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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0833 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0833.html

Additional records of United Benefice and Parish of St. Paul with All Saints, St. Paul with All Saints’ Church, Magpie Hall Road, Chatham, comprising:Register of baptisms 1964-1984 (1 volume);
Registers of banns 1965-1975, 1980-1984, 1985-1988 and 1988-2000 (4 volumes);
Registers of services 1975-1986 and 1986-1998 (2 volumes);
Account book of Lake bequest, All Saints’ Church, Chatham 1936-1938 (1 volume);
Ecclesiastical Commission papers pertaining to Lake bequest 1937 (1 packet);
Parochial church council minute book 1988-1995 (1 volume);
Parochial church council minutes 1999 (1 bundle);
Visitors’ book, All Saints’ Church 1938-1959, including at rear list of choir members (1 volume);
Specification for new All Saints’ Church, 1913 (1 sheaf);
Draft specification 1913 (1 sheaf);
The London Gazette 22 May 1914 (1 item, printed);
sentence on consecration of enlarged church 1938 (1 item);
burglary insurance policy, All Saints’ Church, 1933 (1 packet);
licence to Arthur James Stubbs, clerk in holy orders, curate of All Saints’, 1931 (1 item);
licence to Arthur Charles White, clerk in holy orders, curate of All Saints’, 1922 (1 item);
licence to Edwin John Payne, clerk in holy orders, BA, curate of All Saints’, 1936 (1 item);
faculty for oak font cover 1933 (1packet);
faculty to lengthen church 1937 (1 packet);
pastoral letters (printed circulars) from John Reginald Harmer, bishop of Rochester 1920 and 1925 (2 items);
fire and war risks insurances 1915-1916 (1 bundle);
agreement with Messrs. Ind Coope and Allsopp Ltd., Burton on Trent, Staffordshire, brewers, for attachment of ironwork, 1938 (1 item);
report of inspection of All Saints’ Church, Chatham by D. Tait, archdeacon of Rochester, 1924 (1 item);
grants of capital sum and stipend from Ecclesiastical Commission, 1916 (2 items);
drawing of hot water heating apparatus by E.E. Logsdon, 15 Little James Street, London WC, heating engineer 1913 (1 packet). Call number: P85C additional.

Date: 1913-2000
Quantity: As above
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0876 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0876.html

Records donated by The Punch Group, Jubilee House, Second Avenue, Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire (successors to Vanguard Estate of Allied Domecq PLC, formerly Allied Breweries Ltd. also of Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire) via Dr. R.G. Anderson, President of the Brewery History Society, per Kent County Council, Centre for Kentish Studies, County Hall, Sessions House, Maidstone, comprising:Records of Budden and Biggs’ Brewery Ltd., 116-118 High Street, Strood, brewers and wine and spirit merchants, comprising memorandum and articles of association 1897, general meeting minute book 1897-1931, board minute books 1901-1931, debenture stockbrokers’ minute book 1897-1923, board correspondence 1930-1938, trust deeds and associated documents 1897-1913, bound and loose accounts 1906-1931, loans and investments register 1921-1928, schedule of company documents 1906, title deeds to brewery in Strood and public houses and other properties in Sheerness (Man of Kent, Horse and Groom, Crown and Anchor, The Victory and The Mechanics Arms), Strood (The Golden Ball), Chatham (The Royal George and Mitre Hotel), High Street, Rochester (including The Crown), Halling (The Rose and Crown), Hoo St. Werburgh (The Windmill), Dover (Clarendon Hotel), Milton Regis [cf. Milton next Sittingbourne] (Watermans Arms and Jolly Sailor), Bromley (Railway Hotel) and South Norwood, Surrey. [For plans of Budden and Biggs' Strood Brewery please see DE779 series B/69 (key plan of Strood Brewery and adjoining properties belonging to Messrs. Budden and Biggs Brewery Ltd., High Street/North Street, Strood 1919. 1 sheet: block plan with legends to rights of way, occupation, ownership and room names;) for other relavant plans please also see Series DE779/A/24 (proposed rebuilding of the Star Inn public house, Star Corner, Star Hill, Rochester for Budden and Biggs Brewery, 1926. One sheet, elevation, section and plans;) and DE779 series B/78 (proposed rebuilding of Star Inn, Star Corner, Star Hill, Rochester for Messrs. Budden & Biggs Brewery Ltd., 1926. 1 sheet: elevation, plans and section.)]File updated by Borough Archivist.

Access: 10 working days notice required


Date: 1897-1938
Quantity: 5 boxes
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_182_30 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 04_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_182_30.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

Shorne rectory with the barn and barnyard, tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments but excepting the tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments arising out of land and premise in the entire borough of Tonge in Shorne.

Assignment of securities (held by way of indemnity) on the marriage of Arthur Cuthbert Marsh of Norfolk Street, Strand, Middlesex, esq. with Miss Anne Caldwell of Linley Wood, Stafford, Staffordshire, spinster.

Assignor: Arthur Cuthbert Marsh

Assignees: Josiah Wedgewood [cf. Wedgwood], senior of Etruria, Stafford, Staffordshire, esq. and George Edward Graham of Berners Street, Maryleborne, Middlesex, esq., banker

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 19 January 2001.

Date: 28 July 1817
Quantity: 1 document
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_182_34 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 04_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_182_34.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

Shorne rectory with the barn and barnyard, tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments but excepting the tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments arising out of land and premises in the entire borough of Tonge in Shorne.

Surrender of Leases

Arthur Cuthbert Marsh of Whitehall Place, Westminster, esq. George Edward Graham of Bryanston Square, Marylebone, Middlesex, esq., Josiah Wedgewood [cf. Wedgwood] of Etruria, Stafford, Staffordshire, esq., James Bolland of Seymour Place, Euston Square, Middlesex, esq., Joseph Hare of Bedford Square, Middlesex, merchant, Mathias Koops Knight of Berners Street, Strand, esq. and William Marsh of Wigmore Street, Maryleborne, esq. to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 19 January 2001.

Date: 10 June 1826
Quantity: 1 document
Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_182_37 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 04_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_182_37.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

Shorne rectory with the barn and barnyard, tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments but excepting the tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments arising out of land and premise in the entire borough of Tonge in Shorne.

Mortgage of Lease

Lessees Arthur Cuthbert Marsh of Kilburn, Middlesex, esq. and Thomas Parsons of Norfolk Street, Strand, his trustee.

Mortagees Josiah Wedgewood [cf. Wedgwood] of Etruria, Stafford, Staffordshire, esq. and Henry Holland of Lower Brook Street, St. George Hanover Square, Middlesex, doctor of physic.

Endorsed with assignments of the mortgage for 29 January 1884; 24 December 1840; and 9 December 1847

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 19 January 2001.

Date: 10 January 1832
Quantity: 1 document
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Emf_077_000_Intro on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 19_DRc_EMf_Fabric_of_the_cathedral_1591_to_1912/ DRc_Emf_077_000_Intro.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

The Fabric of the Cathedral

James Thomas Irvine and the excavations at Rochester Cathedral 1874 - 1894 (DRc/Emf 77/1-134)

Sir George Gilbert Scott was appointed Surveyor of Rochester Cathedral in about 1875 and he brought with him from Peterborough, Northamptonshire, his Clerk of Works James Thomas Irvine who seems to have been a highly intelligent man and devoted to George Gilbert Scott's ideals. He appears to have worked for Scott's office all his life and in one of his draft letters mentions the sad loss of My Dear Kind Old Master Sir Gilbert Scott (the breaking up of a connection that had extended over 30 years).... who had ever been a sort of Father to me.

On and off Irvine spent about twenty years excavating and examining the fabric at Rochester. That his work was good there seems no doubt. He was obviously highly thought of by his contemporary archaeologists, notably W.A. St. John Hope who used the vast mass of evidence, drawings, sketches and notes Irvine had built up over the years for his articles on Rochester Cathedral published in Archaeologia, Archaeologia Cantiana and the Builder. Most of these articles are preserved in this collection, and a brief study of them reveals most clearly St. John Hope's debt to Irvine, which, despite his acknowledgement, is far greater than might be imagined.

Irvine also worked at Peterborough, Northamptonshire, Lichfield, Staffordshire and Repton, Derbyshire and in his early years did some excavation work on Roman London. There are references to his work in these places among his papers.

In 1894, Canon Greville M. Livett, himself an ecclesiologist of some note, suggested that Irvine should provide the Chapter with a bound copy of his notes for their archives but it seems doubtful that he ever did so. All that has survived is a vast mass of very rough working papers and some copied up notes and drawings. The papers in the former group are too miscellaneous to deal with in any detail and have therefore been left as they were found. Most of them are made on the backs of old envelopes and have been stuck at some time into a folder made of brown paper. The latter group, however, has been listed in detail because it provides a very interesting picture of the discovery of how the Cathedral was built over the years, and the many rebuildings and changes that have taken place.

There is, of course, peculiar emphasis on Gundulf's church but the fact that emerges as the most surprising of all is that no clue as to the form of the Saxon Church was discovered until 1880. Irvine found it and his discovery naturally aroused immense interest at the time. Canon W.A. Scott Robertson wrote to Irvine from Sittingbourne asking for information. St. John Hope was overjoyed. Here at last was the evidence to prove the point that Gundulf's Church was a complete rebuilding on a new site following the ancient Saxon tradition to allow for continuity of services.

There is very little documentary evidence among the Surveyor's papers proper to show what work was being done in and about the Cathedral during the period 1875-1895. These papers would seem in part to fill the gap and they shed a very human light on the men doing the work, their ideas and aims, and the difficulties they experienced working for the Cathedral authorities who, though they allowed a vast amount of excavation work to be done, did not really appreciate its significance and often ordered the obliteration of paintings and early work simply because they did not like them.

The papers have been catalogued in chronological order as far as it can be determined. Irvine carefully dated most of his work, but where this is not so it has been assumed that he did it between 1875-1876.


Date: 1874-1894
Quantity: DRc/Emf 77/1-134
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Emf_077_085 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 19_DRc_EMf_Fabric_of_the_cathedral_1591_to_1912/ DRc_Emf_077_085.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

The Fabric of the Cathedral

James Thomas Irvine and the excavations at Rochester Cathedral 1874 - 1894 (DRc/Emf 77/1-134)

Draft letter. James T. Irvine, Mount Pleasant, Lichfield, Staffordshire to W.H. St. John Hope: questions and answers to most of the points raised in St. John Hope's letters (DRc/Emf 77/79-84).

Date: November 1882
Quantity: pending
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Emf_077_096 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 19_DRc_EMf_Fabric_of_the_cathedral_1591_to_1912/ DRc_Emf_077_096.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

The Fabric of the Cathedral

James Thomas Irvine and the excavations at Rochester Cathedral 1874 - 1894 (DRc/Emf 77/1-134)

Copy letter James T. Irvine, The Close, Lichfield, Staffordshire, to Canon W.A. Scott Robertson: Gundulf's crypt and vaulting work. Methods of determining period in such buildings. Mentions the death of Sir George Gilbert Scott.

Date: 8 April 1880
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTb_181_1 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB03_Financial_Records_1541_1919/ 02_DRc_FT_Treasurer_1548_to_1913/ 01_DRc_FTb_Treasurers_books_1548_to_1913/ DRc_FTb_181_1.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - Walker King

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £8 10s paid the precentor and organist, expenses of journey to Worcester [Worcestershire] and Lichfield [Staffordshire], 4 September 1850

Includes expenses incurred on account of Minor Canon Row, the organist, vergers and schoolmaster's houses and the porter's lodge [cf. Chertsey's Gate], Rochester (p.40);

Includes expenses incurred on account of repairs to the cathedral fabric (p.42);

Includes under alms, £10 paid to Rev. Mr. Frederick Heberden, subscription to Wilmington school, 18 December 1849.

English.

[See DRc/FTb 181/2 for removed loose enclosures]

Date: 1849-1850
Quantity: 1 volume/49pp. used
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTb_243 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB03_Financial_Records_1541_1919/ 02_DRc_FT_Treasurer_1548_to_1913/ 01_DRc_FTb_Treasurers_books_1548_to_1913/ DRc_FTb_243.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; estates; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers and beadsmen.

Treasurer's book, R.A. Arnold, deputy treasurer.

[NB there is no separate treasurer's book for year 1911-1912 in sequence. Instead, reference should be made to DRc/FTb 245 which covers 1911-1912 as part of a longer span.]

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 7s 6d paid A. Osborne for new rope to chiming hammer and repairs etc. to other bellropes and cleaning etc. in belfry, 9 January 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £2 16s paid A. Osborne for self and co-bellringers for ringing cathedral bells (muffled) [original brackets] at memorial service to Dean Lane on 21st. ultimo, 8 February 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 2s 6d paid F. Hart for engraving of a fresco painting in cathedral, 20 February 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £2 15s paid choristers Reed and Lemon, expenses to King's Bromley, Staffordshire, to attend Dean Lane's funeral on 21st. January last, 6 March 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £2 16s paid A. Osborne for self and co-bellringers for ringing cathedral bells at the installation of Dean Storrs on 3rd. instant, 17 May 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 11s paid The Valor Company Ltd. for 3 No. 2a charges for New Era fire extinguishers for cathedral, 5 June 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 5s 6d paid G. de la Cour, repairing 2 silver gilt chalice covers, 10 July 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, 10s 6d paid J. Levett, verger's fee on erection of memorial tablet in cathedral to Colonel Pennycuick, 25 October 1913;

Includes under miscellaneous payments, £60 16s 4d paid Rev. W.E. Morgan, 20% of £304 2s visitors' fees allocated to fabric fund, 6 December 1913;

Includes expenses incurred on account of Minor Canon Row and the organist's house (p.24);

Includes expenses incurred on account of repairs to the cathedral fabric, ordinary payments (p.42);

Includes expenses incurred on account of choristers' [cf. choir] school (pp.26-27);

Includes expenses incurred on account of houses in Minor Canon Row, Precincts, High Street and College Yard, Rochester, and land at Haddenham [Buckinghamshire] (pp.53-55);

Includes expenses incurred on account of repairs outside the cathedral (p.80);

Includes under alms and donations, £5 5s donation towards repair of Haddenham Church [Buckinghamshire] as per minute of 6th. June 1912, paid Rev. G. Bruce Rhind, 22 January 1913;

Includes under alms and donations, £25 donation towards cost of new vicarage at Goudhurst as per minute of 9th. July 1912, 8 April 1913;

Includes under alms and donations, £2 2s promised donation towards cost of restoration of Shorne Church tower and bells as per minute of 10th. March 1913, 26 May 1913;

Includes index to account headings at front.

English.

[See DRc/FTb 243/2 for removed loose enclosures.]

Date: 1912-1913
Quantity: 1 volume/c.138pp. used
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/01_Intro on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ 01_Intro.html

MEDWAY ARCHIVES AND LOCAL STUDIES CENTRE

DRc

RECORDS OF THE DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ROCHESTER c.1080-1964

Click here to view the full list of the Rochester Priory records or select the folder from the query tool by following the instructions given there.

These archives were deposited by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester in the Kent Archives Office [now Centre for Kentish Studies], County Hall, Maidstone, Kent in 1959, and were listed there by Miss Anne M. Oakley MA FSA between the years 1963-1970. The collection was transferred to Medway Archives Office on 27 April 1992 and the list prepared and edited for for CityArk Phase II by the City Archivist/Borough Archivist 1997-2001

Re-edited by Borough Archivist July 2000 (Priory introduction).

For a link to the Rochester Cathedral web site Click Here ......or here [two different sites appear to be in operation as at 3 July 2000]

Historical Introduction

The church of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester was founded by Ethelbert, King of Kent as a college for a small number of secular canons under Justus, Bishop of Rochester in AD 604. Very little is know about the history of this house. It never seems to have had much influence outside its own walls, and though it possessed considerable landed estates, seems to have been relatively small and poor. It also suffered at the hands of the Danes [cf. Denmark]. Bishops Justus, Romanus, Paulinus and Ithamar were all remarkable men, but after Bishop Putta's translation to Hereford [cf. Herefordshire] in AD 676, very little is heard of Rochester. Their bishop, Siweard is not mentioned as having been at the Battle of Hastings in Sussex with King Harold as were many of the Saxon bishops and abbots, and the house put up no opposition to King William I when he seized their lands and gave them to his lay brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, Normandy, France whom he had created Earl of Kent. The chroniclers say that the house was destitute and that when Siweard died in 1075 it was barely able to support the five canons on the establishment (1).

Four years after his conquest of England, King William I invited his friend Lanfranc, Prior of Caen, Normandy, France and a former monk of Bec in there to be his archbishop at Canterbury. Lanfranc's task was specific: to reorganise English monasticism on the pattern of Bec; to develop a strict cloistered monasticism but one of a kind that was not entirely cut off by physical barriers from the life of the rest of the church. He drew unsparingly on Bec for his ideas, his bishops and his monks. Four bishops of Rochester hailed from Bec, several priors and many monks. Among the bishops, by far the most important was Gundulf, his friend, pupil and chamberlain whom he brought over with him to England in 1070 (2).

(1) This account of the cathedral priory of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester is based on those in The Victoria County History of Kent II, pp. 121-125, E. Hasted, History of Kent II, pp. 22-25, F.F. Smith, History of Rochester pp. 273-335; W.H. St. John Hope The Architectural History of the Cathedral Church and Monastery of St Andrew at Rochester, Archaeologia Cantiana XXIII, pp. 194-328 and XXIV, pp 1-85; and H. Wharton, Anglia Sacra, I, pp. 329-394. Part of King Ethelbert's endowment included the land from the river Medway to the Eastgate of the City of Rochester on the south part and practically all the land on the south side of the High Street, all within the city walls. The priory property was extended on the same site in 1225 and again in 1344 making necessary the construction of new walls and ditches on both occasions. (See also DRc/T62, T280).

Siweard, Bishop of Rochester died in 1075 and to replace him Lanfranc brought over a monk from Bec, Arnost, as Bishop. He died within the year and at Lanfranc's instigation, King William I agreed to the appointment of Gundulf as bishop. This proved ultimately the turning point in the history of Rochester (3). King William showed no reluctance or lack of effort in assisting Lanfranc to recover the former properties of the church now that his relations with his lay brother had become strained and difficult and in 1076, therefore, Lanfranc successfully repossessed himself of a major part of the lands which had once belonged to St. Andrew's church at the great assembly held on Penenden Heath. Some of this property formed the principal re-endowment of the house in 1077 and was given by Lanfranc to Gundulf when he enthroned him as Bishop of Rochester in that year.

Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire], the thirteenth century chronicler, says that Lanfranc made it a condition of his friend's establishment at Rochester that the canons should be replaced by monks, but as no other establishment was made until 1083, it would appear that Gundulf bided his time. No one knows now what really happened. There is a brief mention in the Textus Roffensis of one Aegelric, priest of Chatham and a former Canon of Rochester who made a gift to the new house to secure the honourable burial of his wife there, but not a word more.

In 1083 Lanfranc visited Rochester and himself instituted twenty two monks of the Benedictine order in the house, some from Bec (4), probably some from the two houses at Canterbury, Christchurch and St Augustine, and possibly some from Caen. He endowed the house with property making careful and distinct provision for the bishop and the monks. Some of the lands he gave them were his own, others he purchased, and some he had acquired in 1076. Gundulf also purchased and acquired a great deal of property for his house which rapidly found favour with the Norman kings. Together with Archbishop Lanfranc he began the rebuilding of the church and monastery buildings. In the rebuilding of his church, Gundulf followed the usual practice of starting his new building to the east of the existing church so that there would be no interruption in the services of the church. He also appears to have incorporated part of the City wall into his building as the tower known as Gundulf's tower was one of the watch towers (5). Substantial parts of his work remain today, particularly in the Crypt.

[(2) D. Knowles, The Monastic Order in England , 2nd ed. pp. 83-134
(3) There is an excellent translation of the Life of Gundulf by the nuns of St. Marys Abbey, West Malling 1968.
(4) Knowles op cit p.112

No distinction was made in the early years of the refoundation between the episcopal and prioral possessions. The reason for this was simply that there was no need for any such distinction. The bishop of Rochester was titular abbot of St Andrews and the prior was directly subject to him. At least until the first quarter of the twelfth century the Bishop actually lived in the house with the monks as one of the family (6). John of Seez was probably the first bishop to set up a separate establishment, but Bishop Gundulf himself made some division of the properties between himself and the monks before his death in 1108 (7). Until the thirteenth century, gifts were made to the bishop or to the bishop and the monks of St Andrew's Church, Rochester but very rarely to the prior although it is more than probable that the offer was in existence from the refoundation (8). During the thirteenth century benefactors addressed their charters to the prior by name and the monks of St Andrew's church, Rochester, or first to the prior and monks of that place. It was not [contd.]

(5) See DRc/emf77
(6) This was also true at Christchurch, Canterbury until Stephen Langton became archbishop. It was, in any case, the natural thing to do, and exactly what one would have expected of Gundulf who thought of himself primarily as a monk. Lanfranc himself explicitly equated the offers of bishop and abbot. Knowles op. cit. p.622.

(7) See DRc/T47 and DRc/T57/5, a charter of Gundulf confirmed by Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury in 1145. It was not until about 1125 that the influence of the black monks ceased to predominate. The canonical organisation of chapters tended to separate the bishop from the monastery and to give the foreign to monastic life. Knowles op. cit, p.133.

(8) DRc/T47-59]

until about 1260 that the term prior and convent became at all common. The inspeximus of King Henry III is addressed to the prior and convent of Rochester and this was the first occasion on which a royal charter had been so addressed (9).

When Lanfranc established the house at Rochester under the ministry of Gundulf, he is said to have realised that difficulties would arise over communally held property and therefore made careful division between the bishop and the monks. At first sight, this might seem a good idea, but the greatest difficulty of all lay in the fact that most of Lanfranc's re-endowment was made up of properties which had belonged to the church before the conquest of 1066. Properties involved included the manor and churches of St. Margaret, Rochester, Stoke, Wouldham, Frindsbury, East Wickham, Halling, Trottiscliffe, Borstal, Snodland, Cuxton, Malling, Denton, Longfield, Darenth, Southfleet and Fawkham. They were given to the church by Saxon Kings and nobles, but they were entrusted to the bishop. In Lanfranc's time there was no difficulty, nor could he foresee any, for while the bishop was a monk and lived in harmony with his monks no difficulty would present itself. Gundulf may have foreseen difficulties. Before he died he made further provision for the monks. As well as considerable pensions, tithes and rents, he gave them the manors of Stoke, Wouldham, Frindsbury, Denton, Southfleet, Lambeth (Surrey) and Haddenham (Buckinghamshire) King Henry I confirmed all these and also his gifts of the churches of Wouldham, Dartford, Woolwich, Sutton at Hone, Wilmington, Chislehurst, Aylesford, St. Margaret, Rochester, St. Nicholas' altar in Rochester Cathedral, Rotherfield and Stourmouth; he added Boxley church and Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury added Norton church (10).

The house was wealthy, but when Ernulf of Bec died in 1124 it was the end of an era for the monks. King Henry I nominated John of Seez, Archdeacon of Canterbury to the vacant see and though they elected him as their bishop, the monks viewed him with suspicion. He was not a monk. During his short episcopate the prior became the effective head of the house. The bishop's duties changed and he became more a patron than a father, making occasional visits only and barely known to his monks.

[(9) DRc/T60
(10) DRc/T47-51]

He had his own household, separate from theirs and this separation of revenues and interests combined to make him and his successors a stranger to his monks and more often than not an opponent. The chronicler, Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire] offers John of Seez no compliments. He says he made lavish gifts, began great things and did much good, but that it did not last (11). He took advantage of a great fire that ravaged the house in 1137, dispersed many of the monks to other houses, and stole from them the churches of Aylesford, Southfleet, Boxley, St. Margaret, Rochester and the altar of St. Nicholas in Rochester Cathedral, thus plunging the house into years of expensive litigation which ended only in 1144 when Pope Celistine decreed that the new bishop, Ascelin, should return them unconditionally to the monks to whom they rightfully belonged (12).

John's argument is obvious: The reason even more so. The revenues of the priory were far larger than those of the bishopric. On this occasion the monks were successful, but far more serious contentions broke out under Bishop Gilbert Glanville fifty years later which reverberated through the centuries.

Gilbert Glanville was Archdeacon of Lisieux in France. He was a great friend of Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury and his successor there Archbishop Hubert Walter, and much in favour at court. He became Bishop of Rochester in 1184. His predecessor Waleran had proposed to seek papal permission to expel the monks from the cathedral, as he had a low opinion of the regular orders, but had died before he could implement the idea. Unfortunately for the monks, the plan was not uncountenanced by King Henry II who wished to cut the power of the regular orders, in so many ways exempt from the royal prerogative. Rochester, for instance, had the right to elect its own prior without royal interference, and had also enormous privileges within the City of Rochester. King Henry II therefore chose his friend Gilbert Glanville, together with Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury and Hugh Nonant, Bishop of Coventry to use Rochester as an experiment. They were to set up a college of secular canons who were not, in general, infected with principles dangerous to civil government, and who as friends of the national clergy, would form a powerful barrier against the encroachments of the roman pontiffs.

[(11) Wharton, op.cit., p.347
(12) DRc/L1]

Except at Coventry where force was used to set up a college of Vicars Choral, nothing came of the idea as the King's death put an end to all hopes of success, but disastrous failure though it was, it did nothing to ease relations between the bishop and his monks (13).

Gilbert Glanville remained in favour with the new king, Richard I and when he was captured in the Holy Land and later imprisoned in Germany, worked with a will to secure his release. His principal contribution was the establishment of the hospital of the New Work of St. Mary in Strood. This was a small house whose purpose was to pray for the restoration of Christianity in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and for the King's release from captivity, and to provide for the poor and travellers. It was a cause worthy of the monks' support, but without consulting them, the bishop appropriated two of their churches for the support of his new foundation, and further bribed their prior, Ralph de Ros, to give a piece of meadowland in Strood to the hospital in return for money to finish the stonework of the cathedral cloister and for a new pair of organs (14). Matters were made worse by the fact that the churches the bishop appropriated were Aylesford and St. Margaret, Rochester, only recently won back at great expense.

The monks complained. They petitioned the Pope to intervene and he did in fact do so, but to no purpose. The bishop forced the monks into an agreement to maintain the house as he had founded it together with the lands and churches he had given to it (15). The agreement remained more or less in force until 1239, then in 1256 the Pope declared that the churches should be returned to the monks. Gilbert was long since dead, buried in haste and deprived of the last rites, during the Interdict, but his successor refused to comply. The quarrel finally came to the test in the reign of Edward I when the monks were ambushed and beaten up by the monks at Strood while they were attempting to pass in procession through the hospital grounds (16). After this debate, the monks of Rochester gave up what was obviously an unequal struggle.

[(13) The History and Antiquities of Rochester and its Environs by John Denne, ed. by T. Fisher, 1817 pp. 112-115
(14) DRc/T572/1-15
(15) DRc/L3
(16) William Lambard, Perambulation of Kent , 1570 gives a spirited account of this incident, which, though he was violently anti-catholic, is most graphic. 1826 edition, pp. 328-331]

The Monks' quarrel with Gilbert Glanville stretched far beyond Strood Hospital to other problems which caused proportionate dissension: rights of presentation; the Bishop's xenium ; and the disposition of servants in the priory.

On the first problem, the Monks claimed rights of presentation to churches in their possession both within and outside the diocese of Rochester. In 1207 they possessed at least eleven within and seven outside the diocese, but they laid claim to others that belonged to the Bishop. On his part the Bishop made no claim to any. He merely stated that when John was Bishop he had never asked the Monks for authority. He had always presented and instituted incumbents to all vacant livings both inside and outside the diocese, but had secured to them their rightful pensions, which was all they were entitled to. Further Gilbert Glanville added that he proposed to do likewise, with the sole concession that those he instituted should do fealty to the Monks as well as himself (17). This was a meaningless concession. Although the Monks gave way on the Bishop's right of institution, they always denied that he had any right to present to priory livings inside the diocese. They did, however, reach agreement over presentations to livings outside the diocese of Rochester. The Bishop here claimed joint right of presentation with the Monks, and though they knew he had none, they allowed his claim; and as witness that they did so and kept their agreement at least in part, there is a document surviving among these archives showing the strictness with which it was adhered to in the cases of Norton, Boxley and Stourmouth in the diocese of Canterbury for over 150 years (18). The problem was not so much one of fees but of influence and authority. It emphasises the Bishop's ultimate authority over the priory and the Monks' refusal to accept it. Gilbert Glanville's interpretations of their charters were often wrong, but the Monks found that there was little they could do in defence of their rights.

[(17) DRc/L3
(18) DRc/L10]

The Disagreement over the Bishop's xenium is an interesting one. The income from the Bishop's estates was fairly small and the xenium was a recognised method of providing for hospitality at his table. The word itself signifies a gift made in token of hospitality. This was a particularly lavish one consisting of 16 suckling pigs, 30 geese, 300 hens, 1,000 lampreys, 1,000 eggs, four salmon and other items from each of the five principal priory manors of Frindsbury, Stoke, Wouldham, Denton and Southfleet, and further gifts of fish from Lambeth, Surrey and Haddenham, Buckinghamshire. It was Bishop Gundulf who had ordained in 1107 that the xenium should be given to the Bishop on St. Andrew's day (17 November) but with the important, and in this case, significant proviso that if the Bishop was away from Rochester on that day, it should be given to the poor (19). The Monks appear to have resented making the gift, and refused to bring it when the Bishop was away. They argued that it was an imposition and that it was contrary to the ordinance that the Bishop should have it if he were away. Gundulf had never imagined a time when the Bishop would not be present in his church at the patronal festival, and Gilbert Glanville argued in his defence that he was forced to travel and could not always arrange to be there. He, therefore, fiercely opposed the Monks and claimed the xenium as his right wherever he might be on that day (20). In the end the Monks were forced to surrender. This was a major victory for Bishop Gilbert and one of which he and his successors took full advantage. In 1329 the Monks accused Bishop Hamo de Hethe [cf. Hythe] of abusing the system. They claimed he ought by ancient custom to celebrate St. Andrew's day in the cathedral and in the hall adjoining and there receive a present of ten pounds from the prior and Chapter towards his expenses, but that each year he had received the present without performing the ceremony, had left the prior and Chapter to do it, and to pay for it as well (21). The Bishop's answer has not survived. Suffice to say that the xenium survived even the dissolution and was still being paid in the eighteenth century (22).

[(19) DRc/T47
(20) DRc/L3
(21) Registrum Hamonis Hethe Diocesis Roffensis A.D. 1319-1352 transcribed and edited by Charles Johnson, Oxford 1948, pp. 424-431 and Introduction.
(22) DRc/FTv34]

According to Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire], Ascelin was the first Bishop of Rochester to interfere in the appointment of priory servants (23). When Bishop Gundulf had lived with the Monks there was one set of servants and officials to look after both the Bishop and the Monks, but after the fire of 1137 and the almost total destruction of the conventual buildings, the Bishop set up a separate household. The priory servants apparently joined him and the Monks appointed others. There were over twenty of these servants and officials, all essential to the smooth running of a Benedictine house and all equally indispensible. Their number included the master baker, the second baker, three other bakers, brewers, cooks, a steward, janitor, guestmaster, granger, infirmarer, tailors and launderers to name only a few. Each official's work was carefully laid down but more important than this, so also were his salary and perquisites (24). It was these perquisites, often free food and drink, which made these offices so popular. Many of the servants and officials were related to Monks in the priory. Nepotism was rife. It appears that Ascelin withdrew the priory servants for this reason but a visiting legate reproved him saying it was not his business to interfere. Ascelin relented and the legate attempted to improve matters by making the posts annual appointments rather than permanent ones, but to no purpose. The sons of master bakers still succeeded their fathers and one of them even found favour by marrying the cellarer's sister.

[(23) Wharton, op.cit., p.343
(24) Custumale Roffense ff.53-60.]

The legate Hinemar's suggestions did not solve the problem. The Monks were still complaining under Bishop Gilbert Glanville that he interfered too much in this sphere (25). Gilbert Glanville doubtless had many relatives he wished to provide for, but he cannot have had more than Bishop Hamo de Hethe who was one of the chief offenders on this score. When Simon de Meopham made his archiepiscopal visitation of the priory in 1329 the Monks made 25 complaints against their Bishop, four of which related to this problem. They complained that he appointed to twenty or more offices in the priory when he was entitled to only four or five; that he appointed his own kinsmen and others to priory offices who did their work by deputy and at half wages, too ill paid to be honest; that the officers and their deputies took no notice when reprimanded, and said that they like the Monks were irremovable; and specifically that he had appointed a brewer who was inefficient and of ill fame. Most of the charges against Hamo de Hethe [cf. Hythe] were dismissed but the Monks' claims were not unfounded on their first charge. The Bishop's family name was Noble and there are many appointments of persons of this name in his register (26).

[(25) DRc/L3
(26) Registrum Hamonis p.425 and Introduction]

Apart from their endless conflict with the Bishops in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, there were three other problems of conflict which affected the priory, all of them outside the walls: the position of the priory in relation to the Crown and the Castle; relations with the Citizens of Rochester; and relations with the archdiocese of Canterbury.

The first stone keep is said to have been built at Rochester for King William II by Bishop Gundulf for the then enormous sum of sixty pounds, in return for a gift of land in Haddenham, Buckinghamshire. The priory buildings lay in the shadow of the castle and suffered somewhat in the wars in which it featured. Kings did not, however, neglect the priory. Some visited it, and there is a series of charters of privileges to prove their interest and concern. Many charters repeat the fact that William Rufus was eternally grateful to the monks and their Bishop for supporting him when his uncle Odo, Bishop of Bayeux rebelled against him and besieged Rochester and its castle. The monks lost a good deal in the battle of 1088. Much of their house was destroyed but the Manor of Haddenham rectory, Buckinghamshire proved a lucrative present and, moreover, gave them a link with the past. It had belonged to the Countess Goda, sister of King Edward the Confessor, a fact which several charters also repeat (27)

. There were many skirmishes involving the castle over the years but no further sieges until 1216 when the priory was pillaged by King John and his followers. But the most spectacular siege and the one which the monks turned most to their advantage was that of 1264. In that year, says Rishanger, the Chronicler, Simon de Montfort and the rebel barons brought great siege engines and fire ships to Rochester and prosecuted the siege with great violence. Some of the priory buildings were very badly damaged and Simon and his soldiers broke in a carried off the priory monuments. The story is told on the back of one small deed (28). It tells how the charter and many others were stolen from the prior's chapel where they were kept and carried off to Winchester, and how John de Renham [Rainham], the prior got them back from the robbers but with the seals all broken and many of the charters torn and damaged. He was appalled at the danger in which this might place his house, and at great labour and personal expense persuaded King Henry III to reconfirm all the damaged charters by a new one (29). This the King did. The charter embodies most of the charters granted to the priory since the conquest by Kings, Archbishops, Bishops and other persons. And there is no doubt that this is in fact the charter concerned because, its content apart, there is attached to the seal strings another cord woven into it, to which is attached a small fragment of very heavily cross-stitched parchment, all that remains of the earlier charters.

A great many of the charters in the possession of the priory were damaged in this incident. Therefore to supply the deficiencies not remedied by the new Royal Charter, and also to circumvent some of the problems of the division of property between themselves and their Bishop, the monks resorted to forgery. This was not so much a crime as it is now. Rather, it was a necessity. Once forged documents had been used to prove title they acquired the force of the genuine article. It is of course unnecessary to remark that documents were conveniently lost and suppressed if their contents proved a nuisance.

[(27) DRc/T48, T60 (1), T65 (1)
(28) DRc/T53 and F.F. Smith, History of Rochester p.17
(29) DRc/T60]

There are at least two forged charters among these archives, both charters of Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, life long friend of Bishop Gundulf and a great benefactor to Rochester. The first charter refers to Northfleet Church which Anselm gave to the monks. The monks had the presentation but Hubert Walter and successive Archbishops attempted to wrest it from them. Probably in 1264 (or possibly before) the seal was lost from the document and to give it more force a new seal has been made from a cast. It is quite easy to spot. Firstly it has been attached upside down, and secondly there is a shallow depression in the middle of the figure of the Archbishop caused by an airbubble (30). This document is genuine enough. The second is not. It relates to the great quarrels with the Bishops over property. It has no seal and purports to be a charter of Anselm making over to the priory many churches and manors most of which belonged to the Bishop of Rochester (31). The handwriting very closely resembles that of the new charter of 1265 (32). It may even have been written by the same scribe. It has, however, one fault. The charter is dated 1101 by which year four at least of the twelve witnesses were dead and had been dead for several years before Anselm became Archbishop of Canterbury. There are five Bishops included among the witnesses: Maurice of London, Osmund of Salisbury (Wiltshire), Walkelin of Rochester, Stigand of Chichester (Sussex)and Herbert of Thetford (Norfolk). Only Maurice was alive in 1101. Herbert died in 1085, Stigand in 1087, Walkelin in 1098 and Osmund in 1099. Anselm became Archbishop in 1093.

[(30) DRc/T49
(31) DRc/T48
(32) DRc/T60]

There was constant disagreement between the monks and the people of the City of Rochester. The people had no parish church of their own and worshipped at the alter of St. Nicholas which stood before the rood screen in the nave of the Cathedral Church (33). The monks appear to have disliked this system since it brought them into close contact with the populace from whom they wished to remain apart; it disturbed their peace and meant that their church was not their own. Admittedly it was the common custom for the local people to worship in the nave of a monastic church and is the reason why many have survived as parish churches, but it was a sore bone of contention at Rochester. The Benedictine order had moved away from Gundulf's ideal of a monastic church not entirely cut off by physical barriers from the life of the rest of the church. They shut the doors at night and refused the sacrament to the sick; they denied services; and in 1327 they locked the doors of the nave and took away the key. The Bishop forced the monks to come to an agreement with the citizens and on 14 June 1327 it was accordingly agreed that the monks should build an oratory for the citizens in the corner of the nave near the north door with a door and window on the outside of the church for the sacrament for the sick during the night, to which the people should have free entry and exit. They were also guaranteed all the usual daily services (34). The Bishop was sympathetic to their cause and successive Bishops of Rochester tried hard to have a church built for the citizens, but it was not until almost a hundred years after this agreement that this became a reality and St. Nicholas' Church was built beside the Cathedral (35).

[(33) DRc/Emf 77
(34) DRc/L7
(35) Rochester Episcopal Register III, DRc/T60/ff.16v.-18v.

Relations with Canterbury were equally bad. Lanfranc's refoundation at Rochester was modelled on Canterbury. He appointed the first Bishop of Rochester, and the see was thereafter recognised as being in the free gift of the Archbishop of Canterbury. It was thus peculiarly dependent on Canterbury, and as a mark of this dependence, it was customary on the death of their Bishop for the monks of Rochester to take the deceased bishop's pastoral staff to Canterbury where it was laid on the alter in Christchurch Priory, and from where the newly elected Bishop took it after his consecration. Not all the Bishops of Rochester were consecrated at Canterbury. Arnost was consecrated at St. Paul's in London but his immediate successors Gundulf, Ralph and Ernulf at Canterbury. Ascelin also may have been; his successor Walter, brother of Archbishop Theobald, certainly was. It appears that the monks of Rochester objected not to the act of consecration by the Archbishop, or indeed that it took place at Canterbury, but to the claims of the prior of Christchurch that he represented the Church of Canterbury. This was a strange argument for the monks to put forward. They persistently and continually opposed their own diocesan and ought by right to have supported the claim of the prior of Christchurch.

Rivalry between the two houses grew, and in order to avoid the humiliating ceremony after the death of Bishop Waleran in 1183, the monks buried the Bishop's pastoral staff with him in the grave. The monks of Christchurch protested. The rights of the mother church, they declared, must be maintained at all costs and the episcopal staff delivered to the prior. Negotiations were begun. They dragged on for years and years, but for the moment a compromise was reached. The monks of Rochester agreed to deliver the staff, not to the prior but instead to the Archbishop who would deliver it for them. Gilbert Glanville was consecrated by Archbishop Baldwin in 1184 at Canterbury, and as usual in the absence of the Archbishop, took over the administration of his see while he was in the Holy Land. Benedict of Sawston was consecrated at Oxford - a belated attempt to escape from the overlordship of Canterbury; and later Lawrence of St. Martin, one of the King's clerks who became Bishop of Rochester in 1251 instituted litigation to try and secure some measure of independence for Rochester. This he did in the face of Royal disapproval, for both King Henry III and his Queen favoured the primate, and if the negotiations did not have the required results as far as independence was concerned, at least they improved relations between the Bishop and his monks (36).

[(36) DRc/L2, see Wharton, op.cit., pp.342-351; C.E. Woodruff and W. Danks, Memorials of Canterbury Cathedral p.104. Hasted, op.cit, 2nd ed.,IV, p.124 says the Archbishop did not interfere after 1238.]

It is exceedingly difficult to follow the trend of numbers of monks in the priory as the information available is somewhat inadequate. Archbishop Lanfranc introduced twenty-two monks into the house whom he instituted in 1083. When Bishop Gundulf died in March 1108 there were, according to Edmund de Hadenhem [cf. Haddenham] sixty monks some of the best read and the best singers in the Country (37). He also claims that numbers fell off after Gundulf's death but this may be accounted for by the fact that in accordance with the system of Bec, monks from well established houses were continually being sent out to help found and replenished other houses. It is known that monks went out from Rochester to the house of St. John at Colchester (Essex) founded by Eudo Dapifer in 1119/1120 (38) and to Christchurch, Canterbury in 1207 (39). There were apparently only 35 monks at Rochester in 1317; only 30 voted at the election of John de Sheppey as prior in 1333 (40) and these were doubtless drastically reduced by the pestilence which raged in Rochester between 1349-1352 (41). There are only 190 instances in the Rochester episcopal registers of monks entering the priory there for the period between 1320-1537 but this presupposes that all the monks in the house went through the various orders of the priesthood there. Obviously this was not the case and the registers of other bishoprics should be searched to determine an entry figure if this is possible. From the list compiled it would appear that there were far more candidates entering the priory between 1460-1537 than between 1320-1460. Twenty-three monks voted at the election of Lawrence Dan or Mereworth as prior in 1532 (42) and he and nineteen monks took the oath of supremacy on 10th June 1534. Only twelve monks received pensions in May 1541 but this number did not include those provided for under the secular establishment (43). From the figures given here, it would appear that there were normally about 30 monks at Rochester for most of the period of the existence of the priory.

[(37) Wharton, op.cit, p.337
(38) Archaeologia Cantiana XXIII, p.224
(39) Knowles, op.cit, p.365. There is also a case recorded in the Priors' Book concerning William Lecestre who was released from his oath of obedience to the prior of Rochester so that he could go to St. Giles Cornwall in the diocese of Coventry (Warwickshire) and Lichfield (Staffordshire) where Hugh Lempster was prior. This was in 1480. No reason is given for the transfer. DRc/Elb1A f.6
(40) Rochester Episcopal Register I, f.157. This was a disputed election: 22 monks led by the late prior John de Speldhurst voted for John de Sheppey, 5 led by Richard Bledlawe, the cellarer and his subcellarer Peter de Lambourne, for Willam de Reyersshe [Ryarsh] the sacrist; and 3 young monks for Robert de Suthflete [Southfleet].
(41) DRc/F1A
(42) Rochester Episcopal Register IV, f.73
(43) Calender of Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic. Henry VIII, Vol.XIV, 1540-1541, p.356 no.745, f.30 (November) and p.718 (May)]
When a man became a monk in a religious house, he discarded his own surname after his profession and was known instead by this Christian name and that of the place or parish from whence he came. For this reason it is a simple matter to determine the area from which monks came to Rochester priory. Most of them were local men from Rochester and its neighbouring parishes, some came from Canterbury, Folkestone, Dover, Hythe and Dartford; but as can be seen from the list compiled of the monks passing through the various orders of the priesthood, at lease nine came from London, several from Norfolk, three from Oxford, two from St. Albans (Hertfordshire) one from Ossory in Ireland, one from Winchester (Hampshire) and one from Mayfield in Sussex. The list has been compiled almost exclusively from the Rochester Episcopal registers.

In the early years the priors were probably Frenchmen: Ernulf came from Bec and Ralph from Caen, but as Rochester had the privilege of electing its priors without Royal interference, the tradition of electing a man from within the house itself developed very rapidly, and by the third quarter of the twelfth century this was probably standard practice. There was one exception to this rule. William Fresell who was elected in 1509 had previously been prior of Binham in Norfolk (44). After the migration of Alfred to Abingdon (Berkshire) between 1185-1189 none of the priors left to go to other houses. If they resigned their office, they remained in the house until their death. There are, of course, several exceptions: William de Hoo [St. Werburgh] who retired to Woburn in Bedfordshire; and those priors who resigned on their election to the bishopric, Thomas de Wouldham, Hamo de Hethe [Hythe] and John de Sheppey (45)

[(44) Rochester Episcopal Register IV, f.53. He took the following oath: In dei nomine Amen. Ego Willelmus Fressell Monachus expresse professus ordinis sancti Benedicti prior monasterii ecclesie vestre cathedralis sancti Andree Roffensis per provisionem et nominacionem vestras iuxta antiquas ordinaciones ecclesie vestre predicte prefectus sive nominatus promitto ad sancta dei evangelia vobis et successoribus vestris canonice intrandum et ministrandum vestris canonicam obedienciam Reverenciam et honorem necnon observanciam antiquarum ordinacium prefate ecclesie vestre cathedralis sicut me deus adiumet et sancta dei evangelia.

(45) Wharton, op.cit Successio Priorum, pp.392-399]

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 9 August 2001.
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Records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Records of St. Andrew's Cathedral Priory, Rochester

The Prior's Book

This is apparently the sole register of St. Andrew's priory, Rochester to have survived. Certainly it is the only one now among the archives of that house. It covers the period 1475-1505 with one later addition of 1527 and in form resembles an episcopal register, though not in context. It is indeed a most curious jumble and is more of a precedent and memory book than a register.

The contents of the book are more or less chronological and include copies of confirmations [of charters], leases and bonds, citations, agreements, records of inquisitions affecting property, a public instrument relating to the transfer of a monk from Rochester to St. Giles Canwall, Leicestershire * which gives his oath of allegiance to the Prior of St. Giles in full, an indenture for the employment of a carpenter in the priory, a grant of wardship and marriage, the record and process of the case against Patrick Stanes, Vicar of the alter of St. Nicholas within the nave of Rochester priory church who unlawfully, as it was proved, witheld a pension of 40s. from the priory, lists of tithes for goods spiritual and temporal which the prior pays for property inside and outside the diocese of Rochester, appointments of a janitor and an auditor, and a composition relating to the repair of the chancel and side chapels of the church of All Saints, Hoo [i.e. Hoo Allhallows].

In addition to the above there are also copies of several fourteenth Century inquisitions ad quod damnum held before the King's Eschaetor of his deputy, and a copy of letters patent of King Edward III relating to an attempt to impede the prior's fishery on Haddenham manor in Buckinghamshire which was successfully overcome. There seems no evident reason why these particular inquisitions should have been included in this register. None is given. Nor does the will of Augustine Hankyns [cf. Hankin, Hankins] 1449 appear to have any connection with the priory. He may have been a supplier of goods to the house (since he was a member of the Grocers' Company) but there is no indication.

A fairly full summary has been made of the contents. The register is bound into the back of the first Dean and Chapter register, Registrum Primum which begins in 1538 [see also DRc/Elb1A as listed elsewhere]. It was so bound up probably in the early nineteenth century. The prior's register contains 20 folios and has been annotated throughout in a sixteenth century hand, and probably in 1576.

Registrum Willelmi Woode [cf. William Wood] Prioris ab Anno 1478 et Thome Bourne [cf. Thomas Bourne] Ad Annum 1504

Ff.l recto-verso
Reconfirmation of parish churches, pensions and tithes to Rochester priory by John [Russell], Bishop of Rochester after enquiry at his ordinary visitation 9 August 1478.

F.l verso
Confirmation 8 October 1475 John Bamme, esq. and William Gestewode to William, Prior of Rochester:

a tenement with buildings over and belonging to it lying between the cathedral burial ground on the east and south and Dodyngeshennlane on the west in Rochester which once belonged to William Rowe, clerk and which the donors and others had by gift of Edmund Chertesey, gentleman, deceased.

Ff.l verso-2 recto
Indenture for the employment of John Cokke [cf. Cock] as carpenter to Rochester priory 6 June 1479

No leave of absence from the priory except 14 days in harvest and to do repairs to his own house. No millwork below the watermark. Salary 26s.8d. a year payable quarterly, and a gown of yemen [cf. Yemen, Arabia] livery whenever the prior distributes livery. After he has been working 20 days in any quarter he shall be paid at the rate of 6d. a day for every complete day worked, over and above his salary of 26s.8d.

F.2 recto
Lease for 20 years 24 June 1479 Thomas Bourne, Prior of Rochester to Richard Neel of Leesston:

2 crofts called Court Crofts lying in Chatham parish on Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] manor.

Rent: 7s. Power of distraint for non-payment. See DRc/Elb1/f.5 recto

F.2 verso
Grant of Wardship and Marriage 13 November 1478. John [Russell], Bishop of Rochester, guardian of John Rykill, son and heir of Thomas Rykhill, late of Islingham [Frindsbury], Kent, gentlemen, deceased and the lands which belong to him to Thomas Seyntleger [cf. Saint Leger], kt., Henry Meerlande and Henry Santlowe, guardians of the said heir and lands:

Islingham manor and other lands, manors and advowsons in Kent and elsewhere in England which once belonged to Thomas Rykhill together with his wardship and marriage.

If John Rykill dies before he reaches the age of 21 leaving heirs who are minors, Thomas Seyntleger, Henry Merlande and Henry Santlowe shall have the wardship of their person and lands, and their marriage one after another until one of them reaches the age of 21.

Ff.2 verso-3 recto
Ratification of the above grant by Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester 15 November 1478

Ff.3 recto-verso
Lease for 99 years 24 June 1479

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to William Baker of Ipswich [Suffolk], notary public and Katherine, his wife:

16 x 10 feet of land between the burial ground of St. Lawrence church on the north and the Fishmarket on the south in Ipswich [Suffolk].

Rent: 6d. Power of distraint for non-payment. Expulsion for non-payment after one month. The lessees must leave 5 feet between their land and the burial ground for the bier for carrying bodies to and from the church.

F.3 verso
Letter Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to John Alcocke [cf. Alcock], Bishop of Worcester [formerly Bishop of Rochester]: Promise to remember him in all their masses, vigils, fasts and other spiritual works in return for all his kindness to Rochester Priory and the monks there 13 November 1479.

F.3v.
Letter Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to John Skowe, citizen and fishmonger of London and his wife: the same 13 November 1479.

Ff.3 verso-4 recto
Confirmation 3 December 1245 John Hardelle, senior of St. Margaret, Rochester to William Janys:

messuage and garden adjoining lying east of the main road in St. Margaret, Rochester.

F.4 recto
Confirmation 10 February 1465/1466 William Janys of St. Margaret, Rochester to John Cheryman of St. Margaret, Rochester and William Cotying of Rochester.

Same property.

Ff.4 recto-verso
Confirmation 8 May 1478 William Cotying, citizen of Rochester to Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester

Same property as John Ceryman [cf. Cherryman] and he lately held it and had by gift and feoffment of William Janys.

F.4 verso
Quitclaim 12 July 1479 Stephen Jacob, Stephen Cherles and Benedict Houchyn to Henry Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Stephen Salman [cf. Salmon] and William Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Thomas Salman:

4 crofts of land called Pikeleys near Longdene in Frindsbury and Hoo St. Werburgh (16 acres)

F.5 recto
Confirmation 14 July 1479 Henry Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Stephen Salman [cf. Salmon], late of Frindsbury and William Salman [cf. Salmon], son and heir of Thomas Salman [cf. Salmon] other son and heir of Stephen Salman [cf. Salmon] to John Hadde, William Robsard, William Bryn, John Hille [cf. Hill], Thomas Hadde, John Brown', Thomas Wod, T. Aston', Thomas Bourn' [cf. Bourne], John Pratte [cf. Pratt], Stephen Cherles [cf. Charles], John Ludesdon [cf. Luddesdown], Adam Saunders, Simon Bett, Robert Sym and John Clarke:

Same property

F.5 recto
lease for 20 years 24 June 1479 Thomas Bourn' [cf. Bourne], Prior of Rochester to Richard Neel of Leston [cf. Leesston]:

2 crofts called Court croftes in Chatham on Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] manor.

Rent: 7s. Power of distraint for non-payment. See DRc/Elb1/f.2 recto

Ff.5 recto-verso
Record and Process 1468

On the third day in Michaelmas 1468 Patrick Stanes, Vicar of St. Nicholas with Rochester priory was summonsed to reply to William Wood, Prior of Rochester concerning a plea that 100s was owing to the prior from an annual rent of 40s. The prior claimed that he was lawfully seized of the rent and that he and his predecessors had received it from the vicar and his predecessors until two and a half years since. Patrick Stanes claimed otherwise. Judgement, costs and damages were given to the prior. See also DRc/Elb1/ff.17 verso-19 recto

f.6 recto
Confirmation 22 February 1479

Thomas [Bourne], prior of Rochester to Katherine, Abbess of West Malling.

Annual rent of 40s. to pay £13 . 15s. 8d from Wouldham manor.

Grace: 1 month with power of distraint for non-payment.

F.6 recto
Public Instrument 18 June 1480

On 18 June 1480 before Thomas Bourne, Prior of Rochester and Thomas Hadde, notary public, William Lecester [cf. Leicester], a monk of Rochester humbly asked to be absolved from his obedience to god, the prior and the church at Rochester. The prior absolved him on condition that he pledged obedience to to Hugh Lempster, Prior of the monastery of St. Giles, Canwall [Leicestershire] in the diocese of Coventry and Lichfield and agreed to abide by the rules of that foundation for life. This he did next day taking Prior Hugh's two hands between his own and swearing on his knees to be obedient.

F.6 recto
Notarial Instrument by Thomas Hadde that he was present in person and interested the proceedings [19 June 1480]

F.6.verso Composition 2 November 1480

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester and the convent, appropriators of the parish church of All Saints, Hoo and William Jenkyn [cf. Jenkin, Jenkins], church warden and the parishioners:

The appropriators and the parishioners disagreed about the rebuilding and repair of the walls of the chapels of St. Mary Magdalene and St. Nicholas the confessor situated on the north and south sides respectively of the chancel of the parish church. To settle the matter, the priory agreed to maintain the walls of the chancel and the parishioners the walls and guttering on the north and south (outside) walls. The parishioners were to find all the timber for the walls and gutters, everything pertaining to the work, and were to renew the leading where necessary at their own costs.

F.7 recto
Confirmation 12 February 1480/1481

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester and John Crepehegge of Darenth:

John Crepehegge the lessee shall pay the prior £4.6s ¾d. with suit of court and relief for messuages and 344 acres 1 rood 0 perches land in Darenth, which he holds of the priory as part of their manor of Darenth, and about which there have been constant disputes because of the various payments per acre and the customer of the manor. Power of distraint for non-payment.

F.7 verso
Agreement by Thomas, Prior of Rochester to pay Thomas [Bouchier], Archbishop of Canterbury £22. 6s. 8d. annual rent for three years out of Haddenham manor [in Buckinghamshire] (in answer to a request for £67 for his own use and for the church). Power of distraint for non-payment 15 January 1480/1481.

F.7 verso Bond in £100 to keep the covenants of the above agreement 16 January 1480/1481

F.8 recto
Boxley Tithes. Names of the fields belonging to Weavering manor and who take the tithes from each one. Examination of Nicholas Frogg [cf. Frog] of Maidstone, aged 76 in this connection.

F.8 recto-verso
Citation to the Prior and Convent to appear at the Episcopal visitation 8 October next. 26 September 1481

F.8 verso
Will of Augustine Haukyns [cf. Hawkins, Hawkyn, Hauekyn, Hauekyns, Haukyn] citizen and grocer of London 15 March 1449

F.9 recto
Bond in £40 15 September 1482

Bond between Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester and Henry Wenworth, Kt. Henry Wenworth impounded two of the prior's horses and some of his goods in Chatham and extorted rent and services for lands and tenements which he claimed the prior held of him as of his lordship of Chatham. If they come to an agreement between themselves or by arbitration then the prior shall satisfy Henry Wenworth for the value of the park, his two horses, goods and chattles. If not the bond shall stand.

F.9 recto
Farms for Lands in Rochester and Strood: 4d. for land called Courthille leased to William Mongeham for 99 years; 20d for land in Rochester leased to William Gestwode for 30 years; and 12d for 2 pieces of land in Strood leased to Thomas Thowe, clerk for 99 years

F.9 recto
Confirmation c.1460 x c.1468

R. [cf. Richard] Prior of Rochester to Gilbert, kt, son of William de Helles, and Matilda, his wife:

2 weekly offices in Helles Chapel, [Darenth] for their souls and those of their ancestors and successors. See DRc/T102.

F.9 verso
Citation to elect proxies to attend Parliament at Westminster 15 November 1482.

F.9 verso-10 recto
Confirmation and Security 14 July 1344 Abbot of Lesnes to the Prior of Rochester:

Annual rent of £4.6s.8d. from the manors of Akholte [cf. Ackholt] and Lesnes for the support and maintenance of one secular priest to celebrate a daily mass in Rochester Cathedral for the soul of Hamo, Bishop of Rochester, his ancestors and successors, bishops of Rochester, for the souls of former Kings of England, archbishops of Canterbury and priors and brothers of Rochester priory for which concession they received 160 marks from Bishop Hamo for the use of their monastery. For the greater security of the annual rent all the fruits and issues of the church of Newington next Sittingbourne appropriated to lenses abbey were given as security

F.10 recto
Acknowledgement On 10 October 1482 Edward Wattone of Addington, gentleman, came before Thomas [Bourne], prior of Rochester and acknowledged that he owed the priory an annual rent of 5s. for lands called Monkedowne in Frindsbury (of which 4s. pertained to the sacrist's office and 12d to St. Mary's chapel) which he promised to pay in future.

F.10 verso
Letters patent relating to an Inquisition 20 July 1359

The Prior of Rochester complained that John de Molyns, the King's tenant of Cherdesse manor in Buckinghamshire which adjoined Haddenham manor, had erected weirs over the river as it ran through his manor to the annoyance and inconvenience of the prior. The sheriff was ordered to enquire into the complaint and to remove the nuisance if he found it to be true. John Hampeden [cf. Hampden] accordingly made return that John Molyns had erected five weirs across the river to the damage of the priory whole fishery was impeded and seriously inconvenienced and that he had ordered the weirs to be demolished.

F.10 verso-11 recto
Tithes for goods spiritual and temporal which the Prior of Rochester pass for property outside the diocese of Rochester (£30. os 8d_

F11.verso
Procuration 20 May 1484 Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to the Abbot of Lesness [cf. Lesnes]

Delegation to the abbot to collect the tenth in Dartford Deaney

F.12 recto Acknowledgement 1 April 1527

List of lands and tenements pertaining to the offices of cellarer, chancellor, sexton, almoner, farmerer, and the altars of St. Mary and St. Michael of which William Fresell, Prior of Rochester acknowledged William Warner, citizen of Rochester to be the lawful tenant.

F.112 verso-13 recto
Tithes of goods spiritual and temporal which the Prior of Rochester pays for property inside and outside the diocese of Rochester.

F.14 recto Collation 8 March 1484/1485

Richard Cooke [cf. Cook] collated to the office of Janitor

F.14 recto-verso Lease for 12 years 31 December 1480

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester to Robert Coke of St. Nicholas, Rochester, husbandman:

Land called Newelonde in Frindsbury

Rent: 11s Powers of distraint and expulsion for non-payment.

F.14 verso
Inquisition Wednesday in Pentecost at Chatham before Thomas Dorewicke, esq deputy eschaetor:

Statement on oath that Robert Belkeneppe [cf. Beleknap, Belknap, Beleknappe, Belknappe, Belcknappe], kt. was lately seized of Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] manor and confirmed it in free alms by royal licence to Rochester priory.

F.14 verso-15 recto Final Concord 23 June 1338

Walter Jurdan [cf. Jordan] and Thomas Jurdan [cf. Jordan], sons and heirs of John Jurdan [cf. Jordan] of Brenchley:

Partition of lands and rents, including property in Wouldham and Newelonde in Frindsbury, of their deceased father.

F.15 recto-verso
Inquisition Friday 13 October 1441 at Rochester before Robert Froggenhall [cf. Frognal, Frognall], eschaetor:

Statement on oath that Rochester priory was founded by Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester and continued in existence under his successors, bishops of Rochester, that the King had no part in its foundation; that William Wodyer and others held divers tenements in Rochester of the Cellarer's Court; that the prior was seized in right of the church for the whole time; that King Edward III had granted Robert Belkenap [cf. Belkeneppe, Beleknap, Belknap, Beleknappe, Belknappe, Belcknappe] special licence to assign his manor of Shawstead [cf. Sharsted], and lands in Chatham and Wouldham with half Lidsing [cf. Lydsing] manor to Rochester priory; that William [Tonebreg, Tonbridge], now Prior of Rochester was seized of St. Bartholomew's Hospital in Chatham [or Rochester] for the reception of poor men and lepers; and that the crown had never had anything to do with the foundations; and that the Prior and his predecessors were seized in right of the church of lands and tenements within the city of Rochester.

F.15 verso
Enquiry into the appropriation by Rochester priory of the churches of Boxley and Hartlip. Both churches were adjudged to the priory. 2 June 1485

F.15 verso
Bond in £22 12 August 1485

Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester bound to John Warner, senior of London with power of distraint on Sutton rectory for non-payment.

F.16 recto Letter 11 March 1485/1486

Thomas [Bouchier], Archbishop of Canterbury to Henry [VII], King of England reporting the excommunications of William Farham, William Magnesden and John Bukmere of Boxley.

F.16 recto Lease for 60 years 20 September 1492 Thomas Bourne, Prior of Rochester to Richard Novyn of Strood:

Land 7 x 2 x 1½ roods in Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes] Lane in Strood lying between the road from Hoo [St. Werburgh or Hundred] to [West] Malling on the east and Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes] Lane on the north.

Rent: 6d. Powers of distraint and expulsion for non-payment.

F.16 verso
Bond in £80 1 September 1495 Thomas [Bourne?], Prior of Rochester bound to John Scowe, citizen and stockfishmonger of London

F.16 verso
Receipt 15 November 1486 Receipt for 8 marks 6s.8d. received from the Abbot of St. Radegund's Dover by Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester for lands and tenements in Elham which the Abbot holds of the priory.

F.17 recto
Agreement and Security 1 September 1486

John Scowe, citizen and stockfishmonger of London supplied Rochester priory with salt fish and other merchandise to the value of £67. 3s 8d for which the priory had not paid. To secure payment of part of the sum Thomas [Bourne], Prior of Rochester [agreed?] with John Scowe to offer as a pledge a gold and silver processional cross with three pictures on it representing the virgin, Christ and St. John the apostle and evangelist weighing 70 ounces Troy. He also agreed to pay the debt in instalments.

FL17 verso-19 recto
Further record of the case against Patrick Stanes, clerk, vicar of St. Nicholas, Rochester. Michaelmas 1488.

F.19 recto
Power of attorney from William, Abbot of the exempt benedictine house of St. Albans, in the diocese of Lincoln appointing Thomas , [Bourne] prior of Rochester to act as his proxy at the Provincial Chapter at Northampton [Northamptonshire] as he has been ordered by the King [Richard III] to attend the investiture of his son Edward [Earl of York] as Prince of Wales. [c.1483]

F.19 recto
Part of a will. [No name given]

F.19 recto
Appointment of John Sedley of the King's Treasury and John Holt, his clerk as auditors to the priory. 20 March 1503/1504.

Ff.19 verso-20 roods
Lease for 20 years. 21 March 1491/1492 William [Bishop?], Prior of Rochester to William Waltham, Rector of Southflete [cf. Southfleet].

Corn tithes from fields in Southfleet known as Pole, Bradefeld and Wynden, and another field opposite the entrance to Pole Manor, as well as the three cops or seams that already pertain to the rector of Southfleet.

Rent: 8s. 4d. Power of distraint for non-payment with bond in 40s. as security.

F.20 verso
Names of fields in Boxley for which the Abbot and Convent of Boxley pay no tithes.

F. 20 verso Receipt. 12 October 1504

Receipt for 66s. 8d. annual rent received by William [Bishop], Prior of Rochester from John Islip, Abbot of St. Peter, Westminster [Middlesex] and the prior and convent there.

F.20 verso
Receipt. 15 October 1505

Receipt for the same.

* Medieval Religious Houses: England and Wales second edition, pp. 53 and 61, Knowles and Hadcock, mentions a priory of St. Giles, Canwell, Staffordshire, in the medieval diocese of Coventry and Lichfield.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 2 March 2005.

Date: 1475-1527
Quantity: 1 volume [part], quarto: ff. 1 recto-20 verso
Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/CE_AD_228 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/ Chief_Executive_Department/ Administration_Section/ CE_AD_228.html

Records transferred by  Administration Section, Chief Executive's Department, Rochester upon Medway City Council comprising files of pre and post-1974 authorities as follows:Rochester upon Medway City Council Photocopy of article in The Times of 10 November 1983 and various public sector and private sector publications and reports pertaining to defective Pre Reinforced Concrete (PRC) houses, 1983-1987 (bundle 1 of 27);
council progress reports, flow charts for dealing with requests for assistance, guidance papers, procedures notes and mortgage advance forms all in respect of PRC houses in area, 1986

copy of article : Pilots Plot the Way from periodical Public Service and Local Government Review concerning 1022 PRC dwellings in council's area, June 1986
report to Housing Policy and Environmental Services Committee 13 January 1986 on eligibility for assistance in respect of PRC dwellings and Housing Defects Act 1984 (
colour photographs of a Cornish Unit PRC house before, during and after reconstruction, supplied by Bullock Construction Ltd., Walsall, Staffordshire, c.1988

circular letter from Department of the Environment concerning statement on PRC houses in House of Commons and covering internal memorandum, 1983 (1 sheaf) (bundle 7 of 27);
Department of the Environment circulars pertaining to eligible expense limits in repairing PRC houses, 1986 (1 sheaf) (bundle 8 of 27);
copy of letter from District Valuer concerning eligibility for assistance and purchase prices for PRC houses, 1986 (1p.) (bundle 9 of 27);
hand-over notes by John Ferry concerning PRC houses, Housing Act 1985 and sub-committee, 1986 (2pp.) (bundle 10 of 27);
Building Research Establishment aids to identifying PRC houses, 1983 (1 sheaf) (bundle 11 of 27);
printed matter illustrating PRC house repair scheme 1986-1989 (1 bundle) (bundle 12 of 27);
minutes, guidance notes and memoranda relating to Airey PRC houses 1981-1987 (1 sheaf) (bundle 13 of 27);
circular from Department of the Environment requesting information on PRC houses, 1983 (1 sheaf) (bundle 14 of 27);
printed matter or photocopies of printed matter and Department of the Environment circulars explaining PRC repair scheme, 1983-1990 (1 sheaf) (bundle 15 of 27);
list of PRC houses in council area, 1984 (1 sheaf) (bundle 16 of 27);
newscutting comprising house advertisements showing market prices for PRC houses, c.1988 (1 item) (bundle 17 of 27);
report to Special Housing Policy and Environmental Services Committee on reinstatement of PRC houses, 23 January 1986, with covering note from John Ferry to Mr. D. Barrow, Principal Administration Officer, 1986 (1 sheaf) (bundle 18 of 27);
copy of City Finance Manager's notes on MIRAS eligibility regarding repairs to PRC houses, 1988 (1 sheaf) (bundle 19 of 27);
copy of circular letter from City Housing and Environment Manager to owners of Airey PRC houses qualifying for repair, 1987 (1 sheaf) (bundle 20 of 27);
copies of letters to owners of non-PRC houses, 1983 (1 sheaf) (bundle 21 of 27);
copies of approved PRC house repair schemes and licences to approved contractors, 1986-1987 (1 bundle) (bundle 22 of 27);
report to Housing and Environment Committee on PRC houses, 26 March 1990 and lists of applicants and owner/occupiers, 1986-1988 (1 bundle) (bundle 23 of 27);
agenda for working party to monitor PRC houses 16 April 1987 and agenda for group of members monitoring PRC houses 12 April 1988 (1 bundle) (bundle 24 of 27);
copies of photocgraphs of PRC house types by MD Associates c.1988 (1 sheaf) (bundle 25 of 27);
internal memoranda about PRC houses, shops and flats 1989 (1 bundle) (bundle 26 of 27);
photocopy of Denvironment press release announcing assistance for purchasers of Airey PRC houses, 1982 (1 sheaf) (bundle 27 of 27)[Accession no.: MR367]


Date: 1980s
Quantity: 1 bundle
Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/CEN_GM_02_Box_36 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/ Environment_Department/ Guildhall_Museum/ CEN_GM_02_Temporary_Box_List/ CEN_GM_02_Box_36.html

Housing development off Stour Close, Strood, 48 dwellings

572/84 Fairhurst Type C 1983;
572/84 Hailsham Type D 1983;
572/84 Ashtead Type A 1983;
572/84 Fairfield Type B 1983;
572/84 Tandridge Type B 1983;
572/84 Land adjacent to Stour Close, Strood;
572/84 Frameform Ltd., Chapel Ash, Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, details, calculations, etc. [c.1983];
572/84 Site layout, drainage layout 1984-1985.
Date: 1983-1985
Quantity: 8 folders


Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: Strood_Rural_District_Council_1897_1974/SRDC_191 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Strood_Rural_District_Council_1897_1974/ 01_Clerks_Department_1897_1974/ 06_Sewerage_and_Drainage_Schemes_1936_1974/ 01_Parish_Schemes_1936_1974/ SRDC_191.html

Frindsbury Extra Sewerage-House Drain Connections (AA/3, 20B)

Correspondence between Clerk and F.W.S. Stanton, 5 Victoria Street, London SW1, local residents and others, negotiating for laying of house drain connections to public sewers and discussing difficulties associated with this task.

Includes correspondence between Clerk and Ind Coope & Allsopp Ltd., Estate Department, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire and Charrington & Co. Ltd., Wellington Brewery, Gravesend, arranging construction of sewer through land adjacent to Stag Inn, Wainscott, June and July 1950.

Includes some site plans.


Date: 1949-1950
Quantity: 1 file/c. 250pp
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: N_M5_Methodist_Church_Medway_Towns_Circuit_1768_1988/01_Intro on request slip.

Path: Nonconformist_Denominations_1768_1990/ N_M5_Methodist_Church_Medway_Towns_Circuit_1768_1988/ 01_Intro.html

MEDWAY ARCHIVES AND LOCAL STUDIES CENTRE

(formerly Medway Area Archives Office (Rochester upon Medway City Archives) 1990-1993 and Rochester upon Medway Studies Centre 1993-1998)

N/M5

RECORDS OF THE METHODIST CHURCH MEDWAY TOWNS CIRCUIT 1768-1986

(Please click here to view a full list of the Methodist Church Medway Towns Circuit records, or select the folder from the menu at the front end and folow the instructions for obtaining a "collection report".)

[For accession details see following and additional introductory sections throughout the list]

DE15 Transferred from Gillingham Library, Kent County Council, High Street, Gillingham, 20 March 1990. This deposit represents all items in this collection (N/M5) unless otherwise stated in this list.

DEE08 Hoo Methodist Church Records, deposited on permanent loan by Mr. N. Curnuck, Hoo Methodist Church, 16 January 1991.

DE118 Additional Circuit and society records deposited on permanent loan by Rev. R. L. Thomas, Circuit Supt., 6, Goddington Road, Strood 7 May 1991.

DE.123 Additional Circuit and society records deposited on permanent loan by Rev. R. L. Thomas, Circuit Superintendent, 6 Goddington Road, Strood 19 June 1991.

DE127 Additional Circuit records deposited on permanent loan by Rev. K. E. Street, Methodist Church Property Division, Manchester per Centre for Kentish Studies, 9 July 1991.

NB Records under 30 years old including baptism and burial records are normally subject to closure which has however been waived in regard to the above series by the local Circuit Superintendent by arrangement with the Borough Archivist. Marriage registers, pulpit notices and such printed matter as circuit plans are not subject to closure as they are published. Permission to consult closed records must be obtained from the Circuit Superintendent, in writing, in advance of visit. The Superintendent's address can be obtained from the Borough Archivist.

[For further accessions see additional sections at end of list].

INTRODUCTION

Early history of Methodism

Methodism began informally in 1729 among an Oxford University Student Society called the "Holy Club" led by the brothers John and Charles Wesley. They were nicknamed "Bible Moths" or Methodists" by outsiders, on account of their strict personal daily routine of prayer, Bible study and moral correctness in behaviour, which contrasted to the apparent laxity of students of traditional Church of England persuasion.

The Methodists intended to carry their ideas, including field preaching, mission work and charity, into effect after becoming ordained as Church of England priests. Field preaching began in 1739 and was in direct response to the growth of working populations in rural or urban locations during the Industrial Revolution, with which the Church of England's rigid parish system had not kept pace.

Organisation and Development

Although Methodism was conceived as a reform movement within the Church of England, numerous factors including the different nature of Methodist activities, the anticipations of their followers and adverse Church of England reactions led to their inauguration as a separate denomination by about 1791.

Initially organisation was informal and itinerant lay ministers were sent to industrial and rural areas not served by Anglican clergy, but this laid the foundations of the Methodist circuits.

The process of separation from the Church of England involved refusals by bishops to ordain Methodists, the demand for ordained Methodist ministers in America, before and after the rift between the two countries, the registration of their meeting houses as Nonconformist and popular clamour.

Wesley had called an annual conference in 1744 and this became regular after 1784. Conference is the Methodist Church's supreme authority and is now regulated by statute law.

Conference delegates duties to synods held twice yearly in each of the Methodist Church's 34 districts in Great Britain. Each district contains 20-30 circuits. District Chairmen and circuit superintendents are appointed by Conference.

Each circuit is made up of societies or chapel congregations, whose members are enrolled into a "class" book or register, and who are under the pastoral care of a class leader. The circuit holds a quarterly meeting comprising ministers, lay officers and class leaders. Each society also holds a Leaders' Meeting and an annual members' meeting to appoint to a leaders' Meeting. All of these society and circuit meetings are represented among records in this collection.

Between 1810 and 1932 various groups splintered off from the Mainstream Methodists until reunited in the latter year (see diagram). The organisation and record keeping of these offshoots were more or less identical to those of the mainstream Wesleyans and Methodist Church.

Methodist worship and doctrine

Traditionally Methodism has been characterised by personal religious discipline, a regular worship routine, field preaching, circuit preaching, by lay and ordained ministers, concern for social welfare, social betterment and public morals, hym singing and lively worship. Charles Wesley alone composed more than 7,000 hymns and the Church of England had followed suit by introducing hymn singing as a large part of its own liturgy.

John Wesley had been influenced by Moravian and Lutheran evangelicalism in America and London but otherwise adhered to most Anglican tenets.

Methodists use a modified Anglican prayer Book and a version of the 39 Articles.

Methodists in Great Britain have no bishops and are closer to the Presbyterians in this regard. The Trinity, forgiveness of sin, redemption, the authority of the bible and a discretionary approach to liturgy are central to Methodist beliefs. Baptism is practised, usually by sprinkling water and is often administered to adults; and marriage and burial services are undertaken but are not regarded as sacraments.

Methodism in the Medway Area

The first mention in this collection of a visit to the Medway area by John Wesley is for preaching a sermon on 3 December 1770 at the Rochester Chapel (2/Da/1/1). Wesley maintained personal contact through visits (2/Da/1/1) and correspondence (1/A/1) until 1790, near the time of his death.

The Bible Christians, who were among the first offshoots of the Wesleyans, were clearly operating in the Medway area by 1820 (1/A/5) indicating by this early and distant outreach by a denomination originating in Cornwall that Medway was the ideal Methodist Mission Territory.

The area must have been considered ripe for evangelism, due to the workforce and forces personnel of the Royal Naval Dockyard at Chatham and associated civilian industries, both of which continued to develop throughout the nineteenth century. The culmination of Methodist influence in the garrison towns was the establishment of Central Hall, Chatham by Rev. Richard Hall in 1903. This formed part of Rochester Wesleyan Circuit until the unification of the Methodist churches nationally in 1932. In that year Central Hall and its outpost missions became a separate Methodist Church circuit to undertake military, naval and civilian mission work. Finally, however in 1966, Central Hall was closed down and the outpost churches. In the circuit were amalgamated with the existing Medway Towns Circuit to form the present circuit (1/H/7/3, 2/Ab/1 and 2/Ab/4/7).

The collection only illustrates the administration of the local Methodist circuits and their constituent churches, much as in circuits and churches elsewhere, but also the mission work associated with a Naval Dockyard (Chatham) and garrison towns (Chatham and Gillingham). Military and Naval personnel and civilian workers provided the Methodists with their main challenge in the central area, although civilians were well catered for. However, with Britain's reduced post-war commitments and the running down of the Dockyard, this service had diminished by the 1960's. The Methodists' response to these challenges is one of the most constant themes in the records.

Records in this collection

1. Circuits

Section A comprises records of uncertain provenance which must have originated with certain Methodist ministers, societies or circuits but which have been merged subsequently. They span the period 1790-1933 and comprise meeting house certificates, a letter from John Wesley and later printed matter. Careful examination and research may reveal through which circuit the MS material may have descended to the modern Medway Towns Circuit.

Sections B - H comprise records of the various predecessor and modern methodist Medway area circuits. Typical circuit records are Quarterly Meeting minutes, Local Preachers' Meeting minutes, Circuit Trustees' minutes, Circuit Stewards' accounts and Circuit baptism and burial registers, which are all represented.

Reference to Circuit records will provide the searcher with an overall picture of Methodist activity in an area of shift in policy locally and of local relations with Conference and its central organs and committees. In the Medway area, ministering to the Armed Forces was a main task, associated throughout with Old Brompton and Chatham, which gradually diminished with the withdrawal of the Royal Navy and Royal Marines.

These and other social changes are well reflected in the Circuit development.

It should be noted that circuit records include many files relating to specific chapels which should be consulted in addition to material in section 2 of the list.

2. Societies

For convenience the society records are arranged by area, and within area alphabetically by streets rather than by circuit or denomination which would be difficult due to the swapping of societies between circuits or change of denomination. A brief history of the societies is prefixed to each section to clarify confusing points such as change in denomination.

Society records chiefly comprise Trustees' minutes, accounts, deeds and registers of local baptisms, marriages and burials. Records orientated towards the members include class books (registers of members), Leaders' minutes, Sunday School records and registers, pew rents were used largely to pay off chapel debts) and architectural drawings.

It should be noted that circuit records, contained in section 1 of the list, also contain baptisms and members registers.

General

Besides illustrating the operation of Methodism in a rural and urban area, the collection provides a great insight into the character of the Medway Towns and Gillingham especially in respect of the armed forces, social life and reactions to general issues such as temperance.

Circuits section F (Garrison and Naval Port Circuit records) and Societies section Ab (Central Hall, Chatham) and Bk (Prospect Row, Gillingham) illustrate the military and naval aspect of Methodist mission work; social life is best illustrated by society sub-sections, 6 (affiliated organisations) and 7 (church in the community e.g. Bethel Chapel, Rochester (Db) and St. Peter's, Gillingham (Bl). Illustrated printed matter and newsletter can usually be found in society sub-sections 4 & 7.

The temperance issue is illustrated by the controversy surrounding the liquor trafficking of A.W. Ratcliffe, a Wesleyan Methodist local preacher 1897 - 1899 (1/B/7/1)

Medway Area Archivist July 1991 (main list)

Notes left by local historian and Methodist lay preacher Ron Baldwin, former local Methodist archivist, have been of great assistance in drafting this descriptive list.

Additional Notes on Provenance

Items (1/A/28, 1/F/4/5, 1/F/6/4-5, 1/F/6/10-12, 2/Ab/7/2 and 2/Db/7/6). According to an accompanying note this material may have been acquired by Rev. W. R. Haughton.

Items (1/4/7/18, 24-25) were found in a wrapper inscribed Rev. E. R. Kemp but with an address label to Rev. J. H. W. Ingram, 179 Nelson Road, Gillingham postmarked 5 July 1972.

ABBREVIATIONS

Most if not all of the abbreviations in the following section were expanded in the database as part of the preparations for publication on the Internet. Borough Archivist, Medway Council November 1998

A.M. Artium Magister (Master of Arts)
ARIBA Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects
Aug. August
Ave. Avenue
Bapt. Baptism
Beds. Bedfordshire
Berks. Berkshire
B. & W. Black and White
C circa (about)
C.K.S. Centre for Kentish Studies
Co. Company
Coop. Co-operative
Coy. Company (Military Unit)
D. Died
D.D. Doctor of Divinity
Dec. December
Dept. Department
Dr. Doctor
E.C. East Central
Ed. Editor
Enc. Enclosure
Esq. Esquire
Et. seq. Et sequentia (and following)
etc. Etcetera (and the rest)
Feb. February
ff. Folios
N.E. North East
No. Numero (number)
Nov. November
N.W. North West
O.B.E. Order of the British Empire
Oct. October
p.a. per annum (yearly)
PAYE Pay as you earn
P.H. Public house
P.M. Primative Methodist
P(p) Page(s)
R.A.F. Royal Air Force
Rd. Road
R.E. Royal Engineers
Rev. Reverend
Sec. Secretary
S.E. South East
Sep. September
Sess. Session
Sgt. Sergeant
Sic. Thus it appears
St. Saint or Street
Staffs. Staffordshire
Supt. Superintendant

File updated by Borough Archivist 24 September 2003

Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: 03_North_Aylesford_Petty_Sessional_Division_Magistrates_Court_c1725_1974_PS_NA/PS_NA_141 on request slip.

Path: Public_Records_1607_1989/ 03_North_Aylesford_Petty_Sessional_Division_Magistrates_Court_c1725_1974_PS_NA/ 03_Additional_Records_1808_to_1979/ 02_Licensing_1869_to_1962/ 02_Licence_Registers_1872_to_1958/ PS_NA_141.html

North Aylesford Petty Sessional Division (the North Division of the Lath of Aylesford), Magistrates Court

Licencing Registers

Licensing (Consolidation) Act 1910 Section 50

Loose enclosures removed from register 1930-1938 (PS/NA/140) comprising letters mainly from brewers and retailers or their agents including Ind Coope & Co. Ltd./Ind Coope & Allsopp Ltd., Burton on Trent, Staffordshire/Romford, Essex/High Street, Strood, Messrs. B. Grant & Co. Ltd., 87 Station Street, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire, Fremlins Ltd., Pale Ale Brewery, Maidstone, Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co. Ltd., Russells Brewery, Gravesend, T. Foster & Co. (Wines & Spirits) Ltd., 161 Victoria Street, London SW1/84 High Street, Gillingham, Trust Houses Ltd., 53 Short's Gardens, London WC2, C.N. Kidd & Son. Ltd., Steam Brewery, Hythe Street, Dartford, brewers, Messrs. Thresher & Co. Ltd., 4 Thames House, Queen Charlotte Place, London EC4, wine, spirit, cider and bottled beer merchants, Unwins Ltd., 27 & 28 Park Street, Regents Park, London NW1, wine merchants and Timothy Whites & Taylors Ltd., Chandos Street, Portsmouth, Hampshire, chemists and household stores, Russells Gravesend Brewery Ltd., Truman Hanbury Buxton & Co. Ltd., Style & Winch Ltd., Acorn Wharf, Rochester/Medway Brewery, Maidstone, Frederick Leney & Sons Ltd., Phoenix Brewery, Wateringbury, Budden & Biggs Brewery Ltd., Strood and others including firms of solicitors, listing or concerning renewal of licences, re-registration and changes of name of named public houses owned by them throughout the area, and memoranda and copy letters from Customs and Excise, Gravesend, Dover and Gardiner Street, Gillingham.

Includes letters of confirmation of granting of licences to several named public houses under Licensing (Consolidation) Act 1910, from W.l. Platts, Clerk of the Peace for Kent, Sessions House, Maidstone passim.

Includes letter from Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers [APCM] Ltd., Portland House, Tothill Street, Wetsminster, London SW1, advising of sale of freehold of The Royal Albert Beer House, Cliffe, 1932 (PS/NA/141/24).

Includes letter from Broadway Social and Billiard Club, 360-371 Upper Street, Islington, London N1, respecting use of Broadway Billiard Hall, 133-141 High Street, Chatham 1933 (PS/NA/141/30).

Includes letter of notification of change of ownership from Reynolds & Co., 10 Newhall Street, Birmingham 3, Warwickshire, solicitors, in respect of the Mitre Hotel, High Street, Chatham 1933 (PS/NA/141/41).

Includes letter from Leonard H. Bell, 45 High Street, Rochester, solicitor for trustees of Watts’ Charity, Rochester, notifying C.W. Rimington, Clerk to the Licensing Justices, Chatham Police Station, of intention of trustees to allow licence for Barnard’s Music Hall, Chatham, to lapse 1936 (PS/NA/141/86).

Includes copy letter from Clerk to Style & Winch, Medway Brewery, Maidstone, informing them of conviction of James William Moore, licensee of Swan alehouse, Brook, Chatham for adulterating rum, 1937 (PS/NA/141/98).

Microfilm MF 472

[File updated 8 November 2002]

Date: 1928-1939
Quantity: 1 bundle/148pp.
Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_04 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_04.html

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Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 4: Rochester High Street from the Bridge to the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, 97 High Street

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

Photograph of watercolour painting of elevations of south and north street frontages in Rochester High Street, looking diagonally across the High Street from near the end of Parr’s Head Lane towards Wheeler the haircutter’s shop at left and Crown Inn on right (on the south side of the High Street); also showing the building of the new iron bridge in progress in the distance and Three Post Boys public house at right (on the north side of the High Street), with numerous workmen, foot passengers and goods on cobbled carriageway and pavements and horse and cart in background. The original watercolour is stated as being in Bridge Chamber, Esplanade, Rochester. 1855 5 1/4” x 4” (135mm x 100mm) p.1

Copy of photograph of City Arms public house on the corner of West Gate and High Street (later Esplanade), Rochester looking from the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge towards the side wall of the City Arms, showing Crown Inn to the left, the side wall of the City Arms bearing slogan advertising Jude’s celebrated Wateringbury and other ales and London porter. c.1862 x c.1863 6” x 3 ¾” (150mm x 100mm) p.2

Copy of photograph of north and south street frontages at bridge end of Rochester High Street, looking from the corner of Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and High Street eastwards along High Street, showing left to right part of the Gundulph [cf. Gundulf] public house, J. White, grocer’s, Three Post Boys public house, Ferriroli ad Planzi, confectioners’, M. Lynch and Sons, clothiers’, entrance to Parr’s Head Lane, People’s Café Ltd. (no.11), H. Wilson, greengrocer’s (no.13), White Hart public house, W.J. Parks and Co., decorators’ and the Guildhall with weather vane (north side) and A. Francis, stationer’s (no.10), H. Wall, draper’s (no.8), S.J. Brice and Sons, lightermen’s (no.6), E.J. and W. Goldsmith, sailing barge owners’ (no.4), entrance to Gundulph [cf. Gundulf] Square (formerly Crown Yard) and Crown Inn (south side). c.1907 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) p.3

Copy of photograph of north and south street frontages of Rochester High Street between numbers 1 and 15 (north side), looking across High Street from point eastwards from and diagonally opposite White Hart public house, buildings including Gundulph public house (no.1), Three Post Boys public house (no.5) and White Hart public house (no.15). 1903 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” (210mm x 160mm) p.4

Copy of photograph of frontage of Old Parr’s Head public house in Parr’s Head Lane, Rochester, viewed at first storey level possibly from atop a horse-drawn conveyance, showing buildings on both sides of Parr’s Head Lane at the point where the lane bends, group of people standing around the public house doorway, effigy mounted on wall above same doorway and conveyance driver sitting near-side of conveyance. Mr. Couchman has noted the effigy is in the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester (formerly Eastgate House Museum). Pre-1894 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) p.5

Receipted bill from J.H. Gilbert and Son of 199 High Street, Rochester, boot and shoe makers, to a Mr. Mantell, for boots and shoes. 7/24 August 1891 p.6

Copy of photograph of street frontages of bridge end of Rochester High Street looking diagonally across foot of Rochester Bridge eastwards towards north side of Rochester High Street, buildings on north side including Gundulph public house, Three Post Boys public house (no.10), White Hart Inn (no.15) and Duke’s Head Inn (no.18). c.1900 5 ¼” x 3 ¼” (135mm x 85mm) p.7 (U)

Copy of photograph of Rochester High Street between no. 18 and Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge (south side) looking westwards, showing from left to right, Silver Oar public house (no.18) and Bull Hotel (south side), in the distance Rochester Bridge, Bridge House, Gundulph public house and entrance to Corporation Street (north side). Also showing tramlines in High Street. c.1908 x c.1911 3 ¾” x 3 ¼” (100mm x 85mm) p.7 (L)

Copy of photograph of section of Rochester High Street frontage, south side, looking diagonally across High Street from junction of Corporation Street and High Street, showing from left to right, Bull Hotel, Scott’s tobaconnists, J.H. Springett, upholsterer’s and Miss Ketteringham, confectioner’s. Showing tramlines in High Street. 4” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 82mm) p.8 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester High Street entitled High Street, Rochester looking east from the bridge end of the High Street, showing north and south street frontages, buildings from left to right including White Hart public house and Medway Conservancy Board offices of the (north side) and Bull Hotel, J.H. Springett antique dealer’s and Miss Ketteringham’s confectionery shop (south side). Motor cars and vans are parked along the south side, all facing camera, and foot passengers comprising groups of children and adults are visible on both sides. Published by Shoesmith and Etheridge Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. [A loose note by Couchman stated that on 3 January 1906 the Rochester City Council Works Committee approved the rebuilding of the White Hart (plan ref. RCA/BP/1872) for Messrs. Meux, brewers.] c.1931 p.8 (L)

Copy of photograph of street frontage of nos. 10-14 High Street, Rochester, showing from left to right, F.J. England, tobacconist’s (no.14), C. Woollett and Sons, antique dealers’ (formerly J.H. Springett’s) (no.12) and William George Wilson, confectioner’s (no.10). England’s shop has a weather-boarded wall above the ground storey, bearing slogan ye olde citie segar shoppe established 1837 [sic] with other placards advertising Ogden’s St. Julien tobacco and Abdulla and Player’s cigarettes while Woollett’s shop still bears the sign of his predecessor, J.H. Springett. c.1936 c c.1939 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) p.9

Postcard photograph of preparations for foundation stone of Medway Conservancy Board offices, High Street, Rochester, by S. Lee Smith Esq., JP, CC, chairman of the Conservancy Board, in presence of C. Willis, mayor of Rochester, other civic dignitaries and workmen, most looking at camera, the stone in the process of being hoisted into place. Published by G.A. Morris, 24 High Street, Rochester. 30 March 1909 p.10 (U)

Postcard photograph of laying of foundation stone of Medway Conservancy Board offices, High Street, Rochester, by S. Lee Smith Esq., JP, CC, chairman of the Conservancy Board, in presence of C. Willis, mayor of Rochester, other civic dignitaries and workmen, most looking at camera. Published by G.A. Morris, 24 High Street, Rochester. 30 March 1909 p.10 (L)

Printed circular advertising the availability of the extended facilities and cuisine of the Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, as a white bait or fish house, for persons visiting the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations at Hyde Park, London, heading illustrated with engravings of street frontage of Bull Hotel showing horse-drawn conveyance, horse and rider and foot passengers and clockwise from top left, elevation of Rochester Cathedral from Boley Hill, interior of Rochester Castle keep, HM Dockyard, Chatham viewed across the River Medway from the Frindsbury peninsula and Rochester and Rochester Bridge viewed from Frindsbury Intra. Translations in French [cf. France] and German [cf. Germany] given on rear. The author emphasises the richness of the River Medway as a source of white bait, silver eels, smelts, soles and native oysters. 1851 p.11

Postcard photograph entitled Bull Hotel, Rochester showing street frontage of Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on the north side of High Street, eastwards from the hotel, also showing carriageway, at left part of Silver Oar public house and on right approach to Rochester Bridge. Before 1908 p.12

Copy of photograph of street frontage of Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on the north side of High Street, and eastwards of the entrance, showing sculpted royal achievement of arms above entrance, various placards, two boy attendants in middle ground and a male foot passenger in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to royal visits and associations with Charles Dickens. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 116mm) Before 1908 p.13

Colour tinted postcard photograph entitled The Bull Hotel, Rochester viewed from a point diagonally opposite on the north side of High Street, and eastwards of the entrance, showing sculpted royal achievement of arms above entrance, various placards, window labelled coffee room at left in ground storey, horse-drawn conveyance in right middleground and at right hairdresser’s shop (no.14) and J.H. Springett, antique dealer’s (no.12). On rear, message from Jessie [-] to J.W. Hodges Esq., 2 Hatherley Road, Sidcup. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Postmarked 7 February 1904 and on face by Sidcup Post Office. p.14 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Bull Hotel, Rochester, the Blue Boar of Great Expectations, showing main entrance from High Street and part of ground storey and part of first storey, sculpted royal achievement of arms above entrance, cobbled footpath, advertising placards and colonnaded passage to yard at rear. c.1910 p.14 (L)

Colour picture postcard entitled In Dickens’ land: courtyard, Bull Inn, Rochester comprising reproduction of moonlit scene of ostler, horse and carriage in rear yard of Bull Hotel, looking along yard through colonnade towards opening onto Rochester High Street. Message on front and rear from Kipper [?][?] to Bunny Lidgade [?], 322 Goldbank Road, London. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons. Postmarked 2 July 1904 p.15 (U)

Print entitled the courtyard of the Bull and Victoria, Rochester comprising view of rear of Bull Hotel looking towards colonnaded entrance from Rochester High Street, showing two horses, two ostlers, maid servant, pigeons and stable doors. c.1880 x c.1900 p.15 (L)

Copy of photograph of street frontage, Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, looking across High Street from the site of the demolished White Hart Inn (15 High Street), showing masonry rubble in foregound, High Street running left to right in middleground and people standing in High Street and on opposite pavement looking at camera in left middle distance. Also showing colonnaded entrance to hotel with sculpted royal achievement of arms above and window boxes on the window ledges of the first and second storeys. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 117mm) p.16 (U)

Postcard photograph of interior of room no. 17 in Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, reputedly slept in by Charles Dickens, looking from corner of room opposite street windows, showing from left to right clockwise, swivel dressing mirror, chair, dressing table and swivel mirror, side table with wash bowls and jugs, wooden arm chair and bed. The walls are hung with pictures, half panelled and covered in patterned wallpaper and the floor is laid with carpet. Message on rear from H [-] of 25 The Drive, Beckenham to Miss C.A. Renshaw, 57 Bingham Park Road, Sheffield, West Riding, Yorkshire. Postmarked 2 August 1929. p.16 (L)

Postcard photograph of coffee room, Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, reputedly the inspiration for the scene of the challenge to the duel between Dr. Slammer and Mr. Winkle in chapter ii of Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens, looking diagonally across room towards fireplace, showing left to right clockwise, dining tables and chairs, flower arrangements, fireplace, chimney piece and wall mirror, fireguards, side tables and chairs. The walls are covered in patterned wallpaper and hung with pictures and the floor is carpeted. The tables are set with cutlery and condiments. Published by Morris Photos. c.1930 p.17 (U)

Postcard photograph of Pickwick Room and Ball Room, Bull Hotel, 16 High Street, Rochester, looking from end of room towards musicians’ gallery and showing left to right, clockwise, side doors, wall mirrors, fireplace and fireguard, tables and chairs. The walls are covered in patterned wallpaper and hung with pictures and wall mirrors and gaseliers are suspended from the ceiling. On rear, message from C.G.A. of 30 Acacia Road, Bourneville, Birmingham, Staffordshire to Mrs. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Strood. Published by Morris Photos. Postmarked August 1931 [?] p.17 (L)

Copy of photograph of ground floor street frontage of Rochester and District Co-operative Society’s central grocery stores, 27 High Street, Rochester, showing shopkeeper standing in doorway looking at camera, various advertising placards and window displays. H.W. Hinds of Frindsbury, photographer. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 118mm) c.1905 p.18 (U)

Photocopy of article in Chatham Observer 12 September 1896, entitled Rochester Co-operative Society, reporting annual general meeting. Photocopied c. 1985. p.18 (L)

Certificate of award of second prize for best bouquet of home-grown flowers to a Mrs. Pierson made by Rochester and District Co-operative Cottage Gardeners’ and Ornithological Society at a poultry, rabbit and flower show at Old Corn Exchange, High Street, Rochester on 31 August 1889. Illustrated with drawings of flowers, hen and cockerel. Signed by Charles A. Stenner, honorary secretary. p.19

Printed leaflet and programme advertising Rochester and District Co-operative Society Ltd. educational department annual tea and concert, New Corn Exchange, Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), Rochester 25 January 1905. p.20

Receipted bill from Rochester and District Co-operative and Industrial Society Ltd., 21-27 and 33 High Street, Rochester to a Mr. Rayner of 33 Langdon Road, Rochester, for a suit at £5.10 23 September 1926 p.21

Postcard photograph comprising group photograph of members of Rochester and District Co-operative and Industrial Society Ltd. assembled in Rochester Castle gardens, first row kneeling, second row sitting and third and fourth rows standing, all looking at camera. Mr. Bridge, secretary, sitting in middle of second row. Curtain wall and trees in background. T.E. Howe of Chatham, photographer. c.1921 p.22 (U)

Postcard photograph of members of Rochester and District Co-operative and Industrial Society Ltd. on board a motor charabanc parked on Rochester Esplanade in front of Bridge Chamber, on occasion of annual outing to Hastings, Sussex. The passengers include Mr. Baxter sitting in middle of front seat, Mr. Noble, manager, in nearside front seat wearing spectacles and resting left arm on seat back, Miss V. Barden sitting behind fourth door from left second from nearside, Mr. P. May (in straw boater hat) resting arm on fourth door from left, Mr. King resting arm on fifth door from left and at nearside rear Miss Nellie Groombridge, all looking at camera. A young girl is standing by the nearside front door. The charabanc is operated by A. Gilbert, 305 High Street, Rochester. 22 June 1921 p.22 (L)

Newscutting comprising copy of group photograph of Rochester and Strood Co-operative Society Girls’ Choir, winners of the shield at Crystal Palace, London c.1921, with caption. Location not stated. Medway Extra 7 October 1983 p.8 p.23

Receipted bill from Joseph Collis Ltd., 37 High Street, Rochester, ironmongers (formerly W.S. Bemrose and Sons), to a Mr. Rayner, 33 Langdon Road, Strood, for domestic kitchen and boiler works, 19 November 1928. p.24

Photograph of engraving of street elevation of Old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince’s Hall], High Street, Rochester, as published in Dr. J. Harris’ Survey of Kent 1719. Photograph c.1985 p.25

Photograph of section of buildings on north side of Rochester High Street centred on Old Corn Exchange [cf. Princes’ Hall], looking from a point in the High Street diagonally opposite and to the east, also showing five shops or house to left and Matthew Robson, plumber’s shop (no.37) to right. 4” x 2 ½” (103mm x 64mm). Photographer Edward Banes, 3 High Street, Brompton. c.1870 p.26 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of street elevation of section of north side of Rochester High Street between and including Old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince’s Hall] (inclusive of weather vane, cupola, chimney stack, pediment and clock) and corner of High Street and Northgate [formerly Pump Lane], showing in centre Matthew Robson, plumber’s shop (no.37) and pedestrians in carriageway and on pavements. Photocrom Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. After 1931 p.26 (L)

Newscutting comprising photograph of the Old Corn Exchange Picture Palace [cf. Prince's Hall], High Street, Rochester, looking eastwards from a first or second floor window diagonally across High Street, showing posters and placards around the main entrance to the Old Corn Exchange also showing the Crown and Thistle public house on the left, Robson and Son, plumbers' shop on the right, tramlines in the carriageway and roofline. Chatham News 3 October 1980 p.29 from an original hanging in the Ship Inn, Rochester. 1913 p.27

Postcard photograph of Rochester High Street, looking eastwards from point west of Old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince's Hall], showing street frontages and rooflines and from left to right, clockwise, Corn Exchange, City Restaurant public house with Dickens Festival banner flying from second floor window (or window of intervening building), junction with Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), and buildings beyond (all north side) and buildings in distance on south side, King's Head Hotel, The Progressive Stamp Co. and Toc H Rochester Branch (south side). Motor and horse drawn vehicles are present on the carriageway and pedestrians on the pavements. Published by Shoesmith and Etheridge Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. 1951. p.28

Colour picture postcard entitled Rochester: the old Corn Exchange [cf. Prince’s Hall] looking diagonally across High Street from a point to the west, showing section of frontages of buildings on north side of Rochester High Street centring on the Corn Exchange, with Martins Bank Ltd. on left and two other buildings on right. The skyline and cupola are included. Judges Postcards, Hastings, Sussex. c.1959 x c.1961 p.29

Copy of photograph of frontages and roofline of buildings on north side of Rochester High Street between junction with Northgate and bridge end, looking diagonally across High Street westwards from a point near the junction of High Street and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) and Boley Hill and showing old Corn Exchange and George Kent, grocer’s shop (no. 196), two women looking into latter’s shop window, pedestrians approaching camera in middle distance and several shop awnings visible in left distance. Before 1901. p.31 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester showing frontages and roofline of buildings in Rochester High Street, north side, looking diagonally across High Street westwards from junction with King’s Head Lane, showing left to right and clockwise, King’s Head hotel in foreground (south side), Crown and Thistle public house (formerly Dolphin Inn), Frith, chemist’s shop, Old Corn Exchange Picture Palace [cf. Prince's Hall], M. Robson and son plumbers’ shop, Frith, chemist and druggist’s pharmacy shop and City Restaurant (proprietors, Budden and Biggs’ Brewery Ltd.) (north side). The street scene contains numerous pedestrians and bystanders, a cyclist and horse-drawn conveyance. Tramlines are present in the carriageway. After 1908. p.31 (L)

Copy of photograph from postcard entitled High Street, Rochester looking along High Street westwards from centre of carriageway opposite junction with King’s Head Lane, showing frontages and rooflines, from left to right and clockwise, King’s Head Hotel, (south side), Bridge House at far end, a library sign, old Corn Exchange, Hewitt chemist and druggist’s shop and G. Kent and Son’s grocers’ shop (north side). Street scene contains numerous pedestrians and bystanders, dog and several horse-drawn conveyances. Published by A. Lacey, 36 High Street, Chatham. c.1900 p.32

Receipted bill from Trice and Trumper of King’s Head Hotel, High Street, Rochester, fly proprietors, to a Mr. Mantell, for hire of horse carriage April-July 1891, 24 August 1891. p.33

Receipted bill from J.B. Frith of the Pharmacy, 53 High Street, Rochester, family and dispensing chemist, to a Mrs. Gower, for cotton, elastic and post supplied on 10 September 1909. 18 October 1909 p.34 (left)

Newscutting comprising obituary notice for John Benjamin Frith as above who died on 6 January 1949, noting the associations of Frith’s shop with Charles Dickens, from Chatham News 7 January 1949 p.9. p.34 (right)

Reprint from British and Colonial Druggist of 30 August 1907 with photograph of shop frontage (p.35 left) and cuttings from Chatham News of 10 November 1950 and 12 January 1951, latter comprising letter from W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship (see also p.37 below) (p.35 right U and L) pertaining to J.B. Frith, chemist and druggist’s shop at 53 High Street, Rochester and describing associations with Charles Dickens. p.35

Stencil or damp-press typescript notes by W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship, on associations of J.B. Frith, chemist and druggist’s shop at 53 High Street, Rochester, with Charles Dickens, December 1946. p.36 (L)

Newscutting containing article reporting purchase of the former J.B. Frith, chemist and druggist’s shop at 53 High Street, Rochester by Rochester Co-operative Society, Chatham News 6 December 1946. p.36 (U)

Stencil or damp-press typescript letter from W. Glanvill Mason FRMS, honorary official guide, Dickens Fellowship to the editor, Chatham News correcting an article in that paper of 10 November 1950, and for published version of which see p.35 (right) (L) above. 7 January 1951 p.37

Copy of photograph of frontage and side of W. Packham, grocer’s shop at no. 59 (formerly no. 41) High Street, Rochester on corner of High Street and Pump Lane (later Northgate), looking from across the High Street from the corner of High Street and Boley Hill near the King’s Head Hotel, showing Pump Lane in the left foreground and left distance and H. Jackson. grocer’s shop (no.61, formerly no.42) at right adjacent to Packham’s shop. Present in the view are seven women and men including shopkeepers or assistants on the north side of the High Street all looking at camera. The first storey of the shop features a Jacobean window frame incorporating two carved wooden caryatids. Couchman’s caption notes these were deposited at Eastgate House Museum. It should be noted these are now in the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. c.1896 p.38

Copy of photograph of frontage of J. H. Jackson, grocer’s shop at 42 (later 59-61) High Street, Rochester, later International Stores Ltd., showing six shop assistants standing in front of windows and doorway and looking at camera, with displays of groceries visible in interior. c.1900 p.39 (U)

Copy of photograph of frontage of J. H. Jackson, grocer’s shop at 59-61 (formerly 42) High Street, Rochester, later International Stores Ltd., showing five shop assistants standing in doorway or in front of window and looking at camera, with displays of groceries visible in interior and various advertising placards. The shop front is draped with the Union flag and bunting, the occasion possibly being Queen Victoria's jubilee of 1897, the end of the Boer War 1902 or King Edward VII's coronation 1902. c.1900 p.39 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester High Street looking eastwards from point outside Guildhall along carriageway, showing street frontages and rooflines of buildings on north and south sides. The street scene includes horse-drawn conveyances, tradesmen and men and women, the men walking in the carriageway or on the outside of the pavements. Initialled EML and addressed to Miss D. Davison, Edward Street, Strood. Wrench Series, printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked 3 October 1904. p.40 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street and Corn Exchange, Rochester looking along High Street westwards from centre of carriageway from site of market cross, showing frontages and rooflines, from left to right and clockwise, junction of High Street and Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel, (south side), Corn Exchange, junction of High Street and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) and grocer’s shop and Filmer Brothers, butchers’ shop (north side). The street scene includes horse-drawn conveyances and numerous pedestrians. Message on rear from Jim [-] to W. Bryant and Co., 4 Hardy Street, Maidstone concerning travel arrangements. Postmarked 3 October 1905. p.40 (L)

Receipted bill from R. Lloyd of 55 (later 89) High Street, Rochester, job, fly and post master to Mr. E.J. Mantell, for hire of carriage to Luton Lane, Upnor, about town, Gordon Hotel, Rochester and Borstal Road, June-July 1891. Signed E. Russell. 24 August 1891. p.41

Receipted bill from R. Lloyd of 55 (later 89) High Street, Rochester, job, fly and post master to Mr. E.J. Mantell, for hire of carriage to Borstal Road, July 1891. Signed E. Russell. 24 August 1891. p.42

Copy of photograph of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point on the north side of High Street east of the crossroads formed by High Street, Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) and Boley Hill, showing buildings dressed in Union flags, naval flags and bunting, from left to right and clockwise, George G. James tobacconist's shop (no. 63), John Jennings, greengrocer's shop (no.66) and King's Head Hotel (south side) and Corn Exchange and other buildings (north side). The traffic in the street comprises mainly pedestrians and a bicycle. August 1902 p.43

Receipted bill from W. Constable of 183 (later 64) High Street, Rochester, fishmonger and poulterer to Mr. J. Mantell for plaice, filleted lemon sole, codfish and mackerel at cost of 5s 10d in June 1891. Heading illustrated with engravings of brace of pheasants, three ducks and a rabbit. 24 August 1891. p.44

Tinted, bordered postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester looking westwards from a point in the carriageway east of the crossroads formed by High Street, Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), showing street frontages and rooflines of buildings including from left to right and clockwise, G.I. Jenkins, fishmonger’s shop (no.64), Royal Life Boat public house (Meux and Company) (no.62), junction with Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side) and Corn Exchange, junction with Northgate and James Allen, confectioner’s shop (no.65) (north side). Several shops in the right foreground are covered by awnings and a workman is scrubbing and cleaning his shop front or pavement also right foreground. The street scene includes several horse-drawn conveyances, pedestrians and dog. Valentine’s series. c.1905 x c.1906 p.45

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photocopy of advertisement for the North-Kent and South-Eastern Railway booking office care of Walter Cotton at King’s Head Hotel, High Street, Rochester, wine and spirit merchant, taken from J. and J.F. Phippen’s Rochester, Chatham and Strood Directory, 1858. p.46 (U)

Copy of photograph of Rochester High Street at the crossroads formed by Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane), looking westwards from a point east of the crossroads on the north side, and showing frontages and rooflines of buildings including King’s Head Hotel in left middleground, Corn Exchange clock in right middleground and in the street horse-drawn conveyances, tram and numerous pedestrians. From an unstated local periodical. 1911 p.46 (L)

Copy of photograph of 46 High Street, Rochester either at time of occupation of L. Cowper Terry, antique dealer or Woollett, art dealer, showing two-storeyed, single bay building with lower storey comprising shop front, second storey with apex gable, plastered wall and bay window and to rear taller weather-boarded structure of greater height with chimney stack. Also showing portions of nos. 44 (right) and 48 (left) High Street. The foreground is in heavy shadow. c.1927 p.47 (U)

Copy of photograph of crossroads at junction of Rochester High Street with Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) looking westwards from east of the junction and showing buildings and rooflines, including left to right and clockwise, King’s Head Hotel, (south side), Corn Exchange and City Restaurant (subsequently Northgate Inn and later Dodger’s) (north side). Street scene comprising several pedestrians and horse-drawn conveyances. The entrance to Northgate appears to be barricaded off. Before 1908 p.47 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester: Jasper’s Gatehouse [in The Mystery of] Edwin Drood, showing street frontage and roofline of Chertsey’s Gate alias College Gate as viewed from the High Street, with adjacent Hodges’ antique shop (left) and Chalmers’ oil shop (right), and Boley Hill partly visible through the archway of Chertsey’s Gate. c.1888 Postcard c.1900 p.48

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester College Gate showing Chertsey’s Gate from the High Street viewed at a three quarters angle, with group of five in foreground looking at camera, adjacent building at left with woman leaning through first storey window and tower of St. Nicholas’ Church visible in background and tramlines visible in wooden or stone cobbled carriageway in foreground. Message on rear from Sergeant H.J. to Mrs. Couchman, High Street, Strood [his billet] discussing his work at Gillingham Railway Station. Kingsway Real Photo Series. Postmarked Gillingham 8 July 1916. p.49 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester College Gate showing Chertsey’s Gate viewed from Rochester High Street, building adjacent at left and cathedral transept, tower and part of west front. Photocrom Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. Before 1908. p.49 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester, Jasper’s Gatehouse, Edwin Drood looking at Chertsey’s Gate diagonally from a point in the carriageway in Rochester High Street just west of the crossroads with Boley Hill and Northgate, showing range of buildings to left of Chertsey’s Gate and milkman bearing milk buckets on a yoke standing at side of archway, possibly associated with L.C. Tennant, dairyman’s shop at 60 High Street directly adjacent to Chertsey’s Gate. W. Neal, 312 High Street, Rochester, Eastgate Series. c.1908 x c.1912. p.50

Postcard photograph entitled Gateway, High Street, Rochester looking at Chertsey’s Gate and along Boley Hill from Northgate at the junction with Rochester High Street, showing tramline in High Street in middleground, side of King’s Head Hotel, houses in the castle ditch, castle keep in the right distance and part of the tower of St. Nicholas’ Church in left distance. Groups of people are present at the bottom of Boley Hill and in College Yard. Message on rear from C. [-] to Mrs. C.G. Appleton, 7 Orion Road, Weymouth, Dorset. Dated and postmarked Rochester and Chatham 9 September 1922. p.51 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester looking a Chertsey’s Gate from the south and showing building adjacent in College Yard. The British Mirror Series. c.1910 p.51 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled North Gate [cf. Northgate (sic)], Rochester showing Chertsey’s Gate viewed at right angles from the top of Northgate, looking across Rochester High Street through the archway towards College Yard, houses in castle ditch and on Boley Hill beyond, also showing tower of St. Nicholas’ Church in left middle distance and building adjacent to Chertsey’s Gate in left foreground. After 1930. p.52 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled North Gate [cf. Northgate (sic)] and parish church, Rochester viewing north elevation of Chertsey’s Gate from a three-quarters angle from the middle of Rochester High Street slightly to the west, showing part of St. Nicholas’ Church in right distance, street furniture including pillar postbox in right middle ground, group of bystanders in front of Chertsey’s Gate and tramlines in High Street. After 1908 p.52 (L)

Photograph of engraving entitled Gatehouse of Cathedral Close, Rochester showing south elevation of Chertsey’s Gate from College Yard, looking through archway across Rochester High Street and along Pump Lane (later Northgate), buildings on each side of College Yard in foreground, bystanders in High Street and cobbled roads. Drawn by W. Hull, engraved by [R.] Langton. It should be noted that Couchman’s caption gives the year erroneously as 1870. 5” x 3” (130mm x 80mm) 1879 p.53 (U)

Photograph of engraving entitled Jasper’s Gatehouse looking from inside the archway of Chertsey’s Gate across College Yard, towards Castle Ditch, Boley Hill and Rochester Castle keep, showing a workman with wheel barrow and stockpile of gravestones and cobbled road. Drawn by W. Hull, engraved by R. Langton. It should be noted that Couchman’s caption gives the year erroneously as 1870. 5” x 3” (130mm x 80mm) 1879 p.53 (L)

Copy of photograph of Chertsey’s Gate from the south side, showing ranges of buildings in foreground on either side of College Yard and looking through archway across Rochester High Street and down Pump Lane towards a derelict building on the Common. Some bystanders are visible in Pump Lane. 5” x 3” (130mm x 80mm) Before 1896 p.54 (U)

Copy of photograph of Chertsey’s Gate from the south side, showing ranges of buildings in foreground on either side of College Yard and looking through archway across Rochester High Street and down Pump Lane towards a derelict building on the Common. Some bystanders are visible at the junction of High Street and Pump Lane and inside Chertsey’s Gate. 5 1/4” x 3 1/4” (135mm x 85mm) Before 1896 p.54 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled College Gate, Rochester showing the south and west sides of Chertsey’s Gate viewed from the bottom of Boley Hill, also showing adjacent building in College Yard, tree in foreground and roadside bollards. c.1930 p.55 (L)

Postcard photograph of College Yard taken from a point in College Yard between the corner of the Cathedral burial ground adjacent to the cathedral and the cathedral burial ground separating College Yard from Boley Hill, looking northwards along College Yard towards Chertsey’s Gate, showing from left to right and clockwise, railings and trees in burial ground between College Yard and Boley Hill, street furniture, Chertsey’s Gate, High Street and Northgate with parked motor vehicles (seen through archway of Chertsey’s Gate), range of buildings adjacent to Chertsey’s Gate, lower portion of west front of St. Nicholas’ Church (guarded with spiked railings) and wooden bollards. c.1930 p.55 (L)

Copy of photograph entitled Rochester, High Street comprising view of High Street and frontages and rooflines if buildings either side of High Street looking west along High Street from a point east of the junction between High Street, Boley Hill and Northgate, showing left to right and clockwise, The Royal Life Boat public house (formerly Fortune of War), end of Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side), Corn Exchange clock, City Restaurant or Northgate Inn and end of Northgate (north side). Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyances, shop fronts with awnings, pedestrians and tradesmen or delivery men. 6” x 4” (150mm x 105mm) c.1902 x c.1908 p.56 (U)

Copy of photograph of length of Rochester High Street between site of Market Cross and junction with Corporation Street, looking west from a point on the north side of the High Street and showing from left to right and clockwise George Neech, tobacconist’s shop (no.68), Bourne and Hillier’s creamery (no. 66), G.I. Jenkins and Sons, fishmongers’ shop (no. 64), no.62, gable of Chertsey’s Gate, end of Boley Hill (College Yard), King’s Head Hotel (south side), Bridge House (in distance) and Corn Exchange clock (north side). The street scene shows tramlines, overhead electricity power lines, tarmacadam road surface and in distance motor vehicles, tram and pedestrians with a woman shopper in the left foreground. 4” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 80mm) c.1927 p.56 (L)

Printed advertisement or flyer for Jones’s city drapery warehouse, 46 (later 69-71) High Street, Rochester, offering general drapery, waterproof cloaks and jackets, woollen goods, hosiery, gloves, skirts, crinolines, stays, corsets, handkerchiefs, boots, shoes and goloshes [cf. galoshes], etc. c.1849 p.57

Letter heading for The Art Depot, proprietor R.T. Danes, 73 High Street, Rochester. 2” 1 ¼” (51mmx 34mm) c.1959 x c.1974 p.58

Photograph of drawing reproduced in Edwin Harris’ Old Rochester series of pamphlets, entitled High Street, now the site of the Rochester Post Office, showing range of buildings comprising S. Caddell, printer’s shop and stamp office (left) and The Golden Cross (formerly Tom Cat alias Scratched Cat, previously Black Boy) (no.179) (right). Postcard size. Before 1894 p.59 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester looking west towards the crossroads formed by High Street, Boley Hill and Northgate (formerly Pump Lane) from a point near the site of the Market Cross, showing left to right and clockwise bottom of Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side), Corn Exchange and clock, City Restaurant, end of Northgate, Johnson, dyer’s shop (no.65) and Capital and Counties Bank Ltd. (later Lloyds Bank Ltd.). Street scene shows pedestrians, parked cart, tramlines and shop awnings. W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1908 x c.1919 p.59 (L)

Postcard photograph (later reproduction) entitled High Street, Rochester looking east from a point near the site of the Market Cross, showing mainly range of buildings on north side from left to right, entrance to Lloyd’s Yard, William Palmer, gun maker, cutler, athletic outfitter, optician and truss manufacturer (no.85), Thomas Ash and Sons, bookmakers shop (no.87), Gordon Hotel (no.91) and Joseph Stanley, hosier and outfitter’s shop (no.93). Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyance, bystanders, pedestrians, barrowman, shop awnings and tram no. 43, Gillingham to Frindsbury service, heading towards camera. Reproduction by Pamlin Prints, Croydon, Surrey. After 1908. p.60 (U)

Postcard photograph (later reproduction) entitled trams in Rochester c.1904 looking west along Rochester High Street from a point near the site of the Market Cross on the north side, showing from left to right and clockwise The Royal Life Boat public house, Chertsey’s Gate, end of Boley Hill, King’s Head Hotel (south side), Corn Exchange and clock and City Restaurant and end of Northgate (north side). Street scene shows pedestrians including woman shop assistant or waitress in pinafore, children, horse-drawn conveyance, tramlines, tram on Gillingham to Frindsbury service heading away from camera and tram on Strood to Gillingham service heading towards camera. Reproduction by Pamlin Prints, Croydon, Surrey. c.1908 x c.1910 p.60 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester war memorial showing stone cross and base festooned with wreaths in centre of war memorial garden with railings, north side and north transept of Rochester Cathedral in background. c.1922 p.61

Postcard photograph entitled Tea Table gardens, Rochester showing ladies, three with parasols, sitting at tables and one man standing in garden at rear of The Tea Table café (subsequently Carlton Oriental Café, later Patricia’s Pantry), 79 High Street, Rochester (proprietor Arthur H. Passsmore), looking from The Common or Corporation Street end of the garden southwards, showing rear of range of buildings on north side of High Street and tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral in distance. William Naylar, Rochester Series no.404. c.1912 p.62

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester looking westwards from High Street side of war memorial garden near site of Market Cross, showing mainly range of buildings on north side of High Street between junction of High Street with Northgate (in distance) and entrance to Lloyd’s Yard (right foreground). Street scene shows parked motor cars including cabriolet and pedestrians. Couchman’s notes and captions relate to no.81 High Street, successively Croneen’s antique shop, B. Copping, silversmith’s shop and Alan G. Smith’s tool shop. Raphael Tuck and Sons Ltd. c.1952 p.63

Receipted bill from John Bertram of Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gaslight Company, 58 (later 95) High Street, Rochester, to a Mr. Mantell of 16 Eastgate Paddock, Rochester, for supply of gas and meter hire June – July 1891, settled 24 August 1891. p.64

Invoice from Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company, 95 High Street, Rochester to E.G. Raynor Esq.,, 33 Langdon Road, Rochester for supplying and fixing gas pendant and accessories. November 1923. p.65

Invoice from Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company, 95 High Street, Rochester to E.G. Raynor Esq., 33 Langdon Road, Rochester for supplying gas to a cooker on hire, November 1923. p.66

Receipted bill from E.B. Wise of W. Burnley of 68 High Street, Rochester, tobacconist and newsagent, to a Mr. Rayner [cf. Raynor] of 20 Horsley Road, Rochester for binding Great War, April 1920. p.67

Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street comprising nos. 76-86 inclusive, looking westwards and diagonally from point on pavement outside Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company showrooms, 95 High Street, Rochester, also showing war memorial garden in right distance, Street scene shows pedestrians, barrowman and tramlines. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1913 x c.1938 p. 68 (U)

Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street comprising nos. 94-106 inclusive, looking eastwards and diagonally from point on pavement outside Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company showrooms, 95 High Street, Rochester, showing from right to left, Harry Lowe, fruiterer and greengrocer's shop (no.94), William Longley, butcher's shop (no.96), Alfred E. Broadbridge, watchmaker's shop (no. 96) and W.H. Smith and Son, bookseller's shop (no. 98). Street scene shows tramlines, parked bicycle and parked motor van. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1928 p.68 (L) (left)

Copy of photograph of range of buildings in Rochester High Street comprising nos. 76-86 inclusive, looking westwards and diagonally from point on pavement outside Rochester, Chatham and Strood Gas Company showrooms, 95 High Street, Rochester, showing from right to left Arthur V. Brand, tobacconist's shop (no.78), Parrett and Neves Ltd., printers' shop (no. 80) [?], Albert E. Ash, bookseller's shop (nos. 82-84), Charles H. Burtenshaw [?], chartered accountant's office (no.86) and part of James Cheek [?], confectioner's shop (no.88), last premises displaying notice advertising Dove's mineral water. 4" x 3" (100mm x 80mm) c.1928 p.68 (L) (right)

Postcard photograph entitled The Jacobean staircase, Gordon Hotel, Rochester comprising interior view of hall and first storey staircase, showing spiral turned balusters, carpet, wall panelling and flower pots containing small palms. c.1927 p.69 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Gordon Hotel, High Street, Rochester looking from diagonally opposite and slightly to the east showing exterior and roofline of Dickens Restaurant and Tea Rooms (left) and Gordon Hotel (right), 91 High Street, Rochester with wooden or stone cobbled carriageway and tramlines in foreground. The second storey bears the plaque of the Automobile Association (AA). c.1927 p.69 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Dog gate, Gordon Hotel, Rochester comprising interior view of building showing carved door panelling and surrounds with electric light bulb in foreground. c.1927 p.70 (U)

Picture postcard entitled the Jacobean dog gate and staircase, Gordon Hotel, Rochester comprising reproduction of painting of interior of building on ground floor showing doorway leading to staircase, staircase, case clock and window. c.1927 p.70 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the Seven Poor Travellers [sic], High Street, Rochester comprising view of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point diagonally opposite and east from Watts' Almshouse or Six Poor Travellers' House, showing range of buildings between Almshouse (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance) and roofline. Street scene shows horse-drawn conveyances including beer and butcher's carts and pedestrians. Message on rear from W. [-] to Miss M. Nonsan, 9 Stockwell Park Crescent, London SW. The message states: an agglomeration of incontrovertible facts affords, in my judgment, irrefragable proof that the dorsal appendage of the common feline pet is more prolonged than that of its canine colleague. Some obfuscated persons consider the Manx species an exception to this rule, oblivious to the fact that the abbreviation has been wrought by artificial means. I should like to have your views on this point. This is a beautiful city. Postmarked Rochester 22 September 1903 p.71 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the Seven Poor Travellers' Rest [sic], Rochester comprising view of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point diagonally opposite and east from Watts' Almshouse or Six Poor Travellers' House, showing range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street between Almshouse (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance). Street scene shows pedestrians and horse-drawn conveyance in middle distance and distance, shop awnings and tarmacadam road surface. Message on rear from F. Roberts to a Mr. Wingham, Bramble Cottage, Green Lane, Chichester, Sussex. Postmarked Rochester 28 May 1906. p.71 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street and Watts' Charity House, Rochester showing range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street between Six Poor Traveller's House (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance). Street scene shows one building under scaffolding in middle distance, pedestrians and horse-drawn conveyance or motor vehicle carrying placard naming J. Shepherd. c.1910 p.72 (U)

Photocopy of photograph of street frontage of ground storey of Six Poor Traveller's House, High Street, Rochester, viewed at right angles from a point in the carriageway, showing four candidates awaiting admission, reproduced in Chatham Observer 16 September 1921 Photocopied c.1985 p.10. p.72 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Watt's Charity [sic] showing street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, viewed at angle of 45 degrees from a point in the carriageway slightly to the east of the building. Street scene shows mother and two children on pavement in front of building. c.1910 p.73 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the Seven Poor Travellers' Rest [sic], Rochester comprising view of Rochester High Street looking westwards from a point on south side of High Street diagonally opposite and east from Watts' Almshouse or Six Poor Travellers' House, showing range of buildings and roofline on north side of High Street between Almshouse (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (left distance). Street scene shows pedestrians, tramlines and tram. Published by Valentine's. c.1914 p.73 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Watt's Charity House [sic] showing street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, viewed at angle of 45 degrees from a point in the carriageway slightly to the west of the building. Photocrom Co. Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. c.1910 p.74 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Rochester, showing Watts' Charity House comprising view of Rochester High Street, looking westwards from a point in the carriageway east of Six Poor Travellers' House, showing street frontages and rooflines of both sides of High Street between Six Poor Travellers' House (right foreground) and Corn Exchange (centre distance). In the range of buildings on the north side can be seen Rochester, Chatham and Gillingham Gas. Co.'s offices (to immediate left of Six Poor Travellers' House) and Lloyd's Garage. Street scene shows motor buses, motor car, pedestrians, woman with perambulator, shop awnings and street lights. After 1930. p.74 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Watts’ Charity, Rochester comprising view of High Street frontage and most of roofline of Six Poor Travellers’ House looking from a point in the carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to the east, showing street lighting pole on pavement in right foreground. c.1920 p.75 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Watts’ Charity House comprising view of High Street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers’ House and parts of adjoining buildings, looking from a point in the carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to the west, showing street lighting pole on pavement in right distance. Surface textured. Photocrom Co. Ltd., Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.75 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled dormitory gallery, Watts’ Charity, Rochester viewed from garden at rear, showing first, second and third storeys of rear of the Six Poor Travellers’ House in distance, gallery at right angles to camera in right foreground, shrubs and patio. Photocrom Co. Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.76 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled dormitory gallery, Watts’ Charity, Rochester showing interior and corner area of bedroom in Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, with bed, wooden headboard and bed clothes, chair and framed homily in all thy ways acknowledge Him on wall behind bed. Photocrom Co. Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. c.1920 p.76 (L)

Photograph entitled Rochester, Watts’ Charity House comprising view of High Street frontage and roofline of Six Poor Travellers’ House and parts of adjoining buildings, looking from a point in the carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to the west, showing street lighting pole on pavement in right distance. This is a duplicate of p.75 (L) 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.77 (U)

Photograph of successful applicant for a night’s board and lodging at the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, signing the register in a ground floor room, showing ink stand and table covered with cloth in foreground, wooden panelled wall at rear, wall-mounted framed pictures and notice stating no matches allowed bedrooms. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.77 (L) (left)

Photograph of two successful applicants for a night’s board and lodging at the Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, preparing for their ablutions in the bathroom changing area, one figure seated at right and second figure standing at left, glazed partition in right foreground. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.77 (L) (right)

Photograph of corner area of bedroom in Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, with bed, wooden headboard and bed clothes, chair and framed homily in all thy ways acknowledge Him on wall behind bed. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) Duplicate of p.76 (L) above. c.1920 p.78 (U)

Photograph of interior of reading room at Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester, showing wooden-panelled walls and ceiling, table laid out with periodicals, shelf, door, wall-mounted framed pictures and chair. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.76 (L) (left)

Photograph of exterior of dormitory gallery, Watts’ Charity Six Poor Travellers’ House, Rochester, viewed from garden at rear, showing first, second and third storeys of rear building in distance, gallery at right angles to camera in right foreground, shrubs and patio. This is a clipped copy of item p.76 (U) above. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.78 (L) (right)

Photograph of master of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, weighing the travellers' supper of 1/2 pound of meat and 1 pound of bread each in the kitchen, scullery or pantry, tray of six enamelled metal cups and pile of seven plates on shelf in background, master wearing suit, tie and pinafore. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.79 (U)

Photograph of master of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester in corner of kitchen, pouring boiling water from kettle into coffee pot, stove, water boiler and worktop in left foreground and rear, master wearing suit, tie and pinafore. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.79 (M).

Photograph of six poor travellers around supper table in dining room of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, eating fare of meat and bread with enamelled metal cups, wearing suits and ties, jackets and ties or presentable working clothes, bookcase in background. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.79 (L).

Photograph of master of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, presenting a poor traveller with a parting gift of 4d., the former wearing suit and tie, latter jacket, waistcoat and neck scarfe, wooden panelled wall and sash window in background. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.80 (U).

Photograph of a poor traveller retiring to bed and removing his shoes, sitting on chair at side of bed in bedroom in dormitory gallery of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester, his jacket hanging on back of chair. The floor is plain floorboards and a Bible is supported in a rack on wall behind the headboard. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.80 (L) (left).

Photograph of stone tablet commemorating Richard Watts Esq., founder of Watts' Charity, Rochester, erected on the street frontage of Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester. 3 ¼” x 2 ½” (82mm x 64mm) c.1920 p.80 (L) (right).

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Christopher Wade of Rochester City Council to J. Cobham, mayor for giving 4d. and lodging to an unnamed poor traveller, 9 June 1680 p.81 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from William Reeve, mayor of Rochester to the city provider to pay 6d. to an unnamed poor traveller, counter-signed by Alderman C. Huggins. 24 March 1719/1720 p.81 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, to city provider for relief of seven poor Frenchmen, 28 May 1723. p.82 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Letter from John Henry Rickon of Rome Lane Foundry, Chatham, to G. Cotton, receiver of Watt's Charity, recommending a certain Boyce and son as suitable subjects for a night's lodging in the Six Poor Travellers's House, High Street, Rochester 14 August 1857. On rear, request for admission of unnamed bearers from Walter [?] to a Mr. Cackett, c.1857. p.82 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, to the city provider, for relief of two unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 6 July 1723 p.83 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Nathaniel Hawes, mayor of Rochester, to the city provider, for relief of two unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 11 July 1723 p.83 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from G. Davison, member of Rochester Corporation [?] to the city provider for the relief of one poor traveller with 4d., 2 October 1771 p.84 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed docket or order from James Hulkes, mayor of Rochester to the city provider for the relief of two unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 22 April 1772 p.84 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Two printed dockets or orders from John Taylor, mayor of Rochester to the city provider for the relief of two separate unnamed poor travellers with 4d. each, 1 September 1773 and 16 September 1773 p.84 (U and L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from Edward Cotton, city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 2 August 1838. p.86 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from Edward Cotton, city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 25 August 1838. p.86 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 17 June 1849. p.87 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 1 November 1853. p.87 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 14 November 1853. p.88 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 27 November 1849. p.88 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Francis Wilson, member of Rochester Corporation [?] for payment of Mary Adkins, pauper 2s 2d for spinning wool. [Couchman's note states the recipient was a traveller, erroneously] 28 November 1715 p.89 (U)

Newscutting containing report entitled Richard's fourpenny note may now be worth £100 by Alan Bennett, concerning discovery by Brian Kemp, approvals manager at Stanley Gibbons Ltd., London of warrants for admission to Watts' Charity Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester in shops in Charing Cross Road, London, and his meeting with Sidney Wharton, clerk of Watts' Charity, with photograph of subjects against background of street frontage of Six Poor Travellers' House, from Chatham News 9 April 1976. p.89 (M)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Order from Francis Wilson, member of Rochester Corporation [?] for payment of Ann Day, pauper 2s 4d for spinning wool, 26 June 1718 [Couchman's note states 1710 erroneously] p.89 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Bill from Andrew Ousnam for delivery to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester of 12 gallon loaves and one peck and quarter flour for baking, 27 April 1723. p.90 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Printed warrant from Edward Cotton, city provider, admitting bearer to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester for night's lodging and 4d., recipient unnamed. Bears the coat of arms of the city of Rochester. 8 August 1838. p.90 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. BIll from Nathaniel Attewell for delivery to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester of 7 gallon loaves and a pottle loaf and one peck and a quarter of flour for baking, 10 October 1724. p.91 (U)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Bill from Nathaniel Attewell for delivery to Six Poor Travellers' House, High Street, Rochester of 12 gallon loaves and a pottle loaf and one peck and quarter flour for baking on two dates in 1723. p.91 (L)

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Letter from D.R. Fearon, secretary, Charity Commission, Whitehall, London SW to Frederick F. Smith Esq., Rochester, acknowledging receipt of petition pertaining to Watts’ Charity, 7 March 1894. p.92

Watts' Charity, Rochester. Typescript letter from secretary, Charity Commission, Ryder Street, St. James’s, London SW1, to W. Glanville Mason Esq., Bernvale, 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, discussing terms applying to closure of Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester. 18 May 1948 p.93(U)

Newscutting from Chatham News containing published letter from H.S. Wharton, clerk and receiver of Watts’ Charity, Rochester, clarifying the charity’s position as regards continuation of a Watts’ Charity nursing service in view of National Health Service Act coming into effect, provision of subsidiary nursing service, accommodation of nurses at Almshouses in Maidstone Road, Rochester and accommodation for two old couples at Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester. 26 January 1951 p.9. p.93 (L)

Stencil typescript letter from W. Glanville Mason to the editor of the Chaham News responding to a report that a Mr. J. Yeomans had found a Watts’ Charity admission warrant, explaining history of Six Poor Travellers’ House and method of operation and giving details of James Hulkes’ brewery premises in Chatham Intra. See also p94 (L) below. 12 March 1961 p.94 (U)

Newscutting from Chatham Observer containing report of finding by John Yeomans, fruiterer and greengrocer, of admission warrant for a poor traveller to Six Poor Travellers’ House, High Street, Rochester in 1772, signed by James Hulkes, mayor of Rochester. 10 March 1961. See also p.94 (U) above. p.94 (L)

File updated by borough archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: 1680-1961
Quantity: 1 volume/94pp.
Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_13 on request slip.

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

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to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Strood volume 3:
Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra and the River Medway at Strood and Frindsbury.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.]

Frindsbury Intra.
Receipted bill from George H. Boucher *, Supply Stores, 1 Medway Terrace, Bill Street Road (later 125 Bill Street Road), Frindsbury, grocer and provision merchant to a Mr. Gower, for salt, coffee and starch, with heading comprising advertisement for Lightning Soap 16 September 1909. p.1

[* For a collection of business and domestic records of this shop c.1897 x c.1900 see collection DE434]

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of engraving entitled Higham Tunnel: as it existed before the construction of the North Kent Railway comprising view of Canal Basin looking north-west from eastern side of entrance to basin, showing sailing barge and rowing boats in basin, wooden barrels and cart on bank and bargees and other attendants. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to opening of canal in 1824, its length and financial failure. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” p.2

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of engraving entitled The Strood Terminus of the Gravesend and Rochester Railway in 1844 comprising view of area of former canal basin, looking north, showing railway line running from left of scene towards mouth of tunnel in middle-ground, cement factory in left middle-distance, bystanders and spectators in fore and middle-grounds, chalk cliff face under Frindsbury Hill and houses and windmills on Frindsbury Hill. Reproduced by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the use of The Thames and Medway Canal after its use as a canal, by Gravesend and Rochester Railway and South-Eastern Railway and operation of first train on Christmas Day 1844 [?].6 ½” x 4 ¾” p.3

Frindsbury Intra.
Two receipts from Stewart Brothers and Spencer, Oil-seed Mills, Strood at their Paddock Wood store, to Henry Reader esq., Pike Fish, Yalding, for returned empty bags, 1888. p.4

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of Strood Basin locks looking north from point near junction of Canal Basin and River Medway, showing in foreground dredger vessel alongside spritsail barge Medina, in middle-ground wharf, crane, cement factory and Haymen railway rolling stock and in distance entrance to tunnel, chalk cliff underneath Frindsbury Hill and two windmills and other buildings on Frindsbury Hill. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the original print was held at Rochester Library, Northgate, Rochester, whose local studies collections were passed to this office in 1993. 6” x 4 ¼” (155mm x 115mm) 1905. p.5

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of entrance to Strood Dock looking north-west from point south-east of lock gates, showing at left mooring post, railway rolling stock and goods shed on Victoria Wharf, and in distance several sailing and steam vessels moored in Strood Dock. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the goods shed was used as a corn store, whose proprietors were Messrs. A.E. Chambers and that the shed burnt down in 1916. 6” x 4” (150mm x 100mm) Before 1916 p.6

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of Strood Dock looking north-west from lock gates, showing in left foreground travelling crane and two steam tugs, in right middle-ground the steam vessel Condor of Anvers [cf. Antwerp], Belgium and in distance entrance to railway tunnel, chalk cliff under Frindsbury Hill and houses in Banks Road, Frindsbury. 8 ¼” x 6 ¼” (210mm x 160mm) Original exposed before 1922 p.7

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article by Dennis Pearce entitled Impressive engineering feat to vanish under pile of rubble, with photograph of Strood Dock and locks looking south-east across the River Medway (Bridge Reach) from Frindsbury Hill towards Gas House Point, Rochester, showing London to Strood railway line in right of view, railway goods sidings in middle-ground, Railway Tavern (later Riverside Tavern) (No.8 Canal Road, Strood) and group of industrial buildings in middle distance and Acorn Wharf, Rochester and gas tanks in distance. Published 18 January 1985. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the dock was filled in in 1986. p.8

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled By the pier at Strood comprising view looking south west from Strood Pier pontoon along frontage of wharves on the River Medway, showing right to left Mill Wharf (British Oil and Cake Mills), Barnett’s Wharf (Cranfields Flour Depot), North Kent Wharf and Medway Wharf (Horsnaill and Reynolds, corn and seed merchants) (all Frindsbury Intra) and Watermill Wharf (Strood Intra). In foreground on pontoon are two girls minding push-chair, rowing boat moored to pontoon, in middle-ground spritsail sailing barge and bargee and in middle distance beached barges and sailing vessels. c.1920 x c.1929 p.9 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood Pier comprising view of River Medway looking south from point near junction of River Medway and canal basin locks towards Rochester, showing in foreground moored rowing boats or dobles and fishing boat or bawley boat, several with smelt nets hanging to dry, in middle-ground River Medway (Bridge Reach), Strood Pier and Rochester Railway Bridge and in distance, left to right, Acorn Wharf, lighters, spritsail barges, Rochester Cathedral and Rochester Castle keep. On rear, message from Francis (Frank) [-] to Mr. Victor (Vic) Flanders, 12 Woodland Road, Upper Norwood, London SE, discussing travelling arrangements and mentioning a Beatrice (Beat). Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 3 December 1908. p.9 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Strood, the pier comprising view of River Medway (Bridge Reach) looking north-east from wharves at Frindsbury Intra towards Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra), showing in foreground rowing boats or dobles, two with occupants, in middle-ground hut and Strood Pier with paddle steamer Princess of Wales moored alongside, in near distance three-masted sailing ship and four-masted sailing ship, latter probably Bannockburn of Greenock, Ayrshire, Scotland and in far distance cement factories and chimney stacks on Frindsbury Peninsula. On rear, message from S. G[-] to Miss L. Humphrey, 47 Harbour Road, Whitstable, discussing health and travel. Postmarked Rochester 4 July 1905. p.10

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, in deep water berth off Strood Pier in River Medway (Bridge Reach), looking aft and showing dredging buckets and operator. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (U) (left)

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, in deep water berth off Strood Pier in River Medway (Bridge Reach), looking at starboard side from south bank of river [?], wharves visible in distance. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (U) (right)

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of bucket conveyor on mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, in deep water berth off Strood Pier in River Medway (Bridge Reach), looking athwartships from starboard side. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (L) (left)

Frindsbury Intra.
* Photograph of aft superstructure of mechanical bucket dredger, registered in Southampton, Hampshire, moored alongside in Bridge Reach, River Medway, looking from port quarter and showing dockside. 4 ¼” x 2 ½” (110mm x 65mm) Summer 1926 p.11 (L) (right)

[* Couchman’s accompanying notes state the original negatives were donated to Rochester upon Medway City Archives in 1994. See collection DE327]

Strood Extra.
Photograph of the River Medway between Rochester Bridge and Cuxton, looking south-west from the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge towards Temple Marsh, Strood, showing the river frozen and in distance from left to right, Wickham Cement Works (Strood Extra), Temple Marsh, Tower Reach foreshore at Strood, entrance to Janes’ Creek, Strood and river wall in Strood Intra. Mason Collection. 21 January 1940. 4 ½” x 3 ½” (110mm x 87mm) p.12 (U)

Rochester.
Photograph of Rochester Esplanade and environs looking south from Rochester Bridge, showing in foreground part of wall of bridge and River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen-over and in distance, left to right, Castle Club (no.3 Esplanade), spire of Rochester Cathedral, Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Castle Hill, north-west bastion of Rochester Castle, castle grounds and bandstand, castle keep and western curtain wall, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths. Mason Collection. 21 January 1940. 4 ½” x 3 ½” (110mm x 87mm) p.12 (L) (left)

Rochester.
Photograph of Rochester Pier and Esplanade looking west from The Terrace, Rochester Castle Gardens, towards Temple Marsh, Strood, showing in foreground Esplanade carriageway, pavement on north side of carriageway and balustrade, woman onlooker (possibly Mrs. Glanvill Mason), in left middle ground Rochester Pier with pedestrians on pier and pontoons, in middle-ground River Medway (Tower Reach) frozen-over and in distance Strood Extra and Temple Marsh with hills and fields beyond. Mason Collection. 21 January 1940. 4 ½” x 3 ½” (110mm x 87mm) p.12 (L) (right)

Rochester.
Photograph of mudflats on south bank of River Medway (Tower Reach) at Rochester, looking from Rochester foreshore, showing in foreground mudflats covered in sheets of ice, in middle-ground Rochester Cruising Club jetty and pleasure craft and in distance River Medway (Tower Reach) frozen-over, Temple Marsh, Strood, chimneys of Wickham Cement Works and other factories. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.13 (U)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of River Medway at Bridge Reach looking north-east from Frindsbury Intra towards Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra), showing in fore and middle-grounds ice-bound rowing boats and lighters and in distance industrial premises on Frindsbury Peninsula. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.13 (L) (left)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of River Medway at Bridge Reach looking south-west from Frindsbury Intra towards Rochester Bridge, showing lighter and other vessels ice-bound, crane at Watermill Wharf and Rochester Railway Bridge in distance. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.13 (L) (right)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of Strood Pier looking north-west from pontoon or vessel moored alongside, showing footbridge leading from concrete and steel structure on foreshore, wharves, rowing boats moored to pier supports and River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen-over. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.14 (U)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of wharves at Frindsbury Intra looking south-west from point near Strood Pier, showing in foreground beached and moored fishing and pleasure vessels, in middle ground cargo ship registered at Naestved or Haestved, Denmark, moored alongside, cranes, scrap iron and River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen over and in distance Rochester Railway Bridge. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.14 (L) (left)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of River Medway (Bridge Reach) frozen over at Frindsbury Intra, looking north-east from Frindsbury Intra towards Frindsbury Peninsula (Frindsbury Extra), showing moored rowing boats, herd or bevy of swans and wharf or pier in foreground, river covered in ice in fore and middle grounds and distance and Frindsbury Peninsula in distance. 3 ½” x 3 ½” (90mm x 90mm) January 1963 p.14 (L) (right)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Wesleyan Church, Strood comprising view of Strood Methodist Church looking north towards church from point diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Stonehorse Lane (later Cliffe Road), showing left to right, part of Red Lion Inn (no. 1 Frindsbury Road), entrance to Stonehorse Lane, church, bystanders and motor car. On rear, message from Frederick [-] to Miss N. Day, 9 Mayfieldgrove Meadows, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, discussing visit to Grays, Essex, weather and purchase of implements. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to planning and opening of church 1887 and re-naming of Stonehorse Lane. c.1892 x c.1894. Postmarked London NW 4 September 1905. p.15

Frindsbury Intra.
Colour photograph of street frontage of Methodist Church Sunday School, Cliffe Road, Strood, looking north from point diagonally opposite and to south, showing street frontage of building, stone and brass inscriptions and pavement and carriageway. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to laying of foundation stone in 1898 and also comprise transcriptions of the stone and brass tablets. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 11 August 1987. p.16

Frindsbury Intra.
Photocopy of photograph entitled Strood and Frindsbury Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) Hospital, Darnley Ward, Wesley Hall comprising interior view of Strood Methodist Church Sunday School looking diagonally across hall towards windows, showing nurses, patients, tables and beds. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to design, execution and presentation by Strood VAD Hospital Committee to the church of a brass tablet commemorating their use of hall as an auxiliary hospital by St. John’s VAD during Great War 1914-1918, transcription given. Original exposed c.1916 x c.1918 p.17

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood and Frindsbury Voluntary Aid Detachment Hospital, arrival of a convoy comprising view of parked motor ambulance and group of St. John’s Ambulance Brigade orderlies, nurses, walking wounded, stretcher casualties, Boy Scout, army officer and soldier, last in service dress presumed members of Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC), all looking at camera and standing in front of Claremont House, 2 Frindsbury Road, Strood, in use as an auxiliary hospital by Strood VAD Hospital Committee. Gable and roof of 42 North Street visible in distance and tram lines and carriageway in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to ownership of premises by Strood Workmen’s Club and presentation of brass tablet commemorating use of hall as an auxiliary hospital by St. John’s VAD during Great War 1914-1918, transcription given. Photographer: Thomas E. Howe, Chatham. Original exposed 2 July 1916

[cf. collection DE393 for photograph from same negative. The depositor of collection DE393 identifies the figure second from right as Hartnell Webb, landlord of the Eagle Tavern, High Street, Rochester]

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings comprising 91-103 Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking west from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east, showing street frontage of weather-boarded houses, tram lines, carriageway, tram power line columns and women and children bystanders, all looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to closing and demolition of houses 1920-1922. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 117mm) Original exposed c.1920 p.19

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of range of buildings comprising range of houses in Frindsbury Hill, Strood, up to and including Marlborough Head public house (no.90), looking uphill east i.e. from point diagonally opposite and slightly to west, showing weather-boarded houses, woman standing in doorway looking at camera, carriageway and tram lines. Couchman’s accompanying notes advise the numbers inked onto the original print do not correspond to the house numbering and pertain to history of public house 1787-1899. 6” x 4 3/8” (155mm x 110mm) Original exposed before 1907. p.20

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of The Bell public house, Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking south from point diagonally opposite and slightly to north of junction with Church Green, showing Church Green and Frindsbury Road frontages, three bystanders and dog, inn sign, signage advertising Meux and Co.’s brilliant ales and double stout and advertising placards outside adjoining shop in Frindsbury Road. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of public house 1841-1907. 6” x 4 /12” (155mm x 115mm) p.21

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of The Bell public house, Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking north-west from Church Green and showing rear of premises, outbuilding and in foreground iron railing and gates leading from Church Green to Frindsbury Road. 7” x 5” (178mm x 127mm) Original exposed before 1907 p.22

Frindsbury Intra.
Print from engraving, entitled Frindsbury Church, Kent comprising view of church and churchyard looking from south, showing trees, onlookers and gravestones. Published by Rook and Co., London 15 December 1858. p.23 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Print from engraving, entitled Frindsbury, Kent, South East comprising view of church and churchyard looking from east, showing weather vane, trees, gravestones and path. Drawn by Fisher and engraved by F. Cary [?]. Cut from Gentleman’s Magazine October 1803. p.23 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of Frindsbury Church and churchyard looking from south, also showing trees, path and gravestones. Photographer: C. Biskeborn. 5 ½” x 3 ¾” (140mm x 95mm) c.1880 p.24 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of Frindsbury Church and churchyard looking from south, also showing trees, path and gravestones. 3 ¼” x 2 ¼” (80mm x 58mm) c.1880 p.24 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church comprising view looking from south, also showing churchyard, trees, path and gravestones. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to church’s early existence and maintenance 1107-1127. c.1905 p.25 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church comprising view looking from south, also showing churchyard, trees, path and gravestones. On rear, message from E. F[-] to a Miss Toates, 8 Grove Road, Strood, offering her the card for her collection. Postmarked Rochester 17 September 1904 p.25 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Head and shoulders photograph of Rev. James Formby, vicar of Frindsbury, showing subject looking to left of camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Formby’s support for Rev. Robert Whiston, headmaster of the Rochester Cathedral Grammar School (King’s School, Rochester), laying out of avenue of trees in Church Green and involvement in cement manufacture at Whitewall (Frindsbury Intra), Upnor (Frindsbury Extra) and Halling. 3 1/8” x 2 5/8” (80mm x 68mm) c.1880 p.26 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church and avenue comprising view church looking from north-west, showing in foreground road and avenue of trees running through Church Green towards west end of church, bystander, gateway through wall surrounding churchyard and west end of church and church tower and spire. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 x c.1910 p.26 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Tyepscript transcription of part of Trees and Shrubs by F.A. Bush, 1964 pertaining to Maclura Pomifera (Osage Orange) tree, example of which grows in avenue on Church Green with accompanying notes by Couchman also pertaining to tree and Rochester and District Natural History Society and Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey’s research into same, noting tree suffered storm damage in 1981. p.27

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled River tragedy that shook the towns from the Memories column by Ted Connolly, reporting on the Rochester Bridge Disaster of Friday 13 September 1816 when 14 persons died on return leg of boat trip from Chatham to Halling, particularly mentioning boatman Thomas Lear, Thomas Gilbert, the organiser and the female boarders of latter’s boarding school in Clover Street, Chatham, with photograph of county councillor Ron Foster, local historian and founder of Medway Heritage Centre (formerly St. Mary’s Church), Dock Road, Chatham kneeling at gravestone of Lear in Frindsbury churchyard. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to a printed source, A narrative of the distressing accident which occurred at Rochester Bridge on the 13 September 1816 by William Stern Palmer, 1817. 13 September 1991. p.28

Frindsbury Intra.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Frindsbury Church comprising view looking from north, showing churchyard, gravestones, bushes and visitors. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Before 1918. p.29

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of ruined smock mill off Powlett Road on Frindsbury Hill, variously named Frindsbury Mill, Kimmins’ Mill or House Mill, looking south-east, showing roads in foreground, pile of rubble, mill and outbuildings in middle-ground and terraced houses in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to operation, dereliction and demolition of mill 1819-1931. 4 ¾” x 3 ½” (120mm x 90mm) Before 1931. p.30 (U)

Frindsbury Intra.
Photograph of ruined smock mill off Powlett Road on Frindsbury Hill, variously named Frindsbury Mill, Kimmins’ Mill or House Mill, looking south-east, showing roads in foreground, pile of rubble, mill, group of children and adult and outbuildings and in middle-ground and terraced houses in distance. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to operation, dereliction and demolition of mill 1819-1931. 5” x 3 7/8” (128mm x 98mm) Before 1931. p.30 (L)

Frindsbury Intra.
Receipted bill from Thomas Ring and Son, 46 later 2 Grove Road, Strood, contractors for removals, to a Mr. Rayner of 16 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood for removal from 22 Horsley Road, Rochester to 16 Temple Gardens as above. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to Ring’s premises 1891-1921. 21 November 1922. p.31

Strood.
Copy of photograph of junction of High Street and Station Road, Strood, looking north from point in High Street slightly to east of junction, showing left to right, advertising hoardings, bystanders, Newark Cottage (no.1 Station Road) and The Amalgamation public house (no.2), bill posters advertising The earl and the girl, Theatre Royal, High Street, Chatham, Camp Coffee, Colman’s Starch, Cakeoma cake, Wills’ Westward Ho! Smoking mixtures and Kate Lawrence, The Darlyles and Emlyn Jones at the Gaiety Theatre [?] or during Gaiety Week [?]. 6 3/10” x 4 3/8” (160mm x 110mm) April 1906 p.32

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of two smock windmills on Prospect Hill, Frindsbury, possibly looking south-east, showing on left The Little Mill or Manwaring’s Mill with outbuildings and on right The Great Mill or Rose’s Mill, latter surrounded by onlookers, children and horse and cart, one onlooker standing on circumferential platform, with fields and wooden fence in foreground. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history and proprietorship of both mills citing Ordnance Survey maps 1769-1843 and W. Coles Finch’s book Watermills and Windmills as sources. 6 3/10” x 4 1/8” (160mm x 116mm). Original exposed before c.1886 p.33

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of derelict base of Great Mill or Rose’s Mill on Prospect Hill, Frindsbury, subsequent to demolition of tower and conversion into two cottages, 65-67 Windmill Street. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of premises and proprietorship 1890-c.1945. Reproduced by Fine Art Studio, 11 Frindsbury Road, Strood. 7” x 5” (178mm x 127mm). Original exposed before c.1939. p.34

Frindsbury Extra.
Copy of photograph of front elevation of Quarry House, Windmill Hill, Frindsbury, looking from point diagonally opposite and slightly to south, showing weather-boarded extension on left. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of site and ownership and citing secondary sources Archaeologia Cantiana volume xvii pp.169-180 (1887) and Henry Smetham’s History of Strood 1899. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (158mm x 116mm) Original exposed before 1897. p.35

Frindsbury Extra.
Copy of photograph believed of rear elevation of Quarry House, Windmill Hill, Frindsbury, possibly looking from south-west, showing dilapidated brick building with gables, weather-boarded outbuilding and two onlookers. Reproduced by Fine Art Studio, 11 Frindsbury Road, Strood. 7” x 5” (178mm x 127mm). Original exposed before 1897. p.36

Frindsbury Intra.
Copy of photograph of industrial sites in Frindsbury Intra alongside River Medway, looking south from Windmill Hill towards Rochester, showing in foreground Kent Electric Power Co. power station, quarry and chalk cliff, in middle-ground wharves, and crane, middle-distance River Medway (Bridge Reach), lighters, other vessels and industrial buildings in Strood and in distance left to right, Gas House Point, Acorn Wharf, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle keep, Rochester Bridge and Temple Marsh. 8 1/5” x 5 3/10” (210mm x 160mm) Original exposed c.1925 p.37

Frindsbury Extra.
Copy of photograph of Frindsbury Peninsula looking south from Windmill Hill, Frindsbury towards Chatham Ness, showing in foreground discharge pit of Kent Electric Power Co. power station, disused chalk pit, in middle-ground cement factories (running from north to south, Phoenix Cement Works, Globe Cement Works, Bridge Cement Works, Crown Cement Works, Quarry Portland Cement Works and Beehive Cement Works) and River Medway (Limehouse Reach) and in distance, left to right, North Downs, HM Dockyard, Chatham, St. Mary’s Church, Chatham, Chatham Extra, Chatham Intra and industrial facilities on The Common, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to establishment of Kent Electric Power Co. 1906-1907. 5 ½” x 3 3/8” (138mm x 87mm) Original exposed c.1925 p.38

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of discharge area of Kent Electric Power Co. power station in disused chalk pit on Frindsbury Peninsula, looking north, showing in left middle-ground discharge outlets and in right middle-ground crystalloid stalactite formations and in background chalk cliff comprising southern edge of Frindsbury Hill. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 117mm) c.1925 p.39 (U)

Frindsbury Extra.
Photograph of discharge area of Kent Electric Power Co. power station in disused chalk pit on Frindsbury Peninsula, looking east, showing in foreground crystalloid stalagmite formations, in middle-ground crystalloid stalactite formations and in background chalk cliff comprising western edge of Windmill Hill. 6” x 4 ¼” (153mm x 117mm) c.1925 p.39 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Photograph of St. Mary’s Church, Vicarage Road, Strood, looking from the south, showing spire, entrance porch and transept, churchyard and boundary wall and rear of terraced houses in Grove Road in distance. 3 3/8” x 2 ¼” (87mm x 58mm) c.1890 p.40 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Photograph of St. Mary’s Church, Vicarage Road, Strood, looking from the south-west, showing west end, spire, nave and top of south transept with trees, wooden fence and walkways surrounding and two bystanders in right foreground. 5 ½” x 4 ¼” (140mm 110mm) c.1890 p.40 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Postcard photograph entitled Strood, St. Mary’s Church comprising view of church looking the south-west, showing west end, spire, porch, nave and top of south transept with trees, iron gates, boundary wall, lamp post and pedestrians in foreground. On rear, message from G. S [?][-] to a Miss Acres of 4 Guildford Lawn, Dover, discussing weather and cycling. Published by Wrench and printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Maidstone 2 May 1905. p.41/1

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Cuttings from St. Nicholas with St. Mary parish magazine (p.41/2-3) and Chatham News and Medway Extra reporting closure of St. Mary’s Church in 1993, two with photographs (p.41/4-6)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Photograph of interior of St. Mary’s Church, Vicarage Road, Strood, looking east along nave and showing east window (stained glass), chancel, altar, communion rail, lectern, pulpit, pews, aisle and font. 3 5/8” x 2 ¼” (93mm x 57mm) c.1890 p. 42 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Mary’s Church, Strood, interior comprising view of nave and chancel looking east and showing east window (stained glass), chancel, altar, communion rail, lectern, choir stalls, pews, aisle and churchwardens’ wands of office. Published by W. and H. Town, Strood. c.1926 p.42 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Printed programme for recitations at St. Mary’s schoolroom, Vicarage Road, Strood by Colonel Francis Charles Hughes-Hallett MP on 27 April 1886. Printed by Sweet and Sons, Strood. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to H. Smetham’s Sketches Prose and Rhymes, 1889. p.43

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Postcard group photograph of Rev. Hubert Harold Treacher, curate (left) and Rev. Lempriere Durell Hammond, vicar (right), latter sitting and both wearing cassocks, holding trenchers and looking at camera. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe each clergyman’s career and biographical sources, mentioning Treacher was an apprentice at Chatham Dockyard Technical College prior to 1914, was curate of St. Mary’s 1920-1925, vicar 1925-1929 and ultimately general secretary and head of the Church Army 1942-1949; and mentioning Hammond was vicar of St. Mary’s 1918-1928 ultimately becoming a canon of Lichfield Cathedral, Lichfield, Staffordshire in 1934. Photographer: Karise West, Rochester. c.1920 x c.1925 p.44

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article reporting appointment of Rev. Hubert Harold Treacher, curate of St. Mary’s as vicar in succession to Rev. Lempriere Durell Hammond and mentioning his service with the East Kent Regiment (The Buffs) in France, Singapore and Mesopotamia [cf. Iraq, Irak] during First World War. 7 August 1925 p.45 (left)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Docket bearing manuscript quotation comprising John Oxenham’s verse:

To every man there openeth,
A High way and a Low,
And every man decideth the
Way his soul shall go.

Signed by Lempriere D. Hammond, vicar 29 September 1925. p.45 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Docket bearing manuscript quotation comprising William Shakespeare’s verse:

There is a tide in the affairs of man, if
taken at the flood, leads to
fortune

Signed by Hubert H. Treacher, curate, 18 January 1925 p.45 (M)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Docket bearing manuscript quotation comprising verse, author not ascribed:

If that which shines afar so grand,
Turns but to shadow in the hand,
On again! The glory lies
In the struggle; not the prize.
Signed by Hubert H. Treacher, vicar 19 November 1929 p.45 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Cutting from Medway Extra comprising article by Bill Snook [alias H. Townsend?] reminiscing about his boyhood playing billiards in St. Mary’s Hall, with group photograph of Rev. H.H. Treacher, curate [Rev. Charles Edmond Preston?] and members of boys’ club [?] posing in front of church or hall. [Couchman’s dating of 1921 is almost certainly mistaken unless Treacher was curate at the time but even so in the group Treacher is sitting centrally. The article describes Treacher as rector in 1921 but he became rector in 1925.] c.1925 x c.1929 p.46

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Photograph of boys from St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood, washing dirty plates during summer camp at former Royal Naval Air Station, Isle of Grain, under supervision of Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s, subjects standing around bucket with accommodation blocks in background. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the boys were transported by a Mr. Lyle by lorry. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) August 1927. p.47

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of members of St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood, bathing in the sea at the Isle of Grain, on occasion of summer camp, camera looking out to sea, subjects looking at camera with spritsail barge and cargo ships in distance. Subjects include Ted Small, third from right, Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s, fifth from right and supporting boy on his right shoulder and E.J. Barnes (of 25 Bowes Road, Frindsbury), camp cook, eighth from right and supporting boy on his left shoulder. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.48 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of members of St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood, bathing in the sea at the Isle of Grain, on occasion of summer camp, camera looking out to sea, subjects looking at camera with spritsail barge and cargo ships in distance. Subjects include Ted Small first on right (at rear), Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s, third from right, Percy Small, standing to Treacher’s right, at rear and E.H. Couchman, tall youth to Small’s right, at rear. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.48 (L)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of members of St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club, Strood and visiting parents, on occasion of summer camp at former Royal Naval Air Station, Isle of Grain, subjects facing camera and showing corrugated iron accommodation block in background. Subjects include Rev. H.H. Treacher, vicar of St. Mary’s at far left and E.J. Barnes (of 25 Bowes Road, Frindsbury), camp cook, standing at far right of main group and wearing chef’s hat. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.49 (U)

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
* Group photograph of parents of boys attending St. Mary the Virgin Boys’ Club summer camp at former Royal Naval Air Station, Isle of Grain, subjects facing camera and showing corrugated iron accommodation block in background. Subjects include Mr. E. Couchman, second from left and Mrs. E. Couchman, fourth from left. Couchman’s accompanying notes indicate the parents visited by coach. 4 ½” x 2 ¾” (112mm x 73mm) 31 August 1927. p.49 (L)

[* pp. 47-49: Couchman’s accompanying notes state the negatives of the these prints were deposited with Rochester upon Medway City Archives, see deposit DE327]

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Stencil programme for tea and entertainment at St. Mary’s school rooms, Vicarage Road, Strood 5 February 1879, stencil made with Thomas Edison’s [?] Electric Pen duplicating machine. Copy inscribed by Maud Sharp Stephenson 5 February 1879. p.50

Frindsbury Intra: St. Mary’s Church.
Printed programme for grand vocal and instrumental concert at St. Mary’s School rooms, Vicarage Road, Strood on 8 May 1879, instrumentalists provided by string band of Royal Marines. Printed by James Taylor, Rainham and Strood. Inscribed on rear Maud [Sharp Stephenson?] p.51

Strood Intra.
Colour photograph of former Rochester City Council volunteer fire brigade station, Station Road, Strood, looking north from point on west side of Station Road and slightly to south, showing in left foreground entrance to Friary Place, in middle-ground building with signboard of G. Ripley, second-hand wood dealer, stacks of planks leaning against building and trees, bushes and in background embankment of London Victoria main railway line and waiting or passing British Rail passenger train. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of use of premises 1899-1990. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 5 ¾” x 4” (147mm x 100mm) 24 October 1988 p.52

Frindsbury Intra.
Cuttings from Chatham Rochester and Gillingham News comprising headline Startling evidence as pit fears are soothed p.53

Frindsbury Intra.
Re-print of article from Chatham Rochester and Gillingham News of 28 November 1930 as reproduced in Chatham News of 1 December 1967 reporting landslide at home of Mr. and Mrs. A. Walter of 1 Bingham Road, Frindsbury. 1 December 1967. p.54

Frindsbury Intra.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles entitled Probe proves area is riddled with tunnels reporting on subsidence in Strood, mentioning Watermill Street, West Street, Windmill Street and Prospect Avenue and That pit – and new light on what’s underground reporting on research papers compiled by W. Coles Finch, engineer to Strood and Chatham Water Companies, in 1909, in possession of L.H.C. Searle of Prospect Avenue, Strood, retired teacher *, and experiences of local people. With photographs of Mrs. Emily Edwards of Windmill Street, Mr. William and Mrs. Nancy Landers (formerly Miss Nancy Walters of Bingham Road) and Mr. and Mrs. George Butcher of Windmill Street 1 December 1967 pp.55-57

[* These papers would appear to be those deposited with Rochester upon Medway City Archives by Mr. Searle’s estate in 1994, see deposit DE351]

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising statement made by Rochester City Council concerning its response to subsidence that caused loss of life in Strood on 21 November 1967 [victim Mrs. Jean Thompson]. 1 December 1967 p.58

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising article entitled Call for urgent action over dangerous holes reporting Rochester upon Medway Borough Council’s response to subsidence in Frindsbury. 9 January 1981. p.59

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News entitled New fear as 11-year old death hole re-appears: council seals off village alleyway to prevent repeat of 1968 [sic] tragedy with photograph of subsidence in vicinity of West Street, Frindsbury. 9 March 1979. p.60

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News entitled Shock for couple as a 30ft. chasm threatens house: back garden hole filled up with 125 tons of concrete reporting subsidence at home of Mr. Alan d’Alvarez and Susan Johncock, Bingham Road, Frindsbury, with photograph of couple in back garden. 22 March 1985 p.61

Frindsbury Intra.
Cutting from Chatham News entitled Anne recalls frightening saga of Frindsbury’s gaping chasms by Dennis Pearce with photograph of Mrs. Anne Landers of Laburnum Road, Strood, formerly of Bingham Road, Frindsbury, relating to subsidence. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the Christian name should be Nancy not Anne. 29 March 1985 p.62

Frindsbury Intra.
Cuttings from Chatham News entitled Survey will be commissioned over huge hole in back garden (26 April 1985) and Help is needed to fill big holes in mystery (24 January 1985). p.63

Frindsbury Intra.
Colour photograph of Methodist Chapel, Frindsbury Road, Strood, looking east across Frindsbury Road from point diagonally opposite and to west, showing street frontage and western elevation, traffic lights, hatchback car waiting at lights, street furniture, hydrant sign, yellow lines, pedestrian barriers and adjoining buildings. Typewritten accompanying notes comprise extract from Henry Smetham’s History of Strood (1899) pertaining to history of Methodism in Strood 1800-1899. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 11 August 1987 p.64

Frindsbury Intra.
Photocopies of notices placed in Chatham News by Rochester City Council pertaining to removal of gravestones and human remains at Methodist Chapel, Frindsbury Road, Strood in connection with Rochester Corporation Tramways and Improvements Act (1903), 1905 and 1907. p.65

File updated by Borough Archivist 9 June 2005

Date: [1824] 1803-1988 [1994]
Quantity: 1 volume/65pp.
Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_23 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_23.html

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E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

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Cobham: Cobham Hall and Park, Cobham Village, Cobham Church, Cobham College and Cobham Environs

Cobham Hall and Park
Print from engraving entitled Cobham Hall, Kent, the seat of Earl of Darnley comprising view of west elevation of Cobham Hall looking north-east from West Park, showing in foreground part of Cobham Park, group of recumbent deer and bushes, in middle ground hall and in distance trees. A sub-title states tickets to the state rooms are obtainable from Mr. Caddel’s Library, Gravesend. c.1800 DE402/23/p.1

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, Kent comprising view of west front looking east from West Park, showing in foreground field at edge of Cobham Park, in middle ground lawn or tennis court, in middle distance garden court, trees and hall showing left to right, north wing, central block and south wing. On rear, message from Benjamin [?] (Benny [?]) to Mr. W. Misson (Mishy), c/o Rev. Dr. Flecker, Dean Close School, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, describing weather and sending love. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the hall was owned successively by Lords Cobham 1208-1603, Dukes of Lennox and Richmond 1613-1672, Barons and Baronesses Clifton of Leighton Bromswold 1672-1728 and the Blighs, Earls of Darnley [1728-1955.] Postmarked Harrow, Middlesex 5 September 1908. DE402/23/p.2 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, Kent comprising view of south elevation of south wing looking north-west from South Pleasure Grounds, showing in foreground South Lawn and shrubbery, in middle ground trees, shrubs and tent and in middle distance Hall. On rear, message from Thomas (Tom) [-] to Miss F. Hicks, 2 Barton Buildings, Queens Square, Bath, Somerset, wishing her a good cycle ride. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Dulwich, London 20 July 1908. DE402/23/p.2 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph comprising view of south elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north from South Pleasure Grounds, showing in foreground garden, lawns and shrubberies, in middle ground pathways, fountain and cedar of Lebanon and in distance Hall. Mason Collection. c.1910 DE402/23/p.3 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall comprising view of south elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north-east from western end of South Lawn, showing in foreground lawn at edge of Cobham Park, in middle ground trees and shrubs and in distance, left to right, southern elevation of north wing (partly obscured), garden court and south wing. On rear, message from Laura [-] to Miss L. (Dorothy or Dot) Moss, 27 St. Patricks Road, Hereson, Ramsgate, wishing her a jolly time. Postmarked Rochester 23 August 1911. DE402/23/3 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of southern elevation of Cobham Hall looking north across South Pleasure Grounds in Cobham Park from point between Old Dairy and Hall, showing in fore and middle grounds fence, shrubs and trees, in middle distance cedar of Lebanon and other trees and in distance Hall with trees beyond. 3 ½” x 2 1/8” (89mm x 54mm) c.1880 DE402/23/p.4 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled A Peep at Cobham Hall comprising view of south elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north across South Pleasure Grounds in Cobham Park from point between Old Dairy and Hall, showing in fore and middle grounds trees, shrubs and lawns, in middle distance cedar of Lebanon and in distance Hall and trees beyond. c.1910 DE402/23/p.4 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, West Front showing in foreground lawn at edge of West Park in Cobham Park, in middle ground trees and in middle distance, left to right, north wing, garden court and central block and south wing. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed architectural description of Hall and viewing arrangements. c.1910 DE402/23/p.5 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Hall, South Front comprising view of Cobham Hall and surrounding gardens looking north from South Pleasure Grounds, showing in fore and middle ground shrubs, South Lawn and trees, in middle distance cedar of Lebanon and in distance Hall with trees beyond. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed description of topography and Park and quoting from The Pickwick Papers Chapter xi pertaining to the Pickwickians’ route from Rochester to Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.5 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Picture Gallery, Cobham Hall comprising interior longitudinal view of corridor in west range of service court looking south, showing floor covering, chairs on each side of corridor and on left side windows and on right side cornice, picture rail and hanging framed pictures. c.1910 DE402/23/p.6

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Charles Dickens’ Chalet, Cobham Park, near Rochester comprising view of former Dickens’ Swiss * chalet on southern slope of Cobham Park Oppidum, looking north-east, showing in foreground grass area and bushes, in middle ground chalet and bushes and in background trees. On rear, message from D. O[-] to a Mrs. French, 26 Northcote Road, Strood, asking for the return of a box to a florist. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the chalet was presented to Dickens by Charles Fechter, actor, and stood in the shrubbery at Gad’s Hill, Higham until 1870. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Postmarked Kidderminster, Worcestershire 28 March 1923. DE402/23/p.7 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Dickens’ Chalet, Cobham comprising view of former Dickens’ Swiss * chalet at northern end of Terraced Garden at Cobham Hall, looking north-west, showing in foreground lawn and shrubs, in middle ground pathway, daffodils and chalet and in distance terrace and trees. Photographer A.E. Ash. c.1910 x c.1920 DE402/23/p.7 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Swiss Chalet, Cobham Park comprising view of former Dickens’ Swiss * chalet at northern end of Terraced Garden at Cobham Hall, looking north, showing in foreground lawn and sapling, in middle ground shrubs and chalet and in distance trees. On rear, message from Millicent (Milly) [-] to Amy [-] wishing her many returns of the day. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham and printed by S.H. and Co. Ltd. in Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes refer to difficulties in re-erecting chalet on arrival from Crystal Palace, London, 1871. c.1910 DE402/23/p.8

[* cf. Switzerland]

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Park comprising view of Friesian and Jersey cows and deer grazing in park, probably in vicinity of Peggy Taylor's Hill [site of later Rochester and Cobham Park Golf Course], showing in middle ground felled trees and middle distance and distance clumps of trees. On rear, message from unsigned author to a Mrs. Gooding, 22 Bathurst Mews, Sussex Square, Paddington, London, describing a run. Published by William Purfield, Cobham. Postmarked Wareham, Dorset 21 June 1912. DE402/23/p.9 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Park near Rochester comprising view of Friesian and Jersey cows and deer grazing in park, probably in vicinity of Peggy Taylor's Hill [area later Rochester and Cobham Park Golf Course], showing in distance clumps of trees. c.1912 DE402/23/p.9 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Lodge Gate and Park, Cobham comprising view of estate lodge and entrance to south-eastern corner of Cobham Park, looking east from end of Lodge Lane, Cobham towards Great Wood, showing in foreground carriageway and horse manure, in middle ground, left to right, gate posts and opened gate, wooden fence and two children looking at camera, thatched building and garden, in near distance trees, in middle distance open parkland and in distance Great Wood. c.1910 DE402/23/10 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Lodge Gate, Cobham Park, Cobham comprising view of estate lodge and entrance to south-eastern corner of Cobham Park, looking east-north-east, showing in foreground carriageway and horse manure, in middle ground, left to right, gate posts and opened gate, continuation of road, wooden fence, thatched building and garden, in near and middle distance trees and in distance open parkland and clumps of trees. [Mutilated or re-touched.] c.1910 DE402/23/10 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Cutting from Chatham Observer comprising reproduction of drawing of monument to Edward Bligh, 5th. Earl of Darnley with full quotation of inscription. Couchman’s accompanying notes describe the accident in which on 4 Febuary 1835 Lord Darnley injured his foot whilst demonstrating to two companions how to cut a tree root in half, contracting tetanus as a result, consequential death on 11 February, erection of four yew trees and memorial and vandalism in period 1945-1949. 11 December 1936 DE402/23/p.11

Cobham Hall and Park
Colour photograph of fragments of monument to Edward Bligh, 5th. Earl of Darnley, Cobham Hall, showing in foreground stone bearing carved coat of arms, in middle ground plinth, collapsed stones, tree and undergrowth and in distance clump of trees. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 4 April 1984 DE402/23/p.12 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Colour photograph of fragments of monument to Edward Bligh, 5th. Earl of Darnley, Cobham Hall, looking from point to right of vantage point in above photograph, showing in foreground same stone bearing carved coat of arms, in middle ground plinth, collapsed stones, tree and undergrowth and in background bases of trees. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. 4 April 1984 DE402/23/p.12 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of family mausoleum of Earls of Darnley on William’s Hill, Cobham Park, looking south-east from the Deer Park, showing in foreground summit of hill and trees, in middle ground mausoleum, flight of steps leading from basement vault to chapel and surrounding iron railing and in distance clump of trees. Couchman’s accompanying notes explain mausoleum was built by John Bligh, 4th. Earl of Darnley on instructions of his father, employment of James Wyatt as architect, give date of laying of foundation stone as 17 June 1783, describe architecture, cost, non-use and possibly spurious alternative historical details pertaining to mausoleum, attributed to W. Glanvill Mason. c.1930 DE402/23/p.13

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Mausoleum, Lord Darnley’s Park, Cobham, near Rochester comprising view of family mausoleum of Earls of Darnley on William’s Hill, Cobham Park, looking east from the Deer Park, showing in foreground summit of hill, in middle ground path and walker, in middle distance mausoleum, flight of steps leading from basement vault to chapel and surrounding iron railing and in left middle distance and distance trees at northern end of Norwood Grove. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.14 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Mausoleum in Cobham Park, Kent comprising view of family mausoleum of Earls of Darnley on William’s Hill, Cobham Park, looking south-east from the Deer Park, showing in foreground surrounding iron railing and bushes, in middle ground mausoleum and flight of steps leading from basement vault to chapel and in background trees and bushes. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1910 DE402/23/p.14 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Woods, Cobham, Kent comprising view of metalled road, probably Brewers Road, Shorne, running through woodland, probably looking north, showing on right hand side Brewers Wood and on left hand side Shorne Wood, also showing undergrowth and bushes alongside road. On rear, message from Ethel [?] (Eth) [-] to a Dr. Ptolemy, c/o Mr. H. Taylor, 15 Wrotham Road, Gravesend, hoping to see him and sending her love. Postmarked Dartford 13 May 1908 and Gravesend 14 May 1914. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. DE402/23/p.15 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods comprising view of metalled road probably Brewers Road, Shorne, running through woodland, probably looking north, showing on right hand side Brewers Wood and on left hand side Shorne Wood, showing pony and trap approaching camera, canopy of trees and undergrowth and bushes alongside road. On rear, message from Gladys [-], 25 Overcliffe, Gravesend to Miss Edith (Edie) Read, 47 Park Street, Southend-on-Sea, Essex, saying she is safe and discussing travel arrangements. Exposed c.1905. Postmarked Gravesend 26 September 1917. DE402/23/p.15 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods, Kent comprising view of path running through woodland, probably Cobham Woods (Cobham, Cuxton or Strood) or Shorne Wood (Shorne), showing strollers heading towards or facing camera and bare trees including chestnuts on both sides of path. On rear, message from Grandma to Master Charles (Charlie) K. Potter, 22 Normandy Road, Handsworth, Birmingham, Staffordshire, sending her love, saying she is glad he is doing well at school and hoping he can stroll one day in Cobham Woods. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 2 April 1910. DE402/23/p.16 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods, near Gravesend comprising view looking along metalled road, possibly Watling Street, running through woodland, probably Cobham Woods (Cobham, Cuxton or Strood) or Shorne Wood (Shorne), showing pony and trap approaching camera, canopy of trees and undergrowth and bushes alongside road. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. From same negative as DE402/23/p.15 (L) above. Exposed c.1905. DE402/23/p.16 (L) [Mutilated]

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Path through the Wood, Cobham comprising view looking along path through woodland, probably in vicinity of Puckle Hill or Brewers Wood, Shorne, showing undergrowth and ferns and tree canopy and in left foreground noticeboard on tree trunk stating Rhododendron season ended. On rear, message from A.B. Kelly, as of 75 Colomb Street, East Greenwich, London to a Miss White, 8 Etta Street, Deptford, London SE, mentioning visit to concerts at Hatcham Liberal Club, London and picnic whilst holiday-making in Cobham Woods. Dated and postmarked Gillingham 8 August 1912. DE402/23/p.17 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Woods comprising view looking along path through woodland, probably Cobham Woods (Cobham, Cuxton or Strood) and possibly in vicinity of Mausoleum, showing bare hornbeam trees and silver birches either side of path and in distance. c.1910 DE402/23/p.17 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Park, Kent, Brewers Gate comprising view of brick lodge and arched gateway looking south across Watling Street from south-east corner of Shorne Wood, showing in foreground carriageway at junction of Watling Street and Brewers Road, in middle ground lodge forecourt and, left to right, brick wall and mouldings, pedestrian arch, vehicular arch, iron gates, lodge, tree and iron railing and in distance trees inside northern boundary of Cobham Park. DB Ltd. Series. Couchman’s accompanying notes state Brewers Gate was principal entrance to Cobham Park built in 1800 and demolished 1979 x 1980. c.1906 DE402/23/p.18 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Brewers Gate, Cobham Park comprising view of junction of Brewers Road and Watling Street, showing in foreground, left to right, corner of highway verge at south-west corner of Brewers Wood, section of Brewers Road between Boghurst Cottages and junction with Watling Street, trees, hedge and ditch at south-east corner of Shorne Wood, in middle ground Watling Street, parked horse-drawn grocer’s van, in middle distance pedestrian arch, vehicular arch, iron gates, lodge, tree and iron railing and in distance trees inside northern boundary of Cobham Park. Street scene shows finger signpost pointing to Rochester and Gravesend, two parked bicycles and one dismounted cyclist looking at camera. On rear, message from A.E. B[-] of Fisherswood [Rochester?] to a Miss Edmonds, Red House, Frindsbury describing own touring holiday, giving itinerary of relations’ touring holiday in Devon and weather. Published by H. Brothers. Couchman’s accompanying notes state advertisement on side of delivery van gives price of sugar as 1d. per pound. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 26 July 1938. DE402/23/p.18 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Avenue, Cobham Park comprising view of lime avenue leading from Cobham through Cobham Park to Cobham Hall, probably looking north-east, showing inner path leading away from camera, grass verges and trees in leaf. Published by H. Brothers c.1915 x c.1920 DE402/23/p.19 (left)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of avenue of four rows of lime trees leading from Cobham Hall through Cobham Park to Cobham, looking south-west along path and between inner rows of trees towards Cobham and Cobhambury, showing inner path leading away from camera, outer paths, bench, bare trees, in left middle ground and distance wooden fence, in left distance roofline of Cobhambury and in right middle distance open field adjoining. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of avenue. c.1940 DE402/23/p.19 (right)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Entrance to Rhododendron Avenue, Cobham comprising view of road, probably Brewers Road, Shorne, leading away from camera, showing in right foreground finger signpost and receding into distance trees on both sides of road, probably situated in Shorne Wood. Street scene shows in left middle ground pedestrians walking towards camera and in right middle ground farmer accompanied by Jersey cow both also facing camera. On rear, message from Violet (Vi) [?] [-] at 12 Surrey Road, Cliftonville, Margate to Miss L. Phillips, 2 Scarborough Villas, Burham, describing her stay in Margate and looking forward to seeing fashions at a concert. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Margate 3 September 1910. DE402/23/p.20 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham, Kent. Entrance to Rhododendrons comprising view of road, probably Brewers Road, Shorne, leading away from camera, showing in right foreground finger signpost and receding into distance trees on both sides of road, location probably Shorne Wood. Street scene shows wooden swing barrier over road. On rear, message from a Mr. Jeans to his daughter Miss Jeans, 35 Lebanon (Lebonon) Park, Twickenham, Middlesex, discussing his movements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gravesend 25 May 1911. DE402/23/p.20 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph comprising view of male stroller in straw boater hat facing camera and standing on path between rhododendron bushes and trees, bushes and trees receding into distance, probably situated in vicinity of Puckle Hill, Brewers Wood, Shorne. On rear, addressed to Miss R. Banfield, The Turret, 74 Streatham High Road, Streatham, London SW by unstated sender. Postmarked Cobham 18 April 1908. DE402/23/p.21(U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph comprising view of woman stroller in calf-length white dress and broad-brimmed hat facing camera and standing on path rhododendron bushes and trees, probably situated in vicinity of Puckle Hill, Brewers Wood, Shorne. Couchman’s accompanying notes identify subject as Mrs. L. Mason, wife of W. Glanvill Mason, of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham (consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship.) c.1925 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (141mm x 94mm) DE402/23/p.21 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled The Rhododendrons, Lord Darnley’s Park, Cobham comprising view of path between rhododendron bushes and trees, bushes and trees receding into distance, probably situated in Shorne Wood or Brewers Wood, Shorne. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, discussing visiting arrangements. Balmoral Series, published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 18 April 1914. DE402/23/p.22 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Rhododendron Avenue, Lord Darnley’s Park, Cobham comprising view of fork in paths between rhododendron bushes and trees, bushes and trees receding into distance, probably situated in Shorne Wood or Brewers Wood, Shorne. Path scene shows denizen in peaked cap directing two dapperly dressed male visitors with his walking stick, accompanied by young girl. Noticeboard in bushes states Carriages will wait in the road. Re-touched. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, discussing her holiday, landing at Folkestone and stormy weather. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 22 August 1911. DE402/23/p.22 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham, Kent, the Lake and Rhododendrons comprising view of fish pond, and surrounding shrubs and trees, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne [site of later Inn on the Lake] showing in foreground fish pond and in middle ground and distance shrubs and trees. On rear, message from K. T[-] to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, 71 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, describing journey to Strood and Rochester. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Rochester 14 July 1907. DE402/23/p.23 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne [site of later Inn on the Lake], showing in right fore and middle-ground fish pond, in left foreground pond bank and tree, in middle distance collapsed wooden paling and in distance trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 x c.1940 6 3/8” x 4 ½” (162mm x 115mm) DE402/23/p.23 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne [site of later Inn on the Lake], showing in fore and middle-grounds fish pond and in middle distance and distance rhododendrons and trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (141mm x 94mm) DE402/23/p.24 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of W. Glanvill Mason, of 27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, consulting optician, local historian and guide to Rochester Dickens’ Fellowship, standing on grassy path among rhododendrons and other shrubs probably in Shorne Wood, Shorne, looking to left of camera and holding straw hat in right hand. Photographer possibly Mrs. L. Mason and location as in DE402/23/p.21 (L) above. c.1925 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (141mm x 94mm) DE402/23/p.24 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne, showing in fore and middle-grounds fish pond and in middle distance and distance rhododendrons and trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 x c.1940 6 3/8” x 4 ½” (162mm x 115mm) DE402/23/p.25 (U)

Cobham Hall and Park
Photograph of corner of fish pond, probably Old Fish Pond or New Fish Pond, Shorne Wood, Shorne, showing in fore and middle-grounds rushes, overhanging birch trees and fish pond and in middle distance and distance rhododendrons and trees. Photographer possibly W. Glanvill Mason. c.1925 x c.1940 6 3/8” x 4 ½” (162mm x 115mm) DE402/23/p.25 (L)

Cobham Hall and Park
Tinted oval print from engraving entitled Park Keeper’s Lodge, Cobham comprising view of west elevation of Thong Lodge, Shorne, looking east, showing in foreground, left to right, lawn and shrubs, driveway leading away from viewer, wooden rail, shrubs and fish pond, in middle ground trees, brick wall and gateway, continuation of wall, clump of trees and pond bank, in middle distance trees in Randall Heath, continuation of driveway, lodge and clump of trees at northern edge of The Burnett. Couchman’s accompanying notes state lodge was designed by the younger Repton. c.1840 DE402/23/p.26

Cobham Hall and Park
Postcard photograph entitled Thong Lodge comprising view of west elevation of Thong Lodge, Shorne, looking east, showing in foreground, left to right, lawn driveway, verge, iron railing and corner of field, in middle ground trees, brick wall and gateway, continuation of wall and lodge and in middle distance and distance, trees forming part of Randall Heath. On rear, message from F. J[-] to Mr. E. Gooding, 107 Alderney Road, Pimlico, London, arranging to meet him. Published by G. Axton, Post Office, Cobham. Postmarked Cobham 4 September 1909. DE402/23/p.27

Cobham Hall and Park
Cutting from Chatham News comprising avertisement place by Cluttons, 3 Beer Cart Lane, Canterbury, estate agents, in respect of Thong Lodge, Shorne, for £70,000 freehold. 5 October 1984. DE402/23/p.27A

Cobham High Street
Reproduction of photograph of postcard entitled Leather Bottle Inn, Rochester comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left fore and middle grounds Leather Bottle public house, and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows beer cart delivering to The Darnley Arms public house several doors up, carriageway and public house signs advertising Meux and Co.’s double stout and porter from G. Smith, Gravesend. Photographer or publisher G.W.W. c.1900 DE402/23/p.28

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west and from opposite side of road, showing in right foreground dwarf wall and hedge, in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, onlookers and advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons. Before 1923 DE402/23/p.29 (U)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern and western elevations of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west and from opposite side of road, showing in middle distance and distance ranges of houses on each side of road including The Darnley Arms public house on left hand side. Street scene shows carriageway, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons and stone corner guard. On rear, printed extracts from The Pickwick Papers chapter xi pertaining to Pickwickians’ visit to Cobham. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.29 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern and western elevations of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in middle distance and distance ranges of houses on each side of road including The Darnley Arms public house on left hand side. Street scene shows carriageway, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons and plant tub and buckets. On front and rear, message from C. R[-] to William Glanvill Mason, 8 Ruskin Terrace, Byron Road, New Brompton, sending best wishes. Published by Valentine and published by kind permission of Hallmark International. Postmarked Rochester 12 August 1903. DE402/23/p.30 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, onlookers, horse-drawn vehicles and advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room. On rear, message from J.S. and A. [Hopkins?] of 49 Byron Road, Gillingham to J.W. Hodges Esq., 2 Alma Villas, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, sending best wishes. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe there is no inn sign. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Gillingham 27 March 1906. DE402/23/p.30 (L)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Ye Olde Pickwick Leather Bottle, Cobham [sic] comprising view of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, entrance to Leather Bottle yard, Leather Bottle public house and adjacent shop and on southern side of road churchyard wall, flight of steps and trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, wheel marks, pedestrian and inn signs. On rear, message from Robert (Bob) [-] to E. (Joe) A. Ellis, 6 Burlington Road, Bayswater, London, arranging to meet him at Victoria Railway Station following day and saying he is playing cricket for Meopham day of writing. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. Postmarked Gravesend 4 August 1906. DE402/23/p.31

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, entrance to Leather Bottle yard and Leather Bottle public house and on southern side of road trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, parked horse-drawn vehicle, beer barrel, bystanders and inn signs. Before 1923 DE402/23/p.32 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles and passengers, beer barrels, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. Published by Shurey’s Publications and printed by Delittle, Fenwick and Co., York, East Riding, Yorkshire. Before 1923 DE402/23/p.32 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Old Pickwick comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, Cobham, looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, ladder on its side, beer barrels, pale, wooden posts at entrance to Leather Bottle yard, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. On rear, message from Katie [-] to a Mrs. Hodges, 125 Milton Road, Gravesend, thanking her for hospitality. Postmarked Rochester 30 August 1916 DE402/23/p.33 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dickens’ Old Leather Bottle Inn, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation and part of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond including The Darnley Arms public house and on right hand side of road Stone House or College School House and range of houses beyond. Street scene shows carriageway, children and women bystanders, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. On rear, message from Edith (Edie) [-] to her brother Percival (Percy) [-] describing family visits, holiday arrangements and mentioning sending of Graham [-] to Clifton College, Bristol. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Dated 28 September [1907?] Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest the year is either 1907 or 1912 but he gives no supporting evidence. Couchman’s notes also draw attention to presence of billiards notice. DE402/23/p.33 (L)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dickens’ Old Pickwick Leather Bottle Inn, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of public house looking from point in High Street slightly to west, showing in left middle ground Leather Bottle public house and range of houses beyond and on right hand side of road range of houses. Street scene shows carriageway, girl with perambulator, two dismounted cyclists with bicycles, parked motor car and two occupants and group of men onlookers, all looking at camera, advertisements on front and side of Leather Bottle for ales, stouts, dinners, teas and luncheons in Dickens’ Pickwick Room and inn signs. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the Leather Bottle was built c.1692 [sic] and is mentioned in Charles Dickens’ works Pickwick Papers and The Uncommercial Traveller Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.34

Cobham High Street
Copy of photograph of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, entrance to Leather Bottle yard, Leather Bottle public house and adjacent house and on southern side of road trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, women pedestrians, motor vehicle heading away from camera, steps leading from road, clump of trees and inn signs. Fire insurance plaques are visible on first storey of house to right of public house. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (158mm x 115mm) c.1923 x c.1924 DE402/23/p.35

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house looking from point in High Street slightly to east, showing on northern side of road, left to right, brick cottage, open-sided lean-to, entrance to Leather Bottle yard and Leather Bottle public house and on southern side of road trees in distance. Street scene shows carriageway, parked motor van, inn signs, Automobile Association (AA) sign and public house beer cellar cover. Couchman’s accompanying notes date the public house to late 14th. Century and describe restoration work undertaken by John Russell of Russell’s Brewery, Gravesend, 1923-1925. Exposure dated 24 April 1937. DE402/23/p.36

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of western elevation of Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing half timbered building with gables and tiled, pitched roofs, motorcycle and side car parked in yard and signs advertising Shrimp brand beers. On rear, message from D. [-] to her husband or sweetheart Aircraftman C. Watters 1499417, Royal Air Force (RAF) Station Neatishead, Norwich, Norfolk, looking forward to meeting and sending love and kisses. Postmarked 4 May [?] 1942. DE402/23/p.37

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Ye Old Pickwick Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of southern and western elevations of public house, looking from point on opposite side of High Street and slightly to west, showing left to right on north side of road, corner of brick cottage, entrance to yard, public house and two houses to east. Street scene shows carriageway, piles of tiles and planks in yard, beer cellar trapdoor raised and man entering house two doors up. Photographer: A.E. Ash After 1923 DE402/23/p.38

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Dickens Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, comprising diagonal view of room containing leafed table, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, long case clock, fireplace with ceramic tiles, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling of plaster and wooden beams. On rear, descriptive text with quotation from Pickwick Papers chapter xi by Charles Dickens, referring to meeting of Pickwick, Snodgrass and Winkle with Tupman. Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.39 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Dickens Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham comprising diagonal view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing room containing leafed table, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, long case clock, fireplace with ceramic tiles, mantelpiece, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling of plaster and wooden beams. On rear, message from Ja[-?] F[-] to H.G. Harper Esq., The Grand Hotel, Cromer, Norfolk, apologising for not visiting and complaining about effect of squally weather on flowers and fruit. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham. Postmarked London EC 2 September 1908. DE402/23/p.39 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Pickwick Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising longitudinal view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing room containing leafed table, card table, oval tables, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, long case clock, fireplace with ceramic tiles, window, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling of plaster and wooden beams. Published by W.T. Munns of Gravesend, Kent, photographer. c.1910 DE402/23/p.40 (U)

Cobham High Street
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Dickens Pickwick Room, Cobham comprising diagonal view of interior of parlour in Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing room containing leafed table, wooden chairs, piano, patterned carpet, table wares, opened book, long case clock, brick fireplace, mantelpiece, walls hung with Dickensiana and ceiling. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. c.1907 DE402/23/p.40 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Tea Room, Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising diagonal view of room in Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing leaf table and chairs, small dining table, coat and hat stand, brick and timber lintel fireplace, logs, opposite wall hung in Dickensiana, plaster and wooden beam ceiling and electrolier. Published by W.T. Munns of Gravesend, Kent, photographer. c.1910 DE402/23/p.41 (U)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled The Lounge, Leather Bottle, Cobham, Kent comprising diagonal view of room in Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham, showing floor rug, floorboards, tables, chairs, small fireplace, windows, opposite wall hung in Dickensiana, plaster and wooden beam ceiling, long case clock and side room. Published by W.T. Munns of Gravesend, Kent, photographer. c.1910 DE402/23/p.41 (L)

Cobham High Street
Postcard photograph entitled Rose Cottage, Cobham, Kent comprising view of two storey house at junction of High Street and Halfpence Lane, Cobham, looking north from point opposite inside corner of bend, showing in foreground carriageway and water hydrant and stop valve signs, in middle ground wooden boundary fence, garden, two women occupiers looking at camera, shrubs, tree and house and in distance second cottage in Halfpence Lane and trees. Published by J. Frith and Co. Ltd., Reigate, Surrey and printed in Saxony, Germany. Pre-1914 DE402/23/p.42

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from point in High Street slightly to east, showing in foreground part of carriageway, churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials and church path, in middle distance church and trees and in right distance clump of trees. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. c.1905 DE402/23/p.43 (U)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church, near Gravesend comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from point in High Street slightly to east, showing in foreground part of carriageway, churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials and church path, in middle distance church and trees and in right distance clump of trees. From same negative as DE402/23/p.43 (U) above. Couchman draws the reader’s attention to the fact Cobham is associated with Gravesend in the caption. On rear, dated 25 July 1905 in MS, presumed date of visit and purchase by original purchaser. DE402/23/p.43 (L)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church, Kent comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground top of churchyard wall and part of wooden gate, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, tree and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance tree. On rear, message from Alice Wood to her mother Mrs. Wood, 87 King Street, Gillingham, concerning work vacation arrangements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Herne [?] Bay 25 August 1907 DE402/23/p.44 (U)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, clump of trees and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance second clump of trees. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1905 DE402/23/p.44 (L)

Cobham Church
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, tree and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance clump of trees. On rear, message from Violet [-] to Mrs. Florence (Florrie) Loweth, 51 Bedford Road, Clapham Road, Clapham, London, discussing visiting arrangements and mentioning a week spent in Strood. Published by H. Brothers. Postmarked Leyton, London 7 October 1914. DE402/23/45 (U)

Cobham Church
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham Church comprising view of northern elevation of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church, High Street, Cobham, looking south-south-west from south side of High Street, showing in foreground churchyard wall of brick and flint and wooden gates, in middle ground churchyard, memorial to 6th. Earl of Darnley, headstones, other memorials, tree and church path, in middle distance church and in right distance clump of trees. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed descriptions of architecture, churchyard and quotations from The Pickwick Papers chapter xi pertaining to visit to churchyard by Pickwick and Tupman. DE402/23/p.45 (L)

Cobham Church
Postcard photograph entitled The Chancel, Cobham Church comprising interior view of chancel looking south-east, showing in foreground parts of memorial brasses, in middle ground step to chancel, alabaster and black marble monument to and recumbent effigies of Sir George Brooke, Lord Cobham and his wife Anne and their 14 children, surrounded by iron railing and altar rail, to rear east wall and in south wall piscina and sedilia. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed descriptions of architecture and notes on Lord Cobham’s funerary armour. c.1912 DE402/23/p.46 (U)

Cobham Church
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Chancel, Cobham Church comprising interior view of chancel looking south-east, showing in right foreground parts of memorial brasses, in middle ground step to chancel, alabaster and black marble monument to and recumbent effigies of Sir George Brooke, Lord Cobham and his wife Anne and their 14 children, surrounded by iron railing, and altar rail, to rear east wall and in south wall piscina and sedilia. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham with accompanying printed description of Lord Cobham’s monument. Published by S.H. and Co. Ltd. and printed in Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.46 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Part of the Ancient Priory, Cobham College [sic] comprising view of round-headed doorway in south wall of south court looking from point outside and to south of south wall and looking through arch along path towards opposite courtyard wall, showing in foreground grassy area, in middle ground wall, arch and inscription tablet, in middle distance grassy courtyard and woman walking away from camera and in distance opposite wall of courtyard. On front and rear, printed descriptions of Sir John de Cobham and Sir William Brooke, Lord Cobham’s architectural work in c.1370 and 1598 respectively giving transcription of inscription over doorway pertaining to latter. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.47 (U)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Quadrangle, College Almshouses, Cobham comprising view of northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking north-west from south south-eastern corner of quadrangle, showing in foreground path and lawn, in middle ground north range of almshouses and in distance tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church and tree tops. On rear, printed references to or quotations from The Pickwick Papers and The Uncommercial Traveller by Charles Dickens. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Street, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.47 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Corner of Cobham College comprising reproduction of pencil or charcoal drawing of north-west corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, looking north-west from point on lawn to south-east, showing in foreground lawn and path, in middle ground junction of northern and western ranges and in distance tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s Church and tree tops. On rear, message from Thomas (Tom) [Fletcher] of 189 The Tideway, Rochester to Mr. C.G. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood, offering his apologies for not being able to attend a club following day. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history of college 1362-1598. Published by West Kent Federation of Women’s Institutes. c.1950 Reproduced by kind permission of West Kent Federation of Women’s Institutes, 64 College Road, Maidstone. DE402/23/p.48

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Quaint Timber Porch, College Almshouses, Cobham comprising view of entrance porch and steps on south side of north quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, showing grass area in foreground grassy area and woman with two pales climbing staircase and in middle ground tiled porch, creepers on wall and perpendicular style window. On rear, printed notes about refectory or dining hall. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. c.1910 DE402/23/p.49 (U)

Cobham College
Reproduction of photograph entitled Porch at the South-Eastern Entrance to the New College comprising view of entrance porch and steps on south side of north quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, showing in foreground grassy area and in middle ground tiled porch, cat lying on steps, creepers on wall and perpendicular style window. Photographer: E.C. Youens. c.1920 DE402/23/p.49 (L)

Cobham College
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Old Gateway, Cobham College comprising view of south elevation of southern range of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, looking north-west from position to east of old southern quadrangle, showing in foreground hedge, wooden gate and path, in middle ground grassy area and bushes and in middle distance, left to right, southern range or refectory block with brick and wooden entrance porches and eastern range of northern quadrangle. Published by Hartmann c.1905 and printed in Saxony, Germany. DE402/23/p.50 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of south elevation of southern range of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, Cobham, looking north-west from position to east of old southern quadrangle, showing in foreground grassy area and path and in background refectory block with brick and wooden entrance porches and linen drying on washing line. Mason Collection. 6 ¼” x 4 ½” (160mm x 116mm) c.1940 DE402/23/p.50 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Rear Entrance to Refectory, Cobham comprising view of labourer standing against wooden pillar of dilapidated entrance porch at south-eastern corner of southern range of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, subject wearing peaked cloth cap and looking at camera, his carrying bag and walking stick propped against same pillar and woman companion sitting on steps inside porch, also looking at camera. Also showing path, dislodged masonry and tiled roof of porch. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 or 1871 * [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.51

[* The date 1871 printed on the rear of the card may be a mis-print.]

Cobham College
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Cobham College Alms Houses comprising view of north-western corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, showing in foreground path, sundial and lawns, in middle ground junction of southern and western ranges and doorway into northern range and in distance tree top. Quadrangle scene shows three residents looking at camera. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1905 DE402/23/p.52 (U)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Quadrangle, College Almshouses, Cobham comprising view of north-west corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking north-west, showing in foreground path and lawns, in middle ground junction of northern and western ranges of almshouses, chimney stacks and doorway into northern range and in distance tree tops and tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s church. Published for the Pickwick Leather Bottle public house, High Steet, Cobham. On rear, accompanying printed references to or quotations from The Pickwick Papers and The Uncommercial Traveller by Charles Dickens. c.1910 DE402/23/p.52 (L)

Cobham College
Photograph of doorway in northern range of almshouses, Cobham College, looking north from point at western edge of quadrangle lawn towards doorway, showing in foreground lawn, path and plant stands, in middle ground arched doorway at western end of southern elevation of northern range of almshouses and in distance through doorway steps leading to processional path and southern wall of church. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.53 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of north-west corner of northern quadrangle Cobham College of Cobham College looking north-west, showing in foreground path and lawns, in middle ground junction of northern and western ranges of almshouses, flower beds, chimney stacks and doorway into northern range and in distance tree tops and tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s church. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.53 (L)

Cobham College
Photograph of western elevation of western range of almshouses at Cobham College, looking north-east from adjacent field, showing in foreground allotments, in right middle ground almshouses and in left distance tower of St. Mary Magdalene’s church. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.54 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of processional path between St. Mary Magdalene’s church and Cobham College, looking east along path from position near entrance to northern quadrangle, showing in fore and middle grounds, left to right, part of southern elevation of church, long grass, path, weeds and north elevation of northern range of almshouses, in middle distance archway and in left distance tree. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.54 (L)

Cobham College
Photograph of south-western corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking south-west from north-eastern corner of quadrangle, showing in foreground lawns, path, sundial and in middle ground junction of southern and western ranges of almshouses. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.55 (U)

Cobham College
Photograph of south-western entrance to northern quadrangle of Cobham College looking north from eastern side of former southern quadrangle, showing in foreground grassy area, overhanging tree, path and bushes and in middle ground southern elevation and south-western entrance porch of refectory block. [Mason Collection ?] 3 ½” x 3 ½” (89mm x 89mm) c.1938 DE402/23/p.55 (L)

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: The College, Cobham comprising full-length study of young girl wearing bonnet and coarse calf-length dress, holding wicker basket in left hand, leaning against side of arched doorway and looking at ground to left of camera. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.56

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Conversation Piece, The College, Cobham comprising study of group of four male residents of almshouses in north-west corner of northern quadrangle of Cobham College, looking north-west from corner of quadrangle, showing in foreground corner of lawn, path, plant stands and resident sitting on bench against wall, holding broom in left hand with wicker basket containing garden produce at his feet and in middle ground companions standing in doorway, centre figure holding hand basket and looking towards seated figure and others looking at camera, one smoking pipe. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.57

Cobham College
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Teatime, Cobham College comprising study of woman resident sitting reading in vaulted alcove at corner of almshouses and wearing bodice, one-piece dress with sleeves, bonnet and over-skirt pinned at front, showing in left foreground round table, tray, teapot, cup and saucer and on flagstones wicker linen basket and in background two arched doorways, mullioned window and broom resting against wall. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.58

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled Scenes from Rural Life: Girl at the Well, Cobham Farmyard comprising study of group of three farm workers sitting or kneeling in farm yard probably at Cobhambury or Lodge Farm, showing in foreground wagon wheel propped against low wall, paint pot, second low brick wall and garment, in middle ground disabled male youth sitting on ledge with two crutches under his right arm and platform shoe on left foot, old man sitting on chair and holding walking stick and wearing neckerchief, young woman in sleeved long dress and bonnet kneeling to their rear and in background well and two stone buildings with thatched or tiled roofs, one with open door and other with ladder hung from eves. Photographer: Miss Gertrude Rogers of Riverhill House, Sevenoaks. Published by Kent County Libraries and printed by Kent County Council Supplies Department. Original exposed 1861 [Reproduced 1986.] DE402/23/p.59

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from W.W. Walker of Cobham, carpenter, wheelwright and undertaker to Mr. [R.G.] Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for house carpentry. 30 September 1909, settled 11 November 1909. DE402/23/p.60

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from William Purfield of Cobham, family grocer, provision merchant and general draper to R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for binding and matting, 20 October 1909. DE402/23/p.61

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from J. Wood of Cobham, shoeing and general smith to R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for shoeing and removes. Heading includes illustration of smith shoeing horse. 31 December 1909, settled 10 January 1910. DE02/23/p.62Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from J. Wood of Cobham, shoeing and general smith to the executors of late R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for shoes, removes and repairs to coal scuttle. Heading includes illustration of smith shoeing horse. 30 May 1910, settled 15 June 1910. DE402/23/63

Cobham Village and Environs
Receipted bill from Ashton and Roberts of 1-2 Gower’s Walk, London E., cigar merchants and importers, to R.G. Gowar [of Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham] for Red Seal cigars and carriage by South Eastern Railway to Sole Street Railway Station, Cobham. 18 October 1909. DE402/23/p.64

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled The Owletts, Cobham comprising view of southern elevation of Owletts looking north-east from northern end of The Rookery, showing in foreground iron railing and High Street, in middle ground brick boundary wall of Owletts and trees and shrubs and in middle distance 5 bay, two storey house. On rear, message from [??] W[-?] to Mr. R. Wood, 4 Gabriel Terrace, Hextable, Swanley discussing travel arrangements. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate history of site, ownership from Bonham Hayes in 1684 to the National Trust in 1938 and origin of name, from an occupier named Howlett or Howet. Published by William Purfield, Cobham. Postmarked Gravesend 22 August 1911. DE402/23/p.65

Cobham Village and Environs
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Mount, Cobham comprising view of group of buildings looking west from clearing or field in Ashenbank Wood, showing in foreground lawn or field and pile of cut grass, in middle ground manor house, fence, small trees and three bystanders, in right middle distance brick cottage or outbuilding and in distance western side of Ashenbank Wood. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to mention in Domesday Book 1087, surviving rentals of 1634 and 1649, acquisition by Earls of Darnley in late 18th. century and use by their head keepers from 1892. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1905 DE402/23/p.66 (U)

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled Cobham, Kent: Meadow House comprising view of group of buildings looking north-north-east from field, showing in foreground field and tree, in middle ground iron fence and shrubs, in middle distance western pavilion with pedimented gable and five bay house of two storeys and in distance and at flanks, Scots Pines. On rear, brief message from Ida [-] to Miss E. Haynes, 19 Ossington Street, Bayswater, London. Published by DB Ltd. Postmarked Gravesend 9 July 1906. DE402/23/p.66 (L)

Cobham Village and Environs
Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Mount Woods, Cobham comprising view of silver birch trees in Ashenbank Wood, showing in foreground bluebells, in middle ground clump of birches and in middle distance and distance other mature trees coming into leaf. On rear, brief message from unstated sender to Miss H. Godden, Trosley, Pembroke Road, Erith. Published by Hartmann and printed in Saxony, Germany. Dated 23 June 1906 in MS and postmarked Cobham and Gravesend 24 June 1906. Couchman’s accompanying notes erroneously state 1908. DE402/23/p.67 (left)

Cobham Village and Environs
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Fairy Dell, Cobham Woods, near Rochester comprising view of group of men, women and youths standing at side of fish pond in wooded surroundings, location possibly either New Fish Pond or Old Fish Pond at Brices Plantation, Shorne Wood, showing in foreground clearing and pond bank, in middle ground group of bystanders and trees and in distance far bank of pond and woods. On rear, message from Auntie [-] to Miss L. Atkins, 106 Ivydale Road, Nunhead, London SE, suggesting scene as suitable site for picnic. Couchman notes the postmark is a special one. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rainham 25 February 1907. DE402/23/p.67 (right)

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled Park Pale, Cobham [i.e. Shorne] comprising view of clearing in Cobham Park, probably in vicinity of Peggy Taylor's Hill [site of later Rochester and Cobham Park Golf Course], showing in foreground field, in middle ground grazing deer and clump of trees, in middle distance edge of field and footpath and in distance woodland and walkers. On rear, message from Vera [-] to a Mr. Owen, 54 Eva Road, Gillingham, thanking auntie for post card and sending love and kisses. Couchman’s accompanying notes tentatively identify footpath as FP161 and express caution with identification of view as Park Pale. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked Rochester 18 August 1915. DE402/23/p.68

Cobham Village and Environs
Composite postcard photograph entitled Greetings from Cobham comprising clockwise eastern elevation of Rose Cottage, Halfpence Lane looking west from road leading to Lodge Farm and showing junction of High Street and Halfpence Lane, north elevation of Cobham Church from High Street, Pickwick Leather Bottle public house from High Street to west, southern elevation of south wing of Cobham Hall looking north-east from edge of South Pleasure Grounds and in centre avenue of lime trees leading from Cobham Hall through Cobham Park to Cobham. Before 1923. DE402/23/p.69 (U)

Cobham Village and Environs
Composite postcard photograph entitled Christmas Greetings from Cobham comprising ten views, clockwise, High Street in front of churchyard looking west and showing Pickwick Leather Bottle public house on right, view of west elevation of Cobham hall looking east from West Park, Cobham Woods, The Darnley Arms public house, High Street, Cobham looking east from High Street, Cobham Church and Cobham College from field to south-west, south elevation of Owletts, High Street, Cobham, south elevation of south wing, Cobham Hall, looking north across South Pleasure Grounds, The Old Ship Inn, High Street, Cobham, Cobhambury, Cobham and Cobham Park showing deer and cattle grazing. c.1912 DE402/23/p.69

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled St. Thomas’s Well, Cobham comprising view of two storeyed and partly timer framed building with gable, looking south-east from highway verge adjoining Horsepond Lane and slightly to west, showing in foreground highway verge and well, in middle ground tree, wooden palings and sign advertising teas, in right middle distance house and in left middle distance and distance trees in Ashenbank Wood. On rear, message from W. Glanvill Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, describing a train journey and hoping her cold is better. Couchman's accompanying notes state well was reputedly used by pilgrims travelling to Canterbury. Published by H. Brothers. Postmarked Rochester 11 January 1915. DE402/23/p.70 (U)

Cobham Village and Environs
Postcard photograph entitled St. Thomas’ Well, Cobham comprising view of two storeyed and partly timer framed building with gable, looking south-east from highway verge adjoining Horsepond Lane (section of original Watling Street) and slightly to west, showing in foreground part of Horsepond Lane, highway verge and well, in middle ground tree and wooden palings, in right middle distance house and outbuilding and in left middle distance and distance trees in Ashenbank Wood. Balmoral Series, published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton and printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1910 DE402/23/p.70 (L)

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: c.1800-1986
Quantity: 1 volume/70pp.
Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: DE0965_Lewis_Bell_Darley_Gambrill_Solicitors/DE0965_K00_Intro on request slip.

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Clients Files: Kelaart's trust

Lt Col Frederick Kelaart  (1819-1860) was a Ceylon-born physician and naturalist. After training as a doctor in Ediburgh, he took up a post with the British Army Medical Service serving in England, Gibralter and Ceylon. He married Fanny Hussey (daughter of Phineas Hussey of Wyrley Grove, Staffordshire) in 1843 (she died in 1847). In 185, Kelaart married Elizabeth Nye. During the 1850s, he was appointed Naturalist to the Ceylon Government. Dr Kelaart died on board the SS Ripon whilst travelling to England with his family in July 1860. These papers appear to have been adminstered by James Lewis and relate to the original marriage settlement drawn up for Dr Kelaart and Fanny Hussey. These papers were found in an original bundle with a wrapper referring to them as 'Kelaarts Trust'.


Date: n/a
Quantity: n/a
Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0480_E037 on request slip.

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Housekeeping accounts [including some visits to Boxley: Staffordshire ware 1769, clogs for the ladies, cross buns at Easter, bullrush basket; at back accounts of pigeons taken 1756-1781 and rabbits 1763-1765




Date: 1765-1782
Quantity: 1 volume
Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_E761 on request slip.

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Floor plans and elevations
For houses, cottages and a girls’ school at Newborough.
It is unclear whether it is Newborough in Cambridgeshire, Gwynedd or Staffordshire.

Date: 19th century
Quantity: 2 items
Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_CO008 on request slip.

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Correspondence, school reports, and Share certificates
Letters from Eton College masters to Lord Darnley regarding Ivo, 1873-1875.
General progress at school including cricket and impunctuality.
For other letters regarding Ivo’s progress at school 1876-1877 see U565/F174.

Letters from Ivo to his parents mostly addressed from the Athenaeum, Eton, Cambridge and the University Pitt Club.
Games of cricket, tennis and racquets, his future career, news of uncle Tom, Paulton’s health after an accident, University exams, the weather, requests for money, election to committees of the Athenaeum and Pitt Club, shooting game, receiving the Prince [unidentified HRH], visits to the A.D.C., visits by Arthur and Evelyn, the Boat Races, Clifton’s [Edward’s] delusions, skating, and visit to Glenlee, New Galloway, Scotland.
Note :These letters state that Edward later 7th Earl of Darnley was having delusions while Ivo was at Cambridge c.1877-1880.

Share certificates 1897-1926 with reports and correspondence in the name of the Honourable Ivo Bligh for the Sanitary Block & Tile Pavement Co., The British Non-Flammable Wood Co. Ltd., Golden River Quesnelle Ltd., Extended Extension Ltd., Kent Coal Concessions Ltd., South Eastern Coalfield Extension Ltd., North Staffordshire Railway, Maponite Ltd., and the Casson Chemical Co. Ltd.

Original file endorsed “Share Certificates”.

Date: 1873-1926
Quantity: 58 sheets
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