's honorary canonry of Rochester Cathedral, his assistant librarianship there, and editorship of the Rochester Diocesan Chronicle. No doubt these duties resulted in turn from Wheatley's widely recognised scholarship, accuracy, dedication to and capacity for work.

Notes on amendments July 1996

Measurements originally given in Imperial in 1991 have now been supplied in the International System (Metric) as well. The IS measurement given is a straight conversion of the Imperial figures stated originally, and do not result from a re-measurement of the dimensions of items in the collection. Consequently, researchers requiring exact IS measurements should understand that IS dimensions quoted may not be accurate to the millimetre and are advised to call up the original document to ascertain this for themselves.

Other minor editorial changes and corrections have been made. The deleted list can be made available for inspection if required (ref. ACC/KCC:ROCH.LIBY). No document reference nos. have been changed.

Medway Area Archivist
September 1991

Edited and amended by City Archivist July 1996
Revised 30 October 1997
Revised 13 November 1997
Editing completed for CityArk Phase II 6 April 1999, Borough Archivist, Medway Council

Last updated by Borough Archivist 24 July 2001.

Abbreviations

A.D.


Anno Domini The year of Our Lord



 

a.m.


Ante Meridiem before Midday



 

Aug


August



 

Ave.


Avenue



 

b.


born



 

B.C.


Before Christ



 

B.C.P.


Book of Common Prayer



 

B.E.S.


Balliol Earthworks Survey



 

Bt


Baronet



 

B & W


Black and White



 

c.


Circa (about), century



 

Capt.


Captain



 

Cdr.


Commander



 

Co.


County, Company



 

d.


died



 

Dec.


December



 

Dec'd


deceased



 

Dr.


Doctor



 

E


East



 

E.C.


East Central



 

Ed.


Edition



 

e.g.


Exempli gratia (for example)



 

Esq.


Esquire



 

Feb.


February



 

Fl


Floreat (flourished)



 

F.M.


Field Marshal



 

FRIBA


Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects


 

F.S.A.


Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in London



 

Ft.


Fort



 

Gen.


General



 

Gent.


Gentleman



 

Gt.


Great



 

H.M.


His Majesty's



 

H.M.S.


His Majesty's Ship



 

H.R.H.


His Royal Highness



 

Inc.


Includes, including



 

Jan.


January



 

J.P.


Justice of the Peace



 

La.


Lane



 

Leics


Leicestershire



 

Lt.


Lieutenant



 

Ltd.


Limited



 

Maj.


Major



 

Messrs.


Messieurs (Gentlemen or Sirs)



 

M.P.


Member of Parliament



 

Mr.


Mister



 

MS


Manuscript (handwritten)



 

Mt.


Mount



 

N.B.


Nota Bene (note well)



 

Nd.


No date



 

No


Numero (number)



 

Nov.


November



 

Oct.


October



 

O.S.


Ordnance Survey



 

P/pp


Page(s)



 

P.H.


Public house



 

Pt.


point



 

Rd.


Road



 

Rev.


Reverend



 

Rm.


Room



 

R.N.


Royal Navy



 

S.E.


South East



 

Sep.


September



 

Sic,


Sic. (thus it appears)



 

Spin.


Spinster



 

Sq.


Square



 

St.


Saint, Street



 

S.W.


South West



 

Tce.


Terrace



 

TS


Typescript



 

Vol.


Volume



 

W.


West



 

W.C.


West Central



 

Wid


Widow



 


Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: DE0053-DE0053_1_Canon_Wheatley_MSS_1684_1950/DE053_01_074 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0053-DE0053_1_Canon_Wheatley_MSS_1684_1950/ 02_INCUMBENT_ST_MARGARETS_PARISH_ROCHESTER_1811_1948/ 03_HISTORY_OF_ST_MARGARETS_CHURCH_ROCHESTER_1894_1945/ DE053_01_074.html

Transcriptions of the dedication inscriptions on the stained glass in St. Margaret's Church, Rochester

On rear: mutilated marriage licence of Walter Stanley Knott of Rochester and Kathleen Marcia White of Leicestershire, spinster, 6 June 1919
Date: After 1919
Quantity: 1p


Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: DE0284_Pinn_Family_of_Chatham_1795_1817/DE0284_P107 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0284_Pinn_Family_of_Chatham_1795_1817/ 11_NATIONAL_NEWS_c1815/ DE0284_P107.html

Page no.<br>

Page no.

Page no.


Description


Subject


Features


Dates


p17


Newscuttings


Coach crash in Leicestershire; pedestrianism


Portrait of George Wilson [?] a Blackheath pedestrian


Early 19th Century



Date: Early 19th. century
Quantity: Pasted into volume
Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_03 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_03.html

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 3: Rochester Esplanade

Photograph of print entitled Bridge House at Rochester looking south along Rochester Bridge approach (formerly West Gate, subsequently Esplanade), showing group of buildings on left side, Medway Valley in the distance, riverbank in right foreground and bridge foot in right middle distance. Engraved and published by Richard Godfrey, 120 Long Acre, London 1 October 1770. For original see below. 6" x 4 1/2" (150mm x 115mm) p.1

Print entitled Bridge House at Rochester looking south along Rochester Bridge approach (formerly West Gate, subsequently Esplanade), showing group of buildings on left side, Medway Valley in the distance, riverbank in right foreground and bridge foot in right middle distance. Engraved and published by Richard Godfrey, 120 Long Acre, London 1 October 1770. 10" x 8" (250mm x 200mm) p.2

Printed text entitled The Bridge Chapel. Unattributed. c.1985 p.3

Newscuttting containing article from Chatham News, entitled Little-known trust spans the centuries: Dick Whittington was a contributor to group which still keeps bridges open with photograph of Glyn Jones, clerk, former town clerk and chief executive of Gillingham Borough Council, taken in front of the Bridge Chapel on Rochester Esplanade. 4 September 1987 p.4

Cutting from Old Rochester no. 16 by Edwin Harris entitled Rochester Esplanade comprising reproduction of drawing of elevation of frontage of Bridge Chapel, old Bridge Chamber and the Queen's Arms public house on Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate), depicting a Mieux and Company of London porter placard above the public house also showing shop front sign stating J. Terry. On reverse, drawing of elevation of group of two buildings in Rochester High Street including S. Caddell's shop and the Golden Cross. 1902 p.5 (U)

Copy of photograph of front of ruin of Rochester Bridge Chapel looking across Esplanade and pavement to main entrance, also showing part of Castle Club, 3 Esplanade, in left middle distance. 3" x 2 3/4" 1928 p.5 (L, left)

Copy of photograph of interior of ruin of Bridge Chapel, Esplanade, Rochester looking towards main entrance. 3" x 2 3/4" 1928 p.5 (L, right)

Page of text entitled Rochester Bridge Trust. Unattributed. c.1985 p.61

Photograph of Bridge Chamber on the corner of Esplanade and Castle Hill, Rochester, looking north-east from a point diagonally opposite, also showing the front of the Bridge Chapel, garden of Castle Club, Crown Inn and in the distance Bridge House at the foot of Rochester Bridge. 6" x 4" (150mm x 100mm) After 1878 p.7

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge House, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on Rochester Esplanade, looking south-east, showing a pedestrian in front of the chamber and part of the Castle Club, 3 Esplanade, at left and part of the castle curtain wall and corner of Castle Hill in right distance. Published by C. Richter Ltd., London NW6. c.1938 p.8 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep and curtain wall, Esplanade, Bridge Chamber and foot of Castle Hill, looking from Rochester road bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing pedestrians at junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade, banner flying on the castle keep and Watts’ Charity Baths in the right distance. The compiler notes the change in position of a wall plaque in comparing DE402/3/p.8 (U) above with this item. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 80mm) c.1931 p.8 (L)

Postcard reproduction of drawing by Edwin Harris (drawn 1902) as DE402/3/5 (U) above comprising elevation of frontage of Bridge Chapel, old Bridge Chamber and the Queen's Arms public house on Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate), depicting a Mieux and Company of London porter placard above the public house also showing shop front sign stating J. Terry. c.1930 p.9 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle western curtain wall viewed from Rochester Esplanade, looking from a point diagonally opposite, showing trees and benches lining castle side of the Esplanade, occupants on benches, the curtain wall overgrown and overhung with bushes and trees, gazebos at a higher level, gas lamp and the upper corner towers of the castle keep. 5 ¾” x 5” c.1859 x c.1870 p.9 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right, Bridge Chamber, Queen’s Arms, Rochester Castle curtain wall, gazebos on top of the curtain wall, castle keep and Watts’ Charity Baths. 3 ½ “ x 2 ¼” (95mm x 57mm) c.1859 x c.1871 p.10 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right, Queen’s Arms, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance way and steps to castle gardens with castle keep in the background. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 5” x 4 ½” (125mm x 115mm) c.1872 x c.1977 p.10 (L)

Copy of photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right part of the Castle Club, cathedral, Bridge Chamber, Queen’s Arms (formerly Waterman’s Arms), the entrance to Castle Hill, castle curtain wall, gazebos on the curtain wall and castle keep. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers and the northern pinnacle on the cathedral west front is in disrepair. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) c.1859 x c.1871 p.11

Photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right the ruinous Bridge Chapel, Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance steps, river wall balustrade, underpinned castle wall to right, benches, ramp leading to Bakers Walk and castle keep in background. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (165mm x 120mm) c.1879 x c.1883 p.12

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and castle wall, Rochester looking diagonally across the Esplanade from a point opposite the entrance to Castle Hill, showing pavement beneath curtain wall, curtain wall overhung with trees and bushes, gazebos above the wall, foot passengers on the pavement including women and child with perambulator standing alongside street furniture and top of castle keep in the background. c.1900 p.13 (U)

Copy of photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance steps, castle keep, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Esplanade balustrade, pavement and benches at side of Esplanade, foot passengers and Watts’ Charity baths. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 6” x 4 ¼” (150mm x 117mm) c.1879 x c.1883 p.13 (L)

Cutting from Scribner’s Monthly comprising reproduction of engraving entitled Rochester Castle, viewed from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Esplanade, showing from left to right part of the Queen’s Arms, castle curtain wall and entrance steps, castle keep, Watts’ Charity baths and the Medway valley. A windmill is visible in the distance and river traffic comprises two barges with lowered masts and a steam vessel. September 1880. p.14 (U)

Photograph of Rochester taken from Strood Intra alongside the foot of Rochester Bridge, showing from left to right, part of Rochester Bridge, Crown Hotel, Castle Club, Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Castle Hill, cathedral, castle curtain wall and steps and castle gardens entrance steps, castle keep, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, Boley Hill. River traffic comprises a barge with lowered mast and several small rowing boats alongside the bath house. 6” x 3 ¾” (152mm x 95mm) c.1883 x c.1884 p.14 (L)

Photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester, from the Medway taken from Strood Intra looking across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths with a barge under sail in the foreground pointing in the direction of Rochester Bridge. Small boats are moored near the pier and the aftermost sail on the barge bears a star emblem. c.1886 x c.1904 8” x 6” (203mm x 252mm) p.15

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Cathedral and Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in catstle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with a sailing barge in the foreground. c.1903 [?] p.16 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right the Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with sailing barge in middle ground. Valentine’s series. With message front and rear from Stanley and Mrs. Mason to their son Master G. Mason, Pinkhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, postmarked Gillingham 1 February 1903. p.16 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester from Strood looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right part of Moat House at the foot of Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with sailing barge in foreground. Peacock Brand, Pictorial Stationery Co. Ltd., London, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 p.17 (U)

Picture postcard reproducing painting of view entitled Rochester Castle from Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, the foot of Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Produced by J. Soley, New Brompton. Message on rear from Andrew [-] to his mother and father discussing health. Postmarked Rochester. Before 1906. p.17 (L)

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle from river [Medway] looking from Rochester Bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep and bandstand in castle gardens and small boat on mudflats in right foreground. Message on front and rear from WBMcC to a Mrs. Taylor, 13 Chamberlain Road, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, mentioning pleasant hours spent in Rochester and a grand military review. Wyndham series. 26 June 1903. Postmarked Chatham. p.18 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Cathedral and Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Message on rear [from a Mr. Cummins] to Miss Ruby Cummins, c/o Miss A.S. Cummins, 2 Albert Villas, Bounds Green Road, New Southgate, London N. Postmarked Rochester. c.1904 x c.1906 p.18 (L)

Photograph of Rochester looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watt’s Charity swimming baths. A barge with lowered mast is in the foreground and in the background is visible a pontoon, raft and men. After 1906. 4 ½” x 3” (117mm x 77mm) p.19 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and [River] Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths, with sailing barge in foreground. Printed by Delittle, Fenwick and Co., York, Yorkshire, for Shurey’s Publications. c.1904 x c.1906 p.19 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester from the Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Royal Crown Hotel on the corner of Rochester High Street and Esplanade, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep and sailing barges on the River Medway, one with mast lowered. In the foreground is a long rowing boat with ten man crew aboard, coxswain at stern with tiller. Message on rear from John [-] to Miss Annie Elliott, 5 Cambridge Street, Rugby, Warwickshire. Postmarked Gillingham 14 July 1907. p.20

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and Cathedral from the river [Medway] looking from Rochester Bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens and castle keep. Sailing barge in middle ground and rowing boat with three man crew in right foreground. J. Welch and Sons, photographic publishers, Portsmouth, Hampshire. c.1906 x c.1913 p.21 (U)

Photograph of Rochester taken from Strood Intra, looking at right angles across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Rochester road bridge, Bridge House, buildings in Rochester High Street, Crown Hotel, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral and Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps. Two sailing barges, one with mast lowered, in middle ground. c.1906 x c.1913 6” x 4 1/8” (152mm x 107mm) p.21 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway, looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Sailing barge in foreground. Published by Valentine’s. Message on rear from Liz, Dick and Doris, 39 Dickens Terrace, Wainscott, Frindsbury to Miss D. Rose, 2 Holmesdale Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. Postmarked 12 June 1917. p.22 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway, looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Sailing barge in foreground. Published by Valentine’s. Message on rear from Liz, Dick and Doris, 39 Dickens Terrace, Wainscott, Frindsbury to Miss D. Rose, 2 Holmesdale Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. Duplicate of DE402/3/22 (U) above but untinted. c.1917 p.22 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photograph of Rochester viewed from Strood Intra, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach from near Strood foot of Rochester Bridge towards Rochester Castle, showing Esplanade and from left to right Bridge Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (U)

Photograph of Rochester viewed from Temple Marsh, Strood, looking diagonally across Tower Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths, boat yards, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep and Whitefriars. Various small vessels are moored in the River Medway on and off the mudflats and river bank. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (M)

Photograph of Rochester viewed from a vantage point possibly a vessel moored on the mudflats on the Rochester side of Tower Reach, looking towards Watts’ Charity swimming baths, showing from left to right Rochester Pier, Watts’ baths, boat yards, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep and Medway Yacht Club. A large barge is moored off the yacht club on the mudflats. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester, showing from left to right part of Bridge Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Comprising a cropped version of DE402/3/19 (U) above. A barge with lowered mast is in the foreground and in the background is visible a pontoon, raft and men. Published by Valentine’s. After 1906. p.24 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Cathedral looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester, showing from left to right part of the Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars. A sailing barge and rowing boat are in the middle ground. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. c.1930 p.24 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and arbours under new terrace, castle gardens, Rochester, looking along Esplanade from a point opposite the entrance to Castle Hill, showing on the south side of the Esplanade the castle keep, banner flying from corner tower, and curtain wall with alcoves and seats and the ramp leading to Bakers Walk and on north side balustrade, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths, with men and dog in foreground. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester no. 141. After 1906 p.25 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled The Pier, Rochester, looking from the castle gardens terrace above Rochester Esplanade diagonally across the Esplanade towards Rochester Pier and Tower Reach, showing in the foreground a parked motor car and balustrade, in the middle ground moored boats around the pier, Medway Swimming Club raft and larger vessels off boat yards and in the distance from left to right Cuxton and Temple Marsh, Strood. A moored lighter is in mid river with smaller vessels in line on the Strood side of the river. Published by Valentine’s. c. 1930 p.25 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled entrance to castle gardens, Rochester taken from a point in Rochester Esplanade diagonally opposite entrance and staircase leading from Rochester Esplanade to castle gardens and terrace, positioned in Rochester Castle curtain wall at the junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade and looking up Castle Hill to the left and along the Esplanade to the right, showing a woman crossing the foot of Castle Hill. The top of the Castle keep is visible above the curtain wall. Message on rear from Violet [-] to Mrs. Florence Loweth, 51 Bedford Road, Clapham Road, Clapham, London. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 13 September 1918. p.26 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Esplanade (steps and shelters) Rochester taken from a point in Rochester Esplanade diagonally opposite entrance and steps leading from Rochester Esplanade to castle gardens and terrace, positioned in Rochester Castle curtain wall at the junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade and looking along the Esplanade to the right as far as the ramp leading to Bakers Walk, showing railings and alcoves in curtain wall along inside of Esplanade. Published by Valentine's, colourtype series. c.1918 p.26 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, part of Moat House, Castle Hill, entrance and steps to the castle gardens, trees, castle curtain wall and keep and Rochester Esplanade. Published by Judges Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. Stamped on rear by Postcards and Postmarks Library, Hogsthorpe, Skegness, Lincolnshire 1973. c.1912 x c.1931 p.27 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep, bandstand and castle gardens and alcoves in curtain wall along Esplanade. Message on rear, from Bert [-] to Mr. Edward Crain, Ashley, Market Harborough, Leicestershire. Published by M and L, national series. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 29 July 1948. p.27 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Castle and Esplanade from the River] Medway, Rochster taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber (with tablet on left side of frontage and ornamental lamp-post on corner of wall), bottom of Castle Hill, castle keep, entrance to castle gardens and curtain wall, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Rochester Pier, with boat yard sheds in distance. Motor cars are parked along the Esplanade. Before 1931. p.28 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and Castle, Rochester taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Club (3 Esplanade), tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral, Bridge Chapel and Chamber (showing tablet on right of frontage and ornamental lamp-post on corner of wall), Moat House, bottom of Castle Hill with motor car cornering the junction between Esplanade and Castle Hill, entrance to castle gardens, castle curtain wall and keep and alcoves in curtain wall alongside Esplanade. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons Ltd. c.1938 p.28 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Gateway, Rochester Castle taken from corner of Rochester Esplanade and Castle Hill looking through entrance to Rochester Castle gardens and steps, showing iron gates, hand-railing, inscription tablet on right inside wall [cf. Chatham News 16 July 1887 p.6], Norman revival archway and supporting columns and in distance top of castle keep. c.1930 p.29 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Entrance to Castle Gardens, Rochester taken from a point diagonally opposite in the middle of Rochester Esplanade looking towards neo-Norman archway and corner of Rochester Castle curtain wall at junction of Rochester Esplanade and Castle Hill, showing bottom of Castle Hill on left and Watts’ Charity swimming baths in distance on right. c.1930 p.29 (L)

Photocopies of articles in Chatham News and notes pertaining to a drinking fountain on Rochester Esplanade erected in memory of Mrs. Foord, 1864. Compiled c.1980. p.30

Postcard photograph of iron tablet erected on Rochester Esplanade by public subscription in commemoration of the death and heroism of Percy Henry Gordon of Bermondsey, London who while visiting this city on Good Friday April 5th. 1912 lost his life in bravely rescuing a little girl from drowning in the River Medway near Rochester Pier, tablet inscription surmounted by coat of arms of Rochester City Council. c.1930 p.31

Photograph of foreshore of River Medway between cricket (later recreation) ground and Rochester Pier taken from a vessel in the River Medway or the cricket ground and looking diagonally across a section of Tower Reach north-north-east towards Rochester, showing from left to right Bridge House, buildings on Rochester Esplanade (in the extreme distance), Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Pier, Watts' Charity swimming baths, D. Mackay's launch works, Medway Yacht Club, G. Spinks and Sons, launch builders' yard, castle keep and Whitefriars, various vessels moored alongside the jetties in front of the boat yards. 1934. 5" x 3 1/2" (130mm x 90mm) p.32 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Watts' Baths, Esplanade, Rochester looking north-east towards Rochester from a point in the River Medway diagonally opposite Watts' Charity swimming baths, along the frontage of the river between the foot of Rochester Bridge and Watts' Baths, showing left to right Bridge House, buildings on Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Pier, Medway Swimming Club raft, Watts' Baths and various small vessels moored between the pier and camera. Message on rear from [?] Harrill [?] to Miss L. Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, mentioning that a Harry has not yet been called-up as a Sea Cadet. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 7 November 1914. p.32 (L)

Typescript notes entitled a brief history of what eventually became Watts' Public Baths by E.H. Couchman, September 1992. p.33

Reproduction of pen and ink drawing of view of Bridge Reach on the River Medway looking diagonally from shore above Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester towards Strood Intra and Rochester Bridge, showing from left to right, Medway Bathing Establishment's floating baths, buildings in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), Broom Hill, new Rochester road bridge and Ladbury's Cottage. After 1853. p.34

Photocopy of proof copy of leaflet advertising opening times and prices of Watts' Public Baths 1931. Copied from CH46/E277. Copied c.1990 p.35

Photocopy of proof copy of leaflet advertising opening times and prices of Watts' Public Baths 1931. Copied from CH46/E277. Copied c.1990 p.36

Four Watts' Charity Swimming Baths tickets, c.1930 Each 3 1/2" x 1 3/8" (85mm x 45mm) p.37

Four Watts' Charity Swimming Baths tickets, c.1930 Each 3 1/2" x 1 3/8" (85mm x 45mm) p.38

Copy of photograph of Rochester shore of River Medway between Rochester Bridge and Shorts' Seaplane Works, looking diagonally from Rochester Bridge across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep, bandstand in castle gardens, Whitefriars, Rochester Pier, Watt's Charity swimming baths, St. Margaret's Church, D. Kelly's Esplanade Garage, Medway Swimming Club raft, Borstal and the Short R6/28 flying boat in barge yard, various small vessels moored in the river. 1932 5 3/3" x 4" (145mm x 95mm) p.39 (U)

Photograph of Rochester shore of river Medway looking at right angles across Bridge Reach from Strood Intra, showing from left to right Rochester Castle curtain wall, Watts' Charity swimming baths, boat yards and Whitefriars. The River Medway is in a choppy state. c.1930 p.39 (L)

Colour photograph of Rochester and the River Medway taken from Temple Marsh, Strood, looking diagonally across the river from the premises of Morgan and Co. (Strood) Ltd., Knight Road, Strood, timber merchants and fencing contractors, towards Rochester, showing from left to right Rochester road bridge, Gas House Point, Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall, castle keep, Whitefriars, Rochester Cathedral tower and spire and numerous vessels moored in the River Medway and on the mudflats. Mudflats of Temple Marsh, Strood in foreground. 17 October 1983. p. 40.

Copy of photograph of boat yards on the Rochester shore of the River Medway, showing ice floes, moored vessels and wooded river bank during the Great Frost of 1894-1895. Copy by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. c.December 1894 x c.February 1895. Copied 1976. 5 1/2" x 5 1/2" (140mm x 140mm) p.41

Photograph of Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester, taken from behind fence on Willis' Avenue, looking diagonally from road towards Ladbury's Cottage and Rochester Bridge. c.1856 x c.1907 p.42 (U)

Colour postcard entitled Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester 1812 comprising reproduction of print showing Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester, with group of timber buildings in foreground, trees in middle ground and Rochester Castle keep in background. Original print published by G. Virtue, 25 Ivy Lane, London 1828, drawn by H. Gastineau and engraved by H. Adlard. Postcard published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton c.1905. p.42 (L)

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004

Date: 1770-1992
Quantity: 1 volume/42pp.
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_12 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

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Strood volume 2
Strood High Street (Watling Street): section Angel Corner to Rochester Bridge and Strood streets A-Z.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News reporting closure of retail operation of Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-27 High Street, Strood, with photograph of street frontage, published 26 January 1990 and postmark from envelope from Collis’s (16 September 1983). Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of company and site 1777-1992. p.1

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News comprising notice of closure of Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-7 High Street, Strood. 2 March 1990 p.2

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News reporting closure of retail operation of Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-27 High Street, Strood, with photograph of staff and sales director Thomas Johnson on pavement outside shop. 23 March 1990 p.3

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscuttings from Chatham News comprising obituary notices of Miss Helen Mary Collis who died on 9 November 1993, with photograph of subject. 12 November 1993 p.4

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscuttings from Chatham News comprising articles reporting development of site on south side of High Street, Strood, to east of no. 39, with photograph of Beachcombers’ Night Club and Joseph Collis Ltd., 25-17 High Street, Strood, ironmongers, pedestrian and motor vehicles in west-bound side of dual carriageway. 24 May 1991 and 21 June 1991. p.5

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Receipted bill from Joseph Collis Ltd., 25 High Street, Strood, furnishing ironmongers, agricultural engineers and builders’ merchants, for 1 gross of studs, 29 January 1910. p.6

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Extra comprising photograph of High Street, Strood, between Canal Road and Station Road, looking north west, showing ranges of buildings on each side of road east of railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), Maypole Dairy Co.’s shop (no.24) on right, advertising slogan for Kent Messenger newspapers on side of viaduct and street scene showing cyclists, Pickfords van, motor car, motor van, pedestrians, motor omnibuses and street lighting. February 1936. Published 4 March 1983. p.7 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Extra comprising photograph of High Street, Strood, looking north-west, showing ranges of buildings on each side of road east of railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line) and left to right clockwise, W. Dunbar and Son house furnishers, cycles and radio shop (no.19), The Victory public house (no.23), advertising slogan for Kent Messenger newspapers on side of viaduct, Maypole Dairy Co.’s shop (no.24) and street scene showing cyclists, motor omnibus, lorry and motor car cabriolet. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe the photograph is incorrectly captioned. c.1948 x c.1950 p.7

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of range of buildings on north side of High Street, Strood, between Canal Road and Station Road, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing left to right, private residences (nos. 38 and 36), J. Forshew, wine and spirit merchant’s shop (no. 34), The World Tea Company (no. 32), Paine and Co., pawnbrokers’ shop (no.30), J.H. Ruh, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), J. Onslow, hairdresser’s shop (no.26), W. Wisdom, hairdresser’s shop (no.22), Mrs. A. Martin, confectioner’s shop (no.20), E. Epps, butcher’s shop (no.18) and The Golden Ball Tavern (proprietor W. Waters) (nos.14-16). Street scene comprises pedestrians, bystanders, hand cart, horse-drawn vehicle, awnings over shop fronts and pawnbrokers’ balls sign. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (156mm x 116mm) c.1905 p.8

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Fragment of envelope addressed to Miss Pirkis, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Charles Pirkis of 42 or 43 High Street, Strood, watch and clock maker. Postmarked London SW, 23 [?] August 1860. p.9

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopies of front and back of small envelope addressed to Madame E. Raingo, chez N. Picnot of 24 High Street, Strood, chemist. Postmarked Rue de Clery, Paris, France 7 November 1870, inscribed par ballon monte and backstamped Rochester 10 November 1870. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to circumstances surrounding posting of letter i.e. Siege of Paris by the Prussians during the Franco-Prussian or Franco-German War 1870-1871, explaining balloon in question was La Gironde, which ascended from Gare d’Orleans, Paris at 08.30 on 8 November and descended at 15.40, same date, at Gaudreville la Riviere, Conches, Normandy, France. Photocopied c.1980 p.10

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph of street frontage of The Golden Ball Tavern and Restaurant, 14-16 High Street, Strood (proprietor W. Waters), looking from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing Mrs. P. [?] Waters and her daughter Alice Waters in doorway looking at camera, third woman looking through window on first floor, Venetian blinds and net curtains in windows of first storey, inn sign hanging from second storey, shop front sign and placard on right side of building advertising Budden and Biggs Ltd. ales and porter and theatre bills in ground floor window advertising Gaiety Week commencing 22 March 1909, starring Tom Leamore, comedian and eccentric dancer. Street scene shows onlookers in doorway of E. Epps, butcher’s shop (no.18) (weather-boarded building at left), tram power line column in right foreground, pavement, carriageway and tram lines. March 1909. p.11

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of street frontage of Baden Simmonds draper and outfitters’ shop, 117 (later 6) High Street, Strood, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing youth (named Aubry according to Couchman’s accompanying notes) standing in doorway, display of clothes including jackets, coats, caps and trousers hanging from upper shop front and displayed on knee-level tables on pavement, price labels and shop signs attached to second storey. 6 ¼” x 4 ¾” (160mm x 120mm) c.1892 p.12

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Chatham News reporting centenary of Bayden Simmonds and Sons, gentleman’s outfitters and boot and shoe dealers, 6 High Street, Strood with photographs of shop front and Bayden Simmonds and his son Edward Simmonds senior (c.1914) and rebuilt shop front and Edward Simmonds junior and his staff Gerald White and Godfrey Washington (August 1982), published 20 August 1982 and cutting from Chatham News comprising obituary notice for Edward Simmons senior, who died on 2 April 1990, published 6 April 1990. p.13

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph of section of High Street, Strood between Angel Corner (i.e. junction with North Street) and Station Road, showing left to right and clockwise, Cobb and Son, drapers, outfitters, house furnishers and china and earthenware dealers’ shop (nos. 77-81), junction with Station Road, Angel Inn (no.98), range of shops including W. and R. Fletcher, butchers’ shop (no.88), entrance to Newark Yard, range of shops, J.T. Smith, dairyman’s shop (no.74), J.C. Bourne’s dining rooms (no.72) and The Louvre Fancy Warehouse (later J. Smart, draper’s shop) (no.70). Nos. 72-74 are part weather-boarded with gables and garments and price labels are displayed outside no.70. Street scene shows pedestrians, cyclists, hand cart, pavements, carriageway and very tall police constable in conversation with bystanders. c.1900 x c.1901 p.14

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking north-west towards Angel Corner, showing left to right and clockwise, Cobb and Son, drapers, outfitters, house furnishers and china and earthenware dealers’ shop (nos. 77-81), range of shops, J.T. Smith, dairyman’s shop (no.74), J.C. Bourne’s dining rooms (no.72) and The Louvre Fancy Warehouse (later J. Smart, draper’s shop) (no.70). Nos. 72-74 are part weather-boarded with gables and garments and price labels are displayed outside no.70. Street scene shows pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles. On rear, message from James (Jim) Moss to his mother Mrs. F. Moss, 21 Jersey Road, Strood, discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Lincoln, Lincolnshire [?] c.1914. Published by S.C. Pierson and Co., 93 High Street, Strood, news agent. Photograph exposed c.1900 x c.1901 p.15 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph of section of Strood High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking north-west towards Angel Corner, showing left to right and clockwise, Cobb and Son, drapers, outfitters, house furnishers and china and earthenware dealers’ shop (nos. 77-81), junction with North Street, Mrs. E.H. Smith, greengrocer’s shop (no.74), J.C. Bourne’s dining rooms (no.72) and J. Smart, draper’s shop (no.70). Street scene shows proprietors and assistants standing in shop doorways, pedestrians and horse-drawn vehicles. c.1902 x c.1905 p.15 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of advertisement printed in Percy and Co.’s Directory for W.H. Clifford of 37 (later 53) High Street, Strood, general stationer, news agent and tobacconist, published 1871-1873 and photocopy of news article in Chatham Observer reporting collision between military wagon and a horse belonging to a Mr. Kent, grocer, published 30 August 1890. p.16

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Printed picture frame label of E. Couchman, 53 High Street, Strood, picture framer and stationer. c.1930 p.17 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of shop front (ground storey) of A. Tucker, draper and hosier’s shop, 55 High Street, Strood, showing mainly ladies’ undergarments comprising socks, stays, petticoats, bodices and crocheted shawls, etc. Original exposed before 1919. 3 3/8” x 3 ½” (86mm x 87mm) p.17 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of shop front (ground storey) of Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, 32 (later 65) High Street, Strood, showing jewellery displayed behind window and proprietor, co-proprietor or assistant in shop doorway, looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to lighting of Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] clock be lit. Original exposed c.1890. 6 2/10” x 4 5/8” (158mm x 118mm) p.18

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between Station Road and North Street looking north-west, showing on south side Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 32) (later 65), Frank East, draper and outfitter’s shop (nos.61-71) and J. Elvy and Son, boot-makers’ shop (no.73), further range of shops on south side and range of shops on north side. Street scene shows horse-drawn vehicles parked on carriageway, one labelled Fehrenbach and parked outside shop of same name and bystander and clock overhanging same shop. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1907 .19 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of postcard entitled High Street, Strood comprising view of section of High Street between Station Road and North Street looking north-west from point on north side of High Street at junction with Station Road, showing ranges of shops on south side (including Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65)) and range of shops on north side (including W. Paine and Co., outfitters’ shop (no.40) and Shepherds buttermen’s shop (no.50)), street scene showing parked horse-drawn vehicles, bystanders, tradesmen, dog, tramlines, tram power line columns and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to arrival of Woolworth’s department store 1926-1928. Original exposed c.1909 p.19 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Receipted bill from Cobb and Son, 77-81 and 190 High Street, Strood, drapers, outfitters and house furnishers. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to numbering of premises. c.1910 p.20

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph published in Chatham Observer comprising street frontages of Cobb and Son drapers, outfitters and house furnishers’ shops, 75-81 High Street, Strood on occasion of summer sale, street scene showing crowds of window shoppers, pedestrians, parked motorcycle and side car, tramlines and carriageway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Harwood’s department store 1933-1961. Published 14 August 1915 p.21

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Newscutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Our wonderful days at Woolies: 1930s manager hears from his golden girls again giving reminiscences of staff of F. W. Woolworth and Co. Ltd.’s stores, 69-71 High Street, Strood with group photograph of staff exposed 1937 and individual portraits of Leslie Russell, manager and Iris Davies, employee, exposed c.1989. Published 7 April 1989. p.22

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Reproduction postcard photograph of section of Strood High Street between North Street and Station Road, looking south-east towards railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing ranges of shops on north and south sides, including, left to right and clockwise, Invicta Picture Palace (i.e. cinema), Boots Cash Chemists (Southern) Ltd. (no.54), railway viaduct with advertising slogan Advertise in the Kent Messenger and Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65) with Rolex sign and clock above shop front. Street scene shows motor cars, motor coach, pedestrians, overhead street lighting and decorated front of Invicta Picture Palace. Re-touched. Original exposed c.1930; reproduced by Kent County Council library service c.1980. p.23

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Envelope addressed to Frederick James Brown Esq., MD, Strood, postmarked Port Royal, Jamaica, West Indies December 1849 and backstamped Rochester 11 January 1850. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to references to Brown in directories 1849-1877 giving addresses variously at nos. 56, 130 and 2 High Street, Strood. p.24 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Envelope addressed to Dr. Frederick James Brown, Strood, postmarked Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 28 October 1850 and backstamped Rochester 11 November 1850. p.24 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood showing section of High Street between Station Road and North Street, looking north-west from top of railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line) towards junction with North Street and Broom Hill, showing ranges of shops on both sides of road including entrance to Pelican Wharf, Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65) with clock above shop front (south side), junction with North Street, demolition site (formerly nos. 52-78) and International Tea Co. Stores Ltd. (no. 40). Street scene shows horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, tramlines, carriageway, awning over International Stores’ shop front, pavements and tram power line columns. On rear, message from mother to Dora [Davison ?] c/o [?] Mrs. H.C. Kemp, 40 Penfold Road, Folkestone, discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Rochester 3 October 1911. p.25 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Strood showing section of High Street between Station Road and North Street, looking south-east from point in carriageway at junction of High Street and North Street towards railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing ranges of shops on both sides, left to right and clockwise, junction with North Street, Angel Inn (no.98), railway viaduct and range of shops ending in hoarding advertising Leonard’s of Rochester, department stores. Street scene shows bystanders, carriageway, tramlines and tram power line columns. After 1908. p.25 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of section of Strood High Street between Station Road and North Street, looking north-west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and to east of junction with Station Road, range of shops on south side including Fehrenbach [cf. Fernbank] Brothers, watchmakers and jewellers’ shop, (no. 65) with clock above shop front, range of shops on north side including G.E. Onslow, butcher’s shop (no.42) and G. Sammon, greengrocer’s shop (no.40) and ending in advertising hoarding bearing posters advertising British Oak brand full flavour shag tobacco, Harry Champion performing at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, other performances at the Theatre Royal, High Street, Chatham, and services of Cooper and Son, High Street, Chatham, house furnishers. Street scene shows pedestrians, step ladders, shop awnings, horse-drawn vehicles and pavements. September 1904. p.26

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of range of shops in Strood High Street comprising, left to right, Zoar Independent Chapel (part only) and iron railings (no.33), E. Palmer, gun maker and cutler’s shop (no. 35), G.E. Evenden’s basket and toy shop (no.37) and The Old George public house (landlord T. Rogers) (no.39), showing shop signs and boy standing in front of Evenden’s shop. Public house bears signage of Style and Winch Ltd. Advertising their ales. c.1904 p.27

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of W. Paine, tailor and outfitter’s shop, 27 High Street, Strood, looking from point in carriageway diagonally and slightly to east, showing proprietor and assistants standing in doorway looking at camera, shop signage above door, window displays and pavement. c.1904 p.28 (U)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of Horsnail and Reynolds, corn and seed merchants and grist millers, 13-15 High Street, Strood showing ground and first storeys and window displays and signage. c.1910 p.28 (L)

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of section of Strood High Street between Canal Road and railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing on south side Railway Restaurant (no. 9), entrance to Taylor’s Lane, Henry Smith and Son, draper’s shop (no.11), Horsnail and Reynolds, corn and seed merchants and grist millers’ shop (nos. 13-15), J.J. Eckert, boot dealer’s shop [?] (no.17), Charles D. Levy, auctioneer, valuer, house and estate agent’s shop (no.19) and railway viaduct and on north side, The Golden Ball public house (nos.14-16) and Bayden Simmonds and Sons, gentleman’s outfitters and boot and shoe dealers (no. 6). Street scene shows trench excavated for laying of telegraph, telephone and electric cables, with spoil, spectator in cloth cap, pedestrians, shop awnings, upturned wheel barrow, pile of sections cable ducts and posters advertising Medway Swimming Club 9th. Annual aquatic sports and Strood Chartered Fair. 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” (210mm x 160mm) Late 1905. p.29

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photograph of postcard entitled Strood, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between foot of Rochester Bridge and railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing left to right on south side, The Old Bridge Tavern (no.3), Cobham Inn (proprietor F.J. Regan) (no.5), F.C. Wright and Son, tobacconist’s shop (no.7), A. Wisdom’s dining rooms (no. 9), entrance to Taylor’s Lane, H. Smith and Sons, drapers’ shop (no.11) and Horsnaill and Reynolds, corn merchants’ shop (nos.13-15), further range of shops, viaduct and on north side, end wall of range of shops. Street scene shows hand cart labelled ices, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and cabmen’s shelter. Cobham Inn bears sign for Style and Winch Ltd. ales. The Wrench Series. 6 3/10” x 4 ¼” (161mm x 109mm) Original exposed c.1908 p.30 [see below]

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between foot of Rochester Bridge and railway viaduct (Medway Valley or North Kent Line), showing left to right on south side, The Old Bridge Tavern (no.3), Cobham Inn (proprietor F.J. Regan) (no.5), F.C. Wright and Son, tobacconist’s shop (no.7), A. Wisdom’s dining rooms (no. 9), entrance to Taylor’s Lane, H. Smith and Sons, drapers’ shop (no.11) and Horsnaill and Reynolds, corn merchants’ shop (nos.13-15), further range of shops, viaduct and on north side, end wall of range of shops. Street scene shows hand cart labelled ices, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and cabmen’s shelter. Cobham Inn bears sign for Style and Winch Ltd. ales. The Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Inscribed with love from Ella. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to council approval of cabmen’s shelter adjacent to Rochester Bridge Railway Station, 1891. c.1908 p.31

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of Zoar Independent Chapel, 33 High Street, Strood, viewed from point in east bound carriageway directly opposite, showing derelict and boarded-up front elevation of chapel and parts of adjoining buildings, advertising hoardings for Player’s No.6 cigarettes, passing Mini car, pedestrian, gas cylinder, roadworks lamps and central reservation. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of chapel and congregation 1785-1970. c.1970 p.32

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of High Street elevation of Rochester Bridge Railway Station, South East and Chatham Railway (SE&CR), High Street, Strood, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing staircase from street and iron balustrade. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of building 1902-1968, mentioning Strood Parish Trustees, Winget Ltd. and demolition in 1968 and salvaging of inscription of above main entrance by Rochester City Museum, Eastgate House, High Street, Rochester (now Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester). 5 7/8” x 3 ¾” (150mm x 97mm) before 1968 p.33

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of range of buildings on south side of Strood High Street at junction of High Street and Esplanade showing from left to right Aveling and Porter offices, one storeyed building and Old Bridge Tavern (formerly Dolphin) (proprietor Henry Kettle), in middle-ground lamp standard, wall and pavement at foot of Rochester Bridge and in foreground horse and carriage and at least two faint figures of pedestrians discernible under time exposure. Signage on front of tavern comprises advertisement for Arkcoll and Co. sparkling and stock ales and porter and stout. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of tavern and forming of Rochester Co-operative Society 1884 in one-storeyed building. Original photograph in possession of E.R. Simmonds. c.1887 p.34

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of group of women and children standing in front of Prince of Wales public house, 9 High Street, Strood, proprietor J.W. Watt, published 20 May 1983, with cuttings of two articles pertaining, 1983 and 1984. Original exposed c.1926 x c.1933 pp.34v-35

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Photocopy of photograph of section of Strood High Street between Canal Road and Station Road, looking north-west from point in carriageway near junction with Taylor’s Lane, range of buildings on north side including, left to right, B. Simmonds, outfitter’s shop (no.6), W. Intross, baker’s shop (no.4), R.P. Smyth, solicitor’s office (also no.4) and W. Excell’s premises (no.2). Street scene showing shop awnings, pedestrians, horse-drawn carriage and hoardings advertising entertainments at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties [?], Chatham. September 1904. p.36

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of High Street and west elevations of Railway Hotel and Rochester Bridge Tavern, High Street, Strood, looking south-east from point in High Street slightly to west of tavern, showing bystanders and Watney and Co. advertising slogan on west elevation. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of tavern in 1863 and rebuilding in 1920. 6” x 4 ½” (155m x 115mm) c.1863 x c.1890 p.37

Strood Extra and Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of Strood Extra (north-west) and Frindsbury Intra looking north-west from Rochester Castle keep, showing clockwise from top left, Yoke Farm (Yoke House from c.1900), Frindsbury Road, Stonehorse Lane, Broom Hill, The Great Mill and The Little Mill, St. Mary’s Church and Vicarage, Station Road Board School, Canal Road, Horsnaill’s Medway Coal Wharf, Rochester railway and road bridges, Strood Esplanade, restaurant and hairdresser’s shop, High Street and Railway Hotel and Rochester Bridge Tavern adjoining and Strood Esplanade. 7” x 5” (178mm x 126mm) Original exposed c.1879 x c.1890 p.38

Station Road, Strood (Frindsbury Intra).
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of Class II, Station Road School, Strood, pupils including William Brown, Reginald Mills, Cissie Wenham, Brenda Ling and William Syer. Published 16 March 1984. Original exposed early 1930s. p.39

High Street (Watling Street, A2 trunk road), Strood
Copy of photograph of Ship Inn, High Street, Strood, proprietor W.P. Wilson, looking south-west from Strood foot of Rochester Bridge, showing High Street and Esplanade elevations and roofline of inn, signage advertising Barclay Perkins and Co.’s London porter, bystanders and part of adjoining premises of W.C. Horsnaill, corn dealer and seedman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to licencees 1849-1859. 6 4/10” x 4 ½” (162mm x 114mm) Original exposed c.1856 x c.1859 p.40

Esplanade, Strood
Copy of photograph of Ship Inn, High Street, Strood, proprietor W.T. Rose looking south-west from junction of Esplanade with Strood foot of Rochester Bridge, showing High Street and Esplanade elevations and roofline of inn, signage advertising Barclay Perkins and Co.’s London porter and E. Winch and Sons’ fine ales and woman in apron standing in Esplanade doorway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to transfer of landlord and licence to Bingham Arms, Frindsbury, re-named Ship Inn c.1903 and acquisition of site by Aveling and Porter Ltd. 1904. 6 3/10” x 4 ½” (160mm x 115mm) p.41

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Photocopy of p.371 in Henry Smetham’s History of Strood * comprising reproduction of engraved portrait of Charles Roach Smith FSA (1807-1890) and biographical and genealogical notes on Smith and his forebears, describing his birth and family origins on the Isle of Wight, Hampshire and his moving to Strood in 1856. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Roach Smith’s antiquarian productions and naming of streets off Cuxton Road in commemoration of Roach Smith. * Published 1899. p.42

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Letter from Charles Roche [sic] Smith of Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood, antiquary, to Henry Smetham of Strood, commenting on a review copy of a report. 9 January 1888 1p. p43/1

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Letter from C. Roach Smith [relation of the antiquary], Languard, Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, Paymaster Captain Royal Marines (retired), to unnamed addressee, describing his relation’s personality and mentioning his library and friend Thomas Rivers, an expert on fruit trees. Incomplete. 1p. [27 July 1927] p.43/2

Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood.
Printed tribute in verse of 14 stanzas composed by Henry Smetham in memory of Charles Roach Smith FSA (1807-1890) of Temple Place, Cuxton Road, Strood, quoting encomium on Roach Smith by John G. Waller FSA. 18 November 1891. p.44

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled River Medway, Rochester Bridge, castle and cathedral, from Strood, comprising view of part of Strood and Rochester, looking east, showing in foreground left to right, embankment carrying South East and Chatham Railway, Temple Brick Works, embankment of South East and Chatham Railway (North Kent Line), Temple Farm and oast houses and Temple Manor House, in middle-ground Rochester Bridge, River Medway (Town Reach), sailing barges, yachts and other vessels and in distance, also left to right, factories and chimneys on Frindsbury Peninsula, gas tanks at Gas House Road, Rochester, Bridge House, Rochester Esplanade (Crown Inn, Castle Club and Bridge Chamber), Rochester Castle (north-west bastion, western curtain wall and castle keep), Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths, Holy Trinity Church, Brompton, Rochester Cathedral and Satis House, Boley Hill. On rear, message from W. [-] to a Mrs. [M.?] Scarborough, Soar Mill Lane, Broughton Astley, Leicestershire, discussing mail contact. Published by W. Naylar, Northgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Temple Brick Works supplying bricks for building of British Museum, Great Russell Street, London WC1, and source for this as being Henry Smetham in a talk given to Rochester and District Natural History Society in 1926 *. Postmarked 25 August 1911. p.45

[* The records of Rochester and District Natural History Society are held at this office.]

Newark Yard, Strood.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting archaeological excavation on site of the Hospital or Priory of the New Work (or Newark) of St. Mary, Newark Yard, Strood, directed by Arthur Harrison, senior classics master at Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School, Rochester, assisted by members of Lower Medway Archaeological Research Group, at request of Ministry of Works. 9 September 1966 and 7 October 1966. p.46

Newark Yard, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising photograph of eleven members of Lower Medway Archaeological Research Group (LMARG) and pupils of Sir Joseph Williamson’s Mathematical School, Rochester, standing in trench around excavated foundations of the Hospital or Priory of the New Work (or Newark) of St. Mary, Newark Yard, Strood *, all looking up at camera, subjects comprising, clockwise from left, Arthur Harrison, classics master at the Maths School, an unidentified boy from the Maths School, two unidentified girls, possibly sisters of Maths School pupils present, Peter J. Tester, teacher, Alec P. Detsicas of Tonbridge, teacher, two Maths School pupils, Miss Marion Beryl Webster, secretary of LMARG (later museum assistant, Eastgate House Museum and Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester), David Bartram [?] of LMARG and Ron G. Foord, photographer and naturalist. 9 September 1966 p.47

[* The excavation report for this dig was published in Archaeologia Cantiana lxxxiv 1969 pp.139-160; the finds excavated were deposited at the Guildhall Museum as above.]

Broom Hill, Strood Extra.
Copy of Photograph of Killick’s windmill, Broom Hill, Strood, looking north [?] and showing smock mill, sails, grass area, road and two women, one wearing broad-brimmed hat. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to W. Coles Finch’s book Watermills and windmills. 5 ½” x 3 ½” (140mm x 88mm) c.1900 p.48

Bryant Road, Strood.
Commemorative pamphlet pertaining to opening of Rochester City Council’s Strood District Library, 32 Bryant Road, Strood on 14 March 1974, describing the stock, buildings and facilities and naming personnel. 1974 p.49

Elaine Avenue, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising photographs taken on occasion of dedication of St. Francis’ Church, Elaine Avenue, Strood 16 October 1948, showing (upper) clergy leaving church and walking down steps towards camera, Dr. C.M. Chavasse, bishop of Rochester standing in doorway, watched by laity and (lower) procession of clergy along Elaine Avenue towards right of camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to dismantling and relocation of St. Margaret’s Church, Rusthall, Speldhurst, to site in Elaine Avenue, Strood where rebuilt and re-used as St. Francis’ Church and donation of bell by Winget Ltd., High Street, Strood, engineers. Published 22 October 1948. p.50

Gordon Road, Strood.
Colour photograph of street elevation of Gordon Road Infants School, Strood, showing iron railings and parked car in foreground. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 ¾” x 4” (147mm x 100mm) 25 September 1987. p.51

Gordon Road, Strood.
Colour photograph of street elevation of Gordon Road Senior (County Primary Junior Mixed) School, Strood, showing steel pedestrian barrier, brick boundary wall and iron railings and bushes. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of school in 1899. 5 ¾” x 4” (147mm x 100mm) 11 August 1987. p.52

Glanville Road, Strood.
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising photograph of T. Crouch’s general grocery stores, 1 Glanville Road, Strood, showing proprietor, family and assistants standing on pavement and carriageway in front of shop, window displays, horse-drawn vehicle and surface water drainage grid. Original exposed before 1890. Published 6 December 1985. p.53

Gun Lane, Strood.
Colour photograph of Strood (or North Aylesford) Poor Law Union (i.e. Board of Guardians) committee room, Gun Lane, Strood, looking north-west from inside St. Nicholas’ churchyard and showing steps and remains of gateway. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to St. Nicholas’ parish vestry minutes 1857-1950 and Rochester City Council Estates Committee 1960 * 5 7/8” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) 15 April 1984 p.54

[* This building was used by Strood Parish Trustees, St. Nicholas’ Parish Church (Vestry), Strood Poor Law Union (Board of Guardians), Strood Rural District Council and St. Nicholas’ Burial Board, all of whose records are held at this office.]

Northcote Road, Strood.
Typescript notes by Couchman pertaining to history of recreation ground and bandstand, Northcote Road, Strood 1884-1925 with photocopies of photographs of horse, pony and donkey parade, Whit Monday (18 May) 1902. pp.55-58

Northcote Road, Strood.
Copy of photograph of ornamental, cast iron drinking fountain in Recreation Ground, Northcote Road, Strood, showing iron railing, brick and flint wall and trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to original erection of fountain in Rochester Esplanade 1864, removal to Rochester Castle terrace gardens 1906 and final re-erection in Recreation Ground, Northcote Road, Strood in 1912. From an original in Apsley Kennette, town clerk’s photograph album at the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester (formerly Eastgate House Museum). 6 4/10” x 4 ½” (161mm x 115mm) after 1912 p.59

Northcote Road, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Inspection of Kent Volunteers * by General Sir Francis Lloyd, Strood Recreation Ground, October 1st 1916 showing group of mainly civilian men, women and children facing camera, one individual in service dress uniform and cap. Published by W. Naylor, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate General Lloyd was General Officer Commanding London Defences and that 1500 volunteer fencibles attended from Rochester, Chatham, Maidstone and Bexleyheath and identify two subjects as H.F. Rayner (top left, with neck tie and cleft hat) and his future wife, Miss M. Moss (upper left centre in light broad-brimmed hat). 1916 p.60

[* Volunteer Training Corps?]

Northcote Road, Strood.
Postcard photograph of group of men, women and children in Strood Recreation Ground, Northcote Road, Strood, subjects facing camera, men and boys wearing cloth caps and straw boaters (except for one in a bowler hat), women wearing broad-brimmed hats with floral decorations. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest the group is an outing of a local Co-operative society. c.1910 p.61 (U)

Northcote Road, Strood [?].
Postcard photograph of group of men, women and children, men and boys wearing cloth caps and straw boaters, women wearing broad-brimmed hats with floral decorations. Two men are holding a mandolin and banjo and numerous subjects are wearing floral decorations on their breasts. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest the group is an outing of a local Co-operative society. c.1910 p.61 (L)

North Street, Strood.
Copy of photograph of street frontage of F.W. Collard, grocer’s shop, 25 North Street, Strood, showing proprietor, family and assistants, one holding a black cat and a youth standing with bicycle in shop doorway and on pavement, all looking at camera, also showing window displays and advertising slogans for Oxo, Bovril, Robertson’s mince meat and Rowtree’s cocoa. 1915. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the shop was demolished in 1975. 6” x 4 5/8” (155mm x 117mm) p.62

North Street, Strood.
Copy of photograph of North Street looking north towards railway viaduct from junction with High Street, showing ranges of shops on each side of road including J. Sharp, fishmonger’s shop (no.21) (west side) and Plough Inn (no.10) (east side), road works being undertaken by The Improved Wood Pavement Co. Ltd., contractors’ sign board, horse and cart, bystander, pedestrians and tram power line columns. Original exposed early 1932. 7” x 5” (177mm x 126mm) p.63

Mill Road, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News reporting on Roman Catholic Corpus Christi procession at the Church of the English Martyr, Mill Road, Strood, 17 June 1928. Published 22 June 1928. p.64 (left)

Mill Road, Strood.
Photograph * of Roman Catholic Corpus Christi procession at the Church of the English Martyr, Mill Road, Strood 17 June 1928, showing Father Nugent carrying the Sacred Host under canopy supported by Messrs. Levy, Kelly, White and Hammond, preceded by adult and youth members of the laity and watched by spectators, trees in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to planning permission for church, 1921 (see RCA/BP/2395). 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 64mm) 17 June 1928 p.64 (right)

[* For original negative see collection DE327]

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of industrial areas alongside River Medway at Strood and Rochester, looking south from Frindsbury Church tower along the Medway Valley, showing in foreground, left to right, quarry, wharves, barges, group buildings (belonging to Hobson and Son, builders 1920-1924, to a concrete manufacturer from 1925 and to The Atlas Stone Co. from 1929) and entrance to locks to former Thams-Medway Canal entrance; in middle-ground left to right, River Medway (Bridge Reach) and Strood Pier; and in middle distance left to right, Gas House Point shrouded in smoke, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, Rochester Bridge and warehouses around Strood foot of Rochester Bridge. 6" x 4 1/2" (155mm x 115mm) c.1920 x c.1924 p.65

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Print from engraving entitled Preceptory near Stroud, [sic] Kent comprising view of Temple Manor Farm looking south-west, showing group of buildings centred on medieval stone hall of first floor hall type, extensions, thatched outbuildings, fences, trees and farmer with dog. Published by S. Hooper 26 December 1783. p.66

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, Temple Manor Farm House comprising view of farm buildings looking east across duck pond, showing group of farm buildings including hall, extensions and outbuildings in distance, trees, bushes and fence in middle-ground and duck pond, path, mud ramp and chickens in foreground. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 x c.1912 p.67 (U)

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, Temple Manor comprising view of farm buildings looking east across duck pond, showing group of farm buildings including hall, extensions and outbuildings in distance, trees, bushes and fence in middle-ground and duck pond, ducks, jetty, path, labourers, one shouldering a spade, mud ramp and wooden bin in foreground. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. [1907] p.67 (L)

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Temple Manor: deputation to Rochester City Council to urge preservation reporting on efforts of deputation comprising Henry Smetham and W. Cobbett Barker JP, with photograph of Temple Manor looking south-east, exposed c.1899. Published 10 February 1939. p.68

Temple Farm and Manor, Strood.
Colour photograph of Temple Manor looking north, showing eastern extension, main building, western extension, external wooden staircase, trees, bench, lawn and in distance industrial premises. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 6" x 4" (150mm x 100mm) 17 October 1983 p.69

Stanhope Road, Strood.
Two receipted bills from F. Rose and Sons, 60-62 Stanhope Road, Strood, coal merchants to a E.H. Couchman of 119 Elaine Avenue, Strood for Rexaco nuts and anthracite nuts, 1971-1972. p.70

File updated by Borough Archivist 6 April 2005.

Date: 1783-1993
Quantity: 1 volume/70pp.
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_15 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 2:
Chatham High Street from Boundary Lane to Railway Street.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.

For further detailed information on all premises in Chatham High Street, please see A business history of Chatham High Street mainly from the year 1839 to the year 1961 by Frederick W.T. Sanders, c.1961, Local Studies Collection ref.CHA381]

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Photograph of half-length portrait of Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595), Comptroller and Treasurer of the Royal Navy and founder of the Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham (1592) and co-founder of the Chatham Chest (1588-1580). Artist unknown. Reproduced from the original which was transferred from Hawkins’ Hospital in 1946, now hanging at the National Maritime Museum, Park Row, Greenwich, London (ref. 46-121, negative no. 3197). [A copy of the original painting, by Miss Marion Webster, formerly of the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester hangs in the Hospital Governors’ Room in place of the original.] Couchman’s accompanying notes are biographical. Original painted 1581/1582. 7” x 5” (175mm x 125mm) Exposed or reproduced June 1984. Permission for inclusion in imagebase withheld by National Maritime Museum. DE402/15/p.1

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Colour photograph of courtyard, south elevation of Governors’ Room and west elevation of eastern range of Hawkins’ Hospital, looking north from point in High Street immediately opposite, showing iron railing, water pump and lamp. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to founding of hospital. Exposed 14 April 1984. DE402/15/p.2

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting completion of repairs to Hospital (20 January 1984) (upper left) and visit of HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother on occasion of official re-opening of Hospital on 16 April 1984, with photographs of the Queen Mother and woman police constable (WPC) Lesley Woodbridge (upper right) and group of dignitaries and visitors including Dr. David Say, bishop of Rochester, Very Reverend John Arnold, dean of Rochester and Robin Leigh-Pemberton, lord lieutenant of Kent (lower). 19 April 1984. DE402/15/p.3

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting visit of HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother to Chatham and Upnor on 16 April 1984 (upper) with colour photograph of Queen Mother and Robin Leigh-Pemberton, lord lieutenant of Kent meeting crowd of onlookers in Chatham or Upnor (lower). 19 April 1984. DE402/15/p.4

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Photograph of apse looking from south, showing parts of gables of east end of nave. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to architectural and historical details of apse. 3” x 2 1/8” (75mmx 55mm) c.1940 DE402/15/p.5 (U)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Bartholomew’s Church and High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Gundulph Road, showing in foreground bystanders, carriageway, policeman and cyclist, in middle-ground pedestrians, small conveyance and lamp standard and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). On rear, message from Walter [Saunders?] of 61 High Street, Chatham to unstated addressee, wishing him or her a happy birthday. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to completion building of chapel between 1115 and 1124 and restoration by Sir Gilbert Scott and successors in late 19th. Century. Dated 28 March 1911. DE402/15/p.5 (L)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Half-length photograph of Rev. John Bailey, chaplain of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester/Chatham 1878-1933, subject looking at camera, resting left elbow on book and resting head on hand. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to memorial window commemorating Bailey, 1937. 2 7/8” x 2” (73mm x 53mm) DE402/15/p.6 (U)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10, including reproduction of same portrait at DE402/10/p.26 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Chapel of St. Bartholomew, Rochester and High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Gundulph Road, showing in foreground bystanders, carriageway, policeman and cyclist, in middle-ground pedestrians, small conveyance and lamp standard and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to road works extending Gundulph Road in High Street, Rochester 1880. From same negative as DE402/15/p.5 (L) above. c.1911 DE402/15/p.6 (L)

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite, showing in foreground cobbled entrance to Boundary Wharf, bystanders, lamp standard, hand cart and carriageway, in fore and middle-grounds chapel and bushes and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). On rear, message from Alice [-] to Miss Nellie Dapson, 54 High (Hight) Street, Margate, discussing travelling arrangements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Ramsgate 8 April 1905. DE402/15/p.7

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from Parrett and Neves Ltd., 30 High Street, Chatham, proprietors of Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News to Mr. T. Clibbon in respect of obituary for a Mr. Gower [?] 21 May 1910. DE402/15/p.8 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Stamped envelope addressed to Mr.T. Clibbon, 26 Weston Road, Strood, associated with item DE402/15/p.8 (U) above. Postmarked Chatham 23 August 1910 and backstamped Rochester, same date. DE402/15/p.8 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street at junction with Hammond Hill, looking west from point slightly east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, Owen J. Carter and Co.’s wine, spirit and cigar stores (no.39-41), Jude, Hanbury and Co., brewers’ office and stores (no.43) and H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and on south side, right to left, A. Lacy, bookseller’s shop (no.36) and Cooper and Son house furnisher’s store (no.38). Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, pedestrians, lamp standards and horse-drawn delivery vehicles. c.1903 DE402/15/p.9 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street at junction with Hammond Hill, looking west from point slightly east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, Owen J. Carter and Co.’s wine, spirit and cigar stores (no.39-41), Jude, Hanbury and Co., brewers’ office and stores (no.43) and H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and on south side, right to left, A. Lacy, bookseller’s shop (no.36) and Cooper and Son house furnisher’s store (no.38). Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, pedestrians, lamp standards and horse-drawn delivery vehicles. Published by B. and D., London EC, Kromo Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Taken from same negative as DE402/15/p.9 (U) above. c.1903 DE402/15/p.9 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bills from Coopers Successors (proprietors The London and Provincial Furnishing Co. Ltd., directors J. Freedman, J. Cahn and S. Beirnstein), 38 High Street, Chatham, house furnishers, to a Mr. Rayner, for set of chairs and other furnishings, 17 January 1920 and 8 November 1920. DE402/15/p.10

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Coopers Successors (proprietors The London and Provincial Furnishing Co. Ltd., directors J. Freedman, J. Cahn and S. Beirnstein), 38 High Street, Chatham, house furnishers, to a Mr. Rayner, for mahogany board 17 January 1920. DE402/15/p.11

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co., 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine, spirit, ale and stout merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gower of Darnley Arms, Cobham, for 12 gallons of cider, 17 August 1909. DE402/15/p.12

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co., 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine, spirit, ale and stout merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gowar [sic] of Darnley Arms, Cobham, for 4 ¾ gallons of cider, 22 October 1909. DE402/15/p.13

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co. (H.J. Browne), 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine and spirit merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gowar for cider and returns, settled 26 November 1909. DE402/15/p.14

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and Gaiety Theatre of Varieties (no.45) and on south side ranges of buildings either side of entrance to Hammond Hill. Street scene shows pedestrians, tradesman with hand cart, horse-drawn conveyances, carriageway and lamp standard. On rear, message from unstated sender to a Mrs. Peters, 109 Trafalgar Road, Portslade, Brighton, Sussex, asking her to add the postcard to the collection. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 18 October 1905. DE402/15/p.15 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled West End, Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Chatham/Rochester and Gundulph Road, looking east from point on north side of road, showing mainly range of buildings on south side, right to left, Robert Nelson and Co.’s domestic machinery depot with shop signs advertising Singer sewing machines (no.16), Henry West, milliner and draper’s shop (no.18), Richard F. Pettman, outfitter’s shop (no.20), Norman and Stigant, solicitors’ office (no.22), Thomas E. Howe, photographer’s studio (no.24), Jasper and Sons, bakers and confectioners’ shop (no.26), John Highley, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News offices (Parrett and Neves, proprietors) (no.30), entrance to Gundulph Road and Godfrey and Co. Ltd.’s pianoforte and music warehouse (no.32). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, horse-drawn conveyance, lamp standard and banner advertising sale at West’s shop. Published by G. and P. Ltd., Wellington Series. c.February 1906. DE402/15/p.15 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Horace H. Joyce, 46 High Street, Chatham, picture frame maker and stockist of artists’ materials, to a Mr. Rayner, for framing a large print 6 December 1918. DE402/15/p.16

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Horace H. Joyce, 46 High Street, Chatham, picture frame maker and stockist of artists’ materials, to a Mr. Rayner, for framing a print 11 January 1919. DE402/15/p.17

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of street elevation of the Gaiety Theatre of Varieties, 49 High Street, Chatham, looking from point diagonally and slightly to west, showing placards advertising performances by Florrie Forde, burlesque actress and George Hackenschmidt, world champion wrestler and others and above entablature theatre name sign and remnant of name sign of former use as Imperial Hotel, previously Old Chest Arms public house. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to conversion of premises from hotel to theatre in 1889, subsequent history, appearance of Charles [cf. Charlie] Chaplin in 1897 and demolition in 1911. Original exposed June 1906. DE402/15/p.18

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Entertaining wounded sailors and soldiers, Chatham Empire, 6.7.16 comprising view of section of High Street looking east from first floor window in building diagonally opposite and slightly to west of Chatham Empire of Varieties on occasion of visit to theatre of sailors and soldiers wounded in the First World War, showing on south side of street crowd of onlookers, in carriageway horse-drawn ambulances, dismounted military and civilian cyclists, horse-drawn and motor vehicles and on north side of street range of buildings extending east from Chatham Empire towards junction with Medway Street. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the performance was the musical Blue room girl starring Jamieson Dodds and Nancy Benyon. 8 July 1916. DE402/15/p.19

High Street, Chatham.
Photographic copy of postcard entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street looking west from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east of Empire, showing ranges of buildings on both sides of street including on north side, Picture House or Empire Cinema and Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (formerly Gaiety Theatre of Varieties). Street scene shows pedestrians, overhead street lighting and parked commercial motor vehicles. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history and use of cinema 1917-1961 and theatre 1911-1960, mentioning showing of first talkie film, Al Jolson in the Singing Fool15 July 1929. 8 ¼” x 5 ½” (210mm x 140mm) Original exposed c.1925 DE402/15/p.20

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham, showing the Empire comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east of no.68 High Street, showing on north side range of buildings including, left to right, Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49), Royal Exchange public house (no.47) and Ernest W. Nunn, hosier’s shop (no.61) and on south side, left to right, H. Cook and Co., chemist’s shop (no.68) and range of shops and offices. Street scene shows pedestrians, lamp standard, carriageway, hand cart and horse drawn vehicles. Published by Lloyd-Langston, Chatham. c.1900 DE402/15/p.21 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham, showing the Empire comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east of no.68 High Street, showing on north side range of buildings including, left to right, Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49), Royal Exchange public house (no.47) and Ernest W. Nunn, hosier’s shop (no.61) and on south side, left to right, H. Cook and Co., chemist’s shop (no.68) and range of shops and offices. Street scene shows pedestrians, lamp standard, carriageway, hand cart and horse drawn vehicles. On rear message from Archibald [?] (Archy) [-] at Chatham to Mr. B.H. Trelfer, 9 East Street, Horsham, Sussex, mentioning business at Uckfield, Sussex. Published by H. Brothers. From same negative as DE402/15/p.21 above. Postmarked 21 August 1917. DE402/15/p.21 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of Are You a Mason? starring Bromley Challoner and Enid Cooper at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of So This is Marriage, The Western Wallop, Walking up the Town and The House of Youth at The Picture House adjacent (31 July 1925) and article reporting on Bromley Challoner’s speech at end of performance of above stage performance (7 August 1925). DE402/15/p.22

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of Melody Mummers starring Aimee Bebb, Jerry Verno and Joan Morgan at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of The Navigator starring Buster Keaton and The Presumption of Stanley Hay, MP at The Picture House adjacent 7 August 1925. DE402/15/p.23

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of New Moon starring Adolphe Menjou and Ruth Roland at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of To Oblige a Lady starring Maisie Gay and The Phantom of the Desert starring Jack Perrin and Sir Harry Lauder at The Picture House adjacent. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to closure of theatre in 1929 and re-opening also that year as cinema, operating as such until 1939. 21 August 1931 DE402/15/p.24

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for cinematographic exhibitions of To-morrow and to-morrow starring Ruth Chatterton and Paul Lukas and Wayward starring Nancy Carroll, Pauline Frederick and Richard Arlen at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street) and The Crooked Lady starring George Graves and Isobel Elsom and Are You Listening? starring William Haines and Madge Evans at The Picture House, adjacent. 26 August 1932 DE402/15/p.25

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for cinematographic exhibitions of Bataan* starring Robert Taylor, The Lavender Hill Mob starring Alec Guinness and Stanley Holloway and live performances by Max Miller and others at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street), 7 November 1958. DE402/15/p.26

[* cf. Philippines]

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles reporting capture and retirement of Beaver, resident cat at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street) in 1960, with photographs of cat and performers Freddie Wingent and Ken Stirling. 17 January 1986 and 7 February 1986. DE402/15/p.27

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at northern end of Hills Terrace, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing six bearers supporting placard reading Who are the secret 6? The answer is at the Picture House now, bearers wearing cloth caps and broad-brimmed hats alternately and face masks and looking at camera, also showing south elevation of Chatham Railway Station building, telegraph pole and iron railings in background and bystanders and barrow. Barrow signage pertains to P. Blanchett and Son [of 41 Dale Street and 321 High Street, Chatham], baker and pastry cook. February 1932 DE402/15/p.28 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at northern end of Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing two bearers carrying placard advertising cinema film Common Law starring Constance Bennett and one bearer carrying and standing inside three sided placard in form of book advertising same, former supporting placard by horizontal pole on left shoulders, latter supporting placard by shoulder straps, bearers wearing cloth or broad-brimmed hats and all looking at camera. Also showing western elevation of St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Church, Hills Terrace, iron railing and tree in background. February 1932. DE402/15/p.28 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing four bearers carrying placards advertising cinema film Politics starring Marie Dressler and Polly Moran, two bearers carrying upright film title placard and wearing cloth caps and two bearers wearing women’s clothes and carrying star name placards, all looking at camera. Also showing street frontage of terraced houses in background. February 1932 DE402/15/p.29 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two men dressed in Chinese costume, one pulling hand cart, other sitting in hand cart, hand cart bearing placards advertising cinema film Chin Chin Chinaman * [cf. Boat From Shanghai], both me looking at camera and surrounded by young children in cloth caps and berets and showing in right middle-ground part of private house, in middle distance Chatham Railway Station and in distance Maidstone Road railway viaduct and houses at lower end of Maidstone Road including nos. 25-27, latter the home of W. Glanvill Mason. February 1932 DE402/15/p.29 (L)

[* cf. China]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of bearer carrying placard in form of roulette table advertising cinema film The Big Gamble starring Warner Oland and Bill Boyd, bearer’s knees visible beneath placard. March 1932 DE402/15/p.30 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of horse and rider, latter carrying placard advertising cinema film Son of India starring Ramon Novarro and dressed in imitation of the star, facing camera, camera looking from vicinity of Ordnance Terrace or Albany Terrace, Ordnance Place [?] towards chalk hill (North Downs) and The Great Lines of Defence, showing in middle-ground iron railing and Chatham Railway Station and steam rising from steam locomotive (out of sight), in right middle distance Gibraltar Hotel and Gibraltar Place and in right distance Royal Navy Chatham Division First World War memorial. March 1932 DE402/15/p.30 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Fort Pitt Hill, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of six boys mainly wearing cloth caps, one blacked-up, carrying placards advertising cinema film Penrod and Sam starring Leon Janney and Junior Coghlan, accompanied by man dressed in female attire holding books, all looking at camera. Also showing in middle-ground children spectators and iron railing, in middle distance Lord Kitchener Memorial Homes and in distance Territorial Army Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road. April 1932 DE402/15/p.31 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Railway Street and Hills Terrace, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of four bearers carrying litter on which is sitting a man dressed as a boxer and a kneeling boy and from which are hung at the side placards advertising cinema film The Champ starring Wallace Beery and Jackie Cooper, watched by children and delivery man with bicycle and sidecar. Also showing in middle ground iron railing, telegraph pole and southern elevation of Chatham Railway Station and in left middle-distance Military Road railway viaduct and station building. April 1932 DE402/15/p.31 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene outside entrance to St. Michael’s Presbytery at north end of Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two bearers carrying placard suspended from horizontal pole advertising cinema film Local Boy Makes Good starring Joe E. Brown, each bearer facing to right of camera and wearing cloth caps. Also showing in right distance nos.25-27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, latter the home of W. Glanvill Mason. Photographer or developer: Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham. May 1932 DE402/15/p.32 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two bearers carrying placard suspended from horizontal pole advertising cinema film The Night Angel starring Nancy Carroll and Fredric March, each bearer facing to right of camera and wearing cloth cap and broad-brimmed hat respectively. Also showing iron railing and trees in background. May 1932 DE402/15/p.32 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of five bearers lifting and standing inside four sided box formed by placards advertising cinema film The New Adventures of Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford starring William Haines, each bearing doffing a broad-brimmed hat and looking at camera. Also showing wall and iron railing in background. May 1932 DE402/15/p.33 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, one carrying sandwich boards and wearing cloth cap and second carrying a placard on his back, wearing top hat and tails and standing with bicycle with placard attached to steering column, and up-side-down dummy with placard attached to front, advertising cinema film Sidewalks of New York* starring Buster Keaton. Also showing Railway Street railway viaduct, station buildings, horse-drawn vehicle, motor car, bystanders and street vendor’s hand cart. June 1932 DE402/15/p.33 (L)

[* cf. New York State, United States of America]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of three male bearers, one carrying blowtorch and length of copper pipe and another dressed as serving maid, supporting a placard in form of top hat advertising cinema film The Passionate Plumber starring Buster Keaton, Schnozzle Durante and Polly Moran. Also showing in background part of southern (Ordnance Terrace) elevation of Chatham Railway Station and canopies of platforms below. June 1932 DE402/15/p.34 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers wearing North Africa Campaign Dress uniforms of French Foreign Legion *, supporting placard in form of tombola drum advertising cinema film Beau Chumps starring Stanley Laurel and Oliver Hardy. Terraced houses in background. June 1932 DE402/15/p.34 (L)

[* cf. France]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, facing camera, wearing two-piece, three-legged over-suit and broad-brimmed hats and sandwich board advertising cinema film Arsene Lupin starring John and Lionel Barrymore. Showing iron railing in background and overlooking Chatham Railway Station, looking north-west. June 1932 DE402/15/p.35 (left)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, backs to camera, wearing two-piece, three-legged over-suit and broad-brimmed hats and sandwich board advertising cinema film Arsene Lupin starring John and Lionel Barrymore together for the first time! Showing iron railing in background and overlooking Chatham Railway Station, looking north-west. See DE402/15/p.35 (left) above for front view. June 1932 DE402/15/p.35 (right)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of placard in form of model house, carried by at least two bearers, out of sight, advertising cinema film Rookery Nook starring Tom Walls and Ralph Lynn. Also showing boy bystanders, iron railing and part of southern elevation of Chatham Railway Station in background. July 1932. DE402/15/p.36 (left)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of three bearers carrying placards in form of bottles advertising cinema films, right to left, Helpmates starring Stanley Laurel and Oliver Hardy, Happy Landing starring Charlotte Greenwood and Professional Guest starring Gordon Harker, each punning on association with brand of drink. Background blanked out. July 1932. DE402/15/p.36 (right)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of placard in form wireless radio, carried by at least two bearers, out of sight, advertising cinema film Are You Listening starring William Haines and Madge Evans, showing iron railing, Chatham Railway Station and houses at bottom of Maidstone Road, Chatham in background. August 1932 DE402/15/p.37 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of piebald horse and rider dressed in imitation of Mexican * cowboy, carrying saddle cloth advertising cinema film Cisco Kid ** starring Warner Baxter and Edmund Lowe, rider looking at camera and showing in background bystanders and hoardings advertising same film and productions at Chatham Empire Theatre. August 1932 DE402/15/p.37 (L)

[* cf. Mexico; ** cf. San Francisco, California, United States of America (USA)]

Empire Theatre, High Street, Chatham.
Printed programme for musical Piccadilly Hayride. December 1951 DE402/15/p.38

High Street, Chatham.
Photocopy of article in Chatham Observer reporting collision between traps belonging to a Mr. Batchelor and a Mr. Jasper. Published 29 May 1897 DE402/15/p.39 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Boundary Lane and Medway Street, looking west and from point on south side of street, showing ranges of buildings on north and south sides, former including, left to right, The Gaiety Theatre of Varieties (later Empire Theatre of Varieties and Chatham Picture House) (no.49), White Auction Rooms (no.51), Budden and Biggs, brewers ’offices (no.53), Royal Exchange public house (no.55), Frederick Leney and Sons, brewers and wine merchants’ branch office and stores (no.57), house of a Mrs. Rookley, Chatham Furnishing Co. (no.61), Alton [cf. Von Alten] ale house (no.63), Miss M. Brimsted, florist’s shop (no.65), J.N. Willis, photographer’s studio (no.67) and Premium Trading Stamp Co. (no.69) and latter including Pocock Brothers, bootmakers’ shop (no.48). Street scene shows pedestrians, bystanders, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standards and carriageway. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Miss F. Thompson, co. Mr. Burchett, County Cycle Depot, Narborough, Leicestershire. Published by Empire Series, London. Postmarked Rugby, Warwickshire 27 September1905. Exposed c.1904. DE402/15/p.39 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Letter heading of E. Moffat FRMS of 75 High Street, Chatham, bacteriologist. c.1940 DE402/15/p.40

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49) and junction with Medway Street, looking west from point on north side of road, showing ranges of buildings on north and opposite sides of road, including (north side) Chatham Empire (no.49) and Sun Hotel (no.85) and (south side), right to left, Jays Furnishing Stores (no.78-80), David Greig, provision merchant’s shop (no.82), Carlton Café (Southern) Ltd. (no.84), Macdonald’s Dental Co. (London) Ltd., dentist’s surgery (no.86), Chatham Conservatoire of Music (also no.86) and Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (also no.86). Street scene shows carriageway, traffic policeman, motor cars, horse-drawn vehicle, hand cart, pedestrians, shop assistant outside Greig’s and Automobile Association (AA) sign hanging from Sun Hotel. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe that a flagpole visible in DE402/15/p.41 (U) below is partly omitted in this edition. Valentine’s Colurtype series. c.1926 DE402/15/p.41 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49) and junction with Medway Street, looking west from point on north side of road, showing ranges of buildings on north and opposite sides of road, including (north side) Chatham Empire (no.49) and Sun Hotel (no.85) and (south side), right to left, Jays Furnishing Stores (no.78-80), David Greig, provision merchant’s shop (no.82), Carlton Café (Southern) Ltd. (no.84), Macdonald’s Dental Co. (London) Ltd., dentist’s surgery (no.86), Chatham Conservatoire of Music (also no.86) and Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (also no.86). Street scene shows carriageway, traffic policeman, motor cars, horse-drawn vehicle, hand cart, pedestrians, shop assistant outside Greig’s and Automobile Association (AA) sign hanging from Sun Hotel. Flagpole partly omitted in DE402/15/p.41 (U) above fully visible in this edition. Valentine’s Colourtype series. c.1926 DE402/15/p.41 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Two cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements placed by David Greig Ltd., 82 High Street, Chatham, provision merchant and tea specialist, for tea, Danish * butter, New Zealand butter, meats, poultry and rabbits. 26 August 1932 DE402/15/p.42

[* cf. Denmark]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled West End, Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Chatham/Rochester and Gundulph Road, looking east from point on north side of road, showing mainly range of buildings on south side, right to left, Robert Nelson and Co.’s domestic machinery depot with shop signs advertising Singer sewing machines (no.16), Henry West, milliner and draper’s shop (no.18), Richard F. Pettman, outfitter’s shop (no.20), Norman and Stigant, solicitors’ office (no.22), Thomas E. Howe, photographer’s studio (no.24), Jasper and Sons, bakers and confectioners’ shop (no.26), John Highley, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News offices (Parrett and Neves, proprietors) (no.30), entrance to Gundulph Road and Godfrey and Co. Ltd.’s pianoforte and music warehouse (no.32). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, horse-drawn conveyance, lamp standard and banner advertising sale at West’s shop. On rear, message from Emm [-] to Mrs. Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham, discussing visiting arrangements. Published by G. and P. Ltd., Wellington Series. See also DE402/15/p.15 (L) for postcard taken from same exposure. Postmarked Rochester 2 February 1906. DE402/15/p.43 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between junction with Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point on north side of road slightly to west of junction with Medway Street, showing on north side of road, left to right, canopy of Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street, Midland bank (no.87), Old King’s Head Hotel (no.93), W.H. Smith and Son, booksellers’ shop (nos.95-97), Halford Cycle Co. Ltd. (no.101), Rego Clothiers Ltd., tailors’ shop (no.105), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (nos.86-88), Home Supply Footwear Co., bootmakers’ shop (no.90), Domestic Bazaar Co. Ltd. (no.92) and Edward Bates Ltd., draper’s shop (nos.94-96). Street scene shows carriageway, hand cart, motor car, lorry, cyclist, pedestrians, overhead street light, tradesman on step ladders and placards outside New Palace of Varieties. c.1925 x c.1929 DE402/15/p.43 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement placed by Edward Bates Ltd., 94-96 High Street, Chatham, draper, for holiday costume clearance, illustrated with drawing of woman wearing bonnet and two-piece suit of double-breasted jacket and skirt. 7 August 1925 DE402/15/p.44

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of street frontage of Edward Bates Ltd., draper’s shop nos.94-96 High Street, Chatham, looking from point in street directly opposite, showing window displays comprising painted flats depicting Queen Elizabeth I and yeoman warder against background of Chatham Dockyard man gate, Dock Road, Chatham, representing Chatham (centre), William [cf. Will] Adams at Lapshan in Japan, representing Gillingham (left) and Richard Watts and the Six Poor Travellers’ House, representing Rochester (right), on occasion of The Medway Towns All-British Shopping Week organised by Medway Chamber of Trade in which Bates won first prize in category “things we wear”. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to identity of photographer and description of window displays in Chatham Observer. Photographer: H. Boughton, Broad View, Frindsbury. Original exposed June 1926. DE402/15/45

High Street, Chatham.
Photograph of street frontage Barnard’s Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, looking from point above ground level, diagonally opposite and slightly to west, from building at corner of Manor Road and High Street, showing frontage decorated on occasion of coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. 9 August 1902 DE402/15/p.46 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between junctions with Manor Road and Holborn Lane, showing on north side, left to right, G.W. Rosenberg, tailor’s shop (no.105), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), R.C. Martin, tobacconist’s shop (no.111), G. Scriven and Son’s dining rooms (no.113), Bull Inn (no.155) and range of buildings to east including Rochester and Chatham People’s Café (no.121) and on south side, right to left, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows pedestrians, motor car and placard outside New Palace of Varieties advertising Harry Champion. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to destruction by fire of New Palace of Varieties on 18-19 May 1934. On rearm message from Lance Corporal A.H. Dale 7374, C Company, 3rd. Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment to Mr. B.H. Trelfer, 9 East Street, Horsham, Sussex, asking for his watch and saying he is soon to depart for France. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 26 October 1916. DE402/15/p.46 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for productions at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, comprising What Ho and Winners of 1925 July and August 1925 respectively. DE402/15/p.47

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for productions at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, comprising Council Houses a burlesque comedy revue and Ten Baby Syncopators, a musical and dancing presentation starring Stan Costello. August 1925. DE402/15/p.48

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Higgins Lane, looking west from point on north side of street, to east of and diagonally opposite entrance to Manor Road, showing on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102) and on north side, left to right, Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street and range of buildings to east including Old King’s Head public house (no.93) and R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97). Street scene shows pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles and lamp posts. Theatre Royal pediment is shown surmounted by gilded figure of Victory. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest near lamp standard came from Whitehall, Westminster, Middlesex and pertain to opening in 1899 and destruction by fire and re-opening of Theatre Royal in 1900. Couchman suggests the negative was exposed c.1902 x c.1905 but the angel or figure of victory on the Theatre Royal was lost in the fire. On rear, message from unstated author staying at Mitre Hotel, 198 High Street, Chatham to Miss A.G. Beeden [?], 2 Gloucester Road, Regent’s Park, London, stating his address (i.e. hotel). Postmarked Chatham 13 May 1906 Exposed c.1900 DE402/15/p.49

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Bull Inn and on south side entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102), latter bearing placards advertising productions of East Lynne and Man and Wife. Street scene shows pedestrians, horse and rider and shop awnings. On rear, message from David [-] to Miss B. Fitzwalters, 71 Albert Road, Stoke, Devonport, Devon, asking her to get a cap for him. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 10 April 1906. Exposed c.June 1905. DE402/15/p.50

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows pedestrians, dismounted cyclist and horse-drawn vehicles. Theatre Royal pediment is shown surmounted by gilded figure of Victory and side wall bears placard advertising a production. On rear, message from Bert [Hancock?] of 277 Torridon Road, Catford, London to Quarter Master Sergeant R. Hancock, 31st. Company, Royal Engineers (RE), Fort Colombo, Ceylon [cf. Sri Lanka], India, offering congratulations. Published by RTT Chatham. Postmarked Catford, London 18 September 1911 and Colombo, Ceylon 8 October 1911. DE402/15/51 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, overhead light and placard on side of Theatre Royal advertising The Old Home. On rear, message from Joseph (Joe) [-] to Miss E. Gothwaite, King Street, Mirfield, West Riding, Yorkshire, discussing arrival at destination and stating he does not know his [service?] number. Postmarked Chatham 15 December 1914. Negative exposed c.1900 DE402/15/p.51 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of section of High Street between Medway Street and Globe Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in road west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, left to right, R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97), Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) (partly obscured), Bull Inn (no.115) and Globe Hotel (no.131) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn omnibus (Strood to Chatham service), other horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, pedestrians and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern putative dating of the photograph based on placard on side wall of Theatre Royal possibly advertising The Executioner’s daughter July 1904 otherwise possibly exposed as early as 1900. DE402/15/p.52

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News advertising The Crooked Friday and The Right Age to Marry at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, July and August 1925 respectively. DE402/15/p.53

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News advertising talkies screened at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, Once a Sinner starring Dorothy Mackail, Girls Demand Excitement starring Virginia Cherrill and John Wayne, both utilising Western Electric Sound System, Beaut’es de Paris starring Jack Gallagher, in 18 saucy scenes and The Gas Inspector starring Ernie Lotinga. Published August 1931. DE402/15/p.54

High Street, Chatham.
Ink blotter advertising production of Juno and the Paycock a play by Sean O’Casey, at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, starring Arthur Sinclair and Maire O’Neill (photographs included.) July 1929 DE402/15/p.55

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Higgins Lane and Globe Lane, looking west from outside Globe public house, showing on north side, left to right, Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103) Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), Bull Inn (no.115), entrance to Holborn Lane, Rochester and Chatham People’s Café (no.121), Peter’s Restaurant (no.125), Sticky Backs photographer’s studio (no.129) and The Globe public house (no.131) and on south side, right to left, Richardson and Sons, butchers’ shop (no.126), City Tailoring Co. (no.130) and C.W. Barron and Co. Ltd., bootmakers’ shop (no.132). Street scene shows carriageway, hand carts, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and awning brackets. c.1916 x c.1921 DE402/15/p.56 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, looking west from point on north side of street and to east of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, from left to right, Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street and range of buildings to east including Old King’s Head public house (no.93) and R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102), Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104) and Lloyds Bank Ltd. (no.106). Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standards, Union flag flying from turret of Leavey’s shop and figure of victory or angel atop pediment of Theatre Royal. Wrench Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1906 DE402/15/p.56 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Photograph of ink drawing of G.H. Windeyer’s booking office for South Eastern Railway trains, 134 (formerly 300) High Street, Chatham, comprising front elevation. Couchman’s accompanying notes state site is now occupied by Barclay’s Bank. Original work c.1877 4” x 2 ¾” (102mm x 70mm) DE402/15/p.57 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting comprising reproduction of photograph of section of High Street between Medway Street and Globe Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in road west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, left to right, R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97), Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) (partly obscured), Bull Inn (no.115) and Globe Hotel (no.131) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn omnibus (Strood to Chatham service), other horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, pedestrians and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern putative dating of the photograph based on placard on side wall of Theatre Royal possibly advertising The Executioner’s daughter Original exposed July 1904 otherwise possibly exposed as early as 1900. From same negative as DE402/15/p.52 above. DE402/15/p.57 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from W. and S. Scott, Steam Saw Mills, 132 High Street, Chatham, timber merchants to H. Stedman, Delce Farm, Rochester for timber for kitchen and cellar of 21 Cazeneuve Street [?], Troy Town, Rochester, settled 17 February 1911. DE402/15/p.58

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Railway Street and Military Road Corners, Chatham comprising view of junction of High Street, Military Road and Railway Street, Chatham, looking south-south-west up Military Road across cross-roads into Railway Street from pavement outside Royal Sailors’ Home in Military Road, showing on east side of carriageway, left to right, Red Lion public house (no.145 High Street), entrance to eastern section of High Street, London and County Bank (no.148 High Street), Prince of Wales Hotel (nos.1-3 Railway Street) and range of buildings beyond, and on west side of carriageway, right to left, Royal Sailors’ Home (Military Road), Horse Shoe public house (no.143 High Street), entrance to western section of High Street and Capital and Counties Bank (no.146 High Street). Street scene shows bystanders, tram power line columns and lamp standard. Published by Ive and Lowe. c.1902 x c.1908 DE402/15/p.59

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: [1877] c.1900-1986
Quantity: 1 volume/59pp.
Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_E207 on request slip.

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Bracebridge Farm and 2 other farms to be sold at Branston [Leicestershire; terrier, fairly detailed]




Date: 1717
Quantity: 1 document
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