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Result number 1 - Please quote Reference: 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/DE0646 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 05_DE_SERIES_0501_0750/ DE0646.html

Naval or military Letter of Attorney of John Pryer of General Cornwall’s Regiment of Marines at Rochester in favour of his sister Jane Coward, wife of John Coward of Devizes, Wiltshire, cordwainer, witnessed by R. Curtis, Mayor of Rochester and Richard Parry
Date: 1747
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 2 - Please quote Reference: 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/DE1068 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06a_DE_SERIES_1001_1200/ DE1068.html

Title deeds, probate records and personal estate papers of Peat family of Kensington, London and Tovil, Maidstone and Forrester family of Malmesbury, Wiltshire, deeds pertaining to properties under jurisdiction of manors of Barking, Essex and Kennington, Surrey; also deeds pertaining to advowson of Thorley, Hertfordshire, Isle of Wight, Slicketts Hill and Chalk Pit Lane, Chatham and Gillingham, parties and subjects Hooper, Earle, Dewe, Bryant, Budgen, Mannerings, Charlton, Rainger, Ward, Pillfold, Robinson, John Russell, Duke of Bedford, Townson and Storey.


Date: 1739-1913
Quantity: 1 bundle/41 items inc. wrappers
Result number 3 - Please quote Reference: 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/DE0852 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 06_DE_SERIES_0751_1000/ DE0852.html

Records of Rogers, Stevens and Chance, (formerly C.E.T. Rogers, Son and Stevens), 10 New Road, Chatham, chartered surveyors, brewery agents and valuers of licensed property, comprising:correspondence with mortgage lenders and site plans pertaining to valuation of private houses in Medway Towns and surrounding area c.1965-c.1982 (2 boxes);statements of change of tenancy of public houses, off-licences and hotels mainly in the Medway Towns (Strood, Rochester, Chatham and Brompton/Gillingham) and Kent (including Maidstone, Canterbury, Tunbridge Wells, Tenterden, Folkestone, Dover, Isle of Thanet, Sheerness and and Queenborough), but with many also covering the out-county area chiefly Sussex (including Northiam, Robertsbridge, Hastings, St. Leonards-on-Sea and Brighton) and Essex (including Bishops Stortford, Burnham-on-Crouch, Southend and Clacton-on-Sea), with a small coverage of Bedfordshire, Oxfordshire (Dorchester-on-Thames), Wiltshire (Marten), Surrey (including Godalming), Berkshire (Reading), Hampshire, Hertfordshire, Suffolk, Devon (Bear Inn, Colyton), London, Middlesex, Cambridgeshire (Cambridge), Norfolk (Spread Eagle, Barton Bendish) and Switzerland (San Domenico, Castagnola), parties (a) Rogers, Stevens and Chance acting as agents of brewers and (b) tenants, many containing valuation inventories of stock in hand and fixtures and fittings room by room, war damage correspondence and papers, dilapidations surveys, property inspection reports, monopopy valuations (stating social class of clientele), photographs and biographies of tenants, facsimile architects' drawings and site plans and correspondence with brewers, insurers and tenants, c.1871 *-c.1970. Some files contain only the firm's management correspondence on matters including petrol rationing early 1950s and use of motor vehicles c.1940 (164 boxes);finding aids to statements of change as above and correspondence files (2 1/2 boxes);brewery rating files pertaining to breweries in Kent and Norfolk, breweries comprising:
Mackeson’s Brewery, High Street, Hythe 1933-1972 (1 file);
Courage (Eastern) Building Department garages, stores and premises at 1 Buckland Road, Maidstone 1964-1967;
Fremlins Pale Ale Brewery, Stores and Offices, Earl Street, Maidstone 1950-1972;
Truman Hanbury Buxton and Co. Ltd., Bottling Stores, Surrey Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1950-1968;
Phoenix Brewery, Bow Road, Wateringbury 1923-1974 (1 file);
Cooperage and Sawmills, garages and premises, Buckland Road, Maidstone (Courage Eastern Ltd.) 1949-1974 (1 file);
Whitbread Fremlins, 43-47 Earl Street, Maidstone 1980-1983 (1 file);
Truman Ltd. Bottling Stores, 139-141 King Street, Norwich, Norfolk 1974 (1 file);
Medway Brewery, St. Peter’s Street, Maidstone, Courage (Eastern) Ltd. 1923-1977 (1 file);
The Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Shepherd Neame Ltd. 1965-1978 (1 file);
Malt House, Nettlestead, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1928-1980 (1 file);
Smaller Malt House, Nettlestead, Frederick Leney and Sons Ltd. 1928-1957 (1 file);
Off Licence 31-33 Pudding Lane, Maidstone; offices, garage, stores, workshops and premises, Pudding Lane, Maidstone, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1931-1984 (1 file);
Wine and Spirit Stores, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1963-1984 (1 file);
Brewery, Court Street, Faversham, Whitbread Fremlins Ltd. 1957-1983 (1 file);
(2 boxes);public house inventory books c.1915-c.1933, labelled George Taylor FAI, 13 and 19 Watts Place, Chatham, auctioneer and valuer, (7 1/2 boxes);letter books 1910-1932 (20 boxes);rating assessment books 1973-1974 (3 volumes);address book c.1970 (1 volume);valuation books 1967-1982 (4 binders);account books 1973-1980 (2 volumes) [* Most statements of change files post-date 1940. The only file prior to 1940 is an inventory for The Chequers public house, Higham, 1871. The surviving sequence begins at number 4591 before which the finding aid references are redundant. NB the statements of change have been weeded. 98% of files pertaining to the Medway Towns have been retained. About 40% of out area files have been destroyed as not containing inventories or other documents of social, architectural or economic value.]File updated by Borough Archivist 10 January 2004.

Not  accessible without minimum 10 working days notice: UNCATALOGUED


Date: c.1871-1984
Quantity: Pending
Result number 4 - Please quote Reference: 07_M_SERIES/M124 on request slip.

Path: Accessions/ 07_M_SERIES/ M124.html

Postcard photograph (black and white) of Rochester Castle Gardens and castle keep, showing Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee memorial and Crimean War cannon, bearing reference “1028.H.Bros.S” and message on front from C. Everto [?] of 4 Albany Road, Rochester to a Mr Brist [or Buist] of The Salisbury Garage, 60 Catherine Street, Salisbury, Wiltshire, arranging delivery of a 760mm x 90mm tyre liner, postmarked Rochester 19 August 1913


Date: 1913
Quantity: 1 item
Result number 5 - Please quote Reference: LBG_Chatham_Local_Board_of_Guardians_1802_1955/LBG_Tr_01 on request slip.

Path: Charities_and_Poor_Relief_Organisations_1500_1987/ LBG_Chatham_Local_Board_of_Guardians_1802_1955/ 08_Trustees/ LBG_Tr_01.html

Unfit For Production

Studio photographs of members (guardians and trustees) of the Board at 1 Apr 1927 on occasion of coming into force of Rating & Valuation Act, 1925 as follows, giving date of election where not ex officio:

H F Whyman, chairman, elected 1899

G A Rosenberg JP, mayor of Chatham

W J Hodges, overseer, elected 1915

AF Gillard JP

S Hitches 1906

W Cuckney, treasurer

Ald. H J Cloake, 1915

J Presnail. overseer, 1921

J T Derrick, 1913

F G Luff 1921

W Paine JP 1921

Rev G Wiltshire, rector of St Marys, Chatham

J Wright, overseer 1921

A Parsons 1908

W King JP

 W G Snelling 1924

A Vallence  1920

E T Bradley 1926

C T Jarvis 1924

A H Hastings 1902

C E Skinner JP c 1899

R Goodban 1923

W J Hedge JP 1911

M Packer 1883

J Catt 1926

A C Taylor 1895

R W Hogg 1900

E Cox 1911

H C Darley 1926

 A B Walker 1915

R D Batchelor JP 1890

J L Trueman 1891

W J Webb JP 1908

R P Edwards JP

G Lacy 1916

G Taylor 1919

F H Bourne 1924

E A Billingshurst JP 1900

All photographs are currently unfit for production. Copies are available in local studies image collection.

 

 

 


Date: 1927
Quantity: 1 file
Result number 6 - Please quote Reference: Church_of_England_Historical_Information/List_of_Deans_of_Rochester_1533_Date on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ Church_of_England_Historical_Information/ List_of_Deans_of_Rochester_1533_Date.html

Records of the Dean and Chapter of Rochester: historical information pertaining

List of the Deans of Rochester

1533 Walter Phillips [cf. Philippes, Philips, Phyllyppes, Phylyppes, Phylippes, Phillippes, Philyppes, Philypes], 18 June; last prior and first dean; died 1570
1570 Edmund Freake [cf. Freke], 10 April; bishop of Rochester 9 May 1571
1574 Thomas Willoughby [cf. Wollowbie, Willobie, Wilughby, Willowghby, Willowghbye, Willoughbie], 23 June; died 19 August 1585
1585 John Coldwell, 7 January; bishop of Salisbury [Wiltshire], 26 December 1591
1592 Thomas Blague 1 February; died October 1611
1611 Richard Milbourne 11 December; bishop of St. David’s [Pembroke, Wales] 9 July 1615
1615 Robert Scott 13 July; died December 1620
1620 Godfrey Goodman 6 January; bishop of Gloucester [Gloucestershire] 6 March 1624
1624 Walter Bancanqual [cf. Balcanqual] 12 March; dean of Durham 1638
1638 Henry King 6 February; bishop of Chichester [Sussex] 16 February 1641
1641 Thomas Turner 26 February; dean of Canterbury 1643
1660 Benjamin Laney 24 July; bishop of Peterborough [Northamptonshire], same year
1660 Nathaniel Hardy 10 December; died 1 June 1670
1670 Peter Mew, bishop of Bath and Wells [Somerset] 1672
1673 Thomas Lamplugh 6 March; bishop of Exeter [Devon] 12 November 1676
1676 John Castillion 15 November; died 21 October 1688
1689 Henry Ullock; died 20 June 1706
1706 Samuel Pratt [cf. Prat]; died 14 November 1723
1724 Nicholas Clagett 4 January; bishop of St. David’s, [Pembroke, Wales] January 1731
1731 Thomas Herring; bishop of Bangor [Carnarvon, Wales] 1737
1743 William Bernard; bishop of Raphoe [Donegal, Ireland] 1744
1744 John Newcombe; died 10 March 1765
1765 William Markham, dean of Christchurch [Oxford, Oxfordshire] 1767
1775 Thomas Thurlow 8 November; bishop of Lincoln [Lincolnshire] 1779
1782 Thomas Dampier; bishop of Rochester 1802
1802 Samuel Goodenough; bishop of Carlisle [Cumberland] 1808
1808 William Beaumont Busby 15 March
1820 Robert Stevens 17 October
1870 Thomas Dale 23 February; died 14 May 1870;
1870 Robert Scott 16 June
1887 Samuel Reynolds Hole 31 December; died 1904
1905 Ernald Lane
1913 John Storrs
1928 Reginald Thomas Talbot
1932 Francis Underhill
1937 Ernest Morell Blackie
1943 Thomas Crick
1959 Robert William Stannard
1966 Stanley Woodley Betts
1978 John Robert Arnold
1990 Edward Frank Shotter

Sources:
Haydn’s Book of Dignities 1894, reprinted 1969
Rochester Diocesan Directories
Kelly’s Directories

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 31 July 2001.

Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
Result number 7 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ac_02 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB01_Administrative_Records_1541_1968/ 04_DRc_Ac_Chapter_Minute_Books_1575_to_1968_NB_gaps/ DRc_Ac_02.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Chapter Book I nos. 1-6

One volume made up of seven small books bound together. Each book is separately paginated or foliated.

1. 31 December 1678 - 19 August 1679 Pp. 1-80.
2. 1 October 1679 - 25 October 1679 Ff. 1-21.
3. 25 November 1679 - 30 March 1680 Ff. 1-47.
4a 8 June 1680 - 2 February 1681 Ff. 1-58.
4b 2 June 1681 - 2 November 1681 Ff. 1-20.
5. 24 November 1681 - 1 April 1682 Pp. 1-78.
6. 13 June 1682 - 2 June 1684 Ff. 1-108.
Indexed.

On the cover of 4a. is a note that it had been missing for several years but was found in 1741 (among Papers formerly belonging to Mr. Cromp [cf. Crumpe, Crompe]), by Mr. Henry Sheafe and was delivered by Him to Me E[dmund] B[arrell] [i.e. Edmund Barrell] and by me to the Dean and Chapter. There are rough notes on the final four pages referring to various events between 1680-1684.

DRc/Ac 2/1 St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester: rights of the Dean and prebendaries as to the disposal of patronage, 25, 48-50;

St. Bartholomew’s Hospital: Knight's Charity disposal of money collected at services to poor widows, 15.

Bell, recasting of Great, 66.

Choir seating: 79-80.

Dean's Orchard: dispute between the Dean and prebendaries over the actual ownership of the orchard and secondarily whether the prebendaries had any right or not, without the Dean's consent, 19-32, 35, 53.

Election of Chapter Officers: 74.

Haddenham manor, Buckinghamshire., financial state of, 73-4.

Library: gift of Anualium Mundi , 5; books borrowed, 74.

Minor Canons houses: 71, 72.

Pensions: 66.

Poor Relief: 71.

Precedence in choir seating: part relation of the disturbance caused by James Dixon who chose to sit on the Dean's side whereas he usually sat on the vice-dean's side, 79-80+.

+Part of the book may be missing as rhe relation ends in mid sentence.

Precinct: the removal of persons that shall come to seate themselves within the precincts of this Church and the prevention of their return, 71.

Procurators in Convocation: 57.

Rents: dicussion of actual rent payable to the king for Chapter estates with reference to the dotation of King Henry VIII, 53-56, 61.

Repairs: 66.

Residence of prebendaries: 32-38; suspension of Francis Durant de Breval for speaking petulantly to the Dean, not giving adequate warning of his absence, and refusing to accept his bond resealed, signed and delivered by the bishop, 56.

Salaries: complaints against the Dean by the prebendaries that he takes a full share of their arrears but not their debts; and received a full share of profits for 15 months whereas the prebendaries received not a penny of their salaries, 36-37, 40-47, 51, 53, 66, 76.

Southfleet: addition of manor to the dotation, 61.

DRc/Ac 2/2

Accounts: money paid over, 3, 21.

Agenda: 18.

Archdeacon' patent: registrar: Rupert Browne [cf. Brown] in place of John Crompe [cf. Cromp, Crumpe] 1679, 11a.

Choir: submission of James Dixon to Chapter order relating to seating in, 17.

Counsel: votes cast for Anthony Weldon 1679, 14a; sworn, 17a; oath, 17a; order to consult, about Mr. Mayne, 17.

[Manorial] Courts: order to pay Mr. Woodruffe for making up the [rolls], 11.

Dean's Orchard dispute: 3, 5, 14a, 15-15a; case transferred to Anthony Weldon on death of Francis Barrell, 20; papers relating to, 20, 21a.

Debts: alteration in payment of, to prebendaries mentioned, 13.

Episcopal patent: refusal to confirm patent of registrar granted to Rupert Browne; protest by John Stowell, present registrar, 11, 11a.

Fee Farm Rent: West Farleigh mill, 19.

Fines: 4.

Halling: augmentation due to vicar's administrators, 9.

Minor Canons: Mr. Fidge's petition granted. (Crossed out), 20a.

Organ: payment to [.....] Popely to encourage him to learn, 20.

Poor relief: allowance to Mrs. Heath, 7; from Communion money, 21; for burial of, 21a.

Prebendal house for Archdeacon: 5, 15.

Presentations:

Leatherhead, Surrey: Francis Durant de Breval's request for, and offer to resign if lessee dissatisfied, 14a;

Sutton [at Hone]: postponed, 18.

Procurator in Convocation: 1; votes cast for Francis Durant de Breval 1679, 13, 13a; declarations by the Dean and Archdeacon that they thought the Chapter should be represented by an Englishman and not a forrinar [i.e. foreigner], 13, 13a; fees paid to apparitor for bringing the citation, 7.

Records: Haddenham, Buckinghamshire lease and papers returned, 3.

School: repairs: bill for bricklaying to be speedily considered as Mr. Gamble is threatened to be arrested for the stuffe used about that worke , 11; staff: usher, resignation of Mr. Crew without leave 1679 1679, 9, 9a, 11; appointment of John Wyburne 1679, 21.

Steward: votes cast for James Dixon 1679, 14, 14a; sworn, 17a; oath, 17a.

Surveyor: Mr. Guy of Strood mentioned, 21a.

Surveys: order to survey houses leased before renewal, 1; report, 4, 5, 14; Dean's house and that part of the orchard not in dispute, 3; report on premises in Chatham High Street, 17; order to survey church, 21a.

Visitation: 6th injunction of 1662 to be sent to the bishop, 13.

DRc/Ac 2/3

Accounts: 8, 10, 11, 19.

Agenda: 3a, 4, 18a, 19, 35. Apprenticeship: Master's refusal to accept conditions, 15a.

Archdeacons patent: Registrar: Rupert Brown 1679, 7a.

Arrears, recovery of: 3a, 5a, 9, 28a-29.

Benefactors, list of: 17-17a.

Bounds: to be set around a wharf and quay in Maidstone, 34a.

Chatham: parish officials (named), 35.

Choristers: to be considered, 15.

DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ROCHESTER Dean's Orchard Dispute*:

15a, 19, 19a, 23, 23a, 24, 25, 26-17a; Archbishop of Canterbury's preference for the Chapter to be represented by an Englishman, 27, 28a-29, 30; letter to Bishop of Rochester from the Dean on Dr. Breval’s ill dealing and the differences between him and the prebendaries, 30-30a, 32, 33-35, 37a-38, 43a-47.

Debts:

9

Election of Officers:

1, 3a, 4a, 11, 24a; difficulties over Dr. Cooke's election as treasurer, 4a, 21, 24a.

Episcopal Patent: Diocesan registrar: threat by John Stowell, present registrar, to demand compensation if the Chapter confirms Rupert Brown's patent, 7; confirmed, 7a.

Exchequer, suit in:

Warrant (with correspondence) served on Dean and Chapter at suit of Richard May, 26-26a.

Fee Farm rents:

5, 10a, 11a-12.

Fine:

query, 13.

Hoo St. Werburgh:

Demand for tithes by late vicar's widow, 28.

Lay clerks:

proposals relating to placings, 15; petitions for, 4a.

Leases:

Memorandum on leasing. (See also DRc/E1b2 p.340), 10a.

Legal affairs:

26-27, 35-36.

Organist, apprentice:

14.

* This dispute inevitably became intermixed with others, notably those over St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, Rochester and salaries, hence there is a great deal about these also on the same pages.

Patentee: 40.

Pensions: Cuxton, 16a, 38; Crundale, 3a, 4, 10a; St. Margaret, Rochester, 10a.

Plumber: William Gimmett 1679, 17.

Poor relief:
Money for poor of St. Nicholas, Rochester, 27a; maintenance of Sarah Cooke, 7a, 14, 24a; maintenance of Mrs. Heath's child, 10, 18a, 23a; Henry Smith, 24a; 45a.

Prayers:
To begin at 3 p.m. from Michaelmas-Lady Day 1679, 49.

Precinct:
Enquiry into persons living there, 10; damage done by vehicles and refuse in, 24.

Presentations
Hoo, St. Werburgh: John Wren 1679, 43;
Leatherhead, Surrey: Robert Hansbury 1679, 16;
Sutton Valence: refusal to elect incumbent, 20.

Quitrents: 21.

Records:
Hadden lease, 4; delivery of court records written up, 6a,; enquiry after records in the possession of the late Mr. Barrell, 8, 21a; list of, brought in by Mr. Woodruffe which were put into the lower most drawer next the chynny , 21a; letters put in Mr. Crompe's [cf. Cromp, Crumpe] desk, 24; 1649 survey books borrowed by the Dean, 25a; sent to London, 27; returned with Martin Cotes Register, 27a; Statutae de Officio thesaurii sent to London, 27a; records returned, 28.

Repairs:
Cathedral, 12a, 14a, 28a-28a; paving of Lady Chapel, 15; Chapter house stairs, 15; money still owed the late Dr. Warner to be used for repair of his house, 9a, 21, 21a, 25; contribution towards repair and rebuilding of St. Paul’s Cathedral, London, 23a.

Rochester:
Survey of St. Margaret’s parsonage, 6; augmentation, 12a, 35; pension, 35.

Roll of Chapter: 2-3.

Royalties: 37.

Salaries:
sum owed Mr. Barrell to be paid to his widow, 8, 9a, 40a; Mr. Fidge's petition for arrears, 14; Dr. Dixon's demand for a depositum. 25a.

School:
Admissions 17, 18, 28a; vacancy caused by departure of scholar, 24a;

Repairs: payment for, 24a; bill for glazing work demanded, 25a;

Salaries: payment to Paul Bairstow as encouragement, 11;

Staff: resignation of Mr. Wyburne, 43.

Stockbury: Augmentation, 57.

Surveys:
St. Margaret's parsonage, Rochester, 6; report on the Cathedral spire, 14a; wharf and quay in Maidstone, 36; property in Maidstone, 40.
Sutton Valence:
Purchase of parsonage, 34a; valuation of, 36.

Taxes:
payment of, by Chapter tenants, 22, 36; enquiry into taxes levied on land since the Restoration, 23a.

Wood and reparations money: 9a, 10.

DRc/Ac2/4a

Accusation:
Against Mr. Wyburne for using threatening words towards the verger, 11a.

Agenda: 3a.

Almsmen: 2, 4-5.

Augmentations: 8, 13a. 44a.

Benefactors: 7a.

Courts:
19; borrowing of records for , 13a, 14, 15; case James Dixon, the understeward, 25-26, 28-28a, 30a-31, 57a-58.

Dean's Orchard dispute:
9, 12a, 32a, 33a, 51a; leases of premises on the orchard, 2a, 5a-6, 34a, 41,53a.

Dispute: Between Dr. Clarke and John Crompe, 53.

Election of Officers: 8a, 9, 29, 30, 32a, 50.

Fines: Collected but not divided, 49a-50.

Hoo [St. Werburgh]: dispute over leasing of manor and parsonage,16a-18, 19a, 31, 37, 41a, 42a, 47a, 53.

Lay clerks: Thomas Huggins, probationer 1680, 15a; salary, 10.

Library: 15a.

Minor Canons:
John Wyburne discharged of locum tenens, 37a; Robert Beresford 1680, 40.

Organ: Mr. Henstridge, the organist to teach William Popely to play, 40.

Poor relief:
Headcorn, 18a, 20, 22, 24a; money collected in the Precinct for persons captured in Algeria and Africa [cf. Barbary, Sally], 26a-27; 38a, 45a, 53a.

Preaching: 45

Presentation:
Hoo [St. Werburgh] supposed to be elapsed on the 2d. of August next , 7.

Procurator in Convocation:
46-46a; Francis Durant de Breval 1680, 53, 54a; votes cast, 53.

Quitrents: 50a.

Rental: a new one ordered, 42a.

Repairs:
Cathedral and steeple, 7a, 8a, 14, 16; contribution towards rebuilding St. Paul's Cathedral, London, 23a.

School:
Admissions: 38a, 40a, 44a, 47a; enquiry into low condition of school, 4.

Staff: master, proposed resignation of in return for a living, 48; usher, Mr. Wyburne to remain as usher, 37a, and receive salary, 42; Ralph Beresford's refusal of the usher's place, 46a.

Stray Mare: 5, 7.

Warner alias Lee, John, Archdeacon: proposed monument to, 49, 55a-57.

Ac2/4b Almsmen:
Privy Council letter concerning soldiers from Tangiers to be considered for vacancies in all royal foundations, 7-7a; John Bostock 1681, 20-20a.

Apprenticeship:
6a; William Davidson bound to Benjamin Wilson, 18.

Bailiff of former Leeds Priory Estate: Robert Thomas 1680, 14, 15.

Chapter procedure:
Correspondence between the Dean and prebendaries on procedure at the Audit during the Dean's illness and consequent absence, 1-2a, 6-6a, 11-12a.

Choristers: John Joy, 9; James Henstridge, 10.

Courts: Forraigne [cf. Foreign] or out Courts to be held, 18a; records borrowed for, 18a-19.

Dean's Orchard: 4; 13a.

Debts: 8a, 18a.

Dixon, Robert, Vicar of Stockbury: Dispute over, 10a.

Grain, Isle of: Land leased on, 3a, 5a.

Haddenham, Buckinghamshire: 9, 11, 13.

Hoo [St. Werburgh]: Lease of manor and parsonage, 3a, 14a, 15a, 17a.

Lay clerk or Singing man: William Davidson to be considered, 18.

Library: Dr. Sumner's Saxon Dictionary given by Dean, 19a.

London:
Disputed ownership of land into the warfe [cf. wharf] of Fleetditch and the High Streete leading to Ludgate , 3a.

Mowbray, Sarah, alias: Sarah May: solution of dispute over death of, 8.

Poor relief: 12a.

Prebendary, installation of: John Wyvell 1681, 19a.

Quitrents: Account to be examined, 18.

Rent of assize: Pleas for discovery of, 4a.

Roll of Chapter: 16-17.

School: Admissions: 5, 9a, 10a, 18;

Staff: Paul Bairstow summoned to explain the early break-up of school at Whitsun 1681 and the position of young Heath and his master, 6a; master, Mr. Wilson in case Mr. Bairstow can be found another situation, 19a.

Sexton: Steven Bennett 1681, 18a.

Visitation, episcopal: 19.

Warner, John: Henry Lee and the monument to his father John Warner alias Lee, 3, 15a.

DRc/Ac2/5

Accounts: 23, 25, 54, 69.

Agenda: 64, 68.

Almsman: John Bostock, 31.

Apprenticeship: Heath bound to Bostocke, joiner, 41; 77.

Bailiff of former Leeds Priory estate: Edmond Randoll 1681, 12; 16; to collect pensions also, 19; 50/

Burials: 50.

Chatham:
Construction of a weet Docke [cf. wet dock?] for the King's use, 53-56; request from the Governors of the Chest for a free lease of property on Sellars Marsh as a home for poor seamen, 63-64.

Choir: Dispute over seating, 50.

Commission money: To be kept, 37.

Dean's Orchard: 10, 11, 14.

Debts: 36, 37, 54.

Dixon, James, understeward: 11, 18.

Dixon, Robert, Vicar of Stockbury: Payment to, 35; rent owing 35, 36; Depositum, 36; letter relating to the fine for property in Marden, non-renewal of a lease and the church's debt to him, 49.

Election of Officers: 7-8*.

Fines: List of, to be paid to the treasurer by his deputy, 37; 49; division of, 60; refusal to abate, 75.

Grain, Isle of: Land leased on, 26, 47; survey, 55; 68, 69, 73, 75; threat to destroy estate, 77.

Haddenham, Buckinghamshire: financial state of, 24, 45, 47, 71; 42-43; 54, 69, 76.

Hoo [St. Werburgh]: Lease of manor and parsonage, 16, 17, 34; petition for augmentation of vicarage, 77' late vicar's wife, Mrs. Booth allowed to remain at vicarage for a year and to retain profits, 37.

* Voting for offices of Vice-dean and Receiver shown.

DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ROCHESTER Inventory of Church, records and library delivered, 55

Law: list of persons to be sued at Common Law by order of the Chapter, 40.

London: Fleetditch estate, 14.

Map: Bishop's Spring in Cobham Park to be mapped, 43.

Minor Canons: Mr. Jacocke of Salisbury, Wiltshire 1681 (conditional), 43; Mr. Ekins of Peterborough, Northamptonshire 1681 (conditional), 52; Robert Beresford, 58.

Patentee: Payment to, 30, 32; dispute over sum payable to, 39.

Pensions: order to demand, for Dartford, Woolwich, Chislehurst, 76.

Poor relief: 32, 40, 56, 58.

Presentations
Halling: resignation of Thomas Wren 1681, 12, 47; petition in favour of Alexander Lawson for a presentation to Hawly, or Ensworth, or some other good vicaridge [i.e. vicarage], 15; 58; Mr. Bayly 1682 (conditional), 73; presented, 78;
Wouldham: 58; Mr. Ekins of Peterborough, Northamptonshire 1682 (conditional), 73.

Protestant convert: allocation of money to Adam Brown, a convert from Roman Catholicism, 72; public statement made by him, 74.

Protestant, French: James Axe and James Thurstone to collect for, 56; account of money collected for, in the Precinct, 66-67.

Quitrents: 54.

Receiver, deputy: present of £10 paid to Thomas Manley for his year of office as, (1680), 26; do. to James Thurstone (1681), 35.

Records: missing Chapter Books, 22; arrears book and rental delivered, 25, 55.

Repairs: 26, 32, 35.

Roll of Chapter: 3-5.

Royal Subsidy: 39.

School: Admissions: 1, 13, 31, 38, 50, 73; exhibition: John Petty, now Poastmaster at Merton to Oxford, 50; salaries: payment to Paul Bairstow for acting as usher, 31; order to pay certain quarter salaries, 61; staff: usher, Robert Beresford 1681, 58.

Sealing of documents: 57.

Sexton: Thomas Huggins locum tenens 1682, 76.

Shorne: case relating to the tithes of Monken Barn, 27-28, 56, 65.

Southfleet: order to enquire after the manor, lost from the church , 52, 54.

Surveys ordered: Shawstead [cf. Sharsted] Wood and Monk Wood, Wouldham, 78.

Timber: 38, 39; allowed for repair of Chatham parsonage, 58; cut without leave, 58; enquiry about, at Frindsbury, 78.

Trespass, case of: 64.

Warner alias Lee, John: church's account with Henry Lee, 29; 43.

Xenium : £40 out of the £90 due to the Bishop remitted in advance for the repair of the Cathedral, 26.

DRc/Ac2/6

Accounts: 32; Edmond Randoll, Bailiff of Leeds, 3; John Crompe's [cf. Crompe, Crumpe], 40; mistake in same, 102a-103a; of Archdeacon's visitation, 56a; Dr. Cooke's, 68a.

Agenda: 8a, 10, 20, 27, 32, 35, 37, 67, 84a.

Almsmen: Henry Jefferies, Tangier [Tunisia, Africa] soldier 1683, 76a; application of Michael Harman, 57, 76a, 87a.

Apprenticeship: 2a; (Heath), 14a.

Arrears: Book kept by Dr. Dixon, 8a; order to sue for, from parsons listed, 26; 14; 54; demand for, from Henry Smith, organblower for the porter's lodge, 27a.

Bells: 32; to consider casting and rehanging, 42a.

Bill: 12.

Books: list of, belonging to the school, 45a. Burials: division of money received for, 51a, 87.

Chatham: Smithfield survey, 107.

Choir: candidates to be tried out, 25; Thomas Rogers, 38, 38a; A[...] Kidd, 38a; reference to seating order of 1679, 31; order to provide new singing and organ books, 25; money given for, 35; payment for, 38; present of 2 guineas given Dr. Rogers for presenting several services, 38.

Clock: maintenance, 38a.

Cobham Park: orders relating to Bishop's Spring Wood, 10a.

Cooke, Dr. Ralph: dispute with Chapter, 65a, 68a-69.

Courts: account of proceedings demanded, 12; account of journey 23-27 April 1683 to hold courts, 71-72a; records etc., 31, 37, 46, 47, 47a, 52a, 53, 53a, 54a.

Crompe [cf. Cromp, Crumpe], John, Chapter Clerk: claims, 14.

Dixon, James, understeward: 6, 22a, 31, 33a, 36a, 37a, 47, 75-75a, 86; demand for payment for holding courts, 87; 89a.

Dixon, Robert, Vicar of Stockbury: claim for debt due from the Church and case in Chancery for non-payment of rent, 1-1a, 3, 4, 4a, 7a, 9a, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17a, 18a, 23-23a, 35a, 4, 45, 47, 49a-50, 50a, 52a, 55, 62a, 63-64, 65, 75, 75a; Stockbury tithe valuation and setting of fine, 82-82a, 84a, 85, 96a.

Elham tithe portion: 9a, 32a, 39, 102.

Election of Officers: 28a-29a; 94.

Episcopal election: order to search for record of election and installment of John Dolbin, 79; Francis Turner 1683, 79a-81a.

Farleigh, West: fee farm rent payable for Tutsome Hall, 34, 43-44, 46a, 47, 54a, 59A, 60, 65a, 78a, 83, 91a, 92.

Fees: demanded, 52a, 53; Dr. Dixon ordered to pay James Axe for preaching for him, 67a.

Fines: fixed, 2a, 81a, 83a, 98a; division of, 12a, 36, 40, 51a, 52, 77, 91a; list of, 69a; abatement demanded, 4a; reduced because barn blown down by a violent winde [i.e. wind], 18; voting on, 22.

Grain, Isle of: land leased at, 7a; lessee ordered to plough and sow mustard seed, 10; survey ordered, 14, 14a, 15, 17; order to prevent ploughing of Cane Marsh, 21a; order relating to ploughing, 39; 22, 24, 24a, 44a, 58a, 66a, 84a, 85a, 86, 89a.

Gratuity: additional fee given James Axe for preaching at such short notice and so well, 67a.

Haddenham, Buckinghamshire: 11a-12, 31, 31a, 105, (109).

Hoo, All Hallows: petition of parishioners on behalf of the vicar, 7a.

Inventory: of church goods delivered, 40a.

Journeys: payments for, 27a.

Lamberhurst: voting on fine for, 22; terrier of glebe demanded, 22a.

Lawsuits: all business relating to, to be entered in the Chapter Book to prevent future mistakes, 59B; repeated, 77.

Leases: rates for renewing, 23; mistake in, 25.

Library: 11; money for books, 52; money from burials to be used for, 87; book returned to, 83, 83a.

London, Fleetditch estate: 8a, 9, 9a, 14a, 17a, 32, 32a, 34a.

Minor Canons: Humphrey Brailesford of Peterborough [Northamptonshire]'s request for admission, 2; admitted 1682, 11; sworn, 15a; vote for Mr. Ekins voted void, 11.

Organist: Popely made apprentice, 52a.

Patentee: 31.

Patents: in future only to be granted during pleasure , 36a.

Pensions: Dartford, 24.

Petticanon [Minor Canon?] Row: request to build a malthouse, 74.

Precinct: order to investigate who resides there and to keep a watch, 39; tenement illegally demolished, 86a.

Present: fat buck offered, 62a.

Presentations:
Boughton Monchelsea: Mr. Richard's request for, 2a;
Rolvenden: Benjamin Horner 1682 (conditional), 17.

Property: order to enquire after ¾ acres in Strood, 2, 3, 33, 37, 37a; passage in Frindsbury and Cooling, 68a; land belonging to Hawkins Farm, Strood, 73; 6 acres land belong to Bowley manor formerly in the possession of Leeds Priory, 84.

Quitrents: Badmonden, 29a; Darenth, 33, 95; Sutton Valence, 8; Wateringbury, 26; collection of, 97a, 100a; delivery of, 53; 2, 17, 37, 40a, 70, 76, 101, 101a.

Receiver, Deputy: gratuity paid Thomas Manley for acting as, 39.

Records: search for, 32a, 34; borrowed and lost, 40; Benefactors' Book, 40-40a, 58a, 83a, 88, 89a; returned, 46, 52, 78, 78a, 86, 86a, 87; request for, 52a; missing, 53, 53a, 59B; correspondence concerning records borrowed by Counsel, 55a-56, 57a-58a, 61-61a; in Mr. Crompe's [cf. Crumpe, Cromp] desk, 45a.

Repairs: subscription requested for repair of the wall and bridge leading to the Isle of Grain, 47a, 52; organist's house, 38; Cathedral, 14a; Rolvenden vicarage, 17, 83; report on state of Strood mill and marsh, 41-41a, 42a, 43; demand for a report on the state of repair at Wateringbury vicarage, 26, 27.

Rochester: St. Nicholas churchyard, 85a.

Roll of Chapter: 30-30a.

Rolvenden: 17, 83; payment of augmentation deferred until Benjamin Horner gives satisfaction as to how he holds the living, 50*

Salaries: 22, 52a.

School: admissions: 13, 38a, 104; request for, 30a; exhibitions: to consider a scholar for Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 42a; Francis Hoel to Jesus College, Cambridge, 45; Robert Johnson to Peterhouse, Cambridge, 63a, 93; John Petty made a probationer at New College, Oxford, Oxfordshire 93**; [.....] Pratt to University (? Cambridge), 51, 64a, 93; salaries: complaint by the usher that Mr. Bairstow refused to pay his accustomed fee, 31a, 32, 34, 35, 37, 38a; staff: master, Mr. Rawlett recommended, 6a; state: of school to be examined, 106.

Seal: 13; division of seal money, 13a, 39a.

Shorne: case about Monken Barn tithes, 5-5a, 8.

* See above under Presentations.

** See above Ac2/5 under School.

Southfleet : enquiry concerning the mannor, 27a,33.

Stoke : illegal occupation of premises on the manor, 19.

Surveys ordered : Moathall, Bearsted, 16a; Russell's mill [Stoke], 25.

Tiles : stripped from Moathall manor by Lady Cage, 7a.

Timber : order to investigate illegal felling at Moathall, Bearsted, 7a; allowed for repairs at: Frindsbury, house and premises, 14; Hoo, parsonage house and chancel, 91; Southfleet, 51; Strood, Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes] farm, 91; house and barns, 27; 22.

Verger : to be paid a shilling for every seal passed, 13.

Visitation : Archdeacon's, 56a; Bishop's intended, 106a.

Waterbingbury : valuation and terrier, 20a-21; 25a; 26; augmentation, 26, 31; 42.

Woodnesborough : vicar's complaint concerning the manor and recotry to be heard, 106.

Wrotham : Waldham tithe portion, 46a, 48.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 20 April 2001.

Date: 1678-1684
Quantity: 1 volume
Result number 8 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ac_08 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB01_Administrative_Records_1541_1968/ 04_DRc_Ac_Chapter_Minute_Books_1575_to_1968_NB_gaps/ DRc_Ac_08.html

Chapter Book VII nos. 25-28

One volume made up of four small books bound together each of which has been separately paginated for convenience. NB the original numbering sequence given continues from DRc/Ac7/21-24.

25. 23 June 1766 - 2 December 1773. Pp.1-86
26. 23 June 1773 - 2 December 1780. Pp.1-76
27. 23 June 1781 - 24 June 1784. Ff.1-7, 8-43
28. 25 November 1785 - 28 June 1788. Pp.1-82

DRc/Ac8/25

Accounts audited: 20, 33.

Arrears: Priors Hall, Cliffe, 34.

Audit: to last one week only, 24; to be advertised in both Canterbury newspapers, 81.

Bailiff of Shoreham manor: William Barrett 1772, 75.

Barber, porter and subscarist: James Simms 1786, 31.

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, Knights charity: receiver and collector of rents, William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] 1786, 30; widows nominated, 31, 39, 41, 58.

Bricklayer: Samuel Nicholson 1768, 34.

Chapter Clerk: assistant, William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] 1786, 30.

Chapter procedure: Proxy for Dean, 36; Vice-dean's confirmation of Chapter Act, 37.

[Manorial] Courts: 5, 75.

Drainage: order to begin specified work, 62.

Election of Officers: 9, 22, 33, 46, 47, 54, 66.

Fee Farm Rents: rental to be made; recovery of; demand for, from collector, 23, 52; arrears: Frindsbury and Goldocks portion, 23; Maidstone, 75; Ulcombe, 23.

Fines: to be treated and lapsed if set at 1769 audit and unpaid by 14 December, 47; refusal to abate, 63; refusal to renew unless fine set is paid, 70.

Gamekeeper: John Quaife 1772, 71; Sutton Valence: Sir John Filmer unwilling to accept Thomas Shirley; Chapter will accept his nomination only provided they have sufficient game, 76; Sir John Filmer 1773, 81; Wouldham: Thomas Henham 1773, 85.

Goudhurst: order to enquire what lands are titheable, arable or hopgrounds, 53.

Lay clerks: Edward Randall 1766, 9; Claudius Hogsflesh's salary to be stopped at Christmas, 34.

Leases: leases for lives to be converted into leases for years upon death of a life, 40; lease renewed on account of death of lessee before execution of counterpart or delivery of original, 76.

Legacy: Dean Newcome's to church, 5.

Library: legacy with which to buy books, 57.

London, Fleetditch estate : recovery of, 46, 51, 58, 70.

Minor canons: Arnold Carter 1768, 29; Henry Jones 1769, 40; Robert Fountaine [cf. Fountain] 1769, 40; resignation of Thomas Frank 1769, 38; permission granted to Peter Wade to hold the livings of Cooling and Boughton Monchelsea with his minor canonry, 31; houses: bill for painting to be paid but not treated as a precedent, 34.

Poor relief: allowance made to Anne Nichols, 34; additional allowance made to widow Hickman, 40; request from the vicar of Darenth for land for use as a garden for the workhouse granted, 71.

Presentations

Aylesford: Charles Coldcall 1773, 84;
Bearsted: Henry Jones 1767, 24; Arnold Carter 1772, 76;
Boughton Monchelsea: Peter Wade to hold, in plurality with Cooling rectory 1786, 31;
Chart Sutton: Richard Husband 1766, 2; Arnold Carter 1770, 54; Henry Jones 1772, 76;
Darenth: Samuel Denne 1766, 11;
Halling: Thomas Davids 1766, 11; Arnold Carter 1768, 30; Robert Fountaine [cf. Fountain] 1770, 54;
Lamberhurst: Chardin Musgrave 1767, 16; Bejamin Newcome 1768, 28;
Leatherhead, Surrey: Samuel Markham 1767, 22;
West Malling: Richard Husband (presented by Sir Roger Twisden, Bart.; episcopal presentation) 1770, 57;
Overton, Wiltshire: possible presentation to, of Arnold Carter: Bearsted and Chart Sutton exchange. See above, 76;
Rolvenden: Thomas Morphett 1786, 33; represented 1772, 74;
Shorne: John Law 1770, 54;
Stockbury: Thomas Frank 1766, 11;
Wateringbury: John Law 1769, 39; Richard Husband 1770, 54; Robert Style 1770, 57;
Wilmington: Samuel Denne 1767, 12;
Woodnesborough: John Clark 1768, 30.

Procurators in Convocation: John Lawry and Erasmus Saunders 1786, 26-27.

Property: Reimbursement for lessee for land taken into the new road in Chatham, 63.

Records: George Gates asked to return all records retained by the late William Gates, 35; order to enquire after court rolls so that they may be examined before the next court, 81.

Repairs: cathedral roofs, 25, 30; cathedral choir, 70; pantry of Mr. Lawry's prebendal house to be enlarged with stones left over, 35; Dean allowed stones in his garden, 49; paving, 62, 66, 85; order to repair Hoo [St. Werburgh] parsonage buildings , 58, 85.

Rochester, St. Margaret: vicarage to be exchanged in lieu or being rebuilt, 36.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 6-7, 12-13, 19-20, 27-28, 32-33, 37-38, 42-43, 47-48, 53-54, 59, 64-65, 67, 72, 77, 82.

Salaries: church practice over payment of half yearly stipends, 23.

School: admissions: 82; exhibitions: William Hodgson to Queen's College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 46; Isaac William Sizar to same, 51; John Thompson to St. John's College, Cambridge, 61; James Bond to Exeter College, Oxford, Oxfordshire 40; Thomas Gates to Oriel College, Oxford, 46; staff: usher, Henry Jones 1767, 22; scholar paid for, 72.

Stove: order to purchase for Chapter House, 62.

Survey: order to, Hoo [St. Werburgh] parsonage, 52; Wouldham Manor, 57 estates renewable next audit and others lapsed, 86.

Taxation: clause to secure freedom from to be inserted in leases, 39.

Timber: order to view timber growing in hedgerows and woodlands, and at Haddenham, Buckinghamshire and to report on repairs necessary on estates, 6; Frindsbury: Burnt House Barn barn floor, 53; Goudhurst: 7½ tons of oak allowed for shingling church roof 1759, 1763, 1770, 68; Lamberhurst: application for, to repair parsonage gates, 24; Marden: for repair of barn floor, lodge and gates, 21; 40; Sutton Valence: 3 trees and a pollard for repairs, 23, 24.

Wilmington: to consider the matter of the vicar's claim, 81.

Ac 8/26 Arrears: Eyhorne hundred, 15. St. Bartholomews Hospital, Knights charity: widows nominated 15, 26, 40, 59. Burials: regulations concerning graves and fees, 69. DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ROCHESTER DRc/Ac 8/26

Chapter Clerk: resignation of William Stubbs; appointment of William Stubbs and William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] 1777, 44-45.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to Chapter business dealt with in his absence, 59.

Chart Sutton: donation towards rebuilding church, 69.

Chatham: valuation of parsonage, 42.

Chorister: 75.

[Manorial] Courts: 68.

Election of Officers: 9, 14, 22, 30, 55.

Fines: certain (specified) abatements considered, 5.

Gamekeeper: Bearsted: Lewis Cage, Esq. 1775, 18.

Lay clerk : Richard Burnett 1775, 17.

Legacy: 9.

Library: money for purchase of books, 9, 40.

Minor Canons houses: 6.

Organist: Richard Howe 1780, 74.

Patronage: voluntary relinquishment of, 6, 11.

Precinct: order to appoint a night watchman, 15.

Presentations

Ashford: James Bond 1774, 5;
Boxley: proposed exchange between Mr. Nance and Dr. Benson of Great Chart and Harbledown 1780, 69;
West Farleigh: Robert Fountaine [cf. Fountain] 1776, 29; permission to Francis Taynton to hold it in plurality with Trottiscliffe 1779, 56;
Halling: John Leach 1776, 29;
Kingsdown with Maplescombe: John Clarke 1775, 20;
Lamberhurst: John Clarke 1775, 20; Charles Tarrant 1776, 30;
Shorne: Peter Pinnell 1776, 30;
Wateringbury: Robert Style granted permission to hold it in plurality with Mereworth 1776,30;
Woodnesborough: James Williamson 1775, 20.

Repairs: fund for Cathedral yard, 48; wall of Mr. Coldcall's prebendal house, 24; schoolhouse, 37; necessary house opposite the Dean's door to be moved, 37; paving, 37; fencing of barnyard of St. Margaret's, Rochester parsonage, 40.

Residence: 9, 30.

Roads: application for land to widen, in Rochester, 11; do. in Chalk, 19.

Rochester: St. Margaret's vicarage, investment of money, 15; repayment of invested money, 49.

School: exhibitions: John Hammond to Queen's College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 10; Richard Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] to Oriel College, Oxford, oxfordshire 6, [.....] Ireland to do., 75; John Gordon to University College, Oxford, 35.

Services: during audit week to begin at 2.30 p.m., 68.

Shorne: valuation of parsonage, 32.

Surveys: order to survey Hartlip parsonage, 26; organist's house, 54; Frindsbury ? manor, 63.

Timber: orders to view, for repairs at: Chart Sutton, 69; Luton, Chatham, a farm, 54; Cuddington, Buckinghamshire cowhouse, 33; Denton farm, 18, 45; Frindsbury, 33, cart lodge at Reed [cf. Rede] Court farm, 48, 63; High Haltsow, a barn, 35; Marden, gates, 44; Shawstead [cf. Sharsted], 9; Stoke, Lodge Farm, 10. DRc/Ac 8/27

Arrears: High Halstow, 36a; collector to proceed against defaulters for arrears of fee farm rents, 4a.

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, Knights charity: steward and receiver, William Twopenny [cf. Twopeny] 1784, 37; widows nominated, 7a, 13a, 32a, 42a-43; regulations about priority and recommendations, 40.

Chapter Clerk: resignation of William Stubbs and William Twopenny, senior; appointment of William Twopenny, senior and William Twopenny, junior 1782, 12.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to Chapter business dealt with in his absence, 21a, 22a, 33-34.

Chatham: sale of glebeland to HM Ordnance, 2; purchase of lands in Frindsbury, Hoo [St. werburgh] and Gillingham for the dockyard by Act of Parliament: order to value for compensation, 11a.

Choristers: William Clark and George Smith, 11, 16; Moses Roots and David Bradley, 25; James Haite, 27a; Samuel Lightbody and William Downs, 38.

Counsel: see Steward.

Election of Officers: 13a, 36.

Episcopal patent: Apparitor general: Robert Monk 1782, 10.

Fines: abatement of, because of overvaluation, 7, 8a; do. on account of peculiar circumstances of lessee, 7.

Frindsbury: conditional order about lease of Reed [cf. Rede] Court, 36.

Gamekeepers: Cannons Court, Wateringbury: Robert Foreman's application to be granted if vicar raises no objection, 32; Wouldham: Benjamin Fagg threatened with withdrawal of his patent if he fails to comply with the regulations, 32.

Glebeland: see Chatham; vicar of West Farleigh granted leave to exchange, in same parish, 34.

Haddenham, Buckinghamshire: petition concerning the consolidation of the vicarage of Haddenham and Kingsey, Buckinghamshire 16.

Investment of dockyard compensation money, 2, 7a-8.

Lay clerks: John Fry 1782, 11; Thomas Charles Wood 1783, 18a; William Robbins 1783, 25.

London: Fleetditch: negotiations for recovery of, 24a, 30.

Minor Canons: John Ward Allen 1783, 23; William Philip Menzies 1784, 25a, 27a; Richard Bathurst 1784, 29a; resignation of Richard Husband, 25a.

Options: interpretation of agreement respecting, 19a; 23, 24.

Organist: Richard Howe 1781, 4a.

Poor relief: allowances to Elizabeth Heather, a pauper, 18, 28a; allowance to Elizabeth Martin, a pauper, 25.

Presentations

Aylesford: John Eveleigh 1782, 9; suggested suitable candidates if he did not want the living, 8a-9.
Bearsted: Richard Jacobs 1783, 23a-24;
Boughton Monchelsea: James Andrew 1783, 24a;
Chart Sutton: Joseph Lodington [cf. Luddington] 1785, 38a; 24;
Chatham: John Law 1784, 29a;
Haddenham with Cuddington, Buckinghamshire: Thomas Phelps 1783, 19a;
Kingsdown with Maplescombe: Charles Coldcall 1781, 8a;
Kingsley: Thomas Phelps 1783, 19a+;
Lamberhurst: William Eveleigh 1784, 29; 8A-9; 24;
West Peckham: Peter Wade 1783 (conditional), 20; Arnold Carter 1783, 23a;

+ Separate presentations made to Haddenham with Cuddington, and Kingsley, Buckinghamshire because the bishop of Lincoln refused to consolidate the livings.

Shorne: 8a-9; Richard Husband 1783 (conditional), 23a; Henry Jones 1783 (conditional), 24;
Woodnesborough: Joseph Lodington [cf. Luddington] 1785, 38a.

Procurators in Convocation: Charles Coldcall and Robert Pye 26-26a.

Repairs: order to carry out those recommended, 4; fines to be appropriated to repair fund, 10a.

Roads: application for land to widen, 7a.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-1a, 4a-5, 9a-10, 11a-12, 15-15a, 21-21a, 27-27a, 33-33a, 37a-38.

School: admissions: 16, 27a, 34a, 38; exhibitions: Jervis Whitehead to Jesus College, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 4a, 12a; Samuel Ruth to Queen's College, Cambridge, 18; Richard Harvey to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 39; staff: resignation of Upper Master, Thomas Thompson, 38a.

Steward and Counsel: resignation of Joseph Brooke and appointment of Henry Dampier 1785, 41a-42a.

Stoke: Duppa at al. versus Dean and Chapter regarding Malmains [cf. Malmaines] and Tudors tithe portions, 30a, 41-1a.

Survey: order to, Halling parsonage, 7.

Timber: order to survey, for repairs at: Chalk, a wharf, 17; Cliffe, Cardens manor, 35; Frindsbury, Reed [cf. Rede] Court, 40; Stoke manor, buildings, gates and fences, 23; Strood, messuage called Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes], 19a-20, 23. DRc/Ac 8/28

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester, Knights charity: widows nominated, 78-79;

Carpenter: Samuel Baker 1786, 34.

Chalk and chalk rubbish: agreement for sale of from Frindsbury manor, 45.

Chapter procedure: Dean's consent to Chapter business dealt with in his absence, 28, 29-30, 33, 51, 53; resident prebendaries to deal with business arising before the next Midsummer audit, 14.

Chatham: donation towards rebuilding church, 22.

Choristers: William Sinnock and Thomas Cable, 2; Henry Pluckwell, Thomas Kennard and Stephen Goodwin, 17; James Weekes, 38; Peter Brames, 40; Thomas Bathurst, 68.

[Manorial] Courts: 20.

Election of Officers: 11, 37, 62.

Expenses: presentation of bill for, 22.

Fine: agreement to renew without, as a reward for good service, 12-13.

Gamekeepers: Darenth: William Mumford, junior, of Sutton at Hone, Esq. 1785, 9; Frindsbury: John Carpenter 1785, 14; Philip Boghurst 1787, 44; Stoke: Edmund Chapman 1785, 14; Wouldham: order to dismiss Benjamin Fagg and appoint George Guy of his nominee 1788, 79.

Lay Clerks: William Chapman 1788, 78.

Leases: counterparts and surrendered leases ordered to be delivered, 22.

London: proposed conveyance to the Dean and Chapter of land in and under Bridge Street, Blackfriars, 18-19, 26, 36, 37, 40.

Poor relief: allowance to Elizabeth Heather, a pauper, 44.

Presentations:

Chart Sutton: John Smith 1785, 3;
Hartlip: John Prat [cf. Pratt] permitted to exchange to Monckton in Thanet; the Chapter to appoint when the Archbishop sees fit to nominate 1786, 35;
Hoo St. Werburgh: Evan Rice 1786, 25;
Sutton at Hone: Robert Fountaine 1787 (conditional), 65;
Woodnesborough: John Smith 1785, 3.

Repairs: Rochester: Archdeacon's stables, 81-82.

Residence: 37.

Roll of Chapter members: 1-2, 16-17, 28-29, 39-40, 55-56, 67-68.

School: admissions: 2, 18-19, 30, 40, 56, 68; Staff: Upper Master, Evan Rice 1785, 13; Usher, James Jones 1788, 79.

Stoke: Duppa et al Versus Dean and Chapter of Rochester regarding Malmains [cf. Malmaines] and Tudors tithe portions, 3.

Timber: order to survey, for repairs at: Denton manor 9; Hoo parsonage, 21; Bonecakes [cf. Boncakes], Strood, 26-27; order to survey, on all Chapter estates, 35, 44; order to dispose of, felled at Ospringe by Turnpike Trustees to widen a road, 27; Countess of Darnley, lessee of Stoke manor requested to plant timber there; allowed for repairs, 44; lessee allowed to take down a ruinous mansion at Haddenham, Buckinghamshire; and allowed timber to repair the other, 70.

Verger and subsacrist: Matthew Grain 1785, 4; provision to be made for Thomas Jolly out of the profits of the office, should he survive Grain, 4.

Waterworks and wells: supply of water discontinued in the Precinct on account of exhorbitant prices. Agreement with Samuel Nicholson to provide water, 12-13.
Date: 1766-1788
Quantity: 1 volume


Result number 9 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/DRc_Ele_220_23 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Dean_and_Chapter_of_Rochester_Cathedral_1541_1994/ BB02_Estate_Records_1346_1963/ 04_DRc_Ele_Leases_1346_to_1896/ DRc_Ele_220_23.html

Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

EAST SUTTON

East Sutton Parsonage

East Sutton parsonage with the barns, houses, buildings, gardens, lands, tenants, tithes of corn and hay and all other tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments. Bundle No. 237

A, B

Lessees: Rev. Edward Honywood of Honiton, Devon, DD and Rev. James Charles Still of East Knoyle near Shaftesbury, Wiltshire, esq., executors of Elizabeth Honywood, late of Bath, widow, deceased, sole executrix of the will of the Rev. John Honywood, late of Berford, Wiltshire, clerk deceased, surviving trustee under the will of Sir Beversham Filmer, late of East Sutton, Place, Bart., deceased.

Term: 21 years

Rent: £10 and 2 good fat capons at Christmas or 4s at the Dean and Chapter's choice; plus £7 10s Land Tax

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2a, 2b, 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 19, 25

Date: 29 June 1812
Quantity: 2 documents
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

EAST SUTTON

East Sutton Parsonage

East Sutton parsonage with the barns, houses, buildings, gardens, lands, tenants, tithes of corn and hay and all other tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments. Bundle No. 237

A, B

Lessee: Rev. Charles James Still of East Knoyle near Shaftesbury, Wiltshire, esq.

Term: 21 years

Rent:£19 and 2 good fat capons at Christmas or 4s at the Dean and Chapter's choice; plus £7.10s Land Tax

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days; 2a, 2b, 3, 6, 9, 11-14, 19, 20, 6 months, 25

Date: 25 November 1818
Quantity: 2 documents
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Leases

EAST SUTTON

East Sutton Parsonage

East Sutton parsonage with the barns, houses, buildings, gardens, lands, tenants, tithes of corn and hay and all other tithes, profits, commodities and emoluments. Bundle No. 237

A, B

Lessee: Rev. Charles James Still of East Knoyle near Shaftesbury, Wiltshire, esq.

Term: 21 years

Rent:£10 and 2 good fat capons at Christmas or 4s at the Dean and Chapter's choice; plus £7 10s. Land Tax

Conditions: 1. Grace 21 days, 2a, 2b, 3, 6, 9, 11-14, 20 6 months; 21, 25

Date: 29 November 1825
Quantity: 2 documents
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

Cathedral Inventories (DRc/Elf 1-10)

These inventories cover a very short period, only c.1670-c.1743, barely a hundred years (with the exception of one item compiled in 1870) and there is nothing to suggest that any were taken after c.1743. The date of each inventory more or less coincides with the appointment of a new Dean: John Castillion in 1676; Simon Louth or Henry Ullock in 1688 or 1689; Samuel Pratt in 1706; Nicholas Claggett in 1723; Thomas Herring in 1731 and William Barnard in 1743. The inventories were made by the Treasurer and are of considerable interest: firstly in providing detail about the furnishing of the cathedral, about its books and possessions, its music and its plate, and secondly, albeit incidentally, in providing detail about the storage of documents in the Chapter Room or Chapter House as it was then called.

The earliest inventory is merely a list of plate, ornaments and utensils. It is undated but was probably the first such inventory taken. As such it represents the cathedral as it was furnished in the immediate post-restoration period. There were blue damask cushions and hangings with blue and gold fringes for the prebendaries' stalls; and purple beige cushions for the mayor and common councilmen's stalls; there were tapestries behind the high alter; purple hangings with purple and gold fringes and a blue satin cushion with a purple and gold fringe for the pulpit; and purple beige covers on all the seats under the cushions. The bible and common prayer book on the high altar were covered in red velvet. The blue damask was still in use in 1707 but by 1725 had been replaced with purple baize.

Dr. Clarke's inventory of about 1678 is a much more detailed document. Apart from everything in the first inventory which is comprised under the heading in the quire, it lists the furnishings for the high altar, the bishops throne and the stalls and gives a special inventory of the furnishings and goods in the Chapter Room. These include the portraits of King James I and King Charles II, also mentioned in the first inventory, and the great presses and chest in which the books and documents were kept. The library was kept in a great press with three locks. The Chapter leases were apparently bundled up in alphabetical order of parish and stored, probably flat, one bundle on top of another in a chest. The counterparts were bundled up in a similar way and stored in boxes in the chest together with the treasurers’ and receivers’ books, the survey books and the dotation charters.

The most interesting thing, though, about this inventory is that it lists books and documents of all sorts, many of which still survive, some for the priory and some for the cathedral. These include accounts for the bailiffs and collectors, 1605; account roll of William Fresswell, Prior of Rochester, 1514, letters of Princes, noblemen and others to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester; abstract of counterpart leases for the period King Edward III - Elizabeth I Primum Registrum; Tertium Registrum; register of Priors William Wood and Thomas Bourne; a composition relating to tithes and pensions, 1421; a register of leases begun in 1673; a parchment bag of small ancient writings; and old counterparts of leases, charters, grants, patents and papers. Sergeant Barrell is noted as having three registers of Martin Cotes and Mr. Somers in parchment in his possession, as well as a register in leather, the donation in a box, and the statute book.

The third inventory of 1689 mentions a new set of singing books with leather covers and the acquisition of another large chest placed near the portal in the Chapter Room in which were kept old writings of lands, tenements and hereditaments and the treasurers' and receivers' books for 1677-1682. It adds also the new exemplification of the dotation charter acquired in 1671, the statute book, the seven books in the school which included four books of the Whole Duty of Man in latin, and the Cromwellian (1) buff coats and arms left in the cathedral. This inventory is updated to 1695 and notes the acquisition of a new great bible in 1693 and a gift of silk brocade from the bishop at his visitation in 1695. A second copy annotated by David Hill, Treasurer, to 1701 adds the pre-Restoration plate bequeathed to the cathedral by Sir Joseph Williamson in that year.

[(1) These Rochester Cathedral Precincts militia uniforms are now held by the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester.]

The inventory actually taken in 1701 mentions two new books of Common Prayer for the high altar given by Dean Henry Ullock in 1700; a set of service books and anthems for the boys and a set of Mr. Tomkins' books (2). In 1707 there were also six folio singing books called Birds (3) and a gilt service and anthem book for the Dean's use (4). There were two more chests in the Chapter Room by this date, one containing writings and the other full of old surrendered deeds. All the chests are said to have drawers. The Textus Roffensis (DRc/R1) is mentioned for the first time in 1707 as being stored with the Parliament surveys and the leases.

[(2) Either Giles Tomkins, 1568-1668 [?] or his brother John Tomkins, 1586-1638. Both were organists at Kings' College Chapel, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire. Giles Tomkins was household musician to King Charles I. See Dictionary of National Biography, Local Studies Collection]

[(3) William Byrd, 1538-1623. See Dictionary of National Biography, Local Studies Collection]

[(4) The anthem book had disappeared by 1725.]

By 1725 a new standing brass eagle desk fashioned with baskets had been acquired together with a new bible printed on best paper in 1717. This inventory mentions that most of the singing an service books were worn out: the Tomkins set was still in existence but not the Birds, but there were at this date parts for counter tenor, tenor, base and treble for the first time. In the Chapter Room there were now two presses for books whereof a New Catalogue is now Order'd to be made and a new press for hoods and surplices. The inventory also notes that the Custumale is stored with the Textus Roffensis (DRc/R1) together with the new copy of the statutes (5). There is no further mention of the school books after 1707.

[(5) The copy made by Joseph Bowles, Bodley's Librarian, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, from the original in the library there by order of Bishop Francis Atterbury, and given to the Dean and Chapter by the Bishop before he fled to France. See DRc/As 3 and note.]

A corrected version of this inventory states that the quarter clock in the organ loft had been removed to the belfry and that the new library catalogue had been finished. A new version of the King's arms is mentioned as well as a map of land and houses lying within the fortification lines of Chatham Dock [i.e. Chatham Dockyard]; and some glass lamps for the Dean's yard and the Precincts.

In 1732 the choir was using Dr. Croft's Musica Sacra (6) and there is the first mention of two writing desks in the Chapter Room, one for the Chapter Clerk and one for the Treasurer and Receiver. According to the 174[3] [i.e. 1743] inventory, these were both lockable and the latter was in two portions with two locks. In the additions to the 1732 inventory is mentioned the acquisition of an armchair and twelve other chairs of Russia leather in 1736, three new lamps, Burnett in two volumes (7), Cayley's catalogue of the Cotton Library and a large map of the Haddenham, Buckinghamshire, Estate.

[(6) William Croft, 1677-1727, organist at the Chapel Royal, Windsor, Berkshire 1707, and at Westminster Abbey, Middlesex, 1708. See Dictionary of National Biography, Local Studies Collection.]

[(7) Gilbert Burnett, Bishop of Salisbury, Wiltshire, 1643-1715. This is a reference to his History of the Reformation published in three volumes in 1679, 1681 and 1714. See Dictionary of National Biography, Local Studies Collection.]

The final inventory of about 1743 mentions seven copies of Dr. Green's music books (8) as well as two Dr. Crofts [see above] and indicates the partial reorganisation of the Chapter Room. It states that there were, under one of the two library presses, three places with locks in which were kept the Chapter Books, registers, statute books and other useful writings. Presumably the old chests had been cleared out. And yet there was still another new chest for writings in the outward room.

[(8) Presumably Maurice Greene or Green of London, composer of cathedral music 1696-1755 (see New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians editor S. Sadie, 2001 or possibly James Green, fl. 1743, organist at Hull, East Riding, Yorkshire, author of A book of Psalmody, 1724 See Dictionary of National Biography, Local Studies Collection.]

All the inventories except the first two are in roll form. It would appear from those which survive that the usual practice was either to make a paper draft on the spot and then to draw up two identical fair copies as an indenture (but without any indented top), or else to take one of the copies of the previous occasion's inventory and to annotate it for the drawing up of the next inventory. This list has been compiled with this in mind.

There are also two inventories of the Deanery 1737 and 1743, and a cathedral library shelf list dated 1871.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 9 January 2003.

Date: N/A
Quantity: N/A
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

The Fabric of the Cathedral 1591-1830

Letter. Nicholas Clagett, Dean of Rochester to Dr. John Denne [cf. Denn], Archdeacon of Rochester: Thoughts on the painting and finishing of the dome. Smallpox in Salisbury, Wiltshire. Hears that Mr. Powel [cf. Powell], a Welsh * clergyman, is to be nominated to the bishopic of St. Asaph.

[*cf. Wales]

Date: 17 October 1731
Quantity: 1 item (paper)
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Estate records

The Fabric of the Cathedral 1591-1830

Letter. Nicholas Clagett, Dean of Rochester to Dr. John Denne [cf. Denn], Archdeacon of Rochester: Thoughts on the painting and finishing of the dome. Smallpox in Salisbury, Wiltshire. Hears that Mr. Powel [cf. Powell], a Welsh * clergyman, is to be nominated to the bishopic of St. Asaph.

[*cf. Wales]

Date: 17 October 1731
Quantity: 1 item (paper)
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Dean and Chapter of Rochester

Finance records: treasurer

Treasurers' books 1548-1913 (DRc/FTb 1-243)

Each book is as a general rule divided up as follows: salaries paid to the Dean, prebendaries, minor canons, lay readers, choirmaster, organist, choristers, King's scholars, officers, stewards, counsellor, bailiff, and other church officers; the royal subsidy and annuity; pensions to the clergy; episcopal fees (exenia); alms; reparations to the fabric of the cathedral; exhibitions for King's scholars; expenses at law: extraordinary expenses and highway repair; necessaries; wood for fuel; carriage; and other items.

Giving lists of names and signatures of recipients arranged under headings as per cathedral officers, canons, prebends, choristers, paupers [beadsmen?] and pupils of the Cathedral Grammar School.

Treasurer's book - John Harris.

Includes 1s alms given to Richard Reading, William Parsons, and Thomas Goddard, 3 poor disbanded soldiers from Ireland, 6 December 1718

Includes 6d alms given to Thomas Laflieur, a poor Frenchman [cf. France] with a pass from Greenwich, 13 December 1718

Includes 6d alms given to one Christian Shirk, a Swiss [cf. Switzerland] soldier, with a pass from London, 4 February 1719

Includes alms given to George Oliver and William Smith, poor soldiers from Port Mahon [Minorca; cf. Spain, Balearic Islands], January 1719

Includes 6d alms given to John Powel [cf. Powell] with a pass from London to Boston in [Massachusetts] New England, 17 February 1719

Includes 1s alms given to Eleanor Gray [cf. Grey], a poor woman of the parish of Stepney [London] with a petition, 17 April 1719

Includes 2s 6d alms given to Mr. Thomas Sleamar, vicar of Chaddleworth in the county of Berkshire, 2 May 1719

Includes 2s 6d alms given to two poor women with six children from Friesland (Friezland) [cf. Holland/Netherlands; Germany], 30 May 1719

Includes 2s 6d alms given to James Smith, with his wife, and family with a pass from Weymouth in the county of Dorset to pass to Boston in [Massachusetts] New England [cf. America], the place of his nativity, 1 June 1719

Includes 1s 6d alms given to John Reynolds with a wife and 2 small children, in a poor distressed condition, with a pass for Jamaica [West Indies, Caribbean], 22 June 1719

Includes 2s 6d alms given to Thomas Foote, son of Mr. John Foote, late rector of West Grimstead (West Grimsteed) in Wiltshire, 6 August 1719

Includes 6d alms given to some poor hoppers, 6 August 1719

Includes 6d alms given to Martha Drew, a soldier's wife, with a pass from the Honourable George Treby [cf. Tribe] Esq. to pass to Minorca [cf. Balearic Islands, Spain], to her husband, 18 August 1719

Includes 6d alms given to Redmund Moguier, a discharged soldier with a pass from Dover, 2 September 1719

Includes 6d alms given to a poor silk weaver in great want, 12 September 1719

Includes 6d alms given to Robert Haberden, and William Harvey, shipwrecked in coming from the island of Barbados (Barbadoes) [West Indies, Caribbean], 15 September 1719

Includes 2s alms given to George Steward [cf. Stewart, Stuart], a poor discharged soldier, with a wife, and child that had the smallpox upon him, 25 September 1719

Includes 6d alms given to John Williams a poor lame fellow with a wooden leg, 6 November 1719

Includes 1s alms given to John Wilson and John Jones, petitioners on account of some losses they had sustained by an inundation of waters in Lincolnshire, 12 November 1719

Includes 2s alms given to John Dupont a Hollander [cf. Holland/Netherlands] and nine others; with a pass from Waterford in Ireland, cast away in their passage thither, 24 November 1719

Includes alms given to numerous discharged, disbanded, sick, lame and poor soldiers and seamen, passim

Latin and English.

File updated by Borough Archivist, Borough Council 16 July 2001.

Date: 1718-1719
Quantity: 1 booklet/63pp. used
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MEDWAY ARCHIVES AND LOCAL STUDIES CENTRE

DRc

RECORDS OF THE DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ROCHESTER c.1080-1964

Click here to view the full list of the Rochester Priory records or select the folder from the query tool by following the instructions given there.

These archives were deposited by the Dean and Chapter of Rochester in the Kent Archives Office [now Centre for Kentish Studies], County Hall, Maidstone, Kent in 1959, and were listed there by Miss Anne M. Oakley MA FSA between the years 1963-1970. The collection was transferred to Medway Archives Office on 27 April 1992 and the list prepared and edited for for CityArk Phase II by the City Archivist/Borough Archivist 1997-2001

Re-edited by Borough Archivist July 2000 (Priory introduction).

For a link to the Rochester Cathedral web site Click Here ......or here [two different sites appear to be in operation as at 3 July 2000]

Historical Introduction

The church of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester was founded by Ethelbert, King of Kent as a college for a small number of secular canons under Justus, Bishop of Rochester in AD 604. Very little is know about the history of this house. It never seems to have had much influence outside its own walls, and though it possessed considerable landed estates, seems to have been relatively small and poor. It also suffered at the hands of the Danes [cf. Denmark]. Bishops Justus, Romanus, Paulinus and Ithamar were all remarkable men, but after Bishop Putta's translation to Hereford [cf. Herefordshire] in AD 676, very little is heard of Rochester. Their bishop, Siweard is not mentioned as having been at the Battle of Hastings in Sussex with King Harold as were many of the Saxon bishops and abbots, and the house put up no opposition to King William I when he seized their lands and gave them to his lay brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, Normandy, France whom he had created Earl of Kent. The chroniclers say that the house was destitute and that when Siweard died in 1075 it was barely able to support the five canons on the establishment (1).

Four years after his conquest of England, King William I invited his friend Lanfranc, Prior of Caen, Normandy, France and a former monk of Bec in there to be his archbishop at Canterbury. Lanfranc's task was specific: to reorganise English monasticism on the pattern of Bec; to develop a strict cloistered monasticism but one of a kind that was not entirely cut off by physical barriers from the life of the rest of the church. He drew unsparingly on Bec for his ideas, his bishops and his monks. Four bishops of Rochester hailed from Bec, several priors and many monks. Among the bishops, by far the most important was Gundulf, his friend, pupil and chamberlain whom he brought over with him to England in 1070 (2).

(1) This account of the cathedral priory of St. Andrew the Apostle, Rochester is based on those in The Victoria County History of Kent II, pp. 121-125, E. Hasted, History of Kent II, pp. 22-25, F.F. Smith, History of Rochester pp. 273-335; W.H. St. John Hope The Architectural History of the Cathedral Church and Monastery of St Andrew at Rochester, Archaeologia Cantiana XXIII, pp. 194-328 and XXIV, pp 1-85; and H. Wharton, Anglia Sacra, I, pp. 329-394. Part of King Ethelbert's endowment included the land from the river Medway to the Eastgate of the City of Rochester on the south part and practically all the land on the south side of the High Street, all within the city walls. The priory property was extended on the same site in 1225 and again in 1344 making necessary the construction of new walls and ditches on both occasions. (See also DRc/T62, T280).

Siweard, Bishop of Rochester died in 1075 and to replace him Lanfranc brought over a monk from Bec, Arnost, as Bishop. He died within the year and at Lanfranc's instigation, King William I agreed to the appointment of Gundulf as bishop. This proved ultimately the turning point in the history of Rochester (3). King William showed no reluctance or lack of effort in assisting Lanfranc to recover the former properties of the church now that his relations with his lay brother had become strained and difficult and in 1076, therefore, Lanfranc successfully repossessed himself of a major part of the lands which had once belonged to St. Andrew's church at the great assembly held on Penenden Heath. Some of this property formed the principal re-endowment of the house in 1077 and was given by Lanfranc to Gundulf when he enthroned him as Bishop of Rochester in that year.

Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire], the thirteenth century chronicler, says that Lanfranc made it a condition of his friend's establishment at Rochester that the canons should be replaced by monks, but as no other establishment was made until 1083, it would appear that Gundulf bided his time. No one knows now what really happened. There is a brief mention in the Textus Roffensis of one Aegelric, priest of Chatham and a former Canon of Rochester who made a gift to the new house to secure the honourable burial of his wife there, but not a word more.

In 1083 Lanfranc visited Rochester and himself instituted twenty two monks of the Benedictine order in the house, some from Bec (4), probably some from the two houses at Canterbury, Christchurch and St Augustine, and possibly some from Caen. He endowed the house with property making careful and distinct provision for the bishop and the monks. Some of the lands he gave them were his own, others he purchased, and some he had acquired in 1076. Gundulf also purchased and acquired a great deal of property for his house which rapidly found favour with the Norman kings. Together with Archbishop Lanfranc he began the rebuilding of the church and monastery buildings. In the rebuilding of his church, Gundulf followed the usual practice of starting his new building to the east of the existing church so that there would be no interruption in the services of the church. He also appears to have incorporated part of the City wall into his building as the tower known as Gundulf's tower was one of the watch towers (5). Substantial parts of his work remain today, particularly in the Crypt.

[(2) D. Knowles, The Monastic Order in England , 2nd ed. pp. 83-134
(3) There is an excellent translation of the Life of Gundulf by the nuns of St. Marys Abbey, West Malling 1968.
(4) Knowles op cit p.112

No distinction was made in the early years of the refoundation between the episcopal and prioral possessions. The reason for this was simply that there was no need for any such distinction. The bishop of Rochester was titular abbot of St Andrews and the prior was directly subject to him. At least until the first quarter of the twelfth century the Bishop actually lived in the house with the monks as one of the family (6). John of Seez was probably the first bishop to set up a separate establishment, but Bishop Gundulf himself made some division of the properties between himself and the monks before his death in 1108 (7). Until the thirteenth century, gifts were made to the bishop or to the bishop and the monks of St Andrew's Church, Rochester but very rarely to the prior although it is more than probable that the offer was in existence from the refoundation (8). During the thirteenth century benefactors addressed their charters to the prior by name and the monks of St Andrew's church, Rochester, or first to the prior and monks of that place. It was not [contd.]

(5) See DRc/emf77
(6) This was also true at Christchurch, Canterbury until Stephen Langton became archbishop. It was, in any case, the natural thing to do, and exactly what one would have expected of Gundulf who thought of himself primarily as a monk. Lanfranc himself explicitly equated the offers of bishop and abbot. Knowles op. cit. p.622.

(7) See DRc/T47 and DRc/T57/5, a charter of Gundulf confirmed by Theobald, Archbishop of Canterbury in 1145. It was not until about 1125 that the influence of the black monks ceased to predominate. The canonical organisation of chapters tended to separate the bishop from the monastery and to give the foreign to monastic life. Knowles op. cit, p.133.

(8) DRc/T47-59]

until about 1260 that the term prior and convent became at all common. The inspeximus of King Henry III is addressed to the prior and convent of Rochester and this was the first occasion on which a royal charter had been so addressed (9).

When Lanfranc established the house at Rochester under the ministry of Gundulf, he is said to have realised that difficulties would arise over communally held property and therefore made careful division between the bishop and the monks. At first sight, this might seem a good idea, but the greatest difficulty of all lay in the fact that most of Lanfranc's re-endowment was made up of properties which had belonged to the church before the conquest of 1066. Properties involved included the manor and churches of St. Margaret, Rochester, Stoke, Wouldham, Frindsbury, East Wickham, Halling, Trottiscliffe, Borstal, Snodland, Cuxton, Malling, Denton, Longfield, Darenth, Southfleet and Fawkham. They were given to the church by Saxon Kings and nobles, but they were entrusted to the bishop. In Lanfranc's time there was no difficulty, nor could he foresee any, for while the bishop was a monk and lived in harmony with his monks no difficulty would present itself. Gundulf may have foreseen difficulties. Before he died he made further provision for the monks. As well as considerable pensions, tithes and rents, he gave them the manors of Stoke, Wouldham, Frindsbury, Denton, Southfleet, Lambeth (Surrey) and Haddenham (Buckinghamshire) King Henry I confirmed all these and also his gifts of the churches of Wouldham, Dartford, Woolwich, Sutton at Hone, Wilmington, Chislehurst, Aylesford, St. Margaret, Rochester, St. Nicholas' altar in Rochester Cathedral, Rotherfield and Stourmouth; he added Boxley church and Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury added Norton church (10).

The house was wealthy, but when Ernulf of Bec died in 1124 it was the end of an era for the monks. King Henry I nominated John of Seez, Archdeacon of Canterbury to the vacant see and though they elected him as their bishop, the monks viewed him with suspicion. He was not a monk. During his short episcopate the prior became the effective head of the house. The bishop's duties changed and he became more a patron than a father, making occasional visits only and barely known to his monks.

[(9) DRc/T60
(10) DRc/T47-51]

He had his own household, separate from theirs and this separation of revenues and interests combined to make him and his successors a stranger to his monks and more often than not an opponent. The chronicler, Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire] offers John of Seez no compliments. He says he made lavish gifts, began great things and did much good, but that it did not last (11). He took advantage of a great fire that ravaged the house in 1137, dispersed many of the monks to other houses, and stole from them the churches of Aylesford, Southfleet, Boxley, St. Margaret, Rochester and the altar of St. Nicholas in Rochester Cathedral, thus plunging the house into years of expensive litigation which ended only in 1144 when Pope Celistine decreed that the new bishop, Ascelin, should return them unconditionally to the monks to whom they rightfully belonged (12).

John's argument is obvious: The reason even more so. The revenues of the priory were far larger than those of the bishopric. On this occasion the monks were successful, but far more serious contentions broke out under Bishop Gilbert Glanville fifty years later which reverberated through the centuries.

Gilbert Glanville was Archdeacon of Lisieux in France. He was a great friend of Archbishop Baldwin of Canterbury and his successor there Archbishop Hubert Walter, and much in favour at court. He became Bishop of Rochester in 1184. His predecessor Waleran had proposed to seek papal permission to expel the monks from the cathedral, as he had a low opinion of the regular orders, but had died before he could implement the idea. Unfortunately for the monks, the plan was not uncountenanced by King Henry II who wished to cut the power of the regular orders, in so many ways exempt from the royal prerogative. Rochester, for instance, had the right to elect its own prior without royal interference, and had also enormous privileges within the City of Rochester. King Henry II therefore chose his friend Gilbert Glanville, together with Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury and Hugh Nonant, Bishop of Coventry to use Rochester as an experiment. They were to set up a college of secular canons who were not, in general, infected with principles dangerous to civil government, and who as friends of the national clergy, would form a powerful barrier against the encroachments of the roman pontiffs.

[(11) Wharton, op.cit., p.347
(12) DRc/L1]

Except at Coventry where force was used to set up a college of Vicars Choral, nothing came of the idea as the King's death put an end to all hopes of success, but disastrous failure though it was, it did nothing to ease relations between the bishop and his monks (13).

Gilbert Glanville remained in favour with the new king, Richard I and when he was captured in the Holy Land and later imprisoned in Germany, worked with a will to secure his release. His principal contribution was the establishment of the hospital of the New Work of St. Mary in Strood. This was a small house whose purpose was to pray for the restoration of Christianity in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and for the King's release from captivity, and to provide for the poor and travellers. It was a cause worthy of the monks' support, but without consulting them, the bishop appropriated two of their churches for the support of his new foundation, and further bribed their prior, Ralph de Ros, to give a piece of meadowland in Strood to the hospital in return for money to finish the stonework of the cathedral cloister and for a new pair of organs (14). Matters were made worse by the fact that the churches the bishop appropriated were Aylesford and St. Margaret, Rochester, only recently won back at great expense.

The monks complained. They petitioned the Pope to intervene and he did in fact do so, but to no purpose. The bishop forced the monks into an agreement to maintain the house as he had founded it together with the lands and churches he had given to it (15). The agreement remained more or less in force until 1239, then in 1256 the Pope declared that the churches should be returned to the monks. Gilbert was long since dead, buried in haste and deprived of the last rites, during the Interdict, but his successor refused to comply. The quarrel finally came to the test in the reign of Edward I when the monks were ambushed and beaten up by the monks at Strood while they were attempting to pass in procession through the hospital grounds (16). After this debate, the monks of Rochester gave up what was obviously an unequal struggle.

[(13) The History and Antiquities of Rochester and its Environs by John Denne, ed. by T. Fisher, 1817 pp. 112-115
(14) DRc/T572/1-15
(15) DRc/L3
(16) William Lambard, Perambulation of Kent , 1570 gives a spirited account of this incident, which, though he was violently anti-catholic, is most graphic. 1826 edition, pp. 328-331]

The Monks' quarrel with Gilbert Glanville stretched far beyond Strood Hospital to other problems which caused proportionate dissension: rights of presentation; the Bishop's xenium ; and the disposition of servants in the priory.

On the first problem, the Monks claimed rights of presentation to churches in their possession both within and outside the diocese of Rochester. In 1207 they possessed at least eleven within and seven outside the diocese, but they laid claim to others that belonged to the Bishop. On his part the Bishop made no claim to any. He merely stated that when John was Bishop he had never asked the Monks for authority. He had always presented and instituted incumbents to all vacant livings both inside and outside the diocese, but had secured to them their rightful pensions, which was all they were entitled to. Further Gilbert Glanville added that he proposed to do likewise, with the sole concession that those he instituted should do fealty to the Monks as well as himself (17). This was a meaningless concession. Although the Monks gave way on the Bishop's right of institution, they always denied that he had any right to present to priory livings inside the diocese. They did, however, reach agreement over presentations to livings outside the diocese of Rochester. The Bishop here claimed joint right of presentation with the Monks, and though they knew he had none, they allowed his claim; and as witness that they did so and kept their agreement at least in part, there is a document surviving among these archives showing the strictness with which it was adhered to in the cases of Norton, Boxley and Stourmouth in the diocese of Canterbury for over 150 years (18). The problem was not so much one of fees but of influence and authority. It emphasises the Bishop's ultimate authority over the priory and the Monks' refusal to accept it. Gilbert Glanville's interpretations of their charters were often wrong, but the Monks found that there was little they could do in defence of their rights.

[(17) DRc/L3
(18) DRc/L10]

The Disagreement over the Bishop's xenium is an interesting one. The income from the Bishop's estates was fairly small and the xenium was a recognised method of providing for hospitality at his table. The word itself signifies a gift made in token of hospitality. This was a particularly lavish one consisting of 16 suckling pigs, 30 geese, 300 hens, 1,000 lampreys, 1,000 eggs, four salmon and other items from each of the five principal priory manors of Frindsbury, Stoke, Wouldham, Denton and Southfleet, and further gifts of fish from Lambeth, Surrey and Haddenham, Buckinghamshire. It was Bishop Gundulf who had ordained in 1107 that the xenium should be given to the Bishop on St. Andrew's day (17 November) but with the important, and in this case, significant proviso that if the Bishop was away from Rochester on that day, it should be given to the poor (19). The Monks appear to have resented making the gift, and refused to bring it when the Bishop was away. They argued that it was an imposition and that it was contrary to the ordinance that the Bishop should have it if he were away. Gundulf had never imagined a time when the Bishop would not be present in his church at the patronal festival, and Gilbert Glanville argued in his defence that he was forced to travel and could not always arrange to be there. He, therefore, fiercely opposed the Monks and claimed the xenium as his right wherever he might be on that day (20). In the end the Monks were forced to surrender. This was a major victory for Bishop Gilbert and one of which he and his successors took full advantage. In 1329 the Monks accused Bishop Hamo de Hethe [cf. Hythe] of abusing the system. They claimed he ought by ancient custom to celebrate St. Andrew's day in the cathedral and in the hall adjoining and there receive a present of ten pounds from the prior and Chapter towards his expenses, but that each year he had received the present without performing the ceremony, had left the prior and Chapter to do it, and to pay for it as well (21). The Bishop's answer has not survived. Suffice to say that the xenium survived even the dissolution and was still being paid in the eighteenth century (22).

[(19) DRc/T47
(20) DRc/L3
(21) Registrum Hamonis Hethe Diocesis Roffensis A.D. 1319-1352 transcribed and edited by Charles Johnson, Oxford 1948, pp. 424-431 and Introduction.
(22) DRc/FTv34]

According to Edmund de Hadenham [cf. Haddenham, Buckinghamshire], Ascelin was the first Bishop of Rochester to interfere in the appointment of priory servants (23). When Bishop Gundulf had lived with the Monks there was one set of servants and officials to look after both the Bishop and the Monks, but after the fire of 1137 and the almost total destruction of the conventual buildings, the Bishop set up a separate household. The priory servants apparently joined him and the Monks appointed others. There were over twenty of these servants and officials, all essential to the smooth running of a Benedictine house and all equally indispensible. Their number included the master baker, the second baker, three other bakers, brewers, cooks, a steward, janitor, guestmaster, granger, infirmarer, tailors and launderers to name only a few. Each official's work was carefully laid down but more important than this, so also were his salary and perquisites (24). It was these perquisites, often free food and drink, which made these offices so popular. Many of the servants and officials were related to Monks in the priory. Nepotism was rife. It appears that Ascelin withdrew the priory servants for this reason but a visiting legate reproved him saying it was not his business to interfere. Ascelin relented and the legate attempted to improve matters by making the posts annual appointments rather than permanent ones, but to no purpose. The sons of master bakers still succeeded their fathers and one of them even found favour by marrying the cellarer's sister.

[(23) Wharton, op.cit., p.343
(24) Custumale Roffense ff.53-60.]

The legate Hinemar's suggestions did not solve the problem. The Monks were still complaining under Bishop Gilbert Glanville that he interfered too much in this sphere (25). Gilbert Glanville doubtless had many relatives he wished to provide for, but he cannot have had more than Bishop Hamo de Hethe who was one of the chief offenders on this score. When Simon de Meopham made his archiepiscopal visitation of the priory in 1329 the Monks made 25 complaints against their Bishop, four of which related to this problem. They complained that he appointed to twenty or more offices in the priory when he was entitled to only four or five; that he appointed his own kinsmen and others to priory offices who did their work by deputy and at half wages, too ill paid to be honest; that the officers and their deputies took no notice when reprimanded, and said that they like the Monks were irremovable; and specifically that he had appointed a brewer who was inefficient and of ill fame. Most of the charges against Hamo de Hethe [cf. Hythe] were dismissed but the Monks' claims were not unfounded on their first charge. The Bishop's family name was Noble and there are many appointments of persons of this name in his register (26).

[(25) DRc/L3
(26) Registrum Hamonis p.425 and Introduction]

Apart from their endless conflict with the Bishops in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, there were three other problems of conflict which affected the priory, all of them outside the walls: the position of the priory in relation to the Crown and the Castle; relations with the Citizens of Rochester; and relations with the archdiocese of Canterbury.

The first stone keep is said to have been built at Rochester for King William II by Bishop Gundulf for the then enormous sum of sixty pounds, in return for a gift of land in Haddenham, Buckinghamshire. The priory buildings lay in the shadow of the castle and suffered somewhat in the wars in which it featured. Kings did not, however, neglect the priory. Some visited it, and there is a series of charters of privileges to prove their interest and concern. Many charters repeat the fact that William Rufus was eternally grateful to the monks and their Bishop for supporting him when his uncle Odo, Bishop of Bayeux rebelled against him and besieged Rochester and its castle. The monks lost a good deal in the battle of 1088. Much of their house was destroyed but the Manor of Haddenham rectory, Buckinghamshire proved a lucrative present and, moreover, gave them a link with the past. It had belonged to the Countess Goda, sister of King Edward the Confessor, a fact which several charters also repeat (27)

. There were many skirmishes involving the castle over the years but no further sieges until 1216 when the priory was pillaged by King John and his followers. But the most spectacular siege and the one which the monks turned most to their advantage was that of 1264. In that year, says Rishanger, the Chronicler, Simon de Montfort and the rebel barons brought great siege engines and fire ships to Rochester and prosecuted the siege with great violence. Some of the priory buildings were very badly damaged and Simon and his soldiers broke in a carried off the priory monuments. The story is told on the back of one small deed (28). It tells how the charter and many others were stolen from the prior's chapel where they were kept and carried off to Winchester, and how John de Renham [Rainham], the prior got them back from the robbers but with the seals all broken and many of the charters torn and damaged. He was appalled at the danger in which this might place his house, and at great labour and personal expense persuaded King Henry III to reconfirm all the damaged charters by a new one (29). This the King did. The charter embodies most of the charters granted to the priory since the conquest by Kings, Archbishops, Bishops and other persons. And there is no doubt that this is in fact the charter concerned because, its content apart, there is attached to the seal strings another cord woven into it, to which is attached a small fragment of very heavily cross-stitched parchment, all that remains of the earlier charters.

A great many of the charters in the possession of the priory were damaged in this incident. Therefore to supply the deficiencies not remedied by the new Royal Charter, and also to circumvent some of the problems of the division of property between themselves and their Bishop, the monks resorted to forgery. This was not so much a crime as it is now. Rather, it was a necessity. Once forged documents had been used to prove title they acquired the force of the genuine article. It is of course unnecessary to remark that documents were conveniently lost and suppressed if their contents proved a nuisance.

[(27) DRc/T48, T60 (1), T65 (1)
(28) DRc/T53 and F.F. Smith, History of Rochester p.17
(29) DRc/T60]

There are at least two forged charters among these archives, both charters of Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, life long friend of Bishop Gundulf and a great benefactor to Rochester. The first charter refers to Northfleet Church which Anselm gave to the monks. The monks had the presentation but Hubert Walter and successive Archbishops attempted to wrest it from them. Probably in 1264 (or possibly before) the seal was lost from the document and to give it more force a new seal has been made from a cast. It is quite easy to spot. Firstly it has been attached upside down, and secondly there is a shallow depression in the middle of the figure of the Archbishop caused by an airbubble (30). This document is genuine enough. The second is not. It relates to the great quarrels with the Bishops over property. It has no seal and purports to be a charter of Anselm making over to the priory many churches and manors most of which belonged to the Bishop of Rochester (31). The handwriting very closely resembles that of the new charter of 1265 (32). It may even have been written by the same scribe. It has, however, one fault. The charter is dated 1101 by which year four at least of the twelve witnesses were dead and had been dead for several years before Anselm became Archbishop of Canterbury. There are five Bishops included among the witnesses: Maurice of London, Osmund of Salisbury (Wiltshire), Walkelin of Rochester, Stigand of Chichester (Sussex)and Herbert of Thetford (Norfolk). Only Maurice was alive in 1101. Herbert died in 1085, Stigand in 1087, Walkelin in 1098 and Osmund in 1099. Anselm became Archbishop in 1093.

[(30) DRc/T49
(31) DRc/T48
(32) DRc/T60]

There was constant disagreement between the monks and the people of the City of Rochester. The people had no parish church of their own and worshipped at the alter of St. Nicholas which stood before the rood screen in the nave of the Cathedral Church (33). The monks appear to have disliked this system since it brought them into close contact with the populace from whom they wished to remain apart; it disturbed their peace and meant that their church was not their own. Admittedly it was the common custom for the local people to worship in the nave of a monastic church and is the reason why many have survived as parish churches, but it was a sore bone of contention at Rochester. The Benedictine order had moved away from Gundulf's ideal of a monastic church not entirely cut off by physical barriers from the life of the rest of the church. They shut the doors at night and refused the sacrament to the sick; they denied services; and in 1327 they locked the doors of the nave and took away the key. The Bishop forced the monks to come to an agreement with the citizens and on 14 June 1327 it was accordingly agreed that the monks should build an oratory for the citizens in the corner of the nave near the north door with a door and window on the outside of the church for the sacrament for the sick during the night, to which the people should have free entry and exit. They were also guaranteed all the usual daily services (34). The Bishop was sympathetic to their cause and successive Bishops of Rochester tried hard to have a church built for the citizens, but it was not until almost a hundred years after this agreement that this became a reality and St. Nicholas' Church was built beside the Cathedral (35).

[(33) DRc/Emf 77
(34) DRc/L7
(35) Rochester Episcopal Register III, DRc/T60/ff.16v.-18v.

Relations with Canterbury were equally bad. Lanfranc's refoundation at Rochester was modelled on Canterbury. He appointed the first Bishop of Rochester, and the see was thereafter recognised as being in the free gift of the Archbishop of Canterbury. It was thus peculiarly dependent on Canterbury, and as a mark of this dependence, it was customary on the death of their Bishop for the monks of Rochester to take the deceased bishop's pastoral staff to Canterbury where it was laid on the alter in Christchurch Priory, and from where the newly elected Bishop took it after his consecration. Not all the Bishops of Rochester were consecrated at Canterbury. Arnost was consecrated at St. Paul's in London but his immediate successors Gundulf, Ralph and Ernulf at Canterbury. Ascelin also may have been; his successor Walter, brother of Archbishop Theobald, certainly was. It appears that the monks of Rochester objected not to the act of consecration by the Archbishop, or indeed that it took place at Canterbury, but to the claims of the prior of Christchurch that he represented the Church of Canterbury. This was a strange argument for the monks to put forward. They persistently and continually opposed their own diocesan and ought by right to have supported the claim of the prior of Christchurch.

Rivalry between the two houses grew, and in order to avoid the humiliating ceremony after the death of Bishop Waleran in 1183, the monks buried the Bishop's pastoral staff with him in the grave. The monks of Christchurch protested. The rights of the mother church, they declared, must be maintained at all costs and the episcopal staff delivered to the prior. Negotiations were begun. They dragged on for years and years, but for the moment a compromise was reached. The monks of Rochester agreed to deliver the staff, not to the prior but instead to the Archbishop who would deliver it for them. Gilbert Glanville was consecrated by Archbishop Baldwin in 1184 at Canterbury, and as usual in the absence of the Archbishop, took over the administration of his see while he was in the Holy Land. Benedict of Sawston was consecrated at Oxford - a belated attempt to escape from the overlordship of Canterbury; and later Lawrence of St. Martin, one of the King's clerks who became Bishop of Rochester in 1251 instituted litigation to try and secure some measure of independence for Rochester. This he did in the face of Royal disapproval, for both King Henry III and his Queen favoured the primate, and if the negotiations did not have the required results as far as independence was concerned, at least they improved relations between the Bishop and his monks (36).

[(36) DRc/L2, see Wharton, op.cit., pp.342-351; C.E. Woodruff and W. Danks, Memorials of Canterbury Cathedral p.104. Hasted, op.cit, 2nd ed.,IV, p.124 says the Archbishop did not interfere after 1238.]

It is exceedingly difficult to follow the trend of numbers of monks in the priory as the information available is somewhat inadequate. Archbishop Lanfranc introduced twenty-two monks into the house whom he instituted in 1083. When Bishop Gundulf died in March 1108 there were, according to Edmund de Hadenhem [cf. Haddenham] sixty monks some of the best read and the best singers in the Country (37). He also claims that numbers fell off after Gundulf's death but this may be accounted for by the fact that in accordance with the system of Bec, monks from well established houses were continually being sent out to help found and replenished other houses. It is known that monks went out from Rochester to the house of St. John at Colchester (Essex) founded by Eudo Dapifer in 1119/1120 (38) and to Christchurch, Canterbury in 1207 (39). There were apparently only 35 monks at Rochester in 1317; only 30 voted at the election of John de Sheppey as prior in 1333 (40) and these were doubtless drastically reduced by the pestilence which raged in Rochester between 1349-1352 (41). There are only 190 instances in the Rochester episcopal registers of monks entering the priory there for the period between 1320-1537 but this presupposes that all the monks in the house went through the various orders of the priesthood there. Obviously this was not the case and the registers of other bishoprics should be searched to determine an entry figure if this is possible. From the list compiled it would appear that there were far more candidates entering the priory between 1460-1537 than between 1320-1460. Twenty-three monks voted at the election of Lawrence Dan or Mereworth as prior in 1532 (42) and he and nineteen monks took the oath of supremacy on 10th June 1534. Only twelve monks received pensions in May 1541 but this number did not include those provided for under the secular establishment (43). From the figures given here, it would appear that there were normally about 30 monks at Rochester for most of the period of the existence of the priory.

[(37) Wharton, op.cit, p.337
(38) Archaeologia Cantiana XXIII, p.224
(39) Knowles, op.cit, p.365. There is also a case recorded in the Priors' Book concerning William Lecestre who was released from his oath of obedience to the prior of Rochester so that he could go to St. Giles Cornwall in the diocese of Coventry (Warwickshire) and Lichfield (Staffordshire) where Hugh Lempster was prior. This was in 1480. No reason is given for the transfer. DRc/Elb1A f.6
(40) Rochester Episcopal Register I, f.157. This was a disputed election: 22 monks led by the late prior John de Speldhurst voted for John de Sheppey, 5 led by Richard Bledlawe, the cellarer and his subcellarer Peter de Lambourne, for Willam de Reyersshe [Ryarsh] the sacrist; and 3 young monks for Robert de Suthflete [Southfleet].
(41) DRc/F1A
(42) Rochester Episcopal Register IV, f.73
(43) Calender of Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic. Henry VIII, Vol.XIV, 1540-1541, p.356 no.745, f.30 (November) and p.718 (May)]
When a man became a monk in a religious house, he discarded his own surname after his profession and was known instead by this Christian name and that of the place or parish from whence he came. For this reason it is a simple matter to determine the area from which monks came to Rochester priory. Most of them were local men from Rochester and its neighbouring parishes, some came from Canterbury, Folkestone, Dover, Hythe and Dartford; but as can be seen from the list compiled of the monks passing through the various orders of the priesthood, at lease nine came from London, several from Norfolk, three from Oxford, two from St. Albans (Hertfordshire) one from Ossory in Ireland, one from Winchester (Hampshire) and one from Mayfield in Sussex. The list has been compiled almost exclusively from the Rochester Episcopal registers.

In the early years the priors were probably Frenchmen: Ernulf came from Bec and Ralph from Caen, but as Rochester had the privilege of electing its priors without Royal interference, the tradition of electing a man from within the house itself developed very rapidly, and by the third quarter of the twelfth century this was probably standard practice. There was one exception to this rule. William Fresell who was elected in 1509 had previously been prior of Binham in Norfolk (44). After the migration of Alfred to Abingdon (Berkshire) between 1185-1189 none of the priors left to go to other houses. If they resigned their office, they remained in the house until their death. There are, of course, several exceptions: William de Hoo [St. Werburgh] who retired to Woburn in Bedfordshire; and those priors who resigned on their election to the bishopric, Thomas de Wouldham, Hamo de Hethe [Hythe] and John de Sheppey (45)

[(44) Rochester Episcopal Register IV, f.53. He took the following oath: In dei nomine Amen. Ego Willelmus Fressell Monachus expresse professus ordinis sancti Benedicti prior monasterii ecclesie vestre cathedralis sancti Andree Roffensis per provisionem et nominacionem vestras iuxta antiquas ordinaciones ecclesie vestre predicte prefectus sive nominatus promitto ad sancta dei evangelia vobis et successoribus vestris canonice intrandum et ministrandum vestris canonicam obedienciam Reverenciam et honorem necnon observanciam antiquarum ordinacium prefate ecclesie vestre cathedralis sicut me deus adiumet et sancta dei evangelia.

(45) Wharton, op.cit Successio Priorum, pp.392-399]

File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 9 August 2001.
Date: n/a
Quantity: n/a


Result number 17 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T054_3 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA01_Foundation_Charters_Title_Deeds_and_Leases_c1090_1539/ 01_St_Andrews_Priory_Rochester_c1100_1526/ DRc_T054_3.html

THE CATHEDRAL PRIORY OF ST. ANDREW THE APOSTLE, ROCHESTER

Charter of King Richard I

Confirmation of the exchange made between Hubert [Walter], Archbishop of Canterbury and the monks of Rochester of Lambeth [Surrey] manor and its appurtenances which kings in former times gave in free and perpetual alms to the monks of St. Andrew's Church, Rochester. In return the Archbishop gave the monks his manor of Darenth, the church, the chapel of Helles and all their appurtenances; a sheep-fold called Estmers' in Cliffe with certain land in the vill pertaining to the marsh; and Heimeric, Thomas, widow

Hagenilda, Joscelin [cf. Gocelyn, Goscelin, Gocelin, Gosselin, Jocelin, Jocelyn, Godcelin], Walter the Beadle, Eilwin, Martin, William, Adam and Almar the fisherman with the lands they hold from the Archbishop in the vill of Cliffe together with all the rents, services and customs without any retention by the Archbishop or his successors in perpetuity.

The Monks shall have and possess the manor of Darenth, with its church, the chapel of Helles, and the demesne lands, homages and services in both cultivated and uncultivated lands, in wood, plain, meadows, pasturage, water and mills, ponds and fisheries and all other things; and the sheepfold with its appurtenances in Cliffe, and the men there with their lands rents services and customs as well or better than Archbishop Hubert or his predecessors.

The Monks have these things for their sustenance in the same way as they previously held Lambeth manor, its church and appurtenances, saving the rights of the Bishop of Rochester in these exchanges as he formerly had them on Lambeth manor.

For the greater security of St. Andrew's church, Rochester, no royal bailiffs or servants shall ever at any time raise a hand against this exchange which the Monks have receive either on the death of an Archbishop or for any other reason concerning an Archbishop, and during a vacancy in the see of Canterbury Lambeth [Surrey] manor shall be taken into the King's hands and the exchanges remain quiet.

And if by chance any person should do anything rashly against this deed of exchange, he shall make good all damage to St. Andrew's Church, Rochester from his own goods and he shall remain in the King's mercy. Any person who contravenes the Statute will be excommunicated.

Given by the hand of Master E(ustace) [i.e. Eustace], Dean of Salisbury [Wiltshire], Vice-Chancellor at the Isle of Andelys [France] 7 April 1197 *.

Witnesses:

Henry Hemwice, Archdeacon of Canterbury
Master Malgert, Treasurer of Normandy [France]
John, Archdeacon of Norwich
Master Roger of St. Albans
Richard Briewer
William son of Ralph, Seneschal of Normandy
Ralph, Count of Aug **
Peter de Pratelles
William de Stagno
Robert de Tresgoz

Endorsement:

Confirmatio Ricardi Regis de exambio de Lamchet [i.e. Lambeth, Surrey] in excambio pro Darenthe [i.e. Darenth] cum ecclesia et capella de Hilles [cf. Helles] +.

Seal

An almost perfect impression of the second Great Seal of King Richard I

Obverse. The King crowned and seated on his throne holding in his left hand the orb and in his right hand the sword. On either side of his head is a crescent surmounted by a star, and over the orb a small cross, references to his crusade in the Holy Land. To the left and right of the throne are sprays of leaves. Legend. + RICARDUS DEI GRATIA REX (AN) GLORUM Reverse. The King on horseback, armed and helmeted bearing in his left hand a shield on which can be distinguished a lion with its head towards the top of the shield and its tail towards the base, and in his left hand a sword. Legend. + RIC ARDUS DU(X NORM) ANNORUM ET AQUI(TANN) ORUM ET COMES ANDEGAVORUM

Latin.

* The King was in France 12 May 1194 - 6 April 1199

** Ralph de Lusignan or D'Exoudun married Alice, only daughter and heir of Henry, Count of Eu in or before 1191 and was styled County of Eu in right of his wife from then onwards. He died 1 May 1219. Handbook of British Chronology p.307

+ Endorsement contemporary as far as the word Lamehet. The remainder was added by Martin Cotes, Chapter Clerk 1574-1605.


Date: 1197
Quantity: 1 item


Result number 18 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T101_1 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA01_Foundation_Charters_Title_Deeds_and_Leases_c1090_1539/ 01_St_Andrews_Priory_Rochester_c1100_1526/ DRc_T101_1.html

The Cathedral Priory of St. Andrew The Apostle, Rochester

Feoffment 1307

Thomas de Suttone and Joan, his wife to Walter de Fynchingfeld [cf. Finchingfield]:

Tenement in Cooling with all appurtenances. (fine 60 marks)

Witnesses:

John Lambyn of Cliffe, Adam Bard, John de Wylteshire [cf. Wiltshire], William atte Boclaunde [cf. Bocland, Buckland], Stephen de Delham, Walter de Isberg, Brice de Clyve [i.e. Cliffe], Roger de Mortuo Mari, John le Ram, Thomas Ryculf, Henry ate Sole, Gilbert Geldewyne.

Endorsement:

litera T. de Sutthone [cf. Sutton] et Johanne uxoris eius deterra in Coulynge [i.e. Cooling] et Bromheye (14th Century) 2 Seals.

Latin.
Date: October 1307
Quantity: 1 item


Result number 19 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T306 on request slip.

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Conditional feoffment 1430

John Spryngesfeld [i.e. Springfield?] of Rochester to William Wyleschyre [i.e. Wiltshire] of Rochester, cook:

Messuage with an adjoining garden in Southgate lying between Balleslane to the south and the city ditch to the north in [St. Margaret] Rochester.

Condition:
If William Wyleschyre* pays John Spryngesfeld* 4 marks on 6 December 1430 the agreement shall stand, but if he fails to do so, it shall be null and void and John Spryngesfeld shall reassume possession.

Witnesses:

Richard Brabaun [i.e. Brabourne], Walter Bounde, Thomas Chercheseye [cf. Chertsey?], Robert Ferrour, Simon Scharp, clerk at Southgate [in Rochester].

Seal chipped.

Document stained.

Latin.

*See above
Date: 19 November 1430
Quantity: 1 item


Result number 20 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T572_08 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA01_Foundation_Charters_Title_Deeds_and_Leases_c1090_1539/ 06_Hospital_or_Priory_of_the_New_Work_or_Newark_of_St_Mary_Strood_c1150_1539/ DRc_T572_08.html

Confirmation [1193]

Hubert [Walter], Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of all England to Strood Hospital:

Bishop Gilbert's gift of a prebend from the tithes of his own knights in Halling, Holborough [in Snodland] and Cuxton in free alms for the support of the poor staying there.

Witnesses: Walter, Abbot of Waltham, Ivo, Archdeacon of Derby [Derbyshire], Master Richard, the Archbishop's chancellor, Master Godfrey de Insula, Master Simon de Scal', Randulf, treasurer of Salisbury [Wiltshire], Master William de Neketon, Master William de Sumerkotes [Somercotes, Derbyshire or Lincolnshire], Master Gervase de Hockregg, Master Reginald.

Endorsements: 1. De prebenda de decimis Militum In Halling'. Holeberg Holborough] . Cukelestane . [i.e. Cuxton] [12th century]
2. Hallinge [i.e. Halling] [Marting Cotes, Rochester Chapter Clerk 1574-1605]
3. Hubert A.B.C. [i.e. Hubert Walter, archbishop of Canterbury] [19th century written twice]

Latin. Embargoed. Use digital copy at M198


Date: [1193]
Quantity: parchment
Result number 21 - Please quote Reference: DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/DRc_T572_10 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Regular_and_Capitular_Foundations/ DRc_Rochester_Priory_and_other_Religious_Houses_1080_1541/ BA01_Foundation_Charters_Title_Deeds_and_Leases_c1090_1539/ 06_Hospital_or_Priory_of_the_New_Work_or_Newark_of_St_Mary_Strood_c1150_1539/ DRc_T572_10.html

Confirmation [1194]

Hubert [Walter], Archbishop of Canterbury to Strood Hospital:

King Richard I's gift of woodland in [West] Malling as above DRc/T572/9.

Witnesses: Gilbert [Glanville], Bishop of Rochester, Walter, Abbot of Waltham, Master Richard, the Archbishop's chancellor, Ranulf, treasurer of Salisbury [Wiltshire], Wimund, subdean of Salisbury [Wiltshire], Master Simon de Scalis, Master William de Meketon, Master William de Kalna, Simon de Camera, John de Brancestre, William de Warenna, William de Glanvilla [cf. Glanville], Theobald Walter.

Endorsements: 1. De Bosco de Eilesford [i.e. Aylesford] [12th century]
2. Assensus Domini Huberti Cantuarensis Archiepiscopi videlicet de donacione bosci de Mallyngg [i.e. West Malling] [14th century]
3. Aylesford [17th century]

Fragment of archiepiscopal seal.

Latin. Embargoed. Use digital copy at M198


Date: [1194]
Quantity: 1 membrane
Result number 22 - Please quote Reference: P110_DARTFORD_HOLY_TRINITY_1363_1988/P110_13_166 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Rochester_Archdeaconry_Area_Parishes/ P110_DARTFORD_HOLY_TRINITY_1363_1988/ 01_Inital_Deposit_1363_1946/ 13_Overseers_of_the_Poor_Settlement_1710_1834/ P110_13_166.html

Unfit For Production

Dartford Holy Trinity parish records.

Civil Parish, Poor Law and Settlement records.

Examination [part] of Susanna Brooks alias Sinderford, born at Sherborne in Dorset, rogue and vagabond, hired to Joseph Sanders at Salisbury, Wiltshire, collarmaker, then to Thomas Jones of St. James' parish, Bristol, bucklemaker, and order for her removal [part] to St. James' parish, Bristol.

Date: 4 August 1755
Quantity: 2 items (paper)
Result number 23 - Please quote Reference: P147_FAWKHAM_1568_1986/P147_28_21 on request slip.

Path: Ecclesiastical_Rochester_Archdeaconry_Area_Parishes/ P147_FAWKHAM_1568_1986/ 28_Final_Miscellaneous_1719_1981/ P147_28_21.html

Antiquarian papers; including photostat sequestration of benefice 1711 and release therefrom 1712 photostat institution of Edmund Barrell, with faculty to hold in plurality with Sutton at Hone 1712, copy will of Henry Scudder of Collingbourne Davis, Wiltshire, proved 1652, notes on the Scudder family of North West Kent, also India, 1972, 1970, typescript papers on the Scudder family, some from American* Association, 1976, 1977 printed History and Guide to the church, 1967, printed account of the manor and chantry of Scotgrove, by W. Frank Proudfoot, 1978 [in folder marked the church of St. Mary Fawkham....researched by W. Frank Proudfoot ]

[* cf. America]

Original bindle
Date: 1967 - 1976
Quantity: about 50 documents


Result number 24 - Please quote Reference: Chatham_Borough_Council_1890_1974/CBA_Box_list_box_129 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Chatham_Borough_Council_1890_1974/ 08_Temporary_box_list_of_officer_files_c1890_to_1974/ CBA_Box_list_box_129.html

Chatham Borough Archives

Deed registry bundles, pre-registration title deeds: title deeds for redevelopment areas and compulsory purchase orders (CPOs).

Declaration of trust in respect of manor of Chatham, parties Richard Uphill of Wilton, Wiltshire, esq., Godfrey Woodward of London, gentleman and [Sir] Oliver Boteler of Teston, baronet, 11 February 1687/1688
lease and release, dwelling house in High Street, Chatham, parties Tribe and Brock, 1823
probate copy of will of Thomas Everist of The Brook (near the The Bell public house), Chatham, bricklayer, mentioning 4 dwelling houses and above public house (purchased from David French) in The Brook, proved 1879
schedule of title deeds to 5 messuages in The Brook, Chatham, reciting 1639-1880, parties Brownley, Sir Peter Laurie kt., Bryant, Gould, Everist, David French, Elmore, Wells, Hubbard and Povey, 1880
mortgages between Chatham Borough Council and various building societies pursuant to Small Dwellings Acquisition Acts 1932-1936, 1968
Copy of probate copy of will of Henry Giles of Central Hotel, St. Margaret's Bank, High Street, Rochester, licensed victualler, proved 1907, c.1907
Bond for due performance, parties Crosley Buck of Chatham, shipwright and John Tomlyn of Chatham, tallow chandler, £100 and interest, 24 June 1757 with receipt for payment of same from executors of will of Tomlyn, mentioning messuages in Smithfield Bank or The Brook, Chatham, 1798
34 Albany Road, Chatham [1911] 1954-1964
25 Bright Road, Chatham 1902-1965
land between King's Road and Queen's Road, Luton (Medway Water Board) [1854] 1869-1965
3 Lester Road, Chatham (Mr. and Mrs. J.H. Baker) 1920-1969
22 Middle Street, Chatham (J.E. Griggs) 1820-1952
2 Reform Road, Chatham 1894-1971
49 Thorold Road, Chatham [1900] 1949-1965

[Dual accession numbers: DE11 and CEN/GM/4]

Date: [1639] 1688-1971
Quantity: bundles
Result number 25 - Please quote Reference: Medway_Council_1997_Date/EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_01 on request slip.

Path: Local_Government_Authorities_1227_Date/ Medway_Council_1997_Date/ Education_and_Leisure/ Leisure_Division/ Libraries_Information_and_Museums_Service/ Guildhall_Museum_01/ EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_01.html

Records transferred by the  Curator, Guildhall Museum, comprising in general manuscripts/printed items, originally mainly either donated to the museum or stemming from the former occupancy by the Rochester Town Clerk of the Guildhall pre-1974.

The following items were apparently mainly acquired by G Payne , curator of the Rochester City Museum, Eastgate, Rochester (predecessor of the Guildhall Museum, High Street, Rochester) but items 1/1/2-5 below seem to have been passed to Rochester Public Library, Northgate, Rochester (by whom labelled) and then returned to the museum at a later date, although all items may have the same provenance.family, domestic and estate accounts, possibly of Moses Hasted, pertaining to shares in cargo ships (named) and cargoes, estate at Mevagissey in Cornwall, law suits and business with named merchants in Plymouth, Devon, Newfoundland, Canada, Genoa, Italy, London and Amsterdam, Holland/Netherlands, etc. 1654-1659 (1 volume, folio) (museum/Rochester Library deposit G206) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/1);printed, annotated particulars of sale of estate of 178 acres in Cliffe leased to Richard Edmonds, and freehold and leasehold estate comprising manor and farm of Horsham with 1000 acres in Upchurch, Newington next Sittingbourne, Lower Halstow, Bobbing, Hartlip and Detling, auctioned by Mr. Dawson at the Crown Inn, High Street, Rochester 1812 (1 volume, quarto)(MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/2);[In the summary accessions descriptions of the following three guarded volumes, members of the Hasted family with same name as the famous Kent historian are differentiated as follows in order to avoid confusion:Edward Hasted Esq. who died in 1740 is referred to as of Lincoln's Inn and barrister at law;
Edward Hasted Esq. the historian who died in 1812 is described as senior;
and Rev. Edward Hasted who died after 1854 as junior.Care should be taken in consulting the contents pages in these guarded volumes, as they contain some inaccuracies. They were probably compiled by Edward Hasted junior.]guarded volume of Hasted family documents viz bond for due performance between Thomas Barling of Doddington, gentleman and Joseph Hasted of Chatham, gentleman, 1716;
statement or certificate by the ancient inhabitants of Newington next Sittingbourne attesting to existence of carriageway between land belonging to Joseph Hasted and the highway to Sittingbourne, 1730;
terrier and inventory of the parsonage and vicarage of Newington next Sittingbourne, 1615;
terrier of glebe lands belonging to parsonage of Upchurch, 1630;
feoffment, parties (i) Justinian Pagitt [cf. Paget] of Gray's Inn, Middlesex, Esq. and Thomas Bedford of Doctors Commons, London, gentleman (ii) Roger Jackson (Jacson) of St. Martin's in the Fields, Middlesex, gentleman, pertaining to the manor of Newington next Sittingbourne and constituent lands in Lower Halstow, Bicknor (Bucknor), Upchurch, Stockbury, Broadgate [?] (Brodgate), Borden, Rainham, Hartlip, Tong and Murston (Muston), consideration £490 5s, witnesses R. Johnson (Jonson), Robert Robinson, John Dyke and Aaron Kinton, 5 June 1680 (copy);
release of lease and release (lease missing) between Mary Browne of Stroud, Gloucestershire, spinster, trustee in will of Edmund Browne of Lincolns Inn, Middlesex, gentleman, deceased and Edward Hasted of Sutton at Hone, Esq. [senior], pertaining to messuage, tenement, gardens, orchards and lands at or near Newington next Sittingbourne, 7 June 1759 (copy);
view of frankpledge and presentments of the manor of West Cliffe, Henry Sheafe, steward, 17 October 1727;
printed item entitled a collection of statutes concerning Rochester Bridge printed by John Baskett of London, 1733 including lists of lands contributory to Rochester Bridge and parishes within 7 miles of same; inscribed Josiah [?] Oliver, Hollingbourne;
inventory of prints at Oriel College, Oxford, Oxfordshire, 1778;
letter from Smart and Buller [?], 56 Lincolns Inn Fields, London to Rev. E. Hasted of Hollingbourne [junior], concerning payment to estate of William Jeffreys, 5 January 1841 (with Penny Red stamp);
letter from unstated author to Edward Hasted of Corsham, Wiltshire, Esq. [senior], concerning estate matters, c.1812;
letter from Dr. Fairfax of Leeds Castle to Mr. Hasted concerning the former's indisposition, c.1800, pasted inside rear cover;
annual totals of Edward Hasted junior's expenses whilst an undergraduate at Oriel College, Oxford 1778-1783, pasted inside rear cover;
list of clothes, utensils, tableware and other domestic paraphernalia taken by Edward Hasted junior to oriel College, Oxford in 1778; (1 volume, folio)(MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/3);guarded volume of Hasted family documents viz deed of trust between (i) Edward Hasted of Precincts of Christ Church Canterbury, Esq. [senior], (ii) James Simmons and John Kirby of the City of Canterbury Printers and Co-partners and (iii) John Hinde of Milton next Sittingbourne, gentleman, pertaining to arrangements for printing and publishing The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent in Folio, 15 April 1780 (copy);
memorandum of agreement between Edward Hasted [of Eastling and barrister at law of Lincoln's Inn, London] and Robert Tyler, vicar, Richard Chrisfield [cf. Crisfield], Richard Sisell (churchwardens), John Keble, George Chrisfield (overseers), William Barrow and Henry Mercer [of the parish of Newington next Sittingbourne], concerning burial of remains of Joseph Hasted [formerly chief painter to the Royal Navy at HM Dockyard Chatham] in the [south] chancel of [Newington next Sittingbourne church], 10 June 1732 (copy);
letter from A. [?] Scobell of Farrington Gurney, Somerset to Joseph Oliver Esq., advising him of the death of John Septimius Hasted, 14 December 1853;
notes by Robert Cobb on the Hasted family burials in the chancel of Newington next Sittingbourne church, c.1820
notes on the death of Edward Hasted of Corsham, Wiltshire, Esq. [senior] 1812 and the disposal of his estates, c.1830;
account for funeral of George Hasted [of Lincoln's Inn, London], from Finch Hollingworth of Maidstone to Edward Hasted [senior] of Canterbury, Esq., 17 July 1787;
agreement between the parish of Newington next Sittingbourne and Edward Hasted [senior] of Sutton at Hone, Esq., granting latter right to build and use a family vault, witnessed by John Saunders, vicar, John Austen, Thomas Ady, John Fowle, Richard Murton, Richard Sears, William Tress, Henry Mercer and Henry Soan [cf. Soane], 23 May 1762;
bill from Thomas Gibbons, carpenter, to Edward Hasted [senior], Esq., for building a vault in Newington next Sittingbourne chancel, 1 January 1763;
receipt from Richard Chrisfield [cf. Crisfield], churchwarden of Newington next Sittingbourne, to Edward Hasted [of Eastling and barrister at law of Lincoln's Inn, London], for payment of burial fees for remains of Joseph Hasted, 9 September 1733;
account for expenses of Ann Archer's funeral, 1 April 1762;
bill for burial of a Mr. [George?] Hasted in a church, 9 April 1771;
transcription of monumental inscription pertaining to Katherine Hasted who died 10 March 1734/1735 aged 65;
accounts for work to the family vault including bills from John Boyse, Philip Fruchard and Thomas Ayling, 1762 (4 items); (1 volume, folio;) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/4)guarded volume of Hasted family documents viz armorial bookplates of John Septimius Hasted, Edward Hasted of Hollingbourne Court and Edward Hasted of Chatham c.1800 x c.1850;
probate copy of will of Katherine Hasted of Chatham, widow, proved 20 March 1734/1735, Prerogative Court of Canterbury (2 membranes with pendant wafer seal);
apprenticeship indenture of John Hasted son of Edward Hasted [senior] of Canterbury, Esq., to Thomas Fitzgerald of Deal, surgeon, 3 July 1783;
letter from Edward Hasted [senior] to William Child at Mr. Hasted's, Sutton at Hone, instructing him in making funeral arrangements for his sister, Ann Archer, and naming tenants to be involved, 26 March 1762;
letter from Ann Hasted of Canterbury to her brother Edward Hasted [junior] at [Oriel College,] Oxford, Oxfordshire, describing the events and aftermath of a recent hurricane including their father Edward Hasted [senior]'s losses in his estates and passing on family and local news, 5 January 1779;
draft codicil will of Edward Hasted [senior] formerly of St. George's Fields, Southwark, Surrey, now of Corsham, Wiltshire, Esq., 15 November 1810;
draft obituary notice for Edward Hasted [senior], Master of Lady Hungerford's Hospital, Corsham, Wiltshire, FRS and FSA, the Kentish historian, written by his son Rev. Edward Hasted [junior], vicar of Hollingbourne, 1812;
copy of instructions for his burial left by Edward Hasted [senior] with John Barlow Esq., 2 St. George's Place, Blackfriars Road, Southwark, Surrey, 1810;
draft or copy of will and codicils of John Septimius Hasted of Farrington Gurney, Somerset, gentleman, 1834, 1843, 1848;
draft will of Catharine Hasted of Hollingbourne, spinster, 1842;
copy of will of Rev. Edward Hasted, vicar of Hollingbourne with Hucking, 1854;
letter from Charles James of Farrington Gurney, Somerset to Josiah Oliver [of Hollingbourne], informing the latter of the precarious state of health of John Septimius Hasted, suffering from the dropsy, 18 November 1853;
[two letters from J.C. Burgoyne as noted in the contents page, not found]
cures and recipes for pleurisy, ague, fractures, equine diseases, to make old writings more legible, wasp stings, to give an edge to a razor, mange in dogs, to kill rats and to procure a miscarriage, etc., c.1800, attributed to Edward Hasted [senior]; (1 volume, folio) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/5).spectacles case formerly containing the spectacles worn by Edward Hasted senior (glasses not present), inscribed by John Septimius Hasted; c.1800 (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/6);notebook compiled by Edward Hasted junior as vicar of Hollingbourne and Hucking, recording details of collation and Tithe moneys received from parishioners and for Tithe Feasts, 1789-1791 (1 booklet) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/7);pencil oval portrait of Edward Hasted senior aged 69, 1801, possibly copied from another source, and inscribed, by John Septimius Hasted c.1850 [see Guildhall Museum negative KS4110] (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/8);key to Hasted family vault in Newington next Sittingbourne church c.1763 (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/9);copy of probate copy of will of Robert Halsted [cf. Hasted] of Rochester, haberdasher, proved at London 23 April 1649 [UFP] (1 item, paper) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/10);letters to Edward Hasted junior of Hollingbourne from John C. Burgoyne of 60 Wimpole Street, London concerning estate of John Septimius Hasted 1853-1854 (2 items, paper), Harry Grove of Staplehurst on social matters 1807 (1 item, paper), Daniel Stanton concerning Mrs. Long's charity 1858 (1 item, paper) and William Bedell of Dartford also on social matters 1793 (1 item paper), with various accounts c.1800 x c.1828 (4 items, paper); (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/11)expenses incurred by Edward Hasted junior as a student at Oxford and legal papers and accounts pertaining to estates c.1778-c.1811 (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/12);solicitors' bills pertaining to conveyancing 1792, 1825, bond between Edward Hasted junior and William Budgen, William Jefferys and John Gurr of Chatham, bankers 1822 [mutilated] and letter from Anne Foote of Malling Abbey to Edward Hasted junior c.1800; (1 bundle/4 items, paper) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/13);Edward Hasted junior's Kentish Companion and Almanack or diary, 1851 (1 booklet) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/14);Edward Hasted junior's Latin grammar notebook c.1778 (1 volume) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/15);letters received by Edward Hasted junior partly pertaining to litigation; also from his brother Francis Hasted and nephew Francis Hasted in Bengal, India and from East India House, London concerning the whereabouts of the same (Benares), and from others about other matters, c.1794-c.1832 (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/16);estate records of Edward Hasted senior mainly comprising rent rolls or annual tenants' accounts 1748-1784 with some papers pertaining to proceedings in the magistrates' court against Thomas Thornhill of Whitstable, baker 1787, Edward Hasted [senior] JP (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/17);copy of bond between Thomas Williams of Horton Kirby, gentleman and Edward Hasted [senior] formerly of Sutton at Hone, now of precincts of Canterbury, esq., 1790 and in-letters and accounts pertaining to rents and estates, c.1784-c.1803 (1 bundle) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/1/18).assignment of legacy for securing £537 19s 6d and interest, between Rev. Edward Hasted [junior] of Hollingbourne, clerk and William Budgen, William Jefferys and John Gurr of Chatham, bankers and co-partners, witnessed by Charles Hasted, William Nokes and William Parkin, 8 September 1815 (3 membranes) (MTC/EL/LEI/LIM/GM/1/19);[For a further item of possible Hasted provenance, see MTC_EL_LEI_LIM_GM_01_105]Accession no.: MTC/MR/89 [part]File updated by Borough Archivist, Medway Council 20 August 2001.


Date: 1654-1854
Quantity: 5 volumes
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