Skip navigation to main content Text version | Accessibility help Friday 24 November 2017
Medway Council Logo - Takes you to the Council home page
Search CityArk
Home | About Medway archives | Search - Explorer Query Tool | Java Query Tool | Map Search | Text Only
You are here: Medway Council > CityArk > Home > Query > Results
Your query generated 23 results (Page 1 of 1)

Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1148 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1148.html

Additional records of Medway Branch, Dunkirk Veterans’ Association (DVA), meeting at Royal British Legion Club, 78 Livingstone Road, Gillingham, and personal records of Arthur N. Oates of Gillingham, Dunkirk Veteran, comprising:

 

minutes 1999-2000

 

attendance register 1987-1997 (1 volume)

 

register of members giving name, address telephone number, branch number, regiment or branch of service, service number, life number and date of death 1991-2006 (1 volume)

 

2nd. newsletter 1995 (1 sheaf)

 

personal journal of Sergeant Arthur N. Oates of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps kept during the campaign in north west Europe 1944-1945

 

scrapbook containing postcards and mementoes of holiday in Austria, Jugoslavia, Belgium, Holland/Netherlands and Luxembourg, summer 1983 (1 volume)

 

printed matter and circulars pertaining to DVA and Royal Army Service Corps activities 1948-2004 (1 folder)

 

felt burgee issued by Rochester upon Medway City Council to Dunkirk Little Ships on occasion of 50th. anniversary of Dunkirk evacuation 1990 (1 item, fabric)

 

recollections of Arthur Oates, driver and motorcyclist in Royal Army Service Corps, 48th. Division, Dunkirk and England 1940 and Germany 1945, composed c.1995 (3pp.) with circulars and correspondence about Dunkirk Veterans’ Association business, associated printed leaflets and personal photographs of Bayham Abbey, Lamberhurst, Sussex (1975), Scotney Castle, Lamberhurst, Sussex (1975), Great Witley, Worcestershire, Ledbury, Herefordshire, Allington Lock, Allington and Chatham Dockyard (1975), Charlocote House, Warwickshire, Chester (1978) and Walsingham Abbey, Norfolk (1975) (1 packet);

 

printed matter including reprints of wartime newspapers commemorating evacuation from Dunkirk 1940 and D Day 1944, 1990-1994 (1 bundle)

 

certificate awarded to A.N. Oates, Royal Army Service Corps, by the Town of Dunkirk [1990?] (2 copies) [French] [cf. France]

 

Photographs and newscuttings relating to winding up of branch 1994-2005 (1 bundle)

Deposited 11 September 2007

 

service records of Lance Sergeant Arthur N. Oates of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps, with active service edition of the New Testament, printed book of devotions for men on active service, French, Dutch and Belgian pre-war banknotes (4 items in small wallet), diploma issued by French Government to Mr. Oates for service in Normandy 1944-1945 (2003), service sheet for visit of SS Jeremiah O’Brien to Chatham Maritime1994 and photographs and printed matter pertaining to depositor post-war. Includes printed booklet entitled Life of a British PoW in Poland May 31st 1940- April 30  by James Stedman of Gillingham, 1992 and small printed booklet entitled My Faith on Active Service c.1940 and other ephemera

1910-2005

Deposited 11 September 2007

 

1910-2005

Deposited 11 September 2007

 

[Historical note. The depositor was secretary of the Medway Branch DVA 1991-2000 and Treasurer of Lord Kitchener Memorial Home, Chatham 1980-1995]

[For previous deposit see DE742]

File updated by Borough Archivist 2 October 2007


Date: 1944-2006
Quantity: 1 box
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/MTC_MR_169 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 08_MEDWAY_COUNCIL_MTC_MR_SERIES/ MTC_MR_169.html

Records transferred by Senior Planned Maintenance Engineer, Highways Design Section, Front Line Task Force Division, Regeneration and Development Directorate, Medway Council, Compass Centre, Chatham Maritime, comprising:

Gillingham Northern Link (A289) (Pier Road, Yokosuka Way and Ito Way) progress photographs, contractors May Gurney, Trowse, Norwich, Norfolk and Christiani-Nielsen, Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, partly taken by council staff (G39 series) and partly by Philip Lane Photography, Holly Cottage, 49 Homestead Road, Chelsfield (series 23D)

ISAD (G) reference/call no.: MTC/RD/FLTF/HMD/1


Date: 1998-1999
Quantity: 7 bundles
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_FTb_056 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB03_Financial_Records_1541_1919/ 02_DRc_FT_Treasurer_1548_to_1913/ 01_DRc_FTb_Treasurers_books_1548_to_1913/ DRc_FTb_056.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - Daniel Hill.

Includes expenses: allowed Dr. Grant the twenty shillings he paid himself for preaching on the 8th. of December last being the general fast-day appointed on account of the southern parts of France being visited with the plague, 2 January 1722

Includes expenses for repairing Minor Canon Row, Rochester pp.42-44 and passim

Includes 1s 6d alms given to Joseph Duplan, a poor necessitous Swiss [cf. Switzerland] soldier, 2 December 1721

Includes 1s alms given to Salvatore Santine, that had been taken by the Turks [cf. Turkey], 27 December 1721

Includes 2s 6d alms given to one William Grover of the city and liberty of Westminster, obliged on the account of his great losses by the statutes of bankrupts, to abscond, 21 March 1722

Includes 1s alms given to John Smith, William Lyon and Joseph Daniel, shipwrecked in their homewards-bound voyage from the West Indies, 22 March 1722

Includes 2s 6d alms given by order of the dean half a crown to James Wagstaffe late curate of Pillerton in the county of Warwick [cf. Warwickshire], April 1722

Includes 1s alms given to John Baptista and John Dubert, who had been 12 years in slavery, 10 April 1722

Includes 2s 6d alms given to Mr. William Cotton, deprived of his fellowship of New College [Oxford, Oxfordshire] and that (if his case be as he has had it drawn up) very unjustly, or at least summo jure [archivist's italics], 18 May 1722

Includes £5 put into the hands of Sir George Walton (captain of the Nassau) by the hands of Mr. Thomas Lock, towards clothing Charles Harris, son of Dr. Harris late prebendary of this church, 25 May 1722

Includes 1s alms given to George Cowper [cf. Cooper] a vintner in London, a sufferer by fire, 31 May 1722

Includes 1s 6d alms given to Nicholas Obin, Richard Pearspie, Charles Dayha and Martin Phillips cast away by their ship springing a leak, 10 July 1722

Includes 1s alms given to 4 shipwrecked Portuguese [cf. Portugal], 11 September 1722

Includes 1s alms given to Johannes Augustinus a Neapolitan [cf. Naples, Campania, Italy] that had been taken by the Turks [cf. Turkey], 22 September 1722

Includes 6d alms given to Armenian Adam with a pass from the Lord Carteret, 14 October 1722

Includes 1s alms given to Markis Thow Jenake Nicula [sic] who had been 13 years a slave in Algiers [cf. Sally, Algeria, Africa, Turkey] and lately made his escape from thence, 15 October 1722

Includes 6d alms given to John Nicholson, a Cambridge [university; cf. Cambridgeshire] man, recommended by Dr. Grant, 3 November 1722

Latin and English.

Date: 1721-1722
Quantity: 1 booklet
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/01_Intro on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ 01_Intro.html

MEDWAY ARCHIVES AND LOCAL STUDIES CENTRE

DRc

RECORDS OF THE DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ROCHESTER c.1080-1964

Click here to view the full list of the Rochester Priory records or select the folder from the query tool by following the instructions given there.

These archives were deposited by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester in the Kent Archives Office [now Centre for Kentish Studies], County Hall, Maidstone, Kent in 1959, and were listed there by Miss Anne M. Oakley MA FSA between the years 1963-1970. The collection was transferred to Medway Archives Office on 27 April 1992 and the list prepared and edited for for CityArk Phase II by the City Archivist/Borough Archivist 1997-2001

Re-edited by Borough Archivist July 2000 (Priory introduction).

For a link to the Rochester Cathedral web site Click Here ......or here [two different sites appear to be in operation as at 3 July 2000]

Historical Introduction

The church of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester was founded by Ethelbert, King of Kent as a college for a small number of secular canons under Justus, Bishop of Rochester in AD 604. Very little is know about the history of this house. It never seems to have had much influence outside its own walls, and though it possessed considerable landed estates, seems to have been relatively small and poor. It also suffered at the hands of the Danes [cf. Denmark]. Bishops Justus, Romanus, Paulinus and Ithamar were all remarkable men, but after Bishop Putta's translation to Hereford [cf. Herefordshire] in AD 676, very little is heard of Rochester. Their bishop, Siweard is not mentioned as having been at the Battle of Hastings in Sussex with King Harold as were many of the Saxon bishops and abbots, and the house put up no opposition to King William I when he seized their lands and gave them to his lay brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, Normandy, France whom he had created Earl of Kent. The chroniclers say that the house was destitute and that when Siweard died in 1075 it was barely able to support the five canons on the establishment (1).

Four years after his conquest of England, King William I invited his friend Lanfranc, Prior of Caen, Normandy, France and a former monk of Bec in there to be his archbishop at Canterbury. Lanfranc's task was specific: to reorganise English monasticism on the pattern of Bec; to develop a strict cloistered monasticism but one of a kind that was not entirely cut off by physical barriers from the life of the rest of the church. He drew unsparingly on Bec for his ideas, his bishops and his monks. Four bishops of Rochester hailed from Bec, several priors and many monks. Among the bishops, by far the most important was Gundulf, his friend, pupil and chamberlain whom he brought over with him to England in 1070 (2).

(1) This account of the cathedral priory of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester is based on those in The Victoria County History of Kent II, pp. 121-125, E. Hasted, History of Kent II, pp. 22-25, F.F. Smith, History of Rochester pp. 273-335; W.H. St. John Hope The Architectural History of the Cathedral Church and Monastery of St Andrew at Rochester, Archaeologia Cantiana XXIII, pp. 194-328 and XXIV, pp 1-85; and H. Wharton, Anglia Sacra, I, pp. 329-394. Part of King Ethelbert's endowment included the land from the river Medway to the Eastgate of the City of Rochester on the south part and practically all the land on the south side of the High Street, all within the city walls. The priory property was extended on the same site in 1225 and again in 1344 making necessary the construction of new walls and ditches on both occasions. (See also DRc/T62, T280).

Siweard, Bishop of Rochester died in 1075 and to replace him Lanfranc brought over a monk from Bec, Arnost, as Bishop. He died within the year and at Lanfranc's instigation, King William I agreed to the appointment of Gundulf as bishop. This proved ultimately the turning point in the history of Rochester (3). King William showed no reluctance or lack of effort in assisting Lanfranc to recover the former properties of the church now that his relations with his lay brother had become strained and difficult and in 1076, therefore, Lanfranc successfully repossessed himself of a major part of the lands which had once belonged to St. Andrew's church at the great assembly held on Penenden Heath. Some of this property formed the principal re-endowment of the house in 1077 and was given by Lanfranc to Gundulf when he enthroned him as Bishop of Rochester in that year.

Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire], the thirteenth century chronicler, says that Lanfranc made it a condition of his friend's establishment at Rochester that the canons should be replaced by monks, but as no other establishment was made until 1083, it would appear that Gundulf bided his time. No one knows now what really happened. There is a brief mention in the Textus Roffensis of one Aegelric, priest of Chatham and a former Canon of Rochester who made a gift to the new house to secure the honourable burial of his wife there, but not a word more.

In 1083 Lanfranc visited Rochester and himself instituted twenty two monks of the Benedictine order in the house, some from Bec (4), probably some from the two houses at Canterbury, Christchurch and St Augustine, and possibly some from Caen. He endowed the house with property making careful and distinct provision for the bishop and the monks. Some of the lands he gave them were his own, others he purchased, and some he had acquired in 1076. Gundulf also purchased and acquired a great deal of property for his house which rapidly found favour with the Norman kings. Together with Archbishop Lanfranc he began the rebuilding of the church and monastery buildings. In the rebuilding of his church, Gundulf followed the usual practice of starting his new building to the east of the existing church so that there would be no interruption in the services of the church. He also appears to have incorporated part of the City wall into his building as the tower known as Gundulf's tower was one of the watch towers (5). Substantial parts of his work remain today, particularly in the Crypt.

[(2) D. Knowles, The Monastic Order in England , 2nd ed. pp. 83-134
(3) There is an excellent translation of the Life of Gundulf by the nuns of St. Marys Abbey, West Malling 1968.
(4) Knowles op cit p.112

No distinction was made in the early years of the refoundation between the episcopal and prioral possessions. The reason for this was simply that there was no need for any such distinction. The bishop of Rochester was titular abbot of St Andrews and the prior was directly subject to him. At least until the first quarter of the twelfth century the Bishop actually lived in the house with the monks as one of the family (6). John of Seez was probably the first bishop to set up a separate establishment, but Bishop Gundulf himself made some division of the properties between himself and the monks before his death in 1108 (7). Until the thirteenth century, gifts were made to the bishop or to the bishop and the monks of St Andrew's Church, Rochester but very rarely to the prior although it is more than probable that the offer was in existence from the refoundation (8). During the thirteenth century benefactors addressed their charters to the prior by name and the monks of St Andrew's church, Rochester, or first to the prior and monks of that place. It was not [contd.]

(5) See DRc/emf77
(6) This was also true at Christchurch, Canterbury until Stephen Langton became archbishop. It was, in any case, the natural thing to do, and exactly what one would have expected of Gundulf who thought of himself primarily as a monk. Lanfranc himself explicitly equated the offers of bishop and abbot. Knowles op. cit. p.622.

(7) See DRc/T47 and DRc/T57/5, a charter of Gundulf confirmed by Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury in 1145. It was not until about 1125 that the influence of the black monks ceased to predominate. The canonical organisation of chapters tended to separate the bishop from the monastery and to give the foreign to monastic life. Knowles op. cit, p.133.

(8) DRc/T47-59]

until about 1260 that the term prior and convent became at all common. The inspeximus of King Henry III is addressed to the prior and convent of Rochester and this was the first occasion on which a royal charter had been so addressed (9).

When Lanfranc established the house at Rochester under the ministry of Gundulf, he is said to have realised that difficulties would arise over communally held property and therefore made careful division between the bishop and the monks. At first sight, this might seem a good idea, but the greatest difficulty of all lay in the fact that most of Lanfranc's re-endowment was made up of properties which had belonged to the church before the conquest of 1066. Properties involved included the manor and churches of St. Margaret, Rochester, Stoke, Wouldham, Frindsbury, East Wickham, Halling, Trottiscliffe, Borstal, Snodland, Cuxton, Malling, Denton, Longfield, Darenth, Southfleet and Fawkham. They were given to the church by Saxon Kings and nobles, but they were entrusted to the bishop. In Lanfranc's time there was no difficulty, nor could he foresee any, for while the bishop was a monk and lived in harmony with his monks no difficulty would present itself. Gundulf may have foreseen difficulties. Before he died he made further provision for the monks. As well as considerable pensions, tithes and rents, he gave them the manors of Stoke, Wouldham, Frindsbury, Denton, Southfleet, Lambeth (Surrey) and Haddenham (Buckinghamshire) King Henry I confirmed all these and also his gifts of the churches of Wouldham, Dartford, Woolwich, Sutton at Hone, Wilmington, Chislehurst, Aylesford, St. Margaret, Rochester, St. Nicholas' altar in Rochester Cathedral, Rotherfield and Stourmouth; he added Boxley church and Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury added Norton church (10).

The house was wealthy, but when Ernulf of Bec died in 1124 it was the end of an era for the monks. King Henry I nominated John of Seez, Archdeacon of Canterbury to the vacant see and though they elected him as their bishop, the monks viewed him with suspicion. He was not a monk. During his short episcopate the prior became the effective head of the house. The bishop's duties changed and he became more a patron than a father, making occasional visits only and barely known to his monks.

[(9) DRc/T60
(10) DRc/T47-51]

He had his own household, separate from theirs and this separation of revenues and interests combined to make him and his successors a stranger to his monks and more often than not an opponent. The chronicler, Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire] offers John of Seez no compliments. He says he made lavish gifts, began great things and did much good, but that it did not last (11). He took advantage of a great fire that ravaged the house in 1137, dispersed many of the monks to other houses, and stole from them the churches of Aylesford, Southfleet, Boxley, St. Margaret, Rochester and the altar of St. Nicholas in Rochester Cathedral, thus plunging the house into years of expensive litigation which ended only in 1144 when Pope Celistine decreed that the new bishop, Ascelin, should return them unconditionally to the monks to whom they rightfully belonged (12).

John's argument is obvious: The reason even more so. The revenues of the priory were far larger than those of the bishopric. On this occasion the monks were successful, but far more serious contentions broke out under Bishop Gilbert Glanville fifty years later which reverberated through the centuries.

Gilbert Glanville was Archdeacon of Lisieux in France. He was a great friend of Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury and his successor there Archbishop Hubert Walter, and much in favour at court. He became Bishop of Rochester in 1184. His predecessor Waleran had proposed to seek papal permission to expel the monks from the cathedral, as he had a low opinion of the regular orders, but had died before he could implement the idea. Unfortunately for the monks, the plan was not uncountenanced by King Henry II who wished to cut the power of the regular orders, in so many ways exempt from the royal prerogative. Rochester, for instance, had the right to elect its own prior without royal interference, and had also enormous privileges within the City of Rochester. King Henry II therefore chose his friend Gilbert Glanville, together with Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury and Hugh Nonant, Bishop of Coventry to use Rochester as an experiment. They were to set up a college of secular canons who were not, in general, infected with principles dangerous to civil government, and who as friends of the national clergy, would form a powerful barrier against the encroachments of the roman pontiffs.

[(11) Wharton, op.cit., p.347
(12) DRc/L1]

Except at Coventry where force was used to set up a college of Vicars Choral, nothing came of the idea as the King's death put an end to all hopes of success, but disastrous failure though it was, it did nothing to ease relations between the bishop and his monks (13).

Gilbert Glanville remained in favour with the new king, Richard I and when he was captured in the Holy Land and later imprisoned in Germany, worked with a will to secure his release. His principal contribution was the establishment of the hospital of the New Work of St. Mary in Strood. This was a small house whose purpose was to pray for the restoration of Christianity in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and for the King's release from captivity, and to provide for the poor and travellers. It was a cause worthy of the monks' support, but without consulting them, the bishop appropriated two of their churches for the support of his new foundation, and further bribed their prior, Ralph de Ros, to give a piece of meadowland in Strood to the hospital in return for money to finish the stonework of the cathedral cloister and for a new pair of organs (14). Matters were made worse by the fact that the churches the bishop appropriated were Aylesford and St. Margaret, Rochester, only recently won back at great expense.

The monks complained. They petitioned the Pope to intervene and he did in fact do so, but to no purpose. The bishop forced the monks into an agreement to maintain the house as he had founded it together with the lands and churches he had given to it (15). The agreement remained more or less in force until 1239, then in 1256 the Pope declared that the churches should be returned to the monks. Gilbert was long since dead, buried in haste and deprived of the last rites, during the Interdict, but his successor refused to comply. The quarrel finally came to the test in the reign of Edward I when the monks were ambushed and beaten up by the monks at Strood while they were attempting to pass in procession through the hospital grounds (16). After this debate, the monks of Rochester gave up what was obviously an unequal struggle.

[(13) The History and Antiquities of Rochester and its Environs by John Denne, ed. by T. Fisher, 1817 pp. 112-115
(14) DRc/T572/1-15
(15) DRc/L3
(16) William Lambard, Perambulation of Kent , 1570 gives a spirited account of this incident, which, though he was violently anti-catholic, is most graphic. 1826 edition, pp. 328-331]

The Monks' quarrel with Gilbert Glanville stretched far beyond Strood Hospital to other problems which caused proportionate dissension: rights of presentation; the Bishop's xenium ; and the disposition of servants in the priory.

On the first problem, the Monks claimed rights of presentation to churches in their possession both within and outside the diocese of Rochester. In 1207 they possessed at least eleven within and seven outside the diocese, but they laid claim to others that belonged to the Bishop. On his part the Bishop made no claim to any. He merely stated that when John was Bishop he had never asked the Monks for authority. He had always presented and instituted incumbents to all vacant livings both inside and outside the diocese, but had secured to them their rightful pensions, which was all they were entitled to. Further Gilbert Glanville added that he proposed to do likewise, with the sole concession that those he instituted should do fealty to the Monks as well as himself (17). This was a meaningless concession. Although the Monks gave way on the Bishop's right of institution, they always denied that he had any right to present to priory livings inside the diocese. They did, however, reach agreement over presentations to livings outside the diocese of Rochester. The Bishop here claimed joint right of presentation with the Monks, and though they knew he had none, they allowed his claim; and as witness that they did so and kept their agreement at least in part, there is a document surviving among these archives showing the strictness with which it was adhered to in the cases of Norton, Boxley and Stourmouth in the diocese of Canterbury for over 150 years (18). The problem was not so much one of fees but of influence and authority. It emphasises the Bishop's ultimate authority over the priory and the Monks' refusal to accept it. Gilbert Glanville's interpretations of their charters were often wrong, but the Monks found that there was little they could do in defence of their rights.

[(17) DRc/L3
(18) DRc/L10]

The Disagreement over the Bishop's xenium is an interesting one. The income from the Bishop's estates was fairly small and the xenium was a recognised method of providing for hospitality at his table. The word itself signifies a gift made in token of hospitality. This was a particularly lavish one consisting of 16 suckling pigs, 30 geese, 300 hens, 1,000 lampreys, 1,000 eggs, four salmon and other items from each of the five principal priory manors of Frindsbury, Stoke, Wouldham, Denton and Southfleet, and further gifts of fish from Lambeth, Surrey and Haddenham, Buckinghamshire. It was Bishop Gundulf who had ordained in 1107 that the xenium should be given to the Bishop on St. Andrew's day (17 November) but with the important, and in this case, significant proviso that if the Bishop was away from Rochester on that day, it should be given to the poor (19). The Monks appear to have resented making the gift, and refused to bring it when the Bishop was away. They argued that it was an imposition and that it was contrary to the ordinance that the Bishop should have it if he were away. Gundulf had never imagined a time when the Bishop would not be present in his church at the patronal festival, and Gilbert Glanville argued in his defence that he was forced to travel and could not always arrange to be there. He, therefore, fiercely opposed the Monks and claimed the xenium as his right wherever he might be on that day (20). In the end the Monks were forced to surrender. This was a major victory for Bishop Gilbert and one of which he and his successors took full advantage. In 1329 the Monks accused Bishop Hamo de Hethe [cf. Hythe] of abusing the system. They claimed he ought by ancient custom to celebrate St. Andrew's day in the cathedral and in the hall adjoining and there receive a present of ten pounds from the prior and Chapter towards his expenses, but that each year he had received the present without performing the ceremony, had left the prior and Chapter to do it, and to pay for it as well (21). The Bishop's answer has not survived. Suffice to say that the xenium survived even the dissolution and was still being paid in the eighteenth century (22).

[(19) DRc/T47
(20) DRc/L3
(21) Registrum Hamonis Hethe Diocesis Roffensis A.D. 1319-1352 transcribed and edited by Charles Johnson, Oxford 1948, pp. 424-431 and Introduction.
(22) DRc/FTv34]

According to Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire], Ascelin was the first Bishop of Rochester to interfere in the appointment of priory servants (23). When Bishop Gundulf had lived with the Monks there was one set of servants and officials to look after both the Bishop and the Monks, but after the fire of 1137 and the almost total destruction of the conventual buildings, the Bishop set up a separate household. The priory servants apparently joined him and the Monks appointed others. There were over twenty of these servants and officials, all essential to the smooth running of a Benedictine house and all equally indispensible. Their number included the master baker, the second baker, three other bakers, brewers, cooks, a steward, janitor, guestmaster, granger, infirmarer, tailors and launderers to name only a few. Each official's work was carefully laid down but more important than this, so also were his salary and perquisites (24). It was these perquisites, often free food and drink, which made these offices so popular. Many of the servants and officials were related to Monks in the priory. Nepotism was rife. It appears that Ascelin withdrew the priory servants for this reason but a visiting legate reproved him saying it was not his business to interfere. Ascelin relented and the legate attempted to improve matters by making the posts annual appointments rather than permanent ones, but to no purpose. The sons of master bakers still succeeded their fathers and one of them even found favour by marrying the cellarer's sister.

[(23) Wharton, op.cit., p.343
(24) Custumale Roffense ff.53-60.]

The legate Hinemar's suggestions did not solve the problem. The Monks were still complaining under Bishop Gilbert Glanville that he interfered too much in this sphere (25). Gilbert Glanville doubtless had many relatives he wished to provide for, but he cannot have had more than Bishop Hamo de Hethe who was one of the chief offenders on this score. When Simon de Meopham made his archiepiscopal visitation of the priory in 1329 the Monks made 25 complaints against their Bishop, four of which related to this problem. They complained that he appointed to twenty or more offices in the priory when he was entitled to only four or five; that he appointed his own kinsmen and others to priory offices who did their work by deputy and at half wages, too ill paid to be honest; that the officers and their deputies took no notice when reprimanded, and said that they like the Monks were irremovable; and specifically that he had appointed a brewer who was inefficient and of ill fame. Most of the charges against Hamo de Hethe [cf. Hythe] were dismissed but the Monks' claims were not unfounded on their first charge. The Bishop's family name was Noble and there are many appointments of persons of this name in his register (26).

[(25) DRc/L3
(26) Registrum Hamonis p.425 and Introduction]

Apart from their endless conflict with the Bishops in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, there were three other problems of conflict which affected the priory, all of them outside the walls: the position of the priory in relation to the Crown and the Castle; relations with the Citizens of Rochester; and relations with the archdiocese of Canterbury.

The first stone keep is said to have been built at Rochester for King William II by Bishop Gundulf for the then enormous sum of sixty pounds, in return for a gift of land in Haddenham, Buckinghamshire. The priory buildings lay in the shadow of the castle and suffered somewhat in the wars in which it featured. Kings did not, however, neglect the priory. Some visited it, and there is a series of charters of privileges to prove their interest and concern. Many charters repeat the fact that William Rufus was eternally grateful to the monks and their Bishop for supporting him when his uncle Odo, Bishop of Bayeux rebelled against him and besieged Rochester and its castle. The monks lost a good deal in the battle of 1088. Much of their house was destroyed but the Manor of Haddenham rectory, Buckinghamshire proved a lucrative present and, moreover, gave them a link with the past. It had belonged to the Countess Goda, sister of King Edward the Confessor, a fact which several charters also repeat (27)

. There were many skirmishes involving the castle over the years but no further sieges until 1216 when the priory was pillaged by King John and his followers. But the most spectacular siege and the one which the monks turned most to their advantage was that of 1264. In that year, says Rishanger, the Chronicler, Simon de Montfort and the rebel barons brought great siege engines and fire ships to Rochester and prosecuted the siege with great violence. Some of the priory buildings were very badly damaged and Simon and his soldiers broke in a carried off the priory monuments. The story is told on the back of one small deed (28). It tells how the charter and many others were stolen from the prior's chapel where they were kept and carried off to Winchester, and how John de Renham [Rainham], the prior got them back from the robbers but with the seals all broken and many of the charters torn and damaged. He was appalled at the danger in which this might place his house, and at great labour and personal expense persuaded King Henry III to reconfirm all the damaged charters by a new one (29). This the King did. The charter embodies most of the charters granted to the priory since the conquest by Kings, Archbishops, Bishops and other persons. And there is no doubt that this is in fact the charter concerned because, its content apart, there is attached to the seal strings another cord woven into it, to which is attached a small fragment of very heavily cross-stitched parchment, all that remains of the earlier charters.

A great many of the charters in the possession of the priory were damaged in this incident. Therefore to supply the deficiencies not remedied by the new Royal Charter, and also to circumvent some of the problems of the division of property between themselves and their Bishop, the monks resorted to forgery. This was not so much a crime as it is now. Rather, it was a necessity. Once forged documents had been used to prove title they acquired the force of the genuine article. It is of course unnecessary to remark that documents were conveniently lost and suppressed if their contents proved a nuisance.

[(27) DRc/T48, T60 (1), T65 (1)
(28) DRc/T53 and F.F. Smith, History of Rochester p.17
(29) DRc/T60]

There are at least two forged charters among these archives, both charters of Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, life long friend of Bishop Gundulf and a great benefactor to Rochester. The first charter refers to Northfleet Church which Anselm gave to the monks. The monks had the presentation but Hubert Walter and successive Archbishops attempted to wrest it from them. Probably in 1264 (or possibly before) the seal was lost from the document and to give it more force a new seal has been made from a cast. It is quite easy to spot. Firstly it has been attached upside down, and secondly there is a shallow depression in the middle of the figure of the Archbishop caused by an airbubble (30). This document is genuine enough. The second is not. It relates to the great quarrels with the Bishops over property. It has no seal and purports to be a charter of Anselm making over to the priory many churches and manors most of which belonged to the Bishop of Rochester (31). The handwriting very closely resembles that of the new charter of 1265 (32). It may even have been written by the same scribe. It has, however, one fault. The charter is dated 1101 by which year four at least of the twelve witnesses were dead and had been dead for several years before Anselm became Archbishop of Canterbury. There are five Bishops included among the witnesses: Maurice of London, Osmund of Salisbury (Wiltshire), Walkelin of Rochester, Stigand of Chichester (Sussex)and Herbert of Thetford (Norfolk). Only Maurice was alive in 1101. Herbert died in 1085, Stigand in 1087, Walkelin in 1098 and Osmund in 1099. Anselm became Archbishop in 1093.

[(30) DRc/T49
(31) DRc/T48
(32) DRc/T60]

There was constant disagreement between the monks and the people of the City of Rochester. The people had no parish church of their own and worshipped at the alter of St. Nicholas which stood before the rood screen in the nave of the Cathedral Church (33). The monks appear to have disliked this system since it brought them into close contact with the populace from whom they wished to remain apart; it disturbed their peace and meant that their church was not their own. Admittedly it was the common custom for the local people to worship in the nave of a monastic church and is the reason why many have survived as parish churches, but it was a sore bone of contention at Rochester. The Benedictine order had moved away from Gundulf's ideal of a monastic church not entirely cut off by physical barriers from the life of the rest of the church. They shut the doors at night and refused the sacrament to the sick; they denied services; and in 1327 they locked the doors of the nave and took away the key. The Bishop forced the monks to come to an agreement with the citizens and on 14 June 1327 it was accordingly agreed that the monks should build an oratory for the citizens in the corner of the nave near the north door with a door and window on the outside of the church for the sacrament for the sick during the night, to which the people should have free entry and exit. They were also guaranteed all the usual daily services (34). The Bishop was sympathetic to their cause and successive Bishops of Rochester tried hard to have a church built for the citizens, but it was not until almost a hundred years after this agreement that this became a reality and St. Nicholas' Church was built beside the Cathedral (35).

[(33) DRc/Emf 77
(34) DRc/L7
(35) Rochester Episcopal Register III, DRc/T60/ff.16v.-18v.

Relations with Canterbury were equally bad. Lanfranc's refoundation at Rochester was modelled on Canterbury. He appointed the first Bishop of Rochester, and the see was thereafter recognised as being in the free gift of the Archbishop of Canterbury. It was thus peculiarly dependent on Canterbury, and as a mark of this dependence, it was customary on the death of their Bishop for the monks of Rochester to take the deceased bishop's pastoral staff to Canterbury where it was laid on the alter in Christchurch Priory, and from where the newly elected Bishop took it after his consecration. Not all the Bishops of Rochester were consecrated at Canterbury. Arnost was consecrated at St. Paul's in London but his immediate successors Gundulf, Ralph and Ernulf at Canterbury. Ascelin also may have been; his successor Walter, brother of Archbishop Theobald, certainly was. It appears that the monks of Rochester objected not to the act of consecration by the Archbishop, or indeed that it took place at Canterbury, but to the claims of the prior of Christchurch that he represented the Church of Canterbury. This was a strange argument for the monks to put forward. They persistently and continually opposed their own diocesan and ought by right to have supported the claim of the prior of Christchurch.

Rivalry between the two houses grew, and in order to avoid the humiliating ceremony after the death of Bishop Waleran in 1183, the monks buried the Bishop's pastoral staff with him in the grave. The monks of Christchurch protested. The rights of the mother church, they declared, must be maintained at all costs and the episcopal staff delivered to the prior. Negotiations were begun. They dragged on for years and years, but for the moment a compromise was reached. The monks of Rochester agreed to deliver the staff, not to the prior but instead to the Archbishop who would deliver it for them. Gilbert Glanville was consecrated by Archbishop Baldwin in 1184 at Canterbury, and as usual in the absence of the Archbishop, took over the administration of his see while he was in the Holy Land. Benedict of Sawston was consecrated at Oxford - a belated attempt to escape from the overlordship of Canterbury; and later Lawrence of St. Martin, one of the King's clerks who became Bishop of Rochester in 1251 instituted litigation to try and secure some measure of independence for Rochester. This he did in the face of Royal disapproval, for both King Henry III and his Queen favoured the primate, and if the negotiations did not have the required results as far as independence was concerned, at least they improved relations between the Bishop and his monks (36).

[(36) DRc/L2, see Wharton, op.cit., pp.342-351; C.E. Woodruff and W. Danks, Memorials of Canterbury Cathedral p.104. Hasted, op.cit, 2nd ed.,IV, p.124 says the Archbishop did not interfere after 1238.]

It is exceedingly difficult to follow the trend of numbers of monks in the priory as the information available is somewhat inadequate. Archbishop Lanfranc introduced twenty-two monks into the house whom he instituted in 1083. When Bishop Gundulf died in March 1108 there were, according to Edmund de Hadenhem [cf. Haddenham] sixty monks some of the best read and the best singers in the Country (37). He also claims that numbers fell off after Gundulf's death but this may be accounted for by the fact that in accordance with the system of Bec, monks from well established houses were continually being sent out to help found and replenished other houses. It is known that monks went out from Rochester to the house of St. John at Colchester (Essex) founded by Eudo Dapifer in 1119/1120 (38) and to Christchurch, Canterbury in 1207 (39). There were apparently only 35 monks at Rochester in 1317; only 30 voted at the election of John de Sheppey as prior in 1333 (40) and these were doubtless drastically reduced by the pestilence which raged in Rochester between 1349-1352 (41). There are only 190 instances in the Rochester episcopal registers of monks entering the priory there for the period between 1320-1537 but this presupposes that all the monks in the house went through the various orders of the priesthood there. Obviously this was not the case and the registers of other bishoprics should be searched to determine an entry figure if this is possible. From the list compiled it would appear that there were far more candidates entering the priory between 1460-1537 than between 1320-1460. Twenty-three monks voted at the election of Lawrence Dan or Mereworth as prior in 1532 (42) and he and nineteen monks took the oath of supremacy on 10th June 1534. Only twelve monks received pensions in May 1541 but this number did not include those provided for under the secular establishment (43). From the figures given here, it would appear that there were normally about 30 monks at Rochester for most of the period of the existence of the priory.

[(37) Wharton, op.cit, p.337
(38) Archaeologia Cantiana XXIII, p.224
(39) Knowles, op.cit, p.365. There is also a case recorded in the Priors' Book concerning William Lecestre who was released from his oath of obedience to the prior of Rochester so that he could go to St. Giles Cornwall in the diocese of Coventry (Warwickshire) and Lichfield (Staffordshire) where Hugh Lempster was prior. This was in 1480. No reason is given for the transfer. DRc/Elb1A f.6
(40) Rochester Episcopal Register I, f.157. This was a disputed election: 22 monks led by the late prior John de Speldhurst voted for John de Sheppey, 5 led by Richard Bledlawe, the cellarer and his subcellarer Peter de Lambourne, for Willam de Reyersshe [Ryarsh] the sacrist; and 3 young monks for Robert de Suthflete [Southfleet].
(41) DRc/F1A
(42) Rochester Episcopal Register IV, f.73
(43) Calender of Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic. Henry VIII, Vol.XIV, 1540-1541, p.356 no.745, f.30 (November) and p.718 (May)]
When a man became a monk in a religious house, he discarded his own surname after his profession and was known instead by this Christian name and that of the place or parish from whence he came. For this reason it is a simple matter to determine the area from which monks came to Rochester priory. Most of them were local men from Rochester and its neighbouring parishes, some came from Canterbury, Folkestone, Dover, Hythe and Dartford; but as can be seen from the list compiled of the monks passing through the various orders of the priesthood, at lease nine came from London, several from Norfolk, three from Oxford, two from St. Albans (Hertfordshire) one from Ossory in Ireland, one from Winchester (Hampshire) and one from Mayfield in Sussex. The list has been compiled almost exclusively from the Rochester Episcopal registers.

In the early years the priors were probably Frenchmen: Ernulf came from Bec and Ralph from Caen, but as Rochester had the privilege of electing its priors without Royal interference, the tradition of electing a man from within the house itself developed very rapidly, and by the third quarter of the twelfth century this was probably standard practice. There was one exception to this rule. William Fresell who was elected in 1509 had previously been prior of Binham in Norfolk (44). After the migration of Alfred to Abingdon (Berkshire) between 1185-1189 none of the priors left to go to other houses. If they resigned their office, they remained in the house until their death. There are, of course, several exceptions: William de Hoo [St. Werburgh] who retired to Woburn in Bedfordshire; and those priors who resigned on their election to the bishopric, Thomas de Wouldham, Hamo de Hethe [Hythe] and John de Sheppey (45)

[(44) Rochester Episcopal Register IV, f.53. He took the following oath: In dei nomine Amen. Ego Willelmus Fressell Monachus expresse professus ordinis sancti Benedicti prior monasterii ecclesie vestre cathedralis sancti Andree Roffensis per provisionem et nominacionem vestras iuxta antiquas ordinaciones ecclesie vestre predicte prefectus sive nominatus promitto ad sancta dei evangelia vobis et successoribus vestris canonice intrandum et ministrandum vestris canonicam obedienciam Reverenciam et honorem necnon observanciam antiquarum ordinacium prefate ecclesie vestre cathedralis sicut me deus adiumet et sancta dei evangelia.

(45) Wharton, op.cit Successio Priorum, pp.392-399]

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 9 August 2001.
Date: n/a
Quantity: n/a


Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_L13 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA04_Legal_Records_1096_1535/ 01_St_Andrews_Priory_Rochester_1096_1523/ DRc_L13.html

Agreement 1378

William, Abbott of St. Mary Grace, by the Tower of London; John, Prior of Rochester; and William Knight of Welwes [cf. Welwyn?], Hertfordshire and Simon Aderne of Brayles [i.e. Brailes], Warwickshire:

William Knight and Simon Aderne are bound to Hugh Wynkebourne [cf. Winkburn] and Richard Payn [cf. Payne, Paine], citizens of London in 40 li. By a deed of 23 January 1375/1376 they had agreed that if William Knight came to London when asked and by lawful process recovered a tenement in London and its suburbs which they required, and then placed it at their disposal, the bond would be void. If, however, he could not do this, he and Simon Aderne would pay Hugh Wynkebourne [cf. Winkburn] and Richard Payn [cf. Payne, Paine] a certain [unspecified] sum of money.

William, Abbot of St. Mary Grace and John, Prior of Rochester are bound to William Knight and Simon Aderne in 50 li. to be paid at Christmas 1378. William Knight and Simon Aderne agreed that if either of them was impleaded by Hugh Wynkebourne [cf. Winkburn] and Richard Payne [cf. Payn, Paine] on account of the bond between them, that they would seek legal advice from the abbot and prior. If they are wronged in the plea, the abbot and prior would make restitution to them of their damages within one month in St. Mary Grace, and the bond would be void. If the abbot and prior failed to do this or give legal advice, they would be obliged to stand by their bond.

This document may be preliminary to the making of a fine. It is obviously one third part of an indenture.

Seal of Simon Welwes [cf. Welwyn?] only.

Document stained.

Latin.

Endorsement:

William Knygth's [cf. Knight’s] and Simon Ardennes' Bond to indemnify the Prior and Convent of Rochester in a Law-Suit. 12. 2 Richard 2 [i.e. King Richard II] AD 1379 [18th. century]
Date: 12 October 1378
Quantity: 1 membrane


Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: P296_RAINHAM_1517_1987/P296_06A_02_23 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Rochester_Archdeaconry_Area_Parishes/ P296_RAINHAM_1517_1987/ 02_ADDITIONAL_DEPOSIT_1864_1987/ 06_CHURCHWARDENS_Property_1897_1976/ P296_06A_02_23.html

Rainham parish church

Churchwardens, property records

Chancel 1931 - 1951

Photographs of cartoons for, or of executed designs of, stained glass windows by Francis H. Spear, ARCA, FRSA, “Fernbeech”, Reigate, Surrey and 47 Lansdowne Road, Stanmore, Middlesex N4, presumably used as guides to proposed restoration of Rainham church chancel.

Each measures c.8.5” x c.6” - Black & white.

Design for west window, Grendon, Warwickshire, erected 1947.

File updated by Borough Archivist 25 September 2001.

Date: No date
Quantity: 1 document
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/CEN_GM_02_Box_12 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/ Environment_Department/ Guildhall_Museum/ CEN_GM_02_Temporary_Box_List/ CEN_GM_02_Box_12.html

Records of local government provenance transferred from the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester, Rochester upon Medway City Council.

Programme of presentation of Honorary Freedom of City of Rochester upon Medway to Roy Hill, formerly Town Clerk of Chatham and Chief Executive of Medway Borough Council, 1982, containing photographs of Mr. and Mrs. Hill and Councillor Mr. Barry Flack, mayor of Rochester upon Medway and Mrs. Flack. (3 copies)
Black and white photograph of 3-dimensional plan of proposed Chatham Town Centre ring road showing on-way traffic flow, also showing adjacent road systems and the River Medway, Rats Bay and Sun Pier; superimposed on 25": 1 mile OS map c.1974
Printed brochure comprising souvenir programme for final ceremonial divisions, HMS Pembroke, HM Naval Base, Chatham 1983, illustrated with chip's badge and historical photographs of establishment, with lists of commodores of HM Naval Base and captains of HMS Pembroke
Printed A4 booklet entitled the Cutty Sark Tall Ships' Race [Chatham]: official guide and programme 1985 Amalgamation: data on the development of the Borough of Chatham, 1946; printed booklet comprising reports of the town clerks, surveyors and treasurers and medical officers of health on the subject of the amalgamation of the three Medway Towns, 1944
Provisional Order for Chatham Sun Pier 1902
Printed A4 item entitled Lloyd's of London present the Martime Medway Open Exhibition catalogue, 27 September 1985 Gun Wharf Chatham and 7-25 October Gillingham Adult Education Centre
Spiral bound A4 booklet entitled Chatham Town Centre development brief July 1982
Booklet entitled Rochester City Centre, informal district plan: a plan for the conservation of the city centre, preliminary draft 1973
Productivity Report, B.J. Pope, Chief Engineer 1980 with papers
Chatham Ring Road, compulsory purchase order (1972) inquiry 1973-1976, proof of evidence and papers
Chatham Town Centre maps and briefs 1963-1982
R210 Allhallows pumping scheme, distribution chamber and sludge pumping station at at Stoke, 1976
Newscuttings from Chatham News and Evening Post 1974
R215 Proposed pumping station, Deangate Ridge Sports Complex, Hoo St. Werburgh 1975-1976
Copy of letter from E.W. Robinson, Sales Manager, Thomas Fattorini Ltd., Regent Street Works, Birmingham, West Midlands (Warwickshire), to Mr. D.R. Hollands, Rochester upon Medway City Council, concerning deputy mayoress' pendant with illustrations, 1984
Inventory or list of civic regalia as held by mayor's officer at 2 December 1983
G5/3 Guildhall, High Street, Rochester - parking 1974-1977 [see also collections PS/NA and PS/ME q.v. ]
Printed brochure entitled A resume of the publications of the Ordnance Survey for England and Wales 1885
Ordnance Survey of England, book of reference to the plan of the parish of Gillingham 1867; Ordnance Survey of England, book of reference to the plan of the parish of St. Margaret, Rochester 1867 (2 booklets)
Facsimile Ordnance Survey maps as marked and labelled in connection with Southern Water Authority capital estimates 1976-1981 realting to sewerage and drainage schemes (2 items).


Date: 1867-1985
Quantity: 27 packets/booklets/folders
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/CEN_GM_02_Box_33 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Rochester_upon_Medway_City_Council_1973_1998/ Environment_Department/ Guildhall_Museum/ CEN_GM_02_Temporary_Box_List/ CEN_GM_02_Box_33.html

Enterprise Close, Medway City Estate, Frindsbury Peninsula

Spiral-bound booklet, site investigation by A.D.W. Smith, County Surveyor, Kent County Council, Maidstone 1983;
398/84 Kelvin Construction Co. Ltd., Long Drive, Greenford, Middlesex, structural steelwork, drawings and calculations 1984;
398/84 Drawings and calculations, D.V. Buck and Partners, 10 High Street, Rochester, structural engineers 1983 (1 folder, 1 bundle);
398/84 Critchell Harrington Partnership, 44a North Street, Chichester, West Sussex, architects' drawings 1983-1984;
398/84; EZ Unit A5, Zone A Enterprise Close, Anthonys Way, GKN Keller Foundations, Oxford Road, Ryton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire, specialist foundation engineers and contractors 1984.
Date: [1981]
Quantity: 6 folders/booklets/bundles


Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: PC190_Hoo_St_Werburgh_Parish_Council/PC190_37 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Parish_Councils_1894_onwards/ PC190_Hoo_St_Werburgh_Parish_Council/ 02_Clerks_records_1894_to_1996/ 01_Correspondence_1962_to_1993/ 04_Planning_correspondence_1979_to_1989/ PC190_37.html

Hoo St. Werburgh Parish Council

Clerk’s Records 1894-1996

Correspondence

Planning Correspondence: In/Out Letters

Planning Correspondence between Mr D. R. Darke, Clerk to Hoo St. Werburgh and City Services Department, Rochester upon Medway City Council, City housing and Environmental Department, Rochester upon Medway City Council, Technical Services Department, Rochester upon Medway City Council, Secretary and Solicitor’s Department, Kent County Council, Chief Executive’s Department, Rochester upon Medway City Council, County Planning Officer, Kent County Council, County Surveyor, Kent County Council, Dickens Country Protection Society, Association of Hoo Residents, local residents, concerning planning.

Including Letter from Mr D. R. Darke, Clerk, to C. Oliver Esq., Development and Valuation Officer, Rochester upon Medway City Council, informing him that the Parish Council has no objection to the sale of land adjoining 9 Wall Close, as long as it is used for garden purposes only, 14 November 1988.

Including Application for Planning Permission in Respect of a Scheme of Mineral Extraction, Infilling and Restoration for an Existing Clay Pit at Shakespeare Farm, St. Mary Hoo, Isle of Grain, Kent. Applicant: Biffa Waste Services Limited, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. Agent: M J Carter Associates, Atherstone, Warwickshire. November 1987.

Including Letter from Mr D. R. Darke, Clerk, to D. J. Newell Esq., City Services Manager, Rochester upon Medway City Council, enquiring about the types and amounts of toxic waste that will be dumped in the light of the renewal of consent for toxic waste disposal at Barn Street Farm. He also enquires about what safeguards will be in place to stop possible poisons reaching the water supply, 14 December 1987.

DE632


Date: 1981-1988
Quantity: 1 bundle
Result number 10 - Please quote Reference: 03_North_Aylesford_Petty_Sessional_Division_Magistrates_Court_c1725_1974_PS_NA/PS_NA_141 on request slip.

Path: Public_Records_1607_1989/ 03_North_Aylesford_Petty_Sessional_Division_Magistrates_Court_c1725_1974_PS_NA/ 03_Additional_Records_1808_to_1979/ 02_Licensing_1869_to_1962/ 02_Licence_Registers_1872_to_1958/ PS_NA_141.html

North Aylesford Petty Sessional Division (the North Division of the Lath of Aylesford), Magistrates Court

Licencing Registers

Licensing (Consolidation) Act 1910 Section 50

Loose enclosures removed from register 1930-1938 (PS/NA/140) comprising letters mainly from brewers and retailers or their agents including Ind Coope & Co. Ltd./Ind Coope & Allsopp Ltd., Burton on Trent, Staffordshire/Romford, Essex/High Street, Strood, Messrs. B. Grant & Co. Ltd., 87 Station Street, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire, Fremlins Ltd., Pale Ale Brewery, Maidstone, Truman, Hanbury, Buxton & Co. Ltd., Russells Brewery, Gravesend, T. Foster & Co. (Wines & Spirits) Ltd., 161 Victoria Street, London SW1/84 High Street, Gillingham, Trust Houses Ltd., 53 Short's Gardens, London WC2, C.N. Kidd & Son. Ltd., Steam Brewery, Hythe Street, Dartford, brewers, Messrs. Thresher & Co. Ltd., 4 Thames House, Queen Charlotte Place, London EC4, wine, spirit, cider and bottled beer merchants, Unwins Ltd., 27 & 28 Park Street, Regents Park, London NW1, wine merchants and Timothy Whites & Taylors Ltd., Chandos Street, Portsmouth, Hampshire, chemists and household stores, Russells Gravesend Brewery Ltd., Truman Hanbury Buxton & Co. Ltd., Style & Winch Ltd., Acorn Wharf, Rochester/Medway Brewery, Maidstone, Frederick Leney & Sons Ltd., Phoenix Brewery, Wateringbury, Budden & Biggs Brewery Ltd., Strood and others including firms of solicitors, listing or concerning renewal of licences, re-registration and changes of name of named public houses owned by them throughout the area, and memoranda and copy letters from Customs and Excise, Gravesend, Dover and Gardiner Street, Gillingham.

Includes letters of confirmation of granting of licences to several named public houses under Licensing (Consolidation) Act 1910, from W.l. Platts, Clerk of the Peace for Kent, Sessions House, Maidstone passim.

Includes letter from Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers [APCM] Ltd., Portland House, Tothill Street, Wetsminster, London SW1, advising of sale of freehold of The Royal Albert Beer House, Cliffe, 1932 (PS/NA/141/24).

Includes letter from Broadway Social and Billiard Club, 360-371 Upper Street, Islington, London N1, respecting use of Broadway Billiard Hall, 133-141 High Street, Chatham 1933 (PS/NA/141/30).

Includes letter of notification of change of ownership from Reynolds & Co., 10 Newhall Street, Birmingham 3, Warwickshire, solicitors, in respect of the Mitre Hotel, High Street, Chatham 1933 (PS/NA/141/41).

Includes letter from Leonard H. Bell, 45 High Street, Rochester, solicitor for trustees of Watts’ Charity, Rochester, notifying C.W. Rimington, Clerk to the Licensing Justices, Chatham Police Station, of intention of trustees to allow licence for Barnard’s Music Hall, Chatham, to lapse 1936 (PS/NA/141/86).

Includes copy letter from Clerk to Style & Winch, Medway Brewery, Maidstone, informing them of conviction of James William Moore, licensee of Swan alehouse, Brook, Chatham for adulterating rum, 1937 (PS/NA/141/98).

Microfilm MF 472

[File updated 8 November 2002]

Date: 1928-1939
Quantity: 1 bundle/148pp.
Result number 11 - Please quote Reference: S_MN_Medway_Navigation_Company_1627_to_1936/S_MN_AC_12 on request slip.

Path: Statutory_Authorities_1627_1969/ S_MN_Medway_Navigation_Company_1627_to_1936/ 05_KCC_Accession_0886_1829_to_1932/ S_MN_01_Administration_1902_to_1931/ AC_General_correspondence_1902_to_1931/ S_MN_AC_12.html

Medway Navigation Company.

Upper Medway Conservancy Board.

Correspondence between George L. Garrick, clerk, Upper Medway Conservancy, 47 High Street, Tonbridge, and F.W.S. Stanton, 10 The Paddock, Chatham, civil engineer, William Arnold & Sons, Banbridges, Paddock Wood, merchants, William Griffiths & Co. Ltd., Upper Medway Works, East Farleigh Lock, Farebrother Ellis & Co., 29 Fleet Street, London EC, H.P. Maybury, County Surveyor, Kent County Council, St. Peter Street, Maidstone, Ham, Baker & Co. Ltd., Municipal Engineering Works, Langley Green, Birmingham, Warwickshire, discussing engineering and navigation works, Anchor Inn, Yalding, dredging, contractors, sluice gates, bridges, locks, weirs and Postern Estate.

Date: 1912
Quantity: 1 bundle/114pp.
Result number 12 - Please quote Reference: S_MN_Medway_Navigation_Company_1627_to_1936/S_MN_AC_16 on request slip.

Path: Statutory_Authorities_1627_1969/ S_MN_Medway_Navigation_Company_1627_to_1936/ 05_KCC_Accession_0886_1829_to_1932/ S_MN_01_Administration_1902_to_1931/ AC_General_correspondence_1902_to_1931/ S_MN_AC_16.html

Medway Navigation Company.

Upper Medway Conservancy Board.

Correspondence between George L. Carrick, clerk, Upper Medway Conservancy, 47 High Street, Tonbridge, and Adams & Stansell, The County Laboratories, Maidstone, analytical chemists, E. Avery, Wateringbury, boat, punt, launch and canoe builder and proprietor, M.A. Phillips, Railway Wharf, Frindsbury, lighterman and general contractor, Ham Baker & Co., Municipal Engineering Works, Langley Green, Birmingham, Warwickshire, engineers, Medway Slipway Company, Rochester, engineers, shipbuilders and boilermakers, Curtis's & Harvey Ltd., Gunpowder Mills, Tonbridge, The Whitstable Shipping Company Ltd., Whitstable, Aylesford Pottery, Maidstone, F.W.S. Stanton, The Paddock, Chatham, civil enginner and others, discussing dredging, water analysis (supplied) of the River Medway at Tonbridge Gas Works, Eldridges Lock, Tonbridge, Stoneham Lock, Wateringbury, Teston and East Farleigh (for concreting purposes), regulation of flow of river, lock gates, sluices, bridges and navigation works, etc.

Date: 1913
Quantity: 1 bundle/97pp.
Result number 13 - Please quote Reference: DE0087_Barrows_Family_of_Canterbury_Great_War_1917_1918/DE0087_02 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0087_Barrows_Family_of_Canterbury_Great_War_1917_1918/ DE0087_02.html

Memoranda from the regimental paymaster, Gloucestershire Regiment, Warwick, Warwickshire to Mrs. M.A. Barrows of 7 East Street, Sturry Road, Canterbury concerning late no. 33181 Private F. Barrows 1/4 Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment and covering a statement of account [not present].
Date: 4 February 1918
Quantity: 1p.
Result number 14 - Please quote Reference: DE0167_Local_and_Out_Area_Title_Deeds_1577_to_1973/DE167_33 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0167_Local_and_Out_Area_Title_Deeds_1577_to_1973/ 03_Strood_Rural_Area_1717_to_1973/ DE167_33.html

Conveyance as security by mortgage

(i) Robert Foote of Charlton Place [Bishopsbourne], Esq.

(ii) Robert Withy of Buckingham Street, Strand, Middlesex, gentleman

(iii) Robert Eden of same, Esq.

(iv) Thomson Hankey of Mincing Lane, City of London, Esq.

(v) David Hermitage Day of Rochester, banker

(vi) John Button of Stifford Lodge, Essex, Esq.

(vii) John Nash of Regent Street, Middlesex, architect

(viii) John Campbell of White Lion Court, Cornhill, City of London, merchant
John Stevens of St. James' Place, Middlesex, coal merchant
Joseph Brindley of Frindsbury, shipbuilder

(ix) Joseph Brindley as above and Thomas Brindley of same, same

(x) Rev. James Formby of same, clerk

(xi) Edward Bolton King of Umberslade, Warwickshire, Esq.

Mansion house, outbuildings and gardens in Frindsbury, formerly occupied by Edward Moorlocke, formerly called Moorcock, and others (named).

Consideration: £1353.6.8

Incorporating reconveyance by lease and release 1-2 August 1836 endorsed on two membranes

(i) Edward Bolton King as above

(ii) James Formby

(iii) John Simson Bullard of Rochester, gentleman ( a trustee for Formby)

Property as above

Consideration: £2200 and interest plus 10/-

Date: 3 April 1830 [-1836]
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 15 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_02 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_02.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWN

Important note to imagebase users.

Caveat and disclaimer.

Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centcre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 2: Rochester Bridge

Printed potted history of the Rochester bridges, unattributed. c.1985 p.1

Postcard size print of artist’s impression of the second (i.e. English) Rochester Bridge c.960, after a print at the British Museum [cf. British Library] with notes on chronology, construction and printed sources. c.1950 p.2

Facsimile of elevations and plan of the third Rochester Bridge as built by Sir Robert Knolles and Sir John de Cobham in 1388, as altered and widened 1818 and removed 1856, from a drawing by John L. Robson, MICE with notes on chronology, construction and printed sources, c.1960 p.3.

Photograph of print of view from Frindsbury Intra showing Rochester Bridge and drawbridge, River Medway and river traffic, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church, Rochester and windmills near St. Margaret’s church and fishermen in foreground. [c.1780] c.1980 p.4 (upper).

Printed notice from Wardens of Rochester Bridge advertising closure of Rochester Bridge for purpose of laying new drawbridge effective 8 June 1734 for 6 days, 16 May 1734. 1 item (paper) p.4 (lower)

Colour postcard entitled the north-west view of Rochester Castle AD 1735 comprising view from Strood Intra, showing the southern foot of Rochester Bridge, Rochester Cathedral and river traffic. Reproduced and published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1920 p.5 (upper)

Colour postcard entitled an exact prospect of the city of Rochester taken from Finsbery [i.e. Frindsbury] Windmill by Ja[mes] Collins AD 1690 showing the River Medway, masted naval vessels and hulks, Rochester and Chatham Intra. Reproduced and published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. c.1920 p.5 (lower)

Print of view from Frindsbury Intra looking across the River Medway towards Rochester, showing the bridge, castle and cathedral, with three single-masted vessels in foreground. [Print indicates that] it was engraved by 'Walker and Storer' from an original drawing by JMW Turner. Published 1 May 1794 by Harrison and Co., 18 Paternoster Row, London. 1794    p.6.

Print entitled view of the castle and bridge of Rochester in Kent, looking from Frindsbury Intra, unattributed, showing the River Medway, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester, windmills near St. Margaret’s church, river traffic and moored vessels in foreground. c.1790 p.7

Print entitled Rochester Castle and Bridge, county of Kent, showing the Strood approach, engraved by J. Basire from a drawing by W. Hamper, from the Gentleman’s Magazine, p.601, July 1809. p.8

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, Kent showing Ladbury’s Cottage and quay in foreground, looking across the River Medway to Strood, showing river traffic, Strood Hill and windmills. Engraved by J. Greig from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent, published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London, 1 February 1820. p.9

Two prints each entitled Rochester Kent engraved by W. Tombleson from a drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London, 1 February 1820 each however manifesting differences from the other. The scene is one looking from Frindsbury Hill across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, showing river traffic, Strood and Rochester. 1820. p.10

Prints comprising two similar views of Rochester Bridge looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards the bridge, showing the new central arch, Rochester Castle and river traffic. The lower view also shows bridge traffic. Unattributed. c.1820

Coloured print entitled Rochester Bridge, looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, also showing river traffic, horse-washing, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester and a windmill near St. Margaret’s church, the tower of Rochester Cathedral and Wright’s Hotel (later the Castle Club), engraved by H. Adlard from a drawing by George Shepherd, published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London July 1828. p.12

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, looking from Frindsbury Intra across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, also showing river traffic, horse-washing, Rochester Castle, St. Margaret’s Church Rochester and a windmill near St. Margaret’s church, the tower of Rochester Cathedral and Wright’s Hotel (later the Castle Club), engraved by H. Adlard from a drawing by George Shepherd, published by George Virtue, 26 Ivy Lane, London July 1828. Identical to the print on p.12 but uncoloured. p.13

Print entitled Rochester Castle from the bridge also showing the River Medway and river traffic, drawn by W. Westall ARA, engraved by James Fife and published [?] by J. and F. Harwood, London. Endorsed to effect published by Charles Tilt, 86 Fleet Street, London, 1829. p.13 (U).

Print entitled Rochester looking from Temple Marsh, Strood across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge and Castle, also showing river traffic and grazing cattle. Drawn by W. Westall ARA and engraved by E. Finden, Couchman’s caption states published in 1829. p.14 (L)

Print entitled Rochester from Frindsbury Hill looking towards Rochester Bridge and along the Medway valley, showing Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, Fort Clarence, river traffic on the River Medway and barges, hulks and masted vessels in Bridge Reach. Not attributed. c.1840. p.15

Print entitled Rochester Bridge and castle looking from Frindsbury Intra across Bridge Reach towards Strood, Rochester Bridge and Rochester Castle, showing river traffic on the River Medway. Not attributed. c.1800 p.16 (upper)

Print entitled View of Rochester looking from Frindsbury Hill across the River Medway towards Rochester Bridge, showing horse-drawn vehicles on the bridge, river traffic and masted vessels, Fort Clarence and the Medway valley. Captioned about 1837. p.16 (L)

Print entitled Rochester and Strood from Frindsbury looking across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge and Rochester, showing railway lines in middle distance, road, grazing cattle, Fort Clarence, river traffic and Strood. Published by Kershaw and Son, London. Captioned after 1830, before 1857 p.17 (U)

Print entitled Rochester from Frindsbury looking along Bridge Reach and beyond Rochester Bridge up the Medway valley, showing a paddle steamer at Strood Pier, river traffic and possibly a steam engine and train on the railway bridge. Published by Rock and Company, London 10 February 1859. p.17 (M)

Print entitled Rochester Bridge, Kent looking from Strood Esplanade across Bridge Reach (U) towards Rochester Bridge and Wright’s Hotel, also showing steam engine and train on railway bridge and horse-drawn vehicle on road bridge, river traffic including barge in process of lowering mast and man and woman, latter in crinoline, standing on quayside. Published by Rock and Company, London 10 February 1859. p.17 (L)

Print entitled Rochester old bridge as published in Illustrated London News, also showing Rochester Castle, Rochester Cathedral, Wright’s Hotel, Bridge Chamber, horse-drawn vehicles, Ladbury’s Cottage, windmill and barge lowering its mast. 16 August 1856 p.18

Photograph of Rochester Bridgetaken prior to the construction of the railway bridge in 1853 and demolition of Queen’s Arms public house in 1877 and also showing Rochester Castle , Rochester Cathedral and Bridge Chamber. c.1850 p.19

Two photographs (upper a postcard) of the old and new bridges between Rochester and Strood , looking from curtain wall of Rochester Castle towards Strood Esplanade and the Ship Inn. Unattributed. c.1855 p.20 (upper and lower)

Print entitled the explosion of old Rochester Bridge: filling up the shaft previous to firing the battery, looking at right angles across the river from Strood Esplanade towards Wright’s Hotel at Bridge Reach, showing Royal Engineers officers and sappers at work on the remains of the bridge pier platforms, dressed in working dress and pillbox or forage caps, also showing Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle, river traffic and Rochester Bathing Establishment (afloat). Cut from the Illustrated London News c.1857 p.21

Print entitled view of the east end of the old bridge at Rochester, after the demolitions in 1857, from a photograph by Sergeant Dukes, Royal Engineers, looking from the railway bridge along Bridge Reach up the Medway valley and showing sappers standing on piles of masonry rubble, silhouetted against the River Medway, J. Moody of London, lithographer 1859. p.22

Print entitled the new East Kent Railway bridge at Rochester as built in 1853, looking from Frindsbury Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle and Cathedral, showing industrial activity in Frindsbury Intra, river traffic and a hulk, with floating timber on the River Medway in the foreground marked C F Sargent. The Medway or Rochester Bathing Establishment in Rochester is visible through one of the bridge arches. From The London Journal 5 July 1856. p.23

Cutting from unstated periodical containing article entitled antiquarian discovery at Rochester, illustrated with engraving of medieval (Early English) arch forming part of the former St. Clement's Church, Rochester (drawn by E. Gilks, engraved by T. Gilks), exposed during building works associated with the construction of the approach to the railway bridge c.September 1851. [It is inferred the area concerned is on the Rochester side of the bridge and the site of the find is in the vicinity of Horsewash Lane. Significantly, the 50": 1 mile Ordnance Survey map of Rochester shows a St. Clement's Lane in the position of the modern Horsewash Lane.] p.24

Photograph of Rochester Bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach from Rochester Esplanade towards Rochester Bridge Railway Station in Strood, showing barge with lowered mast, windmills on Broom Hill, Strood and cast iron Rochester road bridge opened in 1856. Unattributed. c.1900 p.25

Photograph of Rochester Bridge taken from Rochester Pier, showing Rochester Esplanade and Castle curtain wall to right, Broom Hill, Strood, industrial areas in Frindsbury Intra and Frindsbury Church in the left and mid distance and a barge with lowered mast on the River Medway. 1906 x 1911 p.26

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Frindsbury Hill, showing Rochester road and railway bridges, Rochester Castle bailey used as allotments, Castle Hill, Gundulph Square, windmills on Broom Hill, river traffic and the Thames and Medway Canal basin at Frindsbury Intra, c.1856 x c.1869, facsimile by Fine Art Studio Photographers,11 Frindsbury Road, Strood, p.27

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, The Little Mill and The Great Mill on Broom Hill, Strood, House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury, mills and warehouses inn Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood and river traffic including a paddle steamer, facsimile by c.1879 x c.1890 p.28

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, The Little Mill and The Great Mill on Broom Hill, Strood, House Mill or Frindsbury Mill, Frindsbury, mills and warehouses inn Frindsbury Intra and river traffic including barges. c.1879 x c.1890 p.29 (U)

Photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood, Frindsbury Church and river traffic including barges, also showing Castle Moat House on Castle Hill c.1884 x c.1890 p.29 (L)

As above p.29 (L) (photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, Bridge Chamber, Gundulph Square, Rochester Bridge Railway Station and the Ship Inn, Strood, Frindsbury Church and river traffic including barges) but cropped and not showing Castle Moat House or Castle Hill c.1884 x c.1890 p.30 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester Castle grounds looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge and Castle Hill, showing bandstand in castle grounds and Frindsbury Church in the distance, c.1897 p.30 (L)

Postcard photograph addressed to Mr. P. Hill, 4 Haymarket, London SW, postmarked Herne Bay 1904, photograph looking from Rochester Pier across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge and the Ship Inn and Rochester Bridge Railway Station, Strood, showing moored vessels, c.1891 x c.1904 p.31 (U)

Postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, postcard addressed to a Mrs. Musto [cf. Mustoe], 28 Ratcliffe Road, Forest Gate, Essex, postmarked Chatham 23 August 1913; photograph c.1891 x .c1904 p.31 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Broom Hill, Strood and Frindsbury Church, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, c.1891 x c.1904 p.32 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Strood Intra, Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill, addressed to a Mrs. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, postmarked 28 July 1908, [note Frindsbury Church is not depicted] c.1891 x c.1904 p.32 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards the Ship Inn (Strood Intra), Broom Hill, Strood and Frindsbury Hill, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand and windmills on Broom Hill, printed in Belgium by F. Welch and Sons of Portsmouth, Hampshire, c.March 1904 p.33 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph depicting moonlit night-time scene of the River Medway at Bridge Reach taken from Rochester Castle keep looking towards Strood Intra, Broom Hill, Strood, showing Rochester Castle Gardens and bandstand, barges below Rochester Bridge and windmills on Broom Hill and Frindsbury Hill; identical to p.33 (U) except for tinting, c.1904 p.33 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing windmills (touched-up at the studio), Ship Inn Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Printed by Allday Ltd., Birmingham, Warwickshire for Shurey’s Publications. c.1902 p.34 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled [River] Medway from Rochester Castle looking from Rochester Castle diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing windmills, Ship Inn Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, river traffic on the River Medway, bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Also showing the triumphal arch built for the coronation of King Edward VII. No. 5707 in the Wyndham Series. 1902 p.34 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Castle Gardens looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing the Aveling and Porter factory in Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand and Crimean War canon * in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill including the Rochester and County Club, pertaining to the building and opening of which compiler has given references to articles in the Chatham News and Chatham Observer. [For the surviving records of the Rochester and County Club, please see collection DE85 (part.)] On rear, message from George Alnett to his mother Mrs. J. Alnett of 13B Chandos Street, Charing Cross, London WC describing Chatham [sic] as a lonely place. Postmarked 2 September 1907. p.35 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge from the Castle looking from Rochester Castle keep diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill (Strood) and Frindsbury Hill, showing the Aveling and Porter factory in Strood Intra, barges below Rochester Bridge, bandstand and Crimean War canon * in Rochester Castle Gardens and houses on Castle Hill. Front bearing the coat of arms of Rochester City Council and the Milton trade mark portrait of John Milton, poet, front and rear. Sold by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. c.1929 p.35 (L)

[* cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia. For further information on the canon please see Brain scrapbook AA p.36, local studies collection.]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking diagonally from Rochester Castle keep across Bridge Reach towards Strood Intra and the Aveling and Porter factory and Frindsbury Intra and showing barges below Rochester Bridge, Castle Hill and the bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens, undergoing repairs. c.1906 x c.1914 p.36

Copy of photograph of triumphal arch on the Rochester foot of Rochester Bridge, built to mark the coronation of King Edward VII, looking from the end of Rochester High Street through the arch along the bridge. Showing adult and juvenile foot passengers. Original exposed 1902. p.37

Copy of photograph of rebuilding of iron road bridge looking from the Rochester end towards Strood, showing foot passengers, gantries, horse drawn vehicles and the Aveling and Porter factory offices in Strood. c.1911 x c.1913. p.38

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester new bridge opened by Lady Darnley May 14 [19]14 looking from Rochester Castle curtain wall across Rochester Esplanade and Bridge Reach diagonally towards Rochester Bridge, showing motor vehicle, cyclists and foot passengers. Sold by W. and E. Town, Strood. 1914 p.39 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled view from Rochester Castle [keep] looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, also showing Castle Hill, Rochester, barges below Rochester Bridge, Aveling and Porter factory and offices in Strood, Rochester Esplanade and bandstand and Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial in castle gardens. Message on reverse from Will [-] to Miss Ruth Read, 24 Station Road, Petersfield, Hampshire, saying he has moved from Grove Park, Lewisham to Chatham but probably not for long. Author possibly a soldier in the Army Service Corps. Postmarked Chatham 15 April 1915. p.39 (L)

Newcutting comprising copy of photograph of Countess of Darnley re-opening Rochester Bridge on 14 May 1914, taken from Medway Extra 1983, showing Lady Darnley preparing to separate ceremonial tasselled ropes in the presence of civic dignitaries. p.40

Postcard photograph entitled the new bridge Rochester looking from the castle curtain wall diagonally across Rochester Esplanade and Bridge Reach towards the bridge, showing section of Esplanade fenced off and containing huts and timber equipment. With message on rear from Arthur Orriss to his sister Miss Dora Orriss, North Street, Hundon, Clare, Suffolk, discussing family and weather. Postcard supplied by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1911 x c.1913 p.41 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled new Rochester bridge looking from the end of Rochester High Street along the bridge, showing foot passengers, cyclists, horse-drawn conveynces, tram lines and overhead power lines, showing Bridge House in the right foreground, a Union flag flying from its third storey. Sold by W. Naylar, Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. c.1914 p.41 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled new bridge and pier Rochester, taken from the mudflats below Rochester Esplanade at low tide, looking north along Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, showing rowing boats and other vessels and slipway in foreground, Rochester Pier and Medway Swimming Club’s raft and diving apparatus in middle distance and Frindsbury Church in far distance, with an Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers (APCM) barge at left in middle distance. A man wearing cloth cap is standing among the boats looking towards camera. Message on rear from Sidney and Rose Clark to their mother Mrs. Clark at Ancelcole House, 72 Carlyle Road, Eastville, Bristol, Gloucestershire, describing their visit to Rochester. Supplied by W.Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 22 August 1914. p.42

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade approach to Rochester Bridge, opened by Lady Darnley 14.5.14, taken from the first floor of 3 Esplanade (the Castle Club) looking across Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate) diagonally towards Rochester Bridge, showing railed enclosure on north side of Esplanade and foot passengers and cyclists in foregound and middle distance and advertising placards for Dewar’s whisky and Nestle’s Milk mounted on side of Rochester railway bridge in background. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series no.887, Rochester. c.1914 p.43 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge, opened by Lady Darnley 14.5.14 comprising same exposure as DE402/2/p.41 (L) but cropped, looking from the end of Rochester High Street along the bridge, showing foot passengers, cyclists, horse-drawn conveynces, tram lines and overhead tram power lines, showing Bridge House in the right foreground, a Union flag flying from its third storey. Sold by W. Naylar, no. 886 in Eastgate Photo Series, Rochester. Message on rear from A. Mason to Miss Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford congratulating her on her birthday, postmarked Rochester 1 July 1914. p.43 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Esplanade, looking from Rochester Castle curtain wall along the Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge in the middle distance and Frindsbury Hill in the far distance, showing Bridge House in the right distance, foot passengers and cyclist alongside Esplanade balustrade in middle distance and possibly an unattended camera on tripod in middle right distance. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. From the position of the shadows, the photograph appears to have been exposed in the early morning. c.1914 p.44 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, the bridge taken from Rochester Castle keep and looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Frindsbury Intra and Frindsbury, showing St. Mary’s Church Strood, barges below the bridge, chalk pit under Frindsbury Hill, Rochester castle gardens, base of Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and buildings at lower end of Castle Hill, Rochester. Published by F. Frith and Co., Reigate, Surrey. c.1947 x c.1950 p.44 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled bridge from High Street, Rochester looking diagonally from the eastern side of the junction of High Street and Corporation Street across High Street towards the junction of Rochester Bridge foot, Esplanade (formerly West Gate) and High Street, showing the Crown Hotel in shadow in the left foreground, tramlines and overhead power lines, a tram in progress on the bridge, foot passengers, cyclist, horse-drawn conveyance and a noticeboard left of the bridge. [A transcription of the noticeboard, regarding the carriage of excessive weights across the bridge, is available in the form of a Memorandum by the Bridge Clerk, dated 22 April 1918.](Record amended by Archives and Local Studies Officer, January 2006) c.1918 p. 45 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled river [Medway] and new bridge, Rochester looking from Rochester Castle keep across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Bridge, Strood Intra, the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works, Strood, Frindsbury Intra, showing barges, one with lowered mast, above Rochester Bridge and portion of Rochester Castle gardens including Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial. c.1914 x c.1919 p.45 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and Castle Gardens looking from a middle storey of Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground from left to right the bandstand in Rochester Castle Gardens and Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial and in the distance from left to right Aveling and Porter's Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), industrial areas in Frindsbury Intra including the warehouses of Horsnaill and Reynolds, seedsmen and the quarry beneath Frindsbury Hill. c.1914 x c.1919 p.46 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground from left to right the castle curtain wall, bandstand in the castle gardens, Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial, Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right Aveling and Porter's Invicta Works in Strood Intra, a sailing barge above and approaching Rochester Bridge, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra and masted vessels below Rochester Bridge. c.1914 x c.1919 p.46 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled bridge and castle grounds, Rochester looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right castle curtain wall, bandstand in the castle gardens, Queen Victoria's 1887 Jubilee memorial, Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory and offices, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), St. Mary's Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Canal Basin and Frindsbury Hill. Some barges are visible below Rochester Bridge. Published by Valentine’s. After 1931 p.47 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge looking from Crown Hotel, Esplanade (formerly West Gate), Rochester looking diagonally across the Esplanade towards Rochester Bridge showing in the right foreground motor vehicular traffic on Rochester Bridge foot and in the distance left to right, Broom Hill Strood, the Winget Ltd. offices in Strood High Street, St. Mary’s Church Strood and warehouses in Frindsbury Intra. On rear, message from Frank [-] to his uncle Mr. Glanville Mason and Aunt Dorothy, Fernvale [?] [27] Maidstone Road, Chatham, discussing vacation and visiting arrangements. Postmarked 29 July 1935. p.47 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and River Medway looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory in Strood, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill and Frindsbury Church, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Royal Tunbridge Wells. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Mrs. A.J. Wood, Walthamstow, London, describing a visit to Southend, Essex, the weather and family arrangements. Message dated 2 August 1934. p.48 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge and River Medway looking from Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right the Winget Ltd. factory in Strood, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill and Frindsbury Church, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd. Exposure identical to p.48 (U) but cropped at the right edge. c.1931 p.48 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge viewed from Strood Esplanade, Strood Intra, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing a tram or double-decker omnibus in transit on the bridge and group of buildings at end of Rochester High Street. Published by C. Richter Ltd., London NW6. c.1935 p.49

Photograph or Rochester Bridge, Rochester Castle gardens, the River Medway, Strood and Frindsbury, taken from Rochester Castle keep, showing in foreground and middle distance left to right part of the castle curtain wall, Rochester Esplanade, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crown Hotel and Castle Hill, Rochester and in the distance from left to right the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Hill, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Before 1931. 4” x 2 ¾” (100mm x 72mm) p.50 (U)

Postcard photograph or Rochester Bridge, Rochester Castle gardens, the River Medway, Strood and Frindsbury, taken from Rochester Castle keep, showing in foreground and middle distance left to right part of the castle curtain wall, Rochester Esplanade, castle gardens and bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crown Hotel and Castle Hill, Rochester and in the distance from left to right the Aveling and Porter Invicta Works in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station Strood, St. Mary’s Church, Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Broom Hill and Frindsbury Church and Frindsbury Hill, with barges and other vessels moored below Rochester Bridge. Published by TIC. Before 1931. p.50 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Bridge and castle grounds, Rochester looking from a lower storey of Rochester Castle keep towards Rochester Bridge, showing in the foreground and middle distance left to right part of the keep parapet, bandstand, Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial, Crimean War canon *, pedestrians, park benches and Castle Hill and in the distance from left to right Rochester Bridge railway station, Strood, Broom Hill Strood, warehouses in Frindsbury Intra, Frindsbury Hill, quarry beneath Frindsbury Hill, Frindsbury Church and possibly the SS Peking moored at Acorn Wharf, Rochester. Published by Valentine’s. On rear, message from M.A. Streeter to Miss Elsie Cobb, Grove Villas, Brabourne Lees, Ashford correcting the date given in some agenda cards. Postmarked 3 August 1934. c.1932. p.51

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Loose items removed from DE402/2/28 above comprising notes on Chatham Central Bridge and Crown Inn, Rochester c.1980 (2 items, paper.) DE402/2/52-53

[* cf. Crimea, Ukraine, Russia. For further information on the canon please see Brain scrapbook AA p.36, local studies collection.]

File updated by Borough Archivist 24 November 2006.


Date: 1734 - c.1985
Quantity: 1 volume/51pp.
Result number 16 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_03 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_03.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWN

Important note to imagebase users.

Caveat and disclaimer.

Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.

Medway Archives and Local Studies Centre

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 3: Rochester Esplanade

Photograph of print entitled Bridge House at Rochester looking south along Rochester Bridge approach (formerly West Gate, subsequently Esplanade), showing group of buildings on left side, Medway Valley in the distance, riverbank in right foreground and bridge foot in right middle distance. Engraved and published by Richard Godfrey, 120 Long Acre, London 1 October 1770. For original see below. 6" x 4 1/2" (150mm x 115mm) p.1

Print entitled Bridge House at Rochester looking south along Rochester Bridge approach (formerly West Gate, subsequently Esplanade), showing group of buildings on left side, Medway Valley in the distance, riverbank in right foreground and bridge foot in right middle distance. Engraved and published by Richard Godfrey, 120 Long Acre, London 1 October 1770. 10" x 8" (250mm x 200mm) p.2

Printed text entitled The Bridge Chapel. Unattributed. c.1985 p.3

Newscuttting containing article from Chatham News, entitled Little-known trust spans the centuries: Dick Whittington was a contributor to group which still keeps bridges open with photograph of Glyn Jones, clerk, former town clerk and chief executive of Gillingham Borough Council, taken in front of the Bridge Chapel on Rochester Esplanade. 4 September 1987 p.4

Cutting from Old Rochester no. 16 by Edwin Harris entitled Rochester Esplanade comprising reproduction of drawing of elevation of frontage of Bridge Chapel, old Bridge Chamber and the Queen's Arms public house on Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate), depicting a Mieux and Company of London porter placard above the public house also showing shop front sign stating J. Terry. On reverse, drawing of elevation of group of two buildings in Rochester High Street including S. Caddell's shop and the Golden Cross. 1902 p.5 (U)

Copy of photograph of front of ruin of Rochester Bridge Chapel looking across Esplanade and pavement to main entrance, also showing part of Castle Club, 3 Esplanade, in left middle distance. 3" x 2 3/4" 1928 p.5 (L, left)

Copy of photograph of interior of ruin of Bridge Chapel, Esplanade, Rochester looking towards main entrance. 3" x 2 3/4" 1928 p.5 (L, right)

Page of text entitled Rochester Bridge Trust. Unattributed. c.1985 p.61

Photograph of Bridge Chamber on the corner of Esplanade and Castle Hill, Rochester, looking north-east from a point diagonally opposite, also showing the front of the Bridge Chapel, garden of Castle Club, Crown Inn and in the distance Bridge House at the foot of Rochester Bridge. 6" x 4" (150mm x 100mm) After 1878 p.7

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Bridge House, viewed from a point diagonally opposite on Rochester Esplanade, looking south-east, showing a pedestrian in front of the chamber and part of the Castle Club, 3 Esplanade, at left and part of the castle curtain wall and corner of Castle Hill in right distance. Published by C. Richter Ltd., London NW6. c.1938 p.8 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep and curtain wall, Esplanade, Bridge Chamber and foot of Castle Hill, looking from Rochester road bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing pedestrians at junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade, banner flying on the castle keep and Watts’ Charity Baths in the right distance. The compiler notes the change in position of a wall plaque in comparing DE402/3/p.8 (U) above with this item. 4 ¼” x 3 ¼” (105mm x 80mm) c.1931 p.8 (L)

Postcard reproduction of drawing by Edwin Harris (drawn 1902) as DE402/3/5 (U) above comprising elevation of frontage of Bridge Chapel, old Bridge Chamber and the Queen's Arms public house on Rochester Esplanade (formerly West Gate), depicting a Mieux and Company of London porter placard above the public house also showing shop front sign stating J. Terry. c.1930 p.9 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle western curtain wall viewed from Rochester Esplanade, looking from a point diagonally opposite, showing trees and benches lining castle side of the Esplanade, occupants on benches, the curtain wall overgrown and overhung with bushes and trees, gazebos at a higher level, gas lamp and the upper corner towers of the castle keep. 5 ¾” x 5” c.1859 x c.1870 p.9 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right, Bridge Chamber, Queen’s Arms, Rochester Castle curtain wall, gazebos on top of the curtain wall, castle keep and Watts’ Charity Baths. 3 ½ “ x 2 ¼” (95mm x 57mm) c.1859 x c.1871 p.10 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right, Queen’s Arms, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance way and steps to castle gardens with castle keep in the background. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 5” x 4 ½” (125mm x 115mm) c.1872 x c.1977 p.10 (L)

Copy of photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right part of the Castle Club, cathedral, Bridge Chamber, Queen’s Arms (formerly Waterman’s Arms), the entrance to Castle Hill, castle curtain wall, gazebos on the curtain wall and castle keep. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers and the northern pinnacle on the cathedral west front is in disrepair. 6” x 4 ½” (155mm x 115mm) c.1859 x c.1871 p.11

Photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right the ruinous Bridge Chapel, Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance steps, river wall balustrade, underpinned castle wall to right, benches, ramp leading to Bakers Walk and castle keep in background. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 6 ½” x 4 ¾” (165mm x 120mm) c.1879 x c.1883 p.12

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and castle wall, Rochester looking diagonally across the Esplanade from a point opposite the entrance to Castle Hill, showing pavement beneath curtain wall, curtain wall overhung with trees and bushes, gazebos above the wall, foot passengers on the pavement including women and child with perambulator standing alongside street furniture and top of castle keep in the background. c.1900 p.13 (U)

Copy of photograph Rochester Esplanade viewed from Rochester road Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and entrance steps, castle keep, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Esplanade balustrade, pavement and benches at side of Esplanade, foot passengers and Watts’ Charity baths. The curtain walls are overhung with bushes and trees and the keep is partly covered in ivy or other creepers. 6” x 4 ¼” (150mm x 117mm) c.1879 x c.1883 p.13 (L)

Cutting from Scribner’s Monthly comprising reproduction of engraving entitled Rochester Castle, viewed from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Esplanade, showing from left to right part of the Queen’s Arms, castle curtain wall and entrance steps, castle keep, Watts’ Charity baths and the Medway valley. A windmill is visible in the distance and river traffic comprises two barges with lowered masts and a steam vessel. September 1880. p.14 (U)

Photograph of Rochester taken from Strood Intra alongside the foot of Rochester Bridge, showing from left to right, part of Rochester Bridge, Crown Hotel, Castle Club, Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Castle Hill, cathedral, castle curtain wall and steps and castle gardens entrance steps, castle keep, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, Boley Hill. River traffic comprises a barge with lowered mast and several small rowing boats alongside the bath house. 6” x 3 ¾” (152mm x 95mm) c.1883 x c.1884 p.14 (L)

Photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester, from the Medway taken from Strood Intra looking across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths with a barge under sail in the foreground pointing in the direction of Rochester Bridge. Small boats are moored near the pier and the aftermost sail on the barge bears a star emblem. c.1886 x c.1904 8” x 6” (203mm x 252mm) p.15

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Cathedral and Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in catstle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with a sailing barge in the foreground. c.1903 [?] p.16 (U)

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right the Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with sailing barge in middle ground. Valentine’s series. With message front and rear from Stanley and Mrs. Mason to their son Master G. Mason, Pinkhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, postmarked Gillingham 1 February 1903. p.16 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester from Strood looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right part of Moat House at the foot of Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars, with sailing barge in foreground. Peacock Brand, Pictorial Stationery Co. Ltd., London, printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1904 p.17 (U)

Picture postcard reproducing painting of view entitled Rochester Castle from Bridge, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, the foot of Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Produced by J. Soley, New Brompton. Message on rear from Andrew [-] to his mother and father discussing health. Postmarked Rochester. Before 1906. p.17 (L)

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle from river [Medway] looking from Rochester Bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep and bandstand in castle gardens and small boat on mudflats in right foreground. Message on front and rear from WBMcC to a Mrs. Taylor, 13 Chamberlain Road, Edinburgh, Lothian, Scotland, mentioning pleasant hours spent in Rochester and a grand military review. Wyndham series. 26 June 1903. Postmarked Chatham. p.18 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Cathedral and Castle looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Message on rear [from a Mr. Cummins] to Miss Ruby Cummins, c/o Miss A.S. Cummins, 2 Albert Villas, Bounds Green Road, New Southgate, London N. Postmarked Rochester. c.1904 x c.1906 p.18 (L)

Photograph of Rochester looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watt’s Charity swimming baths. A barge with lowered mast is in the foreground and in the background is visible a pontoon, raft and men. After 1906. 4 ½” x 3” (117mm x 77mm) p.19 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and [River] Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths, with sailing barge in foreground. Printed by Delittle, Fenwick and Co., York, Yorkshire, for Shurey’s Publications. c.1904 x c.1906 p.19 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester from the Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Royal Crown Hotel on the corner of Rochester High Street and Esplanade, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep and sailing barges on the River Medway, one with mast lowered. In the foreground is a long rowing boat with ten man crew aboard, coxswain at stern with tiller. Message on rear from John [-] to Miss Annie Elliott, 5 Cambridge Street, Rugby, Warwickshire. Postmarked Gillingham 14 July 1907. p.20

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and Cathedral from the river [Medway] looking from Rochester Bridge diagonally across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens and castle keep. Sailing barge in middle ground and rowing boat with three man crew in right foreground. J. Welch and Sons, photographic publishers, Portsmouth, Hampshire. c.1906 x c.1913 p.21 (U)

Photograph of Rochester taken from Strood Intra, looking at right angles across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Rochester road bridge, Bridge House, buildings in Rochester High Street, Crown Hotel, Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Cathedral and Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps. Two sailing barges, one with mast lowered, in middle ground. c.1906 x c.1913 6” x 4 1/8” (152mm x 107mm) p.21 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway, looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Sailing barge in foreground. Published by Valentine’s. Message on rear from Liz, Dick and Doris, 39 Dickens Terrace, Wainscott, Frindsbury to Miss D. Rose, 2 Holmesdale Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. Postmarked 12 June 1917. p.22 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph of Rochester entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway, looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach to Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Sailing barge in foreground. Published by Valentine’s. Message on rear from Liz, Dick and Doris, 39 Dickens Terrace, Wainscott, Frindsbury to Miss D. Rose, 2 Holmesdale Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. Duplicate of DE402/3/22 (U) above but untinted. c.1917 p.22 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photograph of Rochester viewed from Strood Intra, looking diagonally across Bridge Reach from near Strood foot of Rochester Bridge towards Rochester Castle, showing Esplanade and from left to right Bridge Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (U)

Photograph of Rochester viewed from Temple Marsh, Strood, looking diagonally across Tower Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths, boat yards, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep and Whitefriars. Various small vessels are moored in the River Medway on and off the mudflats and river bank. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (M)

Photograph of Rochester viewed from a vantage point possibly a vessel moored on the mudflats on the Rochester side of Tower Reach, looking towards Watts’ Charity swimming baths, showing from left to right Rochester Pier, Watts’ baths, boat yards, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep and Medway Yacht Club. A large barge is moored off the yacht club on the mudflats. c.1920 3” x 2” (80mm x 55mm) p.23 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and River Medway looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester, showing from left to right part of Bridge Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, bandstand in castle gardens, castle keep, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths. Comprising a cropped version of DE402/3/19 (U) above. A barge with lowered mast is in the foreground and in the background is visible a pontoon, raft and men. Published by Valentine’s. After 1906. p.24 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Cathedral looking from Strood Intra across Bridge Reach towards Rochester, showing from left to right part of the Castle Club (3 Esplanade), Bridge Chapel and Chamber, Moat House, Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and steps, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Whitefriars. A sailing barge and rowing boat are in the middle ground. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., London. c.1930 p.24 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and arbours under new terrace, castle gardens, Rochester, looking along Esplanade from a point opposite the entrance to Castle Hill, showing on the south side of the Esplanade the castle keep, banner flying from corner tower, and curtain wall with alcoves and seats and the ramp leading to Bakers Walk and on north side balustrade, Rochester Pier and Watts’ Charity swimming baths, with men and dog in foreground. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester no. 141. After 1906 p.25 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled The Pier, Rochester, looking from the castle gardens terrace above Rochester Esplanade diagonally across the Esplanade towards Rochester Pier and Tower Reach, showing in the foreground a parked motor car and balustrade, in the middle ground moored boats around the pier, Medway Swimming Club raft and larger vessels off boat yards and in the distance from left to right Cuxton and Temple Marsh, Strood. A moored lighter is in mid river with smaller vessels in line on the Strood side of the river. Published by Valentine’s. c. 1930 p.25 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled entrance to castle gardens, Rochester taken from a point in Rochester Esplanade diagonally opposite entrance and staircase leading from Rochester Esplanade to castle gardens and terrace, positioned in Rochester Castle curtain wall at the junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade and looking up Castle Hill to the left and along the Esplanade to the right, showing a woman crossing the foot of Castle Hill. The top of the Castle keep is visible above the curtain wall. Message on rear from Violet [-] to Mrs. Florence Loweth, 51 Bedford Road, Clapham Road, Clapham, London. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 13 September 1918. p.26 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Esplanade (steps and shelters) Rochester taken from a point in Rochester Esplanade diagonally opposite entrance and steps leading from Rochester Esplanade to castle gardens and terrace, positioned in Rochester Castle curtain wall at the junction of Castle Hill and Esplanade and looking along the Esplanade to the right as far as the ramp leading to Bakers Walk, showing railings and alcoves in curtain wall along inside of Esplanade. Published by Valentine's, colourtype series. c.1918 p.26 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber, part of Moat House, Castle Hill, entrance and steps to the castle gardens, trees, castle curtain wall and keep and Rochester Esplanade. Published by Judges Ltd., Hastings, Sussex. Stamped on rear by Postcards and Postmarks Library, Hogsthorpe, Skegness, Lincolnshire 1973. c.1912 x c.1931 p.27 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right entrance to Castle Hill, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep, bandstand and castle gardens and alcoves in curtain wall along Esplanade. Message on rear, from Bert [-] to Mr. Edward Crain, Ashley, Market Harborough, Leicestershire. Published by M and L, national series. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 29 July 1948. p.27 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Castle and Esplanade from the River] Medway, Rochster taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Castle, showing from left to right Bridge Chamber (with tablet on left side of frontage and ornamental lamp-post on corner of wall), bottom of Castle Hill, castle keep, entrance to castle gardens and curtain wall, ramp leading to Bakers Walk, Watts’ Charity swimming baths and Rochester Pier, with boat yard sheds in distance. Motor cars are parked along the Esplanade. Before 1931. p.28 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Esplanade and Castle, Rochester taken from Rochester road bridge looking diagonally across Bridge Reach towards Rochester Esplanade, showing from left to right Castle Club (3 Esplanade), tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral, Bridge Chapel and Chamber (showing tablet on right of frontage and ornamental lamp-post on corner of wall), Moat House, bottom of Castle Hill with motor car cornering the junction between Esplanade and Castle Hill, entrance to castle gardens, castle curtain wall and keep and alcoves in curtain wall alongside Esplanade. Published by Raphael Tuck and Sons Ltd. c.1938 p.28 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Gateway, Rochester Castle taken from corner of Rochester Esplanade and Castle Hill looking through entrance to Rochester Castle gardens and steps, showing iron gates, hand-railing, inscription tablet on right inside wall [cf. Chatham News 16 July 1887 p.6], Norman revival archway and supporting columns and in distance top of castle keep. c.1930 p.29 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Entrance to Castle Gardens, Rochester taken from a point diagonally opposite in the middle of Rochester Esplanade looking towards neo-Norman archway and corner of Rochester Castle curtain wall at junction of Rochester Esplanade and Castle Hill, showing bottom of Castle Hill on left and Watts’ Charity swimming baths in distance on right. c.1930 p.29 (L)

Photocopies of articles in Chatham News and notes pertaining to a drinking fountain on Rochester Esplanade erected in memory of Mrs. Foord, 1864. Compiled c.1980. p.30

Postcard photograph of iron tablet erected on Rochester Esplanade by public subscription in commemoration of the death and heroism of Percy Henry Gordon of Bermondsey, London who while visiting this city on Good Friday April 5th. 1912 lost his life in bravely rescuing a little girl from drowning in the River Medway near Rochester Pier, tablet inscription surmounted by coat of arms of Rochester City Council. c.1930 p.31

Photograph of foreshore of River Medway between cricket (later recreation) ground and Rochester Pier taken from a vessel in the River Medway or the cricket ground and looking diagonally across a section of Tower Reach north-north-east towards Rochester, showing from left to right Bridge House, buildings on Rochester Esplanade (in the extreme distance), Rochester Castle curtain wall, Rochester Pier, Watts' Charity swimming baths, D. Mackay's launch works, Medway Yacht Club, G. Spinks and Sons, launch builders' yard, castle keep and Whitefriars, various vessels moored alongside the jetties in front of the boat yards. 1934. 5" x 3 1/2" (130mm x 90mm) p.32 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Watts' Baths, Esplanade, Rochester looking north-east towards Rochester from a point in the River Medway diagonally opposite Watts' Charity swimming baths, along the frontage of the river between the foot of Rochester Bridge and Watts' Baths, showing left to right Bridge House, buildings on Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall, Moat House on Castle Hill, Rochester Pier, Medway Swimming Club raft, Watts' Baths and various small vessels moored between the pier and camera. Message on rear from [?] Harrill [?] to Miss L. Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, mentioning that a Harry has not yet been called-up as a Sea Cadet. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Postmarked 7 November 1914. p.32 (L)

Typescript notes entitled a brief history of what eventually became Watts' Public Baths by E.H. Couchman, September 1992. p.33

Reproduction of pen and ink drawing of view of Bridge Reach on the River Medway looking diagonally from shore above Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester towards Strood Intra and Rochester Bridge, showing from left to right, Medway Bathing Establishment's floating baths, buildings in Strood Intra, Rochester Bridge railway station (Strood), Broom Hill, new Rochester road bridge and Ladbury's Cottage. After 1853. p.34

Photocopy of proof copy of leaflet advertising opening times and prices of Watts' Public Baths 1931. Copied from CH46/E277. Copied c.1990 p.35

Photocopy of proof copy of leaflet advertising opening times and prices of Watts' Public Baths 1931. Copied from CH46/E277. Copied c.1990 p.36

Four Watts' Charity Swimming Baths tickets, c.1930 Each 3 1/2" x 1 3/8" (85mm x 45mm) p.37

Four Watts' Charity Swimming Baths tickets, c.1930 Each 3 1/2" x 1 3/8" (85mm x 45mm) p.38

Copy of photograph of Rochester shore of River Medway between Rochester Bridge and Shorts' Seaplane Works, looking diagonally from Rochester Bridge across Bridge Reach, showing from left to right Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep, bandstand in castle gardens, Whitefriars, Rochester Pier, Watt's Charity swimming baths, St. Margaret's Church, D. Kelly's Esplanade Garage, Medway Swimming Club raft, Borstal and the Short R6/28 flying boat in barge yard, various small vessels moored in the river. 1932 5 3/3" x 4" (145mm x 95mm) p.39 (U)

Photograph of Rochester shore of river Medway looking at right angles across Bridge Reach from Strood Intra, showing from left to right Rochester Castle curtain wall, Watts' Charity swimming baths, boat yards and Whitefriars. The River Medway is in a choppy state. c.1930 p.39 (L)

Colour photograph of Rochester and the River Medway taken from Temple Marsh, Strood, looking diagonally across the river from the premises of Morgan and Co. (Strood) Ltd., Knight Road, Strood, timber merchants and fencing contractors, towards Rochester, showing from left to right Rochester road bridge, Gas House Point, Rochester Esplanade, Rochester Castle curtain wall, castle keep, Whitefriars, Rochester Cathedral tower and spire and numerous vessels moored in the River Medway and on the mudflats. Mudflats of Temple Marsh, Strood in foreground. 17 October 1983. p. 40.

Copy of photograph of boat yards on the Rochester shore of the River Medway, showing ice floes, moored vessels and wooded river bank during the Great Frost of 1894-1895. Copy by Mike G. Bondi, 92 Allington Drive, Strood. c.December 1894 x c.February 1895. Copied 1976. 5 1/2" x 5 1/2" (140mm x 140mm) p.41

Photograph of Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester, taken from behind fence on Willis' Avenue, looking diagonally from road towards Ladbury's Cottage and Rochester Bridge. c.1856 x c.1907 p.42 (U)

Colour postcard entitled Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester 1812 comprising reproduction of print showing Ladbury's Cottage, Rochester, with group of timber buildings in foreground, trees in middle ground and Rochester Castle keep in background. Original print published by G. Virtue, 25 Ivy Lane, London 1828, drawn by H. Gastineau and engraved by H. Adlard. Postcard published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton c.1905. p.42 (L)

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004

Date: 1770-1992
Quantity: 1 volume/42pp.
Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_07 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_07.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWN

Important note to imagebase users.

Caveat and disclaimer.

Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Rochester volume 7: Rochester Castle Part I (topographical and architectural).

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle keep in right middle ground and Rochester Cathedral in left distance, looking from north-west, showing two onlookers with backs to artist in foreground, rough ground between artist and keep and wooden fence leading from keep towards castle curtain wall in middle distance. Publication from which removed not stated. Engraved by Metcalf. c.1760 p.1 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep viewed from Strood Intra, looking across River Medway, showing rowing boat on river in foreground and Rochester Cathedral in distance. From Gentleman’s Magazine December 1772. p.1 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle in Kent Plate II; published according to Act of Parliament by Alexander Hogg, no.16 Paternoster Row[London], comprising view of castle bailey or grounds looking south from Castle Hill, showing keep in left middle ground, curtain wall in left and right middle distance, roof of Satis House in distance and group of agricultural labourers, child, dog and cattle in foreground. Engraved by M. Coote. Possibly removed from New British Traveller; or, a Complete Modern Universal Display of Great-Britain and Ireland (London 1784) or Antiquities of England and Wales c.1786 [?] p.2

Printed plan of Rochester Castle showing Boley Hill, keep, curtain wall and towers and putative site of barbican. c.1900 Source not stated. p.3 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent Plate 2 comprising view of castle bailey or grounds looking south from Castle Hill, showing keep in left middle ground, curtain wall in left and right middle distance, roof of Satis House in distance two onlookers, backs to artist, in foreground. Drawn by Godfrey and published by S. Hooper 25 August 1784. p.3 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent Plate 1 comprising view of Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep viewed from Strood Intra, looking across River Medway, showing buildings at junction of West Gate and High Street, Rochester in left distance, Rochester Bridge in left middle ground, Rochester Cathedral in distance, Satis House and Ladbury’s Cottage in right distance and rowing boats, one laden with cargo, on river in foreground. Published by S. Hooper 25 August 1784. p.4

Print from engraving entitled Rochester: Henry IV Part I Act II Scene I comprising view of Rochester Castle looking north-east from the cricket ground, showing buildings at junction of West Gate and High Street, Rochester in left distance, curtain wall in middle ground and castle keep, exaggerated representation of Quaker houses in Boley Hill and spire of Rochester Cathedral in distance and Ladbury’s Quay and Cottage, grounded boats and foreshore of River Medway in foreground. Drawn by F. Grosse esq., engraved by Birrell and published by E. Harding, 132 Fleet Street, London, 1 June 1790. p.5

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view looking south-west from Castle Ditch, showing yard, wagons and outbuildings in foreground, castle curtain wall and mural towers in middle ground and castle keep in distance. Drawn by S. Prout, engraved by S. Greig and published by W. Clarke, New Bond Street and J. Carpenter, Old Bond Street, for Antiquarian and Topographical Cabinet 1 January 1811. p.6 (U)

Print from engraving entitled sally-port in the north-west angle of Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view looking south-east from point near junction of Castle Hill and West Gate, showing north-west bastion of castle curtain wall in middle ground, remains of water tower in foreground and steps to castle bailey or grounds in left middle ground, with two miniaturised onlookers in right foreground. Drawn by T. Fisher, engraved by S. Rawle and published by I. Asperne, 32 Cornhill, London 1 April 1811. p.6 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view looking from Strood Intra across River Medway towards Rochester Castle, showing left to right, Rochester Cathedral central tower, castle grounds and curtain wall and castle keep, group of three people on opposite foreshore of River Medway in middle distance, river in middle ground and quay, barge and barge handlers in foreground. Drawn by J. Loch, engraved by Hay and published by John Harris, St. Paul’s Church Yard, London, for The Beauties of England and Wales 1 March 1819. p.7

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view of Rochester Castle looking south-east from Rochester Bridge, showing left to right, north-west bastion, castle curtain wall, castle keep, gazebos, in middle ground river foreshore and Ladbury’s Quay and Cottage, Medway valley in right distance and in foreground sailing boat in River Medway. Drawn by H. Gastineau, engraved by J. Greig and published Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London for Excursions through Kent 1 July 1820. p.8 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle from the bridge comprising view of Rochester Castle keep and north-west bastion, curtain wall, promontory and River Medway foreshore, showing gazebo on promontory, three sailing boats and attendants on shoreline and Ladbury’s Cottage in right distance. Drawn by W. Westall ARA, engraved by James Fife and published by Charles Tilt, 86 Fleet Street, London 1829. p.8 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising semi-rural scene above River Medway and south of Rochester Castle, showing in distance, left to right, windmills on Frindsbury Hill, houses and warehouses in Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge, river and castle keep, trees in middle ground and women agricultural workers milking cows, wooden fence and style in foreground. Drawn and engraved by C. Marshall and W. Henshall. c.1800 p.9

Tinted print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, Kent comprising semi-rural scene above River Medway and south of Rochester Castle, showing in distance, left to right, windmills on Frindsbury Hill, houses and warehouses in Strood Intra and Frindsbury Intra, Rochester Bridge, river and castle keep, trees in middle ground and women agricultural workers milking cows, wooden fence and style in foreground. Drawn and engraved by C. Marshall and W. Henshall. From same engraving as p.10 above. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest 1829 as date of publication. p.10

Print from engraving entitled west view of the City of Rochester and to Ralph Bernal esq., MP for Rochester, an admirer and patron of embellished literature and the fine arts, this plate is inscribed by the editor comprising view of Rochester looking from Strood Intra, showing in middle distance and distance from left to right Rochester Bridge, buildings at junction of West Gate and High Street, Rochester, castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, castle keep and Satis House, and in middle ground and foreground on River Medway and on Strood foreshore, flat-fishermen and oyster dredgermen and sailing boats of the Rochester Oyster and Floating Fishery. Fires are burning on the opposite bank of the river. Drawn by G.F. Robson, engraved by W. Smith and published by J. Britton, Burton Street, London 1 November 1826. p.11

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester looking from Strood Intra, showing in middle distance and distance from left to right Rochester Cathedral, castle curtain wall, castle keep and part of Satis House, in middle distance Rochester foreshore of River Medway, Rochester Bathing Establishment and boat builder’s yard, rowing boats on the river and in left foreground Dredging Boat Inn, Strood Intra. Drawn by G.F. Sargent and engraved by H. Adlard. Plate 28, unstated publication. c.1836 p.12

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle from the river comprising view of Rochester looking from Strood Intra or point aboard vessel in River Medway, showing in distance Rochester Cathedral, castle curtain wall and castle keep and in middle distance Rochester Bathing Establishment. c.1840 p.13 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle: the keep with its entrance tower comprising view of keep looking from north-west, showing sight-seers entering keep, fore-building and trees and bushes in foreground. c.1850 p.13 (L)

Copy of photograph of Rochester looking from Strood Intra, showing from left to right castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, gazebos above castle curtain wall, castle keep, Rochester Bathing Establishment and Satis House. From an original at the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester. c.1850 x c.1856 p.14

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle and the new public gardens comprising view looking south across castle gardens towards keep, showing crowds gathering around bandstand in right middle ground and banner flying from north-west corner tower of keep, on occasion of opening of castle gardens to public on 3 July 1872. From Supplement to Illustrated London News 13 July 1872 p.41. p.15

Photocopy of printed drawing or engraving from unstated publication depicting scene on occasion of ceremony and announcement by alderman J.G. Naylor, mayor of Rochester, of Rochester City Council’s purchase of Rochester Castle, 24 October 1883, comprising scene of members and officers of the corporation standing in bandstand in castle gardens in middle ground with crowd of onlookers and police constables in foreground, middle ground and distance, umbrellas in use. Original 1883. p.16 (U)

Photocopy of printed drawing or engraving from unstated publication depicting scene on occasion of municipal procession through Rochester High Street following dedication ceremony for the purchase of Rochester Castle by Rochester City Council [24 October 1883?], showing column of mace bearers, members and of officers of the corporation headed by police constables bearing tipstaves, heading towards artist, with Guildhall and range of buildings on north side of High Street between Guildhall and Bridge House in background and crowds of onlookers on both sides of High Street. Entitled the procession passing the Guildhall after the dedication cermony. Original 27 October 1883 [?]. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to reproduction of same or similar illustrations in newspapers in 1883 and 1920. p.16 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle gardens and keep looking along south along the long walk towards the keep in right distance and showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance, bushes and trees lining walk and gardener’s wheelbarrow in left foreground. 3 ½” x 2” (87mm x 42mm) Before November 1897. p.17 (U)

Photograph of Quaker houses, castle ditch, rear of King’s Head public hotel and St. Nicholas’ burial ground, viewed from tower of St. Nicholas’ Church, also showing Rochester Castle curtain wall and keep in background. 2 ½” x 2 ¼” (73mm x 56mm) c.1861 p.17 (M)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing shrubs and trees either side of walk. 3 ¼” x 2” (85mm x 55mm) (Before November 1897 p.17 (L)

Print from engraving or pen and ink drawing entitled Rochester Castle and grounds as a public park probably cut from Illustrated London News, comprising view of castle grounds and keep looking south-east at angle across long walk, showing bandstand in right middle ground, strollers, children playing football, benches and trees. Drawn by F. Watkins. [1897] p.18

Cutting from a London periodical comprising reproduction of photograph captioned the keep, Rochester Castle comprising view of keep looking south along long walk, showing benches, bushes and trees alongside walk and part of bandstand in right foreground. Photographer: Meisenbach. Before 1897. p.19

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and long walk comprising view of castle keep looking south along long walk (lined with benches), showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance and benches, trees, bushes and seated visitors to castle grounds, one possibly a nanny with twin babies in her lap. On rear, message from Auntie to Master Cyril Martin, 15 Crab Tree Lane, Fulham, London SW. Postmarked Lincolnshire 8 April 1905. Published by Frith. Exposed before November 1897. p.20 (U)

Reproduction of photograph of Rochester Castle keep and castle gardens looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. Exposed before November 1897. p.20 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. Exposed before November 1897. p.21 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. Pictorial Stationery Co. Ltd. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Exposed before November 1897. p.21 (L)

Christmas greetings card bearing photograph of Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy. With message from Glanville W. Mason (Glan) to Dorothy (Dot). 25 December 1910. Print measures 2 5/8” x 1 5/8” (65mm x 41mm) p.22 (

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising three-quarters view Crimean War * cannon and iron carriage mounted on plinth at end of long walk in castle gardens, seen from front and to the right, showing trees, bushes and benches in background. Couchman's notes relate to the origin, movements and custody of the cannon. The text on the plaque mounted on the front of the carriage is clearly visible. After 1897. p23

[* cf. Russia, Ukraine]

Reproduction of photograph entitled Rochester Castle showing Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy and the Rochester City Council banner is flying from the north-west corner tower. The Crimean War cannon and plinth are visible in the long walk in the middle distance. After 1897. p.24

Reproduction of photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Jubilee Memorial comprising view Rochester Castle keep looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches alongside walk, bandstand in right middle ground, jubilee memorial in left middle ground and steps leading from Esplanade into castle gardens in foreground. The walls of the keep are partly covered in ivy and the Rochester City Council banner is flying from the north-west corner tower. After 1897. p.25

Photograph of Queen Victoria’s 1887 Jubilee memorial at head of long walk in Rochester Castle gardens, looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk, castle keep in right distance partly covered in ivy, Crimean War cannon in middle distance, memorial in left foreground surrounded by iron railing and three youths or boys also in left foreground, one dressed in military style uniform of bandsman, looking at memorial or camera. Notes on rear by W. Glanville Mason about Wat Tyler’s Rebellion of 1331 and Rochester Castle. After 1897. 3 1/8” x 2 6/8” (80mm x 71mm) p.26

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Gardens looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are shown partly covered in ivy and numerous strollers and visitors are present in the long walk and sitting on benches. A perambulator is visible in right foreground. Message on rear from W. Glanvill Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire to Stanley (Stan) H. Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham. Valentine’s Series. Postmarked Hertford [?] 6 April 1904. p.27 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Gardens looking south along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches either side of walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are seen partly covered in ivy, the Queen Victoria 1887 Jubilee memorial and surrounding railing are in left foreground and numerous visitors are strolling along long walk or sitting on benches. The cathedral central tower is visible in left distance. Valentine’s series. Message on front from Stanley (Stan) Mason and mother to Master Glanvill (Glan) Mason, Francombs House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing family matters. Postmarked New Brompton 2 April 190[-] c.1905 p.27 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and jubilee memorial looking south towards castle keep along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches on either side of walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. The walls of the keep are seen partly covered in ivy, the Queen Victoria 1887 Jubilee memorial and surrounding railing are in left foreground and numerous visitors are strolling along long walk or sitting on benches. The Crimean War cannon is visible in middle distance. Message on rear from W. Glanvill (Glan) Mason to Miss L. (Dot) Moss, c/o Mrs. Mackney, Dudley House, East Hill, Dartford, mentioning a local railway journey in which he had as a travelling companion a soldier wounded at the Battle of Mons, Belgium (August 1914). Published by Chester Vaughan. Postmarked Rochester 5 October 1914. Exposed c.1910 p.28 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and grounds looking south from north-west corner of castle curtain wall towards castle keep along long walk, showing trees, bushes and benches on either side of walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. Also showing left to right Rochester Cathedral, eastern castle curtain wall, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial, long walk, Crimean War cannon, castle keep and bandstand. Numerous strollers and visitors are present in the scene, many sitting on benches. Message on rear from Michael Rothney to his father G.A.J. Rothney esq., Pembury, 1 Tudor Road, Upper Norwood, London SE, discussing night drapery, visit to Strood (Stroud) and Rochester and relations. Valentine’s series. Postmarked Gillingham 14 May 1917. p.28 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled castle and gardens, Rochester comprising view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in distance, also showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance, benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, bandstand in middle ground at right, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk and Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings in left foreground, with visitors sitting on benches and two girls minding perambulator in foreground. Exposed c.1911 Message on rear from G[-] and W[-] to Mr. and Mrs. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Strood describing a railway journey. Postmarked Birmingham, Warwickshire 14 April 1925. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester. p.29 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled jubilee memorial, cathedral, castle and gardens, Rochester comprising cropped copy of p.29 (U) above i.e. view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in distance with banner flying from north-west angle tower, also showing Rochester Cathedral in left distance, benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, bandstand in middle ground at right, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk and Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings in left foreground, with visitors sitting on benches and two girls minding perambulator in foreground. Keep appears re-touched. Exposed c.1911. On rear, message from unstated author to Miss E.M. Cole, 133 St. Julian’s Farm Road, West Norwood, London SE. Postmarked Rochester 20 June 1912. Published by W. Naylar, Rochester. p.29 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and gardens comprising view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in right distance, showing benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, visitors sitting on benches and strollers in long walk, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk and in left foreground Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings. On rear, message from J. and S. [Mason?] of 49 Byron Road, Gillingham to Mrs. J.W. Hodges, Homeside, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, inviting her to stay. Postmarked Gillingham 21 October 1906. p.30 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle, jubilee and [sic] memorial comprising view looking south along long walk towards castle keep in right distance, showing in left distance central tower and spire of Rochester Cathedral, benches, trees and bushes lining long walk, visitors sitting on benches and strollers in long walk, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk, bandstand in middle ground at right and in left Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings. c.1911 p.30 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and grounds comprising view of castle grounds looking from position to right of north-east staircase, looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing in distance from left to right, Liberal Club, Rochester Cathedral and castle curtain wall, in middle ground from left to right trees, shrubs, bushes, long walk lined with benches and visitors, Crimean War cannon and roof of bandstand and in foreground left to right group of three attendants or groundsmen in coats and badged caps looking at camera, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial (minus finial) and iron railings, waste basket, child on scooter and German* First World War light field gun mounted on round concrete or stone plinth. c.1919 x c.1931 p.31 (U)

[* cf. Germany]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Cathedral, Castle and gardens comprising view of castle grounds looking south east from point opposite junction of long walk and path leading to north-east corner of curtain wall, showing in distance from left to right Rochester Cathedral, castle curtain wall and keep, trees, bushes and shrubs, long walk, benches and Crimean War canon, in middle ground and in foreground left to right, benches, group of three children looking at camera, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial (minus finial and upper stage), iron railings and waste basket. Published by Kingsway. c.1919 x c.1931 p.31 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Castle, Rochester comprising view of castle grounds looking south east along long walk towards castle keep, showing trees, bushes, shrubs and benches alongside long walk, Crimean War cannon and feral pigeons at far end of long walk and Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial and iron railings in left foreground, with strollers in long walk and visitors sitting on benches. Before 1931. p.32 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, Castle grounds comprising view of castle grounds looking south east along long walk towards castle keep, showing in distance castle keep with Union Flag or Jack flying from north-west angle tower, in middle ground from left to right tree, long walk lined with benches and chairs, several strollers and visitors present, some standing or crouching among feral pigeons, and bandstand and in foreground remnant of Queen Victoria's 1887 jubilee memorial (minus railings), waste basket and base of First World War German light field gun (missing). Photocrom Ltd., Graphic Studios, Tunbridge Wells. c.1950 p.32 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk in distance, male visitor in cloth cap feeding peacock and feral pigeons and bandstand in right middle ground. The City of Rochester banner is flying from north-west angle tower of keep and city coat f arms is depicted in bottom right corner. Milton Series, published by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. c.1912 p.33

Photograph looking north-west across Rochester Castle grounds under snow, showing from left to right, long walk running from left middle ground to centre distance lined with chairs and benches, bandstand, trees, remnant of Queen Victoria's 1887 jubilee memorial, boundary fence alongside Castle Hill and buildings on Castle Hill. Also visible in distance, Rochester Bridge and Strood. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (145mm x 95mm) c.1931 x c.1939 p.34 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Bandstand, Castle gardens comprising view of Rochester castle grounds under snow looking from point adjacent to west side of long walk north-west towards bandstand, showing benches, shrubs, bushes and trees. c.1909 p.34(L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle gardens under snow, looking south along long walk, showing castle keep in distance, Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk, two visitors or groundsmen walking along long walk towards camera, long walk lined with benches, bandstand and trees on right side of long walk and part of iron railing of Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial in left foreground. 5 3/8” x 3 3/8” (136mm x 87mm) Before 1939. p.35 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle gardens under snow, looking south across lawn area towards north face of castle keep, showing trees in middle ground and left and right distance. 5 3/8” x 3 3/8” (136mm x 87mm) Before 1939. p.35 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, Crimean War cannon at end of long walk in distance, visitors sitting on benches, several women with perambulators, feral pigeons in long walk, part of iron railings of Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial in left foreground and bandstand in right middle ground. Message on rear from Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] to Mrs. [J.W.] Hodges, 2 Alma Villas, Hatherley Road, Sidcup, reporting death of dean of Rochester [Samuel Reynolds Hole] and the weather. Postmarked Rochester 1 September 1904. p.36 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing in left foreground and middle ground long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches and visitors sitting on benches, Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk, bandstand in right middle ground and in right foreground male spectators standing at or gathered near terrace wall overlooking Rochester Esplanade. On rear, message from unnamed author to Miss G. Cooper, 64 London Road, West Croydon, Surrey, wishing her many happy returns. J. Hook series. Postmarked Croydon, Surrey 9 June 1911. p.36(L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, viewed from half way along long walk, showing in left foreground and middle ground long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, strollers in long walk and visitors sitting on benches and Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk. Published by JW and S. c.1904 p.37 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle grounds looking south along long walk towards castle keep, viewed from half way along long walk, showing in left foreground and middle ground long walk lined with trees, bushes, shrubs and benches, strollers in long walk and visitors sitting on benches, several with perambulators, and Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk with part of bandstand visible in right middle ground. Message on rear, from Edith [-] to Mr. W. J. Read, 1 Mousehold Street, Norwich, Norfolk. Published by Arts and Crafts, Rochester, V and S Ltd. Postmarked 5 October 1912. p.37 (L)

Copy of photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle grounds under snow, looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing trees, bushes and shrubs in middle ground, long walk lined with benches, Crimean War cannon at far end of long walk and part of bandstand in right middle ground. The long walk has been cleared of snow down the middle. Original exposed 1909. p.38 (left)

Copy of photograph entitled Castle Gardens and Cathedral comprising view of Rochester Castle grounds under snow, looking south-east and diagonally across long walk towards Rochester Cathedral in distance, showing trees, shrubs and bushes in middle ground and section of long walk in foreground. Original exposed 1909 [?] p.38 (right)

Photocopy of newscutting from Chatham Observer of 13 November 1913 comprising group photograph entitled the mayor’s mulberry tree, planted in honour of Alderman Charles Willis showing men, women and children standing around newly planted sapling at south-west end of Rochester Castle grounds, mostly facing camera, individuals including alderman Charles Willis, mayor of Rochester in mayoral regalia, Francis Oman, mace bearer, Mrs. Charles Willis and Apsley Kennette, town clerk in gown and wig. Couchman’s accompanying notes relate to position of tree (near Baker’s Walk gateway) Willis’ involvement in education and destruction of tree by the Great Hurricane on 16 October 1987. p.39

Photocopy of newscutting from Chatham Observer of 13 November 1913 comprising group photograph entitled watching the tree planting: a crowd of juvenile spectators showing crowd of onlookers facing camera in Rochester Castle grounds against background of inside of castle western curtain wall, on occasion of planting of tree by Charles Willis as p.39 above. p.40

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and Gardens comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south along long walk, showing strollers and feral pigeons in long walk, lines of benches, trees, shrubs and bushes and in right foreground waste basket and please keep of the grass sign. On rear, message from Elizabeth (Lizzie) [-] of 12 Cranbrook Park, Ilford, Essex to a Miss May [?] Kempster, 23 Mansfield Road, Ilford, Essex, discussing health and visiting arrangements. Published by Hartmann. Postmarked Ilford, Essex 23 January 1910. p.41 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester comprising view of Rochester Cathedral and Castle and adjoining areas looking at right angles across River Medway at Bridge reach from Strood Intra, showing from left to right, Moat House, Castle Hill, entrance and staircase to castle gardens from Esplanade, castle curtain wall, Rochester Cathedral, top of bandstand in castle grounds, castle keep, Rochester Pier, Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths and Satis House or Whitefriars. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Before 1904. p.41

[For similar views, please see Couchman collection volume 3]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south along long walk, showing Crimean War cannon at far end of walk, strollers, children and feral pigeons in walk and benches, trees, shrubs and bushes alongside walk and several women visitors minding perambulators. A please keep of the grass sign is visible in right foreground. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Before 1914. p.42 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west across castle grounds towards castle keep, showing inside of eastern curtain wall in left distance and trees, bushes and shrubs in intervening spaces. On rear, message from Kathleen and Robin [-] to Miss L. Wright, 7a Yerbury Road, Tufnell park, London N., describing holiday in Rochester and asking if the war is affecting business. Postmarked Rochester 19 August 1914. Published by Charles Leonard and Sons, Rochester. p.42 (L)

Tinted and bordered postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south towards castle keep along long walk, ivy on keep walls, trees, shrubs, bushes and benches alongside walk, strollers and feral pigeons in walk and visitors sitting on benches, some minding perambulators, and Crimean War cannon near far end of walk. On rear, message from E. and Rene Burnell to a Mrs. Cox, 54 William Street, Rainham, discussing travelling arrangements. Published by Valentine. Postmarked Chatham. After 1910. p.43(U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west across castle grounds towards castle keep, showing inside of eastern curtain wall in left distance and trees, bushes, shrubs and flower beds in intervening spaces. On rear, message from Lily [-] to Miss Mary or Minnie (Min) Bright, 2 Morley Road, Plaistow Road, West Ham, London E., discussing difficult geography examination. Published by Kingsway. Postmarked Rochester 2 December 1913. p.43 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle and gardens comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south towards castle keep along long walk, showing trees, bushes, shrubs and benches alongside walk, Crimean War cannon at far end of walk and visitors sitting on becnhes, several minding perambulators. In right foreground, First World War German * light field gun mounted on concrete plinth. On rear, message from Albert (Bert) Appleton to his father C.G. Appleton, 12 Temple Gardens, Cuxton Road, Strood, discussing recreational activities and sport. Postmarked Selly Oak, Birmingham, Warwickshire 12 August 1931. p.44 (U)

[* cf. Germany]

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-east from inside western section of curtain wall showing in left distance Rochester Cathedral, eastern section of curtain wall and trees and ushes, in middle ground long walk lined with benches with one stroller present and in right foreground flower bed and tree. Published by Valentine. After 1931. p.44 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west towards castle keep and bandstand, showing from left to right long walk lined with benches, strollers and visitors, Crimean War cannon at far end, trees, bushes, shrubs and bandstand in right middle ground, walkway between bandstand and at far right western curtain wall with visitors sitting on benches in walkway and spectators looking out over wall of terrace gardens. On rear, message from or concerning H.P. Hussey Esq., secretary RUKB Association, Aldine House, 13 Bedford Street, Strand, London WC2. Exposed before 1919. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 23 August 1926. p.45 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle comprising view of castle keep and grounds looking south-south-west towards castle keep and bandstand, showing from left to right long walk lined with benches, strollers visitors and feral pigeons, Crimean War cannon at far end and at camera end First World War German light field gun mounted on concrete plinth, trees, bushes, shrubs and bandstand, walkway between bandstand and western curtain wall with benches and sitting visitor and terrace gardens. On rear, message from Winifred (Winnie) [-] about learning French [cf. France] and German [cf. Germany]. Published by Valentine. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the German gun, stated to have been captured in Goulet Wood, Vimy Ridge, Artois/Pas-de-Calais, France on 9 April 1917, given a naval deck mounting and used by the Merchant Navy against submarines c.1917-c.1918 before being erected in Rochester Castle Gardens in 1919. c.1931 x c.1939. p.45 (L)

Reproduction of pen and ink drawing of Rochester Castle gardens viewed from castle keep, looking north-west towards bandstand in middle ground, entrance staircase leading up from Esplanade and Rochester Bridge in middle distance, showing in far distance commercial buildings in Strood Intra and windmills on Frindsbury Hill, namely The Great Mill and The Little Mill. Also visible in castle gardens are sections of northern and western castle curtain walls and shrubberies, trees, long walk, strollers and benches. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to demolition of bandstand in 1961. p.46 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Castle gardens, Rochester: feeding the pigeons comprising view of bandstand looking north-west across long walk, showing visitors sitting on benches alongside walkway at right angles to camera in middle ground and in bandstand, several minding perambulators of feeding feral pigeons. On rear, message from C.H. to Miss A. Jenner, near police station, Mount Road, Clive Dale [cf. Clivedale], Hastings, Sussex. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to the building, opening and purchase of the bandstand 1871-1883. Postmarked Chatham 29 April 1907. p.46 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled The Terraces, Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south along terraced gardens and walkways between western section of castle curtain wall and castle gardens, showing in distance, castle keep, section of curtain wall and Watts’ Charitt Swimming Baths and the River Medway. On rear, message from Kate [-] to a Miss Hodges, 71 Hatherley Road, Sidcup, discussing visits to Upnor and Southend, Essex. Published by F. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire and printed in Belgium. Couchman’s notes pertain to building and opening of terraces 1905-1906. Postmarked Chatham 20 June 1907. p.47 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester, the terrace, castle gardens comprising view of area between western castle curtain wall and outer bailey looking south-south-west with photographer’s back to nort-west bastion, showing in distance left to right, keep, roof of bandstand and western curtain wall and in middle and foregrounds trees, bushes and visitors sitting on benches or looking over lower wall. Published by Photocrom Ltd., London and Tunbridge Wells. c.1930 p.47 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south from north-west bastion across outer bailey towards castle keep, showing in distance left to right, Rochester Cathedral, keep and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial, trees and shrubs, long walk lined with benches, bandstand, junction with outer walkway and visitors and in right foreground terraces, benches, visitors and spectators. On rear, message from unnamed author to Miss Mabel Stalkartt, 75 Victoria Road South, Southsea, Hampshire thanking her for a pretty card sent to her baby. Published by Valentine. Postmarked Gillingham 16 July 1909. p.48 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south from north-west bastion across outer bailey towards castle keep, showing in distance left to right, keep and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right, trees and shrubs, long walk lined with benches, junction with outer walkway and visitors, in right middle distance Watts’ Charity Swimming Baths and in right foreground terraces, benches, visitors and spectators. W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1911 p.48 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled The Terraces, Rochester Castle Gardens comprising view looking south from north-west bastion towards castle keep, showing in distance left to right, keep and western curtain wall, in middle ground left to right, trees and shrubs, part of long walk lined with benches, junction with outer walkway, latter also lined with benches and visitors, bandstand and in right foreground terraces, shrubberies, benches, visitors and spectators. Published by J. Welch and Sons, Portsmouth, Hampshire. c.1919 p.49

Reproduction [?] of photograph of Rochester Castle viewed from the west front of Rochester Cathedral, looking west across Castle Ditch towards castle keep, showing in foreground buildings in Castle Ditch, in middle ground eastern curtain wall and square mural tower, in middle distance left to right southern section of curtain wall, keep, outer bailey or castle gardens and section of long walk lined with benches and western curtain wall and in far distance River Medway, Temple Marsh (Strood) and Strood Hill. 5 ¾” x 3 ¾” (148mm x 96mm). Original exposed c.1920 p.50

Print from engraving entitled part of the interior of the keep, Rochester Castle, Kent comprising view of interior of keep at second i.e. principal floor level, looking west at 45 degree angle across northern portion of keep towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall, showing Norman arcading in cross-wall. Engraved by W. Deeble from drawing by H. Gastineau for Excursions through Kent published by Longman and Co., Paternoster Row, London 1 February 1820. p.51 (U)

Postcard photograph entitled interior, Rochester Castle comprising comprising view of interior of keep at second i.e. principal floor level, looking west (i.e. at 45 degree angle) across northern portion of keep towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep, showing Norman arcading in cross-wall. On rear, message from Louise and Annie [-] [?] to Miss L. Miller, Law Cottage, Upper Largo, Fife, Scotland (North Britain) mentioning outing to Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 17 July 1905. p.51 (L)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle, entrance to the keep comprising interior view of first floor of keep looking south-west though arched entrance towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep beyond, showing floorboarded area and part of arcaded second level. From Illustrated London News published 6 August 1853. p.52

Print from engraving entitled interior of the remains of the upper story of Rochester Castle comprising view looking west towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep beyond. c.1860 p.53

Print from engraving entitled window discovered in Rochester Castle 1899 comprising detail of embrasure containing two lights. Drawn by F. Stone, printed by C.F. Kell and Son. c.1899 p.54

Print from engraving entitled entrance of Rochester Castle comprising view of exterior of forebuilding looking north-east up staircase towards Norman arch, showing gardener with spade resting against wall in left foreground. c.1800 p.55 (U)

Print from engraving entitled Rochester Castle: the keep with its entrance tower comprising view of keep looking south, showing visitors climbing ramp to entrance and trees and bushes in middle ground. c.1850 p.55 (L)

Colour print entitled The Castle Gardens, Rochester comprising view of castle gardens looking south along long walk towards castle keep, showing in background keep with City of Rochester banner flying from north-west angle tower, in middle ground strollers in walkway, walkway lined with benches and trees and in foreground governess and children with feral pigeons. Signed Myrbach. c.1890 p.56

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle, the keep comprising view of keep and castle gardens looking south from position to east of long walk, showing in middle-ground trees, bushes and shrubs and in foreground tree and flower beds. On rear, message from M.A.M. [?] to a Mrs. Southgate, 8 Felbrigge Road, Three Kings, Essex, discussing travel arrangements and health. Postmarked Rochester and Chatham 17 January 1920. Exposed before 1914 [?] p.57 (U)

[Mutilated]

Postcard photograph entitled The Castle, Rochester comprising view of keep and curtain wall looking west across Boley Hill, St. Nicholas’ burial ground and Castle Ditch from roof of St. Nicholas’ Church, Boley Hill, showing square mural tower in right middle distance. On rear, message from C.R. to Mr. and Mrs. W.G. Mason, Pension Cosmopolite *, 14 Rue des Tonnelliers [?] **, Bruges, Belgium, discussing travel arrangements. Postmarked Rochester/Chatham 31 August 1923. p.57 (L)

[* The borough archivist is advised by the City of Bruges Tourist Office the hotel is now named hotel Memling;

** Tonnelliers is the former name of the street, now named Kuipersstraat, as advised by the City of Bruges Tourist Office. The spelling given by the author of the postcard does not appear to conform to this exactly but is presumed corrupt. See image.]

Postcard photograph entitled interior, Rochester Castle comprising view of interior of keep at second i.e. principal floor level looking west across northern portion of keep at 45 degree angle towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep, showing Norman arcading in cross-wall. On rear, message from Glanvill W. Mason to Miss Dot (L.) Moss, c/o Mrs. Connor, 15 Bath Road, Dartford, concerning travel arrangements. Published by Baldwin and Son, 6a. High Street, Chatham. Postmarked Rochester 30 April 1915. p.58 (U)

Photograph of Rochester Castle keep and gardens looking south-east from point near terrace wall, showing bushes, shrubs and trees in fore and middle grounds and keep partly covered in ivy, walkway and two please keep of the grass signs. Mason Collection. 6 1/2" x 4 3/4" (163mm x 120mm) p.58 (L)

Photograph of north-east angle turret and eastern battlement parapet of Rochester Castle keep, looking east from point on western wall-walk near south-west angle tower, showing interior of third stage of keep, two youths in formal dress on wall-walk and in distance tower of Rochester Cathedral. Note on rear to effect cathedral tower as appears was re-modelled by the architect Cottingham. 3 7/8" x 2 3/4" (100mm x 72mm) Before 1904. p.59 (U)

Photograph of interior of Rochester Castle keep, looking west across northern portion of keep at second or principal floor level at 45 degree angle towards cross-wall and opposite (west) wall of keep, showing three bays of Norman arcading in cross-wall and part of interior of eastern wall. 6" x 4 1/4" (150mm x 115mm) c.1900 p.59 (L)

Photograph of interior of Rochester Castle keep at second or principal floor level, looking west across northern portion of keep at 45 degree angle towards cross-wall, showing two bays of Norman arcading in cross-wall and three feral pigeons or doves perched at different points. Mason Collection. 6 3/8" 4 3/4" (160mm x 120mm) c.1930 p.60

Postcard photograph entitled Norman keep, Rochester Castle comprising view of interior of Rochester Castle keep at second or principal floor level, looking west across northern portion of keep at 45 degree angle, showing four bays of Norman arcading in cross-wall in middle-ground, northern portion of west wall directly ahead, part of south wall in left background and iron railing on parapet of west wall. Published by Valentine. c.1930 p.61 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

Photograph of northern portion of interior of Rochester Castle keep at third level looking north-west, showing part of cross-wall at left, north wall at right and west wall directly ahead. Photographer W. Glanvill Mason. Mason Collection. 6 3/8" x 4 5/8" (160mm x 117mm) c.1930 p.61 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge with Rochester Cathedral in background, looking south-east across outer bailey or castle gardens from point near centre of outer bailey, showing trees, bushes and shrubs in middle-ground. 3 3/4" x 2 1/4" (97mm x 58mm) Before 1904. p.62 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled the keeper's lodge, Rochester Castle comprising view of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, covered with ivy, looking south-east across outer bailey or castle gardens from point between centre of outer bailey and curtain wall, showing trees, bushes and shrubs in middle-ground, summer house in left middle-ground, porch to lodge and Rochester Cathedral in distance. On rear, message from Margaret (Maggie) [-] to Mrs. W.J. Hodges, 2 Hatherly Villas, Hatherly Road, Sidcup, offering many happy returns of the day. Couchman's accompanying notes pertain to city council providing summer house in 1897. Postmarked Rochester 27 September 1904. p.62 (L)

Photograph of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking south-east from point between centre of outer bailey or castle gardens and curtain wall, showing lodge covered in ivy, trees, bushes and shrubs in middle ground, bench and walkway in foreground and please keep off the grass in right middle ground. Embossed Frith Series. 8 1/8" x 6 3/8" (205mm x 160mm) c.1890 p.63

Photograph of Rochester Castle and gardens looking south-south-west from Moat House on Castle Hill across Castle Hill, showing in distance left to right, Rochester Cathedral, eastern curtain wall and northern and southern mural towers, keep and Satis House, in middle ground trees, bushes and shrubberies and pathways and in foreground bench, iron railing and wall at boundary with Castle Hill. 6" x 4 1/8" (150mmx 105mm) c.1912 p.64

Photograph of Rochester Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking south-east from point between centre of outer bailey or castle gardens and curtain wall, showing Rochester Cathedral in distance, lodge covered in ivy in left middle-ground, southern mural tower in right middle-ground, trees, bushes and shrubbery in middle ground and strollers, seagulls, feral pigeons and sapling in foreground. 6" x 4" (152mm x 102mm) c.1911 p.65 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled caretaker's lodge, Castle Gardens and Cathedral, Rochester comprising view of eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking south-east from point between centre of outer bailey or castle gardens and curtain wall, showing Rochester Cathedral in distance, trees, bushes and shrubbery in middle ground and visitors or members of caretaker's family on pathway near entrance to lodge. On rear, message from Florence [?] (Flo [?]) to Dorothy (Dollie) [-]. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester and printed abroad. After 1904 p.65 (L)

Part-tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester, castle lodge comprising view of Castle eastern curtain wall and northern mural tower or keeper's lodge covered in ivy, looking north-east past the tower towards site of former main gate, showing in distance left to right, buildings in Castle Hill and Liberal Club in Castle Ditch, in middle-ground trees, shrubberies and strollers and in foreground two bystanders in conversation comprising civilian and soldier in full dress. On rear, message from Aunt Emma (Emy [?]) to Master W. Glanvill (Glan) Mason, Pinhorns House, Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Hertfordshire, discussing meeting. Postmarked Rochester 25 April 1907. Dainty Series. p.66 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle, grounds comprising view of section of eastern curtain wall and lower and middle storeys of northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, looking north-east past tower towards site of former main gate, showing in distance left to right, buildings in Castle Hill and Liberal Club in Castle Ditch, in middle-ground trees, shrubberies and strollers and in foreground woman feeding feral pigeons. Published by Photocrom Co. Ltd., Tunbridge Wells. c.1930 p.66 (L)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Castle Gardens, Rochester comprising view of northern part of outer bailey or castle gardens, looking north across gardens from point outside northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, showing in distance range of buildings on Castle Hill, in middle-ground trees and shrubs and in foreground garden ornaments, feral pigeons and pathway. City of Rochester coat of arms superimposed in lower right. Message on rear from Christopher [?] (Chris) [-] to Miss M. Moss, 27 St. Patrick's Road, Ramsgate, asking her to keep well. Published by D. Scott, 14 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Postmarked R[ochester] 21 August 1911. p.67 (U)

Tinted postcard photograph entitled Castle Gardens, Rochester comprising view of northern part of outer bailey or castle gardens, looking north across gardens from point outside northern mural tower or keeper's lodge, showing in distance Moat House on Castle Hill, in middle-ground trees and shrubs and in foreground garden ornaments, feral pigeons and pathway. On rear, message from M. Deane to a Mrs. Shepherd, 30 Hastings Road, Maidstone, thanking her for a gift of roses. Published by W.H. Smith and Son, 100 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Postmarked Maidstone 3 July 1906 and dated 4 July by author presumably in error. p.67 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled bridge and castle grounds, Rochester comprising view of northern part of castle gardens looking north-north-west from upper level of keep towards north-west bastion, showing in distance left to right, Strood Intra, Frindsbury Intra and warehouses, Rochester Bridge Railway Station (High Street, Strood), Frindsbury Hill and Church and large four-masted sailing vessel alongside Anchor Wharf in Bridge Reach, in middle distance Rochester road bridge, range of buildings on Castle Hill comprising Moat House, Saye House, Sele House, Castleleigh House, Rochester and County Club * and Castle Moat House, boundary wall and railing alongside Castle Hill and First World War Mk IV Female Tank on plinth and in foreground bandstand, trees, lawns, First World War German War light field gun mounted on round concrete or stone plinth, steps at north-west bastion, Queen Victoria’s 1887 jubilee memorial, long walk and other pathways, strollers and visitors, benches and Crimean War cannon. Published by Valentine. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to gift of tank to Rochester by Major General Sir Herbert Mullaly on behalf of National War Savings Committee in 1919. c.1931 x c.1939 p.68 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

[NB for records of Rochester and County Club please see deposits DE85 (part) and DE485/2]

Postcard photograph entitled one of our tanks comprising view of First World War Mk IV Female Tank passing Bank of England, Threadneedle Street, London, heading towards camera in procession followed by motor car bearing coat of arms of the City of London on its radiator, watched by civilian spectators marshalled by policeman in cap and overcoat. Photograph passed by censor. Couchman’s notes indicate this tank is of the same type at that mounted in Rochester Castle Gardens. c.1918 p.68 (L)

[NB for a close-up photograph of the tank that stood in Rochester Castle Gardens, please see deposit M2]

Postcard photograph comprising view looking north-east from embrasure or window in eastern wall of Rochester Castle keep, showing in distance Brompton, Frindsbury Peninsula and cement works, River Medway (Limehouse Reach and Chatham Reach), in middle distance steam cargo vessel moored alongside Bath Hard Wharf, Chatham Goods Yard and railway goods wagon marshalling yards on Rochester Common and in middle ground buildings in Rochester High Street, St. Nicholas’ Church, cathedral lay folk’s burial ground and northern outer turret of cathedral west front. On rear, part 1 of a ribald two part message from W[-] [-] to Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] discussing his cold, cramp and a recent game of cricket. From the vernacular expressions used the author seems to be Scottish *. Date-stamped 28 June 1913. p.69 (U)

[cf. Scotland]

Postcard photograph comprising view looking north-north-east from embrasure or window in northern wall of Rochester Castle keep, showing in distance Frindsbury Peninsula, vessels on River Medway (Limehouse Reach) and group of buildings in Rochester High Street including Medway Conservancy Board office and Guildhall and in foreground interior details of embrasure and wooden bench, latter engraved with graffiti. On rear, continuation or part 2 of message from from W[-] [-] to Elizabeth (Bessie) [-] discussing church attendance and asking for a nice cuddle. *. [Date-stamped 28 June 1913.] p.69 (L)

Postcard photograph entitled Rochester Castle from Boley Hill comprising view of castle keep in background and southern section of curtain wall and drum tower, trees and external staircase in foreground, looking north, showing entrance from southern section of Castle Ditch into eastern section of inner bailey through curtain wall to right of drum tower, also showing cylindrical south-east angle tower of keep, both curtain wall and keep partly covered in ivy. On rear, message from John (Jack) Foxall to his mother Mrs. Foxall, 86 Bow Road, London E., describing travelling arrangements, weather and possibly military training (Small Arms School (S.A.S)). Published by Ive and Lowe Ltd., Chatham. Dated 14 February 1916 and postmarked Chatham 15 February 1916. p.70 (U)

Postcard colour photograph entitled Rochester Castle, Kent, Keep, from south-east, comprising view of castle keep, curtain wall and drum tower from point in St. Margaret’s Street about 20 yards (about 20 metres) from junction with Boley Hill and Bakers Walk, showing in foreground walls in St. Margaret’s Street overhung with trees and ivy and in left middle distance trees in Castle Ditch. A banner is flying from the keep at half-mast. Published and printed by Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO) 1983. p.70 (U)

Postcard colour photograph entitled Rochester Castle, Kent, aerial view from the south, comprising view of area contained within castle outer bailey and curtain wall and surrounding area, viz. Rochester Esplanade and road and railway bridges to west, Castle Hill, Rochester High Street, Bridge House, Conservancy Board offices, Guildhall, Royal Victoria and Bull Hotel and Acorn Wharf to north, Castle Ditch and Boley Hill to east and Castle Ditch, Boley Hill, Satis House, Vicarage and Old Hall to south. Features visible inside outer bailey include plinth of bandstand, plinth of First World War tank, staircase at north-east bastion, walkways, trees and benches. Published by the Department of the Environment 1975 and subject to Crown Copyright and printed for Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO) by The Campfield Press, St. Albans, Hertfordshire. Exposed before 1969. p.71

File updated by Borough Archivist 13 October 2006.


Date: c.1760-1983
Quantity: 1 binder/71pp.
Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/DE0402_15 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ DE0402_Couchman_ephemera_and_MSS_/ DE0402_15.html

IMAGEBASE USERS PLEASE SCROLL DOWN

Important note to imagebase users.

Caveat and disclaimer.

Customers wishing to reproduce, print-off, download or publish images from this database or imagebase may require the permission of the owner of the Copyright of the original records. Publication by Medway Council of this database or imagebase does not imply a right on the part of the user to reproduce, print-off, download or publish the images or absolve the user from the need to obtain permission to reproduce items subject to Copyright. Medway Council has obtained permission from Copyright owners to reproduce images in this database or imagebase without prejudice to wider Copyright. Strictly no commercial or organisational reproduction, printing-off, downloading or publication of the images in this imagebase may be undertaken without the prior consent of Medway Council or the owner of the Copyright of the original records. No separate or independent databases or imagebases derived from this imagebase may be created for organisational or commercial purposes without the express permission of Medway Council or the Copyright owners. Where downloading of images is permissible it may only be done for reasons of private study. Private study is defined by the Patent Office and the definition is incorporated in the relevant legislation.

E.H. Couchman collection of postcards, photographs, ephemera and manuscripts pertaining to the history of the Medway Towns (Rochester, Strood, Chatham and Brompton (later Gillingham)) and Gillingham, Rainham, Gravesend, Dickens’ Country, the Lower Medway Valley and the Hoo Peninsula 1680-1993 [1994].

[To view the full list of the collection, please click here;

to view the contents page and imagebase referral page for the Couchman collection, please click here;

to view the Couchman collection bibliography page, please click here]

Chatham volume 2:
Chatham High Street from Boundary Lane to Railway Street.

[Caution should be exercised in relation to house numbering quoted in descriptions, as in many cases this was altered, usually in phases (Rochester (including Strood Intra) in 1881, 1894, 1895 and c.1953; Chatham 1901, c.1904, c.1905 and 1927). Corroboration of street numbering can be made by reference to street directories in the local studies collections (on microfilm and microfiche and available by appointment) and the local authority street numbering registers (CT/ENG/46) also available by appointment.

For further detailed information on all premises in Chatham High Street, please see A business history of Chatham High Street mainly from the year 1839 to the year 1961 by Frederick W.T. Sanders, c.1961, Local Studies Collection ref.CHA381]

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Photograph of half-length portrait of Sir John Hawkins (1532-1595), Comptroller and Treasurer of the Royal Navy and founder of the Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham (1592) and co-founder of the Chatham Chest (1588-1580). Artist unknown. Reproduced from the original which was transferred from Hawkins’ Hospital in 1946, now hanging at the National Maritime Museum, Park Row, Greenwich, London (ref. 46-121, negative no. 3197). [A copy of the original painting, by Miss Marion Webster, formerly of the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester hangs in the Hospital Governors’ Room in place of the original.] Couchman’s accompanying notes are biographical. Original painted 1581/1582. 7” x 5” (175mm x 125mm) Exposed or reproduced June 1984. Permission for inclusion in imagebase withheld by National Maritime Museum. DE402/15/p.1

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Colour photograph of courtyard, south elevation of Governors’ Room and west elevation of eastern range of Hawkins’ Hospital, looking north from point in High Street immediately opposite, showing iron railing, water pump and lamp. Photographer: E.H. Couchman. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to founding of hospital. Exposed 14 April 1984. DE402/15/p.2

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting completion of repairs to Hospital (20 January 1984) (upper left) and visit of HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother on occasion of official re-opening of Hospital on 16 April 1984, with photographs of the Queen Mother and woman police constable (WPC) Lesley Woodbridge (upper right) and group of dignitaries and visitors including Dr. David Say, bishop of Rochester, Very Reverend John Arnold, dean of Rochester and Robin Leigh-Pemberton, lord lieutenant of Kent (lower). 19 April 1984. DE402/15/p.3

Hospital of Sir John Hawkins Knight in Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News reporting visit of HM Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother to Chatham and Upnor on 16 April 1984 (upper) with colour photograph of Queen Mother and Robin Leigh-Pemberton, lord lieutenant of Kent meeting crowd of onlookers in Chatham or Upnor (lower). 19 April 1984. DE402/15/p.4

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Photograph of apse looking from south, showing parts of gables of east end of nave. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to architectural and historical details of apse. 3” x 2 1/8” (75mmx 55mm) c.1940 DE402/15/p.5 (U)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled St. Bartholomew’s Church and High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Gundulph Road, showing in foreground bystanders, carriageway, policeman and cyclist, in middle-ground pedestrians, small conveyance and lamp standard and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). On rear, message from Walter [Saunders?] of 61 High Street, Chatham to unstated addressee, wishing him or her a happy birthday. Published by W. Naylar, Eastgate Series, Rochester. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to completion building of chapel between 1115 and 1124 and restoration by Sir Gilbert Scott and successors in late 19th. Century. Dated 28 March 1911. DE402/15/p.5 (L)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Half-length photograph of Rev. John Bailey, chaplain of St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester/Chatham 1878-1933, subject looking at camera, resting left elbow on book and resting head on hand. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to memorial window commemorating Bailey, 1937. 2 7/8” x 2” (73mm x 53mm) DE402/15/p.6 (U)

[Please see also items pertaining to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester in volume DE402/10, including reproduction of same portrait at DE402/10/p.26 (Rochester volume 10]

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Postcard photograph entitled Chapel of St. Bartholomew, Rochester and High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite and to west of junction with Gundulph Road, showing in foreground bystanders, carriageway, policeman and cyclist, in middle-ground pedestrians, small conveyance and lamp standard and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). Published by W. Naylar, 212 High Street, Rochester and printed in Germany. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to road works extending Gundulph Road in High Street, Rochester 1880. From same negative as DE402/15/p.5 (L) above. c.1911 DE402/15/p.6 (L)

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital Chapel, Chatham/Rochester.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of chapel and range of buildings to east looking south-east from point in High Street inside boundary with Rochester and diagonally opposite, showing in foreground cobbled entrance to Boundary Wharf, bystanders, lamp standard, hand cart and carriageway, in fore and middle-grounds chapel and bushes and in distance range of buildings including, right to left, H.C. Lawrence and Son, florists’ shop (no.2) and T. Walder, boot manufacturer’s shop (no.4). On rear, message from Alice [-] to Miss Nellie Dapson, 54 High (Hight) Street, Margate, discussing travelling arrangements. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Ramsgate 8 April 1905. DE402/15/p.7

High Street, Chatham.
Bill from Parrett and Neves Ltd., 30 High Street, Chatham, proprietors of Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News to Mr. T. Clibbon in respect of obituary for a Mr. Gower [?] 21 May 1910. DE402/15/p.8 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Stamped envelope addressed to Mr.T. Clibbon, 26 Weston Road, Strood, associated with item DE402/15/p.8 (U) above. Postmarked Chatham 23 August 1910 and backstamped Rochester, same date. DE402/15/p.8 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street at junction with Hammond Hill, looking west from point slightly east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, Owen J. Carter and Co.’s wine, spirit and cigar stores (no.39-41), Jude, Hanbury and Co., brewers’ office and stores (no.43) and H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and on south side, right to left, A. Lacy, bookseller’s shop (no.36) and Cooper and Son house furnisher’s store (no.38). Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, pedestrians, lamp standards and horse-drawn delivery vehicles. c.1903 DE402/15/p.9 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street at junction with Hammond Hill, looking west from point slightly east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, Owen J. Carter and Co.’s wine, spirit and cigar stores (no.39-41), Jude, Hanbury and Co., brewers’ office and stores (no.43) and H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and on south side, right to left, A. Lacy, bookseller’s shop (no.36) and Cooper and Son house furnisher’s store (no.38). Street scene shows dismounted cyclist, pedestrians, lamp standards and horse-drawn delivery vehicles. Published by B. and D., London EC, Kromo Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. Taken from same negative as DE402/15/p.9 (U) above. c.1903 DE402/15/p.9 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bills from Coopers Successors (proprietors The London and Provincial Furnishing Co. Ltd., directors J. Freedman, J. Cahn and S. Beirnstein), 38 High Street, Chatham, house furnishers, to a Mr. Rayner, for set of chairs and other furnishings, 17 January 1920 and 8 November 1920. DE402/15/p.10

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Coopers Successors (proprietors The London and Provincial Furnishing Co. Ltd., directors J. Freedman, J. Cahn and S. Beirnstein), 38 High Street, Chatham, house furnishers, to a Mr. Rayner, for mahogany board 17 January 1920. DE402/15/p.11

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co., 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine, spirit, ale and stout merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gower of Darnley Arms, Cobham, for 12 gallons of cider, 17 August 1909. DE402/15/p.12

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co., 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine, spirit, ale and stout merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gowar [sic] of Darnley Arms, Cobham, for 4 ¾ gallons of cider, 22 October 1909. DE402/15/p.13

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Owen J. Carter and Co. (H.J. Browne), 39/41 High Street, Chatham, wine and spirit merchants, to Mr. R.J. Gowar for cider and returns, settled 26 November 1909. DE402/15/p.14

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point east of junction with Hammond Hill, showing on north side of road range of buildings including left to right, H.A. Hobday, tool merchant’s store (no.45) and Gaiety Theatre of Varieties (no.45) and on south side ranges of buildings either side of entrance to Hammond Hill. Street scene shows pedestrians, tradesman with hand cart, horse-drawn conveyances, carriageway and lamp standard. On rear, message from unstated sender to a Mrs. Peters, 109 Trafalgar Road, Portslade, Brighton, Sussex, asking her to add the postcard to the collection. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 18 October 1905. DE402/15/p.15 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled West End, Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Chatham/Rochester and Gundulph Road, looking east from point on north side of road, showing mainly range of buildings on south side, right to left, Robert Nelson and Co.’s domestic machinery depot with shop signs advertising Singer sewing machines (no.16), Henry West, milliner and draper’s shop (no.18), Richard F. Pettman, outfitter’s shop (no.20), Norman and Stigant, solicitors’ office (no.22), Thomas E. Howe, photographer’s studio (no.24), Jasper and Sons, bakers and confectioners’ shop (no.26), John Highley, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News offices (Parrett and Neves, proprietors) (no.30), entrance to Gundulph Road and Godfrey and Co. Ltd.’s pianoforte and music warehouse (no.32). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, horse-drawn conveyance, lamp standard and banner advertising sale at West’s shop. Published by G. and P. Ltd., Wellington Series. c.February 1906. DE402/15/p.15 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Horace H. Joyce, 46 High Street, Chatham, picture frame maker and stockist of artists’ materials, to a Mr. Rayner, for framing a large print 6 December 1918. DE402/15/p.16

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from Horace H. Joyce, 46 High Street, Chatham, picture frame maker and stockist of artists’ materials, to a Mr. Rayner, for framing a print 11 January 1919. DE402/15/p.17

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of street elevation of the Gaiety Theatre of Varieties, 49 High Street, Chatham, looking from point diagonally and slightly to west, showing placards advertising performances by Florrie Forde, burlesque actress and George Hackenschmidt, world champion wrestler and others and above entablature theatre name sign and remnant of name sign of former use as Imperial Hotel, previously Old Chest Arms public house. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to conversion of premises from hotel to theatre in 1889, subsequent history, appearance of Charles [cf. Charlie] Chaplin in 1897 and demolition in 1911. Original exposed June 1906. DE402/15/p.18

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Entertaining wounded sailors and soldiers, Chatham Empire, 6.7.16 comprising view of section of High Street looking east from first floor window in building diagonally opposite and slightly to west of Chatham Empire of Varieties on occasion of visit to theatre of sailors and soldiers wounded in the First World War, showing on south side of street crowd of onlookers, in carriageway horse-drawn ambulances, dismounted military and civilian cyclists, horse-drawn and motor vehicles and on north side of street range of buildings extending east from Chatham Empire towards junction with Medway Street. Couchman’s accompanying notes state the performance was the musical Blue room girl starring Jamieson Dodds and Nancy Benyon. 8 July 1916. DE402/15/p.19

High Street, Chatham.
Photographic copy of postcard entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street looking west from point diagonally opposite and slightly to east of Empire, showing ranges of buildings on both sides of street including on north side, Picture House or Empire Cinema and Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (formerly Gaiety Theatre of Varieties). Street scene shows pedestrians, overhead street lighting and parked commercial motor vehicles. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to history and use of cinema 1917-1961 and theatre 1911-1960, mentioning showing of first talkie film, Al Jolson in the Singing Fool15 July 1929. 8 ¼” x 5 ½” (210mm x 140mm) Original exposed c.1925 DE402/15/p.20

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham, showing the Empire comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east of no.68 High Street, showing on north side range of buildings including, left to right, Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49), Royal Exchange public house (no.47) and Ernest W. Nunn, hosier’s shop (no.61) and on south side, left to right, H. Cook and Co., chemist’s shop (no.68) and range of shops and offices. Street scene shows pedestrians, lamp standard, carriageway, hand cart and horse drawn vehicles. Published by Lloyd-Langston, Chatham. c.1900 DE402/15/p.21 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham, showing the Empire comprising view of section of High Street between Manor Road and Gundulph Road, looking west from point in carriageway diagonally opposite and slightly to east of no.68 High Street, showing on north side range of buildings including, left to right, Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49), Royal Exchange public house (no.47) and Ernest W. Nunn, hosier’s shop (no.61) and on south side, left to right, H. Cook and Co., chemist’s shop (no.68) and range of shops and offices. Street scene shows pedestrians, lamp standard, carriageway, hand cart and horse drawn vehicles. On rear message from Archibald [?] (Archy) [-] at Chatham to Mr. B.H. Trelfer, 9 East Street, Horsham, Sussex, mentioning business at Uckfield, Sussex. Published by H. Brothers. From same negative as DE402/15/p.21 above. Postmarked 21 August 1917. DE402/15/p.21 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of Are You a Mason? starring Bromley Challoner and Enid Cooper at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of So This is Marriage, The Western Wallop, Walking up the Town and The House of Youth at The Picture House adjacent (31 July 1925) and article reporting on Bromley Challoner’s speech at end of performance of above stage performance (7 August 1925). DE402/15/p.22

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of Melody Mummers starring Aimee Bebb, Jerry Verno and Joan Morgan at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of The Navigator starring Buster Keaton and The Presumption of Stanley Hay, MP at The Picture House adjacent 7 August 1925. DE402/15/p.23

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for performance of New Moon starring Adolphe Menjou and Ruth Roland at Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49 High Street), and cinematographic exhibitions of To Oblige a Lady starring Maisie Gay and The Phantom of the Desert starring Jack Perrin and Sir Harry Lauder at The Picture House adjacent. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to closure of theatre in 1929 and re-opening also that year as cinema, operating as such until 1939. 21 August 1931 DE402/15/p.24

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for cinematographic exhibitions of To-morrow and to-morrow starring Ruth Chatterton and Paul Lukas and Wayward starring Nancy Carroll, Pauline Frederick and Richard Arlen at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street) and The Crooked Lady starring George Graves and Isobel Elsom and Are You Listening? starring William Haines and Madge Evans at The Picture House, adjacent. 26 August 1932 DE402/15/p.25

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement for cinematographic exhibitions of Bataan* starring Robert Taylor, The Lavender Hill Mob starring Alec Guinness and Stanley Holloway and live performances by Max Miller and others at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street), 7 November 1958. DE402/15/p.26

[* cf. Philippines]

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising articles reporting capture and retirement of Beaver, resident cat at Chatham Empire (no.49 High Street) in 1960, with photographs of cat and performers Freddie Wingent and Ken Stirling. 17 January 1986 and 7 February 1986. DE402/15/p.27

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at northern end of Hills Terrace, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing six bearers supporting placard reading Who are the secret 6? The answer is at the Picture House now, bearers wearing cloth caps and broad-brimmed hats alternately and face masks and looking at camera, also showing south elevation of Chatham Railway Station building, telegraph pole and iron railings in background and bystanders and barrow. Barrow signage pertains to P. Blanchett and Son [of 41 Dale Street and 321 High Street, Chatham], baker and pastry cook. February 1932 DE402/15/p.28 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at northern end of Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing two bearers carrying placard advertising cinema film Common Law starring Constance Bennett and one bearer carrying and standing inside three sided placard in form of book advertising same, former supporting placard by horizontal pole on left shoulders, latter supporting placard by shoulder straps, bearers wearing cloth or broad-brimmed hats and all looking at camera. Also showing western elevation of St. Michael’s Roman Catholic Church, Hills Terrace, iron railing and tree in background. February 1932. DE402/15/p.28 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, showing four bearers carrying placards advertising cinema film Politics starring Marie Dressler and Polly Moran, two bearers carrying upright film title placard and wearing cloth caps and two bearers wearing women’s clothes and carrying star name placards, all looking at camera. Also showing street frontage of terraced houses in background. February 1932 DE402/15/p.29 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two men dressed in Chinese costume, one pulling hand cart, other sitting in hand cart, hand cart bearing placards advertising cinema film Chin Chin Chinaman * [cf. Boat From Shanghai], both me looking at camera and surrounded by young children in cloth caps and berets and showing in right middle-ground part of private house, in middle distance Chatham Railway Station and in distance Maidstone Road railway viaduct and houses at lower end of Maidstone Road including nos. 25-27, latter the home of W. Glanvill Mason. February 1932 DE402/15/p.29 (L)

[* cf. China]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of bearer carrying placard in form of roulette table advertising cinema film The Big Gamble starring Warner Oland and Bill Boyd, bearer’s knees visible beneath placard. March 1932 DE402/15/p.30 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of horse and rider, latter carrying placard advertising cinema film Son of India starring Ramon Novarro and dressed in imitation of the star, facing camera, camera looking from vicinity of Ordnance Terrace or Albany Terrace, Ordnance Place [?] towards chalk hill (North Downs) and The Great Lines of Defence, showing in middle-ground iron railing and Chatham Railway Station and steam rising from steam locomotive (out of sight), in right middle distance Gibraltar Hotel and Gibraltar Place and in right distance Royal Navy Chatham Division First World War memorial. March 1932 DE402/15/p.30 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Fort Pitt Hill, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of six boys mainly wearing cloth caps, one blacked-up, carrying placards advertising cinema film Penrod and Sam starring Leon Janney and Junior Coghlan, accompanied by man dressed in female attire holding books, all looking at camera. Also showing in middle-ground children spectators and iron railing, in middle distance Lord Kitchener Memorial Homes and in distance Territorial Army Drill Hall at corner of Fort Pitt Hill and Boundary Road. April 1932 DE402/15/p.31 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Railway Street and Hills Terrace, Chatham comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of four bearers carrying litter on which is sitting a man dressed as a boxer and a kneeling boy and from which are hung at the side placards advertising cinema film The Champ starring Wallace Beery and Jackie Cooper, watched by children and delivery man with bicycle and sidecar. Also showing in middle ground iron railing, telegraph pole and southern elevation of Chatham Railway Station and in left middle-distance Military Road railway viaduct and station building. April 1932 DE402/15/p.31 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene outside entrance to St. Michael’s Presbytery at north end of Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two bearers carrying placard suspended from horizontal pole advertising cinema film Local Boy Makes Good starring Joe E. Brown, each bearer facing to right of camera and wearing cloth caps. Also showing in right distance nos.25-27 Maidstone Road, Chatham, latter the home of W. Glanvill Mason. Photographer or developer: Medway Studios Ltd., High Street, Chatham. May 1932 DE402/15/p.32 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of two bearers carrying placard suspended from horizontal pole advertising cinema film The Night Angel starring Nancy Carroll and Fredric March, each bearer facing to right of camera and wearing cloth cap and broad-brimmed hat respectively. Also showing iron railing and trees in background. May 1932 DE402/15/p.32 (L)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of five bearers lifting and standing inside four sided box formed by placards advertising cinema film The New Adventures of Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford starring William Haines, each bearing doffing a broad-brimmed hat and looking at camera. Also showing wall and iron railing in background. May 1932 DE402/15/p.33 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, one carrying sandwich boards and wearing cloth cap and second carrying a placard on his back, wearing top hat and tails and standing with bicycle with placard attached to steering column, and up-side-down dummy with placard attached to front, advertising cinema film Sidewalks of New York* starring Buster Keaton. Also showing Railway Street railway viaduct, station buildings, horse-drawn vehicle, motor car, bystanders and street vendor’s hand cart. June 1932 DE402/15/p.33 (L)

[* cf. New York State, United States of America]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of three male bearers, one carrying blowtorch and length of copper pipe and another dressed as serving maid, supporting a placard in form of top hat advertising cinema film The Passionate Plumber starring Buster Keaton, Schnozzle Durante and Polly Moran. Also showing in background part of southern (Ordnance Terrace) elevation of Chatham Railway Station and canopies of platforms below. June 1932 DE402/15/p.34 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in vicinity of Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers wearing North Africa Campaign Dress uniforms of French Foreign Legion *, supporting placard in form of tombola drum advertising cinema film Beau Chumps starring Stanley Laurel and Oliver Hardy. Terraced houses in background. June 1932 DE402/15/p.34 (L)

[* cf. France]

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, facing camera, wearing two-piece, three-legged over-suit and broad-brimmed hats and sandwich board advertising cinema film Arsene Lupin starring John and Lionel Barrymore. Showing iron railing in background and overlooking Chatham Railway Station, looking north-west. June 1932 DE402/15/p.35 (left)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Hills Terrace, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of two bearers, backs to camera, wearing two-piece, three-legged over-suit and broad-brimmed hats and sandwich board advertising cinema film Arsene Lupin starring John and Lionel Barrymore together for the first time! Showing iron railing in background and overlooking Chatham Railway Station, looking north-west. See DE402/15/p.35 (left) above for front view. June 1932 DE402/15/p.35 (right)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of placard in form of model house, carried by at least two bearers, out of sight, advertising cinema film Rookery Nook starring Tom Walls and Ralph Lynn. Also showing boy bystanders, iron railing and part of southern elevation of Chatham Railway Station in background. July 1932. DE402/15/p.36 (left)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene in Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of group of three bearers carrying placards in form of bottles advertising cinema films, right to left, Helpmates starring Stanley Laurel and Oliver Hardy, Happy Landing starring Charlotte Greenwood and Professional Guest starring Gordon Harker, each punning on association with brand of drink. Background blanked out. July 1932. DE402/15/p.36 (right)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of placard in form wireless radio, carried by at least two bearers, out of sight, advertising cinema film Are You Listening starring William Haines and Madge Evans, showing iron railing, Chatham Railway Station and houses at bottom of Maidstone Road, Chatham in background. August 1932 DE402/15/p.37 (U)

The Picture House, High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph of scene at junction of Ordnance Terrace and Railway Street, Ordnance Place, Chatham, comprising view of improvised outdoors cinema film advertising gimmick employed by proprietors of The Picture House, consisting of piebald horse and rider dressed in imitation of Mexican * cowboy, carrying saddle cloth advertising cinema film Cisco Kid ** starring Warner Baxter and Edmund Lowe, rider looking at camera and showing in background bystanders and hoardings advertising same film and productions at Chatham Empire Theatre. August 1932 DE402/15/p.37 (L)

[* cf. Mexico; ** cf. San Francisco, California, United States of America (USA)]

Empire Theatre, High Street, Chatham.
Printed programme for musical Piccadilly Hayride. December 1951 DE402/15/p.38

High Street, Chatham.
Photocopy of article in Chatham Observer reporting collision between traps belonging to a Mr. Batchelor and a Mr. Jasper. Published 29 May 1897 DE402/15/p.39 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Boundary Lane and Medway Street, looking west and from point on south side of street, showing ranges of buildings on north and south sides, former including, left to right, The Gaiety Theatre of Varieties (later Empire Theatre of Varieties and Chatham Picture House) (no.49), White Auction Rooms (no.51), Budden and Biggs, brewers ’offices (no.53), Royal Exchange public house (no.55), Frederick Leney and Sons, brewers and wine merchants’ branch office and stores (no.57), house of a Mrs. Rookley, Chatham Furnishing Co. (no.61), Alton [cf. Von Alten] ale house (no.63), Miss M. Brimsted, florist’s shop (no.65), J.N. Willis, photographer’s studio (no.67) and Premium Trading Stamp Co. (no.69) and latter including Pocock Brothers, bootmakers’ shop (no.48). Street scene shows pedestrians, bystanders, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standards and carriageway. On rear, message from Arthur [-] to Miss F. Thompson, co. Mr. Burchett, County Cycle Depot, Narborough, Leicestershire. Published by Empire Series, London. Postmarked Rugby, Warwickshire 27 September1905. Exposed c.1904. DE402/15/p.39 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Letter heading of E. Moffat FRMS of 75 High Street, Chatham, bacteriologist. c.1940 DE402/15/p.40

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49) and junction with Medway Street, looking west from point on north side of road, showing ranges of buildings on north and opposite sides of road, including (north side) Chatham Empire (no.49) and Sun Hotel (no.85) and (south side), right to left, Jays Furnishing Stores (no.78-80), David Greig, provision merchant’s shop (no.82), Carlton Café (Southern) Ltd. (no.84), Macdonald’s Dental Co. (London) Ltd., dentist’s surgery (no.86), Chatham Conservatoire of Music (also no.86) and Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (also no.86). Street scene shows carriageway, traffic policeman, motor cars, horse-drawn vehicle, hand cart, pedestrians, shop assistant outside Greig’s and Automobile Association (AA) sign hanging from Sun Hotel. Couchman’s accompanying notes observe that a flagpole visible in DE402/15/p.41 (U) below is partly omitted in this edition. Valentine’s Colurtype series. c.1926 DE402/15/p.41 (U)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Chatham Empire Theatre of Varieties (no.49) and junction with Medway Street, looking west from point on north side of road, showing ranges of buildings on north and opposite sides of road, including (north side) Chatham Empire (no.49) and Sun Hotel (no.85) and (south side), right to left, Jays Furnishing Stores (no.78-80), David Greig, provision merchant’s shop (no.82), Carlton Café (Southern) Ltd. (no.84), Macdonald’s Dental Co. (London) Ltd., dentist’s surgery (no.86), Chatham Conservatoire of Music (also no.86) and Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (also no.86). Street scene shows carriageway, traffic policeman, motor cars, horse-drawn vehicle, hand cart, pedestrians, shop assistant outside Greig’s and Automobile Association (AA) sign hanging from Sun Hotel. Flagpole partly omitted in DE402/15/p.41 (U) above fully visible in this edition. Valentine’s Colourtype series. c.1926 DE402/15/p.41 (L)

[Reproduced by kind permission of Hallmark International]

High Street, Chatham.
Two cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements placed by David Greig Ltd., 82 High Street, Chatham, provision merchant and tea specialist, for tea, Danish * butter, New Zealand butter, meats, poultry and rabbits. 26 August 1932 DE402/15/p.42

[* cf. Denmark]

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled West End, Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Chatham/Rochester and Gundulph Road, looking east from point on north side of road, showing mainly range of buildings on south side, right to left, Robert Nelson and Co.’s domestic machinery depot with shop signs advertising Singer sewing machines (no.16), Henry West, milliner and draper’s shop (no.18), Richard F. Pettman, outfitter’s shop (no.20), Norman and Stigant, solicitors’ office (no.22), Thomas E. Howe, photographer’s studio (no.24), Jasper and Sons, bakers and confectioners’ shop (no.26), John Highley, watchmaker’s shop (no.28), Chatham, Rochester and Gillingham News offices (Parrett and Neves, proprietors) (no.30), entrance to Gundulph Road and Godfrey and Co. Ltd.’s pianoforte and music warehouse (no.32). Street scene shows pedestrians, carriageway, horse-drawn conveyance, lamp standard and banner advertising sale at West’s shop. On rear, message from Emm [-] to Mrs. Mason, 37 Byron Road, Gillingham, discussing visiting arrangements. Published by G. and P. Ltd., Wellington Series. See also DE402/15/p.15 (L) for postcard taken from same exposure. Postmarked Rochester 2 February 1906. DE402/15/p.43 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between junction with Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point on north side of road slightly to west of junction with Medway Street, showing on north side of road, left to right, canopy of Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street, Midland bank (no.87), Old King’s Head Hotel (no.93), W.H. Smith and Son, booksellers’ shop (nos.95-97), Halford Cycle Co. Ltd. (no.101), Rego Clothiers Ltd., tailors’ shop (no.105), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, Murdoch, Murdoch and Co., piano and music merchants’ shop (nos.86-88), Home Supply Footwear Co., bootmakers’ shop (no.90), Domestic Bazaar Co. Ltd. (no.92) and Edward Bates Ltd., draper’s shop (nos.94-96). Street scene shows carriageway, hand cart, motor car, lorry, cyclist, pedestrians, overhead street light, tradesman on step ladders and placards outside New Palace of Varieties. c.1925 x c.1929 DE402/15/p.43 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting from Chatham News comprising advertisement placed by Edward Bates Ltd., 94-96 High Street, Chatham, draper, for holiday costume clearance, illustrated with drawing of woman wearing bonnet and two-piece suit of double-breasted jacket and skirt. 7 August 1925 DE402/15/p.44

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of street frontage of Edward Bates Ltd., draper’s shop nos.94-96 High Street, Chatham, looking from point in street directly opposite, showing window displays comprising painted flats depicting Queen Elizabeth I and yeoman warder against background of Chatham Dockyard man gate, Dock Road, Chatham, representing Chatham (centre), William [cf. Will] Adams at Lapshan in Japan, representing Gillingham (left) and Richard Watts and the Six Poor Travellers’ House, representing Rochester (right), on occasion of The Medway Towns All-British Shopping Week organised by Medway Chamber of Trade in which Bates won first prize in category “things we wear”. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to identity of photographer and description of window displays in Chatham Observer. Photographer: H. Boughton, Broad View, Frindsbury. Original exposed June 1926. DE402/15/45

High Street, Chatham.
Photograph of street frontage Barnard’s Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, looking from point above ground level, diagonally opposite and slightly to west, from building at corner of Manor Road and High Street, showing frontage decorated on occasion of coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra. 9 August 1902 DE402/15/p.46 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham High Street comprising view of section of High Street between junctions with Manor Road and Holborn Lane, showing on north side, left to right, G.W. Rosenberg, tailor’s shop (no.105), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), R.C. Martin, tobacconist’s shop (no.111), G. Scriven and Son’s dining rooms (no.113), Bull Inn (no.155) and range of buildings to east including Rochester and Chatham People’s Café (no.121) and on south side, right to left, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows pedestrians, motor car and placard outside New Palace of Varieties advertising Harry Champion. Couchman’s accompanying notes pertain to destruction by fire of New Palace of Varieties on 18-19 May 1934. On rearm message from Lance Corporal A.H. Dale 7374, C Company, 3rd. Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment to Mr. B.H. Trelfer, 9 East Street, Horsham, Sussex, asking for his watch and saying he is soon to depart for France. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 26 October 1916. DE402/15/p.46 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for productions at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, comprising What Ho and Winners of 1925 July and August 1925 respectively. DE402/15/p.47

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News comprising advertisements for productions at Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties, 107-109 High Street, Chatham, comprising Council Houses a burlesque comedy revue and Ten Baby Syncopators, a musical and dancing presentation starring Stan Costello. August 1925. DE402/15/p.48

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Higgins Lane, looking west from point on north side of street, to east of and diagonally opposite entrance to Manor Road, showing on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102) and on north side, left to right, Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street and range of buildings to east including Old King’s Head public house (no.93) and R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97). Street scene shows pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles and lamp posts. Theatre Royal pediment is shown surmounted by gilded figure of Victory. Couchman’s accompanying notes suggest near lamp standard came from Whitehall, Westminster, Middlesex and pertain to opening in 1899 and destruction by fire and re-opening of Theatre Royal in 1900. Couchman suggests the negative was exposed c.1902 x c.1905 but the angel or figure of victory on the Theatre Royal was lost in the fire. On rear, message from unstated author staying at Mitre Hotel, 198 High Street, Chatham to Miss A.G. Beeden [?], 2 Gloucester Road, Regent’s Park, London, stating his address (i.e. hotel). Postmarked Chatham 13 May 1906 Exposed c.1900 DE402/15/p.49

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Bull Inn and on south side entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102), latter bearing placards advertising productions of East Lynne and Man and Wife. Street scene shows pedestrians, horse and rider and shop awnings. On rear, message from David [-] to Miss B. Fitzwalters, 71 Albert Road, Stoke, Devonport, Devon, asking her to get a cap for him. Published by Thornton Brothers, New Brompton. Postmarked Chatham 10 April 1906. Exposed c.June 1905. DE402/15/p.50

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows pedestrians, dismounted cyclist and horse-drawn vehicles. Theatre Royal pediment is shown surmounted by gilded figure of Victory and side wall bears placard advertising a production. On rear, message from Bert [Hancock?] of 277 Torridon Road, Catford, London to Quarter Master Sergeant R. Hancock, 31st. Company, Royal Engineers (RE), Fort Colombo, Ceylon [cf. Sri Lanka], India, offering congratulations. Published by RTT Chatham. Postmarked Catford, London 18 September 1911 and Colombo, Ceylon 8 October 1911. DE402/15/51 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in street west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side range of buildings including Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) and Bull Inn (no.115) and on south side, right to left, entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102) and Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians, overhead light and placard on side of Theatre Royal advertising The Old Home. On rear, message from Joseph (Joe) [-] to Miss E. Gothwaite, King Street, Mirfield, West Riding, Yorkshire, discussing arrival at destination and stating he does not know his [service?] number. Postmarked Chatham 15 December 1914. Negative exposed c.1900 DE402/15/p.51 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Copy of photograph of section of High Street between Medway Street and Globe Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in road west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, left to right, R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97), Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) (partly obscured), Bull Inn (no.115) and Globe Hotel (no.131) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn omnibus (Strood to Chatham service), other horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, pedestrians and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern putative dating of the photograph based on placard on side wall of Theatre Royal possibly advertising The Executioner’s daughter July 1904 otherwise possibly exposed as early as 1900. DE402/15/p.52

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News advertising The Crooked Friday and The Right Age to Marry at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, July and August 1925 respectively. DE402/15/p.53

High Street, Chatham.
Cuttings from Chatham News advertising talkies screened at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, Once a Sinner starring Dorothy Mackail, Girls Demand Excitement starring Virginia Cherrill and John Wayne, both utilising Western Electric Sound System, Beaut’es de Paris starring Jack Gallagher, in 18 saucy scenes and The Gas Inspector starring Ernie Lotinga. Published August 1931. DE402/15/p.54

High Street, Chatham.
Ink blotter advertising production of Juno and the Paycock a play by Sean O’Casey, at Theatre Royal, 102 High Street, Chatham, starring Arthur Sinclair and Maire O’Neill (photographs included.) July 1929 DE402/15/p.55

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled High Street, Chatham comprising view of section of High Street between Higgins Lane and Globe Lane, looking west from outside Globe public house, showing on north side, left to right, Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103) Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109), Bull Inn (no.115), entrance to Holborn Lane, Rochester and Chatham People’s Café (no.121), Peter’s Restaurant (no.125), Sticky Backs photographer’s studio (no.129) and The Globe public house (no.131) and on south side, right to left, Richardson and Sons, butchers’ shop (no.126), City Tailoring Co. (no.130) and C.W. Barron and Co. Ltd., bootmakers’ shop (no.132). Street scene shows carriageway, hand carts, horse-drawn vehicles, pedestrians and awning brackets. c.1916 x c.1921 DE402/15/p.56 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Postcard photograph entitled Chatham, High Street comprising view of section of High Street between Medway Street and Holborn Lane, looking west from point on north side of street and to east of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, from left to right, Sun Hotel (no.85), entrance to Medway Street and range of buildings to east including Old King’s Head public house (no.93) and R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road, Theatre Royal (no.102), Geisha Tea Rooms (no.104) and Lloyds Bank Ltd. (no.106). Street scene shows carriageway, pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standards, Union flag flying from turret of Leavey’s shop and figure of victory or angel atop pediment of Theatre Royal. Wrench Series. Printed in Saxony, Germany. c.1906 DE402/15/p.56 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Photograph of ink drawing of G.H. Windeyer’s booking office for South Eastern Railway trains, 134 (formerly 300) High Street, Chatham, comprising front elevation. Couchman’s accompanying notes state site is now occupied by Barclay’s Bank. Original work c.1877 4” x 2 ¾” (102mm x 70mm) DE402/15/p.57 (U)

High Street, Chatham.
Cutting comprising reproduction of photograph of section of High Street between Medway Street and Globe Lane, Chatham, looking east from point in road west of junction with Manor Road, showing on north side, left to right, R.W. Sayer, draper’s shop (nos.95-97), Edwin Smith and Co., grocers’ shop (no.103), Barnard’s New Palace of Varieties (nos.107-109) (partly obscured), Bull Inn (no.115) and Globe Hotel (no.131) and on south side, right to left, George H. Leavey and Co. Ltd., clothier’s shop (nos.98-100), entrance to Manor Road and Theatre Royal (no.102). Street scene shows carriageway, horse-drawn omnibus (Strood to Chatham service), other horse-drawn vehicles, lamp standard, pedestrians and shop awnings. Couchman’s accompanying notes concern putative dating of the photograph based on placard on side wall of Theatre Royal possibly advertising The Executioner’s daughter Original exposed July 1904 otherwise possibly exposed as early as 1900. From same negative as DE402/15/p.52 above. DE402/15/p.57 (L)

High Street, Chatham.
Receipted bill from W. and S. Scott, Steam Saw Mills, 132 High Street, Chatham, timber merchants to H. Stedman, Delce Farm, Rochester for timber for kitchen and cellar of 21 Cazeneuve Street [?], Troy Town, Rochester, settled 17 February 1911. DE402/15/p.58

High Street, Chatham.
Tinted postcard photograph entitled Railway Street and Military Road Corners, Chatham comprising view of junction of High Street, Military Road and Railway Street, Chatham, looking south-south-west up Military Road across cross-roads into Railway Street from pavement outside Royal Sailors’ Home in Military Road, showing on east side of carriageway, left to right, Red Lion public house (no.145 High Street), entrance to eastern section of High Street, London and County Bank (no.148 High Street), Prince of Wales Hotel (nos.1-3 Railway Street) and range of buildings beyond, and on west side of carriageway, right to left, Royal Sailors’ Home (Military Road), Horse Shoe public house (no.143 High Street), entrance to western section of High Street and Capital and Counties Bank (no.146 High Street). Street scene shows bystanders, tram power line columns and lamp standard. Published by Ive and Lowe. c.1902 x c.1908 DE402/15/p.59

File updated by Borough Archivist 10 December 2004.

Date: [1877] c.1900-1986
Quantity: 1 volume/59pp.
Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_T001 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ Unofficial_Series_Collections/ U0565_Earls_of_Darnley_Cobham_Hall_1537_1974/ 02_Title_Deeds_1537_1904/ 01_Cobham_Hall_Estate_1537_1757/ U0565_T001.html


Family and estate records of the Earls of Darnley of Cobham Hall:
Title deeds

*Manors of Cobham, Westcliffe (278 acres), East and West Chalk (227 acres), Randall Manor (97 acres), Merston in Shorne, Shorne, Snave, Elham, Milton-next-Gravesend; Marden and Gravesend; Cobham Hall (360 acres), lands (2180 acres) in Westcliffe, Chalk and Frindsbury; Lord Cobham's estate in Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, Huntingdonshire Cambridgeshire, Warwickshire and Nottinghamshire [including original will of James Stuart, Earl of Richmond and Lenox, 1650; settlement previous to marriage of Charles, Duke of Lenox and Mary Herbert daughter to the Duchess of Buckingham]





Date: 1637-1661, 1679
Quantity: 30 documents
Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_F197 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ Unofficial_Series_Collections/ U0565_Earls_of_Darnley_Cobham_Hall_1537_1974/ U565_Additional/ 04_Family/ 01_Family_Members/ 20_John_6th_Earl_of_Darnley/ 02_Letters/ U0565_F197.html

Letters
From Ivo Bligh to his father [John Stuart Bligh 6th Earl of Darnley].
From various locations including the, Athenaeum, Trinity Square London, Folkestone, Leamington, Warwickshire, Loch Assynt, Sutherland, Scotland, Brighton, Sussex, Sandgate, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, Stronphadrick Scotland, Hampton Court Palace London, Perran-ar-Worthal, Cornwall, South Eaton Place London.
Many different subjects including business and financial matters including in Australia, health matters, shooting parties, visits to friends, horse riding, news of his siblings Arthur and Alice Bligh, weather, sighting of Golden Eagles, continuing ill health, disagreeable nature of City life, desire to move to Australia and invest in a sheep station, considering expatriation during the winter for his health, present of claret, visit to Scotland, fishing, activities for his wife Florrie [Florence], and Florrie’s miscarriage.

Date: c.1883-1893
Quantity: 46 sheets
Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_F734 on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ Unofficial_Series_Collections/ U0565_Earls_of_Darnley_Cobham_Hall_1537_1974/ U565_Additional/ 04_Family/ 03_Unidentified_personal_ephemera/ 09_General_maps/ U0565_F734.html

Ordnance Survey Map
Army Manoeuvre Map covering Birmingham, Warwickshire, Worcester, Worcestershire, Hereford, Herefordshire and Ludlow, Shropshire.
Scale: ½ inch to 1 mile.

Date: 1914
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U0565_CO057A on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ Unofficial_Series_Collections/ U0565_Earls_of_Darnley_Cobham_Hall_1537_1974/ U565_Additional/ 07_Combined_Offices/ 02_Administration_files/ 08_Cricket/ U0565_CO057A.html

Letters
From W Findlay Secretary of the Marylebone Cricket Club, Middlesex, to Esme Ivo Bligh 9th Earl of Darnley.
Pamphlet on the Ashes written by Ivo Bligh 8th Earl of Darnley, which the present Earl [Esme 9th Earl of Darnley] could not find.

From The Birmingham Jewellers & Silversmiths’ Association [cf. Warwickshire] and the Marylebone Cricket Club to Esme Ivo Bligh 9th Earl of Darnley.
Making a silver replica of the Ashes Urn for sale as souvenirs of the visit of the Australian Cricket Team 1930 [cf. Asutralia]. Permission was refused.
Original file endorsed “Cobham The Ashes Cricket”.

Date: 1928-1930
Quantity: 13 items
Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: Unofficial_Series_Collections/U2295_00_intro on request slip.

Path: Unofficial_or_Privately_Originated_Collections/ Unofficial_Series_Collections/ U2295_Estate_ledger_Best_Family_1806_1807/ U2295_00_intro.html

Estate rental ledger: Best Family 1806-1897

Donated by private donor in Warwickshire 1979.Catalogued by Felix Hull, 1979. Transferred from CKS to MALSC, 2010. Malsc acc. 1246

See also Best MSS held at Malsc ref: U480. Notably there is no series of rental ledgers in U480


Date: 1806-1807
Quantity: 1 vol
Text version | Accessibility help | Home